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T.-aiVied treat C French in the Port Louis (Mauritius) C"o
Investigations in Regard to
And the M odificatiuus it tiadergoea dur
inic the Process of Extraction
JJy U r . Ju. Ioery.
Coctlbard (rein r last.
II. OF TIIL PKIMHIVf: SI ATE OF SUGAR
Cine, we hate tuiJ, does not contain
lizable sugar oiilj. In ann-mncing an
p-j i jx.-sefi t'j the ideas which, in this
yrv Ijmir.tUi still among men of science, we will
declare outright that we do not intend to cen
Mira the conclui-n4 arrived at hy previous
vLeruiat wlw Lavu given this pLttit a detailed
.maij-i-. 'I it3 error they Lave colu united in
jLHiuiit.ii iutj xir-e cHiie-iaioe the pre-exiiWncc
ft u u-jtaMe quantity of hqaid bugar or uiolas
already formed, could result only from un-r-recise
exjTirnentu ; moreover, it waa a Ion!'
iti.-i'.- i.-:urc jurin.-j vra- une mis ixiwry. e
t!j not believe and in that onr researches afreo
j crf--ct!y with those reported hy the latest au
t.". r- there exieta in healthy cane, having at
tained the terra of its development, a sufficiently
f preciiU; pportion of uncrystallizable sugar
t j make it necessary to preoccupy ourself much
ubuut it, but we have come to a conclusion en
tirely contrary to that now professed, when it ia
a l lotion of result furnished Ly all jarts of the
cui.c, vrhen it is a question of that which Laa
u'ld'-rgon? a prolonged action of solar ray?, or
the iriodd when examined and the primitive
toata in which the Mig.ir is found at different
-ri'Js of its vegetation.
To iua'a the detail of that we are about to
ent.r upon, better understood, it is indispensable
tliat we recall in fewworda the characters proper
tf the feubstances which are indistinctly desig-Liit.-d
under the name of eogar. The first group
of t !) bodies, the only ones which interest us
to Lnuw, and of which there can be a question
here, is formed by those which offer the remark
able property of being changed uder the direct
iiitl.nce of yeas Inure d? Litre) Then beer
Li s-juie use f in alcohol and in carbonic acid.
h'u-ar, projK.rly sptaking, or cane sugar,
(C"-Jluo,) ii distinguished Irom all others
by the rruperty it j-osscs-:;! of crystallizing in
larjre rhoniboiiiaJ prisms, and the "facility with
which it is possible te obtain it from its watery
fcoiutiun. It has been found, up to the present
lime, only in the vegetable kingdom, and it ia
only under the influence of vegetation that ii
takes its origin.
Hlucose, or sug.ir of raisin, (C2 JIU o.) is
found in both the vegetable and animal king-
ui3 ; besides, it can be f jrmed bv several
chemical procea-es. It is precipitated "in small j
inaniillated crystal- from its aqueous solution
when the latter w slowly concentrated or
abandoned to itself for a lon time. Lets
tfjluble in water than cane sugar, it has a
sugary savor nearly three times lees powerful
than it. Treated to a solution of warm potaeh
r fcoda, the glucose oxidizes and communicatee
to the liquor a deep brown color. Boiled with
cu)ro-potatjie tartrate, it reduces the metallic
oxj Je and gives place to an abundant red precip
itate. Theee two reactions disclona traces of
glucose mixed with cane mgar. The different
denominations of sugar, fecula, chiffons, honey
and diabetis are applied to glucose, of wbiou
they indicate their diverse origins.
Uncrystallizable t.ugar, called also intervcrti
sugar, sugar from acid fruit. le'vulose, &c,
Ifc-r-ftigar. again, (C H12 (L2,) exists in a
very great number of fruits, and ii found ready
mad in the stems of Home plant?. It can be
produced directly by the acti.)n of acid upon
ugur-cane. Jfanw as gIu-oe, it browns under
the influence of alkalis and reduces with energy
tLe tartrate of cuicre potcssiqve. ThU uncrys
tallizahle sugar is modified at the end of a cer
tain time and change.! partly into glucose,
which appears thtu under the form of email
vr)s:Iiuegruiu.-i. It has ahfc bc-en considered
. pouittimed as a comeitioi of glucose and sugar
liquid. Hut, regarding only certain physical
characters of thi la?t re.ies of sugar, it is in
conteMable that it does not ulwavs ai.tx.ar iden-
tieal in its vegetable organization, aiid that it
thows itself ditferently under some molecular
ttares if not with a variable competition natural
TLcr are some substances which present with
thns..' r have enumerated a great analogy of
j Dirties and cump.6ition. These are lactinc,
cr Mg;ir of milk, trehclost. n.ilitosc and tr.tlizi
tos ; but it will suffice to cite those budies which,
on account of their very Facial origin, remain
etrangra to the matters with which these rc-
arch.-s are concerned.
