Newspaper Page Text
1 "If f. TM11.U.. IAJ IU. ' ;j U "1
J. JAUYI3S, Editor,
SATURDAY, AUGUST SS, 1811.
Vol, 9. Ao. 12,
prom Ul.i:k wood's Magazine for Jan.
THE TRAVEU.KIt'.S EVENING SONG.
BY MIH II KM A NS.
Father, guide me! Day declines.
Hollow winds aro in the pines,
Darkly waves each giant bough
O'er the sky's last crimson glow;
I lush '(1 is now' the convent's bell,
Which erewhilo with breezy swell
From the purple mountains boro
iGrcetinu to the bunset-shore :
J'ow the sailqr's vesper-hymn,
I Dies away.
Father! in, the forest dim,
Be my stay!
In the lowly shivering thrill ,
01 the leaves, that late hung still;
In the dull and muffled tone
Of the sea-wave's distant moan;
In the deep tints of the sky,
Thcre arc signs of tempests nigh,
Ominous, with sullen sound,
Falls the echoing dust around.
Father! through the storm and shade,
O'er the wild,
iOh! be Thou the lone one's aid-
Save thy child!
pTany a swift and sounding plume
Homeward through the boding gloom,
fO'er my way hath flitted fast,
Since the farewell sunbeam pass'd
fFroui the chestnut's ruddy bark,
$And the pools now low and dark,
ftWhcre the wakening nijjht winds siffh,
'Through the long reeds mournfully,
Homeward, homeward, all things haste
God of right!
y Shield the homeless mid the waste;
: Be his light!
In his distant cradle-nest",
fNow my babe is laid to rest;
Beautiful! his slumber seems
With a glow of heavenly dreams,
pJeautiful, o'er that bright sleep,
ji Jiang soft eyes of fondness deep,
Where his mother bends to pray,
jtPor the loved and far away.
Father! guide that household bower,
I Hear that prayer!
Back, through thine all-guiding power?
I Lead me there !
(Darker, wilder, grows the pight -Not
a star sends quivering light
Through the massy arch of shade
By the stern old forest made..
JThou! to whose unslumhcring eyes
"f All my pathway open lies
jjiy thy Son, who knew distress
Jn the lonely wilderness,
Where no roof that blest his head
rather! through the time of dread,
Save, oh! save!
For tho Polynesian- ,
Translated from the Hawaiian.
LataM of tlje ftatoaffan XslaMff.
Act pointing out the manner in which
tiie Laws shall be promulgated.
jThe subjection of the people to the
5iefs, from former ages down, is a subject
II understood, as is also a portion of the
v cient laws. That subjection and those
Vs are not now as a matter of course
continued, but there are at the present
ie many new laws, with which it is well
all the people should become ac
aintud. There is no way to make them
roughly understood except by printing,
icrefore in a council of the government
c following acts were passed :
L Hereafter no law of the kingdom
all take effect without having been first
"ted and made public. '
Copies of the law shall be delivered to
'lie following persons :
14, 11 cn,c,s Belonging to me councils.
I n I . t . . t
j'veuen oi me representative oody,
To each of. the 'Judges;
To each of the tax officers.
, To each of the pqlice officers ; and
should a Hawaiian Newspaper be pub
lished, they shall be published in that,
and Consuls of fdrcign countries shall be
furnished with ten copies each.
3. Should the purport of any law not
be understood, or should the judges bo in
doubt for want of clearness in the law,
they may in that case ask explanation of
the supremo judges, who will make known
Should any two laws be at variance
with each other, then the one bearing the
latest date is the one in force
This law having had the sanction of the
chiefs we have hereunto set our names
this second day of November in the year
of our Lord 1840, at Lahaina, Maui.
(Signed) KameaSieiu hi.
This edict having been passed by the
chiefs we have hereunto set our names
this sdcond day of November in the year
1840, at Lahaina, Maui.
(Signed) Kameh'amciia III.
Of the lepresentative Body.
In accordance with the - requirements
of the constitution, certain persons will be
chosen to sit in council with the chiefs.
For the present they shall be chosen in
the following way, but at some future pe
riod the number will'be increased, though
1. Two persons shall be chosen from
Hawaii, two from Maui and the adjacent
islands, two from .Qahu, and one from
2. The choice shall be made as follows :
Whosoever pleases on the island of Ha
waii may write to the king, mentioning the
names of the two persons of wisdom whom
they choose to sit in council with the
chiefs. They may write in the following
form : .
To His Majesty, Kamehameha III.
The object of our writing this letter
is to inform your majesty of certain per
sons on this island of Hawaii whom we
consider men of wisdom and prudence. .
The name of the first is
The name of the second is
It is our desire that these two persons
should sit in council with the chiefs the
present year. By us,
The above letter when written may be
circulated among the people, and all who
are pleased with those men may put their
names. And even should there be many
such letters written it will be well, for the
person who has the most names in those
letters will be the person chosen, and be
the Representative from Hawaii.
In these ballot letters there may be a
great number of signatures to the same
letter, The, names of all who vote will
be counted, and the person having a ma
jority will be the ones who are chosen.
The election shall be conducted in the
same manner also on Maui, Oahu and
3. Should any man forge another's
name as a signature to a letter written as
above, or should any one write his own
name twice, or should one write the name
of another without his approbation, he
shall be fined ten dollars for every name
thus criminally written,
4. As soon as his majesty the king as
certains the names of the persons who are
chosen, the Primier will then write and
inform them of the day and the place of
meeting of the Legislature that they may
be in a state of readiness.
5. Al the, expenses of the representa
tiues in going to and returning from the
meeting shall be paid by the government,
and also all expenses while in attendance.
