Newspaper Page Text
tfEDNESDAY EVZXING, MAT 19,1H53.
Ws boor andcx anasoal difficulties la etfering to oar readers
an acceptable txasuDrrcia report this week, which may b ap
preciate bt we reaiark that asxdag tbe entire week jostpast
there has not bm a slccte foreign vesart la port, white at the
' arcane wrltta the coasting Sect ts reduced to two seboaoe
, This eircwasstance is quite nrnisnal, although H happened oace
last snsaoter, and oeeaslnaesl ansae rrssark at that Ijk. ...
Tno aara fau Majr, mam overdue, and hourly expected.
tweak the saaootomy which new reins aprcwM over all
classes of oar baslaess coram unity.
Tbe only Important and much talked of transaction of the
wee was taw attempted sale at aortWie, en Thursday last. of
the rrT aw.'ia fata at Waikahalalu. As we hare tooehed upon
Utiasahject ia oar editorial e -manna we omlr allude to it here
ad state that, as every ooe expected, no sale was effected.
la emmtl trade there to noUimj whatever doing and our qao-
tations are necessarily brief.
VXOCaVThe bakers have a softtcieot supply (ur three
months' consumption- Sales of 23 oris California ami Oregoo,
tafrrinr, at auction, at 3 0 $10, and a small lot of Hawaiian at
$13, which shows quite a decline. ' "
SCGAaV Nothing doing; except at anctioa, Sole of a IHr
krB, suiocd packages, at " 9 8c
DRILL flairs of haks at anetiua at 1 le.
' WHALA LINE Kales of Si or.Os at Hi & 12jc- -:'T
XsUr JoMMna- sales of aaUv at Sic.
r.ATRVT D.4TF3, rwlres at I hi O --.
Panama. 5. A.
if ear Term t -London
I Paris ..... Ft 13
Mar.li I llnnckoa- ... Jan. 23
- Mar. i Melbourne. S.& W.. Jan. 27
Fab. U I Tahiti ..... M.r. 1
- - his Mail.
for Sax Faascuco So vvsari up.
For LaaaiSA per Kamoi, to-day.
POUT OF HOUOI.TJI.TJ. IX. z.
May 13 Sett Mary, Berrffl, from Kawaihae.
1 8rh gaily, from Uilo.
. U Seta Maris, Moateno, frma Kona, vtaLaharna.
Is aca ftalama. Watson, from Hilo.
- 13 8cb John Tounr, Blcharia. from Kauai.
- Ill ach Moikeiki, HU from Kahuloi.
13 .ach Kamoi. Cbadwick, from Lahaina.
3-a bark. Faay Major, faty, fnaa ean rnncica.
May 1. neh Kinoole. far Kona. Hawaii.
- 11 ' Brack Warrior, Brown, r tbe Antic.
. IS aVtawety, Mitchell. r Tamxanei's ManiL
1 Kamoi. Chadwick, far Lahaina.
- Is Mimxcawai. Beckh.f-w Hilo. ,
1 Excel. Antnoio, for Kaa.il.
, IT Jobo Oonlas, Imduit, for naaaki.
. UaBy. fur Uilo.
IS MoKeUl, Hall, fn Kahahn.'
1ft X MoHeno, tor Lahaina.
1ft V , HerriO, for Tlilo and istcmedtate ports.
1. Kmmi, Watsnn, far Ililn.
19 Br Sch Alice, Gates, for Tancoarer's Island.
VESSELS IX PORT. MAT 19.
I John Young, Impairing.
Veeaela Execlrsf fraaa FwrelgM Porta.
Beh Palettiw, rVrriman. H doe at thfs port en route for Ssn
lira newer, loui.tn.i. Poor.
The Am cHprer bark MelUa, of U. A. Pierce's line, was
to tafl frctr Conor! fhr Hcoolulu direct. Feb. 20, and will be doe
fiere June 30, with merebandise to B. W. FV"ld.
- Ship John Marshal, Pendleton, from J arris Island, with
(uann, n nil y rine.
The cUpper "ch Taqoero, JTewell, fmca Melboame for San
rraneisen. will bs due here a omit June la.
The Jbtiss. packet Muraing Star Is now due frora Marquesas.
For Vtrrwo. Vascorrut's Isuso per Reeorery, May 13
S MIb beef. SI bMs molasiies. 12 ke lusrar. 2 bils do. 455
mam do, 2 pipes gin, 1 cask 3 bHa mm, 19 qr casks Oenera. 11
ibaaw coftVe.3d arrowroot. H bMa beet, 10 hf do do, 9 kees
I nails, a cutis Manila mpe. ZOcaa-s Bt Julren claret, 87 mats
Irats, 10 qr caxk Slicrry, 1 bag rprie. Tt'ue of domestic prod ace,
i Fur TrrMna. TaxcorrrVs t-utxp par Alice. May 1913
vasfc bert. 10O hoars srrrrs is ces traeatoea, Ti bbis mnlassrs.
79 of) Is smrar, 14 note brandy, t uctares 10 kegs Amer. do, 43
-asks betf. 13 tins S-jOt., 20 bars rice, 0074 lbs sorar. 1 qr cask
berry, -1 Mils brandy, 99 eas- Old Tom rio. 81es mdse. Talne
if domestic praiiace, 33043 Ai.
Kdta per Maria, May 1413 cords firewood, 1 hone,
flsb, ' bars oats. 4 case trd. 7 pkrs specie.
from KWAiaae rr Mary, May 12 16 builrka, 3 bones,
10 sheen. 1 HnC. 60 bbis notatua, 7 krs butter. ( bales wot J. 3
to pchi. 32 fcialra.
From li njo per BaZy. May 13 30,910 Ids sugar, 13 bales
ala. 23 is mniasses aeca" parir.
Frara H.io tr BUlama. May 19 M bales pole, 149 sacks
la, rm MM Beet, 31 pkrs waaseou, 17 imuack macs, 10 goat
Fmm aUSTVC per .Voikeiki. Afay 183 bris potatnea, 3
kirs, 10W (mm sktna, 1 tub batter. ld turkeys, 100 keg sugar.
y nrt mntaases, deck fan iiki 1 1.
Fr K sarin per Jfoikeiki. ifay 141400 feet mmber, 3
iers saita, 3 enfis rope. 3 bars iron, 10 empty brta. 1 pkg specie.
For Lxim rr Mans. May Is TOOO ft lomber. 33 cs
lutse, 3 aeecs.
' Jjt BUSTarauc per Mary, May IS 13 horses, ft rams, 23
For VKT9BU per Beeorerr, M ay 13 Mesws Burton, Brank,
Fw sr-roaia per Ance, Jiay i nri. cipmao, t sapei uai go, j
Ll Krokt, Masvw, Pxtta, Keoai, deck pasarcrcrs-
From LssTs per Maria, May 13 Mr and Mrs Austin, W
Fjrke, J T WstcrhouaeMessn Gcwm, Macey, Ludtom aud
i ua deck. ..
From Koxa. Haw. per Warla, Jiay 19 iter j u rarna.
