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Hit HAWAIIAN STAR. TtJft ifAY. OECEMBLH M l8J.
FREMONT'S DATING TRIPS ACROSS THE
ROCKIES AND SIERRAS TO THE SEA.
H. iu-W-1 Ike Wainlng of Indian mxl
Trugyw und tlm Trrnir of Mouutplim
liuiH ii In Sihiw rmll Bnothweeft Pa
KfM 1 .11111.1 tn the 1" ii iii.
Oopjrriirftt. MR, by AiniTi Hti 1'rent Ajanrhv
i n m. Bom rtifti t h reeerved.1
M I pathfinder
MUM to him by
in en t h tii in p 1 v.
They were Bttl
for Um t in n if not
KTMl In results,
MN is quinary out-
done that they lone
their proper plnre
in t lie chronology
Ol event!. Their
true in ensure Ih to
he taken hy a
L 1 . i nrf backward not fora-ard,
In hi very young rn (in hood Fremont wan
in induing for the life of hii explorer. He
wee an assistant to the government enifi
neera who reconnoltered the Cherokee
oeuntrf of Tenneserc and the CarolinM iu
a .; It i pat hm of war, and became nt home in
tvthFoountrte amoug border men and mv
Sgen, He hhw t lie tint utored liidiau in
bloodtf fray end ore Klaablng and Mtabbtns
from keen knife blades with the KtoieUm
ol Mfttoolnoyi in snowball battle, What
w wasted valor for them would be glorl
uw courage when displayed by white mefi
f or a uoble purpoae, Hie outdoor life and
exercise Inured his body to exposure, while
hi application to teobnioal probleuu tit bad
hint to Im' h li'juit r.
I yamn of ae he had ridden in a
mrue on a hutlalo hi"d and tonuht
mounted with enraged bulls In the crush
of f mo tie, t tain pi inn horned leasts. At t hat
age. in hi earliest expedition, he would St
lect three or four men of his company and
travel ahead among savages, taking t he
hardest route on the theory thai possible
disaster .should U- shared by the fewest
number. When at Furl Laramie in his Aral
expedition, in ima, friendly Indians warned
him not to set mil aoroaatha hostile landi
batwaaB the Platte and the Rockiea.
Their predict ion-, t hough well meant and
ippanntl well founded, were ignored, ami
the expedition numbering bug 98 men went
ahead, meet ing no ta ostites but nearly per
i-hitig from starvation. The grasshoppers
had snipped the country of forage and tiie
hiiiTalo liad Red to other pastures, Whan
the party reached W ind River mountain!
both men and animale were exhausted by
iianlship and want of food. Hut Fremont
was unwilling to real satisfied with a hasty
glance over t he region which gives birth to
the four great rivers of the west the Col
. arado. Columbia, Missouri and Platte.
The man subsisted wholly upon dried
buffalo meat cooked in tallow. Hostile
It lack feet roamed the hills and guarded
the passes. A palisade and breastwork
was built iu a flense grove, and the men
most iu need of rest were left there, while
t lie leader and fourteen of the hardiest, in
eluding Carson, the doughty guide, toiled
up the mountain steeps. The lofty peaks
were deceptive, and the bold travelers
found i he way barred by hikes which coin
pelted them to make wide detours hug
bowlders barricaded the mountain slopes.
and deep and impassable chasms yawned
One by one the men and mules gave out
and were left to rest and make their way
hack to camp. Five men only ascended 1 he
peak, clambering over frozen snow al
though it was August-shod in moccasins
so thin that the toes ecu Id le used iu mak
ing firm foothold. On the I "th of the
mouth Fremont ami four com pan ions
hoisted the stars and stripes on the highest
peak of Wind River mountains, H,r?5 feet
above their main camp. .Ti feet above tin
lakes at the base of the range and 18,0ft
jEfet above the sea.
Jsumerous adventures followed and the
party returned by the way of Fort Laramie
to St. Louis, and Fremont was ordered to
CTOes the Rockies and explore as far as the
Pacific. With 89 men, he started in May,
1848, followed the emigrant trail across the
Kansas, keeping south of Fort Laramie to
the I Matte and S .vuet water through t be
South pass. The northern end of the Great
Salt Lake was explored from the Hear
and the party was reduced to 88
nicked nun who set out for the Columbia.
