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1 T II J: P 0 L Y N E S I A ,
-idc our rm upon the evidence ad- to overturn the whole fabric of govern- He then addressed the jl".JJr10.
dticcd, we trust thev will not think hard ment, and treated accordingly. Liholiho, j France with a like result. fe
.r ci.mtil ill. ii'un CimiI ti n.M.i.!ii v iii i'n. tho fnoii.Mi-r'i with fi -.tr :ii.d 1 1 oinl 1 in-f ns tice tliat he should renim -
' : . ' . . . . '..ii.'
peach the credibility and imjarliniiy oi to the results struck
the witnesses, or destrov the uiiditv of broke the tabu urn
the testimony where we think it is mem- l in: eonscuuence was
reet. We shall leave this history for the tbn und rebellion. He was however su unrsaiy, w c.
orcsent with the treneral reinaik that as a -s i'ul i.i i u c H i 1 1 r the disorder. As the
i ... . .
....twi'imi afforded to
ear and ttemblin:: as tice mat ne snou.u ,
k Mich a blow. ' Ho j self, which he did, and whilst J reachin
d abolished idolatry.! to a largo congregation his house nasal
as (lisorder.li,alfec-: tacked by soldiers led on by the Com-
mi sat y, v'w c. . ,
The Charter of 1830 says, " Lqual right
... - . r. ...... Iiiu rr.
uhol,. un think it eonvr s t-ilso iti.tin-s- standard of rebellion had been reared in is allowed to every one i 1""' .
sions as to its facts, in relation to the-ov- an attempt to restore idolatry and the old jligion, and equal I t ,l allr,U
eminent acts, the missionaries, and' the order of things, he hencefo.th made hi him in his worship. ,J,,t ' ,.ar .
persecution itself, both as toils extent in pn.nl. coupling it with disaffection ai.(l iM)eniiiienl have toiind an .AiUtMu i
the number of sufferers and the denroo of edition, He h it this necessary to secure 'Civil Code of .Napoleon which lorn.!-
severity in the puuihmcnt inilicled.
which wo think will be fully stib-iunlian-d
should the documents in o;ir hands ever
come before the public.
Respect l ull v.
Vour Oli" I Sc;Vt.
in I ne
.. ! i e iii'i iiti' iirsons
.lability ol his uovernmcnl. ile U( II ;semmuig oi mou: ma.. i
der oi tiiinizs was 1 wit.'ioui permission mmi m-
practised upon throughout the world, V
they are not, nnd in our estimation n.
Hawaiian government is far less eu!pi,.:.:
for its principle and acts than those whj,
with incalculably greater light nnd hm
edge exhibit the same spirit which in tlK
less intelligent and powerful ncighl
they condemn and punish.
We do not justify this government i
its transactions. Political and reliv,nt:
intolerance are both lobe deprecated, fa,
clemency demands that the most favor.
hie construction should be put upon;,
transactions involving nationnl or inrlivi-j
al character and we felt that these n
Knew nil he ancient outer o mini's was uuum -hmu.w.i - , . . . , ,
,., ,'1H,'ltll wit tv1T,-,,l .la! it !iti,s. uud .Lis ll.y lum, a..cn.iU, lo ")'" , I' ",.'... "i " "
religious asc uiunes u- iiiu mw-iiiv.. a. tl
roiihl nut t-xt iiiilfoiMidciit ol it. :uui ; olv and enforce on
that if rotored it must, be bv the overturn- j though it uses only designed t have a po-
isit he must recede litical bearing. An attempt has receiiii)
;injt of his throm.'. or that
from the ground he had taken.
I Whatever appeared to them as idol
; worship was considered the sign of disloy ally
hence the authorities insist upon it
that they have punished only for idolatry
Mil Koiroit ;
IJefore we proceed to the considera
tion of the statements recentlv published
in vour paper, concei ninir the persecution according lo the law which existed a iiuin
here we propose to make some enqui- jber of years before the Catholics came to
lies into the circumstances under which it islands, and before any christian mis
look place that we may be the better pre- iuiary had set foot upon their shores,
pared to judge as to the degree of culpa- fl j their estimation merely a polit
bilitv in the actors. b'al offence, having nothing to do with
That the degree of truilt is graduated t!l(; ,iU ,i,s or demerits of religion any far
by the amount of li-ht and knowledge 1 ,lltr it affected their political institu
in such cases is a principle which, I sup- tions, nnd therefore not entitled to the
pose will not be contested. Tor example, f religions persecution.
