Newspaper Page Text
COBS IVEEXICI All.
THURSDAY, JAy.i, 1S57.
Tue heavy storms of the past week, have interrupted trade,
aiwl business transactions rnvc b:en very liht. A number
whalers are ready to lcavo with the Crst fair wind, and othr3
now in port have obtained, nearly, or quite, all their supplies.
Two retail stocks have been recently closed out, and several
other retailers have it in contemplation to close up shortly.
From Lahaina, we learn that the season has been short and
"We quote a few leading articles :
SUGAR In hair-barrels, held at 7 centi-st-jck of first qx il.ty
in hand is lijjht.
.MOLASSES No demand for export.
SVItrP Scarce, held at 35 cents.
BEEF 34 bb!s of JIawaiian mess offered at uiv;ivn and with
ilrawn, the highest offer being $ 50.
I5REAl None in fint hands. Stock in Ship Olr.uidlers
Jiand.; about "5,000 lbs ; Iare sales this week to J I. U. M. s ship
ff.ivunnfth lit g'd pric.
COFFEE 1'air demand. The last advices from the Califor
nia market are rather unfavorable to shipments.
1'L'l.U Xo transactions, and no demand whatever r export.
FREIGHTS Most of the freight per ship TVs (returned to
1-ort for reparis) will p furwarJ in the Yunkte. The latter
vessel w ill probably obtain a full freicht, consisting of salt, sugar,
rice, potatoes A:c. llnt'-s to San Francise'o remain unchanged.
EXCHANGE WhahT.-. bills on the United SUUs dillicult to
le obtainel at par to 1 jut cent, pivmiuni.
Sfvcnd large auction sales have been necessarily postponed
this week on account of the storm.
SPECIAL, BUSINESS NOTICE.
Persons deyrous of mailing paper., can procure them at our
counter neatly done nP in wrapirs, five copici for 50 cents, or
twelve copies for a dollar.
Terhs. Six Dollars per annum.
gincrle Copies 121 cents each.
AGENTS FOB THE COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER.
C. S. BARTOW, Esq.
Lahaina, Maut -Makawao,
Hito, Hawaii - , -Kauuihne,
S'ln Francisco, Col
yew Bedford and U. S
L. L. TORBERT, Est;.
Capt. J. WORTH.
Capt. J AS. A. LAW.
TI10S. H. PARIS, Esq.
Dr. J. W. SMITH.
L. P. FISH Eli, Esq., Mer. Ex.
B. L1NDSEY, Ed. Ship List.
hATEST BATES, received ;it thi Oilier.
I'auama, N. G.
New York, -London
( M '20
Sydney, N. S. W.
J u'y oO
Ft.r S iv Fka.cs , jitr bark Yankee, about Jan. '3.
Fr Fvawaihae, ier Mary, first fair wind.
For Lahai.va, wr Kami, do. do.
For Kona, Hawaii, jit Kekauluohi, do. do.
POKT OP HONOLULU7h. L
25 Chilean brig Escaje, Gasso, fW-m sea in distress.
li. Haw schr Kekanluhi. iut back, having jlit her sails
in the gale on Friday.
'21 Haw schr Mar.a, MolU.ii-, from Lahainn.
'2'J Haw sehr Kamehameha, Guliek, from K"l a.
jy Am uh bg Prince de Joiuville, JSjbcock, 259 wh oil.
'2 Am wh bk Harriet, Sjiencer, returned to land the Cap-
tain, whu is very sick.
-Am wh sh Chandler Price, Holcomb f.T X. Bedford.
"4 Am wh sii Seine, La in Ire, to cruise.
'2U Schr Lth'tlili-s Paty, fbr .larvis Island, via Lahaina.
'2a Haw rchr Liholiiio, P:ty, fur Jarvis' Is. ria Lahaina.
2?j Am wii sh Eliza F. M;tvu, .lernegan, fur New Bedford.
"t Am wh Magnoli:i, Cox, to cruise.
0 Am wh bk Prudent, Hamilton, to cruise.
:J0 Am wh sh Wm Badger, Bra ley, to cruise arid home.
"0 Am wh bk Alice. Penny, to cruis.
iin Am wh sh Rebecca Simms, Gavitt, for New Bedford.
oO Am wh sii Ontario, Tookcr, to cruise.
JZT Most of the alve vessels pre in lort, (Bec-31) waiting
for a fair wind.
