Newspaper Page Text
T II J2 I'OLVNESI A N.
If the king is iii particular need, or a well vh;it kinds of produce are suited to ants, landlords, sub-tenants, servants of
landlord, it will not tlien bo proper IW each particular land and to all the lands , chief, persons having no land, and va-
the people to refuse to exchange days, jfrotri one end to the other. And they grants. According to this book it is best
They shall exchange, and on tho above jshall give special charge on this subject to' to have one, and one only fixed business,
conditions, though any man may refuse i the tenant' of their land, so that they and to engage in it with high hopes in
to exchange when it is of special disad- may cultivate extensively all such articles j Umi who aids us by the rain from Ilcav-
vantago to himself, as 'shall be profitable.' The landlords en. Such a course would be a benefit to
The same privilege shall also be given ; shall derive their profit and loss from their j all who live and labor in our kingdom.
to the peo;l,j. Whenever they are in own das only, and so also the king shall
s'raitoncd circamstauens, and shall wish derive his profit and loss from his days
to be nbsmt from the Tursday or Friday Only. And the people shall derive their
labor, they nyiy then exchange with tho profit and loss from their days. Hut the
tax officers, or landlords, and it shall not landlords shall strive to stimulato the peo
be proper for them to refuse ; though if pie to such kinds of labor as shall be prof-
anv man should be guilty ol downrurht jitable to the country.
It is furthermore specified that on all
davs of labor, there ! all be two seasons
of rest for the laborers; one at breakfast
deception and should in rcafity be in no
slruits, that shall be considered as absent
UK! himself from a day's labor.
As for the idler, let the industrious put
him to shame, and sound his name from
one end of the country to the other. And
'even if thev should withhold food on ac
count of his idleness, there shall be no con
demnation for those w ho thus treat idlers.
Those landlords and chiefs who arc time, the other at dinner. If one should
guilty of appropriating to their own use
the labor of the people on days which do
not belong to them and do not return
a:i equal n'imber of days to the people
therefor, shall be fined. Tho tenants
shall be freed for sjx months from work
ing for their chick who have thus treated
The following also is tho. fine of those
who do not go to the public labor of the
king and landlords, a half dollar for each
man. If a man arrive on the ground at
dinner time, a fourth of a dollar shall be
remain idle while the rest meat work, his
fine s! mil be two davs' work at some oth-
Jer labor. But men shall not be fined un
ijusily. Those- that are really idle and
Ti.y shall be fined. At three o'clock the
.labor shall cease, and then if the people
vvi-ih to remain and hear the reading of
the laws, it shall be at their option to do
it or not.
! 1. Respecting Parents uho have numerous
! families, 'and also respecting the Infirm
lords. After these years they shall LV
the field and also pay taxes. But tl!
poll tax he shall always pay.
If any landlord wish to transfer or lcj;
any portion of his fields or uncuhivutt
grounds, and the land agent object, hc ,
a right to do so, if he designs to cultiva
it himself. Hut if be wait a year and rf
not do it, then the objections of the !lll(;
agent becomo groundless and he shall
all the loss sustained by the landlord i'
consequence of his objections.
It is furthermore" recommended that
a landlord perceive a considerable porii,
of his land to be unoccupied, or unctil
IIIIIlllM'll IWf IIIWU " II" III"." " in iw.v... , 1 , e . .
If a landlord, or a chief should give en-j vcd, and yet is suitable for c.ik.vati,.
tertainment to such a shuruard, he would
thereby bring hame 6n the industrious.
For three months the tenants of him who
thus entertains the sluggard shall be freed
from labor for their landlord. Such is
the punishment of him who befriends the
sluggard. Let him obtain his food by la
bor. G. Respecting applications for farm.?, forsak
ing of farms, dispossessing of farms, and
the management of farms.
but is in possession of a single man, tl
the landlord'divide out that land ei'i;i
between all his tenants. And if then;
unable to cultivate the whole, then ti
landlord may take possession of ivhatn
mains for himself, and seek new tenant:
at his discretion.
Of Residuum Lands.
