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CO IVIIYIEIl CIAL .
THURSDAY) OCTOBER 15. 19G3.
EltBAir.g ahd MostT. There seemg to be fc Rood deal of
JDMtoMrjr mystiflcatioa alxAl Exchange. The fall ison it ;
rapidly coming on, when more or ! money w.ll be required j
for the ?hip arrivic!, ami find can only be obtained by s-l- j
ling oil aol ban or by drafts drawn a n tKe Ka-Uern Atlantic
:ities, payable ia nr-rmejr or in gold. Yew sl.ijrs will cure
TO part with oH or lr", as th prim at home :. re very hij?h,
nad likely lOTrtaaTe to 40 to $ 1 So f ,r Tin, Svc. whale,
o-l $1 63 Hr bow-.
If rarjfo cr-iru-t b LJ to defray the -flip's xn!"ri,
Xheonly alt-frnaUT- it t draw till of rehang- on the owir.
Ai Ooll f3 the only currency iu Honolulu, drafts ihoulJ 1"
Jrawa payable only in gold By thU mean fur.d could gra
erally o obtaitil hrte ai p-ir, that is dollar f r il .liar, aiut it
the taoat equiuhle m.le for all corjrned own-w., captain,
("' l buyers of th exchange, luring the present stringency in
ur money market, y rhap a premium would '- n-quirel ven
to frold draft, liut thi Mritigency cau only b- tem-rao
ml generally gold billi wuid Cuoimaca par, ij I he j,ajr.ei.t
of then in gold tea guaranteed.
Mit captain will prefer to provide fn.l tr :he.'r vessels
by drawing exchange on tb-ir owners a furratrly, payable in
r.$rreney. Now the ditferroce In value bctwrrn L". .r;. pspei cur
r tu-y anl gold in New Bedford at the iatrt dat: wascrry
ptr tent.; that S10OO in goU were worth fT4G0 ia cur
r -scy or Treasury note. About the tame tEfftrrn-c exU: in
S in Frnc.'sco, and if L". S. greenback were circul-d in Hdlu
I Jj. th-y would be heiJ here at about the am . discount cr
p-rtip a lUte more. From various caasrs th rlae tf ; 1 1
it. Sew York ia coostaiitly fluctuating, Juat like rt.-rlirjg "-cLang--.
cotton, wed and whalebone. Just in propjrtion as the
p-etnium on goll increa. the price of sterling ex ;haug, cot
t: n anJ whaiebowe changes. From Srptrtubtr 1'Jth to 19;h,
g i.1 ranrl trrm 22 to SS premium; on the 21t, it :'Ked at 40,
a.d was as timely to rale at that figure for some tine, a it was
Captains who oljfain jrJ' fr Ilonolalo at f.Tty pr cent., giv
ing drafts on their owner, payai le in eurrrney of grrtnlarkt
at that rate, ar? therHLre obtaining their foods at par, and
: Ij paing in Honolulu jo? t what th-y would hare to pay f r
M in ?an l"raiici3co or ia New Uedfurd. If whIetneu's cx
c':arre were qaoted ax forty per cent, discount to day. it woulj
t i -rtfore be ooly a par qiotation.
" There is reaily no lo involved to the owners, even if every
svip that comes into port were obliged to draw iu utlU at a di
'c;unt eoal to the difference betwen pill and grvenbarks in N.
l'jrk, lur the rates at which seamen are paid off at the consul
ar wore based on the supposition that funds required by whal-b-
r rrti coul l only be obtained at a discount of thirty to
J'-rtif ptr ett. For thia reason oil was fixed by the consul
a: 4Cc. when it was worth in New Bedford 89 tc 90 rents p-r
g ill-.n; and bone at 83c. when its value is 1 64 p-r Ih. in New
bilforJ. The Now Betlfird prices being about 100 per rent.
axve th Consolar rates, injures the owners again-it any lots in
paying tC crews, even if fuii.li have to be be provided at a niui h
higher rate of disirount than tlt.it named..
We have heard it intimated that hip4 might lave our port
f r an Francisco to pcxune money there to meet expenses anti
t pay off crews. But their drafu would comnituil no more
tR-r? than tliry do bereas exchange U governetl lltt-re as it i
trre by the premium on gold in New York. But erhps they
would expect to payoff in grrtnbaett. If so. their crew
ould demand to be paid off there at about the current markrt
rates of oil or bone, which are nearly as liih as at New Brd
I rd, the ttst sale of bone having been tnade there at 1 40 fr
p niud, and sperm is $ a gallon. There leing i:o U. S. Con
s il there, the Court would sustain the sailor dtf.iarij.
From all we can gather, there is not at prv-sent a large
amount of Katrn exchange wanted here, and what id required
it mainly needed to meet bills of merchandise not yet arrived,
bat now on the way out. These goods are mostly insured with
war risks. If the ships arrive, exchange will be Called for; if
tney do not, the insurance will balance the aco Hints. Were
money more plenty titan it U just now, doubtb s all the ex
change that might he offered would be taken up a? fair rates.
There is a great stringency in our money ui'irket. whicli
l as been increasing for some month. We foresaw this), and
f ailed the atteution of our readers to it in our papt r of July 9th,
An na usual stringency U reported in the mney market,
ciiel no tloubt by the accumulation of domestic produce,
which, umler the depressed state of foreign marktrts. Cr! little
uypiiry tnr export at rates deroanld. The low pr:ce of proiiuce
abroad aQVcts us injuriously iu two ways: lt, ?y compelling
an export of ecie to meet current merchandise importations;
an-t 2nlly, in compelling planter to borrow Iro-n capitalists,
unl pay iitter--st on famls rt-quired for current e-.pertses. The
export of specie (mostly through private hnmU) I v the List two
ur three packets, are aabl to have been larire. This drain ot
tpt-cie to J'an Francicu and to lite other islands nv.iy temporari
ly eia'xirra-f trav, but Can not lant any great lM.pth of time.
