Newspaper Page Text
. . . - - TBUMSDAT. AUGUST 11, UN.
x (M le eQecrve tew Quhi will efcanm In wain.
qsUsw, Ma a treatar Chang la this respeot then tweiga
!. jaw. , AtfatssceeiwefaseHew Yet Herald, of Jane
20, W her la tow sosae days, and being the only aopy with
1 fr Mad to head as aarefafly a.frapdrq
peeaasl act. Bwt II eoold wot be booght for Vve or money,
-Te ttes He weight In cUa" ia nothing, though la tin Fran-
W ease paper woold not mow be picked up In the street.
waatll hence, mad the saw may be said of it here. So It ia
ia trad thw ecardrw of an article la what aaes Ita value.
wanca at cigars, which IMa) Sells fur a quarter asay, by-and-bye.
If the -aoppr la abort, bring twice that ma. Aa article,
a real estate, tor Instance, may change hand at a high flrare,
wot thai price la aa criterion of ha actual value. Every article
hoa Ira real value, and Uw pum article may hare at another
tirae u fcUtieoa value, which, howeskr, moxt give way in time
and rHara tit ha real ralne again.
, ; ' Thia aabjeet at the value f property ia Jwt now an interesting
esse, Isarauica aa the ta-anS are about, mailing their
' plana preparatory to soanding every man' preset and heft
DC we pane, ur eoarae goM ia aavt to nave Its fixe value,
i aad wkh that we, ar father they, will bare Irrde trouble. Hot
ao wkh taad, booses, merchandise, furniture and other personals.
The sjweetioa ia, what i their value I We hare beard the aab
jeet betas; d law teed la a quiet way ia various circles, but as yet
fat aa nanw the fundamental groundwork lb an we were beCme.
Bat really, a remark throwa in by an outsider, carries with It
saore weight than any other, and that is aa Improved version of
- thaaaiaawt "Tt varae of a thing le JmK what 'twill bring"
at aactten. - That role carried eat by the tax-assessors, will
probably he aatiafactory all round.
Heat and daat duet aad beat, alternating, characterize the
past he weeks. We need net say to our readers on the other
, , iafanrla that wa have ia port three resects besides a coaster, and
j thia is about as aaach as we have been aWe to boast ol fnr two
r- - aarsMha peat. Of course our saerchants have ample time to dis
ease the probabilities of a general war in Europe, as well n the
rasult of the undecided battle of Magenta.
w AM eyea have beea tamed, during the past work, towards the
- ' telegraph, and quite as steadily as the magnetic needle turns
toward 5. But It's of no ar. Both the Felix and the Palm er
Md rlsfliace to all oar hopes. It'a a satisfaction, however, that
- - they are to arrive, and we resign oorwlvee to fate and the
... By a notice In our advertising columns, it appears that a con-
- tract has beea entered Into by which the government hare
granted to C. C. Harris exclusive privilege, (and the latter baa
J assigned bis right to A. II arris h Co.) to gather pal a, pia and
v faogua oa Hawaii, ar what win amount to an exclusive privilege,
gr ' The terms of the coo tract hare ant as yet fully transpired. We
are tharefcre suable to speak of it only as existing. This trans
actio is causing considerable talk In the street, where it is
!- generally viewed aa a monopoly, which the government cannot
scant, la the detrisBehtof the interests of others engaged in the
The arrivals of produce coastwise have been active during the
' ' week. Both sugar and a beat are cnmUirf ia very freely. The
.' , Latter ia being ground up aa rapidly aa the capacity of the mill
The Poly titan informs uf that the outward freight and
' paaaeager list of the Tmnkee was $383 84, $il-4 St of which
waa fa freight, and SIA97 fnr passengers, and that about
fUMMO went op as treasure.
- Little or nothing beyond a small Jorbing trade has been done
during the week.
. . BK-tL ESTATE The Liberty Hall premises offered yesterday
at aaetioo, were bid la at $ 1.000. The lease of the center store
of the Oreaier premises aa N unarm Street, offered at auction,
. aold tar Vi per month- The lower store in the same premises
brought SIS tO per asonth both tor 12 months.
-' BOBSXH A sal of 25 horses at auction oa the 9th, averaged
S3 tO each.
rEJT tales at 9c
7 LOCK $10 a $12 per 200 lbs.
" ' HCHAXUE Nothing doing.
which the Sea breaks beamy. A bank makes off several solles,
on which there Is 19 fathoma water, shoaling to S BUboma near
the reef. This reef ia about half a mile from the island, on tbr
K. aad S. aide f on the W. side it extends in acirculkr format
distance of 2 aailea, the Lnsids formlag a htgooa. Thia ialanTl
ahoaid not be approached from the h., as a line cf detached
breakera makes off lor many miles, aad can scarcely be ciist in
tin guiihed from sea cape. Upon this Una the Bolder Bordtn
and CaaeAossert were lost. ' The Island should be approached
from the awt by st-tnding around to the westward, the island
bearing due S. Good anchorage may be found anywflere out
side the tageon in from 10 to 14 fathom. Ia entering the
lajrooa aa a line with the reef, there are two very large breakera
about three quarters of a aula apart, being N. and 8. of each
other. Between these, aa the same line, are lesser breakera,
through which a vessel may eater in a channel abuut a quarter
of a mile wid with 4 fathoms water. Just inside the reef, I
found 12 fathoms gradually shoaling towards the land. A vea
aul may anchor within half a mile of land ia 4 fathoms water,
with good araehorage. There are mcks under water in this
lagooo which may easily be avoided by keeping a good look out
at the mast-head. I found ahoot a two-knot current setting N.
and 8. Tide rises aad falls 24 inches. Oood water may be ob
tained here with a very little trouble. The shoals abound with
fish and turtle. La ruling can be effected any where on the
island. On the south end, near the center, there has been a
lagoou, but It is now partially overgrown with si rubs.
I found tlte camp and well of the Holder Borden party. On
the east pctnt, about half-way, is a hill about 40 fart high, with
a look-out M4e and cask. On the south end I found a ship's
house whirb had been used to sleep in. Here is also the head
board of the Holder Borden, with the Cooai' name cut
on ft with a knife. I hare portions of the wrecks on board.
On the north end I saw the trunk of a redwood tree, 12 feet in
circumference.- On the wet aide found a notice left by the San
Uieoo taking possession for parties in Ban Francisco, dated
April 27, J&. I consider the lead the safest guide at night
among these islands, as they are aU surrounded by a bank for
some distance off shore. Passed over the position of "Neva
Iiiand," but saw no land. s
To be concluded in our next.
VESSELS IX PORT AUG. 11.
Missionary brig Morning f tar. Brown.
Br bk Orestes, Mason, repairing.
Bark Gambia, Brooks.
rla Exatecteal trams Foircisa Pair tu
LATEST DATES, received sit tale Oaaee.
Baa Francisco- July 3 I Paris.............
Panama, 3i. O. J one 1 5 Hongkong.. .......
-Hew tars:.. ...... ...June 20 I Melbourne, Vic ...
, June 7 I Tahiti-
s Pita sea at Haaalala, ia A !.
First Quarter., i '
Full Moon.... 13
h. m. dy.
4 5T.o M. ! Lut Quarter. .21
10.2 M. ! Sew Mnon....27
Foa Faaactsco So vessel up.
Fk MnojUi v r Morning Star, on the 13th.
.for Kara! per Sxcel, Saturday.
POUT Or HOXJOX.TJX.TJ. H, I.
Aag. 8eh BlaUma, Barraa, fm Kilo, whh augur and hides.
a P. M. Ben Margaret. Kikeke, fm Kauai,
ir. 7 Am clipper ship Valtare, Gill, of New York, 051 tons,
: ; 28 days from Panama, in ballast en route for Singapore,
guiled same dar. .
VSaav t.h a W. I mm S
' ' rJteh Maria, hlolteno. fm Ijhaina. with firewood.