The Storm which has been blowing for the jast we, k, did
some damage in the harlor on Friday la.-.t. The whale-shij
South Boston, which had just discharged her oil, was blown
over on to the ship Post, and carried away her fore-toj-mast,
breaking the. mast itito three pieces. Several other vessels were
injured slightly by swinging afoul of each oth r, and chafing,
but no serious damage w.13 done
RrMOitED Loss of a Coasteh. A rumor has prevailed in
town for the. jast few days, that a coaster, or several of them,
were lost in the gule on Friday. The report was brought by
the H'tkolclepuni, and as near as Ave can ascertain the truth,
a small schooner, supjxsed to Ik? the iron scIvwwt Alit-e, was
seen ashore. But we can nd nothing reliable in regard to the
Tue Ship Post. The leak in this ship appeai'3 to be more
serious than was at first anticipated. We learn that it will be
necessary to discharge her cargo, and heave lier down to repair.
The schooner Ktkuuluoti returned to t on Saturday last,
having torn ler sails, and sustained other damage in the squall
VESSELS IN PORT. DEC. GO.
II. 1. M.'s corvettte Embuscade, Gizolme.
H. B. M.'s ship Havannah, Harvey t
Am clipper sh John Gilpin, Riug, loaded for United States.
Br. bk Cynthia, fitting out for a whaler.
Br bg Recovery, Mitchell.
Am bk Yankee, Smith.
Am bk Fanny Major, Lawton.
Tahitian sch Kate Barling, Starr.
Russian fVi Nicolas I, Jusaliens.
Brem. ship Post, Weigard, repairing.
Chilean brig Escape, Gasso, repairing.
Shij'S, E. F. Mason, Jt rnegan.
Chas Phelps, AUen.
Win. Badger, Brab'y.
Phillip 1st, Sissou.
Jbfojdy, Ct le.
Benjamin Tucker, Barber.
Gen. Williams, Miller.
Robin Hood, McGinloy.
Black Eagle, Ed wards
Brig Victoria, Corsen.
Barks, Vernon, Gardner.
I'nittd Stales, Wood.
T'.Iaek Warrior, Tibbett.
Ships, N-iiie, Landre.
Rebecca Sims, Gavitt.
31 whalers, 11 merchant and war vessels, 5 coasters. Total, 17.
Coaslcrs in I'ort.
Sch .T hn Dunlap, Duiioit, for Ililo.
Seh Kamoi, Chadwick, for Lahaina.
Sch Kekauluohi, soon for Kona, Hawaii.
Sch Maria, Molteno.
Sch Mary, Berrill.
For New Bedford ikt ship Rebecca Sims : 20,032 gallons
whale oil, cx ship Alexander Coffin : PJ.65C gallons oil, ex bark
For New Bedford jer Wm. Badger : 10,303 gallons oil and
13,SH0 lbs bone, ex ship Wavcrly ; 13,3S4 lbs b.)ne, ex ship Cor
riuthian ; 42.010 gallons oil, do.
For Nkw IIfuhikd jn r ship Eliza F. Mason : 5.305 gals, oil,
and 4,S00 sjieriu oil, 1::,010 Ibsbu exshipBenj- Tucker j 23 bbls
flush, Thos. Sj'enctr ; 11,7S." lbs iron, C.pt. .Krnegau.
For New Bkkfokd per ship Eliza F. Mason Mrs. Captain
Jenifgan and son, Miss S. W. Gilsnn, and Mr. T. S. Seymour.
From Costa Rica jx.r Prince de Joinville Capt. liovell and
For New Bedford per ship John Gilpin Messrs. Bannister
and Hutchins. !
For Jarvis' and New Nanti cket Islands jer sch. Liholiho
Mr. Chas. Judd and Mr. Benson.
VfwM'U ExioImI iVoui Eoreiv;ii Ports.
Am. bark Frances Palmer, Green, will leave San Francisco for.
this port about Jan. 5.
Am ship Raduga was to leave Boston about Nov. 10, with
cargo indze for Honolulu, to C. Brewer.
Am olipjKT ship Golden City was to tail about Bee. 13, touch
ing at this port froni San Fianeisco.
Bremen brig Kauai was to sail fnn Bremen latter part of Sert.
with cargo merchandise to Holfschiaeger and Stajenhorst.
Amercan schooner Yaqucro, Newt II, to leave San Francisco,
lec. 2o, en route for Sydney.
American sch. Flying Dart, Freeman, from S. Francisco about
Bee. 2D. (Uncertain).
British brig Yeloz, Jones, sailed from Liverpool for Honolulu,
in J unc.
