Newspaper Page Text
! r. 1 I C H I J
J. II. OLK.
On Wednesday, - - -
ai 1U O'clock. A. 31..
Will be oid
AV aWOrtmi:xt of mi:kch.:uisk.
Suit .- L
Kcffiilai- 2isimtcla Line
SAX FRANCISCO !
THE FAST SAILING HAWAII SH?
Will a:l ttt the above port
A 111- "' ? '
f,.n-l b the American CIPr UarK
& "WTiistler &
"COMJIODOBK JOHN PATY.
With Imdilll( Dlpn-h.
F.r fre:g'-t f" Vi ' j. nyCKFELD CO.,
HAWAIIAN PACKET LINE
TUt SW -'"''Kll BARK
& D. O. MCJHHAT
T IIK-NM'TT, Commander.
Very j(r..-f a-i' "-a -l'S
Ai:t' A DRirt VA LKi-K. 1. Co.
AsP,,t f,r HAWAIIAN PACKET USE,
Mefflfi. Chan- W IlrookH & Co- 4To-
THE AMKKCAN C LI WEI. SHIP
Due b-r fr . S.M Fr-.cie July 1-Sth. wi:.have Qu.ck
W:iti:h I t tbe bov- f'rt
r. r fr. 1,1.: r r .vea!y to
AI.PKICII. vtAiavt-K. a: vo.
I twaUan Clipper I'-arii
Will hir iuime.li.U- di-patch. baring most of ber cargo enagel.
For r passaje pply t'-
C. BREWEU t Co.
HAWAIIAN PACKET LINE
TIIEA1 CLIPPER DAKK
A. A. ELDRIDGE!
JOSKIMI WILLIAMS, Master.
Wilt MIoir the CAMBRIDGE with DISPATCH. For
freight or i aaaa;-, hiving uperi..r accon.mod-V.ions for cabin
or reen.ge pasaengen.
The abor Teasel inmres at the loweat rate.
' freight or p.ia.is apply to
ALDRICH, WALKER t Co.
-Viort at lortliiiid,
4:t.3t Mes.rs RICHARD3 & McCRAKEK.
I710R THE LASTTIl REE MOV r IIS. THIS
i n v hf, fc n rf. to constlrable fnconrenience, from
tig put into th drof-l-ttT liox inuCiciently stamped
lte.1 : lloae Office" " Ofactal" " Fiuance LHrpart-
I.'iir. ir;. M' .TTi.-H "etff.. etc. From tbe date of this
notice, un Lrttr will be f.jrwarde.l from this office without
heing pvpr!y stanip.1 axord!nir to law, that is to ay, for
iiiter-Wl.tn.1 tttrs as '.!! iw : Two cents for ev.-ry single
letter weighing W. tb.in half an ounc-, four cents lr every
letter wf-rhing n..t le than half an ounce, or more than one
ounce, an I to cn'.s :"r every a.J Ji'.ional half ounce. Any
inonvnieTC- to lb pMiC s.-rvice or to private in.livi.luals
will ari.; fr- tn th.' i.egiit of th" parties who tr.aiW uch in
uc:ently aaipei htfr. This othce counot be held respon
. ARTHUR P. ERICKWOOP.
July :b. Isoj. (7t5-lt) P.-stniaater General.
C. uim.tt.e rinpO'jr-rel to receive cuowrnpuens i.r iw-
per ceU bratiori f.f the 3lt f July. l'- :
J. li. Pr jwn. K bnab, J. S- Kupan-a. A. W. Nab.-.kuahi, J.
II. Ki'inmam, W. N. puab-wa. P- Naone. C. C. Harris. F.
W. ll.j-.-h.n. n. H-n. W. P. K unikB, 1). Mrm.J. II. K'
Pm. II n. t'. Kanaraa. J. W . Paiili. W. Pineh isa Wo. id, W. P.
H.g-.l . R. Itr.tf. H Hihne M. Krkuanaoa. Hon.
D. Ka'aWatia, F. 11. IL.rrU. E. 11. 1 yJ. J. H- Kah.i, J. Koroo.
J. M tli . ko. , J. M.xtnauli, Maj r . L. JI' ehon-.
4Trt-.1t W. P. RAGlA LE,
NEXT HOOK TO THE rOST-OFFICE.
RTFS .leVISlTE A NO I A KfJER IMIO-
Mwraikhs. Antbrtypt'. U Uinoty -. Lucket Pictures,
4 j., c , tjk-n a ch- ap aj at any pla.-e ;n lae city.
Cnrlr, Viite. ou I y 3 per Doirn. iny style.
On bat..! an a rtne&t of Frame ami Ci.
A. f ;r .i at II. 51. W bitn. yN IVi ?t an l at the Gal
lery, ph.. t.'grtpb .f t!. oK-.ti. K.l.iue.tbe Five K.:.? Kame-bjrn-!..
an-l a r:trity -f pictures ili'itrating ll:ind cenes.
I'botnraphs rrt..iu he.l, plain or in colors, in the best manner.
Pepis ou th otl.r L-Un.U wishing f..r Card Pbotoicraphs.
can I t.w'n the saai- by sending any picture they wish coj)ied
fhe cop:!- t- turuetl With prom t.ars.