They were well equipped and carried along
a mountain howitzer which kept in awe
the warlike Arapahoes, Cheyennes and
Bhosnonee. The different t ribes demanded
tribute and mussacres were averted only
bj nhrewdnees or bold tactics.
At one of the crossings of the Colombia
the MOUta reported the ford covered by a
iiiageof Indiana encamped on we bank
The water was luvn-t deep, and theoaval
lUuIk uhlliiH'l in with a reck liMHiteMH that
o utouuded 1 1 if lavaajee thai bhef made
no aituik. Tin rauuuii wat dnmged
iIhoukIi under water, Tut- party baited
afttif oTOielng. pui the fpxn in position on e
linfl at batttt, an4 tin- Indian- uiatlfnnai
tempi to Hfi.t- i In- aih antMLTt-.
The eanoren traveled tor waelti In th
inkuown refclonatof the Oolumbiaand vrenl
o tor north as toeatob eSigtil of the enow
orsred psaki f Weshinjcton Lets In No
rsmber they wt out on the return, expect
log to erosa from the lower Oolumbla to
(he upMr L'loiatlo and iheii eat to the
.Arhaiuja-. Two Uioiith of hard oumef
ag broogbt thsm ta the Salmon Trout rn -ir,oo
tbeesstern ilopse of Utefllorras Sn the
luiiiutleof San PVaueisoo. Deep Knows and
sxtremveold had forced tnem lutotbe tem
psrate oUaie oi thttOsaai Basin,
An eatnii.atiun of the hurst showed
haL they ooutd aoi bold out to reerosi the
Koeky mouutaiiui eaal w aid, ami in spite of
in- uiomI u i i li'it- rarnintfi of the Indiana,
Krwuont decided to hrvak thfOUgfa ti Si
jrrft tO the valley of the Sacrataeitto in
he hope of tinditm Qnaiiin Sutter's fa-
AOUM Mexican set t Ictut-nt. The 1 ndiaiis met
ipeke in unknown tonsdea and oomuuni
tat ion with them w iw lij' hIkiih. The Irllus
psreat war with one another, and those
.uipre.iM'd or hued u-jiuiilu WouJJ, QOtjCO
above mla jourue) iulU their villac-v
The onljfood to be ohiaiutxl from them
was pine nnU, and as the 03ragurs were
living chiefly on ma the orarings of hun
ger addttl to i heir oi-t nui
In the tnoiiniaii: iir--es thestiow was four
, feet deep, Kn'.,-ou had crossed the Si -
srrsfl to Sutter' fori l years previous, aad
he talked hopeiully to t he men in favor of
Captain Kremont'i project, helping to
Diaimaiu courage aud discipline in thu
band. Their banUhipneualed those of the
severe-a arctic journeys, The killing of a
pet dog pro, i I J ii feasit for the whole camp.
It snowed eontiiiiiously for dayuai a time.
Boadti were Im ken hy men on borssbSjOk
in light marching ortlsr, pa-sing hack and
forth until a hard bed was made for t ho
weak or heavily burdened men and animal-.
Home) lines borssH broke through
aial tell, bull buried in mow. Then, with
shovels at, d imiiil.s, t'.f 1 1 i labored untti
a stretch of lutrd track had been beaten.
In i he middle of February the expedition
passed t In in m td the Sierras. The tltet
Diojaeter was Udow jserj except wiien tin
miiu pboua Theu iho now melted Into
ptKiU mat stream h amf ipiickly trass as ium
nun's ray a were cut off. The animals nearly
atnUhed. ThHr only sustm4iice wss wild
grass The night waa n anally passed in
ft en gullies and ra Ines, a here t he starr
ing 1eat fid all night while the BiaO
teat ad, It became a question of Kress or
death for all hand- Carson, the indefa
tigable scout, who traveled ou ahead, an
Bounced his discovery of green feeding
places with the joyous t ry "Lite yet, life
yet ! I have found a hillside sprinkled with
The draft animals Which f-'ll exhausted I
were butchered for fond. Fremont consent
eg to every sacrifice to a ts I he live of hi- ,
men, exacting the pledge, however, thai In
the WOftt si raits they would not resort to
canuilialisni. Several nn-o were crazed and
wandered I f. m t he route
l)n t he st It Of March t he expedil ion
reached Sutter's, on the Sacra men to in
crossing the Sierrits Q horses and mules
bad perished and one man was missing.
