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adequate advantages, to recompense her
,r the outlay. j
But England is not the only country which
L rapidly advancing its fortunes upon the!
V iwntall of others. Russia is bent oncstab-
hing a military despotism, a power which
, extent and fortune can only he compared
i the Caars', around the globe. Already
ie bristles against England on one side, and
Wheedles the United States of North Ameri-
on the other, prepared alike to help her-
jelf from the territories of cither, as chance
tv open the way. Diametrically opposed
L the principles of both, she founds her right
blood and conquest. The will of one
nan, like the sun's light, penetrates and an
imates the whole of this vast empire. In op
position to it nothing lives. Can such a
lower endure. We think not. Some oth-
r emperor, with less intellect and energy
Jian the present autocrat, in attempting to
icld this enormous machine, will find it
irumblc to pieces from its own weight. Like
vast hut unsolid rock, which while station-
try hangs together, but yields to the least
npulse, and falls upurt.
Side by side with these two great nations,
Sic United States of North America are as
lapidly matching on to power, and dominion,
ut by a different policy from either. Rus-
;a actuated by a lust of dominion, lives up-
lii conquest. Fortresses and armies mark
lor boundaries and bloodshed her path.
lussiu is but a reflection of the Emperor,
le wills the country executes. And yet
j firm and consolidated is that great empire,
mt not even a trace of decay or dismcmber
iient can now be detected. England, gov-
jrncd by a more humane polity, first seeks
l legal right, and then establishes her do
tiinion. She plants her ilag, her subjects
llow. With her, government acts, and
Stimulates its citizens, and in one sense it
liay be termed an amplification of their de
ires. j In the United States the case is different.
! Her citizens, longer accustomed to act and
Slink for themselves, and profiting by a more
general diffusion of knowledge, precede gov
Imment. They boldly march into the wil
jcrness, plant, and build, and when ready
lr government, claim its privileges. States
irow into being as it were by magic, and
! i rely and steadily population marches on
ard. It carries with it a spirit, which,
uite as urbitrary as the will of a Czar, has-
fcns on regardless of opposition or distance.
uiinusiracK mat cannot assimilate with it,
'iish. The enterprise of the Americans,
while it is a sure conquerer, is also a humane
ne. Its arms arc industry, knowledge and
Such, then, are the governing principles
f the three great nations, which jointly oc-
upy more than one half of the globe. While
tther races have been diminishing their con-
ncs, theirs have been steadily and rapidly
dvancing; each by different paths and
eons, but all for common ends, wraith and
fominion. Russia like a volcano, over-
! helms by an irresistible torrent; England,
iiriable in her disposition as the king of
I pasts that represents her power, is at times
cnerous; at times ruthless. Terrible in her
nger, but clement to the fallen. The Uni--d
States, like the gradual swelling of one
f their mighty rivers, which enriches and
rtilizcs all that it reaches, steadily and
rely pursues its course, developing wealth
Jnd power at every point.
INTERESTING FROM CHINA.
the Sidney miners we have news from
! 'hina to the 20th August, 1840. The isl
. ' "d of Chusan was taken after a show ofre
tance on the part of the Chinese, who lost
mc forty men. The flag ship Melville, in
Bering the harbor, struck upoiAa rock,
"d knocked a hole in her bottom. Pe was
' be hove down and repaired. AVrumor
d reached Canton, that the Chinese had
;c"pturtd Chusan, and destroyed the Mel-
T II K POLYNESIAN
ville. The Chinese refuse to receive any
communications from the English, and fired
upon a flag of truce sent from the Blonde
frigate; the Captain who was in the boat,
narrowly escaped with hjs life. The frigate
immediately got some guns to bear upon the
fort (Amoy) and destroyed it. Gen. Arbuth-
not at the head of 20,000 troops had depart
ed for Pckin. The Chinese had attempted
to poison the English troops by poisoning
the tea but the nefarious attempt recoiled
upon themselves, and several hundred lives
were destroyed in consequence of the tea
having got distributed anions themselves.
Large rewards were offered fur the capture
ot English vessels, men, stores, etc. Rev.
N.Stanton had been abducted by the Chi
nese while bathing outside of Macao wall,
and carried to Canton. A demand was made
for him, but they refused to give him up.
Some petty engagements had taken place,
in which the Chinese were routed with irreat
loss. Macao still remained neutral. The
Commissioners, Admiral and Captain Elliot
had started for Pckin, with part of the Ex
pedition, to deliver Lord Pahnerston's des
patches themselves, the mandarins having
refused to forward them. By these de
tails it will be perceived that nothing of im
portance has yet been done. The Admiral
bus thus fur acted with great moderation,
but the war promises to be bloody and pro
tracted. On the part of the Chinese every
expedient to destroy their enemies is attempt
ed, and it seems to be their determination to
accept of no overtures of peace whatever.
