Newspaper Page Text
BY C. S. BARTOW.
OS WEDNESDAY, : : JANUARY 22d,
Al W O'clock. A. M . M aJc Buna.
Will .Vf r
General Asst. of Dry Goods,
.- of rmnm "
Casks of Fate AW,
Cun rl Wis.
AL T II O CtrtCK A. St.
1 ROSEWOOD PIANO FORTE.
5chxm nt Yt&ction!
OS WEDNESDAY. : : JAUTJARY 22d,
Al U o'clock
UILL EH LD IT riSLIC HCT1GX. '
. a.,.W SS.WW .. VMW. aa
TH t. sbnn nnrti nuui i t
gaid fchoonev aa. JvMt .-!. I etft BMUa.
ittiouhijr wv"' t d.
TKKMI XT 9 A LK
f ish. pmfinr am aepttmuiua. C. II TOW,
" Kooflnr .tlatcri.il.
tW ao !.. Ktr. aOiihtl. HUKPt
C. IKEWKK ft CO.
fITf: Ctll.K9f: MATTIMi. -.
ov (nm iiMncy.
OOLU.IO fOlCIIOXO TEA.
OOLOXC rofCIIO.NC TKt,
A San.l kni.
3nt pmM4 kun.
! n t Skit raeft.
Tar tale very rrftmaattlf t tlae Oat at
.am: r. a fcmrrtR o.3.
PERflv .IKK IlKIiKBT rORIIIU-
X bit Tlti'11JJi tn an, .unim hlm an nt a. I
laml. "lkv --t kll i. t- ikU-, ll in la ulJ K'
kiianw fc.fcMi.1 l tUmmU mm pmim mi hmim fMn4t (. ac
,t bl'. U. CUkLsriA.ti.lt.
Krai Itnte for Sale.
r ii'ini tt - in ijitv n
C3.u tM-vMl ih. nl t MUOipln,M Uirnwat
' - ' -r - -' tucbMinl with a (
aU. iar a4 laclwnl. kMtrt ut bjm nt4 Mr. Melon?
mf-mimrt. Tfcrtt la) mi. toMit. tot Una ptl U
mun r. J. UfUCK.
Inr:Tifi i aiiittki MrirfVTl
N-uIm.. WILLIAM ClJKX. Iw an Inlcml la mv !
MlarM ml mmt (k. VlaklfMC. kick ll hemftr k car-
'r-:,r:-:.r.!T :r" .tf.t '
a.. Htm. UKiWtta ikRK.
.Mo bum:.. January 1. MW.
.lltiilc niul Painting.
Mh! :!! L. H.MIT1I WILL EE-
AT LAST !
VICTORIA t VICTORIA !
Ex Oris? Tol45it Cowan.
a aMAI.L, IAT nV VICTORIA FoTA-
j To ti. r Ml.
$6 50 for $3 50.
ROS EX DA llT C Ell E.T,
ELI.IXU ATftkM l lt!CloCO.SPl
JU. a. I IUrui, at tmm t Mufi mvt ml.
in Lots to Suit Purchasers
Low Rate of $3 50 per EbU
A ad las aoraoliOtf k aoaatitr. kw
riiKon. e. iiki'ck.
M las Cnenme mt S-r turn UmlMl stmt..
Frcb II read !
rreU Ilrrad ! !
if iriv fn.ocvHr.tr
AX A I IIIKKR.
11 w ar. so. awMsr4 k. Awaadk FaablM aa4 lk kMblic
rmk Ireaal aad Hut Tea RefU Eirry Day.
TT Brvad aVIlwrwl alt mt ih f,'r
ui K II. K. Mcl.HTJRs;
AVASIlICiTOX .11 ARKET !
THK rXIrMilOXKI Witt,
r7??f ip-' mi hn UHfJatiWT, l4 .Mr At
4-4 U IKK KV an rti. pnm.mn mtl a. ih
" wmtn B.iS-rv of R. tnmm AC. Mo'l'
ATi-A--. Mvrrny. route xu sjvsjocm
nlk. ku sow est will, mm kn.4.
sua lm BOOTH A BOKMIOLT.
I'OK SALE !
flar ARWIV:i. I'k.K tOIUYC.rROM
lit. ortWaa Ssa, aaMt t sad. a rrr k raios
A Large AsAortment of Spars,
raitahkt SckHwir awl Brat ytnut anH i 1 11 Vtwf
a.irv luh ii. umittu Acu.
The TJnderiigned, Agents for
7lllltt. IlKIDifiICK A C-w. UIIKIMS.
ML'.oiU. S.Cl.tllAar rCRK A- 1 1 Li, RltKIVIS.
XL AboLi-IIK COLLINS. dlALON :C MARSC, i
Ar la rraltr rei t4 lk '
Of lA aho. koaw. wkieS Ikry oBW ! sal. Irom for
a ad k. .mv..
ii 3 as It. IIACKFKLD A Co.