Vrrm. KswstaaK iMr Mary. May 13 Ker Mr Lyons. T
Vmcarae. C spswke. J Longswd, J Watm, T Lincoln, and Mr
rown o on ee. .
rra Lasaitt per Sar.y, My IJ M-w-s it u rraae.
letTtl and It 11 aViMojoo.
fm Hi u per luUffls, iy lo Her x uoan, iter u
ssaa, av sir uenii ji r 1 . , v. uw.. M -rs
Conn. Lywoa and Clark, and 13 on deck.
F.w LaBAJSl per Maria, May IS weaars aoniam. wauis.
fed 33 va deck. ...
IrCsinfiMxr Starr. Mar 13 Messrs 3 9 Parker. W
iMnna. K owkc, K Lore, A Miller, Jf aatsrs Lore and Peatt,
From laBttWs Tr KaaH. May 1. Jonin wwraw,
isreat. ksrt e U Oetbon, wits and 3 ehtMren, Bee J F Poeue,
js aasi 3 at iUrea. VT P Alexander, wife and 2 children. Be I)
aMwtoaad wife. Ber C B Andrew and wife, Miss Brown, S
Intnaeyer.O J Harris. ... .
For KaaTtJ-s per MUketkl, .vay is l. enex, ana s aeca.
la tUs city, Hay 16, Che lady of J. Jacesox, Esq., HawaiUa
IwaV gMSEfaUsj "" sV bsOTB"
ta'thss crtr. May 17, the tody of O. C Af sLcasas, sq.
swal fraavuui Ceasus, of a daughter.
I.Ataiiir.ia aitnnUr erenlaz. Msv 13. Goiaes Part.
-n. mm 3A veara. after a short illness- He was a son of the
t- oas tar use ant rrcaca rcaracuu a uics
Pi. ACES OF WORSHIP.
's.t ;XT5 ' BBTHFL aVv. S. C Damon Chaplain Kins
i asrcxC, near ue nanors iinroe. rre&cn.ng on cunoays at
I 11 a. n- and "i r. X. beau free. Sabbath School after
' taw oaon iag services.
JfT fTRJOrr CUT KCH ConrfT of Tort and Berc tarda sts.
I sujnjv teasmraray occuuied by Kev. Lorrin Andrean
I rreaebia: oo Outlays V. A- M. and 71 r. aj- 8abbata
I Btihaui rnueta at 10 . it.
rWECMTt CHURCH Xuuana avenue, onier of Tutul
tuswr isist Was. 8. Turner, Pastor. Praachin every
lasihr at 11 a. aV and 7 r- Jf. Seats frte. gabfeuh
I sasss bsbwM at 10 a- n.
l" C3l PEL Ktna street, above the Palace Rev. K. W,
'"rfcwfc - Pastor. Services, ia Hawaiian every Sunday at
a. rmsd 3 p. u.
-TOXIC CtTTKCH Fori street, near Beretanhv- under the
I cajarww ef att. BxV. jMsnop naigres. bbkskii 'J
I jf ilssli Serriees every Sunday at lO a. at. and 2r M
ITTr CHt BCH Beratanla street, near Ifunana street
I nv. Lowell Boutn rasf-r. . oemcea, u uawauan,
jsaoway at 10 a- a- and M r. a- , , , . . . ,
aLTat. The Worcester Bay State draws
following Kfs-like picture of dignity chasing a
' It t capital : , ' .
r tit wav. what is there so derogatory to d
huinff a hat? ' We saw a gentleman pro-
diaK UP street the other day in a most magmncent
C a ;r,.i af.vawnir Learv and an
ffl diVnitv aat on his brow. Had he been in the
ttrUr'S Africa le woakl have been set op for a
k.t and all. The wind is no respecter of rer
ml It fcteweta wbiilwraoever it listeth. It cauzht
Cw the weU-tnroed brim of tbe Lea..' - Mag-
AVtt it worn, and tried to prevvnt it with
v..wi. Rnt twaa rone. Away over curb-
jwa ratters uOd pavesaeats it flew, on crown and
. .lamtSMMBe, immediately care chase. Did
vibm the grace with which a dignified indi-
jal tries to ran I A sort of genteei aap auva
apt.t:ar Owe er twice hi hand was almost
Ctt. fr-t ft tirssasw wafted it away. At last
Cm -vV-i-ra dTasria a lob waxon, dodged beneath
r fcre fcet, bat was arrested by one of his
1 t c 'z.llzz r!P to0 lt ti DOTe
,'i ; tztJjc A few rods when a vigorous
tr .lt; -3 over the driver's- bead, ant it fell
,l v it audfchapen thing, with a yentilator
v i ef kreT3 hoof, iaen ,u we taat
)-.- r v i i " ' " ''
-i-H t eoraaaisavr-" 1 X!r. J. r-HUpe
' "jrf- ! r"str' ft" vrpris-of
j. j 1? i Lad, at lie
- . U c'ttl. 'fcrre of
SPECIAL BUSINESS XOT1CE.
Papers ready for mailing can be procured at our counter
neatly done np In wrappers, Are copies for 50 cents or twelve
copies far a dollar.
Tanas. Six Dollars per annum.
Single Copies 124 cents each.
. . agbxts fob tub cevaisaciai. anveaTisEx.
Laiaina, Maui -'Mmkmmaa,
HU, Hawaii -A'iiit,
few l'rnriK, Co
Trie Bedford and If.
C. S. BARTOW, Esq.
L. UTOBUERT.aV). r .,
.' - Cai. J. WORTH.
Capt. JAS. A. LAW. "'
TIliS. II. PARIS, Esq.
'"' - Or. J. W. SMITH.
L. P. liMIKR, F.sq., Mer. ICx.
X. " B. LIN DSKY. Kd. bhlp List.
THURSDAY, MAY 20.
Upon a euhject of bj considerable importance
' to the national prosperity as the disposition of
the Honolulu Water Lots, we may be permitted
to make a few remarks. The prosperity of Ho
nolulu, a we have frequently had occasion to
obscrre, involve the prosperity of the country
at large. We have ever, since its commence
ment, looked upon the improvement of Waika-
halulu with a great degree of interest, as, one
that, if properly and judiciously managed, would
' prove of untold advantage to the rapidly grow,
ing commercial interests of th"se islands. But
at the outset we looked upon the plan of gov
ernment itaelf doing the work of filling in the
lots with disfavor, for as the history of all simi
lar enterprises proves, and as common sanse will
convince any one who reasons upon the matter,
the most expeditious, as well as the most econo
mical, way of accomplishing public works of any
magnitude, is to let them out by contract to pri
vate parties. Thegovernmentsof Europe and Ame
rica, with their great facilities, to which however
ours bear no comparison, invariably pursue the
contract system in public improvements. Even
the autocrat of Rusnia, whose teeming serfs and
overflowing treasury might be supposed to enable
him to do wonders without going abroad for aid,
we find publishing to the world for contracts to
build his ships, hid railroads, his canals in fact,
for every national work of importance. But our
little government, with nioro originality than
wisdom , chose another course. Instead of widely
advertising for proposals in the countries where
the men could be found able to perform and
ready to compete for the work on advantageous
terms, it preferred to undertake the job itself,
thus mistaking its avocation and entailing a
heavy burden upon an already depleted treasury.
