Newspaper Page Text
r, J. JAUV12S, Editor.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1811.
Vol. 2 IVo. S.
: o m m u x i c a t n 1).
For tho Polynesian.
Honolulu, Oct. 1841.
Mn Kditok The next point in order
vliich rails for particular notice is the
raiisnetion concerning M. Maigret. In
!io Supplement the following oath is rc
onled as taken before the British Con
ul. " I, Louis Maigret, do hereby make
ith that I never attempted to conceal
ram the authorities at the Sandwich Is-
inds that I am a priest. Nor did I ever
lirectly or indirectly endeavor to make it
pnear that I was not a subject of r ranee.
is statement as to the point of attempt
il concealment is essentially the same in
!n history as in the above oath. Kaahu-
naiiu says in her letter to M. Dudoit res
iccting M. Maigret, "lie concealed from
lie his country and his being a priest as
ho' he wished to land privately and dwell
i!id we" could not remove him and when he
mild no longer conceal, he staled that he
n f wn 1 s 1 n tl ll'iln m i rt 4a I tin '
.Vil iL 1 ICULII I llll t) 1.111111 III III Lilt:.
in .... . r- I
TMar(iicsas. We know however that ves-
cts do not sail direct from these islands
0 the Marquesas, an J if they do they
jsually touch at the Society Islands
vlicnce he came. I cannot therefore by
Iny means confide in his word." Upon
his the Supplement remarks : " It will be
hserved in the letter of the governess
liat she accuses the Itomish priest Mai-
Brret of concealing his country and his
icing a priest, &c. Knowing as we do
hat this charge is without a shadow of
truth, wc pronounce it a base calumnia-
Dg libel, invented for the vilest purpose,
rid calculated to do the deepest injury."
t may be well, to insert the corrcspond
ncc here which took place upon the ar
ival of the Europa, (except what is pub-
ishcd in the Supplement) and an account
f what passed at an interview between
icr highness Kaahumanu II, and M. Du-
oit, that our readers may have the means
f judging of the merits of the case for
Upon the arrival of the Europa, Nov.
L', 1837, having on board five passengers,
iz. three Spanish Refugees, a trench
'atholic Priest and an Englishman said
o be connected with the Catholic Mis-
ion, the following correspondence en
ued. No. 1.
Kauwila House, Nov. 2, 1837.
This is my order to the captain of the
icfldiip called the Europa. I have heard by
Cant. Bruce ot tho British ship Imogene,
ft 1 1 a t you are expected to bring teachers ol
)tIo religion of the Pope. If this is true,
md they have really come, I say to you
)V no means allow any of them to land,
lftill I give you permission in writing, then
you may do so. And if you act contra
ry to this order, tins is the forfeiture, ten
ihousand dollars, to be paid by you and
y the ship Europa. I his is what I make
known to you, for their practises are tabu
forbidden) within the dominions ot my
King, liut U you nave noi urougni ine
aid persons you are at liberty to enter
tho harbor without any obstruction.
(Signed) Kaahumanu II.
I, Kaahumanu II, make known the de
termination of my king, and also my own
determination respecting you the propa
gators of the religion of the Pope, who
have arrived on board the ship Europa.
Vou must not land in this country until 1
have received written bonds for the pro
action of the kingdom of my king from
you, and for our satisfaction that you will
speedily go away out of the kingdom for
your ceremonies arc forbidden in this
kingdom- Therefore you wiil remain on
board the vessel, and unless you receive
a written permission from me to be enter
tained here you must not land, but go
away to other countries, and if one of you
lands contrary to this order he will be sub
ject to a fine of two thousand dollars, and
he will be imprisoned until he shall go
away to other countries. By me,
(Signed) Kaahumanu II.
The above were sent off by the pilot
and the following answers received :
Ship Europa, Nov. 2, 1841.