THEOD. C. HEUCK,
ExpectH to Arrive,
JfOW CCE. AMD PA
"Ii. Ar. WOOD,"
x DCK FEBRCAkT. 1448,
rovtrLirre asvortmkxt of
.... AMD .
compI3Ii a YACtrrr or pellct
Boots and Shoes,
Paints tnd Oils.
C'oraer f Fort
so 4 lat
E It .U S AiD US ts
nxo ovi:r oxk tiioi'juxd forms
Legal and Busineas Transactions ;
K. U". Iin.T, 'ooelor-t-I.avr.
TT oLtJtrs lut siiirr.
Tar Sale br
II. M. WIHTXEY.
A ti. pr.Riox iiavixo ci.tl.Mf V;?T
A. Ih kstat. mi kUKAl (or JtMAl. fs).UM mt k4oa.
KMl, ar Miwr pr-rt th. Maw.snl a4 lb ka
4. W..I urn turn U. mmnm lawll.it NsysaeaC to in. b
ni4ac4 mt me kwH. Jauary 1A. Itaa.
Til .M. II. M Hall ALL, AOsalawswatn..
' 3a;liifi, Kauai, 1. 10. tkoj.
lSVm9-A t Tr Cni TnwnaWTl at th f HK l" X H KRUfS X KI II RKCKIVt.n muincniic n nwrsmiiioiw oiicm ui lur no
Offered in Lot to Suit rnrcnaer at tne friw. th. iiir.p w w.u..u, ck-.u u . i utM ,b..r(.r., ....t;.-.. ...d.
BY E. P. ADAMS.
Oa TUESDAY, - - - JANUARY 21it,
At 14 Cclnck, A. V, at rakei Rmta.
Rrgolar Sale of Grnrral Merchandise
10 I-- AV. 1 Z,'ror Zvysr,
2i tVi; .Vow.
Asl a Small Lot of Furniture.
CUr sa4 Kc4 Vim, AsH Yimwk Haters.
ON THURSDAY, : : : JANUARY 23d,
At 14 .'ck-k A.
IT THE CZMIllLUK or J1S. L0IZ1D1, IM.,
CodMT 1.1 Parte htm. I mnmt IWriaaia wwl
rY . JW4
The Entire Furniture of the House,
1 Mwk Watnvt PmW ImiCU-
1 KUck W aa W K.Ui TiM,
1 Mw t'k mlwr Sf t j . fi Vt ,
1 Drxk f.iwt CTirT (trtv,
IU( Trr. Md Mr. Kk Tb. tn KfrU(
Ac. A. Ac.
Jiro Knines xit Vnotion.
ON SATURDAY, : T: FEBRUARY 1st,
Al li ccbck iv o. l tU Kuom,
IT ill U t
One Fire Hnine. in perfect order,
One Fire Engine. (Thayer. Boston, Maker),
InrH tyUmHcr I Ik Inch un lr,
With One Uoe C'nrrlage.
TIIR CKLKUR4TKII KOI.OA MAX-
n -$ r. a. fcciiAi.vtR 4 co.2.
Jnst Received per "Count BismarcV
A l.tRHK LOT ' VKRV Ml' HKKf OR.
j J . HrnsrPHJl.lA It JUS, ht-t ax. .Srnl ml
imii; mica )in, u u baa; liftwij w id r w.
aK SHW lOTTACEI'UXl.
6J3 2ro . A. SCIIAirrtK A CO.
Just Received Per "Victor!"
AM Fll BALK. A COM 1'LI.TK
VO.SI.TIG 1 INCH HOARDS.
1 ami 1 1 inrh T'M'ijHed and Urvoced lUtards,
All A'uts SzintHuy. d e.. de
While Ceiltr Shavd SJ.in.jlra.
DOORS, WINDOWS & BLINDS,
IIMiL PA PVR. BRUSHES, d e dc
OS 3k fort. King and Mrrrhai Smrtm.
VTHK I.K l. Ul'ANTITIF TO .flT.
Kf V. L. R.CIIAHIKS Co.
UW ftdlowiag kilaa.i. .ad tntt i
roiMk. Jofeaastoa me Cwaw.lsis IsUmt.
TH. wn.iV ar. o Iw. Ckart. immr la J.'y. ls7. ttwm sag
tt Lm-wI. Kr'A. kI ik rJt c schauarr rimr(
CpT. Tkew ag. lb. avmC creel Vkar. la wlalrsnr.
UI It II. M. WlllTtr.
rfi.i. .;orti kxt x ii axo. rtT
sSLI: v ll4 4.y t Wxt..D4 trfmim, aa.1 .1 ynrn
Irwn f lil40ctl. l IL M. WHITXAT.
Oil SAL.12, :i
It HaOrate rrlrrs kj i i 2-
HTHEOD. C. C.EUCK,ij q
- Fort and Mercbaat Street.
