Newspaper Page Text
DXESDJT Erxiri.VG, DZC. 14, 1867.
Kb offer but a brief report oa th state of. trad this week
tVre being bat Unto worth noocing-. Business continues don,
od prion of Most ererj description of goods tnaeh depressed.
- Anctjoo safes eooUnos to be the principal feature of trade and
prta realised are aousnatty tow
The firm of William 4 Jnoa Bade an assignment tor the
benefit of their erediian oa TrSday last this is one of the most
disaairJu tulares in a small wij that has occurred in Hooohila
IV jrars the Eabilitfc of the firm are between $7000 and JS00O;
K assets are estimated at 1500 to $700.
Thehaaofthe whalingbark JTeptttne was sold at auction
I it week lur $500. We understand that ahe wiU be broken up.
Her inrentorr was sold separate!, and brooght Terr high price,
a uwm did Urn a baling rear from Ute wrecked thlpjfalrkez sold
Shipwrights are very busy Just at present fitting oat the barks ;
Faith and Mttropoli and the brij Ant ilia tut whaling, and !
repairing the Cjntkim and Hawaii. This latter vessel has been
"7 eiteoairrly rrpaired receiring a new bowsprit and main ;
"Whaling reaseis are rapidly leaving port and our harbor v- I
gins to look deserted again. I
BREAD The supply is rcsnlng short and both T-!!ot a-"" '
nary are enquired far the total amount sold this season has ex
ceeded all expectations reaching probably 600,000 "fc-
SC6AB Since Um departure of the Yanket no new tots hare
mm to hand i the stuck now u ILwoIuIa is small prices are
IX'HBER Boards continue scarce and in demand; jobbing
freely at $40 M. S-antling and pickets are abundant and
setting-at & $S5 a supply i expected shortly from Paget
VU)US The stock coRtinacs hear with a light demand ;
w bear of do change in prices.
CORDAGE The supply is still heary price this season
bars been extremely low.
RICE A hrary stock on haul No. 1 China is jobbing at t
t9 3 eta.
LATEST DATES, received at this Offlce.
i Francisco - - . Sar. 2.
Paris - - - - - Sept 20
Hongkong ... - 8epC 10
Moibuurae, S. 3. W., Nor. S
Tahiti .... - Aug. 27
Panama, M U. . . Oct. 15
Sew Tore - - Oct 7
London - - - . Sept 23
For 8a Fsssnsco Per Vauero, in about a week.
For Lamaiia Per Maria, on Saturday.
POUT OP HOUOI.TJI.TJ..H. I.
Dee. S Brig Emms, Wilkinson, from Kauai.
Am wh bk "anny, &mlrr, from Lahaina.
J Sen, Mary, rrul, fnji kawaihae.
10 Am wh ship Northern Light, from Hilo. ouuide.
W Sen. Moi Keiki, from Kaltului.
11 eVeh Kamoi, Chad wick, from Lahalna.
11 Am wh bk WHet, Swain, from llilo, off and on.
1-1 Am wh bk Mary Frazier, K-orals, from I "ruins, off
13 Sch Manuokawai, Beckly, from llilo.
14 Sch Warwick, fnra Lahaina.
15 Sch Keoni Ana, fnn Ki4-l.
10 ch Alice, from Ktp.-v-
19 Am sen Vaqaero, Sew:lL 41 days from MetVwrD1.
17- ?cri Ka Mut, Chads-irk, tm Lahaina.
Dee. 9 Am bk Yankee, PenhaHow, tor Pan Francisco.
B 8ch Alice, Spanyam, tut Kakpnljm.
10 Am wb ship Brajranza, Jackson, for Msrgarita Bay.
10 (ch Kiaoote, for Kona. Hawaii.
10 Sch KxceL Antocio, 1 Kauai.
10 Sch John Dunlap, 6r Kaa and Intermediate porta.
10 Am wh ship Montank, French)! argarita Bay.
10 Am wh ship Philip 1st, Stason, Orecnpurt.
It Am wh bk Pbtenix, Uincklry, to cruwe.
It Venfce, Gardner, New Londuo.
1 Minerra, CroweU, cruise.
13 Parachute, Corey, to eroive.
14 ch Moi Keiki, ft Kahului.
14 Sch Kamui, for Lahalna.
14 Sch Kamenameha, fur Kohala.
14 Sch Mary, t t Kawaihae.
11 arerly. West, Xew Bedfurd.
1 Kwai, M air. mm, cruise.
10 Oladiator, Wiluama, New Bedford.
Id Katusuff, Wina;, to cruise.
Id Frances Ileora-Ua, Drew, cruise.
19 Oahu, FchlJwT, cruise.
19 C-ral, Mamrhevter. cruise and borne.
14 Smooth Boatna, Randolph, Fairhareu.
19 S.rtwn Liht, Chapel, Asceusiuo.
Id Mriir Emma, fur Kauai.
Ii3 Scb John Ywung, for Koioa.
M KM OR AX DA.
W hare rccetred from Capt. WhHeside, of the whaleahip
Cotklor, the following account of the accident which occurred to
(hat Teasel daring the past season. The Condor Is now under -(oing
repairs at this port
The ship Condor, commanded by Capt. Whiteside, was cruis
iae, early in Jane, among the floating ice in the Ochotsk Sea.
On the 8th of that month, when about 1 miles from Suirar Loaf
Wtaad, it was discover! that the ship bad sprung a leak, and
that the hold was full of water to a levai with the lower deck.
The pumps were immediate! manned, and sail made tot the
shrtter of Felixtoff haroor, the wind Mowing a riolent gale from
the northeast. In spite of the almost exertion the water gained
un the pumps, and we foond it necessary to bale from both
halcnea. la the mean time, we ascertained that her starboard
wa hatlly atore by the ice, and, by wedging In Quilts. M
canrae ana oakum, the leak was gradoany stopped. At the '
upirauon Mil Hours, having gained the shelter we sought, we
anchored. The crtw were anreuitting in their exertions, and,
after 30 hours ofeiKwtant labor, the hold was sufficiently freed
from water to make it prudent to proceed to Ayan, which port
we reached in about ft dars. On examination it anH ht
theatarboard bow bad been store It about 7 feet in leneth and
9 feet in wklih, which was repaired by fitting in plank aial nauV f
in'J aa V f milm
XT The Taqoero reprrU baring spoken, Nor 23, whale '
Jfewboryport, CrandaH, 1 sperm whale ; .20th Tahmaroo, Robin
son ; and 30th Sharon, King ; all from these islands. The Ta
quero was becalmed during seren days in 12 north.
AKsatcas Shim ar Mslbocssb, Not. 3.
From Sew York, Continent, Gibbs, arrived Oct. 20, tor Iquiqne
From Boston, Jamna, Martme, tor Calcutta in a week.
HniSpragae, Bowers, tor Calcutta Soon.
From Lir-rpool, A Ibioo, of New York.
Florence Xightingale, of Boston.
Monarch of the Sua, arrived Nor 2.
- Carrier Dove,
From London, Souter Johnny, ready tor sea.
, " . , Beatrice, tor Hung Kong soon.
The Wnhelmioe arrive.! Oct 5.
The Schiller arrived at Sydney Oct 6 and at Melbourne Oct 19.
