Newspaper Page Text
THURSDAY, MARCH 12, 1S57.
if fjiR business has been transacted the past week, though at
prices unusually low for this season of the year. Island pro
duce has gone off briskly, several parcels of cofioe, sugar, &c
finding purchasers as soon as landed on the wharf.
The Yankee, for San Franci-co, will take over a larger frclgl
rtian &t anv time fir manv months ; indeed she will leave
'large quantity behind, which- sle was obliged to refuse for want
of room. . .
The Lucku Star, from San Francisco, en route f..r Mel
lime, arrived on Friday, and took a small freight of oil and j.ul
Bclir. Liholiho came In on Saturday with 100 tons guano
from Jervis" Island.
The bark Fanny Major, with a full cargo of assorted mer
cliandise from San Francisco, arrived on Tuesday evening
ftfter a passage of 19 days. Her cargo consists of assorted goods
The clipper ship Aspasia ha3 a full cargo engaged for New
York direct, and wJ'l be ready for sea about the 2;th instant.
Whale ships are arriving freelv at the windward ports of tl
islands, and most of them report from 50 to 150 bbls taken
since leavlnz home Dorts in the United State3. The demand for
supplies in the Spring Is always light, and mostly confined
mostly to fresh recruits.
1X orivt n f.-w rmnt.it ii :
COFFEE Sales of several different parcels Kona, amounting
In all to about 10,000 and 15,000 lbs at 11 Jc (W 12Jc. At the close
we' know of none In first hands the Yankee takes a large
quantity on freight.
SUGAR Best qualities-a?e firm, and on the advance from
last quotations, owing to supposed favorable advices from the
East ; the quantity to come in from the plantation i large, and
we do not think t!ie advance will Ik? long maintained. Large
gales kave been effected at 7ic.
BEEF-Stock heavy ; best quality held at $14.
rORK Sales of mes3 at $25 25 per bbl.
FLOUR None In first hands ; the Fanny Major ha3 only
brought 50 bbls. on bakers account. California jobbing at $16
per bbl. An importation of 200 or C00 bbls good article would
EXCHANGE "Whalers' bills on the United States offered at
par eight bills on San Francisco 1 ier cent, discount no
great call for either class.
YTool. The fact that the number of whalers and merchant
vessels has this season considerably fallen off, will turn the at
tention of our farmers and merchants to the production of other
products than supplies f r the whaling and merchant fleet.
Among the roost renumerative products is that of wool, for which
the highlands of Hawaii and Maui are particularly adapted to
growing. Shipments of wool were made to the U. S. last year
by the Ocean Telegraph, and we are happy to learn that favor
able returns have been received. We have received the following
note from Messrs. Louzada & Spencer of Hawaii on the subject.
Mb. Editor. Sir, As you feel a deep interest in the prosr
prity of the Sandwich Islands, and as wool is likely to become
an article of export, we beg to hand you the account sales of
a lot of ours shipped per Ocenn Telegraph and consigned to
II. A. Pierce, Esq., Uoston, also his letter of Nov. 17th 1S56, we
0l30 feel it would Ixj ungrateful if we do not publicly acknowl
edge the kindness that gentlemen has shown towards us (entire
etrangers to liiro through the whole transaction.)
We remain, Dear Sir, j
Yours most respectfully, &e,
Loi-zada & Spencer.
Bostok, Nov. 17, 1S50.
Messrs. Lousada & Spencer, Honolulu :
Gextlemex, Herewith you have account sales of the balance
of wool (2 bales) received from you per Ocean Telegraph ; also
my account current closed by my draft your favor of li. W.
The Sandwich Islands wool is well-liked here, and will in
crease in favor the more it is known. Prices have risen con
siderably lately, and I presume after next session of Congress
similar wool will come in free of duty if invoiced under 15 cents
a pound. Yours respectfully,
, Hexrt A. Tierce.
Accompanying the above arc two account sales, one of two
bales of black wool, which bas been supposed heretofore to be
much inferior. This lot consisted of 657 lbs which realized 28
cents per lb $183 96. The other lot consisted of 5407 lbs which
realized from 30 to 33 cents per lb, and appears to have sold
very readily within thirty days after its receipt. We have no
doubt an arrangement can be made with Mr. Pierce or some
other merchant in the U. S. to take all the wool shipped to them
and allow the shippers to draw against it, at a fixed rate per lb,
say 10 to 12 cents on each lb. We trust the facts given above
will give an impetus to this branch of domestic industry.
