Newspaper Page Text
. irEDXESDJr. APRIL 13,1859.
A we went U press ut week, the Mtlila was announced
freea lan Francisco. She brought a full cargo, mostly for this
P"t- Sbe is taking in cargo l IUkodadi and A moor River,
ad wQIsaii be the above destination, to all next week. Besides
toar, there ha been no men bant arrival exert .ting the Modern
Tastes la ballast. The latter vessel baa, we learn, been char
tered to toad guano at M'Kean's Island, tat. 1& S. km. 174
17 Wn and will nil thither aooo. The rate, ia onderatood to be
fit per too, with 90 lay days.
Two cargo aaica of (nano hare been effected during the week
That for the Jdodrrm Time baa been purchased, to be de
livered alongside for $1 per too a very low Bgure certainly
A aeeoad cargo (of Irom 1000 to 1800 tooa) baa abM been aold to
ha delivered (Wfa the same bland (M'Kean's) for $o per too.
Taiarnarm or the napta of it that haw been abown ia a
vary superior article, and will no doubt be In active demand in
The brig Agalt aaila ia a day or two for the above island, and
takes eat booses, water, buoys, and all necessary hnplenvenU to
carry so the work of shipping the guano.
We notice several departures. The Metropolis sailed on the
12th with a full cargo for San Francisco. Sbe is owned by the
late Una of B. Coady k Ox, and is aent over to be sold, to dose
mp the interest of that firm. Sbe is a staunch vessel and well
adapted for t2ie Califrrnia coast trade.
The Syren has a roll cargo of on, buoe and bides, and will
ana with the first fair wind for New Bedford. The Frame
fhW aaOa to-day (14th) for San Francisco, and the brig
' JTsVsw for Paget Sound, both carrying assorted cargoes. It is a
Matter of regret that we have not a larger amoont of domestic
pgodnta sugar, coffee, ke- for shipment, where the demand U
Several large auction sales bar) token place, daring the week.
That en Saturday evening, embraced a greater variety and a more
choice asemUuciit of rare English fancy goods than we hare ever
Seas coueeted In one sale The attendanre was large, and the
Trade generally has been good, though we notice but few
transact 'ops worth quoting.
SCO A St We note a sale of 26,000 lbs. in half bbls. on private
terms shipped by Metropolis. Also, 18,000 lbs, Hilo. ditto.
MOLASSES A considerable sate, amounting to 213 bbhv baa
effected at p. n. U, bat understood to be at lower than cur
tsat rates. It was shipped to 8. F.
SALMON 700 bole, of Northwest, ex Melita sold on private
COFFES Stock light, 18c. for best Kona j Hilo, 14c. .
ARROWROOT Price fallen. We quote 7c
BRXAD Sale of 4,000 lbs. fair. 4c.
EXCHANGE On Ban Francisco and the United Slates, par.
$2,500 was taken up, by tenders, for brig Koloa at 1 per ct. dis.
Sius at Apcnos. Aran. 13 Br A. P. Eve nr.
Fxoca 80 bbls Hasan, $11 62 & $11 75.
Wbti Laao Extra white, 6jc
Rjca Superior Carolina in bbh, Sic
Lixsckd Oil 12 cases boiled Unseed oO, 20 galle each, at $1
17 per gallon.
Cass Oosoa Clams, 4Mpr doseu; soups, $1 87? green
peas, 13 50: turkey, in tins, $7.
B-aaua 18 boxes at $2 62; 53 half do. $1 37; 70 qrbxado.
Brrrca 8 half bbla,35&37c per lb.
Bcoab 25 half bbls crushed sugar, lHffil2c
KsATEST DATES rrcelve-d ail this Office-.
Baa Francisco Mar. 13 I Paris Feb. 10
e.... v. a Feb. SI I Honzkonx Jan. 10
New Tone ,
....Feb. 21 I Melbourne, Vic Nov. 20
Feb. 12 i Tahiti- Feb. 11
For fas Tiumco per bk Frances Palmer, to-day, at 10
'dock, the bark sailing at 12 M
Fur Uimi per Ka Hoi, to-day.
pout or HOUOI.TJI.TJ. s. z.
tor fun report of whalers, see fourth page.
k .w. atom and Hi hernia il- from Kawaihae.
on ana so, ana ituca sta w imuiwsoi.
ft 8rh K from llilo and Kofaala.
a Sch Am vk sh Rebecca Want, tiawes, from Califor
nia coast, off and on, oO p, aeason.
10 Sch Ubouho. from llihi, via Lahaina.
10 Am wh sh Mary Susan, Stewart, na Hilo, off and on.
11 Am cUp sh Modern Times, Overton, 7 days fm French
11 Am wh sh Martha, Manchester, from eea, in distress.
11 Sch Ksmoi. Wilbur, from Kahntai and Lahaina.
11 Am wh an Jlsrcia, Biilings I ...
11 Am wh sh ten Starbuck. Jrmegan, from lahaina, in
11 Am wh sh CaUao, Fuller, from HOo. off and on.
13 cha Moikeiki, from Kahului; Warwick, from La
haina, and Mary, from Kawaihae.
13 Am wh ab Othello, Killrarr, from llilo, off and on, 500
wh, from hoove. 2
13 Am wh sh Corinthian, Lewis, fm home; 3a bp, 15 wh,
off and on.
14 Schs Maria and John Toons;, from Maui.
13 Am wh sh R a moVer, Ashley, from llilo.
April 9 Am wh ahs Contest. Ludlow, and America, Bryant,
Kodiack and Arctic
Am wh ah Coral, Sisson, and Sharon, Swift, for
Am wh bk I'nioo. Hedges; Kodiack.
Am wh sh John Wells, Wood bridge, Ocbotak.
Am wh sh John Howland, Wbilden, Kodiack and Are.
Brig Advance, Wetherbee, Kona.
8 Am wh bk Lark, Perkins, for Kodiack.
Am wb sh Metacom, Hinds, Arctib.
Am wh bk Florence, Spencer, Ochotsk.
9 Am wb sh George At toan, Jones, Kodiack.
9 Promo, May. Kodiack and Arctic
11 Faith. Rice, OchoUk.
13 Cynthia, Sherman. Kodiack.
13 Marcia, Hilling, for Kodiak.
XT Captain Manchester, of the ship Martha, reports that on
the 4th April, when about 100 miles to the westward of Oahu,
had the wind light from eastward all day, with cloudy weather;
the evening cleared off fine, with no signs of a squall. The
Captain went below at P. M. leaving the deck in charge of a
competent ofScer ; had hardly got to bis berth when the ship
was taken ilk with a severe iuall from the westward, which
for bvm time blew with great violence. The bead of the main,
swat was carried away, but succeeded in keeping the spars
aloft by presenter-stays, etc, until getting into port on the 11th.
Will ship a new mast at once.
TJT The chip LeeiStarhuek, at Lahaina, was struck by light,
nlng a little after 8 o'clock on Tuesday morning, April 5. Main
mast so mocb injured, that she has come to Honolulu fur a
new one. Na other damage done. There were but three shipa
remaining in the port of Lahaina on the 8th. -
XT Capt. WOher, of the Kamoi, had a dreary time oUt in
getting down from Lahaina. Left that place on Saturday after
noon, and was from that time until Tuesday morning in getting
to Honohtlo. Up to Monday night, had nothing but light airs
and calma, with rain, and a short, disagreeable sea.