VESSEU9 IX PORT. DEC. 9.
t S. S. t Marys, Davbu
H. B. M.'a steamship Vixen, Mearharo.
British bark GambU
lhip Joha MaiMHalU Pendleton.
Haw hri Advance, Robbins.
-cai nark bherinr, Morse,
1 in brig Antilia. Bachman.
Btwh brHrantine FUxabtb rtarter, Pentreath.
Roniaa ahip Caaarawitcn, Jordan.-
Am chppejr srh Yaqnero, NewvlL
Bark Warren, IiunUey
South Seaman, Sanaa
' Daniel Wood. Morrison
ark Cynthia, Sonroan
I Vernon, Bum pus
I Brig Hawaii, Rahe
j rVhr PfleL Pish.
I Ship Chaa. Phelps, Eidri.!ge
U Eiserlrd frwaa Fareljrsi Prla.
Amrrtcan ship Elisa A 13 la was to !! from Boston tor Ilono.
tula, Oct, 2A, with cargo, mdze to B W Tieid.
Am bark Merrimac (fitted as a whaler) is due from Xew Lon
don, with earen of md H C. A. WUliams it Co. .
The Fanny Majr will be due from San Francisco from Dec 30
Aashrirt. L. P. Foster, Morre, with cargo "of lumber, is doe
vai, mm ruzsi cguno.
For New Borosn Per ttavcrly. Dee. 14 30JJSJ gaOawh
il, by A. J. Curry.
For Nrw Eanroan Per Corat, Dee. 15 5,769 galbi wh oil, by
Thns. Marrbviw 33JJ31 galls wh oU, 1006 do sp do, 13 bbls pork,
by E. B. Aahiry.
For lrw Banroae Per Oladiatnr, Tw. 16 raUs wh
0,6VS5Hawo,by A. Miiton r 1J.457 d wh l Z,2tr2 dorp
dn, T. H. Norton ; Xt337 do wh do, 8. II. Whiteside j 3S4 An
wa uv, - . uiKF7 .ui no wh do, 0,WJi do sp doJ'ii'vS
lb whale bone, by Thns. Swift; 11.424 h whale bonePc. a.
West j t trunks, 1). P. Penhallow 10,0 galls wh oil 574 do
f"1"V.M.' bbto iah'- LT" KJ)67 galls wh oU, J
bbls ahtsh, 8. H. Whiteside t 470 Iha walrus teeth, D. C. Water-
For Lanarsa aw Kai.iroi.aro Per Alice. Dec
prints, 4 do soap, 4 doc pails, t e mdse, 2 doa prs ox bows, 13
Fran Kaca Par
Dee. 841 cords firewood, 12 head
From Kawdia Per Mary, Dee. 1041 bead cattle; 48
sheep, 100 bMs Irish potatoes, 10 cakt beef, 6 csk tallow, 7
fcdta gnat skin, 11 kegs hotter, 7 bags bullock horns, 8 hogs.
From Kaarxn Per Moi Keiki, Dee. 10 150 bbls Irish pota
lows, m bo poi, S20 ft akios, hides, 26 sheep, 2 backets
eggs, 1 keg batter, 2 pkot specie, 23 bgs oate, S coop chickens.
3 boia knkul ail, 2 foreign and 14 native pa.--.aua, -
From LiSAisa Per Ka Mot, Dee. 11 i n, pigs. 8 bbls
kh, 11 bollock hides, 40 benches so. -w lo bunches
baninas, ernpty bsxea. .
For Kawaiaaa Per Mary. Dee. 14 3000 feet lumber, 20
wo i ii. ! an a pww, a oom crmeni, x gnnustoae, S3
Far Karnxt Per Mat Keiki, Dee. 14 1 iron pomp, lot
tand pipe, MO ft lumber, 400 lb floor, 10 kegs nails, 1000 shin
gle, 2 dos i as hows. 1 pkg specie. 2000 laths, bbi bread, 1
aeg park, hbto B. 1 oars, 8 coils rope, 1 csk hams, 1 pkg
wUxfcnr sa. 1 stove, 12 iron pota, 2 do brooms, 17 demijohns.
mm, a norae-nrae, iww to twine, empty DDIS, YA do
Kinshasa backets, ft bales prlnta, 12 bxa soap, 47 pkgs mdse.
For Kotos Per Keen! Ana, Dec. 810 cs dry goods, 000 ft
tasaaer, SO bdh) shingles, 1 bol tar, 1 do Hour, 8 bags doyO pas
- sesveem, 1 prisosrsr.
From Koloa Per Kenrd Ana. Dee. 138 bid saolasses, 13
do sweet potatow, M0 oranges. 14 bote salt purk, 20 bides, 12
bole tallow, cords firewood, bogs, ftO chickens, and 10 pa.
Fran KaLoroLBro Pr Ahcc, Dee. 18 250 bbls Irish pota-
. la "Caivs C t-l"T aUrnawa, Etc 10. of ox.unp4V-i,
Jtri J. ti. 1 -wf safgsaa, C red 42 years. - His
rat f wars. i b asa. ' je toMowiug af-
nBina. aai - - wed bv ' . . and Masonic
t s- -"- , aodt J 'rem, by the apeofad
re tofkfc am i, M n the Maannia
From Karal Per Emma, Dec 8 T OandelL Mlrart Meara.
From KawAiBAB Per Mary, Dee. 108 Allen, sir Cooper,
. ana 10 on deck.
From LaBAi.fi Per Ka MoL, Dee 11 P H Treadway, lady
and 2 children, Capt Uitcbeu. Vr Bates, A BusseU, S others, 7
white prisoners, 70 natires.
From Uiuwio Per Moi Keiki, Nor. 28 Mis Kate Grey,
Fur Ksbaixt Per Moi Keiki, Dee 14 W Enos and wife,
Baron V alney, J Antooe, J Prera, and 28 on deck.
For KawAiHsa Per Mary, Dec 14 H C LeouxrJ, J N Tra
vis, and 20 on deck.
For LsBiixa Per Ka Moi, Dee 14 II M Whitney and 2
children. Miss Kate Ore, C F Jutld, Dr Bullions, Mr Pratt, II
Turton, Mr CUnVard, Ker A Bishop, Bev 8 Bishop.
PLACKS OF WORSHIP.
SEAMEN'S BETHEL Rev. S. C. Damon Chaplain King
street, near the Sailors' Home. Preaching on Sundays at
11 A. M. a A 7 P. il. Seat free. Sabbath fcdujol after
the roornir.g services.
FORT STREET CI1L RC1I Corner of Fort and Bervtania sts.,
Pulpit l3nporarily occupied by Rev. Lorrin Andrews.
Preaching on Sundays at LI A. M. and 7f P. M. Sabbath
School meets at 10 A. M.
METHODIST CIH'RCH Nuuanu avenue, corner of Tutui
treet Rev. Wm. 8. Turner, Pastor. lYeaching every
Sunday at It A. M. and " P. M. Seats free. Sabbath
School meets at 10 A. M.
KINO'S CHAPEL King street, above the Palace Rev. E. W.
