Newspaper Page Text
WEDXLSDAY EYVG, SEPT. IS, 1857.
W hare no Inrrizn arrival or departures to record other than
f !m whale ship William M'irt which came in on Saturday with
6J0 bbls oiL. H -r report will be (uurvd ia iU appropriate place.
T2w leading feature in tmiiotw this week has been the OonUa-
uancs of heavy aoctioo sale, including a bnre safe at the w
bona of Jfean. BochIaetr fc Staprnlicnt at which the dis
play of an ejegantaul well elected sfejck of dry good. silka
c, quite surprised the audience. Thi sale went off brisk, and
at aa ad ranee on previous rates. There no change to note in
uple, and oar remarks in last week's bane as regards business
1 oerIlr are very applicable to t?ie week Jixc past.
The bark Tarn kit and jchoooer Yltinij Dart are both nearly
due froea Sao Frauciacv and their arrival is looked for with cun
Hicrahst inter. The Jdfmfce 'a over doe from Orejron, and
It Jenny Tmri froraTeekalet. The ship William Wirt is ship-
pint her oQ per Btrritl r Jruie.
Our quotaima this -eek, as last, arr laostlr rcporti of auction
tales, and we would remark that prices oo the average hare
srn satisfactory, nwinj probably to the liberal credit siren.
'ash sales oo the contrary go quite hard at present and most
articles of merchandise wlu-n submitted to this process are titer
SCQAB 2 ma 11 receipts frxa Maul. We quote Xo. 1 in kegs
at 10f there areaboM 40 ans nior toeouMfroca East Maai this
m. Ia the coarse of three months three Urge plantations,
Those atfgregau emp will probably equal 600 tons, will commence
grinding, and we may then look for more activity in the sugar
market, and some heavy transactions.
FLOCK ASJ WHEAT The quantity of domestic flcur is
sow rapidly increasing, as the mill is turning out about 150 bbls
?r week- Late advices from East Maul report the yield much
Ivtvr than braer r-ports, and estimate are siren that there
wul be over 12,000 bushels to grind. We bear that some 4,000
tadh-la are now at the beach at Kahuiui, awaiting shipment to
Honolulu. The qiality of the wheat at received is much fan-
prjved over the early receipts, and the flour is likewise a finer
EiEF In the absence of any demand it is difficult to give
quotations, the Mock both of Hawaiian and American is quite
LCYBES The market is bare of north-west boards, but large
atz7 are looked for shortly, their being four Teasels now on
the way from the ecast; planed, ton rued and grooved boards,
Jiibbintc at 6$c pickets at 4c
WISES A5D LIQUORS Sales at auction as follows : U. T.
Proprietor brandy $3 f jcBou ; kegs American do at 75c
sazerae do $2 i HarteTTs $2 ; Otard $2 12 $ Duff Gordon Sherry
SI TS T gallon; 20 kegs Hooongabels whbky 85 0 87J j Ja
maica rum $1 65 ; eases daret $2 12 Santera $4 37 ; Schie
dam Schnapps $712 0$.
OC5XT BAGS 6 oaks aold at lie
B300H3 124 dna at $3 25 SB i 75.
HAMS Sales bbts at 1 0 14jc
DRY GOODS, tc Sales at auction of Mae drills at 8ic ;
Meecbed shirt tors at SJ & 6c ; masucs at 8 0 10c ; 100 pieces
book muslin t fl 50 0 f2 37 ; 175 Swiss robes at $1 0 $1 81
25 pieces Irish linens at 33 9 17c 10 cs fancy prints at 9 (a
; orange and rreea prints at 7 J 0 8 e ; denims at 12c ;
Mack broad cloth $2 Si t-62 ; biue do 2 60 ; scarlet do $3.
CASE GOODS Sales of cream tartar at 33 0 35c tins sal
mon (9 dct ; pras $S 25 ; quinces 1 $ assorted meats $750;
assorted preserres 7 50 m i ; pepper sauce SI 87 ; mustard
$2 i lemoo syrup f 4 50.
WHOLE PEPPER 5 bUs sold at IS 0 10c
C&ACKXBS 30 tins sua! at $2 37 0 $2 75.
SOAP Sales 25 bu salt water soap at $1 y bx.
PAPER Sales 350 reams white paper at 56c s? $1 12.
BREAD Small sales pilot at Ore ; navy do at 5jc
SFOES Sales of 20pair brogans $1 56 0 $1 70 J 250 pair
calf shoes $2 OS $i 12$ ; 1aO pair pumps CI 62.
HATS 25 doc gents' One cassimere soU at $1 87 0 $3 IX
LATEST DATES, rrceivesl at this Of9-e.
ran Francisco - - - A us. 22 I Paris ..... July &
Panama, HQ. - - J air 31 I Ilorurkong - ... June 1
New Yore . ... 20 1 ilHbourne, S. S. W-, July 15
Lrtmoa - - - - July 8 I Tahiti ..... Julie 8
Ft Sas Feisrrtro, no vessel np.
For Uulusa. pT Karovi, this day.
For IIilo, per Manerkawai, Saturday.
Fir ILwaibak, per Maunokawai, Saturday.
For TtLTABauo, per ah Kamehameha IV Saturday next.
PORT OF aOXJOX.TJX.TJ. a. x.
Sept. 11 Schs KAnoi and Sliria, from ports on MauL
11 &:a lsry, BerrilL, fm Kawaihae.
11 w Kinoule, tE Knna, Hawaii.
12 Amwbsh Wm. W irv, bora, fra Kodiack Sea, 500
bb!s wh. SOOO lbs bone.
15 Moi Keike, Hall, fan Kahului direct.
10 Sch Mannokawai, Beck ley, to Uilo.
Ttxccaarsj II til, 8 A. M No vessel insight within twenty
Ste miles. Atmosphere Tery clear and wind fresh.
Sept. 12 Schs Excel and Kencd Ana, f-r Kaui.
12 Sch Liholibo, Thurston, fur Uilo via fishsina
11 Sch Karia, Molteno, for port on Maui.
14 Sche Alice and KJnonle, for Kona, UawaU.
15 Sch Mary. Ben-ill. for Kawaihae direct,
19 Moi Keike, Ual, for Kahului direct.
VESSELS IN PORT. SEPT. 17.
Am dipper siup John LamL Beane.
Br ship Kamehameha IV., Garry, for freight.
'Am ship Harriet and Jessie, Janvrin.
Bntib bark UamUa.
Ship John ManhaiL Pendleton.
Am sch 6a Lht-g"", Crafton.
Caaslcrt ia Pari.
Brfcr John Thinlap, repairicr.
Srh Kamoi, Chadwick.
Sch Manookawai, Berkley. .
Schooner ilanuoiaicd left Hik on Friday. No vessels in that
.iu It was very rsiay at Hilo. Schooner Kalama arrived at
ikasaihae ea Sunday P. M. Schooner LiholAo arrived at La
haum Sunday P. M.
troT or ajuatcas wsaxi ship wtLLLAa wibt, osbobjce, raow
pokes and hear! from :
Aug. 1, Tahnuroo. , 40O' Aut;. 10, Gayhead.
John Co&jihall, clean July 1, Ocean Ware,
Epa ion (Fr cieao
riiiabeth (FrX An).
- CaEMocoart (FrX d
" Japan, 500
Aug. 20, Aaate, 24
A oc. I, Chas. Carroll,
- , Dartmouth,
2 wh July 25, liras-anza,
350 tJen. Williams,
A eg. SO, Sarah Sheaf, 609
Rainbow, Halscy, 600
- Cawt. Window, ef the Tamerlane, at Lahainat reports to us
thmaKh Messrs. Colics x Co., the following, not given above s
July 7, AdJUoo. Laareocw, 400 bhU.
