Newspaper Page Text
THE HAWAIIAN STAR, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1893. SIX PAGES.
TREATMENT OF PRISONERS IN 1563.
AN INVENTION THAT WILL REVOLU
TIONIZE NEWSPAPER WORK.
The Important PlrTInt tlie Typesetting
Mnrlilnc la Detitlneil to Mufce In All IllR
Newspaper Offices One Writer Tries an
It happens tu&t I liuvc very ilcr-irfpd ideas
about the future of mechanical typeset t infr.
Originally n dUbelleYerM)daoofier, I I m ve
become n convert. The BlMhlBf is wit litis
toBtay. tt hai ootne J nit ai cam thi cot
ton gin. Any device t hat will reduce the
cost of the production of a manufactured
article 98 pet mut oannot be Ignored. The
newspaper Is a tnannfaol tired arl tola. Type
settini: by machinery doe rednoa the ooat
of its product ion at least :!'( percent. There
fore the machine is tin' life preserver of the,
With t lie perfection of the printing ma
chine came the invention of the typewriter,
and while their relation is not obvious at
first there is no doubt that their interde
pendence can be shown and that the suc
cess of the typewriter has hastened thepor-
fecl ion of the t vpeuet ting machine.
We can all re tn amber boworudt were
the first typewriting machines; how inac
curate their alignment and how slow their
production of copy. Today no Well ap
pointed newspaper or lawyer's office is com
plete without, them. Many successful cor
respondents and special writers do their
own work wholly by dictation directly to
the typewriter. So great isthe Rpeed of the
expert operator today that he or she can
readily keep pace with the average rate of
speaking. The typewriter has become a
great source of com fort to the copy reader
and editor. Had English is more readily
detected, proper names are more accurately
put in type from the printed page, anil the
general result is more satisfactory to both
the writer anil I he reader of the paper.
The theory upon which the copy reading
desk exists in every newspaperollice is that
it is for the purpose of making matter in
tended for pulilieat inn more readable 1
more concise, but, above all, of purging it
of libelous and indelicate matter and bad
It is a matter of sincere mortification to
the experienced writer upon the newspaper
press to feel that the average copy reader
is a copy butcher. bile not entirely t
blame for this, because hois Instructed by
his superior to "read for space," the haste
under which the work generally has to be
ptrformed does not militate in favorof nice
distinctions in the use of words, in the
turning of phrases or in the selection of
subheads. Very much ah, too often the
individuality of the writcrisdestroyed, and
the plan upon which he or she constructed
the account of a disaster, a murder or a
town meeting is utterly eradicated.
I can remember to have heard in The
Tribune office during the days of Horace
Greeley humiliating rebukes iidiiiinlstered
to reporters upon its staff who ventured to
cleverly turn a phrase or to be unduly fa
miliar with nn adjective. In those days of
the blue pencil the copy readers broke
hearts and slashed manuscript, never stop
ping to consider that they were destroyin
instead of creating capable newspaper re.
porters and correspondents.
Looking back over an experience of near.
ly a quarter of a century in Jsew ork
cannot recall a single clever literary man
who endured that harsh schooling forthree
or four years whose love of his work sur
vived. The blue pencil, with a mere car
pentcr behind it, is the destroyer of style,
the dissipator of ambition.
The typesetting machine already loom
up as a valuable coadjutor of the working
newspaper man whether he be reporter,
editor or special writer. The compactness
of the typesetting machine of today; the
possibility of running it with a small dyna
mo and a jet of gas; the fact that one man
can do the work of four and can produce
type in columns ready for use w ith nearly
the same rapidity that the expert typewrit
er can place words in a row upon blank pa
per, suggest that the writer talk directly to
Before many years I confidently expect
to see the typesetting machine, with tliecx
pert compositor behind it, take a place at
the right hand of every writing editor
desk in every newspaper office in this covin
The manual drudgery of composition is
already relieved by the introduction of the
stenographer and typewriter, but at crit
ical hours of the night, when every minute
is worth saving, there is no reason why de
lay should be suffered by a writer who de-
sires to turn into copy ideas that are ready-
to flow troin his pen upon the white paper
Why longer submit to the tyranny of the
copy reader? by shall not each star
reporter hire his typesetting machine just
as he already employs his typewriter?
