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The Pneumatic Kailivny.
The Lwlon Tunes contains an account of the
f'ncuiuitic Ruilvcty. n'centlj cor.xtructe! on the
Crystal PalactJ ground, under the euj-erinton-d-tncc
of Mr. Itammll, C E., on which a st-rie
of in ten- tin; trial trijH took flace on 27 tb Sept.,
witL perfect success, in the presence of several
tngine-r(j aul scientific men. The following ex
tract will give a good idea of tbia novel intention :
A brick work tunnel, about 10ft. high by 9ft.
wide, and COO jards l-ng, and cattle of admit
ting the largest carriages used on the Great West
ern Railway, has been laid with a eingle lice of
rails, fitted with opeuing and closing valves at
either extremity, and supplied with all the other
requisite apparatus fur r ropelling paswnger trains
on the pneumatic principle. The otjo:t of lay
ing d wn this exp rimeiiul line id to afford. Loth
to the PcientiCc world and the traveling public, a
practical demonstration of the applicability tu
jiawmgvr tri2c of the motive jwer already
employed by the 1'neumatic Dispatch Compiiny
in thi conveyance of letters and viarctla. The
pneumatic principle of propulsion w very tiraple.
The motion is throughout einixth, easy, and
agreeable, and the stoppages are effected gently
and gradually. Indeed, when it is conaidered
that the curve in the tunnel is un usually sharp,
being of tight chains radius, and that the gradi
ent are aa high as 1 in 15, it is surprising that
the motion ehouIJ lie ho much steadier and pbas
anlcr th.an ordinary railway traveling. The
journey of 000 yards was performed either way
in about 50 Seconds with an atmospheric pressure
of ODly 2 ounces to the square inch ; but a
higher rate of epeed, if desirable, cmu easily be
obtained consistently with (safety. The train
used on the trial consisted of one vtry long,
roomy, and comfortable carriage, resembling an
elongated otnnibti, and cajxible of accommodat
ing Mine 30 to 35 passengers. Paftngera enter
thi- carriage at either end, and the entrances are
eluded with sliding glaJ doore. Fixed behind
the carriage there is a frame-work of the name
form, and nearly tlie same dimensions, as the
tectioual area of the tunnel ; and attached to the
outer edge of this frame is a fringe of bristles
forming a thick brush. Ai the carriage moves
along through the tunnel the brush comes into
close contact with the arched brickwork, eo as to
prevent the escape of the air. With this elastic
collar round it, the carriage fi rms a close fitting
piston, against which the propulsive force is di
rected. The motive power is supplied in this
way : - At the departure station a large fan
wheel, with an iron disc, concave in surface and
22 feet in diameter, is made to revolve by the aid
of a small stationary engine at such epeed as may
be required, the rreseure of the air increasing,
of course, according to the rapidity of the revo
lutions, and thus generating the force necessary
to send the heavy carriage up a steeper incline
than is to be found upon any existing railway.
The disc gyrates in an iron case resembling that
of a huge pa Idle wheel ; and from its broad peri
phery the particles of air stream off in strong
currents. When driving the air into the upper
end of the tunnel to propel the downtrain I'rtth
quantities rush to the surface of the diee to sup
ply the partial vacuum thus created ; and, on the
other hand, when the disc is exhausting the air
in the tunnel with the view of drawing hack the
up-train, the air rushes out like on artificial hur
ricane from the escape valves of the disc case,
making the adjacent trees shake like reeds and
almost blowing off bis feet any incautious specta
tor who approaches too near it.
W hen the down journey is to be performed the
breaks are taken off the wheels, and the carriage
xaoves by its own momentum into the mouth of
the tube, passing in its course over a deep air
vjcII in thi) floor, covered with an iron grating.
Up this opening a gust of wind is sent by the
dine, when a valve, formed by a pair of iron
doors, bung like lock gate, immediately closes
Crm'y over the entrance of the tunnel, confining
the increasing atmospheric pressure between the
valve and the rear of the carriage. The force
being thus brought to bear upon the end of the
train, the latter, shut up within the tube, glides
omoothly along towards its destination, the re
volving due keeping up the motive power until it
reaches the tteep incline, whence its own momen
tum again suffices to carry it the rest of the dis
tance. The return journey, as alxve indicated,
is effected by the aid of the exhausting process.
