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SUFIPILIBMriBT TD TIHI1E
The word comet literal! signifies hairy ttar; be
cause such bodies are generally accompanied with a
nebulosity, or train, which has the appearance of lu
minous hair. The luminous point near the center of
s comet, which is the most brilliant, is called the nu
cleus. The haze or nebulosity which surrounds the
nucleus is called the hair, and sometimes the en velope;
and the nucleus and hair combined constitute what is
usually termed the head of the comet. The luminous
train, extending sometimes to a great distance from
the head, is called the tail of the comet. These bodies
have occasionally appeared in the heavens in all ages.
The ancients were divided in their opinion respecting
them; some considering them as wandering stars;
others, as meteors kindled in the atmosphere of the
arth, subsisting tor a time, and then dissipated; and
others viewed them as prodigies indicating wars,
famines, inundations, or pestilencies.
la respect to the tail, or luminous train which
generally accompanies comets, it is found that it is
generally in opposition to the sun, or on the prolonga
tion of the line which would join the sun and the nu
cleus. Bat this is not always the case. Sometimes
the direction of the tail has been found at right angles
with this line; and in some extraordinary instances,
the tails of comets have been observed to point directly
towards the sun. This was the cape with a comet
that appeared in 1824, which for about eight days ex
hibited an additional luminous train in opposition to
that which has assumed the ordinary direction. This
anomalous tail, according to Olbers, was 7 long,
while the other was only 3, and it was bright
enough to be seen with an opera-glass. In general,
however, it is found that the tail inclines constantly
towards the region last quitted by the comet, as if in
its progress through an etherial medium, the matter
forming it experienced more resistance than that of
the nucleus. The tail is generally enlarged in pro
portion to its distance from the head of the comet,
and in certain cases it is divided into several branches,
as already noticed of the comet of 1807. Some have
supposed that the divided tail is nothing more than
a perspective representation of the sides of a great
hollow cone; but there are certain observations which
seem to prove that, in some cases, they hare a sepa
rate existence as independent branches. The most i
markable instance of a divided tail was in the comet
of 1744. On the 6th and 7th of March, there were
six branches in the tail, each of them about 4" in
bread :h, and from 30" to 41T3 long. Their edges were
pretty well denned and tolerably bright; their middle
eaiitted but a feeble light, and the intervening spaces
were as dark as the rest of the firmament. The tails
of comets, as already noticed, sometimes cover an im
mense space in the he vena. The comet of 16W bad
& tail which extended to 68, that of 1811 to '229, and
that of 176'J to if 7s" in length; so that some of these
tails mast have reached from the zenith to the hori
zon. The length of the tail of the comet of 1530, es
timated in miles, was 112,750,000; and thatcr 176'J,
44,000,000; and that of 1744, 8,250,000.
Comets appear to us generally in one of two shapes
one, a globular mass, as shown in Figure 1, on our
next page, which represents tncke's comet of 1823;
and the other, the most general, a roundish mass
with a train cr tail attached.
Iu substance, astronomers suppose them to be
' vapor or nebulous matter, receiving light from the
sua, about which they make their eccentric orbits.
In the head of the comet is seen a bright spot, called
its nucleus, and supposed by some astronomers to 1
a substance more m.Tid than the remainder of the
head and the tail. Although the advent of a comet
in oar heavens is considered by most people a remark
able event, and in times past occasioned great con
sternation, their number appears to be very consider
able over three and a half millions, Arago states.
M my hundreds have been observed; and on an aver
age they appear within oar field of observation at the
rate of about two per year. About two hundred of
those observed have appeared with sufficient regular,
ity to determine with some degree of accuracy their
orbitual movements, and various of the phenomena
of their existence.
One of the most surprising points about comets is
their prodigious dimensions. The head of the great
comet of 1811 was a globular mass whose diameter
measured thrice that of the sun, or nearly four mil
lion times that of the earth. Its tail was 130 millions
of miles in length. The space it would take up in
the heavens may be gathered from this, that had its
head joined the son, its tail would still have extended
80 million miles beyond the eirth. Suppose the tail
to have been solid, this comet would have possessed a
bulk nearly six hundred million times that of the
earth. Not less surprising than its volume is the
speed with which the tail of a comet is sometimes
shot out from the head. The great comet of 1843
had a tail 200 million miles in length. This tail was
thrown out in less than twenty days, and if. as is
supposed, it was composed entirely of matter issuing
from the head, portions of this matter must by some
means have acquired a velocity of not less than 7000
mites per minute
t rom various observations it is deduced that the
density of cometary matter is immeasurably less than
th.tt of common air. A body of it many thousand
miles -in thickness has no sensible imperfection of
transparency, the smallest stars eo small as to be
barely discernible by the aid of a powerful telescope
being distinctly risible throash it without the least
diminution of brightness. The cometary vapor being
visible only as it is illumined by the sun. it is sup
posed that when the comet arrives at a certain prox
imity to the sun, portions of this vapnr attain no
hijrh a temperature from exposure to the sun's heit,
that it becomes entirely transparent and invisible,
jujt as steam at the moment of its escape from the
boiler, and before its condensation, is transparent
and invisible. Thia accounts for the circumstance
that the size of the head of a comet is apparently
diminished as it nears the sun.
In shape scarce anv'two comets are alike. Very
often one of these holies alters in appearance, to an
extraordinary decree, in a marvelously short time.
Thus Hilley's comet appeared on October 3. 1835, in
the most usual form of comets, a body or nucleus
with long flowing tail.
Also, many comets have two or more tails, the
number of these appendages being known to range as
hizh as six. The comet of 1807, hod two such tail.,
which at various times assumed quite different
The comet of 1774 had no leas than six fully de
veloped tails. Their edges were, splendidly defined.
Their middle was rather feebly lighted. The epa-ie
between was as dark as the rest of the firmanent.
So much of the nature of comets. Their motions
are very eccentric Their speed is found to increase
largely as they near the sun, and decrease as they
depart upon their courses through space.
Planets near which they pass on their course seem
to attract these nebular bodies, and thus often pro
duce material alterations in the line of their orbits.
They do not, however, pro-luce any corresponding
alteration in the motions of the planets, which fact
goes to confirm the supposition that their matter is
exceedingly light and vaporous.
Their periodic revolutions about the sun are accom
plished in very various times from five years, the
perioi of 5Iewier comet, to hundreds an 1 even
thousands of years, the periods of others which have
been observe!, and who orbits have been computed.
It is. however, an established fact, that at each revo
lution of a comet about the sun. it approaches nearer
that luminary. And from this some speculative
astronomers have been led to suppose that finally the
comet, succumbing to the attraction of the sun. fills
into that body; and that comets were, in fict.intend
el by the Creator as fuel wherewith to feed the fires
of that Ulaminator of darkness. This, however, is
mere supposition. Hitherto no one has been fortunate
enough to witness the annihilation of a comet.
Comets have been, in all ages, objects of apprehen
sion to the ignorant and credilou. Scarce any
jrssibte accident, from the entire destruction of our
globe to an epidemic anion 3 the eats of Westphalia,
but these wanderers have been accuse.! of being likely
to cause, or of bavins: already caused. To the action
of comets are unhesitatingly ascribed extremes of
beat or cold, whether general or local; wind and
rain, earthquakes and hurricanes, volcanic ernptions,
fog, ftiods. droughts, every form of epidemic disease,
whether affecting the human race or the animal
creation; successful crops or failures; births and
deaths of extraordinary men; the rise and fall of
empires in short, all the various notable occurrences
for which Ignorant humanity vainly seek a cause.
That the proximity of comet should in some way
Sect the temperature of our atmosphere is so far
from unlikely, that the question has, from time to
time, engaged the attention of men of science. Ac
curate and long-continued experiments have, how
ever, satisfactorily proven that the weather is in
nowise affected by a comet.
Until recently, belief prevailed quite extensively
that comets, in tarn remote way, caused epidemics.
So late ago as 1829, Mr. Forster, an English gentle
man, published a book to prove that since the begin
ning of the Christian era the periods which have been
most insalubrious have been invariably those at
which some grea comet was visible. To prove the
absurdity of this, it is only necessary to refer to
numerous comets, whose appearancethere Ming no
plague to signatiae waa supposed to foretell the
birth cr death of some great man, the fall of some
kingdom, or the eruption of some volcano.