. Jl' a 8ch Jtanuokawal. Berkley, fm liana and Kohala.
' Z eek HnUteikl, Hall, fm Kahuroi, M bbls. molassei
200 kega sugar.
If. 8ch Eamoi. Wilbur, fm Kahuloi and Lahalna, with
1SQ0 eiiehyW wheat. -.
leecfc Bxcel, Aistonio, ba Kauai, with firewood.
Aug 4 Seh Kamci, W01r, for ports on Maui.
t 8rh Kekuimohi, Marchant, for Kona, Hawaii.
0 Am dfp aiwp Paaatom, Peterson, Fouchow, China.
- 9 act, Margaret, Rikeke, for Hanalei.
- - Sch Kahuna, Barras, for Hilo.
9 erha Maria, Moiteno, and MoikeikI, Ilau, for Maui.
0 Sch Manankawai, Beckley, for Kohala.
10 Sch Kamoi, Wilbur, for Lahaina.
Am. bark Frances Palmer, Paty, woukl leave San Francisco
about Aug. 4, due here Aug. 19th to 20th.
Haw. cb KamehHlneha IV., Beaty, from French Frigate Shoal,
due in all Augunt.
I law. sch Kinoole, Foss, from a guano expedition, doe about
flaw, sch Marilda, English, from Farming's IiUnd, with, cargo
of cocoanut oil, due about the 13th September.
Am clipper ship Eliza ac Ella, Lant. would leave Teekalet with
carg' of lumber about July 30th, for Honolulu.
Bremen bark Feiix, Wintzer, will leave San Francisco about the
24th July doe here about August 0th to 10th.
Am bark Washington Allston, , from Boston, to sail June
10. with assorted merchandise to t.has. Brewer 2d.
Am. ship Kadnga, Burdett, from Boston, sailed May 5, assorted
cargo to C. Brewer,
Am. ship Josiah Bradley, Dunbar, from Boston, to sail May 10,
assorted cargo to J. C. Spalding.
Am. ship Siara. Rice, from Boston, sailed May 8th, with cargo
whalemen's stores to C. A. Williams A Co.
Am h Norseman, Haskell, fm Boston, (via Valparaiso.) sailed
Feb. 19. part of her cargo astt'd mdse to J. C. Spaliliog.
Am sb Fleetwood, Dale, fm Boston, (via Tahiti.) sailed Feb. 10,
part of her cargo asvt'd mdse to B. F. Snow.
Am ark Moaeka, lLimittoo, fui Boston (via Tahiti.) sailed April
19, part of brr cargo a.l it muse to B . ennw.
A ship is expectel fm li-mgkonir in July, with asst'd cargo o
Manila and China goods to Hack eld A Co.
Bre hark C. M etchers, Seor., Kettjuch, fm Broko, to sail April
IS, asst'd ca r?o mdse to Melcbers A Co.
Ilanovarian bk Verden, Cipermann, tin Bremen, sailed April
1. asM'd cargo to Horfarhlaeger A Stapenhorst.
Brit bark llnmphr y Nelson, Chelb-rd. fm Lfverjiool, to sail
April 26. asst'd cargo to Janion. tlreen A Co.
Brit ship Sca-Nymph, Williams, fm Lonion, sailed 13th Feb.
with asst'd carro, (part for Vancouver's ls!and) to agent
Hudson's Bay Co.
Brit ship Oonclzs, , tin London, sailed April 27, awt'd
cargo t agent Hu.lfcon's Bay Co.
From Hawaii per Kalama. Aug. 6 Dr O P Judd, Miss
Judd, E P Adams, Messrs Chase, Emerson, Ensign. To Lahai
na only W b Alexander, F L Hanks. From Lahaina H Tur
ton. 110 deck passengers.
From Laaaisa p r Maria, Aug. 7 Mrs Dr White, F L
Hanks, and ii deck passengers.
From 11 ax a per Manuokawai, Aug. 8 Mr Mark ham, and
20 deck passengers.
From Kahllci per Kamoi, Aug. 7 Chas Gray, Miss Hall,
For Maci per Maria, Aug. 9 II Turton, A Judd, and 12
' For lino per Kalama, Aug. 9 Capt Worth, Mrs Capt
Weeks and 2 children, and 80 natives.
From Karat per Excel, Aug. 10 Thoa H Marshall, Capt
IrTHooolulu, August 8, Ma. W. A. Coorr.e, aged about 39
years, late proprietor of the Royal Hotel. Mr. Cooper was a
native of Belfast, Ireland.
In Honolulu, August 8, Ms. James Graham, a native of Lon
don. England, aged 34 years. lie had been resident of these
Islands sboot 11 years.
At Orove Farm, Kauai. August 2.1, Mr. Hsxar Thoiv, a
native of Bremen, aged 30 years. Mr. Thomsen has been a resi
dent of the Islands about six years.
SPECIAL. BUSINESS NOTICE.
Remittances for the Commkbcial Aovcarisia may be sent in
coin by mail to the publisher, ar through aa agent. Back nam- 1
ben can be supplied to such as wish them. Copies for mailing,
la wrappers, can be bad at our counter.
Tiras Six Dollars per annum.
i&und voTuiocsi. "and (( for sale, $9 per volume.
ankXTS FOB TBB COMMKR IAL ADVFETISEB.
wholesale and retail merchandize licensee, the
former to $101 and the latter to $51 ; and this
heavy tax opon both classes, induces the ques
tion, How far ore these dealers protected from
non-licensed sellers, and to what extent is the law
disregarded ? i Recent disclosures indicate that
traffic without license is carried on to an extent
which we had scarcely dreamed of.
' Not on.jdo retttlers suffer by non-licensed
peddlars and shop-keepers, but many retailers
themselves holding only a retail license, take the
nnwarrlj&ble liberty of wholesaling to a consid
erable extent. Formerly, but few retailers were
importers, but at thepresent day a large number
have turned importers, and a portion of their im
ports is in many instances fieely sold " by the
package' to tieighbors and others in the trade
By this open violation of the law, the regular
wholesale merchants and importers find them
selves sufferers to a considerable extent.
Still more open evasions of . tho license law are
mentioned to ns as having not unfrequently oc
curred at this port. Vessels engaged in the
foreign trade, bring frequently to this port a por
tion of their cargoes on ship's account, and this
has been sold by the captain without the inter
vention or aid of a consignee. Vessels can thus
make n handsome profit on goods at a price at
which the regular importer would lose money,
the latter having to pay freight, license, store-
rent, clerk hire, and other heavy expenses which
vessels are not subject to.
We remember reading an accounRf a similar
evasion of municipal license regulations, which
atecurred in 1850 in Stockton. A schooner from
San Francisco persisted in sellin;' her cargo at the
I atAwf ..- iftj-kll linnOA Tlia v,ksitin n tea knnjlii
1 11.11 1 niiiiuuv iivuiioc, me ivciuniiw muum
together and affixed a tow line to her bows, with
which they towed her down the slough, and Bet
her adrift in the river below. Our Honolulu
merchants, to their credit be it said, are not given
to such demonstrations. A more law-abiding
people cannot be found the world over, and for
this reason, if for no other, they should be amply
protected by the proper authorities.
We shall doubtless be asked, Why do not
your aggrieved traders make complaint to the
police officers, and give the names of the offend
ers, if these things exist?" This has been done,
and no good has resulted from it. Prosecution
did not follow ; and in one instance at least, the
name of the complainant transpired, and he found
himself in bad odor with his customers. It seems
to us, that with the aid of the license register at
the Interior Department and the entries of im
porters at the Custom House, it would not re
quire any great detective capacity on the part of
the proper officers to rectify abuses of the license
law. If the slightest disposition -was shown to
proceed against such infraction of the law, no
difficulty would be found in obtaining all the in
Laktnna, yiaui -
Makawao, E. Man i
Hilo, Hawaii -
Koloa, Kauai -San
C. fi. BARTOW, Esq.
U L. TOR BERT, Esq.