At a given signal a valve in opened, and the di.c
wheel set to work in withdrawing the air from
the tube. Near the upper end of the tube there
a large aperture, or side-vault, which forms
the throat through which the air is, so to speak,
exhale, the iron doors at the upper terminus
still being kept shut. In a second or two the
train posted at the lower terminus, yielding to
the exhausting process going on in its front, and
urged by thefttiinary pressure of the atmosphere
from behinQwmoves off on its upward journey,
and rap:dr"ascending the incline approaches the
iron gaterj9rhich fly open to receive it, and it
emergejV'once into daylight. Such ia the mode
in wjjut the system works, and it seems capable !
el -adapted to railway communication with-
metropolis and other large towns, or
- orifCr unc"e lines with steep gradients exist.
tot thief obstacles encountered in practically
1 ng the atmospheric railway, introduced
15 years ago, are considered to have been
tually overcome by the present modification
- he principle. It need hardly be added that
ti.9 worst drawbacks to traveling through tun
nel, viz., the smoke and sulphurous vapors
emitted from the locomotive and tte close, un
wholesome atmosphere of the tunnels themselves
are in this case got rid of. Every train, in
fact, carries its own supply of fresh air along
with it, and also expels the foul air before it.
Sp nge. The spon;jo business is largely pur
sued at the Bahama Islands. The exports of this
article amount annually to about $200,000. It
is almost entirely the growth of the last twenty
years. During that ieriod, the article has almost
quadrupled in value, and has been applied to a
great variety of new purposes, especially in France.
This sponge is compressed in powerful presses,
and sacked like cotton. It is assorted and grad
ed, samples being fastened on each package to
how its fibre. It is fished, or raked, or grappled
up from the clear sandy bottom, at the depth of
twenty, forty or sixty feet, and often far from tho
shore. The water id so transparent that the grow
ing sponge ia visible on the bottom.
The sponge is the covering, the habitation of
the lowest order of animal nature. Indeed or
ganization can hardly bo detected in the animal.
When first taken from tho water, the sponge is
black, and at once becomes offensive to the smell;
it will almost cause the flesh it touches to blister.
The first process is to bury it in the sand, where
it remain for two or three weeks, when the
gelatinous animal matter seems to bo absorbed
aikl destroyed, or eaten by the insects that swarm
in the sand. The boatman who obtain it, are
paid in shares by the owners of the boats.
To Produce Dealers,
Hides, Goat Skins,
Old Composition, Old Copper,
Tallow, Old Iron,
IOt'C;H T AT THE HIGHEST MARKET
rate ty C. B1EWER tr Co..
X. B. CocsIjoaoenU from tle ether iiUnj4 will hare precept
A PRW SUBSCRIBERS CAX BR St'p-
1. plUl with this Kterlio- Newspaper, conimercimf wun the
dat received by tfe last mail,
44.0O a fMr Including
It !. WHITNr.Y.
How they arc Taxed ill lnglaiid
Our taxes must bo heavy, doubtless, for a
long time to como, if measured by our own past
t exjerience ; but as compared with the burdens
which other nations have borne, and are bearing,
they will be moderate to say the least. "We
recall our own experience in England not many
years Lock ; and the recollection alleviates very
materially any apprehensions we might other
wise have in view of our present prospects.
Our library was a pleasant room in an ample
and substantial brick house, looking out upon a
beautiful fruit and flower garden in th rear ;
and the said library had just one window, because
tae light of the eun was euch an expensive article
in England that at that time even rich men were
prudent in its consumption. Set en id the perfect
number, and the father of a household might
have seven windows of a moderate and prescribed
size, without paying for the light that came
through them, but for every additional window
or opening with or without glass, through which
heaven's sweet light was admitted to sitting-room,
chamber, office or cellar, there must be paid to
the government of our sovereign Lady," a sum
equal to two dollars and a half. This supreme
ly absurd and barbarous law bad the effect
greatly to mar the beauty and comfort of English
dwellings, and to kill annually a multitude of
scrofulous children We do not remember the
number of windows in the bouse of which we
have spoken, but the sum total we paid fur sun
light mu.t have been at least twenty-five dollars
a year, and that be it remembered for light infe
rior in quality and in only moderate quantity.
We recollect one day seeing a strange man sur
veying our premises in a curious way. Presently
be rung at the bell, introduced himself as a new
inpvctor for the district, and said we were liable
for one window more than we were payiiig for.
We aked him where it was, and he jointed to
un opening into the coal cellar, about two square
feet in size, and thereafter we paid for it the
same as for a full sized window in our library.
This was the new inspector' way of commend
ing himself to those to whom he was indebted
for his office, and possibly to secure promotion.
It is gratifying to the humane and benevolent
feelings to know that this odious and cruel tax
was repealed some twelve years ago and a house
tax substituted for it, proportioned to rental.