LATEST DATES, received tit lUU Office.
San Franciscn - -
Panama, N. G. -
New York - - -London
- Pec. 25
- Nov. 24
- Dec. 15
- Feb. 3
Jan. 31 j Hongkong- - -Jan.
21 I Sydney, N. S. W.
Dec. 27 Tahiti - - - -
For Sax Fraxcisco, per Yankee, Wednesday, March 11, at 10
For Lahaisa, per Maria, Wednesday, and Kekauluohi, on
For Kosa, per Kekauluohi, Thursday.
For Hilo, Wednesday.
For Kacai, per Excel, about Fridny.
PORT OP HOETOLTJI.U, EC- I.
March 5. Am Whaleship Minerva, Warner, from Lahainn;
shipped 85 bbls of oil by the Aspasia, and sailed,
March 7, for the North.
Haw schr Kekauluohi, from Kona, Hawaii.
6. Am clipper bark Lucky Star, Sweeny, 15 days from
San Francisco, en route for Sydney.
Haw schr Alice, Rye, from Kona, Hawaii.
. Am whaleships Barnstable, Fisher; Lagoda, Wil
lard; Venice, lister, arrived off this port from
Jahaina and Ililo, and sailed same day for the
Am whaleship Huntsville, Grant, 150 bbls whale,
Fr wh sh Elizabeth, Tainblanc, 6 months and a half
fm Havre, clean.
Haw sch John Young, Hale, 24 hours fin Kauai.
u sch Kamehameha, Gulick, fm Kohala.
44 sch Liholiho, l'aty, 20 days fm New Nantucket
Island, with cargo of guano,
g Haw sch Maria and Sally from windward ports.
JO 44 sch Kinoole, Morse, from Kona, Hawaii.
10 Am bk Fanny Major, Lawton.
March 5 Haw brig Emma, Bent, for Kauai.
7 Am wh sh Vineyard, Caswell, and Sheffield, Green,
t ' - to cruise. .
0 Sch Kamoi, for Lahaina .
10 Am bk Lucky Star, Sweewy, for Melbourne.
10 Sch Favorite, for Kahului.
10 kamehameha IV., for Kohala.
" . Lahaina, March 7. 1S57.
Dear Sir: Since our last we have to report, the arrival of
the ship Cambria from the Society Islands. Reports, at the
different ports, the following ships: Lydia, Trident, John
Howland, Olympia, Arnolda, Nary. Barks Hamilton and
Wolga. Neither had taken any oil since leaving these Islands.
Ship Cornelius Howland, had taken 25 sperm, and is bound
here. Bark Endeavor, for home. Antelope, for Guam.
Also, ship William Wirt, Osborne, 7 months from home, 00
barrels whale oil. Spoke on passage, Jirah Terry, no oil
Condor, 140 sperm. Fine and beautiful weather as usual, and
expect quite a fleet in the courss of two weeks. Bolles & Co.
Dear Fir, We send you the report of the JFm. Wirt, dipt.
Osborne : Jireh Perry, Cannon, off Huahinl, 140 sperr bound
North i Condor, Whiteside, do, clean, do do ; Tahmaroo, Robin
son, do, 120 sperm, do do ; Morning Light, Norton, 150 S., 15
W., will take the season off shore ground j Niger, Jernigan, 70
sperm, do do. Yrs. Oilman & Co. Lahaisa, March 0.
! Hilo, March 2, 1S57.
. Arrived at this port, yesterday, ship Jirah Perry, Cannon,
of New Bedford, from home, 150 bbls sperm. The following
ships remain, to sail soou : Varnstable, Venice and Thillip J.
JVanM9-nrai,..Wm. Beck.ly, from Honolulu, via, Kawaihae,
arrived last evening. Yours, j. 'Worth.
VESSELS IN PORT. MARCH 11.
H. I.'M.'s corvette Eurydice, M. M. Tichon.
Chilean brig Escape, Gasso, repairing.
Am clipper ship Aspasia, Green, loading cargo ofi.
7. Am. hark Erancert Palmer, Green, refitting.
Am clipper bark Yankee, Smith. .
Am bark Fanny Major, Lawton, to isail about the 25th Feb.,
for ftan rrancisco.
Ship Eli7Abeth, (Fr.)
Brig Oahu, Molde, fitting out.
Barks, Harmony, Bum pus. .
Italy, Babcock, fitt. out
Coastcra in Port.
Sch. Karaamahi, repairing.
Maria, for Kawaihae soon.
