Newspaper Page Text
THURSDAY, JAN. 22, 1857.
Wk bear of but few transactions cf any magnitude Ua 'tstk,
the rctaikrs are buying very sparingly and sscm desir e of re
ducing their stock; as far a3 possible- Auction sale cf ai3orted
merchaudlse have gune off briskly, owing to the presence cf a
fcvr dealers from She cthor iiland, but the prices realised have
been far from satisfactory.
Two desirable lots of real estate were offered at auction and
The Fanny Major leaves for San Francisco with a very small
freight, but with nearly 40 passengers. The only arrival has
been the Hero, from Hamburg, with an assorted cargo of about
140 ton, a considerable portion of which is lumber.
DREAD No transactions. There in considerable demand for
pilot and fine navy, but the stook on hand Is light. Importa
tions 100 casks per Hero, from Hamburg.
FLOUR No change.
TEAS Stock large ; we quote ?;ile of Young Hyson and gun
powder 25c (a) 30c $ black, inferior, 20c (a) .
BOOTS & SHOES Sales of heavy boots at $2 25 ; kip bro
gans 16 (a) $17.
LUMBER Rough north-west jobbirg at 4c ; shingles, $0 (a)
BR AX A lot of inferior offered at auction and withdrawn,
there being no bid. Stock at the mill heavy 75 tons or more.
ISLAND PRODUCE Without change. The supply of sugar
and coffee coming forward will be large.
PULU No demand ; last advice3 from the coast report sales
at 8 cents, and market over-stocked.
FIREWOOD. A fair supply. Jobbing at $12 l cord.
BEEF AND TORK. No transactions. Hawaiian is arriving
freely from ports on the other Islands.
CLOTHING. Pull. Sales at auction hardly realise 75 cents
on a dollar on cost and charges.
DRY GOODS. Sales of Brown Sheetings at SJ9c. Denims,
12g)13c. Bleached Shirtings, 6i8c.
RICE. No change.
EXCHANGE. Whalers Bills may be quoted at 1 W cent,
premium. At the sailing of the Fanny Major, the demand is
quite email compared with that at the departure of the last
XEIV BEDFORD OIL MARKET, iVOr. 17.
Sperm Continues dull, and sales limited. The transactions
Include sales 200 bbls at 140 cts per gallon, about 75 bbls an
officer's lay of a ship's cargo at 135 cts and about 50 bbls at a
price not transpired.
While The market for whale is quiet, but holders are in
clined to be firm, sales of 60 bbls dark at 79 cts and 50 bbls
South Sea at 80 cts are all the transactions coming to our knowl
edge since our last.
Whalebose The only sales of whalebone in this market the
past week are 1500 lbs Ochotsk at 72 cts and 10,000 lbs do at a
price not transpired, but understood at an advance upon the
above. Shippjnj List.
LATEST DATES, received at this Office.
Panama, N. G.
New York, -London
Paris - Nov. 6
Hongkong - - Sep. 23
Sydney, N. S. W. Sep. 30
Tahiti - - - Dec. 1
For Sax Francisco, per Fanny Major, Wednesday, Jan. 21.
For Tahiti, per Ocean, soon ; and Hero, about Feb. 1.
For Lahaina, per Kamoi, or Maria, to-day.
For Sydney," per Hero, about Feb. 1.
For Kaitai, ier Excel, to-day or to-morrow.
For Hilo, per Maria, Thursday.
PORT OF HONOLULU, H. I
Jan. 15 Ham. bg Hero, Moeller, ISO days from Hamburg, with
merchandise to Krull & Moll.
15 Sch John Young, Hall, from Kauai.'
15 " Alice, Rye, from Kona, Hawaii.
IS u Excel, Antonio, 2 days from Kauai.
19 " Kamoi, Maria, and Favorite, all fm ports on Maui.
Jan. 14 Tahitian sch Kate Darling, Starr, for Gulf California.
14 Sch Kamehameha IV, Gulick, for Kohala.
16 Brem. bg Victoria, Corsen, on a whaling cruise.
17 Sch Kamoi, Chadwick, for Lahaina.
19 Am. wh sh General Williams, Miller, to cruisa.
19 Sch Mary, Beriill, for Kawaihae.
VESSELS IX rORT.-JAX. 21.