Aug, 8, G. W illiaiojs MilW, 5O0 bMs, b'nd for Bristol Bay.
, 10 EvnL Monran, iasoo, 2M bbia., do. do. do.
Fokea. Jan 12, Ben). Rash, cieaib
Heard from, about Joly 12, Good Return, Wuig, 1300 bbls..
seasoa i Chan. Cjrroll, Paraoert, 4 whales ; John tt Edward. 3
wialea i Cucuest, Lodknr. 1100 boa.-, Neptane, Comstock, 3
Captain WimlOw writes Sra: I send yoa all the news
' that I Bow have cooceminr, the Beet this season. I should Judge
from tha ships that I have heard from and spoken, the average
is about 500 barrel, fat the Kodiack. There has been a good
showaf whaVes tai season, but very much scattered, and they
have been rather shy. I go one whale May, 6 in June, 2 in Ju
ly, fhwa tot-67 60 to 59 20 Vwig. 110 20 to 144 W. Aug. 9,
. I saw a great show of smaJ whales, 50 mikaSE. of Cook's Inlet;
track one, hat was oMfred to cut Gee and let him go, ea ae
CKont of the 1. On the 11th, fog cleared off, saw two large
tone whales, and Mi!!, but fog shut down over as, and kept so
for two days. We then had the best of weather op to the 18th.
We cruised the gmand over thoroughly, with no right whales to
be seen, bat any quantity of humpbacks. During the last fog
and bto, Aug. 12, w spoke a Urge French clipper ) under -stooH
Ua In whales t saw him the next day ; steered to the
NrtH with as awhile, the steered off to the Eastward, and that
was the last we saw of him. We hare had bat a small portion
vf foe this season to what there generay on Kodiakj but
rsggef weather eooofn to make It wp. Toorm, J. B. W."
CapC GrinoeO, of ship William ir eary, sends as the follow,
lag report J1 20, Japan, 600 tbls ; July 17, BenJ. Tucker,
4 whales i July 22, Addisno, 5 whale Aag. 1 Gen. Leopold,
19 whales. Saw the last whale 25th July. Lett the ground 2Sth
TresB Kawarwil per Mary. Sept. 11 SO bMs beef, 20 do
Iran potanea, 12 sheep. I ballk,l horsa, S piss, bbls talkw,
VI hides. Al goat skina. 30 sheep.
Frea Karai per Excel. Sept. 13 SO ntei mdw, 25 barrels,
laHow, 17 hides, 25 sacks oranges, 6 bbto kukui oil. 2 horses.
From Maci per Mario, SepC 1120 cords firewood, 2 bbls
whale o(L 12 bollock ht.les. C4W goat skins, 1 mar and eoK, 60
2 Chinamen, Aeheon and Ajing, and 20
For Labaisa per Maria. Sept- 1412 bars floor, 6,000 foet
taaOMr. 10,000 shincVs, 10,009 ctopbeards, 10 pairs sashes, 75
prs asdse, 2 baUs, 1 horse, 2 pigs.
For Uiu and Kabclti per Kamoi, SepC 5 S M shingles,
JiKaO ft lumber, f bacs rice, 2 doors, 43 pkrt merchandise.
From Kastxci ant Labaisa per Kssot, 8epc 11 3000 lbs
beans. 2000 B eats, 11 pkgsro?ar,14 tbls wiolarses, turkeys.
JO Ihewp, 1 hcrss, 1 wagon, 25 g-U skma, i keg rwurr. i a
emnrr snda buttles.
For Hrto per Uholiho, Sep. 14 2S0 pkgs m4, Sno n lum
Vr, 10 bbls rice, S bbb salmon, 137 haps Boor, 6 do Irish pota
ioet 2 sak, X do ships' bnad. 5 borws.
From Kssrr rt per M-4 Keiks Sep 1530 bbls potatoes, 13
bars brans, SO ducks. 2 chickens, 6 hides, 400 goat skins, 2
Jackets errs, 11 tor wbeat, 1 native passenger.
POXtT OF X.iHZJlXZXl.
SepU'li--Waiiam i Heary, Grinnen, fm Kodiack, 240 wh, sea
, sea i 130 sp, J00 wh, 1000 boar, vnTace.
1 J Vrtmim. Brown, from Kaliaek. 600 wh. 2000 bone.
. 4 - t aeaaoo SMfd, 2,450 wh, 15,0UO btoe, voyage
" " 10 wh. 2'XXl bone, on board.
14 Tdsnrrisa, Winsiow, fro Kodiack, HOP wh, 19,000 bn.
swaaoa ; sp, a..oo wo, -a.vuw boot, voyage ,
. isreo. wh, fcoaa. t i' '
For Labaisa per Kamoi, Sept. 5 Apara, Achuu, and 20
From Kaircxn per Kamoi. rvpt- 11 L H Anthon, Samuel
Dcwns, Master Bee i with, aixl ia nntives.
From Kawaihae per Mary, St. 11 Capt. Law,
From Kacai per Excel Mr Krull, Capt H Pretidennst, A
Doench, A S Cooke, Wm Ueaie" W U Wootoey, Mt Cook, WilUts
For Lahaisa per Maria, Sept 14-11 R II Prince Lot, Gov
Xahaolelua, Judee Jones, Juajje campoeii, J epawing, -ur
V&llOll- JIT RUUK-. AlMa vim-.-u ,
FiW Hilo per LihoUbo, SepL 12 Mrs P J Gulick, M iss B
Bishop, Mi.ts LuciiKia CUTS, A Uhitu-, ut J i i(tut, J won",
J D Mills, Alex Pennie, John Kai, Akaua, 2 Chinamen, and
rr i.b,i(a. wr Kamoi. Sent. 17. Cart Thos Spencer, wif-
and 2 children, Mrs J F Fugue and 2 chiUren. S Iloffuicyir, J
Veaaela Kxpe-ctcd frau. Varcisu Part.
Am schooner Flyinir Dart, Ftvemsn, wiU be due from San
Fraucisco about the ljih iust.
Haw brig Adrauce, Robiusna, is due from Columbia River,
vtrh ranm nf lnmher ami Druduce.
Bremen brig Antilles Bucums.nu, sailed from Bremen early iu
Mar, with cargo to Mclchers at lo.
M.v krffT rjmtiL Bent, due from Tahiti about Sept. SO.
American aUp Uladiatur, CroniweU, sailed from New Bedford
June 10, and will be due Oct- 25.
A clipper ship left England a!xut the close of May with caro
of mdse to the Aent of "the Hudson's Bay Co.
Bark Yankee, Smith, mUl leave San Francisco about Sept. 5,
due here Sept. 13 to 20. , ,
Am barken tine Jenny Ford, is due Sept. 10, from Teekakt.
with a cargo of lumber to liackiekl a io-
The American ship John Gilpin, with a carroof merchandtie
n c. Rmw will tie due from Boston Oct. 0.
British Brigautine Recovery will be due here from Tancou
Ter's Island early in SepUmWr.
