Newspaper Page Text
THURSDAY, AUGUST 20. 1S63.
N' tunign arrival or cV-arara no business coc-fiTicijt!y
nothing to quote.
Mrrntiiitr Agrwcr lu Xtw Vork.
TUi mrmctile xtrwj la a cnrlotity. It is a l-uainrsd usy
reader have but I'.ttlc cor.ceptjoo of. It publishes book of
reference. This contain the rvmrs of all the principal persons
in trvir in ail the cities of the L'nited States ami Canada.
Th char?- Ix these book i $ p;y, f 150, or J00 per annum.
Euch sut"cnrirr pajs from one to fire hundred dollars every
year fir Inf.-rmaiion. Some dry hoiuca ay as hi,h as
$l,C0O pr annum. For this turn, the su:riers anr krpt
p)ic. m rrf'TWt to atatnat erery trade in the Union. A los
a J.-ath a chance tit pirtrH-rrtup future or any chan-, is
C"Cirauiiica:r.l Vt ill- snbvribrr. Millions are saved to New
YirJc m-rrr,ariU tvry year by tLis anry.
Wore Anlmr and Lewis Tappan retired from lusin, it
wat .-T charzrd upon them that tlw-y hat-d the South 1")
cor-i;iiT. that it led Vt ir;jutice in their report of th Handing
of Southern ian.
One tu-irr i-:'.rr South, who deemed himself injure! by their
re.-n-t t.t his s'andtnir and reourcen, sued in a New York Court
and recovered $10.tKR) damage.
The Tappan, Arthur au.i Levis, retired from that business,
bot! aifd ami lich.
1 hir ucces.M in the business (Dun. Boyd ir Co.,) employ
about leu hundred awl fifty clerks. Their reports embrace the
Campus as well as the r: ti.-s and towns of the l otted States.
They pire the character and standing of lhec.rnnierci.il firms
if pr at hou- that do a fifty million business in cotton and
bank'nfr, -r of Smith, the pj-anut dealer, on the stmt corner,
who; salt- of roasted tin r2 exceed il 61 per day.
A merchant, namd Jones, from Sk-atwood Minnesota, calls
on M heeler A Wilson to buy fire sewing machines on credit.
"Call hack in half an hour," says Wh-eler, who at once
Ifoes to Dun, Byd ir Co. There he ascertains that Jones is or
is n t m irri-d that Jones is courting a girl, who will have
I lo OK) when her father dies that Junes dots or does not
drin chat he spends one night at bucking the 'Tiger" that
the nil.t pre.u-, Jones did not sleep at the Attor. "here he
pretends to stop, nut at a particular friend's house up town,
whr-h ouvht tv-t to stop, finally, that Jones is thirty-two
yearV'seven. months and three days old that he voted f.ir Lin
cola's election that he belongs to the local church, and has at-t-rl-d
it thirty-three times out of fifty-two Sundays during the
yarliJl. Of course Wheeler ir Co., don't sell to Uis genius
Jot ami consequently, do not losrs the cfcl of five sewing
T.. i-mcnre such varied inf.tnatior, and from all sections.
Dun, Boyd V Co. enipfc.y 10,000 sgeuts. The tetters to them
daily aro-Hint to over JtMX.
They do not pay high salaries. Their clerks get $2o0 to $.100.
Their business is mostly copying names changes of firms
suits cin menced mortgages of property deaths of children
marriage of men on their hooks every change, iu fact, is noted
and recorded in Dun. Boyd ir Co.'s books.
An atrent of tlte old concern once called on a merchant in
Brow.1 street, and atked him to become a subscriber, lie ex
plaioe l its advantages. The merchant hesitated at lst he
say, Tell m- all about James Samson' and I will subscribe."
" Th name is not on the agency books, but give me two days
mtvl I will find out ail about him." The merchant agreed. The
rlern g't the name correctly and . said. 1 will find out all alx.ut
him if he is in the United .States." A week elapsed. The
clerk of the agency called, and reported as follows: James
Samson is a peddler, aged 20; he comes to Albany to buy his
goods, anil then peddles them out along the canal from Albany
to Uutr.da. lie is worth $'2,000; owns a woolen house at Lock
por in his own name; his family reside in it: haa a wife and
three children, two boys and one girl; boys named Henry and
Charles, aged (our and six years, girl named Margaret, two
years old; no judgment 'Sut or mortgage on ropery; drinks
two glasses eiier brandy, pl.iin. morning and evening never
more; drinks water after etch ; chews fine cut ; never smokes;
good teeth generally; has ht a Urge double tooth on lower
Jaw, hack, second from throat on left aide; ha a scar an inch
long on his left le knet pan; cause, cut himself with a hatchet
when only three years old; can be t und when in Albany at
Pete Mason's, 8.2 State street; purchases principally Jewelry
and fancy articles; belongs to the Shoe.
This is evidence of how systematically the business is carried
on. The report mat conclusive. It satisfied the Broad street
merchant. The event was fifteen years ago. The merchant
ubacribed $ ISO, and has paid it yearly ever since.
Of course other anil similar concerns have sprung up in this
city, but none so large, so extensive ami so valuable, as the
great agency of Dun, Itojd & Co., started by Arthur and Lewis
Tapparu 0i Merekmta of N. Y.
For Witnwsso Ports per K Danes, this day.
For Sax Faascwco no vessel in port.
pout or 23 O XI OX. TJX. TJ. H. I.
