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SATURDAY. JUSE .
jLt a meeting of the Privy Council, convened
ter aC the residence of II- II. H. Princess
foaianulu, who presided, th following reso
lution was pMscd, viz :
RtsokeJ, That thw Council advise His Maj
eJtj the Kin t command the Minister of Inte
rior, he instructed to enter into an arrangement
with a coatj.-t'-'nt irson to proceed to euch
oftr7 oT c,,u,trf-!, a3 way be most advanta
geous for procuring labor, and to enter into
arrangements with Planters and others for the
defrayment of the expenses of the bringing in of
emigrants, and Vj make such contracts with
Planters as will be just to employer and employ
ed, and safe and advantageous to the country.
Secretary Privy Council.
MosniWACA Hale, Honolulu, June 2, 1S64.
Notice to Planters and Others
Interested in the Importation
As a result of the various meetings of the
Planters Society and of the investigations and
reports made by a Joint Committee, three mem
bers of which, namely, Mr. V. L. Green, Mr.
U. A Aldrich and Mr. J. C. Pfluger, were ap
pointed by the Planters' Society, and three,
namely, the undersigned, Mons. C. de Varigny
and Mr. C. C. Harris, by the King's Government,
the Government has decided upon the following
To Invite, and it hereby does invite, all per
sons desirous of securing the services of imported
laborers, without reference to the replies with
which th.y favored the undersigned to a previous
notice dated the 8th April last, to state how
many Hast Indian Coolies, male and female, they
will undertake to receive upon their being landed
here the taid Coolies to he of the race called
East Indian Coolies and more particularly Hill
Coolies, but not of China.
Upon receiving undertakings of this nature fur
eay, four or five hundred Coolies, the Govern
ment will engage and despatch to Singapore, via
Hongkong, an Agent, jierfectly acquainted with
the requirements of this country, and capable of
making such a selection of Coolies, in view of
the characteristics of the race to which they be
long and their sanitary condition, as may fairly
promise to secure the best class of laborers pro
curable. To do this the Agent will have to be provided
by the Government with powers to contract for
thee Coolies upon certain terms, tuch as the pe
riod fur which the engagement is made, the pay
of the men and that of the women, the condi
tions upon which they are to be returned at the
expiration of their contract, and also the condi
tions upon which they will be allowed to reen
gage themselves for a second term, &c.t &c.t &c.
It is evident that the conditions and terms will
have to be the fame in the case of all the Coolies
who may be brought here and for whatever plan- ;
tation tftey may be engaged.
Tj meet the current expenses of the Agent a
certain amount per head on the Coolies ordered j
bj each planter or company will have, of neces
itj, to be jKiid in advance, the Government at
present having no means at its dijosal to avoid
tuch a call. 1
The Agent will use all diligence in the matter
of economy at every point of outlay, and the
character of the gentleman chosen to carry out
this national object for the future prosperity of
the country is inseparable from that of the plan
ters, and without imported labor the planters
cannot n-ckon upon permanent success is such
us to reciuiuj:iul itM-lf to all.
It is therefore prot!ed that in answering this
invitation the applications should be made sub
ject to the following conditions - .
1. That the party applying will pay for the
parage, clothing, ftod, fcc, of each Coolie upon
delivery ut the outside, or as mueh less as
the strictest economy compatible with the health
and efficiency of the laborer will permit : and 5
per calendar month for the men, and $3 for the
Women, as a maximum.
2. That upon each laborer applied for an ad
vance of 10 will !e made by the applicant for
the purpose above stated, 5 only to be paid in
the first instance, at the departure of the Agent,
and the remaining 3 when the necessity of the
case shall require.
Th. undersirned while, in accordance with the
duty imposed upon him, thus asks for direct ap
plication, will nevertheless lie happy to meet
with planters or their agents to offer further in
formation, should it be desired before any offer
ia made. Charles Gordon IIorKixs.
Ho Oki ick. 3.1 JntMf. 1S61.
SUPR EM E tOU KT--ii7 Kane o.
In the mutter of tbe
Eetate of His Majesty 1
Kamf.hmkiia IV., late ,
Justice nonrrTsoN delivered the judgment of the
Court as follows:
A difrvnot of opinion having arwn tonchinsr the d-sc?nt of
the prof.,- hld ami l.j Ills late M:jety Katu'-ha-
tiIV.,te las ktn sul-initted to the Court. UMn an
oicrrrtl stab merit of facts, in rd-r that the rights of the several
fctgh pcrnnirf4 interested mar tr sok-mnly adjudicated ujon
and innoMy ett!t-l.
It i ct.ttr.ieil on teh;If of Ilia Majesty Karnehmeha V., th at
h a-t h redit;.ry sucier to th? throne. hnll inherit the entire
tate. both reAl and n-ruaU derived from II. Majesty Kame-h.m-u
HI., at his drciae, and held by Kamehatueha IV., the
Mnu latHy decrcx-d.
On the .rt of QiM-en tnima, .lately the Consort of His Maj
ty kam h3r h: IV.. it is claimed that all the property pos-t-ssed
ty hrr late tbyal Husband was his private prtirty,
and Bra-l drsrend in attordan"? with the pt-nrral law of the
Kingdom, ami that he U therefore entith-d to inherit one-half
or hi 4 reai an 1 personal ev'ate. after payment of hi debts, and
to take dower in th other half.
We deem It unnecessary to rrar;tulate here the statement of
facts submitted nu thalf of the parties, as these facts will be
r-f rn-d to In the coarse of cur decision, as such reference may
he necessary to elucidate the grounds upon which our judgment
''Vn order to simplify the case we will firt di-pore of the claim
or dower in one-half of the estate, in addition to an absolute
right in the other half. a hif under the SKaiu-e, set up on he
half of Queer. Kinrr.a. In our opinion, if she is entitled to
riower at all. she must take dower in the entire estate which
e.me to her late Kotal Husband with the Crown, at the ihmise
of his predecessor Kamehnnieha III. If, as is claimed on h-r
behiilf. she is cntith-d as a statutory heir to take one-half of her
late husband' etate absolutely by way of inheritance, she can
not take dowrr also in the other half. In that case her ripht to
uovier. as widow, would he Ut in her superior ri'ht to inherit
as an heir: She canuot take in hoth those rights in the same
Tb- claim to the entire estate, as an appanaire of the trown,
put forward by the Attorney-General on behalf of His Majesty
i.e t-resent King, is made to rest chiefly on the construction
lii:h it ii contended should be piren to the Statute passed on
tl.eTih day of June, A. V. cntitle.1, - An Act relating to
the Uiids of Ilii Majesty the King and of the Goerlltnent.
