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the people who had thus executed them:
,nJ the latter executed with such regard
the due proportions of figure as actual-
i to astonish the travellers, who had not
he most remote expectation to find anv
anch of the fine arts in a forward state.
,Vhat added to thcirastonishtnent was the
'act that all these monuments were found
I lie and closely planted trees;' a proof of
leir amiquuy auogcuici lrreiragiulc, as
m ist have required centuries to brine:
ach trees to their maturity and enormous
.1 I ! I I . .
trowwi, ana u musi nave ueen alter those
flics were ruined and gone to desolation
lat the toresi was permitted to take root
their precincts at all. These consid-
rations, unaided by any other, must car-
Iry the mind back to a period of the world
altogether startling to think of.
An erroneous notion has got abroad, that
hese antiquities in the colossal magnitude
f their parts, throw those of Thebes, Luxor,
id other Esrvotian monument. intn tlu
i .a c J I
lliadc, and that the latter may now "hide
Mieir diminished heads; " it is believed also
iat in architectural elegance us in extent
lese American remains far exceed those of
albec, Palmyra, or even ancient Babylon
self. These surmises receive no countc-
ance from the accounts given by Messrs.
evens and Catherwoou. The extent of
e American monuments has rather regard
them as one mass promiscuously and al
iust every where spread within a circum
rencc of three thousand miles, than to the
tcnt or magnitude of anv one specimen or
. t -I "l . .! 1
i n rums; aim noining oui ciiner a com
ete misunderstanding of the true details,
r an intense love of the marvellous can
ave brought about those false comparisons.
But the most important point to be ascer-
aincd is that of referring these monuments
iily to any of those in the old world. At a
rst glance at some of the more colossal fig
res, their costumes and their grouping,
iere was for the moment a similarity to
lose of ancient Egypt, but the practised
ves ot our travellers soon corrected the mo
ratory error of their thoughts. , There was
it one of those monstrous heads which so
ssentially belong to Egyptian mythology,
cligious rites, and occult writings; the pro-,
rtions of the figures were in every respect
?tter in those before them, and no where
d they find that inherent regard for great
agnitude or peculiar position in the statu
y and sculpture. The hieroglyphics too,
lough liberally scattered and everywhere
mogeneous, were altogether different from
lose upon the Egyptian monuments. From
pe intricacy of their designs and from many
'otesque subjects of their sculpture, these
onurnents might be referred to a more ori
ital source than that of Egypt; and the
milarity seems to increase the farther they
e referred to' the eastward. China and
i!nn present many of the images and groups
inch are f.uind on these American raonu
ents, and, although with much that is gro
sque in the latter, there is much that is
-autifully and symmetrically correct, while
i China and Japan, particularly the latter,
e monstrous prevails in an exorbitant de
ee, there is really much that is common to
c East of Asia and to the west of America.
Honolulu, Saturday, Oct. 9, 1841.
The attention of the learned and antiqoa-
an world has of late been directed with
uch zeal towards the vast piles of ruins
'ich lie hid deep in the recesses of the al-
wt impenetrable forests of Southern Mex-
OjGautimala, and Yucatan. The diflicul-
m reaching them is so great, that few
sv had the resolution to undertake, and
se that did, have brought back reports of
Jried magnificence, and relics of former
'ndeur and civilization which have startled
d puzzled the curious of all countries.