From Sax Paascuco per Melita, April 78 pkga paper. 1
do shoes, 10 lea bams, 1 bid tap toes. 3 es bacon, 12 cs preserves,
189 pkgs mdae, 78 pkgs tea, 30 do ap. 1 do nuta, 4 jars wine,
1 boxopiam. 2 do books, 1 box apples, K pkgs brandy, 700 bbls
Balaton- 415 bndls shingles. 11 pkgs machinery, 1 do specie, 1
case saddlery. 3 dodder. 1 do pickles. 2 do boulee, 1 demijohn.
20 cs claret, 6 casks porter and ale, 1 box candles, 1 es stoves, 1
rice mill, 12 pkgs furniture, S do bedding, 1 crate glassware, 1
bale corks, 1W kera white lead, 4 do paint, 1 bhl putty, 1 es
guns, 1 do rifles, 103 bxs Havana cigars, 50 bMs tour, 4 bis
starch, 1 btoi batter. 100 bxs sardines. 4 bbls pickles. 4 csks port
urine, 1 cs ginger wine, 4 do syrop, 5 do claret, 300 bxs and 8
Una candy. 1 safe treasure, 40 cs wl isky, 1 cs daguerreotype
goods, 2itt bags barley, 60 bales hops.
Foa New Bcnruan, ran Eras, to sail A rail. 15
f hips. ' ' Bbls. Sn. Bbls. Wh. Lbs. Bone.
The cargo of the Syren ia not yet complete, but we shall re
pwbush It entire next week.
For Ss Faaacnsro per Metropolis, April 12 331 gaOons
syrupy W5T ealla molasses, 68,14 lbs sugar, 404 lbs polo, 911
For Saw Fatscaoo per Frances Pahner, April
hoes, 868 mats sugar. 100 hlfbbie do, 348 kegs do, 46 bagSMt,
4M bxs 8re crackers, 1 cs mdae, 14 bole aaoiaaaes. 21,7X1 empty
fcatUca. 300 bbls sweet potatoes, 500 pumpkins, 1700 lbs fungus.
VESSEfJS IS PORTr-APRIL 13.
Br. ship Ptsarro, Sweet.
Asa. bark Sachem. Atkins.
- Aas. brig Kotoa, Pnssemy.
. Aas bark Fiamae Passer, Paty.
Am clipper ship Chapia, Si cC re Ilia.
Aaf arJpper ship Syren, Greene, loading oO for It. Bedford
Am ship Abby Brown, Moody, repairing.
Am bk Melita. Fvdlya,
Am sh Modem Times, Overton.
Ham brig Hero. Von HoMt.
Am brigt Momtog m
Hsw brig TkAorte, Comatoek I Brem brig Antilla. Molde
Am ah Majrvtie, Chestrr I Am sh Levi 8torbackernegaa
Am wh sh Wm Wirt. Osborne I Am sh Martha, Manchester
Am bk Agate, Comstock Haw brig Oahn, thimpne
Bre ah Repwbtie, Sayrs -
cal frama rriaTm Pwrta.
Hex bk Adrlaida, Kys, wiH be dae fm 8a
The dip per ship Phantom, Peterson, 1200 tons, of Pieroe's
Boe of packets, would kara Boston, for Uoaoioia. March 15.
The copper ship A -go, under charter for Jarvm Island,
hj enacted here about the 18th inst.
Brnp B or atan a Caps, Haskell, would sail from Beaton, Frb'ry
dat for Mimnlahs. toaehiag at Talparaiso, eonsia-ned to J. C.
cargo or mmacr, oast, provBuaas,
CUpesr ship Ftowood, of Pieroe's line of packets, asded bvm
BVaTtor Hoaouto via Tahiti. Feh. 11.
her for Haoomha ami Yanaauiar'a Isl
Liverpool, Aug 23, for
war advaitfml to leave London
River, teaching at Esnambj
FroasRreinen, early In March, Cipper brig Aloha, taRtf
ajhalmr T T T '1 ' . ... . .
For Sax Faascisoo par Frances Palmer, April 14 H C
Oraham, L UaidoM, Capt John Lawton. Capt dredge, y A
Williams and servant, J P Griswold, A Codman, Mr Zachariah.
A U Barnard, Maria McAlpey, Mrs McCutchoo, T Chapman,
Geo Smith, H O Addlington, Capt Norton, K Swope, J H Cole,
Mr Tallaot, J B Flandreaa.
For Sax Faaacucc per Metropolis, April 12-Oias gprague,
M McNerny, John Smith, Henry Kasterbrook. Hiram Chase.
Fmm HiLnper Liholiho, April 11 J P Oriswold, Esq, Mr
Alley, A bee. 4 others, awl 45 on deck. ; ' m
From Laaaisa per Kamoi, April 12-C E Uobron, Mrs J T
(lower. From MoiQKAt, 11th Iter Mr Forbes and wife , .
At Lahaina, April 8, the wife of Henry Dickinson. Esq-, of a
In this city, on Saturday evening, April 0, by Bey. Lowell
Smith Mr. J. K. Holt to Miss Mascahkt Kia.aU of Honolulu.
March 23, at sea, lat. 21 48 N., long. 13 37 W Osraoii
Johxsox, of Rouse's Point, New York. Deceased fell overboard
and was drowned.
fort or hi i,of a. z.
March 29 -Am wh sh South Boston, Randolph, FH, from home,
April 4 Am wh sh Othello, Killmer. XB. from home, 450 wh,
3iKiii bone. (Shipped cargo home fm Montevideo.)
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Tsbms. Six iollars per annum.
Sin,:! Cbpies 12J cents each.
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AGKX:4 FOX TBI CUI1EM1AL ivinft.
C. S. BARTOW, Kq.
I L. TOBBERT, Hk;.
Capt. J. WORTH.
Capt-JAS. A. LAW.
TUOS. II. PARIS, Esq.
Dr. J. W. SMITH.
L. P. FISIIKR, Ksq.
Makawao, AT. Maui
Koloa, Kauai -San
THURSDAY, APRIL 14.
"The public are given to umlcrBtaud from our friend's remarks
that Mr. Urrgg owes ho alleyianee to the King, and that con
sequently his iulereat in the welnire of the country is measured
by the amount of bis pay. We can afford to smile and look on
when our friend is 'trying it on to the imblic at times, but when
ignorance an I malice are performing on the bones, the noise be
comes a nuisance and we mart interfere. Mr. Ore-' owes as
much faith, allegiance and loyalty to the King as our friend him
self, and certainly ha sh-rwit a ffrwit de:U more of It. He l a citi
xen by letters of denitition ; but so is the Minister of Foreign
Relations, and so woo ' that preat and good man,' Chief Justice
Lee. Whv should thatdarken the character of Mr. Gregg which
threw no shadow on the path of usefulness of Mr. Lee f Poti'n.
Were another argument wanted to show the
supreme fully of the government's attempting to
be itd own newspaper advocate and apologist, the
above paragraph furnishes it. VTo hardly know
which to pity most, the government which em
ploys so weak an advocate, or the ignorance, if
not stupidity, of the persons employed. Aside
from its incorrectness in fact, it enunciates a
principle which strikes at the existence of every
sovereignty. We did not say that Mr. Gregg
" owes no allegiance," but that he had not taken
the oath of allegiance, and was simply a denizen.
