Newspaper Page Text
- trEnitESDJT KrEfittra, xor. s, mis.
i.- -'- .... . .. -
Skscw ear tut w r, we report, up to Twnliy evening, the
arrival ifSt rtrtri at lb nriov porta, with an aggregate of
:I70 Ms sperm aad title oil as the season's catch. We
m tke Bp Ute average of right whalers thus far, as tuOon :
94 whalers, previoasry reported, sailed
Tsr 3a Prudrmf report, as given last week.
" aJravav KTOa ths was t '
IloawWs, ii vessria, kafltna; 17.40
1 films. . , s .--n . aio
Hits, -. 2,100 52,770
f-MBC Mai of 130 right whalers arrived the 6w. with an a-
r otate af 74.40 barrels, which ataaaa aa average of 674 barrrJe
Isaacs, showing aa waproveaoent ca that reported hat week,
whack was MS baneav
TvaofaarBooalaia v balers the bark Harmony and brig
ft'' fca r wianied darins; the week with very bandsonM
itches. The value of each of these cargoes, is Eastern ports,
cnaaot be snack tern than $45,000. Both of them have aa uno
roaRy large amount cf bone, taken partly m trade. The Kauai,
anderstand, filled every cask the had. We congratulate the
vwnecs af these vessels on the aacceas attending their enterprise,
iwajj only wish that an oar whalers had met with like rood fares.
i Car a kinds of supplies hare been abundant, tnriillng
, freak and salt beef, pork, sweet aad Iriah potatoes,
wafle the quantity af atorea seat ant from sTasttin porta for
kali II baa been large. We are mformed by shipmasters that
auaay af the articles seat oat by owners far their ships east mora
thaa the same could now be procured for here, Dour, bread,
fe-jet, park, aad indeed almost aU kinds of recruits are very rea-
Two of oar Hawaiian whalers, the Cywtata aad Metropolis,
Lave already been dispatched on their busim wasna cruise
bdthe aoast of Lower California. Both Teasels hare experien
ced mast i n, and V whales are to be had, they win doubtless
t ive a good report sf their eroise, next spring.
The whaling bark fortune, which was purchased but spring
in Hew Bediord by k. Coady k Co. of this pUce, has been resold
to C. A. WUtkaaas at Col, and wfll be continued in the whaling
1 Mini, wader the command of Capt- Lester, hue of the John
Trade improves bat atowty, and appearances Indicate that we
Shall hare a abort and act very profitable auason. The demand
troda, outside of ship chandlery and stores is extremely
iht, and stocks of aU kinds of good are am4e.
The Ts-rti"ff butintt continaes brisk, and we notice that the
schooner Ezcei has changed bands for the sum of $4000, and
mm be eontiaaed on the same route as at present.
There hare been no arrirals or departures of merchsnUnen
faring the week; the Jtrraard, from can Traneiaco, is fully
aoe, and will bring the next mail
The dipper ship JfswaXcta JTwtw baa been chartered for
New Bedford, and win take a cargo of oil and bone. Theclip
ers Skylark and C. F. WillttU hare their entire cargoes en
gaged; the farmer w nearly loaded, aad will be off in the course
Considerable amounts of money are now heid for inreatinent
tt whaler's exchange, which will reach its greatest rate of disc-mat
at a later period than test year.
We note very little change in our market quotations:
SCGAnV The supply is very fight, and a parcel of any aixe
catdd not be bought in Iloooiolu.
sfLOUk Stock continues heary. Sales of 40 bris Haxall at
TOBACCO Sales of tO cases 8on tobacco, old, at 31 636c per
to. The stock is large at present; best brands Jobbing at 37)
BXXAD Fair supply. The demand from the shipping is
Iras this year than besbrearge parcels baring cocoe oat from borne
uirect, for their ess.
CIOAB3 Manilla are in request. Scarce at $1.
COfTES But little of the new crop is In; the stock of oU is
saall aad aaarket firm.
XXCHANOS We quote whaler's drafts at 47J ct; the
'atter being ship chandler's rates.
e PhsMra t HwmIbiIbi, im 3rweaaier.
dy. h. m.
.13 10 lSM.
FuB Moon 20
Last (Quarter.. 27
7 10 J M.
MaXTKST DATES, received stt tstlw Oslee.
Oma Tranrtsco.... Oct. 13 I Paris. Aug. 24
ramaa, S. O Sept. 30 Hongkong Joiy 25
New Ton bepc IS I Melbourne, Vic Aug. 27
fonoa Aug. S Tahiti..... Aug. 17
Tor Sax Fsisrmco per Frances rabser, Nov IJih.
For Las All a per Maria on Saturday.
Far Hrto per Kalama, so r4arday.
Foa giirm per Kriki,to-daT-
Foa Vaxr aaaato (via Taleabnans) per Mary aad Susan, Cth.
Foa MtcauaesM per Ffiet, about the 12th.
pout or noz70Z.TJz.Tj. zx. z.
Far fnU npmrta Wkmleakipm res lUt sw 44 oy.j
OccCi Bark Warren, Huntley, 3d season, from Oebotsk, 700
wh, 1X000 bone.
28 Ship Gideoa How land, Williams, 1st season, Si rp, 7M
wh, 100000 bone.
SS Bark Rambler, Willis, 3d season, from Ochotak, 200
wh, 2J00 bone.
23 Sup Barnstable, rteher. 3d season, from Ochotsk, 40 rp,
330 wh, 3y5uO bone.
28 Hup aarah. Swift, 3d season, 40 rp. 660 wh, 7000 bone.
fl B.rtr Fortune, Anderson, 2d season, 1100 wh, 14,000
Bhip Minerva, CrowcO, 3d season, from Ochotsk, 560
wh, 8000 bone.
2 fihlp Morea, Manchester, 2d season, from Ochotak, 000
so, 400 wh, 3000 bone.
2 Chip Tyaee, Freeman, 2J seasoa, from Arctic, 1000 wh,
13 rihip Joan k kUizsiieth, Lester, 2d season, from OchutiiL,
L200 Wh, 12JXM) boos.
29 Ship Tbomaa ltckaauo. Flasket t, 2d ssson, from
Ochotsk, 1000 wb, 1 -1,000 bone.
2 Bark Oscar, Landers, 1st season, from Ochotak, 600 wh,
Tt Phip C W. Morgan, Fisher, 2d season, 110 sp, 600 wh,
20 ch Kefcanmtdd. from Kona, Hawafi.
30 chip Kmerakl, UaUeck, of ag Harbor, 3d seasou, from
Arctic. 400 wh, 9,600 bone.
30 Ship Vineyard, Casaeil. 2d aeason, fm Ochotak, 60 sp,
440 wh, 7000 bone.
30 H- L M.'s eorveue krydiee, Pirbon, from HIki.
30 Haw. brig Hawaii, 8chiuuneUenig, from Ochotsk, 400
30 Ship Kotusotr, Wing, from Ochotsk, 2d season, 600 wh,
31 Chip borthera Iiht, Chape O, 3d season, from Ochotsk
via llilo, liSO wh, 14,000 bone.
31 Bark Harmony, Anatin, of Honolulu, from Arctic, 12S0
wh, 20,000 boue.
31 Bark ebaron. King, 2d season, from Ochotsk, 114 sp,
30O wh, 4uuO bone.
31 chip Adeline. Tabor, 2d season, from Ochotsk, 180 sp,
400 wh. 8000 bone.
