Newspaper Page Text
PAGES 17 TO 20.
HONOLULU, HAWAII. SMI IUUY, JlTT. 20. 11.:
PAGES 17 TO 20.
HI The Mjlkihg
When onc.sees a magnificent bronze was also lost on the same ship, was a model whose physical development
. . . l .id In tV.lllV tlll-nill'Ml
Samuel ward Stanton, who unu gone " v--i - ,
As it would not be expedient for a
flfntnn nun a mnro impressed With
... abroad to Study German
the wont or art tnan in tne meuiou .,
horses and to make sketciies
ot making it, and yet the several j tntj11(r
cavalry "8 vu
or a sculptor to always have a living
model at hand, timo is saved by mau-
processes through which the statue
goes,- from the conception o the Idea
in the mind ot the artist to the final
mounting of it upon Its pedestal, are
In theso days there is hardly a city,
town or hamlet that does not desire
a memorial of some sort. In many
cases these memorials take the form
of tablets, but usually the larger
cities prefer statuary, whether it he
to the memory of some Individual or
to something typical of the place.
It is customary for those in charge
ot the erection of memorials to aBk
sculptors ot note to enter a compe
tition, each to submit either a draw
ing or model which wilt "'re'prcsent
what he thinks will best typify the
subject In hand. This is the begin
ning of the artist's labors, for he
must, first of nil,
For men. women and children for i"6 plaster casts from which the work
models painters and sculptors are can be carried on nt leisure,
ever on the search, and it does not In making a cast the model is posed
matter in what walk ot life the in the position desired and the work
mndf.1 mav he nrnvlded he or she has begins. For oxample the sculptor
the figure that suits the need. Often wishes a model ot the lower right ; is put 0n bythe handful until there
artists employ a dozen or more limb and root. First there is tied j8 a thlekuessrof an inch or more,
models for one picture, taking one's around the model's limb, Just above Befoie the plaster hardens the two
hair, another's mouth and chin, an- the knee, a string from which two strings are pulled upward, cutting
other's torso, and ao on until the other strings are hung, one in front, through the plaster just as a store-
statue may he a composite of all. and one In hack. The limb Is then, keeper cuts butter with a wire. Then
In the statue of the Whaleman, bathed with sweet oil to prevent the the plaster is permitted to harden,
'ban Hioso from any other part of the -built a rough frnmtnvorK oi wood and
' oilv in .siimrh ns the plaster Is put criivhb and on' tills the snlptor piles
c o i' I "glit Injurs, otherwise the his clay, using, sometimes, ions of it.
f iqht would cause the cheeks to sink The statue of tbo Whaleman required"
ii before hardening. The queerest G000 pounds of clay. The detallg In'
fc mutton is experienced when casts the clay are worked out with th
oi tti cars are made, for it seems to lingers and a few jSinall tools, such
ho model as though he wer under as trowels .arid kniv. All the time,
the water and that sledge hamniirs, however, I'he jdny Is kept moist so
were being used on the car. The car, that It will cling togpther or that
being flexible, londs itself nicely to slight changes may be made rrom,
'asts time to time.
With the casts made the sculptor When the model If completed It Is
llien has his moulds and he prepares given a coating of sweet oil and thou
them for further use. The sections casts or plaster of parls are taken
that come in two parts, such as the from It, just as from the living model.
limbs, are treated to a coating of From these casts, which nre really
however, restores the cramped mus- greasy substance, such as sweet oil, moulds, are made other casts and then
.ies and no after effects are felt. In and are then tied together. Into the the sculptor has, in sectloiiB, a replloa
making casts of the body it .is much cavity Is then poured puro white of his model. These replicas are then
more tedious for the model for the plaster of pnris. When the plaster Is ready for the bronze worker. ji
plaster Is weighty. A cast made of hard; the chipping away of the mould There are two distinct methods e
the back weighed CO pounds and as begins. The mould being ochre-col- making rts, one by the fire perdue?
