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TraiiY!! frcia French in the P"rt Luls ; Mauri :iu,) Cem
liiYr2intioii in I levari I to
Cane J slice,
And the .Modificntiou it iinderpoe dur
iuc thr lrocfs of Extraction
1 1 v Oi.
liitia eoucJit during t!.e Itt two years to
render an exact account of tl.o diff-.-rtnt modifica
tijni? that cane jiiit-e ur.J-.rocs in the jrocesaof
extraction, such aj w practiced in tLi.s colony, we
have been insetuitlv led to extend our btudiea to
the plant its-lf, and have little by little touched
ail the rjutions hel:njsn;; to ir- Li.tory. We
propose in a raj id expose tt reprxnluce at rt,
t!.e notes we have co'locv-J upon joints worthy
to fix ruore particularly thj attention of the
jlanter ; hut, before tak:n knoivn the results
of our obwrvatii.-ns. Fame words relating to the
first development oi the sugar industry here, will
do:, r-r!:apf, 1? out of place.
Originally frorn that nviori now deHjrnated
under the name of Indo-l'hina, the suar cane
wa derived, and waa thcrs exclusively cultivated
from tiie rewute-t antiquity up to the middle of
the 13th century, at which epoch, mcrcliant? car
rying on commerce with Asia, j.netrated the
" countries h-yond the fiance;, from whence thfy
obtiined this precious plant, and n'nee then, they
were not tardy in propagating it in Arabia,
Syria and Egypt: Tt wm introduced at Cyprus
and Sicily at ltd clS? of the following century,
from there it spread socn to Madeira and the
Cmaii-3. and became latr in pain and the
south of France, a favorite object of culture,
liif-orted to St. Thomas and St. Domingo eince
the commencement of the ICth century, it devel
oped itIf there rapidly and yroduced such
results that a considerable number of sugar mills
were tstabli-hed in these colonies in a few years.
It was nearly two and half centuries after
th tmt ucct-ful attempts, that is to 8ay to
wirds the year llif), that it was for the first
time introduced into Mauritius. The culture of
the plant, at first limited to few etat'P, under
taken upon a small scale, made but little progress
arid remained a Ijng time nearly stationary.
Hut sixty years later, this culture, better under
ptyod, made greit progros, aral was substituted
little by little ilr those industries previously
practiced. It now constitutes the most sure and
iCective resource of all the great estates, where
alone its culture is followed.
It is generally believed that the first cane plant
ed in this colony is that commonly known as
white, and which h indigenous to all the inlands
cf the I'aciCc Ocean. This cane, one of the
moft juicy and rich in saccharine matter that is
known, firmed fr a long period, the greater part
ued on the plantations ut different locaties on
Mauritius, but the disease of which it whs smit
ten lor twenty years neceitated a considerable
restriction in its use.
Xiimcnm-t varieties of cane were afterwards
introduced into tliis inland, they have been culti
vated and propagated with care, but they have
not all equally succeeded. The most productive
having been renewed without interruption, are
now thoi threatened with deterioration by which
certain plantations hare already to largely suffer-
tfl j ( .r rr tft. aTj i7Mn rif t.tti4 rF vim wlilli
were introduce! at different epochs and entered
more or less into the culture of the countiy, we
shall speak here only of hix, because they are
now most widely spread, and because they are
exclusively the object of our researches. They
1st. The white cane of Tahiti ;
2d.- The Barnbou or JIatavian cane ;
3d. The f Juinghan or Ribbon Violet ;
4th. The Rellouguet or Java Violet :
5th." The Penang;
Cth. The Diard, with which the white Eellou
guet is generally confounded.
Before the culture of this plant took the extent
it has reached in late years, and before it had be
come the principal, if not unique, source of pro
duct of thi colony, it developed itself with mar
velous rapidity, and without the aid cf manure,
formed on the surface of a rich virgin soil, into
which the roots deeply penetrated, a tangled
bed or mass from five to six feet in thickness.
Hut the imperfect means employed to manufac
ture it did not extract from those luxuriant crops
a much jTofit as they seemed to offer the plant
ers. It is proer to ascribe it to the method
then in practice, a method borrowed from the
Arabs, and scarely modified up to the end of the
last century, and underweut no real ameliora
tions until latent steam and evaj-orating appara
tus enabled them to obtain nearly the same qual
ity of sugar, whatever be the climate or soil that
produced the canes. To spoak only of what
took place in this colony, we do know, for exam
ple, that the planters, placed upon the sea-shore,
had for a long time, thanks to the nature of the
land and climacteric conditions of that locality,
the privilege to manufacture easily a sugar of
beautiful appearance, whilst those situated in the
more elevated and moist parts of the island, not
withstanding their more intelligent efforts and
more oft r plated attempts, never succeeded in
xtracting from their cams, the same quantity or
quality vf sugar. "We shall sc as we proceed
the causes which presided in a manner so deeply
disturbing and oven yet remain insufficiently ex
plained. The advant.ig:s we have derived from a manu
facture better understood and directed have been
however diminished by the inconveniences in
separable from a too great exten.-ion given ujoii
the same soil and with the same process of cul
ture. I do not desire to agitate that question
here whose imiortance is tx great to be treated
in an incidental manner, I simply wish to call
attention to a fact that ou;ht not to be left out
in considering certain modifications attributed to
cane juice. Indeed, I must seek farther to ascer
tain whether the changes and diseases alluded to
as belonging specially to cane, developing in
this plant and in modifying more or less its
organization and appearance, act equally upon
the nature and proportions of the different sub
ittances of which the juice is formed.