31 Haw. brig Kauai, Mammen, 16 sp, 1000 wb, 13,000 bn,
5 or. 1 Daw. brig AntUm, Moide, from the Arctic, 200 wh, 7000
1 Bark Robert Morrison, Ti (too. from Ochotsk, 1st season,
76 sp. 70i wh. 1LAMJ0 bone
2 French ship Jason, liajhe, from Keaiakekua, 400 wb
4000 bone, season.
3 Ship 811 rer Ckxnl, Corgeshall, 2d season, from Ochotsk,
via UUo, 6M wh, BOOO bone.
3 Sch Moiksiki, from Kahnlni ; sch Maria, Molteno, from
lahaina, and Kalama from Hd .
Oct. 30 Geo. D'HautpooJ, Darmandarits, to cruise and home.
30 Br bark Forteaa, McOowan, for Hhanghae,
Mow. 1 Ship Va C. Kye, &wle, to cruise and home.
2 Ship Ben. Tucker, Barber, to cruise and home.
2 Miip Braraaxa, Jackson, to cruise and home.
2 Bark Metropolis, Comstoek. for coast of California.
S Bark South America, Giffurd, to cruise and home.
2 Schooner Kekawmobi, Marehant, for Kona, Hawaii.
3 IShip Jason, Haene. fur ritraits of San Joan de Foe.
3 Ship Wiatam Thompson, Childa, to cruise.
Z Sch Kamoi, Chadwick, fur Lahaina.
3 Sch KxreL Antonio, for Kauai.
. fTESSELS IN PORT. XOVEM BER 3.
H. L M.s eorvette Burydiee, Pic boo.
Am dipper sh Golden Karte. Harding, up for N. Bedford.
Am enpper ship K. F. Wulets, U oases, ap tor Mew Loulou.
Am dipper ship Skylark, Folianabee, ap for New Bedford.
Am dipper ship West Wind, Baxter, up far Mew Bedford.
Am bark Yankee, Smith.
Am bark Frances Palmer, Green.
T'amh mm1 hint bark Conduce, Bcbaa, up for Bremen.
Brem brig Trulowia, BnOimj.
Haw brig Advance, English.
Am ship Mountain Wave, Hardy, loading oil. '
Haw brig Kant, Bennett.
Am ship Harriet k Jessie, Gray.
Am ship Vineyard, Caswell
Asa ship Berd. Morgan, Sisson
Am ship Japan, Dbnaa
atssBC, Lnsstar -
i Fran. Henrietta. Drew
Am ship Josepbinr, Anea
Am ship Trident, Taber
Ass ship ftsOaad, Weeks
Am ship B. F. Mason, Smith
Am ship J we Vwrry, Canaoa
Am Shrp Bmirr Morraa, Chase
Am sfcrp BbsliirM. Green
Am ship Addiaoa, Lawrence.
Am snip Owe. Trowp, MMoa -'
Am ah G. Oowtand, WUnama
Am ship Barnstable. Fisher
Am ship Sarah, wm
Am ship Minerva, uowesi
Am ah Jasv 4t Klisaheth, Lescsr
Am ship T. Dsckasca, Pteskett
Am ship C. W. Morran, Fbiher
Am ship Kotssoff. Wing
Am sh Northern Light, Chapel
Am ship Adeline, Taber
Ft ship Gea Teste, Leme
Am bk Warren, Huntley
Am bk Rambler, Willis
Am bk Fortune, Anderson
Am bk Oscar, Landers
Am bk Harmony, Aaetia
Am bk Sharon, King
Am bk Robe Morrison, Tlltoa
Am bark Mercury, Harden
Am bk Mary A Susan, Stewart
Am bark Kimrnsher, Palmer
Am bk SlTr Cloud, Coggeshall
Am brig Agate, Lawtoo.
Haw brig Victoria, Fish
Haw brig Wsilos. Lam
Haw brig Oaha, FehBwr
Haw brig Kawai, Mammon
Haw brig Ant ills, Moide
Flaw bg Hawaii, Schiaaelfeniof
Haw srh Pfid, Danrwberg
and 49 whalers.
. XT Ship Ktaerf Morrison, Capt, Tilto, reports that oa the
14th October, tab. 44 K, experienced a rery stTere gale, in
which she lost three boats, bulwarks, sideboards, fcc ; also had
ofber copper torn off by the Jew. The gale eoanneaced
the southward snd veered to S-W. I-
Capt- Jemegaa, of ship Lett Stmrbck,tram Ciotsk, reports
as fbOowst Sept U, ship Charles PbdpK, BUrUre, 1200 brb)
bark Floranee, Coed, 200 j Chamfler Prtor, Hokwmh, 80 Ver
aon, Bom pus, SOO ; Splendid. Tterson, SOO Osmbuv, MerrBt,
400 ? Maria Thereaa, CeoiH SOO ; Dover, Jetfrey, 700 ; Benjamin
Sash, Wyatt,250 Tenedoa, King, 600 1 Tempest, ABen, 600.;
Bark Barmsww, Austin, sell in with whales in Kaomcharkn
Sea early in May, took the first whale on the 14th, hu.w 20.'
long. 17 32 E. Passed the Straits, bound north, July 6
Left the Arctic Sea on the 26th Sept. Hare received some dam
age from the ice in loss of cutwater, kc Duriof September, saw
numbers of California grey, heading sooth.
Since our but faooe, we hare received from late arrivals the
following additional reports of shiW spoken and beard from in
the Ochotsk : Sept 22, Carolina, Harding, 000 brU ; Isabella,
lon,00 China, Thompson, 1200; 26th, Cowper. Dean, 000 i
Hobomok, Marehant, 700 , 27th, Alice Fraaier, Newrtl, 600 ;
Amaaon, I3drtdre,250 f John WeOs, Woodbridge, 800 , Kimrod,
Howes, 600 ; Ocean Wave, Baker, 600 1 Rapid, West. 600 J Oct
1, Baltic, Branson, 900 J 23d. spoken near the islands, Oregon,
Tobey, and Wavelet, Swain, 700, both bound to Hito.
Capt- ChappeL of IfortJktm Ligkt, reports low of a native De-
longing to Hilo, by the name of Mikalena, who, on the night of
18th Oct- and only four days sail of home, went into the fore
channels and fell overbord accidentally, and was drowned.
Ship Emeroitt, HaDeck, of Sag Harbor, entered the Arctic
Julylj saw no whales Ull about 25th Aug., off Uape Ltsouroe ;
took four whales. Spoke Rebecca Simms, Oct 26, bound to Hilo.
300 brts, from Ochutsk. Left the East Cape Sept 28. Saw a
great many whak-s oa the 14th Sept coming south out or the
Arctic. Weather w very stormy wan September. If we had
bad good weather, we could have taken 1000 brhv.
The ITmveltt, Swain, at Hilo, from the Ochotsk, reports baring
experienced a terrific gale Sept 1ft, in lat. shout 46 X., long.
166 W. The wind veered from the B.K. to N.W., with a tre
mendous sea on. While scudding before H. the wheel rope,
parted, and the ship broached to, and was thrown oa her beam
ends, the lee rail being under water. After securing the wheel,
got aU bands in the fore rigging, when she paid off and righted,
with the loss of one boat. We note that from the reports ofa
number of ships which were in this gale, that its turce was much
the greatest to the southward oflaC48. In the center of the
gale, Capt. Til ton, who lost several boats, etc., found the barom
CapL CoggeshaU, of ship SUier Cloud, reports Sept. 1ft, ship
New bury port, Crandall, 13U0 ; Merrimac, Long, variously report
ed at 1600 and 1900 ; 27th, ship Cbaa. Phelps, Eidridge, 1200.