A savage trained up where theft is not : We think it will be clear after what has
accounted a crime evidently incurs e been said that the chiefs assign the true
guilt bv its commission than the man "' for their actions, especially as we
who has been trained where it is nol onh 'hve no intimation that the extent or kind
nn offence against the state but con-ider- of evidence upon which persons were con
ed an act of higli moral deluiqueney. 'victed underwent any alteration after the
The principle of religious hbertv or Uvi- arrival of the Catholics,
ation has probably never been fullv un- ' 'N limited extent of their light ai d
derstood or practised upon bv anv heatlu n dnowledge will also be remembered.
nation, and very few at the present day 'N'-Y ignorant, just emerging from
been made lo procure an Oidinancc to
prevent Protestant ministeis prcaciiing
except in certain places to be named by
the Prefect and approved by the council
of state, and there only to their own
churches, to prevent making prosolyles.
Messrs Utile and Lyon, Protestant Mis
sionaries, have been expelled from Cadiz,
The Spanish government will not allow a
Dritish Protestant place of worship at Ha
vana and Loid Pahnerston has declared
that any British subject endeavoring to
preach or teach, or distribute books in
Spain, will renjer himself liable to a state
In Italy a fcwiss minister
Honolulu, Saturday, Oct. 10, is ll,
! v - d 1 1 1 1 1
I I7 J3. VUUVUi All mill u I . , 1 . .
endeaorin-to circulate a few copies ol : ; ." -'.T,m
the testament, was obliged to Hue, and
those who received the hooks impiisoned,
A:c. Put we can allude to but few of the
instances of intolerance recorded in the
public journals. Such a thing however
as religious liberty is hardly known in
most European countries.
Perhaps it may be said that the princi
ples and practises above noticed are based
m . i i - -' f
amongst t une called enli 'htened t 10- a sia.e (ji uie grossest inoKurv aim savage q'on jnjiiutiu tuiisiutmuuus. o oi;
I the princiole or ado')t oarPaiism wttJi minds so torpid and in- ins Hawaiian iiaje
ert. from long fixed habits of inaction und
physical degradation which may be said
to have been increasing upon them for
oughly comprehend the pri
the practice. Jn relation to the former,
Lord Lvttletou savs, "That in all heathen
countries the established itTuion was in
terwoven with the civil constitution and (UJ-S descending front parent to child that
supported by the magistrate as an essen- ,,ley could hardly be roused from their
tial part of the government, whoever 'lethargy to mental susceptibility,
has any acquaintance with antiquity can- ! Is t surprising then that they were un
not but know. They tolerated, indeed, ,aul(i to biw the line of distinction be
many dilVercnt worships, (though not with jtween strictly religious and political of
so entire a latitude as some suppose) as fences? A line which few of the most
they suffered men to discourse very free- jOidightened statesmen and philosophers
v conccrninir re huioii. nrovided t hev Have oeen anic to draw t Are Hawaiian
J o - r-- - - 7 i- i .
would submit to
Migion, provided wiey umw iu u.u i imuuuuu
an exterior conformity intellects under the enervating influence
rites, nav, accordiri" to lf a tropical sun so much superior lo Eu-
the genius of paganism which allowed nn
intercommunity of worship they in most
ropean, and their discernment so much
more acute, that they arc expected to
places admitted without anv ureal difli-ig'iasp and umlerstand a subject in less than
cully new gods and new rites, but they twenty five years, which most Europeans
nowhere endured an attempt lo overturn j"10 uu "'asters of after nineteen centu
the established religion or any direct op-i1'10 f progressive light in intellectual
position made to it, esteeming" that an tin- jthings has been pouring its rays upon
pardonable offence not to the gods alone, ;,Il('m ,s n to 1)0 expected that they will
but to the state. ; pi ogress farther in one generation than
This was so universal a notion and so 'Kuroprnns have in sixty?
constant a maxim of heathen policy, that ' ,5ut as wu jU(,e ol' things by compari
when the christian religion set itself up in json or contrast, it maybe well to notice a
opposition to all other religions, admitted !,cw examples to illustrate the spirit of the
no intercommunity with them, but de- ji""'" tler places than these islands,
clared that the gods of the gentiles were I M H'M'i"? the Attorney General of
,'Sty of his principles
and practise, but it seems that European
principles will not apply on the opposite
side of the globe, and European practises
are there condemned by Europeans. On
ly let His Hawaiian Majesty endeavor to
enforce the application of the principles
of the enlightened French statesman und
it is discovered at once that they are con
trary to the usage of all civilized nations,
for ' among the latter there is not one
which does not freely tolerate all reli
gions " ! He cannot adopt the princi
ples and practises of his more enlightened
and powerful neighbor without rendering
himself obnoxious to chastisement.
