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NORTH PACIFIC WHALEMEN'S LIST.
Fall Season, 1861.
J. W. Morgaa
. " 4
J. r. Wart (bk),
-a A . AUloU FaJlfteasoa's
S g g . Voyage. Beport.
'2 f !
J 5 - f P Wt p ! Wh Boo-
ISfiO ! B Arctic , 25 4SO 24 324 4000
VIS Oeh'k j Ml WJO....I SO 12U
!a Homo 1 liiliuO 1M H 6u00
1M Eaaaa Oeh'k I 1300 ; MM) fcOCW
ISiT r 11 Arctic 112 2000 112 60 10OOK
30 .... ...
M l lTOOtl
1V N B 'Arctic
ii7 r u si zu
ISM lloao Oeh'k '.
Ii9 Jl It Arctic
I ! I
lM K B Oeh'k
ISM N B Ocn'k i
lftM 31 B :
IVA M t Arctic ,
140 Havre ,
luiU N B Ocn'k .
1MW Kdrar ...... .
IVXt M B Oeh'k
lUitt S B 'Arctic .
lWe'llrem Oeh'k .
ISM N B
Ia If B Arctic
lb.SJ B Ucb'k
... 300 SUUO
..Z700.... SkU lluuo
1&T N B Arctic
1WW !f B Arctic
1 F II Ucb'k ,
IWw'N B Arctic,
lltt.Ilooo Oeh'k ..
Och k '
...! oo m
: ooo WW
Arr off HoacJula Nov 11 ; l'd lsih t- Liue At Arctic
Arr at lionmiala i 24 ; si' J Nov IS for N Z k home
Arr at Honolulu Nov 18
Arr at Ilonntala Nov 7
Arr at Hooolula Oct 27
Arr IlifcOrt 16 ; I'd fas Una. Nov SU.tZk boaM
Arr at .-loouiota Oct 10 ; al'l Nov is to cruise ttvaoc
Arr at I'ooolola Nov 7
Arr U Uxtolula Oct Z0
Arr !! to Oct 28 ; ti' 'm Unci. Nov 12 to cr'a? A- home
Arr at llunululu Out 2S ; al'a Nov 11 fur N Z boue
On the Ocbotik Ort aJutt
Arr at Honolulu Nov 1
Uwt rVpt &, in Arctic, 2i nile 8.W. Point FrankliD
Arr at Honolulu Nov 14
Oo the Arctic 8-pt 15, clean
Arr at Lahaina Oct & ; off lioooluiu Nov 16
Arr at lltioolula Oct 24
Arr at Honolulu Nov 7
fpoken Hr 4. TM lirto will winter In PVvr Bay
Arr at Honolulu Oct 25 ; li'd Nov a tr Chile tL horse
Arr 11 lio Nor 2; ai'd In lion 17th for Cal coast A buue
130 2800 SO 1000 ISOOOj Arr HonrJolu Oct 24 ; I'd 13th r Cat eoaat borne
iM 6UU .,
Arr at lionolahi Nov 7
On the Ochotak Oct 7," with 900 brla boiling
.. 1000 1&000) Arr at Hilo Ort 22
ow now Arr at llooolala Oct if t i 4 or I, tor Uoe r nocoe
759 8O00I Arr at Sao fraix-wco Oct T7
.. 14U0 00 Arr Hilo Oct 16 1 al'a fm lion Nov 18 for WM k Arc.
1000 14UO0 Arr at Honolulu Nov 24
1859 : If B
I AM Brtsa
H5 !t B
I I I I
1500 I 30& '
250 700 6UH0
200 2UO 15O0
180 1100 13000
; Havre Arctic .... 150C .... .... ckam
It S Oeh'k j 1901000, M 400 SOOC
ma im ai
1859 N B
145 N B
1847, J B
1850 JT B
30 400 S000
80 1450 18000
70 150 2000
I I 1 M I
; B 1 150 700....
1858 1 N
1858 N B
1858! N B
, 65 1900 .