The action which different solutions of sugar
which vo have poKMeU rev iew exert ujon -.lri-se-il
light, furnish valuable rcsuits that tervo
Vt distinguish betwi en fume yf these substances,
ar.d at the Kime time it furnia!.t-s the raoht sure
and prtvtio means to determine the relative
quantities of these in a liquor which, containing
to other bodies, may react equally upon polar
ized light. The modifications give'n to polarized
J:g!;t by different eug.ers is more or lees marked,
and ii not always exerted in the tame manner.
Canenagar, crystallized glucose, lactine, tre-ha-I
xk.', melitosi and mciizitos turn to the ri"ht
plane of polariz.ition of the light, and areon
that account, called dextrines deTtrogyres.)
Of all those substances, that which pob.e-.e the
great rut rotary jowrris the trehalose ; after that
cjme mSIitose, melizitos-, cane-sugar, lactine
In an opposite .-nse, much acid modifies the
rotary power of cane-sugar and turns then the
I-oLirization to the left. Glucose does not un
dergo change, in thw re-pect, under the influence
o anus, iajto lueerveriea cane-sugar, kugar
liquid from acid fruiu turns to the left the plane
of iolarization( thorcf ;re they are both le'coovres
fhcsu results, so important, furnihel by op
tieal akalyis, must powerfully contribute to
e.uciUte certain Question. ntf.-KinfF. tn t1
prt-stntv and fjruiauon of the diffeivnt tpecieu of
eii-'ir of vegfrtuble organization which we have
eaum.-rated. The optical sarharime'trie employed,
concurrently witli onlinarv chemical means,
hiv. in fact, conduced to fe ry valuable results
in rrrirj to sutr.
In all the searches I have undertaken with
c.ir:e-su-:xr, with the aim to determine the na
ture and quantity of eaccharine matter it cuti
t vias, I have had a constant recourse to the i
tiiuiUneous employment of optical analjfis and
ad the divers otiier means at the disposal of
ch-miftry. The concordance of indications for
n.f htd hy these two method in certain cases,
aud their divrdance on other occas-iong. have
conducted me to conclusions which have aprware.1
to me worthy of interest, as much in a scientific
point eil view tw in the ordinary practical ones
in our colonial pugar-factories.
I shall not oafr here into the detail of nu
mer. ii. espcrimenVs I have made upon the sub
ject. A threat number ef thee exjrinients are
r- prted in tho previous table, and the accorn-
pauym explanations will entice to render them
Taftecciy intelligible. I hall content myself to
lorumlate the result obtained, of which any
one can verify the truth.
lt. Wheo cane, to whatever specie it my
b I ynz. or soil j;rown npon, ha reche-l perfect
mitarity after regular growth, that is. to that
period when i: ccu5e! to grow and when it? dif-lVr-nt
constituent part seem to undergo neither
'gain nor loM, a period eu.-ily known by the
planter, it contains alrcoat entirely prlsiaatic
crrs:alliri!Ie eugor. in every portion de-limited
.under the name of ody of the cane, and which
JCenj frota the firt joints at the roots to thon
tiriatt-d inimediately under the greeu leie-s btill
afl' Mnig th liiu. Thw quantity of interverfni
euar (siurre inUn-irti chang-d to glucose)
which the juice then gives, is always very ft-eblc,
and rarely exceeds 4-1 000 of the weight of the
juice, or 1-50 of that of the prismatic Urr ; or
dinarily it is 1-75, as 1 have found, operating in
more faTorable condition. An optical examina
tion, alo, in such cases, furnishes directly, and
after inversion of the liquor, kovue notations
which ihow, for a determinate temt-erature, that
the rotary powers of crystallizable and levuloee
sugar are generally alike, or difler only in an
insignificant manner. This inconsiderable quan
tity of uncrystallizable sugar varies, hut is certain
whrn the experiment is with juiee coating from
every portion of the plant as i have indicated ;
it increases in a Very sensible maimer in propor
tion as the juice is from the bciween-joints
nearer the upper extremity, and diminishes as
you go down to the middle of the stick, where it
generally becomes inappreciable.
