Newspaper Page Text
wedxksdat evemxq, sept. , isu.
i has been aaiet this week, and oa Che street" we
Var maaj r an plaints of dalln . 80 many bevvy earroes of
n rchmadiaa are sow roBy doe at thai pott, that dealers have bat
l'Je incttaatioa to parehaae, harm Iran probaWr of a doll sea-
which the anfa rotable reports from the fleet seem to eon
" T-rm, and e aa ever-importation of many descriptions of goods,
wSeeeby prices may be awnsonlly d pn awl
There haa oot bent a very aclire movement tooag merchant
man whalers Ibis week. The brlfrantine Glrncoe an-ired yes-t-rday
from Port Ortord, with 180,00 tret of lumber, partly eoo
Aku of the dear cedar of that region. The lumber market Is
heavy, aod canroea are Jaat bow quite difficult of sale. We no-
.Ireland that a Dew lumber yard is to be started la Honolulu, of
ch the Gleneoa't earro win form the nodeae.
The Senas- Fmrd sailed 00 ber return to Port Towusend and
ti- goid mining eountry, on the 24th. ' -
Xha Alice, from Baa franciaco, U much overdue, and were It
. at that ber sawns qualities are pretty weB understood here,
tests might be lauitssul for ber safety. She may be hourly ex-
a-erSsd, asm haa piubaWy asached at Hila and Iha'na .
The John MankmU has been placed on the berth tor Saa
TYiarJaco, and haa already encaged a large freight at lower rates
'Via hare huHofute been raBng. We bear of 200 tons salt go-
Iion board, besides sogar, molasses, etc
Km otter apolneiea for a paucity of qaotations this week, boat-
lam's sroce ear bvst oot admitttag a rery extensive review.
r UOAB Favorable advices having been received from the
cm-, per Rapid, at Lahaina, nearly all the sugar in the market
Lta bees bought up for shipment to Saa Francisco. The quan
tity that changed haoda reached 00,000 lbs, in kegs, at &Sr
fw first two grades, and 7e tor Inferior.
2IOLASSK3 Sales have been made for export at 25c. We
qwnetgood qaaiity at tH92Sc, without containers.
SALT Shipments per Jhn Man hoi I, on owners account,
an ssnt to 200 tons. Saks of coarse have been made at about $1
OATS There were sales at auction and prlrate of 200 bags, ex
Firing Dart, at 2492i. At the close ws quote 2) 3e, Jobbing
PyiQyS 8msll sales of superior at auction, at 2c.
VOTATOES Sajes of M bags California at lir T &V.
: HISULKS Xooe (a market. . We quote $S 504?$7 50.
IXUBEaV The cargo of redwood, ex Fifing Dart, was sold
oa prtvaat terms. Jobbing rates are anchanged.
MAX FRANCISCO MARKETS.
Gca market reports are ap to the evening of the 8th instant.
There had been a decided advance In sugar and floor.
Ta floor market is decidedly Biro 800 barrels HaxaU, in-p-ctedsaperfioe,
sold at $13 60-, 400 do do do, $li 60 rejected;
101M qr sacks Alrtso juus I 10 auo nrao Lotnmeraai -iuis, ex
Kuut-Ii firm. 600 sacks, In store, sold at 105cj 1032 do
O .T 1000 sacks sold at 14e; 150 do choice at 105c
C-rrsa The market is firm, for Rio 16jc offered and :
Hc3ab 2M bales China sold at 13c cash; 44 do dark, nuc
Ti sramta 2000 gals at 91c
Coal ISO tons Cooee Bay $10 75.
PORTLAND, (O. T.) MARKET Friday, Aug. 13.
Tttb only change whfeh we have to note is the decline in floor.
wtitrH has declined some $3 If bbi, and may now be quoted at
$10 T bhl.
We qo te 2few Orleans and Sandwich Islands surar, in kegs.
10cj crashed sogar, 1 VitOc toffee, lac urtgonutn.
'a Pfcaaea sit Hoaolala, la Oclsber.
. dy. h. m. I dy. h. m.
n-w Mona.... 3 42.9A. ran 31oon....22 4 MOM
rrst Quarter.. 14 2 1S.1 A. Last Quarter.. 2 10 91 A
LATEST DATES. recrivrl at Ihia Ogacc.
Hi rranciseo Sept. 10 I Paris. July 17
. U Aug. 15 I Hoockong..
Melbourne, Vic... ....Jane 20
July 18 I Tahiti
Shi ax. Mails.
F Saa TasscBCO per Glenone, on Monday next, Oct. 4.
K.r Laaataa per Maria, naturday.
ronT or nouoiiULTj. zz. z.
pv.24 Sch Maria, Molteno, frnin K ana, Hawaii.
S4 8rh Mary, Berrill. for Kawaihae. - -2
ch Mikeike, from Kshului. -25
ch Keaauloohi, frt Kona, TJawaiL
25 ch fCamehamrba IV, Irian Kohala.
36 eVh Kamoi, Chadwick, from lahsina.
28 Srh Kxeel, Antonio, tram Kauai.
28 cVrh Keout Ana, Kikeke, froa Ksilai.
28 8ch Uolphin. from Maui.
28 Am. brig etencoe, Ilobnes, 20 days from Port Orfbrd,
k-yi. 24 Barkentine Jenny Ford. Sareent, for Teekakt.
24 Sch Kinooie. lor Kona, Hawaii.
24 Am wh ah Brooklyn, Base, New Tealsnd and
26 tich Mara. Motteno. for Maui.
28 oca Kamoi. Chadwick, tr l.ahaina
28 Sch Moikeike, Hall, for KaholoL -28
eh Excel, Antnofct, tnr Kauai.
28 Sch KekauluithLa Kona.
28 ch lUniehameha IV, lor Kohala. r
38 Sch Mary, Berrul, for Kawaihae.
28 Sch Keoni Ana, tor Ksnni
Rcpwrt arm Wrrckral Whslrr.
BawToi. Bat, Aoirust 23, 1858.
v:s- WamtT : Being off Gore's the 2d of this month, sent
'. to ooal in to cruise down the northern shore, while the ship
---"-'d run along the sooth side, to meet tbem at the 8. E. ex-
t . ty of the land. . When they returned on board, they
r t rted having seen the wreck of a wbaleship on the north
.(. bat so much broken np that it was impossible to aaeer-
anything definite concerning it. An avalanche of earth
rocks cuneied a part. There was a considerable quantity of
- 'wad bone and some right whalebone lying there. Some of
ft: tormer they brought off; it waa but little chafed, and the
6r still on ; even the gnm on some slabs was still to be seen.
'r - martingale stays, which were chain, were but little rusted,
d! apparently new; the gammon lashing, which they al:
.1 -ight off, was composed of three bars of iron two carved for
' sides of the bowsprit, the other straight for the upper part ;
- Vr tower end of the side pieces connected by a bolt which
;.ied throogh the head, an Joints secured with not and screw,
"pt straight bar was newer than the rest, and very little nut on
v part of hv Ail the rope they saw was of American mano-
i-x.are. aad the sails were made of cotton dock, composition
-cMubleo and wonley-fact (iron) dews. They broagbt off a
rding knife, a carving knife, and a kind of spear set in a
rVery pole. These are all the particulars, and I leave it for
fc t beads than my own to decide what chip it mast have been,
; r.-aiatag only that no ship haa teen !t for a number of years
iVeae seaa, except the Indian Ckif, in August, 1857,and she
- toat 600 miles north af Oore's Island still, tt must be ber,
I L.ink. I shall forward the gammon lashing to Thomas Spen-
.v-. Zsq , Bonnlula, for recognirion. Any person who aver saw
t ---1, weald undoubtedly know it again.