I I I
1859 Bono 'Arctic ....1500.
I ' I
'X B Arctic 2002800
1856' M B
1858 M B
1880 N B
18M N B
1889, N B
1857 ,S B
1857 1 0
SO 2100 ,
... 7O0 7000
..." 40O 8000
25 7O0 6500
.... Aw 700O
... TOO 8009
1858' N n
1858, N B
154 !f B
1858 M B
1856 H B
1458 M 1.
IMO H B
1851 N B
1867. BT B
18M W n
1856 N B
1860 U B
I860 N B
.. 400 6000
100 3100 ,
, 1200 16000
Arr Ink. Oct 16 ilM fm Hon. 29th for Chile hnroe
Arr at Hooolo A of 12 ; (I'd same day fhr coast Chile
Arr at HikBpt 20 Hon. Oct 6; sl'd 7th for N Zeal'd
Arr at Hooolula Nov 7
Arr at Honolulu Nov 1 ; put hark on tbe 26th. V-akiog
An at Honolulu Nov S ; sl'd 23d fur botoe direct
Arr at llooolala Oct 24
Arr at Hontu Oct 22 soiJ into the merchant service
hailed Oct 21, for California Coast
Arr at Honolulu Bept 27 al'd Nov 5 fur CaL coast
Arr at San francisco Oct 20
Arr at Honolulu Nov 7
Arr at llooolala Nov 7
Arr at lahaina Oct 25 ( off Honolulu, Nov IS
On th Ochnttk A or 1, with 3 ripsacka
Arr at San Francisco Oct 24
Arr at Uito Nov 9 ; at Honolulu tbe 25tb
Arr at Ban Francisco Oct 29
the Ocbctak Oct 21, with 1200 brla
Arr at Honolulu Oct 27
Arr at Honolulu Ort 24
Arr Hilo Oct 24 ; sl'd fm II Nov 18 for Wd k Japan
Arr at Lahaina Nov 14, at Honolulu the 224
Arr at Honolulu Nov 1
Arr at lahaina Nov 8 j off HoolIuIu the 26th
Arr at Lahaina Nov 7 1 Honolulu the loth
Oa tbe Ochotsk Oct ZlfuU
Arr at Hilo Ort 20
Arr at Honolulu Nov 7
Arr Hik) Oct 25 -, 1M fm Hon Nov 18 for W'd Arc
Arr at lion lulu Oct 24 ; al'd Nov 2o for Melbourne
Arr at Honolulu Ort 24 sl'd Nov 20 fur CaL coast
Arr at Honolulu Oct 27 ; sl'd Nov 16 for N Z 4 home
Arr at Lahaina Ort 23 Honolulu the 25U
Arr at Honolulu Nov 2
Arr at Honolulu Oct 12
Arr at llonotu Oct 25 ; sl'd Nov for Chile k home
Arr at Hon la Ort 13 sold into the merchant service
Arr at Honolulu Nov 7
Wrecked oa the Katt chore, May 22, lat. U 60 N.
100 to 2O00V I Arr at Honolulu Oct 7
'Ot K.jO, Ktr at lloootula Ort 24
... 1 00 Anr Lh. Oct ; sl'd ta Ilott. Nov 12 la eft bocM
' i I
340 22 tO .
e ioo :
I I I
.1.... 105O ....
, . . . clean
. ; Hilo Oct 36 i of Honolulu Nov 25
Arr at Honolulu Ort 25 ; al'd Nov 6 for N Z home
Arr at lli!o Oct 26 ; off Honolulu Nov 20
Arr at Honolulu Oct 23
Arr at lahaina Oct 23 i TJ Nov 7 to cruise borne
At KingamUl Group Aug 1, with 120 brla
OF TU ALESI1IPS L OTHER VESSELS
04)DOPrPERIOk QCALITr CAN
ba ksv4 at KOUOA, at fo Bar cord , fresh Beef at tc
ahe.a3 aer head. and Ooats at 1 AO ahead.
raitaaad Vrgetshlea of rarioua kinds can be procured At
rr Weed always en hand at the beach la quaatitiea to emit
(207-Iy) UBOBU CILABJuAN.
PEARL RIVER SALT.
WE HATE CO fc" ST A XTLT OX UAKP
Kak rrma tbe Pearl Biver salt Works, both coarse sad
Bae. Qaaotiliea to suit, at the lowest market rates. Also,Ka
wsihae rotators, la qoantitr-s la suit, and delivered at ahorteat
otic. ariLCOX, BICHABDII A- CO.,
381-8aa Queen street.
Yellow Metal. and
Wanted at aiffceat Barkat rairs, by
27-3aa 3. C SPALDING.
mm GROCERIES !
Expected per bark " Comet !
PfttXTOXk MCRRII.E.S rM6 Pwan,
CaJitornia Sage in tioa,
. Lee k. rertirui Worecster Sauce pts.,
. Do. do. do. 4 pts.,
Frab Canary Seed,
Clark' Corn Starch,
Frencb Moatard, .
Prune. La Bulk,
California Smoked Beef.
Billings Segar Cared liame,
Humboldt Bay Potatoes,
Kztia Family California Flour,
a sk s flsaWavnoinul
HONOLULU, OAflir, II. I.,
rmt for roR sals, at the low
EST MA BUT BATES, tbe fouowinc asooruamt of arr
Bay Blast Uswtm, boar Glass.
MAPI OP TUB UNITED STATES.
Bart Shot, hoses Needles, Measurlof Tapes,
SO LAB LAMP CHIMNEY0,
Pick A sea,
Iraa BeaWAMaW. Oae faUa Table,
Larre Cai passes. Copper Puaapa, Boat Coappaeaea, Uonr MaU
f AIEBANK-S PLATFORM SCALES.
Top Bails, '
ANCHORS aid CHAIN.
One sup. Patent Force Pump, Assorted bnrlf Hardware.
Brand' Whaling Uses,
On Brown's WhaUsff Oun and Irons, one set iron scrap
Cuttlae Blocks, with chaia pendanta. Minrinr Maebinea, Boat
Ancnors, Iron Bowiocka. superior New Bedford Wbakrcoata.
Oil. CASKS AlfD SIIOOKS.
Ears aiaaart't Maallai mmd If raaai Carslacr.
Cat tin Fall.