lie preamble to that act, and the portions of it which hear upon
ltiec:is, read as follows:
" H hrrt-i. It hath pleased ITis Most Gracious Majesty Ka
""liameha III., the Kiofr, after res-rTinjr certain hinds to him
"If as his own private proportj. to surrender and forever make
er nnto his cliiefs and people the greater portion of His Royal
" And H htrtux. It hath pleased our Sovereira Lord t.- Kiri
to place the lands so niHd-over to his rhief, ui d . oph-in the
keeping rf the House of Nobles ail(1 lu-pr.s.-Mat.v. s, irturh
person or rf.i.s as they may fr4 ui liue t. t!n;e at iHii.t, to
..i-l--ci 01 m fun. maiiiK-r as the House of Nobles and kt pre- '
si.tatives may .iireet, and as may h. st promote the prcperiiy !
or this Kingdom and the dignity of the Ilawaiiau Crow n; there- !
" Re it enacted hy the Home of Nohles ar.d I'.epref.-ntiitives '
of the Hawaiian 1-lan-Ij in Legislative Council assemhled, '
"That, exprts-ting our det pet thanks to His Maj.-sty for this i
noble and tru'y royal gift, we do hereby solemnly confirm this I
grent act of our g.nl Kitg and declare the following named '
lands, viz: (Here follow the nm. s of the several tv. !
e the private lai.ds of His Majesty Kamehamtha III., to
j have and to hold to himself, his heirs and Bmressors f'-rever ; i
j and said lands td.all he rtulattd ard Ci?)oed of accoroirg to
I his rujal will and pleasure, sut j.-ct only to the rights of Uiiants."'
j After the foregoing follows the accept.! nee by the Legislature !
of the lands made over hy the King to the Hawaiian tiovern-
i toent. the lands being mentioned hy name. J
j It is cont. r.d.-d I y the Attorney.Ueneral !at hv the true con- I
I struttion of this act it o.urt Le undertoi il as declaring that I
: the lands reserved to himself hy Kan.. -hameha 111 . ir. the .
grand division or 1S4S. were to desct r.d forever to his h irs and !
futctcr, on the throne, aa Koyal Domain anr.exeil to the '
Hawaiian Cn-wn, and that they are not su ject even to the right j
to dower. i
On the other hand it U argued that hy a fair construction of i
the act taken in connection with the in-Jrument of r--servation 1
t-igned and s-a!ed by KamehameLa III., on the Mh dav f f I
March, 1S4S, of which the act of the 1 tti.-lative Council was I
simply a contlnnation, the lands in n.ueti'rr viere declared to
I the private pn.pi rty of Kamehatueha 111., his heirs and as
signs, that as 8u li, they are not only fcubject to the rifcht of
dower, but distributable ui.iler the Statute regulating the de
i;ent of proj-rty generally like other private estates of persons
dying intestate, arid that therefore Her Mj-ety tiueen L'tnina.
in the absence of any lineal heir of her husbxnd the late Kirg,
is entitled to one-hall of the estate under the peculiar provi
sions or Hawaiian law, which would puss the other half to His
Koyal Highness M. Kekuanaoa, the surviving father of the late
as of the present King.
The view which the Court takes of this matter, after the most
careful examination and reflection, agrees in Homerespeets with
the views w ably prox.un!ed I y the learned counsel for both
the royal claimants, and yet as will he seen, differs materially
It is conceded that the Court, in order to enable it to give a just
cor.s:ruclioii to the act of the 7th of June, 1S4S. is at liln-rty to re
fer not only to the two instruments ex cuted by Ills Majesty Ka
mehameha III., tit the bth of March. 1S4S, which were unques
tionably the foundation of the Legislative enactment, hut also to
Hawaiian history, custom, legislation and polity, as well as to
the records of the I'rivy Council, and the acts of the j arties
immediately interested subsequent to the tireat diviskn.
The nature of land tenures in this Kingdom, prior to the
great changes effecteil during the re gn of Kamehameha III.,
will te found Very clearly explained in the Principles adopted
hy the lloard of Commissioners to quiet Land Titles1 (vol. 2
Statute Laws, page Si.) nhich were drawn up with much ciire
upon the mott valuable testimony that could be obtained. It is
therein declared that a when the islands were conquered by
Kamehameha I. he followed the example of his predecessors
and divided out the lands among his principal warrior chiefs,
retaining, however, a portion in his ou hands to he cultivated
or managed by his own immediate servants or attendants.
Each principal chief divided his lands anew and gave them out
to an inferior order of chiefs or ersons of rank, by whom they
were sulMliviiled again aud again after (often) passing through
the hands of four, live or six iktsoiis from the King down to
the lowest class of tenants." All these ersoiis were considered
to have rights in the lands, or the productions of them, the pro
jKirtions of which rights were not clearly defined, although uni
versally acknowledged. All ersoiis ossessing landed pro-jH-rty,
whether superior landlords, tenants or subtenants, owed
and paid to the King riot only a land-tax, which he assessed at
pleasure, but also service which was called for at discretion, on
all the grades from the highest down. "They also owed and paid
some portion of the productions of the land in addition to the
yearly taxes. A failure to render any of these was always con
sidered a just cause for which to forfeit the lands. "The same
rights which the King possessed over the suerior landlords
and all under them, the several grades of landlords possessed
over their inferiors, so that there was a joint ownership of the
land: the King really owning the allodium, and the crson in
whose hands he placed the land, holding it in trust." Such
was the nature of the tenures, and such the titles ly which the
lands were held, when in lH'.i'J protection was declared both for
person and prierty in the following words, " Protection is here
by secured to the erons of all the people; together with their
lands, their building lots and all their property." (See Old
Laws, page 10.) "The same law confirms what has been al
ready stated in relation to the rights of His M.ijesty the King in
all lands. Section third requires that every tenant of laud shall
work thirty-six days in the year for the Kiriir or Government,
showing clearly that there is no individual who has an allodiai
title to the soil, that title remaining with the King." (Princi
ples, Vol. 2, Stat. I-HWs, p. H'i.) The Commissioners proceed
to say that the King could not disose of the allodium to any
other person without infringing on the rights of the suerior
lord, nor could the lord, if he purchased the ailodium, seize uoti
the rights of the tenants aud dispossess them. " It being
therefore fully established, tliat there are but three classes of
ersotis having vesled rights in the lands 1st the Government,
(i. e. the King,) -d the landlord, and 3d the tenant, it next be
comes nece-ssary to ascertain the proortional rights of each."
