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C O 2iXIIH H CI HIm .
WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 17, 155-3. , .
EXCHANGE TfVr i3 no subject raora Irrtorta.Dt to tha
eciuzittrclal prosperity of these bland than that of whak-r'a ex
chnnge, and in the absence of an jthin worth noting- $a trad,
we w-g make a few remarks on it. Te see it stated frequently
la th3 .ia jfranciico pipers that the current rate of discount
demanded at thij pert for whalrra b;il3 is 20 per cenf. This ii
f stirely l2C3rr.2Ct. Ones, about f --ur ysara &go, when some 200
wtaletlilpa catered in enr harbor at once, exchangs did force it
e!f dewa to that rate, againsi the most energetic efforts of ship
chandlers, bai s'ce the fill of 1852, we beilera ; has never been
aver 15 at this I'Ortj.TrLCe three-fa arths cf the bills are drawn at
trees par to xO per cent, disccant. And this ra te only comicands
frcn October to Decerabtr in each year, while from Jan. 1st to
October 1st, cr S-43 of the year, the rate of exchange rule from
par to 2 per cent, premium for whiler"3 bUla. The average rata
cf discount on whaler's bills fcr the p-.2t f.-r year U "i per
These lilanda poescsa so r:any a-Iratajiz fLr the r&erulilnj
cf whale-ship, that we hare no f ;ar of their bein? induced to
seek other ports from any other causi than ths rt of exchange.
If the rate of exchange for biila draa by wurj at thU port
cannot be kept within 10 per cent, discount, it inu.3t wrr!c against
the prosperity of the place. Son; 3 discount on their bills u ex
pected by those shipowners who Was th ; trouble to look into the
facts. The whale-ships at thesi UI iada draw bov.reen Oct. 1st
and Jan. 1st not far from J 100,000. And it cannoi be expected
that our ship-chandlers can keep th.at amounr. or even half of it,
lying idle six months to meet the draan-I. "When the fleet
arrives they are generally pr par ;! to raid the ordinary de-I
iauus iir ti.-n. 11 an .nr.rtf r.l Vinyls C- X(z in
together, causing an increased dnv.n 1 hoyovA thslr al-.;kr the'y
are forced to go into the strc- ,t .and be r row n;op;-y fr CO 'to SO
SPECIAL. BUSXXESS XOTICH
Persona desirous of mailing paper?, can procure them at our
counter neatly done up- in wrappers, six copies for oO cents, or
1 fcurtjsa copies fcr a dollar. -" ;
- - TtUits. Six Du&irs per annora.
Single Copies cents each.
In order to accommodate our native subscribers, It raocths
sabaciiption, ($3; will be received fur the Hawaiian Edition.
Lahaina, Maui C. S. BARTOW, Iq.
-Val-cteao, E. Zlaxi - - L. L. TOKIiERT, lUq.
7iVo. Hawaii - Capt. J. WOIiTH.
Kawaihie, Hawaii - - Capt. JA3. A. LAW.
A'ona, Hawaii - - TII03. H. PARI3, Eq.
San Francisco, Cat
J!fev: Bedford and V. S.
L. P. FISHER, Esq., Jler. Ex.
- B. LDDSr, Ed. Sihip List.
4 per cent, a mor.th. Or tncy will PT..l 1iU.t-5 wU wiU 3llp,ly
the captains with money and th !r bilk of exrhar-e : i.."
these mor.ey holders generally demand a discount of V) t 12
per eent., which rr.tes usually procur- the m n'-y eed.l. In
ftther case the ahirwhan-Iler sel.-trtn -':.. -r.rr.)! f ..-1-3
trouble, while in all oth-'-r p.-rH p-r c;r,t. u charge.!
cniTownr;rs nave thouht tint oiu ;ent frora New R-.lf,;rJ or
San Francisco, mifht remeily tV evil : b,t coin fur tra.Io-nur-
t J;;i-t 1 p-T C1
THURSDAY, .SEPTEMBER IS.
Ix our Iat issus tve direlt -upon the ncceisltv of
ilitrodaciES into evcrj department of thli? Govcm
EQcnt a greater dsgi-eo of accountability in thi receipt
and expenditure of the pabli : mcnoja tLa uoy eswts,
rrLIch in no y con so efficiently be done as by ful
owicg the cs&mple cf ths principal -overameut cf
the TTorlJ. TVe did cot assert that thsre rras anv
rnmister in tuc employ of th3 Government, who was
guilty of Titrating the public confidence reposed in
hiin, b-t that, tinder the loose system adopiel bv it,
such a course became possible ; and that as the Gov
ernment had been forced to send abroad to other
countries to borrow money to be used within the king
dom, it became a duty which it owed to itself, to the
world, and to its own people, to follow the example
cf those countries, and introduce some more riM
in the breast of the people, costing three times the
IcneSt3 derived, while the war department, a3 now
constructeil, would be found , an extravagance and
show too costly for a poor people to afford. Instead
of a scanty revenue of $400,000, we should have from
$41.0,000 to $500,000 per annum. Nor should we
then, with economy, be forced to send abroad and
borrow funds, bat would have enough and to spare
for the adornment and real improvement of cur rdeas
ant island realm.