Clark Pastor. Services, in Hawaiian every Sunday at
A. M. and 3 P.M.
CATHOLIC CUl'RCH Fort street, near Berrtania under the
cliarge of Rt. Rev. Buhop Maigret, assisted by Abbe
Modejte. Services every Sunday at 10 A. Jl. anil 2 P. M.
SPECIAL. BUSIXKSS NOTICE.
rapers ready for mailing can be procured at our counter,
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Trans. Six Dollars per annum.
Single Copies 12 cents each.
AOBSTS ro THE COXXKKCIAI. AOVEBTlrtH.
Lakair.a, Maui - -Maiawao,
San t'raneisco. Cat
New Bedford and V. S.
C. 8. BARTOW, Esq.
L. L. TOKBERT, Ee;.
Capt. J. WORTH.
Capt. JAS. A. LAW.
TU0S. II. PARIS, rq.
Dr. J. W. SMITH.
L. P. FISIIKK, Kat,., Mer. Ex.
B. LINUSEY. Ed. Ship List.
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 17
The last news from the United States reported
most of the large citi and many of the inland
LOWIla U9 U' m ULl niiu la unouviai jniuiv,
caused hj the withdrawal of that public confi
a. .... v i : i. w.ni, ' '
dence which has given to the credit system such
unlimited power in all business transactions. Up
to the firt day of October, 116 banks, and from
500 to 600 mercantile firmo, involving several
hundred millions of dollars, had been suspended
or failed. The origin of this panic is in a great
measure attributed to want of confidence. When
public confidence b.?comes shaken in a bank from
any cause whatever, as in the case of the Ohio Life
and Trust Company, to which institution the
public had entrusted, in the way of deposits and
loans, an aggregate estimated as high as $7,000,
000, there commences a run on it by those who
have confided their money to its keeping, or who
hold its promises to pay. Banks do their busi
ness largely on credit, and when confidence in
them becomes impaired and their ppecie basis is
exhausted, thev fail or become lankrupt. Their
failure invariably carries with them those mer
cantile firms who have relied on them or are their
creditors to any large extent ; and the failure of
these in turn perhaps carries down other banks
or firms who may le their creditors. Thus a
panic commences, the extent of which depends on
the dezree to which confidence is withdrawn be
tween man and man in business transactions.
How far the money crisis in the United States
will extend itself, or whether it will appear in
England and France, with both of which coun
tries the business relations of American merchants
are intimate, remains to be seen.
" Too much of the business of the world," says
a cotcinporary journal, " and therefore too much
of its wealth, prosperity and happiness, is made to
rest only upon promises to pay. Any fabric built
on such a basis or rested artially even on such
unsure projei and pillars, cannot be secure. And
as the relations of commercial life are so inti
mately interwoven and so endlessly ramified," we
may judg how fearful must necessarily be the
shock whi h they receive by the giving way of a
link or two in any part of theconiplex chain of con
nections and dependencies. Those who have read
the American papers and have watched the pres
ent financial difficulty and embarrassment have
seen how the alarm, the feeling of insecurity,
which is called a panic, pervades the whole
trading community. They have seen how the
sudden failing of one house has thrown down ten
or twenty more and shaken hundreds which have
just escaped ruin by 'the skin of their teeth.'
They have seen, too, how this evil of oyer doing
credit, which in turn causes business to be over
done, bears its own penalty with it, in the neces
sity to rely on forced loans, at enormous rates of
interest, at momenta when a general crisis comes
and money is hard to be got at any price by those
. who have to meet heavy engagements and carry
through speculative operations; These things
should teach men to borrow lew and lend less ; to
trade less, in short, on credit. Of late years the
amount of trading and speculation that is done
purely on paper, endorsed and unendorsed, has
increased immensely, and unless our progress in
this direction be checked it will inevitably lead
to terrible disaster. The personal misfortune and
distress, and the consequent public inconvenience
that result from these excesses in conimcrciaHeal
ings, is not the worst effect. The habit ofoie
rating on unreal capital, of plunging deeper and
deeper into debt, and of resorting to all sorts of
shifts to postpone the day when the bubble must
burst, engenders false ideas of integrity, corrupts
the principles of mercantile honor, and lowers
and deadens the moral tone of the entire trading
community. Hence, too, those contrived failures
by which the bankrupt, paying nobody, goes
into retirement upon a splendid competency, be
yond the reach of the sheriff."
Although business in these islands is not done
so exclusively on credit as in England and Amer
ica, yet as the system of seeking and giving ex
tended credit is yearly gaining ground, and ap
parently without yielding benefit, we take the
occasion of the present panic to eay a few words
on the evils attending the credit system which
must develope themselves wherever it is fol
lowed, and generally to the extent that it
gains ground. That a large proportion of the
failures occurring in any place arise mainly
from giving or receiving credit, which might have
been avoided, is generally conceded. A firm that
does business on the cash principle seldom be
comes embarrassed or fails. The same may be
said of a man not engaged in speculative busi
ness, whatever may be his circumstances in life,
rich or poor ; if he deals only in cash and for
cash, he runs no risk of embarrassment. His
business, though more limited, is safe, and his
profits, though less, are sure ; while he who
continually seeks credit for what he buys,
wears, eats and drinks, has a load on his back
that creates discontent and, if allowed to increase,
wears on his mental faculties and brinzs ulti
mately too often disgrace and ruin.
Yet there must be credit to some extent here
and everywhere. And as long as this is the case,
as long as every firm must extend some trust to
those who deal with it and who seek credit, we
must impress promptness in all engagements.
Where a man gives his promise to pay a sum on
such a day he should consider his honor at stake
and honorably satisfy the claim the moment it
falls iae. Where custom, as in Ilonolnlu, re
quires a quarterly settlement of accounts, a man
who bays on credit binds himself to such quar-
terly payment of his debts as fully as if he made
an cgen agreement so to do. In all such claims,
prarriptnesa horild be the ml, for - it . sav""
a deal of vexation and anxiety to debtor and
creditor. A man who buys on credit, or borrows
money with no intention of paying the debt, is as
much a thief and robber as though he 6tole the
same articles. While he who buys to pay at his
convenience, without regard to the rights of his
creditor, is hardly leas at fault.
There are cases where the giving of credit and
the contracting of debt are a positive good, and
result in a benefit to both creditor and debtor. A
loan may often be the means of bringing into ac
tive employ the capacities of muscle and mind,
which but for it might lie for a lifetime undevel
oped; and which but for its aid would never have
been developed. A few hundred or a few thou
sand dollars timely lent to an earnest and intelli
gent worker, who only needs a lift" of that
kind to put into profitable play his mechanical or
inventive genius, which is a capital of itself, and
which only requires, like Archimedes, a fulcrum
in order to make its powers effective, has often
achieved a munificent fortune for the individual
to whom the sum was advanced, while bestowing
incalculable service and advantage upon the
world. So also in mercantile business, where
credit is kept within safe bounds, its influence is
purely beneficial. In all such credits the char
acter of the party seeking a loan should be con
But it is also certain that there are instances,
every now and then occurring, (which we need
not instance) in which debts have obviously been
too readily and recklessly contracted, and credits
given with too much facility, instances which
lead often to the perpetration of the meanest
frauds. If more caution was exercised in this
matter on both sides, and the evils ever liable to
happen were more frequently and attentively con
sidered, the condition of every neighborhood would
be to some extent ameliorated, and the minds of I
thousands saved from the most carking of cares
and the most irritating of annoyances.