(Ibid, p. t3.) The Commissioners, in view of the evidence
given, arrived at the conclusion that should the King nllow to
the landlord one-third, to the tenant one-third, and retain one
third himself, he according to the uniform opinion of the wit
in Ssess would injuire no one unless himself. (Ibid p. SU ) It
was the inirative necessity of separating and defining the
rights of the several parties interested in the hinds which led to
the institution of the Hoard of Land Commissioners, and to the
division made by the King himself with the assistance of His
At the ihath of Kamehameha I., his Sen Liholiho, Katneha
II., was recognized as King in accordance with his father's ex
press will. Along with the Crown, Kamehameha II. inherited
all his father's rights us an absolute Sovereign and as Suzerain
or Lord Paramount of all the lands in the Kingdom, which
rights, unimpaired, descended with the Crown to Kainthumeha,
lit upon t Lim .Iwuth o 1. La tritbr mutt .rv.Jcrsir.
In the ytar lv;'J Itegait that eaceal le but complete revolu
tion in the entire olity of the Kingdom which was finally cou-
sumated by the adoption of the present Constitution in the year j
lSii His Majesty Kamehameha III. b?an by declaring pro
tection for the fiersous and private rights of all his fieople from
the highest to the lowest. In 1540 he granted the first Consti
tution by which he declared and established the equality before
the law of all hi. su! j.-cts, chiefs and eople alike. l!y that
Constitution, he voluntarily divested himself of some of his
powers and attributes as an alisolute Ituler, and conferred Cer
tain political rights ut,-on hissuhj-cts, admitting them to a share
with himself in legislation and government. This was the lie
ginning of a government as contradistinguished from the erson
of the King, who was thenceforth to lie regarded ratle-r as the
Executive Chief and Political Head of the nation than its ab
solute Governor. Certain kinds of public pnjierty liegnn to he
recognized as Government pn'l'erty, aud not us the King's.
Taxes which were previously applied to the King's own use
were collected aud set apart as a public revenue for Government
pu.-ses, and in 1S41 His Majesty apointcd a Treasury Hoard
to manage and control the proerty and income of the Govern
ment. Hut the political changes introduced at that period did
not affect in the least the King's rights as a great feudal Chief
or Suzerain of the Kingdom. He had not as yet yielded any
of th?e rights. It was expressly declared that he should still
retain his own lands, and that lands forfeited for the non-payment
of taxes should revert to him (Old 1-aws, p. 12.) Under
the first law relating to the descent of lands to heirs, a portion
of the lands held by any landlord were at Ids death to be, re
stored to the King; and in case the landlord died leaving no
heir, his lands and otl.tr projrty belonged to the King, by es
cheat (Old Laws, p. 47.) Katiiehanuha III. gave a striking
proof of his ower as Suzerain of the Kingdom, when he resum
ed the pnsse-ssion of all the fishing grounds within his domin
ions, for the purose of making a new distribution of them, with
the consent of Ins chiefs in Council, (Old Laws, p. GG; llaalelea
vs. Montgomery, March 1SW.)
The laws organizing the executive departments of the govern
ment were erseled in the year l4i. Those laws provided
among other things for the establishment of the lioard of Land
Commissioners, for the purpose of effecting a division of rights
in land and of quieting the titles throughout the kingdom.
of rights in land was one ot daily increasing mi-
IM.rtance to the newly rorniel government, lor n was envious
that the internal resources of the Country could not be de
ve!ocd until the system f undivided and undefined ownership
in land thou'.d be abolished. Several expedients were resorted
to with a view to obviate in some measure the existing difficul
ties, in advance of the action of (he Land Commission. With
tint vie the Legislative Council on the 7th Novemlier, 1846.
passed a series of joint resolutions on the subject of riuhts in
hinds and the ler.simr, purchasing and dividing the same (St.-itute
ltws. Vol. 2. page 70, See, Old i s. Meek, October term, 1S5S.)
Itut it was evident that such expedients could lie of but little
real benefit, while it must also have tecn forseen that the oper
tions of the Land Comi'.ission would occupy a long series of
years, and that the Commission would encounter much difiicul
ty in settling the rights of the Chiefs and Konohikis. In the
month of I'ecember, 147, the subject was discussed nt length
in the I'rivy Council. The ncord of that discussion is of the
highest inter st and has tefn carefully examined by the Court.
It was finally resolved by the King in Council, to effect, through
the assistance of a Committee, a division of lands between the
King, as Suzerain, and the high Chiefs and Konohikis, his
Feudatories. That d'.vis'on apcars to have been effected with
dispatch, for by the end of February, 1S4S. it was completed.
The King had returned the possession of the larger part of
the lands previously in the possession of the Chiefs and land
lords, and the remainder had be-en granted to the several
holders by freehold title certified to the IjwhI Commission for
its formal award, and capable ol being converted into an allo
dial title, hy payment io tha government of a commutation to
be fixed in I'rivy Council.
His Majesty's Suzerainty over the lands held by his Chiefs
and otfier individuals was then at an end. He stoxl possessed
of the lands which were in his own hands previous to the divi
sion and of those resumed in the division, constituting together
a large part of the landed rperty or the kingdom a truly
royal domain. l!"t it is evident from the minuted of the Privy
Council, that the lands comprised in that d main were net re
garded as the King's private property strictly shaking. Even
before his division with the landholders, a second division
In-tween himself and the government or state was clearly contem
plated, and he apears to have admitted that the lands he then
held might have leen subjected to a commutation in favor of the
government, in like manlier with the lands of the Chiefs. The
records of the discussion in Council show plainly His M.ijcstys
anxious desire to free his lands from the burden of being con
sidered public domain, and as such, subjected to the danger of
confiscation in the evert of his islands being seized by any
foreign wwer. and also his wish to enjoy complete control
over his own property. Moved by these considerations and by
a desire to pnmote'the interest of his kingdom, he proceeded
with an exalted liln-rality to set apart ror the use of the govern
ment the larger ortion of his royal domain, reserving lo him
self what he deemed a reasonable amount of land as his own
estate. To effect that object he signed and sealed on the Mh of
March. 1S4S. two instruments contained in the Mahele Iiook,
the first of which reads as follow :
K ike nuanei na kanaka a pan ma kei.i palapala. owau o
Kamehameha III., no ka lokomaikai o ke Akua ke 'Lii o ko
Hawaii nei pae aina. ua haawi ail i kei.i la no ko'u makemake
mnnli no, a ua hooldo a me ka hookaawate mau l'a aku i na
Lii a me na kanaka, ka rui o ko'u aina alii e ono ai a e
pomaikai ai ke Aupuni Hawaii, nolaila. ma keia palapala ke
hookoe nei au iw'u it.o a no ko'u p e hoiiina a no ko'u ie
hope a mau loa aku. n aina a'u i kakani.t ma r.a arnio 17S.
