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ground at dinner time, a quarter of a dol
lar shall be the penalty or if the man do
not arrive till after the falling of the signal
to commence labor at 7 o'clock, lie shall
pay an eighth of a dollar. If the failure;
is on the king's day the fine shall be paid
to the king if on the landlord's day, it
sr. i.r.i: n: t.
"JACK AND (JILL."
The following mock criticism of the
old childish rhvinc of "Jack and (till,"
.... Ill . . IIVIVlll uil L.liuillimn-'"
will Us considered a happy satire on the IJ,,, .l(lvrntitious orim,ncnts are justly
prosing uvauuie and aiieciauon oi learn- . . ri,irnrilfl ,IV nnr aMtj1(), w10, by mv
doubtless have contributed to the splen
dor of the poem to have endowed the he
roes with long and sounding titles, which,
by dazzling the eves of the reader, might
prevent an examination oi me worn iimmi.
ing of modern literarv reviewers. The
shall be paid to the landlord. Tenants j wr"jtir isMr. Joscpli lJennie, an Aineri
and sub-tenants, and culmaiois ol small jCJin ant.o;.ti
portions of land shall pay to t.ic lunmorih Among critical writers it is a common
of their particular larms or plantation. n,ln.irl. lljat t;lc faWimi of the times has
So also head men ol slates, counties.
jolteu given a temporary reputation to per-
i i , .v. . iotmanees ol verv little merit, ami ne-
their particular tenants, sub-tenants, a:iu ,j m.j , r , (lcsmin:r (,f
jamdauso. This circumstance renders it
necssary that some person of sufficient
cultivators of their land.
Jtut tenants of those lands which havi
not been subject to private taxation, shall
pay to the king only in case of absence
from public labor.
When public labor is to be done of such
a nature as to be a common benefit to
king and people, and therefore 12 days
in the month are devoted to labor, then
all persons, whether cultivators of land or
not, and also all servants shall go to the
work or pay a fine of half a dollar.
Those also shall go who have been
freed by the payment of nine dollars a
year, and all who have been freed by their
masters having paid a rial a day. They
shall not go however on the king's day
nor on the landlord's day, but merely on
those days which belong to themselves.
At the period when the taxes are col
lected, according to notice given by the
ing us plain Jack and dill, has disdained
to rely on intrinsic support. In the very
choice of appellations he is, however, ju
dicious. Had he, for insiance, called the
first character John, he might have given
him more dignity, lint he would not so
well , harmonise w ith his neighbor, to
whom, in the course of the work, it will
appear he must necessarily be joined..
The personages' being now seen, their
situation is next to be discovered. Of
this we are immediately informed in the
subsequent line, when we are told,
Jnck and dill
Went u p u hill.
Here the imagery is distinct, yet the dc
sagacity to discover and to describe what
is beautiful, and so impartial as to disre
gard vulgar prejudices, should guide the
public taste, and raise merit from obscu
rity. Wituout. arrogating to myself these
qualities, I shall endeavor to introduce to
the nation a work, w hich though of eon-
sidemhh' i lc-rnnre. hns been stinn.ri.K- scription concise. We instantly figure to
overlooked by the generality of the world", ourselves the two persons tiavelling up an
The performance to which I allude, has ascent, which we may accommodate to
never enjoyed that celebrity to w hich it is j01"' 'ii ideas of declivity, barrenness,
entitjed, "but it has of late fallen into dis- oekiness, sandiness, Ac; all which, as
repute, chietly from the simplicity of its i Hit y exercise the imagination, are beau
style, which, in this age of luxurious re- jties of a high order. Sow, the act of go
Jinemcnt, is deemed only a secondary "P 51 although I-ocke would pro
beauty ; and from its being the favorite inouncc it a very complex idea, compre
of the young, who can relish, without be- jhending person, rising ground, trees, Ac,
ing able to illustrate, its excellence. I jis an operation so simple as to need no
n ioicf! tliiLt it hns fallen to mv lot to m- description. Had the poet, therefore.
