Newspaper Page Text
rrxj.TzsDr evetg, jvly 20, is57.
Ws have bat little of interest to chronicle this week foe com
meretal sJtur. On account of the continuance of the general
InJizpositioa btuinesa is nrar!y at a stand still.
The Tanlrt, to Mil cm Saturday, will take orer a ery small
freight, consisting mostly of nralass and polo.
The J ohm Dnnttp from Christmas Inland arrired on Sun
day last with about 10 M tm lamh-T fmro the wreck of the bark
J. C. Fremont. She will probably return shortly for another
cargo, as we ieara that nenry all the VrtmonVt cargo can be
tI in tolerahfe condition 5 from the wreck ilaelf, however,
tilth or nothing has h-rn rmlizrd.
By our tate etchsnirrs we see that the custom of allowing
days t pace" on bills of exchange, drafts and notes, is to" be
abolished in York, a bin to that effect, baring- passed the
New York Legislature, and become a law. If this desirable
change is effected in the business of New York city and State,
it wDI extend itself to other countries. There is no good reason
why days of grace should be allowed.
The auction sale on Wednesday, at the store of Capt. Peter
folger. amounted, we understand, to about $2500. The sale
went off with mora than usual animation.
The sloop Jose Casera, offered at auction same day, was bid
in at 525.
In the al vnce cf any actual transactions of moment our quo
tations are limited this weekend mostly embrace the market rates
for some staples, as near as can be ascertained.
rLOra 5man sales of favorite brands at $10 IS $11 ? bbl;
U would be difficult to place a kit at anything over $9 & $10.
SUGAR Market bare at preset ; a small supply is expected
per schooners Ldkolikt and Kamoi.
CORX XatiVx beil at 2 eta Ry.
OAT3 JobMc? freely at 2 cts H lor native; Oregon and
California are held at a higher figure.
OYSTEB3 Stuck of Baltimore oysters is unusually heavy ;
sales at S $3 50 P doa.
BEANS Best white held at 7 cts & 8 cts ; inferior brown at
3 cti 2 4cup lb.
SALMON The steer li light, but fa porta lions of this rea
son catch are shortly expected ; No. I held at $14 $15 V
bbl ; infcriur $11.
Ll'MBKO BrJi are in rood deinanJ, with sales at $35 ?
M. Stock equal to present wants.
EXCHANGE in San tnncUco at par. We bear of trans
actions in C. S. at par.
LATEST DATES, received at tbla Oflce.
fan Francisco - Jane 21 I Paris ..... May 1
Panama, NO.-- " 1 H,n-kous .... Mar 15
New Yor .... May 20 JMboume. N. . W Mar 6
London - - - - " 7 I Tahiti ..... June 8
SPECIAL. BUSINESS NOTICE.
Persons desirous of nwtiling papers, can procure them at our
counter neatly done up in wrappers, five copies for 50 cents, r
twelve copies for a dollar.
Thus. Six Dollars per annum.
Single Copies 12 cents each.
iOfcXTS rOB TBI COMMERCIAL AbVERTISKR.
C. S. BARTOW, Kq.
L. U. TOKBEKT, fcs;.
Lakaina, Maui -Makavao,
San t'ranciaea. Cat
Hew Bedford and U. X.
Capt. J. WORTH.
Capt. J AS. A. LAW.
THOS. U. PARIS, Esq.
Dr. J. W. SMITH.
L. P. FISHER, Esq., Mrr. Ex.
B. LINUSKY. Ed. Ship List.
THURSDAY. JULY 30.
We are enabled in this number of our paper to
present a statement of the imports and exports
for the first half of the year 1857, closing June
30th, together with a comparison of the imports
for the four preceding years. The average impor
tation fur the first half of the four years from
1853-6, as given above, is 525,184, Mid this year
being but $281,000, shows a falling off of nearly
one-half. On looking over the table to discover
whether this falling off is in any particular kind
of imports, it will be seen that the decrease in
each class has been in about the same proportion.
i 2 . tim
i C: C i
For Si3 Fsjsciwo, prr Tankee, on Saturday, at 10, A. M.
For Kiwiigit, per Maria, oo Satnrtlajr.
For K-ACAX, per Mni Keike, about Friday.
For LaeaniA, per Maria, atout Saturday.
PORT OF HOSTOZ.TJZ.TJ, h. z.
: s si
- i; c! c
ti p- I
c tc o
at C x O"
6:1 T ST
July CV Schr Kalama, Loven, frnm Kawaihae via Lahaica.
25 American sloop Jose Casera, Place, 19 days from
23 Brijr John Dunbip, Hooper, 21 days from Christmas
2ft-rSchr ManuoVawai. Beekley, fmm Hilo.
'St Schr Alice, Rye, frnm Kona, Hawaii.
Schr Maria, MrJteim, from Koloa.
23 Schr East Maui, from Molokai.
29 Sch Kinnole, fm Moiokai with IS head of rattte.
30 Sch KamoL. Chad wick, fm Kabul ui and Lahaina, with
canro n wneat.
30 Sch Mifi Keike, Hall, four days from Kauai.
ZZ JC 4.
a O" V
k-s W ?T X
t o r?
v . d
wind in the channel is very tizht
July 23 Schr Liholiho, ThurMon, Tor Hiln.
29 Schr Kalama. ttott. fur Kawaihae via Maui.
It cannot be argued from the above table of
XT The telegraph report foreign schooner coming in. The I imports that the demand for the island trade has
decreased nearly one-half. Ihe stock ol goods
on hand January 1st, 1857, was large, being the
ftovva fS imnnrfeitions of nrevioua years, which
had accumulated in the market; and as the im
portations are controlled almost wholly by resi
dent importers, the orders for new goods were
arrival of the whaieatip Splendid, Sm.th, of E.igartown, was the imports has had a beneficial result in working
off the old stocks and creating a vigorous demand
for the new importations which will begin to ar
rive soon after the first of September.
It is not likely that the total importations for
this year will exceed $800,000, which is only
two-thirds of the averago of the four previous
reported. The 5. is from Torcbez, 800 bbls whafc, bound on a
Brig John Du nlap kft this port April 20, and made the run
to Christinas Island in fourteen days. Ecturaing, left Christ
mas Island July 1st and arrived off this port July 25. Was
seven dajs beating up from the leeward of the Island of N'iihao.
Passed a bri;r, supposed to be the Emma, bound to Fanning'
we shall depend more and jioH on San Francisco.
The reason is obvious : where goods can be ob
tained cheapest, and the orders filled quickest
when wanted, they will be procured. This is the
reason why some of our merchants now isit San
Francisco by every packet to procure supplies and
fresh stocks. ,
The Expedition to Chriitmni Island.
