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TIIL'kSDA Y, OCTOBER 30, 1?
Tar ha ln a vffj dull f-k in bu:i- circle.
Nrrral b!p overdue are ar. limnly looked f-r. The Pntlinn,
frvta Bremen, U ahcut 10 day 'Hit ; the ie. from New R.-d-
f !. lt day ; the Rutin;, fmm Bot.o. 13d day ; and the
tiaUUi, In An Liverj-x!. 1 'kJ, H 'th fu!I r-
The Constitution arrived on th- 24 lb from lido, where she j
had di-bargd a part cf her qarir. he saiW again for Vic-
t ta yesterday. '
The ship t.toHiitiw alto sailed yesterday for Mor.te Vid-o, 8.
A. Ihjriaj her stay lo port, she has been thoroughly r..r-d. i
Owing to the deurb"l state of eurr'-ney, she u ohli-d tit '
pay 5 per crot. premium for iboney advanced on Vwttnmry.
Tlie whaJe.hip Mtrenyo, which arrived OQ the 2llh from the
Southern Ochouk, bring in a gol catch, sustaining tlie favor- j
abSe report already received fu ra the North. ,
The wha!3hin Bruyinza wa sol I at puMic auction on Thurs
day Ut f.,r Z:)0. She will t- repaired and fitted out from :
this port "o German account, Mr. . Th'.tns acting a her aifrt.t.
fh 19 dow hove do wo. and k hT tinihers are all .und,
will be repaired with no great outlay. Though an tH ves-l.
he U safe for ten year' ervice-' at least. With such good f,r
tur.e as has attended the whaling busint-s the past twelve
months, Ibis wilt prove a f?"A investment, the will pail under
lb Oldenburg flag, and make her firs cruise on the Cailforni
In eehaue, th'r la bat little doing. The only transaction
we hear of is a bill drawn at li yr cent.
IX American capitalists do n work briskly, they will soon
be distanced la the race cf openlr.g a practicable migrant and
freight route arms the cotitin-tit. It may iiot 1 generally
known that a htrg ili.gliah company is already established to
Apen an emigrant roate thrrxih Canada to British Columbia,
This association iskuownas the British Colurul ia Overland
Transit Co.," and is even new booking passengers Utrou(;h
from London to Fort H'.pe, on the Fraser River, at a cost of
HI cr i'ilC each. The mode cf conveyance i. as follows :
From England to Montreal.. 14
Montreal to Paul's, by Grand Trunk Hail Way 3
By steamer up the Ked Kivrr to Fort iiry 3
From Ftict Garry hy spring wagosanl horses toFraser River. 26
The Coaipar.y Lave booked and dinpatched several hundred
passengers already. Arrangetueals are in progress for building
suitable steamers to run on the I d River. Ike W inneig and
the river Saskatchewan, whirlj is stated to be navigable to
within about 200 miles of tr-T River. An efficient staff of
superintendents, ex pre is rfclersj horses, 4e., for the various
stations rout) are now bring engaged by the Company,
and It is espeeted with these faril.ties U time from Lore Ion to
Fort Hope will be nest year reduced to thirty days ; to this we
have to add s x days from Ira jer River to San Francisco, and
twenty-two diy to Shanghai. : This enterprise is bat the fore
runner cf effisrts that will sion ia mafle by 'EngtUh capftalUts
to open a raiiroaul to British C j.'unibia, through Britiah Terri
tory, which in conneetioo witnj a steam line thence to China
would be a great thoroughfare fr travel and freight.
r trie ns th ArLasrir Piua. The total exp.r of the pre-
CMiantui irnu sr 1 orK since January or the present year
amounts to P).4S.'.oe. more than $lo.OUO.UOO of which had
rT; !ir; . Jr?..V1' :
now retnrning by every mail H-r reinvestment in Amerieausrru
rities. The tan Francisco 1'rices Current says : Notwith
standing the very large treasure eiport. the banks of the Last
era cities are gradually aeruaiolating siecie. The supplies
derived from Cnlifornia arxl lmught out of private coffer by
the inducemefit of a high premium, had more than sufficed to
meet all the forHgn dfinwiiL'' .
- " . . u.v.. wwr- i.. x u.., ,. ... .ilia muhkiii. II
EiroT-s. The tan Francisro Shipping List of Sej. Co,
say s : !
"The ship Ocean Rover, for Boston, tarried a large and tIu
ahle eargovaIocil at about f J 17JXX) included in which are
IXCiT bags enpp-sr ore, 8,202 hides. 170 bale skins. 6- bates
wool. 94 packatp-s hardware. 100 barrels pitch, 110 bales rags,
25S bars sine.
The Emily Rnnnir-g, for Slianghae. carried for cargo 495 bar
rels floor. J.70O half sacks do., quarter sacks do.,.M, cases
bread. 24 a ks r-aators, 10 cae-s hams, arxl 60 cases wine.
The Henry llrigham. for Hongkong, carried 1.100 barrel and
1.000 quarter sacks fluur, 4,7X0 sacks wheat, 2- flasks quick
silver, -ItO bags okl lionea. besides a large amount of other mer
chandise all valued at 30.o4i, nd ilH.'Jot, in trea-urc.
The bark Oregon, for Sydney, fames 1J6.0O0 feet iuniber.600
flasks quicksilver. 'J00 half barrel and V0 packages salmon,
and 1 ,0uO sacks wheat, valued at $.,000."