Even had not a proper person been found to un
dertake the work by contract, government would
have done better had it accepted the offer once
made by private parties of 100,000 for the tract,
as it lay, unimproved.
In 'regard to the policy to be pursued in dis
posing of the lots thus reclaimed from fhe shal
lows, by lease, the failure to got a single bid on
Thursday-' last, was a decided proof of the cor-"
rectnessof the position assumed by the Advertiser
last '" October, when the first plan was pub
lished. That plan was a grave mistake, a con
sciousness of which led to its abandonment,
though the public was not made aware of the
fact until it was rumored " from the government
house " two days. before the time fixed upon for
the sale. It having appeared that this second
plan was not likely to give satisfaction, plan
number three was gotten up, but kept a profound
secret until it was announced at the hour of sale
by the auctioneer, giving would-be purchasers-
say two minutes, in which to wei.sh its provis
ions and decide. As a natural consequence,
though qaite a number of parties were on the
ground who were desirous of purchasing lots, the
ale was a nullity, not a dollar having been
offered. Having thu made three failures in
its self-imposed taskof land epjculating, gov
ernment changes its policy and advertises for
In the Polynesian of Saturday last we find the
following announcement under the head of " By
Ths wbasp lots, which were offered at Public
Auction on the 13th instant, not having been disposed
of cn the day of sale. His M ijtty"s Guvernmeut now
offer tbe aaid lots to tbe public Tor Sale or Least, on
Applications will oe received at this department
tor cither a Fee Simple Title, or a GO venrs Lease, of
any of the lots as 1-iiJ oat in the plan submitted to
the pablic on the 13ia int.tai;t.
"2o buildings of cotubustiblo materials can be
, erected on aoj of those lofs.
Minister of the Interior.
Interior Office, M iy 14, 18oS."
Thus it will be been that His Majesty's Gov-
eminent propose cither to lease or sell the Wai-
kahalulu property on private terms, and this we
consider as the great concluding mistake in this
singular succession of governmental blunders. It
declares to have adopted a course which will be
in direct contravention of the Acts of 13-34 and
1S35, K. IV., which expressly provide that no
disposition of this property shall bo made until
the same has been advertised for a certain period.
Section 4 of the Act of IS 4, save :
The Miniiter of the Interior is hereby authorized,
with the approbation ol the King and Privy Coun
cil, to lease the above property or any portion thereof,
at pablic auction; provided, that no such lentie shall
be made until three months after the (tune shall have
been advertised in at least two newspapers published
in Honolulu, nor until six weeks after the same shall
have been advertised in at least two newspapers pub
ished" in Sin Francisco; and no sale of the above prop
erty shall be made without the previous consent cf
In the session of the following year, an Act
was passed to amend the previous one, section 2
of which reads as follows :
. The Minister of the Interior is hereby authorized
to sell one or more of the lots of Waikahalulu in like
manner with all other real estate belonging to the
government, after giving Uu notice require! in sec
tion A of the said Act."
Has such notice been given ? And until it is
given can any sale or transfer of the property be
leg-ally made ? It may possibly be said that the
required publication has already taken place.
But tho question occurs, what was the intention
of the Legislature in providing for a previous
publication, if it was not that the terms might be
made public, in order to invite competition and
thus secure the most advantageous disposition of
the property ? Should any sales or leases be made
under this last published programme, it is barely
possible that the Legislature about to meet may
take it into their heads that the terms have been
altogether too private that the transactions have
been hurried through too hastily, and that tho
law not having been complied with, all convey
ances which may have been made in defiance of it
are nullities. There have been such things as
legislatures) proving strong-minded, and should
ach a case occur here, a refusal to pass an in
demnity bill by which to enable purchasers to
hold their property, although acquired under
governmental seal, would result in serious embar
rassment to ministers. We do not anticipate any
such contingency, but the exposition which we
have made only serves to show the singular jum
ble of loose , policy which has been followed
throughout in this first public improvement by
the Hawaiian government. As yet, however, we
have heard of no sales having been effected, al
though several of our leading merchants have
Bent m proposalsit being understood that gov
ern roerft terms are still such as not to induce
- In reriewing this matter of the improvement
of Honolulu harbor, the conviction irresistibly
fLrcen itaei upon the mind that the work has all
teen comtavicid at the wrong end, and has only'
served to embarrass our already limited finances.
We say at the wrong end ; lor the improvement
of paramount importance needed in our harbor,
and upon which all tho other works materially
depend for the enhancement of their value, is the
deepening of the channel to the sea, so as to ad
mit of the entrance of ships of war and other
large vessels. The vital importance of this mat
ter has been repeatedly brought to the notice of
our government by foreign naval officers of high
rank, and others qualified to express an opinion,
hut as yet little more than idle talk has been the
result. If, instead of expending its means upon
those works which have been accomplished all
very proper and important in their course mea
sures had been taken to procure a properly quali
fied person from either Europe or America, to
take the contract for deepening the mouth of the
harbor. Honolulu would to-day have been in a
situation to become the head-quarters of the Brit
ish and American fleets in the Pacific Ocean
& consideration to our commerce second only to
that of the visits of the whaling fleet. The valne
of real property in this city and elsewhere would
at once rise tinder the stimulus ef permanently
increased business, and the Waikahalulu lots
would be worth more as they were, with two feet
of water all over them, than ean be realized now j
after a large expenditure. As it is, this subject
of deepening the channel, the importance of j
which cannot be over-estimated, must be indefi-,
nitely postponed, unless a second attempt under
favorable auspices should meet with better suc
cess than the last in raising a foreign loan.
NOTES OF THE WEEK.
The bark Fanny Major, with the mails of
March 20 and April 5, arrived . off the port just as
our paper goes to press, we snail issue an extra,
immediately on the receipt of our files.
Picxic at PcNAHorr. Azreeably to a general in
vitation from the Fort Street Church Sabbath School,
the children and teachers of the Bethel and Methodist
Schools and numerous members of the different for
eign congregations of Honolulu, assembled at Puna
hon on the afternoon of the 17th instant, for a sub
urban picnic. The gathering was quite general, and
the utmost eood feel ins prevailed. The number of
children of foreign parentage was mnch larger than
we ever remember to hare seen assembled together on
these islands on any previous occasion. Several gen
tlemen had the curiosity to enumerate, and ascer
tained that there were over four hundred present, in
cluding two hundred and fifty children, and one hun
dred and fifty adults. Such a gathering of youth
within the precincts of Oahu College, was very sug
gestive of the future intellectual condition of the pop
ulation of the islands. It. was gratifying to see some
ot the venerable fathers of the Kingdom of Hawaii as
well as the fathers of the Sandwich Islands Mission,
witnessing with evident pleasure the enjoyments of
youth. Among the former were His Excellency Gov.
Kekuanaoa, and His Honor, Judge Ii, and among the
latter the Rev. Messrs. Thurston, of Kailua, Alexan
der, Gulick, and others. At the festive scene, where
a oTeat abundance of pood things were provided and
disposed of as children know bow, the D'vine Bless
ing was invoked by the Rev. Mr. Thurston. There
was one feature of the occasion to which the managers
of the picnic, we unders'and, plead not puilty and
that was the ho'sting of the only bunting displayed
the "stars and stripes," and the cheering, which
was energetically done by the boys. We learn that
our worthy townsman. Capt. Thoma9 Spencer, who
is everywhere and always a citizen of the universal
Yankee nation," is responsible for this part of the
exercises. The beneficial effect of such little gather
ings of children are more than appear to view.