II. L. CHASE.
. S. No oi.e rw p.ircbA-e another's picture except with
Wiitn p-ri:i:sio't. 47d-3m
E THE I N I E R S I C S E D PASS EXG F.RS
on the per b rk I). I'. MUKRA K. on her iat trip
f.-on n Frin-i.-. t Hon.. la'.u. sandwicU Inland, tender our
.ruere thinks to C.ipta.n N. T. Benr.eit, h-r con.mander, at.d
lo t the ..rfcc-i of i: I h;p. f.ir their kin 1 and peuthuianly
trearm.'n: .luring -i.l p:i-.ii-'e, we cheerfully recommend the
I. . Murm t the traveling puhiic.
W. l. M-l'nieI, A. V. P. Lid.!. 5nTl WeUh. Wei. B.
Wright. F. A. lUnuii. n.l . PliiUp Pui.ley. JaJ. Ljwson. A. Ran
dall, i:. re. C. W. rll. E. 1".1 ti-?o. N- btker. Y. G. Brash.
C. Clark. Mr. M. L Nebeker, Mrs. Mary Green, .Mrs. L
oiith, Mr M. E. CSuT. Mrs. E. 5. riitht. Mrs. II. Lawn.
Mri. L. J. Br!!. Mr. M. E. Randall. Mrs. Anna World. Mrs.
Mary Boyd-n, and oth ra. 4T6-11
THOS. IIEEGAN ,
3 tn s; on,
Ivins Street, near Castle A; Cooke's Store.
riv.-n to the erection of all kinds of Fire ,
Works. Kur.fj SJ ited and Warranted.
California Limr for saie at bis Score, Nunanu Su
J. L LEWIS, Cooper,
HAYIXC PURCHASED THE INTEREST
of Mr. Norton in lh? Cooperage, will carry on the busi
ness at the old stand. Thankful for past favors, he hopes to
i&erit continuance of tbe g.ime.
3000 KARItEt.S NEW OIL SIIOOKS.
Oil. CASKS AND SIIOOKS. Constantly on hand
and f.r sale.
Cooneraire on Kinjr St.. Corner of
Bethel St., Honolulu:.
I1HE PARTNERSHIP HERETOFORE
e.tin? Itween J. L. Iewn anj U . Norton, under
tbe style of Lewi Jt Norton, is this day d:se!ved by isutuai
-onJent. The bunes of the Cooperage will hereafter be con
ducted by J. L. Lewis, arl either of tbe undersigned are em
powered to scuie all matters connected with tbe late partnership.
GFOR5E W. .NORTON.
Honolulu. J.ice SO. 1S5
11 v 11. xv. severance.
Tuesday. ----- July 11,
At IO o'clock, A.M.. tit Salt-it Room,
hill be Sold
Oc'.liir.r Bonne:, lry G.xU-, Groceries.
Urown tu.-ar, Cruihed Sujrar, 1 Cocking P.ange,
General Al'ercliaiiclise !
A Vatiety of Siiutrir, Flnn. &c, Jcc.
Per order July 4th Committee.
HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE AT
On Thursday, - July 13,
At IO o'clock, A.M.,
At the Residence of I. Bartlett, Esq. Nuuanu Valley
Will be soi l
THE FURNITURE OF THE HOUSE!
( onsisliny of
PARLOR, BED ROOM, LINING ROOM AND KITCHEN'
FURNITURE, BEDUNG, ic.
Large Sale of Desirable Lands ou
Tin: island or iiawaii.
Tl.e Underined will sell at PuMic Auction in IIOXOLULU
On 3Ionday the 2 1th day of July,
Af 12 O'clock, M. in the Court House Door.
Tbe f .llowln lanli, titu.tted en tl." IlnnJ of Iiawaii, in
jiursuare of an r ler tit Court trr'ir.t-d to the Airooifitrator
of the mte t,t the lat Hon. L-i liaal-lea, viz :
Aliupuaa of Maulu.i, fhitrict c f Hi'....
" Kal.ioa, distrct of li:i..
4 Panau, district of Puna.
" " Waikahiula, district Par.a.
" PuaokMiiau, di-tr.ct f KoK!a.
" " Ko.iilal.ea, district of Kvlial.
Punep. d .net of Kohaia.
" Kauabonaa, dirtnrt of HnmakuA.
4ti-4t II. W. SKYKKANCK, Auctioneer.
GENERAL IHTER-1SLAHD HAV. CO.
Will lt-ave Honolulu
Ou 31 ON DAY, - - - - July 10,
AT HALF-PAST FOUR O'CLOCK, P. M.
K A I LIT A, K n A L A K 11 A K IT A .
The Buoceeiling Trips of th Sterun r will be on the
17tli, 2 I lit July; niil on Tiirtxlny. 1st
Auuust; Mouday, 7lli Aiiuil.
Laying up tbe week following, paiU agtiin
AdbI 2 litt. 28 tli, Sept. 4 lb, 1 1th. IS th. 2 5th.
J ANION. GREEN & Co.,
A(T-nts II. S. nd J. I. I. N. Co.
Apply at tbi3 Oface.
at the corner
offered f'T sal
A VP HOUSES Thereon.
of King and Alipai str.-frtfl. lire tyt
Apply at the Printing Ofiice of tbe " Adveitlscr.
CASTLE & COOKE
OFFEU FOR SAUL
THE BEST OIL. IN THE MARKET.
FANCY GOODS &G.!
FOR THE LADIES,
.... 1 j'
CASTLE & COOKE!
Consisting in Part of
LATEST STYLES LADIES' JL MISSES
II ats rt 11 cl C i !