Sutter's uiatninot h farm was capahle of
entertaining the whole company and refit
ting the t XpedltlOU for ret urn. I n March,
1S44. Fremont resumed the honiewaid jour
FKKMovr tUDIKQ Down THE ki.amatii wau-
My by pavsiity '(mliwnrtl an, I rwrowsim:
I tit Sierra N'va,la AbOYB LoA A DMlct, (irfat
Salt Lake was ssjain reached In May, sftet
an abnenee of etahi montba Durtna thai
time the expedition hud traveled 3..VK!
miles, had endured the severit lee of winter
iu ( )rt'Kon and HOfthern 'aliforuia and
thoroughly sxplorsd the ba-in between the
Kockies und the Sierra--.
in the spring tif I84A K rem out started
with his third end la-t government expedi
Hon. Many of his old oompanlohs joined
him. nmong them Godey aud Carson, tht
noted scout-. Carson abandoned his rain
able ranch tin the Arkansas when the col
nmn reached i here and f il into line, such
was the renped he bore to the young "ten
derioot" explorer. The party numbered 00
when it reached Salt Lake. From there it
oroSeed the desert to the fool of the Sierras,
It was t he dead of winter, and 1 he men and
animal- were too exhausted to cross the
mountains. Fremont, with 18 picked men.
made t he t rip to Sutter - farm iu 10 days,
and returned with supplies to succor the
main put hut il hail moved -outhton
warm i r n ion and reached the I 'aliforuia
Fremont immediately placed himself tin
der the orders of Commodore Stockton and
engaged In the conquest of ('aliforuia. He
was court martiaied tor b technical dis
obedience of orders, sod resigned his com
mission to engage In s fourl h expedil too on
his own hook. His dim waa to discover a
feasible route to (.'aliforuia for travel all
the year round. The eoyageon numbered
:.:(. They cm sed the country from Santa
I V to the Brerras through the binds of the
Ili-ry ( lomanchei and A paches, but were
Stopped by t be 1 ofty mountains buried in
The miide pretendetl to have lost his way
atxl conducted the column to the highest
peaks. One-third of the men and hoists
perished, and the survivors, reduced to the
ext remit y of subsisting on human flesh,
fell back to Santa Fe. Still undaunted,
Fremont gathered up :;0 more men, and in
tin- Spring Of L840 found a good pSSS to
Sout hern ( 'aiilornia. Fremont w as the
real leader and master of tin? band, though
he was a boy beside some of them. His ca
reer as an explorer ended at the aye of 8ft,
The wild party which rode Into Monterey on
his third expedition was described by a
British seaman, wdio cbsnOed to be in porl .
k 4 Fremont rode ahead s spare, active
looking man. He was dressed iu blouse
and leggings and wore a felt bat After
him came live Delaware Indians who were
his bodyguard through all his Wanderings,
The rest, many of them blacker than Indi
ans, rods two and two, the rifle held by one
band scross the pommel of i be saddle. The
dress of these men was principally a long,
loose coat of deerskin tied with thopgs it;
! front; trousers of the same of their OWt
manufacture. They are allow ed no liquor
i and the discipline is very strict."
On the march, with scours ahead end on
the Hank-, wit b an advance and rear guard,
and 1 he noncombat ants, pack animals.
baggage and horned cattle in the osntert
' the column looked rather like a wandering
tribe iu Asia than a scientific expedition
balling from civilized states.
When it came to bat t le, Fremont was a
hero, lu a fight with theKlamatbs, Carson's
: rifle missed fire Just as his Indian opponsnt
; was drawing his how. ETremont fired, but
missed iils. Then he spurred his horse
I end jumped him upon the Indian, throw
ing him over ami causing the arrow to
! tly wild. The savage WSS dispatched with j
a War dub, and 'he arrows in his quiver ,
were found tti be steel-tippi 1 and poisonsd.
(Tremont 'squluh daring eai id Cut wn from
a it rribl d at ii. Gj:oR.:-: L Kis.v. R,
An a la Mods Oorlnthlsa
Steady UOWl Steady I Now you htdd her.
Look sharp! Lull Iter, you fool! Lnn', 1
say! Ob, Lord, why don't you luff her?