All residuum lands which have bee
separated by the chiefs as residuunis fro::;
the main plantation, district or state. an
now to be restored to that portion ofln
No man living on a farm whose name
is recorded by his landlord, shall without! to which they formerly belonged. I
cause desert the land of his landlord, the occupancy and business of each stad
Those parents who have a number of Nor shall the landlord causelessly dispos- district, plantation and farm be clear an
children, three or more, and neither of sess his tenant. These are crimes in the .distinct, each by itself. Let no one tain
the fine; or if the man do not arrive till ;the children supported by their friends, or eyes of the law. If any portion of the 1 that which belongs to another, for this
after the falling of the signal for com- if some arc thus supported and three re-! good land be overgrown with weeds, and j the statute in relation to such persnns.
mencing at 7 o'clock, he shall be fined an 'main, those parents sustain a heavy bur-'the landlord see that it continue thus after; If any one takes the residuum which be-
eighth of a dollar. If the failure be on den, and therefore the father shall not go a year and six months from the circulation j longs to another, then the farm of ,
the kings day, the line shall bo paid to to the field on labor days to work for the of this law of taxation, then the person 'who took the residuum shall he given I
the king ; if on the landlord's day, it shall king, and they shall pay no poll tax on whose duty it is shall put that place which j the owner of the residuum. Such is t!
be paid to the landlord.- Tenants, sub- ;the year when the half dollar is required,! he permitted to grow up with weeds nn- penalty of those who seize rcsid minis, the
farms shall be given to those whose resid-
nums were seizx'd.
This edict docs not apply to those pi'
ces of ground which have been men!
appropriated as building lots, and hou
yards; nor does it apply to those piece
But if any" man being in straitened cir- j of ground which have been set apart a
tenants, and cultivators of small lots, shall but on the year when the full dollar is re- der a good state of cultivation, and then
ail pay to the landlords of their particular quired, they shall pay a half tax. leave it to his landlord. This shall be
farms or plantations. So also head men j These are the rules for those having the penalty for all in every place who per-
oi states, counties, townships, and chs-; three children. But it shall not be proper : nut the land to be overrun with weeds,
tricts, shall receive from their particular for any man to adopt the child of another I The same rule shall-apply to sub-land-
. .-. .-. ...... ........ . ... . I i . l' I . I P 1 I 1. It 1 I I
u;iiam, uu-il .jams, iiuu cuuuuiors w ior uic purpose oi avoiding the labor tax. lords and sub-tenants.
. i. . ' .. l i r ....... I 1 , , . r i . . .... . . . .
their lands. But tenants of those lands 'He may however, adopt the children
which have not been subject to private ; his deceased relations and friends, wh
A .! .1 II I . . .1 I .... . . . . '
taxation suau pay oniy 10 me King in case jtne children are thus left orphans,
of absence from public labor. If any parent have four children, and
When public labor is to be done of neither of them adopted by another, then
such a nature as to be a common benefit 'that parent shall not go to the public la
to king and people, and therefore 12 days bor, neither for the king nor for the land
in a month are devoted to labor, then all lord??, nor shall they pay any poll tax.,
persons, whether connected with the land If any parent have five, six or more
or not, and also all servants shall go to children, whom they support, neither of
the work, or pay a fine of half a dollar, jthem being separated from the family, or
xuwv uisu .;i.ui kj wuo nave ocen ireeu li some do live separate Irom tfic rest, and
five or six more remain, then those na
rents shall by no means be required to
cunistances, wish to leave his farm, or if
he have business in another place, this is
the course he shall pursue. lie shall first
give notice to his landlord, and having
informed him, hc shall then put the farm
in as good a state as he found it, after
which he may leave it.
Landlords, oppress not your tenants ;
condemn them not without a cause while
they continue to do well. If a land agent
do thus to his tenants, and dispossess
them without a crime on their part, he
shall pay a fathom hog to his tenants, and
by the payment of nine dollars a year,
and all who have been freed by 'their
masters having paid a rial a day.
They shall not go however on the
1 i nrr j 1 ri t t-iskw -v ii fit -a i.i ,i i ,...,1 ' . -i -. i ... a '. - i' t
3 wa.r ia;iuiru s uav, mn is ai louriecu vears o aro.
merely on those days bel6nging to them- three years the boy shall pay a fourth of j tenants take not causelessly from them
sc'v'cs . . ;a dollar per year the 17th and ISth the products of their lands, nor their do-
;n uiu penwi vuen ii;e taxes are cot- years lie shall pay halt a dollar. After mestic animals, nor any other article
pay any poll, land, or labor tax until their j the tenant shall not be dispossessed.
children are old enough to work, which j Wherefore, ye landlords, land agents, and
1 hen, lor sub-landlords do not thus to your sub
lected, according to the notice given by the 18th year he shall then for two years which is not iriven you. All the avr
the tax officers, during those days there jpay three fourths of a dollar, and after he ! your own working davs are yours. '
will be no field labor required,, neither by is twenty he is then an adult. The same 'is no penalty for' the' landlords who
tho king nor by the landlords, nor until rate shall be observed in relation to girls, 1 fine themselves to that ridit.
