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jjj purpose arc stifled by steam. Thatched
,,UaC3, erected at a small expense, with mat
iirdlcs, are found to be all that is necessary.
,0 preserve the worms healthy in, while the
pjol' broom corn answer every purpose
rthcin to form their cocoons upon; thus
;ivinginuch expense for machinery and lum
or which is used in colder climates. The
ri'prietor has land sutlicient to feed millions
ninthly, but at present he can accommodate
,it from 3 to 400,000 at a time. When his
.resent arrangements are completed he will
ave a constant succession of heavy crops;
jgs hatching, and worms winding up the same
.ay, and thus be able to keep his reelers in
onstaut practice. During the months of
anuary, February aud March, but little
e(!in" will be done. The trees then undcr-
o a kind of winter. This time however is
lade profitable on the plantation in other
This business requires great care and pcr
vcrancc, and constant attention night and
Jay. Vet it is of simple nature, and the re-
jtiisite experience easily acquired. The
:reatcst economy must be used, especially
i avoiding waste ot material in reeling. Mr
'itcomb entered upon the business a few
ears since an entire stranger to its details,
tint has now acquired sutlicient information
ad experience to conduct an cxtcnsivn n Lin.
ition, simply by strict attention to his busi
es, and by letting no fact however appa
rently trivial and unimportant, in rcgaid to
ho trees or worms escape him. lie has
jftersevcred through doubts and sneers until
'Die has now commenced reaping a rich rc
Rvard, and is a striking instance of what adc
IDcrmined spirit, not too proud to learn, can
.flccomplish. His reelers were instructed by
iDumscIf; he first learning to reel from in-
Itructions gathered from a book. They now
for fineness of work can successfully coin-
Bote with tlio liosf f'oriirn rnrInre nnrl tlw
(J ------ - - w a w xVBWaLJy m V . W
esf. of them will turn out when watched,
nearly a pound each per d;iy. When left to
yliiernsclvcs they arc not so active, yet still
ivcrage a very respectable quantity, Both
hose who turn the wheels, aud those who
ittend the pans arc instructed, and both made
responsible for the goodness of the silk; a
kiuch better plan, and more likely to produce
good article than when the w heel for the
Iake of economy is left to a boy. The men
ro found to reel equally as well as the wo
ncn. Before they arc instructed they are
tound to remain in the employ of the propri
tor two years, receiving regular wages dur-
ISiig that time. His Majesty during his late
visit to this place, professed himself much in-
ercstcd in the success of this business, and
jhvicc in public addresses to his oflicers,
charged them to see that no obstaclo was
thrown into the way of Mr Titcomb, as had
heretofore been done, and that as it was ne
cessary for work to be done on the Sabbath
ja feeding worms, the judges must not trou
ble those who were so employed; he also
lulvised his people to seek employment in
this business, and by way of setting example
(turned a reel himself for a short time. Since
that period, the desire of the natives to w ork
.On the plantation is great, and Mr T. already
'gives employment to 40 people of both scx
jes, which number will be increased as his
'.operations arc enlarged. The good effects
let this industry, is already obvious in the
better appearance of the natives. A short
iiinc since scarcely any could boast of cloth
ing; now thers are but a few but what have
swnc, and many dress very respectably.
; Thermomcticral Record kept at Mountain
Retreat, back of Lahaina. 1341.
-Vug. 6 AM. 9 AM. 12 M. 3 PM. G PM. 9 PM.
il8 56 64 71 70 o'.l 63
1 23 62 63 70 70 69 62
'i 30 60 64 70 69 62 61
i.Scp 1 60 6.5 63 63 64 $ 62
! 2 62 67 63 67 63 ,61
f 3 60 63 67 67 63 62
1 60 6j 70 69 61 73
9 CI 64 71 71 G3 59
10 &r, C6 69 70 64 61
11 61 69 69 68 62 62
13 57 6G 70 69 64 59
15 60 67 74 72 63 60
16 60 69 73 73 6(3 60
17 57 63 70 72 63 62
18 62 67 72 71 66 63
.19 61 67 70 73 (Jtj ci
'20 62 69 73 69 i;5 6 4
23 60 67 71 69 69 60
24 61 67 70 72 65 61
25 61 61 67 63 95 60
26 60 70 73 72 66 63
23 49 70 71 72 67 59
29 55 71 73 71 6t 62
30 61 66 63 63 63 62
Hit 2. 62 61 67 63 ;5 60
3 57 65 67 63 6 1 60
4 60 60 63 67 f,3 60
5 62 65 63 69 65 63
6 57 66 70 71 65 60
8 53 67 72 74 64 60
Av'age59.l 66 70
(icneral average of the whole 24 hours
61.4 nearly. W. 11
Ma Jarves By giving the following ex
tract an insertion in your valuable paper,
you will oblige a subscriber. Would that
the fashion of 'healths' and 'toasts' vinous
salutations were as dead (and deader itill if
possible) in Honolulu as they arc said to
to be about the table of the lung of the
French. (Jov. Cass is not the only man
who has an 'intuitive horror' of such cer
emonies. A Tf.toti.eu.