We learn no particulars from Canton, be
yond that it is still in the possession of the
Chinese, and as the newspapers are as yet
published there, we infer that nu bcr of
Americans remain in the city. The blockade
of the port was strict, but the fishermen were
allowed to pursue their usual avocation.
New Holland being rapidly explored. A
newspaper has been established at the Bay
of Islands, rrench emigrants arc arriving
in considerable numbers, but nothing like
hostility has occurred. H. B. M. Explor
ing ships Erobus and Terror were at Hobart
Town, Sept. 3d, 1840. The Brigantinc Ro
sa, Metcalfe, hence arrived at Sydney, Sept.
Throe diivs alter tho nrriv.nl nftlm Itritnm.
art ut Bank's Peninsula, New Zealand, the
French frigate L'Aube, Commodore La
vand, nitived, and two davs later, the French
whaler lompie tie i'aris made her appear
ance, having on board fitly agricultural emi
grants, and sundry supplies for the new set
tlement. Among these were several large
cannon, which, upon Captain Stanley's re
monstiating with Commodore Lavand, were
not allowed to be lauded. The British flag
had been hoisted, and Mr. llobinson was
left there as magistrate. It is presumed
that France intended to claim the Middle
Island, but in consequence of the British
proceedings that intention may be consider
ed to be abandoned. Everything appears to
have been conducted in a most amicable
manner. Commodore Lavand was particu
larly hospitable to our countrymen. Syd
Tt vessels proceeding to Kifiland or Vnl-
led Slates by troy of ('ape I font. Any ves
sel, by touching at Port Louis, Berkley's
sound, I vi si raikiaud, can procure a suply
! It .' . 11.
oi iresii ocei ai ten Hollars nor ciirmsiv
There are plenty of ducks, fowls, geese and
rabbits in abundance, and also plenty of fresh
water. There are no port dues, and nvcrv
attention will be paid by the Lieutenant in
command stationed there,
in which wc are writing that America is
brought as near to us as Rome; already has
the circumstance begun its influence; al
ready has it been shown more clearly than
was ever before believed, that the links of
national sympathy are to be found on each
side of the Atlantic, and that the chain but
wants to he well soldered together. We
have heard Mr. Webster speak of our an
cient cathedrals, and Mr. Sedgwick of our
ivied cottages, and the veneration and affee-
iiwiiuii; iiih.-h.-m, hi iiivhu minus wiiii.ii tni-j
nave laitcn nome wtin mem, win ne irumui
seeds in the hands of such sowers. Let us
only earnestly and freely reciprocate these
feelings; let us visit the United States, not
merely to enjoy the humors of a young civ-
At the desire of the chiefs of Nukahiva,
of the Washington Islands, Capt. Forrest,
of the U. S. Ship St. Louis, supplied them
with a National Flag, which they received
with great satisfaction. It is the same with
the American, with the exception of there
being but one star, in the place of the 2G
of that of the Republic.
While at Tuhiti Capt. Forrest exerted
himsclfsuccessfully to put a stop to the cru
el treatment which American seamen fre
quently suffered from the constables and
judges, under the pretence of executing the
law that no seaman shall be allowed to re
main on shore after 8 o'clock, p. m. The
natives, not content with simply seizing
them, and securing the fine, knocked them
down with clubs, and otherwise maltreated
them. Other instances of arbitrary and un
just treatment to American citizens had oc
curred, which were properly noticed, and
the Queen and chiefs were plainly told, that
the American government asked for her cit
izens no rights or privileges not enjoyed by
those of other countries, but such they must
equally share, and any future cases of injus
tice, or partial treatment would not be over
looked by the President of the United States.
Notwithstanding the laws prohibiting liquor,
it was brought on shore and sold in great
quantities, to the serious injury of natives
and foreign seamen.
Wc have received files of the Sydney
Herald up to Jan. last. They are mostly
occupied with business details, which with
politics appear to throw all other matters in
to tho shade The increase of that and the
neighboring colonies is nlmost unparalleled.
