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0wn country, have no longer claim to its
protection, nor is it longer responsible for
their acts. Such cases, therefore, if thev
occur, show no abandonment of the duty of
The Government of the United States has
pot considered it as sufficient to confine the
duties of neutrality nnd non-interference to
the case of Governments whose territories
lie adjacent to each other. The application
of the principle may he more necessary in
rich case, but the principle itself they re
gard a being the same, it those territories
be divided by half the globe. The rule i3
funded in the impropriety and danger of
allowing individuals to make war on their
own authority, or, by mingling themselves
in the belligerent operations of other na
tions, to run the hazard of counteracting the
policy, or embroiling the relations, of their
own government. And the United States
have been the first among civilized nations
to enforce the observance of this just rule of
neutrality and peace, by special and ade
quate logal enactments. In the infancy of '
this Government, on the breaking out of the
Kuropean wars which had their origin in the
French Revolution, Congress passed laws'
with severe penalties, for preventing the
citizens of the Uniti-d Slates from taking
part in those hostilities.
Hy these laws, is prescribed to the citizens
of the United States what is understood to
be their duty, as neutrals, by the law of na
;i ns, and the duty, also, which they owed
n the interest and honor of their own coun
At a subsequent period, when the Ameri-j
an colonies of an Kuropean Power took im
arms against their Soveirign, Congress, not;
liverted from the established s stein of the
(fuvernment by any temporary considera
tions, nor swerved from its sense of justice
tnd of duty by any sympathies which it'
light naturally feel for one of the parties,;
kiid not hesitate, also, to pass acts applicable
lo the case of colonial insurrection and civil
kvar. And these provisions of law have been I
jcontinued, revised, amended, and are in full
force at the present moment, Nor have they
been a dead letter, as it is well known that ,
exemplary punishments have been inflicted ;
cn those who have transgressed them. It !
y lis known, indeed, that heavy penalties have
fallen on individuals, citizens of the United
ftates, engaged in this very disturbance in i
,anada. with which the destruction of the!
laroline was connected. And it is in Mr.
Fox's knowledge, also, that the act of Con- i
tress of March 10th 1838, was passed for
he precise purpose of more effectually re- j
itraining military enterprise from the United
states into the British Provinces by authori
sing the use ol the most sure and decisive
preventive means. The undersigned may I
Vld, that it stands on the admission of very
Jiigh British authority, that during the recent J
i unuuiun irouoics, Hiiuoiign oouies oi hu
Venturers appeared on the border, making.
It necessary lor the reople ot Canada to)
pep themselves in a state prepared for sclf-j
lefence, yet that these adventurers were
tiding by no means in accordance with the j
eeling of the great mass of the American,
People, or of the Government of the United
The Government, therefore, not only holds
isclf above reproach in everything respec-
!ing the preservation of neutrality, the ob
ervancc of the ptinciple of non-intervention,
ind the strictest conformity, in these re-
Ipects, to the rules of international law, but
L i .. .. ..i II 'II 1 i .1
I QouDts not tnai inc worm win uo u me
justice to acknowledge that it has set an ex
ample not unfit to be followed by others, nnd
. . . 1 . . L i
Jiiat, by its steady legislation on mis mosi
important subject, it has done something
f promote pence and gooti neignoornooa
'nong nations, and to advance ine civinza-
w of mankind.
The undersigned trusts that, when Her
itannic Majesty's Government shall pre-
nt the grounds." at length, on which they
stify the local authorities of Canada in at
ding and destroying the Caroline," they
ill consider that the laws of the United
hates are such as the undersigned has now
presented them, and that the Government
f the United States has always manifested
sincere disposition to see those laws etlec
ally and impartially administered. If there
ve been cases in which individuals, justly
Noxious to punishment, have escaped, this
) no more than happens in regard to other
Under these circumstances, and 'gnder
immediately connected with the trans
ition itself, it will be for Her Majesty's Go
vernment to show upon what state of facts
and what rules of national law the destruc
tion of the "Caroline" is to be defended. It
will be for that Government to show a ne
cessity of selldefence, instant, overwhelm
ing, leaving no choice of means and no mo
ment for deliberation. It will be for it to
show, also, that the local authorities of Ca
nada, even supposing the necessity of the
moment authorized them to enter the terri
tories of the United States at all did nothing
unreasonable or excessive; since the act"
justified by the necessity of self-defence)
must be limited by that necessity, and kept
clearly within it.
