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PHH HAWAIIAN STAK, FRIDAY, .JULY M, ItX PAGES.
The Hawaiian Star.
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ULY 28, I893,
BIGGER ARMIES AND NAVIES
I ht- New Wrk Sun has made an in
vustig.ititm and finds that, although the
peoples of Europe murmur nv re and
Bore in opposition, the burdens of
militarism are growing. Leading states
men of several of the great nations
have lately expiessed opinions and
given semi onVial intimation that the
limit has been reached, but there is no
cessation in the activity and magnitude
of preparation. The French military
budget, tiie French marine budget and
the Austrian military budget for 1894
were communicated to the legislative
bodies of the respective eiunttk-s two
weeks ago. In each case provision for
increased armament was asked.
The budget of the French W ar Min
istry demands credits amounting to
636,701,630 francs. It provides for
28,555 officers, which is 215 more than
in the present year; for 526,048 men,
or 835 1 more than this year, and for
141,059 horses, 534 more than in 1893.
The French marine budget for 1894
amounts to 267,000,000 francs. Of
this amount 80,000,000 francs are to be
devoted to the construction of new
vessels. There will be put on the
stocks this year, according to the pro
gram presented in the budget, three
12,000-ton ironclads, two first-class
cruisers, eight second-class cruisers,
one torpedo despatch bjat, and twenty
four torpedo boats. Provision is asked
for the completion during 1894 of other
vessels already in course of construc
tion, as follows : Eleven ironclads,
five armor-belted cruistrs, one first
class cruiser, five second-class cruisers,
and two third class cruisers, in addition
to torpedo, despatch, submarine, and
other smaller boats. There will thus
be, in 1894, about a hundred war ves
sels in course of construction or equip
ment for the Trench navy.
Economy and retrenchment in mili
tary matters have been talked in Aus
tria lately, but the Austrian military
estimates for 1 894 provide for a "races
sary expansion of the army. 'The
number of officers will be increased,
additional horses will be purchased,
and the artillery will be "reorganized"
on a broad scale. Seven h'indred tnd
thirteen additi mal officers will be
gazetted to infantry regiments dining
1894; A like increase of offil ers is
projected for the rifle battalions, and a
tew will be added to the cavalry, artil
lery and medical corps; but these re
forms will extend over several years.
A brigade of artillery will be added,
making sixteen instead rf fifteen, and
a total of sixty four regiments of field
artillery. Additions will also be made
to the fortress artillery. A telephone
corps is to be attached to each army
There has been an enormoui increase
in Ihe strength of the European navies
during the past year or so, and the
Austrian Naval Minister calls attention
to the fact that during last year Great
Kritain added to her fleet more vessels
and a greater tonnage than that of the
whole of the Atistro-Hungarian navy
put together. 'Twenty-one ships, rep
resenting 141,000 tons displacement,
was England's addition to her navy in
1892. Russia approached most nearly
to Great Britain in adding to her fleet
during that year, and most of the great
powers notably increased their naval
strength. The report of the Naval
Minister says there was an almost
feverish activity in building during
1S92, which strained the resources of
many State yards, as well as of numer
ous private firms If, as some wise
men argue, the armament of nations is
the best guarantee of peace, the millen
nium would seem to be at hand.
All the vessels launched last year by
the more important countries wert
armored ships of the line, with pro
tected hulls and de. ks, with a dis
placement between 10,000 and 14,000
tons, the former being more general
The armor consisted mainly of steel or
compound plates, and in a few cases of
nickel steel. Nickel steel was also
used to some extent for naval guns.
The most notable innovation in ma
chinery was the uae ol three screws in
some of the larger vessels. The use
of petroleum has been abondoned on
warships, on account mainly of the risk
of fire. The big guns of 100 to no
tons continue to give way to those of
lighter calibre, the new guns, being at
the most, not more than sixty eight
tons in weight, with a calibre of thirty
four cefltltMtrCl, against forty-five
CCntlmCtrCI in the big guns. Main
experts c msidet this reduction in
calibre 11s premature, in view of the
recent Improvement! in ships' irmot
There arai a gre.it ll crease in the mini
ber of quick-firing guns of medium
calibre up to sixteen centimetres. The
general use of imokelcss powder, for
guns of all calibre, is considered by the
compilers of the Austrian report to bt
only a question bf short time. The
Whitehead and the Schwarzkopf tor
pedoes are the nnlj ones yet ad pted
for offensive operations. The experi
ments with submarine boats art noted
as ti"t being very encouraging, and that
form of vessel is not considered to be
a serious factoi in naval construction
HIE CROWN LANDS ACT.