At leant we see r.o immediate need of introducing u shin
pfcisurs. : Agnin, in our aper of Joly 23, we hxl the fUlo s-ing:
Besides the fadinarif demands for local tradif, it should tie
borne in mind that an rxtraor dinar y demand ' t reated iu this
port every till, by Uie ir. tin x of foreign whalemen, who require
at large amount of specie to settle off their voyages, which de
mand, even in the mot pro5perus seasons, has c.miellel 'lieii !
' to pay large premium tle money tney call I r.y The ituiu
lier of ships Utat will visit the inlamls thi tall wid pntbably te
ubttut the mint as hut year. There are 54 vess-) known to be
:ruising at the North this summer, aiul others from the South
have doubtlrss gone thither, without being reported. Of the
Kve namba-r we may jatl-re tltat 43 at lea-t will recruit at the
idamU this t!l The averasre amount usually -a!l d for by
M h wha:n- alxtut f j.oOO, aleitemling uiucli or their sucres
daring their eruMe. tiittimating the demaml ail say $4,500 to
.ach ship, which is as low a figure as any merchan will put it at,
it rive a total of f'XSOO that will lie caltel 'or during the
season by the fleet of wttalers. This sum will im ', taken out
of the kingdom by them, though a small prtiiHof ;t may le;
yet for the time Uiat they require it, it mnt tc withdrawn from
other channel of trade In serve them. The question where it
ia b come from, even if the market should Ucoroe no more
riii Kent than at present, I one which our in chants should
aiok into, and which a wise forethouKht and printer action can
meet, by imp trting specie a In former years, or by such other
measure as can be devised.
The present unusual scarcity of money has l.een caued in
part by exportation of Spanish and other gold, nt mainly by
the absorption and diversion of capital in carrying on sutrar
pi v&tattons, while the product of these planUtioM has beeu de
tained here or ia San Francisco awaiting better prices, till the
aecuinaUttorj of sugar and molasses there and here probably
exceeded $200,000, representing that amount fj caj'ital lock
ed up in thee articles. Latterly the exports ,f our produce
have been Urge, but nntj our planters can realize on it, the
scarcity of money must continue. The prodac of our planta
tions should always go to market as fast as it is ready for a
market, and never be stored f-r higher pricef. In the long
run, with planters nd farm.T as with trailers, Ute old saw is
theonlv safe otte to follow, gi lt k aiLi.3 ksu smxll rnor
ITS. This role Mtowed out will aicoy prevent stringent
money markets, and keep the circulating medfuni abuntl.tnt.
A contrary olicy wid invariably brio about a sirin-reney here,
as it dor elsewhere. Had oar produce gone market and
brt aolii Immeiliatety on its arrival, we ihoT.Id now have
at h-ast JiiO.CHiO available capital more thin we have
suKcient to meet tliC wants f f hipping and plainer.
The arrival of the D-iring on Saturday nonfng, placed u
in poasession of fan Franci.co dates to the a orning of her
departure, Sept. 22, with Kaskrn telegraphic lvice to the
previous day. Ia the letter of our San FrancMco corretioti
dorit will be fand sorae market quotations. : We notice in
additioa thereto, the sale of S00 tons coals ex Qto. Washing
ton, from Australia at 3130.
fhip Herald of the Morning arrived at S?.F. Svt 21.127 days
from New York. She is under charter for Bake'' Island, and
will touch at this port en route.
iSeveral whalers have come in during tbe past week, all
having done well, anil the reports they bring from the fleet in
the Arctic are favorable. During the latter part of the season,
whales were very abundant there, the water in fact was per
fectly "alive with them." Where they came from nolody
knows ; but there they were, bound north to spend the winter
season, perhaps In that open Polar sea, which Arctic naviga
tors have long been searching lor, where everlasting spring
exists ami the sun never sets. One ca4ain assures us that
a fleet of 100 ships could have filled np from the innumerable
whales he saw, and yet have made no perceptable difference in
their numbers. If this be so, the Arctic is good for a few years
more at lea.it, and we recommend New Bedford ship owners to
send to that grmnd a few of the sixty vessels they have lying
idle in that port, detained through fcir of Semmes, Maflit,
Maury k Co.
The Daring discharged about 175 tons of raerrhandize, took
Jn about the same hulk, and sailed for Ilongkcugon Wednes
day. While in port, the sailors got access to roa and became
.qaite riotous. Unless the crews of China bound Uin ran l
: kept from Ue grog hops while here, they had better ai ch .r
outside, ami lighter in and out their freight.
The Aia Eldrid-jr, from Shanghae, is under charter t- laid
guano at Ilowland's Island.
The u.mer Futi Yama is en route f.w Chit., with a cargo
HE.tr BEDFORD OIL M ARK F.T.Aug. 24.
Th market continue qui.. The only transactions in this
V11 r of rtvi, heavy Sperm at f 1 42 per gallon.
In Whalebone, a sale of i,o bs. Arctic has been made for
manufactenng purpose at a per lb. Iti B wton. 700 brls
pee Arctie from Honolulu, sold u a manufacturer at 89c. ir
r-allo. We an-lenUnd that further sales of vhale have beta
made at &3e.
. Imports ot Zpera and Whale Oil and Whalebone into the Uni
... Eperm. hrl. Wh .-. Bne, ft,,.
From Jan. 1 to AaguH 2.. .4Y347 4i.9,l CIS ISO
Same tame last year... 37.615 S7,S-S Ol'lio
For llofcove per Daring, Octot-r 1414 bgs fungus, 1
bx scsj-k' bos, 2000 qr sks flour. i
Ja thU city, Oct. 12. t3 tbe wife of James At; 1- a sen
Sll !' .Mil (la.
For l.iHAtNA r Kiai..i, this d:y.