Capt. J. WORTH.
Capt. JA3. A. LAW.
TH03. H. PARIS, Esq.
Dr. J. W. SMITH.
L. P. FISHER, Esq.
fy Bark Gma, la return in; from her cruise westward,
ntxA tm 29 3 5. before she by her course frr the Islands, and
passed the Tonkte August 4, ia bu. 25 3, long. 159 3 W
steering by the wind X. by E.
Ciaaa af tmr H3aaMai, Capl. N.C. Brsek.
The Gmmbin suUed from Ujootalu, April 2d, and arrived off
5 acker Island, April 29. This island U in lat. 23 35 ".,
leas 1S4. 40 W. It is rocky, snd about 1J to 2 miles long,
aurroundea by a bank making off to the southward, about 50
VjOes (aeaerdinf to Capt. Lung's statement.) Capt. B. crossed
-la hi. 23 3 14, and Mind it to be aSoes 15 miles across from E.
to W. ' The aisa in edge is very abrupt, the discoloration of the
w" szaj he seen at a distance of 2 miles from the mast beads.
Boa -J lag are from deep sea to 14 Csthoms, which deepen to tlte
- eastward gradaany to abuut Zi tit poms. A vessel crossing
this reef can by heaving too take any quantity of fish of very
aaaoaaOty. There Is a ravine makes dowa from the 8. E. end
of the rock, where at eome seasons there is water. A boat may
land ia good water at the tx of this guVh.
Keat W-tted French Frigoto Stool, situated ia lat. 29 3 43
jr., loo. 16o 14 W., or rather tWs ia the position of the prin
cipal rock n vtich is tkt teru large and extent ice dtpooit
of fucne, reported to exist there. The reef is crescent shaped,
.lit at IT '- " Thepositioa as si ven by Cape
Brooks, of tha Gambia, diSfers from Lieut- Brooke, of the U. 8.
Sarvwrmff Schooner Ftnimore Cooper. Capt. B. is of opinion
that hie position hi the cm tent one, as be has raksn observations
a both oyag--a to the place. lie also landed on sixteen small
hdaade or sand spila, which surrounded the rock. The F. C.
"gives ike poaittua of six only, aad soma of these are bud down
incorrectly. One point of the descent Is to the N. W. and the
' odMr sears LI. b. The shaal Is protected on the !(. E. and
a. u. by a reef aa which the aarf breaks heavily. The guano
rock le about 140 fcet long aad 40 feet wide at the base, and
rsse very abruptly to the height of 135 feet, forming a ridge, at
each end of which there fc a space of about 12 square feet. This
reck is situated in about the centre of the shoal, and can be seen
at a atatanee of sucee miles, and eloady resembles a full rigged
brig. These shoals open to the W. There is no danger outside
f the Da ef breakers. There Is good anchorage inside In from
to 14 mtboeae water. The largest sand sflt of the group
bear about 31. B- by E. from the rock, about 4 milea distant.
laaMe of that spit there la a good harbor where a erase! ef any
draft of water may eutrr and leyta saA-ty from the sea wath
rood aachorare. Water may be obtained oa the largest of these
spila at about I feet below the surface. It Is very brackish and
eUisaslJ hf sanalw.1 with lime The ahoala abound with flsb
aad turtle. - -
Id lat. ZS-0O X. fcJf);
&5 W, but found no island al-
thoaeh there was every I dicatioa of bud in the vicinity
Ve aert ran fa? Maro Bltoala, in lat. 25 c 30 N km J 170 o
i w. sacve saunai cover an area of aoout u miles in circum-
iismmi, are low aad covered with breakers. They may he seen
est dear day from alert at 5 milea distance ; the diacoloratioo
ef wsbw may be aodssJ aa soon aa the breakeis are seen. The
anoaaj are enchjerd by a line of detached breakera, aad bare a
aaady botsran. with one bthom of water no rock or land above
he surface, aor any mgooa inafcte. 1 consider these sbuala very.
mm mw mwmmm an mrm. man scarcely to De aiaun-
aa sea cape. m . .
s Larsa tsLtvp. ,
IsmaS le la kaU 15 4d N lonw. 171 o ao XT t.
BBismssofeauiz, oroao, aad is covered with a luxuriant growth
of shrubs It is starsaaded I i reef about half a mile from the
aad. I tatsiie af tils reef Ue Is a hank five milea wide, on
arhsch f foaad from 14 to 1 fathoms water. There la a boat
amass ioad the reef aearir the whoW u am,nH k i.i.i
esosd aBading cua be maad aaywhcie. eacepttng ra the south
aad south east sides t good aochorajfe anywhere on the west
aeaa ..r-t r i iwcvar ss aooas aau a mile from the south-west
paw, vs bs i w J. nwaoan waier. it can be soproached
tresa aay aotnt or tne eompase, ao aangers ex- t within a
aaasauewi inatee. ua ue saw caa at use tail , 1 found the
rears age u wreca. on, aaw no agmvot aeamp. .
There at a Ugoou aa the Island about one mile long, and half
a bum vaae, wua art mi turn wamr as tne eenter, arlth coral
en sea, t.3 u snares eg taia sagoqa 1 mand salt of good
There are tre nail tif as eo the Island, aad I collected 25
WKXket ef asaawa, aesaeef tbese tnjeoajd flosrerine; eraba, very
fracraat, reoym,ax ptw I bare seen In gardens in Bonoiuht.
laaarcathS -aca.tr as e immense trace. The island eoo-
i about Li acres ef gaed soiL It k covered with a variety
eras t mmhimmi vaneoea are amai, aad
er BeaarA v-aru. Ktrat em were aounoant.
Veer tue V.V. point of tha iaiand, I iound a stick about two
mmlK-my t at the foot of U a bottle containing a paper, but
: a. .rAesTthe armiae;. - Tram the east point, where the
: r-saneXaayeapena trra oa the shore of the lagoon, ia
a TSd " T T ..3ert aotaexe. oxdone and pumpkias. The
a as I plsated these eeaarasee every variety, aad ap-
geawe ta tw Maated te vsgetaHoa These is a very small deposit
eCgwi" I e f asaaa, but aet af aaatcsssa esatattty te warrant
ay aw it.- Due; a wan and .foeod very gaud water.
TtesaaiaiBatartte. , . j
- ;" iatx9mm boawo. f -tZ.
jr s awi PefTs are one and the aeae rslaad-jPat-
i a --- ts Ibii down, but there U only asm
a. - 'x 'n ha. 173 57 W. It le thcee i
H , K i ;a, ami is swrraaaaed aw a reef, aa j
. . - . -
THURSDAY, AUGUST 11.
The Revised Jtatcte3 passed by the late
Legislature, remaia still a political riddle,
whose solution puzzles even the clear heads
of our professional gentlemen of the bar, much
more the confused ideas of many of our petty
government officers, whose rule of official action
ia too often simply the ipse dixit of their supe
riors. It is currently reported that the said
statutes are considered as binding, as the law
of the land, simply because the period fixed at
which they should be deemed operative has trans
pired. But the mere arrival of such a set time
was not all that was contemplated in their enact
ment, as necessary to render them operative. The
Legislature, in setting a time, accompanied it
with the mandate that before that time arrived,
the law should be promulgated. That was evi
dently the intent of every member of both
Houses of the Legislature.
In the very act which we refer to, the king, the
people and the chiefs, have solemnly covenanted:
1st. That no written law bhall be obligatory
without being first prinktl and made public.'"
2d. That the Minister of the Interior 44 shall pro
mulgate the sameJi pvlhcation in such newspaper
or newspapers, printed at the s:at of government as
he may deem p.-oper." Tbese, then, are abso-
luteamnd unequivocal provisions in rendering a
Now, have either of these provisions been com
plied with Tn respect to the Civil Code? We an
swer, most emphatically, No. The public are
now as ignorant of its provisions, as a whole, as
they were two years ago. The law, which some
over-zealous persons think is the law of the land,
.11 ka ravof-nrtr-rnfeTiands of government officers
for study and recreation, but in no sense can
it be said to have been 44 made public," and
consequently in no serjse can it be yet considered
as the law of the land, although parts of it may
- bo enforced. Yet such enforcement can only be
viewed as arbitrary and unconstitutional.