There she ;. oesl Aha-n ! Oh, didn't she
come up Into the wind beautifully that
Easy! K-a-s-y. Let her ofl--easy on the
other tack. Now, all ready to come about,
Great Scott, bow it blows)
Haiti a-por! .lump her. jump her! Quick,
qulckl For goodness' goodnoss1 sake, luff
her! Starboard, Itarboardl Hani a-h-e mi
the other tack! Luff her, you measly aysd,
foundering legged idiot. Ob, why don't
you lull her
Put all back! Let everything go! For
heaven's sake, catch ill
All U lost.
Gtentle reader, is this a ban-owing tie- i p
tion of a terrible shipuieek, lo tie con
tinued in the next number of The V ckh ;
It is simply our old fi a nd C'holly talking .
to Mmself wdiile trying to navigate hi - new !
si raw hat and it- five inch brim up Broad
way In S gah uf wind. Trut h.
a Vftlaahls Bear
"My friend," said the Hashily dressed
man as be approached the unsophisticated
youth on the street corner, "'would you liki
to know l he Morel of enormous wealt h? 1 )
have it, but circumstances prevent my
using it. I will si 11 it to you for -V) cents."
"Well, what's the secret !" suit! t be y. mug '
man as he passed over a silver coin.
"First," said the flashily dressed in n as j
he prepared to move rapidly around the'
corner, "llrst, you get a lot of money; and,
ssoond, yon keep hV'-Cbteago Trtbeu e.
lit i.ooitt-u iiwiitoaa
! a New York policeman wrested 1 tnui
tin otbsf uiht tor iookinu Biysteviona lh
took bis victim to a police station when
j ssaroh revealed that the person was near-
I tag tbrSS SaJtS Oi uirhTclotlnuy, two j'air.-
at ftoakSi two hat.. Qvesaita olelotbesi with
a hUJi hanrikrrrhitl in the ponkel of vnoh
nifc Two oTsssoats were slung oeej hib
im (ital in bis hatid he carried iSVSVal
pairs of gloves. The man wn deti uei
while the nnliOl tooksd up theowner ot th
olothse - faobanjWt
Jaaiof I'artii. rwv-ii, i think (puff I'll
p oui in the trede as4 see t( I ran j. t h
few orders tputr, piitrj.
Senior Partner That's right. Dou'l fail
to UiKe some it those eiars j'uu
Hiuoke and offer them around.
Junior Psitnsf TThst for?
Senior Partner S (be buyers will (
before they have time to oaooel the 01. .er-.
j Clothier and Furidaher.
A 7OUX1M nian never tnorounni appned
atettwhat ii kutndM he has and how ohiiany
hU tiiiKers art until his vouuk laAf nsks
hiiu to hut ton her glow
1 w VTT ;
Tons &Tons &. Tons oi
have been pouring Inln
Store and Warchouiei I Ik
few wriks Ex. li.uks "Paul
berir" ;iml " . C. I 'fluircr
Europe, and tin- dlffer&nl steam
l is and sailing vessels limn ban
Pranciacoi Our stocks ol hcav
goodai such ;is Black and tinl
vaniied Chain, Oatvanited Sheet
Iron, Sheet ine. Pig Lead
Lead, Lead Pipe, Lutii
Shot, Bar Iron, Etc., hni
been so lafgG and ii'tn
;is it is li-da . FeilC
Wire Our stock on 4-J-6 black
ami 4 s
4-j-o- i) 11 t;aivainzeii is
very iarj i
line a lut i
we claim it is n
ire as ever cam
ii the country
loil'l ask VOll ti
1 1 owevci . W
take inn WOC
lo it il von don't wish In. jtlfM
come iu find vc will Let VOtl
a Diece ol'f tt ftnv cm m l and ptil 1 1
in our biff vise upstairs and y;i :
can t Mfisl it, in nd il . I ic kno1 M
it. and t si ii to yotll heat l 's
content, and alter you have dOUC
this and asked the prict t it
you will be prettv sure lo DUy
Galvanised Buckets and Fu!
Sauce Pans, Tea Kettles, '
Blueing, Crown Sou Soap, I m
Clay and Day A Maiiin's Sh x
Blacking u v have plenl v 1
now, and our stock ol GatVanitCd
Flexible Steel and Iron .
