Newspaper Page Text
r nvKsu.tr, jvly isj.
The bark 'nnlrr, which Lad; been an xiously looked for du
ring the werk, arrival on Wednesday rooming, having
ht fa r px-iitf: d'tnn i.f 14 !-. Uie cii of her delay
the I. n rtcath f Caj. Tiyl., on th l'h of June.
The f Howinj are the date, of the arrival from our port, not
Ih f.ire rrpor.rl:
fUrk rtle. Tjj lr, June 3, 17 day i-age.
Irfi ;'. J). A,r, Itul.Lngton, Jan li 13 days paa;;;.
Bark Yitnj Hertsr Patjr. June 4, 13 Iay4 pn.-sagc.
TUe Utter w.s if?Wre4 for sal-, and Opt. Paty in crn-
3 furnce w tnnafcrreri to the Ion tee.
The clipper ship Mvlmhjht, Cajt. Brock, en route ,r IIoo
r fc"'1?. t " ?ao frnci-co about July 10, and sill touch
a P this -Tt la pasiti. Site wil. I Jue here iWU the 25:h
Thr-! lrje clipper, on the way out fnxa Kattern fmrts for
5aa FrancLtoi, had been Cip:ureI and burned by rebel pirt-s,
(the iSomwonieentk, Set Istrk and Cretan. Point,) and the
rate of insurance iu American vess-U had in consequence ad
vanced fruui 15 to 25 per cent, on the route.
Island produce has sl.oan no advance hi quotation, though
hell more firmly. A large tale of COOQ packages of S. I. sugar
w advertised to take place July 1. Our private advices, an
drr date of Slay 20, give the fullowiog quotation :
ftLii-We qoute form rates, S tjc for dark and me
dium, and 10$ 6x5 I.e. f beat grades.
Corres. Firm at 27J i 2ic. for Kio and Coita liico. A
cargo of 8,000 Ijags is on t he way hither, from Kio.
Kick. Sandwich Island, dull at 6c.
Monsa Dull at CO 6) tZc. r gallon. Syrup, 20 35c.
Fences 13J 3 lljc. lb
Salt $1S 13) $20 per ton.
Wool 13 52 28c. per &-
FlAn the Attn we qnote the following, relatinz to the Ex
change markets, June 27:
Money has been in good retpiirvuiement 'fr l-gitimate pur
r pe. aiA rradity oMainable. For Li-gat Tenders we quote
nominally at WJc. buyers and (Wc. sellers' rates. Jold bars on
last steamer oct-Msion were in active demand, with moderate
supply, aad suiting at (S 840 Civ par; Silver bars at par to
3 cent, disoiunt. Exchange on Loudon Hanker', sight bills
J. do 60 days' do at 4ld, aad Commercial hills it 4!d : on
1'aris. sight at f. 4Wj (S 4.'J5, ami 6") days at f. 4 -J71 3 4 95;
on Hamburg at 41s.
Tle l itwt U.iee-rapic report of Uie New York Money market
is the following:
Nrw Yosk, Jury? 24. Money easy, Sterling E.x:han?e dull,
126; Gold ripenwl at 43, ami closed quiet at 42; Government
fixs of til, coupons, HjoJ; Pacific Mail. lSaJ.
f Karfy in Jane, the premium on gold fell to 44, and during the
month ef June Us fluctuation ranged hut littk from that rate.
The bark V. S. Periina sailcI on Tuesday for Victoria
taking a full cargo of produce, mostly sugar.
The brig Franc Luc o came in on the 12th from Lahaina, where
she discharged cargo of lumber. he requires some re
pairs, and will then proceed to San Francl.co or Victoria.
A very large sUe r-f sugar over 200,000 ffcs. has been mode
during the past week, Cf export, on private term, but under
stood to have been at a decline fn.ro previous quotations. The
stock of all kinds of sugars on hand is still large, but as part f
the plantations have ceaed grinding till next winter, there is a
fair pro? pec t that the stock wiii now work utT as fast as it
The fault e will meet with quick dispatch for San Francisco,
and is advertised for the 2th.
Smr Zxhra O A Bourne sold at auction, in New Bedford:
ship Hudson, S68 tons, with her Inventory. s dischargetl fn.m
her last voyage, to William Wilcox, for $ 'J.400. One sixteenth
of ship Congress 2d, of that prt, as discharged from her last
vryae, to Gilbert Allen, for $230. One thirty-second of ship
Onward, as discharged, to Thomas Mathews, for $600.
I have always consider -d advertising , says Stephen
Oirard, liberal ami U ng, to be the great medium f success in
business and the prelude to wealth. And I have made it an
invariable rule. too. t advertise in the dullest timet, a long
experience having taught me that money thus spent is well
laid out; as my keeping my business continually before the
public, has secured me many sates that I otherwise would have
A MiLsscholt Rkcord. The Portland Advertiser gays
'bat the steamer North American, which arrived at that port
from Liverpool, brings seventeen American Captains of mer
chantmen. Klcven of these Captains sold their t-hips abroad,
on account of the immense war risks, anil no demands for
freights under the hazard f shipments in A merican bottoms ;
four of these Capta,ns had their ships captured and Lunit by
the Confederate cruissr, Alabama; two rcuatning Captains
lot their ships at sea.