Au. 13 ScL Kamol. Shepherd, from Lahaina and Kahului,
with 25U kgs sugar, IjO bgs Soar, 60 sheep, 2
cabin, 6 deck pasnengers.
13 Sea Nettie Merrill, Bush, from Ililo. with 465 kgs
sugar. 4 wagon toogues, 2 pes timber, 10 nits gin
ger, 25 mts arrow root. IS hides. 9 nits cocuenuts,
1 ranoe, 10 cabin, 1? deck passengers.
15 Sch Moikciki, Napeia, fm Lat.ainaand Kahu'.ul, with
50 brl molasses, 150 bgs flour, 12 bgs oats, 7
15 Sch Mantl3iawai. from Molokai, with 375 bgs salt.
16 tch Moiwahine, Kuheana, frm I Inns lei, with 200 kgs
suL-ar, 4 hides, 2 cabin, 9 deck pass.
18 Sch Kalamiu from Keanhou, with 250 bales pulu.
Yi Steamer' uilaoea, McGregor, from windward ports,
with 3d bales pulu, 9 cs honey, 2 bxs oranges. 184
bgs potatoes, 1 bale gunnies, SI bgs sugar, 1 roll
leather, 12 brls m-las.es, 1 stro engine, 9 cs mdsc,
2 horses, 33 bullock, 19 sheep, 10 hogs.
Aug. 13 Sch Fmma Rooke, Wether by, for Lahaina and Ma
15 Sch Kiunoi. Shepherd, for Kahului.
15 S:h Nettie Merrill, Hush, for liilo.
17 Sch Hannah, Meek, for Anahola, Kauai.
1? Sch Motketki, Nspela, for Lahaina and Kahului.
17 Sch Moiwahine. Kuheana, tor llanalci.
17 Sch Jeannette, for Moloaa.
19 Sch Kamehameha IV, Clark, for Maliko and Molokai.
Vrawlsj K pre led f rout Foreign I'orfa.
Am tsrk Comet, Smith, would probably leave San Francisco
atx ut Aug oth to 8:h lu." Aug 20th to 15th.
British stealer Fusi Yama would leave San Francisco August
10th to 15th, for Hongkong to touch at Honolulu.
Am Miss packet Morning Star, Uelett. from Micronesia due
In all Octher.
Haw. schooner Kate Sargeant sailed from Boston about Nov. 12,
with general mdsc, to II. Hack ft Id if Co. over due.
Bremen hark George Ludwig. llaelop, sailed Irom Bremen
April 4, wiih general mdse to L. HoUschlaeger if Stapen
horst shortly expected.
Bremen ship fclena, Bremer, sailed from Bremen April 17, with
general mdse to II. llackfeld 4 Co.
British steei sch Poniiiila sailed from Liverpool April 29, with
a Tied cargo to J anion. Green & Co.
Am sh'p Samuel Kohertson, .Man tor. sailed from New Bedford
May 4. with general tudn: to Wilcox, Richards Co.
Am slop Kadug-t. Kops. sailwd from Boston May 15, with a
general cargo to C. Brewer Co.
Old'g bark Julian. Lubbers, was to leave Bremen in all June,
with general m!e to Melchers & Co.
IIw ship ll ie Hawaii sailed from New Bedford June 27, with
general mdse to Wilcox. Richards & Co.
From Wisnwssn Fobt er Kilauea, August 19 C L
Richard. Mrs J M Green, Mm Sarah 3 Wilcox. J L Barnard.
Mes C llalsey. Miss Mary Cartwright, Mrs Alexandr,plrs C
W Gelett, Miss Jane I'ojue, Mi.is Jessie Kenwav, S N Ca.tle,
M B Fuller. L LTorbert. K Biiiley, Kev W H Scutt, J II Taty,
K Dimoud, T Lack, Capt K II Crane. W Kaauwai 20 cabin, 90
yif Dj request, we this week give the prospectus
1 of the Public Hall iu full, as published in the Poly-,-
nttian. We wouIJ agaia call the attention of resi
l deals (o this verj desiruble object for their liberality.
f Since oar last notice, up to $1700 have been sub-
1 ecribeJ, leaving 300 yet wanted.
I'rovprclas for n Public Ilnll.
Believing that the want of a Public Hall for Honolulu is
peneral'.y fc'.t, and an pportunity tow t.Benng to secure such
an advantage, the mover of this enterprise, relying uon the
co-operatioa of a generous comuiui.ity, offers the following ex
Honolulu, where, thanks to the liberal and rejiested efforts of
th public, many trWul and charitable institutions have been
founded, is as yet without an estahlL-hruent, which will or haps
more than any other tend to do the greatest good by removing
the diia-Mllie which hive been hithert experienced, in pro
viding a suitable locality adapted to useful and amusing en
tertainments. An Assembly Hal! arranged accordingly and
provided with all the accommodations necessary tor the different
purposes can be obtained, which will serve as a Concert Hall,
for delivering lecture and orations, for public meetings, ex-
poi:ion and for many other instructive entertairment., as also
for lare and small balls and social parties.
Me&Mrs. Jas. Robinson and Robert Lawrence having consented
. fc arrange the second floor of th-ir fireproof Mock, corner of
- King and Nuuanu Streets, for such Public Hall, on condition
of a lea.ie of five years, at the rate of $500 a year, I now call
. upon the assistance of my fellow residents to join me in originat
ing fun,! iwmim to meet these terms, as also to furnish the
llall in a fitting manner. Acting upon the conviction that this
proposition will be admitted by all to be truly for the public
benefit, that is, for the general good of all classes, nationalities
or creeds, in no wise Interfering with or preferring any in par
ticular, the undersigned is confident that such an institution will
be the means of fostering and improving sociability among the
members of the community, and secure harmony among all and
good will toward each ether, and therefoie, trusts that all will
aa to the best cf their ability to obtaiu so good a result.