If you ue a ring, seal, or any other article
having on it your crest or other armorial de
vice," you will piy a tax of three dollars and a
quarter therefor, provided you are an individual
of no more than ordinary consequence ; but if
you drive a pair of horses and have four wheels
to your carriage, then your crest rises surpris
ingly, and you pay thirteen dollars a year for
that important indication of respectability. We
think our income tax, with the addition, a serious
impost ; but let us see how this matter is arranged
in England. A man with a salary or total in
come exceeding $500 and not exceeding- $750, is
taxed on the whole amount, at the rate of $2 40
per 100, equal to $18 on an income of $750 ;
on all incomes exceeding 750 the tax is at the
rat3 of 3 CO per 100 on the entire amount,
equal to 30 on a total income of 1000.
Hut the direct taxes paid by Englishman are
small when compared with what they pay in the
shape of customs and excise. Bricks are excised,
and malt is excised, and every home produced
article that can be, and the consumer pays it in
the advanced prices. Every drive which you
take with horse and carriage from the livery
stable is excised, and the proprietor pays it out
of the amount charged to you. The consumers
of tobacco pay an enormous aggregate tax to
government, the average duty being a dollar a
pound, and the better qualities being raised
much higher. We remember to have paid a
dollar an J a half a pound for the best black teas,
one third of the amount being duty ; ir if we
used what was sold for a dollar we still paid
half a dollar to government for every pound con
sumed. Coffee was half a crown, or sixty-two
conts a pound, and other luxuries in proportion.
All this was in a time of profound peace, with
no derangement of the currency, and no unusual
inflation of prices by speculation. Yet we sel
dom heard an Englishman complain of taxes.
A much more common remark that Lin was the
best country and the best government in the
world and well worth paying for.- Boston Re
lieve. A Slight Cohl," Coughs.
Few ar? aware of the importance of choking a Cough or
44 stK.LT com" in its first singe; that which iu the bejriunin?
would yield to a mild remedy, if neglected xn attacks the
lungs. " brown's Bronchial Troche" f ive sure aud almost
immediate relief. Military OjTiccrg and Soldiert shovd
hat e tktm. a they can tte curried in tie pocket and taken
as vccuiiun requiras. -142-ltu
MRS. S. A.ALLEN,
A Lady of World-Wide Reputation.
Mrs. S. A. Allen World's flair Rnlorrr
aud Zylobalaauiniu or World' Hair Dr
ing are unequalled, and ao acknowledged by all who nse
them for minting, invigorating, beautifying and dressing the
Hair, rendering it soft, silky and glossy, and disposing it to
remain in any deafred position; quickly cleansing the scalp,
arresting the fall an 1 imparting a healthy and natural color
to the Hair. They never fail to restore grey Hair to its original
youthful color. They act directly upon the roots of the Hair,
giving thtni the natural nouru-bment required. No lady's
toilet is complete without the Zylohalsamutn or Hair DresIng.
It cleanses the hair and fcnparu U It a most delightful
frsgaTkC, and is suited to both young and old.
The Restorer Reproduces.
The Hair Dressing Cultivates and BeautLflos.
If your hair is thin try it, if scuny try it, if harsh try it,
If lustrelevs try it, :' none of these try it, for all who U9e it
will preserve their hair thn-och life. Fit sale by all Druggists.
Agents for California. Hostetter, Smith tr Dean, San Francisco.
Aldricli, Walker & Co. !
Have on Hand
And Offer For Sale at LOW RATES
TO CLOSE CONSIGNMENTS!
Flour, puperfino ;
Flour, extra ;
Mackerel, in hlf bbls.,
Mackerel, in kits ;
Tapioca in tins,
Marshall's Superior Currant Wine !
California Port Wine,
lUx-Qi e felt. piriU turpentine.
Kerosene oil. (Diwner'
Tar, Brght varnish.
China tiles. Painted pal If,
Cedar pail. Lima,
Paper Haiipriiipj I
Border and Window Shades,
Superior Ivona GoiTee.
FIP.K BRICK?, COMMON BRICKS.
CEDAR BOARU?, REDWOOD B0ARD3, fiUNOLl.-S.
xr persons having asy claims
against tee, will he jtixkI erwufh to make them before Uie
1st of January next, as I to tDWri.lir.rf to lt-are t'.e kingdom.
JOUN fc. BARNARD.
Uoo..!dlJ, Nor. 4-h, 1S4. 4-H-St
v. ,.... twmiaa nn A t.kM at reet. He lit H ir DQDtb.
.ii.c;uJia um of Taliejr water on pren.ie.
r.D imik v rjT"tirfr
1o-3a South Eat corner Kaahnmanu and Merchant t.
To Jet "Orove Farm."
. vnfif livif.l. IMI) OF
K A I A I. containing fr.ro SOU to 400 acre of b-t,
, . i ik,ini ua of Pasture
li4UU, "' " - - -
l - i , i .n.i r.ort nf th- nitur land can no watered. It
i rtcat-d within a mile of the Lihue Plantation Mill, and 1
mile from the Landing Place. lloadaexUoct. There are three
lT4e enclosures for horse and cattle, aad ba:llir.gsitacientfur
a larpe familv.all In flnt rate order and repair.