The Am clipper ship Fortnna, of II. A. Pierct-'s Une of Sand
wich Island packets, s.iled from Boston JUay 22d, with a f-ill
cargo of mercaanaise.no i. i . x eiu, uuc -p-
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 17
Br the good will of oar late beloved Sovereign,
whose memory will never cease ia the hearts of
his people, the Hawaiian kingdom enjoys a ue
gree of constitutional freedom. whi-li ranks it
foremost amo- the nations that tn boast of so
cial, politica or religious freedom. Partakm
largely of the elements which constitute u demo
cracy, it respects the vested right of its ancient
rulers, and maintains a limited monarchy
The constitution of 1852 Vests the supreme
power of the kingdom in the King, the Legislature
and the Judiciary. These three powers, when
fully and ably exercised, may be 6aid to balance
each other; on the other hand, when the intlu
ence of either predominate, the others become
subservient, and the result which most follow will
be the injury of the public interests. For in
stance, if the power of the King becoTues so dom
inant as to overrule the formation or acts of the
Legislature in contravention of popular rights, or
to control the acts of the J udiciary to the open
violation of legal enactments, the result would be
clear feuds and contentions must arise which,
all history admonishes, endangers the sovereignty
itself. Or should the power uf the Courts become
oppressive and venal, and their acts be in open
violation of private and popular rights, the Rime
result would follow. It is only when the three
constitutional powers named, till each their ap
pointed limits, and do not exceed them, that the
greatest degree of peace and security is given to
The constitution grants to the people a share
in the exercise of the supreme Hwer of the king
dom. This is vested in the House of Ilepre? 3nta
tives. This body is or should be purely demo
cratic in contradistinction to the House of Nobles,
which is hereditary and aristocratic, if the tor:.
can be applied in this kingdom. The latter is a
bulwark to the power of the King, the former
ehould represent the interests and passions of the
The sessions of the Legislature were formerly
annual, but at the last session in 185G the consti
tution was so altered as to make them biennial.
"Whether this change is wise or not is a question
which time alone can decide.
The right conewled to the people by the con
stitution to sliare in the government bv the
choice of persons to represent themselves has
never been here so prized as its importance de
mands. The foreign population boing cparso
compared with that of the aboriginal, the bal
ance of pjwer is placed in the liands of the
latter, who are all, or nearly all, entitled to vote.
Foreigners have hitherto taken but very little in
terest in the formation of the representative
branch of the Legislature, and the result has
been that natives have generally filled the house,
many of them entirely ignorant of the first prin
ciples of political economy. He who has made
any effort to become a representative, however
unqualified for the station has generally l-enfeuc-
The importance of having an efficient and in
telligent body of representatives is becoming every
year mora observable. With them reels the de
cision whether matters of reform proposed shall
be approved and made legal. They should bo
men beyond the influence of officers of tho gov
ernment, and should be entirely disconnected from
any government service ; for such rvrvieo must,
in some degree, serve to restrain their freedom of
action. The House of Representatives for the
past few years has been made up largely or per
sons so employed, and the result or their deliber
ations on ministerial measures has been biassed by
such service. In each year a large number of
judges have been returned as representatives,
whose great object appears to be to increasa their
salaries and the salaries of their friends. In some
instances this increase has been resisted, in others
submitted to, till the salaries of judges through
out the kingdom are now considerably larger than
they were five or six year3 ago.
Our Legislatures heretofore have been little else
than a mere form, their labors being chalked out
by ministers, whose leadings have been t o often
implicitly followed, without inquiring fully into
the operation of each measure proposed, or the
motives which have originated it. Nor can it bo
expected that any material change will take place
while three-fourths of the lower house con
sists of members who know little or nothing of
the results which may follow their act.
To remedy this, foreigners should be elected as
representatives, for they possess inoro intelligence
ed capacity to understand the workings of any
new measures that may be laid before them.
Although the pay attaching for the service is a
mere pittance to any foreigner who is capable of
acting as a representative, and cannot lie called a
fair remuneration for leaving his business for two
or three months, yet those who have chosen this
kingdom for their future home should be willing
to sacrifice personal interest for the public good,
and take pride in the national prosperity.
We do not advocate tho exclusion of native
representatives from the House, but maintain that
. . it
the body snouui comprise men ol sucii intent
gence and fitness as are suited to tho work de
manded, whether they bo natives or foreigners
A majority of the represcntitivea should consist
of foreigners, as carrying with them more intel
ligence than the same number of natives; and as
far as jsible, representatives should not be in
the employ of the government. .There can be no
injustice to the native jiopulation in the choice of
a foreigner, for the interests of the two are iden
tical, where tho latter U domiciliated for life.
Every peeaon chosen ' to represent a district
should also bo a resident of that district, provided
a suitable person can be procured. ' . ,
The election for representatives takw place ia
January next, and the Legislature meets in April
followiur. Important measures will proliably be !
bronghifcbfore that body, to some of- which wa
shall allude in a futuro number.
America East India Trade. Tho trade with
Calcutta, out of and into Boston, must, from the
tenor of the appended article, clipped from the
columns of the Traveller, be assuming an impfcr
tance even greater than tho British East India
trade with New .York.
Although freights are quoted very low in Amer
ican papers, vessels engaged ia the India trade,
both American and English, have found constant
employment, as we learn by Lemuel Goddard,
Finch & Co.'s circular of date of London June::
It is not probable that the disturbance in India
will continue long or affect the American or
English India trade to any extent.
Tho following extracts refer solely to the Amer
ican fleet of Indiaships, besides which the Englifch
have a still larirer fleet.
' There are. at the present time, on their way
out to Calcutta to load for Boston, at that port
loading or on their passage from thence to Bos
ton. ll?J ships. The whole of this fleet, if they
escape the dangers of the seas, . will arrive here
beure the first bf July next, perhaps sooner, and
the aggregate value of their cargoes will probably
exceed fifteen millions ot dollars, and the treight
lint r.f tiH shir exceed three millions. This
trade has been subject to unusual fluctuations,
the past year. At one time, the profits on the
cargoes which came in were very large ; subse
quently the losses on the same cargoes were very
considerable, and since, the business has returned
in a frrcat measure to its former steadiness of
moderate protts, tor wnicn it nas oeen more
marked than almost any other branch of the com
merce of the country.
" We have adverted occasionally to the Cal
cutta trade as a forcible illustration of what the
commerce of Boston might become, if the same
amount of sagacity , perseverance and capital
which is devoted to this should be applied to
traffic in other countries. It is the intimate ac
quaintance with the business and the resources of
"Rritish India which has made our trade with
that country so successful, and caused it to in
crease so rapidlv. Apply the like knowledge and
the same means and energy to any other country,
and the same results will follow. It is true that
in those countries where the business is to sell as
well as to buy, greater industry and ability is
requisite, because selling to advantage is always
harder work than buying. But our merchants
have hundreds of vouns men around them and
in their stores who could be employed more profit
ably for themselves and for the country in going
abroad, making themselves acquainted, wiui i;ie
wants and resources of foreign lands, and there
receiving cotisiniments of zoods Iroin nome, and
making purchases for return cargoes, than in any
other way. They would in some instances be re
quired to exercise more self-denial than if at
home, and lose somewhat of social and domestic
enjoyment. But the compensation for their time
would be so much greater, that in a few years
they would be able to acquire a competency and
return homo to give another set a chance to enter
"Everywhere, in all the marts of trade, this
svstem should be adopted. It is unsafe to sdl or
to buy in distant markets for any great length of
time, unless we have, as our agents on trie sjiot,
those who are equally interested with us in tho
success of our undertakings."
NOTES OF THE WEEK.
Side-walks. A graduul improvement in side
walks in Honolulu is taking place, though very little
can be said in their praise, for there never was a
town of its size where worse walks were to be met.
Any improvement is therefore worth noticing. Mr.
Kawscn led off in laying down a brick side-walk ;
and Messrs. Hackfcld and Hoffmann have followed.
Hard brick is no doubt the most durable and easiest
walk that can be furnished here. A very good walk
has just been laid down on Capt. Snow's premises
corner of Fort and Merchant streets. We hope to
see some system introduced so that the height,
breadth and level of side-walks will be more uniform.
As they now are, in many streets they are a foot
higher on one side of the street than the other, and
frequently the same irregularity exists on the same
side o the road. ' A good smooth, level walk does not
require half the labor in traveling over it that a
rough, irregular one does. A person can walk three
miles on the smooth flag-stone side-walks of New
York with less efforts than or a mile of rough
ground. But we don t look lor any improvement
until we have a street commissioner, whee duty it
may be to regulate such matters.
