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THK HAWAIIAN B'fAR, ftttSDAf, OOTOBfS 10, 1898.-HBIX PAGflS.
The Hawaiian Star.
PUBIISHED EVERY AFTERNOON
BY THE HAWAIIAN STAR NEWSPAPER
Wali u smi i M,
Chas. W. Day,
Per Wat in Advance, $6.00
Per Monlh in Advance, -5
Pmalaii. npr Year in Advance. 10.00
Untes for transient and regular aiiv
ihtained al he publication othce.
Bell Telephone Number 237, Mutual 305
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1893
THE ECLIPSE IN HISTORY.
About tour hundred years ago an
eclipse in this latitude like that which
occurred yesterday was the means of
savine Christopher Columbus and his
crew from death by starvation. The
natives of one of the West I ml
Islands had refused to bring food to
the discoverers, and the latter were too
worn and ill to go in search of
Knowing that an eclipse was to occur
Columbus threatened that unless food
was brought him the anger of his Go
would darken the source of day. The
natives iested, but the darkness came
and after that there was no lack of pro
vision for the strangers from the East
A useful book might be written upon
the historic influence of the eciipse
all countries. Possibly the phenomenon
which Columbus made such cunning
use of was the means of saving to
mankind the vast results of his expe
dition to the new world, thus giving
civilization its widest heritage and lib
erty its long sought refuge and asylum
Progress, though fostered by this event
has, nevertheltss, been hindered by the
effect of the same phenomenon on un
tutored minds. Astrology held sway for
centuries because of the fear inspired by
the comets that blazed in space and
the eclipses that blackened the discs of
the L'reat heavenlv bodies ; and the
wildest superstitions still cluster
savage countries about the origin and
cause of both these manifestations of
Divine law and power. Religious
history, secular history and the annals
of scientific progress give frequent
illustration of the constructive or de
structive effect of eclipses upon various
phases of human development ; and as
for mythology, it is permeated with the
tradition and influence of such events
as came to pass yesterday in so com
monplace a fashion, as if for the
passing amusement of people
with bits of smoked glass and for the
pleasure of mathematical astronomers
who took pride in the accuracy of their
The eclipse cut a great figure in the
early history of the Orient, and some
one of its political lcg.icits may be seen
in the design of the Chinese banner
which, on gala days, is displayed
over the housetops of Honolulu.
A great dragon is reaching up to swal
low a red boll. The sphere represents
the sun or moon perhaps either and
the scaly beast of prey is the phantom
which the Chinese conjured up to ac
count for what seemed to be the ex
pression of a physical contest between
the powers of the air. Undoubtedly,
said the Manchurian sages, the sun is
being swallowed by some mighty crea
ture like the lizards of the stream that
gulp down wild fowl and the bodies of
children; and, as that childish fancy
grew, it gave a symbol to an empire and
inspired the literature and religious
contemplations of a great part of the
Five thousand years of history have
been swayed, influenced, even moulded
and governed by a phenomenon so
simple that the nineteenth century child
understands it and turns from it to play
with his hoop and ball.
GIVE THE LAD A LIFT
A writer in one of our contemporaries
is unkind enough to sneer al little
Louis Morningstar. the twelve year-old
globe trotter, whom this paper, at the
instance of one of the editors of the
San Francisco Chronicle, has brought
to the favorable notice of the citizens
of Honolulu. To gratuitously hurt the
feelings of a bright and honest lad who
has travelled the world alone and by
the exercise of native wit since he was
a child of eight, is an act from which a
gentleman would recoil. Morningstar
is a boy of talent, integrity and enter
prise whom people in many countries
have been ulad to encourage and
assist. We should like to have him
take away none but pleasant memories
of his visit here, and that he may do so
the late Queen and Mrs. Skerrett have
shown him friendly hospitality and set
an example to all others. Though he
has not spoken of the matter, nor asked
for aid, the way is open for getting hi.n
a new suit of clothes, a hat and some
fresh linen all of which he seems h
need, and which will be procured for
him with such small contributions of
cash as may be sent in trust to the
While nothing teems to be known
here about the iniurance on the Mio-
wera, it is to be hoped that there is
enough of it to save the Canadian
ompany from any crippling loss. Our
people are generally interested in h
welfare of the new line, not only be-
ause it has opened up a fresh market
for their products, but for the reason
that it is a means of relief from an
arrogant sea eoine monopoly. From
the nature of its connections, the Van
couver company can hardly be bought
fT from doing Hawaiian business, and
1 his is a good reason why the people of
the Islands should sustain and encour
ge it. The Star congratulates thi
Government for having been of financia
service to the Miowera's owners in the
Il the receipts of the United States
Government barely meet expenditures
it is difficult to see where the tariff can
be reduced and the needed revenue
obtained. A higher tax might be levied
on whisky and tobacco, but that would
be taking the tariff off foreign exports
and putting it on some home industries
which engage the tender solicitude ot
several millions of voters in both parties.