It is proposed to manage this matter in the following way :
To open subscription papers for the purpose of creating a fund
to meet the first necessiiiea of the enterprise, namely, sjcure
part of the rent th he incurred and furnishing the hall. For
the rent during the term of five years $2,500 will be required,
and the expense of the furnishing U estimated at about $500.
If the sum of about $2000 could be raided, such amount, to
gether with the interest accruing, also the net receipts of the
establishment otitained by reletting it at a moderate charge for
.the several purposes, will be sufficient to defray the above ex
pense. After a sufficient amount has been subscribed, a meet
ing of the subscribers might be called to plan further measures
to eosur the best rn-nle of api'Iyf'S the fund and of coaducting
the object in view.
The second Boor cf the building of 70 by M fett, w;'.l contain
the following apartments, vi :
The Hall of 37x5d feet, consists r.f a floor of 32x53 feet and a
gallery cf Cx53, giving in all a surface of 2014 square feet.
(The mom of the Supreme Court lo the Court House is 40x50
feet 20C 0 sqtare feet, of which about 250 square feet are taken
op by the Judges bench, Furthermore a smaller saloon of
20a30 feet, a corridor of 12x30 feet, and two spare rooms of
12x20 feet and 13x20 feet. Iicight r.f the story about 18 feet,
the court room.
' RonrHla. Anyrtut, H?.
T- . TT-T.
Through the kindnpss of one of oar merchants
we have been favored with a eight of the Com
mercial Gazette of Cth .April last, published at
Port Louis, Mauritius, price one ehilling. It
being a "steamer edition" for the overland
route, we are unable to jrather from its contents
whether it is issued weekly, tri-weekly or daily,
but should jude the lattor. It h a Frnall sheet,
about the size of the Friend, of 10 pages. It
has a very unprepossessing appearance at lir-t
6i"ght, coarse, diny paper and antiquated type,
and so far as artistic execution is concerned, the
Pike County Democrat is far ahead of it; but
there, superiority or even comparison suddenly
ceases one is a whited sepulchre, and the other a
rough diamond. In 6hort, we were surprised to
find so much editorial and statistical ability dis
played upon it.
As our readers are aware, the Island of Mau
ritius, or old Isle of France, is in the Indian
Ocean, situated about COO miles east of Mada
gascar, and in the same latitude south that this
island is north, and is just one-seventh larger,
and as far as we can learn, is of igneous origin,
and geologically and topographically the same
and no better adapted to the growth of cane
than this same Island of Oahu.
We have on all the inlands five times the
amount of land adapted to cane growing that
they have on the Island of Mauritius, besides an
equal amount to produce beef, pork, mutton,
wheat, corn, fruits, &c, to feed the cane-growing
population upon. That island is subject to
drouths and terrible hurricanes, while we have
an even and salubrious climate.
Wc gather from the Commercial Gazette's
leader, that the continuation of the war in
America, the revolution in Poland and depressed
eugir market, would exercise a prejudicial in
fluence, if the prospects of the next crop were
not greatly improved. After the drouth of
November und December lu.st, they had been
favored with pouring rains, earthquakes and
cholera, which bad improved the coming crop
amazingly. Ihey estimate the next crop at
150.000 tons British tons, none of your new
fangled Yankee tons. Of the last crop they had
already shipped, up to April 1st, 255,402,722
lbs., and estimated the whole at 1 GO ,000 tons.
It has sold there at prices ranging from G 75
to $4 30 per 100 lbs., and taking an average of
five cents per pound, will bring, Kiy nothing of
their other exports, $10,000,000 to the it-land.
That is a little ahead of our water-melon and
The subject of manures has been and is a very
important one to them. They have imported
for many years past, about 2,000 tons per month
of Peruvian guano, but is now on the decrease
from the prevailing idea that its high stimula
ting qualities in connexion with cultivating the
same plants in the same soil for a long period,
produces the lioicr disease, as they term it. The
Gazette recommends the planters to give back '
to the soil the humus which guano does not give, i
and if sufficient barn manure is not obtainable j
so that the humus id in suitable proportions with
the guano employed, the land must be restored
by repose or change of culture. The beneficial
results of the latter system are then cited on the
Labordonnais Estate, where, after an assolement
with ambrevades (if any of our planters know
what that means) during two years, plantations
without manure have yielded an average of more
than 7,500 lbs. per acre the first crop, and more
than 0,300 lbs. per acre the second. One may
fancy that the phosphetic guanos of Howlund
and Phoenix Islands are just what the Mauri
ciens need to restore their lands, and if so, our
merchants will not be blow in availing them
eelves of that market.