Tours, W. Easx, Master bark Jirth Swift.
f Mir Raro, Carr. Bslciek, raua Saa Faascncoroalluso-
a 1J0 Left BeD Baoy, San Francisco Bar, Friday, September la
flVw srreral days winds very light aad foggy weather; hare had
oj Ueady breexes during the passage. II B M Ship ColyptoVdl
!! Fraacawo same day, to ramaia daring the ahipplns- seasuo.
r-vaatship Pacific arrived irom Fraser River Just aa the Rapid
I ft- The steamer bad quite a large number of passengers. Oot
on papers from her. The sch Af uctskmw waa to leave San Fran-
ii-oa for Ilonolulo oa the 12th, with a load of redwood lumber.
XT The Gto. Wkinfton, at Lahaina, reports bk George, TH
B, Aag 28, clean. , .
7ESSELS IX PORT. SEPTEMBER 29.
II. X. M.'s corvette Eorydioe, Pfebna.
Am cHppes sb Golden Kagla, llardiug, ap for Tt. Bedford.
Am clipper ship E. f. iilcts, llulmes,up for New Luoiun.
As clipper ship sXylark, FwUanabae, ap for New Bedfiwd.
Aa dipper ship West Wind, Baxter, up for New Bedford.
Punish naerchant bark CaiMtace, achaa, np for Bremen.
Aa ship John Marshall. Hooper, op lor baa Francisco.
ll sch Flying Dart, Freeman,
k-j arigantina Glaueue, Ilulmea, discharging lumber
.14 ship Polar Star. Weeks I Am bark Ripple, Chadwick
saip Jsnxrsoa. u anting 1 Am bark Architect, rah
tlu,m bark Cynthia, ehermaa
la Expcctcel faaa Farclaxa Parta.
B. B. M. ship Calypsa sailed from 8aa Francisco September
19, for Honolulu.
Am. sch. Mackshaw was to sail September 15 for Honolulu,
-;ta cargo of lamher. -s - .?
Haw. brtgan. John Donlap saSed Sept. 1 from Saa Francisco,
r lahainai has probably gone to IlawaiL
Aav. sen. U P. fgeter, Uoorc, will be dae in October tram Pn
t Soaixi, with tumbrr. j
Am ship Baropa may be looked for from Saa Francisco in all
V tober, 1, to load oil.
Bark Fanny Major, Pary, to tears Saa Francisco Sept. 14,
r.'a Irtti-'. doe hers October 4.
Chppe sb'. Mary Robinson wd be do from Sydney Sept.
Jjta, to loaded. .
Aa. brig AngeaeU,24fl tons, Stadley, sailed Irom Xew Bed
r-rd Aaxust A, for this port.
Aa. ship Alexander, Bona, sailed frota New London for Hono
! Ja May 13, with cargo to C A. Williams A Co.
Aa, seboooer Martha, Ptnhallow, sailed from New London
llowaala July . .
, Aav ship Modern Tinea, of H. A. Pirroea Line of Packets,
' w jaM tease Boston tor Honolulu, via Tahiti, Aagatt 6. 1
Aav bark lang Orsrk, Taylor, of Pterce's Line, sailed from
jsnoa for UaaohUo direct Jane 1, dae OcC 6125 days. .
Asa. Ship Moantaia Wave, Harding, sailed from Boston, In
Tierce's Line of Packets, May 22, for Honolulu direct, doe Sept.
J 130 days.
Aav ship Gladiator sailed from New Bedford J uoe 12th, for this
lwt, das Nov. 141 days,
Br. nark Portcna, McGowaa, sailed front Liverpool. May
L tor Honolulu, with merchandise to R C J anion, dueefcpt. 30
Thrciippev ship lyrsa, Graen, 10M tons, sailed from Boston
Wwct May 22, rnaaigaed la C Brewer 2d, daa Sept. St 120
ishtp Harriet A Jessie, Gray, sailed from Jfcw Bedford for
1 an-aat. May la, oas Sept. 60 10 days.
. Vaa faOawiac vwaaaV are dae at this port early fa October, to
latd oil: From Ban Iraaouw . Phi pa Angtn Saawa, GaMra
City aad Xarapa. From Sydney Ships Af ary JlsSiassa
.-aad irawAaast Allfn.
..- Brit Harbor, frosa Bremen, to HiaTachlaefcr A Btapenhorst
. wTI bad a bars ia aWpaamber. .- . " t . ,
1 Tratooia, from BTeroen, to Uaichers A Cn wiH be dot
From Pour Oaroan, O. T. per Glenooe, Sept. 2 180,000 ft
lumber, 12,000 shingles.
From Koaa, Hswan per Kekauraohl, Sept 25 6 baas coffee,
3000 oranrea, 100 cocnanuta, 8 cords firewood, 20 hogs, 3d fowls. -
From Kin 1 per Keoni Ana, Sept 2711 bndls tohanco, 60 '
baas coffee, 3 bbia sweet potatoes, 13 bnchs bananas 125 bMs .
beef, 2 Mw pork, 10 bidea, 1 cord firewood, 2 hogs, 3 fowls, 684
From KsHcxri per MoikHke. Sept 2510 sheep, 11 bass
oats, 2 bbb) nvdasses, in hbU potatoes, 600 feet koa hunber, 22
kess sogar, 18 bags beans, 21 bags flour, hides, 10 goat skins,
10 bndls pot v
From Knsi per Maria, Sept 2 S cords firewood, 20 bbls
potatoes, 7 pkgs liquors, fot of sucar cane, bananas, etc
From Kawsibsb per Mary, Sept 2412 bullocks, 35 sheep,
00 bbls beef, 100 do potatoes, 60 hidm, 3 keev butter, 8 bora.
From Kstrai per Excel, Sept 26 W bbls beef, 124 bWs mo
lasses. 63 hides.
For Kaarxn per Kamoi, Sept 271200 feet hunber, 10 bdls
hoop iron, I ton coal, 68 empty barrels, 1 horse.
For Lab-aIV per Moikeike, Sept 27153 pkgs mdse,20bags
onions, 1 deck passenger. .
From Si Faaacwo, (at Lahaina.) per RapM, Sept 26
Cspt 8 Bailey and lady, Mrs V. D Little, Mrs 8 S Holley, G D
Oilman, P H Tread way, Capt J H Swift, Jas A IHlr.
From Port Oaroan per Glencoe, Sept 28 A T Bolfe.
For Tmn rr per Jenny Ford, Sept 23 Mrs M Hincbey,
Miss M Hincbey.
' Tmm LaMAiss per Maria, Sept 23 Mr and Mrs Thmcanand
2 children. Miss Chamberlain. Chaa Lake, and 36 on deck.
From Kwth per Mary, Sept 24 J Ruell and 36 deck.
From Kscst per Excel, Sept 26 J n bba, Jr. and 21 deck.
From KsarLrt per Moikeike, Sept 25 John Minson, Mr
Lynn, 4 on deck.
From Laaaisa per Kamoi, Sept 26 P Treadway, J A Daly,
8 on deck, "
From Rosa per Kekantuohl, Sept 25 W Goodale, O H
BpaHing. T Swan, 50 on deck.