But it may be argued that the words of this
law cannot be made applicable to itself. Pray,
then, what law can be applied to the case ? Com
mon sense, justice, and the rights of individuals ,
as well as the government, all require a law to be
published or promulgated before it can be con
sidered operative. There may not have been
before enact! in this kinsdom mnv law Ko,r;
n on this subject. If so, custom alone is authoritv
enough, and custom demands the publication of
mr liitw Kofvivo it w n 1 . i ... ..
-j "iv ic vonsiaerea Dindinr.
Amoxo the many complaints made against
the -mment. is its failure
. iwvvi a 1. 1 uiat
Supreme Caurf. Jnly Terns.
Kaopua and JVahua, Administrators upon the es
tate of Kalaibeana deceased, vs. loan' li. The re
port of this case, given in our last issue, was not suf
ficiently explicit, we therefore publish the following :
This was an action of ejectment to recover the pos
session of some land belonging to the estate ef Ea
Mr. Blair, the counsel for the plaintiff, in open
ing the case to the Jury, stated, that the ie rested
upon an award of the Land Commission to the intest
ate ; upon which Mr. Bates, counsel for the defend
ant, moved .a non-suit on the ground that the title
of the real estate would rest in the heirs, and there
fore that an administrator could not sustain the
The counsel for plaintiffs argued that the interest
in the land was a chattel real, beoanse tk
iruui i ue inwiu v imuu commissioners, granted an
unconditional interest in the land to the intestate,
Kalaiheana, for thirty years only, and that the
raising of that interest to the dignity of an estate of
freehold, or fee simple, depended upon the payment
of the commutation, or one-third of the value of the
land, to the Government, which had not then been,
and might never be done.
The counsel for the defendant contended that the
estate confirmed by the award of the Board, was a
freehold, because the intestate had, before his death,
and afterwards his heirs, the privilege of making it
so, by the payment of the commutation money to
The Court sustained the position of the defendant,
and ruled accordingly.
Louis Siqilas, vs. J. H. Brown, Sheriff of
Oahu. This was an action of replevin to recover pos
session of a sewing machine levied upon by the
The plaintiff claimed the sewing machine as being
the property of his wife, which, he alleged sj,e had
purchased of one Aylett, the defendant in execution,
The Police Justice, not feeling convinced from the
evidence, of the validity of the plaintiff's title, ren
dered judgement for defendant, from which decision
plaintiff's counsel appealed to the Supreme Court,
where the case was heard at the sitting in banco on
the 23d July last, the counsel consenting to submit
the case to the consideration of the Court without a
Jury, upon the record of the Police Court, with the
privilege of introducing some little additional testi
mony. The Court having heard the further evidence ad
duced, and the arguments of counsel, and having
given mature consideration to a'l the evidence in the
ease, were of the opinion that the title to the sewing
machine in question, was in Aylett, the judgment
debtor, at the time the same was levied upon by the
Sheriff, and affirmed the decmion of the Police Jus
C. C. II arris for Plaintiff.
J. Montgomery for Defendant.
Samuel Hoe vs. IV. Kinney of Honolulu. This
was also an appeal from the decision of the Police
Justice. Plaintiff claimed $56 for balance of com
pensation according to contract for digging certain
ditches or drains for defendant at Waikikt.
Plvrv;,r -- -- -wrtne amount in the
t-ol.ee Court, and defendant appealed to the Supreme
It appeared to the Court that the nlaintiffhad ex
tracted to perform an entire piece of work for an en
tire compensation, and that before he could sustain
an action to recover it. or any part of It. he must
nave proved a complete performance of the contra
tm on own part. Tb.s the Court thouhgt he had
wiiea to ao. and as it appeared from the testimony
uo nau aireauy received from the defendant .i
least as large a proportion of the Btinulated nrica .
the work actually performed bore to the entire wnrh
contracted for, the Court reversed the decision of the
court below, and ordered judgment to be entered for
C C. Karris for Plaintiff.
J. Montgomery Ur Defendant.
NOTES OF THE WEEK.
The Orestes. As we intimated in our last issue,
a survey was held on this vessel. Tbe result of it
was made known after our paper went to press. As
a matter of curiosity, we place the report of the sur
veyors on record :
e Honolulu, August 3d, 1849.
W. L. Qrkkx, Esq., la charge of H. B. M. Commission and Con
sulate General. , ,
Buii la compliance with your request we proceeded oa
board the British barkeOresfrs to examine whether she s la a
fit state to proceed lo sea, and beg leave to report as follows :
That brr weodends aft have been caulked and leaded over by
an experienced native ship carpenter and diver. And we have
particularly examined the stern post, and bored Into the spots
pointed out hv tbe carpenter of the Oretttt and can find no
rotten wood there. .. .
Tbe ship bad not been pumped since 9.30 A. M-, when there
was 6 Inches In the well, and after standing for 6 hours, there
was 2 feet S Inches In ber.
Both pumps were then started, driven by a small steam en
gine, which pumped her out to 6 inches in 40 minutes.
Taking into consideration the nature of the cargo on beard,
and the difficult position In which the Supercargo and Captain
are placed for procuring funds to put the ship into thorough re
pair, and having the auxiliary steam power to works the pumps,
we are of opinion that there Is no unusual risk to the lives of
the crew, and If placed in the same position, we should proceed
on our voyage.
Kobt Milke, -
Hcsar J. II- Hold worth.
According to thia report, it appears that the bark
is leaking at the rate of 8 inches per hour, or seven
feet per day. And yet on these facts, the surveyors
come out and say " there is no unusual risk to the
lives of the crew" in proceeding on tbe voyage. he
has a small two or three horse engine it is true, but
supposing that she only continues to leak at sea at
the rate she does in our still harbor, it is little else
than recklessness to continue the voyage in her pre
sent condition. If the engine gives out, what then ?
How is it to bo repaired ? Every person, who is
fully acquainted with the facta, must concede
that the crew, one of whom hai-a wife and five
children, are right in protesting against going on
in he. It is an unjustifiable riskof human life, and
if the vessel goes to sea and is lost, probably no in
surance could be recovered on ner or ner cargo,
if all the ftcts are known. It is said that a lum
ber vessel can't sink. She can ho wever become
water-logged, and make vastly more suffering to her
crew in that condition than if she sank outright. It
is only a few weeks since we read an account of a
lumber vessel springing a leak off Newfoundland, and '
the crew and passengers had to take refuge in the
rigging, where they remained for several days al
most famished, till picked up by a passing ship.
The track of the Orestes to Melbourne is a Sahara
compared with the route across the Atlantic.
Lire at Newport. News being rather stAle here
in town, we have sent a reporter down to 44 New
port," vulgarly called Waikiki cocoanut grove.
whither tho whole town has gone or is a going. Real
estate is advancing very rapidly in that quarter, and
our reporter notes the erection of several new estab
lishments of various unknown dimensions. It is said
that the government, in view of the great rush for
lots in that neighborhood, has ordered a sale to come
off on tbe 18th. Already, considerable inquiry is
being made as to the locality, &c
It is rumored that a large feast of horseflesh oc
curred among the natives of the grove some days ago,
but to what extent the townspeople enjoyed this new
domestic luxury, does not appear. We have our sus
picions excited that there exists some unusual at
traction to the beach, but we wouldn t hint that
it is to obtain a change of diet.
An evening or two ago, some one, a genius at
nventing ways to 44 kill time," proposed 44 a crab
hunt." No sooner said than done, and from hither
and thither flocked crowds to j in in the evening
port. The full moon only added zest to the occasion.
