Newspaper Page Text
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wedxesdjlt zrExtxa, jultz&.iss9.
W V scarcely known a mora lively month of July in
Veeolahi than the p resect has proved. Tb quantity of goods
4Jf baa- -fH hands la quite large. Tola activity pro-
Wly arise from th early arrival of tk first fall ship from
)katoo, and toe receipt of samples of good to arrive In August
; aad September iron England and Gennmny.
Atthoogh the retail trade eontinnea doll, yet dealer show some
wCUngnca to replenish their stock, prche,My for the reasi n that
hwa to a praapiataf we artietea bcins? scarce in the market
the earning- seispo. Papptles of certain clauses of (roods have
heretofore beta Ixd.ia from Sao Francisco, but It appears from
ceawata recently rceeired that goods of nearly all descriions
arc ejOa hi eh b) that market and atadily advancing. Many
articles adapted to Honolulu trade are reported to be 25 to 50
per cent. Liher in San t ranclsoo than here i the discntery of
the Vnaer ftrnr gold miles having- mainly contributed to this
maott, aad should the emiffratlm v the mine continue with un
seated force throajrh the summer we may yet see the, peculiar
trade of 1849 revived and whole carenes of assorted goods ship.
pad from Honolulu to California and Pujrt Sound.
Since our last we are In receipt of 15 days later advices from
the Cnited Plates East, and four days later from San Francisco,
hj the clipper ship CoJen Eayle. The : ews is not important.
From Bond's (Boston) Wool Circular and from private letters we
gvhsc that the market fur that article was not so buoyant as
c mid be desired i the lower grades of Island wool are quoted at
10c If baad sncoa parcels of higher grade invoiced, at 20c do
:Jt bear a higher quotation than the above. : t-
la Island productions there has been little or nothing doing.
The tngar market Is Inactive, with a small supply. No large
parcel af Coffee in the market. . The Faun Major is advents
l far about the Sth prox, and will take but a small freight. -
8COABS The stock of crushed is" Urge, with considerable
p Meets on the way t Sales have been made at auction of granu
mtad at 13f and crushed at 1H lfc
BSXAD So demand at present ; small sales cf PQot at aoc
Uoa at 8t tt 8fc. Large parcels are known to be on the way.
SHOES The stock of aome descriptions, inch as ladies' git
era aad light stock. Is large and the prices quite low. There is
a demand for heavy brogans, boots, ke., at fkJr prices.
DKT GOODS There was a heavy cash auction sale of cg
?ih dry goods and clothlnr, tx ' Melita, on Thursday last, at
vhfcb the prices realised are safcl to have been very liberal.
Tot sale was peremptory and the goods quite desirable.
9 Jit FRiyClSCO MARKETS.
' TctSDiT. Jnly 13, ISM.
&at few San Francisco papers were received by the Golden
Eagla at later dates than by the previ.s arrival- From the
Mt sjf the ISth and 14tbjv make a few u atin :
FLOUR Sates cf 400 qr sets Domestic at $14 ? 00 do do at
213 1 160 bbla Oallego, rejected, at $13 25 ; ISO do do $13 75
$14. -. - ----- . . --- ' -
BARLEY Sales of 730 bags, in five lots, at lc.
OATS Sales of 200 baps at He ; 100 do do at 2c
POTATOES Sales at It & lie tt)..
ONION ales at 1, 06 lie
bL GAR Sale of 600 bales China No 1. yesterday, at 9c ; at
suction, 75 do doat $S 45 fll $ J 50 ; WO do do, d:nap-d. at
tr fairs by auction terms, less than $So0. cash ? over do do,
- . 1 I 1 - . .1 ,1a tig.
aw uays I I Ml nacs .one vrasmn cuw iw ,
IS at $11 2TT ; 40 do Circle A Crushed at $11 T $14 3J;.
MOLAc 20 bbls Sandwich bland sold at 30c
' TEAS 25 chests Ftmrhong sold at auction at 3Cc.
SEfT BEDFORD OIL MJRKETJulyU
There appears very little chance from the lust rVp-jrt given.
Holders of sperm ask $1 2i; snles nvde at $1 15. Iu whale oil
we notice sales at 465lc. Wbalebuee dolL
LATEST DATES, rceeisesl at I hie Ofilce.
fanama, X. G.
e Yora - -
Loadum - - -
. Msy 13
- Mar. 11
- April IS
- June CO I Ilnickong - -
June 21 MSbotirne, Vic-, --
- June 8 i Tahiti - - - -
For 8a Faaascfcioper Famr Major, about 5th August.
For Labais per Kaimoi, W-day.
PORT Or HOIJOIsUIsU. H. I.
July "C Sch John Tonn?, RPueke. fm KrJoa.
3 eh Maul nikma, ftn MolokaL
- 23 Seb Warwick, fra Lahaina.
74 Sen Moikeiki. fm Kaholni.
2S rh Kabama, Watson, fm Hilo.
C)eh Maria. Moltenn. tmm Lahaina.
" - 2 Sen Klnnote. f-n Kora.
27 n clip sh Golden Each, Ilarding, 12 days fm San
Franciscn. with C S MaiL
27 Ant whsh Gei nowland. Pomeroy.of N B. fm Kodiack
rrmnrt. S00 bbls whale oil.
25 Sea Kamoi, Chad wick, with cargo of wheat and suesx
23 Am hk M:;ta. FnlVrs. f w porta la the Paciflc.
ft Sch Jnbn Ywz. ft Kaoai.
U Sch .vci.tn Kauai.
14 9eh Marr, ft Eswaihae.
14 Asa sch L P. rosier. M'w. for Port Tjwoseod, W. T.
24 Brifr Erara. Bennt. f So Prancisco.
23 -Srtj l -: Wi, for Khului.
2 5eh Kalama. Waters, for Lahaina anl Hi!o.
51 Sch Kimx-, for Kooa. IlawaU.
Floop Laannt. for KaniL
2 Uaw brijc Advance, EnpUsh, for Tarmlnjr'a Ilanl.
Rrpart ! Crsnr Tfwlal.
fhjm spnkea sM tttard frrra on the Kwtiaek Ground, np to
'lay 23 Ocmn!r-. tlrxrtown. . Own.
23 Trie, Sew Ifcrlfbnl, - ... 1 Whale.
J re 1 ISsra, Grweoport. - Oan.
1J BrookTyn, 5rw London, - - 3 WhaW.
1 TZteetrs, - "
S Georra A Sasan, Sew Bedford, - S "
30 Rainbow. 7 u
23 RoVrt tdwarda, - Oan.
24 Gote, Bremen. - - 2 WaW.
C5 Adrl!ne G!Va. Talrharen, - - Oan.
3ft rnfos, Paj Hirtor. - - 1 Wr.al.
i.7 Cootrtt, Srw Bedfrd, - 4 Whalea.
27 Rii pie, 5w London. - 1 .
27 CrntliBS. IIiKiiala, - - 9 -
27 BenJ. Mtrran, Sew - 3
30 Marda, Sew Bedfort, - 1 "
SO Dra par. - - - 9
Ja7 1 Fran. Palmer, Sew London, - 4
1 Arehit-rt, " - 4
I rtxrlda. Sew ndfnn, - S00 vls.
1 Lark. Sew London, ' - 3 Wha!es.
1 Tar-Jin-. Onevpnrt, - 1 Wal.
1 Tabmaroo, Palrharen, - - fl Whales.
1 Arab. . " - '- O-an.
1 Iris, Sew Imdoa. 3 Whales.
A few mora shin were he art fr-im. areracla? about three
wnalrav ' Tha whales left ahonl the first of Jnljr, and the shir
era all patthi r off ftw Bristol Bay and the Arrtlc. AbootSO
l'pi were oq UifJ rround. Weather rood, but whales rery shy.