Nsw VoK, September CO. Sterling, unsettled, 104 g 135 ;
Gold. S3J ; Bars, 23) ; Government Mocks. 6s of 'SI, 101 7 3
10 Treasury Notes, 104i ; Facifiq Mail, liOJ.
Shuh Soto The A1J ship Viking. 1313 tons, built at Bath,
Me., in 1S&3, has -en sold in Nw Vork at about $40,000.
The New Vork Skipping Lit repoiU the sale of A2 brig L
C Watts, 173 tons, builts at Warren, 3ie, in 1S54, at $4000.
Barque Yirkery, 241 tons, has been sold at Shangl.ae lor B600
taels. (about f 14,400).
The most moderate eahrulatioo of the nrenent Ohln MMin
makes it at least 20,000.000 bushels, or 10,000.000 more than
was raised last year. Of this quantity there will be a surplus
beyond the State demand of some 17,000,000 bushels.
The harvest in the State of Xew York promises to be one of
the most bountiful ever known. Some of the Western counties
have yielded tf.eir old-fashioned erop of wheat, both in quantity
and quality. There has been a deficiency of hay owing to the
dry season ia some portions of he State, but it Is more than
made op by the abundance pmdarcd elsewhere.
M lbases atMIsHslala, in Orisber.
10 15 M.
1 11 A.
Full Moon...... 7
Last Quarter,... 1
Xew Moon 22 tf
First Quarter.. 2 1
pout or HOXJOI.TJI.TJ. H. I.
tt23 llamrurg bark Laura k. Lncise. Marks, 160 days from
Bremen, with mdse to llackfeld Ac Co.
23-Sch Knni Eooke, Wetherhy, from Makee's Landing
and Lahaina, with SO brls potatoes, 6 hogs, 20 cds
wood, and 100 deck passengers.
23 Sch Kamoi. Shepherd, imm Kahului, with T0 barrels
molasses and heef, t head cattlt 2 caUu and 4
SI Am bnrkt Constitnlion,' Rohinon, from Port Towns
end via Hilo, IV day b latter place, with 24.",51
leet lumtwr anl 11.155 pickets, of which 109 M ft t
lumhrr and 5,000 pi. Vets were discharged at Hilo. I
Pch Kalama, flark. fr.m K ba and Xawiliwili, with
II ct nls wood. ft kukui lumber, 31 brls tal
low, M hides, & tiHg pr.l,y, 2 do fungus. 2 kegs
butter. 1 plow. 1 brl arrowroot. 16 hv, l-t native
freight 2 Cuhin and C2 deck nuniim I
4-.uch Motwahine. Kuhenna. from ports on Kauai, with
14 cords wood. 2 brls beef, 2 do. pork, 10 hags
pad dy. 40 hides, 4 krgs butter. 2 bags fungus, 1
h.se. 2 is 1 rahii and 26 deck passecgers.
2A Am wh sh Marengn, KMsldge. from Southern Okhotsk,
as n. nths out. l.'Wh. 12,000 bone, season; 20
sp. 3iiO wh. 34 uuo b.i,e. Voyage ; 3250 wh. 12 000
bone, on hoanl. I
amrr Annie Laurie, Ijenry. frr.ro windward port.,
with 291 hide., 40 ba. p 4a toes. 2 cask tallow, 1
horse. 8 ti. and a aitantitr at nari,. rrinr
ich Moikeiku apela. fn Kaholoi and Lahaina. with
-- hrl no!ae. loo bumpkiD., 100 torkeys.3 do
61. -IX- r at kit,. 5 hidc,2 brls tallow, 3 hoe..
and li deck pus nic-.
2 Sch Warwick. Hull, fa. Midokal, with lot of mdse and
10 paer.;;rr. 4
27 Seh Hannah. Antone, tna Hilo and other windward
ports, with l ac yxatoe. 7 bap pulo, 2 do.
funu. 7 d.K wool. 10 hide, and 12 passencer.
5ch Katueliamrha, Green; fr.m Kawaihae, with 100
ban potatoes and 10 Head cattle.
2 fs:h Wd fellow, Morse, from H ana lei, with 9 cords of
23 Am wh ship Reindeer, Ray nor. for coast of California.
rn ivesuit.rn. Ilal-y, f.- Kna and K.ia.
' ch Manuokawai. M-llnh. fr Lahaina arxl Hana.
ch Emma Kooke, Wethcrby for Lahaina and Makee
2J Sch Karuoi, Shepherd, for fjihama and Kahului.
i -h KaUrua, CUrk. for Nawiliwili and Koloa.
-5 Moiwahine, Kuhena.for p. ru on Kauai.
'- Haw. teamrr Annie l-iurtr. Henry. f.c Lahaina, Ka
waihae. and other windward ports.
C-t S..n Moikeiki, Na,K-!a. f..r Lahaina ami Kahului.
2 -h Hannah, Antone, Wner windward
Sen Warwick. John Kuil. fir M..?kai.
-S A,a hardt l'onitution. Kotinon. for Victoria, V. I.
20 Am hip Lconidas, WckhL fur Monte Video' South
25 Sch MJ Keilow, Morse. f,,T Hanah l.
2 ych Kamehameha, Green, f tr Maliko.
VrweU Eiperlril frons Foreign I'orfa.
4 ta bark Yankee, TtytiT, to leave Sao Francisco Oct. 20 to 25
due Nov. 5 to 10.
Am elippr ship Aurora. Cloaeh, to leave San Francisco aior.t
Oct. IS to JO lu- Nov. 5.
Aia bark Kichnton.1. R-.tJ. B. Bliss, tailed from New IMford
Aug. 10, with ntdse to Wilcox. Richards & Co.