From Katai per Keoni Ana, Sept 27 W J Smith and three
others, 20 on deck.
For Lahaisa and KAHrxrr per Kamoi. Sept 27 Mr and Mrs
LLTorhert, P TreadwaT, Mrs Smith. Misse. Sarah and Hat
tie Booth, Mr Knot and wife, Capts Gray and Mitchell. T Thrum,
10 on deck.
For Hakald per Keoni Ana, Sent 2 M M Nlcbols,10deek.
For Kohala per Kamebameba IV, Sept 28 J 8 Sleeper, and
On Saturday, Sept. 25. at the residence of Joseph Booth, Eq,
Little Greenwich, Onhn, by the Rev. S. C Damon, L. I- Tobbrbt,
Esq., of Makawao, East Maui, to Miss Katk Booth, of Honolulu.
FORT OF XtAXXAIITA.
Sept 18 Am wh hark Iris. Rolles, from Kodiack, 400 sp, 600
wh; 475 w, 6000 none this season.
16 Am wh sh Omcrs, Whalon, from Hilo.
22 Am wh sh Geo Washirurton. frishtman. from Kodiack
and Itristnl Bsy, 70 sp, 110 wh, 110 wh, season.
25 Am clipper ship Rapid, Balcber, 15 days from San
Francisco Sailed turoe day for Honrkonp.
25 Am wh sh Tahmaroo, Rol.inson, F II, 1100 wh, 12000
PORT Or HZZ.O, H. I.
Sept. 1 Am wh sh Florida, Fih. N B, from Kodiack and Bris
. tol Bay, 700 wb, 7000 hone.
4 Am wh sh Omega, Whalon, F II, from Arctic, 140 wh,
Am wh sh Martha, Manchester, F IT, from A rctic, dean. -XT
All the abore vessels had sailed to cruise, and at latest
advices (Sept. 20) no foreign vessel was in port.
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 30.
f3f If what has appeared in the last two
numbers of the official organ, is the "best defense
which the French treaty is susceptible of, then
the ministers may well be ashamed of their labor. .
Without fairly meeting the objections which have
been made through this paper against the treaty,
it indulges in lame apologies, innuendoes, and il
logical deductions, which can never be taken as
arguments with any sensible person, and needs no
further notice. Until stronger reasons are ad
vanced in support of the treaty than any which
have appeared, the position which the Commercial
has taken in regard to it, must, with every reflect
ing mind, be considered as the only tenable one ;
and the stipulations of the treaty will be univer-
countries, ana be viewed only as a lasting dis
grace to our Ministers, and through them, to the
u Whereas on Uie 14th day of June. 1853. Comwallis Inland in
Latitude 16deg. 43min. North, and loncitwle 169 dee;. 33 min.
West from Greenwich, and on the 19th dy of tlie same month of
June, 1&58, Kalama IiOaml in Latitude 16 Aeg. 44 min. North,
and Lunirilude 109 dejf. 21 min. W c-t, were taken possession of,
with the usual formalities, by Samuel C. Allen, Esquire, he be in it
duly authorised to do so, iu the name cf Kamehameha IV., Kinir
of the Hawaiian Ilands: Therefore, this is to frve notice that
the saiii Islands so taken possesion of are henrefh to be con
sidered and respected as part of the Domain of W Kinc of the
Hawaiian Islands. v
44 Published pursuant to an order by tht Sin in Privy
Council, on the 27Jh day of July, 1358."
The above anonymous notice has bei flying for
several weeks at the mast-head in the government
journal, till within a few days, when it was
quietly withdrawn and the colors were struck."
The "Proclamation" speaks for itself, and pur
ports that the area of freedom" of the Ha
waiian kingdom was suddenly elongated by said
manifesto, and should be hereafter known as ex
tending to and including certain islands lying in
latitude and longitude aforesaid. With onedash
of the pen, the kingdom of Hawaii was extended
some eight or nine hundred miles to the south
west, by the unceremonious annexation of a few
square miles of guano deposit. Those who have
not experienced them can hardly imagine the
thrilling emotions which this proclamation may
be supposed to have excited in the breasts of all pa
triots who, like our war department, were foolish
enough to entertain them : some revelled with de
light at the prospect foreshadowed, when the Em
pire of Hawaii should cover the broad expanse of
the Pacific when her cross and stripes should
float from hundreds of islands embraced under one
realm, which would soon rival, perhaps surpass,
that of which it is said " the sun never seta on
her tlig." Others, more practical than theoret
ical, imagined that a mighty change in our com
merce wits close at hand ; and on the strength of
an immense prospective increase in our shipping
and commerce, the price of wharf lots improved,
and a first proposal to lease or purchase one or
two at the foot of Fort street was actually made
by a sanguine councillor.
But alas, for human hopes and aspirations !
The proclamation is withdrawn, and curious per
sons, who have got no business t j inquire, have
asked why it is? We find, on good authority,
that information haa been received by late mails
from San Francisco demonstrating pretty clearly
that the agents of this government have been, in
nocently (7) trespassing on the territory of the
Lnited states. An near as we can gather, the
facts are substantially these: Some time in Fel
ruary last the American schooner Palestine left'
this port and sailed for a guano island to the
south-west of this group, which she reached in
March, took possession of the principal island,
hich they called Johnson Island, erected a SUIT
with the name of the President of the United
States on it, returning to San Francisco with a
quantity of guano. Early in June the Hawaiian
schooner Kalama sailed in search of what subse
quently proved to be the same islands, and they
were taken possession of in the name of the Ha
In July the schooner Palestine was again sent
from San Francisco to the same Islands she had ber
fore visited, and found the marks which bad been
left on her firet voys-ge destroyed or mutilated,
. a e. . -
ana trie Hawaiian Bag flying, and by observations,
round the latitude and longitude the same as of
those claimed by the Hawaiian government. The
agents or the Palestine in San Francisco, hear
ing that the cook employed on the schooner Ka-'
lama during her voyage thither was in that city,
took his testimony of the affair. His affidavit.
sent to the United States Commissioner, states !
that the island was Tisited by the Kalama,
4ht the American flag was torn down, and ata (
the cross with the name of the President of the
United States, and the Hawaiian flag raised. Mr.
S. C. Allen and Capt Hooper both deny that any I
marks were found on the islands, indicating that
they had been previously visited. The whole.
transaction has been laid before this government
by the United States CJomnussioner. ' '
- It will bo rememlered that when noticing the
return of the Kalama from Corn wallis Island in
July last, we said that it was probably the same
island that had been visited by the Palestine.''1
This should have led the government to act with
a little caution in assuming authority over newly
discovered territory, and make further inquiries
before publicly confirming an act of trespass.
The bubble however has at length burst ! The
guano annexation scheme will become in history
as famous as the South Sea scheme. Kalama and
Corn wallis Islands are vanished, at least so far as
our government is concerned, and must be vn-an-nexed
forthwith. &'c transit gloria mvndi ! .
As the affair now stands, it places this govern
ment in the rather awkward position of trespass
ing on American territory. What! The Ha
waiian government turning filibusters! We have
heard indefinite whispers now and then of at
tempts having been made years ago to annex Ha
waii to the United States; but this out-Herods
that, and throws it entirely into the shade. An
nexing United Stat s territory to Hawaii, ri et
armis, is what the most visionary has never dared
to think of. But practically it is nothing more
nor less. And people will ask, they are so sim
ple who claims the honor of being our arch-filibuster?