Rope is complete from L 1,1 I
inches. 1 1 Llbbtick Btttlrd a id
Raw Linseed and Castor Oi1
White Lead and inc. Red Lend
and Oxide, Colza Oil and Stock
holm Tar. all came by the "lsctl
berg' in fine order and ate
offered al low prices. Now is
1 he 1 iine to have v mr Collin
trimmed ; the hundred sets ol
"Coffin Furniture1 just received
are going ofl like "hoi cakes."
The new "Pumping Plat
u 1 rk
ou can tret til
the water v
want one l
parts to wear
liirlit or In
hi want, so n
our new Lawt.
It is the liesl
r sold here, tl
out , as it di ies in 'i
s ool for eithc-i
ivy pressure 1 !
i more comblete tliai
ever, and w e have live nieu hard
al w ork wiring houses for Elec
trie Liiits. We can furnish
wou the fixtures, shades and
lamps in any style, and il we
wdre your house von can feel
sure it is done according to the
latest Underwriters' rules.
Game is said to be plenty.
We have the right kind ;
Schultze, Wood, or Black I'ow
der Cartridges to get bif bags
E. 0. Hall & Son,
Saved My Wife's Life
Weakness, Nervousness, Salt
John ir. Jones
" Of my ow n free win ami ftoeord, unMssed hy
anyone, ani wishJag only to do food to the
aflietsd, 1 wltb 10 tell of the good qoaiiti a ot
Hood's fisreapsrWa wid Rood's PUlt. I think
there ere no medicine equal to them red bave
firoved Uieir merit by eximripn' . niv own
iitiiily. My wife. Bached has .'en attlieteit
with weakneM. nerTouueu. r -'leum. 1
pent nearly Rll that 1 bad or 1 goods
for dootor'i bUla and medlotofl uhui v. decldtd
to try Hood' I Harssparilla It undoubtedly
Saved My Wife From the Crave.
1 be suli rhsun has entirely heated and she I
reirrd 10 icood hmlih. 1 h;tvo many
fi it ii h (Hid mi iiives in tho east who will be
glad to know that
Hus surid my wife." John W. Joans
Ksisiaa. Wash. (iet HOOD'S.
HOOD'S P1LL8 ii". Hi. holt after illnner P'llt, j
ul.t AlgMtlOBi -ur. hMflafffrti Try Imjx. 8ft.
lil'lll nil Nl'WIIIIIII ' Co.
Or. Henry Howard
Has tviuovcil Itta (li
and ranldanoe lo
. HAWAIIAN HOTEL,
iHotci Entrance tr Bamtania it.)
Hours 1 O to 12 a m.
' 8:30 to 7:30 p. m
Il43e M t i..l Telephone ' so
IN THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS
ST. LOUIS, U. S. A.
The A B C "Bohemian Ucer"
brewed by the above Com
pany i undoubtedly the Ihhm
St. Louis LaoKR .
I'jihsi Brewing Co.,
Milwaukee, v. s. a.
Every bottle of whieh Dears
Certificate of Age and the
Excise Seal ol the
J. J. Melehers'
C. I. G. Scotch
A. & G. Thompson's
I UO. JamesOll SOU'S
X and XXX
Mitchell & Co.'s
Goods lold at bed-rock
Bgures, and a liberal discount
allowed lot Cash.
ROTH VMURPHOXM Ho, 411.
i'. . Rai r,04.
lu iron irks,
Steam Knuinks, BUOAM Mills, Boii.kuk,
POOf iBUi. (HON, HliASN ANIl I.KAO
Machinery of Kv-r lto8oriJtiou MatUi to
Order. Particular attention paid to Shins
nienimllelin johwork aaeouted 't Rhort
H. S. TREGLOAN & vSON,
HAVE JUST RECEIVED,
Full and Complete
n i i
RtmitKm nttTH to tun raoi
nnDMR i noil
H. S. TREGLOAN & SON.
CORNER EORT AND HOTEL ST8.
BENSON, SMITH & CO..
OVBR TWO MILLION CAKBS SOLD IN 1899.
Excels any Toilet Soap on the
BENSON, SMITH CO,
For the Volcano
Natures Grandest Wonder.
The Popular and Scenic Route
Wilder's Steamship Company's
A: STEAMER KIN AU.