There are many arguments in favor of
The writer will be able to exactly fill the
space allotted to him for his article. If
there be any "overset," he Will know it be
fore the article goes into the hands of the
night editor. Again he will be aide to re
tain all his peculiarities of style, and the
proofreader will only revise for typograpl
ical errors. In addition the writer will be
able to produce three times as much copy
every night as he can possibly put in hand
bv the old System of writing out his ideas.
As an evidence that this system is thur
ouglily practical I have undertaken to
compose this art icle directly to the machine
The crudities of expression that may be ap
parent are due to the fact, that what I hav
said went into solid type. There is a fa
mous maxim, "Littera scripts manet."
Here the spoken word is east into hard
metal almost as soon as uttered, and from
Its silver face can be no appeal, no altera
tiou, no retraction!
I As an experiment it is interesting, and I
am sure that this is what we shall all come
In time we may be better writers, more
capable of accurate and regular dictation.
The saving of time in our brief and'active
human existence is worth so much tousall
that we cannot afford to ignore its possibil
ities. Julius Chambers in New York He
corder. Tlie Algerian llonkey.
The donkey in Algeria rarely has a sad
dle. He has a pad very similar to the pad
on which the bespangled queens of the saw
dost ring dance t heir short hour to delighted
boys and rustics. The pad has no st irrups
and is so wide as to make a seat on it ex
tremely tiring to t lie uninii idled. The Arab
sits astride or sidewise, and as tlie pad is
rarely girthed, or at best by a slender rope,
it is like walking a tight rope or managing
a birch bark canoe to sit on it until you
"catch on." Between this pad, which serves
equally for loading orriding, and the saddle
of the Spahi there is a vast category of si.es
and styles, all, however, much ton wide. A
pair of stirrups is often Improvised by tying
two bags together, putting them across the
pad, turning in one corner and thrusting tin
foot into the pocket thus made. The flimsy
pretext for saddle or harness used all over
the east would be cast 00 tin- dump by the
poorest American farmer. He w ould not
risk hisboueswith it. Colonel T. A. Dodge
Wur 1m Very Expensive.
War is a very expensive business Statis
tics of some of the great wars of tin -past
are as follows: The Crimean war cost
UOU.IIUO.oon and 700,000 lives. The Italian
war of lsS'J, 1800,000,000 and 45,000 lives; tin
war of the rebellion cost the north 91,100,
000,000 and the south 19,800,000,000, and ko
guther about tWU.OWi lives: I he I'russo-Aus-triau
war of I soil cost 1888,000,000 and 45,000
lives; the Uusso-Tlll kish WW, $180,000,000
and 350,000 lives, and the Franco -Prussian
war tU,100,noo,iKI and llHi.noo lives. New
York Kveuiug Siuu,
Rngllsh ami ftpnnlslt Holillern Tftkf-tt In
Battle Horribly Tortured.
Ill the summer of I860 eight F.ngllh mer
chantmen anchored in tin- roads at Gibral
tar, England and France were then at war.
French brig came in after them and
brought up near. At sea, if t hey could
take her, she would have been n lawful
i.e. Spaniards under similar cfrcum
stances had not respected the neutrality of
nglish harbors. '1 he Kngli'linien were
perhaps in doubt what to do when t he otti-
i of the holy olnce came oil lo I lie
nob ship. Tin- sight of tin- blank famil
ies drore the English wild. Three of them
made a dash at the French ship, intending
to sink her. The Inquisitors sprang Into
their lioat and rowed for their lives. The
nstleguns opened, and the harbor police
put out to interfere. I he I- reneh slop, how-
ver, would have lieeutaken, w hen unluck
ily Alvare. de I laoan, wii h a Spanish squad
ron, oatne around Into the) Straits, Resist
ance was impossible.
The eight i.nghsh ships were captured
and carried off to Cadiz. The Knglish flag
was I railed under lie Bai-an's stern. The
crews, 310 men in all, were promptly con
demned to the galleys. In defense they
could but say t hat, the Frenchman was an
enemv, and a moderate punishment would
have siifliced for a violation of the harhor
Rllea which tlie Spaniards themselves so
little regarded. Hut the Inquisition waa
inexorable, and the men were treated with
such peculiar brutality that, after nine
months W only of t he 24U were alive.