The year of the great plague in London (1665) was
noted for a comet, which appeared in the month of
ApriL and upon which, of course, the plague was
blamed no one, apparently, caring to ettle the
Question why the malign influence of the comet
should fall only npon London, not extending even to
the neighboring town ana vuiara.
" - .1 Kan
tn whifh was
A comet appeared in we year .
year, in the paroxysms of which people were seized
with uncontrollable fits of sneezing, generally result
ing in death. When any one about this time sneezed,
it became customary to say "God bless you ! from
which, probably, proceeded a similar custom to this
day prevalent upon the continent of Europe.
A comet which appeared in 1305 was also the
harbinger of a plague.
On the other hand, the comet of 1668 was sup
posed to have produced the general and fatal epi
demic among cats in Westphalia, previously alluded
to. One, of 1746, was supposed to have caused the
destruction of Lima and Callao by an earthquake.
A comet which appeared in March, 1402, was stated
by the astrologers of that day to presage the death of
John Galeas Visconti, an Italian prince. This gen
tleman, being a devout believer in astrologers and
comets, duly died no doubt of fright and thus, to
the great delight of the astrologers, made their pre
diction come true.
A brilliant comet, visible about 43 b. c, was
thought by the Romans to be the soul of Julius
Caesar, then recently murdered. Comets were
thought to have appeared at the births of Mithradates
and Mohammed to presage their greatness. It has
even been supposed that the star seen by the wise
men who came to pay homage to the infant Swior,
was a comet a circumstance by no means unlikely,
nor inconsistent with Scripture truth.
The great comet of 1456 spread terror throughout
Europe. Mohammed II. had just then taken Con
stantinople, and was advancing upon Vienna; and
this "blazing star" was presumed to foretell his
complete success. Pope Calixtus II., alarmed for his
own safety and that of universal Christendom, by a
bull under bis Pontifical hand excommunicated and
exorcised both Mohammed II. and the comet. But,
alas, neither against the comet nor the conqueror did
the bull avail aught. It was at this time that the
Pope ordained that the bells of Catholic Churches
should be rang at noon possibly to scare the stellar
invader.which custom of bell-ringing is still continued.
Of all the long suppositious chapter of accidents,
that of a collision between the earth and a comet
seems to be the least improbable. Astronomers do
not pretend to deny the possibility of such an occur
rence. Two conditions are, however, necessary to be
fulfilled in order to bring about a collision : 1st.
The path of the comet must at some point intersect
that of the earth. 2d. The two bodies must arrive at
the point of intersection at the same time. The ac
companying diagram which shows the orbit of the
comet of 1832, and its position in relation to our
planetary system, will make plain to the reader the
different motions of these bodies, and the great un
likelihood there is that any collision could ever take
place between our earth and a comet. In fact, we
have it upon the word of a distinguished astronomer
that, "allowing the number of comets passing within
the earth's orbit to be the greatest imaginable, and
the magnitude of these comets, also, to be the greatest
conceivable of such bodies, the chances against a col
lision of the earth with any individual comet would
still be as two hundred and eighty-one millions to
one." That is to say, the chances that the comet at
present expected will run against onr planet are as
two hundred and eighty-one millions against one.
One could hardly be safer.
What would be the consequences of a collision no
one is able to foretell.
Delambre tells us that the comet of 1770 passed
between Jupiter and his satellites without causing
any sensible perturbation. Sir John Herschel says,
in express terms, that "the tail of a large comet, as
far as we can form any idea of it, is composed of a
few pounds of matter, and perhaps only of a few
Some philosophers have supposed that the matter
of a comet is a poisonous vapor, and that its collision
with the earth wonld poison our atmosphere, and
asphyxiate all breathing things. Others have specu
late.! upon the probability of such a meeting pro
ducing another general deluge. Whiston endeavored
to prove that the Biblical Deluge was actually pro-
daceI by one or the earlier visits or the great comet
of 1680. According to Whiston. too, the earth was
originally a comet. We will add, in conclusion, that
M. B ibinet, one of the greatest authorities of the age
in Physical Astronomy, has gone as far as to say
'the earth, in coming into collision with a comet,
would be no more affected in its stability than would
a railway train coming in contact with a fly."
As to the comets which are now exciting attention
in America and Europe, two have been noticed bv
astronomers since the bejinninz of the present year.
The first known as D'Arrest's was a telescopic
comet, concerning whose movements but little of
interest has transpired. Of the other, discovered on
the 18th of March last, by M Bruhn, of Berlin, we
give a representation. (See Figure 2.) It. also, is
invisible to the naked eye. Telescopic observers state
that no nucleus is visible in its centre, and that it is
of nearly uniform brightness throughout It seems
to be a small and unimportant body.
It is the great comet of 1556, whose return is look
ed for during the present month (June,) and whose
advent has excited the fears of the ignorant and
credulous in various parts of the world. Our repre
sentation of this comet (Figure 3) is taken from an
ancient volume, wherein its mysterious powers are
set forth at great length, and with considerable of
the eloquence engendered of fear. Astronomers
noticed that the come' of 1264 resembled exceedingly
in its march that which had so alarmed Charles V.
in 1556. They attributed to that comet a period of
two hundred and ninety-two years, and predicted its
return in 1818. But in 1848 no comet appeared.
The world has patiently waited, thinking that the
perturbating influences of other planets might retard
its movements some years.
M. Bom me has calculated a delay of ten years
from the effect of the planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus,
Neptune, the Eirth, Venus, and Mars. But there
remains an uncertainty of two years, more or less, as
to its next return, which otherwise would take place
in 1858. Thus the comet ought to re-appear between
the present time and 1860; but nothing whatever
authorizes any one to affirm that it is to come this
year more than in 1858, or in 1854, or in 1860.
Meantime a Belgian almanac-maker took the mat
ter in hand, and predicted that this comet would
strike the earth on the 13th of June. From this
gentleman's almanac's-prediction have come all the
rumors, the alarms, and excitements of the present
year. A Paris correspondent writes : " For u fort
night we have not been able to step' out without hear
ing the cry, Here is the end of the world ! a ful
description of the comet of June 13, only one sou ! "
Women have miscirried; crops have been neglected;
wills have been made; comet-proof suits of clothing
have been invented; a cometary life insurance com
pany (premiums payable iu advance) has been
created ; and our " Man about Town" has fancied
himself walking the streets with a veritable blazing
star all because an almanac-maker of Liege thought
proper to insert, undr the week commencing June
13, "About this time expect a Comet."
Lae w f ram Frasrr River.
Fort Hope, Augnst 27, 1855.
Editor or toe Sax Francisco Dclletin: An
opportunity offering to forward you the latest items
of news by Mr. Charles Cook, now on his return to
your city, I avail myself of it. Fraer river for the
last week has been the seat of much excitement.
Indian hostilities bavo broken out and open war
between the races represented here, the white and
red man, commenced. Lirgeand animated meetings
have been held in both Forts Yale and Hope. Furi
ous resolutions were adopted, and energetic measures
projected. Rumor ha succeeded rumor, iu rapid suc
cession, and the public mind has been swayed to and
fro. The most of thee rumors will reach you
through your correspondents My principal object
is to state to your many renders what would seem to
be the most reliable aid recent information from the
seat of war above the U! Canon."
Captain Snyder has just reported by a letter
received through Billnu'a Express at this place, that
a treaty has been made with five chiefs of the upper
tnoes, whico restores peace, anl enables the miners
to return to their abandoned claims between the first
canon and Foster's liir. Capt. Snyder's communi.
cation is dated Chinese Camp, above the Big Can on,
August 20tb, and would seem to be the mo&t recent
news. It appears, nevertheless, that owing to the
fact that parties at a distance were not apprized of
the peace, a body of Americans were fired upon since
the treaty was made ami several killed. Capt. Sny
der sends down to Fort Yale for provHons; enjoins
opon the whites circumspection and forbearance
towards the Indians; and expresses his conviction
that the desire of the Indians is sincere for Deuce.
Th report of the killing of forty-three men wants
confirmation, though as yet it is believed by many.