- Wbafcr Lteas. -
. Coapoaitlon Sheathlnf Nails,
Composition Copperimj Nails,
- Key Cut Nails.
280-3u c, Ae., r.
Views of Honolulu !
ALL PERSON. VISITING OR RKSIIIG
on these Islamls, should not fail to aend a set of ti. H.
atarBwwa View, mf llasialala totlieir friends abroad,
as lacy will convey by far a better idea of the scenery. Habits,
Customs, etc., of this place than any works or prints ever pub
liabed. To be had of K. BL KUK.H?,
118-c23 Fort street
Oa hand and for sale by
MHa C. BREWER A CO.
SUGAR a nOLASSES !
From tbe Plantation or J. MAKEE,
EAST DVC-A-XJI 2
CROP OF 1SG1.
For tale by (283iu) C. BREWER A CO.
KADAIEEEF! KAUAI EEEF!
Iflr. JBrncst Krnll.
THE FIRST SHIPMENT OF THIS SfPE
rinrandairrady well-known article, put apineven packaers
of VM lbs. each, has Just been received and Is offered forsasr by
tbe unuVraicncd. voa HOLT A U KI CK,
2Sl-2ai Corner of Fort and Merchant Streets.
Jl'ST RECEIVED AND FOR SALE BY
75 Bbls, Hawaiian Beef,
Warranted, Packed and Cured in Turk's Inland Salt
380-4 CIIA8. BREWER, Co
SUGAR AND MOLASSES!
From the BREWER PLANTATION,
Now coming in, and for sale by
C BREWER 2d.
B'laoluhj, July 1. 1861. 3?0-o
IRON PLOWS, HAT CUTTERS.
Ox Yokes. seed Planters,
Oz Bows, Cane Cutters,
Uraia Cradles, Uardeo RoTlrrs,
Planters Hore, Wbeelharrows.
Cultlvalors' Teeth, Orindstoocs,
Garden Bakes. For sale by
380-e C. Bit kWk.lt A CO
A FEW ONLY LEFT. WILLI A MS slowkle
thread, new patent sewine Machines, simple in construc-
eioo, ornamental, liebt and el.-want, not liable to ret oat of order,
tvery taauiy anouM be supplied with one. For sale ty
280-q C. BREWER A CO.
ONLY TWO LEPTr-MlDE BY S.D1 II.
W. ftnitb b !e Instruments Mr very rich and heavy in
tone and admirably adapted for churches. For sale by
280-0 C. BREWKK CO.
KECS HIGHLY OLAZED POWDER,
Cases Indian Kitle Powder,
For sale by (isO
C. BREWER A CO.
To Beef Packers.
ri AT- BBLS. TURK'S ISLAND SALT
AV i half bbis. saltpetre. For sale by
C. BRhWKR A CO.
1 Fancy case Piano Forte, 6J ocl.,
1 Half-round " 6 "
from the manufactory of Mesrs. Hallrtt A Cams ton, wbose in
struments have aa unequalled reputation for sweetness of tone.
elegance and perfection of mechanical enrtstrurtion.
C. BREWER A- CO-,
The -A. toll of Ebon, at Xarshall Islands.
Suar and Sjrop Kegs.
AND 8 CAL. EMPTY
For sale by (WO-u)
C. BREWER A CO.
Butter ! Butter !
THE UNDERSIGNED HERE
with intra their customers, and the public in
KeneraL that, having succeedet! In makinrar
ranrrmenu f. tbe rerular supply of FKEiH
KEALIA B LITER from E. Kruil's dairy, ark now led red as the
rest butter an the islamla. we are now prepared to furnish cod.
slant ly Ibis article. tn) T. MiWMiS tuS.
T J ft
a, Ehoo ; , Kle ; e, Eniaithok ; d, Kennkumlah; r, Eri Moo ; , Remrol : g, Koie ; A, Minlak ; i, Enear j j, Enikaiori ; k,
Riri , Toko j aa, Bikri -, n, Bivilil j o, Aneming ; p, Enilu i , Iu ; , Jurith ; t, Eui AnnUh i a, Wai-thok4bok ; v. Hie
Kotnll ay, Morelab. Mision Station opioaite tbe anchor.
Remarks upon the Atoll of Eboa,
BY BEY. E. T. DOANE.
We will begin our remarks upon the Atoll
of Ebon by referrinrr in a general way, first,
to that section of Micronesia which em bra
ces it, known as the Marsluxlt Islands. The
name is that given by Krusensten in honor
of Capt. Marshall who made the first dis
coveries there in company with Capt. Gil
bert. J he discoveries date back seventy-
two years; the nrst island was seen in 1 ,bo,
the last being discovered only in 1S24.