That, of course, will not be done. At
this distance it looks as if the committal
of the Democracy to tariff reform is
pretty well reversed by circumstances
and that economic matters in the
United States will go on under Cleve
land pretty much as they did under
The work which the New York Sun
is doing to educate the people of the
United States, upon matters of Hawai
ian politics, is clearly and gratefully
recognized by all the friends of good
government on this group. The Sun
has never wavered from the start in its
iealty to the Annexationist cause, and
has met and wrestled with every issue
that has been raised against it. It is
apparent that no abler work has been
done in American journalism of late
than that which the appeal of the
American colony here has evoked
from the newspaper which the genius
and patriotism of Charles A. Dana has
raised to such distinction.
The recognition of Mariley Hopkins
as Hawaiian Consul (ieneral to Great
Britain precedes, we have no doubt,
a formal acknowledgment by the British
Ministry of the legal status of the Pro
visional Government. Now that Rus
sia has led the way for European
powers, England cannot afford to be
slow in the same path. Obviously,
recognition is in ihe air.
BLAINE ON HAWAII.
The following words were penned by
our late Secretary of States, James G.
Blaine, as far back as 1881, in a com
munication to the American Minister
to Hawaii, Mr. ames M. Comly :
'Hawaii is a part of the productive anil
commercial system uf the American Stales.
So far as the staple growth and imports uf the
islands no, the reciprocity treaty makes them
practically members of an American Zollver-
ein, an outlying district ol tne State 01 Cali
In the same document Mr. Blaine
referred to Hawaiian independence,
saying that it "entirely depends on the
perpetuity of the rule of the native race
as an independent government, and
that imperilled, the whole framework
of our relations to Hawaii is changed,
if not destroyed." It can only be des
troyed by a perpetuation of misrule
under the domination of Mr. Claus
Spreckels, who seems to think that his
interests are greater than those of the
Again Mr. Blaine :
"The decline o( the native Hawaiian elemeni
in the presence of newer and sturdier growths,
must be accepted as an inevitable fact, in view
of the teachings of ethnological history. And
as retrogression in the development ot ihe isl
ands cannot be admitted without serious detri
ment to American interests in the North Paci
fic, the problem of a replenishment of the
vital forces of Hawaii presents itself for solu
tion in an American sense, not in an Asiatic or
a British sense."
Could Mr. Blaine have foreseen
the unholy alliance between Mr. Spreck
els and Mr. Theophilus Davies, the
representative of British trade interests
and the agent of the Canadian-Pacific
system, how he would have lashed
tnese British-Chinese schemers into
Once more Mr. Blaine :
"There is little doubt that were the Hawa
iian Islands, by annexation or distinct protec
tion, a part of the tenitory of the Union, their
fertile resources fur the growth of rice and
sugar would not only be controlled by Ameri
can capital, but so profitable a field ol labor
would attract intelligent workers thither from
the United States."
Mr. Blaine would have suppressed
this Chinese slave colony, and would
have made the islands attractive to in
telligent American workers. New
FLOATING IN THE CHANNEL
Body of George Makaio Found by
The body of George Makaio, the
native who was drowned in the bay
last Sunday afternoon, was found this
afternoon and brought to the Police
Station. Licensed boatman Keloa
was taking a passenger out to the
wreck, at about a:o P. M., and when
we 1 n t e ch n lei towards the M.
ra he saw something floating near the
surface which he took for a coal diver.