The sugar industry of the colonies have suffer
ed, and still do suffer reproach (given with a sort
of delight.) because it is left to the guidance of
blind practice, and disdains the improvements
that science would not be slow to introduce in
the various processes of extraction, and because
the planters, who are :uled by an old routine of
preconceived ideas, might acquire a mere perfect
knowledge of the first principles ef the business
they carry on, were they to profit by the example
offered them by a rival industry in fiurope, whoso
intelligent efforts are crowned with the complet
t success. In a general manner these reproaches
are unjust and can proceed only from an inexact
appreciation of the practice in the colonies. If
it was said with reason, that for nearly thirty
years more (than two-thirds of the sugar con
tained in the cane escaped on account of the im
perfect methods then employed, can we not reply
nw with as much certainty that six-tenths of
the sugar is easily obtained by mills now in use,
thank? to progress realized and of which the ini
tiative has not always been a stranger to colonial
industry. This progress however resides only in
the perfection and radical modifications the
evaporating apparatuses have undergone, which
in this country is found now upon almost all
estates of any importance. Rut the method, which
includes the particular attentions necessary togive
to the juice during the work of cvaj-orati-. n, un
fortunately ha? not yet yielded to the improve
ments of which it is susceptible ; it is now measura
bly what it was at the commencement of this cen
tury, notwithstanding the experiments of whieh it
haa" b?en so often the object, experiments all of
which have failed on account of obstacles cenerally
unknown and not taken into account. If in cuii
srquence of practical analyses made in unfavor
able condition, they have at first exaggerated
lyond measure the importanee of matters that
Combine with the saccharine to f"rm the juice of
the eane, we, in retaliation, have, later, too
much neglected the role some of thse sulstances
play during the process of manufacture. The
ruling scientific idea now in regard to cane juice,
which considers it sugar-water nearly p ure, docs
not appear to us exactly true, and, in effect,
ought not to Ixs hereafter accepted without restric
tion. Juice, in its natural state and under spe
cial circumstances, which I shall soon make
known, presents certain conditions which it is
necessary to thoroughly ap predate if you would
un.-rstand the different results which are often
obtained under the influence of the same pro-cs-ie
of manufacture. That composition so sim
ple attributed touice is then not unly in opposi
tion to the daily praetice at the mills, it is still
at isue (amlraire) with p rolonged and attentive
studies of the cane at different stages of its de
velopment. From that ari?e difficulties and tram
mels in its- manufacture which people have benev
olently attributed to the inexp-erience of the
planter and to his pretended desire not to wander
from the beaten path traced out before him.
Chance, that providence of all new industries,
has tince the commencement of the sugar busi
6css in the colonies, revealed the principal in
dications that have answered in evaporating the
juice, in order to furnish a sufficient quantity
and good quality of sugar. So, whatever may
le the apparatus employed, we shall never digress
from the old method, whieh will remain a necess
ity so Ionir as the present legislation will not
p-ennit us to use animal-black to make refined
tuzar at the first operation premier jet.)
In the jreent state of our market and all
other opposing eventualities whith weigh so
heavily upon the production of the colony, so
comp lete a reform is not realizable. The colon
ists ci t then, like the manufacturers of beet
e'Jg'ir. 1 termine beforehand the grade of sugar
thr TTiirIrr'f rflnn!ri-j :inil fi v in nn ftl.K. .1 11 to mnn-
ner, the quality to make that shall give them the i
greatest profit. Limited in their action and obey-
ing exactions unknown to Kuropean manufac- j
turers, the planters have not to calculate upon
obtaining tfie greatest amount of juice, but the
price the most remunerative that this same quan
tity of juice will furnish them according to the
grades (nuances) sought in the colonial markets,
grades which are far from answering to the sac
charine sweetness of the product obtained. In
euch a situation we must then wait to verify the
great difference in the results furnidied by ex
amining the second sirops coming from the mill,
according to the grades, more or less in request,
which they make; for, as I shall show further
along, the first qualities obtained by our p.resL-nt
process can be re-alized only at a sacrifice of sugar
much preater than is generally sup..oscd. This
loss will be still more manifest as the juice em
ployed will be found in one of the conditions to
which I shall allude at the end of this work.
