Newspaper Page Text
. . rrxDXESDjr rrrc, juo. 12, is.
Tb Orrtnn of the bark Mttrufolim mad briga' Heru and
Morning Star, since our but, bu kit our harbor nearly bare of
' shipping agaia ; Um only fcreiga veaseia in port taring tbe ships
r ye Martkall and Harriet and Jttrir. Tbe tatter ship
arrived Grata Boston on Stiadav, with a large aaaorted cargo, a
caaatdesabia porttoa of which ia a freight. Maoj of the to
voices per this Teasel hare been sold to arrive. W bav heard
of a, (ear vboiesale temnsaeUons, bat, as a general thing, trade
has faDea eff since onr bat review.
The importaUoos this Fall vol andoubdly be very heavy.
E'(ht veaaefe are kaown to be on tbe way from porta in Europe
and lha Catted Btalea, aa of which are doe within a coapte of
iwooths, and via bring full and valuable cargoes of general
wrrhandbe. This does not include tha California, Oregon and
Pa? Soond packets, which arm bring tbe asoal assortment of
rmA prrhacta, kc.
TTjs articie af ship's bread which has hitherto farmed a large
- tbtm ia tbe x of fcnporta win probabiy tall oaT wry cooatdwably
ia future. Preparations are making la HoooJaJa far baking
. bread to soch an extent as will go tsx towards sapplytog the
wants of the shipping. There is no reason why the entire fleet
should not be soppUed with Hawaiian bread at a lower price
than it can be imported.
CRACKERS afcsof SOOJb water crackers at 10 9 10,eU
soda crackers at 121 eta.
BREAD EmaB sales pilot, fresh, at 8 O 8J eta.
', 8CGAR W bear of a large sale of crashed, ez Harriet and
JU, aa private trrnu. Sales of 10,000 tt Chinese in mats at
9 eta. There are a fcw tons only of raw fat market, Chinese
nannfartme, which is held at a high Spore.
BXA38B Hales of American white at Sc.
CQf ttX stock small-, best quality held at 11 ett.
7 LOCK We hear of a sale of California at It 60 Jobbing
. sales, best brands, at $11- The mm flour is held at $11 a $12,
according to quantity taken. Importation of IlazaH per Har
riet and Jtie remain In first hands.
EHOKd The market is generally overstocked, and saks made
da mat cover coat and charges. Some few descriptions only are
OIL aiea of 600 gallons kekul at 62 J da.
ALB dos English, good brands, suid at 1 O f 2 per
DRT GOODS Large sales hare been made ez Harriet and
Jttn at advanced prices; best denims at Id cts; bias drills at
14 cts; mourning prints at 12 cts, Ac
LATEST DATES, received ail this OrBee.
Can Francisco - -
Panama, I G. -
New Vtmt - - -Londoo
June 24 I Paris ..... May 1
1 Hongkong .... Mar 16
May 20 I Melbourne, If. S. W., .May 6
- 7 I Tahiti ..... June S
Por I. itti.it a. per Manookawal, on Friday.
Par Hilo, per Jtanaokawai on Friday.
PORT Or HOZTOZ.UZ.TJ, H. I.
Aug. 7 Sch hjunoi. Chad wick, frm Kahalui and Lahaina with
wneat and sondnea.
9 American ship Harriet and Jessie, Janvren. 129 days
from Boston, with earro of mdse to B. W. field.
0 tVh Ballv from porta on Hawaii.
12 Sch Mannokawai. Beckly, fm Hilo via Lahaina.
Aaz 7 Am Vmrk Metrorolis. Preston, for Portland. O. T.
7 Am tiigantine Morning Star, Moore, fur Koloa and
7 ehr Favorite, Hall, for Kabolul, E. M.
8 chr Maria. M'Jteno, for Lahaina and Kona, Hawaii,
8 ?-hr Liboiiho, Thurston, for Kawaihae and Hilo.
8 Pehr Kalama, Hooper, far lahaina and Kawaihae.
8 Mr Kekaoluohi, for lahaina and Kona.
8 fc.oop Kiaarna, (late Jose Cam ia) for Hanatei.
10 Set it Keoni Ana, Rikeke, far Koloa.
11 Brg Hero, Von Holt, far Christmas Island.
1 1 Fchr Excel, Antonio, for Kanal.
12 Ccbr Kamoi, Chad wick, for Lahaina.
Tha HirrUt and Jessie was 129 days from Boston. Ppoke
no vesaH whaterrr since leaving Boston. Passed Cape Horn
on the Zlst of June, with easterly winds, 81 days from Boston.
Was 43 days from the Born to Honolulu.
The schr Kamekameka tV. arrived at August 6,
6 days froz Honolulu.
A Racs. Three schooners sailed on Sstnrday evening last
fur fahslna Tbe Maria made the passage in nineteen hours,
the Kalama (or Qoeen of the West) ia twenty Soar hours, and
the Kekauloohi in thirty hours.
VESSELS IX PORT AUG 13.
Am ship Harriet and Jessie, Janvrin.
British bark Gambia.
fchip John Marshall. Pendleton.
Caaiatern Isi Pwrt.
Krx John Dnnlap, repairing.
trtt Haalilio, mkt up.
cbr Mannokawai, Beckley.
SZT rVhr Mary is doe frotu Kawaihae.
Fob PowTLASn. O. T. Per Metropolis dl 4 sacks and 214
Mvls salt, 61 kegs ii bkis and 6tH ban sugar, IS bbla moUasea,
227 bales pole, 60 pes hunber, 2 csks and 3 bbis kakai oil,
, rut i.Mikt uv jaaoi.
M cs dry goads,
SI baiea d do,
5 trapses do do,
to sous eor.lae,
0 bdls gunny bags,
V -s bats,
26 baskets champagne,
100 bbis Cour, 300 bxs d
M has soap, 15 btla rice,
1TH4 pkgs md.
craies do, i es do,
4 casks do, 34 bxs do,
TJ bales do, kegs do,
2 bdls do. 6 brs salt,
20 baskets ciirs otl,
1 es pain kiUrr
1 crate demon.
1 es pwtols, kc,
124 cs shoes,
2 kers salt prtrv-, 1 do soda,
A3 ca erarkrra, 10 do bemnga,
1 es enoeoiatf,
2 ca 24 bxs qr bxs tohaeen,
2 bxs lard, 40 jr bxs cortnth,
10 bxa starch,
6 bxs curry jww.t,
1 can nntmers, 1 pkg ekron,
4 es preserves, ft casks chains,
44 do naihv, 2 do glassware,
1 do brooms, 10 bales do,
balea leatber. 3 pkgs lead,
SO rails diark, 40 aara,
14 anchors, Xt bxa glass.
156 bdls provisions,
1 bx grass seed,
134 pkgs drugs, 14 cs books,
1 piano forte.