Grown people, too, are benefitted by remembering,
while watchin the innocent amusements of their lit
tle ones, the d ys when they, too, were youisj
w Oh dear to mi'mirt are thnw hMirs
When every pathway led to flowers t
Whon sticks of pepnemiln't rw'd j
A scepter's power to Fway the breast.
And heaven was rmind n whil- we fi-d
()u rk-h amitrosral ptn(Tertread H
The larie number of carriages that conveyed the
children and guests to and from the collece, was a
striking feature of life in the Sandwich Islands to-
dav. compared with some few years aeo. We learn
that there was one or two smuhes on the way back
to town, but hnmilv no one wis hurt. Heaven bless
the children !
A Rotat, Cbadi.k. We hal the pleasure last
Tuesday, of examining a very beautiful piece of
workmanship, in the shape of a cradle, prepared in
anticipation of that event upon which the hopes of
the nation may be said to concentrate the birth of
an heir to the throne of the Kamehamehas. The
body of tbe cradle is in the shape of a scallop, made
of remarkably handsome koa-wood, inlaid with rose
wood, and lined on the inside with pink and blue
satin. This is supported upon two uprights beauti
fully turned, between which it swings on pivots.
Just over the head, surmounting a scroll and acting
as a support for the mosquito bar, is a minature gilt
crown. 1 he whole is a very handsome piece of work
manship, and reflects mnch credit upon tho maker,
Mr. W. Fischer, cabinet maker. Hotel street. In this
connection we may be allowed to sate, that wc learn
Her Majesty's health continues quite good an an
nouncement which will be received with gratification.
Asivf.rsart Week. Yesterday commenced the
annual meeting of the American Missionaries, who
are collected in this city from the different stations all
over the islands. During the ensuing week the vari
ous benevolent associations have their annual meet
ings, the Hawaiian Missionary Society, the Hawaii
an Bible and Tract Societies, find the Honolulu
Sailor's Home Society, Among the many faces
which we thus annually welcome at the metropolis,
we are glad to notice the venerable Rev. A- Thurston,
the last male now living on the islands of the band of
pioneer missionaries, who in 1820, arrived at Hawaii
in me jaaaims. ionsnenng nis late severe
accident, Mr. T. is looking quite well, and we hope
he may yet remain many years in his chosen field of
usefulness. . .
A Wager Laid asd Won. An amuing instance
of the lack of amusement or of any kind of excitement
which prevails in Honolulu during the dull season,
occurred on Merchant street. Two gentlemen, who
are both extremely well and favorably known " on
Change," were conversing on the "dull times" and
the heat of the weather, when one observed, seating
himself in a wheelbarrow, that he would give a dollar
to be wheeled up home." His friend, ready no
doubt in these times to make a dollar by every fair
and honest means, at once accepted the proposition,
and, the hour being noon, under a broiling sun, the
feat was accomplished and the dollar earned. One
might say well-earned, for the distance to be tra
versed was about half a mile, and the relative sizes
of the trundled snd the trundler were as big" to
Doo Porsosnto. A fine watch-dog, belonging to
the premises of R. Clouston, Etq.t Agent of the Hud
son Bay Company, was poisoned on Sunday morning
last. The object was probably theft, but was not ac
complished. Twenty dollars reward has been offered
for the detection of the parties. A good watch-dog is
a valuable auxiliary in Honolulu. We recommend,
however, a law to authorize the killing off the scores
of wretched curs that throng the streets, apparently
without an owner.
The Johji Yomto. This little schooner, which for
the past year, under the command of Likeke, has
maintained a good reputation for the dispatch and
regularity of her trips between Honolulu and Koloa,
Kauai, has been withdrawn for a season, in order to
be re-caulked and coppered. Capt- Likeke, who is
also the owner of the vessel, is a noteworthy instance
of a successfully industrious Hawaiian seaman.
Good Sailing. The staunch schooner Mary,
i Capt, Berrill (she is one of the old-time clippers) on
' . . . . TT " t .1 Al A
her last trip irom aiwamw raaue uic passage iu
Honolulu in seventeen hours, during which she was
but two hours in running from the east to tbe west
end of Lanai.a distance of VI miles. We recollecfthat
in the month of November, 1856, she once made the
run from Honolulu to Kawaibae in thirty hours.
Circuit Court at Lahaina. The May term of
the Circuit Court for Maui and the adjacent islands,
adjourned on Monday last, having been in session one
week, Judge G. M. Robertson, of the Supreme Court,
presiding. The calendar was an unusually large
one, comprising sixteen criminal and eight civil
cases. Oar limited space forbids an extended list,
but among the criminal cases disposed of we notice
seven indictments for perjury, two for polygamy,
one for house-breaking, two for assault and battery,
and one for furnishing spirituous liquors to natives.
We may remark that the latter was not proven.
Vocal and Instrumental Concebt." In these
" piping times" of dullness it is gratifying to learn
that we are promised a musical treat by some of the
lady and eentlemen amateurs of Honolulu. The con
cert is fixed for Thursday evening.the 27th instant, in
the Fort Street Church. When we recollect the "con
cord of sweet sounds" that erewhile delighted our
ears at an amateur concert in the same place, we are
led to anticipate an evening of enjoyment. Who don't
love music, and hope to see it appreciated ? Then,
gentlemen, secure your tickets.
" The man that hath no music in himself
Nor in not moved with concord of sweet sounds,
Is fit fur treasons, stratagems and spoils ;
The motions of his spirit are dull as night.
And his aff-ctlons dark as Erebus :
, Let no such man be trusted"
No, not even by his washer woman !
Rascally and Chcel Mr. M. XL Webster's sta
ble was entered one night last week, and three
horses taken out and ridden unmercifully, appa
rently all night, and then turned adrift. When
found in the morning, they were covered with mud,
their backs swollen and raw, and one of them a
favor'te trotter was completely ruined from rough
usage. One circumstance may be mentioned, which
in any other country besides this would be considered
unaccountable that is, that one or more native con
stables are stationed all night on the opposite corner,
within a few feet of the stable, with lanterns, but
who profess to have seen nothing of the transaction.
Mr. Macfarlane, the owner of the horses, promptly
offered twenty-five dollars reward f r information
which might lead to the detection of the perpetrators
of the outrage, but without success.
AxoTnra Flag-staff. One peculiarity about
Honolulu streets is the number of flag-staffs one sees.
Each public house or hotel has its pole, on whieh, on
holydays, the bunting of different nations is displayed.
Then there are the consular flag staffs, we cannot
undertake to say how many the fire companies, and
not a few even belonging to private parties, who take
this method of displaying their fancy or advertising
their business. On holydays, the city presents a
gay appearance with every variety of colors streaming
to the wind. The last flag-staff erected was by that
useful and praiseworthy organization, Honolulu
Engine Company No. 1, in front of their rooms on
Kins street. The pole is 80 feet in height, and was
a pift from government, which very properly takes
every opportunity of encouraging the fire companies.