tax ollicer, during those days there shall , (.uo j-mn nt.n(.r( t,is inimitable poem ; 1 lhl u how the two heroes went up,
bo no field labor required, neither by the,-()r; wj,;ltL.V(,r KIV tC mv ,li!;idei:ee, as I 'whether in a cart or a wagon, and enter
king nor by the landlords, nor until thej,. imrsMc. tu. ,V,anner of the most emi- d into the thousand particulars which the
tax officer shall give notice of the same. 1 ,,. ,...:i(.s :t :. ,--, .1 - , ,s.:i!,l.. t( subject involves, thev would have been
The fastidious reader will doubtless smile iledious, because superfluous. The omis
wheii he is informed that the work thus jsiou of these little incidents, and telling
highly praised is a poem consisting only us ''imply that they went up the hill, no
of four lines; but as there is no reason 'matter how, is a very high negative beau
why a poet should be restricted in his ' These considerations may furnish us
number of verses, as it would be a verv I with the means of deciding a controver-
The labor of the people during those days
will be to carry their taxes to the place
directed by the tax officers.
Hut all persons who are sick, and those
in attendance on the sick, shall on the ex
amination of the tax officers be freed from
fine for non-attendance on the labor days.
He that absents himself without givi.ig
previous notice shall be fined half a dollar,
lie that gives previous notice shall pay
only a quarter of a dollar.
If any man wish to be freed from pub
lic labor, he may go to his landlord and
pay nine dollars, four and a half dollars
sad misfortune if every rhymer wen;
obliged to write a long as well as a bad
poem ; and more particularly as these
verses contain more beauties than we of
ten find in a poem of four thousand, all
objections to its brevity should cease. I
must at the same time acknowledge, that
at first I doubted in what class of poetry
sv, arising from a variation in the manu
scripts ; some of which have it a hill, and
others the hill ; for as the description is in
no other part local, I incline to the former
To be Continued.
The last week has been one of considera
ble excitement among the residents, owing
for the king, and four and a half for the':t Ki101Ii(1 hft nn,1I1L(i u 'f.vtriM11P dim.,
landlord, and then the man shall be en-jncss? aM( jts uncommon metre, seemed to t( a "Icr on the part of the government
tircly free and shall not be required to go j (jCgra,j0 jt ito ;i ,al;1(j, ,ut j,s jllk,irst tor all their subjects to labor for three days
to l!ie labor of the king nor to that of the ! j,,,1,",,!,;,.,. it. .mitr i.i.i, .,!.-,. '.. ii.. imi,i;, mmi v,. t.:.vn ,.r.,.n;.,.i
f 11 1
!! T i. .1 ii , r Jail, its having a beginning middle, nndan
lhosc feeble old men who are freed i rmi ,l,.,.i,f! its chum i tb.. cnic ,,,,,1- T
from the yearly tax shall also be frcc-tl sliaJ limv prot.c-t"M Wll, tlic camlor, tlioiiirh
copies of a correspondence between Ilis Ex
cellency (ioveruor Kckunnaoa and the Brit
ish (Jonsul, which we publish at the recpict
r .t ll-ll j.i i ii i .1
irom me puouc moor oi me laimiorus, tne not H) !1(.,If(.MPSS. nr ri.;lir. nrilu r ,.mi,r w , , .. . , .
king, and from all other public labor. i to nmi,vzo aml dU ,a j.s vai.ous cxcd. ,i8hTrcnt f nnd tll0 laws on fllX!ltio
Let all those who are called landlords, i, I . n , . . . ,4, .... .
and governors, and tax officers consider! T!lc, ope!1i.iq of tlc p0Cln is sijj-ul:u!v
fll uui iv 1 1 j ( 1 9 im iuuiha; tin; miiicu in Jjc-mpjJuj
Jack and fiill,
T!e first duty of the poet is to introduce
clitic of antiquity that we should avoid
beginning k ab ovo, but go into the busi
author i. vcr)
each particular land, and to all the lands
from one end of the island to the other.
