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THE HAWAIIAN STAR, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1898. SIX PAGES.
THE PAINTED POST. SctttnU JUfttrttaemeirti
A HUMBLE MONUMENT IN NEW YORK
OF THE OLD INDIAN WARS.
Row a Town In th Kmplrc Slat- Cam tiy
Iti Peculiar Nome Thi l I of the
Origin of the Tout Some Conlllrtlng
Storlet of the Imllttim.
The first ptfBIMMM wlilti- settlement in
Ptouben county KM made lit the Painted
Pout in 178ft by Samuel Harris, an Indian
trader. There Ml nl I tail time an impor
tant village of Seneca Indians established
on the banks of the Conhocton river, near
the junction of the waters of the Tioga,
Canixtro and CotlhoOtOti rivers, which here
form the Chemung and pass on to the Sus
quehanna. Beyond a doubt the Six Na
tions appreciated the strategic importance
of the Painted Post, where three long val
leys came together, bringing water, which
leaves no trail. Through thin gateway the
war cloud from the QencshMO, or Shining
valley, descended in .Tilly, 1TTS, upon an
errand of savage vengeance to the Wyom
ing. By the same route, as well as by the
waters of the Conhocton, the former lords
of the soil retreated from the battlefield of
Newtown, where fJeneral Sullivan and his
yeomanry on Aug. 89, 17711. dealt a death
blow to the power of the great Indian con
The first white man found a name made
to order for the place, and that name still
remains the most interesting feature of the
locality. The advantages of river and val
ley have dwindled away before the superior
enterprise and courage of men who many
years later settled in the narrow bottoms
at Corning, two miles distant. The latter
1b now a. city of 12. mm inhabitants, while
Painted Post has been incorporated a vil
lage with a population of 1,800 persons.
The present painted post stands at the
southeast corner of th cross roads. It is
about 18 feet high and tagOtaal 1A shape
painted red. It is 8 ehea in diameter
tapers at fella top and la surmounted by a
sheet iron Indian chief grasping a toma
hawk and bow and dressed in a red jacket
and buckskin trousers. Ihe original post
Btood near the center of the present higli
way leading from Painted Post, to Corning
and a few rods east of the "Four Corners
and the sight of the present post. It was
an oak post 10 or 12 feet above the ground
and from 10 to 14 inches in diameter. It
was square to a height of four feet abovo
the ground and then octagonal to the top
Samuel Cook of Liiidley thus described
it to the late Charles II. Erwin of Painted
Post, as detailed by the latter in his manu
script "A History of Painted Post and
Other Towns," now in the hands of his ex
ecutors: "When in 1792 I saw it for the
first time, it had no marks or paint upon it
and it had the color of a weather beaten
oaken rail. Thero was neither mark nor
carving upon it. I have many a time sat
near it and with others talked about it and
speculated about its history." It stood on
the banks of the Conhocton river at the
side of a well beaten trail from the village
to Tioga Point (Athens, Pa.).
This post remained until 1801 or 1802,
when it is said to have been dug up and
carried down the Chemung river two miles
to Knoxville, whether for the purpose of
founding a museum or for the more seri
ous object of purloining the fame which
encircled the oak post is not clear. It was
afterward returned, but in the meantime
a new oak post had been erected by the
whites in the settlement near the original
ite. What became of the old post is not
known for certain. It is Mid to have re
mained in the garret of the first log tavern
and chips from it were furnished to relic
hunters until one day in a moment of im
patience Colonel Erwin, the landlord o
the tavern, adjudged it a uuisunce and or
dered it throwu into the river.
In the course of the next 20 years the new
post, which was much larger than the old
one, was chipped to pieces by relic fiends.
and a few years later a new post was raised
with a sheet iron Indian at the top.
The generally accepted legend concerning
the post makes a very pretty story. It is
aaid that Captain Roland Montour, a half
breed and a son of Queen Catharine of Wy
oming fume, was seriously wounded in the
fight at Newtown and died on the retreat
up the Conhocton. He was buried under a
large elm tree, and the "Te-can-nes-to.'
the post was called by the Delaware's, was
setup as an imposing monument to hi
memory. This legend was confirmed by
the statement made by the Seneca Chief
Cornplauter to Captain Samuel Adams ii.
an interview had at Cornplanter's eddy on
the Alleghany river in 1833.