H. B. M-'s ship Havannah, Harvey.
Am bk Fanny Major, Law ton.
Brem. ship Post, Weigard, repairing.
Chilean brig Escape, Gasso, repairing.
Am clipper ship Aspasia, Green, waiting cargo oil.
Hamburg brig Hero, Moeller, discharging cargo.
Ships, Ocean, Norton.
Benjamin Tucker, Barber.
. Montpelter, Macomber.
Brig Victoria, Corsen.
Barks, Harmony, Bumpus.
Black Warrior, Brown
Coasters in Port.
Excel," Antonio, for Kauai.
Sch Maria, Moltcno, for Lahaina.
" Keoni Ana, for Kauai.
" Favorite, for Kahului.
" Kamoi, Chadwick, for Lahaina.
Movements of Coasters.
Brig John Dunlap, Dudoit, is overdue from Hilo she sailed
hence on the 21 inst.
Sch3 Manuokawai and Kamamalu both sailed for Hilo on the
13th, and may be expected back about the 2Sth or SOth.
Sch Rialto, Taber, will be due from Kauai about the 25th.
Vessels Expected from Foreign Ports.
French corvette LArtemise is expected daily from Callao.
Am. bark Frances Palmer, Green, will leave San Francisco for
this port about Jan. 5.
Am ship Raduga was to leave Boston about Nov. 10, with
cargo nidze for Honolulu, to C. Brewer.
Bremen brig Kauai was to sail frm Bremen latter part of Sept.
with cargo merchandise to HoSfschlaeger and Stapenhorst.
American sch. Flying Dart, Freeman, from S. Francisco about
Dec. 20. (Uncertain).
- - Br. bk Gambia, from London via Tahiti, sailed April 6. Last
reported at New Caledonia.
Hamburg; Per Brig Hero 2 cs iron chests and chains, 1 ble
woodenware, 2 pkgs samples, 1 parcel paper, 600 floor stones,
6 cs wooden ware, 4 cs iron ware, 1 pkge Eampljs, 13 cs mdse,
1 sample box mdse, 100 bgs mdse, 2 cs Raven duck, 100 hams,
25 cs sherry, I cs bitters, 30 cs refined sugar, 400 cs liquors, 2
sample boxes, 3 ca hardware, 13 csks beer, 2 cs dry goods, 100
csks bread, 30 tons coals, 23 cs matches, 1 sample box, 5349
boards, 1 package containing i tent, 4 chairs, 1 table, 1 cs
For San Francisco per Fanny Major : 103 drums oil, 61
bales pulu, 4,050 horns, 22 bales Fungus, 20 boxes oil, 280 bags
coffee, 65 bbla beef, 20 bbia tallow, 285 hides, 35 bbls prime pork,
140 kegs sugar, 10 horses and luggage of Rowe & Co.'g Pioneer
From llAMBrRGn per Hero Mrs. Eder, Mrs. Moeller, (cap
For Lahaina per Kamoi C. S. Bartow, Rer. S. E. Bishop,
B. F. Eolle3,3. Iloffmeyer, E. Moll, E. Miner, O. Merrill, Mrs.
C. R. Bishop, Mrs. E. G. Beckwith and child, Mrs. II. M. Whit
ney and 3 children.
From Lahaina per Maria D. C. Bigelow, Dr. Jas. R. Dow.
For Sax Francisco per Fanny Major C. VT. Jones and
lady, Messrs. Prince, Billings, Irwin, Frinfc, Compton, J. Rowe
and lady, Captains Weld and Pinkham, W. A. Aldrich, M. C.
Monsarrat, Mr. Raphael, J. J. Carana ve, Bennett, Bell, Mills,
Bonsel, J. Quinsy, G. Rodes, J. King, Lewjs, Borden, rhillips,
J. R. Packer, J. R. Boud, John Evans, J.'Butterfield, Chas.
BarstQir, Mr. Card, and 4 others. Total, 35.
At Koloa, January 3d, Mr. Agar T. Shcte, aged 56 years
The debased was from Bridirenort, Conn.