Ascertained to be a hoax. Ed. Bulletin.
Predicated upon such belief was the action of the
Fort Yale meeting of Saturday (21st August) and
the enthusiastic demonstration of the people of this
place yesterday. It is much to be desired that hos
tilities should cease. The sacrifice of life has already
been great. Isolated parties of men are cut off by
the savages. Five additional corpses were picked up
this morning above Fort Yale. This swells the num
ber of bodies picked up since Friday evening to
thirteen. It is raining very severely at this time.
A Collector of Licenses and Ground Rents has made
his appearance at Fort Hope. An examination has
been made of the number of arms and the amount of
ammunition in Fort Hope and among the miners.
The report made would seem to indicate that the
miners and residents are well armed and in s condi
tion to make a Tigorous defence. A night-watch has
been established, and other precautionary measures
The reaction has fully commenced and the return
ing wave of emigration will roll back its disappointed
thousands npon the shores of old California. Ten
days ago and every rod of ground nearly between
Forts Hope and Fort Yale was claimed; to-day,
stakes and notices but mark abandoned claims. jv0
one here sincerely expects low voter before the mid-
die or end or vctootr.
I lewttM w the frosty
seal of winter will be set upon the rugged brow of
nature, and the bright hopes of the gold-hunter will
set in darkness. I venture to predict such a finale
without, however, denying the richness of this
perverse stream. Its almost incredible richnete is no
myth, but no country could possibly offer the obsta
cles to the miner which he has to encounter here
rapid rivers and mountain barriers, no facilities for
ditching or locomotion,' no lumber for flaming or
sluicing, no pack-trails, no pack-animals, no pro
visions, an inhospitable country, hostile Indians, a
pernicious monopoly, the gold an impalpable powder
and to cap the climax, twenty feet under water for
one-half the year, and frozen down the other halt
S W. Daggett.
THE BEST ASSORTED
STOCK IN TOWN!
TO BE SOLD REASONABLE,
. AT THE
New Fire-proof Store on the Wharf,
OPPOSITE XAKEE AND AXTHOX's BLOCK.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MERCHANT,
HAS JUST RECEIVED. PER "MEllTA,"
ENGLISH and AMERICAN GOODS, choice as
sortment. Also, per late arrivals, a large quantity or
Saddlery Fixings, including whole Hides, Enameled Leather, and
urmture lor damages.
Bilk Umbrellas. Linen Handkerchiefs,
20 cases blue Cottons,
Bale heavy Denims, Blankets,
35 cases Calf Brogans, Kip Brogans, Boots,
A good variety of English Shirts, Blue Shirts,
Hats of various styles.
Prints, new patterns.
Steamboat Irons, Collins' Axes,
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Pilot Coats, fine Kersey Pants,
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Cheap Pants, Satinet Pants, Hickory Shirts,
Hosiery, Drawers and Undershirts,
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Silk Velvet, Ribbons, black Silk Hdkfs,
Cambric II ;ind kerchiefs,
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Kegs tongues and sounds.
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Half bbls dried apples, crushed sugar, brown sugar,
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Chests tea, kegs pickles.
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Cans boiled linseed oil.
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American white lead
Bbls bright varnish.
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Deep sea lines,
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Kegs Old Tom;
Octaves fine brandy, In bond;
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Kegs old Magnolia whisky, in bond;
Kegs old Bourbon whisky, in bond;
Cases Geneva gin. In bond;
Fine Port wine, expressly for family use;
Fine Sherry, Fine Sauteme,
Fine Claret, Fine Hock;
Cases ale and porter. Bitters,
Baskets champagne. Demijohns &c, &c , fcc.
Honolulu, Sept. 0, IS 53. 115-tf
Lumber ! Lumber !
AT TUB OLD LUMBER YARD Just re
ceived, ex Fortuna, the best assortment of .Eastern Lum
ber ever imported, consisting of
15.000 feet assorted white c -Jc plank, for Ship Carpenters'
and Wheelwrights use.
20,000 feet white pine sheath .g boards, f Inch thick.
15.000 feet yellow pine 1 J to ii inch plank, for heading and
20,000 feet Pennsylvania white pine boards, parallel widths.
planed on one side.
6,000 feet Pennsylvania white pine shelving, planed on both
43.000 feet assorted dimension plank, 11 to S inch.
100.000 best Amostuk shaved cedar shingles.
25,000 best laths.
And a variety of building materials.
C. 11. LEWtKS, Lumber Merchant.
6" Fort street.
New Goods, cx Bark " Melita."
BXS. CODFISH; KITSXO. 1 MACKEREL
Kits cod tongues.
Cases lard, in tins, 10 lbs each.
Cm meal, in tins.
U round rice. In tins,
Carolina rice. In bbls,
Boston smoked hams.
At 8. 8AVIDQES.
HONOLULU ROYAL ARM CHAPTER,
UNDER DISPENSATION OF THE
GENERAL GRAND CHAPTER OF
UNITEH STATES OF AMERICA,
Wlil hold the Regular Meetings on the third Thursday of
every month, at the Hall of the Lodge,
"Lc Progres de TOecanie."
Honolulu, Sept. 8. (63-tf) n. V.
TWO LARGE LOOKING GLASSES, with gilt
frame and marble plate, for saloons, common Look in ir
GUrnet, with do do, for tables, cut-glass Tumblers and Gobblets
or sale by
62-tf H. HACKFELD a- CO.
IIST RECEIVED, PER
ME LIT A." i
imall invoice ot Shoes, as follows :
Patent leather, glove top. Congress Gaiters,
Enameled' Congress Gaiters,
Enameled Brogans. '
107 tf For sale by C. A. & H. F. POOR.
CALIFORNIA WHITE WINE.
OEC CASES CALIFORNIA WHITE WINE
Ami J per Yankee," for sale by
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1. 11 m mini m:
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market rates a lance assortment of Goods, recently receiv
ed from San Fraaciac and Livers! Among them
White cottons, shirtings.
White cotton drill, madapolams.
Fancy drill, printed cords, two-blue prints.
Furniture print, brown drilling, regatta shirta.
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White, colored and fancy striped cotton undershirts, 1 stings.
Merino undershirts, children's socks, white and red flannel.
White blankets, large assm't of liuen drills, French merino,
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Embroidered alpacas, embroidered Orleans silk, poncho cloth, '
mbf d cloth ponchos, monkey jackets, Kusseu cora oosts,
Tweed and other trowsers, women s snoes, assorted, -Men's
shoes, ladies' shoes, crape shawls,
Linen camb. hdkfs, silk neckties,
Felt bats (assrtd), cord,
Ladies' riding bats, blue flannel jackets, linen drill pants, tie.
English pie fruits, pickles, sauces, black pepper, white pepper.
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capers, ansa herbs, London malt vinegar, English brown soap,
Sheet lead, assorted English files.
Assorted noiiow ware, sheathing nails,
Garden chairs, bronze hat stands, cook's ladles,
. Handsaws, saw sets, assorted corkscrews.
Table knives, forks, carvers, and steels.
Chest locks, barrel bolts, trv nans, anvils.
iron wneeioarrows, tin plates.
zioop iron, assorted iron, screw wool press.
Garden rollers, iron field gates, hand rates,
Burnished bits, sail needles.
Pump tacks, electro-plated ware, forks, spoons.
Aachora and Chain.
Bottled ale (a first rate article), brandy, ein. draarht ale. claret.
viu auiu, uitu, crauappie ciaer, snerry wine, Caamp&gne, etc
ri j t i - i . ' '
SHIP CHANDLERY AND SUNDRIES.
Fire bricks, blue and white; saddles, bridles, belts, dairy salt;
Liverpool picKiing salt, ot. L nes paciciogsait, pipes;
Black, yellow and green paint, hemp rope, Manila rope:
Hemp canvas, osnaburg, strong wide bagging, wool bags;
Blacksmith's coal, carriage and other varnishes.
Yellow nappies, table sets, chamber sets, tea sets, bowls, asstd;
uinner piates, soup places, o men plates, nat dishes, mugs;
Metal covered jugs and pitchers, etc., etc.
02-tr ROBERT C. JANION.
LATE POPULAR BOOKS!
