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o otinnnciAL .
WE OIIE&DA T, DEC. I, 184.
la ararlr all wninlil reports through this fall season,
har brca eoaaarUed to note aa anftrtonate degression ia trade.
whHaaaaBttalI wlirT tewtattnoa m thai aeon, ana
thrnpcriniccortrtaar who hare bwanriH lo baslnesa Ur
taw Mt ten year or ature. ' Palm hare hrm ttcartimrd to
look wa heavy trad diartojr October and Jiovtsabrr, and buyc
Mark ar early kul in, awl constantly a.WeJ to, in tbeaooflikmt
siwrtatlno. aevrr kiUerto duaniatcd,af abriak demand wbea
ta whalrsbipa arrivr, pajr off tbrir nm aod act atoorv ioto
rircubuinn. Tbe spring and saaiwtrr wraauaat extending la six
r wht avha of at yrw.U keatariv ta latter) ara seasons of
nam&trat-nt staftaatioa Up-kepers Java over their coautrrs
aal aat ikTtT tattoos with thrir vard-sticks, fcmklac; xprci
aaUv fc-nranl the Jolt mim with biieU hopes, only reeno
cOa.1 to promt hard limn, by their anticiimtinoe of a "good
tiate earning." The rravark has almost twcomti a yeuftia here,
Who wanM U liwiaa ta UUs eiawtry if it were not the
BUI season- ami th furea i4 this aravrrvatioa U apparent U
thoae who have wintered it and uanmrml it" ft many socccs-
slvw aaasM. .i,-jr afcwwufrf-'"-'
Bat Ihio year baa disaj-pufated an hands. We hare shown
awrctofatw bow the profit on exchange bar of late proved an
ignis Jatuum, drloriina; the anwary and we hare noted bow
the develops! of Ibis weir ftmturt in the whaHns; hnsineja at
thia port lualacoaaoaad keen dwapaeintnent ia the Blind
thoaw who hare berate relied on the annual profits arising
from the remnneratiTe bmira m of exchange. , Bat oar wholeaale
aad retail dralrra will bear na out in the atatement that onr trade
aas vastly hflcaofr,aiwl Uiie discovery caosrs a feeling of surprl
ad sum dlasppotntaaept in away quarter. Bat the swrpriae
aet give way to a conviction that the chanr i irfecuy kfriti
mata, aad the reanlt of canoes' which have been gradually dis
playing thaanaelrea, and are aore aa the march of time. Every
one can see that the principal cause of the decline in trade U the
faHJna- off ia the fcreiga fleet of whalrahipa touching here, aa well
a ia their catehings. time facts we have already referred to.
Iastead of the thre thraand aailora thronging oar streets at
aae time, as was formerly the case, and making' their Bark on
the daily receipts of the retail stores, scarce a moiety of that
aambev eaa Bear he foond. The great decrease ia the average
of the airfictvl catch is aaUuiallr ajlowwl tiy greatly reduced ad
vances to saaaMB aad vastly attenuated "halancea doe" then
attheConralatenBthetrretaratopnrt. Bnt if the falling off in
trade has become fixed bet, then the imports mastibow a cor
responding decline, ar we will have the annual mortification of
reporting a gtattcd market. Evils of this nature, however, gen
eraity remedy themselves. The total of imports last year was
moch less thaa that of lasai aad, if wears not greatly mistaken,
the Catnavbonse return ft the current year will dUptty a still
greater reductioa front the imports of 1857:
We have been betrayed into these remarks ly some oatside
inflorocea, a-haa, after all our tbsa-ata were oely heut oa ilis
ensaing a point aot yet introdooed we refer to the sail which
fct ctoady connected with onr present theme. , Since its etahlih
mtnt we have viewed it with favor, aad no one now disputes the
fact that it baa exceedingl- asefol tnstitntion; and we mast
give oar business men the credit to say that most of them ntici
pated this resalt when its prospectus was first issued, although
there aavo been, and still are, doubters aa to its utility. Our
bttsinsas affairs here sadly needed regulating and the revivify,
ing inSaence of a bauk. The payment or non-parment of a note
of hand haa never been consMered the standard of credit, and
buth notes and accounts bare been suffered to lie over to suit the
convenience of the party indented. . Ia this smooth and easy
tau of affairs, stow payers have defi(rhtej to revel. The tempta
ainns af long credit am) indefinite poymeuts have, in a few in
stances, proved tx stmaj Mr some, and porrhases were maile
as! lihitmm, of goods wanteil and not wanted, which were to be
paid Cur sum tsae or ether when good times came roand.
But the bank has stepped ia like a saving angel, and many of
ear merchants hare adopted the pUa of passing ail notes through
it tar euf!ectioa,aB4 the bank 'very properly insists on the
payment of sacK notes at maturity. This new order of thing,
af cuorse, makes some noise in quiet quarters. We see inaugu
rated a system which wiii work atlmiraMy in time, aad save ear
merchant moch vexaunn and annoyance, ahhouirh the present
eanseqaenoea are apparently aot ? happy.' In these fickle
tones trade is nut to be depended apno, aad yet the trade is the
sole dependence of many, to enable them to dicharse their or
Egatiou. 9o, dnahting and fearing ftv the result, with slim re
eriptrsixl "protrrt' ia fturo, rttreochmeiit is the order of
the djf few goods are purchased, bat snch as are absolutely
required, an) credit is only taken when there appears to he an
aheulute certainty of a sefacient Btanme to meet the esy of pay.
mens. On this account, trade crrtaJrry suffers, ai I thus we dis
cover aanthrr valid ressisi why aa rtbsnls are groaning under
the pressure of duU times. The reaction which wfll foUow will be
a healthy ane, as il is like lopimg off a dLvueil Uub tusave the
trunk, snd the eperatkns of the hank win prove the security of
the enatmonitj. i - . - ' '
By the arrival tf the bark CA'atase from Sao Fraaeiseo on
bonday. we are placed hi posit anion of the maUs from the Rwt
Uaua-are to the SUih Octoher, and the news nut particularly lo
lrei:;. ' rrosperity seemed to pervade all branches of busi
arsa. nuth ia. the railed Haass and Earope-, Specie was accu
aobxir la (he'ianurri capitals' af rates of interest still fur.
ther rehlc.., " " " ; . , ' "
Tle scar Lewi Pnry arrived oa the same day from Tahiti,
with aewrenaf sjwond, which win be offered at auction.
The ft limpf twiairs a smaJI freight, the principal items of
which are rhiug. k- and potatoes. She brtnss a large number of
Huatmo'tV 1 ' : " , ' - : ' '
la graerat business we have no improvement to note. The
balance of the whaling fleet is rapidly coming In, and wfll bring
aa the average catch a lUtSe fmm our lart estimate. There is
plenty ' money ia first hands, bat it dV-s aot get iuto clrcula
tion rpt-fty as wsald be dValiaHe.
CIO AM T! Imprrtation nf Mapfl since our last foot up
40i iL, alwat eaeMhird af which are suM at Jtfc322 f M, in
J!iag W. t ' - "
Ll'MBEK The cargo ex f.ovs ia being stored, to await a
wire bronhlt market- The market is glutted with all descrip.
LiutDS aal the (tOMttity on the way from Bunion is large.
$HIKULKS There have been sales of 150 M, ex Ulitnpf
and M J.x', at $ 50 G) 7, the latter Burking bbing rate.
KXCIIASGE We hear of transactions at 1 cent- pre
minm, for laay UUs, and par for bills drawn oa 300 GO days.
LATKST DATES, received at thia OfBee.
Saa Francisco..". Nov. 10 I Parts..'......
Panama, S. O '..Vt tt llnnarkong...
: i .i. .: Oct. 2v j MeiBoarBa, Vic...
Pbasrs al IlaatalmlM, ia Deermbtr.
dy. h. vm. -;i' ' dy. -h. m.
Jlew Moon -i 11" 43-7 M. I Full 51no2.'.. 2 4i2M.
rirstQunrur .13 .5 7 4 7 I- I Last Quarter. .26 7 14 8. M.
- 5hla Moll.
For Sah Fase-nco per Frances Palmer, this a- at 19
ovinck. , s : -l . ? it . ; )
For LiHiu T Eamoi, to-day.
For Hilo per Manokawai. Friday.
PORT.Or HOUOZsTJIsTJ. H. I.
Frr mil rrjmrt f trhalfhip; see 4 saje.J
Nnv'a Aai'wS -k norenee. il season, foi Lahaina. r ''
2 Knss wh lk Tnrka. tiudcrbkHa, 1st season, fin Ocbotsk,
S00 wh, 9w?a laov - -
28 Hose wh brig rtorrfurf ten Cnnstantin, Lindbobn, 1st
k - aeaaoa, from Ocbotsk, 440 wh, 6000 bone..