I commence by examining the degree of press
ure which can lc obtained by the means now
employed at Mauritius, that is to say : to deter
mine the results obtaine-d at the mill, the tliffer
ent species of cane and the influence p.rodueod
upon the particular (intime) composition of the
juice on account of foreign substances derived,
more or les, from the means employed to pro
duce this pressure. (All of which moan, in
plain English, that'the juice is more or less effect
ed by the degree cf pressure used in grinding
and varies the final result.)
Afterwards, I shall exposethe principal physi
cal characters which distinguish the juice freshly
expressed, and shall indicate the particularities,
furnished by microscopic examinations, that ap
pear to me worthy to arrest hereafter the atten
tion of the planters. Secondly, I shall examine
the chemical qualities of the juice and dwell par
ticularly upon certain substances of which the
nature and mode of action have not up to the
present time leen sufficiently determined, and,
finally, in the third part shall endeavor to point
out precisely the alterations undergone by this
liquid during evajKration through the processes
now put in use in this colony.
To le continued.
nMILV(iHO('Eli:iil FEED STORE.
REDUCTION IN PRICES!
ON AND AFTEUTIIIS DATE, IIOW
EVKll LOW OTHERS MAY SELL,
I INTEND TO SELL LOWER !
Am I). CA RTWR1G IIT.
Offers For Sale at his
OLD STAND OH THE ESPLANDE!
1IXCI K.OUOII REDWOOD BOARDS,
At8'ru:d Kvdwool scantlinp,
Tongued and Grooved Redwood Boards,
Surface Tlaned, 1. 11, li and 2 inches.
XOKTIl WKST LUIRDK.
The Usual Assortment of Hoards, Scant
ling, Vc, &cc.
RKDWOOD SHAVED SHINGLES,
REDWOOD SAWED SHINGLES,
Door-, Window S:su Nails, &c &c.
FO II 5 AL.E LOW. 473-3m
I WILL HAVE A M'PI'LV OF THIS
FAVORITE UREA I)
Hot Every Afternoon at 3 O'clock.
ALSO, THREE TIMES A WEEK
Hot Tea XtasIcsI
FAMILY GROCEUYA- FEED STORE J
43-210 A. D. CARTWRIGKT.
OPPOSITION MARKET I
BEEF, MTT0V1WK AM VEAL !
Families and Restaurants
Sl'FI'LIED AT TIIE
BV APPLYING AT TIIE MARKET FOR
rcierly occupied by Mr. J. C. KENNEV, Maunakea tt.,
star King Street.
Iji-lM IRA RICH A EPSON.
LOOK AT THIS !
fJIHE SURSCRIRER WOULD RESPECT-
M. fu'.ly eive n-'tice, that he has coicmence 1 the manufacture
of a Srlf-Hrgulating Wind Mill, In Honolulu, crrj-r of Kort
and Hotel trteU, and is cow ra.1y to fill all orders f r the
ium, one cf whi'-h may now be cii in successful opt-ratin at
th rt-si.letice tt Mr. C. E. Williams. Kinc t. Hvittj had fx
perirnc in tnakin? and !-ut:intf up wind-mil!. In t'a'ifvmia,
wh. re thy l.avp takn the first premium :it all th- ?f;it F.iirs
at hi li they have l-n exhibited, he is Cinfidr.t that they
have i.o suprtrr, iut t ven an tqu.il. They will run with ies
noi-e. l-3 wind, le rrpair. and do niTe wrrk th;:i any mill in
u-w. The mill can l-p n--d f r ahn t any us- requiring ma
chinery, a j I with great rw.wer, ?uc li as pun: pine, sawing, turn
ing, prindin grain. ucU a cTn. w'leat. b-ir!"y and Ci.flW,
and they can no doubt be made iu-.fui in the grinding of suar
cane with suc.-"n. hut m'Te especially for the ra;si:nr of
water, f -r which they were in:'n.le.l. lVir! self-rvu!at:n?,
tliey do not injure machinery hy tv cr-it ?rd. iY'r.n
wUh!i: one of lhr-: mills. wili"pi-:igo ienv- lie;r -Td'T. which
wi:l Ne attend to with lipat-h. L. NYE.
4T8-3n. Cirn-r Fort nd Hofil Srr.Ht'.
GENERAL IHTER-ISLAHD NAV. GO.
Will leave Honolulu
On 31 ON DAY. - - September 25ih,
AT ILALF-PAST FOUR O'CLOCK, P. M.
V LUI A L A K U A .
K A"V A I II A E
KAILUA, KE ALAKE AKUA .
