Newspaper Page Text
j hj ji
Thor. tnln., 70.
Hur., 8 n. m., 30.02.
Wind, 12m., 1G N.B.
Rain, 2 lb.. 8 a. m., .00.
Cnnd; 4.05 per lb., $81.00
Beets: 13s. Cd, cwt.,
$97.60 por toih
t,i, ? fii,r BuSineSS office The Largest Daily Paper in The Temtog secpnlit
-xx eIepaoes, ' " HONOLULU, HAWAII, i 1MB Y, MAY 3912 twelve pages. NO. 626
WAR ON RAILROAD-OWNED STEAMSHIPS
- 9 9
That tho idea of obtaining fertil
Uzora from tho volcanic soils of tho
islands Is by no means a new one is
evidenced by the fact tlmt Lot K. C.
Lane,-in the days of the Republic of
Hawaii and when S M. Damon was
'minister of finance took out a patent
for using these soils as a fertilizer,
His caso was taken up by T. McCants
' Stewart, the negro attorney who was
then practicing here. -
Tho Hawallans have known all
along that tho volcanic soil contained
somo agent that made plants grow
better, but at the same time, with
their knowledge at the time, they did
not know what integral part of the
soil It was.
That it -was potash to a large ex
' tent, however, Is clearly to be seen,
even without an analysis being'-made
of -the" soli."" One of ihe plant's that
I 1- L ILl 1 1 i, , . i 1
urougui. me muiiur
Lane's notice was that cabbage grew ( cinder is valuable mechanically Tor
to an enormous size when planted In ( opening up heavy or sour soils.
some of tho volcanic soil in tho neigh-! Large quantities of potash are im
borhood of the volcano. I ported from Germany annually as
This clearly points to potash being fertilizer, and the experiment station
the agent, as cabbages nre plants that men believe that the black sand will
send down a tap root Into the sujjsoll replace a largo amount of this, at a
and bring up potash. Similar crops, greatly reduced cost,
such as rape', are used to fertilize a A peculiar feature., noted by the
soil with potash by the simple expe- chemists in their work, was 'that
dicnt of growing them and then plow- while the sand contains from two to
lng them under. sevn per cent of potash, tho black
, Whether the patent obtained by lava thus far analyzed contains only
Lane will hold good or not now is a about one-half of one per cent of pot
matter for legal determination, but ash.
Levy was acquitted on . the first bal
lot by the Jury this afternoon.
The serious statutory charge
against former Turnkoy Bob Levy,
under which he has Just been on trial
in Judge Robinson's court, was a put
up Job on the part of the prison
guards to get rid of him because of
his strictness, according to the testi
mony given this morning not only by
the defendant himself but also by h'is
former superior, Jailor Julius Asch.
Lorrln Andrew,1?, attorney for tho
defendant, this morning put on sev
eral witnesses to prove the previous
good character of Levy. These in
cluded Col. C. J. McCarthy, P. B. Mc-
Stocker, Jaek Lucas and Julius Asch.
All of thewe testified that they had
known Levy for years and that he
,mu uu.ua u buou .qmiauun,
In cross-examining Lucas-, Deputy
City Attorney A. M, Brown found
Food Commissioner Blanchard 1b He made tho further fltatoment that
starting after tho icecream vendors on ono occasion ho entered the of-
agaln. Ho Is busy at present testing flee of tho sheriff unexpectedly and
tho delicacy In order to see how the found three of the Jail guards thero
samples stand as regards butter fat. making complaints against Lovy. Ho
Some time ago thefe was a lot of told thorn promptly that any com
publicity regarding the Icecream that plaints had to como to him first and
was said to bo lacking In butter con- go through him to the sheriff. That
tents. Tho matter Is How being tak- was tho last he over heard of the mat
en up again, and somo developments tor.
may be expected within a day or so.' Levy took tho stand In bi.s own de-
Tho work of-averaging up the sam- fense and made the flat declaration
pies of milk that have been taken that thore was a plot against him and
from tho city dairies during tho last that ho had beeh t6Id by ono of tho
threo month" is progressing and will guards that they intended to got him.
soon be completed. The milk Is show- For, that reason, ho said, bo never
lng up well and th standard Is aald visited the women's ' quarters without
o Yory-hlBbj? . . . . .I (Continued' on Pago jFjyo,)
It will be an Interesting point lri view
of the announcement made by fir,
Wilcox as to the potash deposits in
Dr. Wilcox's Announcement.