Investigation proved it to be the body
)f Makaio. The corpse was well pie
served but the face was mutilated and
presented a horrible appearance.
LIGHT FROM THE "SUN."
SPRECKELS AND DAVIES IN
The Anglo-German Compact in Hawai
ian Politics Busybodies and
The following correspondence ap
pears in the New ork Sun of recent
San Francisco, September 1 1
Ihe recent deportation for the second
time on a German war vessel of an
aspirant to the throne of Samoa re
calls events that led up to the first
such occurrence. Like politic! else
where, the local Content! n was fot
office and power, but the figures up
the South Sea Island chess board
represented the sentiments of a pjtt
Europe, where the wires were pulled
that played the puppets.
the nineteenth century has wit
nessed the gradual acquisition of ind
pendent teiritory throughout the world
till now there is but little land left that
has not been acquired by one or the
other of the great European powers
Dawdling on the part of the British
Foreign Office led to its loss of a part
of rsew Guinea, which was promptly
seized by dermany. Ihe acquisition
and occupation of New Caledonia as
penal settlement by France induced
quicker territorial looting of the inde
pendent islands of the southern Pac
and less than ten years ago group after
group were occupied by England
trance or Germany.
I hese seizures, for they were noth
ing else, created little or no comment
They occurred at regular intervals, and
it was supposed that the plans had bee
prearranged. 1 hen came the Sanioan
imbroglio, with Germany's high-handed
and autogratic interference. Germany
controls Samoan trade, what there is of
it, and England made no resistance
Had it not been for the vigorous inter
vention of Mr. Sewell, the American
Consul, who was backed up by our
Government, it is safe to say that the
German flag would to-day be flying
over the Sanioan archipelago.
i his was a part ol the tripartite ar
rangement. It excited 1111 re attention
on the Pacific coast than elsewhere
and a semi official assurance was re
ported and never contradicted from
Downing street, that England would
agree to the German acquisition
Samoa, while Germany w uld not op
pose England's acquisition of Hawaii
which was to come later. Thus did
the shadows lorecoast the coming
events, which are even of more un
portance now when we read of what
is occuring in France, Germany and
Russia, liable at any moment to disrupl
the peace of Europe.
'The Hawaiian Anglo German alliance
is perhaps even ol more direct mi
portance. It is not many years sim
Mr. Claus Spreckels, who was born
Germany, and Mr. Theophilus Davies,
who was born in England, and both of
whom have large sugar plantation in
terests there, were at open warfare.
Mr. Spreckels had long dominated
Hawaii and Hawaiian interests, so much
so that he became known as the
"power behind the Hawaiian throne,"
and was even called "King Claus."
His acquisition of power was galling to
the British Consul, Mr. Theophilus
Davies, and to his superior, Ma r
Wodehoute, the British Minister Ri si
dent. The latter, in fact, went so far
as to vent his spleen by refusing to
make an official call upon the American
Minister, Mr. R. M. Daggett, when he
arrived at Honolulu, and only per-
lortned this act ot simple civility shortly
before our Minister retired trom his
Mr. Spreckels became so overbearing
in his deameanor and so dictatorial in
his business that the planters gradually
came to resent his methods. 1 he re
sult was that many plantation accounts
were transferred to another house in
San Francisco and half the sugar pro
duct of the islands was sold to another
refinery than that of Spreckels. One
to benefit very largely by these chang( s
was Mr. Theophilus Davis, the British
Vice Consul, who secured many of the
plantation local agencies that were for
merly held by Mr. Spreckels. Then
war was waged there between England
and Germany, notwithstanding the
Anglo-German understanding that was
said to exist in Europe.