TUST RECEIVED PER BARKS "MELI-
TA " and " YANKEE," an for sale cheap for cash :
The American Naval Sketch Book 2 vols.
Peter Gott, the Cape Ann Fisherman.
Ross' Accountant's Own Book.
Dred a Tale ot the Dismal Swamp.
Waverly Novels Illustrated 12 vols, complete.
Cheever's Sandwich Islands.
Irvine's Complete Works 0 vols.
Alderbrook 2 vols.
Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy. -
Cpok's Voyages Round the World 4 vols.
Life of Captain Cook, the Discoverer 2 vols.
Gerard, the Lion Killer.
Howitt's Land of Labor and Gold.
O'Meara's Life of Napoleon.
Family and Ship Medicine Chest Companion.
Francis' Manifold Letter Writer.
Lempiere's Classical Dictionary.
A great variety of Juveniles.
Spectator 6 vols.
Gliddon's Tvpes of Mankind.
Universal Gazetteer of Literature.
Adventures of Don Quixote Illustrated.
Widow Bedott Papers.
Philosophy of Mysterious Rappings and Reply to Beecher.
The skeptical Era.
The Roving Diplomatist by Wikoff.
The States and Territories of the Great West.
A Common -place Book of Thought, Memories and Fancies
Derivation ot tamily Aames.
Life of Napoleon III.
Life of Prince Talleyrand.
Balloon Travels in Europe.
Anecdotes of the American Clergy.
Ineenue. or the First Days of Blood by Dumas.
Trials of a Housekeeper.
Leaves from the Tree ItrdrasyL
Knight of the Golden Melice.
The Gentleman in Black.
The Two Guardians.
Recent Speeches and Addresses - by Charles Sumner.
G ibriel Vane his Fortunes and Friends.
Panorama of Life ami Literature of LitteU.
The Hiawatha Legends.
Home Scenes and Home Sounds.
Modern Mysteries Explained and Exposed.
Art and Industry of the Crystal Palace.
Napnieon in Exile.
The Life and Reign nf Nicholas I. of Russia.
Poetry and Mystery of Dreams.
The Romance of History.
Old Haun, the Pawnbroker Illustrated.
Star Papers Ward Beecher.
Anderson's Course of Creation.
Mechanics' Lectures on Science, &c
Yankee Enterprise Illustrated.
Men of Character by Douglas Jerrold Illustrated.
Stray Lenves from Fairy Land.
The Youth of the Old Dominion.
American Education by Mansfield.
Scenes and Adventures in the Army.
The Upper Ten Thousand by C. Astor Bristed Ttlas'd.
My Cousin Nicholas by the Author of Ingoldsby Legends.
Choice Stones from Household v ords,
And about 1000 other volumes.
107-tf HENRY M. WHITNEY.
ENGLISH AND AMERICAN PAPERS
rwiIIE UDERSIGED is Agent to receive subscrfp-
I M. tions throughout this kingdom lor any of the following
publications. Subscribers will receive them punctually on ths
arrival of each mail from the L mted states, when paid for In
advance. The following prices cover the Hawaiian, American
and British postages :
Harper's Monthly Magazine (the ne plua ultra
of Magazines) $ 6 00
Atlantic Monthly Magazine, ... 5 00
Godey's Lady's " - - 6 00
Graham's Illustrated --.- 6 00
Leslie's Magazine of Fashion, - - - 8 00
Hunt's Merchants' Magazine, - 6 00
Knickerbocker " - - 8 00
Eclectic " - - - - 10 00
Littel's Living Age, (weekly) - - - 7 00
Blackwood's .Magazine, (English) - - 6 00
Blackwood and the 4 English Quarterlies, - 18 00
Either of the 4 English " 4 00
United States Illustrated Magazine, ... 4 00
North American Review, (quarterly) - - . 6 00
De Bow's Review, (monthly) - - 5 00
Dickens' Household Words, ... - 6 00
Hutching's California Magazine, ... 5 00
London Illustrated News, (weekly) - - $14 00
" Evening Mail (iri-weekly of the London
Times) ... - 2800
" Punch, (weekly) .... 800
" Despatch, - - - 14 00
Bell's Life in London, ... - 14 00
London Weekly Times, - - - . 10 00
Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper, - - - 10 00
French Courier des Etats Unis, 7 60
New York Herald, (weekly) - - - - $5 00
" " Tribune, " .... 4 00
" Times, " .... 400
Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, (weekly) - 6 00
Balinu's Boston Pictorial, ... - 6 00
Sau Francisco Herald, - - - - 6 00
" Bulletin, - - - 8 00
" " Alta California,- ... 800
" " - Tt-wn Talk, - - - 6 00
Boston Journal, (weekly) - - - 4 00
Willis' Home Journal, ..... 4 00
New York Independent, (weekly) ... 4 00
Philadelphia Evening Post, " ... 4 00
Harper's Weekly Journal, .... 4 00
Lifo Illustrated, (a weekly family Journal) - - 4 00
The Country Gentleman, do - 4 00 -
New Bedford Mercury, .... - 4 00
" " Ship List, ..... 3 00
Cultivator Magazine, (monthly, on farming) . - 2 00
The above list comprises the cream of British and American
De nodical literature, and will be supplied to subscribers here at
the rates annexed to each periodical. Those taking several
periodical)) will be allowed a liberal discount. All the above
are recrularlv received hv each mail from the United States, and
can be supplied on application. The undersigned will also order
hv mail any papers not in the above list for those who may desire
. y.o .r ti f wnrrvi'v
luem. iiasi; iiuii.ii.ii
BOOKS BY EXPRESS.
K SCRSCR1RF.R WILL RECEIVE
itw Books by Express from New York and San Fran-
cimro by every regular packet. By the next packet he will re
ceive the following, all new books :
Dr. Livingston's Travels and Researches in South Africa, illus
trated 4 50.
Potu of the 19th Century, 132 engravings, richly bound, 4to
Atkinson's Seven Years In Siberia and Tartary $5.
Isaac Tuvlor'i World of Mind. 12mo tl 76.
Scenes of Clerical Life bein the Sad Fortunes of Rev. Amos
Barton, (originally published in Blackwood.) 76c., paper cover.
European Acquaintance beiog Sketches of People in Eu
TT IJ Ik KIIII 111 m 1 1 L II V 1SI . nuiIKU f 1 "
rope gi 60.
Mrs. Siirournev's Lnev Howard SI 80.
The Hasheesh Eater being passages ia the Life of a Pytha-
gorian $1 75.
The Happy Home ; by Kirwan $1.
History of the Origin of the V. S. Constitution j by Geo. W.
Hydes's and Ferris' Mormonism SI 75.
California and its Resources, illustrated S3 25.
Mrs. Hale's Receipt Book, (new and enlarged edition,) S2.
Miss Leslie's New Cook Book, (new aad enlarged edition.) $2.
I02-2t 11. M. WHITNEY.
T1IIE SUBSCRIBER has for sale a lot of Blacksmith's
Tools, suitable for plantations such as Anvils, Hammers,
Vices, &c, at reduced prices.
Q3-tr. iLbaux oil ill, oiacKsmiw.
SHIRTS ! SHIRTS !
TCST RECEIVED PER FANNY
direct from the Manufacturer in New York, a small invoice
of Davies ft Jones celebrated patented shoulder seam and three .
Plv collar shirts . They are selected so that we can fit almost
any size, and afford to sell them 20 per cent less than former
I prices. It wants but a trial to convince any one of their superi
ority in every respect over any others In the market at present.
100-tf Tailors, cor. King Fort St.
RAGS ! !
fTUIE UNDERSIGNED IS PREPARED TO
JL purchase Rags, in any quantity, in trad or for eatk.
For clean and picked white cotton or linen rags, S cents per
pound will be paid. F-r colored cotton or linen rags, 2 cents
per pound. No rags will be purchased unless well cleaned and
merchantable. Woolen rags not wanted. Persons residing on
the other Islands, can send rag bales to Honolulu by schoon
er, consigned to the subscriber, and care will be taken of their
packam. W-711 H. U. WHITNEY.
THE PROPRIETOR OF THIS ESTABLISIIMrii
HAVING IN USE AN .