. ..Tocn. etc. . O. P. Poxebot,
Master Bhip Geo. JTovlond.
- Brported fir tha Commercial AdTertiaer. .
. Wbalera at Talcahaaa.
prtt 10 Sh Coarser. GiflVir!, 2ft mos. 800 rp. tld to crntse.
13 h ITesper, Fterens. 4S mos, 1000 sp. 100 wh. sld hmc.
)3 Sh Pern, Eastna, SO mos, 500 sp, sailed to ernlse.
J3 Sh Sea Queen, nana-hton, 31 mos, 1200 sp, home.
19 J Kijcw, Jemegan, 19 aooa, 700 sp, ernlse..
14 Sh Dotntnro, Phmney, 43 dm, 800 rp, home.
23 Sh Cltixeo. Cash, 30 mos, 1300 sp, 100 wh, cruise.
23 Sh Caroline (Br), Beriaon. 24 mos, 2A0 sp, crnise.
May ft Sh i Loper, Ramsdale, SI maa, 450 rp, 250 wb, cr.
t Sh Ocean Borer, Veeder, 34 mos. 1S00 rp, cruise.
6 Eh Dartmouth, Tleath. 2000 wh, home.
Vt Dartmouth is last from Mairdalena Bay.
- T Of ssaal Oa at Pa Its.
iui Am wh sh Z-phyr. 50. all told. ,
1 Am wh k Pern, 500. all toM.
3 Am wh hk Aerire. 100 sp tinee last report
- 1ft .Asa wh Mr A. Ilonahton, 50 sp, 50 wh,
10 Sh Fakoon. kJO. all toM.
' 10 Sh TV a Pope. 1150 T.
13 hHyw r- lOSOsp, J50wh. . ,
" - 13 h Archer. 860 sp. f V
13 Bk Catalpa, 120 sp since Tearing Talcahnaao.
Xay 30 Northward) Am wh sch R. A. Lace. 60 sp.
20 Ship Mary Wilder. 300. all Md.
- CO Bk Chile. M sp, 140 Mackflsii. Pan. Stmr.
Arrived at Sew Bedford, June 5 Ship Triton, White,
Lahaina; Sot 4, took 180 bbls sp on the passage; 11th, Callao,
nowtand haeaa So 17i 11, bk Gratltode, Cornell, Lahaina,
-Sowl4.- V " " ' ' '
ty Baaed from Xew Bedford, for North Pacific Ocean, Jnne
tl. ship Daniel Webster, Bellows; 12th, ship Gladiator, Lace,
far Hooorahv. r '
' XT The ahip Modmrm Tim had been placed on the line of
H. A- Pe4rces nooomla Packets, to san from Bost-m for Hooo
!oht In the tetter part of Ja'y, She win touch at Tahiti.
XT The Fortena, from Liverpool for Honolulu, was obliged
t pnt back, fcii ahipped aheary sea, breakine- the mate's
Hf and dota other damage. She sailed araln May 23.
Or Capt. ilk P- .Teahallow', at Sew London, bad purchased a
aeasoaer.aaia to kwfortheSaaawiah Island trade, but wa on
Jeritaad sha Is tatenied to succeed the Caroline, tor soma time
leader to tha' India, la the Ochotsk Sea.
VESSELS IM PORT-ari-.T t8.
. dlimer tS WdW EAgte, ITaHInr.
Am enpprr aip irK w, uair.
AaWk Tvay Major, Tty. "
ir wh ah Ceo ZfovUod. Pwneroy. tying iff and n.
9mm. BUAnu-f)f Mary, July 3-W0 bW M da
potatoes. 1 voat, all Ullow, 300 kUca, 3 batkick, M
im J kegs ntfttar. '.'.'"
. Tram Hnar- BUUma. July S 90 bat eoff, 1J hU,
14 tmEn rX ilui, ii bU yra, 1J.12 baa iafr, 30 boU mo-
- - - - I nil Imi4 nM.
rroKI-outi JUriJaly t-4
'KliimUi ialy -U cowto flrrwood, 1M0
bacSM aad pot. nfi, w otck fmw
Ham a bt Kimot. Jn.y M 1000 tmhrt wbcat, 10
Mali pork, 1 baa oat. 20 knri tut". 1 tinm, 1 boira. - - ;
far sUarxri per MoUciki, Jul 241000 It lumber, 10 butts
Wv tram, U pk( abooka, 3 plovs, 4 roil rope, 1 pkf saab,
u pr Kalaaaa, Jaty 381209 tcts, 3 o
:j leva. io nrncx
la Expected frana Freli Pari.
- Am. wh sh Phoenix, Lambert, was to leave San Francisco in
July for this port. : - ':
Am. ship Modern Times, of 11. A. Pieree'a Line of Packets,
wonhl leave Boston for Honolulu, via Tahiti, in July.
Br brig Recovery, Mitchell, Is now due from Victoria, V. l,r
Am ship Last. Dapgett, 350 tons, will be due from San Fran.
Cisco shortly, and will sail for Hupet Sound.
Am ship John Marshall, Pendleton, with cargo of guano, from
Jarvts Island, due July 80th.
Am. bark Young Orcek, Tny kw, of nerce's Line, sailed trora
Boston for Honolulu direct. June 1.
Am. ship Mountain Wave, Harding, tailed from Boston, la
Pierce's Line of Packets. My 20. for Honolulu direct '
Am. ship Uladiator sailed from New Kedford June Ltth, fortius
Br. lark Portcns,' McOowan, sailed from Liverpool, 'J! ay
23. for Honolulu, with merchandise to R C J anion.
The clipper ship Syren, 1085 tons, had beeu purchased by
Messrs. Hunnewell k Brewer, to take &e place of the John Gil
pin In the Sandwich Islands line of packets sailed from Boston
direct May 20, cwiened to C Brewer 2d.
The ship Harriet k Jessie, Gray, sailed from New Bedford for
Honolulu direct. loy 19.
Punish hark Candace was to sail from Haml'iir In April, with
men-hiindise to H. Hackfeld k Co due here in Auirust.
The following vesselt- are expected at this port In October, to
load oil : From San Fr:nctco chips Anglo baron, Uoiarn
Vitp and Rtulttga. From . Sydney Ships Mary Jtobinron
ami ffafhintom Allnton.
For Poars is nta Pacirtc per Slelita, July 23 8 casks, 2
cs, 1 cart, d chain cables. 941 bags, 55 baskets, 8 boxes, 254
P. Ss Faascwco per Emma, July 24 100 bh provisions,
10.000 M-s pulu.
For I'nsTLio rx-r L. P. Foster. July 21 173 bbls Hawaiian
beef, 1$ kers sanr, 6 bb!s tallow, 30 jackasses.
CO AST w IS a.
From VkBt.lt h per Maria, July 261 King and one child.
Mi's Jxne Lowers, Miss M.iry Osrtwrigtit, Miss Luce, Miss
Moxler. 1 Clilnam:in, and 4 on deck.
Fmm Hilo per Kal.una, July 25 Capt J Vorth, 2 China
men, anl 27 on d-ck.
From Lahaixa per KamoL July 1 Mr K Armstrong and
For Ko5i, Hawaii per Rinoole, July z A. U. Thurston,
and 25 on deck.
For PoTtxn per L P Foster! July 24 J D Mills, 8 Downs,
A Wheeler, R. McDowell and wife, P McOilinis.
Tn this citv. on Friday evening last, the wife of II. J. H.
IIoMsworth, Csq-, f a son.
In Honolulu, Jnly 231, at a quarter past one o'clock. A. M.,
the Wife of l. Frick. LL.H. sft. r a long and han-nssing iilneos.