1H2. 14. 1X6. 1'jO. 1(4. 2DO, 204. 206. 210. 212.214. 216, 21S.
I U'JU, 222. o keia buke. ua hookaawaleia ua poe aina la nou a no
j ko'u po hoiiina a me na hope a'u a mau loa, he waiwai
i ponoi no'u ao'.c mea e ae."
I That instrument we translate into English thus :
" Know all men by these presents that 1 Kamehameha III.,
by the grace of Ged. King of these Hawaiian Islands, have given
this day oi my own free will, and have made over and set apart
fer.-vcr to the Chiefs and ple the larger part of my royal
land, for the use and benefit of the Hawaiian government,
therefore by this instrument I hereby p-tain (or reserve) for
myself and for mv heirs and successors forever, my lanils in
scribed at paces 17. 12. 1S4, 1S6. 190. 194. 20O. 204, 206, 210,
212, 214, 216,21S. --0, 222, of this book, these lauds are set
apart for me and for my heirs and successors fortver, as my
own property exclusively."
The other instrument which was also executed in the Ha
waiian language, we translate into English thus : Know all men
by these presents that I Kamehameha III., by the grace of
God, King of tJ.ese Hawaiian Islands, do hereby give, mke over
an. stt apart f..rrver tu the Chieti and p-ople or my kingdom,
, and convey all my right, title and interest in the land b.iu.i-..-d
here in t ) .
Juw.l;i:in Islands, inscribid on ruwi lri o.x
""ii inclusive, or It. is
and people forever.
iKick, to have aud to hold to my Chiefs
These lanils are to I e in the rpetual keeping of the Legis
lative Council (No! les and lUpresentatires) or in that of the
superintendents of sa;d lands, appointed by them from time to
time, and shall be regulated, leased, or sold, in accordance
with the will of said Nobles and representatives, for the good
of the Hawaiian government, and to promote the dignity of the
liy rehiring now to the confirmatory act of the 7th June,
l4s, it mu.-t he apparent to every or.e. from tr.e close similari
ty of the language used iu said act with that of the instruments
just recited, that the Legislative Council simply inten l .d bv tiiat
act to ra!dy what had been already 5oiie by the King iu
Privy Council, and th rehy bind the nation to its faithful obser
vance forever. Wethiik the Attorney -tAi.etal was mistaken
when he said the act of 7th June, Ih-4-s, ap-:tred to have been
drafted hastily or inadver entiy. It is within the knowledge of
the court thit the act in question was prepared in the English
language by the late Chief Justice Lee, who had taken a promi
nent part in the discussion of th" sul ject in the Privy Council,
and who in c lurr.ou with other councillors appears to hve
been fully alive to the nature and tmix.rtance of the business,
and ki.e w eil the leg d import of the language introduced into
His Mnj-sty K;ng Kamehameha III., had no surviving child
of his own but hail adopted his nephew. Prince Alexander Li
holiho. In the month of April. His Majesty, with tiiecon-
ser.t of the House of Nobles and in accordance with the 20th Ar
ticle of the Constitute n, publicly proclaimed Prince lihohho as
his successor on the throne. At the same time he made and ex
ecuted his last Will and Testament, declaring his will both in
regard to the de-scent of the Crown and the disposition of his es
tate, liy the first clause of that instrument he declared his
will that, Prince Liholiho, his adopted child, should be his heir and
successor to the Crown. Hy the secono clause he decland that
if Prince Liholiho should not survive him or should become in
capacitated under the Constitution, his will was that Prince Lot
Kamehameha should he heir to the throne, and failing him, the
Princess Victoria Kaman:a!u. I'.y the third clause he directed
that all his just debts should be "paid out of his estate hy his
executors as sun as convenient alter his decease. Hy the
fourth clause he devised to his consort Queen Kalama. certain
lauds iu lieu of dower prnvhkd she should accept the same.
I'.y the tif-.li clause he devised all h;s reuiainii.g es'.ate to his
adopted son Prince Liholiho. His Majesty tiied on the 5th
1'ecember. 1S04. and was succeeded by Prince Liholiho as
Kamehameha IV. The will of Kamehameha HI. was i!uly
proved before the Hon. Lorrin Andrews, Judge of Probate, on
the 27th ilay of January, Ibid, and the provisions thereof,
touching the King's estate, were carried out by his executor.
It is admitted that trom the time when Kamehameha III.
separated his own property from that of the Government, in
1S41, up till his death, he dealt with his reserved lands as his
own private estate, leasing, mortgaging or selling the same at
his pleasure, hver since the division, those lands, except such
as have In-en sold, have always been known as the King's lands,
and hsi.ve been managed by an agent or land steward appointed
by the King. After the death of Kamehameha III., Queen
Kalama declined to accept the lands devised to her by the
King's will, in lieu of dower, on the ground that she had re
ceived these lands from him in the division of 1S4S. Her right
to dower was acknowledged by King Kamehameha IV.. who
made an ami. able arrangement touching the same, by settling
upon her a fixed annuity fcr life, in consideration of which she
relinquished her claim tor dower by deed. In the year 1S06
the late King married his still surviving coi.sort Queen Emma.
No ante-nuptial agreement was made as to their property, nor
any provision iu the nature cf a jointure for the Queen. luring
His Majesty's reign, a period of nearly nine years, he constantly
dealt with the lauds in question as his private property in like
manner as his predecessor hail done, and Her Majesty Queen
Emma was always in the habit of joining with him iu deeds to
individuals, whenever it was neccessnry that she should do so
in order to bar her dower. On the 30ih day of November last,
His Majesty died intestate.
Having stated fully all the facts and circumstances which
seem to us calculated to throw lig4it on the subject, and to guide
the Court in ascertaining the intention of Kamehameha III. as
declared in the instrument of reservation of the 8th March,
1S4S, and in giving a sound construction to the confirmatory
act of the Legislative Council, it only remains for us now to
announce the conclusions at which we have arrived.
In our opinion, while it was clearly the intention of Kameha
meha III. to protect the lands which lie reserved to himself out
of the domain, which had been acquired by his family through
the prowess and skill of his father, the conqueror, Iroin the dan
ger of being treated as public domain or government property,
it was also his intention to provide that those lands should de
scend to His Heirs mid Successors, the future wesrers of the
crown which the conqueror had won; and we understand the
Act of 7th June, 1s4S. as having Eecured loth those objects.