Steamer ANNIE LAURIE, will hereafter leave HO
NOLULU for the IFISDWARD PORTS, on the weeks that
the Steamer KILAL'EA lays up.
The Hawaiian Sieaintr X V. XT n will
leave Honolalj fcr
Koloa, Kauai, Thursday, October 5.
JAXION, GREEN i; Co.,
Agent9 H. S. and O. 1. 1. N. Co.
Hoiioliihi Iron Works!
HIE UNDERSIGNED HAVE JUST RE
ceived a lot of
iTSTew cfc Improved Tools,
PER " DENNIS I1I1UNDRIT,"
which are now bein erected, and is prepared to undertake any
kirxl of work that may offer, and execute orders with dispatch,
lie Las ald-i on hand a suitable lot of
FROM 2 1-2 TO 8 1-2 INCHES, AND PATTERNS FOR
LiAKki; saza: suoak hulls,
Viz: Rollers 40 by 24 inche; Rollers S4 by 20 inches, and a
smallir Mill Roller 24 by 10 inches, to which he invites the
attfnti'n of Planters.
He has received an assortment of 1-8 Inrfi SHEET
IRON" in fine order, and is prepared to make ISO KG II U.M
PANS and all the MACHINERY necessary for taking off
ai'out one ton Sugar per day lu an efficient manner at a tniall
Sketches given of mode of setting pans, sizes of flues. Smoke
434 4m THOMAS HUGHE?.
TO PLANTERSAND OTHERS
OTHER EOT ofkllllM, ETC.
JUST RECEIVED, PER DENNIS IJRUN
11UT:" A TRAIN OF 3 CARRON PANS,
To Ik.R topether, 4 of 500 callons each, and 1 teache. These
pans are of the most approved form.
2 dR 4 STEAM CLARIFIERS,
600 gallons each, with cost Iron sides, with 29 copper pipes
ftteam-cockii. cond-nsed water piies, Aic, ail complete. These
are on the latest and best design.
1 4-IIORSE POWER TUR1I1NE WHEEL.
4 sets 15-inch
CAST IRON RAILWAY WHEELS,
bound and slotted.
OVER 2.000 FEET OF T RAILS,
(Contractor?.' rails.) These would make a good track for
JiOO FEET 1 3-1x1-4 INCH FLAT IRON,
O it 15. 1 1 L i
A 12-horse power
STEAM ENGINE AND ROILER, roiuplelr.
This can be had at a bargain, and is warranted a ctiupkto
and i ood engine.
A KOI LEU,
12 feet long, and 5 feet 6 inches In diameter, with 74 3, SJ j
and 4 inch tuhes, just complete'! at the Honolulu Ironworks,
and suit-tble for any purpose, but peculiarly adapted to be set
at the end of a train.
N. IJ. The undersigned have just received the most com
plete assortment of
" Best Best Thorncy Craft" Bar Iron
ever brought to this market. They will warrant the qualify, and
will se.l assorted k.ts of over a ton at very moderate rates. f
434-6t J ANION, GREEN & CO. j
NEW GOODS ! !
HAVE JUST RECEIVED
A SPIiOI)!!) AS.SORTJiEIYT
Of Go o ds!
TOR THIS MARKET-J
Which they will Sell by the Package
AT VERY MODERATE RATES.
Consistiiig in Part of
PRINTS OF ALL KINDS!
HLITE COTTONS, I? ED TICKS,
White, Red, Blue, Green and Grey
5cc, Scc, Scc. Scc.
Tud Coope A.le,
A Superior Article.
LONDON & CAL. CO. PORTER !
Superior CLARET in Hhds.
DRAUGHT ALE in Hhds.
ENGLISH SOAP, ASSTD. IRON !
Scc. vScc. Scc- Scc.
4i-6t JAN I OX, ;UKi:V At Co.
imager t3ti:e:ti !
novor.i i.i , ii. i.
npilF. I'M'ERSIGXEI) BEGS TO Anaouarr
A that t!.a tl'.tw l.KV is now ia fall operation and that te
wiil be hapr y to rtceir- orders for the flnct quality of
111" THE KEG Oil DOZEN.
T&e admirable location and superior water jriTilgt; of the
Oive it singular aiapteiues3 ia &e production of a
PlUE AltTICf.K OF BEER!
As Customers can discover on a trial.
Orders from the other islands shall have Immediate attention.
Orders here can be deposited in my boxes, one near the Post
Office window, the other at the Couftctiouery S:ore of F. HORN ,
X. II.-LI1JERAL DISCOUNT to iheTRADE
43 3 -at T1IQ3. W. WARREN.
BOLLES & CO.!
ITavii liccdfec! per Laic Arrirals from
UOSTON. SAN' FJIAXCISCO
AM) on EC OX,
A General Assortment of GOODS !