An Act to regulate the Taxea
There is much in this law which does
not relate directly to assessment1 and tax
ation. A portion of it is merely explan
atory, a portion applies directly to taxes,
another portion applies to labor, another
portion applies .io the former prohibitory
system, a portion is simply instruction,
and a portion is direct law. That part
which simply disapproves of certain evils
is instruction. If a penalty is affixed that
is absolute law.
I. Respecting the Poll Tax.
' There shall be two forms of taxation in
the Hawaiian kingdom. The one a poll
tax, to paid in money, the other a land
tax, to be paid in .pork ; or there shall be
the standard of taxation, though in failure
of these articles, other property w ill be
received. The amount of taxation shall
be as follows :
For a Man, one dollar..
For a Woman, . half a dol.'ar.
For a Boy, one fourth of a dollar.
For a G irl, one eighth of a dollar.
This is the ratio of taxation for adults
and children, above hi years of age. But
feeble old men and women shall not be
taxed at all. In the back part of the is
lands where money is difficult to be ob
tained, Arrow Root will be a suitable sub
stitute. Thirty-three pounds of good ar
row root will be taken for a dollar. Cot
ton also is another suitable article ; six
teen pounds will be accounted equal to a
dollar. Sugar is another suitable article ;
also nets. Jf any individual do not ob
tain the money at the , time when every
man is to pay his taxes, and if lie do no
obtain arrow root, nor cotton, nor sugar,
nor nets, until the specified months for
payment are passed, viz. December, Jan
uary and February, and if the last days
of February have passed, then every man
hall be fined tta value of two dollars, (if
his tax is not paid) and the same rates of
increase shall be observed in relation to
those whose taxes are less than that of a
man. The fine shall be paid in some
property that can be sold fur the value of
two dollars, but not in projcrty subject
to immediate decay oY death.
2. Land Tax.
The following is the rate of taxation
for plantations, and, farms including plan
tations. There shall be no state, county,
town and district tax, but only the follow
A large farm a hog one fathom long.
A smaller one a hog three cubits long.
A very small one a hog one yard long.
If not a fathom hog, then 10 dollars.
If not three cubit hogs, then 7 J dollars.
If not a yard hog, then 5 dollars.
If neither a fathom hog nor ten dollars,
then two yard hogs, or if failing of these,
then 4 one cubit hogs, or if hot these,
then some other property of equal value
with a fathom hog. Or, if none of these,
then inquiry shall be made both of the
land holders and landlords, and he whose
is the fault shall be dispossessed of his
right in the land. Or if tho fault is com
mon to tho landlord and 'tenant, that they
shall have three months to put the land in
good order, at which time they all shall
leave it, For in that case it appears that
the land was truly valuable, but the land
lord and tenant neglected to pay the tax
es'. This is doing a real damage it is
downright laziness. Where in the same
manner as these persons are fined and.
then dispossessed, so also shall those per
sons be lined and dispossessed who hold
small farms included in larger ones.
But those plantations which have nq
farms in them, under the direct taxation
of particular chiefs, and have never had
during the remembrance of any of the
people now alive, they shall be taxed as.
follows in this new assessment :
A large plantation two fathom hogs.
A smaller one one fathom hog.
A very small one a three cubit hog.
The aboc shall be the conditions of tax
ation, and dispossession of farms.
It is furthermore added for the purpose
of clearness and equality in taxation, that
if the tax officer and the owner of the
hogs do not agree as to the size of tho
hog, then tho tax hog shall be weighed,
and a fathom hog shall be considered as
weighing 333 pounds, a three cubit hog
250 pounds, and a yard hog 1G7 pounds.
In the system of taxation this shall be con
sidered as the regular weight of all tax
If the weight of a hog shall exceed that
which is prescribed for the fathom, three
cubit or. yard hog. then tho tax officer
aUuW pay for the excess above the proper
weight ; unci so' also if the weight of the
hog fall short of what is prescribed in the
law, the land agents shall pay the defi
Furthermore the governors of the sev
eral islands shall notify his majesty tho
king of all the lands which are annually
forfeited, and he shall give them out again
at his discretion, or lease them, or put
them into the hands of those who have nq
land, as he shall think best.
' 3. Of the Labor Tax.
Hereafter a tax in labor shall not bo
required on every week of the month.
On two weeks labor shall be done for his
majesty the king, and also the landlords,
and two weeks the people shall have
wholly to themselves. The first week in
the month the people shall work two days
for the king and one for tho landlords ;
the second week in tho month they shall
work one day for his majesty the king,
and two days for the landlords, and the
next two weeks the people shall have to
themselves But if there be important
public wor!" tp Jjo dpne which is for thu
benefit of tlio people at large, then theru
shall bo twelve working days. Tho peo
ple shall work three days in each of those
weeks which belong especially to them
selves, and when tho work is finished or
ended, then that kind of labor is at an
end ; but as regards such kinds of labor
as are merely for the private interest of
chiefs or owners of counties, towns, dis
tricts, plantations and farms, each, even
including the king, shall take the benefit
only of his own particular days in the
week, and the people shall work only on
Friday, or sometimes on Thursday for the
landlords, and the landlords shall be ex
act to observe their particular days. And
so also the tax officers shall be particular
to appropriate only the king's days to his,
labor. If the landlords or inferior chiefs,
see proper to appropriate their days for
the benefit of his majesty the king ip the
performance of any particular labor, then
the king shall return as many days labor
as he has received from them. In the
same way there may be an exchange pf
days with the common people.
Ff)r further particulars resoect'n? Taxfa
new edicts, passed in April of the pre;
ent vi dr. J ranm.atok.