Our readers will remember that about the 1st
of April the wreck of the bark J. C. Fremont
which was lost on Christmas Island in November
last, together with her cargo of lumber, was sold
at public auction and bought by Jas. I. Dowsett
Esq., and others of this port. The purchasers
immediately fitted out the brig John Dunlap and
schooner Dolpfun and despatched them to that
island. They sailed hence on the 20th of April
and after a passage of fourteen days anchored
under the lee of Christmas Island.
The shape of this island is that of a horseshoe
with a spur of land running out from the south
eastern side of the island. The center of the
island forms a large bay, or lagoon as it has im
properly been called, open to the sea on the
western or lee side of the island. At the mouth
of this bay is a small island, called Sandy Island
on each side of which is a passage into the bay,
through which vessels can go, but they rarely do
so, as the anchorage in the north jmssage is a
safe roadstead, with the wind blowing off shore
Soon after anchoring, the brig's crew was
divided into exploring jarties, and started off to
discover the wreck of the Fremont, taking two
days rations. One party followed the shore from
the north-west point of the island, the other party
striking a course across the land. After two
days traveling, during which they had progressed
but about twenty miles, they were forced to
return to the brig for provisions. This part of
the island was found covered with numerous
small lagoons of salt water, through which the
explorers had to lord in some instances as deep as
their breasts. The water was bo acrid from the
evaporation and heat, that in some of the lagoons
it was impossible to remain in it. On dipping
the hand in the water and drying it, it would
become covered with a crust of salt. The north
eide of the island was found to be indented with
a succession of bays some three or four miles
After seven days searching, the wreck was di
covered in the large bay on the eastern side of
the Island, formed by the point of land running
out to the southeast. It lay beached high and
dry, but not easy of access, and between forty
and fifty miles from the brig. The island ap
peared not to have been visited since the 'oss of
Our adventurers commenced getting out the
lumber and piling it up in lumber yard fashion,
and made preparations for carting it overland.
They had taken with them drays, carts and three
horses. From the wreck the lumber had to be
carted to a laks about seven miles distant. This
lake is about five miles long, at one end of which
they erected a camp and at the other end another
camp. At the last camp a well was dug, which
furnished tolerably good water, and though some
what brackish, the horses drank it freely. On
arriving at the lake, the lumber was rafted across
it. five miles, then carted again about one mile,
then rafted again across the bay some twenty
miles or more to the brfe. In crossing the lay
NOTES OF THE WEEK. V
To Masreu or Vsssei c0 .rrvw s Faasnsco years, which was about $1,200,000 per annum. th foimd ft , h lf j .
en Kvbv.T t v. . l.u, .1 r c v : . 1 . - , I . . . , - 1, i i I I ' J.
mb syaxrr. Is the loturitude of Christmas and Fanninc's
Island are incorrect on most charts, we give the correct
location : .
. Fsssixg'3 L-lsjtd. The harbor of Fanning's Island lies in
S. Ut. 3" 49 ; W. k!g. 1 50 20. Approach the island from the
east, and sail round the south side. There is no such island in
this vicinity as is laid down on the charts as " American
But the impulse given to importing will probably
1 carried on to the next year and the imports
for 1853 will equal the latter sum.
In exports there has been a marked improve
ment over former years. The active demand
which has existed in California for our produce,
CHRrsTm l-utsD. The harbor, which is under the lee of and particularly for sugar, coffee and hides has
eS.w.pointtheitan.i,isiaS.lat.i6S;w.iong.i57o30. j aa impulse to our export trade which must
The east point of the island lies about 45 to 50 miles eastward
cf the anchorage, and vessels, in approaching, cannot be too
cartful of this point, as it is here where nearly all the wrecks
occur. The Uland is not more than eight feet in height, and
cannot be seen from a ship's deck mere than seven or eight
Piasa Shoal. This shoal has never, we believe, been laid
down cn any chart. It lies in N. lat. 8 40 ; W. long. 137 20
It was discovered by Capt. English, of Fanning's Island, and
has oo it only six feet of water. The observation was taken at
midday, within a short distance of the shoal, and may be relied
n as correct.
Marine Telegraph 'tice.
Ma.ters and officers nf vessels bound to or past Honolulu, are
renuested to k notice that a Sfarine Telegraph has been
erected on the r'Agz connecting Dtamood Head with the moun I
tains inland, and all vessels pawing within ten miles of the head
will be reported. China bound veMels can display their signals
without calling mi a pilut. The national ensign at the main or
f Ye is a si?uaJ (w having a United States mail on board for
JI-iooluIu. This (nal should be displayed at the fore only
when a pilot it wanted. Teasels ran run along within two miles
of the shore with perfect safety, aiJ without losing the trade
react favorably in increased efforts on the part
of producers of our staples. The only limit to
our exports has bt.-en the ability of our planters.
So great has been the demand for our principal
staple, sugar, that there are not ten tons to be
found here in first hands, although it .-aould be
stated in this connection that this is not the sea
son for irrindinz, onlv one mill being at work
now. lne grinaing season iu imiuio; m
October, when it is estimated that 400 to 500 tons
of sugar, with a proportionate quantity of mo
lasses, will be manufactured as fast as the mills
can turn it out.
Dement ic Export
Ieom the Poar or Hoxoh lc fob the Six. Months exdixg
Whale Oil, c ils, - 24,200
Tobacco, balrs, - 0
Goat Skins, - - 27.435
VESSELS IX PORTe-JCLY 30.
Am bark .4fetr"pu, PreKtua, up for Colombia River.
Am brirantio Morntae Star, .Yjnr. repairing.
Am whalmhip SpW-ntli.l, Smith, of Kdartown, recruiting.
Am bark Yankee. Smith.
Ham briK Hero, Moriler.
Brituh nitric tiamhia.
uip John ManhalU PeDtllrtiin.
Salt, bbls, -Hides,
t offee, Ins, -
lJmes, bbls, 4', boxes,
Koa Lumber, pes, -
Ship Bread, lbs, -Melous,
Sweet Potatoes, bbls.
Arrowroot, !, -
2U-J Sundries, pkgH,
Bn Jobn Dunlap, dba-harping cargo.
!S-hr Hxct, Antonio, r-pairltg.
Sch HailJio, for Hawaii.
Schr Maria, Molten, soon for Maui.
Schr Alice, Rye, for Hawaii.
Schr Manuofcawai, Kwklejr. for Hilo.
Schr. KinO'Se. for Moiokai.
sch Kamoi. Chadwick, for Lahaina suoc.
Sea Mot Keike, for Kaoai.
Total value, $139,547 G4.
The above table does not include foreign merchan
dise exported, nor supplies furnished to ships.
Should our exports continue brisk till the close
of the year, the total will probably exceed that of J
any previous year, even that of 18o2 which
amounted to gG38,393. The domestic produce
exported for the first six months of 1857 very
nearly equals that of the entire year of 1856,
which was $155,448.