69? JdM'AKr. 1- 3a
CASTLE &. COOK.
As we Import Only Downer's Kerosene Oil,
As we barn Only Downer's Kerosene Oil,
So we keep the Best Downer's Kerosene Oil
lturlrsl info Ibta MarUet.
AND W K SELL
doivaek's ki:i:osi;i: 011
Line as it cm lr hod in the M'li ket.
Hoard at per Week.
riVIIK. lROPRIrrilt OF TI1K RKVERK
1 llol sK wilt, an snd alt. r tlx Mh in-L. like a few Ikanl
er at the rate of Ave d-al.rs a wr-k. F parocaiar. apply to
Cor! lm SAMt tL A. LOLLfcit.
raviIK I'XDKRSIUXKO. IXTKXIUXO TO
1 leave ihi. Kingbi danrg the Utter part of Pebraarr,
mio-sts all partte. M-4M to bin to Bak paynrat , and aU
imwaa having claim, wul plrase pre-ut them aettlwwot.
tOU im U. W. Hot UUTA1HXU.
PASTURE TO LET.
I IK l.tRCK I'ASTIRK WXP AR.
JOIMVIthr prt.iw ol tle I n.teriiMl. la rilHi
A I. l.t. r. k to leu The pslure I. Well tancra in. ua
contain, threw hoo.lr-d acrr.. boot or krM. aad l of eay se
en, tor pari.cak.r PI 'J to
Family Grocery and Feed Store !
fKKHII GOLDKX GaTK KX. FA MIL. V
i Lot. a.
fresb Graham Floor,
FrrU Rye M, Frrsh Oatmeal,
kUrks ttrao. asck. Iata,
CALirOKMA CUF.A.M CMKESE,
CaLXurnia Hants. CaliluraU rcrrak Caeon,
Very oic J'ov.kl B-f,
FAO-ily Clear Tovk.
Cmtmm Frch S bvo 1 If., tin..
Ca s 1'r.sh Salmno 2 !. tins,
raseaer Lemon. Frrsti ClrMi,
Box'. Or.io.s and Fmh Gar'k-, IW. Bea&a,
Tina Wafer Craekrrs
Tins Cracker. .
lias M.U Crrkrr
Htm . PaeiCe Codfl.h.
fne mM ml the na( at.rset rale l"T
I. It RTI.F.TT.
And Other Musical Instruments,
TI'N:i AM KKIAIKKI
BY CHAt-LCa PERCY AT THE TIIEATFR.
Leaoa Given on Piano and f.aitnr.
Best of rrA-nroce. fires. SOT ly
SATURDAY, JANUARY IS.
lolar )Uooerl(M-lleMt iron to to
tlo fortlk I'olo.
I ... .
IaourUueor.WUr'J.we inerteJ a very
interesting letter Tptu Cai t. T1m. InS, eivin -
. an n.t-ount cf t! ,li.,verr of Ltwl in the Arrti.i
Oeean. Tlat article wo- CM.ied in full iu f.iiw
j of the Calif rnia jojen aiU tele-ajihol t i the
f New V.irk llrtal-i aivl ublifliel tlterc on tho Mil
! of Ilcvrmhrr, a. one of the iu t interesting du-
eoverieH made during the year.
t ba iretnl n
" " 1 1 .
Ui..n n--ardni; the I-t
open l'olur S-a. lA hut
At our rctieet, Caj t. ba. reinl n
' Btatrtoent of bti olervat
TY. lit fi.r ntu-li!ii . ll orrf.ii
. v. :, i. jr.ii i.o .I.-
1-aiihe Uiran. e d n .t UiiUte l kiv tlwt it
:ii ...... r .i . . r - :i " .
will 'rove U lie one of tins uiont f.rci'.io aru-
UH-nUyrt given b tlic wurM why tl-r ToUr Sa
' rnn.K,t reu.-hi-l foiiu the Atlantie, and why
' r . , a- ... - .
i iuiur ciM'.i.ii-.iin riiuU.u oi.iv i tent in. in iuu
. oernn vm Ii hrin tntit.