The deceased was a French lady, born at Stnisnour?, and about
63 j-enrs l. She wm the mother of riht children, all livin.
The funeral Ci-n-m-nies were performed at the Ca:hlic Church.
; On the 11th July, at Waimej'., Hawaii, Jives Fay, Faq., N.rn
I in Envland. but for mnny y-:ir a resident of tiiis coitntrv.
! In Hartf Ct-, May 21. SrsX C..1T, wife of Henry II ill,
j Kq of Hit n, ae.1 55, mother tf our fellow townsman, K.
! P. Adams. Kq.
j In New Haven, June 3. gel '30 years, of consumption. Dr.
I Jsmes A. Ri ids Prifes of Iteiles Letters an 1 rci-iic. in
lte.l.t C.JIeee. Wis. Ir R. w-is a son of the l.tte Rev. Wm.
Uichnrl, of these islands. He diel at (he residence of his
mother in New Havea.
SPECIAL. Bl'SINESS NOTICE.
Remittances ti-r the CoVMtB'-At. Apr.TistB may he sent in
coin by mail to the pu'disher, rr thpiugh an ancnt. Back num
bers cm be supplied to such as wi?h thern. Copies fur mailing,
done up In w rapp.T, can be had nt our countor.
! Tsxus. Six Dollars per annum.
! Sincle Cojies 124 cents each,
i Boun.l rulumes, Land II. fos:iio $S per volume.
! aoKN-rs ron th roMOTwut rTrsnsKa.
C. . BAKTilW. Rq.
L. L. TOKBKKT. Esq.
Capt. J. WORTH.
r.,t. J A?. A. LAW.
TIU. II. PARIS. Esq.
Tr. J. W. SMITH.
L. P. FIpIIER, Esq.
.Vutaw. K. .Maui
; Hilo, fitrt$i
K miejith, Hawaii
j Kalan, Kauri
: St t'ranciseo. Col
- T22 PACIFIC
! THURSDAY, JULY 29.
That it is the duty of governments to provide
the means of education for all that every human
hoing that comes into the world has an absolute
i right to an education is a principle antecedent
j to all human institutionH, and incapahle of being
J abrogated hy any ordinances of man. On the
ground of political economy and of morality, the
; expediency of a pystem of puhlic free schools is
. iiily advocatei, and the shallow selfishness of its
! opponents as cosily cxpo.d. An educated peoplo
i is always an industrious and productive people.
: Knowled and abundance go hand in hand, and
; sustain to each other the relative positions .f
: cause and eSoct. Without intelligonce a nation
: cannot he wealthy, its valuation will he small,
and the f oting up of its means will be insignifi
cant. On the ground of morality, it is d'mon
; atratd that vice and crime are not only prodigals
! and spendthrifts of their own, hutdefraudersand
! plunderers of the means of ethers; seizing upon
the gains of honest industry, and exhausting the
! bounties of Heaven iU'elf, without satiating their
j appetite for new means of indulgence.
! And vet, notwithstanding these views have
j been presented a thousand times with irrefutable
I logic and with an c-lorjnenee of truth which it
i would seem that nothing but combined stolidity
and depravity could resist, there are found in
' every community th.se who grumble at tho taxes
! imposed to support that which makts property
j valuable and safe, which protects society from
poverty and vice, and prepares men for the per
formance of their social and civil duties.
No asTtion Is more frequently made by the
opponents of free popular education, than that it
doee not tend to make the individual morally bet
ter, or to diminish the amount of crime in a com
munity. Not? long since. Archbishop Hughes
had occasion in a public address to refer to the
common schools of New York, and he gave them
his archepiscopal blessing in this wise :
I "The pnblic schools of New York, under the pre
! tense of betowing the blessinsrs and benefits of ednca
j tion upon the children of the metropolis, in factooro
I municates to them the rudiments of knowledge, ac
j companied with just so much intellectual skill and
' sagacity as to enable them to ney with more success
i and greater impunity upon the community; to become
! more finished and accomplihed scoundrels, more
: - z c l . . r -. - l - ,
iDKcnmus lurccrs nun, counirnenrrs, more poiisned
murderers and assassins. The pnblic school system
was a disgrace to the civilization of the nineteenth
century; and he fondly hoped to live to see the day
when the citizens of New York would look back upon
it with shame and horror, that such a gross and
j miserable delusion could ever have been suffered to
j take possession of the public mind."
i The following statistics, gathered from the
official records of courts ad prisons in Europe
! and America, show how rash and fallacious are
J such declarations, and establish, positively and
clearly, that the ranks of crime and vice are al
most exclusively recruited from the ignorant
classes of the community ; and that precisely in
proportion as knowledge is disseminated and
education advanced, vice and crime recede. The
most accurate and reliable statistics serve to draw
a clear, distinct, and sharply-defined line be
tween pauperism and crime upon tho one hand,
and uprightness, intelligence, industry, and an
independent competency on the other: -
Of 1,12"J persons, the whole number under con
rietion and punishment for crime, in the State of New
York, daring the year 1847. '22 only had received a
common education, 10 only a tolerably good educa
tion, and 6nly were reported as well ediicated.Z.
Of 1,843 criminals so returned for the year 1843, 23
only had common, 18 a tolerably good, and 10 only
a Eood education. The whole number of Dersons re-
j turner to the office of the Seen tary of State as hav.
j ing been convicted of crime in the several counties
and cities of the State during a period of 9 consecu-
five years, from 1840 to 1848, both inclusive, as
27.54H; of these 1,182 were returned as having re-'
ceived a common education; 414 as having a 4 tol
erably good education. and 128 only as well edu
cated.' Of the remaining 26,225, only about one
half were able to read and write. The residue were
destitute of any education whatever. Of 56(5 boys at
present under confinement in tbe House cf Refuge in
the city of New York, for offences against the laws,
287, or considerably more than one-half, bad attended
school for a Deri.id lcsa than nix month. nrl 05 nniv
lr a pcrioti citrjiUK lurw yrars. aQ examination
of the Auburn State Prison, made a few years since,
gave, out of 244 prisoners, but 80 who could either
read or write, and bat 59 wbo could read well. In
the Connecticut Slate Prison but one-half of the con
victs, when committed, knew bow to write. . In the
Philadelphia, Penitentiary, oat tf 217 prisoners re
ceived oa its orgsnitatioa in 1835, 85 only could read
or writs, and most of these could do so only in a very '
In Prsaoe, during a period of svenynr. only 9
out of every 400 convicts were well educated persona,
In Scotland the proportionate uu.nber of well edu
cated people is much larger than in France; yet, in
183C, out 74 in every 400 convicts in- that country
well welt educated, while in England the number wits
but 1 in 400. The whole number convicted of crime
in a sinstle year in England and Wales was 20,084, of
whom 7.083 were unable to read and write, 10,83"
couM re.td and write imperfectly, 2,215 could read!
and write well, while only 191 were superiorly in-j
structed. In Scotland, out of Z,'JT1 convicts during
the same period, but 65 were enumerated in the lat-
ter class, aad 2,539 in the former. In the city of
Manchester, England, the police returns for the first
6 months of ; the year 1842 show that 8.841 persons)
w v v a 'aa imu a swss aw. s v " "
ther read nor write; and similar statistics are to be"
fuund in the police returns of Birmingham and Leeds
for the same year. The proportion of the wholly un
educated adults in the various pauper establishments j
of England and America is substantially the same as
thoee above enumerated in reference to conviction for
crime. With scarcely a solitary exception, the in
mates of American alms houses od pauper asylums
are destitute of even an ordinary common school edu
cation by far the greater portion of these being una
ble to read or write. c
The establishment of Free Public Schools by
the creat-hearted Pilsrrim F& rs was one of
those grand mental and moral experiments, j
whose efTects could not be developed and made !
manifest in a single generation. The boldness of i
the measure at that period, aiming at the univer
sal education of the masses, had no parallel in
the world's history. Time has developed and
ratified the soundness of the principle, and has
refuted and silenced all the arguments brought
against it. Two centuries of successful operation !
now proclaim it to have been a measure as wisel
as it was courageous, and as beneficent oe it was
disinterested. In the sixth generation from its;
founders, its unnumbered blessings are perpetu- J
ated on the Pacific coast, and in mid ocean, aj
strange race, speaking a etrange tongue, have j
reason to be grateful to God through the Pilgrim
Fathers of New England. The sincerity of our
gratitude must be tested by our efforts to per
petuate and improve the gift.