From Biuh per Harhunr, Oct 14 04 pkgs nwise, 29 bndis
shook a, 32 casks do, 1 anchor, 1 chain, 12 cshama, 12 ca powder.
19 casks cordage. So cods do, 7 pkgs stoneware, 1M casks ale.
26 pkgs Helen gin, 100 kegs rum, 60 baskets champagne, 60
bzs candles, v2 do perfumeries, 100 oeuitiotjns unseed oil, 21
bris tar, tar, 26 do pitch, 4 casks soda ash, 2 do palm oil, 70 brls
rosin, 262 bals salt, 41 casks do, 12.370 ft plank, 3400 brick, 6
sheep, 28 pkgs unspecified, 14 esks cordage, 1 cs leathern goods.
From UiBiMA per Sharon, Oct 31 Wm Wilder and wife,
James Brown and wife.
From Kosa, Hawaii per Kekauloohl,Oct29 25 begs coffee,
300 bun bananas, 14 bris beef, 4 bullock hides, 250 goat skins,
16,000 oranges, 1000 cocoanuts, 3 cords firewood, 20 pigs, 20
fowls, 121 deck passenger.
pout or Z.AXZ.A.Zir.A..
Oct. 28 Bark Lark, Perkins, from Kodiack, 260 wh.
29 Ship Adeline, Taber, from Ochotsk. 260 wh, 3000 bone.
JU Riip Sharon, King, from Ochotek, 300 wh, 4000 bone.
30 Bark Vigilant, McCleare, from Och 4O0 wh, 6000 bone.
SO Bark Dromn, Cole, from Ochotak. 360 wh, 4000 bone.
30 Ship Milton, Hatery, from Ochotsk. 1100 wh, 11000 bo.
30 Ship Levi Starbuck, Jernegan, bn Ucb, 800 wh, 7000 bn.
30 Bark Superior, M ood, from Ochotsk, 300 wh, 8000 bn.
Oct. M Gen. D'Hautpool, Darmandarits, for New Zealood.
27 Marcia, Bdhnga, ft Mew Zealand.
28 Norman, Ray, for New Zealand.
28 Gen. Teste, bercgaux, for New Zealand.
28 Henry Taber, Kwer, from New Zealand. I
30 Christopher Mitchell, Manchester, for New Zealand.
SO Manche, Lemercirr, for New ZeabusL
30 Sharon, King, for Honolulu.
30 Adeline, Taber, for Honolulu.
Am enpper ship Beyaard, from San Francisco, b due in a day
nsmlmii si si Ilia is mia imii finm Hriftnrr with a cargo
Ass. sev a. r. roster, xoore,vui ewaae in ucuwer iromro-
.233 tons, Stndley, sailed from New Bed-
t A sor abet port. - . .
Martha. FieohaQuw. sailed from New London
tea, or 11. A. rlercww lane Of rackets,
, via TahMl, August A
Am bliiOkidmleimfiidrismlsari lfiiiil f ITtTi. fnrinis
anrt, asm Vow. 4148 days, j r , , -
TJwcitpiWflMp Syvun, Oreen, 1083 tons, sailed from Boston
direst May , enaaigaed to C. Brewer 2d, due Sept. SC 130
Oct. 23 Ship Northern Light, Chapel, fm Och. 1250 wh, 14,000
23 Reindeer, Ashley, from Ocbotik, 800 wh, 12,000 bone.
23 M. George, Pease, from Ochotsk, 240 wh, 2,500 bone.
25 American, Pease, from Ochotak. 200 wh, 2000 hose.
25 Roman 2d, Dehart, fnvn Ochotak, 60 wh.
20 Kmerald, Pierce, from Arctic, 800 wh, lONJO bone.
Verbally we bear that the foOnwing (hip had arrived at Hilo
Oct 31 : Lagoda, 659 oris. Wavelet 703, Dover 600, Oregon.
Rebecca Simms, El hut Adams, and L. C. Kicbmimd, but do not
learn what they haO.)
" - TBUHSDA Y.-NO VEMBER 4.
Thb Annual Meeting of th KoyaJ IXawBUsji
f Agricultoral Society took place oa Friday even
ing, October 20 th, at the Court House. The
attendance was ouite small. - and appeared to
indicate that our citizens were generally taken
up with matters deemed to be of more importance
than that of agriculture.
After the address of the retiring President,
His Ex. R. C. Wjllie, which will appear in the
Polynesian, the report of the Corresponding
Secretary. Dr. Hillebrand. was read. This re-
port embraces the transactions of the society
during the past year, and will be found in another
part of this paper. . It will be read with interest
by all who desire to witness an advance in the
agriculture or horticulture of these islands. The
gentleman who fills the office of Corresponding
Secretary has done and is doing more for the
interests of the society and agriculture generally,
than perhaps any other person ; and were it not
for his disinterested efforts, the society could
make but a sorry show of progress.
The Report of the Treasurer, J. YT. Austin,
Esq., shows the total receipts for the year, not
including the payment cf a note of $2,000 falling
due, to have been $818 91, which includes $500
donated by the Hawaiian Government. The
balance on hand at the annual meeting was
$163 04. The society has invested on good
security the sum of $2350, on which interest is
accruing. The number of members for the past
year is stated at sixty-seven.
Votes of thanks were passed to the President,
Treasurer, Corresponding and Recording Secre
taries for their services during the past year.
The following officers were elected for the
ensuing year: .
Pbssidsst John Montgomery, Esq. '
Vies Pbksidbhts for Oahu II. R. H. Prince L. Kameharoeha.
Do. Robert Moffitt, Esq.
e'er Hawaii Be. W. C. Shipman
For Maui Capt. Jan. Makee.
For Kauai Dr. Rob'L W. Wood.
TkkASCBKa J as. W. Austin, Esq.
Cob. Skcbktakt Dr. Wm. Hillebraud.
Bkc Sscbbtabt E. O. Hall, Esq.
J. H. Wood, Esq.
ExEcmva Dr. Ch. 9. GoUlou.
. A. B. Bates, Esq.
Committks His Excellency D. L. Gregg.
J. Puller, Esq.
Two diplomas and a bronze medal, received
from the French Exposition held in Paris in 1855,
were laid before the meeting. The diplomas are
large steel engravings, and are awarded, one to
Dr. Rob't W. Wood of Koloa, for samples of
sugar, and the other to Godfrey Rhodes, Esq.,
for a sample of superior coffee. These testimonials
will be the more prized for having been awarded
i among so many competitors for those articles as
must have been at that exhibition. The bronzed
' medal represents the head of the Emperor, and is
sent out by Prince Napoleon, President of the
Exposition, as a mark of respect, to the Agricul
tural Society of these islands.
The most important measure undertaken by
the society during the past year, as will be seen
. by the Secretary's Report, is the purchase and
! opening of a nurocry garden, which has been
j placed under the charge of a bkillful gardener.
' This has long been needed here, and it will be a
matter of general satisf;iction that the society has
: been so successful as to procure at a low price a
; tract well adapted to the purposes required, and
I at the same time so near the city. It will not be
! long before the garden, if well managed, may be-
come a source of some profit to the society. Even
now, if small algeroba, tamarind and other shade
trees, of two or three years growth were offered
for sale, they would find purchasers. But the
management of a garden, like every other new
enterprise, is a matter in which experience is the
best guide how to conduct it successfully.
Oct. 23 Ship Northern Ll-bt, Chapel, for Honolulu.