-.". Liholiho, discharging guano.
Kekauluohi, for Kona soon.
Alice, for do do. .
SaMy, for Ililo. . '
Kiaoole, Morse, up fer Kona.
Vessels Expected from Foreign Port.
Am sch San Diego, was to leave Puget Sound about Feb. 1, for
Am bark Metropolis, would leave Columbia River, March 15,
Br ship Minetta, was to leave London , consigned to
R. Clouston, Agent of the Hudson's Bay Co.
Am ship John Marshall, wa to leavt New York for Honolulu
in January. ,
Am. brigantine "L. P. Foster, Johnson, Is due from Puget
Sound with a cargo of lumber to Hackfcld & Co.
One of Pierce & Co.'s line of Boston S. I. Packets was to sail
from Boston for Honolulu about Feb. 15.
American bark Bhering, Morse, sailed from Boston, Dec. 2,
American ship Raduga left Boston Nov. 10, with cargo nidze.
fc.r Honolulu, to J. Urewer due March 13.
Bremen brig Kauai sailed from Bremen Oct. 8, with cargo of
merchandise to Honschlaeger & Staponhorst.
lir. bk Gambia, from London via Tahiti, sailed April C. La:
reported at Svdnev. Due here via Tahiti, March 20.
American clipper brigantine Morning Star sailed from Boston
for Honolulu about T)c. 2, with merchandise for the American
Mission due Anril 15.
A vessel is exacted daily from from Columbia River, but we
do not l.-arn her name.
A fine cl:iir ship, buildincr at Liverpool, called the Kameha
meha. had been chartered for Honolulu. She would sail during
the Spring, consigned to R. C Janion.
Jkrvh Ilaxd per Liholiho : SO casks and 17S0 sacks guano
Sv h ii vr u-ivr Sr.ir I rnsfl en Urn ill. IJxi r;iSA
oranuy, hsj cases muse, in transit ior fliciwuruc.
, -m . . . i Vfi
MELBoruxE per Lucky Star :
40 bales pulu, G8 casks polar
oil, 1219 pkgs mdse in transit.
For San Fraxcisco Per Yankee W II Gulick, E Hempsted
J Maxey, F L Hanks, Jos Gasper, II Dreyfouf, A S Grinbaum,
J A Mock, S T Alexander, F S Lyman, Sylva Ruth and family,
ueo itooinson, l nos Anuerson, M itusscli, J A Daly, Harry S
Swinton Jr, Chas S Smith. Ah Hong, Ah Tong, Ah Tak, David
Antone, M Schvartz, Chas Sennit, D M Weston, E A Hey don,
W B Rogers, John Edwards, James Wilson, John Davis, A Ben
son, Rev E G Beckwith, Miss M J Armstrong, CaptO B Spencer,
Ed Hopkins, Capt Taler, E Gormly, Frank Silva, Mrs Harris,
JJlrs JJenson, J Merrill, Capt l?ailey , jir Dickinson, Capt Aiacom
bcr, Miss A Poor, Mr Schwope.
From Sax Francisco per Lucky btar it (.; Jeonaru, Vi u
Valentine and lady, D McDonald, Mrs Cleal and son, Wm Mcars,
Robert Stevenson, M Regnault, F STgnett, M Carroll, J Henry,
Mr Crazin and wife all the above are for Melbourne, excepting
From Jarvis Islaxd per Liholiho Chas A Judd, A Benson.
From Sax Fraxcisco per Fanny Major W. A. Aldrich,
Mrs. Cartwright and daughter, Mr. Rivett, J. R. Bond, J.
PORT OF liilHillUil, BTilTJI.
-Ship Cambria, Peas?, from Society Isiands.
Ship William Wirt, Osborne, 7 months from home
90 bbls whale.
SPECIAL BUSINESS NOTICE.
Persons desirous of mailing papers, can procure them at our
counter neatly done up in wrappers, five copies for 50 cents, or
twelve copies for a dollar.
Terms. Six Dollars per annum.
Single Copies 12J cents each.
AGENTS FOR TOE COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER.
Lahaina, Maui -Makawao,
San Francisco, Cal
New Bedford and U. S.
C. S. BARTOW, Esq.
L. L. TOUBERT, Esq.
Capt. J. WORTH.
Capt. JAS. A. LAW.
THUS. II. PARIS, Esq.
Dr. J. W. SMITH.
L. P. FISHER, Esq., Mer. Ex.
B. LIXDSEY. Ed. Ship List.
THURSDAY, MARCH 12.