Puses-ion'gi?en Immediately, if required.
Term, low! For partlara apply
429-Ct Or to HACKFELD & Ca.
ODD FELLOW'S HALL, Fort Street.
FAMILY STORES !
Received by the
CASES C.4RB. SODA,
Uulden Uate Hxtra Flour,
Cal. Cream Cheese,
Cal. Clear Uacon,
Mince Meat, casep;
Asatd. Meats and Soaps, canes;
Steamed oysters, cases;
i Galls, and qts. pickles,
Boston pickled hams,
Cal. Mission potatoes,
Karrina and Yeast powder,
Fresh apples, in tins;
Prunes, in glass;
Asstd. jams and jellies.
Asstd. herbs and spices,
Mustard and salad oil,
Mushroom and walnut ketchup.
Ppieed oysters, cases;
ermic'lli aiul Macaroni,
Picnic,Snd i& Jenny Lindcakes
4 Unllon keps pit klea,
10 Oallon Uejrs cranberries,
Killing's sugar cured haiua,
Cases Cal. penches, for table;
Cases Cal. pears, for table;
Cases Knglish pie fruit.
Jars ante currants,
J & J Itoxes new sardines,
tir boxes Norwegian Codfljh,
Raisins, in trlass;
Lemon p-'el, In glaBS:
CL'RR A NTS. in I
Cafes Knplish pickles.
Cases Knirlisli Cheese, & differ
' Keqs crushed sugar,
By tlie Iolani.
i Boxes codfish.
barrels pure cider vinegar.
Cases card matches,
Poxes dairy salt,
1 lb Tins 11. & B. oyster.
A Idea's Lard,
For sale by
140 Sm A.
BOSTON II A MS,
Half hb;s family pork,
Qr bbls family ioi k,
Cases cream tartar,
Cases carb. soda.
Bags dairy salt,
1 tiall. jars pickles.
Cases catile soap,
P. Je M. yeast powder.
BY LATE ARRIVALS FROM
THE FOLLOWING ASSORTMENT OF
WEIN1IOL.DT At CO'S WESTPHALIA
Superior quality Paris checfK?,
Superior quality bologna sausages,
French sardines, and tins ;
French peas, (petitB pois) 1 lb tins,
English pickles, pts and qts.
4 Jiacon, in tins :
Fancy biscuits, assorted ;
Superior Cephalomia currants, in glass jara ;
44 Muscat raisins, in glara jars;
4 Fruit pyrups,
14 Herb vinegar,
44 French chocolate,
Superior indigo blue in lb & 1 lb boxes.
Half barrels crushed loat sugar,
Superior Zanto currants, in jars ;
Sujerior French pork,
Fresh California mustard.
Fresh California Clear Lake cheese.
Fresh California crackers, assorted;
rrosh LaIiloj.ua lard.
Saleratus, in paper and bulk ;
Half bbls salmon.
Corn starch, Clarke's & Oswego,
Macaroni and vermicelli, No 1,
Cal. hlf gall picklea.
Kitts tongues and sounds,
California flour, extra superfine brand ;
Sup. extra flour, ground from Cal. wheat ;
Hard bread, for chicken feed;
FVoisIl Island Potatoes 2
Received from KAWA1I1AE by every
trip of the Steamer.
Common tea, for ships use ;
Assorted meats and soups.
Hard bread, for ships use ;
Fresh white beans.
Flesh yellow beans,
Fresh red bran9.
A. A. ELD RIDGE!
Fresh snlerntue, in tins ;
7 Jenny Lind cakes.
FOR SJLK AT LOW RATES BT
MARSH FIELD HAY!
THE rXDERSICXED HEREBY
lutoTmi Uie putiic that he can furnish the llrtt
Miinirnit Hujr at One Cent er lb
JAMES L. Lr.WIS,
Machine Blacksmith Wanted.
STEADY EMPLOYMENT WILL EE
Cirrn t a man that is a O'tspeuct work.tr. a a, at the 110
NOLl'LU LttO.N WOUKS. Apply to
4.;-Jm TH03. HUOHEa
V0NB.QLT & S.EUC.C
HAVE JUST RECEIVED
BY THE HAWAIIAN BARK
Capt. J. C. KLl'.VKK,
The Following Assortment of
Desirable English, German and
Fiencli Groocls !
In part consisting of
BLACK, ft II EE V. BROWX AND BLUE
plain t.'ohuri;s and Orleans,
Ureeu and brojru flured cuburgs and orleaut,
Victoria lawa in pieces of 7 yards.