'ta a mystery of any nature, imagination
ls deeply colored the picture, half drawn
5n the mind nnd hnlf from the stories of
se to whose researches we refer, until
se masses of stone and sculpture have as-
'"N the shape and figure of cities, the ru-
11 f which cast those of Thebes and Pal-
f'r into the shade. Indeed sonic havo
not hesitated to ascribe to these solitutes the
primal seat of civilization, and the abode
from which man went forth to till the soil,
and people the earth. That such conjec
tures nave no other foundation than that of
an over-zealous fancy, the report which
the travellers, Messrs Stevens and Cather
wood, which we give in another column suf
ficiently shows. From them wo shall doubt
less havo an account faithful to nature, and
divested of the marvellous, which clings so
tenaciously to the unknown. Enough Fs al
ready made clear to the world, to excite a
deep interest in these remains. Ancient
they are, beyond all our present means of
ascertaining their structure. Magnificent
too, and grand, sufficient to show, that oth
er heads than those which peopled America
at its discovery by Columbus, must have
planned, and other hands executed. The
finely sculptured hieroglyphics, which are
now a dead letter, may eventually be decy
phered, and those silent stones be read and
known, of all .men. What a history they
might reveal! A nation as populous and as
civilized as that of .Ninevah, or Babylon, or
the early Persian, now passed away from
earth's surface, and nothing left but the pal
aces of the living to become the tell tale
tombstones of the dead. A nation's fears,
hopes, and power lie buried amid the deep
silence of those forests; a memento, it may
be, of the wrath of an offended Deity; to all,
a valuable moral on the fate of men and em
pires. Connected with these ruins is the question
so frequently mooted, " whence the popula
tion of this country ?" This is also of spe
cial interest to the inhabitant of Polynesia,
for granting that Asia was the birth-place of
mankind, the same sources that peopled
America, probably filled these islands, and
the investigation of the question, will be of
interest to the dwellers of both lands.
To the Romans, Jews, "Welch, Mon
gols, and almost every other known na
tion, has the people of American been at
tributed ; but passing over these varying
surmises, it might be well to inquire why
so little can be learned with certainty
with regard to its early history. Who, up
on examining the magnificent ruins lately
discovered in and .about Palanque and
Mitla, the immense city of Otolana,
(which, as illustrating the domestic life
and manners of a people long since de
parted, and whose name even defies anti
quarian research, may with propriety be
styled the Pompeii of the New World)
and the account of like remains existing in
various parts of South America will not
come to the conclusion that America was
once the seat of arts and . sciences buried
in oblivion? How little should we have
known at this day concerning the ancient
Egyptians, had it not been for the litera
ture of other nations and the late brilliant
discoveries of Champollion ! Destroy all
the records of the Jewish race, then visit
Palestine, and gather, if possible,.' from
hoary tradition and the blackened monu
ments of ancient art, the history of the
chosen people. The empire of the Assy,
rian, and the mighty capital, whose tow
ering walls seemed built to defy the en
croachments of age where are they ?
Time laughs nlikc at Thebes's hundred
gates, and Babel's lofty tower. Witness
Tyre and her daughter, Carthage what
know we of those proud ocean-queens
save through the writings of their ene
mies ? Their ruins attest not their former
greatness ; for the all-destroying hand of
the barbarian has been there. Such may
have been the fate of this continent in
times past and its inhabitants, unac-
quainted with a written language, preserv
ed not, except through the uncertain me
dium of oral tradition, faint glimmerings
of which have reached us, the history of
" Here, as elsewhere, revolution may
have succeeded revolution, and the bar.
barous hordes from 4 the mighty store
house of the human race,' poured them
selves with irresistible fury upon Ameri
ca changing government, language, and
religion, as they have done upon Europe.
The latter recovered from these ussaults
to make still greater advances in civiliza
tion ; whilst the former, unaided by the
light of Christianity, and crushed under
ignorance and superstition, was sunk into
barbarism, with but few and faint traces
of a better state. At her discovery if
we may judge from the then rapidly pro
gressing empires of Mexico and Peru,
which were in some of the arts far before
certain parts of Europe she too might
have been casting aside the darkness
which shrouded her ; and, emerging from
the mighty cloud with renewed bright
ness, might have taken her seat high
among the powerful states and lawgivers
of the earth. As every succeeding year
brings to light some long-buried memorial
of an ancient race, the public curiosity
becomes aroused, and many are the ques
tions asked and theories formed with re
gard to it. In the present state of our
knowledge, little or no certainty can ex-.
est; but time and . laborious investigation
may lead us to such results as will prove
gratifying, and even satisfactory, to our
minds, if no higher object is to be gained.
To cflect this we should preserve with sa
cred care, all relics of the past, and note,
with careful and discriminating hand, each
new discovery. Let the philologist, with
critical acumen, examine the structure of
the various languages ; the physiologist,
the crania and mummies so often disin
terred, and compare them with those of
existing races and let all be slow, but
sure, in arriving at conclusions ; and from
materials thus carefully prepared, let the
strong-minded, sagacious philosophergath
er truths to instruct and amuse mankind.'
Quixote healthy, ot Tahiti, by whose repre
sentation she was allowed to enter, was ban
ished from the Island.