But there is a view of this export trade which
must not be overlooked. Almost the entire
amount of the produce rejiorted above as exported,
has gone to San Francisco, Columbia Kiver,
Pu"t Sound and ancouver s Island. The north
west coast is then our principal market, and will
probably continue such for many years. The ex
port trade thither must increase every year, sub-
Fbom CwRCTwss Lsnxn Per John Dunlap 40,000 feet ject'of course to greater or less demand on us ac
cording to the prices offered. Here lies the key
to the future wealth of this group. Whatever
wo 'produce that' our 'neighbors cannot, will
always be called for by them, not at a stated fig
ure, but at such prices as the fluctuations of com
merce will allow. Our Bugar, syrup, molasms
and coffee will always be wanted at some price,
and now, while prices are enumerating, is the
time to extend the manufacture or cu'tivation of
them, as a permanent occupation.
"While we find for our staple products the best
if not the only market on the north-west coast,
Faow KiviiUil Per Kahuna, July 2550 bbls beef, 27
Faow KOLOA Per Maria, July 29 125 bbl molasses, 50 bbls
sweet potatoes, a bbls tallow, 2 deck passengers.
lumber, mostly Joist and plank.
Faow Kivi.ik Trr Kalama, July 25 Messrs. Needham
and Henikeu and 9 deck paseng-rs.
In Lahaina, Jnty 23, of malignant sore throat, Frederick,
youngest sou if lleury and K. aroiine Inckenson, of that town.
Veawela Expected frwra Freij(ai Pwrta.
Am rV Tinn ViliT fjivton wnnlrfl Imti Snn Fnnrivn
for Honolulu about August 2, via Lahaina. lie here August I and particularly in San Francisco, we must
Am yacht San Piego, from Ochotsk, may be looked for the
latter part of August.
British Briganune Eecovery will bdue here from Vancou
ver's Luand early la Sept'moer.
The Am dipper ship Fortuna, of II. A. Pierce's line of Sand
wich Island packets, sxile-1 from ftou Jfay 19th, with a full
earzo of merchandise, to B. W. Field, due hers about Sept. 19.
American bark Messenger Bird, Homer, may be lotted for I
from China about AuuU I, rua cargo Cnroa goods to If W
Ship Ki Vn.itmy left Sydney, Xew South Wales, about May
5. for this port, with earzo cf sheen.
American ship IlanVt ami Jessie. Janvren. left Boston for
Honolulu, April I. with cari;o of merchaadise to B. . lew. .
Amerxan ship John 0:lpin was advertised to leave Boston in
Hh ft Hon lulu direct.
A vessel is shortly expected from .Manila, or some China port
but we catiuot team denr.ru.-:y in ran 10 iu
Clipper ship Kar'ctAmefc IV, tiarry. sailed from Liverpool
April 23, wita mercbaiwise 10 r.. v. anion.
PLACES OP WORSHIP.
n wrvs r.i-rirrr. luv. s. C.
0u,r the SaitT' Home. Preaching on fmxUyi at
. If 1 I D t f. ' fg-
Dnmoo Cliaplain Kini;
hing oil Mintlays at
gabbaitl Sdo I after
11 A.il. an-1 71 P. M
the morn 11-services. , . . .
T0KT STKEeTf C II I BC II Corner of Fort and Beret, aia sts ,
K-r. J. U- Jtrm. Pastnr. fmchmK on Sun.Uys a; H
. " . M. nrvl Tj V. M. Sabbath School na 10-A- 1,
' , Trtirmw rui-Kfll VniLioa avwue. corner of Tutui
to the same quarter for our supplies, bo far as
they can be procured there at fair prices. It is
a law of trade that that country which can fur
nish its products or merchandise at lower prices
than any other, will find the niost customers. If
San Francisco or Oregon can supply these islands
with tho staples wan ted cheaper than Boston,
New York, Liverpool or Bremen, it is a moral
certainty that they will be called on to supply us.
Hence it is, that nearly four-fifths of the im
ports in the table published above, are from the
north-west. Th. proportion of imports from that
quarter, has been larger for the jst half year
than ever before, owing to the circumstance that
only one or two ships from Kistern American
ports have come in with cargoes; but the propor
tion of imports fxora California, as compared
with other foreign ports, will continue to show
an annual increase. The imports from the north
west pjrta for the past six months (about $200,-
saTn a.U mT TZiXUZZi 000) nearly equal those of the entire year, 1850,
Irorn the same quarter (al.'SS-T.r;..
We allude to these facts 'to show to our San
'-n cisco friends the changes" which are working
Srhl'inrU it 10 A. M
KI.N;"3 CHAPEL I :
Clark Pastor. &Ti?s, in Ji..ut
o; M. -rvl 1 P. M.
CATHOLIC I'll lUCII Frt street, near Berrtania- under the
rhari of Kb Uev. VUhip Mafgrec, a.MiMi fy A"iic
Mf.lJste. 8-rvices trvery uwlar at lO A- M. and i P. M.
tMrTII"!t Cfll'KCH Beretauia rtreet, near Jiunona street
K-v. Iw' 3 .mit! Ptr. Srrricrr, in Ilawadan,e?ry
!.! at lil A. JL, ud 2i 1. JL, . -j-. : t .
goyds, and perhaps
inf trade. Fur many articles, such
-jChines-j nnd Manila
, --Hons 01 goous,
stretche.1 across its entire length, and whicH was
dry at low water, butiiad about twelve or fifteen
inches on it at high tibe. Here the rafts had to
be lightened and wait for hijrh water. The
water in the bay is smooth, and excepting this
bar, there was no difficulty in crossing it.
But the labor of getting the lumber from the
wreck, to the brig, a distance of forty-five miles
was no small task. The brig brought about
40,000 feet, and left about 100,000 feet piled up,
ready for carting. A gang of men and the
schooner were left at the island, and it is thought
that all the lumber, 200,000 to 300,000 fret, and
whatever in valuable about the wreck will be
ready for shipment on the return of a vessel.
The brig is too small, and a vessel of 250 tons
would be filled readily.
The horses which were taken down to the
island for carting gave out, and became lame,
owing probably to the heat and Kill t water, as
well as to a want of grain. There is plenty of
grass on the island, such as it is. The horses
preferred this to the hay taken fur them.
Capt. Hooper informs us that on the south
west point of the island there is a grove of cocoa
nut trees, numbering perhaps six hundred. On
the north side of the lxiy there are also two or
three cluster of coeoanut trees, and a cluster on
the south-east point. These clusters cannot Imj
seen from each other as they are twenty-five miles
ajiart. The island is much larger Jhan it is gen
erally supposed to bo, and is all of fifty miles :n
length. In the large south-cast !ay, where so
many wrecks occur, there is no anchorage. The
water is very deep close in to the shore, with a
stronz tide and surf netting in shore. The land
is not over ten feet in height in any jiart, and
cannot be 6een from a ship's deck more than eight
or ten miles distant. Navigators should therefore
be cautious is approaching it.