The serious question then comes up whether the
Government Is justified in assuming a debt cr wheth
er the sole cauie ii the inefficiency of the ministry.
xne revenue of the kingdom for the year 1SCG
ouht fully to equal the average of the three previ
ous yeara. The following table gives the receipts
from duties fbr the first half cf each year, for the
past four years.
. 1353 1S54- 1555 1351
lit Quartc-r - - 437.J1 33,533 50,Go3
- 26,471 23,035 S701 23,67 i
The Lcrghum is described in the Encyclopaedia of
Plants as an Indian plant, much cultivated in Arabia
and most part? of Asia Minor, also in China, Italy,
Spain, and the West Indies, and it 13 said that brooms
! are ni:ide of the rpikes. It is dsseribed as of rapid
growth, and atiuruu!j abundant fool for man and for
cattle und poultry, la snrac botanical works it i3
confounded with the broom-corn. This, however,
must be a variety didering materially from the plant
cultivated in the above name! countries.
The seeds of this plant, of which variety we are
not miormed, were last year received at the Patent
Office at "Washington, and distributed under the
name of the Chinee Sugar-cane, or Lorghum Sac
charatum." It has doubtless been planted the pres-
1 a w i
uuu m jt rar.ciaco J r c .-nt., wuich, with the c of frrl;h
AuaLUAuv, c'lianiiDns ana cnaruS brm it up fc about 10 ,r r
r.ro harin7arTaM .ile rein.lthe Sit m aa ctual m iner Public auditor is impera-
suhnntced to. It is true th?t in Franei.co wh tier's ,iiis will J lively neoied. "We hold that the Government is
irasx iu par jj ciuzorura, in; rjiHi(rr',n otrt jf heavy en tries
andannojraiices submitted t by cif.tains fully equal a discount
cf 25 per cent., hence they pref-r this port, as lein the; chopper
of the two. Captains and !.?j..wners whi hav done htxjineis
tSan Francisco and Honolulu h;vve lecoine satisfied th it, net
withstanding tliC ordinary disc , a?it on their bills at thes j inlands,
the loss is more than male up in the sup-ri'T advanti?es
afforded, and cheap supplies lrI;d t their ships ;ui I creV.
Oar merchants however shoul 1 make special tiT;rts to prrvent
the rate of exchange heconan-r exefssivf, though when j. hiirh
rate does rule for a short tisne. it is always from causes tl-y
could not forest-e. The cnslit t.f the rort. and the
commerce demand that every effort sho-ild be rcalo to keep ex
change a3 near tha par figure as possible.
Trade of every kind has been vory duil daring the pat week,
and we could only give nominal quotations. We look f.r socie
Improvement next week.
LATEST DATES, received at tUU Ottlce,
San Francisco -:
Panama, X. G.
London - -Paris
Sydney, N. S. W.
Por Ras Fratscisco, per Ellenita. Satnr.lay, Sept 20, 2 P.M.
For Lahaiva, ier Manu'.kawaf, this day.
For Kos a, Hawaii, pf-r Kinor.l, this driy.
For Tahiti, per Lucy Morris. Fpt. 22.
For HiLo, per Maniukawai, this d.y.
POUT OP H02JOX.TJI.TJ, S. I.
Sept. 12. Sch Kamoi, Ilobron, from Kah.dtii via Lahaina.
13- Am wh sh Uncas, Jame-, of X. Bedford, fm Kodla
13. Am wh bark Neptune, Corns tick, 17 days frur. San
Fr:incici at which prt sh.-J discharged her cargo.
13. Sch Favorite, lleviere, fm Lahaina.
1L Liholiho, Thurston, .1 davs from Ili'.o.
14. Seh Knmehameha IV, Gulick, from Kahului, cars--
15. Maria, Peterson, from Nawiliwili, Kauaf, whh his
Majesty and suite on Wrd.
IS. Pehs Iolphin and Dewut, both 'rom Lahaina.
H"h yUiry- I5''rr'H-. f"i Kawaihae, Hawaii, with cattle.
17. Ham. brig Emma, Ration, from Hamburg.
13. Scbs Uialto and Ka 31 oi, from Lahaina.
Sept. 11. Er brijr Imperial, ClouzTi,. for Manilla from which
port ? he will probably sail for Melbourne.
12. Sch Rialto, Molteno, for Lahaina.
13 Am bark Arab, Cope-land, from Lahaina, sailed frora
the r,ads for South America and New Zealand.
13. Sch Kxcel, Chadwick, for Naviliwlli and Koloa,
13. Sch TTaalilio, for Kona, Ifawail.
15 fch Kamoi, Hobron. f.r Iabaioa.
15. Sch Kamamalu, for Hilo, Hawaii.
15. Maria, !Vter-n, for Hil , Hawidf.
1C. Srh Kamehameha, Gulick, for Kahului.
lo. Sch Liholiho, Thurston, for Hilo.