II LACK SILK MITTS,
WHITE TRIMMINGS, ELASTICS, asst.
IIAT BONNET and IlELT ItlHBONS,
FINE LEATHER (JA1TERS,
Striped ZMnsliii Corsets,
HA'R CRIMPS, HAIR NETS,
HAIR PINS. DOLL HEADS AND BODIES.
Ladies' and Misses' Gaiters and
Davidson's I. R. Bland Syringes,
Mtiii- Oil and Tonic,
A SUPERIOR ARTICLE.
Also, Just Received and For Sale Low
1-2, 3-4. 1. t 1.4 AND 1 1-2 INCH.
Speech of V. I.. Cireeii, !:,.,
. li. M. Avtluj (omin'ission'r uini '.( -'?(tra'.
Jily 4, 1?G5.
.Mr. President, Laditt and Gentlemen :
I think it is hardly fair to call upon me to say any
thing upua tuch a a important occasion as this, totally
uuprei areJ as I am, after you have ju-t heard oia
liona from getitlcmen fully prcpaied, and who have
proved themselves so capable cf doing ample justice
to tbe subject ; but, 1 fctl the more cou5 Jence, be
cause I am sure that you are all in that humor here
to-day that you will be perfectly sati.-ScJ with what
ever I may say. Nay should 1 be so foolish or so
stupid as to eay something even insulting, I believe
that you are in buch a mood that you would forgive
me. And well you may this is a great day for you.
This is the greatest Fourth cf July for you ince the
Fourth of July, 177C. Your country Lis just
passed through a severe ordeal, but there is no ques
tion you have come out of it triumphantly. During
those Tour years of trial, fearful as they were, the
United Statea as a nation has taken an immense
stride. You have advanced your position in the
scale of nations more during those lour years than
during the larger part of a century preceding. As
a military power, to day you rank, if I am not mis
taken, first among the nations of the world.
As your President has remarked, I am English, and
I look upon your position from an English point of
view but these are simply the plain facts, as 1 have
stated them. Why need I enlarge? You all eee
how matters stand ue all eee bow matters stand.
Your power as a nation is vastly increased your
power for good or fcr evil. Your greatness and your
responsibilities are immensely extended at the same
I will not detain you long, but there U one sub
ject I feel as if I ought to touch upon. By the last
mail or two we have had rumors of war between
England and the United States allusion has been
made here to-Jsy cf " a little bill" which Brother
Jonathan is said to have presented to John Bull.
As the news reaches us in this remote corr er of the
world, it presents itself something in this wise
Jonathan has made out a bill against John Bail
and handing it in tays, ' there's my till, if you
don't pay it I'll lick you." Now I hardly can be
lieve that this is the way it has been done at least
if it i-, it is bzaue BrcthT Jonathan never expect
ed to eet paid. Tbe answer that John Bull would
probably give to a bill presented in this way would
be, Gentlemen, you can take it out of my hide,"
or words to that etK'Ct as the lawyers say and
that is a pretty tough oil bull' hide yet; and I
think you will admit that John Bull would take a
good deal more whipping than Jetf Davis and the
Dragon that we have he trd about to day. But Mr.
President, Ladies and Gentlemen. I do not believe
there will be any war at all and I will give yu my,
reason for that belief. It appears to me that the
United States is in that position this 4th of July,
A. D. 18o5, that she need not care a suutf whether
the bill is paid or not she can afford not to care.
It is not for me here to enter into the question of
the correctness of this bill I presume if it is a cor
rect one it will be paid, if it is not a correct one it
won't be paid. But Mr. President and Gentlemen, if
that bill were ten times the amount it is, and if you
were ten times more satisfied than you are that the
till was correct, if I do not much mistake the tem
per and spirit of the people of the United States on
this day, you are at heart indilferent about the pay
ment of it. It is not a nation that has jut achieved
the title to be confident of her position amongst the
powers of the earth that is anxious at onc to wan
tonly plunge into war.
Bat after all. when I look around upon this assem
bly and see the satisfied faces after bearing an toe
epeeches of this day, and contemplating the events j
of the last four years as there portrayed,! begin to !
think that war in not such a dreadful thiug after all. j
Perhaps a war between England ana the cnuea
States may not be such a bad thing who knows ?
It may do some of us good it may do you good or
it may do us good perchance it may do us both good
we may thrash each other into mutual respect,
and we may then be better friends thau ever we
were; this alone would be a good result. Of one
thing, I, as an Englishman, should feel, and do feel
proud and happy, and that is that tbe war between
Enstland and tbe United States (if war there is to
be) has b3en deferred has beeD delayed till to-day
because now, with your internal dissensions put down
with a hplendid army and navy in the highest
state of discipliue with tried leaders, taught by ex
perience, and confident from euccess there would be
some credit in giving you a good whipping !
1 AftBiVAL of Mobmons. By the D. C. Murray a
laree party of Mormons arrived. They intend set
tling on Laie. The chooner Emeline was chartered
1 the Island to the laiidinc. Vie
have no doubt that their example of thrift aud indus-
1U inav iwv v
try, with its sure rewaru, win iuh.c umcio wmo
troni all parts of the Pacifio coast and do likewise. J.-
Thk Marine Telegraph. We take pleasure in
being able to announce that this institution has been
revived during the past week. Capt. Jacob Brown
of the steam tug Pele, took the matter in hand, and
passed a subscription list around among our mer
chants and others, and succeeded in getting enough
funds pledged to support it.