The whole group lies within the longi
tudes 16G and 172 cast, and 4 39
and 12 north latitude. Of the atolls of
the group, some are large, measuring forty,
hlty, and sixty miles in circumference, while
others are mere bank-reefs, two or three
miles in circumference. Of the large islands,
we may mention Jaluit or lionham s, Uimski
Korsakoff, or Rong-rik and Hong-lab, and
MiUe or the Mulgrave Islands. Of the mere
bank-reef?, we may mention Kili or Hunter's
and Lib or I rxncess Island. And we would
here remark, perhaps no group of the Pa
cific presents a more tangled mass in the
nomenclature of its islands, than does th
Marshall Islands, and especially the Kalik
range. Some of the terms we have given
above may perplex the reader as he attempts
to trace them out on ordinary charts.
ine Marshall islands are divided by a
deep sea about one hundred and fifty miles
wide into two chains the Eastern or Jia
aak, and the western or lialik. J heir gen
eral bearing is N.W. and b.L. Ihe Eas
tern chain possesses thirteen atolls and the
western sixteen. The general features of
these atolls are similar to those of most co
ral islands. They are low the reef-rock in
none proDarjiy measuring more than ten or
twelve inches in elevation. In form, how
ever, there is much diversity. M'dle or Mul
grave island is nearly a parallelogram
Majuro or Arrowsmitb, is oval ; hbon circu
lar while Jaluit h or Bonham's Island and
Arlinglab-lab or Elmore Islands, and many
others, are without any definite forms.
The atoll3 vary in fertility. Those south
of 8 north latitude possess, from all na
tive accounts, the most fertile islets and the
most available soil. Their fertility may be
accounted for from the fact, that more rain
falls upon them. They are more affected by
the equatorial belt of " constant precipita
tion which is ever oscillating backwards
and forwards over them. Dead leaves and
wood rapidly decay.
It is an interesting fact, anomalous to the
general features of coral islands, vide Dana's
Coral Isl.ind p. 24 that the leeward side of
these islands possesses the largest body of
land. Indeed the windward side of many
ot these islands is entirely destitute of land
or possesses it only in small islets. On
M'dle or Mulgrave Islands and Majuro, Ar
rovesmith, Jaluiih, Bonfiam's Islands and Ebon
Islands, which the writer has visited, this is
emphatically true. The windward side of
Majuro is possessed only of small islets,
while the leeward side is one continuous
strip of land, twenty-five miles long. Jahiith
is much like this; perhaps, however, it has
not so continuous a piece of land on the
leeward side though there is here the most
fertile soil. On Ebon this is likewise true.
An explanation of this fact may perhaps be
found in the strong winds the "IN. E
trades" sweeping with all their force for one
half tbe year over these reefs. These strong
winds and the heavy sea they raise, tend to
sweep off the material which might accumu
late there ; and bearing some portion on across
the lagoon to the leeward side is there lodged,
and helps forward most rapidly the accumu
lation of the " beach formation.
The fact has been stated, that the northern
atolls of the Marshall Islands are rather sub
siding than otherwise; vide Dana's Coral Is.,
p. 134. It may be asked, is this not rather
apparent than real ? May not the small
amount of wooded land found there for this
the basis of this statement be owi
in Mi- I is said also that what must then have been
the barrier reef possessed land, which is now
Ebon islet. The present passage is twelve
or fourteen fathoms deep, and at the inflow
ing and outflowing of the tide has neces
sarily a very strong current, being the only
outlet for the whole lagoon when the waters
are lower than the reef. As it flows in
against a strong wind, its presence may be
traced quite across the lagoon, from the rip
ple of the waters and the white caps. The
reef-flats near the passage in the lagoon are
being covered with sand and other coral de
bris the nucleus of some future islet. The
small coral patches in the lagoon are all
covered with a few inches of water at low
Ebon is the largest islet on the reef, as
shown on the accompanying sketch and
gives name to the whole atoll. Its length
from point to point is about eight miles. A
singular feature is found upon it, a ledge of
coral conglomerate. The map by the sign
presents its position. On the north end
of the islot it projects itself free from all soil
or sand ; and its course as marked, can easily
be traced by its repeated outcropping. The
land which lies on the sea side is of con
siderable more recent formation than that
on the lagoon side. The difference is very
perceptible. The ledge or embankment was
formed, no doubt, mainly from the wash of
the lagoon. This is seen from its lamina
tion sloping that way. It undoubtedly
served an important purpose in catching and
holding the finer materials thrown up from
At the b.W. bend of the islet the surface
is quite uneven, hills and vales in miniature
form and size show themselves. They are
formed no doubt by the drift of the sand
blown up into little hillocks. From its elbow
round to the N.E. point the islet possesses
but little soil. It is however covered with a
quite heavy growth of bushes and trees, all
possessing a very rich and deep green color
and this is indeed characteristic of the
foliage of the whole island. It has none of
that sickly yellow, half nourished hue, which
we find upon many coral islands -those
especially of the Kingsmill group. On Ebon
all the growth is beautiful. Ihere is sou
and rain enough to nourish well the tropical
I have not been able to obtain an exact
classification of the plants of this atoll. More
than fifty distinct species, however, will be
found. We will mention some which enter
chiefly into the support of native life. The
Artocarpus is represented by some eight or
ten varieties, one, the A. integrifolia and
the rest A. incisa. The Pandanus odor at is-
simus is represented by some twenty varie
ties. Its fruit enters largely into the native
food. It is prepared in large rolls enclosed
with its own leaf, and may be kept for
years, ihe cocoanut (Coco nucrfera) is
represented by some ten varieties, distin
guished only by the nut. Two varieties of
taro (Arum esculentum) is quite plentifully
grown. It is raised in large beds prepared
somewhat for it. These beds differ from
those found on the Kingsmill Islands. They
are not as there, excavations carefully worked
out and good soil prepared and worked in.