It must be shown that admonition or re
monstrance to the persons on board the
"Caroline" was impracticable, or would have
been unavailing, it must be shown that that
day-light could not be waited for; that there
could be no attempt at discrimination be
tween the innocent and the guilty; that it
would not have been enough to deceive nnd
detain the vessel; but that there was a neces
sity, present and inevitable, for attacking
her, in the darkness of the night, while
moored to the shore, and while unarmed
men were asleep on board, killing some and
wounding others, and then drawing her into
the current, adovc the cataract, setting her
on fire, and careless to know whether there
might not be in her the innocent with the
guilty, or the living with the dead, commit
ting her to a fate which tills the imagination
with horror. A necessity for all this the
Government of the United States cannot be
lieve to have existed.
All will see that if such things be allow
ed to occur, they might lead to bloody and
exasperated war; and when an individual
comes into the United States from Canada,
and to the very place on which this drama
was performed, and there chooses to make
public and vain glorious boast of the part be
acted in it, it is hardly wonderful that great
excitement should be created, and some de
gree of commotion arise.
This Republic docs not wish to disturb
the tranquility of the world. Its object is
peace, its policy peace. It seeks no ag
grandizement by foreign conquest, because
it knows that no foreign acquisition could
augment its power and importance so rapid
ly as they are already advancing by its own
natural growth under the propitious circum
stances of its situation. But it cannot admit
that its Government has not both the will
and the power to preserve its own neutrality,
and to enforce the observance of its own
laws upon its own citizens.
It is jealous of its rights, and among oth
ers, and most especially, of the right of the
absolute immunity of its territory against ag
gression from abroad; and these rights it is
the duty and the determination of this Gov
ernment fully and at all times to maintain;
while it will, at the same time, as scrupu
lously refrain from infringing on the rights
The President instructs the undersigned
to say, in conclusion, that he confidently
trusts that this and all other questions of dif
ference between the two Governments will
be treated by both in the full exercise of
such a spirit of candor, justice, and mutual
respects as shall give assurance of the long
continuance of peace between the two coun
tries. The undersigned avails himself of this
opportunity to assuro Mr. Fox. of his high
Henry S. Fox, Esq. &c. &c. &c.
Honolulu, Saturday, Sept. 25 , 1641.
public act of it, and the United States are
to look to her for redress, which it is to be
presumed she will grant, rather than involve
herself in a destructive war. The boundary
questions were, an usual, in process of ad
justment. The Navy was to be greatly in
creased and placed upon an efficient footing.
Many officers in consequence have been
promoted. Capt. Aulick of the Yorktown is
raised to the rank of Post Captain. A pow
erful Coast Fleet was to be fitted out, and
other naval stations to be reinforced. Con
gress was in session, nnd many important
bills based upon the well known principles
of the present administration were soon to
be brought forward.
Important alterations in the commercial
policy of England are expected soon to take
Com. A. C. Jones is to succeed Com.
Claxton on the Pacific station. Scientific
gentlemen are now employed in arranging
the collections of the U. S. Exploring Squad
ron, under the direction of the National In
stitute for the Promotion of Learning and
Science, at Washington.
Whig Majority in the Senate is 7 in the
bouse 49. Hon Rufus Choate is elected
Senator from Massachusetts.
The Alciope hence, arrived at Boston
May -2oth Rev. R. Tinker and family,
hence, in the Win, Penn, arrived MayGih,
in good health, and with the addition of an
infant daughter to their number. A vessel
from Boston was expected to leave for this
place in July.
The great length of the correspondence
between Fox and Webster, obliges us to ex
clude many other matters of interest from
our columns this week.
Through the politeness of Capt. Bisscll,
of the Cayuga, we have had the perusal of
American papers to the date of June 5th.
From them we learn that no immediate fears
of war between England and the United
States, are now entertained. McLeod's
case was not entirely decided, though it was
supposed that he would be acquitted for want
of evidence. We recommend to the perusal
of our readers the correspondence w hich we
republish from a New York paper of June
5th, between Webster and Fox, which gives
a summary of this case, and 6hows how the
question remained between the two coun
tries. England by assuming upon herself
the destruction of the Caroline, has made a
PORT OF HONOLULU.