Wliicli Avill be Sold Low
TO SUIT TIIE TIMES.
CALIFORNIA I.IMC. per Late ArrivnU.
For Sale by
IS 1-1 m BOLLES & Co.
SPEKll AXD WIIAI.E OIE.
OXSTA XTLV O V HAND rikI FOR SALE
LJ by the CASK, BARREL or HALLOS at
BOLLES & Co's.
IJOSTO.N LAItW IX lO Lb. TINS.
rjIIILADELlMIl A II A MS.
I For title by
BOLLES & Co.
CR. REST UOSTOXCARD MAT-
Fur Sale by
434-lm BOLLES if Co.
O il e Groods!
iJRESERVED MEATS. OVSTERS
Clams, Lobsters. Teaches. Tomatoes, lc, &c, Slc.
Cases Sweet Oil,
Case3 Tie Fruit?,
Cases Ground Pepper,
Cast 3 Cloves,
Cases Cream of Tartar, Saleratns, he, 4rc., &c.
For Sale by
4S4-lm BOLLES & Co.
tAXlLA NO. 2, A'SFPERIOR ARTICLE,
XwJi. ll.tvaua Cigar, Uerman Ciir-trs.
F.r Sale by
4S4-lm DOLLES if Co.
CRUSH!: I) SUGAR
IN III LF R 1 U R ELS, anil A LSO ni RETAIL
451 l:n By BOLLES ,t Co.
ijrohx sue; A II
N QUANTITIES TO SUIT.
For Sale by
43 1-1 to BOLLEs & Co.
COR I ACE
17ANIL COKDAOE. hmmk! ize;
lruii Conlnir:. assorted siz"s;
Seizint; StulT.'Spunyarn, Katliii. Marline.
lor tale by
BOLLES & Co
S3IALL SIZE MANILA ROPE.
COIL SIZE from 1-2 to 1 3-4 inch
V Manila made rope.
For sale by
4S4-lm BOLLES & CO.
OREGON RAKER'S EXTRA.
California Baker"s Extra. California Extra Family.
Fur Sale 1 y
4Sl-lm BOLLES ir Co.
Farritrr's Kerosene, Seneca Oil Company.
At Wholesale and Ketail by
4?l-lm BOLLES A: Co.
It LOT BREAD. For Sale by
4Sl-lm BOLLES & Co.
STOCK II OL3I TAR
O RIGHT VARNISH. PAINT OIL.
White Zmc Pa lit. White Lead, Paris Gren.
Verdigris, Black Paint, Lamp Black.
For Sale by
451-lm BOLLES & Co.
HEMP CANVAS, Assorted Numbers
HEMP SAIL TWINE.
For Sale by
4Sl-lm BOLLES & Co
FEW BARRELS OF SUPERIOR CAL-
Received n:iJ fur s:ile by
433-5t BOLLES & Co.
Horace Billings' Sugar Cured Hams
ii For &aIo by
BOT.LES & Co.
Yorksliirc Ilnius & ViIthire Cheese
A SMALL LOT RECEIVED PER SHIP
I) EX SIS BRUXDIUT. and for sale by
BOLLES & Co.
ACRE E .11 E XT IJ L A X K S .
BLANK FORMS OF AGREEMENT IJE-twe.-n
Masters air! Servants the fu'7 authorized form
Price Sl.OO per Doyen.
H M. WHITNEY.
rjU4HE UNDERSIGNED HAVE ON HAND
300 TONS It EST LEIIICII COAL,
300 Tons REST WELSH STEAM COAL,
lOO Tons NAINAINO COAL.
Which they offer f.r sale delivered oa the Wharf, at very
N. B. In ca-e wherethTe ia a short supply of rteam or
bo linir power, from damp wood, or from any oth-'r cause,
the addition of a few hundred pound of any of the above
Coal wiil a l l frr ni 25 to 50 per ceut. t' the evaporating power.
The Lehigh Coal is eery clran and smokeless and gives a
ere t bT.-il heat.
Thi Wt'.s.n Cirtl sives n .re Came and is very clean, burning
to a white ash.
The N.iinaino Cord is smoiy and more inclined to clinker,
but when s-Jpplv.-d in small quantity's at a time and with a
good drafc pives mre fi ime than the others.
The und rsi:nNl oiili ltrntiy recommend to Supr.r Planters a
TRIAL of a few tons each of the aliove, as in many cases an
expense of sny flO p-r day may add from 25 to 50 per cent,
to the daily yi.Id of sujir.
4Sl--'ra JAXION, GREEN & CO.
HAWAII A A PACKET MAE
SAX FRAXCISCO, CALIFORNIA.
t;.?rZ FIRST CLASS CLIPPER PACKETS
c--4 in thi line will re dispatched regularly for the
fcf'i'WJi abov- pnrts.