Cottox IS Exclaxd. The importations of cotton in'o Eng
land for the presyit yfar have amounted to 310,000 bales
against 200,000 f.AVthe corresponding period in 1862. The
quantity afbwt on Us way to that country was estimated at
4-JO.OCO bales at the latest dates. On the whole the condi
tion of the cott'p manufacture if considered to have im
proved greatly diking the year. The reports from India as
to the growing crop are favortble. In Madras Presidency
something over a million acres are under cultivation fi.r cotton
an increase of thirty per rent, on the preceding year. The
new crop has turned out well both as to quantity aid quality.
St-tc SPECCLaTioxs. The author of the racy articles about
Stock Brokers in the Uoston Com' I liullrtin, gives sotne good
advice, all the better lor h-ing given by an oil broker:
Wrrer speculate, my young friend, never allow yourself to
be withdrawn fntn the regular pursuit of your business, or the
faithful conduct of it to be embarrassed and harassed by ex
citement ami fear. Never be seduced by any illusion, or be en
ticvd by the brilliancy of any project, away from your legitimate
line of business. The simple field of correspondence, which you
wili lorm in a year or two, is worth more, and will brine in
moe actual amounts of money, than all the chances of stock
gambling in the world. The track of the yearly caravan across
the dazzling sunny sands cf the desert, is not more marked by
the whitened bones of camels that once bore their stately
burthens, than is that of the yearly business along the brilliant,
flashing track of Wall street, by the sail meruent s of those,
who were aMe once to carry any amount of stock." hut who
dropped under the bad at la.-t, and were left to perish, while
the busy throng swept on, heedless of the fall. By keeping
strbtly in with the plodding caravan, by not da.hing out after
evei-y babbling fountain, by not following every delusive mirage
you will certainly reach the end of the journey at las-t, and
revel amongst the plenty of the golden palms. Art e r specu
late." Ship Mull.
Fvr Sa FaASCoiiCO pf-r Yankee, Saturday, July 25.
lORT OF HONOLULU. H. I.
July 9 ?tb Moikciki, NarxLi, from Lahaina and Kahului,
with 100 ks sugar, 2J brls mouses, 50 bgs wheat,
2 cabin and 6 deck ass.
11 Steamer Kilauea, McGregor, from windward ports,
with M kgs sngnr, 2a brls potatoes, 11 bss fungus,
367 hides. 39a goat skins. 5 rolls leather, 6 bxs
c.rtnges. 2 bgs coff'-e, 1 brl cheeses. 8 csks tallow,
15oo pineapt'l-s, $1175 coin, 39 bullock, 2 horses,
29 sheep, 1 J b gs.
11 Sch Hannah. Antone. from Hilo, with 350 kgs sugar,
ISO mis sugar, 1H hides. 3 nogs, 8 pass.
11 Sch Kamehameha IV, Clark, fiom Moloaa, with 15
11 Steaovr Annie Laurie, Marchant. fm ports on Kauai,
with 171 kgs suirar. 2 cabin. 7 deck pass.
12 Sch Imma Kke, Wetherby, from Lahaina and Ma-
kee's Landing, with CO brU molasses, 150 kgs
sugar. 20 bndls sugarcane, 100 hides. 2 bis fungus,
1 nbin, 20 deck pass.
12 Sch Kam-n, Shepherd, from Lahaina and Kahului,
with wheat, shorts, bran and iU
12 Sch Kalama, Spunyarn, fm jorU on Kauai, with 27
cds wood, 3 pass
12 Sch Jeannftte, frro Moloaa, with firewood.
12 Am brir Francisco, Richmond, C5 dys from Paget
?ound. via Lahaina.
13 Sch Md FelUrw, J-.hnson, from orts on Kauai, with
22 ctls firewood. IS pas.
14 Sch Motwahine, Kuheana. from Hanalei with 21 cd
woo. I. 11 hides, 9 kgs sugar, lot machinery, 3
13 Am bark Yankee. Paty, 14 days from San Francifco.
with mdse to Wilcox. Kichards Sc. Co.
lo Ilaw sch Marilda, Ernrlish. 11 days from Fanr.ing's
Isitnd, with aNral 70O gals cocoanut oil, tic.
IKIA IITL KES.
Juty 9 Sch Warwick, B ill, ft-r Molokal.
1 gch M-tikeiki. Naprla. f.r Lahaina and Kahului.
13 Sch Kioai-4 Kooke. Wetherby, f.w Lahaina.
13 Sch Kamehameha IV, Clark, for Moloaa.
13 Steamer Annie Laurie, Marchant, for Kauai.
1.1 Sch Kalama. Spunyarn, for ports on Kauai.
10 Sch Jeamrtt. for Moloaa.
14 Am bark N S Perkins. Robinson, r Victoria, V I.
14 Sch Kamoi, Shepherd, fr Lahaina and Kahului.
M EM O U A DAi
EJ Hrt Franc Iteo, Richmond, reports First two weeks
from Paget Sound, exrwri.-nced strong southerly winds. June
7th, ia g'.e of wind, split sails baJ sprung a leak. Rest of the
passage, had light trades. Arrived at Lahaina July 7th; sailed
for Honolulu on the 12th.
Vfrl r,pe-trl front Forrigis Porta.
Am Miss packet Morning Star, Gclctt. from Micronesia due
Haw. scliooner Kate Sargant saileil from Boston about Xor. 12,
with general mdse. to II. Hackfeld if Co. over due.
Am bark Helen Mar, Deshon. sailed from Boston March 12. with
a general cargo to C. Brewer tr Co.
Bremen bark George Lu-Iwig. Ilaerloop. saileil from Bremen
April 4, with general mJsc lo E. HoJschlaeger tr SUn-
British steel sch Doroitila saHed fr m Liverpool Apr"! 17, with
assorted cargo to Janin. Ore en & Co.