Many f.irt Ktatrd by Cuf tain ln will l nvvr
' to our rcadcri, anl valuublc to thoM w ho may en
the o. n lUur S-aexi-to and tUt it will yet 1
. r.-.-...i .. ..i i ....wH,,.! ..r
craft which Yankee iiiuynuitv uiay invent. Doth
Kane ainl Havre n-ucbcl wliat tliey nu-.irl tol-e
the lHreof the 1'oLir S-a,hut without widiiuto
detract from tlicli.n.,rdue to tU in, it mut U-Ktid "tf!f "ur unjurmit tnemtnierta on a.nrrte cvr
further evidence aatoiu cxLtcii.-c and extent is j rent, vhkh toyithcr with the laryr musrS f i,e
ea-i-rly sought for bv the wientific worU. The: ,r"VA mr dr'f"J "utf h rrtl, hare
following ir Cat t. U'nz'i letter : ! alurays baJLd ihJr attempts.
j Mk. Kmtob : At your rcuet, I venture a lew
J remarks u-n the Northern l'olar Oct-.in, nn my
j own iioj rc-fiona in regard t. t!ic In-st uuthod of
. j making a uiagc fniu tlie l'acifiu to the Atlantic
! Ocean bv a northern route, or a communication
' by watr north of America or Ana U-tween these
two oceaiiH. licforc giving my own views on this
ruhject, I titink it right and proer to take a r-
J tial retroeiMt t of the cnuMM w hich fin led to those
I . i r r - cr .
nortUm ex1.larations, and ofa few of the ffl-.rb.
I i- . ! i. ii:. .!
made to actxiinplinli this object.
Souii after the discovery or the Pacific (van by
Italboa in 1513, and the u.Kige of Magellan
through tlie Strait which lcnn hU name, and
acroe the Ieific Oeesin in 1521, the enterprise of
the governments and teoi le of Northern tun,e,
and eecially of England, wns stimulated to Lnd
a more direct route north of America by which to
reach thirf ocean. Frobiolier'H exi-ditioii in
1557 (which entered Hudson's llay), was prlably
the flret systematic endeavor made for this ur
ose. tjince then an almost innumerable nuiulcr
i of exj-ditionn have been fitted out for this object,
! and an enormous amount of life and treasure has
j lictn exj-ended in tlioc ttTirts. The Kiiglifh Gov
j emment lias been very lilieral, not only in offering
j rewardu (some of tl-in as hirgc as XtiKM ster
ling) to stiuiulato individual ciitvrriic, but also
in sending numerous expedition! at tlieexi4-iucof
tlie Government for this iuriNe. Not only did
the Government offer this large rew ard for making
,. ... . . ,
Passage, but they offcreil largo re-
I ward to any one who should reach certain null-
fated iints in the Polar Sea. Parry, in 1S20,
l wa.4 the fin-t and, I believe, tho only one who
! reached any of thoe point.
It would require too much time and fpucc to
; . it .i : c....i . r ,i
t g - - - -
whkh have a direct bearing uj-oii tlio ideas which
1 To pore to odvarH-c.
During tlre earlier northern voyages, there
wcre lwo theories iu regard to the character of the
I Polar Ocean, each of which bad, and, I l-lieve,
', still I ins numerous advocnten. One waa that the
j Polar Ocean wan of unfathomable dej th, as was
i-rovcd by sounding taken inrth of Sj-itzlaTgen,
; ar.d the diameter of the rea K ing nearly 2,000
milcV, there must be a sufTsrieiit agitation of its
i waters to prevent any great accumulation of vf.
i nt) its surface. This, together with tlie id-a of
mm . . , . v. ... ui . a 'f ... V .v.. . . . . . u
Ocean, constituted the theory of the Polish, of
: s uiiKia, oi i
! which rningtoii and Iairrow were tlie earliest
On the other fide the ami-Polifds, of whom
IVofctor l-elie was the bead, contended that the
tiujerature deereaM-d regularly as you iTiMTcded
towards the north, ai.d that therefore the Polar
Sm must be so much encumlicre.1 with ice as to
make it iuir-Orible t --netratc it.
All f.xuLitifc theories luut-t yield to the testi
mony of direct olieervation. I will therefore offer
a few of these evidencen of direct o?crvatioii that
we may see which theory l.as the licet fuiilaIion.
AVrangell in the mouth of March, in bit.
TO 50' N. and 1 ng. 173 5 30' J., saw an .'ii
sea violently agitated by the windt nn.1 Ltrge
Biaten of iee thnwn with great violence against
t!;c main body of the ehore ice. lie Kiys :
We climbed one of the loftiest lre-hill affordn.ir an etlrn
aive view tHrard. Ui north, and frmi thence we IwbHil the
w ide limuraMtrabl. orean irrtd mil br(rer(aiv. It wa.
a fr-arful and ma(uiaceut SMrclacle, Iboucb lo u. a meUuchuUy
rraxmenis of ice of rusmi.4 shte were dnwting on the sur
fact) Hie atOiU-d oca n, aial Were daahed by tlie wave, with
awful violence acainsl the ede of the Meld on the farther side of
the rhanm-l belore ua. ThK clii-.ui were so tremendous
that larce nuam were every in.tant broken away, and it waa
evident that the port) of ice which .till divided the channel
frura Ibc open sea Would sou be completely destro)ed.n
Upon finding be could proceed no fartlar, he
With a painlul f.-elinc f the bnrfiaibility of over-omlnf
(he tar lea which nature opposed t oa, . Mir last b now
vanished of discovering the lan.i which we .till believed to ex
bit t and we saw ourselves r..mp.llej to rerwainre the 4j.-ct f-r
which we had striven thr.audi three year, of lil and d.uig.r.