PORT OF IIILO, HAWAII.
8ept. 7 Am wh ship Falcon, Norton, of N. C, fram Koliack.
12 bbls whale.
Capt. Norton reports : The season on Kod Trick has been very
BeTcre ; continual pales of wind, in succession, varied by 'the
thickest fops so that, although a pood many whales were seen
during the first part of the season. It was imnosible ti tvmtnre
them; have Vieen f,i?t ti several whales "tj on account of the
weatner, couiii not save them.
VESSELS IN PORT- SEPT. IT.
IT. H. M. Ship Havannah, Harvey.
II. I. M. Corvette Erabucade, Oizolme.
Am wh bark George, (in charge of the Marshal.)
Am wh ship Java, Wood, recrnitin?.
Bre. brig Oahu, MoMp, discharping cargo.
Tahitian pch Lucy Morris, 15 mfrey.
Br. bk Cynthia, for freight or chirter.
Peruvian brig Kllr?idta,soon for Sin Francisco.
Xlam. brig Emma, U iben, diicharglag cargo.
Coasters in Port.
Sch Ivekaulu hT, repairing.
Sch Rialto. Molteno.
Sch KInool?. Morse, soon fr Km.
8ch Mary, Bcrrill, soon for Kawaihie.
3Iorriumt of Coasters.
Sch Sally, du frm Kauai by Situnlay.
Sch John Dunlip,due from IIil by th en I of this week.
Sch Excel will be due from Kauai about thi3 day.
Vessel. Expect nl fro Eoreisn Port.
Am bark 3Ietrop)lis sail.d about S.-pt 1, from CulumbLa Riv
er, to C. A. k II. F. Poor.
Am bark Fanny Major, Lawton, to sail from San Francisco.
Am oarK a ranees Faimer, Stott, to sail from S. F. early in
Bremen ship Post, Wiegwrd, sailed May 25, from Bremen, with
iii:!ze to IIofTschiger A: Stapenhorst.
Am clipper bark Messenger Bird, to leave Boston, July 21.
Br. bk. Gambia, from London, via Tahiti, sailed Ai.rit fi.
Br. bark Avery, JellanJ, from Liverpool May 1st, assorted
From Sax FBAxnsco Per bark Neptnne F. S. Pratt, Ilenry
j. iptr, voiiu it . v.rxuam.
Fbom Hambcro Fcr brig Emma Mr. "Fisher, Emest Coqui.
From Hilo asd Lahai.ta Per Liholiho Dr. J. Wright
F5a Lahaisa Per Kamoi B. F. Boll:s, Capt. Makee, R
Armstrong, Mr. 31. Power, 1. Hutchinson, Frick.
On the 6th of Sept., at their dwelling, by the 1W. Father
nermann, Professor A. L. tie Ssqceira, to M153 LonsE E. Eaxcs,
both of this city.. '-
Tlamburg brig Emma 4000 slates, 135 cases spirits and
Jiqnore, 4 casks do., 410 cases red wine, 10 packages paper, 3S3
cases merchandise, 1 sample box do., 13 packages do., 9 bales
do. 3 cases eau de cologne, 1 ca3e gloves, 2 cases cigars, 1 case
Clothing, 200 case gin, 2o0 demij ilms do., 57 cases paints, 2
casks di., 2 crises boots and shoes, 648 cases wines, 5 baskets do.,
13 cask do., 2-4 cask do., 100 cases candles, 2 bales casks, 30
tons tar, 15 casks coals, cases brandy, 20 cases furniture, 50
casks ale, 10 oaefcapes linseed oil, 500 cases wines and liquors,
1 sample do., 100 demijohns vinegar, 14 cases hardware, 1 case
cigars, 1 case goldware, 9 cases candy, 1 case chocolate, 8 cases
preserves, 1 cask hardware, 3 Bristol stones, 1 cask shot, 15
cases tinuad plate, 13 bdls. irou, 400 bars do., 23 cases glassware
1 sample bos do., 2 packages leeches, 1 case gold and silver
ware, 1 case drug3, CO casks peas, 20 casks beans, 50 packages
brooms, 0 cords wood, 5 case3 clothing, 1 sample box do., 30
uoards lombcr, 4 cases passenger goods, 1 cas: Consulate signs,
J case seed, 1 can sundries
bound to give to its people, even when its expenses
tall within its ordinary receipts, the fullest as.uranee
that the public monies raised by ordinary taxes, are
Properly collected, kept and disbursed. Cut when
it is forced to go beyond the ordinary receipts, and
incur (be the objects ever so Uudtble) a debt which
must eventually be pail by the people themselves,
they have a double reason to seek such an assurance,
and not the people only, but its creditors, whether
here or abroad, will demand such an assurance,
or, if refusal, they will demand and obtain such an
increased rate of interest on the money they lend as
will compensate fur it. The stern fact must be borne
in mind tint every dollar borro we 1 by ministers for
the Government, must be paid off some day by the
Let it rot be said that we are anxious to find fault
with our government. Most sincerely do we seek its
welfare and rejoice in its prosperity. But, as belong,
ing to the nation, and forming a part of it, we, in com
mon with the people by whom government is support
ed and who will have to bear the burden imposed by
the injudicious act3 of a short-sighted ministry, have
the right to speak of those acts, and show wherein
they do not meet the public wants, or tend to betray
public confidence. When it comes to be a matter of
dollars and cents with the people, and they clearly
see that the course pursued by ministers is sure to
result in taking from them more of their daily bread,
it becomes them to point out what reforms they deem
to be needful and practicable, and if necessary to
remonstrate against the policy pursued,
We said that there was formerly an auditor hero
and the bare historical fact stands, that there was
such an office, and that somebody filial it, and we
suppose that he must have received annually, at least
a small loaf, and a little fish for the arduous duties
performed; but, like many offices at the present time,
we conclude it to have been held merely for the name
and nay. We have never had an auditor in rhU
Kingdom as that office is understood in other govern
ments a check upon the public treasury. And this
is what we need an imperative necessity for the sta
bility and prosperity of the Government in its present
condition, and for the honor and credit of the King
dom something that should be done now, and not
postponed from two to ten years hence, when our
credit as a nation may be established at Lloyd's or
in Wall street as only semi-barbarian, and our bills
of credit pass abroad at twenty per cent below par.