As the matter i of soni interest just now, let us
ask what is a denizen. Noah Webster defines it :
Iu England, an alien who is mle a subject by the King's
letters patent, boMiug a middle state letween an alien and a
natural born subject. He may lake land by purchase or devise,
which an alien cannot, but he cannot take by inheritance. 2.
A stranger admitted to naiiil-uce in a foreign couutry."
Brande's Knciclopedia defines it :
Dcxizxx. In law, an alien horn, who has received, tx dona
tione regit, letters patent to make him an English subject.
He may take lands by purchase and devise ; but cannot to joy
office and trusts, Ac, or receive a grant of land from the crown."
Consequently, while a denizen, he is not and
cannot be a full subject and bear full allegiance
to the sovereign of the country in which he may
reside. To assert thafa denizen " owes as much
faith, allegiance and loyalty as" a subject, is
promulgating an error, and betrays an ignorance
of the relation which denizens and subjects bear
to the sovereign. The cases referred to, of Mr.
Wyllie and the late Chief Justice Lee, are not
analagous. The 6tate of things when those gen
tlemen came to reside here in 1845 or 6, was far
different from what it is now. The oath of alle
giance required then was obnoxious to most
foreigners, and has since been modified. Besides,
neither of those gentlemen, (more particularly
the latter) intended to remain here any length of
time, and were urged to take office here against
their previous plans. There was at that time a
necessity for the royal acts in their favor which
does not now exist.
Letters of denizenship in no other country al
low a person to hold office under the sovereign.
The reason is plain because they do not con
vey to a person the full rights and obligations
of a subject. What may be the precise wording
of the letters of denizenship in use here wo know
not, but until they are shown to convey a more
extended signification than those of other coun
tries, we must contend that it is detrimental to
the interests of the kingdom to place denizens on
the same footing in every retpccl as subjects. If
a contrary reasoning is held, why not abolish the
oath at once, and let all foreigners enjoy the same
The former condition of this kingdom may
have justified an issue of letters of denization, for
the purpose of obtaining the counsel of intelligent
foreigners, but that necessity no longer exists,
and we maintain that it is derogatory to the state
t resort to it in the present condition of affairs,
when good and loyal ?ubj.?cts are in sufficient
number, who do not disdain the oath, and
who are ready and willing, with full allegiance
to the sovereign, to assume whatever duties he
may require of them.
The speech of Mr. Gregg on the tariff, first pub
lished in the government organ and reprinted in
our last issue, has created much comment among
our business men and -brought out the severeet
censure on the Minister. 1 1 is perfectly natural
that so bold and unqualified an attack on so large
and influential a class as are the importers and
merchants of the kingdom, should meet with
such a reception.
To understand the subject more fully, it is ne
cessary to go back and show what is the origin of
the remarks of the Minister. It will be remem
bered that during the first session of the present
Legislature in June, 1S58, when the subject of a
tariff was brought up, the Chamber of Commerce
met, and passed a series of resolutions on the sub
ject, which were presented by a committee to
both Houses of the Legislature. It should be
stated here, however, that the tariff as then
framed, was on the discriminating basis, and not
like the present one, uniform in its rate on all
articles of merchandize. We copy the resolutions
below as they appeared at the time :
PaMd al the Firtt Meeting of the Chamber of Com
merce, Honolulu, June 19, 1868.
Fibst Resolctiox. Moved by Capt. Thomas Spen
cer, and seconded by Florens Sttpenhorat, Esq.,
Rtsotxed, That this Chamber learns with regret that His
Majesty's (fbvernment have it in contemplation to declare the
Hew Tariff Bill of 1866, to be operative, by which the duty will
sw seriously raised on many of the necessaries of IHh, on raw ma
terials indispensable for the devekpment of our home produc
tions, and en articles required by native and foreign whale thine.
Sbcoxd Resoletiox. Moved by W. L. Green, Esq.,
and seconded by GuaUv Melchers, Esq., .
Resolved, That this Chamber considers the proposed New
Tariff to be constructed on principles at variance with those rs
sommended by the Ministrr of Finance, In hie Report of 1864,
when bringing it forward, and iuotoautent with any troe princi
ple of' taxation that it exhibits a leaning and mvoritism to a
particular class of the community, at the sacrifice of the genera I
good ; that it details are confused, contradictory and incorrect,
and wiH lead to constant disputes between the Importer and the
Custom House authorities ; and finally, that whilst jeopard hung
the best i at crests of the country, It will probably disappoint the
xpeetalkica of the Government, in its main object, that is in the
linjaais of L.e revenue.
TaUEP Zmurriow Moved by A. J. Cartwright,
Zr- - -id sec-- ' ' K Ernt Krull, Esq.,-,, . .
A. ., That It i. -thhiCliamberthst.Bituated
as these Islands are, an increase of Import dot. 7.:
Uonabia method of raising the revenue; that on ?JfT'Jf
H were possible to make Honolulu a free port, It would be of im
merse benefit to the kingdom 5 but, should be the determined
policy of the government to endeavor to increase the revenue by
rising the dmies, a is the opinion of thisCher that a Ur.ff
might be constructed which would be much less dUsdvantageous
to toe general prosperity than the one now proposed, whilst .t
might be more cousistent with the principles recomroendrf by
the MInUter of f inance of 18&4, by increasing the duUee on lux
uries and discriminating hi favor of the necessarka of life. Al
the same time this Chamber does not believe that any increase
of revenue would ultimately accrue from a nigh tariff.
Fourth Resoumos. Moved by J. T. Waterhou,
Esq.. and seconded by Capt. Thomas Spencer,
Resolved, That whilst this Chamber win always take an in
terest in measures affecting commerce. It disclaims all desire or
intention to InterR-re in political matters generally, to espouse
parte interests, or thwart the measures of the government tliat
on the contrary its aim will rather be to support and assist as
far as lies in its power tht government of the day $ and whatever
commercial experience or Information this Chamber may be pt
acnacd of will at all times be at their service.
Finn Resolcuos. Moved by FlorensStapenhorst,
Esq., and seconded by Charles Brewer, Esq.
Resolved, That the Executive Committee be requested to pre
sent the above resolutions to His Majesty's Government and to
both Houses of the Legislature.
Whatever may have been the immediate cause
of the Minister's offensive remarks in his speech,
" let those who are unwilling to submit, make th:ir
arrangements for departure at their earliest conve
nience; they can well be sparcdrjLberc can be no
doubt that they are to be taken as a fling at
the foregoing action of the Chamber of Commerce.
wfr injudicious! unreasonable.
and uncalled forall murduit. The class to whom
the Minister's discourteous words apply are the
bone and sinew of our present or prospective pro
gress. Who, pray, nave duhs up our commerce
and made our ports what they are ? Who. have
advanced the duties demanded by government on
our imports? Who have ever done or are still
doing more to sustain the government, than
the importers, merchants, and traders of this
port and kingdom? And yet, when they meet
together and respectfully memorialize the Legis
lature and represent that " an increase in duties
will proliablv disappoint the expectations of the
government, in its main object, that is, in the in
crease of the revenue," they are insultingly tola
by the Minister of Finance that " they can make
their arrangements for departure." Read the
names of the gentlemen attached to the resolu
tions above, and then see to whom in -part the
Minister's remarks are intended to apply.