Pitted with Electric Lights and Bells, Courteous and Attentive Service
The Kinau Leaves Honolulu Every 10 Days
TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS,
Arriving at Hilo Thursday and Sunday Mornings.
From Hilo to the Volcano--Miles
PassenS'ers are Conveyed in Carriages,
Over n Si'i.iamu Macadamized Road, running most of the
w:,v """"K11 :i Dense Tropical Forest- a rirle alone
worth tin' trip.
ABSENT FROM HONOLULU 7 DAYS
T ICKETS , J.
INCLUDINC ALL EXPENSES,
For the Round Trip, Fifty Dollars.
For Further Information,
Corner Fori and
ENTERPRISE PLANING MILL,
PETER MICH, Proprietor.
OWtCR ami Mil. i. on Alakea and Richards, near Qtteen St.. Honolulu.
MOULDINGS, DOORS, SASH, BLINDS, SCREENS, FRAMES,
TURNED AND SAWED WORK, ETC.
tTOmpi A llclllioii TO nit wiucim.
Fort Sheet. - Opposite Wilder & Co.
II. J. NOETIC, l'rop'r.
rtWt-Owl LunohM my with Tea Coffee,
Soda Water, Ginger Ale or Milk.
tarSmoker' Requisitst a Specialty. I
Opn from R am till 10 p iu. j
PER S. S. AUSTRALIA
in im:s vasts to
Call at the Office
'111 i I t I i i V 1 T
C. B. COOPER, M. D.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
OFFICII, masonic tkmplk,
Corner HoU'land AlttkoaHtruetH.
0mcB HoulM). , , ik 2 to 4 p. iu..
7 tH H p , Hunda vh: V-.:W to 1U:H0 a. in.
jTM4MOMfi Mutual 254-1 iffioe-Bell m.
(MMPBOI : Mutual 4lKi
life Assurance Society of the United States
( i i i-,ks Insurant r nw ali
Orthnarv Life Plan,
Semi Tontine PIm,
Krrc Tontine IMhiih,
Indemnity lloiul 3Un (Coupon ftonil
ut maturity, u (Ichu-ciI).
Endowment Bond Plan (B pef cent, guaranteed), Tern tneuranoe, etOt( Mo etc,
It will coRt you
niBkc fiirllirr IrjqUlrtM.
nolliinit tn rail at
BrUce & A. J. Cartwright,
HMIkgeM foT the HsWaiiMI IhIriiiIs BQTJITA Ill.K Life Assurance Society of U. H.
HARDWARE, Builders & General,
Alwfejtl up to the Tinii R in Qunlit v, Style anil I'lires.
I A Full Assortment tn suit the various datttftttds.
Made expressly for inland work, with extra partH.
emnvATOHS' CANE knivks.
Hoes, Shovelw, Mattocks, etc., etc.
CARPENTERS1. BLACKSMITHS' AND MACHINISTS' TOOLS
Screw Plates, Taps and Dies,
Twist Drills, Paints and Oils,
Brushes, Glass, Asbestos Hair Felt
and Felt Mixture.
in.xKi.s- RTKAM im Mrs. wkstons' riMBirnuis,
I SEWING MACHINES,
WiLCOX & GIBBS, AND REMiNGTON.
Lubricating Oils, in (",;llil' S ""p
It is not possible to show everything weihave; if there is anything
you want, mine ami ask tor it, you will be politely treated.
No trouble to show goods.
H. E. WIcSNTYRE BRO.,
IMTOKTICKS AND DEALERS IN
Groceries, Provisions and Feed,
East Cornkr Fort
New Goods re
Fresh California Vt
eivi'd hy every Paokot from the Kastern States end Burbpe
nhne hv every steamer. All orders t'aithl'ullv attemlud to
and oois deltvez
l to any part of the
Island orders solieitud.
PortOfJlce Box No. MA,
23 Nuuanu, Honolulu, H I.
Lemonade Soda, Water,
Ginger Ale, Hop Ale,
A Trial Order Solicited
BENSON, SMITH & CO.,
rLAK Plans, vta
Tontine netaltnent IMun
Joint Life liiskh.
Partttership I nraranoe,
office of the niHlantglied unit
in Uiiunii it will be money In
and Kim; Streets.
otty free of charge,
etc., etc., etc.