ii w a mauci ui me iuosi ii:u ami imnieaiatc impor
tance in which all have an interest, from His Majesty
the King, to the poorest native who pays his poll-tax
by borrowing from his mckamaka's generosity. But
a law, if framed, should be framed with great care,
and by disinterested persons, who are competent for
Not les.s important however to the prosperity of the
Kingdom is it that its revenues should all reach the
public treasury before they are permitted to be dis
bursed. That it never has been so, and that it is not
so now, every one knows who knows anything of the
manner of collecting the revenues of the Kingdom.
For instance, the school tax of $-10,000, more or les3
as it may be, never reaches the treasury, it being
made the duty of the tax collectori to collect and pay
it over to the sfhool treasurers in every district o
the Islands, taking their receipts, which receipts are
passed into the treasury as so much cash, so that the
collectors may obtain their pay of ten per cent. Now
this perhaps may be the handiest way, as no doubt
it would be very tedious to lug $10,000 all the way
from Hawaii, to be deposited in the public treasury
when a dozen slips of paper sent up instead answer
just as well, while the hard cash is turned over for
safe keeping into the hands of twelve or fifteen native
school treasurers, to be paid out during the next
twelve months according to their very systematic
mode of doin business.
So also with the judiciary department. The fines
and penalties collected all over the Kingdom reach
the treasury cr.ly so far as they are in excess of the
salaries and expenses of the judges, courts, &c. So
too with the receipts of the Government Press and of
the public stamps impressed by it, not a dollar from
which ever reach the treasury, unless at the end of
the year they are found to be in excess of the ex-penscs-z-a
very unlikely event. What amount of the
revenue of the Kingdom never reaches the treasury,
except in the shape of reporf3 and receipts, we have
not the means of determining, but have no doubt it
is at least one-fourth or about $100,000. Of course
the Minister of the Trcasary must take these unaud
ited annual reports and receipts from every part of
the Kingdom at what they purport to be, and enter
them as correct and unquestionable!
Now we assume that the enactment of a law re
quiring that every dollar collected on account of the
public exchequer, should be passed bona fide into it,
before it can bedisbarsed, and the introduction of a
Total for tha half year, &5.005 $52,913 $37,907 $50,977
Showing the average receipts for the first half of each
year since 18-33 to have been SC3,716, or a falling oF
this year of $8,730. It will further be observed that
the receipts this year are but about 63,000 less than
in 18-34, and about $4,000 Ie:s than in 18-33. And
we predict that the receipts from customs this year
wul be fully equal to the average of the three List
years. And there is no reason why the internal taxes
of the Kingdom should not als equal last year's
receipts. Is it politic then that the nation should be
plunged into debt when we have so poor reasons to
give why the debt is incurred, and are so j-iorly able
to sustain the load ?
Their Majesties and suite arrival on Monday
morning fronTKauai, spent the day on .shore, and
embarked again at 6 P. M. f jr IFJo.
A Fire occurral on Saturday morning last be
tween 12 and 1 o'clock in rear of the premises form
erly occupied by Messrs. Wood and Parke, on Hotel
street. It originatal in the bake shop of J. R. Bond,
and communicated to a frame building adjoining,
consuming both of them. The buildings were owned
by Mr. H. II. Sawyer. Loss about $1200. In the
bake-shop, were some C000 lbs. of hard bread belong
ing to the Mill Co., valual at $400. Engine Co.
No. 1 did good service in checking the fire, and
brought the water on the ground just in time to
ent season in various parts of thus country : with
what success it is not yet tim2 to know. The direc
tion from the Patent Office was that it should be cul
tivated as brcoin-corn, and plantal inhilLi three feet
by two apart and six stalks in a hill.