Bremen ship Ciena, Bremer, sailed from Bremen April 17, with
general tudse to II. Iiackfcld & Co.
Am ship Kaduga, Rope. s.iild from Rontoa May 15. with ft
general cargo to C. Brewer Si Co.
Am ship rmu-l Robertson, wouM leave Neiv Bedford In all
May, with general m-Ue to Wilcox. Richards Si Co.
OJ i'i bark JitiUu. Lubbers, was to leave Bremen in all May,
. with roeral mdse to Melchers & Co.
VKSSKL.S I.V I'ORT-JL'LV 10.
Am bark Yankee, Commodore Paty.
Am brig Francisoj, Kiclonoud.
Chilian ship J Kam, Kossi, r-pairinjj.
Haw sch Marilda, rjiKiisb.
Steamer Kiiauea, McOregor, f-r windward ports.
St U-MJSERS Hannah, for ; Odd Fellow, repairing.
From vn$Mi, via Lalai:.a per Francisco, July 12
From Sax Fkiscisco per Yankee, July 15.
Or l-r 1 roll eath-r, 8 pkg -iiU. 1 bmll ham-, 1 bl duck, 3
pkgi fi-h, 1 is Unl, 1 cs olive oil. 1 cs pickles. 1 bx cognac, 1
chest tea, 1 bx preserved meat. 1 bx cheeses. 41 cs bread, 4
bxs macaroni. 12 hlf sks flMir, hlf brls whiskey, 2 Sths brandy,
5 Sths cognac. 1 th sherry, 1 d-injohn. 5 kgs ale, 1 cs alcohol,
10 ss onions, 1 cs skins, 1 brl brand v. 2 bxs apple. 6 pkgs.
t.'ar-t Paty 4 prs s;ihes, 12 qr sks'tlour. 2 pkk-s ha:, 1 pkg
book4, 1 pkg hos..-, 1 pkg watch springs, 1 cs lamps 1 csoil, SO
brU luiie. 1 brl plaster, 3 bottles hair preservative, 1 cooking
stove, 1 pkg silver cup, 1 pkz mu-ic. 2 pks garden seed.
Wilcox, Kichards & Co 10 ks onions, 'M nks potatoes, 140
qr ski flour, 20 brls lime, 10,000 bricks, 10.512 ft si ting, 5.000
ft red-ojd flooring, 2t)0 relwojd posts, 4 spring, 100 bolts, 4
bndls iron, 32 tcs salmon.
A I I rich. Walker k Co 21 bxs bread. 8 bxs tin. 15 h!f brls
apples, 1 vice, 30 bars iron, 31 pkgs mdse, 20 cs kerosene, 12
sioves, 50 kgs nail, 13 cs wJse, 8 bndls do, 13 cs matches, 37
Von Holt A: Heack 2 c, 4 h!s mdse, 2 csks claret.
II HackfeM tr Co 6J cs chauip ttrue, 10 cs brandy, 2 cs mdse,
50 cs bread. 2 bxs mdje, 1 demijohn.
II M Whitney 20 bulls paper, 1 cs books, 2 cs mdie, 1 pkg
Chung Iloon 3 bxs opium, 67 pkgs mdse.
O C eider 4 bxs tin. 1 bx mdie, 1 i-heet copper.
.leicners 4r Co 10 cs ginghams, 1 cs samples.
Ohewkew 20 bxs China mdse.
J M Smith Si Co 1 pkg gold foil, 10 cs drugs.
K M'Kibbin 9 cs drugs.
Capt P Kossi 1 bx preserved chicken, 1 bx tobacco, 1 kg
spirits. 2 bxs sundries. 2 bps onions, 1 bg gai lick. 1 brl ale.
V 11 Si U Segelken 1 bx indie, 3 reels lead pipe, 5 budls
W N Ladd 2 cs hardware. 1 bndl scythes, 5 cs mde.
P C Jones 15 cs mdse. 4 bgs otatoes, 1 bndl rockets.
A S Orimbaum 6f Co 11 cs boots ani shoes, 43 cs mdse, 2
bxs soap. 1 bx Florida water.
E C H'ibroii 61 qr ss flour.
C Brewer & Co 50 brls lime.
O C McLean 50 hlf bks fl.iur, 1 bg corks.
A 1) Cartwright 23 cs crackers, 33 cs groceries, 5 sks do, 3
brls do, 5 kts mackerel.
- O Hall 6 bndls iron, 11 cs mde.
T Mossman A: Son 20 hir Bks flour, 10 pkgs mdse, 10 tins
crackers, 16 cs mdse, 100 tks flour.
J T Waterhouse 7 cs mdse.
Castle & Cooke 7 bxs mdse. 12 pkgs do, 3 bells, 16 prs iron
shutters. 15,000 bricks, 4 budls mdst.
Janion, (ireen & Co 2 coils packing, 1 piece lead.
J K Chapman 1 bl hose.
S Savidge 144 pkgs mdse.
II I'imond if Son 3 pkgs md3e.
L'lai Si Ahce 5 bis calico, 237 mt3 rice.
J ('attanach 6 bxs conlectionery, 1 bxj ims.
J fete wan I 120 qr sks flour, 1 pkg medicines.
Thompson & Neville .1 pkgs iron thimbles.
Judd A: Stangenwald 8 pkgs drugs.
II L Chase 3 pkgs drugs, 1 pkg mdse, 1 gal alcohol.
II Mclntyre if Son 2 cs cloves. 1 cs xalmoii.