The leading article of last week's Polynesian
calls for a few remarks in reply. It is very easy
for the editor of that paper to say, when any state
ments are made in the Commercial not suited to his
ideas, that it is a "misstatement of facts," etc. And
he can even affect to believe and undertake to show,
that the government press not only pays its way, but
is a source of profit to the government. Now there
is not a man in the kingdom, not even the editor
himself, who really believes a word of this, but the
general impression is, and it is a correct one, that
the government press is a great sink, which carries
off a considerable share of the receipts of the king
dom; that it is not and never can be conducted with
profit to the government. The publisher of this pa
per is perfectly familiar with the whole matter, and
those who have had most to do with it know that it
is one of the most expensive mahines " operated
on by the government. And not-only is it expensive
but it is unjust, making a monopoly of the printing
business to the injury of one of the most useful
trades carried on in any kingdom. What would the
public think and say, if the government should at
tempt to set up a large importing house for every
thing needed from abroad, and furnish goods below
cost at the public expense, to all in their employ,
from retail stores set up in every part of the king
dom ? It would be virtually a monopoly of trade
and an injustice to all merchants and traders in the
kingdom. Yet this is what it is doing in the print
ing business attempting to monopolize it to the in
jury of its most industrious artizans. It may derive
a little benefit from it, and so it might from gov
ernment importing and retail stores.
The Polynesian attempts to prove that the gov
ernment press is a paying concern, and goes back to
the year 1818 to rake up the records of nine or ten
years since. Wc had nothing to say about those
years, when onerous stamps (since happily repealed)
were imposed, which the office took the benefit of,
when numerous and interminable reports, with their
correspondence, enclosures and appendices even to the
090th folio, sprung up like mushrooms from the
portfolio of the Foreign Office, which, so far as they
were paid for from the treasury, gave to the press
the appearance of a self-supporting establishment ;
though in fact it was far from such. To understand
the manner in which the machine pays for itself, it
should be remembered tltat each department of the
government is bound to pay the government press
for all the printing executed for it. These sums vary
from $2000 to $4000 or more each year. The pub
lication of the laws, legislative reports, and other doc
uments in the Polynesian newspaper cannot proper
ly, and never have made a demand for compensation.
The following statements will show that the press
does not pay its way :
The expenses of the government press for 1854, as
shown by the Report of the Director, were - - $11,271.56
Add interest on the stock and materials, ($6000) 720.00
Add value of rent of building, - - - - - - 1,000.00
Total cost for 1S54, - .... - . $12,001.50
The receipts from all other sources than payments
from the government departments, were about - 7,500.00
Leaving the actual loss to the government for 1S5 4,
about - - ' - - - - - - - - . - $5,401.56
During the following year (ISoo) the work at the
office appears to have fallen off considerably. From
the report of the present Director, we find that the
Cash expended during the year 1S55 was . . - - $9,637.00
Add interest of stock and materials, ($6000) - . 720.00
Add rent of building, - - - ...... . ." 1,000.00
Total expenses, 1855, - - - - . . . . $11,357.00
The report of the Director docs not show what
cash was received from the government and what
from other sources, but if the figures were shown
there can be no question that the loss arising from
the establishment to the government in 1855, was
not less than $0000. In regard to the rental of the
buildingthe above amount is a fair ngure, as we
learn that Dr. McKibbin's building, which is smal
ler, rents for $1200 per annum,
We come now to the" cost
of the establishment at
the present time.
The last appropriation bill voted for the government
press for two years (185C-7) the sum of - - -
Add two years rent of building, - - - - . - -i
tt it interest on materials and presses,
(53,000) - - - - - - -
- - - - 1,920 00
Total cost for two years, ------ $20,520.00
Making the cost of the printing office $14,7CO per
annum, if the entire sum voted by the Legislature
is consumed. Our readers will bear in mind what
we said in our last issue, that the government " ex
pend $12,000 to $15,000" to support their news
paper and printing office; and if the above figures
are correct, just make a note where the charge of
insauity," " want of moral perception," &c. be
longs, and who is the most fit subject for medical
We did not assert in our last issue, nor have we in
this, that there was a loss of $12,000 or $15,000 in
sustaining its printing office. But let us look and
see what the loss is. This can only be estimated, as
the term has not expired. But the cash receipts
of the public press for 1850 and '57, from other
sources than from Government, will not exceed $0000
per annum, taking the average of the past few years
as the estimate. The account will then stand :
Total expenses for 1S56 and '57, $29,520.00
Total receipts from other sources than for government
work, $6,000 per annum, .. ." 12,000.00
Deficiency for two years, - - - - - - - $17,520.00
Making a total loss to the government and people
of $17,520.00, in two years, for sustaining the
government newspaper and printing establishment.