Ande from the immense export of sugar, there
is considerable done in whale oil and bone,
eluh, clony, cotton and rum ; and of the latter
(rum) we have no means of ascertaining the
quantity they export per annum, but in this
single number of the Gazette, we foot up 20,802
gallons shipped in five vessels to England and
Madagascar. The planters complain of the neg
ligence of the police in permitting the illicit dis
tillation of rum, which is furnished their labor
ers, and thereby injuring them. One naturally
infers that the planters there take a very diGer
ent view of the subject of distilling from what
we do here. They have two hundred thousand
highland coolie la!orcrs, every one of whom,
douhtlc&s, are ready to get drunk upon the
shortest notice, and the planters are very desir- !
ous to keep them sober by doing all the distill- j Ul:a Watering Places -We were a little astonish
ing of the islands themselves and keeping the j u OI1 tkin2 a ri.Je arounj Diamond Head, and
spirits under lock and key till exported. Our
laws here arc such that in connection with
the vigilance of the police, everybody is perrait-
ted to distil except the plant .-rs, who of all
others arc the most interested in the sobriety
of the laboring class.
Notwithstanding the large receipts of the
islands, a great deal of the sugar business is done
on credit, bow much does not apjear. The
Savings Bank, of which the government has con
trol, loaned to the estates $750,000 on the last
crop, without losing a farthing, f They are try
ing to introduce the systeriPorX'redit Foncier,
hoping thereby to gel longer credits and less
interest to pay. The legal interest now is nine
per cent., but virtually twelve, as three per
cent, is exacted in advance without being men
tioned in the title. Here is another instance
of tbe folly of governments meddling with the
unholy subject of usury. Credit Foncier means,
there, a loan in such a manner that the capital
and interest is reimbursed by annuities during a
terra not less than twenty years. The Gazette
has some apprehensions in regard to the Credit
Foncier, fearing it will cause the withdrawal of
the present capital and induce speculations in
estates, which are known not always to realize '
McLulIoch, the great statistician, long since
stated that Mauritius was 44 pretty fertile, but
considerable part of the surface, however, being
occupied by mountains," and that 56,000 tons
of sugar per annum was taxing its productive
abilities to the uttermost. Last year it pro
duced 100,000 tons, and they now talk of in
creasing their exports by bringing new lands
under cultivation, through the extension of
railroads. Let no savan hereafter pretend to
limit the producing capabilitiea of any country.
We have heard some of our good people talk of
eendiDg their children home because the field of
labor here is too limited. We pity them. With
the finest climate under the sun, this archipelago
is capable of maintaining three millions of in
habitants, and the pourauoi? as the French fay,
they are not more prosperous, is a question that
concerns all alike, we can only say, let every
one speak his opinion upon that subject without
The Gazette is quite jubilant over the Bour
bonais because the cyclones of February last
were not so destructive at Mauritius as at
Reunion. Out of the 25 vessels forced to sea, 3
were condemned, 10 repaired, 9 not heard from,
2 foundered at sea and 3 arrived at different
ports for repairs. That fact causes one to con
sider a little about insurance more damase
than has been done to vessels by storms in the
vicinity of these islands since the davs of Gapt.
Labor at the Mauritius is performed almost
exclusively by highland coolies. In one place
the Gazitle states, that they had imported since
1854, 150,000 coolies, and had the cholera only
three times, which was quite a triumph over the
Bourbonais, who claim that their government i
much the cheapest, since it cost for the last year
only 7,800,000 francs, and had the cholera
but once, (which lasted nine years, says the
Britisher,) while the Mauriciens were taxed
12,300,000 francs. One may ak himself how
much money would ha left on these islands after
paying such a tax.
Port Louis, the principal city, is an ill-laid
out, ill-constructed, dirty, hot, unhealthy town,
probably worse than Lahaina, and has a muni
cipal government which cost 00,000 to govern
the last year " bad bargain," says the Gazette.
Be&ides the latter journal, they have others the
Presse Indcpendante, VEcho du Pevple, the Cer-
nccn and Mauricien are quoted. The Gazette
treats upon every subject except religion, even
horse-racing. The Gazette has a special corres
pondent at Madagascar, and one gathers from
his remarks that Iladama I. is passing through
the same ordeal that Kamehameha 111. did here.
Iladama has already a Frenchman, Englishman
and American among his Ministers of State, "a
pretty kettle of fish" for the next ten years.
The Protestant and Catholic religions have met
there face to face with their good Chistian jeal
ousies and rivalries.
lhe Mauriciens import, one may say, every-
thing they consume except sweets, which makes
Port Louis a great commercial town. It requires
more than three vessels per week, of over one
thousand tons each, to take off their sugar alone.
There were in port on the 5th April, 45 vessels
of 19,111 tons, among which we noted two
Americans, one the whaling bark Peri, Xorthon.
The Commercial Gazette being an ably con
ducted journal and at a location similar to these
islands, and ripe with the very experience in
sugar culture that is most required here, we
commend it to our planters as the very best they
could take. We presume arrangements to take
it could be made with Williams & Co., of this
city, as they have correspondents at Port Louis.
NOTES OF Tllfc WEEK.
Sugar is Kixq. Whoever doubt9 it, will be con
vir:ced of the fact by taking a walk down to the
I building occupied by the Refinery, or by listening
for a few moments to the conversation of parties
who visit the drug-store ou the corner to gather and
retail the current uews. Mauka of the refinery an
addition is being put up for the purpose of making
more cooler room, and covering in two large molasses j
vats or cisterns which have been built. By conversa-
tion with parties interested, we learn farther improve- j
ments are contemplated to keep pace with the de- !
mand. We hope to soon chronicle the fact that i
machinery fur a mill has been ordered. After reading
our leader on the state of affairs, and facts relative
to sugar growing at Mauritius, the most skeptical
can but acknowledge that with capital and sufficient
energy, we may at least send the same amount of
sugar abroad from this group.