I Burns 1 swedgo block, 4 pkgs rings and washers, 1 pkg
Several packnx-s unspecified ind.-e, too numerous to mention.
For Victor! t ii Tkkkalet per N S Pcrkius, July 14 3080
kg sug u-, 270 mis do, 7 brls do, 213 brls molasses, 20 hhds do,
127 bgs coff'-e, 3 rolls leather.
For Victoria, V. I. per X S I'erkin?, July 14 W S Ogden,
wife and 2 children, 5 Hawaiian 9.
From Sax Fkascisco per Yankee, July 12 Mrs Armstrong,
child ami servant, Miss L Irwin Mrs T Stephenson and child,
M C ChHllmel. wife and two children, Capt P Kosi, D Ilurns,
J K Wilder, L Tonnor, U K Kinchloe, J Ilenkel, W Haiina 17.
CO AST W Is K.
( From Wixdwaro Port? jn-r Kilauea, July 11 Miss Juliet
Cooke, Ilishop Staley, Capt F Molteno, Dr J Saivic. CaptJ
Worth, K Hitchcock, II Dickenson. W lleadle, Ileivey Whit
ney, A Caterina, Ahsuin 11 cabin, 110 deck.
ISaldwix At the Queen's Hospital. July 14, Charles Bsild
wio, aged u2 years, a native of Sncedville, Hancock Co., Last
JJT Louisville, Ky., papers please copy.
Taylor In San Frar.cisco, June IS, of heart disease, Capt.
Alexander U. Taylor, of uw Lcdford, Mass., ag;d 42 years.
THURSDAY, JULY 10.
Tlic? forolfcn NcM'nt
After waiting ten days quite impatiently for
a mail to arrive, we have it at length ; and
the month's news, such as it is, we place before
our readers on the next page.
As we anticipated might be the case, the bat
tle ground has been removed from Fredericks
burg to the vicinage of Washington, and the
annual summer diversion of the rebel army of
making incursions into Maryland and Pennsyl
vania, has been repeated with a boldness that
has struck terror into the heart of the old Key
stone State, and made the executive officers of
Harrisburg feel as unsettled and unsafe as any
of those of the rebel States have ever done.
The second invasion of Maryland appears to
have taken place about June 13th, but before
we notice it further it may be well to state what
transpired during the interim before it.
Our last previous dates from Hooker'a army
were to June 1, when the rebels under Leo,
were reported as moving up the Rappahannock
towards Washington. They took the route up
the river, through Culpepper, thence to the
Shenandoah valley; while Hooker moved in
parallel lines through Aquia Creek to Fairfax
Station and encamped on the old battle-field of
Bull Hun. On the 9th of June, the advance
corps of the two armies, consisting of cavalry,
met at Warren ton, and a terriGc fight followed
in which the National troops lost 000 and the
rebels 1400. Other (-mall engagements appear
to have taken place in this neighborhood, but
with no great losses.
At the latest advices. Gen. Lee's army was
encamped in the Shenandoah valley, between
Strasburg and Winchester, about 94,000 strong,
which is much a larger f rce than he was sup
posed to liave. An attempt had been made by
them to take Harper's Ferry, in which they
The bulk of Gen. Hooker's army rested on
the battle-Geld of Cull Kun, and from that point
stretched to Leesburg and across the Potomac
to Poolsville, a distance of tome thirty miles.
Tho rebel force which entered Maryland and
Pennsylvania was u. division under Gen. Kwell,
numbering 23,000. This force appears to be in
communication with the main rebel army in
the Shenandoah, but by what route is not clear,
if Harper's Ferry is in the possession of the
Federals. The fact that Gen. Kwell has so larse
a force in Pennsylvania, and that during the
12 days he had been over the Potomac, he had
not only not been driven back, but appears to
have moved northward and strengthened his posi
tion in the heart of Pennsylvania, would indi
cate that he is confident of success, especially
if supported by Lee's army in reserve near the
Potomac. From all the data we can gather,
this is a far more formidable invasion than that
of September, 1SG2, and threatens to be accom
panied with more disastrous results.
Wc may bo ungenerous, but we have never
had full confidence in Gen. Hooker's ability
for the position he holds, and our doubts have
been strengthened since his repulse at Fiede
ricksburg. Nor do we think that there is any
general in the Federal employ at or around
Washington, who i- an equal to Gen. Lee,
who is now proving his superior generalship
The only commander who is his match, is Gen
M'Clellan ; and t-hould party rancor, suspicion
and hate continue to set aside the best talent
the North possesses for a Commander-in-Chief
and jeopardize the national cause, the day may
not be far distant when tli3 capital of Pennsyl
vania may fall into the hands of the rebels,
Baltimore sue tut peace, and Washington be
regularly beseiged. The invasion of Pennsylva
nia is ttill an enigma, and God grant that those
in Washington who have the direction of the
campaign, may bi able not simply to defeat the
invaders, but capture thorn in their retreat.
At the West, in the siege of Vickdburg, Gen
Grant was still battling the rebels, who have
withstood all his assault with a heroism worthy
of a better cause. Up to the latest dales, June
20, Gen. Grant was still confident of capturing
the city and Gen. Pemberton was equally confi
dent of holding out for an indefinite period.
Gen. Banks and his army were before Port
Hudson, but up to the latest dates had not taken
the place, though the probabilities were in his
favor. It strikes us that had Banks first co-ope
rated with Grant in the attack on Vicksburg
and then, if successful there, returned to Port
Hudson, it would have displayed better general
ship, and at both points the Federal arms keen
more likely to have met with success.