No one can be better pleased than
the Si r, which has all along argued
for the opening of the crown lands to
settlement, at the action taken by the
G ivernmenl yesterday. The crown
land bill, whic h was read to the Coun
cils and referred to the Judiciary Com
mittee, is a mos commendable meas
ure, It vests the ownership of the
lands absolutely in the Provisional
Government and sets the property
apart as a special domain for the
promotion of the general prosperity of
the nation, and particularly for the de
velopment of a polity of land settle
ment ny persons who desire to get
small holdings for their personal use.
in lact, me diii might lie called one to
cre..te small firms and adtl to the it -
duslrious and productive population,
If the measure becomes a law it Will
not be long before a million acres, or
those portions of them net leased, and
those, the leases of which are all tht
time expiring, will be offered to tht
actual settler. What that means to a
group which is still 400,000 sh rt c f
the pi pulation it can actually support,
it is easy to see at a glance.
Good land put within the reach of
people ol small means and habits of
industry, which land is capable of
raising products like cfTec, pineappl
cocoa, etc., not to speak ol wintu
vegetables for the San Francisco mat
ket, will yet make these Islands th
home of a dense population and the
theater of a widely diffused and iierma
Dr. Trousseau and hia friend the
If nl h tin are pleased to point out th
only six members of the Leprosy Lund
Commission dissented from the repot
ol the India investigators, leaving five
to approve it. It appears from an
examination of nae 8 of the reo r
that these five joined in tin origina
atSSCHt, signing their names with tht
majority, .uerwanis tney made out a
miiii'mii) ineiiioiaiitiiim in wn 01 tiny
wine ei.ie k, in quite tile I r.iusse.iu
fashion, upon their previous concli
sicns. even in doing so they did not
feel duite sure of their ground, but
iiioouieu 1 ne 1 pica against compulsor)
segregation ol lepeis by ursine the
l'.C , . I . .
institution of homes where patient
might "voluntarily reside." They evi
dently wanted lepers to be kept aw.v
from the uninfected, but were loth
after the non contagious theories ad
vanced, to come out boldly and say so
Hence the "voluntary" compromise
It is entirely safe to say that not one
f these doctors even those who have
had such a vast experiei.ee with Asiatu
leprosy as an attendance upon tin
English aristocracy might imply (s, e
Bulletin) would either eat with or 1
habit with a leprous pels in. Confronted
with that supreme test they would
desert the field as rapidly as Trousseau
would under such similarcircumstanct
And why not? Didn't Father I). -
mien die from leprous contagion?
r .. l: , . , .
i.x ins iciter to mis journal on
Wednesday last, Dr. Trousseau usee
the following language :
About my evidence in the 'Thrum
libel case, it was given over ten yeais
ago before the bacillus
theory was even dreamed of.
The bacillus theory was reported to
the Medical Society of Christiania bx
Dr. Hansen in 1874, nine years befor
the Thrum case was brouirht. If Dr.
Trousseau never heard of this he can
lind an account ol it on page 1 of the
preface to G. Thin's work on leprosy,
a copy of which is in the hands of the
B iard of Health.
Advii i;s by (he Monowai sh IW that
the war in Samoa has about come to
an eno, me pretender ,iataal,i having
taken refuge on a British cruiser and
the rebel chiefs on board a German
inan-of war. There is no danger, it is
said, of further violence; a fact which
may bring the 1'hiladelphia from Caliao
direct to this harbor.
1 ... - . , . . r .
Friendly Foot Race.