Adams' Imperial Power Press,
RUGGLES' CARD PRESS,
AND HAVING AN EXTENSIVE ASSORTMENT OF
NEW AND ELEGANT TYPE AND OTHER
The Best Assortment of Plain and Fancy
Cards ever imported,
IS NOW PREPARED TO EXECUTE
IN EVERY VARIETY OF TASTE AND STYLE,
WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCH.
Will be executed promptly, tn a superior manner, and at reason
XT Orders, by mail or otherwise, will receive Immediate atten
TT Address Henry M. Whitney. Honolulu, Oaha. 875x
milE UNDERSIGNED OFFERS FOR SALE
K uer "ELIZA & ELLA." from Boston, the following splen
did assortment of Stationery, Blank Botks, and Desk furniture,
3, 4, 6 and 6 quire Journals, various bindings;
3, 4, 5 and 0 quire Ledgers, do do:
3, 4, 6 and 6 quire Record Books;
3, 4, 5 and 0 quire Day Books;
3, 4, 6 and 0 quire Log Books;
Assorted cargo books; Assorted tuck mem. books;
do tuck diaries and almanacs, for lsas;
do writing books, with and without copies; -do
cap ledger indices; assorted letter books;
200 reams letter, cap and note paper;
10 do bill and account current paper;
100,000 buff and white envelopes, of all sizes;
2,000 parchment and cloth envelopes, of all sizes;
A great variety of blank notes, drafts and bills of lading;
Bowd itch's Navigator; Expeditious Calculator;
Nautical Almanac, for' 1859; 100 gross steel pens;
Outta percha pens a new article; copying brushes;
Assorted red tape; red, fancy ana Dlaclc sealing wax;
Boxes assorted gummed seals; patent ink erasers;
Patent pencil sharpeners; patent traveling ink stands;
Flat, round and octagon rulers; tin cash trays;
Lubin's. Kaber's aud Ropes' lead pencils; tla wafer cups;
25 gross red. blue and black inks; assorted copying inks;
Assorted portfolios, choice article; assorted Ivory paper folders;
tlo pen holders, various patterns; pen racks; letter cups;
do paper weights; assorted inkstands; thermometers;
do mottled and plain linen twine;
do slates, small toy and school;
do banker. wallets, for notes and bills;
A few eross of real Albata pens; ladies' small sized otter paper;
Italian office desk hones; camel hair pencils, etc., etc.
89-tf li. 1. 111ISEV.
BT JAMES J. JARVE, ESQ..
rpHE UNDERSIGNED has received by the ship Eli-
by Mr. Jarves. formerly of Honolulu :
KIANA, a Tale of Hawaii.
This work is founded on one of the ancient traditions of the
Hawaiians, and illustrates their ancient customs and habits. It
is dedicated by the Author to 11 is Majesty Kamehameha IV.
ART HINTS, on Architectcre, Sculpture and
Painting Bv J. J. Jurves.
"America has at last produced a writer who may help to edu
cate her in art, guide her infant steps, and to point out the pit
falls that surround the pilgrim of art." London Atneneum.
PARISIAN SIGHTS AND FRENCH PRINCI
PLES By J. J. Jarves. 1st and 2d (series.
Without question, one of the raciest books ever wi itten on
Parisian life and manners." Boston font.
ITALIAN SIGHTS AND PAPAL PRINCI
PLES with numerous illustrations By J.
" The sketches of which this volume Is composed, are not only
spirited but informing. They furnish an impressive idea of the
grandeur and the glory and the degradation and shame of mod
ern Italy." Home Journal.
87-tf For sale by II. M. WHITNEY.
SEAMEN AND STRANGERS.
HHHE Undersigned is prepared to receive moneys, or valua
1 ble articles of small bulk, on deposit in his vault in the Post
Office Building, (formerly occupied by the Hawaiian Government
as the Treasury.) These vaults are considered fireproof, and are
safer than anyotherin Honolulu. Strangers visiting the Islands,
and seamen or officers going to sea, and wishing to deposit coid.
valuable papers, or other articles, during their absence, will nnd
this deposit an accommodation to them. When sums of money
are left for a term of twelve months, or longer, they can be in
vested or not, at the option of the depositor, and interest on the
deposit secured. A receipt will be given for all sums or valua
bles deposited. H. M. V I11T.N K .
Honolulu, Oct. 1S57. iO-u
THE UNDERSIGNED HAVING BEEN AP
Kinted Ouardians of the person and property ol WILLIAM
C. LCNALILO, son of Charles Kauaina. of Honolulu, hereby
eive notice to all persons indebted o him to make immediate
payment ; and all persons having claims against the same, are
hereby requested to present the same to J. W. Al&l lJN, Ho
nolulu. J. W. Al STIN.
Feb. 22.1S5S. 8T-tf C. KANAINA.
M the person and property of WILLI A M C. LUNALILO,
son of C. Kanaina, of Honolulu, hereby forbid any person trust
ins the said W. C Lunalilo, as from this date we shall pay no
debts contracted by him. J. W. ALSTIN,
. It. AKMMKU.Mi,
Feb. 2-2, 1853. 67-tf C. KANAINA.
HIE UNDERSIGNED HAVING BEEN
appointed Administrator, with the will annexed, of the es
tate of Stephen Reynolds, late of Honolulu, deceased hereby
gives notice to all persons having demands against said estate,
to present the same ; and all persons indebted to the same, are
hereby requested to make immediate payment.
J A .MLS V. ALSX1J,
Honolulu, Jannary 22. 1858. 83-tf Administrator.
ER LATK ARRIVALS A SPLENDID
assortment of Light Ciothinir, vis :
White linen duck and drill pants,
do do do do coats,
Brown do do do pants,
do do do do coats,
Fancy plaid coats.
Fancy check coats,
black ol pacca coats.
114-tf At wholesale by C. A. tt II. F. POOR.
THOMPSON & LVILLK,
OPPOSITE THE CUSTOM HOUSE,
THE ABOVE HAVING PURCHASED
the premises formerly occupied by M. M. Mattkevo-,
are now prepared to execute ship. Carriage aud Cart
lork, on the shortest notice and most reasonable
terms, and hope by strict attention to business to merit share
! of the public patronage heretofore so liberally bestowed. 105-tf
THE UNDERSIGNED HAVING ENGAG
ed the services of an experienced Upholsterer, is now pre
pared to make to order Spring Beds, Hair, Pulu and Hay Mat
tresses, Spring Lounges, ic. Old Sofas, Lounges, Ottomans and .
Chairs repaired and re-covered on reasonable terms. 1 urmture .
of all kinds made to order.
Koa, black walnut, pine and lead Coffins constantly on hand
and made to order. CUAS. W. FOX, Cabinet-maker,
7d-tf Stewart's Old Stand, Hotel St., near corner of Fort.
WILLIAM MANN, BAKER,
BEGS LEA VETO INFORM HIS FRIENDS
and the public, that he has lately opened a BAKERY in
King street, next door to the Center Market, nearly opposite
the Bethel, where may be had nt all times, FRES1I BREAD.
PASTRY and CAKES. He will also keep an assortment of
Groceries. All that he sells will be of the best quality that can
be procure, in the market..
N. B ship Bread dned and repacked. lll-4m
CAKES AND CRACKERS,
JUST RECEIVED PER TANK EE
Picnic crackers, in tins;
w a ter crackers, do;
Jenny Lind cakes, In tins; '
Jumbles. For sale by
114-tf C. A. & n. F. POOR.
flASES "KNICKERBOCKER" BRAND!
extra quality; for sale by
C. A & H. F. POOR.
THE UNDERSIGNED HAVE REMOVED
to Makee. at Anthon's fire-proof buiidinc. ud stairs, over
tl e store of W. A. Aidrich. . . ,
106-tf C. A. Jt H. r. POOR.
SUPERIOR FIRE AND THIEF PROOF
safes, made by Messrs. Cento k Roberts, Boston. For sale
by 85-tf 1 A. P. EVERETT.
fUST RECEIVED A FEW Ml'RIWR
Clocks. Also, Pendulum Clocks, different natttarns. and In
good order. For sale by
U-tf C. A. k H. F. POOR.