LmcE Plantation. It is gratifying to hear that
the prospects of this sugar plantation are no'.v very
encouraging. The plan of irrigating the cane proves
to be even more successful and less expensive than
was anticipated. The water is brought a Histancc of
ten miles in ditches, and the supply is thought to be
exhaustless ami abundant. A correspondent writes
torns that he went over the plantation and found the
cane as fine as aiy he has seen on thec islands. Some
of the joints measure eight iuches in length, and fre
quently three and a quarter joints measure twenty
four inches. There is every prospect now that the
yield will be at least three hundred tons of sugar.
which, with present prices, must bring a handsome
return to tho company. Last year the crop wa3 a
total failure, owing to the drought which prevailed
throughout the group; but the plantation will iu fu
ture be exempted from this drawback, with which the
company has contended since its org-inization in 1850.
IIascalitt. Some malicious persons, supposed to
be natives, set fire to a stack of wheat on Tuesday
night last at Mukawao, just as it was reaJy to be
threshed, destroying about 700 bushels and very
nearly consuming the threshing machine which had
just been placed alongside. The grain belonged to
the Cooper boys, whom everyboJy that has visited
Makawao will remember as amoug tho most industri
ous farmers in the place. The stack, we understand,
comprise! their year's earnings, and the loss comes
very severely on them. The persons engaged in the
act of setting the property on fire, we trust, will bo
detected and sentenced for the longest term the stat
utes allow. It is hard enough for the farmers to have
to cmtend with worms, weevils, and rain, without
having to submit to the revengeful acts cf .midnight
Potatoes. Last winter and spring there was much
complaint from shipmasters owing to their having to
wait so long for their supplies of Irish potatoes. This
ought not to be- There is no limit to tho quantity of
potatoes that can be raised in Kola, East Maui, and
Kohula, Hawaii. And it is a business that will pay,
if conducted properly and systematically. Mr. An
thon brought down a bag of large white potatoes
grown on his farm on East Maui, some of which he
has left with us. And if such potatoes could be re
lied on here, there would be twice ths number disposed
of to whalers. There is no vegetable they can take
to sea that serves their purpose so well as potatoes.
Here is a chance for some one to make a good pay
lug business. '
Tuk Coffee Crop i.x Kona. Well informed for
eigners in the district of Kona, Hawaii, are of the
opinion that the coffee crop this year will not exceed
one-third of the quantity gathered in former years.
One gentleman, 'whose crop last year amounted to
20,000 pounds, estimates the present year's yield at
5,000 pounds only. Oranges also will be less plenti
ful than last year. At the same time, all other kinds
of produce, as potatoes, taro, corn, beans, &c., are
unusually thrifty, owing to the frequent rainy
weather which has been experienced for several
months in that comparatively dry climate. This lat
ter fact is by some adduced as a cause of the decrease
in the coffee crop. "
Improved Stock. The schooner Alarii took np '
to Maui on Monday two joung, balls belonging to
Prince Lot. They are of the Durham and Devon .
breed, perhaps two years old,' and are to be place! on
the Prince's farm on East Mui. Thesn bulls were J
bred from stock imported by IL Mjffit, Esq., at Ka
huku, and are among the finest stock we have here.
Kukui Oil. This domestic product is receiving
more attention as it well deserves. We notiee that a
considerable quantity is made on this island by na- '
tives, which is purchased by Chinamen. Anything
that tends to throw light on its properties as a mer-
chantuble article or aid in its manufacture will be
read with interest In anUhex column we publish a
communication on the subjict from Dr. Frick. J
Messbs. M'BrEK & Mebbiix. We have frequently
had our attention called by residents returning from
San Francisco to the kind attentions shown them by
this gentlemanly firm, who take a great interest in
everything relating to the islands and .whose store in
California street may be called the head ' quarters of
islanders while stopping in that city. We are happy
to say that they have a large share of the trade with
the islands, which their promptness in all orders or
commissions from Honolulu only merits. To any
who wish an agent to procure or dispose of merchandize
for them, we can safely recommend them. See their
card on our first page.
Liguts -Now that the shipping season is coming
on, we would suggest that piles be driven on tho
point of the reef between the outer harbor and the
channel, where an anchor now lies, and also a few
rods inland from the spar buoy, and that lanterns be
placed on them at night. The expense of keeping
them lighted would not be much, as one of the hands
connected with the steamer could always see to it,
without extra pay. - It is a convenience which has
long been wanted and we hope to seo it carried out
From the Fleet. The news from the whaling fleet
is as yet very measre only about thirty vessels are
r? wiTA-Tt r. 1 crt C i y nnj fli ni c t tf tlioir Y"iinrfiT-t ot fViflTT
in the season. From the Ochotsk we have as yet no
advices. The first news from that ground last year
was received here October 5 and at Lahaina October
4, so that it is too soon to look for news from that
quarter. The fact that the .vessels that leave the
grounds latest usually give the best average, will tend
to keep them back this year.
J. Hyde. This gentleman, who visited Honolulu
some months ago and renounced Mornionism here,
has reached New York. In Harper' Weekly for
July 11, is a long and interesting description of Salt,
Lake City and its people, furnished by Mr. Hyde,
with illustrations of the principal objects of interest
in that neighborhood. It is the most graphic descrip
tion of the Mormon country that wo have seen, and
excites more interest now owing to the movements of
the United States government in relation to that peo
ple. Blunders. We have repeatedly alluded to tho
blunders to be found in the Ilae Ha waii native news
paper, not from any wish to find fault, but in the
hope they may be remedied. Ia yesterday's Hue, a
native enquires what the namo of the epidemic is,
that has been prevailing of Late, ne is answered by
the editor that it is the "Innuenga" a mere typo
graphical error, which in a foreign newspaper would
not be noticed ; but where a word of information given
to the natives for the first time, in an edition of 2000
or 3000 copies, is incorrect, it is not so easy to rectify
the mistake. A little more attention to the proof
reading is all that is needed.
25f Strong easterly winds have prevailed for the
p:ist few weeks, causing longer passages than usual
in vessels bound to windward ports. The schooner
Kamehqjneha IV. which took up the D. S. mail to
Lahaina, was three nights out, and most of the late
schooners have been two or three nights in reaching
that port. The JIaria which sailed on Monday eve
ning, arrived at Lahaina at 12 M. on Tuesday,
Bcdder Broken. On her passage from Kahului
to Lahaina, when in the Molokai channel, the shaft
of the rudder of the schooner Kumoi broke, carrying
away the lower gudgeon. For the remainder of the
trip the schooner was steered by her jib until within
sight of Lahaina, when she was towed into port, and
the rudder spliced together so as to enable her to
reach Honolulu. She has had to be hove down here
to replaco the broken gudgeon, but sails again to-d;y
for Lahaina and Kahului, where a full cargo of wheat
is awaiting her.
Beaxs. In various parts of the islands the com
mon white bean is being cultivated to an extent that
will ere long, if continued as energetically as it is
commenced, drive the foreign article from the mar
ket and ad 1 another to our small list of exports.
Beans thrive remarkably well in almost any locality
on the islands, and yield at a rate that would aston
ish a Yankee farmer. The wholesale price in Hono
lulu ranges from five to six cents per pound for Amer
ican white, with a considerable demand.
EsGLisu vs. tiis Hawaiian Idiom. The following
is a verbatim, copy of an order for goods seat by a
native to a foreign store keeper ia one of the remote
districts of Hawaii :
Dear Sib : " Please you sent roe thing of clother
to the this woman wund,and S piece blue cotton,
dar'l, (drilling?) and calco, and charge :ny account.
I wond this thing pay of woman worker of coffee from
the tree." There has been an English school for na
tives in the district a number of years.