British clipir ship Kamthamtha IV was to sail from London
At her residence, Honolulu, Dec. 22, the wife of J. S. Smithies,
Of a DAl'OIJTER.
PliACES OF WORSHIP.
SEAMEN'S BETIirii "Rev. S. C. Bamon Chaplain King
street, near the Sailors' Home. Preaching on Sunday s at
11 A. M. and 7t 1. M. Sea-rs ft-ee. Sabbath School after
the morning services.
FORT STREET CHURCH Services at present in the Court
House, up stairs R?v. J. B. Strong, Pastor. Preaching
on Sundays at 11 A. M. and "J P. M. Seats free. Sab
bath School meets at 10 A. M.
METHODIST CHURCH Nuua.nu avenue, comer of Tutui
street Rev. Wm. S. Turner, Tastor. iTeaching every
Sunday at 11 A. M. ami 7J P. M. Seats free. Sabbath
School meets at 10 A. M.
KING'S CHAPEL Kins street, above the Palace Rer. E. W.
Clark Pastor. Pulpit supplied at present by Rev.
Messrs. Armstrong and Bishop. Services, in Hawaiian
every Sunday at 9 A. 1. and 3 P. M.
CATHOLIC CHURCH Fort street, near Beretania under the
charge of Rt. Rev. Bishop Maiirret, assisted by Abbe
Modoste. Services every Sunday at 10 A. M. and 2 P. M.
SMITH'S CHURCH Beretania street, near Nuuami street
Rev. Lowell Smith Pastor. Services, in Hawaiian, every
Til URSDA V, JANUA R Y 1 .
A Happy New Ykar to each of the patrons of the
l'actjic L-omincrcuil Jiaccrtiser. l-y common. con
sent this day lias been regarxled throughout the civ
ilized world as one of !iu??ieiuui omen. Even in
China, new year's day, though not the same in the
calendar as ours, is celebrated as a day of universal
joy by her hundreds of millions. With an almost
imperceptible llight, eighteen hundred and fifty-six
has glided by, and is among the things of the past,
while eighteen hundred and fifty seven hastens us
along its track, Avhether prepared for it or not. There
is nothing stationary, but all is changing. The
truaut school boy, Avho flies his musical kite, the
young man engrossed in a world of business, and the
aged who feels that each successive new year's day
but adding gray h i'rs to his already whitened locks-
all alike are hurrying along over the same path to
the same goal, and happy indeed is he who amid the
trifles of youth, the cares of manhood, or the evening
of age can find time to treasure up the words and
act the part of wisdom.
Although this journal is but s ix months old to-day,
we presume to have a familiar talk with our readers
on its past, present and future. When it was
rumored, twelve months or more ago, that an inde
pendent journal was to be established here, the idea
was ridiculed by others as well as the government
journal as a fool-hardy attempt, in which no man
would dare to risk either his reputation or his purse,
so completely fettered or monopolized had all literary
enterprises become in this kingdom, that the idea of
success was not to be entertained attending any new
enterprise of the kind, unless stamped with the seal of
State and issued under royal favor and " by author
ity. Ihe history of previous unfortunate newspaper
enterprises here was held up to caution or intimidate
whoever might presume to venture on the task. It
was contended also that there were not readers
enough in the kingdom to support a second journal,
that the stereotyped weekly issue from the govern
ment press was all that wa3 needed by a slow people,
such as we of Hawaii nei were reputed to be; tha
if another journal was started it would only be sup
ported by a small party or clique who had become
disgusted with the only paper then existing, and it
would be a sort of catch-penny concern.
It was among such opposing elements that the
Commercial Jldverliscr was established solely by
private enterprise and means, and the patronage of
a liberal and intelligent public asked for its support.
Though the first number was issued with some mis
givings on the part of its publisher as to whether
Avhat had been promised could be carried out, and
such a paper maintained here as was needed, yet
when the response came from every part of the king
dom nnd even from foreign countries, that it was the
paper needed and should be supported, we had every
encouragement asked for. From a small list of about
200 names, we have gradually increased till now we
reran re" and dispose of an edition of about 1000 copies
each week to supply the demand for subscribers and ex
changes. That this success has been entirely unex
pected, we need hardly say. It assures us that our
efforts have been understood, and will be seconded by
the foreign community of the islands a community
we may add in passing, whose intelligence and fond
ness for news is not equalled by any in any other
portion of the globe.