Mr. E. Wray, in a letter from Paris addressed to
th London Times, speaks of the various plants cf
this species which have been heretofore introduced
into Europe, and says that he has fifteen varieties
which are tar more valuable, collected bv himself in
X 1 1
toi, ana man a iac i urea into suar during a long per
od, and finally imported into Europe in the begin
ning of 18-34. He adds that he has now a consider
able amount of the pla:it under cultivation in f ur
departments in the south of France, and that lie has
also introduced it into Guadaloupe, whence he has
received information that it has yieldal four full
crops in one voir from the same sowing.
We extract the following from Mr. Wray's descrip
tion of the plant, which, if not exaggeratal,- estab
lishes its claim to a trial in every part of this coun
try ; fir it would seem that, if it cannot mature suf
ficiently to rnake sugar, it will make alcohol, er at
leai-t fodder for cattle and f xd for poultry in abun
dance. It would appear from Mr. Wrav's descrin-
t:on that the Impaee from CatFreland is of more rap
id growth than that cultivated in China, of which the
seel has been distributed from the Patent Office :
FtnrriiEtt Lmportatiojt of Cunos V
that the U. S. Steamship Surprke, now ly
Navy Yard, is to be sent a2.;n in a W
reinforcement to the stock of caraels bron5,t
her on her last trip, and landed in Texas fcrr 7
tal States Government uses. It has been f0 Qi"
the experiment succeed admirably, and for th
fer of the Unite! States storea across the r113113
Texas the camel is perfectly fitted, andwirhT3
the soil and climate of the country witrT. atJj
uuutuiu . uiiiy lu irry-uve have v
brought. It ii intended in the next trin v
fifty. p tr:c3
The Morse system of telegraphing has bet
d in France, and is now usal on all the xf'
pirtfnes in that country. This apparatus pruut
itself the conventional signs which represent the let
ters. These signs consist of points and bars, of great
er or less length, marked in relief on paper bv al t"
tie lever armed at one end by a bodkin, and havin
the other end in communication with the electri
wire. The bodkin oi marker acts on a narrow
ind, which Le has carefully studied, cultiva- j of pper without end, which apiece of clockwork
d manufactured into sugar during a long peri- i unrolls, and which a cylinder presents to the nnrl
ber, drawing it away afterwards, and placing it bel
fore the clerk who is attending to the machine! Ij j,
a very simple and ingenious process.
Loaf Scgar. A new process of manufacturuiT
sugar has been discovered, and by means of whi-h
iia.j Luutvucu mm jici icv;t ij;f3 m r)aA f
twenty minutes, instead of, as now, a period of th
weeks being cunsumal in the opera Jon Th. .
ly from To to 00 days to arrive at roerfect maturitv :
others, again, !i0 to 100 days, and so on up to the
gigantic vm-bis-chu-a-m ' which takis V'.O iliv
and reaches a height of lo feet.
" On the other hand, the Chinese imphee requires
even in th'3 luxuriant noil and climate of Algeria,
1-30 days to complete its maturity. At the same
ti?ne, being more woody in its stock and less of juice
than the CaSre varieties, it must be at once evident
to every mind that the simple difference between 00
lays and 1-30 days in the growth of a plant requiring
the hot sun of summer must of itself decide the re
lative importance of the two for European culture.
From this cause it is principally that the great
enorts made bv the Irench chemists and agricultu
rists to obtain crystallized sugar from the juice of
tne Lhinese variety have hitherto so signally failed,
and that they are obliged to convert its juice into al
prevent what might have been an extensive confla
gration, as several of the surround; nrr Jhl 1
on fire at the tine. The value of the publicreer- ' r.lS-???7 and a peculiar process of manu-
k J i iir n mi I iih I : ihi tiki in tiiititt irtii r ..sw.
I " - '"--' lit 1 UUlllliCSI
. " vnvviuny jiiiuiiLi aitr i. auc memoers
of the Fire Department deserve more than a passing
thanks. But while awarding praise we would not
omit to notice the large portion of our citizens who
invariably flock around a fire merely to look on
and disdin to lift a pail of water, for fear of soiling
their pants. At a fire every man is expected to do
Accident. We regret to learn that Mr. Fredrick
L. Hanks broke his leg below the knee,-while engacr
al in a dance on Friday evening last. Mr. II. "ca'i
hardly be spared from his important post durin" tho
shipping season, and we trust he will be enablal to
ecover soon and resume his place.
irxr W"e notice with pleasure the improvements
going on with the reservoirs. They should have
been built of stone in the first place. . The iron coverts
placed over tb.n-are - decide! improvement over
the old wooden ones which blocked the roads.