Houses to Let. Strangers and others in search
of houses to let will generally find most of the build
ings and premises vacant advertised in this paper on
the first page. Notwithstanding so many new build
ings are continually being erected, the number of va-cauek-s
are few. It speaks well for the prosperity of
the town that it ij so, and it is perhaps a truer indica
tion cf its steady growth than any that could be given.
Protection Hook and Ladder Co. A meeting
of the rueml'ers of tie Hook and Ladder Compaq'
was held on Thursday evening List. The company
orgauized under the name of " Honolulu Protection
Hook and Ladder Co." Capt. Thcs. Spencer was
chosen Foreman and Chas. Burnham Assistant Fore
man. There are twenty-two names on the roll.
Another meeting of the company takes place this eve
ning. Auctions. Dealers will remember the large auc
tion sale by A. P. Everett at B. C. Janion's stores
this day. Also, on Thursday next, Mr. Colburn will
sell at I II. Anthon's store a varied miscellaneous
assortment of goods, which will be found advertised
in our columns.
Buoys fob Kawaihae. The sum of $300 was
Toted by 4he Legislature of 1S5G to furnish buoys fori
the above port, which are much wanted, but as yet
uusupplied. Anchors' and chains are cheap now,
while the freight and expense of mooring tho buoys
need not delay the work a moment, as Capt. Berrill
of the schooner JlLiry, offers to perform these services
free of charge to the government
House Wabmino. The new office takes by the
American Consul, Abner Pratt, Esq., was opened on
Wednesday noon with a generous collation, at which
most of the merchants and residents were present.
The location is very central and convenient, being in
the large building on Charlton wharf, and the rooms
spacious and airy.
, We abb Pboobessisg. If any one doubts it, let
him glance at the harbor, where a Urge canvas signal
hangs from the fore yard-arm of the clipper John
Land, advertising her for New Bedford. It reminds
one instantly of the crowded docks of New. York or
Boston. The wonder is, that no one hhs thought of
Petition. We notice a petition in circulation for
more reservoirs. This is as it should be. Let us
have another petition for more water to fill them, a
matter which concerns everybody who has any pro
perty at stake. ;
The Yankee will in all probability be in by
Sunday or Monday next. We shall have two weeks
later news by the .Vary L. Sutton via Lahaina to
day or to-morrow. It is doubtful by which vessel the
mail will be received. ,
Accident. Mr. A. S- Cooke, of this place, met
with an accident while on an excursion to the upper
WailaA Falls on Kauai, on the 29th of August. When
about half way, he fainted and fell from his horse,
injuring his back quite seriously. He returned to
1ImoIulu by the Excel
. .. ..:..
Lock-up for Besertkrs The Marshal informs us
that the old building in tho fort used for a lock-up
for the past four or five years, is to be removed and
put up in rear of the station-house in King street,
some building for that purpose being needed nearer
than the new prison. "." "
J3T The .Very L. Sutton had not arrived at La
haina up to Tuesday evening. ' ,
; ZsT His Majesty visited the British ship Kameha
tneha IV. on Tuesday last ' ' - ; - i-'i
CornionUeuoe of the Pacific Com. Advertiecr.
- " Wailuku, September 4, 1857.
Sib : I can answer the inquiry of last week's Ad
verliscr relating to cactus. The larger part of the
cactus in Kula and Honuaula bears red fruit. But
most at the cactus about Wailuku bears white fruit.
The two kinds in other respects are much alike, in
deed I do. not think they would . be known as two
kinds except by the fruit. But the natives, vho are
reliable in such matters, assure me that the two kinds
are distinct, and that the color of the fruit is not af
fected by locality, as might bo supposed.
Mb.' Editor : A friend of mine who lives in a dis
trict where the kukui nut is in great abundance,
applied to tqp luely, to answer a few questions upon
the cil of that l&uit, I communicated to him the fol
lowing information which I partly found in existence
at my arrival here, and partly obtained as the result
of my own observations. Should you find that it
might interest some of your readers, you are welcome
to insert it in your valuable paper :
The kernel of the kukui was the kanaka's chief
artificial luminary, before the introduction of the
white man's luxuries, and in our days it is still the
only process by which the native lightens his general
room, when he dwells at a great distance from the
city or, what is often the case, Jirhen his idleness
leaves him without means to purchase a lamp and
somewhat to feed it. " ""
Tlio ata ltitMlicronf nnd industrious .William
" o"- Lf
French was the first to ereet a mill for the productioivy
of kukui oil, and his produce was used for paint ana
light but the cheapness of the whaler's oil, and the
quicker drying proprieties of linseed oil have reduced
that business to a less profitable condition than many
other undertakings, and it was already aHfndoned
when I reached these shores, in 185L,
As a licht jfeuerator, kukui oil ity' Jh impaired
by the kauaka's process of torrefactior carbon
ises a part of the fluid, and impartjthTuark tinge
and a viscid nature to it; in respectto that imperfect
ion the mill of Mr. Widemann, on Kauai, has effaced
it, by its col l drawn amber oiL
As a vehiculuin for color, its dessicating virtue
is, by far, inferior to linseed oiL This proceeds from
the absence of the glutinous body that is in suspen
sion in tho latter.
For out-door work, where the temperature is a
powerful auxiliary, kukui oil has. for some time past
been employed to make paint ; but for inside work
where twice and thrice the usual time is absorbed in
drying, linseed oil will not be superseded, unless
kukui is chemically brought to fill the same office.
In regard to the saponization of kukui oil, like
several other fatty matters, caustic soda will only
convert it into hard soap when combined with other
greasy substances, which is the case with many
other oils olive oil excepted. To make soap of olive
oil, the worst sorts only are made use of, since it is a
fact admitted in chemistry, that the rancidity or the
beginning of a decomposition establishes a greater
affinity between the alcali and the body to be sapon
ized; according to that law an impure kukui is easier
made into soap than a fresh, lightly colored oiL
For culinary purposes, the kukui oil might be used
in the same way as is the walnut oil, in some parts
of France and Germany. The flavor peculiar to ani
mal and vegetable greases, whether liquid or solid,
resides in the coloring matter of the homogeneous
body. Thus the oleiue extracted from tallow has a
strong tang, and exhibits a brown color, leaving the
stearine inodor, hard and snow white; the same
result is obtained in freeing the cocoanut butter of its
oil, and I have seen some thus prepared by a French
chemist, at Tahiti, that was in every respect as sweet
as the best lard. In the kukui, the coloring and
odorous principle i3 more intimately united with the
purer part of the whole, therefore more difficult to
exoel ; but, judging from my experiments upon the
agency of animal charcoal, I believe that the charred
residuum of the hydrocyanate of potash (a yellow
cistalised salt to produce the Prussian blue with an
fwde of iron) would operate a complete discoloration
that oil, at a mere nominal expense. I have also
lltrl tn Kcntrnlize its flavor bv & mora rialfttahlp niif.
nd have succeeded in assimilating it to walnut oil. ;
I have still two other applications in operation
'of which is of a great importance. In case of
iccess, wliicn win oc snown in lew wecKS, J. win
idly publish a postscript to this letter.
I am, &c,
D. Frick, LL. D.
BuDgalow, Sept. 15, 1857.
. Kureisn Summary.
It is said that Prescott, tho historian, has received
$20,t00 the past year for his literarjfJabors.
Tip ! name of the young princess of England is Bea
trice. The ceremonies of her baptism . were splen
did It said that, from the top of the steeple of Trin
ity tirch, New York, 11,000 grogshops can be
seen. . '
B:iyard Taylor rs about to lie married to Miss Maria
Hanson, daughter of the German astronomer, living
A Lucky (?) Man. Mr. J. Waters, a professor of
music in. Palmer, Massachusetts, has drawn the
woman iu " Perham's gilt enterprise," who brings
$25,01)0 with her hand and heart . "
" A Cuarmino Country. A large portion of the
swamp of Florida is said to be capable of producing
500 bushels of frogs to the acre, with alligators
enough for fencing. Besides these, the mosquitoes
can present bills enough to drive off all who may ven
ture to dispute the titie of the present "squatter sov
ereigns" of the piace. .