To the (iovernor Wc the subscri
bers, citizens of the Republic of Chile,
have the honor to show to you that polit
ical difficulties of state have obliged us
to flee from our country. We have ta
ken passage to the continent of North
America by the direction of these islands
with your permission. We only wish to
remain here as long as is necessary to ob
tain a passage. Wc protest to you that
we have not come as merchants or of any
other profession to this port. Be pleased
Sir, to accept the consideration of esteem
and respect with which we subscribe. our
selves, f Salvador Pugar,
(Signed) Vinciente Oristando,
The undersigned, passengers on board
the Europa, promise not to interfere with
the laws and regulations of the Sandwich
Islands during their sojourn and to leave
the inlands the first favorable opportunity.
No date. J
c,. iv L. Maigret,
(feigned) J. C. Murphy.
Salutations to you Chilian passengers
on board the Europa. I have seen your
writing of the 2nd Nov. 1837, and it is
evident from your writing that it is proper
for me to give my consent to you in writ
ing in friendship to dwell awhile at this
place, and then leave when you obtain a
vessel. As you' have testified in the said
writing so will I bear in mind while you
sojourn here, and no one shall molest you
if you observe the- laws and regulations
while you dwell as strangers in the king
dom. , (Signed) - Kaahumanu II.
To S. Pugar,
Salutations to you L. Maigret and J.
C. Murphy on board the ship Europa. I
received your writing to day and have
seen what you have made known, but you
have not stated definitely to me in the
writing what countryman you are and
what your employments and how long you
wish to stay. You have not informed me
in your writing to what country you wish
to go by the first favorable opportunity.
On this account I request you to make a
clear statement of these points in writing,
and if you or either of you are priests of
the religion of the Pope or of any other
office make it known to me, do not hide
it from me, for this only is the reason why
I hesitate to allow you to land : I do not
desire propagators of that religion to dwell
here. That is tabu.
(Signed) By me, Kaahumanu.
Honolulu, Nov. 2, 1837.
The next morning Mr Dudoit brought
the following to Kaahumanu :
Oahu, Nov. 3, 1837.
This certifies that I Louis Maigret, a
Frenchman", came on board the ship Eu-
I rAllfl ns t vi ccrn i ti f fit 'i t tin tr I cr mul
V'J'l M.T.-V-llpVI II ll f UI'UI UIJll) mill "'J
object was to remain here until I could
get a passage to the Marquesas or the
Dangerous Archipelago Islands, and that
I will conform to the laws and regulations
of government at all times.
(Signed) L. Maigret.
Kaahumanu earnestly inquired of Mr.
Dudoit if Mr. Maigret wasi priest, and
he frankly declared that he was. ' She
said he had concealed that fact. Mr Du
doit said Mr Maigret told him he was
afraid he should not be permitted to land
if it was known that he was a priest : says
Mr 1). I told him he ought not to have
A long conversation here ensued, sub
stantially as follows :
JIr Dudoit The refusal on the part
of government to allow a French subject
to land is an infraction of the treaty, inas
much as citizens of other countries are
allowed to come and go freely.
Kaahumanu. I do not consider it so.
The laws forbid the landing of Roman
Catholic priests, but do not forbid the
landing of Frenchmen. I do not consider
the clause in the treaty to mean that the
government have no power to prevent for
any cause a subject of France from com
ing to these shores. It was not so under
stood when signed.
. !) That question I cannot settle.
K. I will allow Mr Maigret to land
and stay any reasonable time provided he
gives bonds logo away within the time
specified and not to teach his religion
whilst here. J). I presume no such terms
will be complied with. It is never expec
ted that a man should give bonds in such
a case. Mr M. only wishes to stay a short
time until he finds an opportunity to go
to the Marquesas. K. Why then did lie
not stay at the Society Islands ? that was
on his way. D. He heard that Messrs
Bachelot and Short were imprisoned here
and came to see if he could not aid them.
K. Then let them procure a small vessel
and go away together. D. They have
no means, they cannot do that. K. I
think he has no intention of leaving the
islands. Mr Walsh a British subject land
ed under the same pretext, and has resid
ed here a long time and we cannot get
rid of him. D. 1 give you my word he
will leave as soon as he finds an opportu
nity. K. Vessels never go from here to
the Marquesas. Will you give a bond?