On perusing the lengthy report of the Board ;
of Education, our first thought was to pass it by
with a mere publication in our columns, and we
should have done so hw not the Government very
injudiciously aimed its attacks, in a serieB of ar-
tides lately published in its journal, against our
puMic school system and the labors of the ofEcers i
who are devoted to its maintenance. -Tt is true j
that these attacks have appeared in the form of;
inuendoes and half-oancealed sneers the out-:
burst of a latent spite entertained against educa- j
tion and those who have long been engaged in ;
the noble work. Nor is one single defensible
ground of, or one reason for, oppositionjto the ;
present system put forward by the government, ;
but labored and skulking attacks, utterly devoid '
of that manly boldness which truth inspires are, i
at evory convenient opportunity, essayed by that
journal, the continuance ot wliosa " mor.il and ;
olitioal influenc?" is considered necessary to the
existence of the Ministry, if not of the people.
The cause of popular education is too ddir ;
to evt-rv one who cherishes the moral, mnial
and political welfare of this transitive race, j
to see it tnt-nly attacked as it has Imii hv the
I government without stirring up the heart's blood
j in its defens3. The work of educating an igno-
i rant nice may lie too laborious, and may bring
forth its desired fruits too slowly to Buit the no-
tions of s.'iae who would overturn the whole svs-
tern with some Archimedian lever, in the form of
English schools, without reflecting that a chaikge
; in a nation's tongue is not the work of a day, nor
of a yrar. Under the pretext of this great bin-
J evoh.-nt reform which, though exceedingly desira-
hie, can only be gradually introduced, nnd be a
slow and expensive work, the government attacks
the whole school system. In its issue of the 26th
ult.x it says : i
"The President gives several reasons for the di-:
minution of the schools anl the schol.-irs which mani
fest d iie!f from vear to yctr ; nn'I we endorse them
all, Lut would add another which for several years .
has been increasing iu intensity and extent, without
however liny able, as yet, to throw its warning;
shedow across that sunshine of repose in which the
Department of Public Instruction is complncently :
iKifckiijg : we allude to the " hope deferred which
tnuktt'i the heitrt tick": the luiure on one side of
obt lining, through the Hiwaiian Free S.iiools under.'
the present sy?tcm, that foothold in the present, that
gru.p on the future which begefs self re!i:mce nnd.
stimulates to progress ; and the ftilure ou the other
side of appreciating that a school syteni which i
fitted like a glove to a New England State, with its !
j Puritan ancestors, its domestic training, its associa-
j tit ns nnd appliances of science nni art, would sit !
: awfully awry cn a people who was devoid of all these; '.
' and possibly the failure to perform its promises, or j
rather its keeping them to the ear and breaking them
to the sense as regards the uncertain character of'
, the schools. All these, in creatcrbr less proportions.
po to make up th.it " hope deferred," under which!
the common schools are wilting.
Again, from the issue of the 10th ultimo, we
" In oar lat we ousted the President remarks unon the in-
troilai-tloij rthe tin'lhb language in tbe Hiwaiian frw cbo!s. i
Two chUcle-ccordiiis to the Keprt reseht thei!iH:lvt' to !
a cousuuiuiaMoTu ao devoutly to be wished tor, iz. : th want of ;
mean ami the want of teachers ( ati we would beg leave to ;
uqRt the prt-bable existence of a thinl obetacW-, In the w.int j
of will to set about the work in that earnest which se'. loui faiU j
of accomplishing it objects. " Where there is m will Du re is a i
way," says the proverb : and the " seven thousand" innocents j
who the I'resldcnt apprehends would go to Gddler'a preen with- !
out any nstruction, were tho English liinciitire introduced at
once to the extent t.f the educational meons of the country u may
answer very well" far a rvport from the Hoard of Educalioo,
but wiU not be entertained ly any sober-minded njan" outside
ft that Board who can appreciate the injury done to the future
rietelnpniriit and progress of this people, t-y continuing a sys
tem of education which even a lenient criticism must condemn
as practically illustrating the old saws "A little learning is a
Cancerous thing "
So here we have it in black and white -the
ministeri.il journal considers that the present
6chool eystcm sits awfully awry on a people
devoid of all these " appliances of art and
science, and takes the same ground as the Xew
York Bishop "a little learning is a danger
ous thing," therefore, we should do away with j
our presen t schools,under the pretext tiat we might
do more for them than we are now doing. There i9
not an intelligent man in the kingdom, excepting
perhaps, the ministers, who doubts what the
President of tho Board snys, that seven thousand
children would receive very little attention for
the time being, and grow up in greater ignorance
than at present, if the native schools were
done away with at once.
Previous to the year 1841, the common schools
in the Sandwich Islands were supported, in part
by the American Board,and partly by the chiefs,
who were then a numerous body, and much in-
tercsted in the cause of education among the peo -
ple at large. The schools, however, were all un-
der the individual care and supervision of tho J
missionaries, and while these are entitled to full
credit for whatever good has resulted through
their labors, thoy must equally he held amenable
for the consequences of their omissions. No one
but will acknowledge that they have been faith
ful and untiring in their labors in building up
and sustaining the common schools. By the re
port before us, it appears that about three-fourths
of the population can read in their own language ;
and this, it is shown, is a greater proportion than
can read in several of the American states, where
a common school education is more general than
in any other country, excepting, perhaps Prussia.
Most of thoee who read, can also write their own
language, all legibly and many elegantly. In
arithmetic, to the native a favorite study, "they
particularly excel, while a fair progress has been
made in geography, history and morals. This is
a great achievement, when we consider that but
thirty odd years have passed since the first teacher
landed upon these shores. A nation has, as it
were, been born in a day, from . barbarism to
civilization. . v
But we hear the complaint reiterated that
a great and unpardonable mistake was made by
tbe teachers of the Uawaiiana on their . arrival
hero, in not commencing their instrnction in that
language " which ho opposition, no postponement
can prevent from becoming ' the commercial.
leal, scientific Bnd court language, of the coun-
try." i. A little enquiry on the part pf those who
ninke these complaints would have disclosed the
fact, that it is a fundamental rule of the Ameri
can Board in all its, missionary operations, to
commence and carry on ' instruction only in . the
vernacular of the countries which they endeavor
to benefit. -The reasons which led to the adop-
tion of this rule," will readily commend themselves
to an intelligent mind, and do not require to be
argued here. Thus it will be seen that it was
not optional with the first missionaries to have
introduced at the outset the study of the English
language among this people, had they desired to
do so, nor even at a later period, when changes
and circumstances pointed out the desirableness
of such a course. , The great North Pacific whal
ing fleet, now concentrating twice a year at the
islands and the near neighborhood of rising;
and wealthy states, scions of the Anglo-Saxon
stock, and growing to be giants in commerce
and agriculture has ; made the English ; the
business language of the -country to an extent
that could scarcely have been dreamed of in 1820.