Missionary packet M.niinj it.tr, tlelett, from Micronesia due
In all November.
Bark Dami-tta sailed from London July 5, for Honolulu direct.
ConsiB'Ded to J. T. W atcrbouse.
Am. hip Ra.luj.-a. Bur.litt. ai!ed fptu Boston June 13, with a
carjo of assorted nid-c. to C. BrcwTr Co.
Am. ship Erie, J rneit in.fil-il from Nw Bedford May 15. with
a full cargo of assorted mdse. to Wilcox, Richards" A: Co.
Haw achooner Liholiho, Bush, from Ph-nix I'land orenlae.
Dutch ship Galilei. Koch. s.iiletl frr London June 7, with
asstd. canto to J anion, (ireen A C.
Bremen ship Pauline.left Bremen In .pril, with astd carjro to
Hoffschlajrer & Stapeahorst. :
from Vicrow per Constitution.! Vt. -4 Mrs Durham
Robinson and 2 children.
From Widwri Iort per Annie Laurie, OcL 26 ReT J
8 Oreen and wtP. Mr. J II Brown. J E Cbapman. and ?i dck
XT Hark M tf Mark. reports Left Hamburg
, May 15 ; had strong westerly winds comini? through '.he English
' chancel, and continued at far a Madeira, which place we
j p-tsted June li Crossed the line. Atlantic, Juiy 4. Ion?. 2-i
W. 61 tlaysonU Made 50 8., Atlantic, August 7, and was
! tT -taten Ind on the 3th, where we encountered stror g gales
from to f.W. for ten dj, with a Ttry heavy nea runninR ;
241, iehtel Uiego Ramariz, with moderate westerly I renes.
MJM P., I'acific, Sej-U 3, long. Jj W. Ill day out.
Cr-ied the line tct. 2d UOdayt out. Fntn the l;ne to Hono
lulu, had i'lually weather and light, bafRinf winds ni-t of the
I way. Righted Hawaii Oct. 19, and was becalnW two day,
i Come into prt morning of the 23 aft-r a passage "f lfrj days.
I XT fcitrkentine Constitution, Kobinson, reports Ixft Pt-rt
Townsend Sept. ; first four days haJ l.avy ga.es Ire in
Remainder of thf liht breezes from K. toN.E.
' Arrived at Hilo on Friday, Oct. 17, where we discharged 109 M
! feet lumber and 5000 pickets, railed again for Honolulu on the
: 23-1, and arrived next day 21 ho.irs run.
; T7 hip Martnrjo, Eld ridge, reports Firit entere.1 Southern
Oi:hotk July 12, and cruised there most of the season. Found
whales rather scarce, and weather rugity greater part ol lt:e time.
Took the first right whale July 27, and the last on the 12th of
fv-pt. in all, 8 right whale (1 brls. oil;. Left the Ochotk
S.-It. 20. and experience.! fine weather all the way. Arrived at
Honolulu Oct. 20.
. From Hmbi'hu per t--ura tr Louise, Oct. 23 14i owls,
f 1'J cases candles, 1 cs combs, 4 cs and 1 psir clothing, 2W brls
j ceuwi.t, 10 do coal tar, 40 tons coal. 1 cast combs, 37 cr. tea and
i 2 en cr-ickeryware. 5 cs and 4 casks hardware, 9 cs glassware, d
cafk ironware, 2i4 bdls iron, li casks tnetal. l'J cs tin pUite, 1
; case fancy g"i, 2 CS currant-', 140 bales and cases dry gods,
1 cask groceries, 10 kegs hide ix.ison. 1 case leather, liO cases
Biau l.es, 1 cs oil paintings, 60 cs oil. ZC brls pitch, 10O cs paint
J oil. 17 casks paint, 3 cs perfumery, 'i pkgs roje, 12cs saddlery,
20O brls salt, 1 cs straw hats, 1 box umbrellas, 3 pkgs Sample-,
I 1 cs toys, 1 cs unspecified mdse, 3 cs printing paper. 1 cs cards.
9 cs sundries. 66 bleis, ZA) l-rls atnl U0 cs leer, 12u0 kegs ami
12 cs lager beer, 3K cs gin, SO Inskets spirits, 12 rrls rum. ISO
demijohn vinegar Hackfcld tt Co. 3o5 cases, 3d casks anl 6
l aies mdse, 1 pk samples, 1 case linen, 2 piano von Holt 4
riuiisDA r. October so.
Tue incrcised interest shown in agricultural
pursuits in this group, leads us to devote a col
umn or two of our cpace to a subject of impor
tance to agriculturists. Sow while land is
being sought for, in ulmoft every part of the
i.ilarids, while there is an in.petus given to indus
trial pursuits, it is all imjKjrtant that land own
ers and especially the government, ehould take
a liberal view of the subject, and open into the
market for actual cultivation, all the idle lands,
I wuijcsueil a course Will herve llie pUOUC W CliarC,
I , ,
j nJ react to the prosperity of heovemni.nt.
I mo rrsons advocate the Ieasins of lauds in
this country as more advantageous than purchas
ing the fee-simple. I a some instances, perhaps,
it would bo so, such as for pasturage or the cul
tivation of rice, where no permanent improve
ments are required, and there is no outlay except
for labor to plant and harvest, and the lessor
gains nothing except the rental and impoverished
laud at the reversion of his lease. lint it cer
tainly would be bad policy for a farmer or plan
ter to lease wild land when so many substantial
improvements uon them are necessary to his
6ucce88 and welfare. Unin.proved lands have
none or only a nominal value, and to have the
improvements, euch as are necessary to a sugar
plantation, revert, without remuneration to the
lessor, would be a palpable wrong to the lessee,
for the improvements would probably be worth
from fifty to one hundred times the value of the
original wild land.
