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'mm Hawaiian star, tiiuusday, aimul 27, isn. six iagks.
t ll 1M1
Towing The Caravel.
The fac-sitnllics of the smaller two
of the three vessels composing the fleet
with which Columbus made his first
voyage of discovery, the Aiufc4 and
Wi Art, were built by Mwljjjr Frank
Park and Miguel Cordona, ah Harcelo
na, Spain, for the United States gov
ernment, under an act of appropriation
passed at the first session of the Fifty
second Congress. Their construction,
from the most authentic plans and de
scriptions that could be procured, was
supervised by Lieutensiit William
McC. Little, U. S. Is. The Pinta is
of about no tons and the Nina about
100 tons displacement. The two cost
about $15,000 as they left the con
They were towed to Cadiz and
Huelva, Spain, by the United States
gunboat Bennington, and took part in
the Columbus festivities at the latter
place, October 10, 1892. They were
regularly commissioned as vessels of
the United States navy, and two com
missioned line officers with tun men
were assigned to each from the crews
of the United States cruiser Newark
and the gunboat Bennington. While
lying at Cadiz their sailing qualities
were tried, and, after some necessary
alterations were made in their steering
arrangement, they were fitted out for
their voyage across the Atlantic.
On February 18, 1893, the United
States cruiser Newark; flag-ship of
Rear-Admiral A. E. K. lienham, U. S.
N., took the Nina in tow, and in
company with the United States gun
boat Bennington, with the Pinta, teft
Cadiz. "Buen viaje" (pleasant voyage)
wishes were signalled from the Spanish
flag-ship Palcyo, anchored in the har
bor. Lieutenant Thomas B. Howard,
U. S. N., was in charge of the Pinta,
and Lieutenant John C. Colwell, U. S.
N., with Ensign Charles A. Brand, U.
S. N., was in charge of the Nina.
The first day out from Cadiz a
strong southeasterly wind was encoun
tered, which caused a short choppy sea
that seemed to exactly fit the caravels,
but had little effect on the larger ves
sels. The small vessels bobbed around
like corks, with a very quick uncertain
motion, much to the discomfort of
theirjerews. This lasted for one day only,
when indications of the northeast,
trade winds were met with, as had been
. expected. On February 22d the fleet
anchores off Las Palmas, Grand Canary
Island, arid it being Washington's birth
day, the vessels were dressed with the
national colors, and a national salute was
fired at noon, a couple of small Spanish
gunboats assisting in the ceremonies.
Here the Nexvark and Bennington
filled up with coal and water, and on
February 25th they again set sail, with
their respective charges in tow. The
course was set for the island of St.
Thomas, Danish West Indies, thus
following a course a little more south
erly than the one originally taken by
Columbus. Light irregular winds were
met with, the prevailing direction be
ing from the northeast, but at times
coming from the northwest. Several
sail were sighted. One, the American
ship 7ohn McDonald, of New York,
bound probably around the Horn,
changed her course and bore down to
get a closer view of what probably first
appeared to her as a couple of derelicts,
or possibly pirates. During the night
before reachinc St. Thomas a short
choppy head sea was met with, which
carried away the head boom of the Nina
and made it necessary to reduce the sail
inn speed to about four knots per hour,
On Sunday afternoon, March 12th,
St. Thomas was reached. The harbor
was crowded with vessels of all des
criptions, most of them having put in
on account of bad weather. The first
appearance of the caravels created no
little excitement, the supposition being
that they were wrecks which had been
picked up in mid-ocean. They were
soon surrounded by small boats of all
kinds, containing curious crowds of
whites, blacks, and intermediate shades
of humanity, making inquiries as to
"what they were," "where from," and
'where for." Several foreign men-of-
war were in port. National and per
sonal salutes and visits were exchanged,
and all things together, as a local paper
remarked the next day, "made a very
exciting Sunday afternoon, long to be
remembered." Coal and water were
here again taken by the Newark and
Bennington, and on March 14th, the
vessels left for Havana.
The course taken was south of the
islands of I'orto Kico and Haiti, up
throuoh the Windward Channel, and
then alone the north coast of Cub 1. ar
rivine at Havana on the morning of
the 2 1st of March, and thus ending
what the writer believes to be the long
est tour in regard to time and distance
on record. The total distances and
time travelled were as follows :
Knots, Pays. Hours.