I'nder that Act the lands descend in fee, the inheritance being
limited however to the Successors to the Throne, and each suc
cessive possessor may regulate and disuse of the same accord
ing to his will and pleasure, as private property, iu l.ke manner
as was done by Kamehameha III.
In our opinion the fifth clause of the Will of Kamehameha
111. was not necessary to pass the reserved lands to Kameha
meha IV., any more than the first clause was necessary to pass to
him the crown. He was entitled to inherit those lanils by force
of the Act of 7th June, 184H, when he succeeded to the crown,
in virtue of the public proclamation made by his Predecessor
with the consent of the House of Noble-, and he was entitled as
the adopted son of Kamehameha III., to inherit the remainder
of his estate not devised to any one else, subj -ct to dower.
We are clearly of opinion also, that Her Majesty Queen Emma
is lawfully entitled to dower in the reserved lauds, except so far
as she may have barred her right therein hy her own act and
deed. There is nothing in the Act of "th June, IS IS. which can
lie understood as taking away the Queen's light ol dower in the
lands therein named : nor is there any law of this kingdom
which renders the matrimonial rights of the wife of the King
any less than or any different from those of the wife of any private
gentleman. Such was unquestionably the understanding of
both Kamehameha III. and his Successor, as to dower in those
lands, which are to be dealt with iu all respects as private inher
itable pnierty, subject only to the secial Legislative restric
tion on the manner of their descent.
But His Majesty Kamehameha IV. was possessed of other
proficrty. IhiLIi lent jiti,l M?r,i,tt3l rim. ' f t.1.. 'liMitl.
affected with the special character attached to the reserved
lands. The descent of that part ol his estate must lie governed
by the general law of inheritance and distribution, and Her
Majesty Hueen Emma is therefore entitled as statutory heir to
one-half of that proerty, after the payment thereout of such
iortioii of the late King's debts as are not siK-cifically charged
by niortage or otherwise upon the reserved lands. Iiebls of the
latter class ought clearly to he paid out of the estate encum
Iet judgment be entered accordingly in favor of both the
Honolulu, 27th May, 1SC4.
Attorney General Harris, for His Majesty the King; Messrs.
Hates aud Moutgomtry, for Her Majesty Queen Emma.
(For the Pacific Commercial Advertiser.)
Mr. Editor: In closing my last letter, I remark
ed, that I did net remember to have heard " any
cxpres-siou which would imply that His .Majesty's
advisers had any opiniou cu the subject as to whether
one Chamber or two would be preferable for a Legis
lative Council," and.now Leg to reiterate that asser
tion, and, at the same time, to say that it is thought
that it will Le for the public benefit that some cf His
Majesiy's advisers should be enabled to take seats
in the House of Commons, instead of the House of
Nobles, or, in other words, instead of being " re
quired to attend ou the House In person or by deputy,
as the IUpiesentatives shall determine," whensoever
they may require, (see Sec. 51.) or only have a right
to le heard when accused of maladministration in
cflice" (Sec. 65.) that they shall be required to be in
attendance at all times, during the session, ready to
give such information ai d explanations us they may
be enabled, and answer such questions as may be
;uMo them, touching the public business.
With regard to a property qualification for Rep
rrseniaiives smu uiitis, jou, . , t
forth your ideas in your issue of May 7h. I
do not know how high you would think advisable;
!but all the members of government are of opinion
.that it should not be high, not so high as to prevent
jany industrious man, iu any portion of the country,
from obtaining the privileges, but to exclude mere
Moungers and idlers, so as to make the privileges
somewhat a reward for respectability, and an incen
tive to industry. This is thought of more essential
importance. n9 it is hoped that emigrants may be
brought hither in large numbers as laborers, who
will be entitled to the rights cf citizenship, should
they choose to become naturalized, but should not
be entitled to vote, unless they demonstrate their
fitness for the privilege by intelligence and thrift;
and it is further thought to be of great importance,
if elections are to be considered worth anything, to
resort to the principle of check-lists, or registration.
These are the articles which have been prepared to
" The representation of the people shall be based on the prin
ciple of equality, ami shall lie one representative for every 3.O00
iieople. The several islands shall be districted for representa
tion according to the population ascertained by the official cen
sus or lo'J, and every sir.tli year lheref:er ; and whensoever,
bv reason of the increase of the population, the numtier of Re
presentatives would exceed thirty by this apportionment, a
larger number than 3.OO0 shall be taken a a basis, so that the
number of K. presentatives shall not exceed thirty."
j0 jM.isw.n li;4ll be eligible for a Representative of the peo
ple unless he be a male subject or denizen of the kingdom,
who shail have arrived at the full age of twenty-five years, who
shall know how to r-ad and write, who shall understand ac
counts, and who shall have resided in the kingdom for at least
three ve irs immediately preceding the election, and who shall
on real estate within the kingdom, unincumbered, f the value
i cf at ,.:lt . or of irsonai property to me amount.
i cf , or who shall have an annual income of at least
I j..r;vnl fr.mi me lawlul employment" or shall l-e a Lessee
r a T'-rty ft-r which he may iay rent at the rate of
" K.verv male ulj-ct cf Hi Majesty, whether native or natur
alize.l, who shall hare iaid his taxes, who shall have attained
the p.ce of twenty year, ami who shall have resi.led in the
kine.l.'iii three year immediately irecrditip the election, and
shad le- iosessed -f leal roierty in this kingdom to the value
. , or I I.e?s-e t-f an estate for which he l-ays
dollars rent, or an income of not less than dollars de
rived Trom some lawful employment, or shall he po:-essed of
personal property to the amount of , and shall have
caused h s name to he entered on the MST of voters of his di
trict, as may he provided hy law. shull be entitled to one vote
for the Kepreeriative or Representatives of the district in
which lie n-ay h:.ve resided during three months next preceding
the day of election. And further, every person havine His
Majesty's letter of I't-niziition. shall have the same rights in
this respect with Majesty's native or naturalized sul-jects.
l'rovided. however that no insane or idiotic person, nor any
person who shall have been convicted of any infamous crime
within this kincdom, unless he shall have been pardoned by the
King, and by the terms of such pardon have U.-r. restored to
all the rights of a subject, shall be allowed to vote."