Printed twills, Muslin de laincs black and figured,
Barege for veils, CashnKrPS, plain and figured,
l'.lue twilled flannel of d;ff'.'ir;:t qualities,
Ulack aiul Hlue Hroadcloth,
54f. Ililliard Cloth.
Ilnir Cloth, Horse Hair,
Mitletikln white In 3 diiTerent qualities.
White aulrticgg, Ulue denims, Brown cotton,
In bale assorted, all larpe iire, 72 inches by 00, white, blu.
orange, green and ac&xlet.
BUNTING, Hlue, White and Scarlet.
A Urge and well assorted lot of cheap Cal ton and Mixed
ALSO Linen, Half Linen and Woe lea Pants,
Superior all Woolen Cashmere suits for
Complete Tweed autts assorted colon, White Marseilles Vests,
Pilot Coats and Jackets, Pilot Pants,
Cravats, Slips, Merino white and grey hair hose,
White and brown cotton socks,
Linen, cloth and silk undershirts and drawers,
Merino woolen undershirts,
White shirts, assorted qualities.
WINES and BEER
Good Claret in casks,
And a fresh supply of tha celebrated and well known
And other Pure Hock Wines,
German Ale and Porter in quarts & pint.
Fruit ayrupB, Preserved fruits,
Surd men, Westphalia hams,
Preserved meats and (tames in i boxes,
llest quality of German crushed sugar in hlf bbls.
Sausages, Green peas, (pet its poii.)
Class beads, green only
Playing cards, Great Mogul, thick and heavy;
Letter and foolscap pper, ruled;
UvilM, liavanna segars,
W ine and beer corks. Cutlery,
Window glass from lSx Ji inches to 30x40 inches,
A few lady's saddles, Bridies and bits,
German silver and iron tinned spurs.
Fancy goods, Children's toys, India rubber toys,
ALSO ON HANI
And Received by Rectnt Arrivals
From San Francisco,
BESIDES THEIRUSUAL STOCK .'
Plaid Woolen travelling shirts,
Grey flannel shirts. White shirts.
Hickory shirts. Cotton and linen drawers.
Pieces prey flannel,
It leached and brown cotton,
IJIeached and unbleached linen crash,
Foolscap paper, Ink,
Mirrors in Kill frames, Different
Mirrors in black frames, styles.
A vcrv choice Assortment of
gentlemen's calf boots, boy's boots,
Canada ties, buogans,
LADY'S aud CHILDREN'S GAITERS,
Also an Assortment or
Ploughs, Horse hoes.
Ox yokes and bows,
tehovels, Spades. Hunt's axes,
Wheelbarrows, tc, lie., ire.
Published and for sale by
II .11 WIIITAi; Y, Honolulu
HAWAIIAN PHRASE BOOK A manual of colloquial phras
es in the Hawaiian language Price 5Uc.
ANDREWS' HAWAIIAN GRAMMAR, by Lorrin Andrews
An indispensable aid fr foreigners in acquiring the nativ
t ngue. In its arrangement of the parts of speech, and its
illustrations of the i-culiarities of the language, it is better
adapted to cire a clear and correct insight inio it, than any
work published Price paper $1.25; half bound $1.60.
HAWAIIAN FORM BOOK, by J. W. II. Kauwahi, Esq A
manual of forms required in drawine up agreements, bondt
wills and all kinds of legal documents required in courts.
HAWAIIAN HYMNS For social and church service, price
cloth 37c; full l:.und inorMeo, pilt $1.00.
LAIEIKAWAI, The LanT of this Twilight, (in Hawaiian)
A tradition of one of the ancient Hawaiian Princesses, illun
trating their antiquities, habits and sayings. Price $1.00,
half hound cloth.
PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER Tola. 1,2,3,4.5,
6 and 7, embracing from the years 185S to 1S63, and fifing
a concise and Impartial history of the political and social
progress of the Kingdom during that period. $8 00 per
volume, half bound, sheep. Subscription price, $8. 00 per
KA NUPfcPA KUOKOA,(Ths I.vdp.prsdext Press) A week
ly newspaper in Hawaiian, deroted to news and local liter
ature, and ind'-pendent in politics. Volume I bound, $4.00.
Subscription $2 00 a war.
CHART OF THE SANDWICH ISLANDS Engraved on steel,
and printed at Washington, expressly for the undersigned.
This is the most correct chart published.. ... Price $1.60.
ALSO FOR S A LE
THE HAWAIIAN SPECTATOR Conducted by an association
of gentlemen, IMS. 2 vols. 8 vo. bound in one. Contain,
ing a great variety of information on the early history of
these islands not to be found in any other work. A few cop
is only of this work remain. Price $5,00.