F.r Kxt & Kkna i-t-r K L.iuIu jI.i, to-djy cr to-ta'-rrow.
For Jii.s Fka.xciCu no ve-w-l in port.
PORT OT HONOLULU. II. I.
(Jet. S II B M's steamer Tartar, "20 guns, Captain Hay s
days from I'anauia.
S .--h Warwick. Bui!, from Molokai, with native freight.
i0M.il woo.1. io bid s, 10 bru tahow, u ru
r-.f. 1 ntbiii. 2j de-k p i'a
y -U Muiwahine, Kuheana. frw 11 ir,al i, with 1T kps
M.'Ar, i.j bria moia'se, ic h..!ei, i cabiti, ii d.Tic
V ? h Moikfiki, Nap. la, fna Lshuina and K.ihului, with !
10i brls uiol.i;e, lot puu.pkiDJ, 1 cabin, 8 deck
1'J Am ship 1'aring, Henry. IS d-y from fan Iranci.'co,
en r mf f .r Il .tii-'L.-n Ki:terl port.
lo Am tl.ip A-a Kl.lri l:e, 'oleuiin. 43 days fria h:ii!g
hae. en riuUr fjr HowUnd's 1-l.ind. Kntered pert
10 Sch Hartuah. from Kiaai, with CreooJ, native
fre.-.'l.t and 4 pa
11 Sch Kair.eh.uceha IV, Clark, fria Maliko, with Co k?S
suar, Ci brls mobile, CvO ft lauiljtr, 1 cabiu, 4
d-ck pass. .
11 5ch Net'.ie Morriil. Wetherby, from Lal.aina ntid Ma-k-e's
Landicz, with 14 conls wood. 4C kg? fugar,
5 h:d. i JC'At apci-?, 1 c.'oia li d-:ck pa.
11 Sch Krkauiuohi. Haley. Irota Kuil and Kuna, w:th
17 I N .u'u. 4 bl. ia bgs fungii'. 1C0 t gs coffee,
17.0u0 orange-i. "JlAlO coc-jaliuts. 400 gout fkim. 6
bvgt, 4 pkgs hoacy, 3 pkgs butter, 1 cabiu, 60
11 Sch Ki-UtJ.a. fnn por.s on Hawaii, with 410 kegs
iar, '91 tuaM du, 143 Us pu!u.
11 Am w'h laik N.le. Fih, frum Arctic, with lioO wh,
14,000 bne, fvAfjii.
11 Am wji bark Fanny, liliven, frm Arctic, with 70 p,
l." a wh. "J OOOU brie, po-awm: 7oO S, ''.CM wh. 55.-
OuU btte, voyage; liJ p, J1'J h, UOOOO bne, ou
11 Seh J-ani.te. fu Moloaa. with lun.ber.
11 J-Veamer Ani.ie Iiurio, Marvhaut, from wiiulwurd
IorH, wi;h 71 Cofl- e, 157 gojit V.in, lbG hid.s,
Z-i bis wool, 2'.' h-ej. 1H btill'iek, 'JO bp totat.N-,
2 ris leather. 1 rubin. dwk pas.
12 Am wh bark 1'earl. Hull. Iroin Arctic, with 900 wh,
14.00U bne, . aoii aul on l-.:iril.
12 Am wh bark C:.therine, l'hillips frr,m Arctic, with
1700 wh, 2".00J brw, season an 1 on board.
irV Uld'g h bark lir.i-'aiizi. Feloher, from Ap-tii. with
40 p, 1500 wh. -J.COO bne. season and on board.
13 Sch Kuini'i. W ilbur, fr rn Lahaina and Kahului, with
wheat, flour, uar,
14 Frig iron steamer Fuii ain i, litnula. 15 days from
Albemi, en mute for lutngliae. Kntercd port.
MKI'A KTL KKS.
Oct. 10 ?eh .IJ Fellow, Johnson, for ,rts on Kauai.
10 s h Moiwahine. Kutn airi. fjr llanalei.
Iu ch Warwick, Bull, for Molokai.
10 II 15 M's tb-anier Tartar, Hayes, for Japan.
12 Sch Jeaiiiiette, tor Mol :ia.
12 Steamer Am-ie 1,'iuri-, Marchant. for windward K.rts.
11 Sch Nettie Merrill, Wethi-rby, for Lahaina and Ma
13 Seh Kalama, fur Ke;uihou, Hawai'.
I'l 11 IS M's steamer Tribune. Uilford, for Valparaiso.
14 Am ship Daring, Henry, for llonu'koir-'.
14 Sch Kamehaiucha IV, Cltrk,fir Maliko.
TT Bark Fanny, Blivcn, reports Kntered th; Arctic Oian
July 1, and exerienced fos and light winds mot of the time
we were there. Took my third whale, July 1, Lat. 06 5 , U0, N
Iing. 101 , W. and last whale Aupriwt 24th, Ijit. 71 , 11 N.,
Long. 170 , 10, W.; in all took IS whales. ?aw mo-t whales
August 21, Lat. 70', 40, N., Long, aiout 171 , W. Having
filled all the casks on Imard, Ielt for Honolulu August 21 10
days to llat Cape, with light Southerly winds and thick fogs.
Fpoke the following vessels:
August 11 Lagoda 3 whabs.
14 .'ovin,'toii. .................. . 4 "
21 Navy 0 "
26 Martha 2nd.... 5 "
2i Kuphrates 5 44
. .. 20 llarnstable, all well
Heard from the following vessels:
. 0 "
20 Kui opa
20 Henry Knceland..
.' TT Bark Peart, Hull, reorts First entered the Arctic July
,17th, mimI cruised there and iu the Anadir Sea. At the com
mencement of the season exjierieiiccd good weather, at the close
it was bail mo?t of the time. Whab-s were not plentiful; saw
most in Lat. 70 s , N-, during the latter part of August. July
14, in Mover Bay, had a boat capsized by a blind breaker, and
one man drowned a native of thu Western Inlands. Left the
Arctic September 11, and had a pleasant pissage to port.
