Newspaper Page Text
.... MIIBMHM MMT m"" T
PAQE8 9 TO 12.
HONOLULU, HAWAII. THURSDAY, JUNE 13. 1912.
PAGES 9 TO 12.
Following is the statement ot Hon.j
T. Ka!anianaolc, delegate from Ha
vail, beforo the House committee on
Immigration and colonization, April
25, on excepting Hawaii from educa
tional test for Immigrants:
Mr. Kalanlanaole. Mr. Chalmran
and members of the Committee on
Immigration, I desire to lay before
you 6omo of the more Important rea.
Bona why the educational tests for
Immigrants provided for in Senat"
bill 3175 and in Houso resolution
, 22527 should not be made to apply
to the Territory of Hawaii.
The evident purpose of this mea
sure Is to Improve the quality of thf
citizenship nmong the laboring diss
cs of this country and to maintain a
higher standard of living. I shall try
to show your committee that the mea.-
' sure will have to be amended in its
application to Hawaii, or exactly the
opposite effect will obtain In that
Territory, because it will Increase
tho handicap on Caucasian immigra
tion Into Hawaii, which we must have
to stand off the rapidly increasing
Asiatic population in that Territory
The underlying conditions which will
make such a result Inevitable I shall
endeavor to state as briefly as possl
Wben the United States annexed
Hawaii it was well known that the
largest element in the entire pop
ulation of the Islands was Asiatic.
That largo percentage of Asiatics in
Hawaii is one of tho fundamental
conditions that effect all our indus
trial life and Is a leading and grow
ing factor in all our political and so
cial problems; in fact, today It over
shadows and dominates all other is
sues. N Caucaalan Laborers Wanted.
To offset this growing predomin
ance of the Asiatic it has become
necessary for us to find a class of
Caucasian laborers who are by birth
and physique fitted to labor in the
climate of Hawaii and who will not
refuse to work alongside the Oriental
when given a higher wage to do so,
and during the past five years tho
1-oard of Immigration of the Territory
of, Hawaii, with that end in view, has
secured about 11,000 Caucasian .im
migrants at a cost of over 1750,000
to the taxpayers. These immigrants
havo for the most part been brought
fiom Europe in specially chartered
This effort of Hawaii to securo
Caucasian Immigration has the ap
proval of every Federal officer and
Member of Congress who has ever
visited the islands. Its continuation
is not asked as a means of securing
choapes labor; we seek Instead tho
jlpht to continue securing the higher
pi iced Caucasian labor to offset our
Asiatic population by a clans of agri
cultural Caucasians who will become
useful American citizens.
We advance tho following argu
ment nnd special reasons why tho
amendment nsked for should bo al
lowed. The census of 1910 showed tho
. population of tho Territory of Ha
) wail to bo 191,909. Of these, 79,67-1
wore Japanese and 21,074 Chinese
TJiero were 25,537 children attending
school, out of which 7078 were .Tap
r.neso nnd 2S55 Chinese. The number
of American citizens in tho Territory,
as shown by said census, including
citizens from tho mainland and out
lying possessions was 98,157. Of
these, 19,889 were Japanese and 7195
Chinese, n total of 27,084 Orientals,
constituting about one-fourth of tho
total citizen population.
, Increase of Asiatics.
1 In tho year 1900 tho census showed
402C Chlneso and 4877 Japaneso citi
zens of the Territory, constituting
then about one-eighth of the citizen
population, so that tho advanco In
tho number of Oriental citizens from
cne-elghth to one-fourth of tho entire
citizen population has taken placo In
tho space of 10 years. Tho cens'is
of 1910 also Bhows that of tho fe
males in tho Territory ot Hawaii 29.-
417 woro Orientals, tho only prolific
non-Aslntlo race, to wit, tho Latin,
lace, showing 10,730 fomales. Tho
significance of those figures becomes
inoro nppnront when you tako into
consideration the fact that tho whlto
races other than tho Latin race does
not begin to be as prolific as the Ori
ental, nnd that the Hawaiian race, in
eluding even those of mixed Hawaii
an blood, arc at a standstill, if notac
tvnlly retrograding, In numbers. The
situation as to an Increase in popula
tion by reproduction, therefore, stands
as follows: 24.S91 females, Japanese,
very prolific; 4,250 femnles, Chinese,
very prolific; 10,730 females of th"
Latin race, very prolific; 9225 fc
males of the white race, other tlnn
Latins, fnlrly prolific; 12,002 females
of the Hawaiian race, nonproliflc. To
tal of all females, CS.S10.