; Am wh bk Mem'raac. Loog, 1st seasun, ftn Ocbotsk,
- IflOU wh, 20.000 hone.
STjkat wh bk Ik-burste, Kenworthy, lAt season, from
X Ochotrk, 700 a h. 7000 bone. .
27 Fr wh sa apaou. Ilomont, 1st season, from Ocbotsk,
- 3O0 wh, 5000 bone.
7 Haw sen Kenn ana, Rikeke, Tim Kaoar
1 Am mer bk Olimpje, Dayton, 10 days aad 14 hours fin
8ea Francisco. - t .
21 Am wh sh Maria Theresa, Coop, 1st season, fpOcbotk,
- y4i wK 6OU0 buue. - , . ,
J3 Am wh sh Cowner, Ivan, 3d season, fnt Oehotek, 900
wh, 11.000 bane. 1
JJ Am wh sb Kianan, Devol, 3d aeasan, bn OchnUk, 1150
wh, 10,000 bune.
28 Axa mer ach Lewis Ferry, Tamer. 16 ds fn Tahiti- , . .
Am dipper sh Iririav Alwuud, 12 ds ba San Francisco,
and sailed next day for Singapore.
S Haw acha Liboiibo. LoveU,fm Iiik; Kn,Chadwick,
... , fm Lahainaj Kalama, Water, ha lahaina; and
r" ' . Warwick, fm Maoi.
29 Am wh bk Mary Frailer, Rounds, it season, ftn
29 Am wb sh aimrnd. Ilowea, 1st season, fm OeboUk.
M fr wb sh TiHe de Renoea. Ooedoit, from the Arctic, 2J
season, 280 sh, rxtB hroe.
CO Am wh ah Condor, V luteaiitt, 2d season, 1200 wh, IV
ov Kamehavneha IT Barras, It Kohala.
9ch Mary, BerrHl, for Kawaihae.
2 rip Oideon Howmnd, W imams, to eroJas. -1
Hlua Faraehata, Corey, to crnis.
2 Bark Monmouth, Onnsbr, to eruias.
- T Am brtrantine Joseiihiue, iHone, for 1 arris Island,
is Sens EseeL, Antonio, and John Young, Rikeke, for
34V ShefBeid, Oreea, foe Cold Springs ' 'i ,
TOr-Ooethe, Aatcla. to cruise. k ....
, SaW-Aai wb ah Addison, tawrence, to cruise. .
JO Am wh so. Buwditch. Atartin. ta cruise.
30 c Kaiama, Waters, tor Hito. s ' ' a
jy CapC Kenworthy, of bark DrUwmrr, last from Orhotnk,
rvortaaa follows : Oct. 10. Am. slaV Monhmtna, Ilnmaa. 1100
wh, 14.004 bsae v NdV.J, ship Condor, WbiU'aideia0O wb, ISjOOO
bone. On thrf th 8ejC left Mercnry Bay in euaipany with the
top Montesuma, to go a the orth Shore t4 look for whales.
Bad light winds and pleasant w. at her until the 11th October,
warn ft eame oa to blow from W.K From thia date, until Oct.
19, had a aawasasiaa wjheavy galea from RJiJL anl NJt-,caus-laC
as ta carry a heavy presa of caaras ia order to keep off the
Shantar h lands. Daring the (rale, saw the Monteranm, Lexing
ton ai all carrying a press of sail Ia order to keep off
II ataaV Oa the 14th OoU, saw the Lexiagtaa with has of jib
aoom the Bajah net sa sight. Oa-tho night of the 16th, the
gale Uew with increased and foarfui vtofeaeeaasing as to make
a rvrat deal of leeways On the 17th, the gale ati Idowbar at
heavy as eret, with snow and sleet 5 saw the land to leeward-!.
mmr mm "Vi 4 held on Ul the morning ot ue iota, wnea
taiesnlin nar rkfbt poiiliia, wa aqoared yanls aad ran for
Xereary Bay, where we anchored la safety the aaam rrenfns;
mar H-yrj Hf" w ttut started the works, and finished
trying eat a whaar wbkh we had taken m the 10th October. Oa
the 30th, we left the Bay for Che Sandwich Islaada. Dad llgbt
variatse riads fad rainia, su thal.wa wr nntil tha 1 'or. la
frfu'uffoat Uthe sew cCame thraBgh the 60th passage ia eonvi
pany with the Condor, who bad rode oat the above gale ia Fek
listoffDarbor, in company with! the South Seaman, (1 brU
this season), Italy and tender (1200 brb) and FJlxa Adams (050
brls). Capt. Whiteside reported having en board the 2d mate
and twelve men, cjly survivors of the crew of the hark
gtevart, of New Bedford, which went ashore on the north tide Of
Big Shanter IMand, on the 17th October, and became a total
wreck. Car. Stewart, the 1st officer, and 11 men perished.
The Rajah had 1000 brls on on boar.! The Delaware lias had
very foisteroas weather from the StroiU, h tar encnajUd
several heary gales of wind one of very great vWenre, o the
"irtth Nov. from the southward, lat. 27 f Zt N, mng. 155 50
W. On the morning ' the 3d Nov. saw a ship apparently
crippled ; bore up far h-r and ascertained H to be the Cow per
Dean, of Sew Dedf.wd. with fore topmat, e-, gnoe, apiarently
Just done. As it was Mowing fresh at the time, with coitaidera
ki Km hli tv annrnach saRicientlv near enooeh to speak
hee mhm11v as she did not annear to rwmire any assLtance.
Te note the following departures of wliale ships from New
Bedford, for the North Pacific t Sept. so. snip Julian, lapun
8. P. Winerur; Oct, 6, ship Camilla, Ca4. Henry Pease, jr
Mn Hnrtntkiati. Cant. Talent ine Lewis; bark Cleone. Calit
John E. Simnr-aw; 9th, ship Janus, Ct. J. C. Smith; 7th,
ship Jeannette, Capt. Hudson vinsKnv atn, sntpsouin oonou,
(. F.s n,) Capt. EJwanl T. Ramlolph; 8th, bark (late ship)
Atkins Adams, Capt. W illiam Wilsoo; 1XH, siup jooa now
land, Capt. Alex. W hcklcti-, l Jth, ship Twilipht, Capt. Sylvester
Hatha war: 19th. hark Tamerlane, Capt. Winslnw.
Sl.ip Itimrod, H-Mres, reports, m the Orfik, Oet-"l6, expe
rieneed a heavy gale from the N.1L, with bad eea running?
while under close-reefed topsail, pitched away Jth boom, flying
.Jib boom, and sprung the foremast naniy. Itai nan w earner an
the way down. ; Nor. .14, ia a gale, shipped a Heavy sea and
store part of starhoanl bulwark and boat; at the same time
lost overboard Francis Derby, a native of the CapedeTerd
CapC Whiteside, of the Comior, report : March 2d, Ut. 19
10 N hmg. 172 - V'-, a strong hreeae from the west, found that
the ship had sprung a leak. Called an hands to the pumps ami
commenced to bail; after working hard for 2S hours, found the
leak, which we partly stoppeil. Was obliged to go into Guam
to tip out and reair ship. Have hail had weather all the way
down. Lnrt te rani, jib boom, fore topgallant Bivts, main
royal, etc.; ship leaking hO'lly.
VESSELS IX POUT XOVEMBER 30.
n. B. M.'s sloop Carypso, Montresnr.
Am sorreying sehnoner Ketiho-we Cooper, Brooke.
Am clipper ship West Wind. Baxter, up for New Bedford.
Am ctirer siup Warhawk, Simmons, Vaulin oil for N. Bedford.
Am hark Frances Palmer, Oreeu.
Am ship Monntiun Wave, Ilanljr, luaJin-f oil for New Bedford.
Am ship Glailialnir, Luce.
Am hark Alexander. Hiwh.
Am brig JJua, Camman.
Am bark Glimjw, IaJ tn.
Am schooner Isahd. Davin.
Am sch Lewis Perry, Turner.
British bsrk Orrstes, Hayes.
Haw brv Kmrna, Bennett.