How it was Built. The monster iron steamship
Great Earfern belongs to members of the Institution
of Civil Engineers, in Loudon, who subscribed $2,
600,000 for building it. This amount and the result
exhibit the character of the institution, end tlieir
ability to accomplish what they undertake.
Atchison gives Up. D. IV Atchison writes to a
friend in South Carolina acknowledging the sum of
$271, which had been appropriated to ' the cause"
in Kansas, but he advises that no more money be
raised in South Carolina, as "the North has, and will
raise, to expend in Kansas, ten dollars where we can
Rev. Mr. Kalloch and wife were at Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania, lasi week, on their way West; Mrs.
Cuuningham and daughters, with young Snodgrass,
are summering at the Weddcll House, Cleveland, and
Col. Kinney, the filibuster, was at Ruatan on the
13th ult, waiting an opportunity to get to the United
Britisu Steamers. At this moment there are no
less than three hundred steam propellers, rangine
from one thousand to fifteen hundred tons, . building
on the Clyde and in the ports of Great Britain. " The
steam-engine builders were never more busy than at
the present time, and we learn that Napier, the cele
brated stcani-engine builder, has more work engaged
than can be executed by him for three years to come.
wM'w York Times.
. ; '..-""'.
A Canadian Jury in a murder trial last month re
sorted to a ' toss up" to decide whether the verdict
should be murder, manslaughter, or simple a&fault.
The rer It was for manslaughter, but eight of the
twelve - ill refused to assent, and they agreed to fight
six against six, across the table, for a verdict They
omitted this, however, and passed the night singing
and dancing. They reported disagreement and were
Dats op Grace. The New York Courier says:
Some of the papers mistake the provision of the
law which went into efiFect July 1st, abolishing days
of grace on certain commercial paper. . The law does
not, as some have stated, apply generally. It is re
stricted to sight drafts, and bank checks, bills and
drafts payable on a specified day. Ordinary time
drafts, promissory notes, &c, have ' days of grace' as
heretofore. Protests can hereafter be sect through
the Post Office."
The "Dead Rabbits" hive full sw'mgin New York.
When burying one of thsir number at Calvary Cem
etery, they entered an eating house, ate aud drank
what they wanted, and then refused to pay, telling
the owner they were " Dead Rabbits" and he might
get his pay as he could. These are the voters that
rule New York! ,-"' '' ; .
A queer cow case was recently decided in Mt Yer.
non, Ohio, which occupied the court five days, em
ployed four lawyers, and something like a hundred
witnesses. "The plaintiff fortified his claim to the cow
by Borne eighteen witnesses, who swore positively to
her identity. - But the defendant had twenty wit
nesses, who swore point blank to the contrary, and
ne go nnj case.. .;
Prince Albert has had the title of " Prince Con
sort" confirmed to him by letters patent by the Queen
nuring xneir joint uves.
The Princess Royal will be married on the 18th
January next A ball is to be given by the Prussian
Legation in honor of the approaching event, when
Her Majesty and the youthful bride and bndegroom
will be present. The ball will take place on the 6th
Advance Wages to Seamen. The ship-owners of
Philadelphia have resolved to unite with those of New
York and Boston, in refusmg to advance money
seamen, after July 1st. Hereafter they. will furnish
it nf warm clothinir and eive a bounty of 10
per "cnl. on the earned uges of those of the crew
who perform the voyar; and in case of the loss of
i.a kIo't. on an outward vovaee. the seamen shall be
paid the wages earned the time of snub, loss, andJ
in no case less man one moniu ou ucifcu, -m
two weeks on coastwise voyages. , ; " ."
The bark Hvuqua, Capt. Cartwright, which sailed
hence on the 27th ult., far Hang Kong, we believe, is
the first vessel that has fne-out from this port with
out paying the customary advance wages. She took
out, all told, 18 men, every cje of whom returning
in the ship will receive a bons of 10 per cent upon
the wages due him at the end of' the voyage. Com
fortable clothing, equal to a suit for each man, was
put on board. The men were all of a respectable
character, and all went sober and well provided.-
Jfew York Express. , , , '7'
Slavebt in Obegon. The Charlestonrurv
publishes a letter which it claims to be rmehighest
authority, dated at Astoria. Jril 20, 1857, which
says : " We shall have 3Sfin times in this Territory
until we are admitted into the Union as a State. The
Slavery question Will swallow up every other consid
eration, atjfou need not be surprised if Oregon
knocks Judinission with a Pro-Slavery Constitution.
The (Wncttity cf obtaining laborers ' and family ser
yaB is working a great change in' the feelings of
eVcn Northern people settled here, throughout the
farming portions of the country, aud the mining re
gions are almost unanimous for Slavery."
Sugar. The English papers estimate that the high
cost of sugar has diminished the consumption oue-
half in that country. In the United Mates the con
sumption has also been greatly checked, while the
stock is large. It is estimated that on the 1st instant
there was in the bonded warehouses of the U. S. gov
ernment, not less than $20,000,000 worth of sugar
and molasses, and it is quite probable the holders,
before through with it will be compelled to aubmit
to an average decline of 20 per cent. equal to a loss
Splendid Specimen of Meajjxess. There is a rich
man in this liberal community who can boast of being
the most splendid specimen of meanness yet known.
He employs a little boy as house servant, . who acci
dently broke a side door-light iu washing it. The
light was of common window glass, but the liberal,
high-minded, and would-be-aristocrat, ordered a gla
zier to put in a plate-glass, and made the poor boy
pay for it ! The cost of the glass was equal to a
week and a half's wages, and the glass originally
broke cost just one-quarter that of the new. How
many souls of that size could dance on the point of a
cambric needle ? Botlon Ledger.
Free Masons in the Cabinet. The Free Masons'
Magazine says : " It w probably known to most of
our readers that Geu. Cass is a Past Grand M;ister of
the Grand Lodge of Michigan, and is, therefore, well
qualified to speak of the character and tendencies of
the institution and its principles. President Bucha
nan is also a Past Master of a Lodge at Lancaster
city, Pennsylvania. The Vice President, Hon. Mr.
Breckinridge, is a raemoer of Webb Encampment of
Knight Templars, at LexingtqjjJveartuckyand the
Secretary of the Treasury, Hon. Howell Cobb, is a
member of the Order in Georgia. We are not in
formed, in this particular, as to the other members of
Governor Marcy leaves a widow, a daughter, and
. two sons. Mrs. Marcy was at her sister s, in
Rochester, and the daughter was on a visit to Troy,
when the Governor died. One of the sons is n the
Navy; the other resides in California. Mr. Marcy 's
only survivinc brother liveshiki4B homesJwl at
bouthbnd?e JUke most
XT 4,pr.v vau fit aIiK. j 1 1 n win liie niriV
in early life. Wfleu he left home to encase in theX
study of law, his father gave him thirteen dollars as
an outnf. When he had traveled about twenty miles,
ten doJrs of his money proved counterfeit By
stopping to work he cleared the- expenses of his
journey, and by teaching earned himself to the Bar.