Toasts out of fashion. Gov. Cass,
Minister at Paris, in speaking of a dinner
with the King of the French remarks:
'The dinner passed as dinners usually
pass, in some conversation, hut still more
in the laudable operations of eating and
drinking. Thank Heaven, the days of
'healths' and 'toasts' have gone hy ! The
fashion is dead, never to he resuscitated.
Even in the palmy days of its existence,
I had an intuitive horror of these vinous
salutations, when a man could not touch
his glass without popping his head in
his neighbor's face, and often at the risk
of having his nose broken hy some atten
tive friend, whose thirsty propensities
were manifested hy the same striking ce
remony. I have often thought that the
excessive absurdity of the custom might
he ludicrously exhibited, hy converting
the salutation from the glass to the plate,
and, instead of drinking a health or a
'sentiment,' as it was called, gravely eat
ing our good wishes, whenever we began
a new dish.
Honolulu, Saturday, Oct. 30, IK 11.
By the arrival of a whale ship at Lahaina
from St Francisco, where the Viucenues
then was, (Sept. 20,) we learn more; partic
ulars of the loss of the Peacock. She was
lost about mid-day, of the I Ith of July on
the north bar of the Columbia river, in
smooth water. Soon after the breakers be
gan to form, and for half a mile around them
the river was one sheet of loam. The ship
thumped heavily, and they momentarily ex
pected the spars would go by the board,
crush their boats and thus cut oft all chance
of escape. Hy daylight the next morning,
they were able to get out the boats, but lost
two in the attempt. The water had then
risen to her birth deck. The passage to the
shore was perilous in thn extreme, but
through the coolness and skill of the officers
it was effected without the loss of life. Pur
ser Speiden saved his books and papers, and
the naturalists their journals. A few hours
afterwards no trace of the ill-fated ship was
to bo seen. Copt. Wilkes in the Porpoise,
with the Flying Fish were employed in sur
veying the Columbia. The Vincennes was
employed at St Francisco, and a party had
been exploring tho Itio Sacrimento. The
brig Thomas Perkins was employed by Capt.
Wilkes, and it was supposed that she would
touch here, to land the supernumeraries.
Tho Peabody brings dates to Aug. 21,
from the U. S. but we learn of no political
news of importance, except the Veto by
President Tyler of a U. S. Hank, on account
of some objectionable features in the bill.
There was no prospect of war.
Ship Lousannc, Spaulding, sailed from
New Vork June 30, for this place, via Val
paraiso. Ship California sailed in July, from Boston
lor this port, direct. A Urig and Schooner
were to leave soon, and a ship in October,
all from Boston.
A revolution had broken out in Mexico,
headed by Santa Anna, Paredes, and others
against the general government which threat
ened to be completely successful. Busta
inenta had endeavored to negotiate with the
chiefs, but without success, and at the last
advices (Sept) they were marching upon the
Capitol, and would soon probably have pos
session of it. The roads in the vicinity arc
infested with robbers.
A Singula n Fact. Of all the business
documents in the possession of the Hawai
ian Government accumulated in the whole
course of their intercourse with foreigners,
one half the number bear the marks of for
eigners, who were not able to read while
of the whole, there is but one instance of an
Hawaiian being so deplorably ignorant, and
that was the old Governor of Kauai, Kaiki
oewa, whose age and infirmities were cer
tainly some apology for his not acquiring the
art after the arrival of the missionaries.
Hy the lust dates from Maui, we learn
that 23 whalers were in port, but have re
ceived no shipping list from thence.
The Hawaiian Schooner Kekauluohi went
ashore on Sunday last at Wailua.
Small Pox. The Nantucket Inquirer
says: We learn, with regret, that of the
live or six natives of the Sandwich Islands
who were attacked with small pox within
the last fortnight, not one survives. The
disease seems to have seized upon them
with extraordinary malignity, and to have
proved fatal perhaps hy reason of some
constitutional peculiarity. They died at
the several hospitals ; and it is hoped
that with these unfortunate victims of
that cruel scourge, the danger of its far
ther extension may have also departed.