Who aspires to be ranked alongside of
General Walker of Xicaraguan memory, or Col.
Crabbe of Sonora? - We hear that the palm will
be contested on the part of our honorable Chief
Justice, and Ministers will not be allowed to have
all the glory this time.
A pretty position this for the Hawaiian govern
ment and the staid Secretary of War. Here we
have been treated year after year with long rig
maroles of our exposure to filibuster attacks from
California, and of the great importance of having
a " pike' and bayonet" in every household.
And now, before the first rumor of attack comes,
our government actually fits out and commissions
a filibuster guano expedition, which, if thecook's
affidavit is to be believed, (we don't believe it,
however,) ruthlessly violates the" American flag
and other marks of American authority.
To say the least, the course of the Hawaiian
Government on this guano hunting, is character
ized with the usual weakness of our ministers.
We have already more territory than we can oc
cupy or defend. Even if this government had
been the original discoverer of the guano islands
alluded to, it has no power to afford the slightest
protection to any of its subjects who might choose
to be at any outlay there in obtaining guano.
In case of Buch outlay, and loss by acts of ma
rauders, this government cannot protect them.
To talk of protection is idle. Better employ the
thousands of dollars spent in looking up guano
i&lands, hundreds of leagues distant, in develop
ing the resources of our islands, which are, and
have long been, suffering from neglect ; and let
those nations who have the power to guarantee
protection, undertake to extend their sovereignty
by the annexation of guano islands to their terri
1 The Pratt Balalc-r Affair Again.
In another column will be found a communication
from Mr. A. Peatt, in which he gives his version of
the affair. Some of the statements made by him are
strong, but he assures us that every line can be
In the last Polynesian appears a statement of
facts," male by the District Attorney. There is
nothing in the details given that materially alters
issue. What we there stated was called forth, not
from any desire to find fault with officers of the gov
ernment, but from a conviction that advantage had
been taken on the part of the government to enforce
the forfeiture of penalties against persons, (as well as
in subsequent transactions) who, had they been other
wise circumstanced, might not have been troubled.
This is patent to all. No one believes that if the
District Attorney bad been the bondsman in the case,
he woold ever have had to pay one dollar of the bond.
The assurance at the time of the sale, that im
mediate possession" would be given, may have been
withheld ; we were not present, and the statement was
made on the authority of others. The promise of
immediate possesion" was, however, distinctly and
positively given to the purchaser, at the time he paid
the money; but before executing his promise, the
Sheriff was advised to a contrary course by the Dis
trict Attorney. The reasons may have been good,
but it certainly indicates a violation of faith between
the parties. If the sale was discovered to have been
void, the only alternative was for the Sheriff, at his
own risk, to refund the money to the purchaser.
It is a novel doctrine" that " the Sheriff is with
out authority, under any execution, to put the pur
chaser into possession of real estate" sold by him.
Common sense would indicate that a Sheriff or con
stable must obtain and hold possession of the pro- !
perty attached before he can sell it, whether it be
real or chattel property, whether it be a piece of j
land, a house, a vessel, a horse or anything else.
He must obtain potsession beore he can sell. A sale
effected on any other ground is a fraud The require
ments of our statutes are clear and definite in regatd
to this matter of possession, which we quote, without
presuming to read l tw to His Majesty's Attorney,
who is supposed to be posted up in the matter, but
merely for public in formation :
" Sect. XI. Krery Jevy by a constable in pursnance of a
Judgment rendered by either or the said justices, shall he made
by taking the property levied upon into At poturtrion, care
and privatt yuardlamkipM th- risk and peril or the constable,
and in his option by remoral 4 the same lo eny place of security,
preparatory to advertisement and sale." Statute nf 1848,
vol. II. page 18.
This undoubtedly covers all attachments of real or
personal property, and if a constable or Sheriff sells
property without obtaining possession, he does it M at
bia risk and peril." " If any other rule is hereafter to
be set up, it ought to be known.
What the title may be worth, is another question
entirely separate and distinct, and the purchaser
always buys the title at his own risk. The title to
real estate is very frequently involved and uncertain ;
but in regard to potsession there is no uncertainty;
theJSheriff either has possession of the property at
tached or he has not ; and be ought to know which
before the sale. .
We are told that the bondsman In this 'affair has
"been treated with great leniency by the Sheriff and
Dist. Attorney of Oahu." Until the public are shown
how much of the sum of $1186 75, which, according
to the District Attorney's own statement, has been
received to satisfy the bond until they are shown
how much ot that sum (or whether even 3500 of it)
has or ever will reach the public exchequer, they will
be more likely to view the " leniency" shown to the
bondsman by these executive officers, such as the
vulture shows the lamb.
When the District Attorney attempts to treat this
matter as a joke, as is done in the last paragraph of
his statement, he should bear in mind that the publio
are not apt to submit to have their just and legal
rights tampered with by any
If he is anxious to Share the odium attaching to
this affair, no one can object. To say the least ahout
it, and to put the beat face on it that can be done, it
is a disgraceful stretch of executive authority over
parties who have not the advantage of influence or
wealth, a direct trespass (under cover of the law)
on individual rights, which no government or com
munity ought quietly to sanction.
Bets Aoaw. Mr. T. H. Paris writes from Kona.
Hawaii, that he has succeeded in getting his hive of .
bees to Kainaliu in safety, and that they were doing j
welL ; We know of no portion of the islands more i
favorably situated or better adapted fir making honey !
thaa Kona.''. ' , ' I
NOTES OF THE WEEK.
Tmc Commkcial AltD its PATois.--It is gratify
ing to receive the frequent testimonials sent to as of
the estimation in which the Commercial is held by
its subscribers. The task of publishing a newspaper
is generally a thankless one, kicks, curses, and
abuse .being too often the rewards received. An
old whaling skipper, whose name we shall always
look at as a beaoon on our subscription list, subscribed
to the first volume of the Commercial, and when be
left port ordered it not to be stopped. The order
stands against his name, which la as good as gold, in
any sea where his keel floats. The paper bas been
accordingly sent without interruption, though un
paid. A day or two since we received a long letter
from our friend, dated in the Arctio ocean, from
which we quote:
u If you have not discontinued my paper, please call on Capt,
T. Spencer for whatever may be due. I would not have you
atop it, under any consideration. You cannot hnaaine the eager
ness with which they watch for It at home; and the joy with
which they read It would more than repay y to behold. This,
however, would not buy you your bread and butter."
. Another subscriber, who left Honolulu last spring,
writing from the States says:
. The Advrrtiner comes to as like a friend indeed The
elprht ot iu clean orient pases, la aa a breath from our tropic
island home; and its 4 notes' are as acceptable and as eaeerty
read, as when we opened its fresh leaves damp Irom the press.
May iu shadow never be less."' .- - , .
Royal Hawaiian Thkateo. The admirers of the
legitimate Drama in Honolulu, will doubtless be
gratified to be informed that the enterprising lessee of
this establishment Mr. George H. Ince has nearly
completed the necessary repairs for the thorough
renovating of this theater. Besides newly painting
and papering the interior of the house, in a style
calculated to gratify the eye and give the place an
air of comfort to its patrons, the seats have been newly
upholstered, the old scenery " brushed up," and a
large addition of new scenery added, got up in a
style characteristic of the artists who have executed
it. Besides these improvements, there is now a most
perfect ventilation of the house, which will render
an evening's sitting there more comfortable than at
any previous time since the erection of the theater.