Problem. The following problem has been hand
al to us for solution, but after having trial our hand
at it, we must give up as non-plussal and pass it
along to some professor of mathematics or civil engi
neering : Given, the cost of a dralging machine to
gether with the value of a bucket-full of mud to find !
the length of time required for the machine to earn
enough to pay the cost of its repairs, estimated at
tfcW) per month.
is scraped troin the cleansing machines, into moul
placed on a revolving frame, and then subjected to
pressure from the blows of a piston as they are ca
rial round on a circular frame ; and, haThr co r"
pletal their circuit, are raisal by a pressure from be"
neath on to an endless web, which conveys them t"
the drying shelves. In this manner, 2,400 lbs. cf
loose sugar can be converted into loaf every h.
01 , l3 ovvu u.siuuit iiom laerareu onicc : with the attendance of one person, and a steam'
d .vnH "I m f -WtI! fm ,0 ? of four horsepower.
(1 u s up to I.jO days, the m-st precocious taking on- " 1
Dr. Kane has decimal Lady Franklin's renewed
offer to take the command of an expedition about to
be sent out by her, with the assistance of the British.
Government, to find, if possible, the remains of
John Franklin and the relics of his ships. Theot
was a flatteriug one for our dLstinsuishi countrv
man, every inducement being proposal that coulJ
have tempted him to accept it ; but he finally de
clined it, as we see it stated, from entire inabiktv to
get his previous engagements off his hands so ol to
be ready in season to set sail. The new expedition ij
to consist of a steamer, and as the district in wHca
Sir John Franklin's party are now known to have
perished does net exceed some hundred and fifty miks
m uiameier, uie searcii may be performed with com
parative rntiidity and freedom from danger. It is
certainly a high compliment that the command of a
British expalition of the kind should be offered to an
American. V. Y. Tribune.
The London correspondent thus describes the ap-'
pearai.ee of the Princess Royal in the drawing-room:
44 1 was scarcely prepared to behold her a fine-Town
handsome woman, taller by a couple of inches than
her mother, and carrying herself with dhe ease and
grace of womanhood. Her face is perfectly Iovelv
The regularity of her features is perfect. Heroes
are large and full of intelligence, imparting to her
face that sort of merry aspect which indicates mod
humor. The nose and mouth are delicately and ex
quisitely formed, the latter giving the effect of greet
44 sweetness. " The Princess is more like her fathar
than her mother. She is like the Queen in nothing
but the nose. In all other respects she is a female
image of her father. Her Majesty begins to wear a
matronly aspect. She is now slightly stout, too, and
looks much like the Duchess of Kent Prince Al
bert's likeness to the portraits of the Czar Nicholas
is remarkable and striking, and it has become more
observable since he became bald." Home Journal.
Tue Cora Monument. It is said that Belle Cora
is causing to be erected a costly monument to the
memory of Chas. Cora, who was executed by the
Vigilr.nce Commitee May 22d, for the tnuJcr of -Ocn.
Wm. II. Richardson on the 17th Nov., 18oo. It ia
also said that no expense will be spared to make it
as elegent as possible, and thr.t $4,000 have already
been expendal upon the work. It is to have, amooo
other inscriptions, the following : Murdered by
Vigilance Commitee, May 22d, 185G."
patental in many countries
insure the most complete crystallization of the con
centrated juice, and the sugar resulting cannot be
discernal from real cane sugar of the colonies, to
which it is equal in every respect.
44 The imphee yields from one to two and half tons
of sugar per acre, according to the oualitv of soil
and the character'of the climate and season, besides
molasses ami grain ot excellent quality ; and, more
over, in some departments of Fra ace, the most pre
cocious varieties yield two crops in the year from the
44 As your Pari correspondent very truly says,
the grain furnishes a good flour for bread-making
and the green plant itself forms the most grateful
and nourishing fodder for cattle which anv one can
desire, while its rapidity of growth (being at the rate
of about 12 inches a week) is reallv 'something mar
vellous." Boston Daily Advertiser.
Wuo's to Blame ? We learn from Hawaii, that
a singular blunder has occurral in the Hawaiian
blanks preparal for enumerating and taxing the peo
ple. The blar ' require boys over ten years of age
to be assessed and pay taxes, whereas the statute fix
es the age at fifteen. Of course it is a blunder of a
figure only in the blanks, but the enumerators have
gone and executal their task according to the read
ing of the blanks furnished, and we understand that
taxes have been paid on Hawaii according to the ille
gal enumeration. If the blanks had requirai taxa
tion trom 1 year and upward, we suppose the same
would have been done. The error should be explain
al and correctal by the proper officers.
Lodge Room. Hawaiian Lodge No. 21, of Free
and acccptal Masons have fitted up a new room for
their use in the "third story of Capt. Makee's brick
building. The papering, furniture and ornaments
are very neat and tasty. The Society is in a pros
Mechanic's Mutual. A statement ot the affairs
of this Benevolent Society, which was organized some
three or four years ago, will be found in another col
umn. We are glad to see by it that the Society has
an invested fund for the relief of disabled mechanics.