Economical cm: of Coal Tail This ar
ticle, which can generally be purchased iu
Cape Town, at a very moderate price, may,
without much trouble, be converted into a
valuable pigment, preieriable, in many ins
tances, to oil paints, for wood or iron work,
exposed to tlo action of the weather. Take
a quantity of quick lime, and having added
as much water as will reduce it to the state
of a powder, pass it through a sieve; then
take a quantity of coal tar, aud mix it uitli
the powdered lime, to the proportion of a pint
of the former to a gallon of the latter. Too
much should not be mixed at once, as when
in a few hours it would, if not used, become
thick. When wanted for ornamental pur
poses, several colours may be formed in a
very cheap and simple manner for instance
an invisible green may be produced by mix
ing powdered yellow ochre with the lime and
tar, and chocolate colour by Spanish brown.
A most excellent and cheap roof for cot
tages may be made by applying two or three
coats of the above mixture on common
thatch, and then throwing on the Jast coat
while wet, dry sand, which forms a mass im
pervious to water, and of great durability.
For out-oflices and small buildings make a
horizontal wooden floor, with joints, which
may be so light as merely to support the
operator's weight upon them. Cutaquan
ntity of coarse brown paper into slips above
two inches broad, and with a brush do over
the joints of your floor with the mixture, and
on this lay slips of paper; lastly cover the
paper with the same composition. Vou arc
now to be provided with alaige iron boiler,
a sufficient quantity of coal tar, fine Band,
and new slacked lime. Pour in the tar, and
when it begins to become heated over a fire,
sift gradually into it equal proportions of ?and
and lime, stirring it constantly until it boils.
Let the mixture, when boiling and ready for
use, be of such a thickness, that it may just
admit of being spread out, whilst yet hot,
with instruments like tailor's geese, succes
sively heated almost to redness. Pour out
a quantity of the boiling tar on the roof, and
spread it'flat with hot iron, to at least the
thickness of a quarter of an inch and continue
this till you have gone over the whole roof
This sort of roof will continue water-proof
for many years it may bo nearly horizon
tal; and being constructed of the slightest
materials, a great saving of timber and plank
will be the consequence From a Cape pa
jirr. Eng. Sept. 25.
PORT OP HONOLULU.
A Kit IV KID.
Oct. 23. Am. Ship Mary Ann, Chase, New
Bedford 37 mos. I 00 sp.
21. Am. Brig Joseph Peabody, 20 days
25. Br. Bark Gipsey, Gibson, 23 mos.
J 100 sperm.
2G, Am. Ship Charles Drew, Bonner,
Now Bedford, 30 mos. HOG sp.
29. Am. Ship William Eliza, Rogers
New Bedford, 21 mos IC'OO sp.
" Fr. ship John Cachinelle, Walsh,
Havre de Grace, 1900 sp.
Oct. 27. Am. Ships South Carolina, Bailey,
and Charles Drew, Bonner, for tho
A v e v s c e, s .
Have just received by the Wm. Ckay, a
select assortment of Hard Ware, com
prising Brass and Iron Padlocks, best Patent do.,
Chest, Cupboard, Drawer, Closet, and
Him Locks, Rim Latches, Mortice do.,
Best Strapp'd Nail Hammers, common
do. do., Hand Fry Pans, Hanging do. do.
Brick and Plastering Trowels, Brass
trunk Nails, Turned Steel Pointed Marlin
Spikes, caulking Irons, Marking Irons,
handcuffs, Mane Combs, (a new article)
Cast Steel Rivctting Hammers, Patent
Coach Wrenches, Carpenter's Pincers,
Brad Awls, 1 Best Patent Malt Mill.
Oct. 21st, 1811.
yftS ',',,p,s,,il) GLOUCESTER,
E vsti:himook master, will sail
for the above port November 10th. For
freight or passive please apply to Laud
&, Co.. or to the Master on hoard.
Oct. 2;j, 1611.
All persons indebted to the subscriber,
or having demands against him are re
quested to settle the same without delay.
J. J. JARVES.
October 30, 1811.
JV OTIC E .
All letters, packages, etc. for the sub
scriber, exchanges, communications, or
orders for the Polynesian, the public arc
requested to leave at the store of Mar
shall iv Johnson.
Oct. 'JO. tf J. J. JARVES.
American V Foreign Agency,
(lor Aifenry and f oimnifion Transactions.)
r.ft Wnll Street, New Vork.
AARON II. PAL.HI'n, Director
New York, Muich 30, ISU.