From Cadiz to Canary Isl. 710 3 20
From Canary Isl. tn St.
Thomas 2040 is 10
From St.Thomas to Havana 1300 7
Total 4950 26
For the whole voyage this gives an
average speed of 7.8 knots per hour,
Exceptionally fine towing weather was
I J..: 4l. :..
experienceu uunug me wuuic 1141
there not being a day in which any
anxiety was felt for the safety of th
caravels. Constant care and watching
were required to prevent chafing of the
tow-lines, and the speed was limited
by keeping the steaming capacity of
the lienmngton under nau-uoiier
power. The vessels always kept with
in signal distance of each other, and
with favorable winds generally made
sail on the caravels to ease the strui
on the two-lines, and on the towing
vessels to save coal.
Upon arriving at Havana crowds lined
the shores and docks to see the expect
ed strange-looking little vessels. The
national salute of twenty-one guns was
first fired by four Spanish gunboats at
anchor in the harbor, dressed with the
American flag at the main in honor of
the arrival. The caravels will be temp
oririly turned over to the Spanish
authorities, who will, upon the arrival
of the Santa Maria, taken them to
the World's Fair at Chicago.
The entrance to the harbor of H na
na is one of the most beautiful in the
world. As the steamer passes along
the coast, the traveller is regaled by
the most delightful fragrance of flowers
wafted on the breeze from land. The
sea glistens under the rays of the tropi
cal sun should it chance to be a bright
day, and the atmosphere fairly glitters
with that peculiar glimmer of the sun
shine characteristic of the tropics, as
though myraids of gold specks were
lloating in the air. lhe traveller is
charmed with the balmy climate. The
eavens arc so blue that when a
stranger who has never been to Cuba
sees such a sky depicted in one of
Chartrand's landscapes, he fancies that
is due to an exaggeration of the
painter's brush. The sky is equal if
not superior to that of sunny Italy, so
celebrated in verse and prose.
The harbor is narrow at the
entrance, and well guarded by the
fortress Morro Castle on oncsidc, with
ts bristling cannon, and the I'unta on
the other, while the city extends be
yond, faced by another large fortress,
La Cabana, on the same side as1 the
Morro, and the little village ofCasa
lilanca, as well as the towns of Rechi
and Guanabacoa. The Morro is sur
mounted by a round tower, with a re
volving light which can be seen by
mariners thirty miles at sea. As the
steamer passes close under the battle
ments of the Morro, these are usually
crowded with swarthy Spanish soldiers
gazing down at the passengers. When
the steamer anchors in the harbor,
which widens out into a beautiful spa
cious bay, it is surrounded with boats
of all sizes and descriptions, from the
little skiff manned by one boatman
alone to a steam tug with its shrill
whistle, while all clamor for the privi
lege of taking the traveller on shore, as
hips do not go up to the docks.
The streets in the business portion
f the city are narrow, with high build
ings close together. The modern part
of the city has wide streets and hand
some residences and numerous parks,
where palm-trees grow, their slender
trunks rising high in the air, adorned
with a tuft of leaves, while the atmos
phere is redolent with the perfume of
jasmines, roses, irises ol all varieties,
and rich tropical flowers of every
Some of the dwellings are very hand
some, with a wide entrance which
serves tor man and beast alike, as
houses usually only have one portal or
large double doors. Houses are built
around a court-yard, and the wire-barred
windows expose the inmates to the
view of the passers-by, who can look
into the cool, well-furnished apartments,
with marble floors, and into the court
yards, with their rippling fountains re
freshing the air with silvery spray, and
adorned with tropical plants, which fur
nish such a pleasant shade. Some
residences are two or three stories high,
but very few are built any higher.
One of the chief places of interest in
Havana is the Cathedral, an old struc
ture gray with age, where the ashes of
Columbus, which were brought here
from San Domingo, are buried. The
Templete is a memorial chapel, and
contains a large painting of the first
mass ever said in Havana, in which are
represented the ancestors of several of
the leading Cuban families; 1 he Gov
ernment Palace is a large building, not
very handsome, but quite spacious.