2 pkgs turpentine,
1 keg Uuaor,
275 pks aqnors,
4 do glassware, 1 do books,
1 carriage, 2-32 kegs nails,
10 dos pails, 9 cs cheese,
6 do lard, 2 do sateratos,
11 do tobacco, 10 bxs do,
10 do mustard, 1 do sago,
2 do sundries, 2 cs do,
2 bars spices, 1 bM nuts,
1T bM tapioca,
40 kits mackerel,
2 rolls leather, 10 cs taddtery,
300 bbis pork, 70$ do beans,
301 do surar, 121 do apples,
5 hhda and 1 bM hams,
13 do windows, 30 bdls blinds,
3 do mould In rs, 65 do frames,
170 doors, 3J bbis paint,
2 bdls do, 34 kers. 1 cs,
1 can paint, 2 es lead.
2 casks and 3 cs hardware,
1 bale and 6 es hardware,
11 pkgs building mrterials,
2 btl selves, 15 trunks mdse,
30 bdls iron, 31 pkgs floor.
10 bxs rice, 6 bMs pork,
3 bMs hams, 36i bbis sugar,
8 bdls sashes, 4 nests tubs,
4 racks bocketa,
8 plow skeletons.
Poa Oasoo Per .Metropolis, August 7 Mrs Oooding and
ekald, O l Bunmona, Owea SoUivan, J P Harrington, Andrew
Stoker, John Horaibiow, W hlonier.
Fob Kwtiaix Per Morning 8ur. August 7 II M Cough
try, A 8 Cooks, Mrs Af. P Whitney.
Faow Laaaisa Per Kamoi, August 7 Miss Ellen Water
hous. Fob Kosa, Hawan Per sloop Ewa, August 7 Henry L
Worn Lasusa Per Kslaras, August 8 E Moll.
. Foa Lsaix Pw-Marfa, August Dudley C Bates, W N
IVadd. Foa Kivuiii Frank Spencer, G W Macy. Foa
Kosa T U Paris and U N GreenweU.
Ia this city, an tbe 9Jx insC, tbe wife of Mr. Tito. Hrosas,
Veawela Expected frwaa Fa re la Pwrla.
Am barkentine Jenny Ford, is due from Teekalet, with a
canro ct lumber to Haekfrbl Co.
TUe American a:p John Gilpin, with a cargo nf merchandise,
to C. Brewer 2d, will be doe from Boston Sept. 20.
Am brigt. U. P. Foster, with cargo of tamber from Teekalet,
will be doc after August 20.
Am bark Fanny Major, Lwtoo, would leave Fan Frandseo
fnr Honolulu about Angust 2, via lhsins, Pue here August
Am yacht Saa Pirgo, from Ochotsk, may be looked far early
Briu-th Bngantina Recovery will be due here from Vancou
ver's Island early in September.
Tha Am clipper ship Fortuna, of II. A. Pierce's line of Sand
wich IUnd packets, soiled frnea Boston Afsy 19th, with a full
cargo id meecnandim. to B. W. Field, due here about Sept. IB.
American bark Messenger Bird, Homer, may be looked far
fra Choa about Aagast 1, wuh cargo China goods to B W
A veawl Is shortly expected from Af anila, or some China port
hut we cannot kam definitely in regard to it.
Oipper ship Kamehameha IV, Garry, sailed from Liverpool
April 23, with merchandise to B. C. J anion. Dim August 20th
to SOth. - '
Colobkd Caxdt is Powoxocs. At a recent meet
in of th Select Committee of the British House
"Commons to Inquire into the adulterations of all
sTticInsoId for food, &c Dr. Tatxob, the celebrate.!
fWeMr cr Chemistry at Guy. Hospital, made the
j:Iowtug rtatement in regard to colored eoofec
tiohs : In candy, TemoiUion and red toad were
tued. and in the yellow, oxide of lead and ehrornate
of red. which was Tery danceroas, and it had been
. known to I the cause of the death of tho child in
lHoZ. The extract of bitter almonds, which was
much nsed in tou factions, was a most powerful pois
on, as it contains from six to twelve percent of pros-
of the oil killed a woman
werv d tnzerous. There was an ins
t.lf.n onnee had killed woman t
tf age in hall an hoor." .
ted the V. Y,
T7 - -v.
THURSDAY, AUGUST 13.
" Retorj" is the watchword which has, in
her late parliamentary election, shaken England
to her very center, and made the victories won at
the hustings scarcely less joyous to her people
than that of the Alma. It was not so much the
bold stand which England's champion leader took
in carrying on the war in China, as the numerous
pledges given that various reform measures should
be brought forward and carried out, which has
secured for him the popular sympathy and aid
Burdened with heavy taxes, from which they have
vainly sought to be released, the people came for
ward and sustained the minister mainly on pledges
from him that governmental reforms should be
made. In every government where popular suf
frage exists, its officers find their strongest reh
ance in that suffrage and ic listening to the pub
lic voice. True loyalty or patriotism always sup
ports executive officers in the right, and when
ever the national honor and glory is promoted by
their acts. But true loyalty does not stop here:
it chides, opposes and condemns, where dishonor
and injustice manif'ietly flow from any line of
Though no parallel can be justly drawn be
tween this government and that of England or
even that of the United States, either in the ex
tent of their resources, tho vastnesa of their power,
or the number of their people, yet the basis on
which each government is condncte' , is the stiue
It is for the jwpuLir good that they .ire adminis-
istered; and any measure which, after having
been tested, has not in view that object, must
soon become unpopular and meet with opposi
- There is perhaps no subject in which the pub
lic take a deeper interest than in the expenditure
of the public revenues. There are so many who
cry to tbe guardians of the public funds, give,
give ; and corruption, under its various forms, is
so deeply implanted in the breasts of those who
aspire to be the diirpensers of public favors, that
to watch closely every outlet of the revenue is
the only way in which abuses can be corrected
The greatest obstacle the Hawaiian government
meetwith is the very limited resources at its
command to supply the call for public improve
ments and for the proper administration of its
different branches. But in proportion as the de
mand , for improvements increases, and its re
sources are found insufficient, in that proportion
ought its revenues to be husbanded, unnecessary
expenditures curtailed, and the most watchful
care be instituted over its treasury.
We have shown in previous numbers that the
government is doing injustice to itself and itd
people in the way the finances have been con
ducted for the past year. The mere collecting
and disbursing of the public revenues is not the
whole object for which the treasury department
was organized, and a minister of finance required
by the statutes to be appointed. We have a na
tional credit at stake, and the office should be
honorably filled. , The supervision of it by an
other ministerial officer, as is now tbe case, or
the appointment . of a second rate man, not
thoroughly qualified to be minister of finance or
to maintain due respect and restore the pub
lic credit, is an injustice to the people, and
an infringement of their rights, which they aek
may be rectified. Not every man is fitted fur the
poet of national treasurer because he may have
held other public trusts. Fitness for this consists
in a most thorough financial knowledge, and in
the faculty of .using that knowledge to further
the public interests.