Yesterday evening, 20th inst, Iunac, wile oi ADranam
A new line of screw steamers is about to be estab-
ligbed between London and V alparaiso. lhe nrst
ship, the Chili, of 1,000 tons, will sail on November
20. She will proceed from Valparaiso to Coquimbo
and Caldera, and will also forward passengers to the
principle port3 of Peru. .
The Emperor of Morocco, on the remonstrance of
- ... 1 - 11 t CC. ? . '
the intisii wi.LTg u Aiitiires, nae agreed to pay an
i.inmnttv nf 51Pi.000 for the barfc Humen nrxd A7-
. .000 for a French ship recently plundered by the Ritf
Ttratcs. - - ' ; ... ; -
SPECIAL BUSINESS NOTICE.
Tersons desirous of mailing papers, can procure them at our
counter neatly done up in wrappers, five copies for 50 cents, or
twelve copies for a dollar.
Tskm. Six Dollars per annum.
Single Copies 12J cents each.
AGi.N'Ti FOR THE COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER.
lahaina, Maui - - - C S. BARTOY , Esq
Makawao. E. Maui
- L. L. TORBERT, Esq.
Capt. J. WORTH.
- Capt. JAS. A. LAW.
TII03. H. PARIS, Esq.
- Dr. J. W. SMITH.
L. P. FISHER, Esq., Mer. Ex.
- B. LINDSEY. Ed. Ship List.
San Francisco, Cal
JVew Bedford and U. S.
THURSDAY, JANUARY 22.
There is perhaps no part of the world, at least none
so remote from-the centers of commerce and civiliza
tion, where the general character cf its harbors is
better known than this archipelago. This fact has
been owing mainly to the faithful and very accurate
surveys .made by the early English navigators Vho
discovered and subsequently fully explored all our
coasts and harbors. Those early survej-s, made fifty
to seventy years ago, arc found to differ very little
either in depth of water or general nature of the dif
ferent anchorages from the most recent ones. But
the correct knowledge of them conveyed by the
charts now in use is not all that is of importance to
captains and strangers visiting them. Many of the
masters of both whaling and merchant vessels which
touch here to recruit r with cargoes, have never visited
this group before, and are generally ignorant what
they can procure at the port they may find it con
venient to touch at. The following is the first of sev
eral articles prepared to show the facilities for re
cruiting at the various ports of entry of this kingdom.
We will merely preface them with the remark that
they are prepared by persons who have resided from
ten to twenty years at the places described, and ar
familiar with their localities.
Port of Hie Samlwich Islands. No. 1.
Hilo, or Waiakea harbor, (called in many charts
Byron's Bay) situated on the East side of Hawaii, in
latitude 10 44' N. and longitude 155 03' W.,
is most delightfully located ; and on approaching it
from sea, the whole surrounding country being well
studded with trees and perennial verdure, even to the
water's edge, and presenting none of that bleak and
arid appearance which is so common and remarkably
striking upon nearing most of the other ports, it ex
hibits probably, one of the most pleasing and ex
tremely picturesque sites, that the islands can afford.
The harbor, which is a natural one, being formed
seaward by a reef composed of coral, sand, and lava,
and extending from East to West, some 1500 fathoms,
assumes a somewhat semi-circular shape, the diameter
of which is from 1000 to 1200 fathoms ; it is spacious
and extensive, well protected and being seldom visited
by strong winds, affords a most convenient and safe
asylum for vessels.
The depth of water in the harbor, varies from 3 to
1, 5, 6, 7 and 8 fathoms, ships generally anchoring
in from five to six fathoms, and the bottom being
composed chiefly of mud and sand, and being free
from sunken rocks, sand bars, or any similar obstruc
tion, it gives a most excellent holding ground for
The harbor, as it is at the present time, is capable
of holding with safety upwards of one hundred and
outlay of capital, as a matter of course, to erect
piers, docks, and other improvements, how much
larger a number it would accommodate, is impossible
to say ; but, being accessible at all times to ships of
the largest class, it derives from, nature all the ad
vantages and peculiar facilities favorable for a great
The course, on entering the harbor of Waiakea, is on
the western shore of the channel. The narrowest navi
gable part between the shore and the reef is upwards
of 500 fathoms. Were it not for fear of vitiat
ing insurances, the services of a pilot would seldom
be required by ships possessing " Wilkes' " chart of
the harbor. Still, as the winds at times are baffling,
it is always safer to take a pilot, of which there are
two regularly commissioned, ever ready and on the
alert to offer their services when a vessel comes in
sight. The charge of pilotage, as at the port of Hono
lulu, is calculated according to the vessel's draft of
water, namely, one dollar per foot, inward. and out
ward. As the trade winds prevail here, it would as a gen
eral rule be advisable for ships upon approaching the
port to keep well to the eastward, letting the harbor
bear about S. W.