Feroeit y was answered by ferocity. Lis
ten to this: The Cobhams of Cowling cas
tle were l'lnteslants by descent. Lord Cob
ham was famous in the Lollard martyr
ology. Thomas Cobham, one of the family
hail taken to the sea, like mauv of his
friends. While cruising in the channel he
caught sight of a Spaniard on t he way from
Antwerp to tadiz, with 40 prisoners on
board, consigned, it might be supposed, to
the Inipiisit ion.
They were of course inquisition prison
ers, for otner olleinlers would nave heen
dealt, with on tlie spot. Cobham chasec
her down into the Hay of Hiseav, took her
scuttled her and rescued the captives, Hut
that was not enough. The captain and
crew- In- sewed up in I heir own mainsail
and flung litem overboard. They wen
Washsd ashore dead, wrapped in their ex
traordinury winding sheet, t ohham was
called to account for this exploit, but he-
does not seem to have been actually pUh
ished. In a very short t ime he was out and
away again at the old work. 1 here wen
plenty with him. Fronde in Longmans
He Merely Wondered.
The boarder on Cass avenue looked up
nppealingly at his landlady. There were
m his face the lines ot patient sulleringthat
dumb driven cat tle show when one looksat
them closely, and there was about him that
air of .submission married men sometimes
cannot quite conceal. The landlady caught
Well, what is it?" she asked SUSpi
He turned the chicken leg over on his
plate meekly mid looked nt her again.
Well, MicusKed, is thercanytliingtue
matter with your victuals?"
'No," he sighed wearily. I was merely
wondering at what? Am t It clean?
sho naked nervously.
Quite clean, quite clean, he said apolo
getically and with encouragement to her.
"lhen What are you wondering at? she
T was merely wondering," ho said, "if
you Intended making an angel of me."
"How do you mean? 1 ou don t think I
want to poison you, do you?"
'(Ill, no; but for months and months
you ve been feeding me on wings, wings,
nothing but wings, and now that you have
given me this drumstick I merely wonder
if you didn't want me to join the heavenly
choir as one of the musicians," and once
more he sighed and looked at her nppeal
ingly. Detroit F'ree Press.
MECCA AS A SHRINE OF CHOLERA.
An Awful rietiire of Axbitle Flltli and
i sltlese raiiui lolsm,
l-'rom "ii.nm to tm.otm seems to be the or
dinal y average number of those w ho visit
Mecca during tin- festival and who are
presi ni at Mount Arafat on the 9th of Zu'l
Ilijjnh. I hey conn- from every quarter of
tot compass Inland by oaravan from Syria
and Persia, Turkey and Afghanistan; by
sen from Red sea porls; from Africa, across
the whole width of which many of the
weary pilgrims have walked, and from
every pari "I 1 lie world where t he standanl
of Islam has been raised.
Willi CO provision for decency or comfort
they camp around or crowd into lodgings
in t he sacred city. 1 In y make excursions.
clamber up t he mountains, spend hours In
the blazing sun, are sickened with rotting
smells arising from the thousands of mil
mals which are sacrificed, crush and stifle
in the Ka'ba, and finally, as If they had not
already run sufficient risk of catching ev
ery possible complaint, they drink the wa
ter of em ,. in.
Thi- i 1 he well from which llagar issaid
to have drawn water for her son Ishmael,
and the drinking Of the wal er is a most holy
rite. The supply, however, is not as great
aa could be desired for so targe a crowd of
pilgrims, and I he manner of dealing w ii h it
at the well goes far to explain t he intensity
of tin- poison and tlie fearlul mortality
which attends any outbreak of cholera
among the Mcoean pilgrims
At a given period tin- pilgrims stand
naked in turn al t he place appointed. A
bucket of water is poured over each man.
He drinks what he can get of it., and the
rest falls back Into the holy well. The w a
ter from this well has been a na I y zed by 1 )r.