If these figures can be disproved, we shall, with
pleasure, make the correction.
So ingeniously have the reports of the bureau of
government printing, for the past few years, been
made out, appearing to give a very prosperous state
of affairs, or so disguising them, that even our clear
headed legislators were befogged and bewildered,
and, according to the Polynesian, "were so well satis
fied," that they made an extra appropriation of
$2000 for a press. We wish the ministers and the
people to know the true state of affairs and learn one of
the reasons why this government is cramped for
money. A perfect knowledge of the facts in this
matter of government printing, enables us to say
that all the printing required by the government,
excepting only its cumbersome newspaper, and taking
the average of the past three years for the amount,
can le executed for $-1000 per annum, instead of
$14,700, which is now being expended for it.
Is it anyjvonder that the government is obliged to
send an embassador abroad, at a great expense, to
procure a loan to carry on the government works ?
Is it any wonder that our numerous public improve
ments in other parts of the kingdom remain, and are
ikely to remain, at a stand-still? The government
press is every year becoming a more heauy incubus.
It was originally established when there were no
facilities here for printing, and it may have been
hen a necessity. But those days arc past, and wc
have in our midst a community of enterprising me
chanics, artisans and merchants, who are capable of
supplying the want 3 of the government in every
branch of industry, and whose interests ought to be
encouraged rather than suppressed by any system of
monopoly or perversion of the public funds.
From flic Guano Islands !
tlRRIVAL OF. THE Schr. LIHOLIIIO,
rrith lOO tons of Ciinno.
The arrival of the fine schooner Liholiho, Ca
John Paty, on Saturday, with about a hundred tons
of guano, front Jervis and New Nantucket Islands,
caused no little excitement in our town When the
expedition sailed, on the 25th of December, no one
appeared to take much interest in it further than to
express a general denunciation of all humbugs.
The appearance of the specimens of guano which
we have seen is that of a fine powder, very much re
sembling snuff, without the strong smell of ammonia
which the Chincha guano has. Under a microscope,
it appears entirely composed of crystalised substance,
and resembles snow. Good judges pronounce it to be'
first quality guano, but what its value is, compared
with Chincha guano, remains to be determined.
About eight tons of this guano goes forward by the
bark Yankee, to be sent on by the mail steamer, via
Panama, to New York, the object being to land it in
New York as soon as possible. The balance is being
shipped on the clipper ship Aspasia, to New York
direct, and will reach that port about July 25.
We are informed by Mr. Charles II. Judd, who
was employed by the American Guano Company to
procure the cargo, that, after encountering bad
weather and various causes of detention about these
Islands, they lost sight of nawan on the 5th of
January, and, with a fine trade wind, reached Jervis
Island in ten days.
On the morning of the 16th of January, the native
laborers taken by Mr. Judd from Hono lulu, wer
landed, and commenced preparations for loading the
schooner. The first anchor dropped by the Liholiho,
failing to hold, she dragged off into deep water, and
much time was lost in getting it on board. In this
manceuver the windlass was, unfortunately, broken,
so that they were unable to anchor the vessel after
wards. The lading was effected while the schooner
lay off and on by means of whale boats without any
accident The bagging and lading occupied ten
On the 29th of January they sailed for Howland's
Island, where tbey arrived on the 5th of February,
landed, erected a hut, brought off a sample of the
deposit and set sail next day. ; ,
They saw New Nantucket on the 9th of February,
a low island, which as they approached gave faint
signs of vegetation, in the shape of dry grass and
dead bushes on the water's edge. They landed on
the 10th and were agreeably surprised to find the en
tire surface of the island not only destitute of vegeta
tion but affording a vast deposit of guano of the very
best quality. The Liholiho being already well down
in the water and somewhat leaky, only seventy-four
bags of this guano were taken on board. ; The pas
sage to Honolulu was made in twenty-three days,"
reckoning from the 12th of February until the 7th
March. Absence from Honolulu seventy-one days. ,
The usual course of the wind was from the N. E.
or S. E.; and although the voyage was made in mid
winterVie weather was mild, excepting the great heat
on shore at mid-day. The currents appeared to
change with changes of the moon, from the westward
or eastward, and from one to one and a half miles an
hour. The landing might perhaps be considered diffi
cult by inexperienced persons, but it appears to have
presented no obstacle to our enterprising voyagers.