P ATENT SPRING BEDS Made to order by
CHAB. W. FOX. Cabinet Maker.
"DEATH TO ALL VERMIN."
Eat, Roach, &c. Ezterminator.
Pnt np in 20e.. S5e.. Sc, and 1
For the Ifcwtriiclon of RATrf, Mill;. FUiLD .MIC
MOLES, ROACH KS. CROTOl BUGS,
ANTS. 4c. ,
m- Endorsed by the auxiaiinou vole- of tM Prm
th People: "N"l dangerous to Uie Human laniuy.
Rats do not die In iheu holes, but come out and I die P
A irw, safe and speedy remedy
ru t . i. 'i j
liewbere." " Hotelv
thousands, in New lor
Ships Steamboats. Boarding Houses, Public Instil lions,
Ab., cannot do without u."
Bed Bug Exterminator
Fnt np ia 23c, 60C-, 70C-, ana i otn-u
As Infallible destroyer of these mld-nlgnt
"Mever known to fall." "No housekeeper snoom oe
without it." "Is not obnoxious to the unman but death
the bug species."
" to rroyPKE5nBLsAQrrroR..
ANTS FLKA8. PLANT INSECTS. VERMIN OA
' . x-W . i c .. mraluable Dreosra-
tlon to Farmers"." Cnsorpansed bv an other,
joyins; an immense popularny every where.
The above are now acknowledged the
Only Infallible Remedies!
Terms, Cah par funds In New York.
No Goods sold on commllon.
Cosiar's BnlU"," with full partic
ulars, fornUhed on application.
To Druggists and Dealers
In places where the xirmfnatoteh'r not yet been
introduced "Cotar," makes the Spert-d Prnrvntion :
I On orders for a Single Dnxen (for a nm trial) the
heneut of Grate Pt1rreirtlht!iirn.
3 On all orders foi f 10 worth and ovar, a dtecomt of
ten vr rent from Oram Prirr.
Briv-gend for "Costar'a" Private Circular, XoDnggif
To the People.
If no Dreooitt r TVnVr In yonr place keep a snpply
of the Exterminators, a Samp Box of tb Kat, Hoaeh,
At, Exterminator Will be in nt to you by mail, pre-paid,
on receipt of $1, or a Sample IJoi of the E'eetrir Poird-r
for 80c The Bed Hug F.s-erminntnr being a lianld. cannot
be sent through the mail: bin In ea s wlereli is required,
the Veetrie Powder will Le found an effectual substitute
Toproteet the Public aimlnst Fpvrioue and Bfoh'y
Pereieitme ImtVitifrnt a Nrw Label raa -ecn prauareu.
bearing- a ue eimiU of &e Proprietor's signature :
Fold -Wholesale and Retail at "COSTAR'S"
Principal Depot. No. 388 Broadway,
jfew York, andby respectable XtiMtat and Vea'tte
throughout tbe United States, the Canadaa, Mexico. West
Indies and ttouth America.
Sold also, by
S. P. FORD, M. D
li. P. JUDD, M. DM
llosiolalsi S I
ENGRAVER ON WOOD.
r C. BOYD RESPECTFCCtT INFORMS
M. his customers that he desiiras and engraves every descnp
tion of Advertising Cuts, Viers of Buildings, Goods, Wares,
Patent Articles, Portraits. Labels. Masonic. Odd Fellow and
I Temperance Seals, Notary Public and County Seals, (brass or
wood.) Bill Head Vijraettes, Newspaper Heads, Serious or Comic
Book Illustrations, etc stamps of every kind engraved on cop
per, brass or wood. la Clay street, corner of sansome,
N. B. All orders from the Islands, sent through H. M.
WHITNEY, Esq., Honolulu, will be promptly executed. 102-ly
THE UNDERSIGNED OFFERS FOR SAL!,
THE CARGO OF THE BRITISH BATIK
PORTE IT J
"IIICII SAILED FROM LIVERPOOL,
May 13th, 1853, consisting of
Bales fancy prints, bales musiin, a complete assortment blankets
Alpaccas, plaids, ngured lustres, Orleans, Brussels carpet;
Velvet carpets, black doeskin, velvet rugs, blue twilled flannel;
Moleskin, cotton umbrellas, silk umbrellas. Victoria lawns,
Turkey red handkerchiefs, cotton handkerchiefs, regatta shirts;
fancy shirts, white shirts, superior white shirts, jean shirts;
Mosquito netting, felt hats, an assortment of clothing, fine hosiery;
Linen tnreaa, suit tnreart. assorted men's and women's shoes;
Reefing jackets, pilot coats and trowsers, fancy drills;
White sheeting, brown hollands, linen cambric handkerchiefs;
White damask table cm-era, huckaback toweling, white drills;
Shirtings, madapolams, grey d mestics, fine and good white calice.
60 tons rice,
Casks bottled ale and porter,
H hds draught ale,
Cases fancy biscuits,
An invoice of Roskill's English watches,
6 tons fencing wire,
6 small iron safes,
2 copying presses.
Assorted hoop iron.
Assorted round and square Iron;
. 20 boxes IX tin plates,
6 sheets lead,
English white lead, paints and oil.
Also expected via San Francisco:
Serge and flannel shirts,
On Hand :
Liverpool and 8t L'bes salt,
English groceries, pie fruits, pickles,
English brown soap,
- Elates and fire bricks, '
Anchors and chains,
Saddlery, etc.. etc.
And a very varied assortment of Trv Goods and Sundries.
rr An invoice of N K W GOODS is expected shortly from Ran
vrancisco.' IllKJ-lI I ROBERT C. J ANION.
im' a. mr m mmmm amct m -a- m , n, -. .m .
111 H i IsRISTOlj BRICK. ASS'D NAILS,
Axe handles, row locks, whalers' spades.
Firmer chisels, gouges, files, planters' hoes, bog hoes,
Buck shot, chisel handles, knife cleiners,
Safety fuse, bead and moulding planes.
Carpet hammers, blind hinges, wrought nails,
Seine twine, UfTord's study lamps, fish and chalk lines, --
Gun nipples, superior needles, shot belts, i
Plated castors, plated forks and spoons.
Plated dessert knives, wire rat traps, horse rasps.
Pencil sharpeners, shingling hatchets, copper tacks, ,
Sph-it levels, tea trays, horse brushes, an 1 cards.
Ox bows and ox yokes, corn shellers, grain cradles.
House paper, assorted, pod and center bits.
Enameled duck for carriage tops, new saddles,
Finished grindstones, grindstone fixtures,
Lead pipe, J, I. li, . and 2 inches,
Douglas pumps, Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 6, guarded lantern. .
Brass screw rings, nest trunks, nail rods,
Glazed sash, 8x10. 10x12, 10x14,
Doors and blinds, , 1 inch and Inch hose.
Hair cloth, curled hair, feather pillows,
Looking glasses, bush and grass scythes,
Heavy log chains, cast steel picks,
Sliding door locks, mortice chisels, brass cocks, ass'd.
Iron braces, bags shot, scotia and bead planes,
Pick handles, jack and smoothing planes.
Try and steel squares, hand scre.s, assorted.
Scythe stones aud riffles, sash fasts, clout sails,
Britannia tea and coffee pots, bake kettles..
Drawing knives, Gillot's pens, 303, 404,
Ciii-tain riugs, powder flasks, ivory handled knives,
Ege beaters, Ely's percussion caps, silver thimbles.
Black bowed scissors, axe hatchets, boys' axes.
Porcelain picture knobs, raror straps and razors.
Zinc washboards, wheelbarrows, bay cutters.
Tinned spurs, harness leather,
Harness, Japan, brass and silver mounted.
Buggy lamps, solar lamps, assorted, solar wicks,
Britannia lamps, shovels and tones,
Extra handles fur Eagle plow No. 2,
Flat Swede's iron, assorted, ' ; "
i inch and 9-18, square, Swede's Iron,
1, i, I inch round iron, nests buckets and boxes,
Eing.e and double bedsteads. -
Dry Goods, dec. ' .
Extra skirts, rattan, Scotch diapers and napkins.
Printed jaconet muslins, fast colors, -
Turkey red prints, small figure,
Fine prints, white ground, , -
Curtain cord, paper, cambric, "
Ladies' and gents' L. C. handkerchiefs.