Franklalld, F. It. S., of the I loyal College
of Science, London, Who describes it as
fearfully polluted with abomi liable contam
inations. Imagine, then, one single mem
ber of this enormous CTOWd suffering from
tue early singe of cholera: -to lie strug
gling, as struggle he would with his last
strength, to gel through I In- holy rite and
to be allowing I he choleraic discharges
witli which his body Would lie soiled to lie
washed back into thi foul Weill
What is to happen to I he crowd of pil
gruiM who close In on t he spot, t hat he has
left, and who each ill (urn swallow in rapt
fervor the fetid draft in Which these thou
sands have I Q Washed! ( 'an we wonder,
then, know-in.; tin- history of i lie Broad
street pump, that in I860, within a few days
of the ceremony, the road leading from
Mecca was for 13 miles thickly strewn With
dead bodies -a holocaust, to be added tothe
account, of perverted religious rites which
has already so deadly a record f Dr. Earnest
Hart in Popular Science .Monthly.
For one to be ignorant of the proper use
of a novelty is nothing to be ashamed of.
If you are ignorant, you are just a trifleold
fashioned a season behind lime. Frank
innocence and tact will save a situation
from awkwardness, and sometimes the
resort to them is thought ai tractive.
If you are uncertain . a new, strange
piece of silver, wait an- atch your neigh
bor or your hostess nud act accordingly.
Local customs and usages, even in this
traveled am- of people and products, make
certain ignorance or innocence very possi
ble. A southerner could not be blamed for
not knowing which end of the stalk of
asparagus to eat because ii is not a vegeta
ble of his latitude. In exchange a north
erner could not understand the burarti
choke, and in being ignorant he would be
There is a certain sign language that oil
tains between host, and guesi, and between
those who sit and those who wait, and its
meaning every well bred child learns in the
nursery. In the wonderful ups and down
in our country the person who sil today at
the linesl appointed lable may never have
had the advantages of a nursery nor of a
mother who knew what civilization sup
plies to the top ladder people, Such a per
son is in a kind of helpless ignorance, and
how- to enlighten him is tin- conundrum of
many. "Her Point of View."
" STAR ! "
How Camphor Ih M.i. Ir.
CaDiphor is the result of evaporating an
essential oil found in two different trees
the Ciunamuimim camphoru, which growl
in China and Japan, anu the Dipteroearpus
camphora of Sumatra and Borneo. From
these two trees it is obtained m very differ
ent manners. In the Clnuamomum it ex
ists in root ami branch, steins and leaves,
which fire chopped small and put into earth
en vessels, which are heated. These vessels
are covered with hoods, and rice straw is
placed iu them. The camphor is volatalized
and rises. It condenses on the straw, from
Which it is afterward cleared. In the Dip
terocarpus it is found iu the trunk in a sol
id form, and it is obtained by cutting the
tree down ami splitting it open. It is found
in pieces from 1 to 2 feet long and about as
thick as a man's arm. A moderate sized
tree will yield about 10 pounds of camphor,
a larger one about twice that quantity.
This kind is more highly esteemed than the
other, so that iu .Japan 80Q pounds of native
camphor are valued at one pound of the
lioruean. .New lork lelegram.
I cannot help feeling a sneaking kindness
for Charles Lamb, who tolled after tobacco
"as some men toil after virtue." 'I de
sign," lie said, "to give up smoking, but I
have not yet tlxed on tlie equivalent vice."
In his letter to Wordsworth accompanying
his "Farewell Ode to Tobacco',' he says:
"Tobacco has been my evening comfort
and my morning curse for these live years.
I have had it in my head to do it these two
years, nut touacco sioou in us own light
when it gave me headaches that prevented
my singing its praises." So general, how
ever, has the custom become, in spite or
every counterblast, that, w ith Thackeray,
we need not yet despair of seeing "a bishop
lolling out of the Atheujeum with a cheroot
in his mouth, or at any rate a pipe stuck in
bib shovel hat. National Keview.
Ill Hueiniail Shops.