To individual haJiuainas or landlords we have
nothing to say respecting the mode of disposal of
their lands ; but to government, as tax-layers,
we have a right, respectfully, to speak a word.
It would be more profitable for government to
give its land out ond out to the planter, farmer
or ranchero even, than to lease them upon any
terms ever yet devised by lawj-ers and that les-
eccs would accept. When a j-erson owns the fee-
simple of his plantation, he is not likely to be
etingy in his outlays for improvements, knowing
that they are valuable not only to himself and
heirs but also in case he wishes to realize for cash
or other property, providing always that govern
ment is sound and markets healthy.
A sugar plantation of two thousand acres of
good land and projerly underway, is intrinsic
ally worth one hundred thousand dollars,
whether government is sound or not, and if the
improvements are kept in repair, and a proper
system of rotation or alternation and manuring
is pursued, it will always increase instead of di
minish in value. At the rresent tax of twen-
ty-five cents on tlie one hundred dollars, it would j
jrieU to the government exchequer a revenue of
two hundred and fiftj dollars jr annum for
each plantation, hetiJes a tax of from one to
three thousand dollars yearly in the thaj cf
duties on merchandise for plantation use under
present taritT. The government would scarcely
have the face to ask more than ten cents per acre
per annum rent for 6o large a tract as two thou
sand acres of wild land, even if they could find
one simple enough to pay that. The yearly rent
would amount to two hundred dollars. Such a
simpleton would eoon comprehend, after com
mencing bis work, that substantial improve
ments accrued to the benefit of others and not to
himself and his children ; he would, therefore,
get along with the very least expense possible,
compatible with money making, leaving an ex
hauled soil and worthless buildings to govern
ment at the expiration of his lease. The rent
in this ea-e would be less than tho property tax,
in the other, (government could not expect both
rent and property tax,) and it is fair to suppose
his consumption of merchandise would be less ;
and at tlie end of the lease, the government,
after much trouble, has gained "an exhausted
plantation which it would be glad to give away
with the hope of gaining something through in- i
creased consumption of dutiable merchandise, !
and property tax.
As an illustration of this, we may refer to
yi-ikahanaloa nnd Papaiko, once the richest lands j
in the district of Hilo. They were leased bv
ll""am' mansw wy, uiey leaseu just to
much as they wished to plant with cane and no I
i 1 " 1 .a. A. 1 t i r
more, selecting all the richest spots from sea to
woods, (and a Chinaman knows good soil when
he 8e9 it.) They pursued the celestial method
of cultivating by hand, and we will do them the
justice to say, that no people on earth know how
to take the cream out of soil, or relinquish it if
they choose, equal to them. They put up build- :
ings that lasted just to tho day their leases eipir- ;
ed, and as there were no alternation of crops, !
they managed to take the last drop of saccha- !
rir.e from the soil the same day. It is doubtful '
if white beans will grow on th.e lands now or ;
for twenty years to come. For twenty years, i
then, the landlords may go without receiving j
rents, and it will serve them right, it is among
the juste mil'ieu of all things. p.- in tho
rrnnwr" nTr got faf.
It is the bounden duty of government and all
permanent residents to discourage, in every law
ful way, thi$ system of leasing uil'I lands, as it
tends to impoverish treasury and people as will
as the landlord himself. The money-lender es
chews leases, the security is not good, and real
estate without improvements is no better. Peo
ple who have always lived in towns or old settled
countries can scarcely realize the fact that wild
lands have no value, because, where they caiue
from, land was the most valuable of all proper
ty, and perhaps commanded miraculous prices,
fjrgeting that immense sums have been expend
ed in improvements and, if in Europe, a thou
sand years of labor more or less skilled, have been
lavished upon it.
In Honolulu, owners of lots fence them in,
plant trees, build a dwelling and outhouses, and
then rent them at so much per month or year,
keeping the same in repair. That is all rigbt.
They improve their land and keep it improved.
If the land-holder will get a sugar or coQoe
plantation underway on his wild lands and then
lease it, that too, will be all right ; otherwise it
is all wrong, as every year's experience more
plainly proves. Every native landlord who has
a sea attached to his ettate, finds the former
more valuable than the land. He has a sort of
piscatory skill, but neither skill nor capital fur
agricultural operatious. Let him keep thefea,
and sell the land for what he can get ; the inter
est on the money will be larger, yearly, than his
land rents. It will be the duty of the Legisla
ture to devise some kind of tax system that will
make wild lands too hot to 6leep on.
As the sugar question is now uppermost, and
as there is a strong tendency in the community
to invest in that direction, wo will say a few
words of caution and advice, which doubtless
will be very edifying, a we know no more about
the business than they, and not half so much.
First and foremost of all, dear friends, ?ee
that you have the funds prodded. -Mrs. Ctlusa'
maxim will not apply in this case, don't catch
tlie hare till you are ready to cook him." We
shall suppose that if a person wishes to start a
sugar plantation, he will take the trouble to
select the best location to be had on the islands
for that particular business, and not the poorest,
because the climate happens to please him, or he
happens to hold property there, or perhaps his
grandmother's aunt happens to have a lukana
there, which he can get for nothing, and thereby
save a few reals to start with. Y"e predict fail
ure to all such economists. Select a locality
that :tcrer Jails lo produce a crop of cane, where
the curse of drouth is never talked of, tLen select
the Inst land for a plantation in that locality,
taking into consideration the facilities for get
ting to market. If there is sufficient water
available for motive power, which is apt to be
the case where there are no drouths, ignore
steam" as something highly intoxicating, (we
mean to one's vanity,) and dreadfully expensive.