But the tide was high, and wait thay must till
the midnight clock
Sounds oue to the drowsy race of nlhL"
The poor crabs, however, got wind of the propos
ed onslaught, held a solemn conclave and vowed to
4 flee for their lives." The result was a delightful
evening, a splendid moonlight, lots of run, but nary
Licknses. Notice has been issued By tho Interior
Department, fixing the rates at which licenses will
be issued after this date, under the operation of the
Wholesale Store License,.... 1101
Retail, . ..................................... .......... 61
Plantations...... ..................... 26
ucuoneers Liccuse, 1 per cent, on all salts made at
Hotel or Victualling House, 62
ISilIiar'l Tunis (each), 2d
Bowling Alley (each), 26
Physician or Surgeon, (Honolulu or Lahaina).. .. .... . 41
(any other District) n
Venders of A wa, 52
Theatres, Circuses snd Public Show (for one performance), 11
Hawaiian num. inu-npes win oe grameu or Mused, at the
discretion of the Minister.). H
Wholesale toirits,. a-1
Boats (-4 oared txat Honolulu), 13
. (lor 3 ) 9
(4 oared. Lalaiua or Hilo), g
(lor 3 oared .. .. ), 5
Ilorws for hire (Honilulu and LahainaAeach 8
Stallions (each, for 3 year), g
Manufacturers of M lie, 4 51
Shipping OlBce fir Foreign Seamen, 42
Casts Hamtlax em Hawaii.
The first cattle on tbe Sandwich Islands were
brought from California by Vancouver, the celebrated
English navigator, in the year 1793, during his seo
ond voyage round the world. They were committed
to the care, of Kamehatneha I., snd were by him and
bis successors put under a strict tabu for a long
time, the natives say for thirty years! They were
first landed at Kealakekua Bay and turned loose, a
bull and a cow, on the upland slopes of Hualalai.
Here they rapidly increased, and, becoming a flock,
were rermved to Waimea plains, from whence, breed
ing very fast, they spread inland and wandered off
among the hills and valleys of Mauna Ivea, and be
coming so numerous, that, w--u the tabu was re
moved some thirty years ago, the interior plain and
the three mountains of Hawaii were full of them, and
they were in some seasons hard pushed for feed,
though generally very fat. A large portion of the
country over which these flocks roamed was entirely
destitute of water, three-fourths of the year, and
during the time wheu there was water It poured
down from the mountain side in an impetuous torrent,
sinking at once and disappearing in the sandy plains.
As the first cattle were brought from California
(Monterey), so the first bullock catchers came from
there to teach the Hawaiians how to use the lasso, to
jerk beef, and to cure hides. Their appearance was
novel, and they attracted crowds of the wondering
natives wherever they went. They belonged to a race
once numerous euough all over California, but now
confined mostly to the lower country and Sonora,
whither they have retired before the superior stock
management and tame herds of the Yankees. The
"vaquero," as he was called, with his little gay
colored profusely-buttoned jacket, woru over one
shoulder, his shiny, Bteeplc crowned hat, his leather
leggings and huge jingling spurs, when mounted on
a spirited California horse and seated on that curious
contrivance, a Spanish saddle, looking as though he
grew there and was an inseparable part of the whole
affair was a picturesque object, and would have at
tracted a crowd at any time in the streets of New
York or London. They were generally light, but
well made, as active as a cat, with eyes like a hawk
and nerves of steel, and well fitted by nature lor the
perilous calling of wild bullock catchers. At the
same time was imported acargo of California horses,
of a superior breed in point of size and spirit, and
whose descendants still continue in demand among
tho flocks of Waimea, to which place they were prin-
1 ci pally sent on their arrival at the islands. But the
imported vaqueros of Hawaii have disappeared before
the march of time, and their perilous adventures in
(.pursuit of the wtM cattle among the gulches ana
over the hills and plains of Maana Kea are only re
membered and rehearsed by some of the old residents.
In their place has sprung up a class of Hawaiian
mountaineers, equally as skillful horsemen as their
foreign predecessors, but leading a vagabond sort- of
life, alternating between hardships and privation on
tbe mountain and plenty and lavish expenditure on
their return to the settlements. During a recent trip
to Mauna Kea, I came across a camp of some thirty
of these bullock hunters, and accompanying them on
one or two of their expeditions, was no little inter
ested iu their somewhat romantic and exciting mode
The government conjointly with the King, I believe,
are the owners of the unmarked wild cattle on Ha
waii, aud have sold or leased the right to slaughter
to private parties, upon what precise terms I am un
able to say. Au agent resides at Waimea, w"ho en- j composition takes place in a "very short time.
'h other into a cornnact body to avoid the dreaded
horsemen. Now and then some monstrous bull,
"with front of Jove.4 or a vicious cow, excited for
her calf, would face about as if to attack the pur
suers. But tbe cayote-like yells of the natives and a
twirl or two of the lasso, of hich they appear to have
an intuitive dread, quickly drove them in terror to
join the flying herd. Mixed up with the cattle, and
driven along with them, were probably not far from
a thousand wild hogs, who, disturbed in their interior
haunts, had got into the trap designed for nobler
game. Their piercing squeals as, kicked and tossed
by the frantic cattle, they rolled over in the dust,
added 110 little to the amasement of the scene. But
now, as the herd approached the narrower prtrt of
the trap and found themselves gradually hemmed in,
came the most exciting part of the chase. A bull and
two cows, catching sight of us who stood bj the out
side of the pen, suddenly wheeled and dashing past
Jhe line of vaqueros, made off for the mountain again.
Three horsemen put after them at full speed. The
foremost, named Komo, (or Tom,) was one of the
best riders and most skiHful with the lasso that I
have ever seen, though his little squat figure and
apathetic countenance would lead one to expect less.
Mounted on a tall and noble looking gray, be soon
outstripped the others, and with unerring aim threw
his noose over the horns of the bull. As quick as a
flash, the moment he felt the lasso, tbe bull turned,
and before the horse could brace himself drove bis
sharp horn into his flank and tumbled horse and rider
to the ground. It hatdly seemed, though, that Tom
had fallen, so soon was he on his feet and on the look
out for his fierce antagonist, who, regardless of the
nrostrate horse, now made a rush for Tom. I thought
it was all over with the poor native, for he ran, as rf
to try to escape. But it was for only a few steps, to
draw the bull away from the fallen horse, when,
just as the creature's horns were apparently within a
an inch or two of his body, Tom sprang aside like a
cat, and, as the bull went by him on his headlong
plunge, brought his keen hunting knife down, and
hamstrung both legs ! The next instant, the little
fellow was again astride the noble gray, who had re
covered his feet, and stood, like an intelligent creature
as he was, with a firm strain on the. lasso, one end of
which was fast to the loggerhead of the saddle and
the other around the bull's horns. All this occurred
in less time than I have taken to relate it. The bull,
though dragging his hind legs on the ground, was
still a formidable and dangerous enemy; but another
vaquero coming up threw a lasso which caught him
by the heels, and while he was thus held between the
two horses, Tom dismounted and giving one seeming
ly delicate touch of his knife just behind the horns,
' severed the "pith" or spinal cord, and, with but 1
I slight quiver of his huge frame, the "lordly bull'
i was dead. In a few minutes more the hide was off
' and the carcass left, as a perquisite for the wild hogs
j and dogs, of which last there are a great many in
j the mountain, but very shy. v
I The work of 44 driving in" being finished, the pen
! was closed by tying a hide across thentrance, and,
I after a half hour's amusement in lassoing hogs, our
pirty returned to camp, with two or three horses
j laden with the fit meat of the two cows that had
! bolted with Tom's friend, the bull, but had both fal-
len under the vaquero's knife. The next day, and
for several days after, the party returned to the pen
and at their leisure lassoed the cattle one at a time
j and slaughtered them outside the enclosure, until the
; plain was dotted with the carcases and the air ren-
dered fetid from the decaying animal matter. Though
the atmosphere was very dry at this place, yet de-
and ' the Austrians nlaced l,oe77I
000. Three pieces or cannon and t a41 e.
tured from the eiiemv. Tv j w tha
- j ' .