. In Tennessee, Gen. Ilosecrans still remained
in the position he had held for months. Gen
Burnside was active, but no great successes are
reported, unless it be Gen. Carter's raid into
Turning to the ocean, we find the rebel pirate
fleet growing in numbers and strength, and
threatening to sweep the Atlantic of all Ameri
can merchant vessels. That this is so, is indi
cated by the rate of insurance having advanced
to over 25 rer cent, showing the chances of
escape from cruisers to bo now reduced to one in
In Europe very little appears to have trans
pired of general interest, if we may judge from
the few telegrams of European news received.
I'lio fric-n roily ot'Laboi',
The question of Labor is one of growing im
TMjrtunco here, that is giving to planters espe
cially great anxiety. A manager of a planta
tion writes to us that it is next to impossible
to obtain help to carry on a plantation even on
the smallest scale necessary for success, and that
unless some plan is soon devised by which more
laborers can be provided, some of our planta
tions must bo tittandoiied. If this be really so,
it becomes a serious question of governmental
policy, which should be discussed until a plan
is adopted which may not only bring relit-f to
plantations already established, but enable others
to be commenced.
' There is not a plantation on the islands that
flias yet produced in one year -500 tous of sugar
or 00,000 rounds, though any of them are
capable of producing COO tons easily, if laborers
could le had, while several of them have ma
chinery and facilities for manufacturing 1,000
to loOO tons per annum As a necessary con
sequence oi carrying on tne manufacture of
sugar on such a reduced scale, the cost of pro
ducing our sugars is and must remain greater
than in other countries, where labor is more
abundant, and where from plantations of 2,000
acres, 1200 to 1500 tons is the customary yield.
On one of our estates, employing 200 la
borers and producing 200 tons of sugar, the
cost of the sugar per pound on an average can
not be less than four or five cents, while if the
same plantation could obtain and rely on the
assistance of 500 laborers, its yield of sugar
might be increased to 1200 or 1500 tons, at a
cost of 2t to 3 cents per pound. As a question
of political economy, therefore, this subject of
Labor is one of vital importance to the people.
The benefit of a large production of sugar,
would accrue to the planters first, no doubt,
but the laborers, their families, the people and
the government itself would share in it.
There aie but two souices from which we can
expect to obtain laborers from abroad for agri
cultural purposes from the islands of the South
Pacific and from China. It is useless to look
to Europe for laborers for plantations. They
may do lor farmers, ftechanics, and city labor
ers, but for plantation service, no reliance should
be placed on them. The recent attempts of the
Peruvians to introduce into Peru, Polynesian
laborers from the South Sea Islands, by resort
ing to kidnapping, has excited great indigna
tion against this mode of obtaining them. But
these acts of the Peruvians are those of private
citizens, who have engaged to obtain laborers,
voluntarily if they could, forcibly if they could
not otherwise, and disposing of them as chattels
to the highest bidder. While this mode has
been universally condemned, we are not certain
but some plan of inviting Polynesian immi
grants hither might be adopted by the govern
ment, which would be free from all censure.
Government, however, is the only party who can
or ought to undertake it.
If this mode is not practicable, the only rc-
maining one is that of introducing coolies,
which has already been tried. It has its objec
tions, many and serious ones, but whether the
necessities of the country do not outweigh them,
is a question which is open for debate. Sjme
of our oldest and best informed planters, who
participated in the importation of the coolies
brought here eight and ten years ago, and who
have watched the evils and benefits of the sys
tem, think that it is the only available one, and
that which alone will give us relief. Jt
Hut whatever system is adopted to remedy this
growing want, it will take time to initiate and
carry it into effect. Meanwhile1 much can be
,done by the managers of estates to ameliorate
the condition of their laborers, so that they may
bo more contented and less disposed to get away.
Most of the contracts with laborers are for one
or two years. The latter term is as long as it
is advisable to engage them, and generally at
its expiration they wish to take a vacation.
The disposition to return to service, depends
greatly on the treatment that the laborers have
received from the manager. If he has been cruel,
exacting, and unreasonable, no inducements will
bring them back ; if, on the contrary, his treat
ment has been mild, however firm it may have
been, they will cheerfully return after spending
their earnings. This labor question depends,
therefore, in some degree on the planters them
selves, their managers and overseers. We have
beea much interested iu Madame Pfeiffer's ac
count of sugar plantations in Mauritius, and in
one of the chapters she alludes to this same
subject, showing the injustice that is practiced
on laborers there, 'as it probably is the world
On one of the plantations ten laborers wished upon
expiration of their contract, to quit their employer
and take service with another. The plauter heard of
t bis, aud three weeks before the articles of these ten
men rxrired, he piersuudeJ ten others to give iu the
papers of the malcontents as their own, and to have
the contract renewed for a year. Then he called the
disconteutei laborers separately before him, showed
each one the cou tract, nud tolJ him he had another
jer to serve. Of course the people persisted that
this was impossible, us they hid not been at the
court at all, and never had the writing in their
hands. The planter replied that the contract was
valid, and declared that if they couiplaiued before
the court they would tut be heard, and that corporal
chastisement would most likely be their reward,
moreover, if they weut, he would not pay the wages
he owed them lor five months work, unless under
The poor fellows were at a loss what to do. For
tun.itely, an olhchil of high positiou lied close by,
and one who was known us au honest, philanthropic
mau. To hitu they went, told their story, and begged
his protection, which he ut once promised. The
affair came before the court, but the trial went on
very slowly, as none of the planter's people dared to
give evidence, even if they had the will, it would
have beeu difficult for them to do so, as the planter
forbade his people to go out. and had them carefully
watched and prevented from communication with
any one all the time the action was pending.