They seem in a measure to be natural ex
cavations, perhaps the sunken hollows be
tween hillocks. These hollows with some
little preparation would answer the purpose:
at least their origin at this day is un
known. If a native be asked concerning
them, he invariable refers them to the work
of spirits. Around rhe margin of these
arum patches, are grown bananas in quite
plentiful crops. And the larger islets have
just sufficient to raise oranges and figs, which
the missionaries are now growing.
This atoll is the home for a few varieties
of birds. But in this feature of the island.
the contrast is as wide between the "low
coral" island and tlie "high volcanic" one
as between their natural features. The
high islands of Micronesia are largely sup
plied with the feathery tribe, but this atoll
can claim only a very lew birds and with
two or three exceptions these are all water
fowl. There are a few Columbidse, Carvo-
phaga oceanica, which manage to elude the
keen search of the natives. These birds are
occasionally heard cooing away in the tops
of some quite isolated bread-fruit tree. A
Cuculus gives forth occasionally its sharp
whistle and these, with the addition of
another land bird whose species I have not
been able to learn are all the feathery
songsters this atoll can claim.
The shores of the reef at low tide, and the
bare rocks, are a little enlivened by the
brown and white Heron. Small flocks of
snipe Scoiopax) gather on the sand bars
individuals are running along the
beach picking up food. An occasional plover
(Charadrius) is to be seen. Sea swallows
(Sterna Stolia and Sterna Minutia) are
skimming the waters of the lagoon or resting
on the beach. A Booby (Ltda) now and
then is seen sailing over the island. His
home is unknown to the natives. His want
of caution is clearly seen in the easy way a
native will ascend a tree in which the bird is
roosting and with a slipnoose capture him.
An interesting explanation of the origin of
the single variety of the Cuculus is given by
the natives so skillful hat this bird been in
concealing its birth-place. As the natives
hnd it only full grown they say that it is
born and nourished in the clouds and falls to
the earth of full size.
At least five species of reptiles are found
on the atoll. Four are of the Lacertinidae
and one, Geckotidae. The Gecko readily
domesticates himself, and lives upon the
house flics and gnats he finds. The Lacer
tinidae find their homes on trees and bushes.
The varieties of insects are interestingly
rather to the heavy seas and winds which
there prevail ? The natives ever sneak of
the heavy winds of that latitude, 12 N.
Islands have been desolated by them. We
iVel disposed to offer this as a solution of the
Another tact, we would state as common
to the whole group is the existence of large
ship channels on almost every side of the
lagoon, miiie possesses lour large ones
three of them, and one, the largest of all,
on the windward side. Jaluit n has its reel
pierced by as many and much in the same
position. While Majuro has its channel on
tbe windward side only, and Ebon on the
leeward; we cannot speak of more from per
sonal observation though the natives say
the other islands possess many channels and
in much the same position of those above
With these remarks upon the general fea
tures of the Marshall Islands, we proceed to
remark: upon the atoll of Ebon.
Ihe position ot this atoll is 4 39 north
latitude, 16S 4 30" east longitude. This
is the position, from the anchorage of the
Morning Star in the Lagoon. The atoll is
the most southern one of the Ralik range.
It was discovered May 25th, IS24, by Capt.
George Kay, who named it Boston Island.
In 1SJ4 Capt. Covel thought it a new dis
covery, when it took his name, by which it
is often called. Ihe atoll is nearly circular
and measures some twenty-five miles in
circumference. Except the passage on the
west side of the reef, there is no other, not
even a boat passage, in the whole circum
ference of the atoll. The reef, however, at
full tide, can be crossed by native craft.
x nere is a iraaition mat once a passage ex
isted, of sufficient capacity to admit ships,
on the N.E. side, and that it was destroyed
however by some powerful spirit, in his rage,
and the present passage opened.
ihe natives possess also an interesting
idition concerning the existence of a fiigh
island as baring once occupied the most of the the parasite Pediadus, disgustingly numerous
uiguuu. ii is sam uiui 1211 nius, covered wiin 1 in me neaus 01 natives: a large size Liioei
I ,r -. , . 1.1 1 Itt n . .. ,
oreau-iruu ana cocoanut, reareu tnemseives nuia, aragon ny, is quite numerous, and a
where now the flats in the lagoon exist. I I few of the diurnal and nocturnal Lenidop-
numerous. It might seem as though these
atolls, so comparatively recent in their origin,
would be but feebly represented by any va
rieties of animal life. But the entomologist
will find here not an
uninteresting field of
study. Ihe most common kind of insect
tera are found. Of ants and mosquitoes and
flies there are large swarms. Of the adez
there is probably a new kind, which might
be called diurnal culex. They are very
small and almost as numerous as those more
commonly seen at night. Of Scolopendra
Centipedes there are many to be found and
of rather formidable size though we rarely
hear of their biting any one.
There are several varieties of Spiders.