2d. If, in placs of examining the body of the
cane, you experiment with that portion envel
oped in green l:-aves and sheltered from the ac
tion of the direct ravs of the sun. there will be
f ;un J in the juice extracted from it a considera
ble quantity of uncrystallizable sugar, which
may be valun.l on an average for ripe canes at
1-G of the cry3talliza.ble sugar, and for Canes not
yet arrived at their terms of development, at 1-C
of the Fame weight. Optical analysis, then,
leads to some very opposite results from chemical
ones, a thing worthy of attention, and which
stimulates to new researches. These results are
not always identical in respect to the same quan
tity of bugar discovered through the chemical
process. Tbere are then produced, under cer
tain circumstances, depending up;n the age of
the plant and the activity of growth, some per
turbations which let us call it a sequel can
be explained only through the notable differences
in the rotary power of the uncrystallizable sugar
which exists in that portion of the cane. The
liquid sugar deviates always to the right plane
of i-olarization ; but after inversion, the left
notation is rarely connected (en rapport) with
the total quantity of interverted sugar which the
liquor contains, and is generally found expressed
by an inferior figure to that "which ought to
have been obtained. Among other examples,
which I would cite if necessary, there is one
that will give an idea of the considerable dimi
nution which this figure undergoes. Juice ex
tracted from the superior extremities of yonn
liellouguet canes, and having a density of 103(
at a temperature of 2-5 5 ccntgr., has given a
direct notation -f- 8, 3. and at 27 center, a
noiauon inuirect o, l ; indicating alter acid
ulation, a quantity of sugar equal to 17-lUOO of
the weight of juice, whilst this same liquid Con
tained really 54-1000.
The prolan ion of tiricrystallizable sugar in
the head or summit of the cane, in the same
manner as the body, increases in proportion to
its distance from the lower part, and the place
which contains it in the greatest quantity- is that
which the hea ths gaines) of the green leaves i
shelter completely from the light. That part of j
the head of the cane of which the skin is very i
tender and uncolored, remains so as long as it i
escapes the action of the sun, and is the princi- j
pat seat of the hquil sugar which the plant
contains; but as soon as the leaves become dry
and uncover it, then externally it commences to
take a color more and more deep, and at the
same time the uncrystallizable sugar disappears,
little by little, from its tisuts, in order to give
place to proper and crvstallizable sugar. This
remarkable transformation can be very e-asilv
observed upon like canes from the same hilf,
(soucU) analyzing them at intervals of a few
days, and from those parts of the cane more or
less concealed by the leaves ; and afterwards the
corresponding parts of the other canes, in pro
portion as they are disengnged from the leaves
and colored by the influence of light.
3d. The age of the cane appears to us only
an indirect cause of the phenomena we have
mentioned. In rlacintr the vnun.-r wnwi Jn thn
conditions of aeration, of light, and of the ordi
nary vegetation of this plant till it attains the
term of its ordinary development we have not
by that established anything special in regard to
tj.e relation of liquid and crystallizable quanti
ties contained in the body or head of the cane.
However, in a general manner, we can fray that
cane contains more uncrystallizable sugar in
projrtion as it is more young ; but it is to the
active vegetation of which it is then the seat,
and for the want of the solar rays iiMn the
stem closely enveloped by the hill-:, thickly bev-t
with leaves, that, we believe, tnust be attributed
the enormous proportion of sucre incrvtrti
which it contains.