IT Bark Catherine, Bhilliis, reports -Entered the Arctic
Ocean July 14th, and cruised there during the seasou. The
weather was generally good. Found whales plentiful, arid saw
the largest number in Lat. 70,N., Long. 175 S,W., from
Auguit 10th to 10th. Took our first bow head July 19th, Lat.
6i s , 10, N., Long. 170 3 , W. In all, t.xk 10 buwheads. Left
the Arctic Sept. Sth; e.iericnced pleasant weather on the pas- .
sage down, with S.utherly winds for nine days. September 7,
spoke brig Susan Abigail, lledftcld, cruising, with nothing.
T3" Steamer Futi Yama, Dunda-i, sad-.il from Albenii.
Septemlur 2S experienced pl.-asant weather throughoutthe
passage. Octolier 10, lHdce sliip Kvcrshaui, 20 days from Vic
tori.i for Shanghae.
VESSELS IX PORT OCT. 15.
Eng iron steamer Fusi Yama, Dundas.
Am ship Asa KMridgc, Coleman, iu ballast.
Bremen hip Elena, Bremer.
Am bark llo-n Mar. lvsbon.
Bremen bark tleorg .V laidwig, llae.-loop.
Mi's brig Morning Star, (lelett.
Sle.iu.er Kilauea, McLiregor.
Ship Reindeer, Bayiior.
II trvr-it, livelaud.
Bark Nile, Fi.-h.
I B.rk IVarl, Hull.
I Catherine, l'hillips.
Vessels Exprclrd froitt I'orri'u Iorl.
Am ship Tan jore. Martin, would leave San Francisco Octolr
Sth to luth for Hongkong to touch at Honolulu.
Am bark Comet. Smith, would leave San Francisco about Oct.
15th due Uct. 2Sth to 30th.
Am ship Kadutra. Koues, sailud from Boston May 15, with a
general cargo to C. Brewer ii Co. hourly exacted.
Am hip Clara Morie would leave I'uget S..und early in Sept.
for China will touch at Honolulu for men.
Eng ship Kinii Lear, Cordis, would lenve Huet Sound about
Sept. 15. for France will touch at Honolulu for men.
Hsw ship Hae Hawaii sailed from New Bedford June 27, with
general mdse to Wilcox. Hichar.ls Jt Co.
Old'g hark Julian. Lubber, sail.-d frr-ni Bremen July 4, with
general mdse t MclchTS Jk Co.
Schooner Onomea, Way, sailed from Boston about August 7.
From Sax Francisco er Daring, Octolier 10
A Id rich, Walker ii Co 2u0 qrsks flour. 3 cs shirti. 1 rs hats,
3 pes iron pie. 1 scale, 1 coil liemp iacking, 1 screw plate, 25
cs oysters, 25 bxs tea, 200 sks H.tatoes. 150 sks oats, 3 prs bel
lows, 2 brls blacking, 4 brls eat jmwder. 2 cs saldles, 1 rs
bridles, 10 cs axes, 4 cs locks, 2 lU l llin and hose. 2 cs slates,
1 cs Britania ware, 1 cs hes, 1 cs paK.-r. 2 cs adzes, 1 cs hard
ware. 1 cs hatchets, 1 cs cooper's tools, 1 cs knives and forks, 1
bndl jointers, 1 ck lanterns, 1 cs leather preservative, 2 cs sa
co, 1 cs saleratus, 4 I's hide poison, 2 cs so4.ll1, S cs spales,
6 cs plows, 2 cs lamps, 19 kgs nails. 6 bxs apples.
II llackfeld ic Co 3 cs imlse, SO bxs tiles.
Hoffschlaeger & Siajenhor 2oS cs bread. 200 qr sks flour.
J T Waterhouse 2 cs nnlae.
II Macfarlane 61 bxs apples.
PASS KM. KRS.
From Sax Fbancisc
J l':acios, C Miller 3.
-jier Daring, Octolier 10 R Andrews,
Fruzn SHAXcnAE per A.saKh!ri.lpe, Octol-rlO SCHillrnan,
C lU'binsoii, A I! Ackernian. J K Miiilh, F II Wheeler, Captain ,
Oak mm, s Bartholomew (colored; 7. i
The Vandf.rbilt. In July last we published a
report received from Panama, that this vessel haJ
bad an engagement with one of the rebel cruisers,
and been sunk by her Since the reported fight,
nothing has been heard from the Va n.le roil t, and it
appears very probable that the report was correct.
If the fallowing account is true, it shows a reckless
ness ia her commander, which merited the fate he
received. Had she approached under the Georgia's
stern, and bailed her there, and then saluted her
with a broadside, when opportunity offered, instead
of quietly giving her antagonist all the advantage,
there might have been a different result to the contest
Richmond paper, of iat week ha.l a rumor of the sinking of
the L'ni'.eJ Sulci steamer FiU.it rbi.'t hy the pirate tieoi yU.
Coming front ouch ource. anJ our Navy Department having
r-c;vil no intelligence upon the tuattei, Ji.l w,t conoiJer it
futtrienrly reliable to not ire it. 7'he Mlowine, how-ver, from ;
thr TalUhattl.ir Fluridiun m-uia cottCrmatury : 4 Richmond 1
l.apr reprt dispatch, aniiooiicin? that the Federal i
.tranter Fandtriit haJ hem sunk Ly the Ccufederate eamer !
iitortjia. had been confirml hy a paener recently arrived ;
at a Conrierrtte port from Havana. It iH-mi Uiat the l ander. ;
tiit chaM the Georgia f..r some hours, and upon ne-.u-iiiR her, j
haile.1 her, ut. demand to .urrtudrr. which was an-wendhy
t.rua.i-ide fn.ro the tieorgia, which iiaMl ai.d sunk the
Union .trainer ; U-r crew, coustitiiii; of about 00 men, wtre ail ;
dtiriied except thiitv "
Tilt: USD A Y. OCTOBER 15.