Am ship Benj. Jlorpau, Sissoo
Am ship lajestic, ('luster
Am ship Brntus. Henry
Am ship Fran. Henrietta, Drew
Am ship Barnstable. Fisher
Am sliip Minerva, Crowell
Am ship Mirca, Manchester '
Am shipTyhee, Freeman
Am sh J no. Ktizaneth. Lester
Am ship T IHciaxm, I'laskeU
Am ship llndson. Marston
Am ship Kutusoff, Wing
Am sh Northern Ugrht, Austin
Am ship Olympia, Kyan
Am ship Montauk, French
Am ship Mary. Jenks
Am ship SjA-nilid, Pearson
Am ship Caroline, Ilarlin
Am ship Krapire, Knll
Am ship nonontok, Marchant
Am ship Klbta A-l.tms, Thomas
Am ship Amason, KMridge
Am sh Chili. PhH. KMridje
Am ship Omeimbo, Pease
Am rh Washington, Purrinfrton
Am sh Sooth Seaman, Norton
Am ship Manuel Ortea, Ilaxard
Am ship China, Thitpm
Am ship -Vim roil, Howes
Aro ship Condor, Whiteside
Fr sliip Epalnn, Hnont
Fr ship V. de llenites, Uueloit
Am hark Java, Lawrence
Am bark Fanny, Bnotiry
Am hark Java, Baynnr
Am lrk Rrlgliton, Tucker
Am bk Fortune, Anderson
Am bk HaruMiuy, Austin
Am bk Sharon, Kin?
Am bark Kingfisher, Palmer
Am l.k Sil'r Cloud. Cngfresliall
Am bark Wardet, Swain
Am bark Vernon, Buminis
Am bark Florence, Cord.l
Am bark Merritnac, In
Am hark Delaware, RVnwnrthy
Am bark Mary Fraaer, Roumls
Am brig Apite, Lawton.
Am sch K. U Frnst,
Ross bark Turku, Soder4om
Ross brig 8 Oaiotantiue, Lind
hohn Haw bark tiambii, Merritt '
Haw brig Wailua, Lass
Haw brie Kara I, Mammea
Haw hrbr Antilla. Molde
Haw hw Hawaii, Schioirlfening
Am shin Arrtic. Phillips
Am ship Maria Theresa. Coop I Haw brie Emma, Tuttle
Am ship Cowper, Dean - Haw bri John Dunlap,
Am ship Roman, Devol
14 merchant and war vessels. 62 whalers. Total, 7.
Venae la Eiprelrd front Freia;sj Porta
Am dlpntr bark Sachem, Atkins, was to sail frtan Boston Oct
25, In Iferce A Co.'s line of Pack la.
rbip Jhn Marshall, HiHiper, fr m Sin Frandteo, due about
Bark Fanny Major, I'aty, from Saa FraiKiaoo, due from Deo.
13 to 16.
Am bark Meiita, P.41ys, is due from Kamscbatka.
British orig Emma sailed from Uvvrioil, Aug 23, for Fraser
Rirrr via II MK.lutn.
Ships Phaut-wne and Queea were a lvertiae-1 to leare London
in an Sept . for FnT Rircr, tourhin? at llonoluto.
Ship Pizarra wnuhl prolaUly leave Urerpoj4,Oct. , for Hono
luln. to R. C JanWai.
From Bremen, in all January, diper brig Koliala, Corsen, to
fit for wbaliitir, by UofNcli lacker A iapeuhi-st
From lirvntea, early in March, clir brig Aloha, to lit for
whalinr. bv HofNrhlaecer A Scaiienliorst.
Am slop-f-war Vamialia. Sinrktir, is due frum Tahiti.
Am ship Polynesia. Mwe. sailed fmm It s loll for San Fran
cim Sept 10 dne here in March.
Ilamnurg lrig Hero is ikiw due from Hongkong, with a cargo
of China gnmU
Am. sch. L. P. Foster, Moore, will be due in November from
Puret Soand, with lumber.
Am. brie Aneenett, 213 tons, Stmlley, sailed from New Bed
fort. August a. for this port. -
Am. scbouKT Marti ia, Penhallow, sailed fnan New London
for Uoouiulu July 1.
Am. ship Mo-lern Times, of II. A. Pierce's Line of Packets,
left Boston for Honolulu, via Tahiti. Auzut 5.
The ciipper ship iyren, Green, will I due from Bio Janeiro
in about two weeks.
From Sss FaAWueo per Glimpe. Nov 23 1 box China
ware. 3 cs cfc-cks, 141 pke mdse, 1 siicn, "J00 hags patabies, 400
bmii shiogb-s. 20 cs cixars, cs exrvss matter, 1 cs haroons,
& cs b&M. 5 cs clarets, 2 Uan corn, 50 brls lime, 10 cs wache, 2
From Tamtti per Lewi Perry, Nov 23 23 cords firewood, 19
parcels and 23 coils cordage.
For Nit Lokdos per E. F. WtllerU, Nov 23 Ship Sheffield,
11.7S5 lbs hone ; ship Montauk, 10.520 do ; Splcndi.1, 15,877 dol
10254 do, 1.174 Ball sp oU, 153.&S2 do h oil, 43 brls slnah,
1,150 skins, 13000 walrus teeth, by Cr A. Williams k Co. Tot d
value transhipped. $134.4J2 80.
For Sax FaAXruico jer Frances Palmer, Dec 1497 cs soap,
38 pkgs angar, 8 casks sp oil, 132 bales puht, 1 bate fungus,
1050 bag sweet potatoes, 80 brls molasaes. ;
KasAt. In'ihe export report of Golden Ragle, given Wt
week, for ship .MiltKn,' read Gov. Troup." Hie Milton vis
ited Lahaina and shipped her bone there.)
From Katai ier John Tonng, Nor. 2510 hnch tobacco, 5
bags coffee, 5 hacs flatr. 3 bliU sweet potatoes, 2 bnchs bananas,
' 'JO hags salt, 10 bMs beef, 2 M.s ork, 8 bullock hides, 2 bbls
tallow, 6500 oranges. 2 kegs butter, 6 cords firewood, 1 pig, IS
: fowl, 2 dogs, 10 ducks, 4fl native passengers.
From Lahaina yrr Kahnua, Nov. 2S 500 bbh tweet pota
toes. From Htu) per Liholiho, Nov 28 59 bales pulu, 1 do fungus,
55 hide. 4 bags pulu, 3 ho 11 goat skins, 10 brU pork, 3 casts
mil e, 1B9 bass oiffje. Four cabin rnseniters. '
For Kji.t per Moi Wahine, Nov 293 tone raano, 4 Iron
near coolers, 250 empty barrels, 21 rases mdse, 150 ft lumber,
1 keg white sugar, 13 baps fl.mr, I brl salt 1 cabin and 50 deck
passengers.; . . . . . - : , .
For Sa Fminwn per Frances Palmer, Dec 1 T C Shelton,
T F Dennis, J Barnart, Capt Bronsnn, Samuel Isaacs, Maurice
Eairer, Henry Stanton.
From bJi FaASCisei per Glimpse, Nov 23 Samuel Zacha
rish. A D Barnard, W Vaudrey, Capt Chas Frieaach, Phineaa
Tnlman, G D Carlton and wife, Chris Ouill, Dr A Kennedy, C P
Flana-her and triend, Arehibald Martin. II D Chace. Caleb Carr,
' Lert Eastr.brook, C W Myers, L Sampson. J Credifail. -
From At as per P Constantine, .Vov 25--Peter Ficher, Jans
Johanarn. Albert Schroder. '
From TAinn par Lewis Perry, War 28 nenry Owner, Mrs
Owner and 3 ehiMren, M Lernellee.
For J ABvts Islam d per Jephfte, Vov 29 G P Jndd, Win
H Oaliek. Kahana, Kauakahi, Kapihinm.
For Cold frrjxo. L. I. per SheflleM. Nov SO Mrs Green
and child, Mr A- Mrs. A D Cartwright, Miss M Cartwright.
- In Marlboro', Mas.. Octoter 17. Sir. Ooooals, aged 07. The
deceased was father of the Hawaiian Collector General of Cus
toms, and brother to Mrs. Thurston, of Kailua, Hawaii.
At sea, Aarost 27, onboard bark Kupkratr; Bkxjami R.
Lncsa, sged 27, a native of Plain field, Connerticat.
On board bark Baltic of otensamption, Mawx, a native of
these islands. Also, August 8, KartXA. a Hawaiian fell over
boanU boat were lowered and every effort rmvle to rave him
but to vain. ' : - '.:'
Oa board ship Cerea,' June 22,' MohaT, a native of these
islands. . . .
Ia the Ocbotsk Sea, Ang. IS, of sore throat and inflammatory
fever, Dmra B. Wnnn. 19, a native of New Bedford, Maak,
. seajaaa oa hoard ship jVimred. -
Nov 22 Bark Endeavor, Wilson, from Ocbotsk, 1000 wh, 14,000
. 2 Fhip Cyorem, FUh, from Och, 700 wh, 90OO booe.