Moreover, while tho open admission
of Asiatics Into Hawaii Is about over,
tho Japaneso government continues
to allow a very considerable number
of young Japanese females to enter
the Territory of Hawaii, who almost
invariably come to marry soino young
Japanese already in the Territory,
which marriages are consummated
Immediately upon tho arrival of the
women from Japan, without the par
tics to the contract ever having seen
each other before, these women bein-?
generally known as "picture brides,"
from tho fact that they are often se
lected by Japanese in the Territory
from photographs that are forwarded
from Japan for that purpose. This
system results In multiplying the Jap
anese population much faster in Ha
waii than one would infer from :i
statement merely of the number of
Japanese still coming to Hawaii.
Japanese Having Citizenship Rights.
It is true that many Japanese re
turn yearly to Japan with their fam
ilies, but theBe children bo-n In Ha
waii are almost Invariably provided
with official certificates of birth,
which establish their American citi
zenship, and therefore their right Mo
return to Hawaii and assume, tho
rights of such citizenship, including
the right to vote, whenever they
personally so elect. Of course tho
Japanese born In Hawaii and remain
ing or returning there, upon orrl- ing
at majority, are privileged to vote on
an equal footing with any other c'tl
r.en. and some of them have alreuly
started In to use the'r rights of o'ti
7enshlp In a small way in the matter
of voting and In the matter of taking
up public lands. That, the exercise of
these privileges will increase verv
rapidly from now on is patent to all.
In short, conditions have merely iO
continue in Hawaii as they are now
to hand tho Territory over indust'i
oily an(i politically to the Asi tic
races, unless the non-Asiatic popula
tion Is fortified by Immigration of
No Natural Stream of Caucasian Im
migrants. Considering that phase of tho ques
tion, I desire to call attention to tho
fact that there Is no natural stream
o.' Caucasian Immigration to Hawaii
tho natural stream of immigration is
Asiatic, which would long since have
completely filled Hawaii but for ar
tificial barriers of tho law. There Is
no natural stream of Immigration to
Hawaii even from tho United States,
to amount to anything, to offset the
Asiatic population. The labor condi
tions aro moro inviting, tho standard
of wages higher, and general condi
tions moro favorable on tho mainland
of the United States than they aro
in Hawaii, so that not only can wo
not count upon nny stream of Immi
gration to Hawaii from tho mainland
of the United States, but tho reverse
is tho fact, and the natural stream
of Caucasian Immigration Is awav
from Hawaii to California, so that
Hawaii Is confronted with tho per
plexing problem that after wo Imprt
Latins, as we have. Into Hawaii M
gieat cost sooner or latere many cf
them and their families keep drifting
away to tho Paclc coast, nnd this drift
will become Intensified and more
rapid the more nn Asiatic population
multiplies and fortifies In that Terri
tory, tho natural result being, that
Caucasians, even Including tho Lat
ins, nro forced to tho conviction f'at
Hawaii Is no nbldlng placo for them,
am' that howover prosperous tho.v
may bo thoro temporarily, the ulti
mate welfnro of their families Invito
them to preparo to pull up stakes In
tho end and get to tho Pacific const,
thfcro to mnko tholr permanent homes,
(Continued on page twrlve.) j
COLONELS CARRYING THE COFFIN CONTAINING
THE BODY OF THE LATE IG FREDERICK VIII
IN COPENHAGEN THE DEAD RULER'S
COPENHAGEN, June 1. The arrival here of the remains of tho late King Frederick VIII, who died in 1 lam
bing, Germany, was made the occas'on of a remarkable demonstration of love and grief. The coil'.n was ia.
lied ashore from the royal yacht by colonels representing various arms of the Danish service. The dead m'
rr't; charger, a handsome horse of pute white, was led, riderless, In the l locession.
AUTOMOBILE EXPORTS OF
THE UNITED STATES
r " 11 j
1 '.-:: ' "A a. tart mmtat . - - "Hv.i ' v two-, , '' -. ... - 1
m 1 ni'i i
Photos copfwlcwr mz, W (jlifc i-f tlS&
PROGRESS IN INVESTIGATIONS !