4th. Active or ceasrlws vegetation cxerci.;,
in this re'i-ect, an influence as gnat and not Jets
appreciable than that of light, of which we have
iHjken. Cius arrived at iuaturitv. and contain.
in no trace of lVrulosc in th leaf uiid-rihi (partie
mtdiane)t their length, are charged very rapidlv
with a large quantity of this substance when i"t
rerfumeji again it-J ropid growing, and so Ion as
ene-ir jjreen unu wue-t jirea-i leaves U-nd actively
t. renew themIvt-J,V the shtsare lisen;aged,
and po long a- the plant preserves that appear
ance which i peculiar to it while it continues to
grow, one can ih that its juice is richly provided
with uncrystallizable eugar, principally in tho
new-Pjrmed tissues and in the ratio 1 5 their les
csposure to the light. In humid localities,
where the canes never ripen, and are constantly
in full sap, (slve,) the uncrystallizable sugar ex
itts uIwkjs in all parts of the plants, and some
times in a truly considerable quantity. Lu,t
December, which is the extreme lag end of the
crop-e:a$on of .Mauritius, J al'te-r the continuous
rains which produce ho profound perturbations
m vegetation, the juice extracted from the body
of lMlouguet cane taken from one of the more
watered localities of the Maud contained 8.3 per
cent, of eugnr, of which 1.7 per cent, was sucre
intervertt and 6.G per cent, only of such nature
oh to be crystallized. During the whole time of
cutting the la.t crop, I have m;ide investigations
uj-in this sulject in different regions of the
country, which have confirmed the opinion I had
before arrived at through a previous examination
upon my own estate. 1 have always discovered
in tha specimens of canes or the juices I have
examined, and which came from estates in which
the natural humidity was then (last December) !
considerably increased by the abundant rains
and out of season, a quantity of uncrystallizable
eugar much greater than contained in the pre
ceding canes gathered from the same localitv.
Thus I have found an average of 14 grammes of
sugar-liquid (molasses) in 1000 grammes of
juice, from an estate that had been abundantly !
watered during the whole harvest, and only 4
grammes from another estate placed in more "fa
vorable circumstances. When we seek the pro
portion in which is presented the two species of
sugar at different phases of its growth, we always
di-eover that it is in canes growing the most
r.ipid that the createst Quantity of l'eviilos pt-
ist ; ami in this connection canes called Jolle or
bahas, (if any one knows what that means as ap
plied to cane,) which in two months attains the
height of five feet, and a diameter at the base of
three or four inches, are those which mu be
t.Iaced in the first rank. The following analysis
of soaie of the canes is that which has revealed
to me the greatest relative quantity of uucrv
Ulizable sugar : Crystallizable sugar, 3.G ; un -crvstallizable
sugar, 2.4; water, ice, 'J4.
It is pror;r to remark that these folk cans
grow rapidly in the middle of large j lantations
which shade them, and have generally a tender
and uncolored kin. Ve already k'now those
are the most favorable places where predominates
sucre intervcrti. When, m the cJntrary, cane
grow, regularly and slowly in a field where it
receive the direct action of the light, it hardly
ever contains in its middle lart, precisely where
its stm commence to div.-st its-lf e-f ito de
leaves, more than one-t-nth of sucre inUrv.rti
to the total weight ot Kiccharine matter which
its juice cuntainj. It only suffices that the cane
b. le-s obstructed in its growth in order to lessen
rapidly this levulose matter, unless the ve-geta-tion
tak suddenly an anomalous activity.
To He i-rtnticued
H. MCKFELB . & CO !
3?er Hawaiian Baric
t . a
. V " 1
-. . - i. .-f -. . St.-
S. GECRKEN, Master.
A COMPLETE ASSORTMENT
& O 0D S!
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miRKEl red and yellow print)
Fancy Tihei prinU. lar
ISUck and white moorning prints
Two biu? i-rinta
Turkey rt-d cotton,
Tap ch--k uiiuha,
1'lain black a'naca and Orleans,
HI ick, blue and while f.gured a 1 par-a,
Black, blue and crecn lasting,
lil.-ick anl I'lue cotton vulrcis.
Sheetinj; 10-4. 11-4. 1-4,
Assortment t white linen,
l"ndrei."d 1'inwn linen,
hlue twill-d flannels.
Fancy and white flannels, assorted,
lSUck and blue lrjirloi(.th, Cashaieres,
Cotton huckabri'.-t ton eding.