' Foremost among these evils may be ranked the
bitter and resentful feelings which not nnfre-
quently spring up between debtor and creditor.
The debtor, finding difficulty in meeting the de
mand against him, commences his downward
career by dreading and shunning the sight of the
one he owes. This seldom fails to result in a
want of mutual confidence, and ultimately in
hatred, as soon at least as mensutcs are resorted
to to hasten or compel a settlement. . Too fre
quently, as all may have seen, after avoiding his
creditor and experiencing much vexation and per
plexity, the debtor gives free scope to bin revenge
ful feelings ; forgets the justice of the debt in the
unpleasantness of his situation, and schemes and
labors much more how to evade than how to can
cel the just claims against him. Too often his ill
feelings lead him to study not only evasion but
even injury and revenge, rather than payment.
On the other hand, the creditor being disap
pointed in his expectations, put to a great amount
of trouble, and in danger of losing what is his due,
becomes equally irritated. The worst part of his
nature is drawn out. He loses jutience, self-con
trol and confidence, and pursues his claims,
not with calmness and justice, but under the ex
citement of pascion. JIo indulges in the most
rigorous and uncompromising measures the law
! i r 1 '
win aiiow menus ana good neighbors are
changed to enemies ; and those, whose peace and
happiness were dependent on their mutual good
will and good offices, are provoked to harm rather
than help each other to the utmost of their
Even when Fueh difficulties are not carried to
theso extremities, there are minor evils scarcely
less important to the jnaice and comfort of both
the parties concerned. They leconie subject to
fears and anxieties which tend t j destroy much of
the comfort and happiness of life, and which,
while they sometimes stir up men to make un
common efforts, are quite as likely to discourage
or overwhelm them with despair. The dread of
unwelcome and urgent calls for payment, of
losses and sacrifices both of property and reputa
tion, are far from leii)g favorable cither to com
poeure or concentration of mind. A dark cloud
-rests upon and oppresses the faculties and cner
gies, and care consumes many of the finer feelings
of the heart. If such considerations, together
with the fact that the payment of debts almost
always proves more difficult than was anticipated
at the time of contracting them, were duly
weighed, debts would be contracted less frequently
and less foolishly than they too often are.
Dr. Johnson said a very wise thing when ho
advised his friend to pay cash for everything he
bought, ready money being a check upon the
imagination. If the retail dealer who is tempted
to buy largely, had always to count out the
" cash on delivery," his bills at the end of
the year would probably be only hundreds
instead of thousands. And so in all kinds of
business, and among all classes of buyers abolish
the credit system and you do away with extra va
gance and the attendant risk of carrying on busi
ness, whether on a small or large scale. It is so
easy to run in debt, when one has only to ray
" charge it," that even prudent persons who
mean to be economical, and never go beyond their
ability to jmy, are constantly led into the pur
chase of articles they do not need, and for which
they sometimes find it difficult to pay.
The Ijgndon Times, in commenting recently on
the'failure of two young men in Ireland, who had
gained the confidence of an English linen merchant
to a large amount and swindled him out of nearly
the whole sum, speaks in strong censure of the
present system of indiscriminate and injudicious
credits, and says : " Mere lads set up in business,
as it is called, with the very ruler and wafers in
their office obtained upon credit. Upon credit.
too, they obtain goods, which they either pledge
or sell at one-half or one-third of their value, and
by this little manoeuvre gain possession of money,
which is soon destined to be dribbled away in
ovcr-ejtpenditure or engulfed in speculation. Two
or three years generally suffice to bring their
operations to a conclusion, and then there is
nothing for it, but the bankrupt's disgrace, or
flight more disgraceful."
In the fluctuations of a business based wholly
on credit, comparatively few know how they are
coming ou t at the end of the year. The merchan t
who has sold his thousands on time cannot tell
whether his house is founded on a rock or on the
sand; and there are no men whose property is so
securely invested that their " riches may not take
to themselves wings and fly away." , No man
who runs largly in debt to-day is absolutely certain
of his ability to pay to-morrow much less three
or six months hence. The doctrine of chances
and probabilities may favor his 'lopes ; but any
one of a thousand accidents ma upset all his
The more we reflect, therefore, the more are
we convinced that not money, but iredit, is " the
root of all evil," and the only ,..iso system of
trade, the only sure remedy for a multitude of
social evils is to be found in the golden maxim :
Pat as you go. Let those' who have the cash in
hand, begin the reform to-day ; and every rein
and artery of trade . would feel a glow of
quickening vitality, prompting to benevolent
actions, and leading to the most blessed results.
The bondage of the debtor is the worst kind of
bondage more galling than African slavery it
self. Excess of credit anywhere, especially when
nded to those who prove themselves unworthy
. at is the source of a vast amount of the wrongs
of society, and is almost as prolific in evils as
" The fruit of that ftirWdden tree, .
Whose moral tasta hmnsht ttatth Into the world,
A rl all ont wnr." ,
Thursday, December 31st., has been appoint
ed as a day of fasting and prayer, as will be seen
by the following notice, which we insert gra
tuitously, as the state of the public finances
does not allow of the notice being fully 'pro
claimed is all the journals of the day : -
BT ORDER Or TH KINO.
It is hereby proclaimed that Thursday, the 31st
of December ensuiog, be kept as a day of solemn fast
ing and humiliation for sin, and of thanksgiving to
Almighty God for numberless unmerited mercies and
blessings received during the year that expires on
that day. L. Kamehaveha.
Office of the Interior, 10th Dec., 1857.
The above is a singular notice indeed. Though
professing to be issued " by order of the King,"
it does not appear over his signature, as is cus
tomary in such cases. The notice, as it now
appears, would convey the idea that the matter
of a public fast or thanksgiving (whichever or
both, as may be intended) is not of sufficient im
portance to receive the special attention of the
king, .but is deputed to a ministerial officer, and
issued from the office of the interior, when his
Majesty is still on the island, and within ten
hours ride of the metropolis. We do hot know
that it will generally be viewed as such here, but
in England or America the form of issuing the
proclamation would tw considered as little short
of an insult to the public. But, aside from its
informality, the notice itself is perfectly ridicu
lous. The idea of having a solemn iast day for
sin, united to a day of public rejoicing and
thanksgiving to God for his care and goodness,
is an absurdity that could only have originated
in the brains of the present Hawaiian Ministry.
Let us look at it a moment. A day of fasting,
according to the old Jewish ritual, and accord
ing to all modern religious customs, is considered
as a day of humiliation, prayer' and withdrawal
from active business, to remember our national
and individual unworthiness in the eight of the
Creator. A day of thanksgiving is, on the con
trary, observed everywhere as a day of feasting
and rejoicing. A union of the two is inconsist
ent and Cbsurd, and will be viewed abroad as
quite ridiculous. . ;
Ilow the day is'to be kept, wo are puzzled to
know. Perhaj another proclamation is to issue
from the "Interior Office," giving the full
est particulars for the proper performance
of an Act, which, without a programme, must
tax the ingenuity of the public. We do not see
how the day can be observed at all, and do not
think it will be unless the notice is so modified as
to make it possible.