The common people of Russia as a rule
peak only t heir own tongue. A large pro
portion of tliein cannot read the bewilder
lug characters Roman, Greek and com
posite which form their alphabet, and to
help their ignorance the shop walls are
covered over with rudely painted pictures
of articles for sale within. The butcher's
shop has a picture of meats of all sorts and
shapes; the tailor's walls are covered with
paintings of coats and trousers. 1 he pills
of the apothecary and the vegetables of the
green grocer are advert iseil by picture upon
the doors and windows ot their stores.-
New York Kvening Sun.
In tlie Wrong I'luee.
Female lleggar -Can't you, kind sir, help
a poor woman with tour children and a
husband who can't get outr-
Mr. Kindsir What ails your husband,
my good woman!' Why can't he gi out?
"He is on ltlackwell's island."
"Humph! lie should have gone to Sing
Sing. Then he could have got out. "--Texas
Yen, Mm Had u Ueau.
"Is any one waiting on you V asked a
polite floorwalker of a timid maiden from
Port Cheater in n Harlem dry goods empo
"Yes, sir," replied the awkward danisei,
pointing to tlie door and indicating a still
more bashful youth. "That's him. He's
keeping company with me, but he's afraid
to come iu." New Yolk Herald.
The - i v 1 1. 1 of Yiiurs.
Uillsou There's a man who never fees a
waiter, but ftllpf a half every time into his
own pocket instead. He has bought a house
and lot with five years' necumulalionsl
BtlUeOD (shivering) Uadl I'll bet that
uuuse Is haunted! Club.
A Illuo Mini.
A Keutuckian, who is a pat lent in a hos
pital in that state, is as blue as anewstove
pipe from the top of his head to the bottom
of his feet. His linger nails are blue and
so is his tongue, and altogether he is the
bluest man iu America. The doctors fcay
that the discoloration is caused by nitrate
of silver poisoning. Asbridge for years has
been subject to epileptic lit s, and took great
quantities of nitrate of silver iu order to
ward them off. This was gradually depos
ited in the skin, and on exposure to light
turned a blackish sort of blue, just n it
does on a photographers plate. His face
aud hands are darker than the portions of
his body protected by clothing. His eye
balls look like hard boiled eggs that have
been soaked in a solution of indigo after
the shells were removed. According to the
medical men il will lake a good many
years for his cerulean epidermis to bleach
out, and it may never be restored to the
original tint. San Krancisco Examiner.
Italian Women 1 Not Heroine 1 ttinillar.
An Italian lady does not allow her polite
ness to suggest a possibility of future in
timacy. She "ill shake hands with an
American when Introduced to her for the
first time. A tier that she considers a
graceful ci Urteiy sulticient. Should she
be sick l he Italian lady will visit her and
express Imp sympathy by taking her hand
and pressing it against ber heart, hut t lit re
is no free, carawiug Intimacy about it.
"Never touch the pereou it Ll sacred," is a
proverb among the Italians, hm ever warm
hearted and sociable they may see in. K. H.
Btauffer In Kate Field's Washington.
I'ay More and 4et I
It is (me of t he anomalies of modern hotel
life that the more you pay the leee you ex
pectin return. In thw huge caravansaries
of the large American ettlee, where a man
pays $ .'i n week for a room without board,
he never thinks of asking any sen ice of the
employees without paying liberally for it
He is charged for a fire, for a light after
midnight , for the OSf of t he telephone, for
sending out a message bj nn ol&Ofl boy, for
taking lunch iu his room, for corkage on
his OWtl wines and mutt tip the waiters.
Iu a country hotel, where he pays 0a week,
with board, he can have a lire in his room
when he W&uts it, be can trust the landlord
to send letters and messages, he can smoke
all over the house, he can borrow anything
from a gun to a pair of I rousers, he can get
the landlady to mend his torn coat , he can
call for breakfast at 5 o'clock in tlie morn
ing ami get it, and he has to tip nobody
New York Sun.
A Pleasing Innovation.