On the passage from the Ochotsk Sea to the Islands, Sept. 15,
on board ship Minerva," William Pbbxtum, first officer
of the ship, of consumption, after-an illness of six weeks, a?ed
S3 years. The deceased was an ertimahie man, and much
respected by all who knew him. He was a brother of Mrs. J.
On board ship " Tybee," Sept. 22, Cbas. II. Figs, of con
aomptaon, a native of Montreal, Canada, aged 29 years. Also
about the same date, Oeoacs, a native of the island of Hawaii.
Lost overboard from ship St Grorgr, of Sew Bedford, Octo
ber 28, 1367, in the Atlantic, lat. 20 N-, lng. 25 W., Hesbt
Moobb. He fell from the Ibreop-pillant yard, and was not
Ocbjber 2. 157, between 7 and S o'clock, P. M , a Portuguese,
named Aaasna OS FanTai, wa. mining from the ssme vessel,
supposed to have jumped overboard, the ship being between
the Islands of San Antonio ami Pugo at the time.
In ghantar Bay, July SO, 115S, ou board .hip Thomaa Dick
esoa. tiaoacs tarrH, Buotsteerer, aged 30 years, a native of
Bravo, Cape de Verde Islands.
On board same ship, in Southwest Bsy, August 29,1 858, Jsck,
a native uf the sandwich Inlands.
lt from same ship, ttctotter 10, 1S58, from Uie fure-top-ail
yard, in a heavy gale of wind, while tryine to "stop " the sail,
SrarBES D. Uma, of New London, aged 23 years, Uoatsteerer.
PLACES OF W ORSHIP.
Wrecked Property sisiel Sstlrstajw. ,
The loss of the French whaleship Napoleon III,
in the Bhering Sea, and the recovery of a part of
her cargo and effects by the ships Brcganza,
Nassau and llercults, again raises the question of
salvage always a difficult one to settle to the
satisfaction of all concerned. - The Napoleon had
on board some twelve or thirteen hundred barrels
at the time she foundered and was deserted near
St. Paul's Island. She was fallen in with by the
Brayanza and Hercules, each of which vessels
succeeded in saving some three hundred barrels
of her oil. The Nassau also picked up a boat
and perhaps other . effects were picked up by
It is a well known principle of maritime law,
we believe, that the finder of property wrecked
or abandoned at sea, cannot claim or appropriate
the property found as his. This law is even more
stringent than with property lost or found on
land. For instance, a ship is found at Bea, de
serted and a complete wreck, and in that condi
tion is towed two hundred miles, more or less, in
to port. ' The popular idea is that the salvors
EKAMLN'g BETHEL Rev. 8. C. Pamon Chaplain King
I n I nmr tin SaubM I fa tipsiiniy im luinlavt .1
11 a. m. snd 7 r. m. Sous free. Sabbath s-Jtooi after J deserve and should receive the entire proceeds of
FORT STREET CHURCH Comer of Fort and Beretania St.. , j
Bev. K. Corwln, Pastor. Preaching on Sundays at 1 1 a. m.
and 7 r. X. Sabbath School meets at 10 a. M. !
METHODIST CUL'BCH Nuuauo avenoe, corner of Tutui I
street Church closed fur the present.
KING'S CHAPEL King street, above the Palace Rev. E. .
Clark Pastor, gerrices, in Hawaiian every Sunday at
94 a. if. and 3 ml
SMITH'S CHURCH Beretania street, near Kuuana strce
Kev. Lowell Smith Pastor. Services, in Hawaiian, every
Sunday at 10 a. M. and 2i r. u.
CATHOLIC Cni'KCH Fort street, near Beretania under the
charge of 1U. Rev. Bishop Mairret, assisted by Abbe
Jlfudeste. rJerrices every Sunday at 10 a. M. and 2 m. .
Fi&e. A fire broke oat this morning between three
and four o'clock, in the thatch house, next to Smith's
Church, occupied bj Mrs. Grimes. Mr. Maxwell and
some others, who were early on the ground, succeed
ed in getting out most of the furniture. The house
was only partially consumed, the Engines being
promptly on the ground, although the alarm bell
rang very deceptively at first, many supposing it was
merely the bell for morning prayers.
Outside. On the fourth page will be found a story,
by a retired lawyer. On the fifth page another
Times is Vabiocb Cities. The success of the
Atlantic Cable has called attention, to the difference
of time in various cities in different parts of the
worlL A . table prepared some time since by Mr.
John H. Burnet, of Livingston, for Mr. Samuel
Baldwin, importer of watches, 170 Broadway, New
York, gives the following interesting information:
When B is 12 o'clock high noon at Kew York, the time is as
follow at the stated places :
A. M. -
Sewark. N. J. - 11.50.24
Kew Brunswick, 11.58.08
Paterson, 1 1.54.20
Alsno, IIL IO.IX28
Macon, Oa. 11.2U4
Key West, Fla. 11.28.62
Mew Orleans, 10 65 40
Bait Lake City, 9-27.40
Oregon City, 8.44.40
Honotnra, S I. - 4.24UM
The differenoe of time between the extreme east
and west points of the Caited States is 8 hours, 50
minutes. When it is Monday noon at New York,' it
is 6.58 A. M. Tuesday at Tahiti, and between 12
and 1 A. M. of Tuesday At China, In the China Sea,
between Singapore and China, it is midnight when it
is noon at New York.
The time at St. John's, Newfoundland, is 1.26.08 ;
1 P. M., and the difference in time between Trinity
Bay . and alentia Bay U about 2 hours and 48
London, Eng. 4.66.42
Sebsstopol, - 7.10 28
r. Petershwrg, 4.67.20
Hamburgh, 6.86.48 !
Oenev. , 6.20.42 !
Edinborrh, - 443.lt
Calcutta, , 10.40.64
St. Helena, . 4 S3.40
Liverpool, 4.44.M j
Florence, 6.41.24 ,
Albany, tt. T. - 1X01.08 ,
Lobse, Me. 12-28.00 f
such vessel. Indeed, this was done in the case of
the discovery ship Resolute, which was found in
j the Arctic and on her arrival at New London
j was purchased by the United States Government
! from the salvors, and then presented to the former
j owners, the British (Jovernment. Admiralty
i Courts under the laws of most nations, have the
'jurisdiction of the settlement of salvage cases.
And, however opposed it may be to the popular
opinion, a case has rarely been known to be set
tled by giving to the salvors more than one-half
of the property so saved. The principle is to re
ward the salvors liberally, according to the labor
or expense incurred by them.
On the arrival of the Braganza at this port,
Messrs. Waterman & Co., the agents of that ves
sel, arranged with Mr. Stapenhorst, the agent
of the Paris Board of Underwriters, in regard to
what salvage should be allowed the Bhip. It was
mutually agreed that a full statement of the facts
in the case should be prepared and signed by the
Captain of the Braganza, and Capt. Morell of
the wrecked ship Napoleon III ; that the whole '
case should be submitted to Chief Justice Allen,
whose decision should be final ; that the ship
should return to New Bedford, and that the share
awarded by the Court to the Underwriters should
held subject to their order on arrival of the
snip at tnat port, ine statement ot lacts was
! accordingly made out, and the case was laid be
fore the court for decision.
In the meantime Mr. Perrin, the French Con
sul, took steps to bring the matter before the
Chief Justice in another form, .claiming as we
understand, that the oil should be delivered up
here, and that the Braganza should be detained
here till the whole matter was settled. For this
purpose warrant was applied for to detain the
ship and oil in custody of the local authorities.