I he Ieatro I aeon stands opposite the
park, and is a large edifice, which, com
pared with the celebrated theatres of
Lurope, ranks as the fourth. It is
brilliant scene when the Coliseum is
up and filled with beautiful women
elegantly dressed. The statue of Queen
Isabella II. now stands in the park,
but during the revolution of 1868 it
was dragged from its pedestal and
thrown into a ditch, where it remained
until the restoration, and Alfonso XII
ascended the throne. Then Isabela
rubbed and scrubbed and rein
stated in her post, though whether the
inhabitants of the "Ever-faithful Isle,"
as the Spaniards call Cuba, have any
greater regard for her now than then is
Society in Havana is charming, and
resembles society in Paris, for the
Havanese are elegant and polished in
their manners, while the men are viva
cious, though the women are quiet and
languid. Wealthy families usually send
their children to Paris to be educated
the boys at the principal universities
and the girls at the most celebrated
convents, so when they return home
they have usually acquired French ways
as well as French views of life. The
Havanese are .generally votaries of
fashion, and the women order their
gowns from Worth or some other fain
ous artist. The Cuban dudes are fond
of fencing and of all athietic sports, as
well as of tripping the light fantastic
toe, for they arc adepts in the terpsi
chorea n art.
Cuban women are beautiful, with an
Oriental cast of features, although there
are some lovely blondes with golden
tresses, blue eyes, and fair complexion
One beautiful blonde we have in mind
marr.ed Don Francisco de Bourbon
Infante le Espana and cousin to King
Alfonso XII., some years ago. The
real Cuban type, however, is a woman
with languishing black eyes, rounded
graceful form, small hands and feet
dark or pale complexion, with th
peculiar waxy whiteness you see in th
petals of a camellia, and an indescrib
able soft and charming manner, ex
Mary Eliz.mieth Spkingkk.
Something Pretty in Shoes
Always invites inspection, and judging from the amount of in
spection we are arousing, one would suppose we were showing
something unusually pretty. The supposition is entirely cor
rect, for that s precisely what we re doing. Uur stock ol loot
wear is not only exceedingly pretty, but it's also pretty exten
sive, and what's more interesting still, it's more than pretty
cheap. It's the buyer's season now. Winter is slipping right
along as though on ice, and we don t wan t to be caught in the
Spring with any. remnants of winter goods. The stock is well
up now in all styles and sizes, and you can get a first choice as
well as a low price. Don't wait until the stock's faded away
to the last end of nothing before buying, but buy now.
THE MANUFACTURERS' SHOE CO.
Wholesale and Retail Boots and Shoes.
102 FORT STREET.
Something handsome awaits the man
who shall contrive a magnz ne, self
feeding, electrict arc lamp that shall
work unerringly and be cheaper than
the wages of the men now employed
to out in new carbons. Invention has
overcome one serious difficulty after
another in electrict lighting, and th
honeful thing about the commercial
use of electricity is that every skilled
man -employed in the business seems
to aspire to be an inventor.
T . MIIESNEY kW
Honolulu, H. I.
A FULL LINE
Always ..n Hand.
Per Every Steamer and Sail.
FOR THE VOLCANO
Nature's Grandest Wonder.
The Popular and Scenic Route
IS HV THE
Cheese, Lard, Hams, Hutter,
Codfish, Milk, Onions,
Crackers, Potatoes, Salmon,
Macaroni, Corn Meal,
Pickled Skipjack, Alvicore,
Flour, Grain and Means.
Saddle Leather, Harness Leailiei'
And All Kinds ok
Leather and Nails for Shoemakers.
Hides and Goat Skins !
Space reserved for
BENSON, SMITH & CO. f
Wholesale and Retail ,
The Hawaiian News Co.L'd
News and Music Dealers
25 and 27 MERCHANT STREET, KEEP ON HAN)
A Superior Assortment of Goods Blank Books, all kinds; Memorandum Books. In great variety;
PIANOS, GUITARS, MANDOLINS,
Sheet Music Subscriptions Received for any Periodical Published.
Klinkners Red Rubber Stamp and Yost Type Writer,
M. W. UeCIIESNBY k SONS,
WMer's Steamship Company's
Ai STEAMER K1NAU,
Fitted with Elcrtric I.icht, Electric Hells, Courteous and Attentive Service.
The Kinau Leaves Honolulu Every Ten Days,
TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS,
Arming at Hilo Thursday and Sunday Mornings,
FR'M HILO TO THE VOLCANO, 30 Miles,
Piissougors arc Conveyed in Carriages,
Over ei Splendid Macadamized Road,
Running most of the way through a Dense Tropical
Forest a ride alone worth the trip. The
balance of the road on horseback.