Wortut of Imitation'. We have had laid upon
our table, by Messrs. McCandless & Co., samples of
Eleme" and "Washed " figs, and an article of ori
ental confectionery called Rahat-ee-Lokoora Salla
pec Sultance," or " Imperial Fig Paste." We pro
nounce the above articles very fine. Don't fail lo lead
... 1 I 1 , . I. AmA
11 RON SUGAR MILL. 10x22 ROLLERS.
20 ML LKs well irr.kentn,l Sorghum I'an. -d feet by 6 feel
1 Kneine. 5 hnrje newer: 1 Steam Koiler in EikkI common.
G. TUOMS. I
" A. A. Eldridge," from Portland,
rfWl QR. SKS. EXTRA SUPERFINE
AWf OllhoiON i'LOL'Il. Hie quality of this Flour it
c.aal to tbe bt-it CaUr.irai.i.
For sale by
BOLT.ER & CO.
LEWERS & DICKSON
Have Txist Received
CONSTITUTION AND POLYNESIAN
ORTII WEST SCANTLING,
North West I'.oar.l tul 1'lanlc,
lo Toncued an.l Jrooved 1 inch and 11 inch,
do Pii-k. ts and Batton,
.'.0 Timber. 5x12. 10x12. 12x12. 14x14,
do White Cedar Shaved S-hiogles, a fuprior
Rdsrood Roueh Board and Plank.
d- t'lear I'lank, li. li and 2 inch,
rio Cb'ar TonfrueJ and iir..ved ISu-irda,
do Cl.-ar Fatten, i inch thick,
do Lattice in bundles,
do Shave! and Sawed Shingles.
T i-l Til ... 1
uoors, rviMies, munis aim ians
ALL OF WHICH WE OFFER FOR SALE LOW,
TOGETHER WITH OUR USUAL LARGE
mULiDIAG 1IATERIALS !
OILS. WALL PAPER.
WINDOW CLASSES, &c.
Orders from the Other Islands will as usual be
promptly attended to.
LEWERS & DICKSON..
Fori, Kinff find Merchant
Lumber Yard ah
Delivered by Dr. L.. II. G'ulick, July 4, 1SG5.
Fdloic Gii.-cns cf the I'niiid !iUs cf Aintrlca:
American Independt-neo was not an ueoideut :
not a mere baubU ou iL course of time. It was
; an event which m.iny centuries had been maturing.
and which will atl'ect all the comine aces.
I One nation after another had dominated in his
tory, each contributing its share to the experience,
wealth ar.d power of the race. ' One was the espe
i cial exponent of religion, another of art. another
j of power. It was however reserved for what we
j term the Anglo-Saxon blood, to develop the true
; idea of Constitutional Freedom in Government,
j Favored in locality, and by a providential balanc
ing of prosperity and adversity. Freedom took root
j in Great Briuin more healthily and firmly than in
j any other portion of the European world.
! Arbitrary power jvas checked. The individual's
I political rights were protected from undue inter-
ference. whether from individuals, from masses, or
. from government. The Bible of the English Con
! stitution. as Lord Chatham called it. consisted ol :
The Great Charter, the Petition of Kight. andjhe
Ejll of Kight. The usage of the common law. in
harmony with the principles of the above statutes,
still further protected the weak, while it rendered
the government powerful.
English Liberty grew more and more definite,
till it secured a" high degree of personal liberty,
and the right of trial by jury : a representative
form of government, by which the people were
represented in a House" distinctly their own. the
Commons : also a division of the Government into
I three distinct functions, the judicial, legislative and
administrative, the clear independence of which.
; each trom the other, is an inseparable condition of
j civil liberty. English Liberty also secured tbe
! supremacy of the law : the publicity of public busi
! ness. whether of legislatures or ot courts : the right
j of petition : liberty of worship, with many other
privileges it is not in place for me to mention.
But the New World was discovered. Our rest
i less ancestors gradually occupied its shores from
J the St. Lawrence to the gulf. The fresh breezes of
I the Atlantic, voyage tended to emancipate from
I thraldom t the conservatism of the Old "World;
i w hile the rough life of the colonist, far distant from
! the influence ot court and power, still further as-
sioted. The idea of Constitutional Liberty devel
oped on the shores ol America as it could never
have done in glorious old Albion.
American Liberty was the daughter of English
Liberty. Cared for by the stern "minds and enthu
siastic hearts of those ho periled their all in her
behalf, she grew in keeping with the grandeur of
her new continental home. Nature herself became
her Foster-Mother. New England's frigid snows
gave her hardihood ; the gently flowing Hudson
poured upon her the beauties mirrored upon its
own placid bosom : the Delaware. Susquehanna, and
Potomac, with wild devotion embraced her in their
irracetV.l arms ; the Alleghanies opened their rocky
passes that she misht roam the Western forest and
j prairie: the Father of Waters welcomed young
Liberty, the beautiful pet ol old lime inmseu, ana
bestowed upon her his own untold wealth : w hile
old Erie and his compeer lakes, bore herover their
depths with swelling pride as she left upon them
the shadow of her more than earthly glory.