Twenty thousand automobiles will 000,000 in the calendar year 1908 to
be the export record of the United noarly ,2U,000.000 in 1911; while la
States In the fiscal year which ends . .
with the present month and their tho Bam Ve th? of Prance ,n'
value, Including parts and accesso- creased from ?24,COO,000 to $31,700.
ries, will approximate J27.000.000. 000 ' those of the United Kingdom,
This statement Is necessarily In very from $7,000,000 to $15,500,000; those
round terms, for the bureau of stalls-'of Germany from $3,000,000 to $11.
tics, upon whoso figures the estlmatok000,000; and those of Italy, from $5,
is based, has at present detailed llg- 500.000 to $0,100,000 Thus in tho
ures covering but ten months. They brief three-year period from 1908 to
show, howover, nearly 17,000 automo-' 191 1 there was an absolute gain ot
biles exported to foreign countries in about $15,000,000 or 300 per cent in
the ton months ending with April, exports from the United States; of
xnlu. d at .ilxteeii and half million dol-j SV.900,000, or ever 100 per cent la
lars; parts thereof, three and quarter those from the United Kingdom; of
million dollars; tires, sent separately $8,000,000. tr 2GC per cent In thoso
from machines under tho head of ex- from Germany; and ot $C00.000, or
ports of rubber manufactures, over slightly more than 10 per cent in
two million, nnd automobile engines thoso from Italy,
two-thirds of a million dollars, mak- Approxitratc'y 25 ror ten of ho
ing a total for the ten months of automobiles exported from the Unit
practically twenty-two million dollars ed States aro shipped to Canada;
and fully justifying the assertion that about 40 per cent to Europe, chiefly
for the full twelve months the total Great Urltain; about 20 per cent to
Will approximate and probably e.v ' British A.mrnlia, about 8 per cent
ceed $27,000,000. This figure includes to South America; and smaller pro
only the exports to foreign countries portions to Mexico, the West Indies,
nnd is excluslvo of the 900 machines and various countries in Asia, Ocea
sent to our noncontiguous territory, nla, and Africa. During the ten
valued at about $1,500,000. months ending with April, tho latest
This total of $27,000,000 worth of period for which figures of distrlbu
automoblles sent out of tie country , tion are available in tho bureau ot
In 1912 Is in marked contrast with; statistics, 4710 automobiles wero ex-
tho figures of a decade ago, 1902, ported to the United Kingdom, 4424
which, by the way, was the first year to Canada, 3034 to Hrltish Oceania,
in which the bureau of statistics 1282 to South America, 849 to Asia,
found tho exports of automobiles of and other Oceania; and 1502 to all
( sufficient importance to justify a scp- other foreign countries. There wero
arato record, the total for that year also shipped, during the same period,
being a littlo less than $1,000,000, as 410 automobiles to Hawaii, 342 to
against $27,000,000 ten years later. . Porto Rico, and cloven to Alaska.
Tho growth in exports of - automo-1 Of the automobiles imported into
biles from the United States has been the United States France supplies
especially marked during the period about one-hnlf. Of the 845 machines
since 1905, this growth being colncl- imported during tho ten months end
dent with tho expansion of the do-' Ing with April, 339 wero from Franco,
mestlc industry and a corresponding 170 from the United Kingdom, 115
decrease in imports of automobiles, from Italy, 108 from Germany, and
Thus In the period from 1899 to 1904 113 from all other countries,
tho value ot domestic manufactures Tho fall In export price ot auto-
of this class of articles increased mobiles is an especially striking feat-
CAMPAIGN IS. LAUNCHED al)OUt twenty-flvo million dollars, from uro of the bureau of statistic?
OF GRAIN-SORGHUM PLANTS
BERKELEY, June 3. The "clean-
live million dollars in 1899 to thirty ures. They show an average valua-
milllon In 1904. nn Inerpfise nf Iwnn. tlnn fnr nil milnmnhlleii nvnnfu1 In
up" campaign opened here today and ty.nvo dolInr. who Jn im f nm and ,n Qf
will bo continued until Berkeley is period from 1904 to 1909 the value of $980, the average export price In 1912
made a "spotless town." The Police tho output increased practically two being thus but a little more than
Department has eight patrolmen tour- '"'"died and twenty mil'lon do'lars.' one-half that of 1909. This remark-
Undfr th HiT'.D" r m I1"1 reSlSta,lce- ''"-ominence ing the city to llnd violators of tho from thlrty ,niIllon dol,ars 1904 t0 nble fa ln th" eragc valuation ot
under tho dlrectlou of Secretary Wil- thus given to such factors us dwarf- . 240 "'""on in 1909. Accompanying the automobiles exported ia due la
son great progress has been made ness and er.rllness. ordinance requiring the cleaning ot tn,8 notab,0 productioni part to genera, reductlon , the 8eIl.