The Commercial Advertiser was not established,
nor has it been conducted as an opposition paper to
the government, but only as independent of its con
trol. Xor has the first line of disloyalty to our
Sovereign ever appeared in its columns. It has,
however, been opposed to the blind, one-sided policy
of ministers, where it has honestly deemed that policy
fraught with evil to the public weal, and it will con
tinue to oppose it, whenever and wherever the hydra
head of personal ambition shows itself on the surface
of public affairs, even though old Pele should open
her fires under our office. Any journal that expects
to exist here must possess some independence, or very
soon become a party or ministerial organ, bribed
into the support of every new official scheme, cor
rupted itself and the corrupter of public morals.
For the very liberal support received thus far we
most cordially thank our patrons, and assui'c them
that our constant effort will be to render this journal
worthy of their continued support. "We shall endeavor
to improve it as the wants of the public may indicate.
To this end we have purchased a large power printing
press, which ought to Ikj here before the second
volume is commenced, and which will enable ns to
print a piper of any size wanted, and issue it semi
w eekly if required, with very little more expense than
is now required for printing this sheet. The power
press will cost here about $11000 ; but for these and
other improvements and necessary outlays wc must
ask a continuance of the support wc have received.
Whenever we are enabled to enlarge our sheet, wc
intend to have an agricultural department, and shall
publish articles designed to promote the introduction
and cultivation of new staple products. All Ave can
do at present with our limited space is to give an
occasional scrap or communication ou agriculture.
That this journal has done any good thus far, we
will not presume to claim ; but all experience shows
that the tendency of a conservative journal is every
where to promote industry and thrift, and encourage
a thirst for learning and general literature. It is
the handmaid of the professional man, the courier of
the merchant, the instructor and companion of the
farmer and laborer, and the bulwark and defense of
all liberal institutions. It also adds niorc to the
reputation of any nation to see a substantial and relia
ble publication supported by the industry of its busi
ness community, Instead of by its public funds.
gress ; and 231 district electors, corresponding with
the number of Representatives. The district electors
are not chosen by districts, as in the case of Repre
sentatives to Congress, but each State votes by gene
ral ticket for its district electors, as well as for its
electors at large. The following schedule shows the
number of Presidential electors to which each State
is entitled :
SIXTEEN" FREE STATES.
Maine, - - -Xcw
Vermont, - - -
Connecticut, - -
New York, - -
Xew Jersey, - -
I'ensylvauia, - -
Ohio, - - - -Indiana,
Illinois, - - -
Michigan, - -
Wisconsin, - -
Iowa, - - - -
California, - -
Total - -
I. FIFTEEN SLAVE STATES.
8 Delaware, - - - 3
5 Maryland, - - - 8
5 Virginia, - - - - 15
13 North Carolina, - - 10
4 South Carolina, - - 8
t) Georgia, - - - - 10
S5 Florida, - - - - 3
7 Alabama, - - - - 9
27 Mississippi, - - - 7
23 Louisiana, - - - 6
13 Texas, 4
11 Tennessee, - - - 12
G Kentucky, - - - 12
5 Missouri, - - - - 9
4 Arkansas, - - - 4
Total, - - - 120
.70 Grand total, - 20G
- - - - - 149
Sunday at 10 A. M. and 2 P. M.
PrcMideufial Election in the United States.
The election for President and Vice-President of the
United States, which took place on the 4 th of Novem
ber, was the eighteenth in the series since the adop
tion of the federal constitution. The choice is made
by electoral colleges, each college representing a State
and comprising as many members as the number of
Senators and P-epresentatives which such State is en
titled to send to Congress. The whole number of
electors at the first Presidential election, in 1789, was
69, all of whom voted for George Washington. The
present number is 29G, viz. : G2 electors at large,
corresponding with the number of Senators in Con-
Necessary to a choice,
The following is a summary of the constitutional
requirements and the acts of Congress upon the elec
tion of President and Vice President of the united
S totes :
1. The Electors are chosen by the votes of the peo
ple on the first Tuesday after the nrst Monday in
2. Electors meet in the capitol of their respective
States, on the first Wednesday in December, ami cast
their votes. They then sign three certificates send
the messenger with one copy to the President at
Washington before the first Wednesday in January
another by mail to the same person, and the third
deliver to the United States District Judge where the
3. Each State Provides by law for filling any va
cancy in the Board of Electors, occasioned by absence,
death or resignation. Such of the electors as are
present are generally authorized to fill any vacancy.