It lequlres half an hour for the plast- ired, the sculptor tan nt once discern or lost wax, vstem and the other by
er to set, it Ih no child's nlav. As when he has reached the white pins- sand moulding. The former method
shown on this page, the sculptor had plaster adhering to the skin. this requiring about 10 minutes, dur-
betore him not less than a dozen men In the meantime the sculptor has ing which time the model undergoes the minutes elapse the weight be- ter which constitutes the finished Is most generally tnployed and Is the
and rrom them he composed the feat- prepared his plaster, made of plaster not a little dlscomXprt, for his tense comes almost' unbearable and the product, and when .all of the yellow most interesting. Th. plaster model
ures, embodying something from of parls and yellow ochre, to which j muscles are held as though In a vice, dosing of the pores brings on a pro- plaster has been chipped off the white or replica is sent to the ijundryman
each, obtaining what is believed to be water Is added until the whole is tho When the cast Is hard the sculptor, fuse perspiration. replica of the modo'B body Is lett. upon whose shoulders Tails most
a typical New England seafaring njnh; consistency of cako frosting. With a with a mallet and wedge carefully re- Casting the face is another unpieas- With tho model to pose and with dellcnte part of tho work, the mavng
To make a statue to represent a little of tho plaster tho strings are moves the plaster which eornes off in nit sensation. Pieces of paper aro the easts to examine in detail the of the casts, or moulds. These'caatb
gladiator, however, is, a different made fast to thp front and back or two solid ploces much to tho relief of placed oi-cr the eyes and brows to work of making the clay model be- aro made In pieces, or sections?", for
proposition, "for then onfc -must have the model's limb and then the plustor the model. A row minutes massage, prevent the pladter cn'tctillig tho U,.i glru. When the statue ls'to bo or the convenience-or handling. Fl-
, the model Is treated to a coat Ow,
ms3fflS4Sffiffi3Se :,.T-K-l---:I-3 shellac and then to oil
a & model another cast is taken, Just an
t !i ' JTs. T m 1 m m S "I 9 15 V v W V " "8 13" W T Sa Z the cast was taken from the clav ht
-; -. i.t i .- mtnHtUiO' n m m mm wi ua mm m in w& - - n mm I j, i -
with the subject. If it bo a person
then everything pertaining to the In
dlviduality must be ascertained, ej
m m m m m -am m m m mm
dKU 1 MtLK
m fa y ri m ui sv -n u
whether the man bo a soldier, mer
chant, judge or what, for according
to the position he occupied in life ho .By EDWIN L. SABIN.
must be posed. It would not ne ap- The bonds of Hot Tamnle Tan are
propriate to place a soldier in citl- stronger) than the bonds of liquid
zens' clothes standing with one arm Blue. They aro stronger than the
outstretched any more than It would needle to the Pole, or the magnet to
i. t. -,-, n,,t ri,iin.r n i,nr. the steel (I mean, vice versa), or the
the artist and this cast constitutes the.
( first step in the making of the final
4 mould. The mould is thon coated
wnn wax 10 me uepiu wnicn win cor-
V?:SkI3T 5rCr:I-?VS respond with the thickness of th
metal, an eighth, a quarter or a
od Ilr'er Jonnlson. "I may have folded, In a ring and equipped with
The soldier must be clad In his uni
form and. if a general, mounted upon
a prancing steed. If the subject be
a judge then the pose should be one
of dignity, seated in a chair or stand
ing erect and sturdy.
If. on the other hand, the memorial
automobile to the bumps In the pave
ment. Anyhow, that was tho style at
old i'eterkin University, ir a Tamalo
Tau brother ever came Inside the
county limits hewas given the grip
and a meal and a chance to make a
talk and pass the makln's. Some of
us occasionally oven borrowed a lit
is to typify some industry men mo tle money fmnl j,inl just to show him
subject must be strictly in keeping tnat ne wa8 0e f the family; and
and be of something that the average j thcro was anything that ho could
person can appreciate at a glance. Ket away with, he was welcome to it.
This requires much study and thought So when Duster Drown, fresh, rush
in tho making of the draft for the ed in panting, at the holy hour of
,leHIB, noon, with the news, we were visibly
It Is when the design Is approved interested as much us it behooved us
that the real work, the physical work, to be Interested by a freshman who
begins and the sculptor becomes a ct wus allowed only at tho see
master mechanic. With lumber, clay 01"1 tall,-
"Hay, lcnows! uiu you kiww u:
Tbat duck Jones Is a Hot Tamalo
"Maybe we can get free tickets to
the show," proffered Spuds, blithely.
"What's the bill?"