Cornplanter, being asked about the post.
aaid through his interpreter, as related by
Captain Ailums, that a great chief and
brave was there taken sick, died and was
buried under the shade of an elm on the
north side of the Conhocton river (at the
same time mapping it out on the ground
floor and marking with his knife the place
of the grave), and that he (Cornplanter)
was one of the council that placed over the
grave a post, stained with the juice of the
wild strawberry, to mark the spot. He
would not state the name or tribe of this
It was not Captain Montour, for he, with
his brother John, appeared at the military
post of Major luylor, near Pittsburg,
December of the same year, lwo years
later the two brothers were with Colonel
Broudheadon the Muskingum, in Ohio,
Charles H. Erwin, in a pamphlet pub
lished as late as 1874, accepts Captain Mon
tour as the hero and martyr, but in his more
recently prepared manuscripts cites the
facts which show that the captain and his
brother were active in the flesh for several
years later at least.
Mr. Erwin in his latest work scouts the
idea that the post was inteuded as a monu
ment at all. Such u tribute to the dead was
contrary to Indian nature and to any known
custom among them. It seems highly im
probable that so unusual an exception
should be made very shortly after a battle
Id which the Indians had been worsted and
when their white enemy might be expected
to appear among them at any time. It is
true, however, that excavations for cellars
or wells in the neighborhood of the post
have frequently unearthed Indian bones
and relics. New York Times.
M. W. McCHESNEY t SONS,
BETHEL STREET : OPPOSITE
POST OFFICE. TELEPHONE:
237 "BELL" "MUTUAL" 365.
(Jheese, Lard, Hams. Butter,
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Pickled Skipjack, Alvicore,
Mum, (irain and Beans.
And All Kinds of
Leather and Nails for Shoe
EVERY DESCRIPTION OF JOB,
BOOK AND COMMERCIAL
PRINTING, PAPER - RULING
AND BOOK BINDING.
All kinds, in
any quantity, Irom a
ban to a lon'
From i bag to any quantity.
In 4 fl. lengths, and sawed or split, from
I bag to any quantity. Also,
WHITE ,ND BLACK SAND.
No. 414 on Holh Telephones."
Honolulu, H. I.
A FULL LINE
Always on Hand.
Per Every Steamer and Sail.
M. ff, McCHESNEY k SONS,
Honolulu Soap Works Co
42, 56 and 63 bars to case-
One Hundred Pounds.
Kodurance of the Camel.
A camel has twice the carrying power of
an ox. With an ordinary load of 400 pounds
he can travel 18 or 14 days without water,
trolnu 40 miles a dav. They are fit to work
at B years old, but their strength begins to
decline at 2S, although they usually live to
tO. They are often fattened at DO for the
butcher, their flesh tasting like beef. The
Tartars have herds of these animals, often
1,000 belonging to one family. They were
numerous In antiquity, for the palriaich
Job had 3,000. The Timbuctoo or Meharri
breed is remarkable for speed and used only
for couriers, going t00 miles in eight days,
with a meal of dates or grain at nightfall.
Napoleon conveyed 1,500 Infantry on camels
across the desert tiuiu l 11110 10 si. Jean
d' Arc. Exchange.
Hard Times Mean Close Prices
To House Keepers.
If yuu are in need of any New or Second
hand FURNITURE, RUGS, STOVES,
SEWING MACHINES, Ete., call at the
I X L
Furniture & Commission House,
Corner Nuuanu anil King streets.
Club Stables Co.
S. K. GRAHAM Managi'R,
Livery, Feed and Sale Stables.
BOTH TELEPHONES No
11,. 1 ,1 Luck Htory.
Mullen Old fellow, you look blue,
you on the wrong side of the marketr
Tuuibull Market nothing! I moved yes
terday, the truckman broke i: worth of
the furniture, I lost a to bill, the gas com
pany held me uy for double the usual de
posit, and I've just been drawn on ajury.
ET Connected with Hack Stand
Cornel king and Bethel Sts.
BOTH TELEPHONES. No. 113
The Central Market.
Always have op hand choice Heel, .Mullen,
Veal and Poultry. We make Sausages a
specialty. Give us a trial and be convinced.
We have the best. Oui I OMCd Heel is o
ihe very best.
WESTBROOK .V GARES,
Holh Telephones 1 04. 0-8-tf
Mr. Oatrich My dear, can I help you to
Mrs. Ostrich Not at this time of the!
year. I find it pays to Ije abstemious In
warm weather. May I trouble you fur the
barb wlref Thank you. Detroit Tribune.
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The Onl y Factory of the Kind in the
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(iuano, etc., etc., always on nana.
Send a SAMPLE ORDER and try our Rood
A. F. COOKE,
Manager and Proprietor Hawaiian Fertilizing Co
No. 50 Merchant Street, Honolulu.
Fine suits from $14 up. Linen and Crepe
suits, 1)6.50 up.
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made expressly for Island work with extra parts.
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52 Fort Street, Honolulu, H. I.
GROCERS AND PROVISION DEALERS)!
Purveyors to the United States Navy and Provisioners of War Vessels.
family groceries, table luxuries, ice house delicacies
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