wu i.i oi.icur jno nonce oi me same, imey being adults when they. arrive at Furthermore, let overy man who pos
Thc labor of the people during those days twenty years of age. .. sesses a farm in the Hawaiian kingdom
will be to carry theiMaxcs to the place The burden of parents who have nu-: labor industriously with the expectation
directed by the tax officers. merous families maybe further relieved, ' of thereby securing hisown personal in-
But all persons who are sick and those jand their circumstances bo rendered ' more I terest, anil also of promoting the welfare
in attendance on the sick shall on the ex- i pleasant, by increasing the size of their and peace of the kingdom,
ainination of the tax officers be freed from farms. These men who have no land, not even
fine for non-attendance on the labor days. Furthermore, whenever a single indi- a garden nor any place to cultivate, and
Ho that absents himself without giving vidual has a large number of invalids liv-'yet wish to labor for the purpose of ob
prcvious notice shall be fined half a dol- jing in his house, amounting to as maintaining the object of their desire, may ap
lar. He that gives previous notice shall ;as four, he shall then inform the tax ofli-'ply to the land agent, or the governor, or
pay but 23 cents. jeers thereof, and if he perceive that the j the king for any piece of land which is'not
If any man wish to be entirely freed ;man is really burdened, then he shall nei- already cultivnted bv nnmhnr nnr, a
from public labor, he may go to the land- jther go to the public labor of the king nor 'such places shall be given them. 'The
the royal demesne lands, for such divi
ions were not taken as residuunis. .V
does the edict apply to places which liav
been taken bv the chiefs for the puhli
interests of the king. Kcsiduums proper
which were taken as such are the on.
ones to be restored, not however thos:
rcsidumns which were taken previous to
the country's becoming subject to Kame
On Hawaii, these are the residuunis n
ho restored, tlinsn ivhirli luivn been seizt
. . . . . . it
Kinrn tlm linttlo nt i nu nnh;ii on 3131
nil tlm L.n.. Lrt ll'lltl
nf lv nnivfiiirnli rn Clfihii nil cinrc til
battle of Nuuanu on Kauai all since tl
friondlv mnftirnr nf lv rmmii'ilii with K
1 ft a m V
tndininnhn I c 1 1 1 1 l mo rl 1st It TiOSM
sors of house lots that are large like fa
nils nfi r;u(li'!i5 rmitit ;iiltln rtvturi ft f the farti
from which they were taken, in paymf
of the yearly tax.
To be ('onlimicd
lord and pay nine dollars, four and a half to that of the landlords. He shall take
for the king and four and a half for the I good care of them, and the amount of his
landlord, and then the man shall be en- 'land shall be increased, in order that they
tirely free, and shall not be required to j may be supplied with food; and on the
go to the labor of the king, nor to that of iyear when the poll tax is a dollarjie shall
the landlords. pay but half a dollar, and when tho tax
Those feeble old people who are freed s half a dollar he shall pay nothing until
from the yearly tax shall also be freed some of tl.o invalids nre gone and hc is
from the public labor of the landlords, relieved. Then, he shall pay taxes and
king and all kinds of public labor. go to the public labor also, provided he is
Let all those who are called landlords wholly relieved. And here is a word of
and governors, and .tax officers consider advice for industrious landholders, ten-
landlords and king shall aid such persons
in their necessities, and they shall not iro
.1 fftftaaa W
to the field labor ot the-king and land
lords for the term of three years, after
which they shall go. But if neither the
landlords nor king render them any aid
until they bring such uncultivated ground
into a good state of cultivation, and they
eat of the products of the land without
any aid, then they shall not for four
years by required to go to the field on the
labor days of the king, nor of the land-
Honolulu, Saturday, Augut 'S I811
CO M M V N IPATi: D.
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the A n(.t d(tfC
luiuuil . IUIIV J VUUIU
a resemblance in any particular between
two. In fact, it differs so little from
neighbors, that it would attract but a parm
jnance. or bo noted nnl v ns nn into its' r
untii.a n iU .. I I I Then
nil tllPSO. WOrilx nltmit St vr.n will llf
ij ui. i win ieii vou. Minpiy
was rilV fortnnn nno A,iv tn nur.nd it. in C""
I j ...... ......vy tiiviius, hiiw 'v .--(S
gratified with the excursion, I wish ot
you with nie, or as high, at least, as
and ink will allow you.
There arc others not far distant,
higher, larger, ami nicturcr
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