But now we find both Mr. Theophi
lus Davies and Mr. Claus Spreckels
working hand in hand to restore
monarchy in the Hawaiian Islands
Mr. Davies is the temporary guardian
of Princess Kaiulani, the heir apparent
to the throne of Hawaii, and still retains
his business interests and his plantation
agency interests, though living in Eng
land. Mr. Theophilus Davies is, more
over, the agent, or rather his firm in
Honolulu is, of the Canadian-Pacifi
C"rporation. Mr. spreckels has told
us that he supports the tottering throne
of Hawaii because he will not otherwise
be able to get cheap labor. If the isl
ands are annexed to the United States,
c ooly labor contracts must be cancelled,
and his po'ygot plantation population
will be enabled to demand the wages of
Mr. Spreckels is of a versatile dis
position. Historians remember that
prior to the enactment of our first
reciprocity treaty, signed by President
Arthur, Mr. Spreckels was a vigorous
opponent of the scheme and labored
hard to defeat it. But he took his
defeat philosophically and turned it to
good account. He was one of the
first to rush to the Islands and occupy
good lands, thus by perseverance, dili
gence, and a natural aptitude for
money making, turning his political
defeat into a pecuniary victory. He
has had set-backs, it is true, but the
gravest now confronts him. He may
be compelled to pay higher wages for
A point that Mr. Spreckels has en
tirely overlooked, and I am sure that
he must have done a I unintentionally,
1 the sugar yield of the Hawaiian
lantations. The average yield per
ere in cane sugar growing countries is
two tons, perhaps hatdlV that. But on
the Hawaiian Islands plantations yields
have been known of ten tons per acre,
frequently eight tons, and very often
six tons, while the average for all pl""
tations will txcetd three tons. This
shows a much larger incoming for Ha
iian cane sugar plantation than tor
those of other Countries, a point upon
which Mr. Spreckels has been strangely
silent while talking so much about the
1 his only serves to strengthen my
opinion of Mr. Spreckell as a business
man. He has an eye to the mam
chance. Now as to Mr. I heophiius
Davies. Hitherto the Hawaiian agency
of the Canadian Pacific Company has
been mi relv of nominal value. But
now we find a line of Australian
Canadian steamer running across the
Pacific ocean and touching at Hono
lulu, which means more business fol
Mr. levies' firm A trans-I'aiili:
ruble is also a certainty Ol the neai
future, its terminus at this end to be
not in California, but in Canada. Free
Australian wool for Canadian mills will
develop a freight traffic, and as
tourist-round-the-world ri ute nothing
could be better than a trip via Canada.
It would enable the tounst to take
travel on Canadian railroads and take
passage on the English steamers rather
than on American railroads, and by
the steamers of Messrs. Spreckels.
Mr. Glaus Spreckels opposes annex
ation solely, so he says, on the ground
of wages. Mr. Theophilus Davies says
nothing about wages, but is interested
in the heir apparent. 'The two gentle
men are competitors in trade as planta
tion agents and as shipping agents for
trans-l'acific commerce. 'Thus we
have, for the present, the satisfaction c
seeing opposing (actors most harmo
ninusly blended in a strong Anglo
German alliance, each with an axe to
grind, and each ready to take the trade-
dollar from the pocket of the other
Mr. 'Theophilus Davies is a devout
churchman. We have never heard
what Mr. Claus Spreckles' religion may
be. What can the outcome be of sucn
an unholy alliance, an alliance between
the church and Mr. Spreckels? Mr
Theophilus Davits on the one hand
and Mr. Claus Sorcckels on the olher
are both busybodies and meddlers in
the national polity if the United
States. Uncle Sam should stop their
impertinent interference with his affairs
and annex the islands.
One Who Knows
A STRONG ARABIAN HORSE
broken tu Saddle and Harness.
DK. H, V. HOWARD,
M.S. Tregloan & Sod
AVE JUST RECEIVED PER S
Australia full and complete assortmeni
ot Woolens, comprising Worsted Cassimer
and Tweeds. Business Suits to order frou
$20 up. Business Pants to order from 85 ur
H. S. TREGLOAN & SON,
Corner Fort ft Hotel Sts
Reduced Boat Hire.
'ROM DATE THE STEAM LAUNCH
"Star" will take passengers to vessels
he harbor SUNDAYS al 2s cents for th
round trip. Excursions and fishing parlies
the day at reasonable rates. Launch at Pilot
boat landing. 1
Rooms with Board.
PLEASANT FRONT ROOM
XX. suitable for
two persons with board
can be found at
Hawaiian Wine Co
FRANK. BROWN Manager,
28 and 30 Merchant Street, Honolulu, H,
Kawaiabao Jellies, Bread & Cake
Kawaiahao Seminary lias established
Domestic Department ami are prepared tu
lake orders for Tellies. Bread and Cake.