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fclue and Muck .loth pants,
Cm shim re suck and pants,
Moleskin and cott-m pants,
Fancy flannel shirts,
ItWie and grey flannel overshtrts,
llii kury shirtii,
YV hiie c-tton shirt, fancy bosom,
do. do. do.
Superior white cotton Ehirts, linen bosom, collars & Glcrrt,
Fancy regatta shirts, assirted,
Ladits' mantles and children's jackets.
Men's fell hat.
Men's grey and white merino socks,
Mali's lrowu and mixed cotton socks.
Women's white and Muck Cotton stockings,
Children's socks and stockinps.
Men's heary woolen socks and str-ckings.
Men's woolen comforters.
Men's srey and white merino undershirts.
Ladies' white merino umlerhhirts,
lrown, white and fancy striped cotton undershirts.
Usui I Etc rcJii els.
Fancy pongee silk handkerchiefs,
f-'i.k corahs, Ulack )-i;k cravnts,
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Valencienni' hand kerchiefs.
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I- n;li-li saddles, all h-skin, complete,
Etijflit-u Saddles, bodkin ciula, complete,
French saddles, complete.
Bridle with curb bits, Jrou tinned bits.
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CVMui.e water in 8 c riHred bottle-,
G-nuine Cut-in's evtracts, Hair od,
Mucaes ir oil, Fncy toiict snap.
Cn roc cries,
Enrlirh pie fruits and r ii-kl--s,
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Aliium.U iu d-'iuij.d.ns. Wt tpha!i! hntus,
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loaf suar. Crushed suf-ir,
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v small invoice of fine Cut Glasses,
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htomach b: iters.
t:hampaitne, quarts k pints, Hcidsieck & Co's Grsnd vin royal;
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li int.-J j ic. iaiidker"hit-f'.
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Chateau Cantemerle in cases,
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The following: assortment of GENUINE
G EI SEN If ELM ER,
IIOCII IIEIM Eli. DOM DEC II A XEV,
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Ili-iiUick i Co. Rhriuiiu
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German porter in quarts and pint.
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White Union btankets.
White and blue sewing cotton,
Brooks' spool cotton. Black silk umbrellas,
La Jit's silk mut-ns.
Black and fancy siik velvet ribbors,
Black Silk velvet,
Foolscap and letter paper.
Printing paper, Plajin cards.
Manila cordage J, 1. It inch.
Grindstones, White soap,
Lir.soed oil in cien.:j ,hns. Oil paints ia tins, i
Clay pipes, Double barreled guns, I
Percussion caps. Lead pipe, '
Lampblack, Caustic sola, j
Irawir looking glasses, G;!t frace looking glas.-es.
Gilt and j icc. framed mirrors, eiilt moulding,
Porous waleruionkevs. Copying ink.
Letter copy b-.Hks, Trei-airg coml ,
Hair pi::s. Rowing pir.s, j
Lefaucheux's rvoiven with cartridges. 4-c, cimplet-, I
Wrought irou nails aud -ikes, Fiirs, Mecberos, '.
Oak wardrobes, Miho6-.ny sofa tables. j
AiC XC. SiC, A;c. j
JANION, GREEN & RHODES,
Victoria, Vancouver Jslaud.
X. B. Partiea'-ar attention paid toconsigtunents of Sandwich
Victoria. V. I., January 1. 1S03. iW-lJ
iHvX. J. PerLTKKtB,
W. M. Kcsdil, II- C. Powxixo.
SAN FKANCISCO, CALIFORNIA.
Whoksalf Grocery Auction House !
ESTABLISHED IX 18 50.
Salesroom. Fireproof DricU Uuildias,
207 atitl 209 California Street,
SALE DAYS TCESDST3 ASO FlUUAY.
CAItn. IT C'b Adrnne.einaJecn Merchan
dise to our couiument Kir pullic or private rale, and all
niercai.lil? facilities rendered cons.guors.
I'.rfVr by permission to
Mes-rs. C. L. Kichikds i Co
G. P. Jtpd,
Mesrs. Miroiwr & Co....
Falkskk, Bell & e'o "
" Moaaxx, 5to.k 4: Co u
" Iiicksox, PbWolf Co "
Bank or British Colcmbia 44
Importers of Optical, Mnlhesiiatlcal aud
PliiloKophicitl Instr uuieiitib
CAKTES DE VISITK.
