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t' n with the systematic competition cx-pC-jnced
from that powerful company, of
S it gives so full an account. We do
tzi yc r(,rn any invitjiog? feeling of li
iC J, b,lt ,nul tnc hushicss public here may
be $'tcr acquainted with the resources and
p :y of that power, which at this particular
jc -rR seems to have entered upon a cam
p'ja of extermination against all rival trn
icrJ0r merchant?, and in the words of the
aut3r referrpd to, 11 njypcars lobe destined
lotwalloin up ull other commercial enterprises
As far as social habits arc concerned, the
ckief; factor at Fort Vancouver, Dr. Mc
Laughlin, hai pcrppred for the Company an
eariiblc reputation for hospitality and kind-
nera..1 Few strangers of any nation have
erer tisited their posts without being receiv
ed with a hospitality which knew no bounds
until every want of the traveller was provid
ed for. The American Missionaries in par
ticular have experienced from them much
at&stion and assistance, and at times when
T HE POLYNESIAN
XtzX inconvenience and even suffering
rod4 !&vc resulted from want thereof.
Voyagers to the Columbia River bear the
same testimony to their zcajoua kindness,
wLa(J for it they deserve much praise. Hut it
is pot with this spirit that we have to do at
the present time; but one of a far different
nature, which if successful will greatly in
jure and distress those whose commercial
interests arc embarked in this quarter
of the Pacific. It is one also which
iSecta the enterprises of all whether
American, English or French. To secure
or retain their rightful share of the trade of
the North Pacific, they have tq contend
gainst the vast resources, and vigorous pol
icy of this giant company, which appears to
fee advancing in a slow but sure inarch of
(commercial ponquest. They leave no un-
mtsb'dued posts, behind them. Their conccn-
ration of capital and interest gives them an
Mmmense advantage over the the scattered
od comparatively limited capital ofindivid-
mcrchants, too often divided among
hemselvcs by a pernicious rivalry. It is
lut a few years since, that the American
trade has been driven by them from the
tikole of the North West Coast, of w)ich
uay now enjoy the undivided monopoly. In
tuition to this, the Company have been
dually pushing and expending their posts,
.il they have oceppied many of the best
liiis and positions, both for commercial and
piUtary purposes within the American Tcr-
ry, afl according to the late papers, have
rta advanced to within sixty miles of the
it... of S. Louis. Their hunters pursue
-tir gamp unmolested through the vast tract
P the Oregon territory, bidding defiance to
7 competition, and annually deriving a
rf turn frrttn c fnta nr &ni giA u; it Kin flint
3on of the country, and consequently di
ning the value ol that National domain,
taj enriching a foreign corporation at the
xpsnsc of American citizens. In the mean-
ht!a the American government has either
lerlooked these important facts, and sufler-
16 rival nation to reap the profits which
viCbf suitable countenance and encourage-
;t Would hive fallen into tjie pockets of
sr earn citizens, or is quie.t)y biding her
"V? and plumes not her wings for the wes-
ocean, until her flight can be as sure
-Tlpid as that of her emblem bird.
I J ile the Hudson's Bay Company have
irV . i .i ii u it.
luvancing inus rapiuiy iiirougu mu ni
fof the continent, they have marked out
Imsclvcs a course equally as wide and
r f lvc on t'l 6ores tne "ac,nc J ne,r
the Russian settlements at the North
ng period, and jn consequence have
from those waters yaluablo branch
erican trade. At the south, their ef-
ave been equally successful. While
rts of California have been virtually
against American commerce, they
secured to themselves, as we are in
formed, u valuable territory at the Day of
St. r rancisco, for commercial and agricul
tural purposes, and which for either is far
superior to their station at the Columbia
River. That their influence in both these
directions is more powerful than any other
wliich can for the present be brought to bear
Upon them cannot be doubtful; neither are
icy to bo blampd for turning it to their best
advantage. The only way to remedy it is
to meet them with an enterprise equal to
their own, and force them to share what they
are thus endeavoring to monopolize. Fears
have also been expressed lest they would se
cure to themselves the whole business of
these islands but as we think groundlcssly.
A million of dollars capital would not be
more than sufficient for that purpose, and
they have already too many points to hold,
and too much competition to fear in other
quarters, to enable them to eflect that pur
pose here. Cargo after cargo may be forced
into the islands and have a temporary effect
upon the market prices may fall Jo such a
degree as to be ruinous to those trading up
on borrowed capital, or upon limited resour
ces. Still, they cannot afford to carry on a
losing business, which would be necessary,
in order to accomplish this object, and nei
ther do we believe it to bp their policy; for
it would immediately affect the price of the
stock in England. As soon jis, prices became
profitable to them, they would bp equally so
to others, and competition commence again.