Why was it that Lord Pahnerston is
sued his notice to all the Consuls in
Spain ? It was not because he approved
of intolerance, but because he was awaie
that Her Majesty of Pritain had no right
to interfere with the government of Her
Spanish Majesty's dominion's unless she
went so far in her measures as to render
the interference justifiable upon the score
When England in the loth century
was rent by two powerful factions headed
by the houses of York and Lancaster, the
former assumed a white and the latter a
j red rose as the badge of their respective
A code of laws which should secure tot!
inhabitants of a realm perfect pewx- and vlf ,c
entity, with lights w hich should enforce m,
tiie political as well as religious tolnnti,,,,
and leave the rieh ami poor, the weak ai,
powerful, upon the same common ground n
even handed justice, would be a tiiutnph o
human wisdom such as yet the world ban
. :..!. :. ... . . ..
seen. vonrei himuuou is in once or,
of the inufct difficult as well as proudu
like Napoleon or Justinian, whose wailiJ
deeds have filled t lie wot Id w ith awe and a
tonishment, have placed with a true forrsii
their real chiim to honorable fume more u;
on their eflorts to lessen crime, nnd transn
to their fellow men the happiness to lie di
rived from well regulated civil communitiis
than upon the victor's wreath. Their cede
are noble monuments of the minds tliatd
rectcd and executed. The highest !utiivm
of the statesman is to preserve unsullied t!
liberties of his country, and to let no staiifirn
rest upon the purity of her ermine. T
cherish its honor as the dearest birthright r.
his race, and to repel with indignation tW
slightest attempt to undermine the broad ba
sis of its foundation. Enthusiasm for tM
past should not close hU eyes to the nbu
which time may have allowed to creep ii
through widening chinks, nor zeal for tefmn
urge him to destroy where it is impossible t
rebuild. Those whose talents arc directed
with patriotic ingenuousness to (he welfa:
of their country, by reforming and cutnbll-ti
ing a more perfect legislation, !cseivew
of mankind, and in the class of its real bet.
efaotors, rank second to none. Posterity
as to fall under the notice of the maiis
tratc, the civil power was every where
armed with all its terrors against it."
We apprehend the principle of intoler
ance set forth in these remarks are appli
cable to all idolatrous nation at all times,
whether savage, barbarous, or civilized,
and to many others also modified by cir
cumstances. It was doubtless true of the
government of these islands, a few years
since. The pagan religious sjsteni was
interwoven with ami extended through all
the ramifications of their social and polit
ical institutions. Whoever struck a blow
at the religious usages would have been
considered a dangerous innovator, seeking
not to bo worshipped nor anv societv suf- ranru declared three or lour years since;
a ' j - - . ... - -i
fered between them and the onlv irne to a,,mv ieign missionaries of the i parties. As they were alternately sup
God. When this new doctrine be'iran lo ! Sot-ie-ties of London and Geneva to gath- ccssful and wielded the power, the disaf-
ne propagated and made such a progress Lr V congregations woum ue like lection ol the opposite party was inani-
wmug tne point oi a sword al tltc Heart tested by tliu badge they assumed So
of France of which foreigners held the j when the Hawaiian government hnd'abol
lli,t jished idolatry and made it penal they
A priest of the French Catholic church, considered any symbol of what seemed to
(so called because they say mass in French j them idolatry as "the badge of disaffection
instead of Latin) named Pillot, at a vil- and acted accordingly. RelHon cxclu
lage near Paris called Pccq, on the 7th of. Rive of political considerations had about
June, lS3(i, " received orders from the as little to do with the inflietinn nf i,
I refect to leave oil preaching. He re- j penalty upon the transgressor in the latter
fused to obey, saying that the Charter al-1 as his treatment as an enemy had in the
lowed liberty of worship, whereupon the! fanner case, for we again repeat that idol
Commissary of Police, accompanied bv atry was abolished and rendered penal be"
several soldiers put seals upon this c hurch' fare any christian missionary hwl tn"
: if . j -.-.-
u .iiiiiMciini nun ins nuuse nan usu' u ininseii upon t icsn t in,,,. i.
been violated with the judge of Instruc-1 be lamented that the principles of civil and
Hon at Versailles, but received no reply, religious liberty are not tinderttood J
rather than the present genci ation will j
Within the past year we have seen tl
chiefs of the Hawaiian nation, frnsiMtM!
the incapacity of tbeir old evstrnt to "!t(
their present wants, draw up a body of law
and publish them to th wi.rlil rmml nnn
stitiition to their subjects, and from a!l"!
sovereignty vohmlaiily recede to n limit
monarchy surround the throne with a !!
ular representative body, from piMWi't"1
proclaim religious toleration, and freely
dopt as the basis of a Declaration ofliij.'!
the just sentiments, that all men are c utitb
to liberty of life and limb, freedom from 1;
pressiou, and the earnings of their m'1
nnd hands. t has proved the miiiunni'"
of n nation of slaves. Honor is due to'
council that framed them, and to the intl'J
ence that brought them about. It is the ns
ing of the spirit of liberty, and the crad
ascendency of mind over brute force.
dawning of tho Sun of Righteousness,
a blinded race, and the clapping of hands r
a wilderness, which time may cause to bl5
sunt as a rose.
Pel haps it may not be amiss to exam"18
into tho causes which h d to this resiilH
Prielly stated it may bo said to have li:
brought about by the gradual advance
wcaltl and knowledso of tho people
wc think it was Mill more the effect oft