HAWAIIAN BIBLE? Octavo sire, bound in fancy morocco
covers with records for marriages and deaths, suitable for
familv bibles. Price according to style of binding, from $5
HAWAIIAN AND ENGLISH TESTAMENT Having the two
versions in parallel columns one of the best text books for
persons wishing to acquire the Hawaiian language.
N. B. Any books published in the Hawaiian language or any
books pertaining to the islands, if obtainable, will be pro
cured for peisons desiring theci.
For sale by
II. M. WHTTNET.
BLANK FORMS OF AGREEMENT BE
tween Master and Servants the only aothorlxed form.
Price Sl.OO per Dozen.
r"or sale by
411-2m H. M. WniTNEY.
Plantation Labor Books !
BLANK BOOKS FoITkEEPIXG Laborers
acciums on plantations. Euch page is ruled for oae
month and contains space for 25 to 30 names.
PRICE Sl.OO, S3.00 AND T,00.
41-3m H. M. WHITNEY.
OLANK FKEIGIITVBILL BOOKS.
fi 9 tor sale by
H. M. WHITNEY.
IV. Ioxiilrxi'l Iiifsrolss,
"o 302 Montgomery Mrrel.
AND ROOM No. 24 GOVERNMENT HOCSE,
corner of Washington and Sansome strews. Address 212S,
Itoffir 3aa Francisco. HZ-Gca
t. c. MUria.
j. c. maaiLL
McRUER &. MERRILL,
20d and SOU Ouliforiiia JStroot.
AliO, AOENT3 OF THE
San Francisco & Honolulu Packets.
Particular attention riven to the sale ami purchase of mer
chandise, ships' business, aupidving whaleships, negotiating
XT All freight arriving at Saa Francisco, by or to the U
oolula Line of Packets, will be forwarded rE or commissios.
XT Exchange on Honolulu bought and sold. JX
Uessrs. Wilcox, Richrdh & Co., Honolulu
" II HlCKFbLD & Co., U
" C liSSWIR 4- CD.,.
Bishop & Co.
Dr. It. W. Wood 44
Hon. K. II. Allen......
D C. WaTKSMaN, Ksq.,.
J B. Richards.
Richards & McCracken,
HAVING BEEN ENGAGED IN OUR PRE
sent business for upwards of seven years, and being
located iu a fire proof brick huildiii, we are prepared to receive
and dispose of Island staples, such as Sugar, Klce, Svrupa, Pulu,
Coffee. Sc., to advantage. Consignments especially solicited
for the Oregon market, to which personal atteution will be paid,
and upon which cash advances will be made when required.
SJX FRANCISCO REFERENCES :
Chas. W. ltpooks & Co., Badirer & Lindenburg,
McHuer & Merrill, Jas. Patrick A: Co.,
Fred. Iken, W. . Coleman & Co.,
Stevens, Baker k Co.
PORTLAND REFERENCES .-
Allen & Lewis. Ladd & Filtoa. Leonard & Green.
CHAS. WOLCOTT BROOK, W. FRANK LADD, EDWARD F. BALL, J
CI1AS. W. BROOKS & CO.,
AGENTS FOU THE
HAWAUBN PACKET UNE
ll l ; . -I . l il
OFFICE 5 1 1 Sansoine St., corner Merchant,
SA.3ST 11 tVsT CISCO.
PARTICULAR ATTENTION GIVEN TO
the Purchase. Shipment and isaleof Merchandise ; to For
warding and Transhipment of Uoods ; the Chartering and Sale
of Vessels ; the Supplying of Whaleships ; and the Negotiation
Exchange on Honolulu in sums to suit.
ADVANCES MADE ON CONSIGNMENTS.
Aldrich, Walkkb tr Co ,
C. Brewer & Co.,
BisHor & Co., '
Tn)9. Spehckr, Esq., Ililo.
Allmand tr Co., Kanagawa.
J as. Hcnxewrll Esq., Bostoa.
IIesrt A. Peiroe,
IttTLER, SlSB & Co., 44
StTTTON & Co.. New York.
Pikld h Rice, 44
II. Fogo 5: Co., Shanghae.
W A RJH E W S .
THE SUBSCRIBER IS PREPARED TO
supply any of the following periodicals, on application.
Magazines delivered ttiroufjh his agency, arrive more promptly,
and give more satisfaction to subscribers, than when received
through any other source.
O Subscriptions payable alieays m advance.
Sew York Herald, $5 00
44 4 4 Tribune 4 0
" " Times,..
Boston Journal, ,
New York World, (weekly,).
44 44 Ledger, (a Story Family Paper,)..
Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, (weekly). . ..