41 Our sugar boiled by steam" is a Lne aristocra
tic thing to talk about to the common folks, but
we notice it commands no higher price in San
Francisco market than sugar boiled in an open
train. As for reCninz surrar on the plantation.
J k-t no novice dream of it at his peril. If there
is little or no water power, use steam for every
purpose, and not a little water for grinding,
mules for drying, hand power for pumping, and
Steam for hoilinp; ; iv ring any otlmr vUni In
this quadrifid and quaggy power. Such an
arrangement is about equal to four separate
heads to manage a plantation.
After selecting jour locality, if water-power is to
be used, provide sixty thousand dollars subject to
your order, perhaps you may not require so much,
but there is an even chance that you will require
more before realizing on a crop. If the proprietor
understands the business thoroughly, is his own
engineer and overseer, it will make from ten to
twenty thousand dollars difference in. first cost than
if he lived in Honolulu and employed from good to
indifferent officers iu his stead. We have not now in
view leases of any kind, l'lantationsan be started
for less money, but they are not so proutable.
riant from four to five hundred acres of cane to
commence with, get manufacturing apparatus to
correspond, and put it up in the right icay first and
in the right place, so that there shall be no altera
tions afterwards. Simply adding-to 19 admissible.
One must fortlay for every minutiie before striking
the first blow; organize victory," as the French
s:ij, in order to nvoiJ doing and undoing, which is &
frightful contingent, and often causes so much delay
as to prevent securing the first crop, besides it is
positive evidence of incapacity in the manager. A
blunder now dijs is considered little else than a crime;
it is something worse in starting a sugar plantation.
When everything is fairly underway, it does not
require a high order of ability to manage. Learn
ing can be dispensed with then, but vigilance, energy
and tact, never, in an overeeer. Cesides possessing
the last named qualities, he should have patience and
perfect command of his temper, rendering exact jus
tice to all under him, and exacting a fair day's labor,
honestly done, no more, no less. This can always be
done without offense to the laborers, if the overseer
is generous in his nature; but, if he is me&o, suspi
cious, cowardly, vain and supercillious, no one detects
those qualities sooner than natives, and nothing pre
vents them from breaking his head except the fear of
Mauy lazy would-le gentleman will tell you not to
tcuch hands to any kinds of manual labor lest you
loose your cMgnity and authority, and gain the con
tempt of your laborers, as they would consider ycu a
common mudsill" like themselves. Believe no such
stuff ; none but a veritable mudsill, clothed with a
little authority, will talk in that way; in fact, noth
ing secures the esteem of workmen for an overseer
so much as his manifest ability to do every kind of
work required of them, and his willingness to aid in
doing it when he has leisure. To be as much as
possible among your laborers, companionable with
all, yet familiar with none, is an extremely salutary
and profitable habit. We have dwelt a little on the
subject of overseers, knowing the importance of hav-
ing the right man in the right place" on a sugar
What deters one most with small capital in embark
ing in sujar plantations in this country is tho lack
cf population with capital, who always Etand ready
to purchase real estate at fair rates, in case of assign
men or foreclosure, or in other words hard up."
As things are now, one may have a plantation worth
cne hundred thousand dollars with an incumbrance
upon it for twenty thousand and if the creditor elects
to foreclose, the chances are that he will get the plan,
tation, and still hold a balance against the unfortu
nate proprietor. The McLane, Torbcrt and Ewo
Plantations are interesting instances of this kind.
It is this fact which makes the few capitalists, we
have so chary in taking plantation and other real
estate as security at anything like their value on
loans. This ought not to be, it shows unmistakably
the unhealthy business conditions of the country.
Real estate, the basis of all wealth and government,
honld h the h1 of all efiiritie, and o it is in all
rightl governed anl rightly cornlitivned govern
ments. In Louisiana, Cub or Mauritius, a planter wculd
not be forced to lose bis estate, worth cne hundred
thousand dollars, because of a pitiful mortgage upon
it of twenty thousand. lie would there probably get
the full value. What has prevented it from being so
here ? That's the question." Here ia an interest
ing politico-financial cut for. wise-acres to crack. !
Perhaps, when our far-seeing ministers pro tern sue- J
ceeJ iu carrying out their treasonous design of abol- j
ishing the constitution and making of us a provin- i
cial dependency, capitalists abroad will then have j
enough fitu in the stability cf our government, to j
send here their funds for investment, which they j
have refused to do heretofore. !
In til otic 1 1 c 1 1 1 t X-'' mid.
Americans in foreign countries have watched
with intense anxiety the progress of the civil
war, which is now raging with such fury
throughout the length and breadth of their
country. The struggle is waxing fiercer and
fiercer, and threatens yet to draw into it every
man capable of doing army duty, and to leave
its tale of sorrow on every threshold, nr;rth and
south. I?ut the fiat has gone forth, that the
Union shall be preserved, tlie rebellion crushed,
and treason forever destroyed, if it requires the
sacrifice of half the wealth and half the popula
tion of the Xorth to do it. There is now no
such thing as peace or compromise with the
rebels that have brought on this war, and it
must be suppressed, if every one of them is sacri
ficed in the contest. The North is now of but
one mind on this question, and is speaking out in
thunder peals, 44 Tue Union mist and shall
American3 residing abroad cannot engage per
sonally in the struggle, but they can aid in this
great conflict by contributing of their means to
alleviate the sufferings of their wounded
brethren, who are now bearing the brdnt of the
contest, or to aid their families, many of whom
may be in want during the coming winter.