It may perhaps be well to state here a fact prob
ably not generally known, that never has a ship been
wrecked in this harbor, nor on the immediate coast.
The number of whale ships annually visiting this
port, independent of merchant vessels, &c, taking
the last five years as an average, has been sixty-five.
As inducements, for whale ships especially, to visit
this port, it would not be amiss to state that very
rarely does the ship master experience difficulty or
trouble with his crew, which fact can be attributed to
no other cause than that of the impossibility of the
men obtaining anything in the shape of intoxicating
liquors, for the sale of which happily, no license has
been granted on this island ; and so stringent is the
law, that the victualling houses are strictly prohibited
from even making beer, or giving it to their boarders.
Seldom either docs a ship lose any of its crew from
desertion, so efficient are the means of retaking them,
that slight indeed is tli3 chance of escape.
In enumerating tshat ships can obtain : in the first
place, an abundant supply of good fresh water can be
had all the year round from the numerous streams
and rivulets which empty themselves into the bay ;
a supply of recruits, such as sweet potatoes, squashes,
bananas, cabbages, oranges (when in season,) fire
wood, beef and pork, and poultry can always be ob
tained, and IrLsh potatoes, although not grown in the
neighborhood are procured in readiness for the whaling
fleet at the fall and spring of the year. Bread, flour,
salt provisions, ship chandlery and groceries, and in
fact everything in the way of a ship's requirements
can now be procured from the several stores in the
With regard to the temperature of Hilo, it is re
markable for its equality ; and though at certain sea
sons of the year humid" the climate may be, and is
considered salubrious and temperate. A supply of
Umber being an indispensable for the success of a
commercial place, is an article in which Hilo is by no
means lacking, as the woods extend far back into the
mountains and reach to within two or three miles of
the sea coast, contain an almost inexhaustible supply,
a great deal of which, (the ohia for instance,) for
durability in a great measure resembles the oak, and
is for many purposes admirably adapted for ship use,
for anchor stocks, &c, and the cost of which, as com
pared with the sama at other ports, is very reasona
ble. - '';- -: -''' v
Su ch are. some of the prominent features 'of TIHo.
The trade, or agricultural pursuits that are carried
on for export, are too trifling at present to deserve
much notice ; but as this article is intended to give
some truthful account, however imperfect, of the
different enterprises of which Hilo can boost, we may
be excused for submitting a few statements with
respect to the commerce carried on by its residents.
The principle articles of export are coffee, arrow
root, pulu, goat-skins, hides, sugar, molasses and
syrup, (the production of the three latter named
commodities having considerably varied of late years)
but all of which might be very extensively, and we
have no doubt, profitably raised, were the communi
cations with the interior of the country more accessi
ble, where there are thousands and thousands of
acres, having a soil of extraordinary fertility at
present uncultivated, congenial to, and capable of
producing most abundant crops ; but the state of the
roads renders them almost impassable to any but foot
passengers, and the hitherto most expeditious mode
of conveyance being by means of sticks slung across
a native's shoulders with the burdens at the ends,
make it much to be regretted that although so favor
able to commerce, Hilo, in an agricultural point of
view is so lamentably crippled. With more available
roads and bridges, but few ports on any of the
islands in the Pacific, with an industrious population,
could pour into the market such an amount of pro
The suggestion of our cor respondent Pharos
may be good or not according to the ability of the
Treasury and Director of the Bureau of Public works.