Under this condition of things, all will recognize
j tht necessity, in order to its preservati n, that
the Hawaiian nation should, as soon as practica-
j blt he instructed in that language which only
enable them to compete with their visitors in
trade and commerce But th $ cannot be done in
day, and in this particular the remarks of the
report are sensible, and will be responded to as
correct by all who know anything of Hawaiian
education. It will be seen by the report that the
Board are of the opinion that a larger proportion
of the school revenue ought to be appropriated to
this object; and in accordance with this view, we
understand that the New Code has been framed
on this point so as to give the Board the requisite
authority to appropriate from time to tin.e such
portion of the school fund to the support of
I English schools for natives, as in their judgment
j may seem necessary and proper.
! In regard to the publication of native school
j books, of which the report says .there is great
j need, and that they will be " re-printed as far as
the funds at its disposal will allow," we hope
that as small editions as are "absolutely needed
will bo printed. An algebra and globe maps are
the only works referred to in the reiort as havine
been published during the past two years. The
Litter is what has long leen needed, is a well
executed map, and will serve our schools to some
purpose. One thousand copies have been iwued
at a very low cost.'
The report refers us to s?veral important docu
ments in the appendix, which we have looked for '
in vain. The issue of the report without the
documents alluded to, is certainly not very
business-like, but we are at a loss whether to lay
the htca of its non-appearance to the President of
the Board, or to the inability of the press to exe
By the' report, we aro informed that 2000
copies of the line Hawaii, newspaper, are issued
. "under the general direction of
the Board of
Education," and that the expense of this second
Government journal for 1S."7 amounted to $2,3S3
the receipts being $2,016 22. It will thus he
s?en that the Government supports two official
journal" one in the vernacular and the other in
the English language. Very enterprising and
liberal!. The Hac, we are told, "seems to lye
growing in popular favor." Hardly as much
can be said of the other.
The latter part of the report, which wo shall
publish next week, gives the number of marriages,
births and deaths for JS5G and '57. The mar
riage figures are probably correct, the others are
doubtless only approximate, but furnish the most
reliable data that can be obtained, in the absence
of an official census. A statement is also given
of tho births and deaths for seven years, or from
ISol to 1S-j7 inclusive. When compared with
the table given at the close of the report, wc find
several rrror3 in the figures, but correcting these
as near as wo can, the sum total of births for tho
above period is 11,714, and of deaths 22,300
leaving an excess of deaths over births of 10,640.
The j.resent population U estimated at 70,000.
We hope that the Legislature will make some
provision for taking a census. Tho Legislature
of 18-3o repealed the last census law, and no pro
vision now exists for taking one. Perhaps the
year 1S0O would be a proper period to begin, and
afterwards every fifth or tenth year.
We trust that our readers will carefully peru60
the report of the Board of Education, not merelv
because it is desirable to bo acquainted with tho
gyesent state of educational affairs in our king
dom, but because it appears to be the developing
policy of the present ministry, if tho position
assumed by the Minister of the Interior and the
Government gazette are to be taken as an index
to overthrow the present popular system of
education, under the plerLf giving way to "a
pressure of circumttances to which no other
nation was ever subjected before."
The Funeral Scrmeu.
According to previous notice, Rev. E. G. Beck
with preached, on Sunday last, a funeral eer in on
before the lionoftilu Kies in the Fort Street
Church, on th occasion of the death of their late
coinmander, lucnurd Cotrdy, Esq. Besides the
above corps in unifurm, the two Masonic associa
tions were present by invitation, occupying seats
on each side of the pulpit, while the body of the
church was filled to overflowing by tho foreign
residents. Rev. Mr. Damon opened , tho services
with prayer and reading an appropriate portion
of scriptures. The singing by the chair was
excellent, and the pieces well chosen, especially
the chant, entitled " Silent Land" a transla
tion from t.be German, by Longfellow. Prof.
Beckwith took his text from Pjalms .46 : 10, He
still, and 7;noio that I am God. In the first open
ing sentences of the discourse, the attention of
the large audience became riveted upon the
speaker, who continued to the closo to control
every eye and ear. The sermon, as a whole, was
a remarkable production, and created a sensation
in our community which no public address has
ever done before. Its extempore delivery added
greatly to its force. : Eloquent without rant, full
of vigorous and idiomatic expression, earnest,
and withal scholarly and polished, the preacher
won all hearts; and when he alluded in touching
but . appropriate terms to the void which this
Providential dispensation had made in our conv
munity, there wero few in the crowded house,
who could check tho flow of tears for their de
In his application of tho text, Mr. Beckwith
said that the news of death which last Sabbath
came from over the water, was the voice of God,
,spiking in unmistakeable tones to this commu
nity. It was as if, high overhead, an unseen hand
had tolled one on the bell of eternity, calling
men to pause in their rush and scramble after
wealth, and consider the reality, nearness and
importance of eternal thing9. And the call had
been heard else what meant this crowded
church the presence here of many a one not
wont to be seen in God's house? But men need-1
ed nothing less than that awful voice to arouse
them from their apathy and worldliness. With
out the chastening rod, they passed along through ,
life as though they had a policy of insurance from
Ileuveu against all possible loss or disaster in the
world to come.'.-' And yet every step through life
they wot walking ovw hidden graven tha very,
ground . was hollow and ecioecL benehutb;i
tramp. All, in their thoughtful CtoodenL.,
would acknowledge this, and yet their conduct
belied their convictions. '
Let us. said the speaker, take, &r a moment, a
Wsinoss-iike view of the subject, in the "shape of
an account-current between time and. eternity.
This is a pure business transaction, and the items
must le put down in order, on each side of the
account. First, on the side "of time for the
matter of years; how much shall we put down as
the duration of man's life? Twenty, thirty, fif
ty aye, fourscore, if you will. Then for riches
twenty, fifty, a hundred thousand yes, a mil
lion. For titles an earldom, a dukedom, a
crown. Now put down tfll the luxuries, and the
pleasures that art, genius or taste can invent
and pour upon the lap of wealth. Add all the
joys of friendship, the smiles and the loves of life
but do not forget in the account, for they be
long there, the tears, the griefs, the heart-pangs,
the gnawings of conscience, the burden of cares
which the rich man groans beneath. Now foot
up the items and declare the sum total. ' Eighty
years of toil and drudgery and soul groveling, ere
we leave it all and lie down in the grave ! Who
will undertake to strike the balance between all
that time can offer and a never-ending, ever youth
ful eternity of bliss, where the bouI, age after age,
grows in its capacity for enjoyment in the light
of God's countenance !
But we are unable to present more than a mere
outline of a discourse! which abounded in gems of
thought and was delivered with an earnestness of
manner that made an evident impression upon
the audience. We learn that the Rifle corps have
requested a copy of the sermon in order that it
may be printed in pimphlet form.
NOTT2S OF TUT: WEEK.
The First Whaler or the Season-. We chroni
cle the arrival of the "5rst whaler'" this year, ahout
one month earlier than that of 1857. The shin
George Howl and, Capt. O. P. Pomeroy, left the
Kodiack early in July. The report, which is a very
favorable one, will be found under the head of
memoranda. Tweuty-five ships are reported un to
July 1. Capt Pomeroy informs us that the whales
on Kodiack this season have nveraered 128 brls. each ;
this would give a total fr the ships reported, of
10,375 barrels, or an areraze of 415 barrels to each
ship. In the Commercial fur Sept. 10, 1857, the
first returns from the Kodiack, report twenty-five
ships up to August 1, with 8,350 brls., which gave
an average of 353 barrels to each ship. Thus it
would appear that the early season on the Kodiack
ground has been unusually successful, although
whaling was over a month so ner than last year.