The Dredge Again. It was announcal last Sat
urday with considerable flourish that th3 jnachine
which 13 now getting to be quite renownal, was going
to work on Monday to deepen the channel. So on
Monday morning all eyes were turned toward the
entrance of the harbor to see how the work progress-
al. Up to yesterday three entire buckets-full had
been scooped up, but from some cause the dredge has
returnal to the harbor, and now lies 44 in ordinary
alongside the wharf where she was built. We re
member an old saw which runs thus, and is quite
44 Jack and GUI vent cp the hill," ic.
Those having charge are specially requested to re
port progress, and give public information when the
channel is deepened.
3Icctiiig or the Board of lanngcrs of tlie
It. II. Agricultural Society.
The, board mqt... pursuant a cadi of the President,
on Friday Sept. 12th, at Judge Lee's Chambers.
William Webster was unanimously electa! a mem
ber of the Executive Committee, vice S. N. Castle re
signed. The President made a ieport as Chairman of the
Committee on birds, seals, &c. The attempt to intro
duce insectivorous birds from Puget Sountper Cyn
thia, had been unsuccessful. Mr. Bartlett, who had
been furnished with funds for the Durnose. bavino-
found it impossible to procure them on account of the
disturbal state of the country. The Committee are
now hoping to receive some from California, havin"
taken steps to procure them.
lhe necessity of some m?nsure to protect the quail
and dove, which have begun to increase on Oahu,
, The subject of importing a stallion and bull for the
fcociety, which had been referred to a Committee at
a previous meeting, was brousht up and considers!
Owing to the heavy loss recently sustained by the
Society, it was deemal best to postpone further action
m iim maiier iiu me society were in funds. Voted,
That the Committee on birds, seals, &c, be also au-
tnonseu to procure the honey bee from California
v oieu, mat tne rxiciety otter a premium of S100
lor. uie iirsi ten oaies oi cotton of not less than two
uunureu pounds each, in shipping condition, grown
on the Islands by the exhibitor, who must be a mem
ber of the Society.
Dr. Hillebrand suggestal as the nmmtia -
prickly pear which grows 550 readily here, is the s'pe-
, V "V""5." "-wwt leeus, mat measures
be taken for its introduction here. He thought it
would prove valuable as an export, nnd tw k..
siness would prove admirablv adnntod i..:!
of the natives.
Voted, That Dr. Hillebrand bo author?-!
measures for the introduction of the cochineal, and
v,, cuv. i casurer ior tne tunds necessary for
that purpose to the amount of $100. The President
appointed E. O Hall, J. H. WS and Dr. TlillebranS
as a printing Committee, to select and publish the
most valuable of the reports Vie
-x -i.ii.oa;ciOIi3 IOr
ST We have been looking for the arrival of the
Frances Palmer, with New-York dates to August
5, but go to press with no tidings of her. She will
be in by Saturday no doubt!
The following account of a new variety of su
gar cane will be read with interest. We learn that
Dr. Wm. Hillebrand has t he plant growing in his
strict system of auditing of public accounts with the 'garden, and will doubtless furnish seed to any w re
appointment of a well-qualified auditor, would save ; ing to plant. We have not heard that a trial has
to the revenue of this Kingdom annually from $50, ' been made nere of its suar-making qualities.
Voted, That the
. aumuuioi to oruer
the premiums awarded at the last exhibition.
uieu, mat a toramittpft nf
the President rn h r' - ".7." , , W"eu oy
S.;0(,rt .. Aor uie
--.v..wt ui hi icni nil lin ira moo r.c, .i ,
deposit.! the library of itos5fc."tI ? $M
c ,i r ui nic iiianu nnfi
Of tlR mttrrx K itnnol u: t . .-'"j-1-,au
n f i ' " Lur ?c:. "d room to be
t i7 , aiia"ers ana ladies.
.. xt. oou appointed.
u.tt: j discussed, and
iiujwiianw UUUllllCU. T lP t--nt rf ,
stated thit if th.r ale bjcct' The President
statat that if the Government would put the Societv
m possession of fifW aoa ine society
since for this purpose, with power to diSoSof a
tion to raise means for tl,P " ZZP-f a
.1,1 ,n,i:i. C : "iTf"""1 OI ine rest,
the oT ject could readily be acc
IUCUL III lilt' nil n . a
seais, plants and trees, .mi ,.k i. . ,
could L K-i aPli8bl, and a public
the Tdnd Ued lhat shoul(I be an orna
the Island, a means of rli.m;n.t;
Ij "j' lwa reauy t3 promote the objects of
the teociety, and he thought would be ready noWa
proper statement of the case, to rd
Dossession orho il. 1 ... .
a .uiiu 1 1 i rica -i n . - - .
dispose of such portions 7- Tirliai0 t0
w.0,.ll K . - "TO,iv. ip was
-v , . i-ix.il vigorous enortia s innl.-l K. x
i: :;. , UUJf .lU13 onjet, and to induce resi-
Tiie Hammer. The hammer is the universal cm.
blem of mechanics. With it are alike forced tn
sword of contention and the plow-share of neacefn!