The scorpion, though found on the atoll, is
small and harmless.
The Crustacea are numerous on land and
in the water. We seem to have a great
abundance of the Paguridce hermit crabs.
I have thought they were more numerous on
these coral islands than on the volcanic ones.
The Mollusca too are abundant. Some
rare specimens are found. The orange cowry
is common to some of the Lagoons. Zoo
phytes also are numerous, as would be sup
nosed in these waters. A valuable and quite
abundant sponge is also found in some of the
lagoons and the Marshall islands.
It will be noticed, on the reef ol this atoll,
that besides the islet of Ebon there are nine
teen others. All of them are much smaller
than Ebon, though for their size they are
equally fertile. Some of them seem to be
veritable fairy-lands so soft is the green
grass which covers them and the deep
shade of the interlaced bushes and majesti
cally tall bread-fruit trees, throwing out their
long sweeping arms like the monarcn oak
Who has ruled in the green wood long."
In the growth of some of these islets, we
have perhaps some interesting facts connect
ed with the rate of growth of islets or coral
reefs. Bikri is an islet containing not more
than an acre of land. A few 1'andanus
self-sown from seed washed there by the
waters of the lagoon or sea, have taken root.
And there are a few bushes, a variety which
have noticed as growing only on the fron
tier soil of an islet soil which is but little
more than sand. From the leaves of these
bushes and Pandanus, soil is very slowly
forming. But the present age of the islet is,
as stated by a native, who saw it when only
sand bank washed by the tides some
thirty-Jive years. He remembers it when a
boy as only a sand bank. Now it has a lit
tle soil and few bushes. The islet JYanming
he describes as once only a sand bank. It is
now about the same size and condition as
Bikri. These facts are not stated of course
as definite for determining the rate of growth
of coral islets for into such, a calculation
many other circumstances might enter, such
as the position of the reef for catching and
holding the washed-up matter, See. But we
may learn from thp facts here given, that the
growth of land, like the growth of the reef
rock, is very slow.
Near the southern extremity of Toko (op
posite x on the map) some thirty-five yeare
since, there was a passage sufficiently large
to let a proa pass over the reef between
what was then ttoo islets. Now that passage
has been filled up, and large bushes grow
there. The only tree of any size is the co
coanut and Pandanus, which have been plant
ed. The fact we would state as illustrative
of two points one bearing on the fact we
have just referred to the rate of growth of
an islet and the other, that large islets are
made by stringing as it were, together seve
ral smaller ones. It may be questioned
whether a large islet, say some two or three
miles long, is one continuous production ; it
was rather formed by several smaller islets
becoming attached and the whole in time
becoming one large islet. This fact I think
can be clearly proved to have been the case
with the growth of the islet of Ebon. There
are several spots which may be indicated as
the weldixg points of small islets. These
places are usually narrower, and less over
grown with bushes and trees, and possess a
thinner soil than other parts of the whole
islet. Then again there are places which
are expanded, just as if they had been the
central nucleii of the islets. These are
heavily wooded have large bread-fruit trees
and other trees of apparently an old age,
growing upon them. We have reason to be
lieve that all the islets of this atoll will in
time be thus united, and thus the whole reef
nossess, so far as it goes, one unbroken chap
let of vegetation.
We are now deeply interested in watching
the formation of sand banks at one or two
points. As yet they are shifting about as
the winds and seas prevail for a given time
from any quarter ; they are as yet covered
by high tides. One of these sand banks is
between Eni armeth, and the northern point
of Ehon. We may not live to see it, but
we believe that this sand bank will yet be
come fixed will enlarge itself catch some
floating seeds and appropriate them and then
there will be another green islet on the reef.
This will again expand itself and become the
connecting link of Ebon and Eni-armeth
thus completing the length of the green
band of this Ebon islet on its northern ex
Ebon Atoll, Marshall Island, Micronesia,
Aug. 1C, 18G1.
X.D AD r BALL, JB
Liu. solcott bkouks. w. rsisi lti.
CIIAS. . BROOKS & CO.,
A. P. EVERETT. J. r. Poi
E VI 2 RETT fc POPE;
ENGR AV IE T ,
WeildiDg, Visiting and Business Cards, Seals and other engrar-
Ing cut to order.
ITT Agent in Honolulu, Dr. Smith, Dentist, where prices and
8cciinen Cards may be seen. 2&S-6m
TO SHIPPERS OF OIL AND WHALE
,----- THE PACIFIC MAILSTEAM-
ship Co. 's steamers will, until further notice.
T'llri receive Oil ami Whalebone at Acatul-n. f.
. transportation via Panama by Panama Rail
road to Apinwall, ai d thence hy sailing vessels to New York,
at the following rates tfamuch, vis :
Oil, ten cents (10c) per gallon.
Whalebone, two and one-quarter cents (2rr) per pound.
270-ara FOKBfcd 4- BABCOCK.
EX LATE ARRIVALS.
BROWN DRILLS AND SHEETINGS,
BLEACHED SHEETINGS, Asst. Widths
BLANKETS, all grades and colors,
PRINTS & DELAINES, in great varietv.
DRESS AND FANCY DRY GOODS.