JOSEPH R0DQER3 & SON'S
PUBLISHERS OF PHOTOGRAPHS OF CllIFORMA.
Xos. 317 and 319 Montgomery street, between California
and Pine streets. San Francisco, and No. 4 3
Maiden Lane. New York.
HAVE FOR SALE THE LARGEST STOCK
on the Pacific Coast, consisting in part as follows :
710 dosen SPECTACLES, ia Gold, SUver, Steel tfnd Plated
305 dozen EYE GLASSES, in Ookl, Silver, Steel, Horn,
Shell and Kubl-er Frames.
150 doren WIliE G AUZE GOGGLES.
00 dozen SPECTACLE GLASSES, aud BRAZILIAN
350 dozen SfPECTACLK and EVE GLASS CASES.
8W5 Opera and Marine Glasses.
75 TcIencoes and Spy Glasses.
2U5 doien Magnifying Glasses.
SO dozen Pocket Coiupasses.
025 Hand Stereoscopes.
7-4 Revolving citereoco.es.
2j00 doz'-'n Stereoscopic Views.
Brawim; Instruments, in German Silver and Brass.
Boxwood and Ivory Scales.
Microscopes in every Style.
200 Magnetic Machines for Medical purposes.
20,500 Card Photographs.
000 Album Pictures iu oil colors.
50 dozen Union Card Frames.
Joseph Bod-ers r Son's CCTLEKV
100 dozen Table Knives.
2C0 dozen Pocket Knives.
120 doz-n ltazors.
50 dozen Razor Strops.
, 130 dozen Scissors.
SClSSt'RS. in cases.
100 dozen Gyroscope Tops
160 doz-n Thermometers
U5 dzcn Hydrometers,
TIT COUNTRY TRADERS will consult their own interest
by examining our Stock and Prices before purchasing elsewhere.
V ORDERS FROM THE COUNTRY promptly executed.
ry CATALOGUES sent to any address Free. XI
LAWRENCE & HOUSE WORTH,
No.. 317 mid 31 O Montgomery Street.
SAX FRANCISCO. 460-ly
OFFER FOR SALE
rJ? II 131 O V. G O !
OF THE BItEMEJV
BRIG- " AG-3STES!"
S I E l EX li I' R ii , M A ST E R .
Consisting in part as Follows
Irvixcv puix rs
Turkey Bed and Vel!
( N E W PATTERN'S; ;
key Bed and Yellow Prints, French Madder Prints,
White Shirting, White Longfold Sheeting.
Br.-wn Drill, Brown Cotton, I5lu- Drill, Blue Cotton,
Bed Tickings, Denims. Cotton Pant Stuffs,
Plain P. ack Alpaca, Colored Alpaca, Cotton Velvet,
While and Pink Fiannel, Fancy Pongee Handkerchiefs,
Blue aud Black Broadcloth, Cashmeres.
French Shirts. Fancy Shirts, Linen Bosom Shirts,
Linen Shirts. Hickory Shirts, Blue Serif? Shirts,
Pilot I'anta, Pea JacUrt-s, Biue ami Black Cloth Pants,
Buckskin Pants, Fustian Paras, Drill Punts, .iJS9
Moleskin Pants. Black Alpaca Sack Coats,
Royal S ick Coats, Zt-pi.ir Sack Coats, French Felt Hats,
Straw Hais. Cloth Caps. Glazed Caps. Sujnders,
Lalies' Hose, Brown Cotton Socks, Fancy Socks.
Cutlery aitl Ifsirclwsire.
Butcher knives, clasp knives, pocket and penknives,
Scissors, needles, fish hooks, saw files, Rouen pots,
Teakettles, skimmers, strniners, gunpowder, shot,
Euameled cooking pots and fryiug pans,
Lead pipes, fencing wire.
Westphalia hams, sardines, French peas, salad oil,
French mustard, vinegar, pe.irl barley, oatnt,
Crush- d sugar, split jieas, adamant candles.
Spirits Wines, &c.