. u A . . .
the purpose of reorganizing itself nf H
3.000 killed and wounded, "nd J?rki
by the enemy? na on ett!
Another dispatch or same dat..
insurgent. The Austrians have e,. : "X
and castle, leaving in their precipitaf m
aud cannon of the army behind them IK
cumbered with prisoners and have tV
trian muskets." , 01 12,0;
A dispatch to the London Post myi- 1
pality of Milan proclaimed King r
and have presented an address in the
Emperor. To-morrow, the Kin win F.'i
into Milan. s 7" Oak,
The following is the Austrian officii 1
Vienna. Monday. June 6 .
A desperate combat took place on s. . M
tween the First and Third, Count Ck?
Prince Lichtenstein's corps darmee
who had crossed the Ticino in consx1
Tbe result of tbe contest was nudfeidri''4 1
test was continued on Sunday. Ourt
themselves upon the enemy's ranks witi1',
showed a valor and persexerance wortl
glorious feats of arms of the Imperial .
is perfectly tranquil. The headqUan!J-
were st ill at Abbiato Grasso. 1 ""J
Viessa. Monday, June 6 n, J
Through the opportune arrival of th, M
te of Field Marshal Clara-Gallns 0n ,? ?T 1
the Austrians were victorious. aft- . 1 rii
the French were thrown back ever tl,.r
The editorial remarks of the Ivn,. -
natnh nAVH :
It now seems probable that thit hnri e.
yet undecided, but that, on the tW, 11 1
have the best of tt. '
m Tbe absence of late dispatches bv )
'tisicriisci oJt3 ;
Doctors wi ll Difkkh. The Polynesian advises
its readers, whet they 44 are caught in a room full of
smoke, instead ofstanding upright and swallowing it
until they are cloked, the best way is to lie down
pon the floor, h which position one may breathe
comparatively ey and, looking underneath the
thick volume of luoko, discover where the door or
the windows are trough which escape may be effect
ed." Hoping out readers may never get caught in
such a 44 thick vijua-e of smoke" as that which our
cotemporary enveipes its, we advise them to stand up
nd run for the ftsh air, rather than lie down and
smoke it out.
44 Oft ix THESsriLLY Night." Our citizens were
treated to a Gnl serenade on Tuesday night. A
party of amateurinstrumental musicians, in a car
riage drawn by fo horses, made the circuit of the
town, discoursin! sweet music. The bright clear
moonlight and 4e cool air make the evenings the
most inviting potion of tbe day, during these hot
ueaivd noiamg licenses trom the Interior Depart-
A. a I . . ..
men in weir rights against the swarm of dealers
on tbe dy, baring no licenses at all, and others
who do a business which their licenses fail to cov
er. These complaints bare been almost entiIw
confined to tU retail liquor dealers, who, Tine
ue itu uib yi 01, jw a year lor a lioeoss, are
justly indignant at Jtbe .inefficiency or willful ne.
lect or government, "which fails to ferret oat and
punish tbe makers of poisonous beer, and keepers
of sly dram 6hops. : ' " :?
'But a recent' change In the license Jaw pub-
Cbcisk or ra- Gambia. We are indebted to Cant
T t .v. t. . . r-
"7" Vl ,ue "e vessel ror a report cf bis cruise,
which will be found under tho head of Shipping
Memoranda. Several new shoals are pointed out by
kdm. one or two wrecks discovered, of which no in
telligence appears to have been before known, and
the correct positions given of all the shoals visited by
him rendering the information given in it exceed
ingly interesting and valuable, relatinr as it does to
a dangerous archipelago of shoals, of which too little
has heretofore been known. The report sneaks for
itself, and shows the Captain to be worthy of the com
mand entrusted to him. A rxrtion of tha rtv.rr
rXc, to '"it till next week for want of space.
T SBSBBaSBBBUSB "
Cr iiiHT abd NcTarrrt:sA finer artiehi Af feorl
a. woerw oe naa than the unbolted wheat meal
r w 'f I" 411 DilL lB Francis U J,
lished in -wother column,) .utoue. th jr.;;, f t fctern f 1 fc.;. T?by sot here l 1 fT.
- .ii-v. - - :-x.i . I .-. ...;-';, ..A , . ."'
Drowsed. Ahtive was drowned at Hilo, on the
morning of the U of August. He was bathing at
the time in the sff, and from some cause, sank aud
was carried out in deep water by the under-current.
His body had noibeen recovered up to the evening
of that day. I
Law NoncEss-The official organ gives notice to
all persons have claims against Henry Turton, to
appear at the oflfe of tbe Police Magistrate in Hono
lulu, August last 12 M. Marshal's sale of all the
rtcI Estate off eter Young Kaeo, at the Court-
bouse in Honohj, Aug. 27, at 12 M.
A BEOiKNiNoj-We notice that coral stone for the
new Custom H?e on the Esplanade, is beginning
to arrive on the ound. The erection of this building
will be the first tp towaids making a practical use
of the wharf lot roperty. '
Ivemovau WIN. Ladd has this week removed
into the new brid building on- Fort street.
gages the hunters, agreeing to pay them at the rate
of $1 25 for each bull's hide, and $1 for each cow's
hide, properly dried and delivered at a certain point
on the mountain. From thence they are conveyed to
Waimea in cart, and after undergoing the process of
salting, are shipped to Honolulu, where they figure
among our list of domestic exports, to a very respect
able amount. During the first two quarters of 1859,
according to the published Custom House statistics,
222,170 lbs.' of hides were exported, mostly. I pre
sume, to the United States, where a faiiv quotation
per Ust mail, would be 25 cents per lb., giving us an
export value of 55,542, wherewith-to help pay our
uebia in ion ana lioston. That the business
is profitable, would appear from the very good prices
paid the hunters, and from the fact that the exports
of hides for the second quarter exceeded those of the
first by five times the quantity in weight. The wild
cattle are ow hunted almost solely for their hide.
and they possess the advantage over those of the tame
herds for the purposes of commerce that they are not
mutilated with the branding iron. Under the present
indiscriminate and systematic slaughter of these cat
tle, by which young and old, male and female, are
hunted alike for the sake of their skins alone, they
have greatly diminished in numbers, and a few years
only will suffice to render a wild bullock a rare sight
where they now flock in thousands. The country
through which they roam is in many parts composed
of fine grazing lands. Thousands of acres could be
devoted to wheat growing, being composed, to a good
depth, of a light, sandy soil, capable of being plowed
with facility. The only drawbacks to this as an agri
cul'ural country, would be, first, the great scarcity
of water, second, the depredations of wild hog3. As
to the first, water no doubt could be found in plenty by
digging; and the hogs would have to be exterminated.
I wonder that some one has not, ere this, purchased
the government right in these hogs, and set up a lard
factory on the mountain. Why would not it pay at
12 cents per lb.. or even for soap grease?
But I started to tell you something a
is no doubt caused in fart by a species of large fly,
which lias the peculiar faculty of voiding a living
! maggot, a quarter of an inch long, which immediate
ly commences to prey on fresh meat as soon as it is
' exposed. I shot a hog one day towards evening in a
gulch some distance from the camp, and returning
1 the next day at noon, I found these interesting crea
tures had "jumped my claim" and were in full pos-
j session of "the entire swine."
; I have spun this yarn quite long esougb, I imagine,
to suit your space or the patience of your readers. I
i will conclude by mentioning that I saw some of my
mountain -acquaintance among the hide hunters on
my arrival at Waimea, whither they had come to dis
pose of about 300 hides, and, after spending the pro
ceeds, would hie to the mountains for more. That's
: the way tne came go. - Hualalai.