A new custom, that lias grace and beauty
to confirm it, is that of putting a trailing
wnath of flowen with the streamer of
crape that tOUg usage dictate. should hang
bom th bi-ll when there has lierliadcath
in the house. 1 he style Is lovelf in reliev
ing the horrible somber effsoti but in the
winter, when Ron STS are worth t heir
weight in gold, it adds, often pressingly
ami unduly, to what are always heavy ex
penses and Sometimes heavier than can
uny way well be home. I'hiladelpuia
The Dael In Austria and BWiSlSi
In Austria and Russia the duel is a far
more dangerous affair t Uan in 1' ranee. In
the former country pistols are used at close
range, or Curious ami prolonged struggles
with swords have almost equally serious
etiVet, Dueling in the army is rife, and
among civil ii'"s it is carried on wit h no less
bitterness of feeling. Nevertheless some
man are often engaged with but slight ill
effects.- -London Tit Hit-.
NEWSPAPER IS A NECESSITY to
every person in the
woman or child who is
to read ami
spirit of this
who desires to keep in touch with the
progressive age and wishes to be posted as to events
of interest which are continually happening at home
and abroad, on land and sea."
The Star is a new paper and has introduced
Californian methods of journalism into Hawaii, where,
before its advent, the Massachusetts newspaper tra
ditions of I8'24 held sway. It has three prime objects:
To support the cause of Annexation of Hawaii
to the United States and assist all other movements,
political, social or religious, which arc of benefit to
these Islands and their people.
To print all the news of its parish without fear
or favor, telling what goes on with freshness and
accuracy, suppressing nothing which the public has
the right to know.
To make itself indispensable to the family circle
by a wise selection of miscellaneous reading matter.
commentator the Star has never been
accused of unworthy motives.
As a reporter the Star has left no field of local
As a friend of good government the Star has
been instant in service ami quick to reach results.
As an advertising medium the Star, from the
week of its birth, has been able to reach the best
classes of people on all the Islands.
Compare the daily table of contents with that
of any other evening journal in Honolulu
bftTtUK Hint wlii-n you kuci k Mm nn the
btttfcd A flsb quivvffl .-i u-rrilily uu u uiuu iu
txlrt-inc igonn wa know nothing about Urn
keUfcibilily uf li--.li.
The "STAR" Is
HARDWARE, Builders and General,
always iii to the times in , .... n. styles and prices.
a full assortment to suit the various demands.
made expressly for Island work with extra parts.
CULTIVATORS' CANE KNIVES.
I tcs, Shovels, Mattoeks, etc,, etc.
and Machinists' Tools,
Screw Plates, Taps and Dies, Twist Drills,
Paints and Oils, Brushes, Glass,
Asbestos Hair Felt and Felt Mixture.
Blakes' Steam Pumps,
Wilcox & Gibbs, and Remington.
Lubricating Oils, qttHtr 1
it is not possible to list everything we have: if there is anythin
you want, come and ask for it, you will he politely treated.
No trouble to sh w uoods.
HENRY DAVIS & Co.,
52 Fort Street, Honolulu, H. I.
GROCERS AND PROVISION DEALERS !
Purveyors to the United States Navy and I'rovisioners of War Vessels
FAMILY GROCERIES. TABLE LUXURIES. ICE HOUSE DELICACIES.
Coffee Roasters and Tea Dealers.
Island Produce a Specialty
FRESH BUTTER and EGGS.
We are Agents and First Handlers of Maui Potatoes,
AND SELL AT LOWEST MARKET RATES
1. O. Box s.S- Both Telephones Number 130.
For the Volcano
Nature's Grandest "Wonder.
The Popular and Scenic Route
IS BY THE
Wilder's Steamship Company's
Ai STEAMER KINAU,
Kitted with Electric Light, Electric Hells, Courteous and Attentive Service
The Kin Leaves Honclulu Every 10 Days,
TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS,
Arriving at Hilo Thursday and Sunday Mornings
From Hilo to the Volcano .CMiles,
Passengers are Conveyed in Carriages,
t)v:r a SPLENDID MACAPAMIZEn ROAD, running most of the
way through a Dense T topical Forest a ride alone worth the
trip. The balance; of the road on horseback.
ABSENT FROM HONOLULU 7 DAYS!
& T I O IEC IE T S,-I
Including All Expenses,
For the Round' Trip, :: Fifty Dollars.
For Further nformatiop, Call at th Ofncb,
Corner Fort and Queen Streets.