In the course of some ten weeks, five sittings or
hearings took place. The first three were held before
a single judge, who whs a planter into the bargain.
The protector of the poor plaintiffs insisted that three
judges should be appointed, as the law demands, and
protested against the one judge, who could not but
appear iullueuced by his position as a plauter. As
this demand proceeded from a man in a high position,
and was, moreover, strictly legal, it was complied
with, and the first judge only attended the two sub
sequent sittings to give explanations respecting the
former three. At the filth sitting the action was
certainly decided in favor of the coolies, but the ver
dict was in a manner I never should have thought
possible in a land under English rule. The judge,
or planter, who had heard the plaintiffs iu the first
three sittings, declared that when the teu people
Srst came to him, he could not know whether they
were the real proprietors of the papers, for that hun
dreds of laborers came to him with similar complaints
He had written out the new coutract on unstamped
paper, as he happened to have none with a stamp by
him, and the people, not one of whom could write.
had attached their crosses as signatures. Afterward
he ha the contract writtea on stamped paper, as it
otherwise would have beeu invalid, and in order not
to call up the people again, his clerk had affixed the
crosses. As the people had, therefore, not signed
with their own hands, tbe contract was void, and the
Coolies were free; and thus the action was decided.
The real circumstances of the case were entirely
different. If the poor coolies had not found an in
fluential protector, the planter-judge would have
decided the affair in favor of the employer. The
appearance cf tbe facial personage upon the stage
Compelled the judge to show an appearance of justice.
and so save themselves by finding out a forgery, for
which, in any other country, the judge and his clerk
wculd not only have lost their places as a cer:ainty.
but have been provided with board and lodging, and
a restricted number of companions, in a certain pub
The planter got off unpunished, though even
according to the Mauritian laws, framed with great
regard to the planter's convenience, he should have
been subjected to a fine and a year's imprisonment.
To crown his worthy action, lie cheated the poor
Coolies, and mulcted tiieiu ot a month s pay, under
the pretence that they had done but very little work.
broken some of their implements, and stolen others.
This paltry person is very much looked up to iu
.lauritius, aud is received with pleasure in society.
He is rich, certainly, and is a regular attendaut at
church and here, as elsewhere, people have peculiar
ideas as to wealth and religious ideas, which plain,
honest folks are too dull to appreciate.
The same book from which the above is ex
tracted, gives a very interesting account of the
plantations of Mauritius, which has become
famous as a sugar-producing country, with ue-
tails which will interest our planters. With
j plenty of laborers, there is no reason why some
of our estates such as the Prineeville, the
Haiku and Makee might not produce each
3,000,000 pounds or 1500 tons annually, as
easily as those instanced by Madame Pfeiffcr :
The greatest sugar cane plantations are iu the di
rection of Pamplemousse, in which also the botanical i
gardens are situated. 1 visited the Monchoisy plan-
tation, the property ot Mr. lamoert. ine manager,
Mr. Gilat, was kiud enough to escort me through the
fields and buildings, and to give me such a lucid ex-
planation of the method of growing and preparing
the sugar c:ine, that I cannot do better than give his
own words, as nearly as I cn remember them.
The sugnr cane is not raised from seed, but
pieces of cane nre planted. The first cane requires
eighteen months to ripen, hut as, during this time,
the chief stem puts out shoots, each of the following
harvests can be gathered in at intervals of twelve
months, so that three crops are obtained in four
years and a half. After the fourth harvest, the field
must be thoroughly cleared of the cane. If the land
is virgin soil, on which no former crop has been
raised, fresh slips of cane can at once be planted, and
thus eight crops can be obtained iu nine years. If
this is not the case, ambrezades must he planted a
leafy plant, which grows to the height of eight or nine
feet, and whose leaves, continually falling, decay on
the ground and fertilize it. Alter two years, the
plants are rooted out, aud the land becomes a sugar
For about the last ten years the custom has pre
vailed of dressing the hind with juano, and very
good results have been obtained. On good ground,
8,000 pounds per acre have been raised, and on bad
soil, that formerly raised 2,000 pounds at the most,
the produce has been doubled.
I was much astonished to see the beautiful wide
ppread plains of Pamplemousse covered with great
pieces of lava. It would appear as if nothing could
grow under such circumstances, but I heard that
this peculiarity of the 6oil is favorable to the sugar
cane, which will uot bear a long drought. It is
planted between these fragments of rock, and the
raii water collecting in pools in the cletts and holes,
keeps the ground moist fur a long time.
H'hen the canes are ripe ami the harvest begins,
no more is cut down each day than can be pressed
nn) boile.? at once, for the great heut soou spoils the
saj, in the canes. The cane is pressed between two
rollers, turned by steam, with tuch force that it is
crashed quite flit and dry; it is then used for fuel in
boiling the kettles.
The juice runs successively into six kettles or pans,
of which the first is most fiercely heated; the force of
the fire is made to diminish under each of the others.
In the last kettle the sugar is found almost half pro
duced. It is then placed on great wooden tables,
whre it is left to cool, and here the mass granulates
int crystals of the size of a pin head. As a final
operation, it is poured into wooden vessels perforated
wi small holes, through which the molasses still
co" ?ained in the sugar may filter. The whole pro
cess requires eight or ten days for its completion.