ALEXANDRE'S Genuine KID GLOVES.
GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS.
DAVIS & JONES' SHIRTS.
FLANNELS, HOSIERY, &c.
HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS.
BRUSSELS AND 3-PLY CARPETS,
MATTING, HOLLANDS, Hemp Carpets.
Couimission Merchants, commission Merchants.
123 Sansome Street, Sa Francisco, Cal. 1
105 and 107 Cal. Street, has Frafi.
t n ri'i id av iiv. v K- "
m. the Purchase, Shipment and Sale of Merchandise ; to For-
in. .11 Tratuhiiunent of Goods ; the Chartmn and hale
of VesseU the Supplying of Whaleships ; and the Negotiation
Exchange on Honolulu iu suras to suit,
ADVANCES .MADE ON CONSIGNMENTS.
B. F. Sow, Esq., Honolulu
C. BHKWKK& CO., "
J 8. Walkkr,
H. IUOIHI.1) & Co., "
IU-sj Pitvii. Hilo.
jitwj je t o- v
Sa-irr & All, New Bedford.
Jis. ncssrwrLi, Boston.
llKNBT A. PlClRCB, "
Chas. Bkkwkr. "
Tratkr. Bhiubim & Fiiao,
8. ClUFriTT MOBCAM.
C. 8. HATHAWAT.
. r. sto
Jewell's and Conion's Oil Cloths.
For sale for Cash, or to first cUss, prompt paying trade, at a
iscount from market rates.
110 and 112 Clay rtreet.
2SS-m Nasi Frarir.
FOR THE TEAR 18G2.
tr Side .y
II M. WHITNEY.
J. M. FAIXTKR
T. P. FAIXTkH
jr. J. SOUTIIf.ATI? Sc Co.
Importers & Commission Merchants.
BRICK FIREPROOF WAREHOUSE.
UNION W1IARF, VICTORIA, V. I.,
REFER BT PERMISSION, TO
Messrs. B. David.som & Co., Banker, San Francisco,
" DlMtL Oibb & Co,
C. A. Low A CO.,
Cross A- Co..
" E. HorrscBLAEGKB Stapuhhorst, Honolulu.
GROVER & BAKER'S
111 il V HI II LIU
AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES !
AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES !
AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES !
$60 and upwakd.
$60 and upward.
$60 and upward.
OVER 20 PER CENT. DISCOUNT !
OVER 20 PER CENT. DISCOUNT!
OVER 20 PER CENT. DISCOUNT!
FROM OUR FORMER PRICES.
The frreat success attending the introduction of our New Style
Family Sewing Machines in this State, (as in all other,) has
prompted certain nnpriiicipled and unreliable parties to endeavor
to force upon the public certain inferior and so called
Which either hy legal injunctions or from their own inherent de
fects have long since died out in the Eastern States.
IT IS OUR DETERMINATION
TO SUPPLY A
A LOW PRICE,
That the purchaser may not as rrist instances experience in the
purchase of one of the mis-naiuc.1 u Chenp Sewing Machiues," a
pear bargain and wtan or moket.
The World-wide Reputation
GROVER & BAKER
AND THE FACT THAT
Have been already sold, and are daily and hourly merrily click
ing in every quartter of tbe globe, proclaiming in their unerring
action, perfect operation and wonderful simplicity,
Their Undeniable Superiority,
Is the best evidence we can adduce of their merits.
The highest effort of inventive genius, the most perfwet appli
cation of mechanical skill, aud the best practical results of an
undivided aim to
PRE-EMINENCE ABOVE ALL OTHERS
Are combined in the
GROVER & BAKER
That this pre-eminence has been attained is incontrovertibly
evidenced in their unprecedented and increasing sale, and the
Attending Uiem at
All the Fairs of I860,
Where against the most powerful and unremitting opposition of
rival Machines they have in every instance received the
AVIIEELER & WILSON,
And all other Shuttle Machines.
IlARTICI'IiAR ATTENTION OIVF.V Tn
the Purchase, Shipment and Sak- of MinUn!. .
wardinft and Transhipment tkn.lt; the Chartrrius aas tiot
Vessels; the supplying of W haleships and the Urgutut. 2
Advances made on consignratnis. T.i-j
SA7SI.. c. woomuiFi
SII I PC II A N M.K R. STO R E K EE P ER a 1 ; r
O'E.VA'K. AH EXT. Joods Ixmcbl and soUon!
mission. Ship ana raniny quires put up at me Horvt at.
Comerof Qcbbs's K..AD and Pottisuku ktbbkt, Haa.blr?'
ry Refers to Tbomas SrasCBa, A. J. Cxsrw .tcsr 1 n
MORGAN, STONE & CO.,
r . r.w.niin. Merchants. San Francisco. Cal.
References, T. S. Hathaway Ksq. Messrs. T. A: A. K. lye,
ft Swift & IVrry, New Bedford, Messrs. Grinnell Minturn A
Co., Sew York, John M. Porbes Ksq., Boun, Messrs. Per-
. 1 S U'-a....wt Van II .r
kins Muiin, ew taOauuD. wwuci v.. "
ItllllLl. " -J
CHARLES F- ROBBINS,
Importer and Dealer in
Type, Presses, Printing Material,
INKS, CARD STOCK, St c , ,
Nos. 411 to 417 CLAY STREET.