The agent of the company, Mr. Arthur Benson,
erected upon each island a flag-staff, upon which now
floats-the American flag, and each island lias on it a
i, u,.a weetion of the property of the
email w . . : . .
company as well as a general caveat ;agamsi au m-
traders. One great drawback to tnese guano lstanusj
: u f rsCfrh watpr. not a drop ot Wlilcn is any
where to be found. Rain seldom falls as appears by
Miiriitfon in which thev louna tne guano
iiic cjr J wr. v
ti cj loon n Taiii dt five feet below the surface. Birds
onri fih nrP. in such abundance as almost to
stacker our faith in human testimony. At times the
birds were so thick as actually to cloud the atmos-
r,hor and it Was almost imnossible to step without
treadin? on the nests. Altojrether, it seems, these
islands are bv all accounts, a wonderful place.
Those who are curious to see Com. Mcrvin's fa-
mous report of his visit to these guano islands, can
gr It is amusing to see how easily the equanimity
of some persons is disturbed and their natural com-
mon sense overturned. Judging from the communi-
cation over his signature in the last Polynesian, the
Editor of the JIae Hawaii probably has his editorial
cushion stuffed with " gun cotton," for we know of
rise Kft inflammable. The signature at the
close of the communication was superfluous, as there
could have been no mistaking the authorship. To
understand the origin of the remarks on the Hae in
the last Commercial, it should be stated that we were
requested by Mr. Fuller "to notice" his paper, "which
request was assented to with the remark that he must
not be offended with the freedom which might be used
in "noticing" it. Our remarks contain nothing but
fads, all of which can be proven. Wc have space,
however, to correct but one of Mr. F. s hasty state-
ments. He says :
Now, as to the " offer to take charge of the paper." No com.
pet en t person hag ever made an offer, either to me or to the
President of the Board of Education, " to take charge of the na
tive paper and make it something.
lhmking we might be mistaken, we addressed a
line to Rev. A. Bishop, (formerly a missionarVi hut
now we believe out of employ,) to enquire as to the
correctness of our memory, in alluding as we did to
a conversation with him some weeks since. Mr. B
" The facts are these : In a conversation with Mr. Fuller on the
suhject of his paper, he expressed a regret that he had not time
to make it as good a paper as he wished by preparing interesting
articles. Ipon this, I offered to take charge of the paper and
devote my time to it, for a certain sum, say $500 per annum.
He replied that there were not funds for the purpose, as the paper
did not quite pay for itself. I presume from what you tell me he
has written m the Polynesian, that he has forgotten the whole
Whether Mr. Bishop is a " competent person," the
nublic will of course iude for themselves. JVe be-
lieve him to be one of the most accomplished Hawai
ian scholars on the Islands. The other statements
made by Mr. Fuller contain about as much truth as
the one above quoted, and the Polynesian's jargon
about " insanity" had better be applied to its own
correspondents. We are more satisfied than ever,
judging from this last production of its editor, that
the pages of the Hae Hawaii are filled with little else
than " twaddle and nonsense." Would it not be well
for the government to take the hint given by its offi
cial organ, and appoint a commission to inquire into
the sanity of some of its officers the Editor of the
Hae in particular? It is also a question worth inves
tigating by the commission whether the same refined
literature adorns the pages of the native paper, or
infuses itself into the Department of Public Instruc
tion, and if so, what are its effects on the schools and
and children of the kingdom.
NOTES OP THE WEEK.
HSF A bag will be kept open at our counter for the
reception of papers, letters, &c, for the Yankee, till
ten minutes before her sailing. Three numbers of
the Commercial have been issued since the departure
of the Post, which can be procured in wrappers,
ready for mailing.
Coolies. Discharged coolies are becoming a great
source of complaint in our city. They are about the
streets at all hours of the night, and of course resort
to every kind of petty thieving. We were glad to see
a petition circulating praying the Privy Council to
enforce again an ordinance which was in existence
several years since requiring the police to arrest every
coolie found about the streets after 10 P. M. We
trust the law will be revived and enforced.
Wharves. Are the authorities aware of the frail
condition of the wharves, particulaly Market Wharf.