Holland pin, brandy, whisky, ensrnac, alcohol,
Assmannshaner, Juliatmesberger and Marco Brunner
St. Juli-n, Ponut Catt, Chat. Irose,
Chat. Marneaux. Madeira, port wine, sherry, muscat,
Luuei, cherry cordial, Fl-ur de Sillery champagne,
M ULLLR'S CELEBRATED LAGER BIER
JIEETJEN'S BEST INDIA PALE ALE,
II A VA IV A CIGARS.
Hemp Rope. Manila Rope, Spunyaru, Marline. Housing,
Hemp Canvas. Rius, Ravens Du-?k. Linseed Oil,
fcp.nts of Turpentine, Oil Paints, St.ckholm Tar.
Blankets, blue, white and scarlet; Burlaps. Rice Bacs.
norse r -pe. L.irien iiireail
Thread, English Saddles. Shoe Strince
nrs. Hair Cloth. Playing Cards, ' '
ton t ml.r. l!a-, Black Silk Rib!on.
Fr--nch Sho.-s. S!ip
Silk I'mbrellas. Cot
..... . wiu.-.b. ..ri& ii, um? iiiaj.
ToilPt Swap. M.-ca-sar Oil. BnffComhs, Buckles.
Woolen Snikings and S-cks. Colored Printing Papt r,
Mrappmz Pa; r, Wall Pajier. Tumblers.
Water Fiiters, Clay Pipes. Corks, B'rch Bruoms.
CROCKERV. NAVY BREAD, FLOUR.
BEANS. BARLEY. PIPE CLAY,
BEvr f:nglish bar iron,
BLACKSMITH C OAL. STEAM COAL.
FIRE BRICKS, ARCH BRICKS, CEM ENT,
OIL CASKS. OAK BARRELS AND KEGS,
Jcc, 4c &.c. &.C., 'Sir., &c.
Ed. Hofischlaeer & Stapenhorst. j
WEBSTER'S DICTIONARIES !
High SchM.I D ctionary, Counting House Dictionsrv
" nun.in School Dictionary. Priamrv .v.-l,ooi
l-or ?le ut the
R. B. ARMt-TOXS.
W. H. DATI.-.
ARMSTRONG, SHELDON & GO.
(SlOCLSSORA TO XiTBlVIKL Ps5r.)
Pioneer Lumber Dealer!
UNION LU.MHEIt YARD. '
Corner California ibJ Paris Streets, and Aa. Hi Hirket Stred
vrsT ii ivrt;irt co.
SICAR PINE, EASTERN l'I.E, WlllXi
AND ALL KINDS OF BUILDI.NG MATERIALS CON'TAr
LY O.N HAND. to-l"
J. C. MERRILL it Co.,
SO I unci 300 rllloi-nli4 isitroot,
AlJSO, AGENTS OF THE
San Fraiicisco & Honolulu Packets.
Particular attention given to the sale and purchase of sacr
t hand is, ships' business, supplying whaleships, iieg,tUtim
exchange. &c. .
XT All freight arriving at Ban Francisco, by or to tttt Ho
nolulu Line of Packets, will be forwarded free or commission.
Exchange on Honolulu bought and sold.
Messrs. C. L. Richibds Co., ...Iloaolala
" IJ Hackfkld & Co........
" C Bkkwkh if Co., -
44 Bishop i Co..
Dr. Ii. W. Wood, .'
Hon. E. II. Allcx, w
V C. W4TCBX A.v, Esq., h
s. ORimrra morgan. c. a. hatha way. " u. r. stows
Commission and Forwarding Merchants, Sau Francisco, Cal
T. 8. Hathaway Esq
Messrs. T. & A. R. Nyc,
44 Bwift& Perry
" Grinnell Mintiirn & Co.,
John M. Forbes Esq.,
Messrs Perkins & Smith, ,
Daniel C. Waterman Esq
Victoria, Vancouver Island.
REFER TO -
Ths Hon. ncDsox's Bay Co
Messrs Dasl. Gibb & Co.......
Messrs. Aldbich, Walkkr & Co
Mr. Jakes I. Dowsktt
Victoria, V. I.
...... San Francisco.
JAMK3 C. KING.
CHAS. r. LirMAK.
JAMES C. KING 8c Co.