Child's and misses' white hose,
4-4, 6-4, 6-4 and 11-4 sheeting, ''.
Brown drilling, brown cottons, tickin. ete..""
" iiwium atb. cunrawi irons, vrouini smices.
And a great variety of Goods, la store and to arrive, for sale by
. - - r. ,i. if i I I
D. C WATE R3X AIY
HAS FOR SALE, AND TO ARRIVE
50 bbls prime pork
850 bbls mess beef,
100 bbls Uaxall aoue
75,000 lbs navy, medium and pilot bread, in casks, bbls and brsi
- Water crackers and Jenny Lind cakes; batter, in casks;
. uicib, mum coiion auck, no 2,3.4. A n
. -8mooth-bu.m whaJe-boau, oars, boat anchors; '
Slop clothing, patent blankets. . .
100 coils assorted Manna cordage, Excelsior patent;
260 coils do do cordao-e. Nw luifc-i ,.
150 coils New Bedford towlitw. '
White oak plank and boards from 1 to 8 inch t
V" vumuenaiM ooai in casks t
China matting white, 0-4 wide !
Tobacco Oronoko leaf, 201b boxes. m plugs. Buf
falo chips and Turkish smoking tobacco, Man
ila cherort. No. 2 1 Manila dnn. No. a.
tmKlfMttCtxliorxAmna Island oats; -
uw siroDgaie,tnJugst octaves Uennis Maurice cognae
- brandy ;.auteroe winerin casks;
brandy, in cases Hollands gin, Port sad Mad air
wines, cherry cordials and liquors. In cases. ;
Sperm Oil and Whale Oil. 68-tf
HUNT'S C. S. HANDLED ATM.
RgBy PEU2)uxo outt?L&V I
LAWS AID REGULATION 1
. RESPECTING '
VESSELS, HARBORS AND CUSTOli
' Df THE V
PORTS OF THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS I
TaTESSELS arriving off A PORT 0ll 4
Entry to make the usual marine signal, (Ensign or ll f- ' "
at the Fore,) if they want a pUt- " v . . T
The pilot will approach vessels on the windward side,in4w t '
sent the health certificate to be signed by thecaptain. If theEr t
sel is free from contagion, the captain will hoist the whitt J ' I
otherwise he will hoist the yellow flag, and obey the dirftul i V
of the pilot and health officer.
The commanding officer of any merchant vessel, imaed, ?
after her arrival at either of the legalized ports of entry 12
make known to the collector of customs the business upon i k
aid vessel has come to this port, furnish him with a list -pessengcrs.
and deliver him, under ath, a full, true and perfe
manifest of the cargo with which said vessel is laden, ,u til 1
manifest shall contain an account of the packages, ua l 1
marks, number, contents and quantities, also the name ot & V:"
importers or consignees. When ny such officer shall fail a f ;
perform any cr all of the acts above mentioned within fcm. ,
eight hours after his arrival, be shall be subject to a fine aot et ' "
ceedlng one thousand dollars. He shall also, within tht tla, V
above mentioned, deliver, under oath, a list of all stnrtt m'", -board
at the time of her arrival, under penalty of forfeltanj, T
a line of one hundred dollars. JC
Masters of whaling vessels shall enter their vessels at 0 a u
lector's office within forty-eight hours after their arrtrtiEV i
either of the porta of entry, and previous to discharging or low. . '
ping any seamen, or taking off any supplies or stores, t': -penalty
of not less than ten or more than one hundred dofiui '
They shall also, within the time above iUted, furnish t li- :
all wines and spirits on board as stores, and a manifest of '
cargo and freight, except the produce of their fishery sad . '
outfl t, provisions and furniture of their vessel, under pwihjr . l
forfeiting all such stores, cargo and freight as are not on tot la t e
of stores or manifest, and a fine of one hundred dol in. .
Before landing baggage, a permit for the same muat beok. '
tabled from the collector, and no permit can be granted ante a, t t
requisite passenger Hit has been furnished by tbe captain.
Masters of vessels allowing baggage to be landed befon
pliance with the laws, are subject to a fine or live hundred dolhn. ? '
The coll ector, at hla discretion, and at the expense of theL,
el, may provide an officer to be present on board durinr h -discharge,
to superintend the disembarkation, and see that i?
other or greater amount of merchandise be landed thin a se ?()
forth In the permit.
Vessels having spirits, wines, or any other merchandlis tr
board, subject to a duty exceeding five per cent, ad valorem,. ,
receiving such articles on hoard, are liable to ave an officer a -board,
who shall receive the sum of two dollars and fifty cms,;"
per diem, and also food and lodging at the expense of the vent '
The following are the only porta of entry In this kingdom, va l
for vessels oT all descriptions, Honolulu, (Oahu,) Lahalna,(Mni,;u-
Hiln Kealakeaknaand Kawaihae. ( Ilawaii.) and Koloa,(KauiL .
and for whalers and vessels of war only, Hanalei, (Kauai.) if : ,
The port charges are follows : - . (w-C-
At Honolulu Pilotage one dollar per tnt each way,orhi!.
pilotage if no pil.it is employed ; health certificate one dollar: jj'
buoys, two dollars ; harbor master, three aouars ; ciearance.a
dollar t nllot Tor anchnrlnir a vessel ouuiue, wuicu aura u
t-r the harhnr. ten dollars. "
At Lahaina. Boarding officer, live dollars t Hghta, one i
l,r rcnn.1. tit nsed.) two dollars s clearance, one dollar.
At Hilo. Pilotage, health ceruncate ana clearance ui nt j-'
at Honolulu. ' (
At Kealakeakua. Boarding officer. (5 ; clearance, $1. '
At Kawaihae, (Hawaii,) and Koloa, (Kauai,) the waeut".
All charres for buoys and boarding officer, must be paid at nefi-T
collector's office before lading, unlading or transhipping any eii
Hawaiian vessels, whether licensed as coasters or otherwlse.ij . -.
engaged In foreign trade, are liable to the game charges and
strietlons as foreign vessels. " i "'
Whale ships are allowed to land goods to the value of two tEji."
dred dollars free of duty. ei
Products of the whale fishery may oe transnippea tree or set i- ; ,
charge except for entry and permit. If sold or entered tat : ,
landed in bond for export, they are liable to duty of on fc''
cent, on value by estimate. f9Hr4
The permits granted to whalers do uot Include the sale or dV
position of spirituous liquors. f .. 4
Any master of a whaleship who shall fall to produce hit pi f -mil
when called for. shall be liable to a fine of not less than to.)
or more than fifty dollars, to be Imposed by the collector. fcit
Before obtaining a clearance for a vessel, tne master 11 r.
onlred to furnish the collector with a manifest of all carrn b
'ended to be exported, a manifest of all stores taken from bond. 1 t
or transhipped from other vessels, a llt of the names aud sets,, ,-,
of all passengers who are to leave the kingdom In his vessel, sa ,
pay all legal charges at the haj-oor master's office and thee?
lcctor,s office. " !'
Every captain of a vessel who shall convey out of this khf t
dim as a passenger, any person to whom the passport act in
plies, who shall not be provided with a passport from the mink- rr
ter ot foreign relations or collector of customs, shall, fir ever
such person.be liable to a fine of fifty dollars, and for all ti f '
debts and ohligatians which such passengers may have left in. .
paid In this kingdom, and the vessel shall be liable to au
ment and sale to pay the same. a
Any vessel having cargo on board Intended for a forelm pr. -or
spirits in canto or stores, may not touch at a place not a pr " " r
of entry, without a permit from a collector. t J
Masters of vessels are requested to leave their clearance! ocl
board with the officer In command, for the guidance of the pita -
Oil. whalebone, or any other article of merchandise, lnnded '
transhipped without a permit, is liable to seirure and conflscatix TP''
Vessels landing goods upon which the duties have not bee
paid, are liable to seizure and confiscation. -1
If any person commit an offense on shore, and esrane ' a -board
a vessel, it shall be the duty of the commanding officer c'S,.' s
such vessel to surrender the suspected or culprit person to a "
officer of the police who demands his surrender on the prod
tion of a legal warrant. M -
All sailors found ashore at iAhnina after the beating nf t)
drum, or at Honolulu after the ringing of the ten o'clock bell, in K :
suh)ect to apprehension and a fine of two dollars.