- In our last issue, we presented a statement of
the receipts and expenditures of the government
for the year ending March 31, 1857. The re
ceipts were as follows :
Balance in tbe Treasury April 1, ISM,
Prom Foreign Imports,
Prom Internal Commerce,
Prom Taxes, - - - -Government
Press, - , -
Pines and Penaliwrs, -
Pees and Perqaiites
" Government Idealizations, -"
Miscellaneous Sources, -Total
receipts for 12 moot is.
- 20,1?7 27
- 61,113 42
This does not differ largely from the estimate
of receipts for the same period, presented to the
last lipgislature, which was 328,000 or a de
crease of about 8,0X). The falling off is mainly
in the amounts of receipts from foreign imports
and from internal taxee.
We give below the expenditures for the 6ame
time, or from April 1, 1856, to March 31, 1857,
and also, in the right hand column, opposite each
expenditure, the amount voted by the LegL-lature
f jr the same period.. Appropriations were made
for two years, and we take half the amounts
Civil List, ....
Apartment of the Interior,
Government lr-, ...
Lepartment of f jrden Belations,
of Finanre, --
of Public Instruction,
Q efMar, - -r
of Law, -
Bureac of Public Wurks,
Balance on hand April 1, 1857,
The items which have exceeded their appropri
ations ore the Civil List and the Department of
Foreign Relations. While most of the other
items have nearly consumed or exceeded the
amounts appropriated to them, it is amusing to
see the great curtailing which the Bureau of Pub
lic Works has bad to submit to more than one
half. . Now is this department the only one in
tbe government that can bear such severe ampu
tation ? The appropriation for the Department
of Public Instruction has very properly been cut
down one quarter from the amount voted, but
might be still further reduced.
The Department of Law appears to swallow up
an unncccnsarily large sum. It is questionable,
in the minds of many whether there is not a
wate of money in this branch of the govern
ment. . Here are sums spent for a long list of
judges ; for instance, on the island of Hawaii,
are three circuit judges at 1,000 each, and seven
district justices with salaries at from $250 to
$350 each. Now, could not all this judging be
done by one active and efficient officer, whose
duty it should be to visit every district on the
island once every month, and try such cases as
might come up? Even if $2,000 or $3,000 per
annum had to be paid to secure competent ser
vices there would eill bo a great saving ; for the
expenses of the Judiciary Department for the
island of Hawaii amounts annually to over
$8,000. And the same extravagance exists in
regard to the other islands, Maui, Oahu and
Kauai. One good judge on each island, wholly
given to his work, would do the service now done
by several, at less than half the cost to the na
tion and perhaps better. We desire to see the
supremacy of the law maintained in every dis
trict, and good executive officers employed in
every port of the kingdom ; but we believe that
a reform of the judicial system is needed, and
that the interests of the people, will be thereby
promoted. No exceptions can be taken to the
small salaries at present paid ; a good judgo de
serves a liberal salary: but the fault is, in di
viding among a half dozen the work which can
ha nerformcd bv one. The appointments of our
ngw ten times what we do, and some
x a - W . r
modification Tand changes, especially in the out
lay, are imperatively called for, and a judicial or
ganization framed to correspond with our national
means. With no less work done, an annual
saving of 20,000 can be made in this depart
ment alone. ;
But the item which will call forth most ob
servation on account of the utter waste and folly
attending it, ia that for the Department of War
the sum of twenty-eight thousand, two hun
dred and ninety-one dollars and thirteen cents.
To His Excellency Robert Crichton Wyllie, Min
ister of Foreign Relations and Secretary at War,
belongs all the honor that may attach to any
waste of public funds in this department. It
was at his earnest appeal that it was originated,
and it is through his agency that there has been!
an ftrmniQ expenditure of the public revenues to
keep up a military shew and bubble. It is at
his earnest appeal that the sum of $40,000 to
' $60,000 has been annually asked, nay, demanded,
from the Legislature, which Bum would have been
voted and spent, but for a stern and unyielding
body of representatives.
Let us go back ai.d see what amount has been
wasted since the organization of the War De
partment under its present head. Commencing
with April, 1852, we find that the following sums
have been spent in the War Department alone :
April 1 to December 31, 1352, -January
1 to December 81, 1863,
January 1 to Decern ber 81, 1864,
January 1 to December 31. 1866,
January 1 to March Si, 1866,
April 1, 1S54, to March 31, 1So7,
- - - 12,100 57
2a, 271 04
. ooVU7 22
. 2o2l 13
Total, - - $124476 T
Here we have a sum total of on hundred and
twenty-four thousand, one hundred and seventy
six dollars expended, and fox what ? Were there
one dollar's worth of benefit that could be
pointed to ; were the national honor at home or
abroad raised one iota ; were the sovereignty of
the King made in any degree firmer, all good
citizens would say, aye and amen, to the expend
iture. But no such benefit can be pointed out,
It ia just as though that sum had been taken and
thrown into the sea a dead loss to the nation.
The sum spent as above ($28,291 13) during
the past twelve months would have placed a
noble eteameqsat our wharves to-day, had it been
spent for this object when voted. And the en
tire sum would have procured at least three
steamers and built wharves for them at each port
that they might visit throughout the group.
There are the fads. Is any one among the
crowd so blind that he cannot see why the amount
appropriated for necessary improvements is annu
ally reduced to less than one-half? Are the min
istry so callous that they cannot see where lies
the fault ; or seeing, will not, dare not, step for
ward and work a refoitn? If such is the case, it
is time that the voice of the people were raimnl
in one loud chorus to demand their rights, and
to show that no ministerial policy can be pur
sued but such as has in view the development of
the national resources, and the maintenance of
the public honor and credit at home and abroad
Steel, VaUcb Springe and Education.
Mb. Editor: Among the many interesting
little items in your last paper is one which puts
my calculating machine out of joint that about
the watch spring. It says 15-100 of a grain of steel
make 1 spring, and that a pound of steel will make
50,000 springs ! Now my arithmetic says there
are 250 grains in a pound of steel, and the sim
ple formula 250 x 15-10017061 will show the
number of springs which a pound of steel will
make ; the value of which, at 2d each, will
be 14 2s nearly, instead "f 416 : which is cor
rect? The above is perhaps a more practical illustra
tion of the existing want of a good school in Hono
lulu than any that could be obtained, if sought for.
Where the writer of it finds his authority for
stating that " 256 grains" constitute a pound of
steel, we don't know, but if he possesses such an
arithmetic, perhaps it ought to be preserved as a
text book in the archives of the Department of
Public Instruction. We think any 44 calculating
machine" would be disjointed with such reckon
ing. In order that the subject which called out the
above communication may be understood, we re
print the 44 item" alluded to:
The spring of a watch weighs O.lo of a grain; a
round of iron (or steel) makes 50,000. The pound
of steel costs '21. ; a single spring, '2d.; bo that 50,
000 spring produce 416.