Shipping and Commission
625 FRONT STREET. CORNER JA CKSON.
SAN FRANCISCO, California. 466.1y
American Exchange Hotel
Sansomc and flallcck Streets,
v xx Prnnoisoo.
rI1,i,,B PROPRIETOR OF THIS FAVORITE
M. Hotel would respectfully inform the traveling pnbllc that
the A 1 ER I CA N EXC II A NG E having been recently
enlarged and improved In all its departments, he is now pre
pared to offer superior inducements to his patrons and the
public in general. Ho can now offer elegant suits cr single
rooms for familes and sinele rooms for gentlemen, on terms to
suit the times. This house contains a handsomely furnished
public parlor, beautiful large diDing hall, commodious and
pleasant reading and sitting room, together with other facilities
iiot necessary to enumerate. Business men and travellers will
fiud the AM ERICAN EXCHANGE second to no hotel in therity.
whether as regards luxury, comfort cr economy. The tabls
will be supplied with all tbe delicacis the season affords,
uraurul for pat patronage, the proprietor resiectfu!ly solicits
a contiuuance of the public favor.
J. W. PARilENT.
CHAS. WOLCOTT BROOKS, W. FRANK LtUD, EDWARD F. BALI, JR.
CHAS. W. BROOKS & C0M
AGENTS FOR Til
HAWAtfAN PACKET UNE
OFFICE 5 I 1 Suu.ome Sicoruei- Merchant
PARTICULAR ATTENTION GIVEN TO
the Purchase, Shipment and Sale of Merchandise; to For.
warding and Transhipment or Goods ; the Chartering and Sals
of Vessels ; the Supplying of Whaleships and the Negotiation
Eschange on Ilmioltilu in eums to suit.
ADVANCES MADE OX CONSIG X3I ENTS.
Am.hch, Walker A- Co ,
Ja.s.Hcsnewkll Esq., Boston.
Hexar a. 1'muce j: Co.
Ri-TLKR, Sis it i. Co., '4
SrTTON A: Cii.. New York.
Wm. H. Fogi A; Co., 4 '
II. Fooa A: Co.. Shanghae.
Riciiabds k M'Crakkn,
Bknj. F. Snow, Esq.,
C. Brkwer ii Co., 44
Bishop s Co., 44
Th.is. Spenckb, Esq., Hilo.
Am.mand if Co., Kanagawa.
J. R. Richards.
Richards & lYTcCraken,
Commission Merelia ats,
HAVING BEEN ENGAGED IN OCR PRE
sent business for upwards of seven years, and being
located in a fire pnxrf brick building, we are prepared to receive
and dispose of Island staples, such as Sugar, Eke, S rups, Pulu.
. ' to ',vartage. Consignments epc-cia"l!v llcited
for the Oregon market, to which irsonal attent.on wilt b paid,
and upon which cash advances will be made when required.
wnaa. u . urooks & Co.,
, J . C. Merrill Si Co.,
Badger At Lindenberger,
Jas. Patrick ft Co..
W. T. Coleman : Co.,
Stevens, Baker & Co.
Port la vD Rf.fehkncf.s:
Ladd & Tiiton. Leonard k Green.
Alien li Lewis.
Aldrich, Walker & Co.,
Vard;3 Perfect Fitting Shirts!
rsniiESE SHIRTS ARK i wI Kn,T. to
-as- need any comment, U,th for iK-rfnct fit and quality. A
ful. supply on hand. Als-, the largest stock cf gem's flee
furnishing coods on the Pacific coat. Try one of bis Shirts
and you will never wear any others.
S. XV. . WARD jfc SOX,
323 Montgomery Street,
sj.lcl -'los,a Hull,
New York House, 357 Brondway
HAWAIIAN HYMNS !
Revised and Enlarged 400 es
I HIS BOOK. W
WHICH HAS Ilrrti 1 Y,
less, is now puhlisbed and ,
several months in pi
u 11 ":s "-n carefu ly revised and '
tEtJVKf1'?; HYMNuJ,:whicnh t
1-re aro ..'''f'V' Uwn Hymn. ever pub!!shd
t.ere are two styles of Binding to be had :
lo.,ll.Cwei"' r, C-.il rnrh.
Red MorM-c-u Cover., l,00 rnc-b.
, ' sals by
- H. M. WHIT.1KY.