American Liberty was all that English Liberty
ever was ; and more. She discarded not one of all
the lessons learned in the earlier conflicts with ig
norance and power. The Englishman's Constitu
tional Bible washers ; well conned and thoroughly
believed. It was however as the Old Testament is
to the Christian : rich and true ; but with a glorious
promise of something more, something richer and
more deenlv true. Let the Old testament never
be dishonored, discarded, or neglected; but let the
New Testament revelation of grace and glory al
ways supplement the Old. So while the American
studios and Relieves in English Liberty, as the
fAndation of all the liberty he himself enjoys ; he
also feels that American Liberty is not antagonis
tic, but is a glorious advance upon any thing that
England has yet attained. American Liberty is
the New Political Dispensation of Peace and Good
will, to no elect Anglo-Saxon tribes alone, but to
all the races of earth.
The peculiar points of American Liberty have
been well summed up by Dr. Lieber as : " Repub
lican federalism, strict separation of the state from
the church, greater equality and acknowledgement
of abstract rights in the citizen, and a more popu
lar and democratic cast of the whole polity.'
These ideas had been maturing for nearly two
centuries, till finally they took shape during the
struggle with Great Britain, which was commenced
j for the simple purpose of making sure that measure
of liberty permitted by British Law. English tyr
nnnv resisted sufficiently to render the first object
J of the till then loyal Americans, hopeless; and
I then the American Colonies declared themselves
independent on the 4th of July, 177t.
More was involved in that act than simple inde
pendence from British power. It was the inaugur
ation of a new scheme of liberty, whose key note
is that all men are born free and equal.
That enunciation of the doctrine of political
freedom and equality, eighty-nine years ago, we
to-day celebrate with the roar of cannon, and the
shout of joy. With solemn jubilee, we to-day re
assert " that all men are created equal ; that they
are endowed by their Creator with certain inalien-
! able rights ; that among these are life, liberty, and
I the pursuit of happiness."'
j We attempt no exhaustive analysis, no vindica
j tion of this doctrine to-day. I am addressing
! Americans. It is not for me after nearly a century
I of light to demonstrate that the sun shines. If a
man "has eyes, let him see ; if a soul, let him com
! prehend. 'These are not glittering generalities, or
i foolish absurdities. They are the chosen watch
j words of the cohorts of freedom. Since first an
j nounced by the joyous bell of Independence Hall,
1 they have been, are. and ever will be. an inspira
I tion to the noblest minds. To denounce the formula
is but to pronounce against one's own power of
comprehending the most glorious of political truths.
o broad is its significance, that though in the full-
est sense applicable to the Democratic form of Con
stitutional Government, it may in good faith be
adopted by a liberal form of "Constitutional Mon
archy, with but a slight modification of .sense, and
wilh'niueh less of limitation in favor of a monarch,
and a truly noble aristocracy, than in America,
where millions were left without its pale. Capable
if distortion it undoubtedly is, just as are the
word of Scripture in the hands of the perversely
adroit. But the true American will no more desert
them than ho will his American citizenship.
This truth was not indeed immediately on its an
nouncement, carried to all its legitimate results.
To this day. not all Within the bounds of the United
States are born with political freedom and equality.
But the truth then took form, the connections of
truth were then completed, and the electric battery
of thought began to precipitate joy and freedom
for all. The process has been affecting the nation.
Even yet. the end is not fully attained, but we look
confidently for the day not when nil shall be born
equal in wealth and position, in intellectual power
and advantage, but when equal political rights
shall be extended to every human being ; and we
rejoice to-d.iy. because that consummation is one
l ourth ot Julv nearer.
.-ain. w,.. "do not assort that this extension of
political lights, was immediately demonstrated to
be founded in natural law, and that there was no
question of its feasibility as a practical form of
government. We freely acknowledge that it was
at first an experiment ;"a glorious experiment in
deed, a her..ic one. one that savored so of the
divine, that from the first those who embraced it,
felt it niu.-t be successful ; but feeling is one thing,
and fact another.
For more than three quarters of a century, the
stock material of Fourth of July orations has been
this feeling. But as the years advanced, and the
experiment still progressed in beneficent result to
so many classes of the nation, the element of fact
became more prominent in the minds of America's
eul.-gists. Intelligence increaseoKwealth increased,
territory increased, and still thf1' machinery of the
federal republic worked well over immense spaces.
Population grew by an unheard of flood of emigra
tion. No nation ever before received such addi
tions of foreign elements without an entire over
turning of its government. These emigrants were
of various nationalities, and as a whole of inferior
intelligence; and though they were, as we must
feel, unwisely admitted with the greatest facility
to all the rights of citizens, yet America absorbed
them all. and still strengthened. Though deleteri
ously affected bv such large accessions of hetero
geneous element, it affected them more than they
affected it : and still the nation grew in power and
vigor. Sustained by such faci3, which yearly be
came more emphatic, the American's feeling of
hope and certain triumph was not at all lessened.
As each succeeding year brought the Anniversary,,
of Indpend'n.,. hirhr and higher did the spread
cf the American otuU-r niouut on the wicg-
of hope and fact.
The American system was however still an ex
periment. Intelligent minds saw with growing
anxiety, the strange anomaly tf Slavery, which it
was toped would have decreased uuder the doc
trine ot equality, on .ue contrary increasing. Other
source? of da:.er were seen, but uue and another
were swallowed up by this portentous serpent, till
the great danger to the Republic w as concentrated
in it alone : and ai yet. all tied before it. The na
tion was still waiting fur the one commissioned of
God to seize it by the tail, and transmute it into a
harmless and even budding rod waiting for the
Moses of American History for Abraham Lincoln.