- We had d.sue. however, all that duly and honor demauded,
and any further attempts beni lutly h unless, determined
Such was the condition of the l'olar Ocean at
this jsnut on the 23d of March, 1823. On his re
turn towards the ohorc lie encountered itinuincra-
j ble difficulties from the breaking up of the ice.
! One scene I will give in bis own word.--, which
occurred on the fourth day of their return journey,
the 27th :
We had hard'y pr.a-ee.le.1 one verst. h'wever, when we
f Kind our t 1 v cs in a fresh laby riuth of Ian., of water bemiuinr
: u in oa every side. As none d" the pieeew H.tiiia around na
j am a. larcw aa the one ui ahi.b we stnud. which was 7a
bilhan. arrM. and aa there were certain iudicatMai. of an
I aiirnwhiD Iucdi. I thouxhl it best ! remain where we were.
aud thus awaited quietly wliatever I'mvalenre hi' I deeree.
ark clool. now wmt fr4rt the west, and tlie whole atmo.pl.ire
became filled with a die vapor, w Lite a strong bre. le sud
denly sprincing op frnni the same quarter, increased in less
Ihaa half an hour to a r lie. Kvery moment hue- ma. ol
. Ire a-Mlinc ar.urxl o were duhdi arainsl rai b other, and
' .... . L In... . . Ii .i..tul frinwnlL
Meanwhile we wer- t-wsnl lo ami fro by the wave, and
- (axed In belpk-TM Inactivit) mi tie- wild CtfiHwi of the elements,
! rpectinf every niom-i.t t be swallowed up. We bad been
' three Vfie hour Iu this painful p.itin. and still our iUnwl
held torn-ether, whm su-llenly it was ranch! by the storm and
hulled ail i.t a lance lirll of ice. 1 he rra.h .as Ornac, and
: we k it the nu bei-alh u cvii wav aial s. paratiro; in every
' lirecti4i. A I this dradfui i.i'.inetil, when destruction tmH I
' inevitable, the im.-uUe of s. lf-preervation Implanted in every ,
inrvuai.w. mr imTuue oi ,n-rewra.ioii m' wl,nl in r.vij .
livmf b-mt. saved u.. In-iirf-tivri, ami with the qui. Iohs
! lU.-oithl. we sians on the si dee. ami nreed tlie J f, to
- their mm.1 sinl; thy Cew arr. the virMiiit frarrneiii ti
I . i r..i.i . k. a.. i J ...... i i ..ui .
reached a irt of it .fa firmer rhvsrkr. on which were v- j
i erai bum tu--k, and here the d immediately rri runninc, !
I apparently c.mo-. that It- U..nfer waa passed. We were
saved, ami Joyfully ciubraein each other, wc omled iu thank.
.11 IfkMliSS i
to C.od l-r our pre-rv.ti.ai
.Such was Wrangrll's description of the Polar
1 0van in March, lS2d. The evidence also f
JIcadenstrom.Tatarinow, Anjou and Matiuscl.km,
! w ho were interrupted by thi ot?n urn at every
jint wlierc tley endeavored t -netrate towapls
the itorth. proves tiiat this sea is ota-ii in March
! and April fnun lat. 70 s 30 N. mid long. 13S -
' II. t. lat. 70 50 X. and lm. 17- - 3U' K.. n !
I dietancc of more than seven hundred geographical
.Morton, Wiiiaco-iiiipniucu nr. Iane in ins ex- .
rfsl'i! in in llm A.L-nnr- or. Smith'- Sum,!, wiw
j from the north coart of Greenland, in lat. SI - 15'
j 1 rot
an o?u sea entirely free from ice, nearly on
the ojpirIte tide of the Polar Ocean from whence
it wmi seen by Wrangell anl Anj m. Observation
bus also roved ttiat the temperature rires ns you
recede front the land towards tho north. Parry,
j who wintered both at Melville Inluu land Igloolik
, I.and. m Iludann n Buy, found tlie season more
udvun.-t-d in May at the P.niier t!mn at the latter
' t.l-ii-.- nlil..n.'K M.-KIII.. i ii.nr'.v tx
; I1-Rl1 "uh , t !'Uf , Z'1,
, 'hcr n-rth than I-Ioolik. mntiiii ali,
' WI vH,t,r " "ri Jioar ,,juna tneuui-
1 . 1 ... .