Ordinary "black sand", or volcanic
cinder, which exists on all of the
islands In unlimited Quantity, is de-
clared by Dr. B. V. Wilcox, director
of the Hawaii Experiment Station, to
contain from two to seven per cent
jof potash, and to be worth from $5
to $6 per ton as fertilizer,
According to this authority, the
local station chemists have been ex-
perimenting with black' sand for somo
time, and have demonstrated that tho
black sand contains potash In a form
which, while not immediately avail
able for plant food, becomes soluble
slowly, and thus distributes its valu-
able element over a number of years,
Besides tho potash which tho cinder
contains. Dr. Wilcox claims that the
mat ne Had caught n Tartar. Ja,ck
had some amusing or sarcastic retort
ia every question raked him by
Brown, and the rapid-fire questions
and answers of the protecutlng offl-
cer and the witness kept the Jury con
vuised with laughter. The Judge
nearly swallowed his fist trying to
preserve the severe Judicial counten
Jailor Asch, formerly the superior
of the defendant until the latter was
accused of Having criminally assault
ed Alalia Wailehua, tho chief witness
for tho prosecution, was enthusiastic
In his commendation of Levy and did
not hesitate to declare that In his
opinion tho Jail guards had put up a
Job to get rid of Levy because tho
latter wp.3 Btrlct with tllem. Ho de-
clared unhesitatlngly that Levy was a
nrBt,claas offlcer wno wa8 Blwayi, on
the Job and who had Incurred the en-
mlty of the guerds by making them
attend to business.
A'sch said lit) was sick at the time
I of the alleged offense, but' when ho
heard of' it he made Up his mind be
would go down and Investigate and
report the matter to the Bheriff, If
jhe "died on tho road."
1Y GO TO
Collector Cottrlll, of the Internal
Revenue office, may leavo for the main
land within a short time from now.
Ho does not think that he cad get
away in time to attend the Republican
convention on June 18, but it is possi
ble that a cable may Instruct him to
do so. At any rate, a trip to Wash
ington U a possibility, If not a strons
Should Collector Cottrlll leave for
the mainland, Deputy Ralph John
stone wjll take charge of the office
till Cottrlll returns.
Another change has been made In
the local internal revenue staff. Store
keeper Leo Sing has been succeeded
by E. K. Kekuewa, who recently wa
stationed at the Kona distillery.
With reference to the discovery of
the illicit still In the Koolau range
Collector Cottrlll said this' mornlnv
that "the Japanese, who are alleged to
have run the still, are now Federal
prisoners. Tho Collector paid a com
pliment to the detective force for the
good work they did in connection with
It is whispered around town that
Cottrlll will proceed to the 'mainland
very -8oon,"'and' that" he will' remain
there till after tho elections In No
vember next. Cottrlll is a strong Taf'
man, and is said to bo able to swlns;
a large number of votes.
This evening, at the Central Gram
mar school, there will be a lantern
show relating to the health exhibit,
and there will also bo a ta'k given by
Dr. Sinclair on the subjects shown
on the screen.
The exhibition is attracting much
attention, and daily a number of peo
ple drop in to see the models and
pictures. That a good lesson Is being
taught regarding the evils of bad ven
tilatlon, and of Improper methods of
drainage, is the opinion of thewe best
qualified to know".
Tho exhibition is well worth see
ing, and everyone Interested in health
conditions should drop in this even
lng and havo a look around.
Yesterday afternoon a dollvery wag
en belonging to Gonsalves & Co., wa3
standing near King and Alapai streets.
The lines got tangled under the
horse's tall an'd the noble animal took
fright and' bolted with' the driver,
Tho mad career of the horse "was
Foon ended by a fence Into which the
lunaway daBhed, smashing tho wagon.
Neither Horse rtor drivdf Was' hhrf.
Somo time ago the same horse and
driver ran Into a mall wagon In Achl
Lane, causing tho horse In the latter
ilg to run away and resulting In the
smashing of the mall wagon.
In tho police court this morning,
J I. Terry, charged with profanity,
was fined ?3 and costs.
Kllmo, who beat his wife so badly
that she is still In tho hospital, was
bent to Jail for two monthB by Judge
Annie Maunaloa, .charged with as
Fault ahd battery on another native
woman, was fined $5 and costs.