San Francisco Bulletin or Alta,
Ner York Illustrated News,
Harper's Monthly Magazine 5 00
Atlantic Monthly Magazine, 6 00
Godey'a Lady's 44 6 00
Ijeslie's Magazine of Fashion, 500
Hunt's Merchants' Magazine, 0 00
Eclectic 44 6 00
Blackwood's Magazine, (English) 5 00
The Loudon Cornhill Magnetne, 700
The London Tetnpiar 44 700
Blackwood and the 4 British Quarterlies, 16 00
Either one of the 4 British Quarterlies 4 00
London Illustrated News, (weekly,)
44 Punch, (weekly)
44 despatch, 44
. 8 00
Bell's Life in London,
London Weekly Times,
Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper........
French Courier des Ecats L'nis
The above list comprises the best of British and American
periodical literature, and will be supplied to subscribers here
at the rates annexed to each periodical. They are all regu
larly received by each packet from the Uuited States, and
can lc supplied on application. The undersigned willnlsoordrr
by mail any papers not in the above list for those who may desire
Besides the above, the following papers can always be had at
the counter on the arrival of each mail :
&t. Louis Republican, New Bedford papers,
Louisville Journal, Budget of Fun,
Forney's Press, California papers,
nd many others, too nutneious to specify.
The following are received by Express reirularly, and gener
ally in advance of the mails. They will be forwarded to sub
scribers, postages paid, at the annexed terms :
Weekly Itullctin, $3 per annum
Alta 8 44
Sacramento Union, 8 44
N. II. The tmdersigwd has an agent In San Francisco, to
secure and forward the above papers, which are often put on
board after the vessels are under sail, thus enabling subscribers
to obtain their papers more promptly than in anv other wav.
.1. M. WHITNEY.
STANDARD BOOKS !
GILLESPIE'S LAND SURVEYING,
French Wine and Ltouor manufacturer,
Spike's Africa or Discorery of the Nile, jl 00
Gen. F.utler In New Orl.'t"S, 53 00
The Small House at Arlington, by Trollops,
Dewey's Problem of Human I'estiny,
Youih's History cf the Rebellion,
Five Years of Prayer, by Rev. J. Prime,
The Soldier Boy a Story of the Rebellion;
The Pioneer Boy and how lie became Peesldent,
Son(rs for Little Ones at Home.
Family Pride, by the author of Pique,
Tlie Bridal Eve, by Mrs. South worth.
The Men of the North and South,
Thoughts on Personal Religion.
Fleetwood's Life of Christ,
Forrester's Pictorial Miscellany,
Letter writers, various kinds; Cook books, various kindi,
Karbauld's Evenings at Home, Butler's Hudibras,
Irving's Life of Washington, 4 vols.
Beecher's Freedom and War, Tiuuil's Lesions in Life,
Mackenzie's 5000 Receipts,
Dictionary of Ionientic Medicine and Surgery,
Draper's Human Physiology,
Kenan's Religious Hintory and Criticism,
Cattle and their Diseases.
AND OTHER BOOKS TOO NUMEROUS TO KPECIFY.
For sale by
430-1 m H. M. WHITNEY.
MAPS OF THE SANDWICH ISLANDS.
A FEW OF THE EXPLORING EXPEDI
tion maps on hand. No tourist should be without one
PRICIC SI. dO. For sale by.
442-2tn H. M. WHITNEY
40,000 Old Newspapers
CITABLE FOR WRAPPING PAPER.
For sale thep by the 100 or 1000.
H. M. WniTNFY.
(Fruirrly of Lafaaina, S. I)
3P WATCHMAKER AND JEWELIPd
Nv 303 Montgomery street, near Pine.
Ship Chronometers rated and repaired. Master.
Whaleships are invited to call. 443-2a
JAMES C. CAVAIVAGII,
SHIP C01MPR0D0RE AND
Open for all contracts of Ships provision at the most morfM..
rates. NAGASAKI. JAPAN. 4M-
a. oaivviTTS uonax.
0. 0. HATHAWAY.
MORGAN, STONE & CO.,
Cosamlssion and Forwarding Merchants, San Francisco, C
T. S. Hathaway Esq J,w BMftj
Messrs. T. i A. R. Nye
44 Swift & Terry. 44
44 Grinnell Mint urn & Co., New York
John M. Forbes Esq.,... ..........Boston,
Messrs. Perkins & Smith, New London
Daniel C. Waterman Esq Honolulu '
Victoria, Vancouver Island.
T" no, nrpsoji'a Bat Co Victoria, V. I.
Messrs Danl. Qibb & Co.... San Francisco,
Messrs. Aldrich, WaLebb & Co .......Honolulu.
Mr. Jakes I. Dowsktt .-. do.
D V FIELD
31 and 3:i BROADWAY,
JANION, GREEN & RHODES,
Victoria, Vancouver' Island.