Many of the piles are so entirely decayed, that we
should not be surprised to see a horse and cart fall
through at any time. This decay is owing to the petty
thieving carried on at night by the boat boys, who
moor their boats under the wharves and strip the
piers of their copper. This matter is alluded to by
a correspondent in another column-
Per Yankee. -A large number of our townsmen
and old residents are leaving in the Yankee, many of
them for pleasure, and nearly all of them purpose
returning in the summer and fall. The travel between
this port and San Francisco is evidently on the in
crease, as every packet that has left or arrived for the
past iew monins, nas been crowded to its utmost
capacity. The Yankee takes about CO passengers.
G5f" The steam-tug was partially hauled out of the
water on Monday to examine her bottom. Her stern
post fastenings, bolts, &c, -?rere found entirely rotted
off. And her iron rudder actually has a hole eaten
through it, though it is two inches thick and has been
in the water only eight months so very corrosive is
the warm salt water of our latitude. We understand
emu is iu dm uauiea out ana repaired next week. For
this purpose a marine railway is very much needed.
Accident. W. N. Ladd, Esq. was thrown from his
horse on Wednesday last, and had his collar bone
He is improving.
Con.- Why are we lead to believe that nis Royal
Highness Duke Constantine has never been weaned ?
Because he was at Brest (breast) when we last
heard of him.
- W After setting op the above rather apocryphal
effusion, our native compositor, who occasionally gets
on a gooa liem, nanas us the following, which puts
me ouier into tne background. . - .-,
Why is an angry boy like a very rich man ?
because he's a wroth child. Beat that if you can.
A Sailor's Yarn Most of our readers are well
posted up in the whaling business, but the following,
for a " fish story," is a little Ahead of anvthing we
have heard lately. A number of blubber hunters
were together the other day spinning yarns, when
one of them (a shore-whaleman, who does his whaling
on land and is of but little account at sea) was expa
tiating largely on his skill, and related among the
the wonderful exploits he had performed last season
" up north,"" that he struck a whale and killed him
with the first iron, which on being tried out, made
four hundred barrels. An old skipper, who had sat
quietly by during tho whole of his A blowing,9!
jumped on his feet, took a long breath, and exclaimed,'
" There, gentlemen, that will do forjrou, but just see
here : Fourteen years ago, when I was in . the old
John Adams, of New Bedford, wc got a sparm whale
off Pe-rw, that turned us out four hundred anh
r.. la 1,,,!! o-alTnno rf .7'.'
- - . r & y "WU
u, vb u "cpamy
ship on the passage home and had a fair stock left f,
I .vA. wAvvn A
t, ' . rm.A (a1' n,1 onU .P.li
ma. x,vixvi. . xc uia copte
by natives nas ueen ,u sum an cxt
within the last twelve months a .to occasion freq
and loud complaints irom various quarters.
Marshal, Mr. Parke, has remonstrated with dealer.
i . .. ... i. i
without avail, ana tne comparatively iew cases d
conviction, before the ponce magistrate, seems to
no check to the growing evil. A very small propyl
tion of the copper, if indeed any, offered for sale fJ
natives, is legitimately obtained. It is not alone tU
shjp yar(is condemned vessels, and piles tinder tbc
Government wharves, which are exposed to tbcb
depredations : but sn sir" mills, fire engines, fortJ
pUmps, and all other kinds of machinery which have
copper or composition connections, admitting of eaW
detachment, (unless guarded by bolts and locks) arc
sure to be mutilated ana robbed of this material
Latclv a brisk traffic has been carried on bv steal in
from one merchant and selling to another, which has
been the occasion of frequent recrimination amongst
the buyers themselves. As the ordinary legal penal
ties have proved to be insufficient correctives to this
branch of thieving, and, as the traffic in stolen cop.
pCr js not recognised in-the wholesale and retail
licenses of dry goods and liquor dealers, it has been!
suggested that the Government grant special licenses
to peddlers and receivers of old copper. The trea
sury would gain something by the operation, and
the public would gain by it, as . they would know
where to go to replace the missing articles, at a cost
but a fraction of the cost of its manufacture at tire
mnnhin Khnn. The license might be accompanied
conditions as vouid protect individuals from
the most flagrant cases of robbery, and severe pcnal-
ties should be inflicted upon such as
trafficing in the article without license.
Mr. Editor : I cannot account for the apathy of
this community, in relation to the numerous and in
creasing fierce foreign dogs allowed to range about, or
not safely secured in their owners' yards. The other
day, a daughter of Mrs. Dutcher was flown upon and
dangerously mangled by a bull or mastiff, of Mr.