Growing even more rapidly thau the growth of
the nation, this intestinal reptile assumed that the
whole fabric was created for itself, and that no
duty was so incumbent on the state, as to protect
and" foster it. With the audacity of every soulless
abomination, it appropriated every thing to itself,
till at last it was pronounced treason to oppose it.
And finally it threatened to secede : and sooth to
sav. Secession, in its reptilian dialect, meant the
assumption of the very life of the Kepublic : its i
capital, its forts and munitions of war, with all its j
prestige and power. By cajolery and force it pub- I
dued the masses of the South, whose manhood had
been starved and tortured into ignorant subservi
encv. us the monster afterward starved the federal
With what anxiety did every true American in
quire whether there' was still vitality enough in the
nation to rise and throttle the monster. llow did
we, on these distant shores, four years ago. tremble
as we bent our ear to catch the faintest whisperings
of the zephyr from the Eastern main.
Finally, the Dragon thrust its fiery tongue into
Fort Sumter. Spasmodic patriotism flashed through
all the loyal North. There was more life remain
ing than some feared. Major Anderson's sublime
bravery uiul well directed prayers, with the re
sponsive amen of millions of steadfast hearts, for a
little astonished and confused the serpent. But the
Father of all lies and wickedness, could not thus
give up his incarnation. The stake was too magni
ficent, the prospect of success still too great. He
rallied every power, and recoiled himself for
another attempt. His fiendish eyes had still a ter
rible fascination. Their gleams of treacherous
light so spell-bound and perverted many in the
North, that the base copper of treason was more to
them than colden lovaltv itself, and thousands were
j shriveled into copperheads. Glaring with serpen
I tine witcherv from behind his bales of cotton, he
even charmed the British Lion into so-called neu
trality : more truly, into tame subserviency. Rat
tling "its tail just sufficiently over the ancient halls
of the Montezumas. it adroitly roused the enthusi
asm of the Latins under the lead of that ignis
fatuvs. the Napoleonic Idea to possess those Mexi
can treasures which "far outshone the wealth of
Ormus or of Ind."
Poor Columbia's untrained hosts shut their eyes,
and rushed in scattered battalions upon their ene
my : but rushed more speedily back over Bull
Run's gory field, with an English Russell at their
head, in unseemly haste reporting the Republic
Dark days of gloom succeed. Is Liberty s sun
thus to set"? Is all the heroism of the past wasted?
Are all anticipations of American glory to fail?
Is voung Columbia, just budding into the most
beautiful womanhood the world ever saw, to be
laid in the grave, betrayed by that Son of Perdi
tion. Slavery? In the words of Webster, "If this
great Western sun be struck out of the firmament,
nt what other fountain shall the lamp of Liberty
hereafter be lighted? What other orb shall emit a
rav to glimmer even on the darkness of the world?"'
Millions of patriot heaVts cried " Heaven forbid."
Hundreds of thousands of Ethiopia's enslaved, in
agonizing whispers, called God to deliver. Eng
land's famishing swarms, unable to do much for
Freedom, divided the crumbs of charity among
their wretched little ones, and calmly stood face to
lace with death, rather tha-i raise a clamorous voice
or violent hand which might assist in quenching
that Western light. Europe's laboring masses
looked wistfully on, agitated more deeply than
they dared tell their lordly rulers. Prayers as
cended for America from African shores and In
dian wilds, and wherever America s sons ana
daus-hters had carried the Bible. And many an
humble Hawaiian's prayers mingled with other
lands in petitions for America.
God heard. Life returned ; and, though the
first year of the war seemed one long nightmare,
in August, the next month after the disaster of
Bull Run. Butler took possession of Hatteras Inlet;
Port Royal was taken by the fleet under Dupont in
November, and Mason and Slidell found themselves
the same month, most unexpectedly, in the hands
of Commodore Wiikes. In February Roanoke
Island was taken, and the terrible contest for ort
Donelson ended successfully under one then on but
the first step to military fame, General Ulysses S.
Grant. The battles and victory of Pea Ridge took
place in March, while in April the country trem
bled over the bloody but successful contest at
Pittsburgh Landing, under Grant, and was exult
ant over the bloodless conquest of New Orleans by
Butler and Earragut. In May, June and July,
1SG2, during the second year of - the war, came the
awful peninsular campaign, under McClellan, fol
lowed by the disasters Under (Jen. Pope, and in
September by the unproductive victories of South
Mountain and Antietam unproductive, save that
they were the same month followed by President
Lincoln's preliminary Proclamation of Kmancipa-
tion. and nnany, in iovemuei, oy uni. .m-uici-lan's
being relieved of his command. In October
occurred the three days' fighting and final triumph
of the Union forces 'near Corinth, Miss.; and in
December the victory of Murfreesboro, which se
cured Kentnckv and West Tennessee. In January
the President of the United States issued that glo
rious Proclamation whereby the slaves in Arkan
sas, Texas. Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama. Geor
gia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina and
Virginia, excepting only West Virginia and such
portions of these States as were occupied by the
Union armies, were declared forever free.
Day fully dawned with the third year of the war.
when the enlistment of colored troops commenced.
On the 2th of May, the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts
Regiment embarked from Bobton, the firwt negro
regiment dispatched from the Northern States.