Steel is weighed by Avoirdupois weight six
teen ounces to the pound. By reference to
Davies' University Arithmetic, page 23, a state
ment will be seen that TOOil grains constitute a
pound. This is the arithmetical computation,
and the only proper one. The above 44 item"
makes six and two-thirds springs weigh a grain,
which would make 42,000 springs, instead of
Tbe more common and lew scientific, and of
course less correct, way of obtaining the number
of grains in a pound of steel is to reduce sixteen
ounces to pennyweights and grains: 16 x. 20 x
2i 0M) grains: which sum multiplied by 61,
(being the number of springs to each grain) gives
a product of 51,200 springs to a pound of steel.
The man who prepared the "item" was probably
a practical operator and allowed a little leeway
for los of filings, tc., and took 50,000 in round
numbers. As stated before, the latter is the more
common, but not tho correct mode of compu
ting. With the above statement, '.he cost needs
Presentation of Colors.
Honolulu, July 28. 1857.
To the OrricEBs asd Members or the 44 Honolulu
Gentlemen : The undersigned had proposed to
themselves the pleasure of commemorating the 31st of
July inst, by tendering personally to you a small to
ken of their high esteem, and the deep interest they
feel in the prosperity and permanency of your organ
ization. The prevailing epidemic, from which many of them
are suffering either in person or through their
families, prevents them from executing their design
in the manner proposed. They therefore beg that
you will 44 take the will for the deed," and in this
way receive the expression of their sentiments, en
twined around the accompanying stand of colors.
Assured that it will never be unfolded in an un
righteous cause, and, that while marching under its
true blue, its daring red, and its pare white, you
will ever go where duty calls you. Accept this mark
of appreciation of your worth as a military company,
as citizens and as gentlemen from, Respectfully. '
EMMA, Mbs. O. A. Lathrop,
Mrs. J. Domikis, 44 J. F. B. Marshall,
44 G. T. Lawto.x, 44 C. R. Bishop,
44 . R. Coadt, 44 E. Hoffman it,
44 J. H. Browx, 44 C. F. Guillov,
44 A. P. Everett, 44 D. L. Greqo,
44 T. Spencer, 44 W. C. Parke,
44 B. F. Sxow, 44 A. B. Bates,
44 A. J. Cartwrioht,
At a stated meeting held at the Armory of the
"Honolulu Rides" on Saturday Evening August 1,
Resolved : That Lieut. Commanding Brown be di
rected to answer the communication from the Ladies
of Honolulu, and that the correspondence (with the
consent of the Ladies,) be published in the Polynesian
Honolulu, August 5, 1857.
Hoh'OLULTj, August 5, 1857.
To Her Majestt Queen Emma,' Mrs. J. Do minis,
Mrs. G. T. Lawton, Mrs. R. Coadt, and other
ladies or Honolulu. -
Ladies : I have been deputed by the 44 Honolulu
Rifles" Corps to convey to you an expression of their
feelings on receiving your valued gift, the beautiful
Stand of Colors, always a rallying point and a badge
of honor to a military company, but doubly so now
on account of its donors, to the brave and loyal hsarta
which through me beg the honor of accepting your
The proverb sayeth : What the heart is full of, the
mouth speaketh; but there are moments in life when
the heart Is too full for speaking, and this is one of
those occasions when all genius of poet and sage eould
not embody in words, the graU'fuL deep, and undy
ing sense with which your gift , was received, and
your encouragement of our corps treasured up as a
beacon for the future. '
Rest assured that the Honolulu Rifles" will do
their duty as becomes honest and loyal men, and that
they are susceptible of but one fear : the fear of losing
your high esteem.
Accept, Ladies, the renewed vows of respect, love
and fidelity or the 44 Honolulu Rifles" through, ,
Your most humble, obedient servant,
JOHN H. BROWN,
NOTES OF THE WEEK.
The Epidemic has almost entirely disappeared
from this island. On Kauai and Maui is has nearly
run out. On the latter island it was very severe.
The sugar mills, harvesting and threshing were stop
ped for want of laborers. At Lahaina una tbe semi
nary was closed for a few days, most of tfc students
being ilL From Hawaii we bear that it was spread.
ing and is now probably at its height We shall
soon hear nothing more about it for this season at
The Nrw Prison is at length, after much delay,
completed and ready for occupancy. Aa a public
work it reflects credit o.i its architect and superin-
tendant IL A. S. Wood, Esq. The site selected fur it
is a rocky promontory, a quarter of a mile north of the
custom house. Although the site chowen was objected
to as being too remote from the center of tbe town,
yet time will show tbe selection to have been judi
cious. The prison edifice conciets of a central dwell
ing, fitted with every convenience for tbe overseer and
guards. To this buildiog are two wiugg, of two b to
ri ea, occupied by cells, each wing containing thirty
two, making sixty-four iu alL These eel's are about
five by seven feet fitted for swinging two hammocks,
and are well veutiLited. The doors are of hard three
inch plank; but these will probably at some future
day be replaced by iron doors. The prison is so con
structed that a sentinel standing in the ball of the
main building cm see the door of every cell, and of
course more readily detect anything wrong. In the
yard is a substantial cook house, feentries' lodges and
other conveniences, not excepting a full rupplyof the
valley n ater. The whole is enclosed by a wall twelve
feet in height All the buildings, as well as the en
closing wall, are built of coral stone, laid up with
solid masonry, under the superintendence of Mr.
Geo. Thomas, whose name is a guarantee that the
work is well done. The free ventilation the building
has from the valley breeze, must add to its healthi
ness. In short, tbe whole structure, in its design and
execution, is a credit to the government, and gives us
a penitentiary rarely surpassed in the most civilized
countries. It will well repay a visit from any of our
citizens. The cost of the new prison has been $27
000. We understand the removal of the prisoners to
it will take place next week, when the work of de
molishing the old fort will lie hurried forward.
The Earthquake on Ha wail Our letters by the
Liholiho came to hand too late for insertion in our
last idsue. The shock it Beems, was one of tbe most
severe that has been felt there for years. We will
make an inquiry or two which some of our Ililo
friends can answer perhaps. Are any special changes
obberved to follow these severe shocks, in the crater
of Kilauea, or do new eruptions take place after very
severe earthquakes ? Are any meteorological changes
observed which can be attributed to the earthquakes i
Ia regard to tbe shock on the 39th of July, Mr. Wm.
F. Conway writes : 44 A few minutes post one o'clock
this morning, the people of Ililo and of the surround
ing districts were suddenly aroused from their usual
ly quiet slumber by a very heavy quake of the earth
which lasted for several seconds and was felt more
severely than any we have hod on this side of the
island for a number of years post : during my resi
dence on the island of nearly five years, I have not f
experienced its equal. No damage however was done
though it created a little fright to those v ho had not
previously experienced the effects of a heavy shock.