! I""" uur.n- t:.r wiuier n-ar.y as tow a, i arry
Mun-i it nine oew lariner lijrin. in cjaiz-lH-r-n,
which is of cuutll extent and Moratol
froiu anv LirOT l.lv vl'laiwl bv a Jictai.cc of More
j-... ... v.-
u latitude, llain al. ha In-en known to fall in
,n? iattt.r trt of IKwiuUt at Cherrie Ie-latnl, in
Uu ' J " ' 1 he faCt ttU "Mt KlrSt wLu h
. quire UikJ f..r tl.eir f .ruiution, are only fooud near
. ! r K.. A.t .r i:n..nlnn,l ilM NLlKO llpll tut nnxl t
ikkIv oflan-l nirU in thli IVlir Ocean to kvrwi.-
I-ure .u ...i.-rn.pi .....o...
', Aumin tlien the cxUtciv-e this ol n l.Uir
livnn ftliiiiwli tuMii1.lv not otitirele uutieuiulM.-lt.-d
by tin? U-v), I venture to give my ow n opinion of
t!iC lit route by which a
i se fnni one ocean
. r i i-..-...: .
to the other enn lcaocuni
1 "J lo l"e -Norl" 1 u
. .i . .1 ...
: Nrlj all the attempt which have heretofore
' been made to reach the North Pole ami communi-
ttitc-l by ychk-I by a northcni route lntwn the
Atlantic and I'ueitic oceans, liave lecn iTonecuted
through lUidinV lViynnd the Greenland S-a, irArre
t'arry in J-. unuern-oK to reacn tue .orta I'ole
j by means of boats drawn upon sledges. The highest
point which be attaiiicl was lat. 82 4-j't and in
rediing this point he traveled north two hundred
ami ninety-two uules, an I toun.l himseltbut one hun
dred and seventy-two miles from the place of his de
parture thirty-five days before, showing a current set
ting south at the rate of three and a half miles per
day. At this, the highest jniint which he reached, he
also foutid the ice broken in small pieces and not so
thick as that farther south, shoirin" there mutt hare
' '" "r W rra.r u the north to eaute mffieieul
I swell to Ireuk up th- iee in this manner. In his de-
. H . f fc at t,,;3 iat he . .. & gmaIl
! .. .
was the ice now around us that we were obliged to
bait for tho night upon the only piece or ice in any
direction on which we could venture to trust our boats
while we rested." Such was the ice iu lat. 82 4.V.
The JJJcance and Rrscue, under the command of
le Haven, was frozen up in Wellington Channel, and
wiowr, icvx,, uuuiue ouu June,
I 1S.1 a ta-rii..! tiT two lm ml red and fort v-iiine il.ivs.
. -a a . i r t mm
drifted through Barrow's Strait, Lancaster Sound and
Baffin's Bay, a distaucc of nearly one thousand
miles, about the same rate of drift which Parry
found north of Spitzbergen in the summer season.
One of Sir Edward Belcher's ships, the Retotute,
abandoned by bim near Melville Island, drifted
through the same channels, and was found by an
American whaler in llavis' Strait, about one thousand
miles from where she was abandoned.
The great quantities of drift-wood aud the character
of the woo.)- (found onl) in high northern latitudes)
which is found ujon Spitzbergen, Iceland and Green
laud, is another evidence of the existence of this con
tinuous current from tho north towards the south,
and which must have carried this wood across the
Polar Sea from the shores of Asia and America, as it
could nut have reached there from any other quarter.
Having thus shown from well authenticated evidence
t,ie existence of tliis current, the question naturally
l occurs, u-fiai is if cnue i
, wllPI we t,ko Jnto consUerntion the fact that in
i the w hole of Northern Asia, east of the Ural Moun-
tlilis to Bchring's Sea, and as far south as latitude j
r.i.o v- i -. ... f..- A0 V j..
. . " """'""-" " ! In couclusiom 1 submit th.w remarks to the public, and
Titers ml Jiow Hilo the .1 rcllC Ocean, two or tliem, j while deprvcalii.g cnlicuui on kny vetbnl iiu.oiirmci.-s, would
the Yenisei aud Lena, being navigable for bouts i i invite dixcussiou in reg.ird to the views advanced., or the feasi
dUUnteof two thousand milt each, together with ' biiity of the nnile. proae.l. Although this r-aite wiU be of no
J .. , g, . , ' r ...a I great imiortance to romuirrce as a transit from one ocean to
the rivers on the North American Continent from f. ,Ue ..Ui. r! yet could the ige along the cowt .. far as the
N.. Colupriaiiig an area of nearly five million Square ! m.Hiib of the l.en& be uccesfully made every vear, (which I
luili-, it is evident there must be SoUiC outlet for this '
great volunu, of water. That aiiy great portion of j
this w.ter finds its way south through Behring s
Sirnit, is disprove-! by the observations of whalers,
who have rruicd iu this region siuce 1817. The cur-
? renls Isvte have been found variable. In the spring
and summer the current is always found setting fo-
mards the north, which is probably owing to the large
river .vnaayr on tue .Asiatic, ami tue rivers wnicu
empty into liehring's Sea at Port Clarence and Nor
tou Sound on the American side, whose waters are
much increased by the iiicl'.in.r, of the snow during
the spring and early summer months.