And they shall give special charge on this
subject to the tenants on their lands, so
that they may cultivate extensively all such
articles as shall be profitable.
Thn landlords shrdl derivn thrir nrofit i . "' i. '
I ' M '. lit fl1f l!f!V -.III'
and loss from their own davs only, and so , fo,. of t(.Mi , (( as .
si so the kinor shall derive it- orofit nnrl ' . .
, ' . , , 1 , , , (imai w ruer wo.iiu nave done, w ho were
loss from us own days only. An the til0 nm.t.stors of Jack UI1(l C5UI. t!it the
people will derive the,,- profit and loss from ! ,M.aa(,atk.r of j.1(.k ,vas n rf.sp( c tahlo far
their days, hut the landlords shall strive tiat uu Inol!)er k a tlVL,ni nt Uv
to stimulate the people to such kinds of . of t,K) I;,U(; U,,r, and that dill's f:i
labor as shall be profitable to the country. . tlcr waa a jtlstiw of th 1M,u.e (oM(.(; f)f
It is furthermore specified that on al ; t,,0 uonnn)J) t t!)tr witIl a catnloill0 of
days i of labor there shall be two seasons of j aI1), aunt ,,0 ilit,,iuces them to
resi lor uiu wi-orcrs, one m oieawiusi ume, ; Ils ,.t nn(,, ;M ... . !)mn.,r ,H!rsnny
one which has occasioned the diiliculty being
in italics,) that the public may have sulli
cient data for forming a correct opinion upon
A few words will bo necessary to explain
I I.I r
ms suoj.'ci, nnd mere is no part oi poetry the nature of the law in question, and the
more difficult. We are told by the great occasion of its being enforced. There are a
and the other at dinner.
If one should remain idle while the rest
nos help accounting it, too, as a circum
stance honorable to the genius of the po-
large number of natives, perhaps a thousand
or more, mostly about Honolulu, who belong
to no lands, and form a floating population,
principally in the employ of foieigners. They
earn from .jO to .00 or more per annum,
by their daily labor, and a large portion of
them are the best clothed and most civilized,
as well as best paid class of natives. The
other part constitute the rabble of the town,
and live by the usual shifts of that class of
the community. While all land-holders are
obliged to pay to the king and chiefs a heavy
tax, either $ )0 (per annum) in cash, or
six days labor monthly, the former have only
holders to work llJ days in the iiionih .,
the other class but 0; so that the
though the best able to pay taxes, arct
. i' i mm.: . : ' .
inosi iavoreu. i ms is owing io inc cuwn
of the chiefs many years back, who re(ai
from the usual labor tax, ull those whoU
employed by foreigners. All those of L
classes, who have any lucrative ocenpi
or lmvc'no disposition to laborcan con,
their tax by paying a certain sum, estnMj.
cd by law for such cases. Similar pr,,K
ions for the public good exist in the C(1(i
of all enlightened countries.
This law has been in force for a year a
a half, and the first occasion which o,,r,
meat has had to.cause it to be execultd
(1 nt HM k- Most nfll
dents have been anxious to have two
riage roads leading from the town in (lift,
VIH IIH IIOIIO J x.j IUMI Iff I'll If ff',
resentations and liberal subscriptions indnrl
the (Jovcrnor to engage in the imdertnkir
Now, all know that cash is a scarce ai tic,
. i .t. 1 1 : : . . i ..
wiin me 1 1 aw auaii viuYcriiiiiciii; aiiutlifiv.
ly way by which they could execute tin
pait, was by calling upon the people to pt-.
form it, by the authority of the law reltrn
'Flinv ti-nrn first nr1rrl nttt f.ri,'...