On learning these facts, the agent of the vessel
very properly cleared her at the customs and
consulate and immediately sent her to sea be
yond the jurisdiction of the local authorities, by
which the question of salvage falls back on the
settlement agreed on by the parties authorised to
do it. It would seem that the interference Of the
French Consul in this matter, while the agents of
the ship and the duly-authorized agent for the
Paris Board of Underwriters are present, and
have done all they can to settle the ease amicably,
was entirely uncalled for; and if his desired
action had been carried out, much delay and un-.
newwarr expense would have been incurred. We
hope that the Hercules may also have left Lahai
na, and gone on her way, before the arrival there
of the warrant sent up on Tuesday to detain her
- As we said before, the settlement of these ave
rage cases are always vexatious and seldom satis
factory to the persons saving the property. As
a general rule, it is undoubtedly better for mas
ten of whaleships to attend to their regular busi
ness of whaling, and let alone the wrecking of a
ship, as the amount awarded rarely compensates
them fur the time and labor spent in it, which
might be more . profitably spent in whaling..
Better let a thousand barrels of oil go floating
by, than secure it with much expense and delay,'
and then have two-thirds or a half taken away,
and the greater part of the value of the remain
der eaten up by lawsuits, interest, detention in
port and other vexatious expenses.
If shipmasters, however, cannot resist the temp
tation they sometimes meet, and u-77be induced to
wreck vessels, let another course be pursued by
them, and simply take the wrecked oil on freight,
with properly signed bills of lading, at some rate
agreed on between the master of the wrecked ves
sel and the master of the other vessel. The price
fixed on should not be exhorbttant, else the case
might still have to be settled by admiralty "or
equity. Had the oil taken from the Napoleon
been shipped by Capt. Morell on board the
Braganza, at twenty or twenty-five cents per
gallon, to be delivered in Honolulu or New Bed
ford on payment of freight, it seems to us that
such would, have been a fair transaction, with
which the courts could not interfere and which
would have been just and equitable to all the
parties concerned. It may be we are mistaken,
but it strikes us that such a course would cause
less expense and delay to the salvor, while the
underwriters must bide the transaction of their
legally-authorized agent the master. .
NOTES OF THE WEEK.
Tub Qcestioh of.Natiosality aoazx. This vex
atious question has been again raised in this port,
the subject being a French seaman, who was saved
from the wreck of the whaleship A'apoleon III, and
had regularly shipped on board the JK'atsau. The
facts as we learn them are these: . The J'asau fell in
with the Braganza and Hercules, which vessels had
rescued most of the seamen of the French wrecked
ship, and took off a boat's crew of French seamen .
On passing Sr. Paul's Island twe days after, a French
flag was noticed on shore, and supposing it to be
Capt. Morell and the Doctor of the J"apoleonm who
had not been heard from, he sent a boat inviting
them to come on board, offering to do all he could
to make them comfortable. They did so, and this
addition to those previously received made thirteen
persons from the wrecked vessel. Soon after, Capt.
Murdock fell in with a French whaleship, the Capt.
of which came on board the wVomuk. and Capt. M.
urged him to take a part or all of the rescued French
men, but we are ashamed to record that, with the
most urgent entreaties, the master of the French ship
refused to take off even one man. The men were
soon after distributed among several American ships,
three only being kept on board the J"asau. Being
entirely destitute and having lost everything, Capt.
Murdock supplied them with clothing, and agreed
that if they did duty, they should have an equal
share of the catcbings, which has been allowed them.
On arriving in port, all of the French seamen were
discharged, but one wished to reship on the JVassau,
and did so, he being distinctly informed that in doing
so, he was considered as an American citizen. He
was soon sent for by the French Consul, and went on
shore without Capt. Murdock's knowledge, but with
the mate's consent- Fie was informed by the French
Consul that he had no right to ship on board an
American vessel, and that he must leave the J'assau.
On hearing bow the matter stood, Capt. Murdock
had him arrested as a deserter from his ship and he
is now in the custody of the local authorities. Capt.
M. has visited hira at the prison, and the seamaa de
clares that if he is a freeman he winhes to eo to sea
with the J 'astau, but if he is a slave, he fears that
if released he will be sent on board the Eurydiee, and
kept there as a prisoner. This question of national
ity gave rise to the last war between the United States
and England, and we believe it is denuitely nettled
now that the flag a seaman sails under, is bound to
protect hira as a native born subject or citizen. Only
last fall an Englishman deserted from the American
whaleship Condor, and went on board a British war
vessel in this port, but after some hard words be was
restored to the American vessel in accordance with
treaties. We can't see why the principle should be
any different in regard to Frenchmen serving on
board American vessels.
Installation. On Sunday evening last, the Rev.
Ell Corwin, formerly of San Jose. California, was
installed as pastor over the Fort Street Church. . The
services of the evening were as follows :
. Invocation and Reading of Scriptures, by Rev. J.
Installation Sermon, by Rev. E, G. Beckwitb.
Installing Prayer, by Rev. A. Bishop. .
Charge to the Pastor, ty Rev. R. Armstrong.
Right hand of Fellowship, by Rev. S. C. Damon.
Charge to the People, by Rev. E. W. Clark.
Benediction, by the Pastor.
As there was no service in the other churches, the
house was crowded. The Sermon of Mr. Beck with,
and also the various addresses, were very appropriate
and were marked with much earnestness; and it is
to be hoped, the impression made will opt die out
with the occasion. The singing by the choir was
The Tkx O'Clock Law. It is said that the police
intend to be very strict in enforcing the local regula
tions of Honolulu in regard to Hotels, Seamen, &c.
There is an old law, under which seamen are obliged
to be on board their ships or in the boarding houses
by ten o'clock. The intention of the law was un
doubtedly good, and the measure was perhaps neces
sary at one time, but Jack likes to go to the Theater
sometimes on his return from the icy North, and it
really seems hard, if while going down quietly and
soberly to his boat a little after ten o'clock, after
hearing Miss Ince in a tragedy or laughing at the
Minstrels, that he should be seized and locked up
without any apparent fault, particularly on Saturday
night, in which case he has got to lay over until
Monday. If the law is enforced on coolies, nobody
will grumble, however.
Praiseworthy. A mechanic by the name of
Charles Holmes, while engaged recently in getting
out timbers for the Lihue Church on Kauai, had two
of his fingers cut off and his hand otherwise badly
mangled by a circular saw. The people of the
neighborhood immediately subscribed the sum of
9120 for his relief, and purchased with it a home
stead for him, the deed for which has just been
recorded at the Registry Office. Such acts of benev
olence are a lasting tribute of praise to any commu
nity, native or foreign.
ScHOOssa ; Excel. This packet has recently
changed hands, having been purchased by Luther
Severance and Baxter Armstrong, who intend to con
tinue her on the Kauai route, where, under the
management of Mr. Pease and Captain Antonio, she
has become a favorite. During the past few months,
she has made her trips with great regularity, and
under her new owners will doubtless maintain her
popularity. We commend her to the trading and
traveling public. '
Th Wat to Corrbpohd. During the busy sea
son when little leisure can be devoted to long letter
writing, a good newspaper, next to a letter, forms
the beat correspondence. Acting on this plan, we
have noticed several captains and others mailing the
Commercial to home friends. One captain pur
chased three dozen papers, another eighteen, and
so on. We merely wish to drop a hint, without bor-'
rowing a trumpet. .-
A sale of .Furniture, Books, and Pictures,
takes place on Saturday evening, November 6, at the
Store of B. Wl Field, Esq. Among the books we'
notice sorne elegant standard works.