Nuuant Valley Cemetery. We learn with pleas
ure that a movement is on foot to do something
towards keeping the lots in this cemetery in decent
order. Burial places that are left neglected to be
come overrun with indigo and noxious weeds, attest
very little of that love and remembrance for these
who sleep their last long sleep under the sod, that
years should not fade or extinguish. To keep the
grave in order and nettness, is the last and only
remaining office of love which the living may extend
to those that have gone before. We understand that
several owners of lots have engaged Mr. Holstein to
take charge of their grounds, and we have no doubt
jthat Mr. II. 's labors will make a decided difference
in their appearance. Those wishing to avail them-
selves of the services of Mr. II., will please call at
the tfSce of Mr. A. J. Cartwright.
tiirough Waikiki, to see the number of cottages now
-1 . i . i . . i i .
, bailt, and improvements still going on at tbe beach.
Where a few years since were a few straw huts
occupied by fishermen, may now be seen neat and
romantic looking little cottages, glistening in coats of
' white, through clumps of trees, making cosy re
treats, where one may enjoy the fresh trades and a
eplendid surf bath, after tbe cares and vexatious
incident to a hot, dusty town, and uo business.
Commend us to this style of Iiviug, say we. From
the enumeration of our medical friend who accompa
nied us, we fancy the houses were all occupied to
their fullest extent by some of our fairest and bravest.
The Lecture. Ichabod Crane is right : we were
not present at tbe lecture delivered by Mr. Synge.
The multiplicity of duties devolving upon us, and
furgei fulness, is our only excuse. From what we
hear, however, we are the losers. The lecturer may
congratulate himself upon one fact, that we have not
heard the first word of criticism detracting from its
merits. We learn that 137 were the net proceeds,
which, considering the fact that large numbers of
our residents are absent on tbe other islands, and at
our watering places, speaks well for tbe liberality of
IIatheb. RouGn Street Sport Yesterday, in
v. nt of our tffice, we noticed a couple of natives on
h iseback, with their animals hitched together in
such a way as to draw against each other. There
was no great display of strength, however, as the
horses were poor specimens of even the native breed :
tbe Scotch giant might have taken one under each
arm, and marched off with them.
We would call the attention of the ladies and
gentlemen of Honolulu and residents of other islands
visiting the city, to the advertisement of 44 Carriages
to Hire," iD our columns of to-day.
' Fort Street Scuool The Elimination of this
school will take place this day, and the Exhibition
on to-morrow, at 11 o'clock, A. M. The public are
respectfully invited to attend.
The Volcano axd tue Kilacea. A party re
ruing by the steamer jesterdav, from a visit to
Ililo and the volcauo, gives a most glowiug descrip
tion of the trip up, the " hair-breadth 'scapes," &c,
and the sights seen. The volcano is very active, in
fict much more so than it his beea for years. Not
having seen it, however, we can give no idea of the
grandeur sod sublimity of the sight from its batiks.
We wish, however, that some of the ptrly would
give us an account, for it would without doubt be
very interesting, though it might make some of us
regret that we had not the time to spare, or perhaps
the means to curry us to the spot. We learn that
other parties intend taking advantageof the steamer's
Bailing to-day to pay Madam Pele a visit. Truly the
steamer is an institution, for one can calculate to a
day when he may be again on 'change, to take up a
note in tabk, or attend to other realities cf a busi
ness life. From the experience of parties who have
been on the trip, from 40 to $50 will carry a person
through in very good style. To use the language of
pne of the returned " Now that I have seen it, and
know what it is, I would travel around the world to
. 43arEAMER Mails. It is a rare thiDg indeed to find
19 If a Hawaiian who cannot read and write, and the
people are very fond of doing both. The mail-bags
of the Kilauea always come and go pretty well
loaded with their correspondence. The rush to the
post-office, after the vessel's arrival, nearly equals
that of the haoles when a foreign mail comes in
and it is interesting to notice the eagerness wkh
which the natives open their letters and devour the
contents. Few or no secrets seem to be written,
as letters often go around from hand to hand, for
perusal by persona who have no interest at all in
Fire. About half past 12 o'clock last night, an
alarm of fire was sounded, caused by the burning of
the dwelling of Mrs. Maughn. in Pa la ma. A couple
of the fire companies started out, but could not reach
the spot with their machines. We have no particu
lars. Storm at IIilo. From a correspondent in Ililo,
we learn that on the 14th inst.. a northerly gale,
accompanied with thunder and lightning, was rag
ing in that district, which it was feared would do
much damage to the young crops cf cane.
By letter from a New York correspondent, we
learn that Mr. J. C. SpalJing late of this place, had
! received a commission in the United States Navy, as
) Assistant Paymaster.
,.?chooxer Kalama. This schooner is undergoing
extensive and thorough repairs at the yard of Messrs.
' D. Foster & Co.
Correspondence of the P. C. Advertiser.
"Waif from I lie liny Slnte.
dear Advertiser : Thursday, May 28th,
18C3, was a great day for Massachusetts and for the
United States, tor it witnessed a great moral victory,
prejudice forgotten, hatred conquered, the brother
hood of man vindicated and Boston hurrahing for a
Regimeut of Negroes, aa they marched along to take
their places in the array of the Uuited States. On
that day the 54th Mass. Regiment, composed of
Americans of African descent, was embarked for the
seat of war.