We do not wish to bestow unnecessary censure
on anv of His Majesty's officers: but when any of
tbem are guilty of so flagrant a disrespect to a
large body of His subjects and resiaents, tne case
calls for rebuke. Mr. Gregg was sent here by
the American srovernment as Commissioner, to
protect the very interests to which his counsel,
his efforts and his words are diametrically op
noaed. So far as his influence has been yet de
veloped, it has been openly opposed to the exten
sion of the Commercial interests ot the kingdom.
That they must suffer under the increased tariff
as now enacted, we have the opinion of that most
reliable and unbiassed body, the Chamber of Com
merce. It is unfortunate for the Minister that
circumstances should thus have placed him in
antao-onisin to the commercial interests and the
mercantile community of the kingdom.
Xo one thinz is more apparent than this, that
the commercial interests of the nation are still,
as they have heretofore been, the staff of the gov
ernment ; and the blows aimed at them or at
those ensaired in them, must recoil with terrible
severity on him who stands up as the champion
of such attacks. A Minister, to rule in this
kingdom, must bo thoroughly imbued with the
commercial spirit, not only ot these islands, but
of the whole Pacific, or he might as well resign
his portfolio and the honors ot his trust, it is
thorough commercial sympathies, more than
anything else, that has maintained Mm Wyllie
for so long a term in his oruec, amid the changes
that have occurred about him, and despite
his acknowledged political follies. A haughty
tj M -
act drove a predecessor of the Minister of Finance
from his office, and a haughty boast may unex
pectedly bring the same result to the present in
cumbent. rw I nlr r-lalnud Psslafs, Low.
The meager reports which we publish of legis
lative pmcedings do not convey to our readers
an idea of the very important changes which are
to b8 incorporated into the New Code now before
the Legislature. Among these is the law im
posing postages on letters and most kinds of
printed matter now sent by mail. It is well
known that from the first establishment of mails
among the islands, letters and all mail matter
have been carried free. This practice was insti
tuted, no doubt, for the purpos-3 of encouraging
correspondence among the natives, and it has been
followed with the results which were anticipated.
From the year 1846 to 1850, the custom-house
was the post-office, and the collector was the post
master. It was only in 1850 that any attempt
was made to establish a post-office, which, till
1854, was located in the government printing-
office. Sj greatly had the business of the post-
office increased during the four years, that a sep
arate office was demanded by the interests of the
public, and it was removed to its present location
in tho latter year. In the amount of native cor
respondence, particularly, there has been a steady
It is now proposed to introduco a system of in
ter-island postages, and the following law has
been framed and incorporated in the Code. 1 1
has passed through-the House of Nobles, but has
not been finally acted on yet by tho Representa
tives ; though on its first introduction before the
latter it was stricken out by a large majority :
Sec 398. On and after July 1, 1859, the rate of
inter-island postage shall be as follows : Two cents
for every single letter weighing less than half an
ounce; four cents for every letter weigmng not less
than half ao ounce or more than one ounce, find two
cents for every additional ounce.
One cent an ouuee for all bound volumes; newspa
pers mailed from the office of publication to subscri
bers, free; on those otherwise mailed, the rate of
postage shall be one cent on each.
Pamphlets containing less than two hundred pages,
two cents each; and those containing over two hun
dred pages four cents each. Sealed packages at the
same rate as letters. Drop letters, or those mailed at
the office of delivery, free.
All parcels containing anything besides letters or
printed matter to be excluded from the inter-island
mails, unless postage be paid on the same at the rate
of one cent an ounce or fraction of an ounce in weight.
No package to be conveyed by mail containing liquors
in glass or other articles destructive to the conteuts of
the mail bags. Provided, however, that the above
rates of inter-island postage shall not apply to mail
matter received from foreign countries, but only to
such as is mailed within the kingdom.
Sec. 399.. No inter-island letters shall be trans
mitted by mail unless previously stamped, and it
shall be unlawful for coasting vessels, steamers or in
dividual to convey unstamped letters from port to
port, except letters directed to and intended for own
ers and consignees-. Provided, however, that if in case
of absence or deficiency of stamps, the post master at
the place of mailing receives an equivalent in money,
in which case it shall be his duty to mark such letters
paid when they shall be transmitted by regular course
of mail; and provided also that the provisions of this
and the preceding section shall not apply to the cor
respondence of their Majesties the King and Queen,
His Majesty's Ministers, or to any official correspond
ence whatever, provided the same be designated by
Sec. 40 provides that the post-master and his
deputies may issue and sell postage stamps, and the
usual restrictions about obliterating with a view to
using again : on conviction shall be guilty of .felony
and fined not to exceed $500, or bard labor for not
more than one year. -
The object of this law is no doubt a wise one,
tix.: to produce revenue. So far as foreigners
are concerned, we have no doubt they are willing
to pay a light postage on their letters, "but an im
position of any postage must have the effect of
diminishing foreign correspondence from what it
is at present. , But the question comes up, will
not the law defeat the object which it is intended
to produce, and at the same time result in check
ing the growing trrespondence of ,the natives,
wnlM. it ia the duty of the eovernmentto encour
age ? "We think the law an injurious one at i tbia
time, and for the following reasons : ? -.
1st. It must inevitably result in checking, if not
destroying, all correspondence among the native
It is well known by those who are any way ac
quainted with the natives that they seldom write
strictly business letters, and that most of their
correspondence is simply for tho sakef writing,
to let their friends know how they aro and when
they expect to come or go. There can lie very
little doubt that the slightest tax will stop all
. this correspondence, that is, so far as the mails
are concerned. ' Now is it right for the govern
ment or the Legislature to take a step that will
have this effect ?
But it may be said, in reply, if their letters
amount to nothing, what harm to stop them ? It
should be recollected that native Hawaiians are
not like foreigners. The correspondence now car
ried on among them is tending perhaps more than
any other measure to civilize them, "or rather to
elevate them in the human scale, to give them new
ideas, as well as to practice them in writing,
while at the same time it tends to unite them and
make those residing on different islands more in
timate with each other, more interested in each
other's welfare, and of course more united as a
2d. We think the law unwise at this time,
inasmuch as, though it may produce a small
revenue, it will soon cause an increase in the ex
penses of tl& department which will overbalance
the revenue produced.
The government cannot expect, under the new
law, that poet-masters can be engaged to take
charge of the increased duties of their offices, pay
and receive postage money, all for nothing. This
would be unreasonable. The services of post
masters aro obtained now gratuitously, because
tho inter-island post-office Bervice is a gratuitous,
one. Salaries must soon follow the imposition of
postages. Neither can the owners of vessels be
long expected to carry the public mails for noth
ing, when the government derives a revenue out
of such gratuitous service, it would be as unrea
sonable to ask it as it would be to expect foreign
vessels to bring and carry our foreign mails for
nothing. Here, then, must arise another increase
of expense for sorvice which is now cheerfully
3d. There is no necessity f.r a change in the
present system, inasmuch as the post-office depart
ment is self-supporting, with the exception of tho
salary of the post-master. This is shown by the
last report of the post-master, and, we believe, the
department has paid its way with no other ex
pense to government than the above one, ever
since its establishment. Why, then, seek to cre
ate a change which must increase the expensee,
and at the same time do incalculable injury to
the social relations of the people?