California and Oregon are already at work, and
contributing liberally to 6upply the wants of the
soldiers. At the latest advices from San Fran
cisco, $230,000 had been raised, and $200,000
of it sent forward to the east. The work was
etill in progress, and probably over $300,000
would be raised in that state alone.
Tlie Sanitary Commission, which has charge of
the Relief Fund, is presided over by Dr. Bellows
of New York City, and when the first hundred
thousand dollars was sent for-.ard, he acknowl
edged the receipt of it by telegraph in the fol
lowing note :
New York, September 22, 1S62.
To If. F. Ttschemarher, Chairman of the Central Relief
Committee Your niuirni Scent contribution will electrify the
homes of the nation. Thanks to God and San Francisco for
S'ich unparalleled generosity ! Equitable distribution shall be
rmde on the (strength of your bounty. We instantly telegraphed
our agents on the battle-fields ol" Maryland to spare nothing,
and your mercy will be staunching wounds and feeding ami
cooling parched lips before this reaches you. The cities of the
North and West, already generous and devoted, will be reani
mated to the utmost exertions inrur cause when they find
themselves outstripped at a bound by their youngest sister
golden San Francisco furthest from the scene of war ; but
already nearest to the sick and wcinded in her hospitals and
battle-fields. IIesbt W. Uki.lowh.
President U. S. Sanitary Commission.
! The work of raising a soldiers' fund here has
also commenced, and about $1G00 are already
pledged. Americans should esteem it a privilege
If not a duty, to assist in contributing towards
this noble object. Ix;t every American residing
in this group give something, not stintedly, but
liberally, and worthy of the cause. None will be
the poorer for their charities toward so nohle an
.object. The subscriptions range all along from
-,ioo to :J3. Persons living on the other
islands need not wait to be called on, but
may send forward their contributions at once.
Messrs. A'. J. Cartwright and E. O. Hall have
charge of the subscription book, and remittances
may be made to them. It is hoped that at least
$2,000 will be ready to remit by the first mail,
which leaves about the 10th of November.
TO THE RESCUE."
gXyw TIIK REGULAR MKET1XC OP
jJL " I'acitic Enjrine Co. No. 3," will be held at the
-Srr Rooms of Mechanic Engine Co. No. 2, THIS
(Thursday) EVENING, at 7J' o'clock. Every member is re
quested to be present, as business of importance will be brought
bofore the meeting. THUS. . THRUM,
Sam'l Jamks, Secretary.
liculiii Eisp;itcli Line
The A 1 Clipper Itark
Capt. JAMES SMITH,
Will sail for the above port on or about
XT J'or freight or passage, apply to
WILCOX, RICHARDS CO., Atrents of
Regular Dispatch Line of I'ackct.
FOR BREMEN !
The fast tailing Hamburg Park
I flllll V. a Hlllwin tek
Will linve iiumrlin tr liitpulcli for llienborr
XT For freight or passage, apply to
3S6-2t H. II ACKFKLD & Co.
NOTICE TO DAIRYMEN!
FOR SALE-1 COW, 4 YEARS
oIJ, 1 heifer 2 years o!l ami 1 superior bull. This
is without douht the flrjest stoek in the country for
dairy purposes as regards not only quantity but quality of milk.
The above is the pure breed of the celebrated imported bull
R. H. A. Garden. (338-3t)
Received per "Sylphide!"
FAMILY GROtERVi FEED STORE !
T rresh Prunes,
" Raisins in Glass jars 6i ft each,
" Currauts " " " 5V Jfcs each,
Superior Salad Oil,
Oat Grits. 10 lb. tin".
New Sardines, i boxes,
Boloena Sausages, 2 kinds,
Oenuine Swiss Cheese,
I'atna Table Rice,
Demijohns French Triple Vinefrar,
For sale at
A. D. CARTWRIGIIT'S.
nil. J. 3IOTT SMITH,
OSce corner of Fort and Hotel Streets.
Cabinet Maker, Undertaker, and
GOLD 5t KOA MOULDINGS,
Suitable fnr picture and other frames.
JXJST RECEIVED !
.Eff DESIRABLE G0011S FROM EUROPE AMI I'MTEH STATES !
PER "L-AUUA A: LOUISE," FIMKH I1A.HBUK(n,
DEY GOODS, Viu.:
Kuglish, Germs a and French Fancy TrinU ; Fancy Prilling ; Shirtiups ; White Cottons saperior Sheetingi ; Gingham , brow
Cottons ; blue Cottons ; fine white and blue Flannel ; extra quality Molekin ; plain and figured
black and blue Orleans ; Coburg and Alpacas , W ooleii lUaukela,
&c, &c, ic., kc, Ac, 4c.
BLACK So BLUE BROADCLOTH !-5ILL.VKD CLOTH !
White and Scarlet Hunting,
A complete assortment of Clothinp, Shirt, Hats and lmbrella ;
Hosiery for Ladies, Genu and (. InMrju in ere at rariety ;
ltoota, Shoe, Gaiters, etc., for same.
SirpexvLoi Saclclleiy, viz.:
English, French and German Saddles, Side Saddles, Bridles, Whips & Spurs
Pocket Knives, Scissors, Butcher and Sailor Knives, EheepsheaiK, Saw Filei, etc.