And who does not remember that memorable
month of July. 1803. when the rebel hordes were
s.-nt precipitantlv back to the Potomac from before
Gettysburg, and" when Vicksburg surrendered to
Grant, and Port Hudson to Banks, and the Missis
sippi was forever recovered for Freedom. In
September, October and November, the contest for
East Tennessee was settled by the awful fighting at
Chieamauga and Chattanooga, under Rosecranz.
and meantime Earragut reduces the defences of
The fourth year of the slaveholders' rebellion
has just closed It is the last. Who needs to be
reminded of Lincoln's triumphant re-election and
Sherman's and Grant's unparalleled campaigns.
Atlanta. Savannah. Columbia, Charleston and Ra
leigh fall in swift succession. And then we reach
the" awful month of April, I860. Richmond is
taken on the '.'A ; on the luh Lee surrenders to
Grant ; the next day Lincoln visits the rebel Capi
tal ; on the 13th the identical flag removed four
years before from Fort Sumter by Major Anderson,
was by him restored with appropriate ceremony.
With this. Abraham Lincoln's work was done.
Slavery was dead, the country was saved, and God
I railed the goo.l man to his rost. lint Aid not then
sassin succeu m ei aujsiujj iut hucci.ji a. em
inent by many supposed to have such a strong
tendency to anarchy? Not for one moment.
Noiselessly as the roll of the spheres, and as cer
tainly, did each sovereign freeman fall into rank,
taking command or obeying commands with more
than military precision aud promptitude. There is
hardlv the interregnum of an hour in the Presi
dency. A man raised up by God from among the
slaverv-cursed mountains of Tennessee, one in
early life in such unhappy circumstance as never
to have, for a day even, attended a common school,
takes solemn oath, as well h may, to maintain the
doctrine that all are free and equal. God bless
Andrew Johnson ! May he be our Joshua, to set
tle us forever in the Promised Land of Freedom
and Equality. May he hear the voice of Provi
dence repeating to "him the instruction to Joshua
of old: "There shall not any man be able to
stand before tbee all the days of thy life ; as I was
with Moses, so will I be with thee : I will not fail
thee, nor forsake thee." "Only be thou strong
and very courageous, that thou mayFt observe to
do according to' all the law which Abraham Lin
coln, mv servant, commanded thee : turn not from
it to the right hand or to the left, that thou mayest
prosper whithersoever thou goest."
No weak sentimentality will binder our new
President's execution of the law of the land, equally
with the law of God. on the Amorite kings of the
rebellion. He will teach the nation to carefully
discriminate between the duty of personal kindness
and forgiveness and the duty to faithfully execute
public law. Unless great offenders are punished
equally with the low. then indeed i" pqnality lost
Let justice be tempered with mercy, but let not
the temper be entirely taken out of the sword ol
justice. When the arch-dastard of our race. whoe
name our lip- refuse to give, after plunging a na
tion in blood, starving our heroes by thousands,
and making himself party to one of the louleit
murders of all time, is tina'lly taken ikulkingin the
last ditch" of unmanly infamy, let no high-tempered
military steel be Gained with h'rs igimminiotr
blood : let hiiu die the death of a felon, and God
have mercy ou his woiil.
The experimental period in American history i
mainly past. The American system of freedom
and eqiulitr L-i no longer a partially-tried experi
ment. We no longer tremble. We tear none of im
possible storms that may yet ri.M We by no
means suppose that America's sun has reached it
meridian ; it has but just emerged from tit- clond
that rested on the horizon ; but its rapid ;K4-eit U
noondav glory is now undoubted.
Vigilance must still be maintained. Resolutiou
must still firmly hold the helm ; wi-dom mrwt jtill
carefully direct ; righteousness m?l ?tillW sternly
maintained. Equal rights must be mrted to alK
and even the biack must be carefully brought for
ward to an exercise of the rights of citijehi" in
the Republic he has so nobly helped to save. Anel
much ele might be mentioned, but it is suOirimt
for us to-day to realise that freedom for all b
taken such root i.T the woild's history that no cor
vulsion can ever dislodge it.
Brother-Ionataaiv may and must now give over
the swaggering of his "younger days. He is no
longer an untried youth. He is a man. and a
power on this earth. Let Lia put his hat squarely
on his head, and walk like man among men. He
need not bullv anybody, but he may calmly insist
on fair play. He need not threaten John Bull
with fire and sword if he does not restor million
of pounds for losses by English pirates; but lie
may and must present his bills to the lat penny,
ami if Mr. Bull cares anything about his reputation
among business men, he will see the claims paid,
and will give the word of a gentleman that no
such foul deeds shall again !e systematically prac
ticed under the English flag.
Loval American, never more blanch before the
eve of man. "Walk tl.fe earth, and breathe its air,
as every son of Freedom- may. Never more allow
yourself to be dazzled 1t any scheme of political
glory save that of America, and that never dazzles.
Cast contempt upon none of those forms of govern
ment that are struggling for the amelioration of the
masses ; but never forget tSttt it is America alone
which has most nearly attained it. Never allow
yourself to join in anv" backward iro?e- for the in
terests of humanity. 'Loyally ;erve in any coun
try w here vou may reside, helpir.g in all that will
subserve this end; but steadily refusing to lent!
even the assistance of silence to aught that ob
scures or defeats the grand niarvh of humanity to
ward freedom and equality. Repeciall beliefieenC
forms of government, but love your own.
And who does not love her Fai? Columbia u
to-dav, calm and beautiful, she receives the homage
of enthusiastic millions? Pale :be is, her heart
yet bleeding over her slaughtered sons. But the
stamp of triumphant heroism is on her brow. She
takes her seat, by right, on the pyramid of immor
tality. Her parentage was diviue. her patrimony
such as no nation ever before received, from tlu
Father of all. She dreamed beside the magnificent
lakes and rivers of her own America, till now she
is called forth to be the Mistress among nations.