"You big gimp! It's n Iocture," re
"Aw, I thought It might be "See
ing Chicago by (las' Ught," or some
thing like tU&J," answered Spuds,
male Tau at old I'eterkin wore and
are a sociable bunch, with the glad
hand perpetually out.
The latest catalogue or Hot Ta
malo Tau frat. in our select library
known, but II has escaped my meiij- slufTed suit-bags a charming fete,
ory. He's a Hot Tamalo Tau, though. Granny favored a moot court, wi'ii
Certainly lie Is. Yes, look him up. hlniBclf as prosecuting attorney.
He gets in tomorrow afternoon at live! However, in preparation tor the bo-
was or a vintage before the days of o'clock, rrom Chicago." ' cial hour. Granny, our mentor, plead-
pneumatic tires or even safeties; to' "Where will ho lie at?" we Inquired, ed with the boys to wear their coats
at table, and warned Spuds that if
lie essayed any knife play when de
an inch thick, ns the case may be.
When tile wax has hardened It is
backed up with a special cement am
then the plaster is romoved. Thji
then gives a replica of the statue l
wax. Tho wax is carefully retouctcr"
and then over It is put another cos
ing or cement.
The section is then placed In at
be exact, in other words. It 'dated
back ere tho memory of even IlitTy "At the hotel the St. .Tames
(who had started Into college when 'P. thoucht that we'd have him tin voiirlng pio he would be muzzled.
Chicago University wns a Daptisst to tho house to dinner." exulalned Dlff. Gran, Spuds and I were the ov(m and baked. This baking whik
"You big gimp!" lepudiated Duster, academy and Walter Camp played Granny. i committee to meet Drotber .lones, 't Imrdens the cement molts the wal
"You haven't been in Chicago since for Yale), or of Granny, who was. ...... .,,- m.,,Pli Mln .,,.P0. and to escort him to the house. Dlff, and leaves n space botween the U
uiu me, iiuvu yuui , venerauio enougn to enjoy a mous-
'Ho means Fort Dearfiorn," kindly tnche cup. None of us was In the
j catalogue; only our tatlicrs were.
iir-er ii.tmUnn "He'd nice tint of urse, represented Society; Gran inner races or the cement. Into tl
I shan't have much time to devote represented Scholarship; Spuds was (no Is then poured tho molten bron;
! to him, myself. Dut he's a line fol-
the Itah-rah, and 1 was there just be- Or course hero and there are ver.
Dlff took pity on our Duster, and -Now we bitterly wished that wo had ' . a ,lf) f(.uow. rse s,e you l'ilU80 everybody loved mo so. All tho for the air to escnpo as the mel
reminded him: tli0 new catalogue which we were' . .. . . . .. , .. ... graces and disgraces of Hot Tamalo works Its way through and when t,
"I said I'd bite. How do you pledged to buy as soon as the Interest !,,.,..,, , .,,,., .. I Tau were combined In Yours Truth- noiirinc Is rnmnlotn.i nmi ho .i
, ti4in , i " -w.. ...... ...w
on our building fund was paid up,'
"Know what?" or ns soon as some of the follows'
"That tho gentleman In question is had paid merely their dues.
and plaster of parls he begins the
fashioning of the statue to the size
It will be when completed.
The preliminary work, however,
constitutes one of the main problems
and the greatest of these problems is
the getting of the model. Sculptors
work from their own Ideas but they
follow definite lines and practically
all of their work Is done from models,
men, women, children and animals.
Tau ! "
Thus squawked Duster.
Jones might have beon a three-tailed
calf instead of a duck, for all that
we. engaged in tho solemn task of
gnawing alleged steak, could judge,
until further enlightened; therefore
we chilled Duster's callow entlmf.l
ahin with proper frostly sllenco
save as Spuds clinked his teeth upon
Itosa Donheur, tho celebrated painter hiK knll0( anJ Granny, our So'.iio
of animals, never painted without j-aw siphoned his coffee from tho
sketches made rrom models. Fred- nioiistnrlio cup that Ills glii-back-houio
erick Itemington, who wrought a new nad given him.
enoch in the depleting of tho running "He is!" reltorated Duster. "Uou't
horse, spent countless hours in the jou believe It?"
observation of the movements of tho "Submll It In writing by your own
limbs of galloping horses, making hand", suggested Granny.
sketches of them us they actually "Walt till I finish my pio," sug,'cst-
How much his pictures Spuds. I cant think when l
a Tamalo Tail?"