4. The Governors give notice to the electors of their
election before the first Wednesday in Decembci.
f. On the second Wednesday in February, Con
gress shall lie in session and open the returns. The
President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the
House of Representatives, open the certificate of re
turns, and count the votes. The person having the
greatest number of votes for President shall be the
President if such number be a majority of the whole
number of electors appointed. And if no person have
such majority, then from the persons having the
highest number, not exceeding three, on the list of
those voted for as President, the House of Represen
tatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the Pres
ident ; but in choosing the President the votes shall
be taken by States, the representation from each
State having one vote ; a quorum for this purpose
shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds
of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be
necessary to a choice.
G. If the choice devolve upon the House of Repre
sentatives, and they fail to make a choice before the
4 th of March next following, the Vice President is to
act as President.
7. A Vice President may be elected, or chosen by
the Senate, as above provided, before an election or
choice of President.
8. There is no constitutional provision for the case
where thcro is neither a President or Vice President
elected or chosen, in the manner directed by the
Constitution. The act of Congress of 1792 provides
that, under such circumstances, there shall be a new
election by the people.
SjiPThc following communication, from Dr. Hille
brand will be read with interest. Our readers will
find, on the the third page of the supplement, fur
ther information, relating to the sugar mille, to
which -Dr. II. alludes. The information about the
Pride of India is entirely new to us ; but we see no
reason why the tree, if so valuable as reported, can
not be extensively cultivated on these Islands. While
on this subject, we must refer the reader to the com
munication on the Vanilla bcany which will be
found on the third page of the supplement.
Mr. Editor Your number of tho 18th of last
month contains a communication from a correspond
ent on Maui, purporting to be on the Chinese sugar
grass. The description of the characters of the plant
in your correspondent's possession, his remarks about
its usefulness for various economical purposes, its
great fertility and productiveness, its hardiness and
peculiar adaptation to our climate are very correct,
and worthy of the greatest attention of our agricul
turists only they do not refer to the Chinese sugar
grass, but to another cereal, tho seeds of which I
received last year under the name of Guinea corn.
It came from the Bahama Islands, where it is said to
be cultivated principally for feeding poultry. I take
it to be the Andropogon Sorgum, (sorgum vulgare,
holcus sorgum) , a kind of millet, cultivated in most
parts of Africa, and here and there in Italy. Pro
bably it is the same plant, now well known in the
Southern States of the Union as Durrah corn or
Egyptian millet. I feel glad to see most of its excel
lent qualities so pi-ominently pointed out by your cor
respondent but he ought not to have omitted that,
when ground, the seeds furnish a most palatable and
sweet flour, which, in all probability, can be made
to serve for all the different appliances as article of
food, as the maize or Indian corn. In fact, I think
it will take, cn our islands, the place of the latter
of the impossibility to raise which profitably, our
farmers by this time must have become convinced to
sufficiency. As fodder for cattle however, I think it
is greatly excelled by the Chinese sugar grass, sorgum
sacchar., or holcus sacchar., (the botanical termin
ology seems to be somewhat confused on this plant ;
the one in my possession certainly is a sorgum)
which, for this purpose, I recommend most earnestly
to landowners in the neighborhood of Honolulu.
With such prices as grass for horses commands here,
a few acres planted with sugar grass must yield a
modest man's competenc. The seeds of this plant
are likewise good for poultry. The amount of sugar in
its stalks is very notable, although not equal to the
sugar-cane ; however, molasses and crystalised sugar
have been prepared from it. This China sugar grass
must not bo confounded with another saccharine
grass recently brought from Port Natal to France,
whose amount of sugar i3 said to be very great, so as
to bid fair to rival the cane, and which has the ad
vantage to be cultivable in temperate latitudes, as it
reaches maturity in 3 or 4 months, as docs also the
Chinese grass. Its-'.native African name is Im.
umwina. I shall take pain3 to procure seeds of it.
Samples of the Guinea corn and Chinese sugar gras3
were exhibited by me at the last Agricultural Fair,
but the respective committee only took notice of the
latter. I have distributed already seeds of both kinds
to various persons over all the islands, and am ready
to furnish them to any one who is willing to try then
I will, however, warn in advance, that both exhaust
tha soil quickly,
As I once have got in the train of writing, allow
me, by clipping an extract from the Southern Culti
vator , to call the attention of your readers to the
great value of a tree which is growing in abundance
among us I mean the Pride of India, or China tree,
(Media Azedarach). A Texas correspondent of said
paper writes : ' .