J"li- Iorc-ltrii News.
The full and extremely interesting letter of
our San Francisco corrt-fcH.rnlfnt on our next
I':ig, leaves us but little to add in the way of a
digest of foreign aGuirs. Yet there are some
j it. ms that will bear a few reruurks
The capture of Forts Wagner and tlregg and
j the poe.csion of the whole of Morris Island bv
j.n. iiuiore, which tooK place Srpt. 7, were
existed events. The details will be found on
our third page. Had not the forts been evacu
ated by the reiK-la at the moment they were, the
entire garrisons wwuld probably have been taken.
From the position that (.iilmore mw holds.
Forts Sumter, Moultrie and Johnson, are all
within easy range of his gun9, and must ere long
feel them. A large shipment of shells was made
from New York to Gilmore on the 12th of
September, supposed to be for the bombardment
of the citv. The national forces are 44 inovinr
on the enemy's works" in Charleston harbor.
slowly but most effectively, and the recapture of
all the forts as well as the city is only a question
of time. It should excite tio surprise, however,
if it does not take place for some weeks yet.
Gilmore will not advance till lie is- prepared to
In ild what new positions he may capture.
Lee's army has evidently been very greatly
reduced in numlwrs to reinforce lirajr" near
Chattanooga and Beauregard at Charleston, and
there is no doubt that the main body of what
army he has 1-It has fallen back towards liieh
moiid, and all intention of offensive enga cements
in Virginia for tbe present given up. The
Union army is near Culpepper, cn the line of
the railroad to Gordon&ville, and if it was in
t-tmtig force could probably advance south with
out much opposition.
The latest advices repwrt that a severe battle
was being fought between Ura'g and liosecrans,
in the northern part of Georgia, near the Ten
nessee State line, and about fifteen miles S. E.
of Chattanooga. All the particulars that have
come are given on our fourth page. It is certain
that Uragg had Ijeen largely reinforced from
Lee's army and j-erhaps from other quarters,
and suddenly fell on Iioseerans' army, which at
the time was on the march southward. Froin
all we oan gather from the brief accounts by
telegraph, Iiosecrans was surprised hy the reitls,
who endeavored to get in his rear, between his
army and Chattanooga. One account, referring
to the evening of the first day's engagement, Sat
urday the 19th, says that " both armies occupy
the same grounds a9 when the battle began."
The dispatches dated Monday morning, which
apjiear to have left Chattanooga Sunday after
noon, are contradictory. One says : " Iiose
crans has been badly beaten by Uragg and
compelled to retreat to Chattanooga." Another
says, Two and only two divisions of Ropeerans'
army gave way in utter panic and confusion, but
from 8,000 to 10,000 of these had been rallied and
got back to their places, while the remainder of the
army had not retreated, and at the latest mo
ment was driving the reliels back. Thia we
know is the latest news here."
The last telegram is evidently later than that
preceding it, and corrects the story of the defbat.
It is easy to see how the report of a defeat of
Kosecrans' army was started, for there was a
panic of two divisions, a portion of which proba
bly reached Chattanooga. Putting the diler-
ent accounts together, the true statement would i
up tear to be this:
Iiosecrans' army was surpYised by the rebels
on Saturday Sept. and at the close of that
day both armies held the ground they occupied
at the commencement. On Sunday the battle
was renewed, and two divisions 44 gava way in
utter panic and confusion," but were partially
restored to order. During this day there was no
retreat of the main army, and at the latest mo
ment, Iiosecrans 44 was driving the rebds back."
On Monday, Sept. 21, 11 A. M., a dispatch re
ports that 44 the engagement was renewed, and is
is still going on without any decisive result."
So far from Iiosecrans having been beaten or
driven back, the battle was at the latest date,
and taking the worst view, only u drtwn con
test, and still undecided. It is possible that
Iiosecrans may fallback to Chattanooga, as that
is a very important base of supplies for Lis army,
and the rebels were evidently trying t regain
possession of it. Whoever holds it, lolds the
key of East Tennessee. On this accunt we
should not be surprised to hear by the ti'xt news
that Iiosecrans has fallen back to Chattanooga.'
especially if the rebels were likely to cut him
off from that place with new reinforcements that
were not connected with their main army. The
position there armies are fighting for is i very
important one, and it is probable it will be hotly
contested by all the forces that the combatants
' can bring together.
j Although the rebels deserve no sympathy in
: their struggle against the National Government,
j the tact and generalship which they occasionally
j display in the management of their side of the
j contest must challenge the admiration of all.
j Here we see Uragg 's retreating army almost
broken up and demoralized, suddenly reinforced
j from distant quarters, turning back on their
: pursuers, and bringing them to a dead halt.
; All this sudden shifting of forces is done so
quietly, that no one appears to have dreamed
; it Kssible. Twenty to thirty thousand men ate
bent uy r;ljl hundreds of miles with all their
military accouterments and not a soul in the
opjiosite lines knows of it. The rebels have a
great advantage now iu operating from the in
side of the circle which hems them in, and can
quietly and quickly move all their men and
strength from one side to the other, with greater
chances of success. On the other hand, the
L'nion forces must remain scattered around the
out-side of this circle, with much less chance of
concentration when required. As their cause
becomes more forlorn and hopeless, the rebels
will fight more desperately, and it would be
surprising if they did not gain some victories.
Should it be so. their success can only be tem
porary, for it will require more and greater victo
. ?ti ?
rii'S than thev can DOSsiblv Cain, to rer.lace in
fi . thIr winin star which is now spttinf
ine SkV llieir waning Star, ut-t is UOVS selling
in the blood-red southern horizon.
n .1 ,t.