In the autumn aud winter months, ."rom informa
tion derived from the nati.es cf the coaM aud whalers j
that have wintered in Plover and St. Lawrence bays, j
the current is found setting towards the south. The j
force and direction of these curreuts are also proved ;
by the drafting of vessels which have been wrecked
T!ie bark f;ra itu.ie. of
New i.iforit wa. wreketl
ked nevr lat. 'Hk and long.
ll.WtO aal... t. m-4m te..mlaMa frvrttia fsavi I IuLiIIPIiA in tl.tm
aiv. . aoi'Ut V sail. a lioi'i V mi-v mv I Is 1 A T a a .
early part of July. lMiV, and in the month of August j "cr d'scharged New Indictment presented. Pris
waa seeT. near Herald Island. ol hundred and seventy "-fr P11 t?. sentenced to 1 months im
tuiku in N. -. W. direction from where she was ' P.rls"nn,w,t- A. . Judd, L-., Counsel assigned by
wrecked. The Ontario, of .New Bedford, was wreckol ; ,ne urt-
in Sn-ptt iuUr, lSHiO, in lat. 70 and during tho R" -Ihoe. Attempt to commit murder by
following winter was seen by the natives drilling , banging himself. Demurrer entered on the jrround
tiiroun LH-unug s strait lowarus tnc so un, ana is j
reported some of them visited her. She was after- i pri,,i,er disc
wards keen ou shore in about lat. CI 60. assigned by 1
It apja-ars evident, therefore, that tlic.-c winter and
summer currents nearly ciuilize or compensate each
other, and that liehring's Strait affords nil insuffi
cient ulet for the creat body of water which flows
into the I'ol ir Sea from the northern slocs of Asia j
As the evaporation in this region is nearly if not
quite compensated by condensation and precipitation.
we must conclude that the avenues for the discharge
of this ureal body of water are the pasages U-tween
Nova embla, SpitiU-rgen, Greenland and Davis ii,imr. Pica to the jurisdiction. Argued and sns
Strait where this continuous current has been fou-.d tained and nonsuit ordered. Attorney General for
setting towards the south. , plaintiff. K. II. Stanly for defendants.
aVV aa tsr . a sa mr-'mm. aaw taw w, mm. ar w-a w.sw .wa. .
Ilemisphere, ami they will see that the form of the
Polar Ocean is nearly circular, its circumference being
five or six thousand miles In two-thirds of this cir
cumference, large rivers are flowing into the sea at
regular intervals, while in the other thin! there are
opening f..r the escape f this water; and unless this
water is alsorbvd by the atmosphere and carried south
by the wiud (which tqeory I think is incorrect), it
must find its way south by some of these channels.
Instead then, like Sisyphus, of ceaselessly contend
ing against insurmountable obstacles and these con
tinuous adverse currents, which bave been found to ; lation of this group. Statements oftea appear, es
cxist, and the causes of which I have endeavored to ex- j pecially in eastern prints, giving an incorrect idea o
plain, I would wish to profit by the experience and cb- fop ingtance ttn exchange before us says the to
servations of former navigators, and avoiding the dif- ... . , , rAw , .. , . ,
Acuities which they encountered and endeavored to ! poiulaUon w but 50,000, and the foreign popula
overcoroe, I would avail myself of the assistance of j tion 2,000. We give below the figures of the census,
this current for the purpose of crossing this Polar ! anJ aLio the area of the islands of this group :
Ocean. In earlier times there were great .iifiicultiei
in the way of sending expeditions from the Pacific tor
this puqiose, but since the opening of the gold fields
of California these difficulties bave in a great measure
disappeared, and the facilities at the present time for
fitting out Polar expeditions from the Pacific are
nearly equal to those of the Atlantic side. With the
exception of the Teasels, the other appliances for a
voyage of this kind are easily obtainable, and at very
reasonnhle rates. I believe, therefore, that a vessel
fitted out from this port for this object would have a
greater prospect of success than any which has here
tofore attempted it.
Benides the ordinary articles which are nccciary
for a voyage of this kind, easily obt.-.ined here, there
is one which is an infallible antidote against scurvy,
the terror of these long Arctic voynges. This is the
kalo (or fol of the native Sandwich Islanders) pre
pared in the form of ;i i-oi and packed in casks. It
is biddy nutritious, and although it undergoes a slight
fermentation before reaching a high latitude, I think
this improves rather than diminishes its antiscorbutic
properties. I have myself used it twelve years in
whalin'. vovaees to the northern sea. and whenever
. -e--- -- -
there has been a sufficient surply on boanl.Arrr n?r
lnen no symptoms of scurry. Lnlike the potato, it is
not injured by frost, but can be kept in the lowest
temperature without changing its qualities. Not only
is it invaluable as an article of diet in preservirs the
l.j.l. f,f .fa cro- jt T,n,v Ty prepared by the ad-
... . -
diti.n of a little carbonate of soda or potassa to neu-.
tralize its acidity, and made into cakes, it is, in the -
absence of fresh vegeLtbles, a positive luxury, to
which any foreigner will s.s.n become accustomed and
enjy. With a supply of this article on board suffi- i
cient to give each person one pound jx-r day, ami j
with pn-iier regulations with regard to clothing and '
exerci.-e, the scurvy would never make its appearance.