Colored trwops had been raised in the Caroliuas by
Gen. Hunter, in Louisiaua by Gen. Banks, and at
tbe West by Alj. Gen. Thomas, but this is the first
black regimeut raised in a loyal State, and Massa.
chusetts has alone dared to recognize tbe nianbood of
the negro and show faith in his capacity. From
1G20, when the negro slave was first planted in Vir-
! ginia, to 1863, the claim of the African to humanity
I had not been recognized. The Proclamation of Janu
ary 1st, spoke liberty to three millions, but the great,
practical question still existed What shall be done
wjtn the negro ?" Shall he be made a political serf?
Shall he be allowed to corne North and compete with
white men? Some cursed him ; others would colon
ize him in Libert or Texas. But the question was
still unsolved. Two yeara of war has made it a
reality to the nation, and now they understand it.
The negro is a nan, not a chattel. We are in war,
let him. fight for us. The first regiment has gone;
and as I watched them march through the streets of
the modern Athens, the Star-Spangled Banner wav
ing over them, stepping to the Old John Brown
Hymn, I asked myself if this was the Boston that
a few years ago sent Thomas Sims and Anthony
Burns back to slavery !
The course of the black men was a perfect ovation
Beacon Street fluttered with banners, bouquets and
handkerchiefs tvaved by fair hands, and the old
Common was covered with an admiring, applauding
multitude. It being 44 Anniversary week," the crowd
was much greater than it would have been at any
The regiment formed in line on the side of the Com
mon nearest to the Public Garden, and went through
with the manual before His Excellency Gov. Andrew
and two Major Generals, each with a numerous and
showy staff. The Governor then reviewed them, by
marching completely around them, and the regi
ment in turn marched around the allotted parade
ground by company, saluting His Excellency as
they passed him all the while Gilmore's Bind
playing its most inspiring strains. I'll venture that
a prouder man could not be found that day, in the
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, than its Executive
Head. In fact, the Governor's lofty step and trium
phant air, indicated his feelings. And well he might
be proud. Here, iu the heart of Boston, was a Regi
ment of Negroes, acknowledged by all to be the best
drilled regiment that ever left the State, their blue
uniforms contrasting finely with the rich hue of their
complexions, handling their rifles as if they knew
what they were, and impatient to strike for them
selves, their race still in bondage, and for the govern
ment which sends them forth. The 54th Massachu
setts has been recruited from all parts of the loyal
States, a good proportion coming from Pennsylvania.
They have been in camp only about two months, and
yet in excellence of drill, general discipline, dignify
and military bearing, it is unsurpassed by any regi
ment I have ever seen. While iu camp at Renlvilte
it was remarkable for orde.', cleanliness and good
behavior, as the residents in the neighborhood res
tify. On the day of their departure, every man
was up at the r ll-call, an 1 during all the exciting
and fatiguing parade and march through the streets,
there was not one straggler or one drunk, a fact
without parallel in the history of this or any war.
Gov. Andrew has selected its officers with the utmost
care, appointing ouly those who have seen active ser.
vice. They are, moreover, all gentlemen, and of
the firmest anti-slavery convictions. The Colonel,
Mr. Shaw, is a scion of Beacon Street, and the Lieut.
Col. Mr. H tllowt.ll, is from one of the best Philadel
phia families, and but lew regiments can show on
their rosters so many from the noblest blood of Amer
ica. The design of this is to ensure good treatment
of the men and to command respect and social posi
tion for the regiment in the army. It w is hoped
that the olih would be allowed to march through
Broadway, N V.. Chesnut St., PhilaJ., Pratt St.,
B il'iruore, to Washington. The friends of the race
thought this would disarm tbe popular prejudice
against it more speedily than anything else. But
the government, aud wisely no doubt, sent it by
steamer direct to Newbern to Gen. Foster's Dept.
Meanwhile the work of recruiting colored soldiers
is proceeding with increased vigor, and the 55th
Massachusetts has already 600 men in camp, under
Many of the negroes are not satisfied because no
commissions are given to black men; but the major,
ity prefer to be officered by white men, aud this is
the wise policy of the governmeni at present. When
their courage and ap&chj to command is amply
proved, promotions will, no doubt, be made and
commissions given them, and the late reports of
their valor at Port Hudson makes this not a far
Thecr.-is now 44 Let us use the negro; let bim
do something for himself; let him fight !" And 1 in
this all classes are joining. Abolitionists, Republi
cans, Democrats and even Copperheads so far as
they approve of fighting at all.
The eight of the 54th Massachusetts will strike
terror into Rebeldom It is an earnest of what is
yet to come. The vital strength of the Rebellion, so
long despised by us, is now turned against them,
and with 200 such regiments, it would be ground
Among the crowd that day on the Boston Com
mon, I recognized two retire' Lahaina merchants,
one San Francisco-Honoluluau and a native of
Maui and his sister. Who are expecting to return
thither in the fall. Near by, in his carriage, was a
merchant prince from Hilo. We all agree that our
lift at the islauds has rid us of our prejudice against
color, and some of us could say that such a prejudice
we never posessed, for we were brought up in the
pure light of that doctrine which opens so eloquent
ly the Constitution of the Hawaiian Kingdom
God hath made of one blood all nations of men to
dwell on the earth in unity and blessedness."
j A few days since I was present at the U. S. Court
; in Boston, and witnessed the indictment of Capt.
'Cook, of the whaleship Tahmaroo, for engaging
in tbe slave-trade. He pleaded guilty, as the evi
dence against him was irresistible. The principal
witness was a kanaka from Maui, one of the boat
steerers, whose testimony was clear and explicit.