4th. The law introduces the franking privilege
to officers of government, than which no provis
ion more injurious could bo made. Provision is
always made for necessary expenses of govern
ment offices, and why not include postages with
them, as is done in England ?
The whole law will be viewed as a retrograde
step, and, if carried into effect, must tend to check
in no small degree,the improvement of the Hawai
ian race. Among such a people, no legitimate ef
forts should be spared by the rulers to develope their
character and elevate them, even if there is some
. pecuniary loss arising from the effort to do it. We
trust that the law may be so modified as not to
work injury and defeat the very object it has in
view, as it surely must in its present shape ; or
what would bo preferable, that the imposition of
inter-island postages le ileferred till some more
urgent necessity calls for it than now exists. Even
if enacted, the public interests will undoubtedly
call for its repeal at the next s-jssion of the Legis
lature. Glass lalnnils and Xatval Officers.
American naval commanders appear to be pecu
liarly unfortunate to use a mild term in their
guano explorations in this ocean. Had the Secretary
of the Navy of the United States heard the comments
of a number of "old whaling skippers," tho other
day, oil the return of the Modern Times from her
goose-chase to French. Frigate Shoals, he would un
doubtedly have been impressed with the idea that, in
their opinion, at least, Uncle Sam's" officers, with
their fuss an-i gold lace, were more for ornament
than use. " The old race of sailors the Pecaturs,
Bainbridges and Hulls seem to have died off, or are
put on the shelf, aud in their places is a lot of silk
stocking, sweet-scented, white-gloved gentry, who
know more about the angles of a billiard-table, or the
mysteries of a quadrille, than of the practical details
of seamanship." We don't sny that such language
is strictly correct as applied to all American naval offi
cers, but it cannot be denied that, good cnuse ftr
fault-finding does not reqnire to be hunted for, but
is patent to every one in two or three c-ises which we
We will recapitulate here the priucipal facts in this
Imprimis The fiinous expedition of Commodore
Mervine, in the frigate Independence. Leaving Ho
nolulu in the month of February, 1856, instead of
sailing direct for Jarvis Island, he ran down to New
' Nantucket far to leeward. Here, after discovering,
through a telescope, that there was some " bird-lime"
on the island, and that it was impracticable to land
which has since been disproved by hundreds of whale
ship masters and others he then attempts to beat
his ship up to Jarvis Islaud against prevailingwinds
and currents. Failing, of course, in this, he gives
up the object of his cruise and goes quietly home to
enjoy his laurels. Noxt comes Captain C. n. Davis,
who, landing on Jarvis Island, reports in humble
imitation of his superior that there is no guano
there ; that the landing is very dangerous ; and
earnestly dissuades large ships from anchoring there.
Last in this trio of naval worthies comes Lieutenant
J. M. Brooke, of the Fenimore Cooper, who, after
lying in Honolulu harbor some six weeks, for the
purpose, it is said, of determining its position with
his seventeen chronometers, takes a cruise one day
to the northward and surveys French Frigate Shoals.
These he finds to be laid down on the charts thirty
miles to the eastw ard of their true position. He finds
also a deposit of guano on the principal island a
mere rock and, inflamed with the " discovery," and
with glowing ideas of a mine of wealth in futuro, he
returns to Honolulu. Arriving here on the 4th of
February, he laye quietly in the harbor probably
still defining its position until the 10th of March,
when he makes known, through the publio newspa
perswhat ? Not that French Frigate Shoals are
erroneously laid down on the charts ; not that, it
being in the direct track of the large number of ships
belonging to his country, which at this season leave
the islands on their perilous northern cruise they
should be warned that it is actually thirty miles
eastward of its supposed position. Oh, no ; but
simply that Lieutenant John M. Brooke, of the U. S.
surveying schooner Fenimore Cooper, taking advan
tage of the facilities enjoyed by him of the command
of a United States vessel, takes possession, in his own
name, and for his own benefit, of certain deposits of
guano, etc. Well, the fine American ship South
Seaman, sails hence on the 10th of March, on the
very day on which Lieut. B. came oat with his guano
manifesto, and three days after is lost on the same
shoals which the naval officer claims. Now, had
Lieut. B., immediately on his arrival here, published
a statement to the effect that the shoals were' laid
down wrong, and given the proper figures, is it not
fair to suppose that the ship would have steered clear
of them ? The proper information may have been '
forwarded to the Secretary or the Navy, but that
supposes a system of circumlocution " that we did
not imagine to exist in the American service. : .
The great flourish, too,' about claiming" guano,
tarns out ridiculously a failare. Captain Overton,
of tU JL'odtrn i imes. estimates that, by cPing
close, three or four bandrea tons oi guauutu.ftu.
obtained from French Frigate enoais. - -
Taken altogether, the history of the connection of
V' 8. naval officers with guano discoveries in the
Pacific, does not redound much to their credit, and
goes to give some considerable weight to the expres
sions of old whaling skippers," alluded to in the
beginning of this article. As long ago as 1827. Jar
vis Island was well known to American whalers, and
Captain James Smith, late of the -Yankee, frequently
landed on it in that fear, while in command of the
ship Phatnix, of New London.
NOTES OF THE WEEK.
Lectdbb on Socth Amkrica Rev. V. D. Collins
delivered on Thursday and Monday last two ex
tremely interesting lectures before the Honolulu Ly
ceu nt On both occasions the Bethel chapel was filled
with large and appreciative audiences. The last lec
ture, particularly, was listened to with great atten
tion, and the Speaker's account of President Lo
pez, the ruler of Paraguay, and Dr. Francia, the
former president of that Republic, was not merely
interesting, but highly instructive. The origin and
causes of the present war between the United States
and Paraguay were given, and the Speaker thought
that the force sent against Paraguay would not be
very effective, so strongly is the river fortified at some
points. The lecturer took his audience in his travels
as far as the Andes on his route to Chile. In an
other column is a communication urging another lec
ture on the present condition of Chile, and we would
respectfully urge its delivery, if it can be done with
out incommoding the reverend gentleman's plans.
No subject can be of greater interest to our residents
than this. Mr. Collins purposes leaving for Japan
aud the Amoor in the Melita, but his sojourn here
will long be remembered by those who have had the
pleasure to listen to a traveler, whose knowledge ac
quired in his tours, has not been hidden in a napkin.
We have been requested to correct an error which oc
curred after the lecture on Monday. Mr. Castle rose
and moved the following resolution :
u Resolved, That the thanks of this audience be presented to
the Rev. Mr. Collius, for his interesting and instructive lectures
upon South America."
In stating the motion, the Chairman made it read
interesting and amusing." The error was caused
by the confusion at the time among the audience.
On Tuesday last Mr. Collins delivered another
lecture before the students of Oaha College, on the
subject of " Catholicism in South America," which
is represented to have been equally interesting with
his preceding ones.
Tue Magazines. Harper's for March is one of
the most attractive numbers we have ever met. It
opens with an article on Mount Vernon very timely;
which is followed by " The Croton water and its
inhabitants," under a microscope. Wonder if such
animals exist in our valley water ? Then follows an
exceedingly interesting historical sketch of vasco de
Balboa, and numerous other ai tides of merit The
illustrations of this monthly are unrivaled in their
excellency by the finest engravings produced in the
The Atlantic is growing more and more at
tractive. The story of the " Minister's wooing"
promises to become one of the greatest " sensation
tales" of the day. We do not wonder that the list of
subscribers to this Magazine has nearly doubled since
the January number was issued.