DotBLOoxs. Our readers may not te aware that
Central aud South American Doubloons are worth in
San Francisco but ??14. The only exception are tbe
,,, Pfl;n- which l.rin from tit ilfi 'JIi
coiua wuicti nring irom vu to 10,0,
nccordiug to their date, the older dates being worth
more than the recent coinages
.noti:s OI Till. WKKK.
From China The ship .Isa EldriJge arrived
from Shunghtie last Saturday, with a passage of
about 43 days. Hy her we learn that the cholera
was prevailing very extensively at that port, aud
that there had beeu over 30,000 deaths from the
plague in the city and its vicinity. So rapid was
the disease that withiu twelve hours, aud frequently
within four hours, after it attacked persous, they
were corpses. Of course no physicians or medicines
could Le provided for such an emergency, aud the
plague had its own way. It was found impossible
to take care of the dead, and the whole city and
vicinity were one vast sepulchre. leaJ bodies
were daily seen floating down the river past the city,
the same river from which the inhabitants obtained
their drinking water. What will our Honolulu
people thiuk of this, when talking of the unhea'.thi
ness of our city ? So hot was it in Shaughae, that
foreigners could not venture out in the sun after 9
o'clock, A. M., and business of almost every kind
was suspended. Many of the merchants and foreign
residents were leaving the city either temporarily
or permanently, aud we heard a gentleman say that
ten thousand dollars a year would not tempt him to
return and live there. Tlii? account may te too
highly colored, and when the cool season returns,
the plague will doubtless disappear, and Shanghae
regain its usual state of healthiness and trad.
Over two hundred fc reign vessels wewe in port when
the A. E. left.
Tiik Monthlies. The Magazines for September,
by the last mail, come "richly freighted with literary
daii ties. Harper's, as usual, abounds in elegant
illustrations. Its first article, 44 An unprotected
Female in the Tast," is illustrated in the new or
more properly antique style of engraving, which
characterizes some of the late English serials, London
Society, among the rest. A sketch of the Pennsyl
vania Coal Region is beautifully and profusely illus
trated, following which is the usual variety of choice
The Atlantic is also received. Of all the Ameri
can publications, this is the best monthly representa
tive of American serial literature. Its articles are
all original, and it hoists iti its list of contributors
the best talent of New England. A sketch of De
Quincy anda continuation of Prof. Agassis' geologi
cal papers form the most attractive pieces in the last
issue. The August number of this Magazine was
the most lively and interesting naruber we have ever
seen. It had severaLnne articles, among mem " An
American in the House of Lords," written by Way
land, 44 Derby's Debut," 4' English Civil Banquets,"
by Nat. Hawthorne, and 44 Si le Glances at Harvard."
by Gail Hamilton. Hie peculiarity of each of these
is the truthfulness of the descriptions given by the
writers, as any oue who has ever had an opportunity
for personal observation will attest.
The Eclectic is composed mainly of articles repub
lished from the leading British, French and German
monthlies and quarterlies, and therefore embodies the
best of the current European literature. The Septem
ber number contains Rev. Mr. Ellis' Account of the
murder of the King of Madagascar, and the revolu
ot the King ot Mada
inected with it.
The British steamship Fust Yama arrived
yesterday, 16 days from Alberni, Vancouver's Island.
We have not obtained any papers by her, nor do we
learn of any news from that quarter. She is report
ed to have brought orders for II. B. M. Ship Tribune
to remain here one month, but that vessel left on
Tuesday for Valparaiso. The Fusi Yama will sail
again on Saturday for China, after coaling up.
Promoted. By an exchange paper we observe
that Lieut. Sam'l L. Conde, of the 57th New York
Volunteers, has been assigned duty, as aide-de-camp
to Brig. Gen. Smith, commanding the forces at Mil
waukee. Wisconsin. Lieut. Conde is a son of Rev.
D. T. Conde formerly of Wailuku, Maui, and is a
native of these islands.
! G?" The Missionary packet JHorning Star will be
dispatched to Micronesia about the 2d of November,
and will take several Hawaiian Missionaries and
their wives. Parcels or letters to go by the brig may
be sent to care of E. O. II ill, Esq.
$f We are under obligations to the Editor and
foreman of the Polynesian , for the use c f their press to
BtEike off this edition, while ours is undergotng an
TUB A 1 lntlTISII STBAMBR
CiiiUaiu A. DL'MIAS,
Will K-ave for tlie :i!ove jmrt on
SATURDAY, Iho 17th inst.
For freight or passage aj.jily to
CSO-lt II. 11ACKFF.I.D if Co.
THE WELL KNOWN
For Sale by
Ed. Motisclilncr & Staprnliorst.
CARTES DE VISITE AND ALBUMS.
For sale at the
lsisliimc Vot Ice.
NOT I CE IS IIEIlEliY OIVEX.thut
from tde 1st of Octt!er, lsC;j, the fillovvinj rates
i-.'i willK- charged f..r I'a'.taruj.'e at 1'unahoti. For
,i.CX- horses put in fr three months or mor-.', SI 2.1
per month. For less than three months, S I "( per month.
SS,C-2t W.M. H. UAILKY.
To be Sold or Let Furnished.
VTHE HOUSE AND LOT AT WAIKIKI.
:'..!!' reo ntly the residence of yr. Win. L. irren. Th? land
.iUJi, havinsr been improved at considerable expense, allorda
the best pasture at the prove.
CSo-lm For terms apply to JA NION, GKKKN & Co-
; ISeat Cottage.
A NEAT AND RESPKCTAUI.K COT-
fv',; tai;e on Kukui street, nearly opp.sit the Fpiseopal
ilJL, Chur.-h, and adjoining Mr. Thos. Hughes, at pre-ent in
the occupancy of Lieut. Kruf.'er, who h aves it on the 1st Nov.,
to reside in his newly purchased prorty.
j Terms reasonable.