On Saturday, August 1 2th, at the
new Base Ball grounds, just before the
conimeiK emt lit ot the tooihall game,
live local sprints will indulge in a 100
yard footrace, three of them being
football players. The rare is said to
run for glory alone. 1
HE AUGUST TERM
CALENDAR OF CASES FOR THE
Ihe August Term of the First Circuit to
Be Held on Monday, August 7th, 1893
Judge Whiting F rescuing.
HAWAIIAN JURY CRIMINAL,
The Queen vs n. V. Poor, embei
Zlement, Hatch with the prosecution;
Peterson -R s,i fill defendant. l ive
Provisional Government of the H; -waiian
Islands vs. Paina Apala, assault
and batter); appeal from District
Court, Honolulu. Poepoe for drfend
Provisional G ivernment VI S. Ma
maki. manslaughter, Davidson for
prosecution; Castle for defendant.
Provisional Government vs. J. T.
Bush, libel, first degree Peterson
Creighton-Kaulukou for defendant.
Provisional Government vs. Ailuene,
larceny, Kauha for defend. ml.
Provisional Government vs. Nawai,
alias D. Nawai Namailou, assault with
deadly weapon. C, W, Athford f r
Provisional G ivernment vs. T.
Akana, assault and battery; appeal
from District Court of Honolulu.
Provisional G ivermentvs, Lui, liquor
selling without license; appeal from
District Court of Honolulu. Kautukou
Provisional G iverment vs. A. Kaha
nanui, liquor selling without license; ap
peal from District Court of Honolulu.
Rosa-Kanlukou for defendant.
Provisional Government vs. Kinilau,
ass. nit and battery; appeal from Dis
trict Court of Honolulu. Kaulukou
Provisional Government vs. Kaha
lepio, assault and battery ; appeal from
District Court of Honolulu. Kaulu-
k 11 for defendant.
Provisional G vernment vs. Puhili,
liquor selling without license ; appeal
from District Court of Honolulu
Kaulukc 11 for defendant.
Provisional Government vs, Malie
and Atie, alias Jul'B, keeping disorderly
house; ippeal from District Court of
Honolulu. Peterson - Kaulukou for
Provisional Government vs. Haka
laAU and Naukana, malic ions injury ;
ippeal from District Court of Hono
lulu. K ine for defendants.
Provisional Government vs. Kaila,
liqu a selling without license; appeal
from District Court of Honolulu. Kau
lukoU for defendant.
Provisional Government vs. John
Richard, liquor selling without license ;
appeal from District Court of Hono
lulu. ('.. VV. Ashford for defendant,
Provisional Government vs. D. Ke
kona, violating Section 3, Ac t 21 of
the Provisional Government ; appeal
from District Court of Honolulu. ( '.
VV, Ashford for defend int.
Provisional Government vs. Kaula
hao, violating Section 3, Act 21 of 1! e
Provisional Government ; appeal from
District Court of Honolulu. Kahoo
kano for defendant,
Provisional Government vs. Kaula
wahine (w, ), violating Section 3, Acl 21
ol the Provisional Government : an-
teal from District Court of Honolulu.
( '. V. Ashford for defendant.
Provisional Government vs. S, W.
Mahelona, unlawful possession of opium;
appeal from District Court of Ho
nolulu. Ashford Kaulia for defendant.
Provisional G vernment vs, Kalili,
violating section 3, ac t 21 1 f the Pro
visional G vernment; appeal from Dis-
IriCl ( .nit ol Honolulu. C. W, Ash
ford for defendant.
Provisional G ivernment vs. Lui
Oliva, liquor selling without licensi ;
peal from District Court of Homo
lulu. Kaulukou lor dt fendant.
Provisional Government s. Kaula-
hao, violating section 3, sci 21 of the
Provisional Government; appeal bom
District Court of Honolulu. C. VV
shford for defendant.
Provisional Government vs. Lilia(w),
for assault and battery, anneal from
District Court of Honolulu, Kahoo
kano for defendant.
Provisional Government vs. I). X $,
liquor selling without license; appeal
liom District Court of Honolulu
Kaulia foi defendant.
Provisional Government vs. I .ilk
Mahi, deserting husband; appeal from
Distric t Court of Waialua. Kinney foi
prosecution; C. . Ashford for de
fendant. Provisional Government vs. Mr.