Godey's and Leslies' in their sphere are excellent
and cannot be surpassed.
The British Quarterlies and Blackwood for the
new year hive been received, and maintain their high
standard. The four quarterlies and Blacfcwood are
delivered here for $15 00 per annum.
New Cemetebt Association. We learn that a bill
will be introduced in the Legislature to-day, to au
thorise the immediate incorporation of a new cemetery
association for this city, the proposed location of the
cemetery being.-we understand, in the neighborhood
of Waikiki, lu a climate like this, it is undoubtedly
desirable that the resting places of the dead should
be well rcnoved from those of the living. Yet we re
member that some one 1ms some where suggstively
said that the characteristics of a people, humanely
speaking, could be very fairly estimated from the
manner in which they cherished the remains :f de
parted friends and relatives. In this connection it is
pleasing to note that the formerly neglected burial
place at Kawaiahao (in accordance with a suggestion
in this journal) has been enclosed with a substantial
stone wall and subdivided by an iron fence, within
which algeroba, acacia ami pride of India trees have
been planted in great numbers. To the lady of the
President of the Board of Education is due, in a great
measure, the credit of the improved appearance of the
An odd Fish. Last Saturday, a party of natives
fishing outside the reef, seined among other things
a queer looking creature, which, when landed on the
wharf was declared by the spectators to be a " Dia
mond Fish." The name sufficiently describes its
shape, but it appeared to partake of some of the
characteristics of the turtle, beins covered with a reg
ular coat of mail, or shell, like a turtle. At one end
was a long tail like thai of a stingaree. The mouth,
which was two feet wide, was provided with shark
like teeth and would be capable of swallowing a small
boy with ease. Bat the oddest of all was the eyes.
These were large and protected by heavy lids ;
they protruded on each side of the huge mouth, and
on top of each eye was a fin. From the position of
the eyes the fish must have been able to see not only in
front but on both sides and the rear with equal facili
ty. The space was fully ten feet between the extreme
points of the "diamond." The natives placed him
in a hand-cart, and probably, with an utter disregard
for the interests of ichthyological researches, have
eaten him by this time. What would not Agassiz
have given for such a monster.
Bottles. The old ndnge that " there's noth
ing worthless," is exemplified in the rage for old
bottles, that now exists. The demand is for export
to California, where they are used for various pur
poses, but mostly, we presume, for bottling'up the
sparkling Angelica" which our California neighbors
cry up so loudly. Our Polynesian friends having
invited a shipment this way, we suppose we shall
have it in due course of time, whether in the contain
ers now shipped away or not, we can'f say. We
hear that 35,000 bottles have been collected, and if
time was allowed to drum tip the other islands, prob
ably 135,000 more could be readily had. We don't
hardly dare to quote tbem as an article cf merchan
dize, although our neighbor says they are worth $1
The Kona. The storm appears to have been more
severe to the Eastward of this port, than it was here.
A correspondent at Lahaina writes : This has been
one of the heaviest thunder storms we ever knew. It
commenced raining with a great deal of wind on
Tuesday afternoon and on Wednesday morning the
thunder was loud, and long." It was during this
etorm that the whaleship Levi Starbuck was struck
by lightning while lying at Lahaina, and so damaged
as to require a new main mast; and the ship Martha,
was also disabled while at sea, compelling her to
come into port for repairs.
Tricks or Tbade. Our friend with. the "black
bag," whose store on the corner has been so crowded
of late by the lovers of choice cigars, was " dumb
founded" a'few days ago on opening a case of Manilas,
and finding a part of the , boxes filled with old
rags, shavings, &c, instead of the genuine No. 2's.
Outside, the case was in perfect order, and no suspi
cion could have been excited from its appearance.
We remember that several coses, a year or two ago,
were imported from San Francisco, which turned out
to bo filled with shavings instead of cigars. The
cheat in both instances, is supposed to have been done '
at Manila or Hongkong.
FaoK th Volcano. Our latest advices up to
April 1, state that the eruption still continues. The
streams on the plain are cooled over, but at night
the red liquid flow can be Been below the crater, as
glowing as ever.-' : ' , . . -'.J'
GT The Morning Star, having completed her
repairs, will probably sail for Marquesas about the
22d inat. ' - -'v-- - '-J-,,;-'. - -
i above named fcuUty r i
ing at the Churcn at riawaianao. -7 .
eating addresses were made, tending, in their 0.atnl
effect to encourage the natives in agriculture. Uis
mSLIj. the King, who is President of the Society,
made a speech which was replete ith -wndense
and useful hints. In referring to the present scarcity
of native food on Oahu, he attributed the oausesto two
evils; the mania for horse-riding, which ioses8e the
young men. the very ones to whom the nation must
look for agricultural laborers; aud the hula, which,
said His Majesty, if carried on after the ancjent
practice would bo comparatively . unobjeot.onable,
but, as recently popularized on Oahu, was subversive
of good morals and industry. . .
At the conclusion it was voted that at the next
meeting, to be held on the 7th of May next, Mr. C.
a Hopkins be requested to give his ideas upon the
two subjects dwelt upon by the King; also, that Hon.
D L. Gregg be requested to deliver the Annual Ad
dress before the society in September next, at which
time an exhibition will be given. A resolution was
also passed, requesting every one to refrain from in
terfering with any foreign birds which they might
find about the island. We hope the society will
P1remb CtorntT.At the April term of this court,
held last week, the following rule of practice was
adopted: "It is hereby ordered that in any civil
cause, hereafter to be commenced in this court, in
which the defendant shall intend to avail himBelf of
the statute of limitations as a bar action, it shall be
incumbent upon such defendant to file written notice
thereof with the clerk of the court, within the time
allowed for filing an answer. But the court, or a
judge at chambers, will, in their discretion, and upon
proper cause shown, permit such notice to be filed
after the expiration of the time for filing an answer,
with or without terms, as shall be deemed just"
A Splendid Vessel! It is a matter of pride to all
interested in Hawaiian whalers, to witness the depart
ure of such a vessel as the Florence, which sailed on
Saturday last for the Ochotsk, under the command
of Capt R. G. Spencer. Without intending any dis
paragement to the other fine vessels of our fleet, for
beauty, strength, and fitness for the service, we must
say she has no superior. Sbe is owned by Captain
Thomas Spencer, and goes to sea, as fully manned
and furnished in every respect as any vessel that ever
sailed from this port.
Dispatch. The ship Martha came into port on
Monday afternoon last to procure a new main-mast.
On Tuesday, Messrs. Johnson and Foster received the
order to furnish one, which was made from a rough
spar, hewn out and put in its place by Wednesday
evening, before the vessel's anchor had been down
forty-eight hours. The ship wiU probably have
her damage repaired and be ready for sea with not
more than seven or eight days detention in port.
Such dispatch is commendable, and shows that some
things can be done here as well as others.
Proposed Constitutional Amendments. By re
ference to the reported proceedings in the House of
Representatives it will be seen that a series of amend
ments to the constitution have been proposed in ac
cordance with the recommendation of His Majesty,
and are now under discussion. Want of space com
pels us to defer for the present our observations on
the subjects included in the propositions as submitted
to the Houpe.