With such a laly as Miss Annette Ince first in her
profession spotless in character to lead the thea
trical troupe the coming season, we have no doubt
that ber sojourn will prove alike gratifying to the
patrons of the drama and profitable to the lessee. To
those who witnessed Miss Ince, during her short stay
here some months since, in Evadne, Bianca, Fazio;
or, in fact, in any character of her role, it is enough
to sty that the theater will be opened on Saturday
evening next, and that she will be supported in her
principal character by the best talent that can be
procured in Honolulu.
A Comet. A fine comet has been visible for the
past few evenings in the north-west, directly over the
Waianae mounuitiS. It is seen soon after sunset,
but is so rapidly approaching the sua that it will
probably be visible only a tiight or two longer. It is
about two degrees above the horizon, and the tail is
at least twihe degrees in length. It is supposed to
be the same that was expected in 1867, and was first
observed through a telescope by Miss Mitchell, the
Xu tucket Astronomer, about the 14th of J uly. As it
appeared on Tuesday it was a beautiful sight. The
natives gaze on it with awe, and say that it portends
some dreadful calamity, audi as war, the death of
some distinguished individual, or an epidemic like
the small pox, which followed the coiuet of 1853.
They say, how correctly we do not kuow, that the
death of Kaoiehanieha I. occurred immediately after
the appearance of a comet. The splendid comet of
1813 appeared daring the reign here of Lord George
Faulet. It is such coincidences that has excited
their superstition in comets. It can probably be seeu
this evening from half past six till about seven
Tooth-fcluno Extraobdinabt. On Monday and
Tuesday, the dredging machine was employed in
pulling up the old piles in Market Wharf. These
were embedded iu a ten years accumulation of mud,
and the lower eudswere perfectly sound. They came
hard, like pulling sound teeth, but steam is a sure
dentist and its tools do not slip. The work of re
building this wharf goes on with good dispatch.
About fbw tons or outlast, mostly the soil yellow rock
and soil from Telegraph Hill, Sau Francisco, have
been discharged within the retaining wall near the
southeast corner, besides some two hundred tons from
Manoa. The accumulation of so much, weight in one
spot has had the effect to force the wall outward about
two feet from a straight line. A heavy chain, con
necting with a large, anchor firmly set inland has
been bowsed taught, and will prevent the wall going
farther. It would be a serious misfortune should the
wall prove too weak and fall outward, but when the
filling iu becomes solid there will probably te no like
lihood of this. About one-fifth of the space required
has been filled in.
A Baby with xwo Heads. Natives are very
fond of marvellous stories, and a tale loses nothing in
passing through their hands. Thus, the other day
we heard a great deal of a wonderful lusus nitura
wVch had been discovered in Honolulu, in the shape'
of a living child, three months old, which was a per
fect douhle, having two heads, four nether and upper
limbs and two sets of breathing and digesting npp ira
tu. Of course this would be an unheard of curiosity,
and invaluable as a newspaper item. Many were
attracted to view the strange sight when lo, they
beheld an ordinary native child with a large tumor
grt wing on the back of its head !
f2F Avery pleasant, though unostentatious nuptial
gathering, took place on Saturday evening last at Lit
tle Greenwich. The entire spacious premises (one of
" the sweetest and coyest retreats on our Eden Isl md)
were thrown open to the two or three hundred guests
assembled, for whose comfort the proverhial liberality
of their host knew no hounds. The whole pawed off
with the h'ghest satisfaction to all present. We con
grntulafe the happy eroom,on h'S pood fortune in
securing; a mate so well calculated to make him a
happy home, and hope it may prove another link to
"bind him to his adopted anil, where his rare energy
and skill are so much needed to develope its resources.
A ktw SroAR Refixctt. Our exchanges and also
private advices inform w that a new refinery will'
soon commence work ia San Francisco, making the
second in that city. Thejiew refinery will be some
what lanrer than the old one. and consume monthly
about 1,500,000 lbs. of sugar. " The old one consumes
1.100,000 lbs. monthly. This will of course create a
greater demand for raw sttfrar, and must operate
favorably on our plantations, in fnrnishin j a stiT! bet
ter market than we now have. We cannot have too
many plantations, or produce more sugar than will
be called for, even were every acre capable of pro
ducing cane put to its cultivation. ,
BrRrco Alive. About 4 o'clock yesterday morn
inz. one of the loaded mud scows lying in the slip
aljoining Market Wharf, having leaked during the
niirht, careened over and the latch of one of the cars
getting unfastened, the contents were dumped into a
boat which was lying alongside. A native boat-boy
was asleep in the stern sheets at the time, and with
the boat went to the bottom, completely buried in
mud After some struggling he mans (red to extric
ate himself and came np unhurt, but blowing like a
porpoise. . The boat however, was pretty well smashed
Tux kkw S. F. Packkt. From New Tork we learn
that Capt. Stott and Mr. Merrill had not succeeded
in obtaining a new packet to take the place of the
Fanny Major, not having been able to find one
adapted to the trade, and would return to San Fran-
Cisco by the steamer of August 20, where, we are
assured, a new vesjel will be procured soon, 14 and
perhaps before the Fanny Major makes another
trip." - . ; . ,
.' Vest "Hakd Cp."- Hot as is the weather and
dull as is business, we can't report quite so bad a
state of things as our neighbor over the way. who
say, of themselves, probably : reporters swetted
(sweated?) and irore, editors looked gloomy, and
the devil went to sleep hi the copy-drawer." Awful !
very awful! Where's the ice-cart ?-
Fourth Page. For a metrical satire on the
Treaty and Tariff" iVgood story tto., see fourth
Ekclahd ahd America. We notice in the Spirit
of the Times that the disputed superiority or tne
English and American race horses is now likely to be
fairly tested, in a match at New Market on the 80tu
October, between Mr. Ten Broeck'a mare Prioress
and Capt. Little's Poodle, each to carry 11 stone, one
mile, and the owners to ridef This most likely will
be a fair trial, as both riders are men of, judgment,
and sporting capabilities, i rWe 'also1 notice that
match is to come off on October 11th, between Prio
ress and Beadsman, (the Derby winner,) eh to
carry 8 stone 7 pounds, B. M., ( mile and 17
yards.) for 500. The latter is considered a.. race
much in favor of Prioress, as she receives 28 pounds,
or in other words, 2 years, which is considered equiv
alent to that weight.
The chess match between Paul Morphy and Mr.
Lowenthal is at present going on.' The former at last
dates was in the ascendant, having then one game out
of two, the other be'in a draw game. Should he ul
timately win the match' there is little doubt but what
he will meet Mr. Staunton, who is generally consid
ered the champion chess player of England.
. Old Fbikkds. We are happy to notice the return
of several of our old friends, who concluded to give
the metropolis a wide berth in returning to Lahaina.
Among them are Mr. O. D. Oilman, of the firm of
Oilman & Co., Capt. Stephen B iiley, the well-known
and only authentic encyclopaedia of the whaling fleet.
of which we presume he has got out a new edition, re- j
vised and enlarged, during his stay in Nantucketdom ; :
and lastly our ancient friend Peter, the Peter, or m
other words, Peter H. Treadway, Esquire, long known
as the corporal of our rival city. .