All orders (or Fruit Cake for Thanksgiving
and LhriMmas should be sent at once.
Call in and examine the
NEW BUTTONHOLE MACHINE
And our new stock of
Fine Singer Sewing Machines
Bethel Street, Honolulu, Damon Block
German - American
OF 2KTE-W YORK
Net Surplus 2.255389 99
are Equal, Get the
WILDER & CO
FOREIGN OFFICE NOTICH.
It is hereby notified that Mr. MANLEY
HOPKINS has been duly recognized by
er Britannic Majesty's Government as Ha-
aiian t'onsul-t lenrral for ihe United King
dom of (ireat Haitain and Ireland.
FRANCIS M. HATCH,
Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Foreign Office, October 9, 1893. 167-it
FOREIGN OFFICE NOTICE
Official notice has been received by this
Department that an International and Colonial
Exposition will be opened in the city of
Lyons, France, on the 261I1 day of April, 1804.
FRANCIS Mi HATCH,
Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Foreign Office, October g, 1893. 167-31
Sealeil Tenders will be received at the OfTice
f the Minister of the Interior Until WED
NESDAY, November 1st, 1893, t 12 clock
noon, for furnishing Yellow Metal, Coppering
Nails, Kelt, and other material for new
wharves, Honolulu. Specifications can lie
seen at the office of the Superintendent ol
The Minister of the Interior does not bind
himself to accept the lowest or any bid.
I. A. KING,
Minister of the Interior.
Interior OHice Sept. 23rd, 1893. 153-Im
In accordance with a Resolution of the Ex
ecutive and Advisory 1 ouncils passed Sept.
The Rev. Alexander Mackintosh, Mrs. N.
B. Emerson and Mr. J. Egan have this day
been appointed Visiting Committee to the
Insane Asylum, Honolulu.
J. A. KING,
Minister of the Interior.
Interior Ollice, October 2nd, 1893. 161-31
From and after date, entries must be I
pressed in the ciurency of the United States
reduced from the equivalent values of foreign
currencies heretofore established.
Importers will also I'd out the permits and
present the same in the terms of, and in agree
ment with their entries.
(Signed) JAMES B, CASTLE,
Approved Collector General of Customs
(Signed) S. M. DAMON,
Minister of Finance.
Honolulu, October 2nd, 1893. 159-iw.
Safe Deposit and Investment Co.
408 Port Street,
A NNOUNCES TO THE PUBLIC
r (hat the SAKE DEPOSIT VAULTS
are now ready for occupancy.
BoXM can DC hired for the safe keeping of
all sorts ol valuables at very moderate charges.
It will cost y.m less to hire a box lor a year
than the expanse of carting ;done a safe to
your house or place of business, to say nothing
ot the cost or a sale or interest on the outlay,
besides which your valuables will be deposited
in boxes that are both absolutely fire proof and
bur Jar proof
Hire a box and have no more anxious
Ladies are especially invited to take a box
where their jewels will be safe.
For further particulars apply to
THE HAWAIIAN SAFE DEPOSIT ANC
it i Invest
Butjs and Sells Dioidend Paying
Stocks in blocks or in small lots,
Hawaiian Government Bonds and
other First Class Bonds.
The Company has fur sale at present time:
Hawaiian Sugar Company Stock,
Hawaiian Agriculture 'Jo. Stock,
Wilder Steamship Co. Stock,
Inter-Island Steamship Co. Stock,
Peoples Ice & Refrigerator Co. Stock,
11 nwaiian Government Bonds 6,
Ewa Plantation (1st morl) lionds 7,
Heeia Plantation (1st mort) lionds 8,
Waihee Sugar Co (1st mort) lionds 8.
We also undertake to arrange for loans for
persons desiring to borrow or invest money.
For particulars apply to
THE HAWAIIAN SAKE DEPOSIT AND
1 6.1-1 w
408 Fort Street, Honolulu.
The Central Market.
Always have on hand choice lieef, Mutton,
Veal and Poultry. We make Sausages a
specialty. (Jive us a trial and be convinced.
We have the best. Our Corned Keef is o
the very best.
WESTBROOK 4: GARES,
Both Telephones 104. 98-tf
C. R. COLLINS.
Harness-Maker and Saddler.