Biduo o that Highway or Natiohs. We often,
in our intercourse with seamen, hear stories of
- strange adventures and " hairbreadth 'scapes" m
the course of their pursuit of the spouting monsters
of the deep at the icy North. Boats capsized and the
erew "spilled" into the emiiy water srtwaiu
occurrences, but the brave tUlows doat mind it.
There was a rue however related to ss owourriug
in the Ochotsk this season, that seemed to aow tiat
either the danger was very imminent or ;ihat he
J boat's crew were rather scared. A bow head, a3er
being harpooned, " sounded,. or went down, ana. in
a few minutes came up right alongside the boat, "ever
which his tail began to describe sundry and diverse
flourishes, the consequence of which was that the
boat's crew, with a single exception (a green hand
and no swimmer.) jumped overheard to escape the
impending blow they expected. The whale, however,
did not touch the boat, with his coach-whip flourish
ing, but getting over the first pain, started off on a
tangent at twenty knots an hour, as a dog would
with a tin pan tied to his tail, while our greenhorn
sat amidships holding on to the thwarts, thinking,
perhaps, that he was the tail of the comet. The
swimmers were fortunately picked up by a boat near
at hand, but the whale carried the boat which was
last with its single occupant some ten or twelve miles,
and then " turned up" and died. When the boats
came up to him, the green-horn was still holding on
with a firm mm and imagined himself Colng, al
though the whale had been dead half an hour,
says our informant, ' . .
The Firemkx vs. rare Tax Collector. At the
regular monthly meeting of Engine Co. Mechanic
No. 2, on last Tuesday evening, complaint was made
by several members that the Tax Collector had
exacted of them the horse and dog tax in addition
to that for the support of schools. The law states
that all active members of the Fire Department shall
be exempt from all personal taxes, exoepfing only the
school tax. The matter in dispute between the fire
men and the collector appears to be as to the meaning
of the words " personal taxes." By the strict read
ing of the law, a horse or a dog is property, and as
such is liable to be taxed, which tax of .course is a
property tax," while a capitation tax, such as the
road or poll tax is a " personal tax." There can,
however, be no question but that the intention of the
framers of the law exempting firemen from personal
taxes, was ' to exempt them from all government
charges whatever, excepting that for the support of
schools. The firemen on Tuesday evening, were
unanimous iu expressing their determination to dis
band, if government should insist on collecting the
taxes mentioned, and instructed their delegate to
request the Fire Department to communicate with the
authorities on the subject. Honolulu could ill-afford
to lose so efficient and praiseworthy an organization
as " Mechanic No. - 2." than which none has done .
better service in saving property during the five or
six years of its existence. In the question at issue,
the firemen are, in principle, correct ; but according
to the present laws, the tax collector has no authority
to release them from the payment of animal taxes.
Coxbisatiox or Shipwrights. -Last Monday, the
journeymen shipwrights to the number of twenty or
more, knocked off work in a body, and proceeding to
the open space near the Custom House, organized
themselves into a sort of joint stock association for
the purpose of carrying on ship work, of which there
is a great deal to be done in the harbor just at this
time. One of the independents," in answer to an
inquiry as to their objects and intentions, stated that
this movement was not a strike, as they should charge
the same daily wages as before, but it was an organ
ization of the " old hands," who were neglected by
the master carpenters in the apportionment of work.
They would guarantee he said, to repair ships cheaper
and better than could be done by the " bosses." The
ship chandlers we learn, have set their faces against
I the movement, considering it an irresponsible organ
ization, and the shipmasters view it with disfavor.
Such irregularities in any branch of business are al
ways to be regretted, and in the business referred to
cannot but result in protracting the repairs on ships,
thus proving a matter of vexation and annoyance to
shipmasters and agents; and it is questionable whether
it will remedy the evil, which is sought to be corrected.
j The California Minstrels. Since their first ap
pearance on the 25th ult, these mirth-provokers have
continued to draw full and highly respectable audi
ences. Lew Rattler's " My love is a saileur," and
j his inimitable personation of the ancient plantation
j darkey, is replete with broad humor, and evinces a
remarkable perception of the ludicrous and a thor
J ough acquaintance with the original southern type.
His burlesques of some of the popular tragedies, &c,
indicate no mean talent as an actor on any stage.'
Murphy's " Chinese washerwoman' was a striking
and laughable imitation of that class of celestials
which abounds in San Francisco and Honolulu, and
was well worth the price of a ticket. Master Ster
ling's dancing is really graceful and fairy-like, and
proves his some-time connection with a corps de bal
let, while Darling beats all that Honolulu has ever
seen for heelology." The burlesque circus, by the
whole company, is a ludicrous imitation by a lot of
plantation darkies, out on a holiday, of what they
have seen in a traveling circus, including the " won
derful la perche and cannou ball act." Alt who de
sire an hour's amusement and a hearty laugh, which,
according to time-honored authority, helpeth di
gestion, and serves to shake the cobwebs out of a
man's brain," should piy the Minstrels a visit,
A very pleasant reunion-took place on Friday
evening last on the occasion of the introduction of the
Rev. E. Corwin to the church and congregation over
which he has been installed. Several addresses were
made, after which the company retired to the base
ment where a liberal repast had been spread, includ
ing a bountiful supply of ice cream, which to many
was doubtless a novelty. The evening was passed
very pleasantly to all present. It has been suggested
that were similar reunions occasionally held they
would have a tendency to infuse a spirit of harmony
and cordiality into the'Society. Indeed we may say
with some truth, that one reason why there is so
much want of Christian union and cordiality in our
religious societies is the want of more frequent social
intercourse among their members.
Horses akd Picket Fesces. A. few days ago,
Mr. Frank Spencer's carriage horse in leaping a
fence, ran a portion of the picket, ten inches in length
and half an iuch in thickness, into his breast, com
pletely burying it from external view. The veteri
nary services of Mr. M. M. Webster, were called iu,
who succeeded in extracting the piece without caus
ing serious injury to the animal, which is doing well.
It is a wonder that the wound did not cause the
death of the horse, as it was in the immediate region
of the heart. ' '
Com plijcektart BKXEm to Miss Ince. Among
the special notices in to-day's paper will be found a
correspondence between a number of gentlemen
(beaded by H. JL II. Prince Kamehameha) and Miss
Annette Ince, in which a complimentary benefit is
tendered to and accepted by that talented lady. The
bill for the occasion (Tuesday evening next) has not
yet been announced, but will doubtless prove unusu
ally attractive, and insure, as the fair beneficiare
eminently merits, aa overflowing and fashionable au
The light winds which have prevailed for a
week past, interrupting the regularity of our coasters,
have delayed the arrival of the clipper ship Reynard,
with the United States mail of Sept, 20, which vessel,
if she sailed on the 16th of October is now seventeen
days out, and may .be looked for hourly. She is
bound by her charter to touch at Honolulu. ' - .
By advices from Lahaina,' we "hear that the
Calypso left that' port 'on "Friday last for a cruise
round Kauai. She will probably' be here in a few
days., J' - ''.l -.I', til; ; ?.
BT The U. S. sloop-of-war Vincennes Capt, Sin
clair, is daily expected from the Island of Omeo,
whether she sailed to rescue about thirty wrtn of
the wrecked clipper ship Wild Wave.,. - .