She still loves to roam the wild wood nd broad
savannah, but she will not turn from the wonder
ful glorv the mission of joy to all humanity's op
pressed winch her tiod has prepared lor m-r m
Mistress of our hearts! Fairest vision that erev
dawned on earth! We, hail thee to-day with tla
wild jubilee of enraptured love !
(For tbe Pacific Com'l Advertiser.)
Rlfthop Sioley' Encyclical Letter, ond other
Scruerr, at Viewed through Hawaiian
The dear public of Iiawaii nei have noticed that
on pages 56 and 66 of the blae pamphUt published
by Bishop Staley, a Constitution ia spoken of, which
virtually gave supremacy to a Biogle class," (th
American Missionaries understood)" and impeded
every measure for the social and sanitary advance
ment of the Hawaiian, if not foand to accord with
their illiberal Views and sectarian aims."
What Constitution or what class baa so long im
peded the establishment of a Hospital for tbe victims
of the Chinese leprosy, eo amply provided for by the
late Legislature ? Is this ruinous delay to be as
cribed to the presence in the councils of the nation
of that ecclesiastical dignitary the Lord Bishop of
Honolulu ? Is " the well knowu incapacity of ec
cleeiastics generally for the work of government or
legislation " being verified in hi9 case ? Page 65.
Mr. Editor, ia Bishop Staley on the Board of
Health, as well as on the Board of Education . la
he a member of the Privy Council ? Ah yea ! I Bee
that the Bishop informs us that he i. on page 61.
We poor Kuaainas country folks, as they say in
America don't see the Government Gazette every
week, and are quite in tbe dark as to who is who,
and what is what. Bat what class, pray, is now to
be made the scape goat for the sins of the Hawaiian
kind in genera), and of Government officials in par
The American missionaries may thank their good
fortune, the new Constitution, and Bishop Staley,
that the weight of the Ieland world no loDger rest
upon their Bhoulders. Indeed, hereafter they are to
be of no account whatever. Really, I wonder that
the good Bishop, in the kindness of his heart, bad
not ere this offered them a free passage to any foreign
land that they might choose for their future home.
They are of no farther account here, and theymight
make good pioneers to open the way for the mission
ary Bishop's projected mission to Ascension. Hogolea
or Guam ! ! See one of Bishop Staley'a letters pub
lished in England. We know these sturdy, stubborn
old "Puritans," "illiberal" and "sectarian"
though they are, make good pioneers. They will do
for hewers of wood and drawers of water. They
will do to cut down the forests, clear a-ay the scrnb;
and break up iheod for those who are to come after;
for the Bishop says, (page 11) "we owe them many
thanks for having prepared the way for us, by fa-milii-riiiug
the people with these mighty truths "
truths of the Gospel. Indeed, I don't believe that
that big Englishiman-of-war which took from our
shores our lovely Queen Emma (God bless her and
return her safe.) could be better employed, after land
iag Her Majesty at Ponama, than in exporting the
Caltinistic missionaries from these shores. We shall
never have any peace in the land till they are
But the worst of it is. there would be left such a
swarm of missionary children," nearly all hopefully
pious," (see page 44) whose piety, if like that of
their Purstan fathers, would, we should think, ren
der it necessary that they too be exported ! Perhaps
they too might consent to do pioDeer work for the fu
ture generations of England's missionary Bishops
who are yet to visit every land when the way shall
have been prepared. Notice the tenor of page 22.
We now see how the Bishop's prospective " mis
sionary yacht," spoken of on page SG, can be fully
employed in flying that beautiful and significant fUe
with a ' red cross " and " thirteen etars," and in
carrying provisions to these pioneer missionaries of
bis, in the Islands of Western Micronesia. The
.Morning Star is already fully eraplov(l in biingisff
up those cannibal Marquesians fo cane planters, and
in carrying supplies to the American and lUwaiioa
missionaries of the Marquesas and Micronesia.
By the way, don't you think it was well that that
American gentleman, Mr. Gallagher, explained to
Bishop Staley what the " thirteen start " on the naff
meant ? If 1 remember rightly, mere were one
thirteen colonies who rebelled seceded from old
England and set up to be a nation for themselves;
& nation that still lives, though just at present it is
eick from the bite of a venomous snake. If Mr. Gal
lagher had not explained it fully to the Bishop, he
might have thought the Sag was intended to signify
that, as those thirteen colonies threw off the yoke of
Old England's Governors, bo at some day these thir
teen Islands of this group would not submit to the
ecclesiastical control of England's Bishop. You
know there are ju9t thirteen of these Hawaiian
Islands. It is evident that Bishop Staley thicks that
Puritan missionaries may do some good to people who
are in a very savage and heathen condition, but that
they are valueless in tbe work of advancing a people
to any high, degree of Christianity.
Of Puritanism, such as he finds has been intro
duced here, he says, we believe it, as a system, to
be utterly unable to solve the moral problems of the
universe." Again, be says, " who can doubt that
such a system must engender, as all impartial ob
servers contend it has done, a fearful amount of un
reality and hypocrisy."
It is evidently the Bishop's idea that the American
missionaries, having failed to save the ntion, should
Iaitp. an.-! oi-e nlaee to better men. Bo mote it be
f Ever Yours. Kaawe.