Makes a Specialty of Rain
Aprons, Tops and Cur
tains for the Coming
Leave your orders early.
Do not wait until il rains. - - Lcwest Prices
42 King St., Next to Murray's carriage shop
Grand Quarter-Off Sale!
EGAN & GUNN.
Will Begin October 4th, 1893.
With one quarter-off every dollar's worth of
goods bought in their store for the
Next : Thirty : Days.
This means the Greatest Bargains in Dry Goods, Gent's
Furnishings, Etc , ever Offered in Honolulu.
On many articles, it me, ins less than cost, but our stock
must be reduced, and we are willing to give our time to the
public for the. next thirty days, regardless of profit to ourselves;
do not regard this as an ordinary advertisement, as our former
sales are evidences that we do just as we agree. It is not
necessary to tell you that our stock of Dry Goods, Millinery
and Furnishing Goods is large and well assorted, which means
to our patrons good Iresh Ooods. Nothing will be held back
in this sale. Everything will be offered at the large discount
of one-fourth off. S5?raI). S. Terms Strictlv Cash.
The Hawaiian News Co-id
News and Music Dealers,
25 and 27 MERCHANT STREET, KEEP ON HAND
A Superior Aisortment of Goods- Blank Books, all kinds; Memorandum Books, in grea variety
PIANOS, GUITARS, MANDOLINS,
Sheet Music Subscriptions Received for any Periodical Published.
Klinkner's Red Rubber Stamp and Yost Type Writer,
New Furniture Store,
Hotel Street, between Fort and Nuuanu Sts.
Is now opened for business, ami has in stock the finest assortment of
ANTIQUE OAK BED ROOM SETS,
EXTENSION TABLES, Etc
ALSO a fine assoitnunt of
Reed and Rattan Furniture.
Eine Spring, Hair, Wool, Moss and Straw Mattrasscs; Live (leese Fe athers and S Ik Flo
for Pillows. Special attention called to our lateM style of WIRE MATTRESSES,
the best and cheapest ever brought to th;s country, Eine Lounge ami Sola
Beds, at San Francisco prices. Complete aisnrtmenl of Baby
Carriages, Cribs, Cradles, and High Chairs.
fcisf" Cornice Poles in Wood 01 Brass Trimmings.
We make a specialty of La) ing Matiing and Interior decorating.
Furniture ami Mattresses Repaired by F'irst-Class Workmen,
Cabinet Making in all its Branches
A. trial is solicited.
91 if BELL, 525.
Life Assurance Society
Offers Insurance on all
Ordinary Life Plan,
Semi Tontine Plan,
Free Tontine Plan,
Indemnity Bond Plan (Coupon Bond
at maturity, if desired),
Endowment Bond Plan (5guaranteed)
It will cost vou nothimz to call
make further inquiries. Should you
Bruce & A. J. Cartwright,
Managers for the Hawaiian Islands EQUITABLE Life Assurance Society of U.S.
CHILDREN AND INFANTS'
Hats and Bonnets.
104 Fort Street
CHILDRENS CAMBRIC HATS, U colors, 60 centt and upward; Lace-trimmed MULL
HATS, in delicate ihadet, from $1.7; .pwards.
CHILDRENS' SILK HATS, POKES and BONNETS.
CHILDRENS' LACE HATS and LEGHOKN FLATS.
INFANTS' LACE BONNETS, Infants Muslin BONNETS from 50 cent! and upward!.
SUN BONNETS in great variety at s cents and upwards.
UT A- I.AHCJK ASSOltTMJINT OK TfX
CHILDREN'S WHITE PRESSES, neat'.y made at fo, 75 cents and upwardi.
CHILDREN'S Silk and t ashmen- COATS aud WRAPS. Infant Complete outfit.
Lowest Prices Prevail.
ORDWAY & PORTER,
Robinson Block, Hotel Street.
TELEPHONES MUTUAL 645.
the Popular Plans, viz.:
Tontine Instalment Plan (New, Chkaf
Joint Life Risks,
Term Insurance, etc., etc, ftc.
at tlie office of lhi unrlersiimpH.
conclude to insure, it will be money
- - Honolulu.