A New Ioea. The idea has long been prevalent
among the foreign residents at these islands that
sleeping on a pulu bed had a tendency to induce
rheumatism. In conversation ' with Capt. James
Smith of the Yankee during his last sojourn here, he
roundly and emphatically asserted that our former
ideas about pulu were all wrong, and that so far from
causins. it was now considered in California a sure
cure for rheumatism. . It will probably be some time
before the new belief will be thoroughly received,
though it may be correct.
Wells iw the Valley. A number of wells have
lately been sunk in the Nuuanu Valley, and in
every case, below the second stone bridge, water has
been found at a distance of from fifteen to eighteen
feet below the surface. In most cases a hard bed of
rock and stones has to be penetrated. In this case, the
water is as pure and good as the reservoir water.
Above the second bridge, water has not been found at
Coasters Dce. The Liholiho sailed for Hilo the
10th, and is over due. The Kalama will probably
be in on Saturday from the same port. . The Maria
from Lahaina and .Vol Keilci from Knhului, will be
due on S tturday morning. The Kamoi will be due
on Sunday morning. '
Former Residents. A gentleman who has recent
ly visited the States says in a note: "I had the
pleasure to meet while at home Messrs. Hunnewell,
Brewer, Pierce and Peck, of the earlier residents at
these islands, and it was' pleasant to see the interest
they all yet manifested in the prosperity of the islands.
Aside from business, they seemed to cherish peculiar
pleasant recollections of the past."
Stiy The United States mail may be looked for via
Lahaina by the Kamoi on Sunday morning next.
Should the Mtjor not have arrived up to Saturday
P. M., we may not get it till Tuesday. Important
news is expected by this mail.
Their Mijesties' arrived at Kailua on Thurs
day night the 16th, after a short passage of only 52
hours from Honolulu. At the last advices, they were
in good he ilth. ; '
Almost a Fire. The cook-house adjoining Mr.
Hall's dwelling in Nuuanu, caught on fire yesterday.
Very trifling damage was sustained.
(Corrrspondence of the Pacific Commercial Advertier.)
" Stntenseat ef Facia. by Mr. A. Prmtt.
Mr. Editor : In last Saturday's Polynesian, the
District Attorney of Oahu. in a somewhat incoherent
" statement of facts," takes occasion tossy that I had
wilfully, and after repeated notices, violated the
law," &c. I beg leave here to make my " statement
of facts," and premise by saying that the Prefect of
Police never gave me warning or notice, but on the
contrary, his conduct from the first was calculated
plainly to intimate that I niigbt go on unmolested.
When about to enter the retail spirit business, be
fore procuring a license, I sought an interview with
the Prefect. He told me that the bond required was
the merest matter of form it never was, nor ever
intended to be enforced. That if he chose, he could
bring up any publican in the place-for selling to
natives. This, ot course, led me to suppose that the
law in question was universally considered a dead
letter, and would never be enforced.
On the 1st of July, 1857, a number of the spirit
licenses expired, and in the new license a clause was
inserted strictly forbidding dances on the licensed
premises. Two of the publicans who had formerly
had " balls" every night, now refused to take out
license, in the hope of getting the restriction removed
In this, as is known, they were unsuccessful. Some,
time in the month of August, the Prefect of Police
came to me and endeavored to persuade me to allow
my license to be removed to another house, and, to
use his own words he dared suy he could make it
all right." The object, as I afterwards learned, was
to enable the proprietor of the National Hotel to con
tinue dancing under uty license, it dating back to the
previous February, aod did not .contain the new
restriction. I refused to part with my license, stating
that I inteuded iuyself to make use of the privileges
which it allowed in regard to dancing, and which bad
been allowed. to other publicans under a similar
From the time of that refusal commenced the per
secution against me. Constables were constantly
stationed around and upon my premises, to the great
injury of my business. One evening in August,
three native soldiers came iuto uiy pritate huuse and
stated that two others had just received a brite of
810 to buy liquor or me. I watched, and shortly the
iwo came in. .They asked for a half bottle of brandy
and were refused. After tryiug again, and showing
the ten dollar piece, they commenced creating a dis
turbance, wheu, upon my showiug myself trvm be
hind the screen, they ran. caught one, aud had
him taken to the station house, inteudiug to appear
in tire morning and make a ooniphuut to the Police
Magistrate of the system of spying aud annoy ince to
which 1 bad beeu subjected. On andnc down tha
next morning, Jordan, the police officer met uie. and
said ' 1 had no occasion to iro down t lie man h,ut
forfeited his bail and would uut appear !" Comment
on 'his is unnecessary.
The Prefect continued this course of spying about
my premises and tampering with those in my e.uploy,
until by book or by crook, he succeeded
me fined and eventually ruined.
Even were it acknowledged that I had broken the
law and was liable to be fined, let me ask was it
because I was a stranger in the place with a large
family to support, that I was marked out for ruin.
wnue oiu oneuuers are ueitner molest ed nor annoyed ! .
It is notorious that eiery publican in town sella in-!
toxicatiug drinks to natives, aad that, too, asojienly I
as they do to foreigners, though the quality of the '
Spirits U vastlv didereuL. It ia frth tka n.unnra.
of every one that oue publican has stood two jury! tntKl f" the juicesof plants may require it, and oxide
trials without a result, the object or suit being to get j r manganese, whether essential or not, generally ac
from him a share of the proceeds of a business which comDanita iron. ,
was avowedly to tarnish natives with intoxieatinir
drinks, and yet nothing is done with this ease bj the
official who iu tniue was so zealous.
I consider my losses, including interruption of
business. . aacriace of , property,. &C. to amount to
about $5000. Including the iiceuse money, govern
ment bas made out of tne the suui of g24th,7d. r
By publishing the loregoing you wUl greatly oblige.
Yours, &c, Arthur 1'katt.
Am aaswer to "Knwal" ia relati (he
" R.ad Aei f 1856.
Mm.- Editor : KauaTr puts his questions to per
sons above my standing, viz.: to you, Mr. Editor, to
the Minister of the Interior, or the writer r said act.
But having more leisure thaa the above gentlemen,
aud knowing a thing or two myself, I suppose I also
ought to let my light shine. Answer to question 1.
Certainly, as long as he does not employ an old night
cap nor a baby in swathing clothes.
Quion2. Re ooght not to examiae any anther.
... ... ll . 1. 1. a
but be has no right
. m vK1j ncrwms.
you nnj, r . r
whatsoever to pay them out oi ..p---
Kwherever these may be. -The law is very cr
tbisWi the taxable persons have tq work six days
;or pay ?2, and no' right to Oonrract for payment. .
Question ? Quite correet; the Supervisor is sup
posed to have some .HUld
ferred to a thick skulL f ' r V,
Question 6. I cannot say how many taxation dis
tricts or Supervisors are on Kauai, but, as a general
rule, people say the roads are better worked tnh3r
used to be.
P. S. As I have tried to satisfy Kauai" on the
Road Act. maybe he will be so kind as to let me have
his manao on the following subject, .
' 1. Does it agree with the standing or the duties of
a notary public or his agent, to go in tho night to a
dying man's house, and partly by threatspartly by
forcemake him sign a deed In favor of an old woman,
though said man had the previous day, while yet in
his senses, made a will in favor of his adopted son.