Mercantile firms here can import English
fabrics and manufactures direct, as cheap as
the ComnailV cant a nnlirv which thrvmtitt
I . J I V J
resort to, to meet them on their own ground
The exports of the country to a great extonj
-- r r.r -r-
must be for vears to come
hands of American houses, consequently the
imports must be regulated to some degree by
their abilities or will to purchase.
Whether thpy will enjoy much longer their
superior advantages within the American
territory is extremely problematical, De
spoiled of those, and their imports subject to
the same duties as are paid on the eastern
side of the Continent, while the American
will enter free, their business will be drawn
within its- legitimate resources, and then if
the enterprise ana) skill of other merchants
cannot compete with them on equal ground,
they must abide their loss, and seek other
and less vigorously contested fields for gain,.
Ye glean the following summary of facts
relative to the present dispute between the
United States and England, from two Eng
lish papers of Marph last
Mr Pickens, from the Committee on Forr
eign Affairs, in the U. S. Senate, made a
report Feb. 13, which w&s considered little
short of a declaration of war. Tje report
was ordered to be printed, though not with
out experiencing considerable opposition.
It recapitulates briefly all the differences ex
isting between tho two governments. The
seizure and burning of the steamer Caroline.
The arrest und trial of A. McLeod as leader
in that affair. The differences jn regard to
tho North Eastern and Noith Western boun
daries. Tho seizure of American vessels
by British cruisers on the Coast of Africa,
and exercising the power of search, under
tho pretence of suppressing the slave trade.
Her interference with, the slave question,
&c. On allJheso subjects the public mind
was much excited, though the papers very
generally condemned the bellicose language
of Congress, and state that the country is in
no condition at present to sustain a war.
Nineteen jurors out of twenty found an in
dictment for murder against McLeod.
Qn the other hand the English govern
ment has made a formal demand for his re
lease; and ihe nation appear firm and unan
imous in the determination that he must be
either released or avenged. A letter from
Mazatlan of later date than the papers, states
that McLt'od has been given up. Even if
this should prove true, there arc other caus
es of discontent, sufiicicnt upon the fdightegt
additional provocation on either sivle to bring
about an immediate collision. It will re
quire great prudence and forbearance on the
part of cither government to avoid a Rupture.
It was rumored that Clay had been ap
pointed Sppcial Minister to England to settle
all differences in an honorable and amicable
manner. The London Atlas of March lJ0,
holds this lanmire-
14 Wc hope of course, as cverv English
man hopes, that there may be found some
sale and honorable path which may lead u
out of these difficulties, ii the creation of
which we have had no share. We conies,
however, that we cannot at present discovrr
this path, and that we nre skeptical as to
those loose assertions which we hear, that
war is out of the question, and that America
must listen to reason.'
Judge 13.ncot R, of the Sqpromc (Jourt of
the United States, is dead.
50 doz. Chnnipaijne ftylcr.
000 A Boxc3 Soap, No, i.
S20 Hoxes .Soap, Xu. 1 .
U5 Poxes yindow Glass.
1 1 Pales Prown tfheetit).
G Cus?s Am. and Eng. Print.
0 Cases Pk-aciie( Sheeting.
. Pales Union ticks.
a Pales SullWk Drills,
il Cases 4-4 Plue Cotton.
UO Ki'ns Nails, assorted.
PORT OF HONOLULU'.
Aug. 1G, Am. Ship Gloucester, JIapgood,
18. Haw. Sch. Hawaii, Lahaina.
In the Gloucester, Mrs Johnstone, Mr LN
isiiuuiui.'riuiri, ivir ii. taiKin.
A A c v t s u vn cuts.
American mid Cliiaa ftoods,
FOR SALE BY
A large assortment of Amprican Goods,
suitable for this market.
Powchong nnd Pekoe Teas.
Black Silk. Black Satin.
Black Silk Iandkerchicfs. '
Honolulu, Aug. 20th, 1841. tf.
For Sale, if applied for soon, at the
shop of Mr E. H. Boardmax, a Superk
" English Cottage Piano," in p&rrfpletc
order aruTtttTte--. -
Aug. 16, 1811. pp3v.