Kaahanui, alias Kauanui liquor selline
without license; appeal from Dislric
Court of Honolulu, Kaulukou for de
Provisional Government vs. Son
Kia, violating S ction t, Act 21 of the
rovisional Government: appeal from
District Court of Honolulu. Kaulia
I CIKEION Jl'RV CRIMINAL.
Provisional Government vs. K. K.
t.arev, libel first d gree. Hartwell foi
'rovisional Government vs Ah Fo,
unlawful p is session of oium; ippeal
fro n District Court. Honolulu.
eighton for defendant.
Provisional Government vs. Lam
Kow, liquor-Selling without a license;
piieal from District Court, Honolulu.
Davidson for defendant.
Provisional Government vs. Ah
Young, violating Section 5, Chapter
41, laws 18S6; appeal from District
Court. Honolulu. 1'eterson foi de
Provisional Government vs. Ah l.uu
and Ah Keong, Vit iating .Section
Act 21 of the Provisional G vernment; j
(Continued on Third pup.)
NOTICE TO CORPORATIONS
Owing te the failure, in the past, of certain
CofpofattofM to present to the Minister of the
Interior the Annual KxMbtl required by Law.
Dot let is hereby givtm
Thai hereanet, upon the failure ol any Cor
poralion lo present the Kvhihit within the
time isajrirsd, the Minister of the Interior wilt,
either himself, or liyoneor more Commission
ers appointed by hint, call for tht production
(if thf hooks and papers of the Corporation,
and examine its officer- touching its atfairs,
J. A. KINO,
M inistet I the: Interior.
Interior Oftiee, July 24th. 180J. 102 J
AN ACT TO INCREASE THE FACILITIES
TO DEPOSITORS AND PROVIDING POM.
TERM DEPOSITS IN THE HAWAIIAN
POSTAL SAVINGS BANK
lie it CfllCted by the Lvecutive and Ad
visory CottlH ils ol the Provisional Covernmenl
of the Hawaiian Islands:
Section t. Th PosteiftSter-Qeneral, as man
ager of the Po-'al Savings Bank, with the
Consent and 3 iproval eel the Minister of
Finance, may i-siie to any person Term
DepOth CeTtlflcfltel in the name of the Ha
waiian Postal Sadies Hank, for deposits of
not less than Five Hundred Dollars, nor
more than Five Thousand Dollars,
Section 2. The S mount so deposited shall
draw Interest at a rale not to exceed six: per
cent, per annum to be computed in accordance
witn the law leguiating the Bank. Such
deposits shall not in the aggregate exceed
8150.000, at any one time.
Section t. Tin term for which any deposit
shall be received under lliis Act shall not ex
ceed twelve months.
Section 4. The form of the said certificates
shall he as follows, and shall contain the
conditions hereinafter set forlh :-
Hawaiian Postal Savings Bank.
Cam ivicAi k.
Honolulu 189. .
Received from in
Coin Dollars on
Deposit, payable in Coin on pre
sentation ol this Certificate, properly indorsed.
This depn.ii is made feer months, and
will hear Interest from 189. ., at
the rale of per cent, per annum, and in
accordance with the conditions printed hereon.
Minister of Finance
rreseni tins eerunrate at t lie 1'ostal Saving
Bank at the expiration of the term slated here
in. I merest w ill cease at that date.
Holders at a distance may indorse this ccr
lilicate- and lend by mail 10 the Postal Saving
Bank, when it will be paid.
This Certificate may be transferred by en
dorsemcnt, ami principal with interest will b
paid lo the holder hereof.
Sections, This Act shall take effect from
the day of ils publication.
Approve ! this 151I1 day of June. A.l. 1893
isigued) SAN FORD 11. DOLE,
I resident of the Provisional Qovernmenl ol
the Hawaiian Islands,
(Signed) J, A. KING,
Minister of the Interior
SALE OF LEASE OF CROWN LAND IN
NORTH KONA, ISLAND OF HAWAII
By order of the Commissioners of Crown
Lands, Mr. James F. Morgan will sell at
public auction, ut his salesrooms, e,n THURS
DAY, August loth next, at 12 o'clock noon
the lease e,f that tract "f land ..mate at North
Kona, Island of Hawaii, known as the Ahu
puaa of Puuwaawaa and containing 40,000
acres, more or les-.