2. How does it look, if said notary shares or even
only proposes to share the spoils of the above trans
action. & If an old foreigner marries a young, pretty na
tive girl but there goes the bell and I must postpone
my query till next week!' Adieu Kauai." F.
- Ws dont- comprehend exactly the drift of the postscript,
but Judge that there Is a little too much personality, both in this
communication and that to which it ia a reply, and the
sooner dropped the better.
. jtMlysia Hawwlissw 8ila.
' We take pleasure in publishing the following
communication, giving a reliable analysis of our
soils, as recently made by Prof. E. N. Ilorford,
the eminent chemisS of Harvard University. The
analysis was made at the request of the propri
etors of the Lihue Sugar Plantation, and at an
expense to them of $250. To the agents of this
enterprising firm, which is now beginning to reap
the reward of its persevering industry, we are in
debted for tho privilege of making use of it in our
columns.' ' Its publication will be of essential
value to the agricultural interests of the islands.
It may not be amiss to state her that the experi
ment of improving our soils by manuring with
fish, recommended by Prof. II., is quite impracti
cable, owing to theexpenseattendingit. Although
some experiments have already been made with
Jarvis Island , guano on the above plantation,
without any apparent result, we think further
experimenting, in various ways, may yet deter
mine its value in the production of cane.
Analysis or Soils rom Libce, Islasd or Kacai,
The samples submitted are thus described by Mr.
Rice : '
v Nos. 1 are from the kukui groves, one of them
surface soil and the Other subsoil from the same
place. Nos. 2 are from the border of the old cane
" fields near the nanamaulu road, surface and sub-
soil. Nos. 8 are from the field makai of the Hana-
mau u road, not far from the point where the water
' lead crosses the line of the old board fence, surface
" and subsoil as the others. The surface soil was
" taken to the depth of about three inches. 1 then
scraped off about an inch more and took the subsoil
immediately underneath. " The surface and subsoil
" of each saoiple will be easily distinguished, by the
" former being considerably darker than the latter."
The eoils have a common character as thoroughly
disintegrated volcanic lavas. They are pulverulent,
eminently ferruginous, and possess clay and organic
matter enough to enable them to retain in good meas
ure water, carbonic acid and ammonia at ordinary
O.i.llt.tira annlvuiB iliriwail thm ' TO contain.
I alumina, magnesia, ammonia, water, peroxide of iron.
potasa silica Hand and Jime. soda, (trace.) organic
matter, uudecom posed rock.
The most careful examination of even large quanti
ties of the soils did not yield phosphoric acid enough to
weigh. Sulphuric acid was also wanting. Of hy
drochloric acid there was a trace. .
Quantitative analysis was made with the hydroch
loric acid solution.
Nos. 1. -Surfaee
Water,.- 6.790 181 ,
Orjranie matter, ; 17.658. 1610.
Votassa with trace ot soda,.... .692 - .778
Magnesia, , 649 " .110
" ..Lime, .661 .068'-
Oxide of ir and alumina,.... 30 328 20 044
Soluble silica 062 .119
Insoluble residue and loss 44.061 64 636 '
Surface Soil. Suhtoil.
Water,.......... .......12016 12.366
Oreanic matter,.'. .....19.707. 13.671
Nitrojren.. , , .349 ,t .297
Pntassa with trace of soda,. .... 613 .347
Magnesia,... 1120 - .494
Lime, 246 0
Oxide of imn and alumina,.... .24 731 28 016 ,
Soluble silica,... 144 044
Insoluble residue and loss, 42,807 44.676
Surf net Soil. ! Subitoil.
Water, '. 11616 12 857
Onranic matter, 18 726 13.381
"Nitnjren '. 127 .056
Potassa with trace of auda, 606 .487
Magnesia, .350 274
, I.ime. .117 " .203
Oxide of iron and stumina, 27.730 " 84.070
fcoloble silica 148 - 3d9
Insoluble residue and lss...... 40.65 ' - 38 SS9
The significance of these quantities will appear on
a glauce as the properties of a good soil. It must
supply the inorganic constituents of plants, and must
possess the physical properties that enable it to retain
water from extreme evaporation or drainage, and fur-
nish it as well as carbonic acid and ammonia to the
roots of vegetation.
The essential constituents of the ashes of cultivated
plants include potassa, lime, oxide of iron, phosphoric
acid, silica, soda, magnesia, sulphuric acid, hydroch
loric acid ; and nianganete, though frequently present.
is in small quantity comparatively.
As important in this particular cae here follow the
results of an analysis of sugar cane stalk made by
Payen. He found in ripe sugar cane from Otaheite
71.04 water. 0 35 wtxlike and coloring matter.
loviwnir. - ' u.i j insmume salts.
bH eellut ise and woody flhre. o 16 soluble salts. .
.65 albuminous substances. (0 20 silica. -
" The soluble salts consisted of
Phosphate of mufroesia. jSnda,- ' , ' '
I'tvwphate of lime. iiv.tasaa. Con,blned wlUl
Alumina. " - Ume7 organic acids.
Sulphate of lime. jsilfca,
Oxulate of lime. , . -, . . , I . .
Casaseoa found in the ash of thp stripped sugar
cane stalk (amounting to 0.160 percent of the whole)
68.6 per cent, silica and 81.4 per cent, lime, with
traces ot oxides of iron and manganese.
In the leaves or portion stripped off, he found ash
(amounting to 0.228 per cent. f the Whole) consisting
of .68.9 per cent silica and silicate of iron, with little
silicate of manganese. Sl.l per cent. lime with oxide
of iron and ratnginese.
These results show that soluble silica, lime and
oxide of iron are needed for the sugar cane stalk,
while the elaboration of the juices the sugar re
quires phosphoric acid, sulphuric acid, potassa, soda,
lime and magnesia. Alumina is uniformly sufficiently
abundant to meet the wants of soils so far as any de-
The Lihue soils coutain. when thoroughly air dried
at 75 Fah., a notable quantity of water, not com
pletely expelled heb.w 212 Fab.,' illustrating their
power to retain moisture. " " -
-Taking the average of the' surface and subsoils,
there are for ' .
, , .. Koa. 17 per cent, water.
Nos. 2 12 per cent, water. ":
. - -i Kos. 312 per cent water.
This absorbenr power is due in part to organic
matter, of which, taking the average of surface and
subsoil, there are for - . .
' . ! P cent, eevanie matter. '
os, a 1 ft per cent, oreanic matter.
-. " ' " 1 per cent, organic matter.
The power of retaining carbon ks acid and ammonia
is due to the organic matter acting somewhat as char-
coal, or muck or peat, and also to the alumina aad
oxide of iron. There are present as follows ia -
Nos. 126 per cent.
No. 226 per cent.
ISO, a SI aji
ity out of the district, as ho wiu new mu . -w
within it, ' . mi i -
Questions. No, sir, he eannot-he will have to
w his deputy 60 cents or $1. ' .
Question 4. Yes, sir, he can appoint a deputy, as
Magnesia and lime are Invariably prswi
.'a -t Vt til t. t t
BBeuS Ol piSOU. VI iuS"i .iicrv ni in
.. ' f i " i ' Woa. 1 0 Wapereent. .
v , !,'. ' Nna. .807 per en. ,
v v - .-- Hoe. .313 per cent.
. , Of lims there is in
Nos. 10.864 per cent.
Noa. 9 .188 percent.