"Jennison told me."
"Who's Jennison?" wo chorused.
"Why, he's secretary of tho Y. Jl.
C. A., alnt he? He got up tho course"
"How docs he know?"
Our Tamalo Tau catalogue proved
full of Joneses about seven to onch'
letter of tho alphabet. Hot Tamalo
Tau certainly ran lo Joneses, and
particularly lo tho V. Joneses I'cter,
Paul, Punk and Prune. Petit Pols
"Decanse lie does. Ho said so. Ho and Prince of Pllsen, and plain, gar
told me so himself, just a few mln- don P'h. Tho Jones for which I
tiles ago. lie knows I'm a Tamalo would say, whom we were looking
Tau, and so ho told me." Was, said Duster, Drothei Parcolius!
if everybody's finding out about j. Jones. Naturally ho was union
"We will," promised Granny, et
"That's all right, then," encouraged
hearty Dr'er Jennison. "He's a writ
er, too!" Dy which we Interpreted
that he would Imply an un-corker
(modifying noun used figuratively).
"You'll find him as jolly as tho limit,
lie's shaved ills moustache, hut"you'll
know him by his iald head. . P. .1.
Jones Jay for Jolly."
That was good but. as before Im
plied, nobody, not a P. J. Jones from
So Dlff doiiMed his latest tie, No.
G!i, Gran wroto his nightly letter to
his girl at 4:14 instead of at 0:1.1.
Spuds got a football trim to Ills hulr,
has chilled, the cement Is hroki
away and tho statue is complete, "i
For large statuos, groups, etc., til
casts are made in sections nnd the
sections aro then bolted or riveted to
,wl.ll...l f..jt!r.f,llt .lr.i-M .
.m u .,UJ . .... .w Bcther th0 Hea,ns be,ng toole(j ofl
mi; ruuu.iieiiuii'u .um h:iiuiihiiu ma
pice yclept St. James.
We were not too early, and wo were
not too late. There upon tho register
were Inscribed tho tracks which
might be P. .1. Jones.
Sometimes, it Is necessary to do sonv
hand work on tho statues, but ta
more skilirul moulders do not flnt
Tho sand moulding system is prett!
Duster, tho rest of us will have to re- ti10 plain, garden variety, or tho P. I""'1'1". Stanford, Tallaliasee, HoIU.
Whitman, .Michigan or anyone- from
contrast with the old EngllBh prints
r tli a riorln- rnnns Tho fnenl nlnne.
, i i . ...n little boy. Who Is ho? Then go and
photograph shows only too well how ' .. ..,,.
bite," quoth Dllt'y. "I'll bite,
correct Remington's horses are drawn.
' Francis D. Millet, who lost his llfo
on the Ill-fated Titanic, was returning
wash your face for dinner.
"Why, you gimps!" gnspetl Duster.
Gwau and soak your heads! Gwnn
and read tbo blll-bonnls. He's that
from abroad with sketches ho had ,,,B )e(.luror comB i tho Y. M. C
k a .1 ( . 1?. ..-. itfltlnli Im ntAnn'a nil". .... . .
made in Kuropo which ho proposed
to transfor to canvas In mural paint
ings Tor tho walls of tho library nt
A. Star course! And ho's a Tamalo
"Sad, if true," remarked Granny.
New Dodford. Another artist, who "Hut this chapter's not to blame."
sign,' grumbled Spuds. "When we .iv there were thirteen. I tell von.
took him ln,.wasn't It understood that not Tamalo Tau Is a big frat. anywhere could trot In. and put one
way?" wo assigned him amongst us. Dlff i)vw 0,1 Ilot Tamlll Tau al 0,11 mcr-
"Where's he rrom?" persisted Dlff, wnB to get posted on Columbia. Gran- 1,n' Naj'- "ol ,nls era' So' tru8t"
to Duster. y on Stanford, Spuds on Knox. Dlifii 'B 1,1 tho innuendo from Dr'er Jon-
"Who?" snapped Duster. 'on Whitman Moinorlai. Shad ( whose 1 ,liB0"' who In hls I,ah"' "ndorgrailu-
"Tills allegation." j fn cognomen was Shadraih) on Tal- '"te ,aH at North Dakota Wosloyan
"Talk Ungllsh." hahasseo Agricultural, Duster on Tex-',,ui1 l,p n corker-tincorkor himself.