Sept. J9, Br brig Clementine, Rhodes, Kau
ai. " Am brig Cayuga, Bissell, Mazat
lan, 33 days.
21, Am Sch Julian, Leidsdorff, St Bar
bara, lb' days.
Sept. 22, Ship Roman, Barker, New Bed
In the Julian, Mr A. B. Thompson.
Tho Ship FAMA, C. Mover,
Master, will sail for Boston,
via Tahiti and Valparaiso, on
or about the 8th October. For freight or
passage to either place, apply to the Mas
ter, or to PEIRCE &. BREWER.
Sept. 18, 1841.
pinner & mxnmmx
Have lately received per Brig Joseph
Peabody from China, the following
named articles, whsch they offer for
sale on low terms :
1200 pieces 30 yds ea 4-4 Blue Cottons.
220 " " 3-4 Blue Drill.
2 cases fine English Long Cloth.
1000 pair China Shoes.
21 cases Pearl Sago.
375 pieces 4-4 Bleached Cottons.
52 Setts China Lacquered Wash Ba
sins, ca 3.
48 " do. do. do.
10 " Rattan Clothes Baskets.
8 bags ea 1 picul Manila CoiTcc.
35 JSI, Manila Cigars.
400 Manila Hats.
28 Trunks Clothing, Nankin and Silk.
20 !. Macao Cigars.
2300 pieces Blue Nankins.
900 pieces Yellow Nankins.
30 Rolls White nnd Red floor Matting.
300 boxes Souchong Tea ea 10 lbs.
120 Pcckoe " "
GOO " Congou ' "
of the best quality.
Honolulu, August 12, 1341. tf.
F O II BOSTON.
The Ship GLOUCESTER,
fwpt Easterbrook, commander,
JSM ',as Parl a ca,S engaged, and
will sail for tho above ports, early in No
vember next, if two hundred tons more
freight shall soon offer.
For freight or passage, having fine ac
commodations, apply to LADD & CO.
or to tin Master on board.
Honolulu, Sept. 25, 1811.
MARSHALL & JOHNSON
HAVE FOR SALE
25 Chests Superior Pekoe Tea.
20 Piculs Manila Coffee.
5 Kegs Long Twist Tobacco.
5 Boxes Short Twist Tobacco.
Best Cavendish Tobacco.
Fine Cut Tobacco.
30 V. Spanish and Spanish Cigars.
25 doz. Claret Wine.
50 doz. Old Port Wine.
10 qr. Casks S. Madeira Wine.
C qr. Casks Madeira Wine.
G qr. Casks Sherry Wine.
50 doz. Champagne Cider.
300 I Boxes Soap, No. 1.
20 Boxes Soap, No. 1.
35 Boxes Window Glass.
1 1 Bales Brown Sheeting.
1G Cases Am. and Eng. Prints.
6 Cases Bleached Sheeting.
2 Bales Union Ticks.
2 Bales Suffolk Drills.
2 Cases 4-4 Blue Cotton.
20 Kegs Nails, assorted.
August 1G. tf.
American and China Goods,
FOR SALE EY
JOHN Js COLCOUD.
A large assortment of American Goods,
suitable for this market.
Towchong and Pekoe Teas.
Black Silk. Black Satin.
Black Silk Handkerchiefs.
Honolulu, Aug. 20th, 1841. tf.
LADD & CO.
HAVE FOR SALE
2 cases Colored Cambrics.
1 " Printed Jeans.
2 Check Ginghams.
1 ' Silk Pocket Hdkfs.
1 " Light Shawls.
1 11 Victoria Dresses.
1 " Musquito Netting.
1 " Black Silk Hdkfs.
1 " Willow Hats.
1 Sinnet and Duck Hats.
1 ' Navy Caps.
1 ' Children's Caps.
5 ' Assorted Fancy Goods, consist
ing in part of Plain and Figured
Muslins; Table Cloths; liish' Lin
en; Thread Edgings and Inserting-?;
Bohhinrt Lace; Pic Ajc
nnd Mohair fh'iwls; Scarfs nnd
Gloves; Ladirs' Embroidered Silk
and Cotton Hose, etc. etc.
9 ' Assorted Clothing.
2 Shell and Horn Combsand nu
merous other articles.
Honolulu, Aug. 28, 1641. tf.