The following are the dates of arrival at these islands
of ' the first whaler for the season" for the past sevtn
1S.V2, - - - - Ar.pun 23 I 1S.V5, .... Aopust 9
.... August 24 1p57, - - - - Aujnist 23
ISM, - - - - 5Vpt. ni. 26 I ISoS. - - - - July 2J
1855. .... August SI j
The George Howler nl, will lay off and on nntil
about Saturday, when she v.ill sail for the New
Zealand ground. Capt. Pomeroy thinks there will be
some eight or ten ships which will shortly report
themselves at the islands, on their way from the
Kodiack to the New Zealand ground. The latter,
which was formerly a favorite cruising ground for I
whalers, appears to be regaining somewhat of its
former character, probably from the fact that the
whales, having been comparatively undisturbed for
some time, have lecome more tame and plentiful.
The American Mail. Capt. Harding informs us
that be had some difficulty iu procuring the island
mail from the San Francisco post office, and that it
was only after taking great pains, and going to the
office several times, that he finally obtained it.
Having himself commanded a whaler, and "lay off
and on" at this port more than once for his Ameri-
can letters, he knew, from experience, how accept
able was the arrival of a mail, and was determined
not to come without it.. He deserves the thanks of
our community, who are not always aware of the
trouble that masters of transient shipB are put to, to
confer the seemingly trifling favor of bringing our
semi-monthly mails. Capt. Harding's difficulty in
getting the mail arose in part from his not knowing
who were the mail-agents. But when he informed
them of his intention to sail, the mail was promptly
sent on board.
Sale of Fckxitx re. The sile to take place to-day
at the' Honolulu residence cf B. Pitman, Esq., ou
Beretania Street, offers an opportunity not likely soon
to occur again, to those who "are desirous of pur-
chasing household furniture, to add to their stock
.rriftlda in Avorv vitt Cif ctirvrinr rmvilit in.1ilfl
.,.V1W V.V.J "r" J . j
Ing parlor, chamber nud kitchen furniture, silver i
and .crockery ware, in fact almost everything ap- j
pertaining to a well appointed household, besides1
valuable horses, saddles and many miscellaneous ar- j
tides very desirable and not often to be obtained in j
this market. S do to commence at 10 o clock. At
?i o'clock, P. M., will also be sold one of the best
selected libraries on the Sandwich Islands, embracing
every variety of choice literature, several very supe
rior oil pniutiugs and a nujiber of rare parlor orna
ments and fancy articles.
IxoESiors Spelling. The amount of ingenuity j
sometimes exhibited in spelling the English language .
renders such productious as the following a curiosity, j
It is a verbatim copy of a letter recently received by ;
a gentleman in tiiis city from a correspondent on !
another island. We may remark that the writer is
not a native cf this country, but conies from the land
of Noah Webster:
"Mr. tomers snr i h;we stopt forten piles of
woode from bein shipt Bekors Mr. lies not pade
ne lor mer woa tuat ise oort or me tnare is s?du
dolers more du me wich he wiil not pa and becors i
mi Tii ior mm iipv in i wnnn ru op tihh rna inirrn
dolers he hes ho ped tu the gug But wen.the cort sot '
he did not aper. if he was ane thin of a man he
woold pa ye me for i hev tu wurk hard and i wond j
the mooe tu pa mi wa so you can ce by this bou the ;
cais stands Youors truely j
Free Lectcre. Dr. Frick lectures this evening !
in the session room of the Fort Street Church on the
subject of' Love and Charity." This will be free the
first of a series which tho Doctor intends to deliver at
the moderate charge of SI fur the course. We trust
to see a good audience present this evening. .
Export or Jackasses. The L. P. Foster, which 1
sailed for Puget Sound on the 24th inst , took some
thirty donkeys on deck. They were purchased here
from the natives' tor about ten dollars each, and will
probably be worth not far from 100, to pack on the
"Bellingham trail" to the mines, for which purpose
they will prove much superior to horses.
Fireworks axd Balloons. We learn that on j
Saturday evening, at the close of the holidayt there
will be a grand display of fireworks from the base of
Punchbowl HilL After the fireworks, Macfarlane '
will send up a number of illuminated balloons from
the Commercial Hotel, among which is one measuring
twenty-eight feet in diameter.
Fort Street Cucrch. We are requested to state
that Rev. Mr. Walsworth, cf Marysville, California,
will preach in the Fort Street Church on Sunday
next, at 11 o'clock A. M. Also tfiat services will
be held in the Methodist Chapel every Sunday fore
noon and evening. , . , s.
J2f We regret to notice the return by the George
Howland, of Capt. James M. Green I of the Frances
Palmer. While on the Kodiack ground, Capt.
Green found himself too unwell to continue on the
voyage, and left his ship in charge of Mr. Comstock,
the 1st officer. -. : . -' i. . .
. Qcick Time. Passengers who left ITonolulu May 1,
in the : Yankee, arrived in New York Jnne 12
43 days through, which we believe is tlie quickest
time ever made from Honolulu to New York.
Thaxks. We are again under obligations to J. j
W. Sullivan of San Francisco for full files Of Eastern
'"- , . -r, r rr , T, f 1 . yl - i
papers, ana to . i. cmd, Jq. wr mm vauiorpi j ia, mem., i nave no uouu many us 14. pr
papsta. '- v ..'. : " .'!','"' 'l.'ti-' wlsaas ' c-.', j 'yrJj'vV?u. jl
Net' JT" received from Mr. D. B.'
LymarUilo, t ber of rose arples. This fruit,
. which Is entire! tc J at these islands, very closely
; resemble lrs Crawberry guava, smells like
rose, has a seed similar to that of the ohia, but t&ntea
hvnre'Vike in apple than iriy'frtiit w have here- .The
seeds were imported some four years ago by Pursef
Bridge; f the sloop-of-war Portsmouth, from South
America, if we remember aright. Some of the trees
of this apple are growing in Dr. Jadd's garden in
this place, but as yet have borne only a few fruit
wi While speaking of fruit,' we cannot help noticing
bow abundantly the mango trees yield this season.
We have observed several times a tree in Mr. Parke's
premises (fcrmerly occupied by Cnpt. T JPenhallow)
which has just come into full bearing, its branches
literally bending with loaded fruit. There must have
been at least five hundred mangoes on the tree, though
some of them have been blown off by the strong
winds, before getting ripe. We are satisfied that this
tree is particularly adapted to these islands and espe
cially to the warm climate of Honolulu, and trust that
our residents will take pains to plant and rear them.
It is a delicious and healthy fruit, and cannot become
too abundant. The mango is sold in San Francisco
in frreat quantities, being brought there from Panama
in the steamers. In May and June it is more abun
dant there than any other fruit. The credit of the
introduction of the mango is due to our respected
townsman, Capt. John Meek, who brought two trees
from Manila in 1824, thirty-four years aso, and gave
one to Mr. Goodrich, who planted it at Hilo, and the J
other to Capt. Adamj at KalJhi. We believe that the
credit of procuring this delicious fruit has, from some
cause, never been awarded to Capt. M., and we take
pleasure in recording the fict.
A Sayixgs Bank. We have referred to the need
of such an institution several times, showing that the
eovernmc nt is the proper party to initiate it, and that
it would be useless to do so till a responsible person ! ep passing appropriatiens amounthig to :k
presided over the government exchequer. This
objection is now removed, and we are pleased to see
the Polynesian and Friend both give the subject a
few lines. The latter gives expression to the same
sentiment we have before made, that if 'he govern
ment will only institute a savings bank, it 'will be
able, after a while, when ennfiden e is again restored
in it. to procure all the money it may need at its own
rate of interest.
" There is verv seldom any difficulty, says the
Polynesia of Saturday last, " in investing, ssjy
f500, safely and profitably, but what is a man tn do
who has srnt hisfive or fifteen dollars" only, and yet
would gladly make a nest egg of it, if he only knew
bow ? To ke.-p it in his chest is dangerous. Chests
are often broken into and their content stolen. A
man under many social circnmtances will go a little
further than he otherwise would be inclined to do,
lenowine that he has a trifle lyine idle at borne.