Te cm. J5 yearn.
Kent, (upset) $350 per annum, payabl
uemi-annually in advance.
1 he Lease to In- sole! under the following
1st to keep up the roiesi 10 its present
2d- -To keep ihe Lantana from making
any further headway.
3d -To put upon the land within 3 years
from commencement of lease substantial Im
provement! eif a permanent character lo the
value of $3000.
Intending bidders must previous 10 the sale,
satisfy the Commissioners of their financial
ability to carry out the covenants of the pro
For further particulars, apply to
C. P. IAUKKA,
Agenl of Crown Lands, at the Court House.
Office Commissioners of Crown Lands
Honolulu, July 17th, 1893. io2-td
In accordance with Section 1 of Chapter
XXVI ul ihe Laws of 18SO, all persons hold
UH water privileges 01 those paying watei
rales arc hereby notified thai ihe waler rates
f,,r the term ending December 31, 1S93, will
he due and payable al the office of the Hono
lulu Water Wrnks, on the 1st day of lulv
Ail Kuch rate- lemaining unpaid for liftet-n
jays after they are tlue, will he subject to an
additional 10 per cent.
Kates are payable at the office of the Water
Works, in the Kapualwa Building.
All amounts over ten dollars, payable n
United Stales giil, I coin.
Supt, Honolulu WalerWorks.
Honolulu, lune 16, Ictg,?, 74 I
TAX OFFICE NOTICE.
All personal taaea, thai is. Toll lax, Koad
tax and School tax, shall be due and payable
mi and aflei ihe first day of July.
In case of pecs' 11. d laxes elueaml unpaid on
the first day e f August, if no personal property
can he l.mnd whereon to distrain the Assessor
lna' aml ' hereby auihoiied to cause the
arrest and detention of the person of such
taa payer by and aadej a warrant laraed and
sinned by the Assessoi or hi deputy to show
cause, il any he ha, w hy he should not he sen
tenced M Be imprisoned at hard labor BMll
he discharge the amount of said (ax and costs
as by law provided.
N" saemptloni shall be allowed fram pei
sonal taxes unless the parties claiming such
exemption shall notify the Assessor of the
Division during the month of July of Mch
year of such claims and the grounds thereof.
Assessor 1st Divis 041,
Approved by S. M. DAMON,
y5'2w Minister of f inance.
We are Still Importing
Among Other things the
bark" G. N. Wilcox" brought
us the following:
Hubbuck's Genuine, No.
I and No. 3 White Lead, in 25,
50 or 100 lb. iron kegs.
Hubbuck's White Zinct
Red Lead, pale boiled anil raw
Oil. Stockholm and Coal Tar,
in barrels or drums. Castile
Soap, Shot. BB to No. 10,
Punched Horse Shoes, Sal
Soda, galv'd Anchors, Brush
Door Mats, flexible steel and
iron Wire Rope, Seine Twine,
Harris' Harness Liquid, Day
& Martin Blacking, galvanized
Buckets and Tubs, Chain, blk.
and galv'd to 5s; galv'd
Sheet Iron, No. 10 to 20;
Tinned Wire, Copper Wire,
No. 10 to 20, black and galv'd
Fence Wire, Nos. 4, 5 and 6,
Blue Mottled Soap, Anvils,
70 to 200 lbs.; Blacksmith's
Vises, all sizes; a large assmt.
of Bar Iron, kegs Dry Vene
tian Red, Yellow Ochre, Paris
Yellow, Burnt LTmbre, Ult.
Blue, Paris Green, Metalic
Also, received ex Australia,
2000 asst'd Elect. Lamps,
Hose, Butcher Knives, Carv
ers, Carriage Gloss Paint, Sul
phur Bellows, Scissors, Shoe,
Paint and Varnish Brushes;
Buckles, Picture Cord, Furni
ture Nails, Tape Measures,
Jennings Bits, Yale Padlocks,
Oilers, galv'd Swivels, White
Shellac, Gold Leaf, Leather
Washers, and at last our fine
assmt. of Wostenholm Pocket
Knives and Razors has got
We were almost out of those
fine swing Razor Strops, but
have a new lol this steamer.