Have superior cabin and teorosp arrommo.1ations fitted
up expressly for the comfort aiid c.nv-niPDre oi pajK-ensrers.
Passetig-.-r and freight t'ik. n at th 1 .wctt curreut rats.
ALDRICH, WALKER & Co.
Acents of tlio Liiae
Mers. CHAS. W. BROOKS & Co.. San Francisco.
Messrs. RICHARDS i McCRACKFX, Portland
Hawaiian Phrase Books.
FRESH MTPLV. ROUND IX NEAT
and ci.nvrm nt i'.y!e. fr sa'e t .
II. -M "ITFV.
TH .. J. IVl LTtKEB, WM. M. RCNDEL, IL C. D-5WMSO.
JONES $c BEAIDIXEIM,
SAX FRAXCISCO, CALIFORNIA.
Wholesale Grocery Auction House!
ESTABLISHED IN ISoO.
Salesroom. Fireproof BrlcU RiilltlinK. Now.
20 unl 2t! Cullturuia Street, two door
SALE DAYS.. TIKSDAT3 ASO FRIDATS.
C"VTCT. XT Cnfb Adfucem&deon Merchan-
d.e to our couiinmt nt Ur public or private sale, and all
mercantile facilities rendered consignors.
Refer by permissiuu to
Messrs. C. L. Richabds i Co Honolulu
G. P. Jtpp, Esu '1 .
Wesrs. Macospkat & Co Saa Fr&ncinco
Falkner, Bkll Co..
iORliAN, T0S'K ii CO. . . .
' Dickson, DeWolp 4r Co "
Bank or British Colcmbia... "
JAMES C. CAVA3VAOII,
SHIP C0MPR0D0RE AND
Open for all contracts of Ships provision at the most moderate
rates. NAGASAKI, JAPAN. M-lJ
Victoria, Vancouver Island.
Thk IIo.v. Ilrrss's Cat Co
Messrs Dasl. Gibb & Co
Messrs. Aldrich, Walkkk & Co
Mr. Jaxks I. Dowsett
, .Victoria, V. I.
J. C. MERRILL 6c Co.,
201 hiicl 2()(J Oalllonilii Street,
ALSO, AGENTS OF TIIE
San Francisco & Honolulu Packets.
Particular attention given to the sale and purchase of mer
chandise, ships' business, supjdving whaleships, negotiating
XT All freicht arriving at San Francisco, by or to the Ho
nolulu Line of Packets, will be forwarded fkkk of commission.
TT Exchange on Honolulu bought and Bold. XI
Messrs. C. L. Richards & Co., Honolulu
II IlACKFKLD & CO., "
" C Brew eh Co......
" Bisnop a: Co. "
rr. R. W. Wood M
Hon. E. n. Allen "
V C. Waterman, Esq.,
Iuiporlrrs of Oplicnl, Mnthciunlicnl nnd
I'lailoHopliirnl Iiiittr umentM.
CARTES DE VI SITE,
JOSEPH RODGERS & SOX'S
riELISIIERS OF PHOTOGRAPHS OF CALIFORNIA.
Nos. 3 i T and 3 1 II Slontpcmery street, between California
and Tine streets, San Francisco, and No. 4 3
Maiden Lane, New York.
5AV E FO R S A L.E TIIE L, A RG EST STOCK
C3 on the Pacific Coast, consisting in part as follows :
710 dozen SPECTACLES, in Gold, Silver, Steel arid Tlated
S05 dozen EVE LASSES, in Gold, Silver, gteel, Horn,
Shell and Rubber Frames.
150 dozen WIKE GAUZE GOGGLES.
aoOduz.-n SPECTACLE GLASSES, and BRAZILIAN
2:0 dozen SPECTACLE and EVE GLAS3 CASES.
Z'Jo Opera nnd Marine Glasses.
75 Telescopes and Spy Glasses.
225 d'iz.'ii Magnilyinif Glasses.
80 dozen Pjcket Compasses.
325 Hand Stereoscopes.
74 Revolving Ster'?oscopes.
2500 dozen Stereoscopic Views.
I)r;iwiui; Instruments, in German Silver and Brass.
Boxwood and Ivory Scales.
Microscopes in every Style.
COO Magnetic Machines for Medical purposes.
20,500 Card Photographs.
ti00 Album Pictures in oil colors.
50 dozen L'niou Card Frames.
Joseph Rod .c-rs Son's CUTLERY
100 dozen Table Knives.
2o0 duzen Pocket Knives.
120 dozvn Razors.
50 dozen Razor Strops.
130 doz-.'n Scissors.
SCISSORS, in cases.
100 dozen Gyroscope Tops
160 doz. n Thermometers
25 dozen Hydrometers.
