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PUBLISHED WEEKLY, AT HONOLULU, OAHU, SANDWICH ISLANDS.
. JARVES, Editor.
SATURDAY, MAY 29, 1841.
Vol. I.-IYo. 31.
From Blackwood's Magazine.
JTast as is the period, and singular as
the changes ol huropcan history since
Christian era, Judca still continues to
the most interesting portion of the
Id. Among other purposes, it mav
for the purpose of fixing the general
upon this extraordinary land, that it
hecn periodically visited lv a more
iking succession of great public calam-
s than perhaps any other region. With
l to attract an invader than any other
spicuous land of the East, it has been
tantly exposed to invasion. Its ruin
the Romans in the first century did
prevent its being assailed by almost
ry barbarian, who, in turn, assumed
precarious sovereignty ot the neigh-
ft . J
incr Asia. Alter aires o obscure mise-
a new terror came in the Saracen in-
i t a A
ion, which, under Amrou, on the con
st of Damascus, rolled on Palestine.
siege of four months, which we may
Jl conceive to have abounded in hor
k izave Jerusalem into the hands of
Kaliph Omar. On the death of Omar,
h died by the usual fate of Eastern
iices the dagger the country was
to the still heavier misgovemmcnt of
Moslem viceroys a race of men cs
tiallv barbarian, and conunutinir their
J ' o "
iies tor their zeal in proselytism. The
)ple, of course, were doubly tormented.
A new scourge fell upon them in the
Jasion of the Crusaders, at the begin
g of the 12th century, followed by a
)g succession of bitter hostilities and
llic weakness. After almost a century
this wretchedness, another invasion
m the Desert put Jerusalem into the
tids of its old oppressor, the Saracen ;
i in 1104, lamous oaiauin, cxpeil-
the last of the Christian sovereigns.
k possession of Palestine. After an-
er century of tumult and severe sufl'er-
occasioned by the disputes of the
raccn princes, it was visited by a still
bro formidable evil in the shape of the
rks, then wholly uncivilized a nation
all the rudeness and violence of moun-
neer life, and spreading blood and fire
ough Western Asia, rrom this date
pH7) it remained under the dominion
the Ottoman, until its conquest, a few
inrs ago, by that most extraordinary of
ft m i ... -
Mussulmans, the Pacha of Eivpt. a
kary period of 500 years, under the
pst desolating government of the world.
is equally impossible to read the Scrin-
ral references to the future condition of
Viestinc. without d
v m m v w
plainest and most powerful indica-
pns, that it shall yet exhibit a totally
WtVk MM. H A A A I A t .
ncni uspcci irom mai 01 its present
te. Enthusiasm, or even the natural
terest which we feel in this memorable
ition, may color tho future to us too
"ghtly; but unless language of the most
lemn kind, uttered on the most solemn
-casions, and by men divinely commis-
:ned for its utterance, is wholly unmean-
& we must yet look to some powerful,
questionable, and splendid display of
evidence in favor of the people of
I The remarkable determinations!! Euro-
, . : . .11
Ml DOIItira trtwnrrlo Acio M nA U.
4 ypt, within these four years ; the
not less unexpected change of manners
and customs, which seemed to defy all
change ; and the new life infused into
the stagnant governments of Asia, even
by their being flung into the whirl of
European interests, look not unlike signs
of the times. It may be no dream, to
imagine in these phenomena the proofs
of some memorable change in the interior
of things some preparatives for that
great providential restoration, of which
Jerusalem will yet be the scene, if not
the centre ; and the Israelite himself the
especial agent of these high transactions,
which shall make Christianity the religion
of all lands, restore the dismantled beauty
of the earth, and make man, what he was
created to be only "a little lower than
The statistics of the Jewish population
are among the most singular circum
stances of this most singular of all pooplc.
Under all their calamities and dispersions,
they seem to have remained at nearly the
same amount as in the days of David and
Solomon, never much more in prosperity,
never much less after ages of suffering.
Nothing like this has occurred in the his
tory of any other race ; Europe in general
having doubled its population within the
last hundred years, and England nearly
tripled hers within the last half century ;
the proportion of America being still more
rapid, and the world crowding in a con
stantly increasing ratio. Yet the Jews
seem to stand still in this vast and gen
eral movement. The population of Judea,
in its most palmy days, probably did not
exceed, if it reached, four millions. The
numbers who entered Palestine from the
wilderness were evidently not much more
than three ; and their census, according
to the German statists, who arc generally
considered to be exact, is now nearly the
same as that of the people under Moses
about three millions. They are thus
In Europe, 1,916,000, of which about
059,000 are in Poland and Russia, and
458,000 are in Austria.
In Asia, 738,000, of which 300,000
are in Asiatic Turkey.
In Africa, 591,000, of which 200,000
arc in Morocco.
In America, North and South 5,700.
If we add to these about 15,000 Sa
maritans, the calculation in round nu
mbers will be about 3,100,000.