Sff The schooner Pfikl', will sail ina few days for
Micronesia, touching at all the stations, and will take
letter. , ' '. ' ' ' ' ,
Of the Cerree,-I fwrwrr er tl- n. II
AsrHesUsWral eeITa .
jfjj. PaxsipKirr aho GxsTuntx or th AflsUOTWcaAij
Socibttt : . k
Daring the past year the imiwrUtooa onew gnts,
j ha anntiaued steadily. YiZjt. erotan-
ivrr. -?!.. rv1 colk JOtl or
fiwSs. :Witabothwtatlishment.our mteicDurc
based upon the principle of exchange, planto l4.g
nousWour island, being seat toJJn fUurn.
Unfortunately, the great scarcity of direct eemnruni
eation with either of the above places prevents us
from deriving all the benefit from it which otherwise
therefrom would result to us. A few living plant
and seeds have also arrived from the island of Ascen
sion and the Marquesas.. From' the former we re
ceived a collection.of six different kinds of bananas,
amongst which was reported to be the Manila hemp
banana musa tejctili)', but as f only part of .the
shoots reached us ia good condition, and none were
labeled, I am not certain if we really are ia posses
sion of this valuable vegetable. To render the trans
mission of living plants from those islands safer. I
hav e placed two glass cases on board the Morning
Star, which at the same time will serve for the ac
commodation of such economical and other plants as
may benefit or please our esteemed correspondents in
those stations. Amongst other plants raised from
seeds of Ascension I will mention the sago and betel
palms. From the Royal Gardens of Kew I received
through the kindness of Sir Wm. L Hooker a valua
ble collection of bulbous plants and seeds, with the
promise of more whenever opportunity offered. From
Tahiti Dr. Dumas, of the French corvette V Eury
diee, again brought us a present of a box of vanilla
plants, besides sundry seeds from Peru.
With San Francisco our relations have been vari
ous and extended, owing ia a great' measure to the
active seal of our valuable correspondent, Mr. Wm.
Fell The direct operations of the Society were in
deed limited only to an order of grape vines and fruit
trees, comprising a number cf smaller orders from
different parties on the islands, for whom the Society
acted as agent; but the most important result is,
that the operations of the Society have called into life
a regular trade between the nurserymen of that
place and Honolulu, which, to judge from present
indications, is still on the increase. Repeated in
voices of fruit trees and ornamental plants have eome
on our packets and been disposed of here at auction
or at private sale. From the United States, North
and South, we hare repeatedly received seeds of va
rious descriptions, utterly a fine selection of Euro
pean and American coniferous trees. . If you add to
these a rare collection of seeds from Jamaica and an
other one, equally choice, from the island of Trinidad,
only received by the hut mail, you know in detail.
what has been done by the Society in the way of in
troducing new plants.
It would lead too far, an 1 perhaps be to no pur
pose, to enumerate the names of all useful plants or
seeds received, but I consider the Boehmeria nivea, a
Chinese fibre plant, received from Jamaica, and the
green tea plant, amongst the seeds from Trinidad, too
precious acquisitions to be passed over in silence.
With respect to fruit trees, a few seeds of the loquat.
(Eriobotrya) and nispero or sapotilla, (achras sapota.)
which we Owe to the kindness respectively of Mrs.
Newell and H. B. M.'s Consul, Mr. T. Nicholas, are
growing to fine trees. These, as well as some new
species of auona, are novelties to our fruit depart
Be it remembered here that, with exception of a
small purchase of seeds .from Mr. Th or burn in Al
bany, the Society has incurred no expense for 'all
these importations, besides that of freight and post
age, and even these not in all cases. The medium of
payment were in most instances seeds or living plants
of our Hawaiian flora, which I have, until now, man
aged to furnish without any burthen to the Society.
For many gratuitous gifts we are also indebted to the
kindness of private friends.
Amongst the importations belonging to the animal
kingdom, operated during last year, tba first place in '
importance is held by the honey bees; and as these
busy creatures have been under my special charge, I
consider it my duty to expatiate upon them somewhat
circumstantially. You recollect, gentlemen, that
during our last annual meeting were brought here
four swarms of bees from California, to be offered for
sale. They were sent in consequence of previous in
quiries which I had caused our agent in San Fran
cisco to make. The Society bought two swarms at the
price of one hundred dollars, and entrusted them to
my charge; the two remaining swarms were also left
with me, to be taken care of until further orders from
the owners. From February to August these four
colonies have issued six new ones, one of which has
betaken itself to the hills. Of the remaining, three
belong to the Society and two to the party who sent
them here. This would make an aggregate number
of nine at the end of the year; but as we have lost
two of the old swarms by the ravages of the little
black ant, the number has become reduced to seven.
Of this number two have been sent to Kona, Hawaii,
one having been purchased by Mr. Preston Cumin gs
and the other one given in commission to Mr. Thomas
Paris. The first of these was unfortunately lost dur
ing the transport, but the second one has arrived in
good order auJ, as Mr. Paris writes me, is doing
finely. Consequently, then remain under my charge
five more, two the property of the Society and three
belonging' to the California owners. - -
Concerning the prospect of bee culture in our isl
ands I look upon it, after the short experience made,
with favorable eye. In Honolulu and all the moun
tainous and woody districts there exists abundance of
food for them; ia especial the alpine-like flora of our
high mountains, where every flower almost is sup.
plied with sweet nectar receptacles and emits aa aro
matic scent, will offer a fine pasture ground.
Amongst the plants around Honolulu mostly fre
quented by them are the floripondio, tamarind, pan
dan us, and particularly the sumach. As an exam
ple of the abundance of food at their disposal, I will
mentiou.that one new swarm, within the first five
days after being hived, completely filled with combs
both compartments of the box. The honey extracted
from the deserted hives is of fine flavor, and the wax
is remarkable for its pure whiteness.
Of enemies, there were none particularly noticed
before July; but on my return from a prolonged
trip to Maui I found two hives empty, the inmates
having been' expelled by the small black ant. These
troublesome insects defied for a long time all applica
tions and contrivances with which I endeavored to
oppose them, until at last I succeeded in a great
measure to keep them away by placing all the stand
ing posts of the bee-house in large tin basins, which
were constantly kept brimful of water. ' A short time
after this plague waa removed another formidable
enemy became known, in the large blue libella or
dragon-fly pinao which, during the past summer,
have been exceedingly abundant. These voracious
animals will watch for the bees returning from their
labors toward sunset and catch them ou the wing.
I have not seen them make war on the poor things
during the day, but only within the twenty minutes
before and after sunset. They devour them bodily,
crunching them with their strong mandibles. Lucki
ly their depredations are confined to a' very short
space of time', during which I nave generally man
aged to lessen their number by placing a person with .
an insect net on the watch near the bee-boose. Only
during quiet weather or very light winds will they
become troublesome, and on not more than two days
have I seen them in great abundance round the bee-
house mosquitos still appearing to be their favorite
bit. Surrounding the bee-house with, shrubs and
trees at small distances from each Other will probably .
do something toward lessening the evil, as the libella
needs ample, space to. move with advantage on the
wing. It must be remarked that it is only the larre
blue libella, not the smaller yellow one, which infests
the bees; only the latter, if I am rightly; informed,
is found on the 'elevated regions of our islands. A .
moth invading the inhabited hives I have not detect
ed yet ; but I must not omit to mention that in one
of the .hives depopulated by the ants, which I left far -
a considerable time oa the stand with the combs and "
honey, after several weeks a great aumber af htrvte I
appeared, issuing from the cells, hut the had
probacy not teca iwl Ufc,,
tatea rijae. . .r, ; . 4 , V
- About t30 etoath ef Dwaeober , !
fornia elk were Imported by V
eSered for sale to the Society,
aumber, three bucks and two h2
purauaaeu mem ii me price of '
misfortune to lose one of then by tJr
other by sickness. The three reinl
hind and two bucks, are unde
tffit in ffahtiTrn T-t- -
a urn. j t
littl. j t
them. -A- number of frogs and fel
eluded in the purchase : the saaT f
Eberty in the taro patches, but nntn M
to report themselves. Ihe frogg uiit
serviceable by destroying the hm, S
which inhabit stagnant waters. (
The cochineal insect, for obtaiaij.
made many fruitless applications topN
and Central America,, was sent to
through the kindness of Sir Wm. 0
Kew Gardens, but unfortunately the jJ
on the voyage. . .