Kuruukacawai," asks seme questions regarding
the action of the Convention. I do not know whether
he asks fcr information or cot, but presuming that
he does, I will answer, as he especially requests
myself cr the Minister of the Interior so to do. The
action of the Convention will be perfectly untram
meled save by their own regulations, and their
manner of proceeding will be a9 it may seem to
them roost calculated to effect the object for which
they cauie together. I do not see that there could
Le a Convention , or meeting together for- mutual
interchange of thought, unless they were together in
the same House, therefore I would answer that they
would meet in one House. But they will vote Ly
estates or joint-Lallot, as may please the Delegates
which are most numerous. On all matters cf per
sonal convenience or common interest, such as time
of sitting, interpreter, clerk, and the like, I should
think they would vote by joint-ballot. On all mat
ters of importance, such as the passage of an article,
they would probably vote by estates, the Delegates
voting first, and if they shall reject, it will be of no use
to vote further, since all the estates must concur.
The negative of one estate would defeat the proposi
tion. Now, sir, I think that I have dene what was asked,
viz., to show what changes are thought to be advis
able from the best light that government can obtain.
It will be seen that there are none of them of au
alarming nature. The people are free to adopt them
or reject them, or to propose others for consideration.
I would like to review the article of ' lvumukana
wai," which is generally respectable in its tone, and
show wherein our situation aud circumstances not
bing similar, his argument intended to be drawn
from the example of those States, is not conclusive;
but I have not time, and my engagements will not
permit me to discuss debateable questions in writing.
There are very many who have both by letter and iu
person thanked me for ay letters, and I return them
my cordial thanks. For those who have choosen or
may choe-se to throw dirt from behind your shelter,
using your property for that purpose, that rests be
tween you and litem on the one hand, aud you and
you r readers on the other.
For yourself, sir, I am obliged for the use of your
columns, and remain as before.
Yours truly, C. C. II.
Arrival of ilie
CLIPPER SHIP DANUBE.
GRANT! STILL VICTORIOUS !
HANCOCK CAPTURES 30 GUXS AND
7000 PRISONERS !
Duller Marching on o Petersburg: !
Gen. Longstreet's Corps Crushed by
by Burnside and Three Rebel
Iy the arrival of the clipper ship Danube,
Captain Broughton, 1G days from San Francisco,
we have received a few days' later news from the
seat of war. We copy from BullUhi and Alia :
New York, MaylUth. The HerabVs correspond
ent says of Tuesday's battle: The most determined
and persistent efforts were made in the fight in this
locally to turn our right. Charge alter charge was
made by the enemy on the right. Our men repulsed
each charge, and at length the Fifth Corps drove the
enemy, compelling them to fall back to their defenses.
The clTect of this repulse was apparent. The rebel
dead at points lay piled in heaps. Vie made a
grand general assault at 7 o'clock. It was the
most magtiificient and terrible one of the war. The
batteries of the Fifth Corps were placed in every
advantageous position, as likewise were the batteries
of the other corps. They opened simultaneously,
and hurled murderous missiles into the rauks of the
enemy, accompanied by a general volley of musketry.
From this hour till dark the combat deepened, and
night left us victors ou every side. Our lines were
now advanced, and we have taken more prisoners
than wc have lost.; but it has been another expensive
victory. Our losses are heavy, Tut it is believed
those of the enemy far exceed curs. We expect the
battle will be decided in the morning. Our men
are in pood spirits. There is no give way to them.
The Times' Washington dispatch, dated May 11th,
says : A distinguished officer, who left Grant in the
saddle as late as 10 o'clock this morning, eums up
the bloody work of yesterday thus : The fight opened
all aloug the lines. Longstreet's corps, under A. P.
Hill, held the rebel right, resting about two miles
northeat of Spottsylvania. Grant pitted Burnside's
.Xinth Corps against it. At a given momeut, late in
the afternoon, liurnside precipitated his entire com
mand, except the colored troops, upon the rebel front,
driving and completely crushing it, capturing three
rebel brigades aud four pieces of cannon. The fight
continued, with a ferocity never before witnessed,
until night closed upon the bloodiest field of the war.
The losses on both sides are very large. Of the rebel
brigades captured some escaped during the awful
carnage which followed, but twelve hundred of them
were recaptured and were sent to the rear. This
morning our informant talked with some of thera
(the rebel prisoners) before leaving to-day. They
said they had been in every principal battle of the
war, but had never experienced such terrible fight
ing. The battle ceased at 9 o'clock, our line having
advanced, and Burnside occupying at the end of the
conflict the intrenchments held by Longstreet's force9
at the beginning of the fight. At 10 o'clock the
mornitig of the 11th, Burnside held the same posi
tion. Lee's army was then concentrated into a sort
of bcrse-shoe form, in and about the town of Spott
sylvania Court House. Butler's movements south of
Richmond had been felt and appreciated.
Washington, May 11th. Daring the last twenty
four hours about 7,000 men from the Army of the
Pcjomac, wounded in the battles of Thursday and
Friday, have arrived. Comparatively few of them
are suffering severely. Many will soon be returned
to the army.
Ti-nnel Hill, (Ga ,) May 11th. After three days
of heavy tkirmishing, in which all the corp partici
pated, the enemy were driven baek to Uacky Hi 1 e
and Buzzards' Roost, from which we are fist expsll-
ing them. Lverything is going on well a:u situ
factory. Washington, May 10th. The Army of the Poto
rrjc had a portion cf the day to recuperate. Burn
side, on Monday (9th,) began an attack with the left
wing with great fury and with an encouraging degree
of success. He had a fight the day before, in which,
to use his own word?, We whipped old Longstreet."
Our army could not be more cheerful. All imagine
success and count the days when they shall invest the
Lee lately issued an order in relation to supplies,
in which he said the communications of Richmond
were cut off and it was impossible to furnish the men
with stores. No rations were issued for three days.
Lee enjoins upon his men the necessity of capturing
supplies from the Yankees. Up to this moment they
have failed to capture a single wagon. The roads are
in excellent traveling order, but very dusty. All the
battles thus far have been attacks and repulses.
Muskets have been almost the only weapons used.
The swampy nature of the ground rendered the em
ployment of artillery impracticable.
Lee absurdly claims a victory, when be withdraws
from our front and retires toward Richmond.
General Totbet's division of cavalry whipped the
rebel cavalry near this place and drove thetu from
SpottsylvanU Court House; but being reinforced with
infantry they drove our cavalry a short distance.