ABSENT FROM HONOLULU 7 DAYS!
Including All Expenses,
For the Round Trip, : : Fifty Dollars. -
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION,
Call at the Office, Corner Fort and Queen streets
AT LOW PRICE.
Thirty nThird Annual Statement
Life h Assurance Society
OF THE UNITED STATES,
For the Year Ending December 31, 1892.
Bonds and Mortgage!! $ 21,9S3,914 02
Keal Ustate, including the liquitaule liuildings ana purchases under lore
closure of mortgages 23,012,412 49
United States Stocks, State Stocks, City Stocks and other investments .... 75,084,749 4S
Loans secured by Bonds and Stocks (Market value, $7,073,700) 5,913,500 00
Heat Estate outside the State of New York, including purchases under fore
closure 14,122,736 70
Cash in Bank and in transit (since received and invested) 5,554,000 GO
Interest and Rents due and accrued, Deterred 1'rcmiums and other Securi
ties 0,488,702 CO
Total Assets, December 31, 1S92 $153,000,052 01
We hereby certify, that alter a personal examination of the securities and accounts
described in the loiegoing statement, we find the same to be true and correct as stated.
Tiios. 1). Jcikiian, Comptroller. Kkancis W. Jackson, Auditor.
Reserve on all existing Policies (1 Standard), and all other liabilities $121,870,230 52
Total Undivided Surplus (4 Standard), including Special Reserve (it
$2,500,000 towards establishment ol a .i'2 valuation 31,180,815 49
si. w. mm k sons,
Honolulu Soap Works Co
42, 56 and 63 bars to case
One Hundred rounds.
We certify the correctness of the above calculation of the reserve and surplus, l'roni
this surplus the usual dividends will be made.
Gno. V. Phillips, J. O, Van Cisb, Actuaries.
Interest, Kents, etc
.$ 34,04G,50S 39
. 11,289,009 10
Claims by Death and Matured Endowments , $ 10,859,373 04
Dividends, hurrender valuei, Annuities and .Miscounted unuowpicnis h,0i.),Ui4
Total Paid Policy-Holders ,
Commissions, Advertising, Postage and Exchange,.,
ueneral kxpenses, Mate, county ana uity taxes ...
New Assurance written in 1S92.
Total Outstanding Assurance . .
.$ 10,5:;i,447 93
. 4.0S3.478 35
. 3,514,021 01
$ 24,101,917 34
We. the undersigned, have, in person, carefully examined the accounts, and counted
and examined in detail the assets of the Society, and ceitify that the foregoing statement
thereof is correct.
V lliiiiiuvrvr Tin t hwl Uimrailtfe 01 lhe
h. linUMNOT COLT, I lUati ol ,irctlori a.
T. S. YllUNtl, II. S. TkKHKLL, lwil m eiamiiie the
0. V. CAKLETON, . Ii. KKNIIALU J co-e uf the )ir li-jt
Henry A. Uurlhut,
Ilenrv (i. Marquand,
Wm. A, Wheelock,
II. M. Alexander.
Chauncey M. Depew,
Charles U. Landon,
Cornelius N. Bliss.
1'.. tloiuhnot Lou,
II. J. l'airchild,
John A. Stewart,
IICNKY B. IlVDK,
Jamks W. Ai.KXxiir.n,
Geo. C. Magoun,
Win. M. lllins,
Win. B. Kendall,
Ci. W. Catleton,
K. W. I.ambcit,
II. S. Terbell,
Thomas S. Young,
John J. McCook,
Daniel 1). Lord,
Edward V. Scott,
C. B. Alexander,
Geo. De P. L. Dy.
John D. Jone,
Levi P. Morton,
Charles S. Smith.
Joseph T. Low,
A. Van Bergen,
T. De Witt Cuyler,
Eustace C. 1'iti,
S. 11. Phillips,
Henry K. Wolcott.
J. V. DeNavurro,
James 11. Dunham,
Daniel U. Noses,
V. E. IngaiU,
T. D. Jordan,
S. D. Riplev.
BRUCE & A. J. CARTWRIGHT,
Mnimyers Equitnblo Life Asuumnco Society for the