The undulation of the earth was from weat to east
You can tell our neighbors on the other islands not to
feel alarmed for our safety; for we say here, as school
boys say when skating on the ice, 4 all's right so long
as she cracks.' "
The Cochlveal Insect. The item published in
our last issue in regard to this valuable insect, has
induced one of our oldest residents to send ua the
following facts, which will bo read with interest:
44 About twenty yeara since, these islands were visited
by a scientific gentleman, who had traveled extensive
ly through Mexico and other countries, and examined
very closely whatever those co .ntries contained
werthy of his attention. While on Hawaii he examined
the different species of cactus which thrive so well in
some portions of that Island, and was of the opinion
that the cochineal insect might be introduced there,
to a limited extent The proper species of C'tclus was
at that time abundant in the vicinity of K&ilua, in
Kona. But as .the cochineal insect will not thrive
when exposed to rain or in a humid climate, he
deemed it doubtful if any attempt to introduce the
insect here would prove profitable, or practicable to j
any extent Hence, though the cactus can be raised ;
here abundantly, it is very questionable whether the
insect will thrive.
Our informant adds: 44 1 have in my possession,
(though mislaid for tbe moment,) a paper on this
subject, written by the gentleman alluded to above,
containing the result of his observations and inquiries
while in Mexico, as also definite information in
relation to tbe cactus and cochineal insect, their
varieties and where the latter might at that time be
most easily obtained." The facts alluded to in this
manuscript may be of essential benefit in making a
fair trial of the experiment of introducing the above
insect, and we hope our informant will be able to
discover the p-er.
The Mountain Road, Maul Who that has ever
traveled this famous road between Lahaina and
Wailuku, has not been reminded of the 44 isthmus"
or the 44 overland 1 route" across the mountains?
Though not quite equal to either of the latter, it used
tohave some 44 awful holes." But we are much
pleased to learn that this road, or a part of it, has
been put in comparative good traveling condition by
F. A. Oudinot, Esq., the active road Supervisor of
the Lahaina district And the more credit, we un
derstand, is due this efficient officer, in that he has
done the work with tho native tax labor only, with
out a dollar from the treasury. The 44 Marshal,"
as he is familiarly known, has shown himself imbued
with the same spirit to surmount obstacles, that his
distinguished uncle " Marshal Oudinot" displayed
while under Napoleon. May he ever succeed, wheth
er engaged in mending the ways of the public or his
extensive agricultural operations. "
A Veteran gone to bis rest. We learn by an
arrival yesterday from Lahaina of the decease on
Sunday afternoon last of old Mr. White, who was fa
miliarly known as 44 Jack White." He was, we be
lieve, the oldest foreign resident on the Islands, hav
ing landed at Lahaina in 1797 sixty yt-ars ago,
He must have been near ninety years of age. There
are but lew of the old stock left ; few who canJI us
of the good old days of Old Tammy ,when thinpi were
better managed then now ; few who er I taiof
the battles that they had seen or , the Ciu ixt
civilization has hastened on, and which tL ' T.U1
scarce admit have been for the Improvement of te
natives, at least so far as Industry and hone are
concerned. They are 44 passing away," and c V
sod will be green over the grave of the last of 44 tbe
olden time." Mr, White was from Devonshire,' In
land. His funeral was attended at 11 o'clock on
Tuesday, by nearly all the foreign residents of LatV
A' SusfMEB Retreat. Every""returning traveler
from East Maui, says that there is no spot on these
islands that affords such attractions for a summer
residence as Makawao. Such fie! ?s of ripening pohas,
such nice wild strawberries and milk such clear,
invigorating, bracing atmosphere, make it a most
desirable summer retreat Were it not that visitors
felt as iutruders on tbe hospitality of residents there,
many more would stroll into that neighborhood than
now do. Why cannot some enterprising farmer open
a boarding house at Makawao during the summer,
erecting only such tenements as would be likely to be
needed? A smart clever Yankee with a tact for
catering for the comforts of others, with a pleasant
little Housewife to match, would not fail to find
patrons during the lazy season, and perhaps all the
year round. People when they travel, expect to pay,
and they enjoy their visits much more so, than when
living on others, be they ever so hospitable. We hope
the hint will be taken, and that by next season,
44 Strawberry Cottage" will be opened for travelers.
Burglary. Another burglary took place on Mon
day nicht last in Nooanu. The valley store of Mr.
J. T. Waterhouse (which has several times before
been robbed.) was entered bv false kers, a Quantity of
goods stolen, and tbe premises' carefully locked up
again. Quite a systematic- y has got his hand in
now. It must either h . done by a foreigner
or an expert coolie. Th vr of our policemen
is altogether to small td tiat protection which
the town needs. . The ntL-of night police at
present, we believe is only ten or twelve. The Mar
shal has offered a reward of $1U0 for the burglar.
Dull Times. A subscriber to the Polynesian
writes to us to inquire wby that paper cannot afford
to givet-reuderu some local of foreign news. Now
we haveer fish to fry than to look after our
neighbor's sLne-f wbq
hisl:.-' ne after that hat
further says he fears
and coat". When a man bufrr """v.he most
look out himself whether he gets theVaftieT his
money. We advise $6 00 a year" to prefer his
complaints to the editor of the Polynesian, and they
will probably be attended to. ...
The Telegraph. Masters of Hawaiian vessels are
requested to bhow their signals, whenever they come
in sight of the telegraph station, that they may be
definitely reported. We understand that some change
is to be made in the working of the telegraph, by
which the signals will be more easily distinguished
from town, and less complicated. Two long arms are
to be used instead of four short ones as at present
A flag is also to be displayed whenever a vessel is in
sight approaching the port Practice alone, can
show what is wanted and make the telegraph a bene
fit to the port .
Removal. The old engine house of No. 1, which
has stood near the fort unoccupied for the past two
or three years, is now- being removed, and will be
placed adjoining No. !i's house. . It is to be fitted up
for the use of the Hook and Ladder Company. C W.
Virctut, Esq., is superintending the job.
Cab Wheels. We notice that Mr. Weston is cast
ing at his foundry a lot of railroad car wheels for use
in filling in the wharf lots. On Monday last he cast
twelve, his order being for fifty wheels. This foundry
Is a great acquisition to the capital of the country,
and is well worth a visit occasionally, especially when
" blasting." Almost any piece of machinery used in
these islands, or on vessels visiting them, can be
recast or repaired as well as the work would be done
The Next News. There is now but little doubt
that the public will have the satisfaction of digesting
six weeks' news at one meal, when it arrives. The
Fanny Major may be looked for any time after ,
Sunday next ; if she goes into Lahaina, aa Capt Law
ton expected to, when he left here, he may not arrive
here till after Thursday of next week. It will be
six weeks next Monday since the last mail arrived !
by the Yankee.
Algeroba See D9--T Persons who have opportunities
to procure these seeds, are requested to take pains to
save them. They are frequently called for by resi
dents on the other islands, as well as from foreign
couatries. The mouths in which the seeds ripen are
August and September, and, in some loc&lities, per
haps still later. Seeds may be sent to Dr. W. Hil
lebrand or the publisher of this paper.