The Court, in which Justices Sprague and Clifford
sit, is one of the ablest of the Federal Courts, and
has a large part of the adjudicating upon the prizes
taken by tbe U. S. cruisers and blockaders. The
prosecution is conducted in a most able manner by
tbe Hon. R H. Dana, jr., the U. S. District Attor
ney, who is well known at the islands.
I notice that you express some doubt in regard to
the passage of tbe act reducing tbe rate of postage
from the Eastern States to the Pacific Coast, from
ten to three cents per half ounce. The act passed
at the last session and goes into operation on the 1st
of July, as you are doubtless by this time informed. ;
With aloha, yours truly,
Cambridge. Mass., ) Nctanu. :.
June 10th, 18G3. J ;
Correspondence of the Pacific Commercial Advertiser.
Mr. Editor : The manufacture of sugar may
now be retarded as the most important and remu
nerative industry that these Is'ands are engaged in,
and as any plan that would facilitate the boiling of
sugar, and lessen the cost attending the process,
must be of interest to those who have embarked their
capital in tbe enterprise, I purpose to submit,
through the columns of your paper, for their consid
eration, a plan which I feel confident if adopted will
prove a success.
My plan or idea is the use of hot air, applied in
such a manner as to have all the advantages of an
ordinary fire train, and yet be as simple as a steam
Regularity of bent at any grade required can be
had, aud yet the operator be able to stop its working
at any moment. As some or perhaps all of the
readers of this communication may "'oubt the possi
bility of beine able to attain suffichnt heat to the
purpose of boiling, I will only mention that some
years ago, in trying experiments with hot air, I was
enabled to melt lead by holding it to the end of a
pipe from which hot air was issuing. Now, as lead
will not melt under 500 of heat, it will be readily
understood by sugar boilers that sufficient heat can
From such knowledge, I feel assured that my plan
will answer the purpose better than any heretofore
tried : in my limited space it would be impossible for
me to describe the whole modus operandi; but should
any of our cane planters express a desire to try my
plan, I will take much pleasure in giving it my best
attentiou. I am, Sir, very truly yours,
Lahaina, Maui, Aug. 14th, 1S63.
WWMll & &3EUGEI
Have on board (he
EXPECTED IN SEPTEMBER !
A well-selected Assortment of
Consisting in part of
EST STYLE GINGHAMS,
" " French I'rints,
44 English "
Black and blue plaiu alpacca, Colmrgs etc.
" " fig'J " " cic.
Fine white and llue flannel,
Yl lute scarlet and blue Mankets,
" l buntinpr.
White shirtiups. 4-4 Sheetings 7i in. wide,
Urown and blue cottons, Drill, etc., etc., etc.
Tllack satin, flg'd cashmeres for dresses and dresaing gowns,
liiuck and brown, blue arid preen ThilM.-L
Black silk handkerchiefs, slips).
Superior pilot cloth jackets,
Tweed and waterproof coats and suits,
Woolen, halfwooien, cotton and halflinen paDt.",
B'ack alpucca coats, white Marseilles vests.
White merino and merino finish undershirts,
White, hrown and fancy stripped rotten undershirt?,
Indies' fine white cotton hose, and white and black cot'.on
hose in great variety,
Men's white, hrown and mixed cotton sock?,
Men's white merino socks, Children's hosiery.
An assortment of white ci.ttou shirU, also with linen bosom,
White shirts with colored bosom,
Regutta fhirts, silk drawers, etc..
Frit Hau of tliHVrrnt Mylon,
Silk I ntbrrl I;ih. K11 tout rim.
Calf Uoil, I.lie' Gailersand Shorn.
I'.utoherknives, sailors jackknives, saw files,
Needles, percussion caps, etc., etc.
ian and French saddles, si
addle cloths, spurs, whips,
English, German and French saddles, sidesaddle.
Bridles, bits, saddle cloths, spurs, whips, girths A: girthing,
Cr-shed sugar, stearine candles, salad oil, sardines,
French peas, sausages, pre? rved vegt-tables,
Meau aud games.
Large size window-glass paint oM. spirits turpentine,
Wrapping paper, cut emowing tobacco, playing cards,
Cut tumblers, port and sherry glasses, cut deranters,
I'laled candlesticks, water-coolers, glads beads,
Ale and Porter in Pts. and Qts.
A GENERAL ASSORTMENT OF MERCHANDISE
Imported from Europe, United States, &c, &c
JUST HKCEI KD s
Via. Sua Franciico from Hnitibiirg,
IJy Helen Mar," from Bomon,
AND BY OTHER LATE ARRIVALS !
Sup'r brown cottons and drillines, denims, blue drill,
Cotton duck, white and colored blankets, shirts,
Undershirt, grey flannei shirts,
SADDLES, AXES, CHARCOAL IRONS,
CARD MATCHES, TOBACCO, CORDAGE,
nORSE-ROPE, ire, $c &c.
Tor Sale at Reasonable Kates.
Corner Fort and Merchant Streets.