H. Buck, rfi'nk, had to pay ?3 and
Will Honolulu respdW iti tllS appeal
of tho Pacific JJail Steamship Compa
ny nnd-irow what weight ahc has
against tho bill now in -Congiest,
which If passed, will prohibit steamers
owned or controlled by transconti
nental railroad lines from using the
Panama Canal on the flame ba Is as
An effort, it' seems, is to be made
to force this question to an issue, and
accordingly a meeting will probably
be called of the members of the Mer
chants' Association for pome day next
week for the purpose of passing upon
It. The matter will likely also bo
presented 'formally at the regular
meeting of the Chamber of Commerce
which will be held next Wednesday.
Hundreds of children aye, per
haps thousand, for they didn't stand
still long enough to bo counted
transformed Thomas Square this morn
ing into a green and sunny world all
their own, where living flowers
danced in a riot of color ,and Brown
ies and Fairies gamboled on the
sward as If they were tho commonest
of mortals, and had not appeared sim
ply to make the May Day fete of tho
Honolulu kindergartens a never to
be forgotten spectacle.
Of courso the white clad bandsmen
and the mothers and "big sisters rep
resented tho country of tho grown
ups, but the latter had nothing to say
as to tho proceedings, and 'the former
kept strictly to themslves in tho
stand allotted them, contented with
furnishing the dream music necessary
in all properly conducted fairy lands.
The children began coming long be
foro 9:30 o'clock, when tho festivities
were to begin. They came not by
ones or twos, but by scores and hun-
E. A. Berndt, manager of W. W.
DImond & Company, Is celebrating a
double anniversary today that of Tils
birth, thirty-four years ago, and of
hie arrival lit' Honolulu, twenty-nine
Mr. Berndt's parents, both of whom
are living In Honolulu, came to Ha
waii as immigrants from Germany
when Emll was b'ut flvo years of ago,
and for nlno or ten yearB lived on
Kauai. They move'd to Honolulu at
the end of that time In. order that
their children might bo afforded bet
ter school facilities, arid tho present
manager of Dimond & Company was
put Into St. Louis College Prepara
tory school when ho was fourteen. Ho
vent through the college In good time,
and has been huBtHng over since.
He la at the present ono of tho "llvo
wires" of tho community, being ac
tively associated in the affairs of tho
Merchants' Association, a membor of
the Board of Harbor Commissioners,
an ofllcor In the central Improvement
club, and one of tho prime agitators
who nro making Kalmukl tho most
wideawake and progressive suburb In
tho city.. Jt .-A.,.. -
A Fight For Life.
The Pacific Mall Is In n serious bo-
sitiofl. Every JJttle will now help of
hurt, in the opinion of General Mana
ger ,R P. Schwerlii.'.'who accordingly
wrote by tho last mall through his
agents, Hackfeld & Company, hold
ing out the inducement, for Honolulu
to rally to his standard, of four new
ships for tho Pacific to be built by his
company, upon the defeat of tho
measure. The bill If pawed will do
bar the Pacific Mall, as an auxiliary
company of tho Southern Pacific, from
tiling the canal.
How Does Honolulu Stand..'
Just how Honolulu will take the
matter is hard to say, and It Is not
itnprobcb'e that she will decline to
(Continues on rage Eight.)
dreds, pouring In from all points of
tlie compass, so that ono onlooker
was led to remark that ho didn't
know there were so many children In
Hundreds In Costume.
The May Day fete this year was far
more elaborate than any given by the
children heretofore. Practically all
tho kindergarten children were in
costumes which represented the
work of many hours and spoke vol
umes for the energy Bhown by thoso
in charge. Whilo different from tho
Iunahou Pageant, It was no less elab
orate and the fact that something
like a thousand tots took part made
it a gorgeous spectacle which kept
two or three hundred cameras click
ing so regularly as to make nolso like
n battery of rapid fire guns In action.
Included among the children who
danced and played, but who were not
In costume, wore the pupils of the
primary grades from tho various
schools and the scene presented of
hundreds of little ones representing
many races, skipping hand in hand
(Continued on Pago Five.)
Invitations have been sont out to
Fonio ninety persons in the Territory,
eligible to become members of tho
American Instltuto of Banking, a chap
ter of which Is to be organized this
evening at tho University Club. As
Ihe name implies, the organization is
made up of men connected with bank
ing Institutions, omcers, directors and
employes of recognized commercial
banks being ellglblo to membership.
Tho organization, which comprises
seventy-five chapters In tho United
States, and ono in Cuba, Is largely
educational in Its nnturo, It being, op
tional with tho mombors to take n
tegular courso of training In banking
methods. It niso .has its social fea
tures. The meeting this evening will bo In
a nature of an informal smoker. Aft
er organization is effected, addresses
jire to bo mado by C. H. Cooke, Geo.