The Nils Case. A friend of ours writes from
Lahaina : 44 Send your famous .We Case up here,
this dull season : give the J urors $5 day, and I will j
warrant a verdict one way to the other. We ca'do' '
"the Nile" in half the time. Let the lawyersDring
their own supply of steam, as the Water Works aint
fixed yet " , ' r- '
New Goods. The ladies, at least, will be glad to
hear of the arrival of the first fall vessel, the Harri
et and Jessie. Though an old ship, she has made a
clipper passage, and is turning out her cargo in extra
fifo style. The Kamehameha IV, Fortuna, John
Gilpin, and other vessels, will be following in soon.
For particulars of goods arriving, see our advertising
columns." . '
Accident. On Saturday last, a son of Capt. Milne,
(now absent at Tahiti,) was kicked by a horse, in
Dr. Rooke's yard, where Capt XL's family reside.
The wound received was in the forehead over the eye,
and was so severe that tho wonder is how the child
escaped with' his life. But timely lurgical aid has
placed his recovery beyond a doubt '
Here thet come. We have received from our
friend Oudinot at Lahaina, whose 44 heart is as big as
an ox," a pair of fat, jolly-looking Madagascar ter
rapin. We think some of going into, the express busi
ness now, though we shall try and not interfere with
that of our neighbors, who have so long had 44 ter
rapin expresses" to supply the town with the latest
news.""'' : , " ; -
J2 The foreign papers which our country sub
scribers occasionally receive with the Commercial,
are exchanges sent gratuitously to them from this
office. They do not amount to much, but afford a
little variety when mails are so irregular as now-a-daya
. ' .'. " "
Some two columns or more of communications
are unavoidably crowded out To insure insertion,
correspondence of any length should be handed in by
Monday, as we frequently work off our edition for
the windward islands on Wednesday.
Outside. On our first page will be found a humor
ous portraiture of 44 an editor's trials," and also an
instructive article on soils, by Judge Andrews. On
the last page, an interesting tale, 44 The miser's
death feed.". ' f
""SAiLtaa err ths "Mornino Stab." This vessel
left port last evening for a trip among the islands of
Micronesia. , Bhe will touch at Koloa and Waimea
on Kauai, and proceed from thence direct for
Island. . Alter lanaing supplies for xssj rmasion
families, it is expected sbe n 1 1 1 I n li jum mil one or
both of the missionaries W"TPrT5ceed to Ascension.
It is expected that a general meeting of all the mis
sionaries will there be held and measures adopted in
regard to future explorations. The vessel will proba
bly visit Hogolen Island to the westward, and the
Mulgrava Islands to the eastward. It is confidently
hoped she will be ready to sail on her return passage
on or about the 1st of January, 1858, and hence may
be expected about March 1st -.
Religious exorcises were held on deck before she
left the whart : Prayer was offered in Hawaiian by
Rev. L. Smith, interesting remarks were made by
Rev! Hiram Bingham; prayer in English by Rev. L
W. Clark, then followed the singing of the Missionary
hymn, 44 From Greenland's icy mountains," &a ;
benediction by Rev. S. C. Damon.
The remarks by Mr. Bingham were very opportune,
lie alluded to the fact of his leaving Honolulu when
a lad nine years old, bound to tbe United States with
..his father. That day was a joyful one, for he felt
r-ted with the idea of the shores of America and
Ct kad of LLj Cithers. Seventeen years had rolled
awry, and he now found himself leaving these shores
f "in, but under far different circumstances. . This
ly, he said, was far more joyful than'IAai. He
cr pressed joy in being permitted to go as a mission
ary to the unevangclized islands of Micronesia.
It may be stated as a pleasing incident, that Mrs.
Whitney, wife of the late Rev. S. Whitney of Wim.
Kauai, took passage to her home. She was one of
tne pioneer missionaries to the Hawaaa Islands bx
1820, and has never since left the group.
- The Rev. P. J. Gulick goes as a delegate of the EL
IL Society to Missionaries. His son. Caot O. Gulick.
goes as 2d mate of the Morning Star. Polynesian
Correspondence of the Pacific Com. Advertiser. t
Lahaina, August 8th, 1857.
Sir : The influenza or 44 boohoo" as some people
call it, has proved more fatal with us than it bas
been with you in Honolulu, as we have had several
who have died though their own carelessness, for just
as soon as the get the fever, they take to the water,
.and will not go by. tha directions the doctor givo
them. Our town looks now like the Deserted
; Village" we read about ; I learn they have the fever
still over in East' Maui, as well as in tbe sea port
tcwns.' : It is very hot in tho middle of tbe day, but
cool and pleasant in the nights. In going around
the town, I- find 'they are cleaning up and getting
ready for the faUMeason, and we are also to have two
dance houses going. So you see we are keeping up
with the times, except in public improvements, which
is all being done in Honolulu ; but we poor outsiders
must abide our time, and wait, I suppose, until our
turn comes. Every, year, the Legislature votes us
money for building tbe breakwater, repairing the
roads, building the water works, market, court house,
&.c. &c., and that in the last of it Is9the condition
the breakwater no is, it would have been better
never to have commenced it, doing now more injury
than good. How is it that all those shanties and
sheds are allowed to be built up on the edge of the
fort land down by the landing in this town. For my
part I do not think they are much of an ornament to
the town any how.
I am lorry to inform that the grape crop that
looked so promising in the fore part of the season are
nearly all destroyed with a white mould that Is
occasioned by the Aphis. It does not affect the vines
but the fruit
Aug. 10. We have lost another of our old residents,
John White an Englishman. He first arrived at the
Islands in 1739, stopped on shore a 'short time when
he sailed for 3 years from the Islands, and in 1802,
fifty-five years ago he settled altogether on ths
Islands. Yours tc
Hilo, July 30, 1857.
Mr. Editors At one o'clock this morning, our
slumbering town was startled by a smart earthquake.
Of course most weno frightened. One poor man
thought he was 44 gone for," another awoke clinging
to his bed clothes and feeling around to see if the
house was left standing ; while a third, thinking that
some one was knocking at the corner of the house,
authoritively commanded the offender to cease. One
unfortunate lady woke screaming, thinking the last
day hod come, wlnle a few, less nervous, lay and
enjoyed the shock, expressing the hope that they
might have another good shake the following nights
The motion w&s very jerking, and it was a severe
shock. There have been here only four slight shocks
previous to this, since the eruption two years ago,
although on some other parts of this Il
have been more and heavii
I had the good fortune a few days since to examine
a list of earthquakes kept for twenty-three years by
one of our residents, and which is perfectly correct
During this period, there have been ninety-nine
shocks. We will copy notices of the principal ones :
" October 13, 1833. ' One at three P. M. rather
heavy; motion up and down."
44 February 19, 134. A shock so heavy as to
throw down stone walls, upset filings ingfbe hoQp,
and throw off the cream from milk in pans."