Trade Winds Again. After an unprecedented
" spell of weather" for this time of the year, we were
greeted, yesterday, with a strong, hearty, health
giving blast of the trade wind. Its effects, we anti
cipate, will be to scatter, right and left, the coughs,
colds and asthmas which have been accumulating
among us for several weeks past. We always appre
ciate the recurrence of the trade winds after an ex
perience of southerly, enervating weather. Long
live " the trades."
Wheat Crop on Hawaii. We are gratified to
learn by ad vices from Kan, Hawaii, that there is an
innrenae of wheat in that fine erain district. There
are about 150 acres growing, and the fields arc repre
sented ns being in the finest condition, with the
prospect of a full yield. There will be at least 3 to
4,000 bushels harvested there this summer, and those
who are acquiinted there, have very little doubt that
Kau will yet become the great wheat-growing district
of the islands. :
From East Maui. Letters received during the
past week, from Makawao, state that the Kona was
very strong there, accompanied with much rain,
which is quite unusual for this season of the year.
The grain crops are looking well, with the prospect
of a heavier yield of wheat than there has ever been
A New Cactus. Capt. Comstotk of the JIgale,
brought from Margnrita Bay a very singular looking
specimen of the cactus family. In bulk it was about
the size of an ordinary head of cabbnge, and was
composed of green branches terminating with an
abundance of horny points. The affair looks more
like what we call a " sea egg" than anything else.
The next Mail. The mail of March 5th, maybe
looked for by the first vessel from San Francisco.
We know of none due but the Argo, a clipper of 1100
tons, which would sail about April 1st, and will be
due here from the 15th to 18th inst.
For noME. The mail per Frances Palmer will
close to-day. Papers can be obtained at our counter
for mailing. A few copies of the " Volcano Supple
ment" still on hand. The bark sails al 12 o'clock,
till which hour a ship's bag will be kept open.
(Correspondence of Pntfflc Commercial Advertiser.)
Mr. Editor : It is quite evident that a growing
dislike of late towards our Sabbath laws, as they
now stand on our statutes, prevails extensively
throughout the islands. There has been much hard
talk, though little has been done to mend the subject
of complaint. The dislike seems to be more virulent
in some localities than others. This may be owing
in part to clerical zeal, and partly to the chronic
disposition of the natives to twist every statute into
a net to catch fish and poi, or to build up credit in a
quarter where the trouble of so doing will be likely
1 to pay. On account of this amiable turn in the na
tive character, we would advocate the dispensing of
every statute of doubtful utility," particularly if it
contained that everlasting, winsome, penal clause, and
the complainant gets one quarter of the fine. We
have seen the dire workings of the old estray law and
others of that ilk, and let us be counseled by them.
The Sabbath with us is a day consecrated to rest,
moral and religious culture, but we do not consider
it our duty to force others to do in all respects as we
do. It is not certain that the observance of the Sab
bath according to the Jewish custom is -a religious
duty. Archbishop Whately, a celebrated English
divine, has brought forward arguments never yet
refuted, that such an obligation is unwarranted by
scripture. Others, with all sincerity assert the con
trary. So it may be asserted that witchcraft is not a
Bible doctrine; yet one can be proved as easily as the
other. One thing is certain an historical fact be
yond dispute that every religious creed must mould
itseir to the requirements of progressing civilization
or get itself speedily out of the way. This is not
flattering testimony to immutable truth, but it seems
sufficient to satisfy the consciences of mankind and
none ought to complain. We do not propose to med
dle with the abstractions of this subject that would
be unprofitable indeed besides questions not sus
ceptable of proof appear to us to wear always about
them a ludicrous air.
For the present we shall content ourselves with
-presenting one phase of this Sabbath law. One argu
ment of its advocates is, that it is a religious law. If
so it can bind none except those who believe in it,
for the constitution permits every person to believe
what religion he pleases. Another argument is,
that it is solely a statute law of the land if so. It is
not valid, for no civil law can bind a person to areli
gious observance where the. constitution guarantees
immunity from - any particular religious duty.
Another argument is, that it is both a religious and
civil law. That scarlet kind of amalgamation it cot
short by the words of the organic laws, " neither is
anything therein contained to be construed as -ec--
, nccting the ecclesiastical with the hodv police"
nAmnAM til A
y- It is said that if the pw-eut roT.
;7ixcd the native population ..,..
-vriK a vamtroanna W-J . aU
. .louu not Del
cf the native
U deeply religiom-jTV
ople less than civili,. .
tious, as all peopl
and nothing will wean them from .1
present church organization, unless -"K
greater love for Pele and her tribe of
tome other object of worship, But
latter have temples wherein to worth'
continue to frequent the present chorcU
weak their faith, if for nothing more tl
their finery. """
: There are many people who have pW I
tions that require a certain araoant of
day or suffer in health. We dare aT"
bigot on earth would say that suet peJ
giously bound not to take such exerd!!.
statute does not save them from beingT
doing. - -
We believe in a Sabbath law, bat let tu 1
consistent Let it provide that every
shall be a day of rest, and that no buijZ
tions shall be legal on that day, and tl 1
or employee shall be obliged to labor fat '
employer on that day, except in cases (f
and that no person shall be disturbed is
worship ,if it be decent, on that day. LjS
duties and restrictions stand upon their '
as the constitution contemplates and iw"v
lieve us, if there is a religion on earthy
stand without the interv ition of civil J&s,
civil props it bos no business here. Wehi
in the abiding strength of theChristim
to suppose she requires any, and thele,
help to confirm us in our belief. Weht
prop after prop taken from that noble wtJ!j
and for every loss of that kind, sbe htj
and stronger and more worthy of the lovew'
tion of mankind, and so she will ever eo;,
Let the unholy union be severed. th.u "'
danger to be apprehended from that id J
toe on prcuiviw sunutvi uiii uunera uTy-.,
Dy toe wisest auiuug occu. q.
;sjB Lectarr. I
noHOLULu, Apt2l; J
lecture last tniJ
. . n im. 1 A 1 .
jir. XiDiToa; iu inquire last evenLttt
jietnel, was a rare ireai 10 ine lovers of
composition and eloquence in public speakisj
. n n MnAAfnlt-Aaa anil ittinron in L. -1 i-
put the audience at their ease, and an bo- J
half glided away without the hearer Uins J
it. Doubtless ail present would most wilLajJ.
sat another hour, if the reverend speaker W
for his theme " Chile, past and present" '
these circumstances, will not the LyceuBirJ
Collins to deliver a third lecture, takings.;
and discoursing upon that country as he k
upon those countries on the East of tbeJufe
has doubtless notes and memoran jp. vbick
readily embody into another lecture.
It may seem like taxing a stranger too Wf
ask him" to deliver three lectures in three tJ
weeks, a'iill it seems rather too muchof awikw
allow this gentleman to pass from among ait
his imparting to this community all thektK
1.7- -A-A.iviMirnin(r nniintrips sn lirrl 1.-J
For ot e I do not suppose a pecuniary
tion will De any more imeiy to can lunii tnyv
tnrA- atill it would seem no more than v-J
something of the kind should be tenderdai
even for what he bos done. . Who will mo 5
matter ? A HiJ
II0CSR OB N0BLE3.