We have a fnll line of Elec
trical Goods, and can wire
houses for Electric Lights on
short notice. Now is the time
to leave your order for wiring,
as in a few months the current
for lights can be furnished and
then evervone will want lisdit
at once, and those whose hous
es are wired will of course get
E. 0. HALL & SON.
Cok. Fort & Kinc; Sts.
A FEW OF OUR SPECIALTIES.
Complete Assortment ot
Stoves and Ranges
" EUREKA" RANGES,
set in brick.
AGATE IRON WARE,
and TIN WARE,
COLUMBUS' WROUGHT STEEL
sinks, Galvanised und White
CAL. LAWN SPRINKLERS.
Sheet Metal Goodl in Tin, Couper 01 ( Gal
vanize.) Iron 011 liacul en nuiele tu order.
hull line ef Sanitary ( looeis, Hath TuIjs,
ftVatOrlM, Water ('levels, ripe- lad l inings.
We are eeiuipneel for e,lk of all kinds in
lie Sheet Metal and Plumbing Tiade, and con
QAronlte lhocou.h WorkOMnahip ami lirsi
lash materials in lhe-e line-..
We solicit your patronage-.
J. Emmcluth & Co.
No. 0 Nuuanu st., and 104 Merchant t.
FOR ONE WEEK.
100 doz. Pour in-hand Ties, 25c. Good value at 50c.
100 doz. do. do 35c. do. do. 75c.
H. S. TREGLOAN 8c SON.
Genuine Clearance Sale!
All Goods in our Large and Varied Stock Marked
Down to the Lowest Prices.
EGAN & GUNN.
514 Fort Street.
Call and see the bargains we are offering.
Life Assurance Society
Offers Insurance on all the Popular Plans, viz.:
Ordinary Life Plan, Tontine Instalment Plan (New, Cheaf
Endowment Plan, and Attractive),
Semi Tontine Plan, Joint Life Risks,
Free Tontine Plan, Partnership Insurance,
Indemnity Bond Plan (Coupon Bond Children's Endowments,
i,t maturity, if desired), Annuities,
Endowment Bond Plan (5guaranteed) Term Insuranc e, etc , etc, etc.
It will cost you nothing to call at the office of the undersigned, and
make further inquiries. Should you conclude to insure, it will be money in
Bruce A. J. Cartwright,
Managers for the Hawaiian Islands EQUITABLE Life Assurance Society of U.S.
CHILDREN AND INFANTS'
Hats and Boo nets.
N. S. SACHS,
104 Fort Street - - Honolulu.
CHILDREN CAMBRIC ATS or.. c.nt, and upward,; Lac-trimm MULL
CHILDKENS SILK HATS Pnlff.es t, niwi.ee -re;
CHILDRENS' LACF. HATS and LEGHORN
IS LACE BONNETS. Infants, Muslin BONNETS f.on, 5o cents and upward..
SUN BONNETS in great variety at 25 cents and upwardi.
isT A. i,ahok: AH8OBTMENT OF "
CHILDR1 N S WHITE PRESSES ,,... ,,! . a- , ...
CHILDREN S Silk a,:d Cashmere COATS and
Grand Clearance Sale !
Beginning SATURDAY, July 1st
A COMPLETE AND W ELL SELECTED LINE OK
DM and FANCY GOODS
Black and Colored C;ishmeres,
Merinos and Nunsveilings.
Lacona in great variety, White Dress Linens.
1-ia.d.ies' Sergei 3-ent'e Hosier I
Hoots and Shoes, Hats and Caps.
A Fine Line of Laces and Embroideries
Japanese Crepes and Handkerchiefs,
Chinese Silks, Pongees, Scarfs, Shawls and Matting.
ALSO, A SMALL LINK OF
Cliineise Wicker Kurniture
Etc., Etc., Etc., Etc.
SING LOY & CO.,
WRAPS. Infants Complete outfie.
51 and 53 King Street, below Maunakea.