The Curacoa brings the distressing intel
ligence that the Don Quixote carried the
Small Pox to Tahiti, and that it is now pre
vailing there to a very fatal extent. While
the Curacoa laid there, she allowed no com
munication with the shoro, and by the pre
cautions of the commander the crew'were
preserved from the contagion. It had also
spread to Eimeo, and without doubt would
prevail through the whole southern groups,
adding a fearful item to the already full cat
alogue of diseases w hich were depopulating
those groups. It is to be hoped that all the
residents will unite with the government
hero, in taking every precaution to prevent
its reaching these shores. The quarantine
laws should be enforced with the utmost
strictness. A little precaution in season
would save a great amount of misery and
death, both among natives and foreigners.
The danger of its introduction would be
greatest at ports on the other islands, where
ships are in the habit of recruiting. ' These
should be closely watched,' and the vessels
coming from the infected groups, allowed no
communication until it is clearly proved that
there is no contagion on board. The U. S.
Corvette Yoi ktown not being here, it is sup
posed that she has the disease on board, and
has gone to some island to cleanse ship, and
will there remain until she is free from it.
The physician w'ho reported the Don
The Curacoa is the first English man of
war that has visited these islands for upwards
of two years. She draws too much water to
enter the harbor. Soon after coming to an
chor, she exchanged salutes with the batte
ries on shore. From this place she goes to
Monterey, and Mexico.
The Annual Examination of native schools
in Honolulu and its vicinity will commenco
on Monday, the 1 1th inst. at 9 o'clock, and
be continued until Friday, when the exercis
es are expected to close with a feast in Ha
waiian style. The examination will be con
ducted in the two Protestant meeting houses.
letter hags for united states.
Ship William Thompson, to sail Oct. 10.
Ship Nautilus, - - - - to sail Oct. 20.
Ship Gloucester, - - - to sail Nov. 1.
At the Office of the Am. Consul.
PORT OF HONOLULU.
Oct. 2, Am Sch Pilot, Spunyarn, Kauai.
J law sen Hawaii, Hawaii and La
haina. " Haw Sch Ivckauluohi, Wailua.
II. B. M. Corvette, Curacoa, 28
guns, Captain Jones, from Valparai
so July JO touched at Callao, Pjt
cairn's Island, Tahiti, Eimeo, and
last from Hawaii.
7, Haw Sch Clarion, Maui.
9, Am Whaleship South Carolina, Bai
ley, from Maui.
" Ship William Grey, Brewer, New
York April I . Valparaiso and Ta
hiti. " (J. S. Corvette Yorktown, Ifi guns,
Captain Aulick, 18 days from Tahiti.
News by these last vessels too late for
insertion in our present number.
Oct. 2, Br Whalcship Eleanor, Barnet, to
" Am Brig Lama, Jones, Central A-
5, Am Sch Pilot, Spunyarn, Kauai.
" Br Brig Clementine, Molteno, N W
G, H aw Sch Hawaii, Jahaina and Ililo.
7, Haw Sch Kekauluohi, Ewa.
" Am Ship Copia, Macomber, to cruise.
In 4he Wm. Grey,, Mrs Brewer, and Mrs
Laiiaina, Maui Arr Sept 2, Ship Phil
lip Tabb, Jenny, Warren, 14 mo 2180 bbls
whale. 25th, Vineyard, Crocker, Edgar
ton. 1 1 luos 250 stierm. 2f;ih M Wall
ton, Rose, Salem, 15 mos 2000 whale. 30th,
Mercury, Gray, Stonington, 10 mos 2100
whale. .'30th, James Loper, Cathcart, Nun
tucket, 39 mos 1700 sperm. Oct 5, South
Carolina, Hailey,,Dartmouth. 31 mos 1800,
(950 sp 850 wh.) Cth, Cortes, Gardiner.
A A c y V i a c to c n t s
B. II. BOARDMAN,
Watch maker and Jeweller,
Having recently established himself at
Honolulu, will give his faithful attention
to nny business in his profession that may
be committed to him. Ho will be con
stantly supplied with
of the best quality, and a choice assort
ment of JEWELRY.
Also Chronometers Repaired, and ac
curate Rates given.
Honolulu, June 12, 1841. tf.