Kid Gloves, Gauntlet, Artificial Flowers, an asttortmeni of Velvet Ribbons, Trimmings, etc.; Couth ; white browu and black
Linen Thread ; Needles ; Percussion Caps ; Silk I'mbrella for Ladies and Uentlenten ;
a fine collection of cut Glassware ; choice articles for
l'reseuts ; Table Bells, Toys, etc.
A variety of Niiperior Water Coolers Mouse Paper & Morderiiiff,
3J ROCE I I IE !
Crushed Sugar, Salad Oil,
PALE ALE !
A fresh supply of the well known Ryeubcndr Si. Sn'a,I10L.IAXD GIX, in ccb of 12 15 bottle, each !
Felting for ship's bottom and for roofing',
I'aint Oil, Spirits Turpentine,
Fine Ifctipe Seed Oil!
FIRST SHIPMENT FROM KAUAI !
Of the favorably known Superior Quality
Packed by Mr. E. Krull, Kealia, Kauai, put up in 00 lb. packages, cured in Liverpool and packed in Turk' Island Salt, acknowl.
edged and guaranteed to be the best Beef packed on the Islands.
Daily Expected to Arrive !
I?ei- " GEORGrE SAND," via. Sim Francisco.
Bales large size Cotton BlanCets, an assortment of Cotton and Woolen Goods, Glass
Beads, Sec, &c, &c, &c, &c.
RAT3TJOA," from Boston.
Cases fine Sheetings, White Cottons,
Cases Madapolams, Cases Amoskeag Denims,
Case Gray Flannel Shirts, Cases Manchester Denim,
Cases Hickory Shirts, Charcoal Irons,
Hand's Handled Axes, feolar Lamps,
India Rubber Door Mats,
Au assortment of Tophatn's Prize Lamps, extra Globes, Chimneys and Wickiug ;
Cases Fancy Brands Clioice TOBACCO!
WHITE AND BLUE SEWING COTTON.
J2T All the above will be sold at Reasonable Prices, by
von HOLT & HEUCK,
ir t Ai.nnKMT 1
Executor of the last Will and Testament of In chancery, be
K. W. HOLT, deceased,
fore lioll.O. M.
By virtue or an order in the above entiled cause. Issued by
lion. G. M. Robertson, Vice Chancellor of the Hawaiian King
dom, dated the 18th day of October, A. D. 1362, will be gold at
public auctionjlo the highest bidder,
! November 22, 18G2,
j AT lO O'CLOCK, A. M.
! At the Auction Room, of
! H. W. SEVERANCE,
ON QUEEN STRKKT. HONOLULU.
The following aVscrilied pieces and parcels of Real Estate, situa
ted on the Island of Oaho, and belonging to thu late firm of
James Robinson & Co.:
1. All thai parcel of land situated in the district of Waialu a
and known by the name of l'atilaa, or Ilalemano, and more
particularly described by surveyed boundaries in a deed execu
ted by J. li and M. Kekuanaoa. Guardians of V. Kamamttlu,
and V. Kamatnalu, a minor to J. Robinson & Co., and recorded
in the Registry Otlice, in Honolulu, in Liter 5, paces 165, lol,
167, 1HS, 163, 170, and which l.'eed was subsequently confirmed
by V. Kniinalu. after she hud arrived at majority, as by Heed
duly recorded ; the said land outaiuing 12,200 acres, more or
2. All that land degcriled in Royal Patent No. 973, dated
21th day of Itecember, 1S52, and situated in Wahiawa, aia
lua t the same coutainin 1,942 acres, more or Ie.-s.
3. All that parcel of land pranted to J. Robinson tr Co., hy
Kau dianui, duly recorded in the Registry Office, Honolulu, ia
Liber 1, of Warranty Ieeds, on pane 4S2, and particularly des
criled in Royal Patent No. 431 the said land leing situated in
Kaheka, W aialua, and containing 100 acres, more or less.
4. All that pieces of land situated on Kamananui, Waialua,
described in Roval Patent No. 23S. granted to J. Amlerson, and
F. Oavis, dated'the 26th March. 1S50, and conveyed by them to
A. MrDutT, and conveyed by him to J. Robinson At Co., by
.Deed dulv recorded in the Registry Office, Honolulu, in Liber
4, pages 444 and 445; the same containing 25 8-10 acres.
5. All that pi-ce of land situated in Waialua, and described
in Royal Patent No. 235, granted to J. R-ibitson 4; Co. by lecd
fiim J. TopliiT and L. Johnson, and recorded in the Reristry
Office in Lit)er 4, pages 240, 241; the same containing 6 i-xres,
more or less.
O. All that tract of land called Makaha. described in Royal
Patent No. 2.243. situated in Waianae, granted to J. Robinson
& Co. by a Deed from L. Kamehameha and C. R. Bishop, ad-mini-trat'-rs
of the estate of A. Paki, at.d recorded in the Regis
try Office in Liber 15, paces 419, 420, 4-1 ; the same contain
ing 4,933 acres, more or lefg.
7. All that piece of land situated in Waifnae, granted to J.
Rot. ii, wen & Co. by Deed executed by Kamehatmha IV.. duly
recorded in the Reptry Office in liber 9, pages 233, 224 ; the
same containing 36 acres.