Few persons know its value. It is generally
known that it' cakes excellent furniture, and is sus
ceptible of a fine polish. Its durability is not known
generally. Governor Quitman, of Mississippi, several
years since informed me that he found a part of the
China tree in one of the oldest settlements in Louis
iana, and found from tracing back its history, that it
had been in the ground some 70 years, and it was
then only partially decayed. I have seen a fence
made of poles 3 and 4 inches in diameter of that tree
15 years after it was made, and it had very little ap
pearance cf decay, other than the washing by the
rains. I discovered that the insects would not har
bor in the tree, and neither ants nor any worms ap
peared fond of the wood. I concluded from this fact
that the sea worm would not destroy it. I got a
friend who lived on the sea-eoast to try it. He put
an oak, a cedar post, and Xs Mna post into the bay
at the same time. When the oak and cedar posts
were entirely destroyed by the worms, the China post
was untouched, even by barnacles. He then hewed
out a piece of plank and put it in the bottom of
his schooner. When he overhauled the vessel and
found it destroyed by worms, the piece of China plank
was untouched by them. In the South the China
tree grows rapidly, and if planted close together will
grow straight, a length sufficient for two railroad ties.
I have no doubt but ties 9 inches in diameter, made
of China tree, would last a century. The wood is
solid and close, and will hold the rails better than any
other wood. Every one who has paid the least atten
tion to the growth of the China tree, knows how rapid
it grows, and what an immense number can be grown
on" a small quantity of bottom land. If attention
were devoted to the growing of this tree, wharves
might be made at the same cost they are now made,
with ordinary timber, that would last ten times as
long. So durable is this wood that the small timber
used for sticking peas, that arc half pith, Avill last for
that purpose three years."
On a former occasion I have, starting from general
principles, tried to urge the importance of planting
trees on our land-holders, great and small probably
to no effect. But will they withstand the argument
when they are shoTtn how to convert small labor into
heavy cash. I know this is an argumentuui ad ho-
Well then, begin by trying the China tree '
For the P. C. Advertiser.
It is with a feeling of regret that wc have read the
remarks of the two American Representatives on the
night of the Great Demonstration," as appears in
your last issue. Wc should have judged from the
known courtesy and gentlemanly frankness of both,
that they would have spared denunciations that were
uncalled for, and confined themselves, as well they
might, to the termination of the great struggle in our
love l land, and the successful election of their favorite
The remarks of Mr. Campbell seem to us in much
better taste. All can agree with him, " That it is a
"subject of rejoicing not only for Americans, but all
who feel an interest in the perpetuity of Republican
" institutions, and the continual development or those
great doctrines of political freedom, which have
always been cherished by the great Republic. ' ' The
great contest has been decided, as it can be in no
other country on the face of the earth. A whole
people assembling in one day, and with a force irrc-
sistable, yet harmless, depositing the name of the
man of their choice to be their leader for a term of
years. Jbor wccks ana montns nas tno contest uecn
waxing more and more interesting. Both or all
parties, yield nothing to each other in their devotion
to the interests of the common country as they under
stand them, and although too often a press may be
bund that hesitates not to defame the fair name of one
who heretofore stood well before the world, yet the
minds of honorable men will never allow such poison
to mingle with their arguments ; and though they
may and must honestly differ from their neighbors,
yet are willing when the decision has been made, to
bow to the will of the majority and to stand ready to
assist with all their might in carrying forward any
national interests that may be presented to the peo
ple. It seems to us that there might have been food
enough to have given generously to the crowd, of
patriotic sentiments on the auspicious event of the
quiet succession of Messrs.' Buchanan and Breckin
ridge to the highest honors in the gift of the Amer
ican people ; and it is with regret that wo notice the
opprobrious epithets applied to a large party of our
fellow countrymen who honestly differed from their
fellows. Was it magnanimous to brand the whole of
Jcw England and almost the entire great TVestt a.3
combinations of unholy factions," as governed by
sectional issues," ' black, intolerant, dangerous
factions," under the flag of disunion," and those
" who would strike at the foundation of our national
existence ?" Can those who uttered such expressions
put their finger on a single sentiment breathing any
such disloyalty that was uttered by any of the Re
publican leaders in the late contest ? can they quote
a line from the Republican platform that will in any
way bear out their assertions ? That there have been
northern men who have uttered and boldly proclaimed
such doctrines Ave do not deny, but confess with shame
that fanaticism may be carried so fir as Avilling to
destroy the fairest fabric ever raised, preferring as
they blindly think, to dwell amidst its ruins, than
inhabit a place they deem poluted.
Is the question asked Avho are tho disunionists ?