R. Carter, R. H. Trent and L. Tenney
Peck. . da4 . . .
U. 5. MARSHAL
, ON MEXICAN
(Associated Presi Cables to the Star.)
GALVESTON, Texas, May 3. United States Marshal Brewster, re
turning from tho Mexican border, says that intervention is tho only hopo
ior Mexico. The Mexican Congress has appointed a peaco commission to
deal dlrectlywith the rebels but Brewster expects little from this. It Is
reported here that the British cruiser Algerlne is bound for the west coast
in search of refugees.
STEAMSHIP CANAL V.'AR.
' WASHINGTON, May 3. It develop In Congress today that tho inde
pendent steamship lines bitterly oppose railroad-owned ships using the Pa
nama canal on equal terms. Both sides are represented beforo the Tnter
Oceanlc canals committee of the House.
LIFTING METHODIST BAN.
MINNEAPOLIS, May 3. Tho Board of Bishops of tho International
Conference of Methodists recommend
dancing, cards, horseo and theaters.
CHICAGO'S NEWSPAPER STRIKE.
CHICAGO, May 3. The fltrlko In the newspaper ofllces has resulted
in small editions. Police guardB are about the offices and there are pros
pects of a big fight.
AGAINST FEDERAL BRIGADE.
-WASHINGTON, May 3. Representative Hill has introduced a measuro
to prevent government employes from participating in presidential campaign
COAL STRIKE MAY BE SETTLED. -NEW
YORK, May 3. A coal conference has been arranged at Wilkcs
barro between operators and miners. It is believed the strike will be 'settled.
ANOTHER LEVEE BREAKS.
NEW ORLEANS, La., May 3. The levee at North Morganza has bro
ken and It Is believed that eight people aro drowned.
AGAINST WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION BILL.
WASHINGTON, May 3. Senator Reed opposed the workmen's compen
sation bill in the debate today.
Morning Cable Report on page Ten)
Ass6ssni6nti Rhisb OlocliS'
That Hotel street widening at Fort
street, which has been agitated and
prayed for, lo, theso many years, may
ho Indefinitely postponed just as It
seemed to approach realization, and
that through tho raising of tax assess
ments on the propurty Involved, is tho
prospect that loomed up at a meeting
of the board of supervisors this aft
ernoon. The blow descended In the form of
a letter from the James Campbell es-
tato people. This advised tho board
"We are all exceedingly pleased
with the doctalon of the Supreme
Court in the homestead cases," de
clared Governor Froar this morning.
"We are pleased, not only because wo
won out that Is a minor matter
but because It establishes the policy
of future homesteads, ' and enables
nomesteaders to know exactly what
they can do."
Tho Governor wont on to say that
thero was very little good land avail
able for homr.itcads, and that It
should not bo wasted. That there aro
plenty of pcoplo nnxlous to take the
land and cultivate it thomsolves, and
should get It and not thoso people
kwho would later on turn tho land over
to aliens or to plantation,?, was the
In all, thero aro fifty-eight cases
rthat aro affected by tho decision of
tho fuprenio court. Two test cases j '
ono on a cash freehold and ono on a After pondering over tho Supremo
tight of purclm. lease wero to do- Court decision on tho first belt road
Cldo the homestead proposition. Now contract, the Oahu loan fund commls
that a decision has been given, U is slon hna decided tlrat tho second con
said that all tho other cases will bo tract, that for tho Wahlawa section,
looked Into individually and, where awarded like tho first to tbp Lord-
tho homesteader has acted In goodVYountr Enclneerine Co.. wn also In.
nvUv t.IvaW ntntW.....ll.l 1 T, ,.- ntrnn
MTI I AT
that the church ban be lifted on
that tho taxes had been raised on its
property, so that tho former offer had
to fee substituted by a new one. For
tho first 77 feet along Hotel street tho
land, containing 1534 square feet, had
been assessed at 110.30 the squaro
foot, and the balance of tho frontago
ut JG.70 the square foot. Therefore
tho estate now asked $14,180, or an In
crease of JG510 over the former fig
ures. The letter was referred to the ways
(Continued on Page Eight.)
Tho Attorney General was also
Eeen with reference to the homestead
decision. He stated that ho was very
pleased with the decision and that he,
pensonally, could not see how any
other decision could be como to. "Tho
decision Is one of tho most Important
that has over been given in tho-Territory,"
said tho attornoy general,,
"end I think It will do a lot Of good."
Taking it altogether, tho Capitol
building was a cheerful sort of place
LORD & YOUNG
BRAT F ED