, But really the 31st December, the day chosen
for cither a fast or a feast (in this case uncertain
which) is not appropriate. The day selected last
year Christmas was exceedingly appropriate
for a day of thanksgiving. It is oljserved among
the English and Europeans us a day of feasting,
and the appointment of it in 1B5G gave general
Wherever, in any country or state, a day of
general thanksgiving is appointed, it betokens in
the ruler and the people a spirit of reverence,
thankfulness and humility. It is a spectacle of
moral sublimity to see a people thus returning
thanks to the All-bountiful Providence, and ask
ing for -a continuance of His blessings. And
surely the. Hawaiian nation and its rulers owe a
heavier debt of gratitude to an over-ruling Provi
dence than any of the nations on the earth.
NOTES OF Till: WEEK.
Debatiso Society. It mny not be geneially known
that there is a society of this description in Honolulu,
whose members meet weekly to enjoy the "feast oft
reason and the flow of souL" It commenced wW,1
few-but four or fivef the young men of tll
who wisely thought the most sensible way of spend
their evenings, was not in bar-rooms and billiard.
suloons, but in the attempt at mutual improvement.
They commenced their sessions in the room over DA
Judd's office some twelve months ago, and have per-,1
severed, in spite of all the difficulties such an institu
tion is liable to meet with from the sneers of some
and the " masterly inactivity" of others, until at tlge
present, moment their number is quatrupled, and
they are in the full tide of successful experimetft.
We know of no city of its size that will exceed Hono
lulu in the number of young men of real talent to be
found within its limits; opportunity only is required
to bring them out, and the debating society is just
the desideratum. They meet on Friday evening of
each week, and the subjects of discussion are always
admirably adapted so as to interest all, and at the
same time, combine instruction with amusement.
"They'd undertake to prove, by force
Of argument, a man's no horse.
They'd prove a buzzard is no fowl.
And that a lord may be an owl,
A calf an alderman, a goose a justice,
And rooks committee men and trustees."
We understand that the Hon. D. L. Gregg has
consented to address the association, of which due
notice will be given. The question proposed for dis
cussion on next rriuay evening, is to tnis ettect.
"Should ministers preach politics?" To add to the
interest of their meetings, a monthly newspaper has
been established, called the .i rut nym oils, the editor of
which, is elected every four months. Some of the
articles aro a decided credit to their authors, and dis
play a talent for polemical writing whioh evinces an
advanced degree of literary culture, aa gratifying as
it is unexpected. They meet at present in the vestry
room adjoining the BctheL Success to the Honolulu
Rosa way Coolies. One of the three who escaped
from the gang last month, while the dredge was at
work near Charlton wharf, is still at large, the po
lice not having as yet succeeded in getting upon his
track. This fellow wxi recently sentenced to impris
onment for a term of eighteen months for burgla j of
Mr. Waterhouse's premises. Natives saf that he
has been seen in the neighborhood of Waianae,
and that he was armed with a knife. It is barely
possible that we may have a repetition of the murder
ous affair by which Hoopii lost his life in July of last
year; ana to prevent it an emcicni ponce iorce suoum
.. . . rr . 1 . f , , 1
be sent after this desperado,' and a thorough search
made for him. The Becond of these coolie convicts,
named Akoni, who was sentenced to six months im
prisonment for stealing at Ealauao, was on Tuesday
taken at Waianae. He denies all knowledge of the
whereabouts of the other. Who wouldn't hold up
both hands for another cargo of cheap Chinese labor
Reported Sale or the Bark Yaskkk. The rumor
has been current about town for a few days past, that
this favorite California packet has been sold and will
be fitted out for the whaling business on h" return
from San Francisco. Her sale, if any has been ef
fected, is still a private transaction, and we trust the
rumor may prove incorrect. A withdrawal of this
vessel at this time, when she is no doubt paying a fair
profit to her owners, would be a serious inconvenience
to the trade and travel between this port and Cali
fornia. It is no easy matter to get so fine a packet
placed on any route, and if she is withdrawn, the
business must be left to second rate vessels. How
ever well the Yankee may pay in her present trade,
she would undoubtedly pay a much larger profit as a
whaler, for there is no business in the work! that,
properly conducted, pays a larger premium.
A Goon Start. The Yankee sailed on Wednesday
9th, at 12 M. with a good freight and about forty pas
sengers, one naa a sun traae on starting, wnicn in
creased during the night and next day to a " whole
topsail breeze," and Capt. Penhallow without doubt
will improve the opportunity to get over the worst
part of the passage to San Francisco, whioh is ths
first halC Capt P. knows the road between this an
California we remember his making the trip fro-
Honolulu and back in thirty-seven days, indur" i
stoppage at San Francisco, daring the spring
while in eniDmsnt or th schooner Rrtles. , . 1
Tns iMDiA-RnBSxm Mas. It is admitted by all in
the community who have seen him perform, that
.Mons. Devani is a complete prodigy a human puz
zle. Our medical men have been utterly at a loss to
account for the pliability," not only of his muscles,
but of his bones, particularly those of the spinal
column, rendering the cognomen of " India-rubber
man no misnomer. Devani is twenty-four years of
age, and as his countenance would seem to indicate
is of Italian extraction, though on the maternal side
he is British. While traveling with ProfL Risley in
Europe, the medical fraternity of both London and
Paris solicited the privilege of a private examination
of M. Devani8 physical construction, which was
readily granted, and the result was that they declared
he set all the laws of nature at defiance made, as he
was, like other men, and they could not account
for his extraordinary performances. It is asserted,
and without the fear of contradiction, that his feats
are without a parallel in the world; even the wonder
ful jugglers of the East Indies never attempted to put
the human form into such unheard of, and yet always
graceful positions, as does Devani. Prof. Risley's
Book of Autographs is now in the hands of His
Majesty, and on his return to town will be left at
this office, where the curious may inspect the hand
writing of many of the aristocracy and elite of Europe,
before the courts of which country Prof. R. has had
the honor of appearing a sufficient passport, it
might be imagined to any audience in the theater
going world. .
Steamboat Disasters. The article alluding to
this subject, published in our last paper, taken ym
the N. Y. Journal of Commerce, has called the ffaen
tion of one of our readers to the numerous steamer dis
asters in this ocean since 1850, who has handed us
the following list. It reports, in all, twenty sea-going
steamers as lost, eight of which were large and fine
vessels of from 1000 to 2,200 tons burthen. It may
not be complete, but it exhibits a ferrful loss of pro
perty and lives : 3a3 r ;
Steamship Intle iwndence, coast of Lower California, ISO lires
u North America, near Acapalco, about 50 died of starv
ation and exposure Ruling the journey from the
wreck to Acapulco. w
. Winfteld Scott, on Anacapa Island, all saved.
u Yankee Blade, coast of California, 25 lires lost. '
" Tennessee, near San Francisco, all Bared.
Southerner, Puget Sound, all saved.
w Ohio, near Ban Francisco, all saved.
tt America, burnt at Crescent City, all saved.
Propeller Arispe, lout near Humboldt, all saved.
" Pioneer, lost on the coast of California, all saved.
M City of Pittsburir, burnt in Valparaiso harbor, all saved.
44 S. S. Lewis, near San Francisco, all saved.
. Monumental City, voyape to Sydney, 100 lives lost.