Who have raised the Black Flag ? Who would strike
at the foundation of our national existence ? Hear
the man Avhom hundreds, aye thousands, croAvd to
honor. Who is received with tho highest honors of
the State, who is treated Avith public ovations
wherever he moves, who is triumphantly returns to
the council boards of the nation, to represent the in
terests of the country. Surely, he so honored, but
expresses the feelings of those who have solicited
- Hear his speech at Columbia, S. C. : " On the 4th
of Nov. the irreat Question would be decided. For
his part, if Fremont, tho traitor to his section, should
be successful, it was his deliberate . opinion that on
the 4th of Jlarch next, the people of the South should
rise in their might, march to Washington, seize the
archives and the Treasury of the Government." (P.
C. Brooks.) What devotion to the Union." The
Richmond Inquirer says: ' Tlie election of Fremont
is certain and immediate disunions 'No dangerous
factions" there. Let the South, if possible, detach
" Pensylvania, Southern Ohio, Southern Indiana,
" and Southern Illinois "from the North, and make
' the highlands between the Ohio and the lakes the
" dividing line." Nothing sectional" there. '
But we forbear. Although the quotations might
be continued to show, if there is sectionalism, it is in
its greatest strength Southward of Mason & Dixon's
line. Would that we could blot out all such thoughts
from the minds of men North and South. Would
that the tongue that would pronounce the word dis
union should cleave to the roof of the mouth," ere it
was uttered. Our country is before the Avorld, her
glories are resplendent, her name high among the
proud ones of earth. Let us hope that he who has
been chosen as our Chief Magistrate may honor him
self while he honors the American nation. We ha'e
faith he Avill, and hope " that the American Union
will advance more in the next four years than it has
the last" Let T-ast differ n jes be f. gotten, and our
only boast be in" the word3 of the great deprxtcd.
Thanh G(i I am an American" . . ' .
1 Yours, Que or votjr QouxnroiEX. :
Alit. 'Editor: c nrisl mas-day ! Tho .
day ! Days, whose approach is hailed with sen'"
ments of joy by curly headed youth and silver bear"
age. The day is past ! But few remain, anl futJ,
time closes tho portals of 18oG. Many are the trit
remembrances, many also the silent sighs, Avliich
25th calls forth in the hearts of those who hiv!
passed the threshold of manhood ; many a tear pr.r
haps, in shed is secret, when the early daw'a cj
" merry Christmas" tints the East and calls upfroci
the shrouded spirit land of the past the long furo-otv
joys and sorrows, and dreams of " days lang sy ,,
Christmas days arc to the Avanderer the mile st-jte
on life's checkered road, through the dim vista of the
many years over Avhich the p .st has Hung tlie tuwty
veil. We perceive those land marks clear and clears
till wc sec them far, far off, rising brightly -n
very doorsteps of"swctt home," g.Mcd by 4ili.ij,j,T
childhood's rosy morn." Lookback, whosoever th..
art, kind reader, look back the road thou liat
traveled on thy journey of life, (be it long or short)
not every mile stone is brightly garlanded ; rou
some perhaps, is twined the cypicss's dark leaf; an
roses are gone, the leaves are Avithcred, and only
thorn is left. Christmas-day, Avhen its sac redness U
enhanced ny being Thanksgiving-day, is to an infant
nation the great hour, Avhich the hand of time marks
on the dial of the century, and thoe Avho have Leeu
residents on this island for a longer or shorter time,
Avould be blind not to perceive how, with every re
turn of " merry Christmas" this people advance
Avith rapid strides on the path of civilization. ItAviis
a happy thought of the Commercial Advertiser t)
favor his readers Avith the speech of the Hon. JoVa
Ii. To those who have resided on these islands but a
few years, it affords a real treat in comparing tho
present, not only Avitli the distant days of ISIS, but
even with the few years "in our lvcollection.'V
Avere most forcibly reminded of this steady pi-orrsj
to civilization Avhen we happened to drop in at a
Christmas entertainment, on the evening of the'J-jth.
Where formerly the noisy and boisterous brawler anl
the drunken OAvdy had their sway, we found an
assembly of Avell-dressed and well-bred gentlemen,
not only mechanics, but gentlemen of almost every
profession in Honolulu, where formerly the slovenly
and indecently attired " wahines" held their low aai
disgusting revel, Ave beheld neatly and handsome
dressed ladies seated modestly around the beautiful
decorated hall. The American or European funl
himself transported back to the merry Christmas ball
of far off ' ( Fadcrlaud. ' '
At 12 o'clock a lively march played by the
orchestra (and Ave need but remark that Messrs.