A set of flags, the work of tho fair hands of some of
our townswomen, have also been presented to the
More Emulation. There is no fear that the inter
est of members of the Rifles will soon decline, so long
as such a spirit of emulation exists in the corps. We
learn that Lieut. T. Spencer wi h his usual liberality,
has ordered a splendid gold medal, which at the
expiration of three months he proposes to present to
that member of the corps who shall be declared to be
the most proficient in the manual of arms. Two other
medals silver ones, have been ordered by Lieut.
S. and other members of the corps, which it is propos
ed to shoot for on the next occasion when the compa
ny turns out for camp duty.
Liquor Stealing. The Merchants Exchange Ho
tel was broken into some time last Saturday night,
and several dozen bottles of liquor abstracted. Dur
ing the past few months, the Commercial Hotel has
been similarly entered in the nijrht time and liquor
and money taken away the latter however in small
pondenee of the Commercial Advertiser.)
Panel sit the ('ss frinisnnl. .
63. Traditions of ancient intercourse with other Islands or
cou'itris and how the early navigators managed tlieir vessels
and directed their courses f
I have been told by competent eye witnesses that
the islands themselves used to float about the Pacific
Ocean, visiting different countries, but of late years
they appear to be stationary, having been connected
together at the bottom by the nfvages of the coral in
sect. 63. To whom the ownership or lordahip of tne land liclongsf
George the 3d and Vancouver.
7C. Have the waste or uncultivated lands any proprietor f
The island of Kahoola we has one.
71. Could any adequate provision be made In land for the es
tiblixhmeiit of purleh churches and schools, and if so, in what
Yea. First by the black cassocks, then by the
union of Church and State.
72. What numtK-r of churvhes and schools would be required
Only one, the King's church. Schools might bo
omitted, and the money appropriated to military pur.
73. Causes f the decrease in the population f
The principal cause of the alarming decrease in the
population is the want of soldiers to protect them.
7t. Mode in which the young children are taken care of. fed
and trained, with suggestions for improvement?
Young children arc very much neglected. They
should be kept in calabashes covered up, until they
are three years old, then led out and put into the
water to learn to swim, after that they must have a
few lessons on hula. From this time until they are
of age the boys are to be made to work on plantations
and the girla placed under the restraint of my new
75 Bst means of preserving and improving the native race
and rendering them industrious, moral and happy f
1st. By admitting all intoxicating liquors free of
duty. 2d. By the erectioa of Royal Hotels in place
of low beer shops. 3d. By crossing the -reed. 4th.
By reviving all the ancient customs, practices and
games. Aud 5th. By asking questions.
78. Amount of native contributions during; the year, towards
religion and education. ditiniruih'ng the objects for which they
are made and how much in cash. In Ubnr. In provisions, in man
ufacture., presents or anything else, the v:ilur of which can be
estimated, and whether made voluntarily or by requisition f
About two millions of dollars supposed to be con
tributed at the Stone Church every quarter for reli
gion, one-half in cash, the other half in labor, besides
provisions for the whple congregation. The amount
in manufactures unknown, but, including presents,
is presumed to amount to not far from 812.000,000
annually. Schools are entirely neglected. AH these
contributions are by requisition, in fact, compulsory,
77. Number of Uolators or heathen still remaining f
All the inhabitants in the district may be consid
ered as heathen except one.
' 73. Computation according to tradition, or other evidences, of
the greatest population that ever existed in the district t
Capt. Cook is the only authority, q. vide.
79. State of the district as to mendicity or want f
There is a great want of good liquor at present,
people drink so much water that they are never happy
except they go to sea. Mendicants throng the gov
ernment office continually.
So. Statistics of crime, misdemeanor and vice arising from the
use of Intoxicating liquors, whether amongst natives or foreign
ers, with remarks .-'..
Referring to question 79. PuacA has only to add
that teetotalism is a crime fast fading away. He does
not think so good a creature of God as intoxicating
liquors would permit any one to be guilty of crime,
misdemeanor or vice, while under their influence.
81. Fitrte of the natives to act as witnesses. Jurors and judges,
with ideas for the better administration of Justice amongst them f
Native witnesses would be exceedingly fit to act as
jurors and judges in all cases affecting their own in
terest." Punch suggests this as an improvement. -
82. Cases of infanticide.
Very common, generally produced by withholding
toddy during the first tea days. No law can reach
these cases. - : . -,
83. Cases of adultery f "
These cases are exceedingly rare.
85. Cases of violation or rape 1 ', ; "
86. Coses of unnatural crimes T
Said to be the principal occupation of native ohurch
members. ' - " r; ,-'-.
87. Cases of venial prostitution, that is. where husbands urgs
Ihelr wives to prostitute themselves for gain er parents their
daughter r : - - - - . - ' I
Punch thinks such cases are to be found, although j
; as yet his search has not been attended with any
great success. Only one husband and three parents
have agreed upon the terms offered. - -
88. How far In tbe present state of the natives, trial by Jury is
the best mode of admiuisterins; justice that could be adopted.
By no means the best mode. A far better is the
old mode where the word of the chief was the law for
89. now far it would be agreeable to Oie natives tnd contribute
to the ends of justice end rood morals, as well as mutual har
mony and good will, that where natives are either phdntiffs or
def mianU, the cases should be decided by juries composed ex
clusively of foreigners ?
Of course the natives would be too happy to com
mit their all into the hands of foreignersthey gen
erally do so. v
CO. How tar the native chiefs oppress the natives and the best
means of preventing the evil?
Oppression is fast increasing; the native chiefs ac
tually take the bread out of the mouths of the natives.
The best way of preventing tbe evil is to give thei
poi, it is not easy to pull at.
91. If there would be danger of rillace by the natives in the
event of foreign vessels being stranded on the coast r
The greatest danger. Nothing but a standing
army could prevent it.
93. What local measures exist for securing life and T roller tT
unuer sucn circumstances F
Most of the natives have life-preservers, or mus
kets, and they could secure the property in boles
along the sea coast, and cache the heavy articles.
93. What evils have resulted from the Introduction of forelrn
sailors, runaways, and erhaps bad characters, amongst the
natives, aud what evils would the practice be likely to lead to?
One great evil is their watering the liquor, the
practice of which leads to a seafaring life. .
94. Suite of prisons in the districts, with suggestions f
Punch will have to defer his answer to this ques
tion until he visits tho prison, after whieh he will
give a report, provided a supply of paper arrives in
95. What public imnrovements are wanted with surrestions
and calculations of the expense ?
A large deal table, twelve acres long and about
three acres broad, on which to place the archives of
the Foreign Office. Until a suitable building can be
erected to cover this, it can be protected by Ahe De
partment of War and Navy. Expense only $2000.
96. Would it be practicable and beneficial to introduce the
Enulish lanvnage entirely, as opening to the natives a wide field
of science, with suggestions ?
Very practicable. Enact a law making it felony to
use any other, and cut all the tongue-tied babies.
You must ljegin wiih the children. Such a course
would open a wide field of science.
97. What mode of raisiin? a revenue for the King and public
purposes would be most effectual, least burdensome to the na
tives and most conducive to their prosperity t
A loan by all means half a million to begin with.