" Uuncral Warren, on CltUsop Spit, mouth of Columbia
River, all' lost but Ave.
" Fremont, coast of Caliaiforn, a'.l saved.
M Chesapeake, Humboldt Bay, all saved.
" Constitution, coast of California, -all saved. "
" Sea Gull, coast of California, all saved.
" Commodore Preble, Humboldt, all saved.
" Union, coast of Mexico, all saved. t
Kiam, A Tramtios of Hawaii, is the last work
from die fertile pea of James J. Jarves, author of the
History of the Sandwich Islands, Parisian Sights, &c.
But one copy has been received in town, though we
presume more has been- ordered. From a hasty ex
amination the story would seem to be essentially
the same as that which appeared some fourteen years
ago, while the distinguished author was editing the
Polynesian, though rewritten with many additions
and improvements in style and plan. Harper's
Weekly thus speaks of the work :
Mr. Jarves is one of the most graceful and pleasant
writers of the day. In this little book he has woven
a romance out of the threads of a Btory he picked up
at sea or on the Sandwich Islands. The tradition
wag that superior bcinps once visited the islands. He
supposes this to have originated in the fact that a
Ff-tnish vessel was driven over to thera in the six
teenth centnry; and ont of this slender material he
contrives, with the aid of his refined imagination, to
give us a very beautiful and a very finished story,
abounding in those brilliaut sketches of scenery and
descriptions of human emotion for which all his
writings are so justly celebrated. II is dramatis per
Konat, .Olmedo, a priesjf, Beatrix, a Spanish lady,
Tolta, an Aztec, and all tho others as well, are drawn
with a delicate pencil. The work is eminently one of
imagination, and is a roost successful effort.
w5th P0'' on' Merchant street, had h,s
qimity disturbed by something m that crowded
tnorouorniare mat aiarmeu iiiui. mi tiv&iuK uu ma
tin, ana kicking
load, started up street on the run. Jack had how.
ever made a mistake in his calculations, for one of
(the bundles, being fast by a rope to the pommel of the
saddle, stuck close in his rear", and brought up slam
bang at every jump he made. The way in which he
" sloshed about" the street was a caution to those in
his road. We doubt if ever poi traveled faster, even
down a hungry kanaka's throat, than did that bun
dle, and the last we saw of it was near the steam mill,
when it was in the act of scattering a Chinaman's cake
stand, the jackass still about two feet in advance.
CocK-FioirriNO. We think there is no probability
of this practice becoming popular amongst us, though
we were not a little amused a few mornings since to
nbscrve a crowd of the habitues of Merchant street,
gathered around a pair of" early birds" at the junc
tion of Fort and Hotel streets, who were plugging
into each other in a style that would have done a
Mexicarrpadre good. It was a perfect impromptu af
fair, blCSetting of a humorous character was freely in
dulged inland many a hearty laugh enjoyed. No
doubt several who took their walk that morning with
languid pulse and no appetite, went back with a
cheerful countenance and a quick-set acst for break
fast. Our lives are mdo up of trifles let no one
then despise them. .
Legal Notices. Notice is given in the Polynesian
to the creditors of Messrs. B. F. Holies & Co. of La-
. hain t. that James W. Austin and A. P. Everett of
Honolulu, have been appointed commissioners of the
estate. Notice is also given of a Sheriffs sale on the
7th January next, of the household property of Chas.
IL Butler of Honolulu, to satisfy the demand of
Savidfre & Slav for $54 67. Probate notice is also
given of the will of the late Stephen Reynolds, and
the 20th January is appointed forbearing proof of the
will, at the Court House in Honolulu.
Hawaiian Tract Society. This association held
a meeting on Monday evening last in the Bethel, for
the purpose of hearing the report of their colporteur.
whose term of engagement expires on the last day of
thb month. Mr. BicknelTs report was a modest, but
extremely interesting document, and will no doubt be
printed. It was voted that an appeal be made to the
public for the sum of $100,balanceduethe colporteur
for four months services among seamen: when the
Society adjourned. ;
From Hilo. On the 27th njt, a very heavy rain
storm occurred ateUilo, the Bt reams rising in a short
pnace of timo to a great height. The house of Sheriff
Coney, at Piihonua, was for two hours completely
inundated, driving out the inmates. We hear of no
further damage being done. The report of a new
eruption of the volcano on Hawaii is incorrect, as near
as we can learn. ' "-
Exodub or Literati. The Yankee carried away
a larger number than usual of our professional men.
Whether we can afford to spare so many at one time.
there will be a difference of opinion. We notice two
lawyers, (Messrs. Campbell and Poe) one clergyman.
(Rev. J. D. Strong) and one doctor, (Broy).
India On our last page will be found a very in
teresting article on the British role in India, and the
present troubles between the Indians and British.
We were in error last week in stating that the
fever now existing among children here is the typhus
fevgr. It is called by physicians an infantile remit
tent fever, f " '
17 With tie fresh trades which have been blowing
for a week r"t, the Fanny Major ought to be due
by Wednesl 7 next She left this port on the 9th
Noveer, tad ought to leave San Francisco as early
as tk) f.C!i cr Cs of December.
Hrrut at Atotion. The hulk of the whaling bark
JVertsMxt ITsw London, having been condemned,
wo i&LX tX r ::on on Friday last for 500 to be
I - ' - n r Ii JVejHune is something over thirty
; .. j .12. - : - . . ,
. rTAxrsss Day. Tuesday next, December 22d,
.1 1 ZZTCx utrdTersary cf the landing of &e Pilgrims
" oa a starn and rock-bound shore. ' " It is said there
ere 8039 cf their descrents em tMme islands. Will
tlwy eeiehmre i " . ' Z '":
'Tuesday last sailed the
brigs Oahu, and JZatu.
The latter, ' althoug
may be considered a II
are here and she is fitti
Standing on the whar(
jr Oldenburg colors.
3 her owners
I .r - W.ua; nut off. with
fme interest the demeanor
an sail set, we noticed wi
of a number of native
erS and wives as uj y
Natives. No Tk)leti
their aloha to their dei
emotions were displaye
hey brushed away a few
W laughed and chatted
ot so. however will they
" Saut, saut tears," and
away as gaily as ever.
greet them on their retui
accumulation of affectior
The eight or ten months
rill then burst forth into
a wail amounting almost
a. roar, and a stranger
would suppose some n
plative was deceased, uv
stead of a husband or sonl
fashion The briir 7xuur will be ready for sea. hi
about three weeks, the bark Faith on the 10th, and
the brig Antilia in the early part of January. The
Cynthia, undergoing repairs, will not be ready before
the first of February., The ItasJHart n(i
Vernon, are put down for the 1st j " "-i.and the
Metropolis, (whose prospective n , JL Capt. Corn
stock, is now absent in the E. L- Frost) tor the 1st
of ApriL The last five vessels named will go directly
north, and arrive early on the ground.
Cajidatis roa the LOislatur. In the Ha
Hawaii of yesterday, we notice that the following
gentlemen announce themselves as candidates for
election to the Legislature for this district : Messrs.