44 December 12, 1838. A tremendous shock at one
P. M. So great was the conflict for a few seconds, it
seemed as though the dissolution of all nature had
begun. Stone walls thrown down, and plastering a
good deal cracked."
44 April 7, 1841. Tbe most severe shock we ever
felt, at quarter before twelve. Chimney cracked,
stone walls prostrated, plastering broken and thrown
down, milk thrown out of the pans, and water thrown
out of a pail a little more than half fu.lL Motion
undulating north and south."
But when we say there have been so many shocks,
we convey a wrong impression to those with whom
the idea of an earthquake is associated with those
terrific ones that occur on the South American coast
and other places. An ordinary earthquake of Hawaii
is merely a slight jar, just enough to be recognized
as a quake, and perhaps to startle a person and give
him something to talk about, which, in these dull
times, is no undesirable event If one were to occur
in Honolulu it would be no harm, if attended with
like results; at any rate so think somvj of the
" People Or Hilo.
Mr. Editor : As this is the season for that deli
cious fruit, the pine apple, I feel constrained to say
a word on ihe subject, if haply I may thereby remove
the prejudice which exists in the minds of many, par
ticularly physicians against the free use of it 1
I have been acquainted with tbe pine apple for
many years and have used it freely, and can safely
say that it is one of our most harmless fruits, pro
ridad it be eaten properly. The juice only should
be admitted to the stomach and the pulp rejected en
tirely, as fit only for crocodiles and ostriches. I have
known a lady who could take frequently the juice of
a whole apple with impunity, and nothing is more
grateful to an invalid than a slice or two of the fruit
with a sprinkling of white sugar; care should be
taken, however, not to swallow the pulp. Dr. Max
well, of the Cyanne, remarked when here, that he
would sooner give it to invalids than water melon.
I am inclined to think that the reason physicians
are such enemies to the fruit, is because they are not
acquainted with it Let them Iry it for themselves,
and watch its effects on others, and I have no doubt
they will change their views. " An Old Resident.
Good Pat. The salary of TrfJuQirrNMin is five
million dollars a year, and his revenutiVxni the
palaces about one million and a quarter ayesra
Mr. Boker, it is said, has finally become reconciled
to his daughter's marrying his coachman, upon being
assured that in the best society it is not considered
at all disgraceful for a bride to have a groom.
The Irish law judges have decided; six to five, in
the case of Beamish vs. Beamish, that a clergyman
in priest's order may marry himself. Economical
for the clergy.
A compositor in the office of the Springfield Re
publican, who has used the same 44 stick" for fifteen
years past, bas actually worn holes through it, where
Vi A kaci (rranniMl it antVi ttvaa
A London correspondent intimates that the diplo
matic laurels won by LonLwalmerston are really won
by his charming Vwcounsa. It would seem that no
British Ulysses ;" able toA-esist the captivating smile
of this diplomat. Clyiso, except only the incor
ruptible Roebuck. .
A wealthy Greek yowner at Marseilles has been
sentenced to threears imprisonment, a fine of 8000
francs dintection from civil rights for ten years,
forhavi dulently insured a ship after he had
ivButelhgence of her loss.
It is said that Mr. Bnchnnun intonrt ,.1,.
clean sweep of all the foreign ministers, as soon as
their four years expire. New men will be sent abroad
in all stations. '
i In the hut news from Havana, a brisk trade is
noted in the article of Coolies four cargoes having
arrived since previous advices, say 1822 "inbulk "
with a loss of 450 44 spoiled" on the passage. ; '
A new paper, it is said, is to be started in New
York city, with a capital of $150,000, and Thurlow
Weed as editor. It is intended to be the organ of tbe
Republican party of the State of New York.
The Vera Urui diligence was robbed at Acajete.
and after taking $4000 from a holy lather, who was
one of the passengers, the robbers compelled him to
give them absolution.
A policeman named Kardenbrook was foully
stabbed in New York by two burglars whom he had
attempted to arrest. The murderers escaped.
It is stated that John Quincy Adams, Esq., has
been engaged to read the Declaration of Independence
before the city authorities of Boston ( on the cominir
fourth of July. He is a son of Hon. Charles Francis
Adams, and the direct descendant of two Presidents.
Mrs. Bloomer, of Turkish costume celebrity, la now
living at Council Bluffs, Iowa. We notice that she
is still advocating the righto of woman to do and undo
dress or undress as she pleases or displeases. She
is out with a puff for Mr. Patten, the female Beacan
I and J. There are no two. letters in the manu
script alphabet of the English language, which cause
so much misconstruction as i and j. ua most mmnU
write them exactly alike. The rule for writing them
properly, and which deserves to be universally adoDt-
. w juu iu rf ueiow we line, ana the I even
with the line.
If twenty-seven inches of snow si. iT" 'V
water, bow much milk wi I cow riva ! '"nc,"or
turnips ? Multiply the flakes of gnowl T n on
the cow's toil; then divide ths produthe ha'ron
add a pound of chalk, and thetum will L ""Pi
swer. os ths
A Parliamentary paper has been im,
the total imports of grain and flour eho,"'ti? .
the past year. Three-fourths of tr.T. . fc
foreign flour was from the United States Ppljof
to three-fifths of the amount ot Wi.l'liti,
more than m &urth nt th unnnn r.r JULY'S. .j
. - . v. ll'Hf a. I
M .... v uuuuuu am urn ULrtmftt
gaged in making y
ths' London evening maiL
The Rao-Pickjcbs or New York It i t.j u
there are in New York city not less than one tW
sand professional rag-pickers. The Express aJ
that some of them have, by picking rags, aocumuW
fortunes, and live in splendid mansions, while oUJ
reside in shanties located in the outer wards. -
Almost everybody thinks that he could edit a ne
paper a little better than anybody" else. Yet his?
rians and essayists of high repute have made deplorV
m mm A PI 4
tula res in uus une oi literature, xney nave pty
unsuopesetui even writing " leaders," and
by no means the great work of journalism.
William IL Russell, of the London Times,
asked by the proprietors to go to China, as speci
correspondent, but was compelled to decline, as I
was previously engaged to lecture during te
twelve months in the leading cities of GreafBritw
and Ireland, on the Crimea War. )
44 K. N. Pepper." The upper branch of the Ne
York Legislature was obliged to adjourn on Frida,
night, in consequence of some scamp having strew
the floor with Cayenne pepper. Ae soon as theSenr '
bad fairly got to work, an intense excitement t
created. The infinitesimal particles of the fiery t
stance entered the nasal organs, yes and mouthx
the Senators, pages, and the auditory, causing rerl
ed, numerous aud long-contined explosions of '-(
Human Chess-Men. At a great BSSaaa.!
thm Minister of Foruen ADairs,
proceedings commenced by a procession of lM
cneas-uieu vuc uuui uco, ; .
took up a position on a gigantic board, prepared for
theDurDOse. Two magicians then played the giaie.
which excited great interest ana enienamaieni.
cance iaicivi . i.- j -
jiaa vku miku tfvw.vM j y
t . 1 ...... n. mvBtrm- fl pTi. r. ei 1 M.a i-. ; ;
within their reach; but also at night attack people
. i. Tl.o inhabit-tnta who had n tirmvl
LIIB DLICCW ... .
their former dwellings were obliged to vacate the:
again, and trust to the severities of winter to diiukij
the forces of the four-footed animals.
n c 1. .V.n .....n... n e.T A m ... .... : J
lingering illness. Science loses a great deal by Li
death. His reports to the British Association, uj
his numerous observations on the influence of the
iron of vessels on the compass, were connected with
MSasMucuwLi trr Australn.
irom wnicn n .;iurneu iosi year witu uib consuutioa
much enfeeblJTroin the arduous labors to which he
had subjectei imself.