COUNTRY TRAPER3 will consult tl.eir own interest
by examiniug our Stock and Prices before purchasing elsewhere.
V ORDERS FROM THK COUNTRY promptly executed.
XT CATALOGUES sent to any address Frf.k. XI
LAWRE.NCE & UOUSEWORTH,
Xom. 317 nml 310 .Moniumrry Street,
SAN" FRAXCISCO. 450-ly
P iiotog ;ra piiic fallen !
NT.XT DOOR TO THK roST-OFFICE.
CARTES tie VISITE AND LARGER PHO
tograj.h'. Ambrotypes, Melainotypen, Locket Pictures,
we, &c, taken as cheap s at any place iu the city.
Curie -le Vinifr, only S3 per Doni. miy Ntyle.
On hand an assortment of Frames and Cases. Also for ale,
rhotographs of the Volcano Kilaue. the Five Kings Kame
hameba, and a variety of pictures il'.uHtratinit Island Bcenes.
Photographs retouched, plain or in clors, in the beat manner.
People on the other islands wishing for Card Photographs.
can obta'n the same by sending any picture they wish copied
the copies returned with promptness. II. L. CHASE.
P. S. No one can purchase another's picture except with
written permission. 476-3m
G. FREDOK PFLUGER
OFFERS FOR SALE
At Low and Reasonable Prices.
Y7"ER.V SUPERIOR WHITE LINEN TABLE
Very snperior browu linen Inble Dainnsh,
Superior renily mndc white liuen Datiinab
Table Covers and. ZSTapliiip;,
SUPERIOR HEAVY BLACiv SILKS,
Jsillc Piece Ao lvets,
French Plain de Laines, all Colors
A GREAT VARIETY OP
Dress Trimmings & .Millinery Goods
Cliinrite fancy nrticICH n nI cut iotit iex.
ENGLISH nnd FRENCH PEHFU3IE.
ties of the best kinii.
ON HAND and fqh SALE!
Best I'atcul Asphalt HOOFING FELT,
PIRECT FROM THE MANUFACTURERS IX BELFAST.
4 VERA' SI I EI? IOR ARTICLE FOR ALL
rll K1SDH OF ROOt S. For B ile br
iTS-3in JAXioX, GREEN Co.
JPcucinsr Wire, 3Tos. 4A:(5.
f.OIl SALE IiA
JAXIOX, GREEX & Co.
Hemp Canvas and Wire Rone !
JAXIOX, GREEX & Co.
N LARGE OR SMALL Q.CANT1TIES.
JANION, OR FEN i Co.
American Exchange Hotel
Saiisonie and Halleck Streets,
S3 tx XL UT x-nn oisoo.
flMIE PROPRIETOR OFTIIIS FAVORITE
JL Hotel would respectfully Inform the traveling poblic thtl
the A M ER I CA N EXC II A X E having bee reotDtl
enlarged and improved in all its departments, he is now pr,
pared to cSVr superior inducements to his patrons and ifct
putdic ia fteneraL He can new otTer elegant suits or tingW
rooms for familes and slnele rooms for (tetjtlemen, on terms ta
suit the times. This house contains a handsomely fundshsd
public parlor, beautiful large dining; hall, commodious qa
pleasant reading and sitting room, together with other facilm
not necessary to enumerate. Business men and travelers will
find the AMERICAN EXCHANGE second to no hotel in the city
whether as regards luxury, comfort or economy. The tabu
will be supplied with all the delicaciet the season afford.
Grateful for past patronage, the proprietor respectfully sulici
a continuance of the public faror.
4S2 3m J. W. SARGENT.
Ward's PerfectFitting Shirts!
THESE SHIRTS ARE loo vtrll KnorB I
need any comment, both for perfect fit and quality.
full supply on hand. Also, the largest stock cf gent's fin
furnishing goods on the Pacific coast. Try one of his Shim
and you will never wear any others.
S. W. II. WARD & SO.,
323 Montgomery Street, .
Odd Fcllow'a Ilnll, San Frnuclaro.
New York nouse, 3S7 Broadway. 182-u
B. OKirriTTS M0BGAS.
C. 8. HATHAWAT.
K. r. T0K
MORGAN, STONK & CO.,
Commission and Forwarding Merchants, Kan Francisco, Cal
T. S. nath away Esq.... ......New B.-dforj
Messrs. T. Af A. R. Nye,.. "
" Swift & I'erry.
" Orinnell Mint urn & Co., New York,
John M. Forbes Esq., Bof ton,
Messrs Perkins & Smith, .................New London,
Paniel C. Waterman Esq.. .....Honolulu.