Great numbers of birds exist on tho island, as
well as turtle; and. in the bay near the wreck
the fish arc so abundant and tame that sittincr on
the beach with a hook and line, fine larjre fish
could hauled in as fast as the hooks could bo
Capt. Hooper found, pieces of the wreck of the
Briton, lost about twenty years ago on that
island. The timbers were kngwn to be here, as
they were cedar, of which "Wij the Briton was
constructed. But a singular circumstance no
ticed was that these timbers lie about GOO feet
from the present shore, and it is supposed that
the land has made out that distance into the sea
during the twenty years since the wreck occurred.
This would appear to be satisfactory evidence that
the island is extending its limits. Pieces of ship
timber v.'cro found strewed along the shore for a
distance of more than forty miles.
A singular circumstance noticed was, that the
fish in the large lagoon or lake near which the
camps were erected, were all dead, and in passing
over the water in a boat they could be seen
lying on the bottom doad; and on the lee
shore of this lake, these fishes, which resembled
herring, only a little larger, were piled up in
winrows, in a state of preservation. On being
broken in two, they were as sweet and wholesome
as possible. The water in this lake is extremely
salt, and stronger than any picklo ever used in
curing fish or meat.
Salt of the finest quality is very abundant on
the banks of some of the lagoons. We have seen
specimens of it brought in the brig. Shiploads
could be found, but it is next to impossible to get
it from the lagoons to tho anchorage.
Hilo. A corrrspondent writing from this place,
July 17, 8!its:. We had a severe rain-storm a few
days siDce, such as has not been here for months,
The old crater is more quiet thn it has been for a
long time, though the new crater on Mauna Loa "ap
pears to.be active, if we can judge from appearances
t this distance." : The influenza had not yet reached
Hawaii. : , '
; Capt. Adams sent us last week a fow fine mangoes
of extraordinary size, from trees growing in his gar
den at Kalihi. , We are glad to learn that his health
continues pretty good, though the epidemic has mode
bica a visit, from which he has recovered. "
Honolulu is convalescent recovering-slowly
from the indisposition caused by the attack of influ
enza. It is fortunate that oar epidemics, when they
do come, which is rarely, visit as in the summer
months when people have more leisur? to take care of
themselves than at other seasons when businuss is
brisk. . Very few foreigners have escaped the influ
enza, whilst among the natives we may Bay none hare
escaped. We are happy to say th.; no deaths have
occurred from the epidemic, which has now nearly
Lahaina. Our advices from Lahaina state that
the influenza had reached that tlacc, and the native
population has been attacked pretty generally. There
are few foreigners now in the place, most of them be
ing absent on excursions.
CiiuncH Dedicated. Some two years aco the
church at Waimea, Hawaii, was destroyed in a storm
The corner stone of a new edifice was laid in that
town cn the 22d of August, 1806, and the new build
ing was dedicated on the 16th July, 1857. The dedi
catory sermon was preached by Rev. E. Bond of Ko-
hala, and the exercises appear to have been of unu
sual interest. The cost of this edifice, including the
materials saved from the old church, is about $4,000,
of which about $1,000 was contributed from the
other islands. The church premises have been en
closed with a neat stone wall. The pastor, Rev. L,
Lyons, has labored hard to replace the old edif.ee and
we are glad to learn thit his efforts have met with
S. I. Producf. We must again urge on our culti
vators and manufacturers more care in putting up
their produce for San Francisco. A merchant who
has just returned from that cityt says that our
producers do not laks sujjicien' care in the prepara
tion and cleaning of ttieir produce, and that it is
still remarked in the San Francisco markets ' That
Sandwich Island produce is not put up clean." This
refers mostly to coffee and sugar. Our planters may
not immediately see the difference arising from greater
care, but it will tell eventually. The last lot of
" Koloa No. 1" sugar, which was taken over in the
Yankee, was a superior article, put up with great
care; the result was that it realized the highest mar
ket figure, 14 cts. We hope our planters will atl
tend to this matter, for coffee and sugar must be re
tailed in the condition it leaves the plantation,
whether clean or dirty.
22?" Mr. Andrew Totter takes passage in the Yan
kee for San Francisco, to transact business and pro
cure materials and paper for the Commercial Adver
tiser, with which he has been connected since its
establishment. The patronage of any of our San
Francisco friends, who may wish to subscribe for, or
advertise in, the Commercial, will be acceptable. We
will merely say that the paper has a weekly issue of
over .1000 copies, and circulates in every part of
this group, as well as among tbe large. whling fleet
of this ocean. It also circulates in nil the Chinese
ports, Sydney, New Zealand, Tahiti, Valparaiso and
among many of the Pacific Islands, where other
publications seldom reach. As an advertising medi-
we confidently offer it as superior to any other
: i:l.'.l...'n. Titr thn arrival, on the
V;- r BOX MABUAH.U a. , .. v . - .
Tmf Cater a. we learn
2oto, 01 ius .nutu" . r - - - -that
the bark Francet Palmer, Capt. J. M-Green,
t thiK nort. had taken 275 barrels of sperm oil,
which is a very good catch, as she had been on the
ground only a few weeks. At the same rate, Capt.
Green will be back iy December, with the 1000 bar
rels of sperm oil which he promised to bring in.
The only other vessel reported by this arrival is the
Mary Ann, which has taken about 1DU dois. eperiu
Blltl 1W If OAJv ivwiiM-j jf
Jose Casera is only se enteeu and a half tons bur
,. i-ithpr a small craft to cross the Pacifi(5 but
she made the run from Margarita Bay to this port,
2000 miles, in eighteen days. She is for sale.
Thu Mails The long intervals which have
elapsed between the receipt of mails from the United
States during the past few months, is a cause of gen
eral regret, and has probably exerted some influence
in creating the unusual etngnation in business. This
irregularity has been felt more since the withdrawal
of the" Frances Palmer from the route. Unless
some vessel arrives soon with a mail, the Fanny
Major will bring three mails, those of June oth and
20th and July 6th, making an avalanche of mail
matter. The F. M., it is expected, will touch at
Lahaina on her passage down, to.V"1 freight and
, passengers which site will have ! Sat port. We
shall look for her about the ICth to. v .a of August.
Supreme Court. The JYile case was brought up
again for trial on Monday last, and a new jury
empaneled. The testimony closed on Tuesday after
noon, and yesterday was occupied in summing up.