agriculture the press of the free and the shackles of
the slave. The eloquence of the forum htm mnl
the armies of Greece and Rome to a thousand battle
fields ; but the eloquence of the hammer b
those fields with victory or defeat. The inspiration
ot song has indlal high and noble aspirations in the
bosoms of brave knights and gentle dames.- but the
inspiration of the hammer; has strewn the fiejd with
tattered helmet and shield, decided not only the fate
of chivalric combat, but the fate of thrones crowns
and kingdoms. The forging of the thunderbolt was
ascribed by the Greeks as the highest act of Jove's
omnipotence, and their mythology beautifully ascribes
to one of their gods the task of presiding at the labors
of the forge. In ancient warfare, the hammer was
a powerful weapon, independent of the blade which
it tormal. Many a stout skull was broken through
the cap and helmet by the blow of Vulcan's weapon,
lhe armies of the Crescent would have subdued
Europe to the sway of Mahomet ; but on the plains
ot i ranee their progress was arrested, and the brave
and simple warrior who saved Christendnm from the
sway of the Masselxnan, was Marteb 44 the ham
mer. ihe hammer, the savior and the bulwark of
Christendom ! The liammor'.a th
liy it are forgal the ponderous engine and the tiny
. .,.ie- At 13 an instrument of the savage and the
Civilized. Its meri-V clinks nnlnf mi tlia alovlo nf
industry. It is a domestic deifv. nrpsidino- nvpr the
grandor of the most wealthy and ambitious, as the
most humble and imnoverishpd - Nnt n f hL- i shan-
al, not a house is raisal, a ship floats, a carriage
rolls, a wheel spins, an engine moves, a press squeaks,
a viol sings, a spade delves, or flag waves without
the hammer. Without the hammer. frivITiritinn would
be unknown, and the human species he rmlv ns de
fenceless brutes ; but in skillful hands, directed by
wisdom, it is an instrument of power, of greatness,
and true glory.
000 to 100,000, by causing the revenues to be more
systematically collected and not so loosely disbursed
Were thi3 system carried out, and retrenchment made
the order of the day, the expenditures of the Depart
ments of the Interior and Public Instruction-would
be reduced perhaps one-fourth, the Government press
would be found on examination to be onlv a cuncer
A New Sugar Culture. The late Loudon pper
contain descriptions of the remarkable productive
ness for the manufacture of sugar and other uses of
plant lately introduced into Europe from Caffre
land, called the Imphee. It is said in some of these
descriptions to be identical with the Lorgho, or Hol
cus Socchara.tr s of Lmnicu3,Tnhich is cultivated in
China for the nanufacture o ugnr
; 7 w ! lItiem,Jers 01 ie fcociety in order to
raise funds for this purpose. A fter discussing various
otner cesiraoie objects for thp
which funds were only needed,5 the Board adjourned.
ii O. Hall,
1 : Ilecording Secretary.
Advices from Havana state tltut Gen. Concha was
busily engaged with his plan foir a war with Mexico,
Benefit of Advertising. Some ten years since,
when Detroit was very little if any larger than Toledo,
two young men from the East, where the true prin
ciple of advertising is better understood than at the
West, having taken a store centrally situated, they
cpenal with the determination of expending their
entire profits, except rent and clerk hire, for the first
year, in advertising and printing. They did so, ex
pending about $1,400. The next year tuey set apart
half their profits for the same purpose, but long be
fore theyair expired, the senior partner told the
writer of this article, that ther could Tinf ornonil OS
much, as they could find no place to put it
"Every naner in the State almost
business notices, while their handbill, circulars.
unu cams were scattereu Droaocast. In this way
they have cone on expending annua.lv ni flmr
thousand dollars, until their business is so increased
that they occupy ten sale-rooms, each l net w : nh
by 2o m width, and give employment t inn iAm.
One of the partners told u that his business the past
ycar amouniea roa mne over a mimon-nnd-hilf
of dollars.' 'Muni's Merchants' Jlfa azine.
The Tobacco Plte. The North rt -x i. n -has
the following word in S?ri .?r.itish
nine. It thinks it n. r.vx: .
as a means of putting a stop to the extension of the I men ; and were convinePil ?, ?. trtm-c?t of
United States in that direction. The treasury was I sedative and tranquUiainffiSte'S1? has-'TJ7
bitter teeuns.-.tre are convlnca is -puffI " S?-- 3
f Wlth th0 fumes -ot the tobafco o ?d
whole. r!i r,;rJ, : , accO. On tha
empty, and government had bor.ro wel S500.000. St
John's day was duly celebrated. The porter at Wal
cott's American House had been murdered by a negro.
Yellow fever was raging and fatal to strangers.
vents men from HoBrin; Z? lvomen-" V
We admit that the money eZ it. V
might buy good cloth I Wned for tobacco
among the sunbe.uns let into t ?e t0od 5
now with esicial rp&rrJ 'man s P1-" writs
tranquuumg effects. Much
women. -MrtA Brit. Rev. ProtoclicU t3