during the past few years in the im-; In accordance with the principle.! sWowalk areas and yards. Those who thl? imports of automobiles decreased Ing price of nutomoblles during the
nrovement of grain sorghums, which thus, established, a great navancc has fa" to to clean up after tho warning from four and quarter million dollars period in question, a disposition on
Include different varieties of sweet been made lu the Improvement of iri-n i,v tii iiinr,r0 win i wrii In HiuG -.mi four mid tiiree-nn.irti- nil- tho rt nf ninniifn-tnror tr, r,iiin
mllo, durra, dwarf mllo and in the extension of m,tnr r in irn i.i Hon In 1907 to approximately two and the nrice of tho machines to meet
. . Ul 1 T UllUlVi DUIU LLT "
recently tho area devoted to it. Ureedlng lias . half million dollars in 1912. ' tionular demand, hut mnro mnmi.iliv
sorghum, broom corn
kaflr and kowllang. Until
blu.u nuiB1.u.s uuu no commercial accomplished the evolution of a""" wiHle France still leads the world .to the rQct that large irimbc- of par-
status, but the investigational work dwtrf kallr hich grea used or "secont hand" mt,-
conducted by the bureau of plant In- ter .equircucKs and may be harvest- a"d who willfully neglect or that an(, other ch nre In recont ycars belnf; ex.
duttry o the department of agricul- wltu a K,,,i header-a strain of refus ,to b,f b' bo countries In rapidity of growth of ported to Canada. Mexico, and tho
ture during the past ,alx years has a,lllc,H henoIIiennl yIeW and mucll arrested. 1 have noticed howover, mllR,oll 0XI101lJUl0. ,,or t.v WoBt ,mlIc8. thus reducing tho aver-
shown tholr great value as grain and p-n-iinr tim., tiw. Bi,in,.n 'that considerable work is being done , , . i , ,, . "
h bH " earner tnan tne stanu.ua soits. Ap- " ;ii'pt om- own exports of thn lss ago valuation of tho cntlro number
forage crops. A widespread public nilrntion r .h,. m-lnelnW r,f l.wo.iini.'iP""' city iu clearing away tho . ,.,.. . . . .... ,r . ,
- .0 yjL ui iiviiv;o iiutu tue.i tiiovti iiuiu pu.w uauui iiru .
hts aild soectlon to broom corn hts pro-wceds anl tlloro is no 0CcaBln r
Interest In their posslbl'Itles
consequently been awakened. I duccd a dwarf strain that bears a nny arre3ts if People will only
Tho grain sorghum belt to which Btandard brush capable ot being cut'Jo wlmt ls rIg,lt- li0t a11 ot tno reo
these crops aro escclally adapted wlthout tabling tho Btalte. The
comprises tho central nnd touthern devoted to tho growth of the extra
portions of the great plains, and it is earIy vt,.,ety of MacTlu anlong Ul0
in this region that the, crops br0W1 kowllang3 hiis been succetsful
aro looked upon as standard by rea- Iy extcmled northward as far as. ceil
son of tho eato ana: tho reasonable tra, aml wcgtcrn South Dakota, whore
certainty of their production, their u hns Iiroveil t0 be 8U1K)rlor in yieIU
general utility for forago, and tho t0 tno corn By relwo ot cxperl.
value ot tho grain for feeding stock mentg 8howll,K that extra-early plant
and for human food, surpassing both ,nR ln tllrt rCK,on wlll roult ln a
corn and wheat In these respects. I CI.op whlch IIowers beforo tho sorg
Tho census of 1910 reports 1.000,000 mm mbK0 (tho caUH0 ot 8terlUty)
acres in grnln sorghums with a value has becomo 8U(nclcntly abundant to
of $10,750,000. Allowing nn average ,,otrnv tllo ,,,. tho craln 8orKhums
' plo work together In this cleanup and
It will bo surprising what a wonder
ful change It wi.II make ln tho looks
TAWNEY AS TAR'S MAINSTAY
AND CHIEF FIGHTING
SEWING MACHINE EXPORTS
FROM THE UNITED STATES
Sewing machine oxports In tho our-'
value of on'y $2 an aero for the stov- hnvo becomo a ,irofUabio grain' lcconl of thelr commercial movement ods
i, inu iuiui vHiuu ui iuu ul.iu-uh,cro fQr Ul0 ,arg0 (lry section ot
shown Is $15,000,000, placing tho grain B0Uthern TcXas.