No new testimony has been brought forward since
the last triad. rHiry retired early last evening, but
up to seven o'clocs?v4norn'nfit had not been able to
agree on a verdict, anCc'itrVcrrr?""01". P.' S.
10 o'clock. The jury were discharged "le unable
to agree. They stood 7 for defendant,
Jif Three numbers of the Commercial have b!en
issued since the departure of the last mail by the
Julius Pringle, on the 10th, viz; dates of July 16,
23 and 50. They can be procured at our counterin
wrappers for mailing. Another mail may not leave
before the first of September.
ST" The post-office has been recently enlarged by
the addition of a room, fifteen feet square in the rear.
This enlargement has been found necessary to assort
the heavy mails .which now arrive. The Yankee
brought between forty and fifty bushels of mail mat
ter, and the Fanny Major will probably bring a still
larger quantity. (t
for circulating throughout this ocean.
Hunt's Mer. Magazine. The May No. of this
valuable periodical is upon oar table. Its articles
are upon the following subjects : 1 Finances and
Debts of the several States; 2 Political Economy;
3 Commercial Cities Racine; 4 European Com
mercial Correspondence; o Chicago in 1856; G
The Traffic in Coolies; 7 Chapter on California
Fisheries. In addition, i9 tlje usual amount of val
uable statistical information. Subscriptions for it
will be received at nur office.
A Marine Railway Wanted. The necessity for
a marine railing at this port could not be more clearly
shown thau iu the case of the repairing of the Morn
ing Star. The repairs needed were below the water,
and though they required only four or five hours
work on them, the vessel had to have her sails,
spars and upper masts brought down and everything
moveable taken out in order, to be hove down, involv
ing more than double the expense that would have
been required had a railway existed, to say nothing
of the extra detention of two or three weeks. Why
cannot some of our enterprising shipcarpenters devise
ways and means to establish a railway ? There is no
question that it would pay, and p:y handsomely too.
Timber can be had cheap.
To S. F. Merchants an Shipmasters. We un-
derstand that objections are made by masters of China
bound vessels passing the islands, and by their agents
in San Francisco, to taking the mails or passengers
for Honolulu, from the fear of detention off the port,
or from the supposition that they may lose the wind
by approaching the islands. In no case need a vessel
wait more than from one or two hours to land a mail,
unless she chooses to do t. And when Honolulu
cannot be reached during the day, vessels can leave
the mail at Lahaina, on Maui, which port is about
eight hours sail to windward, and always easy of
access. There is no danger of losing the wind here,
when the trade wind blows fresh. Vessels passing
Coco and Diamond Heads, will be telegraphed to the
port, and boats dispatched to them with no .expense
to the vessel. Ships bringing mails confer a great
favor 011 the mercantile interests of the port, though
the legal pay for such service is but a trifle.
A Hyurid. Rev. Mr. Damon has shown us a
curious fruit grown in his garden. In slmpe and
general looks it resembles an American p umpkin,
weighing nearly forty pounds. The skin is green
like that of a watermelon, but the inside is perfectly
white and hard, though the seeds are ripe and similar
to watermelon seeds. There arc several more melons
growing on the same vine, which promise to be of
equal size. It is probably a cross between the water
melon and American field pumpkin.
Oats. We learn from Capt. Coffin that a field of
about 2 acres of oats recently harvested at Lihue,
Capt. Meek's country seat, turned out fifty-four bags,
averaging eighty pounds or about two bushels to, the
bis which is a large yield per acre. Oats will grow
well in that neighborhood, and wc hear that a much
larger breadth will be sown next winter. The cater
pillars did not trouble the oats, though they destroyed
corn Growing near by.
The EriDEMic among Cattle. We understand that
the epidemic has shown itself among cattle. It is no
unusual circumstance for cattle, horses and sheep to
be affected with colds or catarrh. In Australia it is'
very common, and during some sickly seasons, large
numbers of animals are lost from this disease. Wo
hope however that it will not prove fatal among them
on these islands. '
31st July. We understand that the Honolulu
Rifles will parade to-morrow for the first time in their.
new uniform. . The new banner will also be present
ed to them. The ensrne companies turn out at 74,
A. M., to try their skill again, last Saturday's trial
not having satisfied ' all hands."
The Mov.ninq Star. This beautiful packet has
already had to be hove down to receive repairs to her
copper which would appea to have been carelessly
put on, the fastenings having given out She will
begin to take in her cargo about August 1st, and will
probably sail for Micronesia onJtfonday, August 10.
She will touch at Koloa and perhaps at Waimea, on
Kauai, in passing that island.
Ohias. This fine fruit, the Hawaiian apple. tCijt
in its prime. When fully rjpe it is whol4rome.
and comes nearer to the Amer can apple th any
fruit we have here. When cut and drie'; j wjli
keep for months; and have all the rict,- of real
dried apples. Whether they answer to, . after
being thus dried, we cannot say.
Whales. Read the description of the d
kinds of whales on our 4th page. It is the moirt cor
rect account we have seen in print, and will ref a
perusal, v' - ;f: ' !,
As hear as we can now learn, the FaniW,
will sail on Saturdyjpvttl0o'clock A. M. She''
will have ZmCiVT1Z. Z
nasseuirers. '-' ;. ' - :
Corresiioiulencc of t!ie Pacific Cora. Advertiser.
In the Advertiser of yesterday the editors inform
their correspondents and readers that " by all rules
of honor they (journalists) are bound not to notice"
anonymous communications assaulting them in their
own journals. "' Though I demur to this rule, because
I believe that an editor is specially bound, on the
contrary, to notice every communication anonymous
or not that reflects upon his own course as a public
writer and public man, provided such communication
is written in unobjectionable language; yet I rejoice
that the editors stretch a point of their rule and no
tice as a literary curioritij what they would not have
noticed oat of regard for themselves. It would have
been a grave error and an act of journalistic vandal
ism not to have noticed this special curiosity of lit
erary dilettanteism, and passed it around for the in
spection of others.
Care hominem unius libri, is an old saying but
very applicable to the writer in behalf of the Oahu
College. Gentlemen with names and nameless gents,
Studints and Magistri, see nothing in the movement
agitating the public mind but a most unwarranted
attac f on the President of the Board of Education
and tlie President of the Oahu College. The magni
fied proportions of tho two presidents prevent those
writers from seeing tho travestied form of education
suing for a hearing and a rational treatment.
The last of. these literary Pusses in boots" is a
Mr. Magister, (whether arlium or partium, depo
nent sayeth not,) but he is whut the Advertiser truly
calls hinvjajjjerary curiosity." The consummate
ossurarrc' witb which he enters the arena and repeats
the stale fallacies of his predecessors is very amusing.