There was a law passed by the Legislature of 1851,
and amended in 1852, authorizing the Minister of the
Interior to construct a light-house at the entrance of
the harbor, and for the maintenance of it, the Collec
tor was empowered to collect three dollars each from
all foreign vessels and all Hawaiian vessels returning
froHi foreign voyages. The Custom House returns
or 1855 show 329 arrivals at this port, all told, which,
at $3 each, would amount to $987 about one-third
the sum required to keep a house lighted after it was
In England privileges have been granted to private
parties to erect light-houses, and then charge from one
to four cents per ton, according to the cost and im
portance of the light, on all vessels passing, be they
coasters or otherwise discriminating however be
tween them in the amount taxed, at the same time as
suming the duty of collecting and paying it over to
said privileged parties. Why would not the same
plan do here surrounded with proper reservations and
restrictions ? After estimating the cost, if it is found
that a tax per ton on shipping will be too high to pay
a reasonable interest on it, and accord with good po
licy, let government guarantee a certain rate of in
terest to the builders until the increase of shipping
per annum shall relieve them from that small burden.
Those who have faith in our future greatness will not
hesitate to do that. If the proposition of Pharos is
not banter, (and we do not think it is) the government
will do wise to take the hint in time; it might result
in our bein accommodated sometime or other with a
light-house, and at little or no expense to government.
We do not think that shipping, foreign or coasters,
would refuse to pay a reasonable tax for such a con
venience. It may not be generally known that the
absence of a proper light at this place has a material
influence on the rate of insurance on vessels visiting
here. The number of wrecks, as hinted at by Pharos,
will sufficiently account for that.'
- "V -- xxvuijr urn w.hnnno. Vrrwxrita twlvail
in sight off the harbor too late to find the buoys, and
was compelled to put to sea again, the wind blowing
a gale on shore, whereas, a light or bell would have
enabled her as well as the schooner Maria on Sun
day night to have found safety inside our harbor.
We hope this subject of lighting the mouth of the har
bor, or stationing there a bell , will receive the imme
diate consideration of the authorities, whose province
it is to carry out such improvements.
NOTES OF THE WEEK.
"We. issue our paper on Wednesday this week,
on account of the departure of the mail by the Fanny
Major. A bag will be kept open at our counter till
the hour of her sailing.
We have received several communications hit
ting off the current topic of dance houses from right
to left, and vice versa, but have not space for them,
and as there has been quite enough said already, it
is not advisable to ' exhaust the subject," notwith
standing the broad latitude and longitude which our
contemporary claims for morals, legislation and met
aphysics generally in the Hawaiian Kingdom.
QuickTime. The schooner Kamoi, Capt. Chad
wick, left this port on Saturday last at 5 P. M., with
a large number of passengers. Arrived at Lahaina
3 P. M. Left that port at 8 A. M., Monday, and ar
rived at Honolulu at 4 P. M, same day.
i" The Fanny Major, Capt. Lawton, after a
longer delay than usual, during which the vessel has
been thoroughly refitted, sails to day for San Fran
cisco. She takes over a large list of passengers,
among whom we notice Mr. Rowe of the Pioneer Cir
cus, M. C. Monsarrat, Wm. A, Aldrich, and other resi
dents. I5T The U. S. Mail of Dec. 5, will be due here
about tha 25th inst. The Frances Palmer, which
will probably bring it, sailed hence for San Francisco
Dec. 8. She had not arrived over tip to the 22d
would probably leave again about the 5th, and may
be looked for about the 25th, giving her forty-eight
days for tin round trip. The average of the trips oi
the Yankee and Palmer for the past year is forty-five
days from this port.
55?" With the Fanny Major the circus troupe
leaves us. Most of the performers at the theater had
previously left by the Yankee, so that in the line of
amusements Honolulu will have a resting spell. It is
true the dance houses continue open three nights a
week, more through spite than for profit, but in the
absence of shipping and seamen, it is questionable
whether they will not follow the example of the cir
cus and theater and disband when receipts don't
" pay the fiddler."
CATEnriLL.4jRs.The season for these destructives
to ravage the country has returned. They are very
numerous in some places. " Last week in riding over
the Waikiki plains, we noticed that for half a mile
thty were so thick on the ground that the horse could
not take a step without killing a score or more ; and
the large army were apparently hurrying along for
some more plentiful pasture. A correspondent en
gaged in farming at Polcii, Kauai, writes under date
of Dec. 31 : We have had heavy rains since; the
25th, and taken altogether,' more rain in this early
part of the season than any former year since my ar
rival . on Kafuai. The caterpillars have been more
plentiful than desirable. My neighbor's corn fields
as also mine, together upwards of forty acres, have
been totally destroyed, and a large part that had been
replanted was so damaged by these unwelcome guests,
that it will yield very little."