John Ii, J. W. E. Maikai, Wm. Webster and Robert
G. Davis. This ticket would appear to have a gov
ernment complexion, and we hear that an opposition
is contemplated. ' For the two Koolaus, we learn
that J. Enpau and S. M. Naukana are intending to
The Blind, the Deaf, the Halt. These three
ills that flesh is heir to," we saw the other day illus
trated in the persons of three old natives, slowly
picking their way, the halt supported on either side
by bis more ablebodied fellows up the steps of a
lawyer's office. Whether they got any consolation
from the man of briefs, we know not, but after a
brief visit, they groped on their way with smiling
J2T Peter IL Treadway, Esq., the efficient Sheriff
of Lahaina, leaves for the United States, on leave' of
absence, on the ship Bhering. We learn that Mr.
T. W.' Everett, favorably known to our own citizens
and the residents of Lahaina, will ofiBciate during the
absence of Mr. T., whose sojourn abroad, we are told,
will be but for a few months.
On Wednesday afternoon last, their Majesties
the King and Queen, accompanied by Mrs. Alien, Airs.
Lee, Miss Miller, and Mr. Gregg, U. 8. Commissioner,
Capt Meacham, R. N., of the Vixen, aud'by Messrs.
Hopkins and Neilson, proceeded on the steamer Pels
to Honouliuli on the Pearl River Estuary, where they
landed and traveled to Lihue, the country residence
of Capt. J;MepijjJer whose hospitable roof the
Royal Party"p"5seaThe night, and the following day
arrived at Kahuku, where we understand they are at
present and will remain for some days. Polynesian.
Correspondence Pacific Commercial Advertiser.J
Mb. Enrroa : One of the most pleasant entertain
ments which it has been our lot to enjoy was at the
residence of A. B. Bates, Esq., on Tuesday evening
last, the occasion beincr the attainment of the major
ity of hiis son, Mr. TfliHXr iu
it was most generally attended. On
which wojnioticed was that most of the guests were
youngunmarried ladies and gentlemen ; and we hope
that those young gentlemen who have not yet reached
this important eraof life will, when their turn comes,
celebrate it likewise, as we consider it a most appro
priate and time honored custom. The large and ele
gant grounds surrounding the paternal mansion were
illuminated by innumerable lights among the trees
and shrubbery, making the whole to appear like some
scene from fairy land. It would have made the eyes
of that important personage, ' the oldest inhabitant,"
open wide with astonishment if he could have looked
into the dancing rooms during the height of the
amusement. He would have at once exclaimed,
Honolulu can boast of as many beauties as any place
in the world, of its size. A splendid supper was
spread, at which all seemed to do justice to the choice
viands set forth. The dancing was kept up until the
" wee small hours ayont the twaL" We wish the
young man many happy returns of the day.
One who was There.
. . Lahaina, Dec 1, 1&57.
Ma. Editor : Our little town was almost thrown
into convulsions the other morning by the astounding
news that a brilliant battle had been fought the eve
ning previous in our usually quiet place, right in our
midst, and that without its being known except to the
parties belligerent until next morning. The forces
engaged were' the light troops of the Empire, under
Marshal , and the heavy artillery of Algiers,
under Gen. . It is said that the battle raged
with great vigor all along the front, until the Marshal
charged upon the African forces with such gallantry
that they were obliged to fall back. Then was heard
the cry of victory "good liki maoli," &c ; but when
the Marshal thought he had the field, the African
General opened a masked battery, which threw shell
upon the troops of the Empire so hotly that they in
turn were obliged to make a retrograde movement,
and a shell striking the Marshal in the eye, de
cided the battle in favor of the African forces. Since
which nothing of note has occurred in this town. '
By the arrival yesterday of the American clipper
schooner Faguro, Capt. Fisher A. Newell, 41 days
from Melbourne, N. S. W., we are in receipt of Mel
bourne papers to Nov. 3d. , Capt. Newellwill please
accept our thanks for his prompt attentio!rs
The Vaqutro has an assorted cargo and 32 passen
gers for San Francisco, together with 1302 ox. gold
dust. For report of shipping at Melbourne, see com
Capt, Newell has been absent just five and a half
months from this port. He sailed hence June 30th
for San Francisco, alhence to Melbourne, and from
Melbourne here again ; 169 days in the voyage round.
The intelligence from Australia is not important.
A movement was on foot to raise a corps of volunteers
The gold mines continue productive. .
The papers were discussing the importance of a na
tional system of education.
On the 23d of Oct the Aberdeen clipper Catherine
Adamson, from London for Sydney went ashore in
side the heads and in a few hours was a total wreck.
Twenty-one lives were lost
The intelligence from India is later than has been
received by former arrivals, dates reaching np to
Delhi had not been taken . but it was said that the
place was closely besieged, and that the sorties of the
mutineers were becoming less frequent
Three regiments of native troops stationed at Dins-
pore, had at length caught the infection and muti
nied. They had been attacked by an English regi
ment and defeated with a loss of 800. -
On the 29th July Gen. Havelock met the advancing
mutineers, 10.UOO strong, and put them to flight,
capturing 16 guns. After a most exhausting cam
paign, Gen. Havelock'a force was reduced to 900 ef-
fective men and he was awaiting reinforcements,
wnicn were daily arriving overland and from China.
The people appear to be fighting among themselves.
One account sajp the country people are in arms and
are beginning to thrash the mutineers when they at
tack the villages.
A letter written by an officer in India says there
are three native armies here the Bengal, the
Madras, and the Bombay; The Madras and Bombay
armies are as faithful as our own bipod and bone."
Hp further massacres are noted, and the tone of
letters from the army is buoyant
Urnz Etatzs ITAnoitAi. Camtol. When com
pleted, t"r s crt of t- old building and the improve
ments, tltr-er, still be over 10,000,000.
CA?-a? "-rrV c'iSin. charssi with
"rro-6. , m c, uy tj an heir to theetxa cf
fe&SrV ' b-l in the s ra cf
bJ-: IV:: 'j tTr Knr York Eayrtwe
: it is bri:
found in liar,
t TWlish uapers announc
r.JUxaytax on the Kb C
x he old United States p?a
to be converted into the Post OSo
New Granada refuses to cede m
possessions to the United States, f
ar-.-i- en nrm Annle ride even
nearly w, r
t hn are 2.022 paupers in tMf
Rufus Wi Griswold, the poe -
the 28th Aug., after a lingering &
According iw .-. r'j
the latest .aar
every European country, promuw vi ,
rw. Ronetttft. the historian, is spej
nCMinister to England; J M
A -nroiect is on foot to tunnel the HudsM U t
Albany, instead of bridging it y
By a recent unofficial census, the present por
tion of New York is put at 765,000. , , , I
The Boston Bee says there are 125 eating
in that city, and the money token by them am
to 66,000 per day. . !
There were brought over the Jersey City (
alone, in a single day. 90,000 baskets of strawbei
daring the late season.
It is stated that the Prussian clergy have prir
been requestel by the authorities to abstair
moking in public. '
Connected with the panic in the money marj
the important decline which has token pli
sugar, 15 to 20 per cent, on most brands.
A yoke of oxen are on exhibition in Boston, I
ing over 6,000 pounds, and supposed to be thr
matched oxen in the country.
The police force of New York city somber
851 men and officers, and it is stated that aV
or 400 men more will shortly be added.