S3 Bark Maseacbneetis, Green, from Och, 45 sp, 500 wh,
- . 6000 booe.
26 nVrijanun Rash, Wyatt, from Och, 250 wh," 300 fxwe.
Nov 30 Bark Isabella, Lyon, for home.
- a Ship Omega, Sanborn, to ernise South. .
22 Bark John Wells, Woodbrldge, for Illkx
S3 Bart" Bakie, Bronaoa. to cruise and home:
i Snip Levi Slarbuck, Jargneean, for coast of California.
2T Bark Florence, fordd, fr Honolulu.
' Bark Dmmo, Cole, to cruise Westward.
M Rark Ilibernia, Booker; for aoast of California.
24 Bark Wotra, Crowell, for New Zealand and home.
E? We are happy to be able to announce the safety
of the ship Syren. ' While lying-to' in ft gale off
Patapnia, she shipped ft heary sea on herrtarboanl
bow, which carried away her bulwarks an I stove in
; some of her bow timbers. , Althoqgb she dHwt leak,
Capt. Green IHmrtl it prudent lo ret urn to Kio
" where f he arriveJ Hept. 12, an J would rpr!r. She
J probably gt away agin by the Bnt of October, and I
. Biay he" looked for by the l.r,ih inat. ' ' . - i ' I
THURSDAY, DECEMBER.'!. '
Evert new enterprise that is successfully eetab
lished w to addition to the . wealth of tho king
dom. .There may le no new importation of
inoney; or .nieanfi for this purpoaej and the con-.
trihuHons made toward starting such enterpriso
nuty be wholly from money that has for,year
. been here; yet the calling of it out into actire
mechanical or apricolfeiral pursuits, is adding to
the productive capital of the nation, what before
was lying comparatively unproductive and nse-
lens. .' '
Let us instance the flouring enterprise. -This
company now grinds annually some three or four
thousand barrels of flour, the whole of which a
few years ago was imported from abroad; These
3000 larrels are worth in the market and rcalixe
about 30,000, all of which sum is retained in'
'the" kingdom ; first to pay the' producers, who
receive perhaps $20,000 of it, next to pay the
cost of transporting to the mill, grinding and
numerous attendant charges, say 6,000 ;- and
the balance is shared as a dividend among the
"company. The whole amount is thus retainedi
within the kingdom, whereas, beforo the mill was
in operation, the greater part of the sum received
for the flour, was sent away to pay for it, a mere
tithe being retained as a reward to those engaged
in selling it. To say nothing of the improved
quality of the flour, and "consequent healthiness
attending its use, the kingdom is annually en
riched to the extent of its production. Some
flour is still imported, as" theproduction of wheat
does not yet fully supply the. wants of the local
consumption. ' This, however, will not long con
tinue ; and in a few years, wc shall export more
than we import.
Here we . have an example of the benefits
arising from a combination of scattered capital,
which beforo was unproductive. Had this mill
not lcen started the thirty or forty thousand dol
lars now paid for flour consumed on these inlands
would have been sent abroad for the support of
laborers and capitalists in foreign countries, while
now it is paid to laborers and capitalists resident
in our kingdom.
It is in this light, as an increase of our domes
tic capital and national wealth, ihat wo view the
new enterprise of a sugar plantation on East
Maui, and a similar enterprise at Ililo, Hawaii,
the latter under the agency of Mr. T. Metcalf.
The former is undertaken as a joint ptick concern,
with a capital of $50,000; all of which has been
taken up, and vigorous measures are on foot to
carry the enterprise into operation. .A first
notice of the company appears in our advertising
columns to-day. , We are glad that the company
has been formed and that the prospect is so fair
before them, and trust that it may be but the
beginning of similar enterprises needed all over
these islands. :
What we intended chiefly in our remarks at
this time, was to call the attention of foreign
capitalists to the field that is open for a safe, and
most profitable investment of their capital in the
production of sugar in these islands. The near
and almost unlimited demand for raw sugars in
the neighboring states of California, Oregon,
Washington, as well its in the more northern and
rapidly peopling British Territory, must cause
our islands to become annually more attractive
and lucrative as a sugar producing country.
And no better tim exists than now, while labor
is cheap and machinery and lands can le obtained
with little trouble compared with what was the
case years ago. We understand that a numler
of capitalists in the Eastern States of the Union,
have baen looking towards an investment of their
capital here in sugar plantations, and are only
waiting a favorable turn or some spur to make
a movement, which while it would be attended
with profit to them would bo adding so much to
our national wealth.
In the first place we will state the numlfr of
plantations now in operation and in progress,
with an estimate of their value and capable an
nual produce. The amount produced varies from
year to year, and we can only give an average of
what caeh plantation can produce.
rLAXTATJOSS IX OF IS ATf OX.
Koliat Plantation, (Kauai,).
Llhae do. do.
. E-Maui do. (Maui,!.....
Brewer do. do. .....
Pue ' do. do. do. '
Puka, do. do. do. . .
niaku Plantation, (Maul,)
Mnkee do. do
Motcalf do.rnilo.Ilawail). . .
Totals ' $555,000 2000 Tons.
The above, we believe, embrace all the planta
tions now in operation and under way. Two
thousand tons of sugar have never been produced
in one year on these islands, but the plantations
now in -progress will probably turn out that
amount in 1860. About one-fourth of the pres
ent produce of sugar is consumed or finds a mar
ket with the shipping ; the balance is exported
chiefly to San Francisco and Oregon. The capa
bilities of the islands to produce cane, we can
best show by republishing the . following para
graphs which appeared in onr journal in 1857,
premising only that the estimate is a very low
one, and that should the future wants of our
suzar interests demand it, double the number of
acres can be found adapted to cane culture: -
"To say that these Islands are destined to become
the West Indies of the North Pacific, would be
overrating their capacity for tropical products. The
total area of the eight inhabited Islands is said to be
6090 square miles, or 3,897,600 acres, a trifle less
than that of the Island of Jamaica. One-eift-hth of;
the entire area, or in round numbers, 500,000 acres, '
It has been estimated is snilablj for tillage. And of
this. 50,000 acres is a high estimate of the amount
desirable fur the culture of cane. And if we take
into account the absence of roads through volcanic
' and mountainous districts, and the want of harbors
- accessible to sailing Teasels, the total amount of HUar
lands, immediately available, will not exceed 25,000
acres. One-half of this amount is the most that can
economically be put nnder cultivation in any one
year. .And although plant canes, on choice bottom
land have been found to yield, under favorable cir
cumstances, 4000 pounds, and in some cases 6000
pounds per acre, 2000 pounds per acre is the highest
average yield for a series of years, which can be relied
Upon this calculation 12,500 tons is the highest
total yield, of which the Hawaiian Islands are capa
ble. This amount would supply a population of about
800,000, allowing the consumption to be 30 lbs. per
annum per capitutn. To realise such a result would
require and Invested capital of at least 63,000,000,
and 8,000. laborers; and the gross income to the
Islands could be about $1,500,000. The product of
all the plantations, now in operation (1857) on the
Hawaiian Islands worked to their utmost capabilities, '
will not exceed 1000 tons, which is about a six
teenth of their estimated capabilities, '
; In regard to the cost of starting a plantation
on these islands, we are permitted to copy from "
a letter, written by a sugar planter of experience
whoso statements are reliable. The new planta
tion referred- to was to be located some twelve
miles from the nearest port: . " ' '",
Hoxoutlu, January 9, 1858.
DtA . Sir : In reply to your inquiries respecting
a new sugar plantation,' I would say, that with a"
cath capital of 30,000 the necessary buildings and
machinery, to make at least 200 tons of sugar a year, '
can be erected. .
These would be about as follows : A steam engine
of 25 horse power. A boiler for the same of 40 horse
power capacity. This to be made for the purpose.
A mill, boiling kettles, grates, ftenm clariners, a
steam kettle and cooler (light iron are the best for
thexe las'.) J ' ' ..' " . : ;
The buildings necessary ;
A boiling and sugar boose;
A house for the mill and engines;
A dwelling for the overseer and conductor; - ' '
A house for small stores; , ;
A small oarprnters shop and . alsoa blarkmith's
Molasses tanks. The houses can be built of wood
and are not expensive. Two centrifugal machines
and a small steam engine to drjye them will be requir
ed. The centrifugal machine can be here, made at a
cost of from 350 to $400 m - -
--TheBugar boiler should understand his business
well, and the usual pay here for a good boiler is about
$1200. The cost of raising an acre of cane is about
25, not counting the use of implements, teams, etc.
say $30 will cover the whole cost of raising an
acre of cane ; 30 mores will cover the cost of manu
ttcturing. Allowing' $18 for containers, we have
$78 as the whole ootlay for raiding, manufacturing
and putting up for market the produce of an acre of
cane..;.,': v ,.