SIX DAYS LA I EH FROM EUROPE
The War in Italy !
BATTLE OF MAGEUTA I
life of the hide-hunters. First, for their camp. This
was situated on a side hill, in a grove of koa trees,
that sheltered them somewhat from the trade winds,
which here blow fresh and cold, and furnish? J
them with firewood no small consideration at
By one of those fortunate accidents, which occur
t . . 1 1 -1
: nere sei mm oitener man once in twelve months, we
; were on Cunday last, pl:tced in receipt of European
and New York news, from Panama direct, in advance
of our regular mails via San Francisco,
j The fine clipper ship Vulture, Capt.- Gill. 28 days
. from Panama, arrived off this port on the morning of
: the 7th, and to the courtesy of Capt. Thos. Spencer,
! we are indebted for the perusal of the New York
i Herald, of June 20, the only paper received from the
j The news is interesting and important, though only
I six days later than the telegraphic dispatches receiv
i ed by the Yankee, by way of New Orleans and Te-
huantepec. Our extra, which we issued at 5 o'clock
I Monday morning, contained the most itriportant par
. ticuhirs which we publish below, and add suph items
1 os we can gather from the Herald. .
i The latest r.ews by the Europa, respectinc the
j Austrians in retreat across the Ticino, is fully con
bout the ; firmed. The French crossed the Ticino at Buffalora
'I Ha I inrliin H sr om f 1 &o an . .
last night, that the Government hs.l rav?
rMn ti.o T?..;.;uk i;:. ..."""a
t rench were
Milan, only 12
cing an Austrian victory."
The opinion was becoming current in L
the victory of Magenta was a victory iT
Pronri WPrA flpfolltMl Ami I li - :t H
. . , ' 11 1 1 1 lai n...
miles from M.icents. J
The movement which preceded thefcanw
genta was not slearly 6tated. It was anDou.
the allies were to cross the Ticino with KiW
and it is presumed that the rapij movent
Allies preveuieu tne Ausmiins nt)n) aixi,u
their retreat, and forced theru to accept Uti,
banks of the river.
. Important from Russia.
An important circular from Prince flunui.-J
many, declares, 44 that if Germany e to tt.
Austria, the political equilibrium resnltint J
treaties ty w nivn me urriium .onieiierttiw i
stituted, will be destroyed."
Important from Cermasy,
opening of the Chambers there, th Prtsdd
IhiIIi branches or the L.egiHiative bodj decLrd
vor of war against Louis Napoleon."
and Turbigo'. There was considerable fiirhiinr nt
i both places.
! On the 4th of June, a great battle took place at
! Magenta, 12 miles from Milan.
Napoleon's dispatches claim a decisive victorv, and
. " ll . 1 WW -
says they took 7,000
! Paris was illuminated. He
this elevation. The hut was built of three walls j Austrian prisoners, and placed 12,000 more hors du
Tricks or Tais. An article on our last page
headed 44 Things t their right names," is well worth
a perusal by all dr readers.
Marshal's SaL By notice in another column.
it will be seen tht a sale of Real Estate in Nuuanu
street, takes phvd to-day.
The British mrliament commenced its session
on the 7th, whel the Queen in person delivered
the following speeti : 1
Mr Lords ad Owtlkmev T nn m.uir :v. ...i..t
In the present anxioe state of pnblic affairs, of the advice of mr
J, ""J"'1 h'cb. Itev sum mooed to met with the least pes.
i We d-lay. 1 bavelirected that papers shell be laid before
you rrom which 700 rill team how earnest and unceasing have
been my endeavors tDreserva tha hmm nt It'll wvs-lA riasa mirt .
deevors have unKJQ y failed, and war has been declared he-
ranee ana Sardinia d one side, and Antw n tiu nh
eetvtnr assurances otrriendship from both tho eont jndlns; par
ties, I intend to maiain between them a strict and impartial
neutrality, and I hori with Oods asuixtanr to Z
people the blesslnge continued peace.
Considering, howiver. the nmwn t.t ,x v,,-.-- t ..
oeenied It necessary b the security of my dominions and the '
honor of my crown b increase my naval forces to an amount
exceeding that whicl has been sanctioned by Parliament. I
rely with coaadenc4oa vnar ennlial www 4. ,u
cautionary measure 4 defensive policy. -Tbe Kins; of -the Two
HeiUes, baring- anntfinned to me the death of the King, bis
ill ' hi mrn esslon, I have tbooirht, in eoneert with
ttie Emperor of Franct, to renew my diplomatic intercourse with
tbe Cos of NsDlea whleh had hewn mammmAm .v. 1-.-
reign. AU my otter relations continue on a perfectly satis
fectory footing. f .
of 6tone, open to tbe south, the roof furroed of koa
logs, plastered on the outside with dry grass and
mud. The ground was covered with hides for a
flooring, and perfectly swarmed with fleas of enor
mous size and bloodthirsty dispositions. In front,
within a few feet of the sleeping places, a large' fire
was constantly kept burning, and all around, for an
acre or so, the ground was covered with drying hides.
In the hut, within a space of about 15 by 20 feet,
some twenty-nve or tnirty native vaqueros round a
sleeping place by night, and a place to play cards in
by day when not engaged in tbe chase. Near by
was their "corral," an enclosure of sticks and hides,
containing some sixty horses, all owned by natives,
and which had been collected for a grand "drive in,"
to take place on the morrow. This I will attempt to
Early in the morning, I repaired to the camp of
the bullock catchers, and found them to tbe number
of thirty or forty, including three native women,
ready mounted for the start. And an odd looking
company it was. The men wore mostly flannel shirts.
as did the women, but while some few had hats, the
majority were bareheaded, with thin, long elSn locks,
confined by a gay-colored handkerchief, and stream
ing behind in the wind, gave them a wild Indian-like
appearance. I he inseparable learner leggings and
huge spurs, with each a lasso, completed the outfit,
and. mounted on their lean and scraggy but well
trained horses, they galloped off to the corral or pen
to which the bullock, collected from the mountain.
were to, be driven. This is identical with the contriv
ance which is made use of by some of the western
Indians, and also, as described in Livingstone's
avels, by the negroes of Africa to entrap the buffalo
and other wild animals. The pen, which generally
encloses a half an acre, is built square of strong posts
and rails," and from the narrow entrance a long line
of fence gradually diverges like the upper half of the
letter T, extending its arms out towards the mountain
from which the cattle are to be driven. Stationing
myself at the farther end of the pen, I waited to see
the sport. Our horsemen, separating to the right
and left, made a long detour and were soon out of
sight among the round hills which are so numerous
on the sides of Mauna Kea. After waiting about an'
hour, we spied a great cloud of dust some three or
four miles op the mountain side, and here came at a
full galley several hundred bead ef cattle of all sixes
closely pursued by a semicircle of vaqueros, driving ;
we Kims rtgni aown tor t-corrai. Asthey rapidly
approached the arms of tU trap, the ground shook
TUB INEWS ITtOM I'.CBOPE fUDHC rXpW
been on tiptoe for the first great battle brtJ
allied forces and the Austrians in Italy, life
at last ; and now the great question U, wit! J
submit to reason, and give up her bajimes!
rule in the Lombardo-Venetian province)!
neutral Powers will make great efforts to britf
a specific arrangement, but will they taeettl
From the imperfect and conflicting acwrJ
we have received it is evident that a tenet
flicts have occurred, all leading to the Bta
at Magenta, in which more than thrw h
thousand men were engaged. The sW
great, but it does not appear that the resit e
cisive: Milau had risen against tlx AminJ
the French had not entered that citv. ThtH
that Louis Napoleon claims to have was tit J
trophies of a decisive batt!, and the Awn
counts admit only a series of encounter witi
ing succe-is. Thus far it does not look utk
French claim, or the Austrians admit thttiri
ing battle of tbe campaign had been foatk
it may be, is reserved lor the great tarn
they hold fortified E the strong position! A
cheiaa, Mantua, Verona and Ltgnano. Iftbl
case, the ettort 01 tne neutrals mu-i vg
Doned for a timer
The struggle there will be a bloodvtirfa
one. fcvery enon win oe. moae oy ecn 01
gerents to bring its vast military power to ft
and the opening battle, with 300.000 an,t
bow great the final struggle must be.