Mr Svuge' Lecture
Honolulu, Tuesday Morkino,
August 18, 1863
Me. Editor: Where was you last night I I did
not see you at the lecture. Perhaps you eent yonr
44 Bab ," or some 44 snapper-up" of items. Perhaps
you may have entered the hall ater the le.tuiY
commenced, for I confess I heard but little that wai
going on after he began, except what be said. For
one I wa delighted. Thanks to the Queen's HospL
tal for such an evening's treat. I wish I could re.
member a tythe of the many amusing and humoroui
remarks which tbe lecturer made about Scott, Irvior,
Lamb, and a score of other literary celebrities. As
an Italian would say, the lecturer spoke con amort,
i. e., he set to work in good earnest, with his whole
heart and soul. He spoke good an hour and forty
minutes, but it seemed not longer than some ser
mons of forty minutes. After bearing him read the
humorous account of the 44 roasted pig" from Lamb,
I opine there will be a great demand for that animal
at the market, for the next week or to.
Perhaps it would be too much to ask a copy for
print, (but really it is worth tbe asking.) or rather,
by and by, he should be asked to repeat the lecture
with suitable rariations. Such lectures do good.
They create a healthy literary taste among all
classes. Tbey make the reading of 44 books that are
books" and 44 authors that are authors" fashionable.
Mr. Synge is a good reader. Some passages read
last evening were executed with much taste and
feeling. There was an ab.cnce of 44 all affectation,"
which Cowper said, he hated, and so does
Your humble servant,
Ichabod Crane, of New York.
Hawaiian Board. The Treasurer of the Hawaiian
Board acknowledges the receipt of the following
sums since July 7th, 1663 :
From A. B. C. F. M. balance of funds transferred from
the II. M Society, $1,918 60
From Fort street Church, monthly concert, 2 mos.... 53 70
From Kawaiabao Church, do. do. 2 mos.... 67 87
From Kwa Church, Oahu. do. do M 76
From Mr. Bean, for printing for Micronesia,. 6 no
From lr. J.T. VVn terhou.se, for Marquesas Micsion,. 10 00
From Lahaina Church, for salary of Hev. S. K&uwe-
uluna, for 1804, 150 00
E. O. Hall, Treasurer.
Honolulu. Aujr. 15. 1S63.
PAINTER, PAPER-II ANfSER, &c,
Opposite Lewis & Norton's Cooperage, King St. 378-ly
O IT 2V
r 8 O N
ALE and PORTER,
Mat IE5g-. IVTat ISagrs.
1 710 It SALE ABOUT 1 OOO KAl'AI MADE
pi od substantial Mat Bags, lor Sujrar or Salt, at
378-3m ton HOLT & HEUCK'S.
ALL PARTIES HAVING CLAIMS ngnlnut
the K.state of ltueu (k) are requested to send in the same
to the undesigned on or belore the liiid day of -eptemer nexf,
and all parties debtors to the said estate are requested to scttla
with the undersigned forthwith.
Honolulu, Aug. 20, 1883. Administrators.
j Carriages to If ire !
BY THE DAV OR. HOUR. WITH CARE
ful and attentive drivers, and horses warranted quick,
and kind in harness. Apply to
Wm. BRAY, TRrck-MAX,
378-3m At Ward's Scales.
THE AIIUPUAA OF
THE UNDERSIGNED OFFER FOR
sale the Ahupuaa of Makiko, situated two miles from
Honolulu. This estate is most excellently watered
containing a large amount of land suitaMe fur tilbijre, and is un
equalled for pasturage. FOR A MILK FARM there is cer
tainly no situation ou the Islands that can compare with it.
The estate is well-fenced, and will be sold on such terms as to
mate the payments easy for purchasers. Apply to
CHARLES C. HARRIS, or
378-5t STEPHEN SPENCER.
....FOR SALE BY....
CASTLE & COOKE !
JJAVE CONSTANTLY OX IIAXD, AT
LUMBER YARD !.
Opening on K 11 if. Fort & Mrrrliaut Slr r-I,
Oreeon I inch Hoardx, rouph and planed,
do. I'lan k. It, Ii, 2 and 3 inch,
do. Scantling of all Bizes.
do. Tonpued and Jroved Boardu, 1 and 11 inch.
REDWOOD 1 inch Boards, rouph and planed,
do. Blank, 1J, 1 and 2 inch,
do. Tonpued and Ormved Boards, 1 inch.
OREGON SOFT BINE 1 inch Hoards.
d i. do. do. H, H, 2 and 3 inch Plank.
EASTERN PINE 1 inch Clear Boards.
do. do. inch i,on(ru'd and Grooved Boardi,
do. do. Plank. H, li, 2 and 3 inch,
do. do. 4 feet Clapboards.
SHINGLES Redwood and Oregon CedarJ
A Fine assortment of Wall Paper.
Class, Whitewash and Paint Jirushes.
And a full assortment of
Which they offer for sale at LOWEST MARKET PRICES.
y Having Steam Machinery on he
premises they are prepared to execute orders
for Sawing and Planing.
LEWERS & DICKSON.
Real Estate for Sale.
eA WILL HE SOLD AT PUBLIC AI C-
tion, at Lahaina, Inland of Maui, on Friday,
August 28th, at 12 o'elock noon, on the premises.
THE COTTAGE & LAND I
Situated on Lahainaluna Road, about half a mile from the
reach. The house contains Dining Boom, Parlor, two Bea
linnma Kr.,an .l f,w,lr Unnni The 1 jnt Contains ftbOUt OflC
acre. Adjoining the Dwelling House Is a Carriage Ilue and
Stable. ALSO, on the Lot are a number of Imported r"P
vines, bpanng fruit. A stream of water runnlnp by the Lot.
Terms Cash. C. S. BARTOW, Auctioneer.