A Savings Bank is the thing wanted.
To redtOe the thing to first principles we may say that
the united savings of the depositors for one week ! excess of instructions, aol will be promptly U .'
would be quite considerable ennuzh for'aa invest
ment, whereas singly they could not invest."
The Friend hits some very sensible remarks on it
which we copy : '
" Savings Bank. Some months sjro, the benefits
and importance of a Savings Bank were discussed in
our columns, hut the matter was drnnr-ed. nrineipally 1
because the Finance Department orthe Kinirdonrwas ':
destitute of nn officer specially devoted to its manure- i
ment. The Government orean has announced that
the Finance Department is now to be presided over
bv the Hon. D. L. Oresc. late U. S. Commissioner.
We do hope the subject of a Savings Bank will not
escape his attention. The sphere and benrintrs of
such an institution urton the community, must appear
manifest to his mind. We consider the nefnlnes
nnd healthy influence of Savintrs Binlcs as fullv set
tle1. Other civil'zed countries have establiphed such
institutions, nnd why may we not hare one in Hono
lulu ? We believe the Government mieht thereby, nt
ten, perhaps eight per cent., per annum, obtain all
the money it requires without payintr twelve and
eighteen per cent. Tt misht reqirre time to intro
duce the system and secure confidence in deposits,
but respecting ultimate success, we entertain no
manner of doubt. As to the detail" of such an insti
tution, we have nothintr to sfrv. What we dsire is
simply this that there shall be Vrttne institution
established on the Sandwich Islands, where Kins;
and people, foreigmer and sailor, professional man
nnd mechanic, father and child, may deposit the
funds which have been saved, and feel that xhey are
And now that we have a Minister of Finance who
can, if he chooses, devise some plan for a Saving in
stitution, in connection with the government trea
sury or not, as may be deemed best, we tmst this
measure of public benefit may not long be delayed.
Peksoxal. Rev. Mr. Turner, who has presided as
pastor of the Wesleyan Methodist Church in this
place for two years past, sailed for California with
.'lit nisn'ii:i nun lit .iitei.iiiu, v n i . . ,rr ujc
!' passengers in the Flying Kagle. Mr. W. isa brother
j .of the late Mrs. Pitman. They intend visiting Hawaii
and perhaps Maui, before returning to California.
! - s s
Omission". In cur account of the funeral last week
we failed to mention the post taken by the Hawaiian
infantry. Their appearance on the occision, was
creditable alike to the Government and Prince Lot.
They acted as nn escorf from the ship to the house,
and thence to the b-jri tl ground.
. " ' , , . 11 1 Mr. Fitzgerald made the follcwingstatcrpp.
H Mf ,HrT . C I If T II U .... UTTP, 1 1 1 1 1 ( ' TT. " f "
races and. other amusements are to come off on the
Wnikiki race grounds on the 81st. See "advertise
ment. Native"Po?t rriCK. One end of the verandah in
front of the Pot Office, hss been partitioned off for
the reception and delivery of nitive letters. The
larye nnd rtnidly increasing iner-island correspond
ence lias for some tim demanded this addition to the
facilities of the Post Office.
to the Editor of the P. C. Ailret'ser.
Sih : Beinsr the "first whaler'. who has touched
at your port this season that has ned the new rifle
bomb lance manufactured by Gmdchus & Eggles, of
New Bedford, which bomb is said to be an improve-
; raent on c. C. Brand's, I consider it a duty I owe to
the whaling interest generally, to make the following
I have used the new bomH, anil jrtren ft a f.!r ana Impartial
trial ( I have used It at ordinary distance, and as close s fonr- '
ten feet, and In every Instance with tlie like eff -ct ; and I have
no hesitation in saying that the bomb is an entire failure, and
reliance apon it has caused, aad will cause, a great loss of chalea
to those who use it. ' -
They leave the run with a swift rotary motion, and the heed
or barb Is so slender that when thn bomb strikes the blubber it
twists the head off, while the bomb passes In only far enough for
the tri pitcr to strike the outaiJe of the whale, which causes the
lock of the boo b to trip and the bomb to explo le In the blubber,
one part o( the bomb blowtnjr out airainnd th remainder being
iti..i. . - L L...I. 1 .. .1. 1 . ... . -: . i. -. r -i. -.
. r, . . . . . , , ,
went throtieh the blubber but. on the contrarv. ther bort In
the blubber, and the head or barh bursted off, serving only to
make the whale wiider and nvre difficult to V ill.
I have also used C. C. Brand's bomb on this and other voy
ages, aotVean give testimony as to their greneral efficiency, and
my experience teaches me that the 2 oa. bomb is of little use
with rig' irhales, unless joa pet thetn Into his life anywhere
else makes them worse to catch they appear V) hurt them just
enoueh to make them afraid of the boat but the 4 oa. bomb is
the thing; if one of them is shot into jrhalu, and bursts, be Is
forced to give up without further trouble so far, about all tbe
oil that has been caught on Kodiack this season has been killed
with Brand's 4 ox. bomb $ the ships that ha I them ate nearly
the ouiy ones who have any oil np to the 20th June ; tad I liare
liai tnem i should have had a greater quantity of oil now, for
the whales are very shy and hard to strike and almost all the
whales I have Been this season had iron-wounds la thetn where
they were struck this season or last, and some with wounds of
both seasons. The 4 oc bomb is the only way to gt thm.
The Brand's bumbs that hare been In a ship one voyage do
not appear to explode so surely as thorn whic are new, and I .
think it would be advisable to send such to the man ufacturer's
and have them refilled, ora new fuse put in. k -
Very respectfully yours, tc,
O. P. POMEOT, ' '
'-.' Matter of ship George llou-land.
Honolulu, July 27, 185S. -
r Ma. Editor: I believe it is not inappropriate to
remind the publio-jmd especially the police, of the
existence of a nuisance which must,' of a necessity,"
have a pernicious effect," I refer to the existence of
some Chinese gambling establishments. It is an
doubtedly to many who have coolies in their employ
a source of annoyance. If you have a good China
man, ten to one he wiU be enticed to visit those dens
till at last he becomes a nightly visitor, is unfit for
his day's labor, loses his small earnings, and be-'
oomes a thief. ,It would be be well if the police would
. take it in hand to ferret out those dens and put a stop
. ' . 1 . 1 J i. " l 7- .1.-. '
TUrty-FIro Cijs frca .tW )
Fcrty-EIgLt Cays . from Li:
ARRIVAL Or THE GOLDEN E.V(e o1
...... ' t
The clipper ship Golden Eagle, Capt B,.arj
arrived on Tuesday, P. M., twelve dayi fr,,)
Francisco, bringing the New Turk mail of jj J
. , .j , . . .
me snoriest lime ever niaue oetwetn htrt tte
days in Han Francisco.
Dates from 1 u H
J, The news is interesting and important, tiktre J
to allay the excitement about "British outrtpi'P0'
tbe pacific tone or toe tngiish uovernment
We compile a summary of the news :
Another terrible steamboat disaster occurred sfu
Mississippi, on the 18th of J une. The steair ffht
' sylvania, on her way from St. Louis to NewO0,
j with 450 passengers on board, exploded be).
j ana zou were reporter as xwea ana mi.siri. he
Heavy rains bad been experienced in tbe jol
tne rivers uaa risen, causing extensive mutew
with loss of property snd in some casei of lie pre
Both bouses or congress HOjournej on tbe li The
millinna of dollAra. I
Tli m M.ril Kill it ndflWAvt Hsitk Knnnu i
gres, provides for sc en steam oui-oi-ti,rfll.,j
small war steamer for the China seas.