'. " Jloa. .16 per cent,
The alkali was nearly all potassa, thtnrV nJ
uniformly a iracaoi sons, nunout on. w J
these tne prouuewon oi sugar, or toe euw
any complex organlo tissues or juices, W00J4 J
impossible, xnere waa in
. Nos. 1 6SS per cent.
' : . Nos. J .40 per cent
, 5 : ,No.8 646 per cent.
aiM- ;)usl imnortant not anl fn il.
. ohuw. 1 - 1 j ins
the sugar cane bat for all cereals, ig present W
rate quantity, and U is prooaoie that tbt J
residue of the soil may, by proper trestmen, j
it n quantity tor an lnaenntte time to eon
r- - No; SOO per cent
No. 2 094 per cent.
-Nos 8. 388 per cent,
Nitrogen, chiefly in the form of ammonia, J
ent in larger measure in the surface soil, nO
be. It is in
Nos. 1 nX04 par eent.
Nos. 2 .SIS percent.
-. Nos. 8 092 per cent.
The two ingredients in Payen 's analyst
in the Lihue soils in appreciable quantity J
phurie and phosphoric acids. Of the fonJ
also of hydroehlorie acid in the form of ebw
potassium and sodium, it Is probable that J
for all the wants of vegetatton will be brwir),.
the winds from the sea. This will depend tJ
on its proximity, but saline matters are evi
great distances inland. The east winh J
acmes New England carry salt to Alhany, t,,
rides are found in rain east from the B iycf 5
all points as far as Mur-ich. For thephnsp
however especial provision must be ma'le.
If it be proposed to grow other crops. u J
the demand will be more imperative. t
As an example here follows a recent amV
variety of wheat by Way & Ogston : l
- Orsln. t
Potassa,. . .V. T. 23 18 i
Soda, W I
Ume, 8 33 ,
Magnesia .....1175 ;j
Oxide of iron...... 1.11 ,j
Sulphuric acid, ip
Silica I" t
Pnnspherirarid, 4A3 1
. Chloride of potassum, : 1
Chloride of sodium, 10 00 t
The great excess of magnesia and phwpV.
in the seed over the same imrredients in th.
and the excess of silica In the straw, arr
To supply this deficiency of phosphoric vi
meet all the wants of anv crop, there con!
doubt of the value of PVrnvUn guano. E
distant and expensive. Mexican guano is
and, if facilities for transportation should o!
selves, it would furtHsn phosphoric acta
An analysis of it just completed in the U
of the seientifio school givesi .
Soda, (no pntassa.) 1 47 h-rante nutter, 1 1J
Lime (as curh'nat-) 5 29 useless Sulphuric add, IA
Phosphate of lime. 33.17 J
The ruann of Jarvis Island, suggested 14
est source. I have analvzt-d from a sample s-J
mail by Capt. Davis. ' It contains:
Water expelled at 212" Tahn.
' Phosphate of lime,
. Si Mc and sand,
Soluble salts, (sea water evaporated In dryness)
An analysis made br Boussingaulf nf gn
the Inland of-Jarvis, Howland and New .V
gives: - - ,
. TTioephate of lime,.
, - Nitrogen,.
If such guano as Capt. Davis sent me eu
cored in quantity it would certainly prorti
But I Bomewhit fear its extent, from the cm
tween my results and those of the erainw:
A better and an obviously cheaper snare,
Innately an adequate source for an indeflnif
come, is at hand in the numerous nsh wbic
from Professor Aeasstx, swarm about tbc
I have examined the specimens sent
learn that the numbers of some species soi
semb'iniE the menhaden of Long bdmif Sound,
so lone and successfully 'used fur manuring
both shores, are immense.
Such fidi are taken alone the shore with 1
in localities where the schools pass frequentM
are also taken by another kind of dip net,
two sfl boats int H open eoowd.
The S tndwich Island labor for such porW
The course of beat treatment is this. U
the shore or head of some creek, or seawwl
or both, should be mixed with the fish it
trenches, tnd covered to such depth witb
and earth as to prevent the escape of any n
fensive gases, of which the most abundant u
able are ammoniacal own pounds.
After remaining in this condition for thw
months, according to the time require-! t
composition of the nsh, they should bedaH
intimately mixed, raftered to remain a V
for more perfect disintegration, and then ew
the land and plowed in.
The results of this mode of treatment
known. They are eminently profitable. TV
employ them largely in the neigh hnrhornl 1
.stations; and fish guano .is an article -ft
under the direction of a French company
of Nova Sootia, and under English directit
coast of Norway. .
If the fishinz season is short on the om
continuous throughout the vear on th 4
practical course will anjnresf ifef. Th
and scnles will furnish all the constituentM
the L'hue po'K ' It may, however, in tin
ble to ad I lime for the purpose of paininitr
ble silica by necompnair-on of thesiltcat.
- he composted as onirklime w;th the soil. t"
en the soil.. As shipper would probably'
in to carry it. it mijrht be practicaWe toH
Tmfrneian limestone as balleat and hor
There is now produced a soluble silicate of
ploved in calico printinsr. It is a f tti
su'ted to transportation as ballast, atvt M
five cents a pound. Tt would carrv both
soluhle silica in most desirable form n th'
was at one time produced at the R xbwjl
Neither of the latter nor the Jxri I'M
:n 1 . i m e t .
im wnnipi 11 nn can, aa n'f 'ii
ble, be procured in unlimited qntntities.
. IVspeetfullv snbiiittl,
(Simed.) E. N. HoiwroBD,
Cambridge, July 20th, 1858.
irntil the eminent French chemist aemonti fr
In 100 tf the euino analiced by him, his anilr"
nothing. 41. P. Jcdd. t
, Hoxotrtr, Sent IS
. Ma. Editor : As you are a frirnl to F
provement, I wish through your puper,
relative to roads, I am twelve yem
Oihii: and T am hannv tn aav that th fl
, -f r. -j
cially between this place and Waialnt,
dition far superior to what I have ever be?'
them to be. Except Knana. v:x. th V"
about three miles bej-ond Fwa, and a fr '
spaces beside, it is a good carriajre ni
.the Superintendent is entitled to mach erf'
manner, in which most of the work is
I however wish to call attention to
which seems necessary to secure the fu' 1
his work already . done. I refer to df'rl
nerlect of this, the same work has been
and over again, after each rainy si
cewarlve years. I am aware that mach of
recently been done, snd. well done; b',
observation, I am convinced that is mnJ
more is not done, the water will still cdK
road so as to undo much, of what is no" K
The remedy is simple, practicable
cases, cheap. In all descents, ana lonj
there should be not only good side drains K
frnm th.a n.Mdht ik. nenniWal
... . v. 111. ,... . , v.
may be required in cases, where, owinjt
other causes, it is very difficult to contin
ditch, so as to prevent the water from rv
the road, the remedy may be found in
feet below such spots, drains cross the
across it, which will quickly carry tht
again.' . .'. . ,
- Few; if any. drains of this kind
been made; and yet in many eases they
rial to the preservation of a road as the;
In a Inns alnra SknM kM t aeveTI'
otherwise, the water which fain in the n
will form so large a stratus, as, after
rains to spoil the road,
Aa the drains will nra dnWfl
bank on tht lower aide, should be m1!
practicable; and h'urher than would
sary. Unless something is done to pti
there are many places between Honoloi" J
mat win verily the truth of say rtau"
next rsjy stsson is past. -V"'v-V",-'