I have also made inquiries with ,
and facility of transportation of the k
llama and alpaca, respectively in fy.
From the answers received it woaid
first might be bought in Sydney at
and would stand the voyage well, in valuable
not only for its meat as fto
account of the raperior leather pma;
Tk. rlm- AnU K n , 2
in our high mountain districts, and th
well known, yields a high priced wool,fc
which af increasin g from year to year, r
there exists a law in Peru prohibiting Ui
but General Miller has promised n, W
for that country, to use all his hivsA
leave for sending some animals here. I
With regard to insectivorous birdi,
say that all my endeavors to obtain
California have proved abortive. Cit
seems to lay so far out of the ord'uurj i
business men in the land of gold, that tt '
for them seems to excite more astouUiue '
terest, I therefore avail myself of tha
make an appeal to private parties, membr
of our Society, who happen to visit Q.
Oregon, that they will be kind enough
the birds, and by bringing them down M
best thanks of the Society, which bod;
refund any expenses incurred for this pj
subject of introducing animals preykjf
lower species of insects, which spread r
upon our vegetation further every yeil
itself seriously upon our attention. Tat f
threatens to render the coffee cultivation J
almost impossible ; this summer, for tin
has also attacked the grape, which in Lti
yielded one-balf of its usual crop. Aim
crop we can hardly expect again as lonril
coccus continues to spread unmolested ?
the caterpillar of a small greyish moth rf
put the wheat growers of Makawao ucj
the necessity to resow their fields two al
times, to reap in many instances och
We are in the unfortunate situation, J
1800 miles from the nearest coast, to .
voluntarily, adhering to plants and out
importation, the tenacious ovala of xhtVi
insects, (only recently I saw a rose U
the attack of a new white-margined L
while their natural enemies, genera; I
1, i .ll aIam w1ul, 1. m . V I .1 ;."
higher orders, which keep them in cW
do not follow
i - i
vj me same law. uurr
woolly coccus indeed would seem to bee
tant of our islands, and according tok'f
ceived from Mr. . Miner in Makawub j
similar destruction as now in 1820, '2? J
vegetation in several pans of Maui, si
doubt that the introduction and sprel
secis as me coccineiia, nemerobuu, r"
would tend greatly to check the raTara
The great desideratum of a n ornery pardea, k
seeds and plants caa be Orposned and raised It
where expertBtents eo new plants are to be coiJ
eaUy, and from which new plants and tree I
the country, has teea realised daring; the pat
and fine tract of land In Xanana Valley hat kr
operations ia it hare been carried ou during U
The Society has had the good fortune so aojurr V
most able, active and intelligent gardener, Hr.E j
contented wit a small salary, has devottd a a j
work entrusted to his care, so as to make i w4
one taat it la to him as macb a labor or ton H
sides bavins;, wun the small amount of lain t
broken up, prepared, mat out and aimoatfiMrj
four acres of ground, he has carried oa expeW
wnicn prove oeyona aoant that the ealt!rK
mast became a profitable one, laid ont a aeU
tinctoria) tor further experiments on tut not
partly prepared Uie ground fur a vineyard, ta
fields for new kinds of grasses and clover, Ik
garden have, of course, been considerable 1 1
consideration of Uie limited funds of the too
dinary expeasea of this year, however, at the
repairs or stone wall and constrnctloa of p
of a new road for the naUres claiminr a rich 1
land, fittinr ap of the gardener's bouse, parti
kk wsa nnpicmenia, wiu not rerur aw I
running cxjienses, vis t gardener's saUry tU H
watch may be estimated at $1,000 a year.oM
the annual income ot the Society, and lixmrl f
establishment begins to pay a little, sull 1 14
taat for the next two years, the expense arOti
f was considerably Hs reveuaea. L'ndrr Itxe
would Were take the liberty to reoammeoa IbI
garden to iu many friends, and particular! k 4
of Ilotmiutn, with the intimation that our pm!
always be ready to receive thankfully aur w4
tiun which may be offered fur the sucooe of aVl
three years1 time, it ia calculated that the
sustain hsetf. - I
la ouaaluslon, I win here acquit taiywlf sf n
of offering my warmest thanks to the maoyteBj
who have so kindly assisted and furthered t j
benefit of the Society, ia especial to His Mtftri
IVesWent, K. C. WyiHe, Ilia Majesty's dm
and Lima, Mr. Chaa. St Julien and Sir. Thosi
ferd. MuJier. In Melbourne, and Mr. Cbat. ly
m ir. ana Mrs. uaiUou, Capt and sirs.
Ir. liutchiaun (a Uahaina, 1. Dumas of Of
Xurwdict, to the resident Manarrrot the A I
eioua, to the Rev. Dr. Gulick in the Island af i
Sawkins in Trinidad, Mr. J. Wilson in JaBtr-j
Sew comb in Albany, and last, not Wast, 10
promoter of every liberal and nole underM.
Hooter, the Director of the Royal tiardens a
Respectfully subiniued. C
llouolulu, October, 1858. -
. ; 1 1
, (Correspondence of Uie Pacific Cuein
ain. xJiITon : I n TAur tuttes on v
of Uie Hawaiian Islands long since n?!
promised something farther in regfd1
the different Islands a very import
I think it would be for the interest of:
geperally not to delay the bifurrr.iitwt:
In ancient davs 1 well mcembe ?
unkum. $ Co., of (no matter where,)
of their valuable time and surplus
cautioning vessels and strangeis
selves in visiting such maelstrom W'
lepo, Kttivrnlv.-tpn, Eaupo, Km
Moderu noicuce and rclf-iuterevt t,tV
bugbear. Messrs. B. & Co. lo'rr "
accused with beine actuated by f'kfT 1
philanthropic motives. Tbo am ,i
obtains here oh Hawaii, only a little
pahoehoe was represented fornierIjw,
ybdis of Hawaii landings, but since tj
firm of Harris & Co. has been locstoin
discovered that quite as good a
can be found in UUo Bay. , I dart .'
nearly as good would turn up on
the Bunknms unfortunately burst aps,
hand importations eease to look fcfi
kets in small boats aad double csno
not altogether to blame. The cap'
of the coasters eome in for their
people of old they loved to beEe''.
ecies, and better to "obey them "'j
excuse to keep up old prices for btfii
exertion to put it ashereatthe i"1)
destined, but dumped all in a hep
ins: " small boats and double tw I
distribute it aboat at the different K
small sum of ten dollars a trip for Ci
travel. You can easily fancy ho i
aysuna works. It costs some ptac!
endnra it. I tell wan. The remedy i i
uiiderstaadiiig at the metrepohs. of
by shippers aM a3 else any wJ
trarifl. wktan wns'l nnfeklw esU1 I
Itgml lab&ty to land freight
no pay. TTbat would you of H)
vessel laikdhvf t.x' t. bound to w")
Lz and recetvt
A jxri2l practice ex"'
j I doubt ot
TTslanae, tlsa el
law owing to the dzr ignore