Before the sugar is packed, it is spread out on great
ter'aces to dry for some hours iu the sua. It is
shippel in bags containing 150 pounds each.
Mr. Lambert's sugar plantation contains 2,000
acres of land, but of course only a part of this is
planted each 3ear. He has GOO laborers, who are
engaged for seveu months iu the year in tho field,
and during the other five in getting in the crop and
bohing it. In a good year, that is, when the rainy
season sets in early and lasts long Mr. Lambert
gets three million pounds of sugar (1500 tons) from
his plantation; but he is well content with two mil
lions and a half. A hundred pounds of sugar are
worth from uine to twelve shillings (2 (3 3c. per lb.)
The largest planter in the Mauritiut is a Mr.
Rocheconte. who is said to produce nearly seven
millions pounds of sugar annually.
Sugar, aud nothing but sugar, is to be seen in this
island. Everything has reference to sugar, and all
the conversation is about sugar. Mauritius might
be called the sugar island, and its c-at of arms
should be a bundle of sugar-canes and three sugar
During a residence of eome weeks I hal opportuni
ties of observing the condition and circumstances of
the laborers. They are called coolies," and come,
as I have mentioned, from all parts of India. They
hire themselves for five years, and the planter who
lures them has to give each laborer os. or 10s. a
month, fifty pounds of rice, four pounds of fat or oil,
a sufSciencj of Bait, and ft little hut to live in,
besides the sum Le has to pay tbe government for
The laborer's condition ii not nearly so good a3
that of a servant. He has to work heavily in the
cat.e-field and the boiling house, and is much more
exposed than the domestic servant to the arbitrary
power of his master, for he may not leave until his
five years' contract has expired. He may certainly
go and complain if he is hardly used, for there are
juJges to her, and laws to redress his woes; but, as
the judges are frequently planters themselves, the
poor laborer seldom finds the verjict given in his
tavtr. The laborer has frequently to walk eight or
ten miles before he gets to the court. In the week
he has no time to go, and on Sunday he finds it
closed. If, after much trouble he at length succeeds
in reaching the abode of justice be Muds, perhaps,
that tbe court is engaged in a multiplicity of affairs,
and is told to go and co:r.e again some other day. To
make the thing more difficult for him, he is not ad
miited at all, unless he brings witnesses. How is he
to get these? None of his companions in misfortune
will dare to render him such a service, for fear of
punishment, or even corporal ill usage at the hands
of his master.
Itciilsu 5i$isitcli JLinc
The well-known and favorite Bark
Y A NKEE,
JOHN PATY, Master,
Will be dispatched for the above port
ON SATURDAY, JULY 25th.
For freight or passage apply to
WILCOX, RICHARDS J; CO., Agents of
3"3-2t Regular Dispatch Line of rackets.
Prof. O. A. BELEW,
AVILL. UilLIVER HIS
FIJST LECTURE !
The Science oV ISorsciuniisIiip,
At his 1'avillion on King Street, west side City Market,
On Friday Afternoon,
July IT, at 1 o-clock.
Immediately after the Lecture, he will give a practical deraon
strntion of his system upon
A WiLD HORSE!
The Lecture will le free ft all.
tT For particulars see ProKrammes.
B It E W E It P L A N T A T ION,
Cro; now coming in,
For sale hy
F. S. PRATT, Agent.
XX X "Wk. Xfc 3E2
Per "YANKEE !"
BLACKSMITH'S VICES, PICK IIKLVES,
Japanned J:iug, etc.
lor sale by
W. N. LADD.
"vr t t o ii tt i ill
JN 0W LanQlllg IrOIIl lailKeei
A HsorttMl Crnclicrti, in Cu- nml TJiik,
Fresh Salmon in Tins,
California Clear Lake Cheese,
Hlf. and qr. Boxes Njw Malaga llaisins,
Fresh California Onions,
Dried Apples. bbls.,
Xew Steamed Oysters,
Nests of Market Baskets
S 70-Ira S. SAVIDGB
Exchange on the Uiiifcd States,
JX SUMS TO SUIT.
For .iile ly i
SA.U'L N. CASTLK,
Agent A. It. C. F. M.
Sea-side Cottage !
FOR SALE I
AT WAIKIRl, THE IIOL.OSWOR.TII
Cottajrc recently improved, and in jfiiod repair ; con
tains one large parlor coiuiriandiiig a fine view of the
sea and Diamond Head, with dining room and sleeping room
attached. Two large verandahs enclosed with blinds. Also
co"k house, bath house, carriage house, and stable. The whole
enclosed by a well built fence. The location is unequalled for a
summer residence, arm its tine sea bathing and refreshing cool
ness are unsurpassed. The premises will lm sold on favorable
terms if applied for soon.
a73-iui 11. W. SKVEUKNCK.
Dealer jn General Merchandise, Hilo, Hawaii. Ships supplied
with recruits at the shortest notice, on reasonable terms
Bills of exchange wanted. 373-ly
LI? WE ItS
Dealers i a Lumber and Building Materials,Fojt St. Honolulu.
II. F. SNOW,
IMl'OllTLK AND DEALER IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE,
Honolulu, Onhu, II. I. 373-Iy
OR SALE 11V
II. HACKFELD k Co.
105,000 Havana shape,
For s:ile to arrive
per " CO.l ET," from S:in Francisco,
II. HACKFELD & Co.
4 Vounj? Hector ' and Comet,'
GASTLE & 000EC
THE IIIIITISII AND FOREIGN
MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY,
Capital One Million Pounds.0
Head Office, Manchester Buildings, Liverpool.