Allow for 4 bbls. for the molassea,.... $800
For freUjht and cartage on a ton or sugar 10 ges i
" for cartage and frelrht on 4 bbls. molasses,.,.....
Commissions ft selling, 6 per cent,
. Cost of raising and manufacturing, 78 00
' .1 .$104 50
A ton of sugar an acre is a moderate yield ; 100
acres on oar plantation last year yielded 170 tons of
sugar 1 5-12 tons to the acre. A ton of sugar at
6 cents per pound Is ?120. t The rtolatsses from au
ere is about 125 gallons t 25 cents per gallon, this
will be $31 25. That is, the whole yield of nn acre
producing one ton is $151 24; deduct $101 50, and
we have a net profit of $46 75, selling eugar at 6
cents per pound. But good cane will yield more than
a ton an acre. One hundred acres at this rate will
yield $46- 75 net profit each, or $46, and this is a
moderate estimate ; and it is not safe in starting a
new plantation to estimate higher than this, though
if sugar should keep up in price as It has done of
late the profits would be much greater.
Thero are tracts of good cane land on each of
the five principal islsinds adapted to its cultiva
tion. On Kauai, the banks of the Hanalei river,
now devoted to coffee growing which of late has
leen subject to the blight, constitute fine cane
land. ' There are-elevated tracts probably between
Hanalei and Lihue equally as good as the latter
district. On Oahu, Waialua affords rich though
limited cane land. In Koolau, there are .fine
tracts, too. On Jiist Maui, some of the best cane
land, on the windward portion of that island, is
still unoccupied. At Kohala, on Hawaii, is a
most lieautiful cane district, and many others
probably exist from Kohala to Kau on the wind
ward side of the island. Many of these districts
on each of these islands, are located from five to
fifteen miles from a landing or harbor, but this
disadvantage is submitted to by some of the plan
tations now in operation.
In conclusion, we know of no field more invit
ing to foreign capital than these islands, and no
business more safe, or reliable than of the manu
facture of sugar.' All that is needed is capital,
united with judicious and experienced managers
and skillful sugar-boilers. All other difficulties,
such as the selection and purchase of land, erec
tion of buildings and importation of machinery,
are easily overcome. Reliable native laborers are
on the spot in abundance. ' . .
Late frasu Tahiti Prapoaetl Aanrialisa te
the Uaitrd State. I
By the arrival on Sunday last of the schooner !
Leirix Perry, we have received advices from Tahiti .
to the 10th of November. The Perry has on
hoard Henry Owner, Esq.', late United State?
Consul at that port, who is returning with his
family to Washington, via San Francisco. We
are indebted to Mr. Owner for much interesting
intelligence from the Society Islands.
Trade generally was dull ; the only foreign ves
sels left in port were tho American whalers Ca.
aran, Iiragg, from the Arctic, and bark ITarresl,
last from Honolulu. Both these vessels were re
pairing and recoppering. Capt. Bragg of the C.
had leen in poor health, and while at the North
had been laloring nnder a species of insanity,
during which he twieeattempted suicide, but wa?
prevented by his officers. .
A change took place in August last in the Gov
ernorship of Tahiti. The new Governor is said to
Imi a more literal man than any of his predeces
sors, and has instituted a new order of things.
Tho principal ehanges are, the removal of the
military, (Tahiti to bo mainly a civil and not a
military port,) and tho abrogation of the obnox
ious laws in respect to shipping. The general
policy of the new' (lovemor, so fur as developed,
lias boon very popular to residents.
Our readers will have noticed in the San Fran-
cisco and Eastern papers indefinite statements re
lating to the proposed annexation of the Society
group to tho United States. Tho facts . as we
learn them are these ; The chiefs and inhabitants
of Raiatea and Tahaa have made, through Consul
Owner, a definite and unanimous offer of. cession
of their islands to the American government.
Tho documents, accompanied with translations,
were forwarded from Tahiti to "Washington last
and await the action of that government.
TUt nnd Tslb;la att. fwrt mn.ill iaUnda nf the
. . 1 r 1 11 v
Society group, separated from caeh other by a
. , a -i -1 j 'i ,i
stra it eight or ten miles wide, and nre situated i"
about one hundred and forty miles N. TV.
bid, and seventy miles TV. of Huahine. Raiatea I
is the larger of the two, and about forty miles in
circumference. Both islands are surrounded in j
common by a coral reef, which has numerous pas
sages through it, of sufficient depth to allow tho
entrance of the largest war vessels, which can
moreover sail around both inlands inside of the
reef, constituting one of the most remarkable as
well as safe harbors in the Pacific.
It is generally supposed that these islands are
under the protection of the French, but we are
informed by Mr. Owner that such is not the case, j
So far from that, the French are bound by ex-
press treaty not to interfere with the administra- J
tion of those islands, and certain , it is that no j
French authority has ever been exercised on them.
On the other hand, they are considered at Tahiti
to be perfectly free and independent. The popu
lation of Raiatea is about 8000, and that of Ta
haa about 3000. Both islands have several chiefs,
but no king. The son of Pomare, who went there
to act as king, after a few months authority, was
deposed and returned to Tahiti. , ' , --
What the action of the United States govern
ment in the case will be is very questionable ;
but we think that they will not judge it wise to
undertake a protectorate of the islands, althongn
there is no doubt tbat American interests, as well
as the welfare of the native race, would be pro
moted by an occupation of the islands.
Royal Hawaiian Thkateb. and California Min
strels. On Monday evening the benefit of Mr. J. S.
Townsend came off at the former of these places of
amusement, having been deferred from Saturday on
account of the inclemency of the weather. The play
performed was Don Ctesar de Bazan, in which Miss
Ince took the character of " Maritana," Mr. Towns
end that of Don Cassar" and Mr. Beatty that of
the " King" the latter assuming the cast at a mo
ment's notice, Mr. Kyley, who had volunteered, not
being able to appear. We were glad to notice there
was a full bouse on the occasion the Honolulu Rifles
being present in a body.' f ,i "
Lew Rattler's benefit took plaee at the Hawaiian
Theatre on Thursday evening last and was well at
tended. As a delineator of negro character Lew is
unique, and is ably seconded by the whole corps.
Oh ! that laugh. It will certainly be the death of
somebody, or Lew Rattier, for it is the genuine coffee
pot pattern, and if he should happen to turn the top
of his head a little too fvr back, why
Pete Sterling and Tim Darling had a benefit last
evening, at which a prize was offered for the best
conundrum. There was a good opportunity for the
paraaomasiaa talent, of which we have such an
abundance in Honolulu, to exert itself. It is not of
ten a medal is bestowed for the best fntn-ish-ment.i
We have not heard who was the successful competitor.
On Saturday evening next Joe Murphy's benefit
comes off at the Hawaiian Theatre, and as one of the
most deserving of the California Troupe, we hope he
may meet with a bumper. The performance swill con-
sist of a variety of the Minstrels'
peculiar acts, daa-
ces, songs. H
" NOTES OF THE WEEK.
7 Notvoek TwEtTT-woHTH. This day which has,
for the past three of four years become less and less
observed aa a national holiday, passed off on Monday
(the 28th occurring this year pn Sunday) with even
. a (Caaa
more than uual apathy. Tlie rgovernu.r..Vu
.iAD4wi hnnh wa noticed, that the
WCIO VIUOWi . . . v ft - - . -- .
i.Kt i, wnrk all day. . lServ
'tad. 1.0 doubt. The only noticeable feati
...aa.-- - . rr I.,l-
looked like a holiday was the paraae 01 1 uuu.