Dickcrson and Pickering Avere among the performers,
to warrant the excellency of tho music) gave the
signal for supper. Gentlemen with their lest foot
forward and polite bows escorted their ladles to the
abundantly supplied table, and, reader, if you looked
along the long tabic, Avhcre sat representatives of
every country and language, if you observed the de
corum that presided over the festive board, you woulJ,
after having that morning perused the speech of lion.
John Ii, almost doubt your being in Honolulu ; aul
had that loyal toast, " Go l bless the King," fresh
from Avarm hearts, been heard two years ago, it
might have saved to the treasury not a few thou
sands. Such toasts and spontaneous outbursts of loyalty
are safer guarantees than any War Department can
devise. Such re-unions can exert but a beneficial
influence. The free and social intermingling of the
different classes of society, under the democratic
banner of decorum and mutual esteem, deals heavy
blows on the rampart Avhich a mock jnastocraey ajul .
upper tendom might endeavor to erect in our small
community. Lixcolx Geeex.
Honolulu, Dec. 27, 18-50.
W. n. Wildeu's Farlavell Benefit. Wc will call
the attention of all lovers of the Drama to Mr. Wilder
farewell benefit on Friday evening, Jan. 2nd ISoT, on
which occasion Mrs. Lovcll's beautiful play of I1150
mar the Barbarian, or, the power of Love, will be
produced. All Avho remember Mr. AV.'-poratmatio!r-of
this difficult character on his former visit to this
island, Ave feel confident will avail themselves of this
opportunity to Avitness one of the finest pieces iu the
language. He deserves a bumper for his industry
and persevcrencc. Although a young man, ami
young in the arduous profession he has chosen, he
gives promise of a brilliant future. Wc would make
particular mention of his Richelieu! Macbelh!
Othello! Hamlet! Sir Edward Mortimer! Sir
Giles Overreach! Jajfier ! Damon! Claude Md
notte! Romeo! Octavcan! Jtfathcw Elmore! Car
win! Waller Tyrel! William! Pet rucu'o! in &l
of which ho displays a proper appriciatiou of the
authors' meaning. We consider his personation of
William, the noble hearted tar, the best Ave have
ever seen. As Cardinal Richelieu ho surprised
us by his correct personation of one of the most dif
ficult characters in the drama. On Christmas eve
ning Mr. W. assayed Hamlet for the first time. It
was a bold venture, but the result proved that he hal
not reckoned without his host. Wc could not but
admire the excellent manner in Avhich the advice to
the players Avas given. The various soliloquies were
excellently rendered the closet seen Avas fine, as in
deed was the whole performance the curse in Riche
lieu was given Avith electrical effect. Mr. W.
repeated the character several times by request. Ve
cannot close our remarks Avithout saying a word of
Mr. W.'s Toodles, although a character entirely
out of his line, he loses himself in it, and succeeds in
keeping the house in a roar of laughter from the
commencement to the end of the piece. All who have
Avitnessed it will not easily forget his manner of say
ing, J "ol that man. It will be played on Friday nightf
and positively for the last time, as Mr. W leaves on
the Fanny Major for San Francisco, Avhere AVc Jbi'C
he may meet with the success his merits and industry
entitles him to. Vinoc.
A ride on an Elephant. The rajah had kept
his promise, and his big she-elephant had already
arrived. She knelt, at the keeper's command, and
a small ladder Avas placed against her side, tliat I
might climb upon the pad, as I had been unable to
borroAV a hoAvdah. I had a package of bread ami
cold roast beef, to serve me as a tiffin, but Avas care
ful to conceal it from the driver, otherwise himself
and the elephant, with all her trappings, must have
undergone purification on account of the unclean
flesh. I took a reluctant leave of Mr. Keene, seated
myself astride on the pad, with the driver before me
on the elephant's neck, and we morel off. The dri
ver was a Sikh, in a clean Avhitc and scarlet dres?.
and a narrow handkerchief bound around his kcal
His long, well-combed locks were anointed with but
ter, and, as his head was just under my nose, I v3
continually regaled with the unctuous odors. &
carried a short iron spike, Avith which he occasional
ly punched the elephant's head, causing her to snort
and throAV up her trunk as she quickened her pa(5,
I found the motion very much like that of a lS0
dromedary, and by no means unpleasant or fatiguing
Though walking, she went at the rate of about five
miles an hour. I noticed that the driver frequently
spoke to her in a quiet, conversational tone, making
remarks about the roads, and advising her hov t
jrocced all of which she seemed to understand per
fectly, and obeyed vyithout hesitation. Bayard Tti't