Sixtt-Tbird Dav April 1. Mr. Wyllie ptwraa i
Union to the effect that Ilia Majesty's Mesange ukc H
of all other business. The Messaire was referred Ifftsj
rait tee to report the modifications required to iota i
views. Nominated, the Minister of Finance, the IL4
Foreign Relations and the Minister of the Interior. Iti
message transmitting a bill relating to the eniistincsi ii
seamen, ami another to provide for a further iopplj 4 ni
the city of Honolulu. Another message st&tinr. tit ita. j
House of Representatives on certain portions of tbe Crl
as reported by the Committee of Conference. Tht Mi -J
to the enlistment of native seamen was passed throuk d
era! readings, amended by substituting thegoreroaasu
agent for the agent of tbe government. The Bill for ox sj
supply of water for Honolulu was passed thrmuA b sj
readings. The House proceeded with the Ch il Cok. 4
531, amendment concurred in. 647. ani sucn r.:w.i
compensated as provided In the 54 2.1 section." Sta
amendments were concurred in. and new ainetvluieriB bv
of them of a purely verbal nature, and the ll'i-e Jura
eeeded to section 673 and article 27 as ameaini, rtuc
nsssed. Adiourned. -
fiSTT-FocaTH Dav. A rail. 2. Mr. Gregjcof fte&sJ
of Conference, reported on certain section b iaw-j
port adopted. A message returning tbe bill repLiua a
Dortioss of tbe Honolulu Market law. concurred m. tat
mehameha of the Committee of Conference report a
portions f the Civil Code. Report adopted. Aojfcad
feivrv-SiivsXTH Dav. April 7. A message is
transmitting a bill for the protection of the Kolea,orM
other useful birds. This bill was stoutly oppose! as
members, who took ground on natural history, ami W
aerUA that the plover does not eat the larger kinds a" d
worms, aud In many other dejireciatory remarks rot ad
off at the poor birds. JJUl tne Minister ot toe loumi
their rescue, and after a while the firing on both ads d
and the bill passed its three readings. Mr. Orerr. of a
mittee of Conference, reported on sections H, iTu
th Civil Code. Adiourned.
Sixvt-Nimth Dav. Prince Kamehameha, of theCaa
whom was referred the joint resolution tir the reikis"
J mid, reported, recommendinc concurrence with the i"
low. The report having been accepted, passed ia
third readings, the rules having been suspended, is,
HOrSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The bill for the iMrotection of the Kolea was rend a lir
Mr. Kninainelekane moved to lay on tbe table. M
the Almighty had aent the Plover to tbeoe feiandi fcffr
the neonle. and it would be oppressive to taliu ttaa. I
on io a long and loud speech against the bill, and Mt. U
and hhetdon followed in favor of It.
The motion to table waa lost, 0 to 10, and She hi! fist
The Ilouse then went Into committee on nor-ffwr-s
the Nobles, in the amend menu of this Ilouse to tte1
RltfWFMl rill thj llnllM Af mtllfiwi-
Apbil 7, Osa Hundred akd second vitsj
from the Committee of Conference on tbe Civil loin
the action of that committee on several amendim-ou ne
had agreed to. The amendments were concurred it
Mr. Chamberlain onVred a resolution to the t&a n
committee on elections be Instructed to reort a bJ!
. tion tbe represf ntatioo of the people in accorditw si
article of the Constitution. Adited. Adjourned-
April 8, One Hundred akd Third Dat. Hr.UW
the Committee on tied ions, reported in luvorof Isl'
table the resolution of Mr. ChamlierUiii, of yesterdsj.B'
to apportionment of the Representation of tbe PIJ
opinion of the Committee, there was no nertj
flntitntinn for tMkinir a new census, or of IBSkKS
portioiunent. The subject was recommitted, in order
Committee msy enquire of the Judges of the rupraw
Mr. McCully, tioui the Committee ui Lnitro;;
aundrv amendments eonenrred in hv th m. fcerml-
ant amendments were assented to, but the one rasin"
tax to $1 fof horses, and fifty cents for amies anas".
U. Unlit... nwi.r.u V.o tl.. wmlnllnll fit Mr. CMS1
tnken from the table. (Fixing the day of ailjoeroa J
thought, with ordinary diligence on the art
u?KiBiaiure. i i lie motion was k. .'n .
Committees, tlie Houses mlyrht be able to adjourn buiV
latter part of next week. Adjourned. .,'
Mr. Sheldon, from the Select Commiltee on tbe kf
age report! a series or articles of amendment JsW ,
tion. Ordered for. committee of the whole on J'
Mr. McCully, from tlie Joint Committee of Conferees"
the action or said oommittee on certain amend axsts i
After an amusing and rather tiresome dicuoo
to be levi -d on Jacks and mules, in which the Uw
concur with the Nobles, the House adjourned. J
Mr. Sheldon, from the Select Committee to V
Prince L. Kamchameha, for Koloa, Kauai, made s n i
Mr. Chamberlain moved to print, with t"'
documents, and refer to tlie next legislature to k0k
The Honse voted the amount claimed (rinrir
select committee was appointed to frame a juto""1 J
effect. Adjourned. 1 t
air. iioiuater was appointed a coromicc - tt
.v v . i i v . . ... i . i ,. . fl iirSTU m
.... . . . ... i vnf 10
mtj Awin wneiucr i ik J wuiuu oc rvwuj
The subject of the claim of Prince Ia. Kn71u71ei
Mr. Hollister, from the Committee on kti'i
of taking the census, was excused from further I
the subject. . -.iaii'
Tbe articles of amendment to the 00titatiiie?.
ond time, and considered in committee of the I
by the commiltee they read aa follows : ,'
A n. Swnur rj thai fVinatitUtiOO, P""
agreed to pursuant to the 106th Article of the t"V"
Rrlv.d, by the King, the Nobles and the )
Hawaiian Islands, in legislative Council a-- o0
ArticLB a. Article 6 Mi Is hereby amended s 1
"The King's Ministers are eligible to the
tativea, excepting those who have been createU
House of Nobles by Royal Patent, and they nVlja V
heard in the House of Kepreseotatlres when sccw"
ministration in ofnee." . ,
Articlb 2. Article 70th H hereby amended s j
follows : jhsJ1
" The Members of the House of RersWoU"":, l
as compensation for tbe entire term of service fr.
Hundred and Fifty Dollars oat of the VaM thel-'.
paid in such proportion daring the Season sr t
' 1. j :.v. ...l c.r m "rage as .ut
vided for bv law t but in no case shall there no v ,
pay, except for mileage for an extraordinary !
Articx 3. Article 7M Is hereby sjW1 k J
follows l KrtO K
"The King appoints the Members of tf ,jrif
who hold their seats during life, unless in5f J, pjpi
for such a term of years as may be prcscri be J
subject to the provision of Article 67th, but tneu j
oat, exceed Twenty." ,imsIi
Articlb 4. Article 7iA to hereby amended J
"The Ilouse of Representatives shall fzZ
than twenty-one members, who shall be electea " !
Articlb 6. Article 70th is hereby ameoaea
follows : .. w.fcMed!
"The Representation of the people h"11, .J?Tn! fw
accord ii- v t Fralattoo, to be r-d
Wyer 5 Tand Kight 11'
1 yctur thereafter, the number o s
j by the Legislature,
id Article 77th to hereby amendea