J. R. Richards.
Richards & McCraken,
HAY1XO HEEX EXGACEI) 1 OUR PRE
gent business for upwards of seven years, and being
located in a fire proof brick building, we are prepared toreoeiv
and dispose of Island staples, sucti as Supar, Rice, S runs, Puln,
Coflee, &c, to advantage. Consignments especially solicited
for the Oregon market, to which personal attention will be paid,
and upon which cash advances will be made when required.
San Francisco Rrffrknces:
Chas. W. Brooks & Co., Badpor & Lindenberper,
J. C. Merrill & Co., Jas. Patrick k Co.,
Fred. I ken, W. T. Coleman Si Co.,
Stevens, Baker & Co.
Allen & Lewis. Ladd & Tilton. Leonard & Green.
Aldrich, Walker & Co., S. SaviJe.
Pioneer Lumber Dealer!
UNION I.U3II1EK YARD.
Corner falifurnia anil Davis Streets, and Xo. l-l Market Street
SUGAR PINE, EASTERN PINE, WHITE
AND ALL KINDS OF BUILDING MATERIALS CONSTANT
LY ON HAND.
.Mr. R. R. ARMSTRONG, of Honolulu, Iias con
nected himself with this firm, and will lie happy to receive and
attend to any orders for the Hawaiaa Islands.
JANION, .GREEN & RHODES,
Victoria, Vancouver's Ialaiid.
N. B. Particular attention paid to consignments of Sandwich
Victoria, V. I., January 1, 18GA, 460-ly
jamks c. KING.
CHAS. P. LIPMAN.
JAMBS C. KING & Co.
Shipping nnd Commission
525 FRONT STREET, CORNER JA CKSON.
SAX FRAXCISCO, California. 4C6-ly
CHAS. WOLCOTT BROOKS, W. FRANK LADP, FDWABD F. DALL,J.
CHAS. W. BROOKS & CO.,
SHIPPING AND y
AGENTS TTOIX Tllli:
HAWAUAM PACKET LINE
OFFICE 5 1 1 Snnnonif St., corner Merchaui,
ARTICULAR ATTENTION (JIVE.V TO
Y. f Iiir''i!i di Sill? rmr u rit u lr f A T. K nn.llu.. A u
-w m H. v-.. v , . "... j...-w ...... . - VllaiiU IOC f I'l r'l(
of VesseU ; the Supplying of Whaleehips ; and the Negotiation
Exchange on Honolulu in sums to suit.
ADVANCES MADE ON CONSIGNMENTS.
Alduich, Walker if Co ,
JAs.IIcNsewELL Eq, Boston.
Bexj. F. Ssow,Esq.,
C. Brewer & Co.,
Bishop & Co., "
Thos. Spencfr, Esq., Ililo.
Ali maso if Co., Kanagawa.
JI8NRT A. FEIRCK & CO. "
HiTtta, Si k To., "
Sctton & Co.. New York.
M. If. Focr. & Co..
II. Fnr.t) k. Co.. Khanphae.
Richards & M'Craeen.
TO TIIE PUBLl'C !
ECONOMY, USEFULNESS AND ELK
GANCE C03IRINED I ! I
Messrs. A. S. Grinbaum 6t Co.,
Have Imported, ec "Comot!"
The Celebrated A. 31. Pollak's
Vienna Water Proof Saloon Matches
KNOWN TIIROroiIOFT TIIE WORLD
us the BE?T and CUKAPEsT, they combine all the
qualities above stated; to wit :
Economy As each box contains 150 Matches (fifty per
cent more than a packnge of ommon Card Matches) none of
which will ever fail.
lTerulne As beine Water and Damp Troof they are
enabled to resist the deteri"rating eff-cts of aeanon and climate,
this property also renders them the very thing for Ship'e use.
Elejcmre A in their e-jmposition th'-y are entirely free
from Sulphui, whi :h is so offensive to the senses aud Injurious
to health, and being contained in elegantly mad boxes, they
are thereby rend-rel pre-eminently suited for the Counting
Room, Dr;iwin7 Room, Kc, e.
Merniri.. ('Rl.VRA L'M Si. Co.. have been appointed
SOLE AGENTS In the Hawaiian Islands, for the sale of the
above Celebrated Ma'chea and will supply them to the Trade,
in any deired quantity.
Make hut a syisrle trial of theui, and Tor the future, vmi will
willingly use no other.
A. M. PILLAR,
4S0-3in Vienna, Manufacturer.
Map of the Sand
HJIIE OXLT CORRECT MAP OF THESE
H. Ixl:inU is that of the L. d. Exploring Expedition, pub
lished by the American Government. Every farmer who owns
an acre of cround. every captain who commands a coaster, ev
ery traveler who wnnts to find correct names and distances, and
every gentleman who deeirea to be ofeted up about the roup,
should posne.H a copy of it.
A h'w opiM if ft, price il.60 each.
I.f sale at the EOOKFTORt