Their harbors teem with shipping, and the
papers with advertisements. Judging from
tho Herald, an editor's business there would
support some twenty Polynesians but we
are not envious, old Ouhu will look up by
and byo, and then wc shall have our turn of
good things. New Zealand is rapidly filling
up with emigrants, and botbthiit country and
democracy, or to glorify our exclusive na
tionality, or to foster our politicul discon-
lor any omer ptirpo.se unacr me
to delight in the spectacle of that
J greater England, " England in a
tents, or for any other ptirpo.se under the
ntlirr mid iri-niitir ImitI:iiim I'.nfrlnnn in a
- ts ' o
state of rlrions maenifirsition '' and be nrond
...... e f - j i
of this our country's conquest of the world
of brute and barren space, this our country's
victory over incalculable provinces of time
to come. And then, what American will,
refuse to acknowledge, in tho fine language
of Mr. Southey, that, "what Italy and
(ireece are to the classical scholar, what
Rome to (toman Catholic, what Jerusalem
to the Christian ' world, that England is to.
Awi i i.i.v Dr.si itirxivE in Description. "s
A late English tourist thus describes Ca-.
lais, the first French town you dip into orter
leaving England: "Rose at seven. Walk-,
ed out to take a survey of the town. Calais
has a very strange pervading smell: mixture
of salt marsh, burning turf, boiled, onions,
and stinkim? fish. Saw several fuinaJpn rn.
ing out shrimping; costume indescribable;
and one nf the
officers, immediately a vessel heaves in siclit.
ft I 'I a I . . - ' VVl. I7IIIIIILIII1 ViUOlUIIIU lllUU3liKlUaiim.
win pilot ner lo a sa e anchorage, l i s we 7. . u i i i. tT
i . e ' , petticoats above knees, legs above a 1 com
be be hove is not jjenera v known lb A . .t i
!L jpanson; never anything in female form so.
' j repulsive. Bad opinion of the comprehen-
On Thursday last, the Foreign Residents I sion of shrimps, or they would be alarmed, at,
of Honolulu, gave a Ivan to the Captain and jsucn figures and quit the coast!""
Ail" i ,.i k. r . . , . ....
Officers of the St. Louis, at Dr. Rookc's
country house, in the valley of Nuanu. It
was got up in Hawaiian style, with just
enough of the civilized, tatake the rough off.
The house was tastefully decorated with the
Hawaiian, American, English and French
flags arrayed so as to present a very pretty
effect upon entering, the royal standard of
Kamehameha III. immediately fronting the
door. Tho rafters and posts were prettily
festooned with shrubbery, the vines of which
drooped-gracefully, forming rustic arches
over the viands, which were spread a la Pol
ynesia upon the floor. Residents, guests, and
all, laid themselves well out upon this occa
sion, and soon discovered that " baked dog "
was all that it was cracked up to be. The
entertainment was ample, and if we may be
permitted to judge from appearances, highly
satisfactory to alPpfesent. ' "
Census of that part of Kauai included be
tween Nuololo and Hanapepe, for 1841.
Boys under 14
Men having 3 or more children
Women do. do.
Excess of Deaths over Births
Decrease of population durinir the year
Census of 1839-40 this district gave a to
tal of 2839
Showing a decrease of
Omitted in our last, in the list of Officer,
J. V. Stekxbuikj, Acting Master's Mate of
the S:. Louis.
England and America. The following
is the conclusion of the Rev. Ralph Waldo
Emerson's Discourses in the Westminster
Quarterly; It the fortune of the period
" What are you doing there " Inquired
Jack of Tom, as he caught him peeping
through a kev hole What's flint in v..t"-
said Tom, " I don't like to see a person, pry-.
I n it inti ntlinr fa-tlla' lnniniisa
PORT OF HONOLULU.
April 10. Haw. Sell. Kinnu, Waialuku,
' Am. Whaleship William & Eliza, Ro
gers, New Bedford, 18" months
II. Haw. Sch. I 'aalua. Lahnina.
rv ci.:.. ii'v. I. hv.l1.' m v
m. .jiiij jui uju, 'mm i aniu, iiar. o.
14. Br. Brig Friends, Rugg, Lahaina,
10. Br. Brig Friends, Rugg, Lahajna.
" Am. Briir Maryland.
14. Br. Brig Friends, Rugg, Southern
Groups.--Passenger, Mrs. Rugg and
Lahaina, Maui, April 3 South Carolina
Bailey, Dartmouth, 27 1-2 mos. 650
bbls.200 this season.
7. Harvest, Gardner, Nantucket, 6 1-2:
mos. 200 bbls, from United States.
12. Brig Friends, Rugg, Oahu,
" Maryland, do.
" Sch. Kahalaia, Hilo.
PEIRCE & BREWER
Honolulu, Island of Oahu,
HAVE Constantly on hand" and for
sahi on liberal terms, Merchandise impor
ted from tho United States, England,
Chili, and China, and adapted to the
trade of the
They offer lo purchase the productions
of the Sandwich Islands, and of Califor
nia ; and Bills of Exchange on England,
France, Rmm and the United States.