A new Steamer (in prospect) We are pleased to
learn among the feiv items of news in town, that ad
vices were received by the last mail from New York
from His Ex. E.,11. Allen, submitting a proposal
from "Wm. H. Webb, Esq., the well known ship-builder
in that city, to construct a propeller steamer for this
Government, for the sum of 35,000. The vessel is
to be of 300 tons burthen, with state-rooms or berths
for 14 foreign passengers , and accommodations for
natives, with room for 100 head of cattle and all the
freight that may be offered. In addition, she is
to be fitted up with spars and canvass sufficient
to insure a rate of six or eight knots under full
sail, without the aid of her steam machinery.
We most sincerely hope that the Government will
close in with the proposal, and order a substantial
steam sea-boat. The life of our inter-island trade
depends on it iu a great measure, and whatever the
expense may be, we have no doubt that parties at
Hanalei, Koloa, Nawiliwili, Lahaina, Makawao and
Hilo, will cheerfully take shares in the vessel, if
found necessary, or if desired by the Government.
We believe that no measure can be brought forward
that will be so popular with all classes here as the
introduction of such a steamer.
5" Parties looking towards Sydney, arc referred
to the advertisement of the brig Hero in another col
umn. She will sail early in February, and stop at
Tahiti on the way thither. The clipper ship Aspasia
has been laid on for New York, to load with oil and
bone from the spring fleet.
Mb. Editor : You and Ding" will have donged
to some purpose if your ' suggestions" end in the
putting a bell on the outer buoy or anywhere else to
(w) ring man out of danger. May Allah smile upon
your endeavors. While the subject is up permit me
to make another suggestion which possibly, may throw
light on it.
Way back in the dim past, when storms and wrecks
were almost as frequent as diplomatic notes, the
collective wisdom stood midwife to the still birth of a
law, authorizing the Minister of Interior to construct
a light house on Kakaako (Fisherman's) point to the
no small de-light of all incomers and outsiders
" laying off and on."
Why not wake up that Rip Van Winkle law and
make it work as well as another ? "Ding" thinks
" the passengers on board the Akamai on the night
of the heavy gale off the harbor," would have been
highly tickled to have heard the tinkling of that bell.
So I think. Yet what would not the owners of the
whale ships Chas. Drcic, Ah. Hoicland, South
America, Liverpool Packet, brigs Pctapsco and
Fortunio, &c, have saved had there been a good
light house on said point ? I recken about the cost of
two light houses in loss qf the above mentioned ves
sels only, to say nothing of the smaller losses, besides
the untold convenience and comfort to coasters and
scared passengers who could thereby come into the
harbor in the night time as well as day; and a little
better in fact, as the beam of light on the side of the
channel could be directed if necessary, to the passage
in such a manner that no vessel could mistake it.
I'm not going to vibrate upon the utility of a light
house at the point mentioned; any person with the
brains of an oyster can comprehend that, I have
' -Tg- tltat ia tKla. fnr nn. ? pre
pared and Willing to erect a suitable and substantial
light house on said point when a reasonable induce
ment is offered, and commence operations to-morrow ;
yes, a good substantial stone light house, mostly of
the ballast breed, but of a size proportionate to the
immensity of the undertaking, (I may as well ob
serve here that good clean ballasi is furnished by the
undersigned at $3 per load of about two tons each,
cheap as dirt, can't be beat here by anybody. Pardon
this digression, Mr. Editor, and charge it to my ac
count) and with constant, intermitting, flashing, re
volving, plain or colored lights, constructed upon the
catoptric or dioptric system according to order. Don't
be startled at the jingling of terms. Technical phrases,
theoretical bosh and bright buttons tell heavier in the
right quarter than any amount of gray practicability,
never so worthy. I am determined to start right in
this business, and will except the b utton s. Pharos.
Sib : A writer in the Polynesian of the 17th
instant, ever the signature of A Sinner," so
grossly misrepresents my language and sentiments
expressed in your paper of the 15th, that I must say
a word in self-defence.