He is apparently not sure, however, of his own iden
tity; and there is a delightful confusion ir his mind
whetfier he is an I" or a " we." He 44 purports
to throw a small 4 flood ot light upon educational
matters," and he hits truly kept his word, for it is
so small that nothing but the darkness of his own
composition can be seen by it. His allusion to, and
defense of," the Iitle, old man who is so unfortunate
as to stand at the head of the Department of Public
Instruction''' Is a novelty in polemics. I have hitherto
been taught that public men were only known in
controversy by their proper names or those cf their
offices, ftul that personal soubriquets were iiiitdmissi
ble. I agree however with him that it is particularly
unfortunate that this "little old man" should "stand
at the head,- for it is now perfectly evident that, by
so doing, he only stands in the way of the Board of
Education. " " ;
The Magister further says: 44 The sacrifices which
they (the President and Professor of the College) made
in accepting the places which they occupy forbid the
suspicion that they are the subjects of favoritism,
and that for both of them 4 there were not wanting
posts of distinction." Perhaps not. Like Mr.
Micnwber they were 44 only waiting for something to
turn up," en attendant those 44 posts of distinction;"
but tho very solicitude with which thy, or their
friends fur them, ai-e t airing their expectations, is an
offence against good taste, very reprehensible in a
'f?peakintc of the college, the Magister says, 44 that
those who had studied the subject in all its bearings,
had caught an idea of progress.' I would respect-
fully propose as an amendment of the text, that it is
more likely that they had ' caught a Tartar," than
an idea of progress." ,," Coining events cast their
shadows before.", ; The idea of a college is worthy of
encouragement, but in its realisation "those who had
-studied the subject" overlooked tho relations and
conditions of the present and the future, and in their
eager hurry to avoid present and persoual inconveni
ence are going to compromise future and permanent
The Magister' reflection upon the separate educa
tion of boys and girls h: worthy of the bvst times of
the Spartan commonwealth, 44 As though Nature,"
Jie says, 44 had she intended boys and girls to be edu
cated separately, would nt in some way have in li
Cated the fact" Well said, Lucy Stone! the world
a race-course and competition should be free, for
Nature never indicated whether the winner should be
male or female. I admire 44 strong-minded women,1'
with a strong dash of ItUe about the lips, and S'
:-aeny aces jnr. juagister. teretjtjttmnace in
their composition, nothing oTTUaTnoi me tangere
"sensitiveness, nothie of that childish simplicity and
fond trusting so often and so cruelly deceived, but the
sternr stark, staring reality of a woman, able to go
her Own errands and do her own courting, conscious
, of ker rihu and capable to defend them, apt to chop
lo!a tboesh inexpe in mutton chops, aspiring, am
bitions, bold. .Ajifhow could uch a Minerva le
formed, were in not for the community of education ?
To be sure " Nature would in some way have indi
cated the fact, although St. Paul says: 44 1 suffer
not tha woman to teach" (publicly). But then St
I 'Psnl ; was rather a heretic in 44 female rights" and
Lad wot 44 caught the idea of progress."
. The Magister' educational performance seems
very much like a performance of 44 Hamlet with the
part of Hamlet left out," he prudently declining to
consider the main question in this controversy, viz.:
the propriety of establishing a National College
without Vationai preparatory schools. 44 It was in
tended also to notice that objection," he says; but,
when arrived to that point, his courage or his ammu
nition fails him, end with 44 property taxation"
etUvk between his teeth as trappers chew their bullets
t keep their mouths moist exit Magister in ablaze
cf frlory. , .
The Malions have a saying: 44 non serapre chi can-
do viene, cantando va."
he Maguter' personal attack on the publisher of
v-e jsaveritser, unuer ine " presumption" that he
-te t-j editorial of the 26th nit, is uniustifiahlo
article and would have stained the Journal in which
it finds a room, had the editors P" (
- mmmt It shows the desperate
tion wiuiou.1. w 7 w
strait, however, to which the defenders of the Na-
. t J. avATli
tional Protestant College" ana its ara.
are reduced, when they rush into sucn gross v
r th first rules of literary criticism and of s
-:-i a;. conscious, as they roust be, that
castigation as severe, that exposure as public as the
wnnM follow close on its neeia. l"c
VUV1SUV) " 0
ister affects Latin and belle lettres, I beg to remind
him of the following couplet:
m 44 Boro antecedentem scelestum
, u iio-n.ii nnlx Poeua claado."
The editors disclaiming having "spoken disrespect-
v-..n. f Mr. Armstronz" displays a singular warn
c.maliatin extjerience. 44 As a man we respect Mr,
A.," say the editors, "but as a politician he has
faults," &c What charming naivite what "Babes
in the wood" those editors must be, not to know that
the greatest disrespect to a man, with great power
and small stamina, is to doubt his ability and oppose
his measures! Do not the editors yet know.Wthat t
oppose Mr. A., "his man servant or his maidservant
hi 01 or his ass. or anything that to him pertaineth,
; tn l disresDectful in the first degree, and to be
classed in the same category of offenses as drunken
ness, libertinism, infidelity. Such, at least, is 44 the
of historv" and such is cotemporary evidence
Strict iustice and a regard for my own character
as a critic forbid me to pass over unnoticed the seri
ous fault committed by the editors or tne jiavemser
in endeavoring from outside information, not founded
on, or relevant to, the article under review, to indi
t tha personal identity of Mr. Magister. This
is radically wrong. Mr. M. appears in the character
of a literary sweep, and the editors had their choice
whether to admit him or not; but if they did admit
him, tbey clearly had no right, by any critical canon
that I am aware of, to wash his face while passing
through their premises, or to reveal that tney Knew
re of him personally than he choose to maae
known of himself. Mr. M. has now the vantage
m.md of betne " a victim of misplaced confidence'
and, with the talent displayed in his article, he will
hardly fail to follow the Satirist's advice:
44 Flebit, et insiani tola eantabitur urbe."
Note to Magister. Mr. 'M. being so strong in
Virgil, I had a momentary doubt whether to follow
suit from Horace or Juvenal or perhaps from 44 tl
Father of Poetry," but remembering- the following
" O imita tores, scrvum pecus, ut mihl saepe
44 Bilem, saepe iocum ve&tri movere tumultus !
and perceiving in time that 44 the college is a college
for but four young men," I have considerately con
fined myself to the former. .
Sir: While your correspondents are all on the
subiect of schools and colleges, will tq
ask throuch vour columns a few plain questions? I
hope that some of those who have the means of ac
quiring correct information will have the goodness to
answer them plainly.
1st What is the sum total of the school tax col
lected each year from all the male inhabitants, native
and foreign, above the age of sixteen who are as
sessed at two dollars each all over the islands, and at
a much higher rate in Honolulu.
2d. What becomes of the money so collected?