8, All the riirht title and interest of J. Robinson tf Co., in
anil to certain pieces of land situate. 1 in lioaeae, Kwa, and de
scribed in a certain Deed executed by I. Keicuanaoa, and Ka
puli. the widow of Naraauu, to Samuel Thompson, and duly re
corded in the Registry Office in Liber 5, pages 546, 547, 649,
one undivided halt of which was granted by the said Thompson
to James Robinson & Co , and the other undivided half of
which wa3 cranted bv the said Thompson to Wm. Tate, and by
the said Wm. Tate conveyed to J. Robinson tr Co , by Deed
duly recorded in the Registry Office in UIer 5, on pages 297,
29S, 299 ; the arne containing 3,452 acr-s.
O. All that piece of land situated in Ahualii, Ewa, and de
scribed in Royal Patent No. 712, and granted to the said J.
Robir.9on & Co. by Kabolo and Alapai. by Deed duly recorded
In the Registry Office in Ld-er 7, page G4 ; the name containing
564 acres, more or less.
1 O. All that tract of kalo land and fish pond adjoininor. sit
uated in Hoaeae, Ewa, and described in a Deed In.m W. C.
Parke. Marsha! and recorded in Liber 8, on pages 94,95, 96 ;
the same containing 217 acres, more or less.
II. All the right, title and interest of J. Robinson li Co.,
in and to certain premises situated on Liliha street, Honolulu,
and conveyed to them by J. H. Kmh-elcai, B. Pi'man father
and guardian of the heirs of Kinoole Pitman, and Wm. Berkly
father and guardian of the heirs cf Kahicu BeCkiy, and duly
recorded in the Registry office in Liber 6, pages 817, 81 ; the
same containing 4 2-10 acres.
1 2, All that lot of land situated on King street Honolulu,
more particularly r.escribeil in Royal Patent No. 646, granted
to J. Robinson 4- Co., the si 1 premises containing 27-100
acres ; the same being near the bridge and formerly used as a
1 3. All that piece of land Rttmted on the plains, near
Honolulu, and decri!ed in Royal Patent No. 374, and granted
t i J. Robinson & Co. ; the same containing 3 399-1210 acres.
Immediately after the sale of the above, the following parcels
of Real Estate will be sold on the respective premises :
1 4. All that piece of land situated on Hotel street, Houolulu,
and known as the " Canton Hotel" premises, and described in
Royal Patent No. 647, granted to J. Robinson Co. , the same
containing 35-lW of an acre.
CORNER FORT AND MERCHANT STREETS.
15. Also, a portion of the piece of land situated on Hotel
and Fort streets, Honolulu, and known as the "John O. Munn"
premises, and more particularly described In Royal VatenC
No. 663, and subsequently conveyed to J. Robinson U Co,
16. AH the two pieces of land situated on Hotel street
Honolulu, and described in a Deed executed by B. Pitman and
A. II. Bates, committee in charge of the estate of S. Reynolds
to J. Robinson & Co., and recorded in the negistry Office in
Liber 7, on pages 563, 564, 565 ; the saute containing 25i
17. All that piece of land situated on Hotel street, Honolulu,
described in a deed from W. C. Parke to J. Robinson A Co.,
and recorded in the Registry Office In IJber 15, on pages
18. All that piece of land situated on Nuuanu ftreet, Hono
lulu, granted to J. Robinson k Co., and described In Hoys I
Patent No. 642 ; the same being situated opposite to the premi
ses of the late Dr. Rooke.
U). And also all that piece or parcel of land situated on
Hotel street. Honolulu, described in a Deed executed by Wm.
Fowkr to J . Robinson r Co., Iming a portion cf the land de
scribed in Royal Patent No. 663, granted to J. G. Munn, here
tofore described and set forth.
XT Tenuis, Cimh.
For further particulars, apply to
JAMES Y. AUSTIN, and
ASHKR n. BATES,
Solicitors for the respective parties.
Honolulu, October 22, 1862. 33&-M
C. H. LEAVERS
IIAS COXSTAXTLY OX If A XD, AT HIS
V LUMBER YARD!
Opruiiix on Kins, Fori Si. Merchant Si reel,
Oreeon 1 inch Boards, rout:h and planed,
do. Plank, li, If, 2 and 3 Inch,
do. Scantling of all sizes,
do. Tongued atid Grooved Boards, 1 and 1 loch.
REDWOOD 1 inch Boards, rough and planed,
do. Plank, H, li and 2 inch,
do. Tongued and Grooved Boards, 1 inch.
OREGON SOFT PINE 1 inch Boards.
do. do. do. li, li, 2 and 3 inch Plank.
EASTERN PINE 1 inch Clear Boards,
do. do. i inch Tonpued n'ud Grooved Boards,
do. do. Plank, (expected er RADVUA and
ERIE.). 11, li, 2 and 3 inch,
. do. do. 4, 6 and 12 feet Clapboards.
. .-V O . . . .
SHINGLES Redwood and Oregon Cedar,
A Fine assortment of Wall Paper.
tilass, Whitewash and Paint Brushes.
And a full assortment of
III ILDIJiS' HAUmVAUE,
Which he offers Tor sale at LOWEST MARKET PRICES.
C7 Having Steam Mach inery on his
premises he is prepared to execute orders
for Sawing and Planing.
C. II. LEWER3.
Bills of xcliane
OX SAV FRANCISCO,
For sale in Bums to suit purchasers.
FENCE WIRE !
EXCB WIRE, JL'ST RECEIVBD AX"
tor i-alo in lota to suit, by
c. nstKf ::r c-jl
F VARIOUS SIZES. AVITII EXVE-
lopes to match. For sale by