The Yacht America. Porter's Spirit of the Times
says : " The inquiries which have recently been
made to us of the whereabouts and condition of the
celebrated yacht America, with which we so glorious
ly distanced the combined yacht squadron of Great
Britain, in the summer of 1851, are fully answered
by the following extract of a recent article in a Lon
don journ.il on the steam frigate Niagara. The Lon
don journal says : ' While the monster American
frigate is riding so proudly at Tilbury fort, there lies,
lmost within musket shot of her pennant, in a ship
builder's ;5 ard, and we deeply regret to say, com
pletely destroyed with rot, the beautiful yacht
America, that so delighted cur yachtsmen in the
Solent.' Alas ! that we should sn soon be called upon
to record such a destiny for the ' skimmer of the
New Method of Freighting Oil Messrs. Da
vid Pierce & Co., of this city, have prepared 170
casks of sperm oil for the United States Light-houses
on our Pacific coast, under the direction of the De
partment. They were sent yesterday by the propeller
JVamsutta. to New York, for shipment to' San Fran
cisco. A novel method of preserving tho oil, for such
a long voyage, is resorted to. Barrels containing 31
gallons are placed in strong casks of 45 gallons
capacity, and the vacant space between is filled with
water The usual method of sending the oil was in
provision barrels, which could be easily handled;
but it unfortunately happened, in many ' cases, that
on reaching port the oil had leaked out and disap
peared without affording any light The new ar
rangement will preserve every drop. About oOOO
gallons tire now shipped; the same quantity was sent
in the s:mie way last April. Cost of this oil delivered
in San Francisco, $3 per gallon. -J. B. Standard.
The London Illustrated ws, June 13th, has the
following iu regard to Miss t-Ix r ' Miss Dix (of Bos
ton, United States) who h'v.,' ""ken so admirable a
part in forcing the state of ti. Scotch lunatics upon
public notice, appears to be a person of extraordinary
devotion to her sense of duty, to feeble in body that
she can hardly walk half a mile, she has traveled
over the whole of the United States, and induced
nineteen of the local legislatures to erect and endow
State lunatic asylums. She has also extended her
influence to the erection of light-houses and .the
establishment of life-bwats on niany parts of thi?
American coast. When convinced of the horrible
treatment of the mad in Scotland, and furnished with
letters to the Duke of Argyle and one or two others
of the Ministry, she started from London, drove direct
from the railway station to their residences, and
gained their promische commission of inquiry
before she secured a lodging or changed her dress.
Largest Max in the World! The funeral ser
mon of Mr. Miles Darden, who died at his nnce
in Henderson county, will be preached on tmTlh
Sunday in this month, five miles southwest from
Lexington, Tenn. The Masonio fraternity will be in
attendance, in full regalia, on the occasion. -
The deceased was, beyond all question, thelargest
man in the world. His height was seven feet six
inches two inches higher than Porter, the celebrated
I ' . 1 . if- i .
xvemucKjr giam. ixia weigui was a traction over
one thousand pounds ! It required seventeen men to
put him in his coffin. He measured around the waist
six feet four inches. ...
After the funeral services, a friend in Henderson
county, who has long known Mr. Darden, has promis
ed to give us a brief sketch of his life, embodying
some uiioresung iacis.
The American Board
One of the largest receiving and disbursing cor
porations of the country is to be found in the American
Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, located
at Boston. It was chartered by the State of Massa
chusetts, nearly half a century ago, in 1810, and the
disbursement of its funds, amounting to over $350,
000 annually, is co-extensive with the earth's surface,
embracing India, . China, " Africa, European and
Asiatic Turkey, Syria, the islands of the Pacific and
Atlantic seas, the JUediteranean, the Indian Ocean,
and lastly, the wilds of America itself. Its beginning,
like most other corporations of this character, was
small, disbursing, we believe about $6,000. & year;
but it has now attained a magnitude worthy to be
noticed among moneyed corporations, and as such,
we review some of its prominent operations. The
men in Boston who manage it are among the first in
that city, and from the commencement 6f its organ
ization it has enjoyed a high ?redit both at home and
abroad, having, in foreign countries, ifithin the past
twenty years, y 5rafts on Baring Brothers & Co!, of
London, disbursed more than six millions of dollars
and never has the corporation been dishonored f r
waut of funds. Indeed, in such credit is it abroad
that in Calcutta, Canton, Constantinople, and at
the Cape of Good Hope, their drafts usually command
a higher premium of exchange than that of private
merchants in the best credit - .
Usually, the funds to meet all these drafts
amounting to more than $350,000 a year are on
deposit with the Messrs. Baring; but the board have
an overdraft credit with these great bankers, andean
avail themselves of it, if need be. hv rtiirinr f. .1,
cent interest; but so systematic are 111 thr ,nt!Zl
t;ons and so nicely do thev ealcnl.r S.wi.
reurc tliat it i, seldom they avail themselves of
tho liberality of their London bankers. :
" i . annual wsowpte are now about 8350 000
and as t as thU is received it is renttidt iJ.S
uie great oistnbutmg city of aU their large opera-
mo?evT?rin9 fr tbjf rmement of
money, jeooO.000, are usually made in the autumn
when there are but a few thousand dollar i EEd
SS&r olV oontribSnTof Si
chuxrhes, throughout tho year, to meet them.
The income is estimated, but the aDnrr;-
for fixed sums to each niisn SSSTSaS
based on carefully made up requisition. &rc
mission. When fixed na whole 'IhLrS f f
don are transmit to the ate n Uu'
each station, and are thethn,wn at
and the proceeds distributed. to Z "7JV??
ries throughout the interior and eaboard f Af""
Asia, and the Mediterranean, and tv. ;.,.- C4
sea. Many of these drafts don't reach 11
bix months and a year after they are dat? r ."iiL
flMnrn of Klffht ftlld , la , 1I-,la ..V"' . . "
nf thprn. which, bv Muliinsinaiti . ,
Saving passed through a dozen duTeiifiaTijj'T
reaching the designated place of payments ""
: me numoer oi mission stations at present is up
wards of 160, and- the vuiber of missionaries and
native assistants is abofcVi 00.
' To disburse the many millions which have been
disbursed by this, corporation within the past five
years, and that too over a largs surface of the earth
and to maintain its credit unimpaired, as it has do-
through a period of forty-seven years, embracing st
sons of great Commercial embarrassment, Buch -a -those
of 1818, 1832, 1836 and 1837,-must require 4
talents of a high order, coupled with great integrity,
and it is a little curious, that through all thechang-s.
and they are incident to, and frequent in corporatic"
f this character, that have been made, in tL admi.
istrative departments of the Board, both credit an i
character have never retrograded, but on the contract J
ry have steadily advanced, placing this corporation'
probably at the head of all religious associations int'
this respect, and excelled by none of those which
usually congregate in far famed Exeter Hall.
Its receipts this year, it is estimated, will be larger- (
than ever beforeaud wo are pleased to add, that a'
few days since nearly $2000 of.this sum was oontri-
buted by a few gentlemen of St. Louis, independent,'
of the usual collections that will be taken up durinf
the year in this city. St. Louis Democrat. I
A Xew Mollvc- Power to Snpcraette Steam.
We have bom aware for some time part that Pro
Salomon was engaged in our city constructing Ir
patent " Sulpb. Oil Carlonio Acid Engine," and tl
his prospests of success were highly enccurajrir
More than ten years ha the Professor labored v
this favorite theme of hia mechanical and sole
eenius, occasionally encountering difficaltief., biki
close application and unbending enterprise, he final
found his enorts crowned with abundant success,
. We called yesterday afternoon, much to our cratU
fication, and saw the engine in full, successful pera-v
tion, several days, in "Cypress alley, between Pratt
and Lombard streets This engine, being merely a:
model, or experimental one, has, of course, some imli
perfections, and may be greatly improved, but it is$
calculated for four-horse power, being a commfln rec4
tilineal or reciprocating stee.m-engine, differing in nuJj
material leature irom tuone in general nse. The
patent novelty consist m the motive power and its
it- . : ..i. ...i. i . i m, .
nppiicaitou, uiv;u wuoiijr puir-i pie steam. Ih'.S
mtor is produced by a compound of de. sulphiated
bi. sulphuret of carbon, coal tar and volatile or fixed
oil, which, under certain influences of heat, becomes
powerfully expansive, and thus gives momentum.