The fighting was exceedingly fierce. Generals Torbet
and Robinson were both wounded. General Sedgwick
was shot through the head on Monday morning (Sth)
Chicago, Miy 11th. Special dispatches say the
rebels have a large intrenched depot of supplies on
the North Auna, the line of defenses toward which
Lee is directing his retreat. Grant, in following
him, will be leaving his base of supplies, but his men
have rations for several days with them.
A dispatch from Bermuda Hundred (Va.) says :
Fighting commenced at noon yesterd-ty and contin
ued till night, between several of our brigades under
Geueral W. T. Smith and the rebels commanded by
Beiuregard in person. Our forces drove the enemy
back three miles, nearly to Petersburg. We held the
railroad between there and Richmond.
New York, May 11th. Correspondence from Xew
beru (X. C.) dated May 6th, says : Yesterday after
noon the rebel ram .Jlbemarle, accompanied by the
Satellite, Cotton Plant aud the army gunboat Bomb
shell, c iptured by them at Plymouth, appeared at
the mouth of Rotinoke river. Our gunboats made
off, as if fearful of an encounter, but they were only
anxiom to draw the ram into the Sound. The ram
followed, and pursued about twelve miles, when the
gunboats, seven in number, immediately opened fire.
A terrific engagement eusued, lasting from five till
eight p. m. During the early part of the battle the
Cotton Plant managed to escape, firing rapidly and
eteadily retreating up the Souud. The gunboat
Bombshell was soon retaken, with all on board.
The Sassacus, with her iron-prow, put cn a full
head of steam and ran into the ram, striking abaft
her center, but apparently without inflicting injury.
The Sassacus was compelled to retire, having her
rudder knocked off and a 100-pounder shot, fired by
the ram, through her boiler. Night now set in, and
the movements of the ram could not be clearly ascer
tained. Closely pursued by the gunboats, under
cover of darkuess. the ram succeeded in going into
the entrance to Roanoke river, where the gunboats
could not venture. The ram carried at leas; four
100-pounders. She has not been seen since, but
active measures will be taken to capture or destroy
Reliable reports from Kinston (N. C.) say that the
rebel ram in the Neuse is high aground. She draws
seven and a half feet of water, and the river is only
four and a half feet in depth. The rebels have for
the present abandoned the vessel and taJken the engine
Washington, May 11th. Accounts from the Army
of the Potomac concur in stating that there was heavy
fighting on Tuesday, 10th, aud that about five o'clock
in the afternoon au attack was made upon the rebel
batteries. After the assault had continued for some
time it was found that the rebel batteries could not
be carried without a great sacrifice of life, and the
effort was, for the time, abandoned. It is reported
here this moruing that Geueral Warren was wouuded
yesterday aud died on the way to Fredericksburg.
The rumor is generally believed. The fighting yes
terday afternoon (Thursday) was very severe, as
heavy artillery was brought into action on both sides.
The result, as far as known this morning, was to our
advantage. The rebels attempted to get in the rear
of a portion of our army to obtain supplies, but were
driven off with loss. The fighting was renewed to
day. New York, May 12th. The Herald's special dis
patch, dated Tuesday, May 10th, eays : Gibbons
and Barlow's divisions were withdrawn from the
south bank of the Po. The latter division was closely
followed by the enemy, who were checked by our
artillery, posted along the ridge commanding the
river. Larly iu the day the whole army began to
straighten out in line of battle for a renewal of the
engagement, skirmishing being kept up between the
advanced lines of the two armies. The enemy seemed
to be secreting himself as though he intended an
offensive operation. Our line was formed with the
Second Corps on the right, the Fifth in the center,
the Sixth on the left, with Burnside's corps on the
rear of the left, for the protection of our immense
trains aud to act as a reserve for anv emcreencv.
The country here is quite rolling, and studded with
groves ot pine and other timber, affording better
acilities for moving troops and for the use of artillery
than the Wilderness. The enemy during the night
h.id strengthened a formidable position, with rifle
pits, breastworks and barricades, rendering it strong
er than any line of defense occupied by him since be
left the earthworks on the llapidan. Thus matters
stood until far into the afternoon, the fighting being
quite sharp ot intervals at different points, but with
out anything definite resulting. Five o'clock, p. m.,
was fixed for the grand assault. General orders an
nouncing the successes of Sherman in the West and
Butler on the James river were read to the corps,
producing the wildest excitement. As the hour ap
proached for the attack the enthusiasm of the troops
became almost ungovernable. Grant, accompanied
by his staff, and Generals Meade, Hancock and War
ren, were stationed on eminences within sight of each
other, while the vast columns of our army slowly
gathered together for the great struggle. Just as
the attack was about to be made the enemy advanced
on our right, threatening to press back that portion
of the line and disconcerting for a time the plan of
assault. Troops were hurried to the support of the
right and succeeded in checking the rebels. Half
past fcix was then fixed upon for the assault. Watches
were compared by the Corps Commanders, and they
finally separated, with orders to attack at the ap
pointed time. At the appointed hour, simultaneously
with the firing of twelve signal guns, the whole line
advanced with cheers. The movement was inde
scribably grand. A portion of the forces moved in
solid column, while the others advanced in the usual
order the whole army moving together, and yet
each command fighting its own battle. The whole
rebel line opened a most murderous fire, against
which our lines irresistibly advanced, driving the
enemy slotvly back from their position and capturing
nearly 2,000 prisoners and three pieces of artillery.
The latter, however, were retaken by the rebels.
Night closed with our forces occupying the field. The
loss is heavy, but, judging from the killed and
wounded left in our hands, much less than that of
the enemy, who fought to the last. Our troops bayc
neted their men in the rifle-pits, and forced them, by
hand to hand conflicts, to yield.
New York, May 12th Secretary Stanton tele
graphs that a despatch from Sherman, at half-past
7 on the evening of the 10th, states that McPherson
had not attacked the enemy at Resaca on Friday.
The position is strongly fortified. He McPherson ?
had taken a position at Snake Creek Gap. Sher
man is in front of Buzzard's Roost Gap, awaiting the
arrival of part of his forces
Chicago, May 12. The joint resolution, provid
ing that all the Major and brigadier Generals in the
military service, who, on the first day of July next,
shall not be in the performance of their uuty corres-
Dondine with their rank, and who shall not have
been engaged in such duty for three months continu
ously next prior to that date, shall be dropped from
the rolls of the army, and all pay and all allowance
cea-e from that date, passed the House yesterday, 1Z
to 45. The House yesterdoy concurred in the Sen
ate amendment to the House bill, establishing the
money order sy stem.
Wasuingto?, May 12. A gentleman prominently
connected with the Government says they are in good
spirits to day in view of the recent operations of the
crmy. Burnside has sent to his friends to say that
everything locks favorable and hopeful.