(The natives are taxed in the country places for the
support of the schools in the pa rtxcular districts in
which they reside.)
3d. What amount of useful information can be ac
quired in the native schools under the present cystem
of management, or, in plain English, do they get the
worth of their money ?
4th. Why can't that model paper, the Hae Ha
waii, issued from the office of the President of the
Board of Education, publish once a year a full and
detailed statement of the money received and expend
ed for each district, -which would be quite as interest
ing to the natives as the wars or invasions of W'illiam
the Conqueror, &c, besides indirectly giving them a
lesson in honesty by showing them that monevs re
ceived in trust for any. purpose ought to be accounted
5th. Is it true that when there was a treaty of an
nexation drawn up by which these islands were to
have been sold to the United States Government,there
was a clause inserted, by which Uncle Sam was to
give twenty-five thousand dollars a year for a college
6th. .Was Tuuahou School, which was then an ex
clusive establishment to which native boys would not
be admitted, suddenly promoted to the rank of a col
lege, in order to bo ready to receive the twenty-five
thousand dollars a year ?
7th. When annexation was considered as about to
take place immediately, was the resignation of Rev.
Mr. Dole accepted, and was the master of the Royal
School suddenly promoted to the Presidency of the
College with any view to the twenty-five thousand
dollars a year ?
8th. Is there any honest intention of allowing na
tive boys to participate in the benefits of the college ?
Zinc Paint Trm White Ln.U
Mr. Editor: As you men of the quill are ex
pected to know everything, and be able to answer the
ten thousand queries that the multitude may put to
you, I will make bold to request, that either you or
some of your able contributors solve the questions I
may put relative to zinc paint
When last at the Metropolis, I was induced by a
friend, who is a merchant, to purchase, instead of
white lead, a quantity of zinc. I had never used
any of the kind bclSa. As my painting was out
side work, I used kuktaSsaiitead of linseed oil.
Great wa3 my surprise to fin 1 TiTnilfj.'ore f, I put
in, the thicker the paint became. I now bS"jthe
removal of my pilikia. I was forced to resort
linseed oil. to be able to use the mixture.
The query is, why does zinc paint mixed with raw
kukui oil bfome thicker the more oil you put in ?
What is t!'e chemical affinity between the zinc and
oil tha: ov ses them to unite ? The quantity of the
zinc sec i to be increased by this chemical process,
and the .nought occurred that possibly the unity of
these articles may be found to so increase the bulk of
the zinc as to render it profitable to mix them. This
pilikia I should like to have solved, even though no
other kuaaina or Metropolitan may have found him
self in the same fix. ; Yours Query.
HonOvClu, Jnly 23, 1S57. v
. . a 1- y. Wm trenna1itiM of TObT fort
i Ola:- a "j7 -"' r .
week' editorial waa nearly completed, wtatt -cured
to the author that the editor would 5:1 tei
to publish it in "his own joornaL" ThU reply
attempts to show that the author of the corjonk
tion which called forth your remarks did t t seek
disguise, and is not oin to the grave charges loogbt
against him. It also notices the manner io iQ'ch
the facts set forth are treated in' that edlUirial.
Hoping that you will find space for this brief explana
tion, and that the discussion of the general subject
will be kept up, I am, with respect, MAOTstn. f
When Magister hfs been refused a hearing ill the.
columns of this paper, it will be ample time for biai
to resort to the above specious plea. Pea ' ;
Mr. Editor Hearing thaTChere was goinjr to be
a trial of the Engines of thy Fire Department, on
Saturday last, I proposed, j(iuy friend Crookshanks
to be rouncLon an wcasUjT of such public interest
He secondedjraotioflind proposed as we lived in
thft nil hurl is cl r!" TftfrirnnrMa Tutnvi n flnn -a
turnoutijjpwdjfVtorted at an immense expense, to show
Cffft--ves on. Availing myself of such an opportu
nity of improving my credit, (as I contemplated buy
ing a clipper sloop on time) I leaped into the wagon,
and with a seedy hat and borrowed coat patron
izingly bowed to all. the tight "irregulars" on the
road, not omitting two kaikot, who hold some L O.
U's of mine, and thanks to Crookshanks' 44 fast"
driving, we arrived on the ground exactly fifteen min
utes past four, David's time. ;
A small machine with a large company was on the
ground, having two men with Nos. on their hats
which signified that that was No. 2. After they had
ascertained what 44 hose" meant, they commenced to
play to get their hand in. A small boy shouted with
poetical inspiration, 44 My eye, how high!" and I was
confidently assured by a man with a cast in his eye
that she would 44 knock spots" out of the other en
gine which was now seen coming np street After
hndmg out what her propelling power was, and being
confidently assured that h Ui :.L t.r
T . - . - -v.uw uicu mvn lid ,
I offered to stake a bogus V. on the result, but my inl
fin i,C.tlm lndignautly wanted to know if he
4'" man oai would bet on an engine ?"
After several frantm attempt.. v. .
m blue shirts to find the right hose, things were di
clarol all rlr. .1 " 0 .
i , 7 7- t , . weai- -w the 44 pub
lic" takmir hold of the lrfw K 7 V
were my esteemed friends of . the 44 PressT" eon
eluded Rhn vm n ;n k- . .
--- - "" v uij Dorrowea coat and
hat. and it.h m i- - . .. .
Jolntedl f n
" "" - - - - . m.n 1 .
-" i&uc tra.
' . ditto.
NjJJoXA PARTE LOXORHAHKS.
Eighty-eight persons committed suicide in IT;w
York in tbe last year, and precisely the same numtr
the year previous.
Mr. Boker, the father of the young lady who mar
ried her coachman, has advertised his country seat for
sale, and determined to return to Germany; such i&
the effect that this affair has had upon him.
The Rev. Dr. W. II. Medhuret, the distinguished
English Missionary in China, recently landed in his
native country, after an absence of many years, and.
died three days alter.
The Philadelphia printers are moving in the matter
of securing a national retreat for worn-out printers.
A gentleman of that city has offered to give a pleasant
site for the building on the banks of the Schu vlkilL
Ten U. S. vessels-of-war have been ordered to the
Isthmus, to aid in effecting a settlement of difficulties
between the U. States and Central American powers. -This
action is said to meet with tbe approbation of
the British Minister, Lord Napier.
The Postmaster General has concluded a
with the Panama R. R. Co., to convey the mails
across the Isthmus until the expiration of the preeient
contract with the Btcamship companies,
hence. The rate is $100,000 per annum.
A singular decision, and a most unjust one, has
just been given in Cincinnati, if the papers are to Iks
credited. A gentleman fifteen years ago Ctuod an
infant on his doorstep, and left it at a benevolent
institution. He has now, under a suit, been ma le to
pay $150 per year for its support since that time.