can stamp armies out of the earth," wwth
boast cf one of her statesmen, and Fmdcm
the fame. The electric telegraph aad ttient
enables each to bring up its forces with ptu
ity, and they will be used to their utnu-t cut
These are the grounds upon which we a.asd
plate the political effect of the battle of Marn:
That Austria will refuse to admit that it sn
we cannot doubt. She is not only harJetiei
theory cf government by the lapse of centum
ner rewiurers nro buii inioct, uer loniurapt
not yet "taken, her confidence in the ciiiniri
ance of Germany secure, and her belief in
Europe will yet rise to resist the rvapnlennwiH
With a partial victory, when his prestii('
his dynasty af stake and his resources tluni
is not probable thnt Louis Napoleon will be d i
to recede from tne high position hehnstat
Italy must be free to the Adriatic Even if!
were no other stimulus upon him, the rismr ft
tions around bun must urge him on, so'Jeri
him that a struggle has begun which wou!li
be ended even if be were to withdraw froam
test. Austria could not restore her rale a
without a struggle of the most sanzuio irrcluH
which would shock the whole of Luror,
Under tbese circumstances it does not sot
that the pacific efforts of England nml Pm4
realize the hopes that are entertained w
some Quarters. It is well known that at tne 1-1
ence of Paris Austria refused to r.ermit tbeistf
tion of any motion relating to Italv: nJ noikKi
yet occurred to indicate that she is more N
submit her claims in this renect to a conSrci
plomatists, or even to a Congress of EurvjwX
reigns, rsetore tins can take psace ne m n
great reverses, and incur great huroili'itiwi- 1
may come out of the present wnr ; bat I
can come, the strofrirle. thruicli it mnv liestf
, - r- - . 1
must be of ths hnsl HpsnomtA r h;iracler. H 1
as Europe has never seen. The gre it armies 1
first Nsnnlmn ami hiu nnfi(ronif4 wiw'tl'"'
the shade bv those which mav vet r aiweJ
each other before this war is ended, and tK
of the diplomatists must abide their shock-"'
combat, besides capturing three cannon and two
The French loss is stated by the Emperor at 3,000
The Austrians took one cannon.
The French General Espinosse was killed, and
Marshal Canrobert wat mortally wounded.
Five French Marshals and Generals were wounded.
General McMahon was made a Marshal of France
and Duke of Magenta.
General Baraguay d'Hilliera has been superseded
in hia command by General Forev.
Milan was ins irgent, and had declared in favor of
the King of Sardinia.
The Austrians had retired from Milan but th f'mi,,t,ff th-ve named .left-n.lHni. fi
Fmirli h,l ininWn;l !. uul lM I thousand nine huolred and tweutynsix y0 UK)
r rench had not occupied it. fxp,w for le Ht Aactioa ,,e i-fw...
nuuiuis, premium ax raria, represent the French
loss at Magenta at 9,000 to 12.000 men
The forces engaged ate reported as 150,000 to
180,000 Austrians and 100,000 to 130,000 French.
The Austrian accounts speak of a 44 series of bat
tles with varying success on both sides, but still un
decided up to the night of the 6th, with great losses
on both sides."
The Austrians admit that they had four Generals
and five staff officers wounded.
It was reported that General Hess commanded the
Austrians, and also that the EiiiDeror NinnU.
tially commanded the French.
The latest rumors detracted from the alleged
French victory. s
It was believed that proposals for peace would be
made if tbe French entered Milan.
The following is the first announcement of the great
battle fought on the 4th instant, by telegraph from
ypetrsn te I he Emprrw.
Nov aba, June 4th, 11.30 P. MJ
A great victory has been won at the bridge of
Magenta five thousand prisoners have been taken
fifteen thousand of the enemy are killed or wounded
The deUils will be dispatched by telegraph.
The above was published in Paris on Sunday the
?hi,.nH e?eni,? Vhat ,he cDnn
the Hotel des In val ides' unnminl a. :.
and the citv was brilliantly illuminated.
On the following day f Mondavi tha
published the following dispatches from
The Eneperer te the Eewpreeew
v . . Magenta, June 5th, 1859.
iestcrday. our armv waa n .
on M.lan, across the bridges thrown over the Ticino.
Z IF' lbe PepiMM" m well executed, al
though the enemy, who had rr.wt 1,- '
frw6' oBree,1 a moet taemnel resistance,
the road way was narms mnA a..-; .u L
tm..j.i a . . . """us n nourw toe -
Imperial Guard sustained unsupported the shock of
rnirm7',r In be General McMahon
made himself master of Mrnt r "
conflicts, we repulsed tho enemy at every point, wirt,
a loss on our side of 2,000 men.
Tbe loss of the enemw la hi!imiI as it aa .,.
...... ..S A S V ,
Before the Hon. K. 11. Allen. Chief Juii ice
Kv virtue nfi rWraa l...,t r ih. Siinretrw Ci1
and Equity f the Hawaiian Islamls, in fa v.-1 tlK
piaiuuu iituini uie anve namefl ierrnmm. n ,j
-1 . a . . . a ......a MTU.
a ras mihi rn a na n is nn M,mia a s.a asts, . m j iu u ,
o'clock Doai.t mil the right, t'itle and iuu-rcst of (he
I an! smguUr the m-Mrj
In the morttnire t the o"f
re tlrscriheil as follow'.
set forth and described In
mi. cause, niea ana tncre 1 nuriha as khiowp,
All that certain piece of land situate In IIhI "J! 1
of Ouhu. beinir the iiunf lot Ka. -2 granted l'f R"'
&aiO. dated 19th January, 1858, to Geor W'!kin4,"4
on the North side of Nuuanu street, in Hom-ltl swwj.
In saiJ Korsl Patent more fullv drribed. a run""
alonjf Nuuanu strevt, and coataininfr an arcs "f '"irf-J
omt, with all the richta. members and apturenn u
belonging', and all houses, erections, building
menus . ,J
Unless the said decree, ensta ot suit and mr I
slons l previously satisfied. .. u.m;1i
W. C. PAKat,."- 1
Marshars Office, Honolulu, Jnly 9. 1S59-
ISJ-lt . w. C. PAiiKMi1
Notice ! J
ON THE 30TII OP Jl'LY. t9?Z?a
Part Of the Gon-rnm,.! I vrantMl t 0. t. h " .1 i
titm rinkl ... .1 a. ... , ..nM9wat A
Uovernment Lands in the Districts of Kohhla, ''imr
Puna. Kan r, LT o . i,.n. tbe tx"r"r
tides for their own use, will not be molested, but j
nyht to sell to others. ' ' ' i I
itness my signature this 2d day of hnoUr
NOTICE is herehv rtrn fhat I have tmn,'rnr rf
and interest in the above grant to Abel Harm
for themselves tha tbrnMitmrd articles, asrrtr1",.
I tenor of said eranU flSiUm) Cy
THE UNDERSIGNED, LilCEXSJpL,
IHVUWM f.tf. tk. I.l.iul Ar ik.krt arirftlll fn - '
their charxet from the Ut of August will be th "L9i
with the additional charge of one per cent , f?VKRf
: ; j. r.-vkj
IXoooIuln. A us;. 1
'i - iiuiu ura uuTcrunaitt F'Kt
"3 applying to tne undersigned.
to r.-r.T i
THE STORE ATI) PREMISES
occupied by the orr4 ltd. Apply " v IS'
'ItliBvl TV mif taey waj aid. ere:
XAwr-V-?4aka prlmsrs are at 1 ' Mi'
, .Cwrt BomJe,ett,
' Zoo i l