sorghun3 thirteenth In the list of, Moreovor 'tho Brai sorghum crop
farm crops, below rice ($1!).000.000) ( on tll0 - al3tinctlon of being prac
and above buckwheat ($12,000,000)., tcan nd81)cnBabi0 i the settlement
To this value, however, must bo r.dd.of rog,on w,cro ,t lB Krown.
ed tho value of tho large acreage re-, gevoral ,mportant addltlons to tho
ported by the census under "Coarto Ht tlro of tll0 fcbject have been
forage." but not eoparated thereunder d lurnB t,Jo ,m8l Bi!C ycars.
from odder corn. Much of tho acre- n)ftv bo obtalnea upon appllca
ago thus reported' is clawed as forago tnry ot afirlculturo.
partly becauso cortnin of the crops , r . ,
so llfcted r.ro grown as combination!
, i ,.. i
oukuiiku uuu u.u . ...... ...... , question Id
bpcauso In much ot tho area grain ow to curo n cuia lB
separator.! aro scarce and but a small, which many aro Interested just now
proportion of thoso crops Is thrashed.' chamberlain's Cough Remedy has woo
i A MATTER OF curniviur m i tn&o .
Among tho achievements attrlbnt-j ,ta great reputation and Immense sale
able to tho experimental work carried ; ' rcmarhnMo curefl of cold. It
on by tho bureau of plant Industry It '
is noteworthy that greater emphasis H always be depended upon. For
is now placed upon tho Importanco ot Enlo by all dealers. Ilonson. Smith
drought ovation as distinguished from 1 Co., Agents for Hawaii
By ALFRED HENRY LEWIS. , Hughes, however, would not think
WASHINGTON, ,luno 5. Tawney, of allowing his name to bo entered
rent liscal year will make their high- who for Iho past ten days has been rnd not even the pleadings of U- ss
oei record and will probably aggro- Tnft's mainstay and best support, Ilarnes had served to move him. This
rato 10 million dollars. Over 100 fclurtcd for Chicago tonight. Hln wan tho situation as laid beforo
million dollars' worth havo been ox- iolco will bo potent In and about tho Taft.
ported from th0 United States dur- national committee, nnd ho Is sot Iron J Hut tho trouble as Tawney and tho
lug tho 18 years slnco tho official hard in favor of steamroller mom- others make plain to Taft lies hero.
i Whether tho nntl-Hoosovolt people
began, of which sum 80 million dol- Tawney Is tho only ono about r.ut upod tho name pf Fairbanks or I-ln-lars'
worth, or one-half of tho total, whoso courage and lighting heart nro coin or Hughes, half tho Taft delc
Mcro exported In tho brief period as desperately Indomitnblo as Iloostv pates would slip through their lingers
sinco 1900. volt's. Should tho Taft lines In Chi- and escape across to Hoosovelt whllo
Figures complied by tho Bureau of capo show signs of wavering, his they wero making tho transfer. In
SlntlstlcB, Department of Commerce prcsenco wlll go far toward holding brief, it would bo a case of trying to
rnd Labor, Indicate that sowing ma-, them steady. swap horses In tho middle of tho ford
chines havo for many years been an! Tawney and others among the nntl- nnd Impossible from every angle of
important factor of tho export trado. Ttoosovolt people saw Taft today, practical politics.
In 1801, tho earliest year for which Tnft was still trying nnxlously to get'i Plan to Force Bolt,
n record Is available, tho exports! out of tho pit, having had enough ofj Taft must stay In tho race, not wlh
(mounted to $1,002,708; in 1872, $2,-ithe fighting. They explained to him,! nny hope ot winning finally to tho
430,085; in 18S2, $2,017,515; In 1892, ' howover, that, falling every effort -o White House, but as tho solo and on-
$3,133,92; In 1902, $1,022,01)7; and lu find a substitute for him, thoy must
1912 will probably show a total ot
Tho growth in oxports of Amoricnn
sowing machines reflects tho devel
opment of tho domestic Industry, the
uiluo of its product having lncronmd
fiom $4,-103,200 in JSOO lo over $2S,
ly mothod of boating Ttoosevolt,
winch, by tho way. is nil tho Taft
men look for at this crisis.
To glvo Thoodoro Roosevelt' tho
uso hts, nanio In tho convention.
Huqhes Refuses to Budge.
Fairbanks is willing to make n'
"Bccrlfico" nnd tako Tnft's placo in, regular nomination would win
tho center ot tho- storm. Lincoln lose glvo him the Republican
would Jump Into tha arena it soma. ty.
gtronj, fiand. wont bohlnd and iwistsd To s(wm rqllqr him put qf tho cqn-