J). No, Madam, I could not do that ; I
could not agree to pay my money ; I give
you my word that he will go away.
K. Within how long a time ? J), lean
not say ; just as soon as he gets an op
portunity. A". Cannot he get bonds in
the village? JJ. I think not. Nobody
will expose themselves in this way. K.
will you give your word in writing offi
cially as Capt. Petit Thouers did in the
case of M. Bachelot, that he will go uway
in any definite period, or in case no other
opportunity occurs that he shall be re
ceived on board of a French ship of war.
J). I will guarantee that he will go by the
first opportunity, but no ship of war would
take him unless he is willing to go. K.
Arc you a French Consul ? D. I have
been nominated to that ollice, und Capt.
Petit Thours said I should have it. lie
was authorized to appoint consuls. A'.
Did he appoint you ? He authorized me
to act as consul until papers arrive from
France. K, Did he give you the appont
mcnt in writing ? Z), No. K It seems
then you can only give your word in the
case as a private citizen, and are unwill
ing to give any other bonds. D. Yes.
K. That would not be according to the
terms laid down by this government. J).
It seems then Mr M. will not be allowed
to land. K. Not unless he complies with
the conditions. J). I consider it an in
fringement of the treaty. A'. We do not.
J). We shall see. It is then of no use to
talk anv longer. I will write you a letter
and you can answer it, and then the mat
ter will rest for the present. 1 shall send
both to the king of Fiance. K. Very
well. J). Be so good as to give the terms
in writing. Mr Dudoit then requested
the interpreter to write down the terms
for him. The interpreter declined, but
upon the urgent solicitation of Mr I), and
the statement that he could not write En
glish, he complied, read them to Mr Du
doit, and interpreted them to Kaahumanu,
both of whom declared the memorandum
correct, and Mr D. took it to carry to Mr
Maigret saying perhaps he would assent
to them. The memorandum was as fol
mav land on the following con-
ditions. 1st. Observe the laws and reg
ulations of the country and not teach his
religion whilst here. 2nd. Leave the is
lands within a definite period. 3rd. (live
bonds for the fulfilment of these terms.
After this conference followed the cor
respondence published in the Supplement.
Mr Maigret not acceding to the terms was
not allowed to land, but transferred to the
schooner Honolulu which he says he pur
chased, (probably for his mission.) Mr
Murphy being declared by the British
consul not a priest was allowed to land.
The public will judge whether the state
ment of the governess that an attempt was
made at concealments by Mr Maigret was
" a base calumniating libel invented for
the vilest purpose without a shadow of
truth." It would appear fiom the cor
respondence and also by the admission of
Mr Dudoit that he did not frankly declare
that he was a priest, a point upon which
the governess most desired information,
and this certainly looks like an attempt at
concealment. If he sought a passage to
the Marquesas why did he come to tho
Sandwich Islands from Tahiti directly out
of his route and to which dace he would
would probably be obliged to return in or
der to reach his destined port. It would
be thought very singular that a person in
Liverpool should take passage to the Ork
nejs for the purpose of awaiting a con
veyance to New York, when the chances
would be a hundred to one that he would
be obliged to retrace his steps to reach his
place of destination. A vessel rarely if
ever sails from these islands direct to the
Marquesas. When bound there they
generally take the Tahitian group in their
j route. Neither docs it appear reasonable
jthat he came for the purpose of aiding
i Messrs B. and S. in anv other than the
work of their mission. He doubtless heard
of their circumstances. If free they need
ed not his assistance. If in durance we
cannot conjecture how he could have ren
dered their situation more tolerable. The
same causes which operated against them
would be equally so against him. Wo
would wish to put the most favorable con
struction possible upon the statements and
acts of Mr Maigret, but c-rcumstances
strongly indicated tome other than any
avowed object in his visit to these islands.
The chiefs could not but suspect this hs
Kaahumanu 'plainly says to Mr D. and a
permit to await a direct passage to the
Marquesas, would virtually have been lib
erty to stay during life. But further it
was known ut Valparaiso that their des
tination was the Sandwich Islands and
they were advised not to come. We be-