(OPPOSITE rRASK bakekV,)
2M-lv SAN FRANCISCO.
PAINTER & CO.,
Practical Printers, and Dealers in
PRIMING MATERIALS, UK, PAPER, CARDS, if
510 Clay St., aWrr Saws Bar,
XT Offices fitted out with dispatch.
Sa si Fraarisww.
MEICIIF.ltS A Co., Agent atlloaolai,
A RE REGI'LARLT RECEIVING BT trJi
uacket. fresh suppues of Flaar from the abuv. .wj.7
ted Mills, ami offer the same fur sule at the lowest martetnZT
The baker flour is particularly recommended to thr k.
ami the superfine flour to the trade in general, while the fajJ
flour for family use,is now acknowledged to be the favoritr wvi
all the bouse keepers on the islands.
SIS FRAXCISCO rORDlGE FAtTORT.
CIORDAGE OF EVERY SIZEMANrFAC.
J TCREI to order. Constantly on hand, a Urn. ..
anrtmentof NA.VII.A AXD HEMP HOPE, (all iltrs'. !.
ftopc, iu, uuCVhwu ..., .-j . i D0.1 a LU"
250- ly I iv. I rout ftreet. Eau Fraticaca,
Notice (0 Masters & Owners of Whale
THE UNDERSIGNED BEG LEAVf
to announce to masters ot whale hips, and the au
in general, that they have succeeded in Irasinr froau
Government at Tahiti, the railway and heaviii, d,.
premises, including storehouses, etc., etc., and are anw prnanj
SEffD FOR A CIRCULAR of our REDUCED PRICES,
Cuts, Sample of Sewing, tfC, tfC.
R. G- BROWN, Agent,
329 Montgomery Street,
to execute repairs with disiiatch and at lower rates then at u
other port In the Pacific. OWtS It ll.NU,
26 1-1 y BhipwrisWu.
Hongkong Underwriter's Notitt.
rflHE UNDERSIGNED, HAVING BEES
M appointed Surveyor for the " New Vork Hoard .( Vakr
writers, takes this method of inform in a; shiiF-niasters that k. a
always ready at tbe shortest notice to attend to any buuatsi
required of Liu in that capacity.
Corner of Queen's Road and Pottinger P-irrH.
Hongkong, November, IHSM. SW-ly
FRENCH, WIIaSOIST &. Co,
MARK T1IK BEST
C JOTIIIIVG !
Fiiriiisliiug Oooris, all kinds,
Retailing for Cosh, at Wholesale Prices.
AND BEST STOCK 0f;
Found in anr Itetail House In Calif.'a.iii.
Goods Suitable for Traveling
Purposes in any Climate.
FRENCH, WILSON CO.,
Next door to the What Cheer House
And No. 323 Montenmery Street, near California, in Tucko
Builduiir, Sun Francisco.
Manufacturing Kstablishnieut, No. 102 Liberty street. New Tori.
P. 8. Measures taken for GrodR from our bouse in New Tunk
and delivered to any part of this State without extra charg.
MONGONUI, NEW. ZEALAND.
I GENERAL MERCIIANT& CUSTOM HOUSE AGENT
HAS MADE ARRANGEMENTS TO KEEP
constantly on hand larye and well selected slock of
and everything required fur a complete outfit.
y Fresh supplv, potatoes, and firewood, all furnished al
the shortest notice.
Monconui lies in the south-east part of Lauristan or Dnubtlrss
Bay, awl Is in latitude 35 deg. 0 mill. S., aud longitude 173 def .
38 min. K 24 1-1 1
HAVE BEEN REMOVED TO
47 MONTGOMERY STREET,
NEXT TO COKNEK OF BUSH,
PREPARED TO DEMONSTRATE
rbo feel an interest in fEWIN'U MACHINES, that
Family Sewing Machines
Will do Better Work,
On a great range of fabrics that is, on as light f ibtics and oa
heavier fabrics than any other Family Sewing Machines bpfur
the public ia caolle of doing ; thftt tlio work can be doue
Witlt -Greater Ease
And with fewer interruptions ; and that in iu the important
requisites of a 8ewlng Macbina, Singer's Machines, at $100, US
cheaper than any other kind at $50. I am now selling our
FAMILY SEWING MACHINES
C'A I.I FOR MA.
PLAIN, at $50
CABINETS, at - - - - 75
I PTTPR 1 0T Transverse Shuttle Machines, an
J Ilk A, Kntirely New and Incomparable
raiuily oewinif Machine and adapt
ed to Light Manufacturing, -
Do not allow yourself to purchase a chii STm-B machine.
either double or single thread, all of which will rivet. Ail
chain stitch machines have a cord on tlie under tide of th
fabric and the aork soon wears out. Work done on Sinfrr't
Machines will outwear any other, and ia more beautiful. No
tailor or manufacturer buys a chain stitch machine.
J. H. DUNNELL,
47 MONTGOMERY STREET,
2Wtf SAN FRANCISCO.