A young lady of sixteen, of distinguished bii-th and
f rtune, is about to marry the hero of the Crimea,
Marshal Pelissier, who is illustriously sixty 3-eurs cf '
age ! It is said to be an affair cf the most rouiautio
sentiment cn the pa?t of the youthful fiancee.
A New Church is New York. The Broadway
Tabernacle Society of Xew York city are about to
erect a new church on Sixth Avenue and Thirty-fourth
street. The land cost $'78,000 and the building,
which will be of white marble, will be constructed t
an expense of about 75,000.
The simplest and best, way of proserving woolens
through the summer from the destruction cf tbe
moths, is to wrap them well up, after brushing them
and beating them, in cotton or linen cloths. Tlio
moth can pass neitherJwo covers well wrapped
a old sheet will ausv?er, and sa e1IiTxTjense of
John L. Farrell, Ate man who swore before the
coroner's jury in theftlurdell murder case that he sat
ou the stoop at hou.-T No. 31 Bond street, aud whose
identification of Eckel as the man who came to the
door and ordered him off, caused such a sensation,
was arrested in fvew 1 ork on Wednesday, and convey
ed to Albany, to answer the charge of illegal voting ,
in the Eighth ward of that city lost falL
Poisoned. The New Bedford Mercury learns that
aSudy residing in that city was badly poisoned, a
few days since, by eating a fewspoonfullsof preserved ,
whortleberries, which bod been put in a tin cose.
The liquid from the berries hod formed verdigris on
the surface of the metal. The article was procured
for the purpose of making pies. All preserves of this
description should be put up and kept in glass.
The new cent will be distributed to the public
about the end of May. A million are already com-'
pleted, and two millions more will be finished before
the mint commences paying them out - Col. Snowden
declares that since the establishment of the mint tbe
large amount of eighteen hundred tons of copper have
been used up in the manufacture of pennies, making
150,000,000 or pieces, llie quantity of Spanish coin
still in the country is estimated at two and a half
millions of dollars; but the circulation has percepti
Tehuantepec Mail Route. This great enterprise
is now in a conamon to oo maae immeaiateiy
available for traffic and travel. Contracts have been
entered into with parties of acknowledged means and
reliability, under wnicu the rood is to be thoroughly
opened on the 1st day of October next These con
tracts comprise the building of all the requisite
bridges, the erection of good and substantial piers,
and the placing or suitaDie steamers on the ixmtzo
coalcos river, so as to put the transit in complete
working operation within the period specified. The
company has already been advised that the contract
for stocking the road with stages, wagons, &c, has
been completed, and that the material is now ready
Louis Napoleon is doing a large business in the way .
of intervention." Wherever two nations are at log
gerheads, he makes a third. He is arbitrating
between Prussia and NeufchateL He is mediating
between Sardinia and Austria. He is negotiating
between Mexico and Spain. He is conciliating in
behalf of King Bomba with the Neapolitans, and he
is stipulating in behalf of England with the Chinese.
California Mail. Proposals are to be received
at the Post Office Department, Washington, until the
1st of June, for carrying the entire California mail
overland from the Mississippi, in iour horse coaches,
semi-monthly, weekly, and semreekly. " The ar
rangements for the construction otVhe wagon road
are nearly complete.
Iloors Saved Her. As the steamer Comtnon-
tnealth came alongside the wharf at New Londou, on
Friday night, March 27th, on the passage from
Norwich to New York, a lady walked overboard, and
would have been drowned but for the hoops in her
dress, which rendered the same somewhat balioonish.
and withal answered the purpose of a more compli
cated life-preserver. The night was very dark, and
it was nearly half an hour before she could be extri
cated from her perilous situation, during which time
the hoops were sufficiently strong to buoy her up and
prevent her from sinking.
Horses and Oxen. Tom and Pitsst Cats. A
Paris correspondent of the Boston Traveler says that
a bet was re "'"!lAadc between two farmers about
the speed of horses and oxen, with the same load the
same distance; the distance traveled was twenty-three
kilometers (about twelve miles,) a four horse team
was put into a wagon loaded with 10,000 lbs of beet
root pulp. The oxen were two yoke, with the same
load. The horses beat them only seven minutes, and
would themselves have been beaten had they . not .
been the best in the country. Time 8h. 6m: Sh. 13m.
The same correspondent says an order his been
received by a firm in Paris for 3,000 torn and pus?y
cats, which are to be sent out to Australia; bagmen
are out in all directions, buying up all yo-ing, sound
and healthy cats that are in market. A firm in
Lille has received an order for 600 grimalkins; it ap
pears that the cats of the north of France are in
repute at the antipodes, the prices ranging froin
If. 25 to If. 50.
Lord Palmerston. The last time I saw Palmer
ston was in the summer of 1854, in the House of
Commons. It was a field day, and he had been run
ning a tilt against every Parliamentary knight thst
dared break a lance with him in the encounter of
debate. His face was flushed, his eye was bright,
and, with the snows of seventy winters on his head,
he appeared to me a perfect miracle of intellect.
There is age in his hair, his limbs aud voice; but this
is a physical decay only the intellect is unconscious
of decline : the sword is not less sharp that it gradu
ally cuts through the scabbard.
lie has held office nineteen years under the tories,
and about sixteen years under the whigs. lie was
the Secretary of War who signed warrants for the
conveyance of Napoleon 1st to St. Helena and h
was the Secretary of State who offended his sovereign
by recognizing that Napoleon Sd had commenced to
reign. Aa the English cricketers would say"
had the longest innings on record." His offices, t.
appear to have been no sincures. He wits Secretary
of Var at war time; and his sixteen years of Foreign
Secretaryship were sixteen years of attempts to break
the peace. With the pressure of age, he has nothing
to' do the daring and the indifference of youth are
the salients of his character to this day aud frosn
the time when he, on behalf of Canaing, undertook
to crush 44 the Duke," t that mauifeoto of a fe
years since, when, in answer to some rVo;-.!-, clergy
man who petitioned him to advise her Majesty to 6
a day tor national fast on account of the cholera, e
suggested 44 they had lttor look after the toa
drainage," he has always manifested the same energy,
spirit and humor. And now, in 1857, in his Bcveuiv
fburth year, the veteran statesman is girding up n
loins for one of the fiercest popular struggles England
has witnessed Bince the days of the great Reform
That he will be successful we have not the shgUte
doubt, from his popularity, and the wonderful energy
he always manifests in a popular contest The nig
position of Lord Palmerston in the House of Commu
is attributable, not only to the fact that he is a nr
rate intellect, leading the century, but to his mo
emphatically practical character, polished intost it
manship by the experience of more than forty f
of responsible office. A.
T He is said to be the only Tcer of p-re Saxon a-
scent, nnd he has always appeared to me the uiteu-
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