Shipmasters must give notice to Le harbor mater of tht !-"
sertion of any of their sailors within forty-eight hours, under jl'
penalty of one hundred dollars.
Foreign seamen are not auowea tn ne aiscnsrgea at any m c
ports of these Islands, except at Honolulu, Lahaina and Hue
and at these ports oLly with the written consent of the harbr
. Irnvu,1i,lii T.ttkntna mnA TIM, mr tm nnlv nnrtt at arlitrfi
tive seamen are allowed to be chipped and discharged, and tf
those places only before the agent for shipping native team's, r
No spirits or other merchandise shall be entered in bond eitlr J-
for consumption or re-exportation at any of the pons of v.,
kingdom except Honolulu, Lahaina and Hilo, and no spirit!
wine liable to a duty higher than five per cent, ad valors.
shxll be so entered at Hilo. , f' ,
The rates of duties on merchandise landed tn this kingdom w
as follow f 1 .
On brandy, gin, arrack, w'nea,' ale, porter and all other
tilled or fermented spirituous liquors of any description, nntn-f
reeding 65 per cent, nor less than 27 percent, of sleoh'i,tF '
dollars per gallon. Do. exceeding 65 percent, of alcohil. ti p
dollars per gallon. Do. exceeding 18 per cent, and not exeen 3
Ing 27 per cent, of alcohol, one dollar per gallon, no. notexew l
Ine 18 per cent, of alcohol, five per cent, ad valorem. I
On sugars, molasses, syrups of sugars, and coffee, the protey
of any country with which this government has no cx&'i
treaty, as follows 1 5,
Two cents per pound on sugars, ten cents per gallon no B' .
lasses and syrups of suirars, three cents per pound on coffee t
On all other merchandise five per cent, ad valorem. TT.
On merchandise transhipped from one vessel to another. b
transit duty of one per cent, ad valorem.
Any vessel taking away a prisoner from the Islands, Is li-
to a fine of five hundred dollars. ,t.
Any captain or other officer of a foreign Teasel who itC ?
without complying with the requirements of the law, carry
out of the Jurisdiction of this government, any native sutjclu
thereof, is liable to a fine ol five hundred dollars. a
Rapid riding l.i the streets Is prohibited urn! era penalty sir-'
The hours for landing goods or other articles, are betwwt'; y
o'clock, A. M., and 6 o'clock, P. on aU days except Sunte
and national holydays. I 1
Office hours at the custom house and other public oai
every day (except Sunday and national holydays) iron
o'clock, A. Mn until 4 o'clock, P. M. . y
Teasels arriving from San Francisco, or other forricn p"
and having a mail for Honolu'u, will hoist the national eruirci
the fore, if a pilot is wanted but if a pilot is not wanted, l
sel having such a mail will hoist the ensign at the main. 1 1
Messrs. Morgan, Stone & Co San Francisco, are the anth-, t
lied mail agents for the Hawaiian Government, and vevr
leaving that port for Honolulu, are requested to Inform them
the time of their departure. tr
Harber Re-gala tin mf IIa!ala.
Vessels anchoring outside of the reef off Honolulu, shall rhsr.'i
their ancbonure, when requested to do so by tbe harbor master Aj
either of the commissioned pilots. Vessels entering the hr :
to be anchored in the place designated by the harbor marter
his assistant, and moved from one anchorage to another I,
may direct, and none except Hawaiian coasting vessels of If-V
than fifty tons burthen, and vessels under command of a
or officer for the purpose of leaving port, to quit their ancbonf-t
without the written permission of the harbor master. '
The harbor master or his assistant, or any pilot, while rns'L
Ing a vessel from one anchorage or mooring to another, w j
make fast to any other vessel or to any warp or wharf ; and j
person resisting the same, cutting awar or catini off the vri
or fastening, is liable to the penally Mated below, and tbe sn-C.
ter is responsible for the same. All vessels within the hirK
shall, when so requested by the harbor master or his at
slack down their stream cables and other fastenings.
All vessels entering the harbor shall, if so requested by t'
harbor master, or either of the pilots, rig in their Jib. flriof 1
una spanaer Dooms, ana top their lower and topsail yards, wc
in iwenty-iour nours alter anchoring within the harbor, am:
all cases before attempting to come alonnide of. or make fas i
either of the docks or wharves, and keep them rigged in i'-,
topped until within twenty-four hour of their leaving the kr
bor, and until removing from any wharf or dock. f
No pitch, tar, resin or oil shall be heated on board of any
sel within the harbor out all such combustible articles shaC
heated 00 shore, or in a boat, or on a raft at a reasonable distusj
from any vessel. I
Any person who shall throw or cause to be thrown into &j
harbor, or leave or cause ti be left unon tbe shores thereof. C'i
dead animal, shall be liable to be apprehended and fined 1
stated below. I
Any vessel taking on board or discharging ballast shall hi"
tarpaulin property stretched and spread to prevent any fnt
falling into the water. I
For each violation of either of the foregoing harbor rerultiI
the person violating is liable to a fine, notexceediog 1100. I
If a pilot conduct a vessel to anchoran off the nnrt of Bo?)
lulu, and be not detained on board from tbe necessities of tbe
sel, logger than twenty-four hours, he is entitled to receive tH
and $1 for health certificate, and if detained on board kft
thsn twenty-four hours, to per diem for each subsequent a'!.
detention. Should a vessel thus anchored without tbe hart
anerwanls enter, the anchorage fee above named will
mitted, and the usual pilotage and health am nnlv exacted.
rgl 1 as a t . . .... . L.aS
a fie kiiiou naii nnnr rnn Mia awriish anr havrcnaii-
of fully within the harbor, (within the inner buoy, unless otir
wise directed by the harbor master,) and anchor them In ar
able and convenient place. f
The harbor ma ter shall board all tnrrlvn awaaela. and Hs ;
Ian vessels from foreign ports, as soon a possible after therB t
entered the harbor, direct them where and how to moor or cy
fast, see that the commanding officer has the printed port rff 4
lations. and receive a list of naaarnirera. tn delivered slt
collector general's office J
He is entitled to collect for such services, from each ve
three dollars in addition tn th amount nit Mm for labor.
boats and warps in moving and making fast such vessel I
nMHUarllv .i . i nV tlEfcj
to receive at the rate of one dollar per hour for such xtra
tion and for each time that be may be called upon to boats
vessel after having once moored her on nerlv.he ia entitled"1!
ceive the same pay a in the first instance. ,
Any person who shall throw stones or other rubbish J
from a veswel at anchor In the harbor of Honolulu, will be U"n
to a fine of S 100. J
Bhobc Boats. Any boat plying for hire In the baroaj
Honolulu, whether employed iu carrying tasengei or
without being licensed, is liable to forfeiture. ., I
livery passenger hi. Ing a licensed shore boat" i entKW J
carry with him 100 lbs. of luggage or goods, and no tDore,rr1
charge i and for all extra luggage or roods, he shall p7
ding to agreement with the owner of the boat. J
AU the boats of hire for time are entitled to charge R 1
passenger for the first boor, one dollar 1 and for averr sootl
ing hour fifty cents. - , ; . . "J
AU boats hired by distance are entitled to charge t"!
cents for every passenger to and from any ship or poin' Jr.
the Inner harbor or buov. off abreast ahin-want of J.
ton Co. 5 fifty cent to and from any place within tM 5l
harbor, that Is between tbe buoy off abreast the shlp-.vsrd 7
Robinson tt Co., and abreast of the west point of Uie eo
tnrouKit uie reef and one dollar to and from any point w-i
of the buoy abreast cf the westerly point of the cnstioo
hi remain in au case at tne point to wtilca it is .
not exceeding fifteen minutes without additional chary 1 rj
ease it should be detained alongside any vessel or at anrji
over fifteen minutes, then th owner is entitled to charge
fiTe rrnt fnr rvrl-r fln-wn rnlniil na nranrfi .Wantlnn I
Honolulu, January. 1868. J
u a w