There are 365 Roman Catholic churches in(
of Rome, while the population is consider
than 200,000. v
A new issue of three cent pieces has ju
made. The metal is said to be improved so a.
tain less corrosive properties.
The number of emigrants arrived at Net
A : K ir- nnAtha9r.lh.W . Id 127
HUI aXl U- JSOif f v ww-
increase of 34,803 over iast year.
It is 8uejrested that Proverbial Philosophy 1
last sonnet on the Atlantic cable was the Tea
of the break. Nothine on earth could stand
strain as that! ".. '.
It was authoritatively stated that who all tl
inforcements now on the way and under orders, r
their destination, the total force . of EaropT
India will be 87,000 men. .
Victoria is a spunky little Queen. She g
Presbyterian church, sometimes, when at c
in Scotland, which some oi her subjects Vtgf
example for the " head of the established
set But sho doesn't mind their niutteru '
De Bow's mortality statistics show tfeat V
of the United States are the healthiest ca s
The deaths a"" hundred and twenty .
per year, orVuJanTone third per cent r'
lation. In England the ratio is over t
and in France nearly three per cent.
North Carolina are the healthiest of tL
' have six hundred and thirty-eight inhal
one hundred years of age.
A young Greek, who recently completed t
in the Union Theological Seminary, New
about to establish a Protestant newspaper La , 1
Greece. I he population of that city is at
about 36.0iX). and there are 17 weeklv arL.l
weekly newspapers under the influence of tbi G
Church. The above will be the first Protest' t ief
paper there published.
A Pressubk. Some waggish gentlemiin ;
sent to one of the banks a promissory not
count The note promised te pay the bu
dollars at thirty days. The entire back of
nient was covered with first class endorserae.
to leave no means unemployed to "get it thi
a ten dollar bill was pinned to it as collateral a
Whether the bank did the paper or not, re 1.
be seen. Boston Paper.
Sunday Labor. A case has recently be 4
England, similar to that which came before t t
of Connecticut a short time since, in which ow.
Hespeler was charged with having employed iut
his hay field on the Sabbath. Hespeler was mu
in JEW fine. He appealed to the County Court, w
confirmed the decision.
A Rare Coincidence. Mr. McLoskey, a
man worth s. ) $150,000, dying in Paris",
o,ouo u a netce in isuouque, xowa. ine neic
legatee died on the same day as the testator. If
hour of her death preceded his, the legacy lapsed
it succeed h, the legacy is vested in her. The ti
of their decease was so nearly identical, that it
supposed it will have to be determined by the difle'
eace between soiar ana true time.
From the last information from England it is n
probable that any farther attempt will be made thi
season to lay down the Atlantic Telegraph Cab
ine Ji.ngiisn uovernment nave sigmhed their reaj
ncss to furnish vessels next summer if thev shall
wanted for a new trial. The Directors of the couipuj
are onereo, it is said, lull price for their presec;
cable to be used in the Red Sea or the Persian Gulf,
so as to complete a telegraph line to India as soon u
possible. There seems to be a general approval of
the size oi toe caoie aireauy tried and of the manner
of its construction; and there is no lack of confident
in the final result of the enterprize.
The Lost Steamer Central America. Mr. Jl
O. Roberts publishes a card in the New York paper;
of Saturday, in which he says the Central Jmeruc.
when she left New York as as staunch and set
worthy as any ship afloatvd, to show that she wt
so regarded by the Steamshipompany, he adds thst
they were willing to stand theirown insurers, and i
the time of her loss there was not one dollar of insu
rance upon her, although policies could have hw
etiected at the lowest current rates of A 1 steamdu)
Something has been said in relation to raking the
Central America. . But, as her position, when tiit
went down is given as lat 31 45, Ion. 78 15, ssi
from that point to tlie nearest land (Cape Roman,
is Do miles, and the Boundincs show 600 fathom d
water, the project of raising her would seem rather
difficult of execution. Mr.. Stephen Caldwell, one of
the rescued passengers, says that shortly before the
steamer went down, they vainly attempted ' to take
Takinqct xy Etk to Mend It. The Leip
Journal of literature, science and Art, publishes an
account of the wonderful discoveries of Dr. Graeffi
diseases of the eye, and tbe wonderful cures he per
forms. He has found the ball of the eye to be trans-
preni, ana oy a curious instrument examines mm
utely the interior, takes it out and performs stj
necessaryTsurgical operation, and replaces it without
injury to its appearance or vision. A vouns eirl hi
long been afflicted with the most exerueiatinz pain i
the left eye, the cause of which the most learneJ
could not understand. Dr. Graeff found in the cen
tre of the ball a little worm, which he removed,
restored the poor cr?oture immediately to health vA
perfect sight His office is thronc-ed all diiv by tit
poor, praying for relief. One is almost reminded d
the miracles of the Son of Man, in reading the can
Tnx Wortiilessness or Gold, It is etited 1?
many of the surviversof the Central America pawn-
-gers, that there was seldom so laree an amount
money owned by passengers as was in the c
those who came by the Cental America. M1?
were persons of large means, and there were but tctj
few whose immediate wealth did not amount to hun
dreds, while numbers reckoned their gold bj
thousands of dollars. The greater portion oi
liassenirers were returned miners, some comS
hither to invest the canital thev had r5ilid
hopes to live a b'fe of great ease as the result of the
industry, and others to get their families snd on
more to return to the land of gold. But as tne sw
continued to rage, less, and less gold was thought
and when on Saturday, it became evident that the?
were likely at any moment to be buried beneath t
waves, wealthy men divested themselves oi u"
treasure belts and scattered the gold upon the cm
floors, telling those to take it who would, lest
weight a few ounces or pounds carry them to
death. Full purses, containing ia some hi-''
2.000. worn lvinir nntinrtrxvl tin anf-UL CarpcWF
were opened by men and the shining net.alIf.
poured out on the floor with the prodigality urr.
despaSl One of the passengers, who has foanatti.
,J . a..- A AcUaA About t"
cabin $20,000 in gold dust, and told him who win
to mlifr hlfl rrMl tnr trtAA tn talc, it But it w
...ot .....l..l .V. . A 1 f.l hOO
iwivhv uc nvuiu uave strut; a. uu - , . v
would have attempted to take a grain of that wnic
he now spurned from him.. -. .
A TnniT. i n iT.,, . TnnTra.wtt HoPRS-
1 1 i i ko msB
the morning of the 8th inst, an English Plf!?di
nanwd Lambert, completed the unnatural ieJ
walking one thousand miles in one thousand oon
l - a. . nrmnasium 1
u niim, lur a wager, a otcwm ' t i -M5
TtnaA Tk r- Kaimn nn TueadaV. J 017
ten a.., and since that time Mr. Lambert "
ration, ra waiK one mile in eery uuw i . - t.
A 1. ... and he Was la -u
habit of walking two miles consecutive, hnn j
. - . s .ii,;nr for s part v
s i-iber part oi one nour u " i --o , ,- lt
' tL next, thus obtaining an intermission rz.i
hour t-1 a t air. But alter a wm.-, --jv. , B
a .rwl ho WM fain to VMH'l Q it
"BaBtw 'a-'1 J:wawi'-aiBe aat
1 ;- ': v--.:'-oj.