,060-ltu Apply to JOHN" T. WATKUH0USK.
Working Oxen for Sale.
THE UXDKRSIKNKD OFFERS
'.for sale 30 yoke of sooiNkizrd work
Oxru. well broke and jrentle. Also & lrucks,
in .'ood order, and a lot of chains, gear, &c. -o.,
used iuj hauling wood for the "Kilauea."'
For particulars inquire of U. It. NEVILLE, at Honolulu, or
of D. 1SARKKTT, Keopuka.
SOo-lm " Koi.a, Hawaii.
King St., near Castle & Cooke's Store.
ff AS CONSTANTLY ON HANI) AND FOR
U.M sale California and Hawaiian Lime, Cement, I'laster
1'aris, l'ricks, and several other articles in the building line.
RuoN covered with Elates or Composition and warranted wafr
Orders from the other islands thankfully received. U56-3ui
About Tea. We have never had any great par
tiality for tea as a beverage, although it is gene
rally considered a necessary of life, among rich and
poor, and almost everybody uses it as tuch. We
should not perhaps have takeu it up to in ike nn item
of, had we not received from Messrs. C. W. Brooks
& Co. a sample of a rare anJ choice variety of Ja
panese tea, known as the 44 Fan brand." We have
tried it, and so have some of our friends, and putting
our various opinions all together, pronounce it with
out hesitation and without exception, the finest, most
delicious drink that ever passed under the name of
tea. Its flavor is perfectly lauy-lihe, to coin a mo.-t
appropriate phrase. Whether the quality is owing
to its iM-cy brand, or to the fact that females are
engaged iu its cultivation and preparation, is a fair
topic for tea-table talk. We have hid Japanese tea I
here before, and the general impression ha9 been that it !
was not quite equal to the best China teas. This j
fan brand," however, is one of the very choicest j
Japanese varieties, prepared for and used by the j
princes and royal families. It may be therefore j
strictly called an 44 imperial tea." And the best in- j
dication of its value is the increasing demand for it j
iu California, where it is superseding the China teas, !
and sells readily as fast as imported, at agent's rates, '
which are Goc. to 70c. per pound. It is put up iu :
boxes of various sizes, aud not like the common !
Jar an teas in baskets. We do net know whether this !
brand has ever been imported here, but suppose
Messrs. C. W. Brooks & Co. can supply any orders.
It is popahnly l.eiieved that .tea is a native of
China. But we are informed that this is an error,
and that Japan is its native country, from whence it !
was taken to China centuries ago. In both countries
it has lag been cultivated extensively, but only of ;
late years, since foreigners gained ingress to Japan, j
has it been known to what extent aud perfection its .
culture has there been carried. In China teas espe- 1
ciaily, there is a great deal of adulteration and prob- J
ably not one-halt" of the tea consumed iu America j
and Europe, is t he pure article.
A PUBLIC CONVENIENCE.
STAMPED LETTER ENVELOPES FOR
the Inter-island and th; American Mail, will hereafter
be kept for sale at the bookstore :
I iil-r-iitiii4l En v'!o', 3. jioIi. or '.III lor Si
A me violin En v-Iut4'. (5' ) I i -ii-)a. tor I .
Aiucricuii Eii velope. Doublet (1'Z ) 25c. eneli,
Th? American Letter Envelopes will pay the entire pottase
to any part of California or Oregon, or the Kuslern States.
No letters should he sent out ot the kingdom without the full
postage prepaid hy stamps.
Persona ordering envelopes from the other islands, should
state whether white or hull" envelopes are preferred.
oTO-r.in 11. M. WHITNEY.
IVIap of tlie Sand- j
wield. J slaiad. j
raiiiF: only correct map of these j
fi Ilaiii!s is that of the V. S. Exploring Expedition, pub- ;
lished hy the American Government. Every farmer who owns j
sin acre of ground, every captain who commands a co:ist'T, ev- i
ery traveler who wants to cet correct names and distances, and j
every irentleman who desires to be posted up about the group, j
should possess a copy of it, 1
A few copies left, price $1.M each. !
3SC-0m For sale at the P.00KST0KE. I
DO YOU WANT A STOVE
OF ANY DESCRIPTION ?
GO TO GEO. C. SIDERS!
Corner of Fort and Kinsr Sts.
Opposite Mr. E. O. Hall's Store, and you will have an opportu
nity of obtaining just the nrlicle nt tin: LOWEST
CJOOXS S1sC",Cr3ZTS P.OTH FOR
WOOD and COAI TIN and .JAPA NNED WARE.
consisting in p:irt of cake lK).e:, tea anil cotfeecans, knife trays,
cuirur lioxes, spittoons, nurse cans, lanterns, lamps, candlestick?,
kc. llritannia tea and cofTee pots, sheet lead, tin and copper
hip baths, zinc, Russia galvanized and Emrlish sheet iron,
children's baths, tin toys of all kinds.
SHIP WORK mid PLUMRINO executed with
neatness and dispatch. tbO-Ciu-ly
rK-HlE UNDERSIGNED INTENDS LEAV-
B. in-rthe Islands, within the next three months. Any per
sons haviiy claims against him will please notify him.
Kau, Hawaii, Sept., 1SG3. CS5-;:t
Fort Street Select SeSiooI.
rMlE FIRST TERM OF THE ENSCINO
M. scholastic year will iieii on Monday, Oct. 1'J, lSti:, under
the charjre of
MU. & MK3 EHEW.-'TKi:.