N. B. Particular attention paid to consignments of Sand wick
Victoria, V. I., January 1, 1863. 407-ly
EDWARD BOSQUI & CO.
517 Clay Street. San Francisco,
BOOK-BINDERS, PAPER RULERS
Account Book Manufacturers,
Blanks of all kinds Printed find Rnled to mmy
DENTAL GOODS !
XETTA.TI3X1?011TI1V0 110 012.
R. H. MCDONALD & CO.,
Corner Pine and Saoaotue sts., San Fbakcisco.
R. II. McDOXALDT Co., DRUGGISTS,
We respectfully Invite the attention of the Dentaj
Profession to our large and complete assortment of
DENTAL AND SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS, TEETn,
Gold Foil, Forceps of all kinds, Dental Chairs, nand and Foot
Lathes, Brush Cotton and Corundum Wheels, Pluggcrs, Scalers,
ROSEWOOD DENTAL CASES,
Vulcanite material Vulcanizers, Vulcanite Rase and I repress dm
Gutta Percha. A Urge variety of VULCANITE TKETH,
Scrapers and Packers; together with a large and complete
assortment or all articles of the latest and most approved
styles of Vulcanite Work.
We keep constantly on hand a supply of all the in oat ap
proved Standard Works on Denistry. Our efforts will be to
keep a Urge and well selected stuck of all Dental Material, so
that the Dental Profession may confidently rely upon having
their orders filled in the best ossible manner.
437-3m K. II. MCDONALD ii Co., Druggists.
K. . MCDONALD.
J. O. 8PEHCM.
R. H. McDonald & Co.,
DR. II- McDonald & Co.,
Corner of Sannome nnd Pine Sts.,
THE INCREASING I? LSI NESS OP
our establishment, together with the wants of the Trade,
have made it necessary to establish a House in the City
of Sua Francisco, where we will be pleased to see as
many of our old friends and customers as can make it conve
nient to call upon us. W e shall keep at bt.th places a larf e
and well selected stork of
DRUGS AND MEDICINES,
BRUSHES AND COMBS,
SIULDER& BODV BRACES,
LADIES BANDAGES AND
PAINTS AND OIL."
HERBS AND EXTRACTS.
BREWER'S & SODA STOCK,
CORKS, a large variety;
BURNING OIKv FI.tTIDH.
I I'USTVll UlUK
GUM ELA&TIC STOCKINGS. MARBLE DUST.
Together with a large and complete assortment of all Goods
kept in a well supplied Wholesale Drujr Store.
We respectfully solicit those dealing in our line to examine
and price our stock before purchasing elsewhere.
437-3m u. ii. Mcdonald.
Revised and Enlarged 400 Pages!
Wkv, THIS BOOK. AVIIICII II A S Keen
Tig several months in press, is new published and rV8
aT" for sale. It has been carefully revined, and ST"
about ONE HUNDRED NEW HYMNS added, which makes it
the most complete collection of Hawaiian Hyrnns ever published.
There are two styles of Binding to be had :
Cloth Covers, 50 Crut eneh.
Red Morocco Covers, 81, OO each.
For sale by
443-3m n. M. WHITN BY.
Every Saturday Morning.
Citv A!iD Island Scbscb.ptionh, $6.00 a Yeah.
The subscription prlcefor papers forwarded to any part of Ame
rica is $8 00 per annum, which includes the American and Ha
waiian postages. Allpapersfor European ports, will be charged
the postage demanded at the post-office, whicn varies from 4 to
8 cents on each single paper.
rr ScB-tCkiPTioss Fayablh Always in Advascf.
XT Communications from all parts of the Pacific will always
be very acceptable.
Commercial printing Office.
PLAIN AND FANCY
BOOK AND JOB PRINTING.
src H A 9
BOOKS, BILLS OF EXCHANGE,
CATALOGUES, BILLS OF LADING,
BILLHEADS, CONSULAR BLANKS,
CIRCULAR", BLANK DEEDS.
AUCTION BILLS, HAND BILLS,
PAMPHLETS, SHOP BILLS
CT VISITING, BUSINESS AND ADDRESS CARDS priate
on a 44 Yankee Card Press," in the highest style of the art.
TT AllndrertUemenu pnynble In ndvnnce.Xl
i 1 wle. 3 tiii.
Five Lines $1.00 $1.50
Ten Line i.60 2 00
Fifteen Lines.... 2 00 2 60
Twenty Hints... 2 25 3.00
Thirty LKriis 3.2.r 4 00
Quarter 0i am n. 5.50 7.00
Quarter! 6.o5 8 00
Half Column 12.00 15.60
wnoie Volnmn..l8.oa 24.00
' Miscellaneous advertisement