Wailers.- curious branch of business has been
established atrT.yons. An association of howlers his
been formed, which engages to supply at each fuuerul
a number of professional weepers. The charge ravls
is five francs per head. They have adopted a peculiar
costume, and follow the hearse weeping and sobbing.
This recalls to memory the mourning women men.
tioned in the Bible, who, on mournful occasions, like,
wise let themselves out on hire, wringing their hands,
and crying and lamenting aloud. Jewish Chronklc.
International Courtest. The New York Jovr.
nal of Commerce, of the 16th inst, says : Upm
the application to our Government of the Russia
Ambassador ht Washington, orders have been issued
to Capt Hudson, of the steam-frigate Niagara, to
receive on board his ship (about to depart for Europ
to participate in laying the Ocean Telegraph,) acp
tain and a lieutenant of the Russian navy, who tit
now sojourning in this city, that they may have an
.. i.. 4 , . if . : . i i ..
opportunity to witness the accomplishment of this
"Mr. snowman, wnat is mat.' ' "mat, my
dear, is the Rinocerow. He is cousin g German or
Dutch relative to the Unicorn. He was born in thi
desert of Sary Anne, and fed on bamboo and mission.
aries. He is very courageous, and never leaves hooit
unless he moves, in which case he goes somewhere
else, unless he is overtaken by the dark. He wk
brought to this country much against his own will,
which accounts for his low spirits when he is melan
choly or dejected. He is now very aged, although he
has been the youngest specimen of animated nature
in the world."
The American enterprise ef raising the suakeo
ships at Sebastopol, has been very successfully com
menced, sixteen vessels nave aoready been recovered,
among them the Chersonese of 2ti0 horse power, four
transports, one brig, two tenders and six smaller
craft The four transports are already afloat, and are
engaged in carrying provisions and equipments; and
the steamer Chersonese is under repairs and wulsoua
Death from the Power or Imagination: Astorj
is told m a late number of - ouvelle Zeitung, of i
physician who tried an experiment on a criminal
capitally condemned, illustrating the power of imag
ination. The man was permitted to see a dog bled
to death and to observe all the symptoms of Ming
life as detailed by the physician, till the moment of
the animal's death. Immediately after, the crimi
nal's eyes were bandaged, and his arm pierced with
a lancet, though no vein was opened. The physi
cian went on describing the fme symptoms witnessed
in the dog's case, and unallyronounced the words,
"Sow he, is dying." The iSkn did really expin
under these operations, though he had not kl
table-spoonfull of blood.
Curious Atmospheric Phenomenon. A correj
poudent, writing from Ashtabula county, Ohio, after
giving an account of a shock of an earthquake is
that vicinity, says: 44 The most singular phenocien-i
connecte-t with it was the falling of large ball d
snow. It was snowing heavily at the time, aliuouA
tne bdow was snu-ntiv moist, me no it miirninrr
erai geuiieu:en in (iinerem parts 01 tne town not:na
large balls of snow lying scattered around, not ocij
in tbe vicinity of -t heir dwellings, but in the oea
fields. Those who examined them describe some d
them as being nearly as large as a small child's heii,
and resembling thin layers of snow, rolled together
very ligjyand dropped down. W here they fell
upon the Bide hiy they had rolled, in some instance
two or three feet I mention theso facts as scrip f.r
Rats, and their Love of Water. When mi
hare once found their way into a ship, they are securi
as long as the cargo is on board, provided thry cn
command the great necessary water. If this is
guarded, they will resort to extraordinary expedienn
to procure it In a rainy night they will come on
deck to drink, and will even ascend the rigging to
sip the moisture which lies in the folds of the
When reduced to extremities, they will attack the
spirit casks, and get so drunk that they are un
to walk home. The land rat will, in like manner,
gnaw tbe metal tubes which, in publio houses, leal
from the spirit store to the tap,-and is as convivial ot
these occasions as his nautical relation. The entirt
race have a quick ear for running liquid, and th(J
constantly eat into leaden pipes, and much to thw
astonishment, receive a douche bath in consequent
Quarterly Review. ( .
Lent in Paris. We have been furnished with the
following amusing account of this season,
fracticed at the gay metropolis of France : 44 1 think
told you in my last letter something about the
Opera Mask Balls, two of which I have attended in
the Carnival. Well ! these Parisians are certain!
queer set. Before Lent comes in they dance aid
enjoy themselves as much as possible. The nearer
they perceive the approach of that gloomy sea,
the more lively and gay they become, until they se"8
actually intoxicated with excitement and pleasure.
Thisetops with the first of Lent They are now a"
devotion. Balls and dancing are eschewed. But
alas ! this feeling Jdoes not last. They cannot bold
out the whole forty days : So, in the middle of Leo
they arrange for another blow out; and this is
maddest, merriest time of the year. Processions of
men and women, decked in fanciest costumes si
Bitting in open carriages, pass and repass ths street
throughout the day. In the afternoon, a grand fencj
dress ball is given to the children; and at night, the
population of the whole city is emptied into the bu
44 There are private balls innumerable, and a scot
of publio masked balls, which are the most am asm?
and whimsical assemblies in the world. Tbe crows
is immense, the noise deafening, the costumes of
thousand different kinds. Some are gotten up to a
as beautiful as possible; others with the purpose
appearing as hideous as human nature can be maa
lou see handsome women exquisitely attired ;
men, six feet high, with immense talse ncees
fantastically besmeared with paint white lip.
cheeks, and red foreheads, noses and chins,
in short sleeves, low neck and briel Bkirta, exhibiting
to full advantage ludicrously slim and skinny nJ
and legs, yet dressed in beautiful gauiy 008tuDB' j
nymphs, having airy wings at their hacks, sn
wreaths of delicate flowers in their heads. This
give you an idea, but without once seeing, yo ?Z
scarcely conceive the variety and the ludiorous
of the whole exhibition. As for the dancing,
extraragantand original to the last degree, W
jigi boar no comparison."'
world. It has a front of 400 by 160 feet deep, tk
are 2,600 persons regularly employed in the k?
-one thousand of whom are en
r? 1 ' Hit. y S - T-k; N.