He says K. asks plainly what apology the jury
has to offer for giving a judgment contrary to the
indictment." This I deny. I also deny admitting,
as my own opinion, that the women wash their
faces cleaner, dress better, behave better," &c, &c,
for I gathered those opinions from Mr. Hopkins'
editorial, and so stated in my communication.
Whatever the opinions may be of twelve men, se
lected by the English Consul, is of very little conse
quence to the public or to me, compared with the
opinions and sentiments of the ' Government Organ."
True, the Government disclaim all responsibility for
the sentiments of their editor, but I cannot allow the
sufficiency of such a disclaimer. The editor is se
lected from a considerable number of competent men,
and he is commissioned by the King. As the indi
vidual now holding the office has, for several years,
been a member of the Privy Council, it is reasonable
to suppose he was selected because of his opinions,
with a view to his influencing the public mind, and
it is not to be supposed that our young King would
retain in office a counselor and. mouth-piece whose
sentiments arc not in unison with his own. As a
counselor, it Is Mr. Hopkins' duty to influence the
King, thus leading his. Majesty to think and act, as
far as possible, in accordance with his opinions. As
an editor, it is his duty to influence the public, and
it is not to be expected that he will blow hot and
cold with the same breath, but will lead the pub
lic to be of the same mind as the King. If those
opinions and sentiments are wrong, a free press
alone can set the matter right. And, if I am correctly
informed, the present mode of disseminating these
vicious opinions is considered too slow, and the aid of
power presses, steam engines, &c, at an expense of
several thousand dollars, is to be brought in.
But how is it in the case' of Rex vs. J. Booth, recently
tried in our Sup. Court ? I made a few observations
upon this case last week, looking for some apology
from the editor for his decision as a juryman. This
week he says : " There is nothing to be lost in ob
serving that our theme of last week and this, being
prostitution and the sickness that follows in its train,
not dance houses," &c. That is to say, he makes no
apology at all, not even alluding or intending to
allude to the main and only question at issue, viz :
Do those houses, as conducted, tend plainly to the
corruption of the morals of the people ? I believe
they do ; and, notwithstanding the disclaimer of Mr.
Hopkins, it appears to me that the drift of the
Polynesian for the last two weeks has been to prove
that they do not I include communications, editori
als and extracts, under the title of Polynesian.-
The following appears to me to be the true st
the question : -.
The prosecution declares that :
1. The women in question are prostitutes.
2. The place of assembly is a public hotel.
3. The men congregated there . are both resides
4. Prostitution is an immorality. j
5. Associating with prostitutes, in public is a
lie immorality, and as such is a violation of law.
6. The evil complained of is not an injury to
characters of forty or fifty girls of the town,fcQt
disgrace to the . town itself, and to the Hawj,
The Government organ declares Viati
1. The girls are improved by these assemblies.
2. Being Hawaiians, he goes in for their improT
3. The prosecution has taken the wrong pig
the ear, for our legislation is too far advanced to mit
the state of morals in the nation.
4. The real duty of the government is to license
prostitution and cure those diseases which are pecu
liar to that institution.
Being in favor of the opinions set forth in thg
prosecution, I deny the right of the women in ques
tion to be improved in outward appearance to th
blotting of the good name of the town of Honolulu.
If they, are improved, they are improved prosti
tutes. It is so far well, but they are prostitutes
still; and I most emphatically deny the right of tha
Polynesian or any one else to hold up these forty or
fifty women as the proper representatives of the Ha
waiian females, as to morals, whose elevation is to
benefit the whole. Whatever men may say, whose
associations have been only with lewd women, say it
though they may, in the witness box or elsewhere, I
maintain that the Hawaiian nation the femalepor
tion are not now, in 1857, a nation of prostitutei
If the editor of the Polynesian will leave his card for
K. at the Post Office, I pledge myself to walk
out with him any morning he may appoint, and
show him, in their own dwellings, as many virtuom
Hawaiian females as he can spare time to call on
without going to the palace or calling on any of
the royal family women who would indignantly re
pel the idea that they would visit those dance houses,
or associate with the forty or fifty women who fro
Every attempt to make vice respectable is an insult
upon virtue. Were this effort an effort to elevata
Hawaiian females in civilisation, virtue, modesty and
grace, all would approve ; but the whole tendency is
to degrade the virtuous, by elevating, to the public no
tice of strangers who know no better, a gang of prosti
tutes, at the expense of the virtuous.