Brown's. I have had many narrow escapes myself,
and to-day was chased the whole length of the fence
of a yard at the back of the Black Horse, belonging
to Mr. Cummings (but leased I believe) by a power
ful bull-dog, who was only prevented from mischief
by the uncertain protection of a picket fence.
I think it is a scandalous thing that those whose
duty it is to see their salary paid, do not see the other
part of their duty, to look after these animals and
report Viem to the Magistrate, as often as they are
loose or their chain too near the door path. Dogs
ought not to be allowed their liberty in any yard, that
will seize a person approaching the house in the day
time. If the owners do not wish visitors, let them
notify that they keep a savage dog within, to prevent
calls. Surely the beam is in their own eye, when
they talk about native dogs being so intolerable a nui
sance, which they really are, but nothing compare!
to this. It is a pity strychnine is so dear, as to pre
vent the streets being strewed plentifully with it ; as
it is in vain to look, apparently, for the aid of thT
authorities, until the doctor has taken the case out of
their hands. The fee pays better in looking after
horses. Look out for teeth and Hydrophobia.
Tho American clipper bark Lucky Star, Capt.
Sweeny, arrived on the Oth, bringing San Francisco
papers to the 17th February, and New York dates to
January 21. Her passage was .fifteen days. The
Fanny Major, with the mails for this port, sailed a
few hours before her. . The ship Snow Squall was to
ibllow her the next day, to touch at this port, bound
The Fanny Major arrived On Tuesday evening,
nineteen days passage. We learn that a portion of the
U. S. mail was not received at San Francisco. A line
from J. W. Sullivan states that it was owing to the
severe storm prevailing around New York at the de
parture of the steamer on the 21st of January. This
will account for the non-receipt of European, Boston
and New Orleans papers and letters.
From the papers received, we glean the following
Congress. Several matters of interest have been
before Congress during the past fortnight. The inves
tigation into the alleged case of bribery and corrup
tion, is proceeding, lion. Henry j. itaymond, editor
of the N. Y. Times in which the chareres anneare-1.
was examined on Wednesday. He declined to state
the name of the writer of the article in the Tima
which induced an investigation, but avowed his re-
sponsibility for it. Mr. Raymond said he had recei red f
.v. in pic imoruiuuou to sausiy mm mat there was uui-
ruption in Congress;-that this was neccessaniy
second-hand evidence, and that he declined giving
the names of his informants, as he could not do eo
without a violation of confidence and besides, it was
unnecessary. The knowing ones at Washington laugh
in their sleeves at the bribery and corruption inves
tigation. Although the weakness of certain members
of Congress is notorious, it is confidently predicted
that they will be white washed and come out pure
and immaculate. . " . j
The House of Representatives on the 5th,. by a rote j
of 70 against 105, refused to suspend the rules to f
enable Mr. Walbridge to introduce a resolution mauiii, r
the subject of a Pacific railroad the special order for
the 14 th of January. This does not look like action .
on the part of the House at this session. . I
Among the bills introduced during the fortnight a
one by Mr. Herbert, granting alternate sections of j
land to California purposes; and also a bill providing
for the sale of the surveyed land in that State ? j
Mr. Wood, for one or more railroads from the Missis- s
sippi to the Pacific. By Mr. Woodworth, for a
road and telegraph to the Pacific. By Mr. Chapw?.'
lor the construction of a wagon road from the
Pass in the Rocky Mountains in Nebraska Territory
via Great Salt Lake Valley, to the eastern P'U
the State of California, and for the establishuicn
military posts thereon, and making further apPj0
ations for the completion of the territorial road n
in process of construction from opposite Council litt
Iowa, to near Fort Kearney. ' f.
xne House passed the Senatebill, with amcnui
relative to foreign coin. It provides that
eighth, and sixteenth dollar pieces shall be recci
by the Federal officers at 20, 10, and 5 cents, but
again paid out; the new cent to consist of 88 Pjn
copper and 12 nickel, and the coinage of haa
pieces to cease. -. -.
Mr. Seward, from the Committee on Commerce,
reported a bill for the protection of steamboats
damage or destruction by fire. Among other to
it provides that woud work ; should be removed
tain 'distance from the furnace and flues, tne
rooms and passages to be protected with iron.)7j y
the event of fire the flames to be extinguisfl
steam appliances, to be worked by machinery -of
the fire-room. The act is to take effect onw ,
after its passage. ' - ' ' '. . n0f&e
The House has entered on the discussio- et
tariff -bill, and the debate will probaL'lJ Sci
the close of the session. The Southern an:Ljr,lc
members have declared war against the F