I J . A J H VI V III l' V. . 1. WUl IUI lill?
pose on Tuesday of last week, and work
on that nnd the two succeeding days, en
menciug carlyjand dismissed at three oVl,.
in the afternoon. Owing to ignorance,
these facts, and the nature of the laws,
misunderstanding at first existed anioni!
residents, but with the exception of aft
they soon concurred in the justice and pr.
pricty of the order. Those w ho wishrdi
retain their servants were able to, audi
much labor for commercial purposes cm;
be obtained as was reonired. Iiv nmi.
the additional sum demanded as a substitu:
for the work. Certainly not a very oro
sivc regulation, when it is recollected iL
ii. I :..i. . . i
lilt rii;iii iiiiivi iii i i'iiiiiiriiv iif uir fun in
cut, far more to the advantage of the lbreic'
are at work, his line shall be two cluys i cf fhat ,l0 tlo,,s ot in his op(,!lilJ(r ;.a j been subjected to a poll tax of . Jcsides
work at some other labor. Hut men shall' , ,10 Tills au errointo this' t,,n on,v tax ,,ic,, caM ,,c i,nposed up-
not be fined iiiijiistly ; those that are re- ; Nv(idl Uon(ir a!,'(1 u,.M0Sl a,j Kl i(. Wfi- L them is that which the hiws impose equal
ally lazy and idle shall be fine(l. At three . u.,.s aru,r havo fa!!oili , jms y ,,., ,l0 whole P.,,,aii.,n. In case of
o'clock the labor shall cease. And thcn;s!ai Ucir cas0 to thu ,nl!M) aml U. any public work, "which is for the beneft
if the people wish to remain and hear the ini, ,K,r (r, conic 1() t1L.ir assistance, th-v of,h1, l"ul)lt !lt !a,fit'" 1,1 'h'ff "ceded, all the
reading of the laws, it shall be at their j n(,(.(.ssariv ,v-sup.ox d that she was ab- 'U(ll,lt ",:tle I -,,l!ut4n are liable to be called
option to do it or not. !sent. whereas there can be no surer s'vm Mip"' to execute it. (See the law in another
lo ! t onftnued. .' . . .. . . x mm.: i. ...
oi inspiration man lor amuse io come l,Mllli" J oik iuum ue none on inose
unasked. The choice too of names is not -weeks which ore not appropriated to the
unworthy of consideration. It would Huels, consequently it compels the lund-
Vice ami Virti'e. Vice is sometimes
more courageous than iitue, because it has
less to lose.
J his notification is to the influential at
wealthy foreigners resident in this island
i . ji is my intention to commence nr,
week a work on the roads for the govt;;
ment, beginning at the creek. This I m,
make known to you concerninff vnr n
and stewards, they have my approbation!
reside w iln you one cook nnd one stcusr
to each and every foreign resident; bull:
cook anu steward will be required top
each -o cents on the day of work.
o mm... iv...: ..!
. line is iiiin i uuc ion ijinci! it-
WOuld be interrupted in their work are r
quested to make the same known to i
Natives who are sick will bp excused.
Ilcre is a turther regulation TIioscm:
carry food lor hoises are required to lin
early before light: so also those who ran
milk, they are to bring it before light a
leave it with their customers; then g imi1'
diately to the work of the government.
The time of work is from morning ti"
o clock in the afternoon. Thus it is in "
gard to all governmental woik.
Honolulu, Ualiu, J-eb. 15, 1841.
lirilish Consulate, Oiihu,
Feb. 'iOih, 4I. )
Sir I have the honor to enclnse viu
copy of a Letter signed by Messrs. (ir;
IMly, Henry Skinner and F. (jrct'iiwn;
respecting their Domestics.
Having received no official commmi'
tion from the Sandwich Island (ioU'inim
on the subject, nnd not being aware that '
tax was intended to be levied on the Fora
Uesidents, 1 have to request that you ;
favor me with an Official Document on t
subject, that I may know whether the c"
lllltltlt ... 1 . X t t I A I 1
1'i.iuii i usi or not and be cnauieu io
how to net on the occasion.
1 have the honor to be Sir,
Your most Obedient Servant,
Onhu, Sandwich Islands, )
Feb. 19, 1841. J
KiciiARn Ciiari.tom Ksn.. Her Untune-
Majesty 's Consul.
Sin We the undersigned take the