Official information is received at Wash'rr t tiof
Brigham Young delivered all authority ti. Girths
roing, and counseled the eople to olied ein. pred
was not the slightest demonstration or Inclin ing.
Brigham and the prominent Mormons weit tere
left &ilt Lake City on 14th June. The ,?
Mormon settlemeirs were broken up, and thf"J
tants were moving towards Sonora. The
represented to have been dibtresning and m, 'f,(
as the men, women and children, poorly c.."
illy provided for, uncomplainingly took the;;-.' n
ture from the territory. ' l?r,,1
The excitement about the British outrnp lt;el
tirely subsirtel. From every quarter 6nv r.
that the re.orts have been exaggerate, nrfj,
' so far as any aggressions upon the Aiwrvi p
: liavA lipn frtil mif teti tliftv havtft lbwn in triil.t
. -i j "fe.ri
1it7 thp llrirish r.ikvernn4it-
fl. TT . . T .1 11
X HK UTAH 11 JIB CSOKU.UY IUB IoM w'Tj. jiW
counts it may be seen thiit the .Mormon troui H
at an end. On the lth insr. the President te. Ehi
followiujj messatre to Con.rress : slCe1
A message was received from the Preiiw V
closing a copy of a dispatch fiom Gov. Cor Jr
dated May 2, received at the Stute IVpurtmcicli )
tetibiy. Fmm this, the Prrsident says, thmr atl
bou to believe that our difficulties with I't.iu-
I terminatcl and tbe laws are restored. He cor ,
J lates Congress on this auspicious eent, expre
i opinion that there will be no occasion to it-
appropriation for the three Regiments of Vo'frat
recently authorized for the purpose of quel!iblj
disturbances in Utah, and for the protection ope
emigrant trains and supplies, and says th.voun
: can be defended by the regular troops now tritrati!
limits. The President is the more gratified :lea i
the events in Utah will afford some relief ocra!
Treasury, and not require a loan and additii n fc .- j
tion of the peorle. In a letter to Secretary (Vne
; Cumming says he left tbe camp on the oth of f,vi
. en route to Salt Lake City, accompanied 'iUt 1
rr i.: . : J- . . i J 1
Aauc no ins nui4 l w o efjrtnilis. ID Tx . I
j through the settlements he was greeted i fon
, repeciiui attention, as were aue to tne repres- i,
, of the executive of -the United States. , BUC'
j In the Territory, near Warm Spring, tt t'ait
dividing Great Salt Lake from T ivis Cuunfr, 'rt
honored with a formal and respectful Ttcipi cf ,
many gentlemen, including the Mayor iBJioffi. q
officers, and by them escorted to lixlglrp pnrr ,
j preparel for him, the Mayor occupyingMrVi '
x side in his carriage. Ex-Ggvernor Vounj j; ? .
r a visit of ceremony as soon as he was su3j.-ki-(
; lieved of the fatigue of his journey to ,
. pany. In a subsequent interview Voa!g
; willingness to afford him every facility be ir:.
' quire for the'efficient performance of bis dn .
stive duties. Young's course, in this rwper , ,
' ernor Camming fancied, met with the approi-'
! majority of the Salt Lake community. Tm i . '.
' ri.ll fwat. with other nrnrprtr sit tptwU" .
r : i, u-. tr tr
. . ;:. ' "j J' . b. i
; fir -r" ' t
, , - . , of the Territory. The records and library v.TZTZ.
; - s
f The British Octbaces. The visiting cfi-
I vessels in the Gulf of Mexico by British en
been stonnod bv nrdpr of ths Admiral eon-i
i on that station and tbe indications are u. :
' British Government will disavow the act and' v j
suitable apology. Oir last pupers fromlLw
' bring us wme intelligence upon the tunneriTHL,
j the subject is regarded in England. Tbef
-1 extrocis are nil for which we have room.
Tlftuse of Commons In behalf of the Governn:!
M Wttli MfiiMitM tn f V. A AiiAvti'nn r.t til It
member for Deenport, he lged to awa.o,;
. 1 . 1 . .1..
tne House iiini mere was cjertam y not m
disinclination on the part of the Giirenwi:
duce any correspondence that hid fiise! yj '
; the American uovemnienr ann our own u-"
J respect in s the subject to which he rviei ',
j 'a;ij rij e umri u mriii writ" t'l i.-im'i.ii y Sftt1
such a subject the most frark cottmiun'C-itii t ,IU.B J
j pas b'twevii Itoih Governments, ainl tin' h J
j especially us the American Go ei im f iit ttd r- '"V'Jl
I some cf iheir conimunications with Her ) "'J J
Government. It was desirable Ih-il ''jaiti
city Eh'.nld be piven by Her M ijotyV G." j"it J
1 to the communications lietween tlieniseUe1 1
, . r. . . . 1 . - . - 1 -
American unvernnicnr mat, 111 wc, ' , sitt l
Her Majesty's Government tliere sliould'"' " "
upon the subject. At the same timethf
well aware that communications hl!S
within the last two or three days l-y tj
Governnient to the Britisli Government whk
to some occurrences which were reprm '
taken place in the waters of Cuba. (i
"These communications . iuwdred p" c. I
sgainst some of the British cfS, in ei I
No ofScial conitnunicntion had renchel 'lJof 1
Government of the circumstances tli;4 j'J" Yi
there. 1 he only reply, theretore, tnrj p" 7 i Tk
to make to thecomuiunication of the Awfc-a .
vernment was, that if any such occu"-
taken plsee they would be regarded with 11 .
regret by Her Majesty's Goettin.tn. wjliB
immediate and careful investigation ttew f "i
of them (Hear, hear.) As a mere '1
ment had been made against some Brii ttioe t
the American Government, it was iiupflW Jp
Majesty's Government to lay any ''ifd"vJTjJ
raation btfore tho House (hear, heir ; J
a moment's unnecessary delay the corrrfc 1
would be laid upon the table. Her MJ p
vernment had sent out .instructions ,ft
otneers enpved in the waters of Cuha s -
with the,jr- .ostein tion the power intru?tw t j
(Hear,,)." ; J r
Tle3wing is the principal part of t
Timtf1 last leader upon the subject : r h
i nil"' '
" Is it necessary to add to what we hve Usji
on the obvious certainly that this Anti-S.'Vou
sade must come to an end i It f j t
this year, or the next vear. or for it" ' J
w . - -
ehdrntpr of tk Piww with whieh we
Tir. nui nnv one wnn tnink tor a
pally to deal must see not only that the en-1 j
at some time or other, but that the bmp r
is staved off the worse it wiil be. It is il 'J
inR son, or younger brother, ratlver lnrbHyf
nlaan Skinlr - nMunt mrT KIIICT, 1
,4 over r
e, for U
K . 1 r ... nvef
VJ llllimi K1T3. MJCl UU1 iumiv, -
this disa-reeitble stage of existence.
the vonth of men and dt nations.
T . J 1 J A 1 DUt
rower rar dds un j nave nn; '". ,
and ten tl. ea our reonle - Beside rece'TDF ,4
year f'om the Old World the population orw t
cauntyl it Is more thrifty of its born eit i
are. It -s no armies in India, no fifty
be gran ..ed, no immense navy in & j
scarcelv ren the nr tense of an Anti-SlT -1
no 11 ad rr v The time innst come when, ' .
10 00 n i
3 ou our own. svil, our own '""'j.:'
"ywbero on equal - terms, J
with the United States en Tl
eir soil, their shores, "
faties bota wlt$ Franoe ni
zl it ismadnwsfcr nstop?p
ti- mUck & strong j .'"i
L-U'r to ob.it.. The p1 d
- -; v -i.2 . v