Rifles, Capt J. H, Brown. Though we have jieveral
times before alluded to this corps in terms of com
mendation, it is but just to say that they never looked
better than on Monday Their street drill was really
excellent, and called forth the heartily expressed
admiration of our sea-faring visitors, who in other
lands have often witnessed the evolutions of the finest
citizen 'soldiery in the world. At the residence of 1st
Lient. T. Spencer, the company partook of that gen
tleman rwell-knewvf hospitality, and in the evening, -heing
present by special invitation, they added not a
little to the gay appearance of the Hawaiian Theater,
on the occasion of Mr. J. S. Townsend's benefit.-; The
corps is undoubtedly an ornament to, and deservedly
the pride of, Honolulu, and we' take this occasion to
mention a circumstance which is not probably known
to all, and that is, that the armory at present occu
pied by them is sadly out of repair, jmd entirely in
adeauate to their wants. Cannot the public opinion
and public exertion be brought to bear upon the sut
ject. - And this again suggests the recollection
a Public Hall is much needed in Honolulu. 4
Loss or Bark Rajah, or New Bedford. We have
received from Capt Whiteside, of the Condor, the fol
lowing account of the melancholy loss of the above
vesxel in the Ocbotsk Sea,' on the 18th of October :
Mr. H. . M. Whitney Sir : Thinking you would
wish to learn all the particulars connected with the
loss of the bark Rajah, Capt Stewart, I herewith
send you all I hare been able to learn from the sur
vivors. The wreck took place on the N. ,W. end of
Big Shantar Island during a heavy gale from the N.
E. with snow. On the 17th, Capt. Stewart supposed
his ship was thirty or forty miles to the northward of
the islands, and was lying to under close-reefed main
topsail and reefed foresail (he "had previously lost
his fore-topmast) was heading to the eastward. .. At
8, A. M., on the 18th, discovered land all along un
der the lee. He immediately wore ship, but could
not head clear of the point. It blowing very hard,
the ship made no headway, and was thrown broad
side on shore, and in less than five minutes broke up.
Out of twenty-six men on board only " thirteen es
caped alive. On the 22d I succeeded in taking off
the survivors and about 200 bbls. oil. ' .
The following is a correct list of those lost : ;
Capt. Ansel Stw-nuT, of Fairhaven, Mas., found and buried. -
1st mate, Thoa. Hamhlin, of Falmouth, Mass. . .
Cooper, John Kawcett. of Catakitl, N. Y.
John Moran, of Troy, N. V., found and buried -
Cliaa. O. Gould, of New Bedfrd. ..
Andrew Pelnne r. of New York city. . 1
Andrew 3. Iladhy, of NnrthfieM. Vermont, . , - ..-;
Frank Jacet. of Floras, Western Islands. - 7
Joe King, of Floies, Western Islands.
Manuel Antonc, of St. George, Western IsU-, found and buried.
Frank, of Pico, Western Islands. , .
Johu Ulass. of Qunra, found and buried.
John Spanish, of Talcahuano, found and Imried.
I remain, very respectfully, &c, ,(
S. II. Whiteside, ' .
, Master ship Condor.-
A SoAKtxa Rain. Last Saturday the wind came
round quite fresh from the southward, and the heavy
clouds which had been hanging about for a number
of days, commenced about two in the afternoon,
gently at first, but gradually faster to drop their
reviving showers. Although business was interrupt
ed and many wet jackets were got, nobody felt in
clined to grumble as, all through the evening and
far into the night, the sweet rain pattered over the
parched town and country. Some unknown poet,
inspired by such an occasion, sings thus : .
u Bless, 0 Mess this summer even, '
Spirits in the clouds of Heaven,
; Who do, laughing;, lowly sit, -"
Weaving rain anil pcltinir it.
At this scorching town of onrs
Soot-chin; town aud faiutiujc flowers ! .
Globules silvery, crystal, clear,
Iterating Into spray nild-air,
Scattering perfume everywhere !"
Two more HoNOiOMT Whalkrs. On Saturday last
the brig Emmi was offered at auction, and sold for
$1580, T. Spencer, Esq , being the putchaser. We
learn that she will be immediately fitted for the
' whaling business, and will be dispatched for the coast
of California under the command of Capt. A. F. Tut
tle. The .JoAit Dunlap, also,, is being fitted, by
the same energetic and enterprising house, and will
cruise on the California coast under command of
Capt. It. G. Spencer, late of the E. L. FrosL Both
the above vessels will sail in about ten days, and from
the well known character for activity and skill of
Cupts. Tuttle and Spencer, we look for them to give
a good account of themselves in the spring if there
are any whales to be met with. ,
Lectvbk at the Bethel. We would remind our
readers that on Thursday evening, (Dec 2,) a lecture ,
.... s . a "W . ' !
will Oe delivered oeiore tne nonoiuiu uyceura, on
Sir Walter Raleigh and his Times," by J. W. Aus-
. . .... .
tin, Esq. The subject is a highly interesting one,
- . , J . . . v ,- . . .
MAVaai.inr 0 laaaW a taAITIs-wl in Kit IT 1 Ch hlutArV Vfln
WVIBIJ 1M mm aa aws. su aaaauaa. j
the spirit of chivalrous adventure was at its height.
and when through that same spirit the foundation
was laid of England's commercial greatness. The
public are invite I to be present at the lecture, which
we pre;nise will be a rich feast of reason aud flow of
Suit for Damages. Miss Joey Gougenhiem, the
actress, (who with, her sister stopped a few days at
Honolulu when on their way from Melbourne to Sj.n .
Francisco) has commenced a suit in the U. S. District
Court of California against the master and owners of
the bark Glimpse. Many charges of ill-treatment
were made by her against the Captain, and damages
raid at 5000. . The steward of the ihip comes out in '
the Daily Times with a counter statement, 'and ac
cuses "the ladies," of being the iusulting parties,
averring that they Consumed large quantities of
mulled claret, whiskey and gin punches," during
the passage and that few men would have borne so
mildly with their conduct as Capt. Dayton. The case
bad not yet been decided wben the Glimpse left. ,
Qf From Hilo, we have advices up to the 25th of
November, by the Reinleer. The following vessels
were iu port : Oregon, Waller Scott, Bflle, La go
da, Midas, . Washington JIUston, (loitding oil,)
and Daniel Wood. The latter would ship her oil at
that port. The Maria Theresa, on entering the
port of Ililo, in charge of the, pilot, got on -to.. the
reef and injured her bottom, and was obliged to leave .
for Honolulu, where she will repair. '
THASK3. We would specially acknowledge the re
ceipt of late papers by the Glimpse, from Chas. W.
Brooks, Esq., Messrs. MeRuer. & Merrill, and J.' W.
Sullivan, Esq., of San Francisco ; to Messrs. Newell,
Hooper and Stevens, of Melbourne, and to Capt.
Woodruff of Hong Kong. - -
Sf An opportunity will occur, about Saturday,
to forward letters and packages to the Missionaries
at the . Marquesas Islands. A letter 'bag will be
found at the Post Office. .
For 8a Francisco. Our paper is issued tor the
mail which leaves to-day (Wednesday) at 10 o'clock.
, Papers for mailing can be bad at the counter. .
' - ' v.
Evkniho Bale. At Colburn's rooms those pictures '
which have hung up so long and of which so many
have been wishing to obtain -the possession, wilj be
knocked down without reserve this Wednesday eve
ning. : -...
. A Failure. The friends of Mr." Peck, who re
sided at Lahaina for many years, will regret to hear
of his failure in business. - He was engaged in the
manufacture ' of patent . leather, in Northampton,
Mass. t - -; ' . - ' -.' j ' t '
Peesohau Henrt Owsfr, Esq., late TJ. S. Con
sul at Tahiti, arrived -a day or. two since in the
schooner Lewi Perry, and sails again on Thursday
for San Francisco. - .
Down a Well. Last Saturday evening, au ua&rv
tunate wight, who was going to pay a creditor some
mnno, ..ikml rinwn nn r.rtW i.:t .
abound In Honolulu.'
.KAtrrrisI ? 1 1 yirI.'tw Haa w. ?. , l t
. fr" v.'". -
than the money he had in his band.
"g-At a meeting of the Board or Trustee of the
Sailors' Home Society, held on the 29th nit., the fol
lowing resolutions were passed : ' . . TpnBteeJ
Revived, That the cordial thanks of the Trustees
be tendered to the Amateur Musical Society, and aH
others engaged in the late Concert, for their services
rm that OCCa810n.
indebted to the Aniatenr Society tor a music,
which has given unusual satisfactton, .r
are due also to Mrs. Wm, C, raree, ana w aaj--
Ltees of the Fort Street Church.
a y' a- Q itt
I. JUI1- J
Polynesian and Friend please copy.
ARRIVAL OF JTHE GLIMPSE.
Quickest Trip ever made between Europe
and the Sandwich Islandsvi m .
FO jlTYVTHREE pAYS FROM LIVER.
POOla' TO. HONOLULU..
r The American bark Glimpse, Capt. Dayton, arrived
on Sunday, P. M .the 28th inst. bringing the United
States mail, dates, from "San Francisco O . Nov. 15,
' ' m .mr a. sTa .a 1 O
New York to Oct. 26th, ana Liverpool to wt i.