Agents at Honolulu,
JiVKriOIVr, GrJEttZSJEllSI cft Co.
N. B. This Company takes risks on goods only and not on
vessels. 373 8
Machinery For Sale !
TO AKRIVE per 'DOMITILA!'
f SUGAR MILLS. KACII with ItOLLKIlS
inches diameter, and 4 ft. 6 in. stroke, titled complete,
and 2 spare roller pinions.
2 40-IXCII UXDER.DRIVKX CENTRI-
fugal Machine-, on the latest aud most approved principle, with
improved all-round breaks, counter-oarinj, foundation bolt,
and belts complete..
2 VERTICAL HIGH 1RKSSURK STKAM
l-ngiues, SJ-inch cylinders and 16-iuch stroke, with vertical tu
bular Boilers, governors and force pumps complete.
All made at the celebrate! Vauxhall Foundry, Liverpool-
r"u. or lunner particulars, npplv to
J ANION, GKEKN & Co.
FROM SAN FRANCISCO, ANI) PORSALE
by the undersigned :
8 rolls 5-4 White Matting,
9 rolls 4-4 " "
134 boxes 10 lbs. each, Superior Tea for Family I'ae,
And a general assorted invoice of Suitable Goods.
373-1 m Next door to Messrs. Castle & Cooke, King st.
At the Commercial Adv- Office,
Per bark " Yankee," July 15,
HARPER'S WEEKLY May 1G-23-3C-June
1-eslie's Weekly Mav 182330 June C
New York Herald .May 13 C3
" " World May 91623 30
Ledger May 10 23 30 June 6
" " Zeitung .May 0 1023 3D
" " Vanity Fair .May 16 23 30 June 6
w " Ill-irtrated News May 10 23 30 JutieO
French Courier May 111323 Jun- 8
Loudon IllustM News April 13 2a May 2 16 3
44 l'unrh April 18 25 May 291623
44 Dispatch April 18 25 May 2 9 J6 23
S. F. Dulletiu June 6 132027
Alta California June 6 13 20 27
Sacramento I'nion June 6 13 20 27
Harper's for June
Atlantic for June
Eclectic for June
Hunt's for May
Chamber's Journal for April
London Art Journal for May
Dlackwood for May
British Reviews for April
Cornhill for May
Temple Ear for May
; h o n ozTltl u
Steam Biscuit Bakery.
THE ITNDERSIGNGI WOULD RES.
pectfully inform his friends and the public generally that
The Honolulu Steam Biscuit Bakery
Being now in full operation, he is prepared to furnish
Pilot & Navy Bread, Water Crackers,
And other descriptions of
Fancy Biscuits, -
All ol superior quality and at
Prices to defy competition.
Parties furnishing their own flour for ship bread, will hare it
made up at the lowest possible rates.
SHIP BREAD REBAKED.
Orders from the other islands promptly attended to.
, . ROBERT LOVE. Nuuanu Street.
O" OrI. rs in Honolulu for shipping to be left with Mensrs.
Wilcox, Kichards St Co. 7a m
WIGHTMAN & HARDIE,
41G mid dlS Clay Street,
IJUP02ITEUS and DEALERS
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC
DRY GOODS !
CARPETS, OIL CLOTHS, MATTINGS,
For sale in quantities to Euit. C73-3m
FAMILY SEWUfi MIME (0.
MILLER & IJTJCKI.1X, Agents.
No. 203 Montgomery St., Russ Klock,
Price Worth 50.
rHM IMtACTICALLV DKVELOI' mid per-
JL feet the Sewing Machine art is to carry joy and gladneca
to no small iortion of the civilized world ; but to render the
Sewing Machine art in the highest drejrree useful it is necessary
1. To divest the Sewing Machine of every loose and clumsy
attachment and every fancy and complicated contrivance.
2. It must le simple in its construction throughout, that it
may be easily und-.-rstood and readily adjusted. Ll
3. It must be certain in its results.
4. It must be adapted to a great ranee of work, as most fami
lies can have but one machine for all kinds of sewing.
5. It should be strong and durable in all its parts.
The above and more we claim for the Little (iiant Family
Sewing Machine. It is an easy tak to offer hifih-sounding
references and mentions ani still ea ier to publish nonsensical
medal talk of Flippant and Flattering testimonials which is of
no earthly service to the buyer, since the poorest machines i
furnish them in the greatest abundance, and that too of neces
sity, to conceal their lock of merit The Oiait Fan.ily wing
Machine has parsed the fiery ordeal of all machines, both high
and low. for the prist year, and the severe scrutiny "f the most
skeptical, but has come out unscnthed, and now stands before
the Public as the BKST f;mi!y sewing machine -in use. Oast
ofT machines are advertised daily at lo- and half prices, Which
are deemed worthless the public well know. We, therefore.
would seek simply an intelligent examination of the merits of
our machines in comparison with the high priced machines.
Kvery machine warranted ard kept in order free of charge.
Recollect, price only 825.
N. B. We have no connection with any other agency, firm,
or comnany whatever. A full supply of Machines. II KM.MKKr1,
needles, Silk Twist, and everything appertaining to Sewing Ma
chines, constantly on hand, wholesale or retail. All ordei.
promptly attended to. Agents supplied on liberal terms.
MILLER & Bl'CKLIX,
General Agents for the Little Giant Family Sewing Machines,
203 Montgomery Street. Kuss Block, 373-3m
Exchange on the United States,
X SUMS TO SUIT.
For Snle lF .
C. ERKWTR & C .