This was the report in 1825 the num
bers probably remain the same. This
extraordinary fixedness in the midst of
almost universal increase, is doubtless not
without a reason if we are even to look
for it among the mysterious operations of
which have preserved Israel a separate
race through eighteen hundred years. May
we not naturally conceive, that a people
thus preserved without advance or retro
cession ; dispersed, yet combined ; broken,
yet firm ; without a country yet dwellers
in all ; everywhere insulted, yet every
where influential ; without a nation, yet
united as no nation ever was before or
since has not been appointed to offer
this extraordinary contradiction to tho
common laws of society, and even to the
common progress of nature, without a
cause, and that cause one of final benev
olence, ui.iversal good, and divine grandeur?
Twas eve on Jerusalem!
Glorious its glow
On the vine-cover'd plain,
On the mount's marble brow,
On the Temple's broad grandeur,
Enthroned on its height
Like a golden-domed isle
In an ocean of light;
And the voice of her multitudes
Rose on the air,
From the vale deep and dim,
Like a rich evening hymn.
But whence comes that cry
'Tis the cry of despair!
What form stands on Zion?
The prophet of woe!
His frame worn with travel,
His locks living snow.
His hand grasps a trumpet;
The heart's-blood runs chill
At its death-sounding blast:
All the thousands are still
All fixing their azc,
Where, like one from the tomb,
The shroud seems to swim
Round the long, spectral limb,
And the lips pour in thunder
The terrors to come!
"Thou'rt lovely, Jerusalem!
Lovely, yet stain 'd;
Thou'rt a li n's whelp, Judah,
Yet thou shalt be chain'd.
Thou'rt magnificent, Zion!
Yet thou shalt be lone;
The pilgrim of sorrow
Shall see thy last stone.
" Hark, hark to the tempest
What roar fills my ear?
'Tis the shouting of warriors,
The crash of the spear.
The eagle and wolf
On that tempest are roll'd
Twin demons of havoc,
To ravage thy fold.
"They rush through the land
As through forests the fire;
Woe, woe to the infant,
Woe, woe to the sire!
Rejoice for the warrior
Who sinks to the grave;
But weep for the living
A ransomlcss slave.
" But veil'd be mine eyeballs! '
The red torch is flung,
And the last dying hymn
Of the temple is sung!
The altar is vanish'd,
The glory is gone;
The curse is fulfill'd,
The last vengeance is done!
"Again all is darkness;
Year rolls upon year;
I hear but the fetter,
1 see but the bier.
But the lions are coming!
They roar from their sand;
'Tis Amrou and his Saracens
Curse of the land!
"Like the swamp-gonder'd hornets,
They rush on the wing
By thousands of thousands,
With death in their sting,
Like vultures, they sweep
O'er Moriah's loved hill,
And the corpse-cover'd valleys
By Kedron's red rill.
" Where, where sleeps the thunderbolt;
Heaven! hear tho cries
Of the Ishmaelite slave
To his prophet of lies.
Hear the howl to his demons,
His frenzy of prayer;
Mix'd with Israel's lament
Of disdain and despair.
" It has come! and the throne
Of the robber has rcel,d;
. And the turbans are floating
In gore on the field.
I sec the proud chiefs
Of the West in their mail;
And my soul loves the standard
They spread to the gale.
,, Stay, vision of splendour!
On Jordan's rich marge
They rush to the battle,
Earth shakes with their charge.
Like lightning the blaze
From their panoply springs;
I see the gold helms
And crown'd banners of kings.
" Yet evil still smites thee,
Thou daughter of tears!
No trophy is thine
In the strife of the spears.
The stately Crusader
And Saracen lord,
But give thee tho choice
Of the chain or the sword.
" Again all is silence!
The long grass has grown
Where the crossbearer sleeps
In his rich-sculptur'd stone;
And the land trod by prophet
And chanted by bard,
Is left to the foot
Of the wolf and the pard.
" But who ride the whirlwind!
The drinkers of blood!
From the summit of Lebanon
Rushes the flood;
'Tis the Turcoman ravening
For slaughter and spoil:
Oh, helpless gazelle!
Thou art now in the toil.
" King of kings! on our neck
Sits the slave of a slave,
As wild as his mountains,
As cold as our grave.
All his sceptre the scourge,
All our freedom his will;
Yet thy children must linger
Must agonize still.
" Fly swift, ye dark years!
Still the savage is there
The tiger of nations
Is couch'd in his lair.
The field is a thicket,
The city a heap,
And Israel on earth
Can but wander and weep.
" King of kings! shall she die?
Hark! a trumpet afar
It thrills through my soul,
Yet no trumpet of war.
I hear the deep trampling
Of millions of feet;
And the shoutings of millions,
Yet solemn and sweet.
"Now the voices of thunders
Are rolling on high;
. The pomp has began,
The redemption is nigh.
I see thy crowned fathers,
Thy prophets of fire,
And the martyrs, whose souls
Shot to heaven from the pyre.
4 Who comes in his glory,
Pavilion'd in cloud?
Judah, cast off thy shame!
Israel, spring from thy shroud!
Thy king has avenged thee
He comes to his own,
With earth for his empire,
But Zion his throve !"