The steamship Perna - am vea at new ior uu..
26th October, bringing dates from Liverpool to the
16t'bV makinff twenty-nine oVTy from Lirerjtool to
San Francisco. This news came over the Tehuan
tepec route, and the dates from New York to San
Francisco "are only twenty days old. 1
The ship Lcan, Capt John C. Daggett, from Vic
toria to San Francisco, was totally lost on the south
Faralone Island, opposite San Francisco heads, in a
fog, on the morning of Oct. 9. Some fifteen persons,
out of 175 passengers on board, were missing, and
supposed to be" drowned. The Lucas, it will be re
membered, left Honolulu forPuget Sound Aug. 26.
.The bark ybun Greek, Capt Taylor,' arrived at
San Francisco Nov. 11. 14J days from Honolulu.
The'Faniry Major arrived on the 14th, in 16 days.
The John Marshal, hence Oct. 13, out 83 days, was
passed just outside going in. ' ' .f.
George Penn Johnston, who fought a duel with Wm.
I. Fergusrn on Angel Island, was acquitted by a jury
in Marin county on the 9th. , He arrived in this city
on the following day. There ia a second indictment
pending against him here for the same'offen'se.-Alta.
The .Ilia of Nov. 13 says : " On the 4th inst., F.
Billings, master of the brig Kale Foster, was arrested
in this city on a charge of barratry. It is alleged
that he confiscated the cargo of his vessel, and after
wards' attempted to dispose of it. " The vessel cleared
from Valparaiso for a port In Peru,, but sailed for
' Honolulu, and subsequently to Victoria, The captain
! was arrested immediately on bis arrival from the lat-
i ter place, and handed over to the federal authorities,
j by whom he was bound oyer for trial before the U.
! S. Circuit Court, the bail being fixed at $1000. - A
! motion was made to raise the amount to $20,000,
which was taken under consideration." ; ,
! We have dates from Victoria, V. I.,' to , Nov. 6th.
! The tide of travel continues to set back towards San
I Francisco. The Cortes, which' arrived on the 12th.
I v.ttih - nasseneers. We note the results of
: "prospecting" claims on Fraser going all the way
i from three to thirty-two cents per pan. Miners were
I generally well provided with a winter supply of-pro.
! visions, and but a few' are now coming down. In fact
' winter was about setting in, and there was snow on
ithe mountain trail above Fort Yale, and packing
would not much longer be practicable.
! - Atlnutl SisJe.
i The overland mail from St. Louis arrived on the
; 13th- brincrine- four days later advices, and on the
; 14th the mail steamer came in with nine days later,
j We compi'e a summary Of the news. 'T ?
" Another dreadful disaster had occurred bn the At-
I lantio Ocean, in the destruction by fire on the 13th of
: September of the steamship Austria, from Southarap.
ton for New York, with over six hundred persons on
board, out of which number only eighty-nine are
- - i known to be saved.' The lengthydetails published by
1 some of the survivors are painfully interesting. We
I cony the following account from the New York Chron
icle : - -.' -" - -
' The oast week has added another to the list of
ocean steamers whose loss, from time to time,' lias
! brought desolation to so many homes, and moved the
I horror or the puono mma uniu tne i sensation was
i deadened by long familiarity, or forgotten in the con
' temnlation of some uew calamity. Since the Presi-
i dent carried 130 human beings to their death, he
: Arctic hns been lost with 200, the Pacific with 240,
I the San Francisco with 160, the Central America
with 337. the Independence with 140, the Yankee
Blade with 75, the Temjtest with 150, the Lyonnais
with 160, and the City of Glasgow with 420 lives.
making a total of 2162 lives. And now the Austria
haa carried a still greater, number 500, to a fate
more horrible than that which met any in the above
list, so far as their doom is known. -Four of these
lost steamers have never been heard from since ' they
left port, three foundered, two were wrecked, and one
was sunk by a collision; tne jxiMirts is the nrst
steamer of the trans-Atlantic lines to perish by fire.
This vessel left Southampton on tho 4th ult, with six
hundred passengers, as near as can be ascertained;
most of whom were Germans, chiefly immigrants of
I the better class, tnougtt among tne passengers were a
j number of well known citizens. On the 13th ult- the
ship was set on fire by tho boatswain while fumiga
ting the apartments or the steerage passengers with
1 burning tar, and the flames spread so rapidly tbat no
. , 1 , . . .
attempt appears to nave oeea maue to conquer mem.
The ship was instantly put at half speed, at which
she continued until the magazine exploded, from
which it is inferred the engineers were instantly suC
t foeated. - As ibe ship was head to the wind,- (be fire
traveled with fearful rapidity. Then followed the
wild struggle for life; one boat was swamped by the
frantic rush of tne passengers, and another was drawn
under the screw .and sowushed-vr " Passengers were
rushing to and fro husbands seeking , their, wives.
i wives in search of their husbands, mothers lamenting
the loss or their children, some wholly parutyzod by
rear, others madly crying to oe saved; but a Tew per
si . a V J ana A
lectiy cairn ana couecieu., toe names pressea so
! closely upon them that many jumped into the se
j Relatives clasped in each other's arms- leaped- over
(till uib . naicij mv, inv owwid juiupvu vcr SOU
sank kissing each other. , A . missionary and wife
leaped in to the sea together, and the stewardess and
assistant steward, arm iu arm. followed One Hun
garian gentleman, with seven fine children, four of
them girls, made his wile jump m, then blessed his
six eldest children, made them jump in one after the
other, and followed them with aa w rant in his own
arms." Of the frix hundred persons supposed to have
been on board the ill-fated steamer, there is but too
much reason to fear that at least five.-hundred and
thirty, have bten lost part of them having beea auf.
foeated on board, and the rest, doubtless tbe greater
number, sacrificed try drowning. . Uut about seventy
have thus fur been reported as Tsaved,' and there is
but little prospect of hearing from any of the. others.
Those saved were picked up by vessels that happened
in the neighborhood J, they; escaped only with their
lives, and several of them are dreadfully, burnt.
There were but six women saved, three of whom were
burnt, one in a shocking manner. v
It is impossible for language to convey any adequate
idea of the suffering suU a calamity occasions. The
details pf similar disasters'are too well known to re
quire repetition. ; The same culpable neglect, in pre
paring tor an emergency, to which every vessel is lia
ble, was shown in this case as in others, ' added to
which was an unexplained lack of discipline and or
der in the hour of danger, which has placed this dis
aster before all others in the number of its victims.
On the 5th of October the Tew York Crystal Palace,-
with all its contents, was entirely destroyed by
fire. . The fair of the American Institute was being
held there at the time. , A large ameant of property
was destroyed, and including the bwiWing, th esti
mated loss is' $1,500,000. Fortunately there was no
loss'oflife. . ?.'-r : :j;r52 ;'
Th - Atlastic Cabuc The Panama' Star "of Oct
SO says : .We perceive by our English files that but
little hope remains that the present cable will be made
available for the transmission of messages across the
Atlantic bed. j Mr. George Saward, Secretary to the
Company, has lately published an official communi
cation from MK C F. Varley, the Electrician of tbe
Company, from, whose report we make some important
extracts. He says : : .
" There is a fault of great magnitude at a distance
of between 245 and 300 statute miles from Valentia,
but the locality .cannot be. more accurately ascer
tained until a portion of the cable, 20 or 30 miles in
length, has been tested against my standard of resist
ance, and until thelo haa bvea consulted to ascertain
the amount of slack paid out. .Assuming that it is
I - .nM,e8' nd allowing 22 per oeot. for slack, it is
f Phle that the chief defect isin shallow water 41S
, ; -From New York we learn that it h. nniTCTsalry-bsw
beved that the Cable is a failure. Every effort was
prisoners 1 - w. Th;1t the above be published ill tnepajra
i avu ' . . . . w - -i
4 them UiXJ- i.f? $ & . ?-V -
ure that f J..- wmember. also, that while they aw
a flaw in the Cable within a few
"ile af r'
Bay, wouia oe nnauy overcome. Ti..
were urea to near 01 11s nnai success
lose all interest in it '
ids luuuwiiis ivn eiiiirenrB. 1
-regard to the worki
1.; . 11. n T bk t
TaiiTTB 0. !