The Partnership of the late firm of
HENRY PATY & CO. has expired by
the decease of Air Henry Paty, pne of
The undersigned will assume the re
sponsibilities and continue the business of
the late partnership under tho same firm
(Henry Paty &, Co.) for the present, un
til its affairs can be adjusted, when notice
will be given of a change in the firm.
KU HOI 'Til WORTH.
Honolulu, Aug. 9th, 1041.
Have lately receivwl prr 13rig j o s i: v i
P k a u o i y from China, the following
named articles, wlifch they ofler for
?ale on low terms :
1200 nieces oO yds ea .1-1 Blue Cottons
2-20 ' " ;M Blue Drill.' '
2 crscs fine English Long Cloth.
1000 pair China Shoes.
21 cases Pearl Sago.
375 pieces 4-4 Bleached Cottons.
52 Setts China Lacquered Wash Ba:
sin$, ca iL
48 dq. do. dp. ca 2.
10 " Ptatlan Clothes Baskets.
8 bags ea 1 picul Manila ColVye.
35 .). Manila Cigars.
400 Manila Huts. "
2d Trunks Clothing, Nankin and Silk.
20 .1. Macao Cigars.
2300 pieces Blue Nankin?:.
UOp piecps Vellow Nankins.
30 llplls White and Red lloor Matlinn,
)( boxes Souchong Teu ca 10 lbs.
0 Congou If
of ijie best (juality.
lionolulu, August 12, 1S41. If.
MARSHALL & JOHNSON
HAVE FOR S A I.
25 Chests Superior Pekoe Tea.
20 Piculs Manila Coffee.
5 Kegs Long Twist Tobacco.
5 Boxes Short Twist Tobacco.
Best Cavendish Tobacco.
Fine Cut Tobacco.
30 M. Spanish and Spanish Cigars.
25 doz. Claret Wine.
50 doz. Old Port Wine.
10 qr. Casks S. Madeira Wine.
f qr. Casks Madeira Wine.
6 qr. Casks Sherry Wine.
WAllSHALI & JOHNSON
j Have for Sale
Brown Linen. Super Webb Braces. Su
per Iridia Rubber Braces Cotton Bandan
na Hclkfs. Large Cotton Flag I Idlifs. Im
itation Pongee lldkfs Colored Cotton Half
Hosof. White Cotton Half liose. Infla
tion Ljncn Cambric lldkfs. Super Linen
Cambric Juki's. Large Cboppas. White,
anjl Brown Linen Thread. Russia Shert
ipg. Ravens Duck. White Linen Drills.
French Linen. Mourning Lawns. Black
Bombazine. Colored Bo.nbazine. Russia
Diaper. Check Muslin. Jaconet Muslin.
Check Cambric! Stripe Cambric. Whitq
Cambric. Super White Linen. Bird's Fyo
Diaper. Linen Damask. 'Printed Linen
Drills. Stripe Linen Drillu. Assorted Sew
ing Silk. Slay Lacings. Pearl Shirt Bi
tons. Whitp Suspender Buttons." Pea
Jacket Buttons. Figured Vest Buttons!
Figured Coat Buttons. Black Silk Cravats!
Patent Pins. Crash. Mous. dp Lai no!
Vesting. Pantaloon Check! Summer Cloth!
Plaid Crape do Lyons. Fine Krniinet!
Broadcloth, Black. Satin Stripe Chally.
Ladies' tiloves. Ladies Scarfs. ' Pressed
Crapes. Swiss Figured Muslin. French
Musljiid. Salcratus. Dried A ppjea. ' Nut
megs. Allspice. Malmsey Wine, extra!
Paste Blacking. Pipes. Raisins. Cassia.
Gaiter Boots. Gentlemen's Calf Boots.
Ale. Nails. Fine Ivory Combs. Tooth
Brushes Cambleteens. An assortment of
Stationery. Ladies' Kid Shoes. Ladies?
A select as3ortment of Cut and Pressed
Glass Ware, consisting of Decanters, Win
Glasses, Cake Dishes, Lamps, Tumblers,
Door Knobs, Salts, etc.
Honolulu, May 27, eptf
17 boxe? Superior Pekoe Tea, JOlbf each.
10 pieces White Figured Porigee Hhdjtfs.'
For Sale by J. J. JARVES.
This Tea was selected by a fir6j rat
judge, and is said to be of the best lot ex-
i ported from China Ihi year. .
I Juhj .11, 1341. fpif