Dredging out harbors, filling up shallow water, mak
ing wharves, raising sheep, searching for new islands,
detecting robbers and the new Tariff.
9S. What progress Imve they made in the mechanic arts, snd
In agriculture, and what are the best means of promoting both t
Punch thinks there has been a great improvement
in the direction of a cow's tail. Fine sounding drums
are made from cocoanut trees, great improvement in
the art of ship building, making canoe paddles and
agricultural speeches. The best means of promoting
both is chirography.
99. What taxes or public burdens do you know to he Injurious
to the natives, and in what way are they injurious t
Taxes to support religion (sec 76). They are inju
rious by their effect upon the missionaries, making
them purse-prond, fat and overbearing.
100. Wh-t number of natives do you believe, from your dis
trict, are away in foreign ships f
Two or three dozen.
101. Is it beneficial or prejudicial to the islands to allow of
their so serving on hoard of foreign ships J . ,
Ever since the practice commenced the islands have
been steadily increasing in size and value.
102. If capitalists should apply th-Ir capital to any consider,
able extent, to the purposes of agriculture, could they depend
upon a sufficiency of native labor, and at what wages per day ?
Punch has found out, after applying his capital to
a considerub'e extent to the purposes of agriculture,
that he can depend upon a sufficiency of native labor
at two cents and three mills per day. -
10J Number of souls that could be fed by one square acre of
land, of averaje quality, in the district if cultivated for ts.ro.
H w many crops of taro in succession can be raised from the
same plot of land, and how many years the land requires to lie
fallow, before it recovers itself
About nine hundred and six. One crop generally
succeeds another on the same land, not always. Fal
low ground recovers in twenty years.
104. Number, constancy and copiousness of rivers, streamlets
or lakes in the district, and fiicilities of increasing the supply of
water for ajrricultunil or manufacturing purposes by dams,
sites for applying water power to mills, Arc. ?
Punch is tos busy to go about much, bas heard of
the Salt Lake, thinks it is somewhere near Capt.
Meek's, or in the Mormon Territory hopes tbe resi
dents won't dam up the water-p'pes any more here
after. 105. If the natives use, or could beneficially use any kind of
se.i-wee.l, lime or othT immure to fertilise or restore the soil,
and whnt facilities of obtaining such manure rxist '
The late agricultural triumphs have exhausted the
supply of seaweed. The natives are depending on
guano from the new govefnment discoveries to restore
106. How mnrh per cent- in the district, wheat. Indian corn,
oat-i, rye. barley, lieans, peas and other grains yield and so of
Two per cent, per month, secured by mortgage.
107. ljnes tunine ever prevail in the district, and If so, from
what caunes, an 1 how is it to be avoided ?
Famine prevails in this district during the spring
and summer month, owinj to the great influx of
Representatives of tho people, and may be avoided by
overthrowing the Constitution.
10S. -What kind of st-me, or wools exist, fit for purposes of
house, ship-building or cabinet making, that could 1 exported
at a cheap rate, meutining if possible, the prices at the nearest
The only kind of stone suitable for cabinet making
is a Scotch stone, or pebble, which could" not be ex
ported at any rate it costs high.
109. What pasturage or other land could be Improved by the
introduction of foreign grasses, and what grasses f
Not to speak generally, there is a small pasture
that would be materially improved by the introduc-
I tion of any kiud of grass, native or foreign. This
matter will come up before the R. II. A. Society.
1 10 Hue much butter and cheese could be made, and at what
' I fear none can be made from milk produced in
this district, the cows drink a great quantity of water,
which weakens the milk.
111. What stations adjoin all round yours, and the names of
the clergymen in charge, so that I may know that the reports
exiiecteJ do not omit some stations I
Punch forgets the names of tbe clergymen in
charge of the stations which adjoin all round bis, but
is not likely to omit anything in his report, unless it
is very important.
112. How long ynu have been at the station, number of your
own family and of those of all other missionaries that may be
employed within the district
Add any information that may be considered useful.
Fourteen vers. Family twenty-two. Those of .
other missionaries of my persuasion too numerous to
mention. . - ;
TH moot nwful information that can be added f '
the price of soft soap, which is rapidly rising. Punch j
advises those who are in want to apply immediately, j
113. What moral or improving effect upon native females, the
number and care of their children, has their marriage to while
A very great improvement. 1 The females are muc
improved in color, they generally wear ear rings and
their children have blue eyes. j
114. What difference is observable in the character, for better i
or for worse, of the half-breeds as compared with the pure ua-
lives f j
White men generally take their wives for better or .,
for worse and the half breeds do the same. There
don't appear to be much difference in character in
this regard. '
115. Does the ratio of annual Improvement of the natives, in
crease as they advance in civilisation that is, is there a greater
advance made now In a year, than there was ten or twenty years
ago, or does it appear that they are only susceptible of improve,
ment to a certain state, where they remain stationary 1
Their improvement in morals and temperance has
outstripped their civilization and draws the strength
out of it The ratio of annual improvement increases
from day to day. Very little stationery remains on
116. Have fhe natives generally, who are church members,
become in reality, such Christians, as to understand and regard
the obligations of an oath, the same as other Christiana, and
would an oath have the same effect upon their conduct I .
Other Christians swear a good deal in this district;
the natives are beginning to take oaths in English,
and it may have the same effect in a few years.
- ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS IX 1833.
117. What number of foreign Mormons exist In yewdistriet
what number of native converts, and what has been taw effect
of the Mormon creed on the moral and industrkan habits of their
said converts f : . : f -
They are innumerable. Punch sees them in his
dreams but cannot count them. Seldom seen in the
day time. The effect of the Mormon creed is to in
crease, very materially, the fees reported ondir c
tion54. ' ' - - - : : -
llg, "Bellevlns; It to be altogether impossible to preserve ' s
native race in existence so long as the native Haa eo. j,
to be unchaste, what means ean you suggest in aid of parental
authority or otherwise, to prevent (hem, and especially those
that are young, from resorting to the seaports, where their fan.
mediate contamination is a matter of certainty t ,
Punch suggests the enactment of a mild and pa
ternal law, requiring all the native females to be tied
to the bed post when at home and wear a poke when
ever they go out. He trusts a great deal to the excel
lent example of the government employees and cour
tiers which effectually bars all hope of those females !
finding employment when they resort to the seaport
towns. .,- : , '. ' . ;a . - . : :
119 In wh it respect do you consider tli- natives improve-!,
and in what deteriorated, si-tce tlie dtte of t replies to the 116
questiiMiHcJivuhited- y mo in lM6,nd puhhijlid alonx with my
Kuimrt t. the Lcyisiarure of 1S1A, addiug explanutlons of the
Causes t '
As 116 questions is to 122, bo is the answer.
120. Supposing a Bank of deposit and discount established In
Honolulu, with branches in all the islands, could pecuniary ad
vances to the natives, on the security of their lands, crops and
cattle, lie saf4y made, and would those advances stimulate their
Industry, and promote the nauonal wealth f rr ': , '
A bank is a great institution, admirably adapted
to these islands, where such wonders are accomplished
on paper, and where a'gold and silver currency is so
expensive and difficult to be' procured.' Advance In
paper money would doubtless improve the national
wealth. ,-.v-' ?