KIXGSLAKE'S flllJIE.W WAR !
renins work, which wives a full
fi. an-l impartial History of tlie Crinvnn Iuva-'ion, is the
tno-t remarkable book that has appeared from the English press 1
lur many year-!, and 111 its p(pmarity, nju;-.ls .M;icau!a 's His
tory of Enplaad. It will consist of two volumes, the first of
which only is published. The second will he published during
15(ii. A fer copies just received and for sale, l'rioe SI.".),
II. M. WHITNEY.
S' 11 1
Latest Parisian Sly!es of
A IVcw, Choice & JPnsli'
JUST RECEIVED ikT
A. S. CLECHORN'S
Wholesale and I'.etail Store ou the Wharf.
Ih-tail Establishment, Nuuanu Ftrec-t. CSG-St
FRESH GARDEN SEED&
GROWTH OF 1863.
A LARGE VARIETY CAREFULLY SE-
rm. lected from the Seedsmen in California, comprising fresh
Celerj-, Eir Plant,
fcw-et Mountain Pep. per, Peas and Iar.!.
hite ard Hed Clover, CucuinUr, Corn,
Flower Seeds, Sc.
For sale by
H. M. WHITNEV.
A I, EX & B E It 11 ILL,
Will continue the General Merchandise and Shipping busines
at the above port, where they are prepared to furnish the
justly celebrated Kawaihae Potatoes, and such other re
emits as are required !iy whale ships at the shortest notice,
and ou the most reasonable terms. 37u-ly
FIRE WOOD ON HAND.
STOVE MB H?
Iiie Xexi Mail. We shall not look fur any mail
vessel from San Francisco till about the end of thia
month. The ehip Tunjore was to sail about the 8th
to 10th. and if she got away then, may be in about
the oth inst. The Comet ought to leave San Fnn
cisco by the 15th (to-day), aud will be due in Hono
lulu before the close of the month. By one of these
vessels, we may look for tbe next mail between the
25th and SOth of October. A number of pansenr,
were waiting iu San Francisco to come down; among
them, Capt Whitesides and wife, J. P. Cooke, Mui
Martha. E. Cooke and others. The Tunjore having
no accommodation? fur passeugers, they may have to
wait and come by the Comet.
;rou;i: w. miowx,
Office, Court House up stairs. SS5-ly
H. S. HOWLAND & CO..
Ship Chandlers and Commission Merchants, Queeu Street, Ho.
n. s. iiowi.ASD
W. K. 8NODHR4SS.
THE HOUSE LATELY OCCUPIED UY
Mr. Chater, situated in Garden Street.
"Sl im M KS. HCMrilUKYS, next door.
W 1 VJ' 11 K ri 1 v K x FO u 1 ro I MATIO V
V W Inch wUl l.:d to the detection and mid conviction of
t!..- party r parties ,o tore the sien Sl'NN V S-JLT1I down
fr..-n over the jrate t.i my premises at Pawaa.
C. I. WAKl).
: 2 liiis IVcsIi S I111011,
! S lb. " Ircsii Fiiidou ll.uldorli-
2 II. tins frouc Soaip,
j 2 1?. tins IJ.ii-c Soup.
j And a superior assortment of
j G()l K CTJOISTTi 11 Y
j which are of the best Scotch mixtures.
Pink and white rock candy,
Thick Pepjienuint lozenges,
Jenny Liml 4
Fancy cut 44
ALSO On hand, a large assortment of
.MEERSCHAUM, WOOD and FRENCH
Likewise the best brands of CHEWING & SMOK
ING TOBACCO, HAVANA and MANILA CIGARS,
For pale by
SS4 Cm Nuuanu Street, one door below King Street.
mm. mi & co.
The Largest and Vrcry Best
ASSORTMENT OF GOODS IN THEIR
i& line ever imported into the Hawaiian Islands.
It consists in part of cases and bales of
C 1 O til i 11 !
I Of the most modern styli s, of superior material and workman-
s-inp, in endless variety.
HATS & CAPS !
Too NiiiiirroiiH to Men lion.
ROOTS AVI) SHOES!
Selected from the l.irpest and latest invoices imported into
California, in every style.
A VEKV SUPERIOR ASSORTMENT OF
Youth's and Children's Clothing!
IX GREAT VARIETY
A full assortment of very superior
PLAYING CARDS !
YANKEE NOTIONS it rt rnrirty.
And numerous other articles appertaining to a first-class Whole
k. ik' and Retail I'lolhing and Kurnishinx Huuse, all of
which will !e sold at prices as low and terms
as reasonable as similar goods can be
procured at any other house
This Ft.rfrk has all lcen selected hy our Mb. C.RINRAUM,
who h is jn.-t i-'-tunvd frrin the East, anl whojc wi ll-known
in-: j 1 1 lintaiic: with the San Francisco, market and discrimina
tion in s'-'i-ctin fir this market, is a sure guarantee that all will
be suihli"d wiih hi- goods, terms and prices.
IZj' Masters and officers of ships will Uo well to give us a
call before purchasing elsewhere.
THE ISLAND TRADE
Supplied on the Most Reasonable Terms.
Store in Makee'a Elock, Queen Street, Honolulu.
A LL I'ERSONS NOT HAVING MADE RB-
j. turns of their property, are requeatel to do bo. at U.
ollice, cornvr Queen and Nuuanu Sts., (Everett's old Auction
Rooms.) Hours from 9 to 2 o'clock.
' W. II. PEASE,
252t Assessor Kona, Oahu.
Best India Scaling Wax.
IUST RECEIVED 11V THE DOMITlL..
J and for sale at the Bookstore of riiiT"FY.
rfIIE UNDERSIGNED IS PpMJ
fi. take Ambrotyjies and Photographs. Also Cartes "
Visits In a stvle second to none in Honolulu. t
Specimens can lie seen at the Gallery, next door to tb ro.
Office, over the P. C. Advertiser Oilice. CHASE.
o 8 4 -C ni -
A f'OMl'ETKXT I'KlifJ. t "-
KRSON TO RU:
; nirtf Innlv I a
vw at the Sufjar lUQnery. Apply to
ALDRIUH. WALKER if Co.