"You won't recognize it." retorted as, Sawbones on Michigan, until wo'w prepared to entertain Drolhcr
Dlff, neatly. "This Jones. What's his had lilm covered. No matter which Jon08 fittingly.
chapter?" .P ' ho could be, wo could converse I In addition to cramming on our
"1 dunno," confessed Husto", with intelligently with him about his alma respective collegos wo oven tool, a
r..,..,.t.. ..n ... ,!.,...,.,.. .!.- i .... ..-Adi i.mtnr i' lion jnvnlt im.i mire oili-o short coui'so iii niicletit ami modern
L...w,...i..... t ..oOU inn im iiiiiidiniito of lint 'I'nmaln Tnu Hirvnt (n tonic rather extonslvoi and ,., -iiii n liriutin.nrnun l.ui.i nn. 1 IO w pmceu upon tho ground at
"Well." said Granny. "If o-ir llttlo at old Peterklu. i Hiffy bought some villainous Egyptian terod and a pug nose a cross bo- ono u,nl 18 to bo "laced on the topi
nowsgittliorer lias not been mlsin-l This was lucky, that w(. thus dlvld- cigarettes. tweon a shaved Santa Glaus and a a ttt" l,odstal.
formed by tho Y. M. ('. A. b ir i i wo'd Ing Diother Parcolius up, for when! ny midnlght-oll llmo Peterklu cluij- Dattllng Nolson. Ho looked up llus-
bettor have Diother Jones mi to the' Dlff and Granny and I wended our , , ter or Hot Tamalo Tau was somewhat tratcd.
boiiHo, thon." (enrneHt way to ronfor with Diother oxoited, I can toll you. Our duties! "Yes, I am Mr. Jones."
' Sure tiling," concurred all of us. (I speak now of tho groat brother- loomed blggor and blggor. Dut In case! "A-hom. I am Drother Whltten.
Which hud been tho main thought hood of man) Jonnlsoii. Y. M. C. A.-er., our distinguished frator turvUod Drothor Jonos Diother Robins, Droth
anyway th0 foregoing monkey-work ' arorosaid 'Dr'or Jonnlson smilingly Spud's tablo manners and the Jap'a' oi Mltcholl, Drothor Jackson."
III.. it... . . .
"Jones?" echoed Jimmy tho clerk. ,MUl" ,mu mpioycu m maKin
"P. J. Jones? Yes. lie's here, 'lint's caBl lron wrk. tho only dirrercnc
the gentleman in tho writing room. Uc'g that the work' is done wit
Se0 him?" nnor Rrados of sand and with muc
Wo saw. Led by Granny, we march- mrc care. In this class of worl
ed to tho writing room. Tho gen., however, It Is possible for more tli''
must ho our meat, all right, for he ono cast to bo made from the mot
had the bald heud; and as the rost of whereas-In tho clro perdue Byatt
him didn't look like his picture on but one cast Is possible, unless a n
the liUls we knew him for tho guilty wax treatment is given. ti
l,arty- One of tho features or making
"A-hom." addressed our Granny.1 8tntlle ,8 thltt ,t mmt b mado
with his best Senior Law Dlackshm-' rncmi ,.-,,.. . .u....f
. ...... ...u tiuiiii. wuiuuy
, is to be viewed. There will bo a n
torlal difference botween a statue U
Ian Webstorlan Chief-Justice
Tho guilty party was a short, rosy
being Just a by-play kindly to train1 confirmed fioahlo Ouster's
our freshmen In tho way tlioy should Dut
oxlst. On the doad, wo of Hot Ta- "Don't know his collojio,
roport. pio, we had a rosorvo of other enter
I talumunt. Some of us projected the
aniiouiin-; dollffht of throe Froilunen blind-
Succeselvely wo advancod, with our
Hot Tamalo Tau pins prominently
(Cotitlmiod on page .0.)
what is known as iierspoctlve. If
Btatuo Intendod for tho top of
shaft wore to bo Bet upon the gron
or vlowod from its own lovol It won
apiioar as though faulty' in dwh
tlio propor view point boing from
low, and tho snmo holds tru
statue deBtlnod to stand on th P
or at a slight elevation. '
. Jv U.. WVJ