121. What has been the effect nrmo nativw Industry, of the
law allowing natives to acquire and hold laad in Pwa Simple,
and what that of the law admitting denizens, and even aliens to
the same privilege I -'.
A prejudicial effect, both laws have. Denizens and
even aliens appear to suffer the most. Fee simple
titles are invariably injurious and to be deplored. ;
122. What customs, exercises, divenions or aanssements exist
anion? the natives prejudicial to virtue, religion, health and in
d us try J
Psalm singing, praying, going to church,' contri
butions, tea parties, wearing bonnets and petticoats
generally. These things will soon be out of fashion.
Another prejudicial custom is voting at the polls, and
appears to be on the increase.
Pamela Advocates Halate.
Ma. Editor : I always read the Polynesian with
pleasure and profit. It does me good, enlightens my
understanding, Improves my morals, and satisfies my
The leader of Saturday last on tbe hula, afforded
me a great deal of comfort, where he begins by saying:
" To teach little groups of Hawaiian girls to stand up
and recite or chant their native songs, or to patter
about with their feet, and gesticulate with their arms,
whilst a chorus of men sitting behind them make a
deafening noise with their voices and beat with the
palm of their hands upon the polished gourds, tbe
precise time kept by all the performers being the
most remarkable feature in the whole matter."
Now, Mr. Editor, what can be more innocent or
delightful than all this? What pretty little songs
they must be ! I wish you would ask the Polynesian,
" Please, sir, translate these sengs for your readers
edification; the foreign ladies would be glad to hear
them. What modest little gesticulations ! What a
comfort it would be to have a daguerreotype taken of
some of the most enchtJhting attitudes ! " Please,
in-, will you ask Mr. lowland to take a few pictures.
stereoscopes would be preferrfeUsgaathfa
both sides ?" I would pay any price for a stereoscope
of some of the gesticulations; and if he would put in
the kissing, at the moderate charge of one rial, it
would greatly enhance the value of the picture.
We hear that Moanalua, which used to be their
stronghold, is recently clearel of its votaries," &c,
What a pity ! That land belongs to the. U?";
the Interior. " He has gone further the Minister
and published a disclaimer, to the effect that no
license to dance has ever issued from his office, and
that no law of the King has invested him with power
to authorize any such establishment These disclaim
ers are dangerous things, when carefully worded. It
appears from the tenor of the editorial in the last
Polynesian that we are soon to have another, couched
in the following language :
I, A B., proprietor of the land called Moanalua,
solemnly declare, upon my honor, that I am not, and
have never been, a patron of the hnla. That I never
graced one with my presence; that I never invited
any guests, officers of the English or American navies,
or any residents, ladies or gentlemen, to attend them;
that I never have, will, or can receive a pig,
from each new dancer, or a present, guerdon, dou-
cenr. or gift from the proceedsof any hula whatsoever, i
I dislike the hula; am opnoaed to it on principle, and
never might, could should or would have anything to
do with it whatever."
There is reason to fear that this document, as soon
as published in the Hae Hawaii, may have a ten
dency to cause " tbe little pattering feet" to cease,
the harmonious gourd to lie idle, to the everlasting
grief of your respected friend Punch.
The ComiBfrrisI tets Lectured.
Mr. Editor : The writer has been a subscriber to
your paper, and an attentive reader of it also, from
its first appearance.
He thinks, that by calling attention to various
objects of public utility, some of which have already
been acted upon by the government, the Advertiser
has established a claim to a share in the favorable
regards of this community. It seems mnch superior
to any other opposition paper, which has hitherto
appeared in this kingdom. I think, however, there
is still room for improvement in this line; and with
your permission will state wherein.
It is a pint conceded that it is not only a noble
trait of character, but wise policy, to allow to a
party or government opposed, full credit, for all its
praiseworthy acts. Now it it supposed,- from the
keenness of the Advertiser in discovering and pub
lishing what it deems failures or flaws in the Ha- j
waiian Government, that if its readers, had no other J
means of information, they would conclude the gov
ernment was flaw all over, and moreover, rotten at
the core; that it had neither done any good, nor in
its present organization, was competent to do any.
This seems to be a natural inference from tTfJ tenor of
your remarks on roads, streets, the police, schools, &c.
Now neither you nor your correspondents can be
ignorant of the fact, that in the opinion of many,
whose experience is quite as large as yours, it will
be difficult to find a nation so recently reclaimed from
gross idolatry and deep degradation, that has made
greater advances in this very point for which the
government is so unsparingly censured. Moreov
it is confidently believed, that it will not be
to fina, either in the oil wona or trie nevfeommu
ties governed by Anglo-Saxons, (whojs-sast fa f Aetr
own estimation, are Jho nearestproaoh to the
Omniscient) and whichjyMwafYti behind this people in
roads, in choolstTl especially in the prompt and
doubts this, liTrfi
u tion of justice. If any one
m glance at the annual report of
the American Trait Society, in the colporteur depart-
mentHfthe south and southwest, for 1857; and let
read what intelligent and credible Englishmen
say of some parts of the East India Company's
possessions. - - - -
The substance of what the Advertiser says, con
cerning money spent on the soldiers, I believe correct
It seems an absolute waste. But let not this, and
some other measures, that we think are not wise, so
fill our field of vision, as to exclude everything com
mendable done by the government, lest we be justly
classed with professional grumblers, who are deter
mined to be in tbe opposition. ; -
A frank, manly, but courteous opposition; tem
pered with sufficient candor to give credit wherever,
and whenever it is due, will be most likely to influ-
ence the government, benefit tbe community and
command tbe respect of all, at home and abroad,
whose good opinion is worth possessing.
Yours, pro bono publico. An Old Resident.
A Cowardly Act.
Mb. Editor Sir : I beg that you will do me the
favor to insert the following in the next issue of your
paper: ' "'.'""'-' : -
A reward of twenty dollars is offered by the under
signed for information that will lead to the conviction
of the person who, on Sunday last, poisoned a very
valuable watch-dog belonging to him.
To poison a good dog belonging to a neighbor, is a
cowardly act, because it shows that the poisoner is
afraid to face openly either the dog or his master.
If the act was commitTwith tbe view of remov
ing a' faithful guard, itbeen suoceaaful. But
there are other means of prevef tre;A, whka.
If occasion requires, win tensed.
- -n " . - . -
: wit. r.urroa : i wonder ir the editor of the P'.
Hummer vi i uc tionoiuiu Lvccum ? n
ho m ght quicken tbe ideas of those "
men ' Dy ins powers ot Vcasoning! flow he .
prove before that body the fallacy of the My"..!