New York, May 13. The World's special des
patch from the headquarters of the Army of the Po
tomac, near Spottsylvania, the 12th of May, 8 A. M.
says : Our army, this morning, was entirely en
cricrpfl in fierce battle, and passing on to victory.
After a sanguinary but generally unsuccessful bat
tle on Tuesday, the army yesterday, was compara
tively quiet It was intended to assault the enemy's
right, our force and column consisting of a portion
of the Sixth Corps. Birney's division of Hancock's
corps was first intended to undertake this, and the
plan was afterwards abandoned. In the forenoon,
two companies on the left of the Sixth Corps, com
j menced driving the rebel sharpshooters from their
portion, in a house commanding a partial view of
I our lines, killing and capturing several of their num.
i ber. In the afternoon rain fell, continuing until
after dark, laving the dust and cooling the atmos
! phere. and ra'ising the spirits of our troops. F ires
j were built, supplies cooked, and the bands began
j playin", the forest along our lines being undisturbed,
i for once, by rebel shells. The enemy had no am-
I VM- it.. :
munition to waste. Jieauwuue iue ucwa hiikw,
towards evening, that Sheridan had penetrated to
the vicinity of Beaver Dim, in-ar Grunge Court
House. The railroad was torn up for about ten
miles capture a rtbel supply train, and recaptured
three hundred of our men who were taken prisoners
in the oil Wilderness battle.
This news was so inspiring wherever known that
a general jubilee and cheers succeeded the announce
ment. During the night arrangement were pushed
for an attack on our side this morning. The enemy
was seen pushing towards our richt. ostensibly
erecting abattis in front. II mcock's troops rightly
suspected that this was enly a blind to the real in-
lentioaof the enemy, which was therefore antici
pated. After midnight the Second Corps (Han
cock's) pushed to the left of the Sixth Corps
(W right's) between that and Burnside's command,
and on the left of the Spottsylvania road. At half
past four this morning Hancock attacked the enemy
iu front of him, our force orenintr with a withering
cannonade, and making a resistless charge against
every part of the enemy's pesition. The cannonade
was replied to with vigor, and the charge of our men
vigorously resisted, but the detertniuation at the
outset overwhelmed everything. Our troops rushed
iuio me nue-pus oi me enemy, Dayoneting them in
their works, cutting their lines and capturing, in
their first charge, over 8,000 men and several guns,"
including the greater portion of the Stonewall Brig
ade, belonging to the division commanded by Gen.
Ned Johnston, forming a part of Ewell's corns. Gen.
Johnstou himself was taken prisoner. The assault,
continued uutil nearly the whole division of the corps
was captured, and other troops, amounting to one
Eleven O'clock. A despatch arrived here this
moment announcing the capture of seven thousand
prisoners and thirty guns. The battle is still pro
gressing. The Sixth Corps, on the left of the Second,
nas moved into battle, and are pursuing the enemy.
Warren's Fifth Corps has moved up to its support
ou the right. The battle is becoming general, and
nearly all our artillery is engaced. The clamor of
the guns, the whistle of the grape and solid shot.
tne roar oi musketry, and the enemy's shells, filled
the fort8t with awful tumult.
Twelve o'clock. It is just now reported that Han
cock has turned the right flank of the enemy below
Spottsylvania Court-hou-e, and is pressing on tho
battle everywhere overwhelmingly in our favor.
Firing has just commenced on the left, near Grant's
headquarters, and the battle is going ou with terrible
energy. Our success is said to be certain. Prisoners
are constantly coming in.
The following is a despatch seat by Gen. Hancock,
this morning :
Near Spottsylvania Couai-nocsE, Mat 12th,
8:15 a. m. I have captured thirty to forty guns. I
have finished up Johnston, and I am now going into '
Early. (Signed) Hancock."
The guns captured have arrived at headquarters,
Brigadier-General Stuart, who commanded a brigade
in Johnston's divisions, was captured.
Burnside's column are reported to have moved
down on the road toward Fredericksburg, going io
on the enemy's rear.
General Warren, with the Fifth Corps ou the
right, is now sending heavy lines of skirmishers to
feel the enemy's works in his front, which are said
to be abandoned.
It is impossible to ascertain all particulars at this
writing, but our victory is considered going ou to
a decisive result. We are pressing the enemy
Gen. Wright is slightly wounded, but is still la
command of the Sixth Corns.
The Herald's special, from City Point the 11th,
says : From latest accounts, received from the front
last night, it is known that Butler's force is within
three mile9 of Petersburg, and had passed the outer
lines of the rebel defences. This is important, as It
more closely oorrals Beauregard's command within
II V J. 11. COLE,
Ou TUjUSDAIT, - . - June 71h,
At t be Store of
Messrs. voiiIIOIT & IIEUCK,
At 10'click, A. M., where a full assortment of Gorxli, lately
imported from the United States and Europe, will be
DRV GOODS, CLOTHING, SADDLERY
liOOTSuud SHOES, HATS, CUTLERY,
HARDWARE, MATCHES, GRO.
(C Terms Liberal, and made known at sale.
HV II. W. SEVERANCE.
Evening- JSolo of"
In Robinson & Co's New Building, Nunanu st.
THIS EVENING. Saturday, June 4tlr?
At half-past 7 o'clock.
J. II. COLE.
II. V- SEVERANCE,
HAVE YOU BEEN
FAK1BIV MARKET !
Did You say that You would give
ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS ?
TO KXO W WHERE
1I t gets that nice IiKEF,
MUTTON, I'OKK ami VEAL from.
I knew that sometime ago. It comes
FROM ARMSTRONG & CUMMINS
great herds of WAIMAXALO, KOOLAU. Thj
are sent in small droves, and are always healthy. If ym
want OOOI ZM'XiA.T' Rive him a call, where you
will find everythii'tr in the meat line, from a CLKAN TRIPK
to a BARON of BEEF.
Saddles and Haunches of Mutton or Barons of Beef,
served to order. Corned Tongue, Corned Beef,
Spiced Beef, in any quantities to suit.
Meal tent to all part of Honolulu or H'aikiki,fre of charge
If toii don't blirre tt, ire n rnll at Frt
Street Family Market.
J. R. TRICK,
41T-3m Actin Manacer.
JUDD WILDER & M
Are now manufacturing at
400 tons Of Sugar, which they offer to
sell at reasonable prices, as it arrives.
For sale also,
MOLASSES in Barrels.
C. P. JUDD, Age-
413-33) Corner of Fort and Mcrcljaat