-Prrtnt CoorsR, Esq., New York: I 11?
tbat the preconcerted signals arranged byMVi
have fftiled to elicit any improvement in i
of signals here. - V
I do not know if any improvement ha m
at Valentia. " . . ' -
I commence repeating tbe same svg'stncj I
day next. Iv " C. V. X)J
I A bell weighinsr 1045 lbs., for the new tkj
Honolulu, 8. I., cast a! the manufactory w,
Troy, N. Yl, was received here yesterday L A
peller Wamsulia, from New York, to the Tj
Henry P. Willis, Esq., to be forwarded to
tion by nn outward bound whaler from
JYT B. Mercury, Oct 15. K
The N..Y. Herald's Washington dispat J
18th says : ' ' ri
fNotwithstandinif the donbts expressed tw'
portion of the press as to the ability of the S
expedition to enforce the demands of this coo
Administration has the fullest confidence j, j
eiency for that purpose. Shouli there bt j
enough in tbe river for vessels to ascend, but,J
land force, if any, will be needed, and for thl
is a sufficient number of marines. The bt'J
trans, and the bravery and skill of tbe f.,r.
rl . . . a- v . ? r ' 1
the DUSineSS, II l( oouiea 10 uguuug wuu Uipn
and his city of Ascuncion. .
v . T . . F.nnnMi.Ait Tl.. t
X HB A ABAUUAI IiirmilBK". 1 1UIIUW.
correct list of the vessels attached to the P,.
fleet, with the complement of officers, men rJ
on board : ' -
i- omciu. an.
Frigate Bt. Lawrence.
81op-of-war ralmoath ............
Brig-f-war Herry. . .
Do. Itolphin ... ...........
Sloop of-war Preble
War steamer Fulton
' Do. Waterwitch
Revenue cutter Harriet Lane .....
Chartered steamer Mempljis. ......
Do. - Caledonia
Do. . Soothero Star. ...
Do. . - AUauta.
The chartered steamers may each carry
less than put down.
The first three vessels on the above lit
present Braiil squadron, commanded by CoitJ
French Forrest ; all the others are prepann!
at the different Navy Yards in the United Su
oept the brig Bainbridge, which vessel ia id
tached to the African squadron, but under ori
proceed to Buenos Ayres. '
Retcrxed. Shi n Poly netia , Captai n Mor
sailed from Boston on tbe 8th September, t
Francisco and Honolulu," sprung 'a leak in ,
from aS.W., September 14th, in lat. 30 '., k-
15 W., and had four feet of water in ber h.JJ.
of the pumps was rendered nearly uteW
choked up with coal. She bore up for RvJ
next day after the discovery of the leak, wM
arrived on the Zlst
Tur Kansas Gold Mikes. Fort Laram J
Sept. 3d give favorable news from the gold nJ
the Arkansas, I'ike'e feat ana Cherry trwt
1 . 1
are now nearly ouu men in toe nnnei, j
poorly provided with food, and entirely dtsH
mining .tools. tven men woricea two ttt
made five hundred dollars, with nothing lot '
Americav SonADROX i the East Irdiu vl
Chinese Seas. The Secretary of the 'tt
ceived dispatclies to the 5th of July from Com'
Tatnall, in command of the squadron in tfeV
Indies and Chinese Seas. Commodore ThuT
his intention of impressing the Japanese
per idea of our power, by making a fall
the squadron. He would be justified in uh
course, as tbe recent treaties and terminates.
tilitwMi- toirether with the nresenceof n kmfa
English and French men-of-war, wouM mi
- foreign interests in China perfectly secor fel
time to come. The squadron would ret an
coast of China about the last of October.
Frox Mexico. The British steamer SJn
arrived at Havana. . She left Vera Cm oa n
October. A courier had arrived at 7 o'clwl:
morning from tbe city of Mexico, stating tk
Vidaurri had been beaten by Gen. Minumi
San Luis. The latter was said tohavecsptwt.
prisoners and several pieces of artillery. At 8,
another courier arrived, stating that ViJaur
defeated Miramon, and that the latter hiwi b'crj
his. brains in despair. Tbe Solent broogir
from Tampico that Gov. Carrien badlevieJor
tions on all foreigners to tbe amount of $V
and on failing to raise the sum, be had iroprid
number or Spanish and American citizens '
hours, with nothing to eat or drink ITier
released on promise to raise the amonnt A ns
had flel to the steamer Solent, and theSpMiisV
siil toolc. re f utre on board a Spanish veseel-of-v:
Tampico. . His family took refuge on the Sont
The United States brig Dolphin has ttA
Boston, havinsr on board ' the supposed Cd
(Townsend) of the captuml slaver Echo, t
immediately transferred to the Boston infl.iJ
. Saturday was taken before Unite! State Cm
sioner Loring, for . examination. LieaL
Commander o'the Dolphin, deposed to the
the sapture, but Capt. Townsend give no infora
concerning himself, refusing to give evenhifCH
nnme. Fifteen of tbe crew of the Echo rt si
trial at Charleston.
Notice to Marikebs. Capt. Brown, of Ait
Feather, at New York from Canton, report ta
his passage from Manilla for Sydney, on rt
1st, 1857. at 11.30 P. M steering S. E.,
sail, wirwl North, saw land close on the s"l
bow. Hauled the ship to E. N. E. and theoM
ed a group of islands on tbe BtarUmnJM
which he counted six in number, and verrU
islands were notiaid down in two different cUj
the South Pacific and -hooka in his posse'
made the group in lat. 4 42 S. Ion. 1'VU
miles N. E. from Lord Howe's croupe. HeH
this group of low Islands very dangenus:
nights, when a person is not aware of its ei
Boston Ship Lit. '. -
Nicaragua ArrAias. Washixoto, 0
- With regard to the Belly ease, the Nicarapt1
istei'says his Government wishes to main faiorv
relations with the United States, but he W-j
ground that the transit treaties are of no to
cause the route was not opened at the Kirf
pcnod. ;. i . -:
. -."-.' ; . Erarau
. Our dates from Europe are to the lOth ofV
' The British Government ia eonsi1rnngi
tion of a Grand Federation of the British (4
from the Atlantic tn f tin Pfuvfta.
" The Emperor of Russia visits London wlM
tne spring. -..
' The chess match between Morphy and Ilrr'
Paris, was postponed by the illness of nrrf.'n
games standing Morphy 5, Hirrwiti b, an '
! An Admiral of the French fleet has left ft
emphatic orders to protect French citixein
property in Mexico..
' ThA nf Prn;. la .lnm,i!v iiL
. . -. . .W .....V- J
The cholera has been raging at Mecca,
or the inhabitants have fallen victims to a.
' France is exempt for another year from
dues on corn, Hour, ruse and vejretaHes. t
i " The Bank of Frankfort has placed i r,e
est at 5 per cent.
Tr-rt-nii . ., fi..BN TVi lrf '
f , a, a r a v a ntjr.u ntjaaru -'0 V EVIW.V a - j
Atlantic Telegraph Company were quote! )
350. the decline being caused by the long ce
interruptionr of any intelliirible ecma
through the cable.
- ' . f M. ". .uvh . ..v - p .1
measurca will ba tnl-on kw ha two eoveraa,i
enforce full satisfaction.
! . The disturbances still continued at Cand
ther demonstrations against the Christian (
maIe. A general massacre is feared. T
tional battalions of troops nave been order
Later advices from India afte that the f
native troopa of Mooltan had mutinied,
. . . , . . n i .wrri "
ucnnj exierminaiea Dy tne r.ngnsn yr
they could again be brought under subjecti
1 The mutiny at Mooltan oocurred oa th
August, The Sepoys at Pouree were defe"4
Oth of Sentember. .
. jrour emissaries of Jiena Sahib have oeeu
at Gwalior. They were endeavoring to.eotJ
native troops. The culprits were auramariljf
w vj m aiiur rvucia wwrw ajaiu a,jw
of September v -
Renewed alarm existed at Calcutta.
atva Aanaranflw aa nrlAW ama Tf U rPDOTVt
i a - i : i. l . . ,f..r...tdii nu
w yviiwi amwjr wtitav Mao - a.ai - - j
were seven thousand insurgents ia the p10 1
Calcutta. n ,
" - Iavter fraat Ckiaa,
Later ad vices "from China stote that thfj
have destroyed tbe fcrts at Kyamten, but r
town- - " . . sv
Commission Reed was at Shangbat. "J
ship-of-war Gerstanotea. was in the Cant J
ine wwuciMtpp. ana rowhmtla were '
Th wrwtAl aaVtnv nf M.mlan fnut Cv 1
previously reported) by tbe British, turns
nnf ena -
I The Chinese are6 returning to . Hongs'"!
og luaue by tne fcteviriciana
difficulty lay, bat up to latest aoeotuajN
nrutucceeeniL It was, however, thonritcV
fvaitifina that thA riiffonltv wl.
a, a ivawamw m - WV l SSAB