'two and two make four." It may not bA
" vapory conception " that steam is made frora water"
neither is it mere twaddle " to assert that the
produces heat. Ii it not as plainly seen that rum pro.
duces drunkards? To most understanding tlif;,
evident; but logic, in the sophistical effusions of the
editor, who is such a master of the art, may bring
the minds of people to the conclusion that there is no
harm in moderate drinking, so severely condemned
by the Catholic, the Methodist, and other churches
in America and that drunkards do not come from
. this class of drinkers. But he has not told ns where
they do come from. Pet baps he will say there are
;no drunkards among us, and that there hare been
.one. But if it is admitted that there are some
of this unfortunate class on the islands, the question
arises, how came they so ? Were they drunkards
born, not made ? ' Or did they commence with the
social glass, and strong in their conscious feeling of
youthful buoyancy, sure that fAey could "take.'
glass or let it alone ?" Did the drunkards x-T
once from boyhood to the gutter? '
It may be interesting to know where the next f
eration of drunkards will come from. It is tw'
die " to assert that those who retain the odious sc(
of cold water on their breath ean become the de
tees of Bacchus. But let them swallow the logic
the Polynesian, and they may soon become lit ear '
dates.to share the fate of tens of thousands who nr'
intended to become anything more than mode
drinkers, but who, once fairly on the stream,
how overshot the mark, as thousands will ye'
Amazing ! " Yes, it is amazing that men are
warned by the experience of others, who In ti
" awful position " have, by words of solemn Imp
and their untimely end, warned their fellow mer
the rook on which they were oast away. And
not still more amazing that men will enlist thei.
ents in the task of proving that there is no danc
moucraie annKing inat a ran Kara s court eofne
The writer sneers at the idea advanced that 1.
selling is not respectable. Respectable or not, ho
curse seems to follow the traffic ! Many years agrl
wiuvcu. 'u u'.nu nun inn givetn nis neigli
bor drink, that puttest thy bottle unto hfm, and
makest him drunken also," and that ' wo " wag
not pronounced in va'n. Who are more liable to
fall victims to intemperance than those who year
after year furnish tbe poison to their fellow men ?
Yours, kc, Y.
Mr. EDiYOFwCan you tell an old resident by what
autruirirJn:nvernment officer, that receive thr
dollars per annum, for services as President
of the Board of Education, accepts the presidency of
nn incorporated company, speculates in . lands, finds
plenty of time to devote to the guardianship of indi
viduals, eto., eto., etc., while, according to statements
made in the last number of your paper, it would ap
pear that the Intellectual and moral requirements of
isi ng generation are in a most unhealthy condi
Can you inform me what is the expense per head
of feeding each prisoner, confined in. the prison at
Leleo, who is the purveyor, and what is charged for
the same i Also.the per diem allowance of food of each
prisoner, and whether or not it is furnished in accor
dance with the requirements of an act entitled "Pris
ons: Tlieir Government and Discipline," published
A. D. 1852.
Would it not be well for the next Legislature to
authorize the government to pnt op to pnblic compe
tition, under proper restrictions, all contracts for gov
ernment supplies, as is done . in all other civilized
countries, after reasonable published notice of the
requirements of the several departments ?
The Fowl Disjeaae.
Mr. Editor : For the benefit of your numerous
readers, I will endeavor to pen a few lines upon the
disease of hens, which is very prevalent snd very
fatal in this country. It is known by the name of
roup, catarrh, or swelled beads ; it is shown by fever
ish symptoms, swollen eyelids, frequently terminating
in blindness, rattling in the throat, and temporary
strangulation. . These symptoms are accompanied
with a highly offensive watery discharge from the
month and nostrils, loss of appetife, and much thirst
The fowls should be placed near the fire, their
heads bathed in warm castile soap-suds, or milk and
water made blood warm, and stimulating food, as
flour or barley meal, : mustard and grated ginger,
mixed and forced down their throats.
I have found this treatment to be effectual in their.. .(
speedy restoration. . This, like many other diseases, V-
is contagious, and when it appears, the birSShoeld ,
be at once separated from the flock These few cC
remarks, Mr. Editor, I hope will be beneficial tosomrw"
of tho fair fowl dealers of this country, or any otberi
where the disease is prevalent Yours, &c.
J. W SL-ti-xr
Mr. Editor : To 1 10 add the 15th
letter of r.
SWl twW AtA .1 I B- AiV B
3T Why would a certain Honoln'sstTTter for tho or
Pres- make a good boatswain ?fcau9ft he is always "r
on hand with Ins pipe I S el
' CW Why are thJnmlu auctioneers like high- r
wayincn I Becnhey are alwiys willing to knock
a person dov
tf-'-Vi Consider ourselves responsible for any
oonaet rwbioh roy result from the above at.
Newspaper; The Dollar JVewvpiper gives
lers the following insight into the internal
economy of a newspaper office. It says :
'" There is a vast deal of labor on a newspaper.
Every line is first conceived and put down in writing,
letter by letter. It goes to the editor for the editor,
be it known, is not' the writer of any considerable
poriion of newspaper matter published and is read,
word by word, with such amendment in manner and
form as his wisdom may suggest, and as may best
preserve consistency in the publication over which he
presides. It then goes to tlie hamls or theco i poKitor, .
who, type by type, puts it into the metal substance . 4
from which impressions may be taken. In this shape m v
it falls into the hands of the proof-reader, who, read- x
ing aloud, compares it word by word with the
original copy, scrutinzing each line, and marking all
errors for correction. Then it goes into the hands of
aipnauer. 10 oww aaa inc same, ani to oovr
1 1 the letter B. The whole may be found in thiy-Lt
Polynesia n office. Yours, -dPi
the corrector, who, to be sure that his work is per- 1
fectly ' done, takes another impress ion, called a jK
" revise," which is compared with the " proof," to Jr I
see mat an ine errors marxexi nave oeen i.wuiumj
corrected. This done, the imposer of forms, or fore
man, receives it, and lifting from 40 to 50 lines at a
time, disposss of it, according to its character and
purpose, in the several long columns as it ""bee
quently appears in print. When earefullf arranged
and adjusted in columns, great skill and the closest
care alt the time being required not to disarrange or
transpose any of the several parts scattered ail around
him, each page is so tightly compressed together by
wedges, that it becomes a compact mass, and so
firmly united as to be safely removed to and from the
press, without any other support than tbe pressure
applied to the foot and sides of the pages. To do tais,
. . i i, .lu .l hv the com
tn course, great, usiw mm wii vwm v . .. 4
positor to make each line of the whole of exactly the I
IT i ii i. .hare of tbe-'
aiuc loixui, aw unu it. mi . . w - . .
presnurw necessary 10 iiuiv it jf
r-m tin tk. .iff. ia to Vw made perfectly smOfri
and level, and to effect this there is passed o
fow of thai ttna a. an liar) block of wood of a 8VXH
-kib hn ttmitlr a blow of ?rJert
i... w, p, - .
force, settles any projecting type to its P' . .
All this accomplished much ef whicKyprobwy
was never thought of by one in ten of rf reAders.
but which is so a matter cf course as seem TelT
enmrnnn rdace to the nrinter the, rJal matter oi
h nsnnsniw anriM tn tha care of th
quently some distance removed froifhi composing
room. Here it Is oarerally adjust' ion the P"5
machine on which it in to be prinf i, the P"""
having prwvioosly tr.rped the-rV t which t P0
VMeeat A print, qure by quireV'v J a tub of water,
openly r : q!re removir fit from the tab.
plaoijtj uc.r, wet in the ear- way, evenly on wp
f it. ani so on cii.: the re;-: e amount has pfV
Crtr-a Vj taA A.r lyYnj In thi tM-.
JSC .wat- r(