Though only a four-horse engine, it wus performing
the estimated duty of tdn horses, and has been so
rh7nr Hinr-.A nut intnorx'r tiiin. niivv n fnHn!rl.ti...,
a i 1 j .vMii4,ogu,
ltie uuia, or gas, constituting the motive power, is j
used over and overajri with scarcely any diminu-
tion eihadrurfte after performing iu V
work, from the hea To the condenser, and from tli a
condenser to the heiiir again, with thorough renova
tion. The heater wrfere the gas or fluid is introduced
is submerged in a cistern, of heated oil, kept hot by a
gentle fire. In this condition the gas expand",
gaining its power, and passing through pipes and
valves, and acts upon the piston, giving motion to i
the engine. The appliances are simple, easy of com
prehension, free from complication, and not subject
to accident or disarrangement Thus a steady, active
iorce is at ail times Kept up.
Ihe cost i this fluid is estimated at ten cents ner
Nillon, and is demonstrated that eighteen gallons
by careful attention, will run an engine of the
capacity here noticed for one year. Its components
are such as not to freeze,, even at ninety degrees
below zero. The amount of fuel is in proportion of
fifteen pounds of coal to one huudred pounds, com
pared with a steam engine of the same dimensions,
whdst more than double the force can be brought
into requisition. The engine, which we saw in opera-
tion has a piston of twelve inches stroke, crank sij
inches. It was doing the service of ten horse poweirSv
under break of a wheel 3 feet in diameter, 9 feet 11
1-2 inches in circumference, pressed between two '
bars, one on each side, and a friction block on each
bar of 7 1-2 inches in length and 2 1-4 inches in width,
on an iron rim of 2 1-2 inches, under a weight of 312
pounds, making 80 revolutions per minute.
To those versed in mechanics this will indicate the
engine's capacity, or the power applied thereto by
this wonderful agency. The heat causing the result
here noticed was only 236 Fahrenheit, or 60 pounds
working power under exhaustion, and an atmospheric
pressure of 15 pounds adverse, which adds that much
to the active agent By trial with steam in the
same proportions, under a similar condition, with
207 degrees of heat, the amount of pressure was only
23 pounds to the square inch, and when tested the
engine moved but slightly ami stopped. Thus there
is clearly demonstrated an almost incredible superi
ority, or advantage, of this new motor, in its applica
tion over steam. Besides the advantages above
noticed, we are told and, in leed, it becomes ap
parent , to practical or scientific observers that
explosion is impossible, and thus a momentous point
is gained in obviating all Anger.
Professor Salomon was boru in Prussia, and has
been a citizen of the United States over twenty-sevca
Private Fortunes of Great Personages. Croesus
possessed, in . landed property, a fortune equal to
1,700,000, beside a large amount of money, fclaves
and furniturewhich amounted to an equal sum. He
used" to say that a citizen who had not a sufiicieut
fortune to support au army, or a legion, did not de
serve the title of a rich man. TTv philosopher Seneca
had a fortune of 3,500,000. TVVj-ius, at nia denth,
l.ft 23,625,000, which CaligulaVVnt in less than
twelve months. Vespasian, on ascCV ngthe throne,
estimated alli.be expenses of the Sto I at 3o,0')0,
000. - The debts of Milo amounted) 600,000.
Ctesar, before he entered upon any oificX cwed 2,
tt'Jo.OOO. He bfid purchased the frienisrXri cf Curio
for 500,000; and that of Lucius Pnulus-r 300,
000. At the time of the assassination of Julius Cse
sar, Antony was in debt to the amount of 3,000,
000; he owed this sum on the ides of Mu-ch, and it
was paid by the kalends gfApril; he squandered
117,000,000. Appius squandered in debauchery
500,000, and finding pn .examination of the stitc of
bis affairs, that he ouiy had 80,000 poisoned him
self, because he considered the sum in 6ulficient for h;l
maintenance. J ulius Caesar gave Servilla, the mother
of Brutus, a 9rl of the value of 40,000. Cleo
patra, at an entertainment, gave to Antony, dis
solved in vinegar, a pearl worth 80,000, and he
swallowed it Clodins, the son of Esopus, the com
dian, swallowed one worth 8.000. One single dish
cost Esopus 80,000. Caligula epent for one supper
80,000, and Heliogabalus 20,0o0. The usual cost
of a reast for Lucullus was 20,000; tho fish from
his ponds were sold for 35,0K.
EXCHANGE OX THI XITED STATES.
A T SHORT SIGHT, ia mim to niL
AJ". w irNrtn
' UMOMAS SPENCEU.
'1 AH RRWA KD One huudred dollars rr
C ' VF , ward will be jw id by the undcrfitowd
the apfffehenaion and eouvlction or I lie iwraoii tr pentitt wh
aet fire to the stack of wheat ia SUkawao, belonging to Uk
Canpera, oa aboat the Sth lint.
U-tf . J. K. B. MARSHALL, Agent U. F. Co.
. ; CUSTOM MADE
UL COOTS ' ATTO SIIOES
" THE BEST, CHEAPEST IX THE EXP."
JHi "WOOI),pianuftciorer arri Imprater of BooUanl
' Shoe, bf every rarkty having made material alun
tiona In his establishment, u now prepared to invito the attri
tion of hia patron , ami tho puMtc to a large I a voice received p
" Harriet tt Jeae," which, with hia ttim!r exieualve k
comprincs r pnent the Iarr-t nnd Brut awx'"0'
ever offered in tht kingdom, which will l ol. low t-Tiii
room for an A&Htial Snpply ahvrtlw eiprcic'
Fortana. - .
O" Boot and Shoea muds and repaired at short notice, an
all work made at this establishment warranted to 111, and w
rip. - ... .f. .. - . . : . . 64-tf
- THE MEMBERS
Of the UOOK LAlDKR COM
PANY are immntnl to attmrl
their Roooma THIS (TharxUj)
EYENISG, at 7i o'clock.
S, EATZDUE, SeerXary
OF WlULESIHPS lSD OTHER VES
SELS. Wood of sujicrior quality can be lu4 at Kok
t& per cord ; fresh beef at 4 ceiita per ft ; tbrp,at $3 j.rhcaij
and goats at SI 60 head. Alao a, the port of UiuiaM, wok! "
beef can be had at the same rase. The Ilnrbor of Uunalei if
the North West side of the island, and has Site and sond n
Chorage In from 6 tn JO fathom cf water. Uod and bocf mT
aim be had at Nawiliwlli.at the sanie rate as above. A lso fraiu
and vegetables of various kinds can be procured at all the sbo"
; fr Wood always on hand at Ihe tich In qnantltin tn b
parohnsers. 4tf) " OKOJWK CHARMAS-
II E UNDERSIGNED
inti-n.J,, lviiw thi KiuJ
8AMCEL A. LAfc
Lahaina, Sept. 10, 1847. " -;
BOWLING AtLEY BALLS
f7OR SALEr-B-.lIs, ol different, siws, from too an4 T
i Knqolre at the Mazcpp Ilonse, Kuuhmu wuvet.
4-tf r; t - OKOKGfi rggh-
DISSOLUTION OF CO-PAIlTJJER8Ip-
beretoton- eTf "
JTL under the styte of BO I'D fc
ltutchpr. is thH dav diMolviKi hv mutual ixmw nL AU e'
due by the Arm will be settled by K. H. Boy,1--nd
account due to the fira. mug', be paid to him.
i a j:0Yl k, CHA<ON, -j -
' Uoss Cottage .lUrtt""
Honolulu; Sep . 12, ISaT. ; '