The idea of the present statutes being in advance
of the Hawaiian nation and the times, is perfectly
absurd when illustrated by long quotations from the
London and JVest minister Review, laboring in vain
to impose upon England opinions, which Mr. Hopkins
thinks it is high time were adopted in these Islands.
One would suppose his fear of being in advance woull
lead him to wait a while at least and allow his native
country to go ahead. K.
Mb. Editor : Are you aware, or is the American
Commissioner aware, of a report now going the
rounds in Honolulu, and every day gaining ground,
to the effect that, during the past shipping season,
seamen confined in the Fort of Honolulu have been
held at the order of one shipping master only, tdbila
those in the same business, but less favored of tb
powers that be, were uname to ontaln man, how
ever willing they might have been to ship ?
For the P. Q. Advertiser.
Mr. Editor : Will you please to insert in your
next issue the following resolution passed unanim
ously at a meeting of the Trustees of the Sailor's
Home, held on the evening of the 19th inst.
Resolved, That the thanks of the trustees be pre
sented to Mr. and Mrs. Thrum, the managers of the
Home" for the efficient and judicious manner in
which its affairs have been conducted, and they alar
desire to express to them the entire confidence felt by
the board that the " Home" under their direction
and management will fully accomplish the ends for
which it was erected, and as heretofore to assure
them of their undivided sympathy and support. Also
that the Secretary be instructed to furnish Mr. and
Mrs. Thrum with a copy of the above and see that it
be published in the Pacific Commercial Advertiser
From minutes of the meeting.
I. Barixett, Secretary.
Honolulu, Jan. 20, 1857.
Mr. EpiTOR : Is there any law in the kingdom
against letting horses on Sundays ? So long as it
not a nuisance" or confined solely to a few for
eigners, probably no picked jury" would interfenv
but when as for the past few Sabbaths, Berctanii
street is made a race course and kanaka horses,
licensed at the Interior Department stand for hire on
the corners of the streets, it is time to inquire vhere
the prefect of police is on Sundays ?
Parliament ha3 been further nroroirucd till Decem
The Ocean Steam Comnanv hptw-pnn "New York and
Bremen has been very successful. Tr. is said that, in
addition to regular dividends, the Company has ac
cumulated a surplus ot $i(u,UUU, in a capital w
Russia is fnrtvt lirw fimnc o;rt r vMnn md
j .v vi iiaui
one hundred and thirty-eight times that of England
and has sixty-three milHons of people.
The Jr. Y. Tim fi!t ftftlMllftfoe Tin rvrnnov COSt
of the late Presidential contest was upwards of 25,
000,000 a voluntary offering on the part of the peo
ple to secure the choice of the "riirht" man, as
entirely exclusive oi tne sums spent for " bribery w
A treatv hn? rrm7iir1fv1 lvfiraen Tlnccla ani
Naples, placing the ships of the latter in Russia
pons on ine looting oi tne most nighly lavorea
French correspondence trivc prominence to accounts
of the imperial gayeties at Compeigne, where the em
peror is enjoying hunting by day, and fancy balk J
night, in the style and costume of Louis XIYth.
The hopes of a speedy re-assembling of the P1?5
said to come from the English government, Tvh059
views seem to prevail.
The United States frigate Merrimac is an object of
dent of the London Post gives a graphic descripuB
ReCentlV a horSP W-1 frrtana.! n rltxtih ftt TtcdT'
ick, Maryland, at the sight of one of Dan Rice s eie-
f itll 1U ,UXS mUlllS, a.ii' &
in twenty minutes. So say the papers. '
The prices of hides and leather have now reaeWr
it nierner noint than ever belore known, ana u" "
great severity upon the shoe trade. Buenos A J
hides are now selling at 30c a pound ; hemlock ta
ned leather from 25 to 29c, and oak tanned 3Sc
The citizens of Dublin gave a banquet on Weta&
day, the 22d nit, to nearly 4,000 troops who ff1