Another article of nriitie neeessitv f..r thce v..va
i rr ii-. er tlim clothing, which can evilv 1 pro-
; cured al.me the shore of Ik-tiring s and the Arc-
rc Ocean, as fir s Cane Northburins the summer ;
the reindeer Tschuektsehi visit the const with
tilt la III : 3 Vt iv. liiMfv l iiviii us nit's w aiu1
cles. such a ltree shenth knives, hatchets, kettles. !
tolaoeo, c, an abundai
.bint supply can obtaiijcl at
pinoeer themaelves can also 1
ibers and their flesh preserve.1
trilling Cost. Ihcrein
1 m.w. wtm. I i (s nMn i aa tin t ntu 1 cat m tyil TiiHliinrrn
froli for a long time in tlne high latitudes. Walrus
are abundant from Cepe Kerdie to Cape North; ami
iti ill mm kivhi aa uiu u 0 iaii-a a saw aa aaa. ii aa 1 - s t
tfceir flesh, though uot so palatable as fresh beef or
mutton, is preferable to salted meat.
The vessel for this voyage should be from two to
three hundred tons, and ot light draught of "water.
She should le strongly fortified atraiast pressure or
( i.YMft I J jif i?iMt I'lii.irtati ... ! k. ,i 1 ..K ,I.a j -1 .... .1
wulj ur:vre j mUicU it wouJa required. In my
j own exj-rience I hive seen co-9tk.ns where bjr the
' s'tesui Iir a lew Lours a Jeteiitu-n or weeks
wwU te U. vuiW. The tem power should
, nttAcUl to the veel as to be reiuov and re-
. at pleasure, to prevent injury irvm tue k.
The route I would recomnN-nd as the Lot would le
to f.illow the Asiatic shore fiv.m lichriiijc's Strait as
I r as laje Kckurniti r Cuih: IieiHgvki-i. lue tee,
which uielts earliest iiear the shore, and the melting
of the snow upon the land fumiiug innumerable
streams of water, inipebj the ice from the shore, loav-
In2 n 0j.u i:lne .f w.iter nenr the shoi, through
j which a ship can paw without ilitbeulty, efpeeiuily
j hrn asted by Meaiu in e:i!ns and adverse wind.
After pacing CaiwJakau. there Win no land to the
north, the ice is driven from the shore by these stre.ialS
ar.d scattereil in fragments iu the opvu s-a seen by
Wrangell. with sutficicnt openings for the safe navi
gation of a ship. In the month of August last, the
bark .Vile pa-si-ed oer a position withiu ten miles of
the point where Wrangell saw the open so in March.
From some jmuit between Cape Kckuru.ii and Capj
Schelagskoi the course would I from north to north-
v f m tfit ic wi.ulil iwrtiiit. until fi.irtli of th I.iin-
j c,vW Islands, when thecfiects of thecurrvnt from the
J rivers i t Northern Asia woul l be sens.tly felt. Fn
! thence a course directly towards the North Pole
K. ... n . r t t
pitxliergen, as would appear most leasable, shot
After getting to the north of the LSaehow Islands,
should a vessel lie obstructed by ice, the current,
though not as strong as that found north of Spitz
bergeu aud iu Baffin's Bay, tco-IJ eventually carry
the re$srt through one of ihtte channels info the .11
tantie. In the event of any disaster to the vessel, the
chances for the preservation of the lives of those on
toard are much greater than by tlie route east from
Bearing's Strait, as from the Iliver Kolyma to the
westward, Russian settlements are fouud near the
mouths of all the rivers, where assistance can be pro
cure!. A uot her route by which this voyage can be accom
plished is to follow the shore from Behriug's Strait to
the mouth of the Iliver Lena, aud from thence directly
north beyond Cape Sievero Yostoschui; from thence
to the westward towirds Spitzbergen. After passing
the mouth of the Lena, a vessel would receive assist
ance from the current of this river and the other rivers
between the lOoth and 140th meridians.
The effort of lhe Urge river. In in.x Uiiit (he Ire front the
land waa aren t.jr franklin in hi. exejiliu from tireat Uear
Lake in lv.ti Juwn the Makrnzie River, and along the ahore !
wsnl IVinl llurruw. Iu lliia expediliou, he reached the ionsi
tuiteofHu9 V., with bat little iniKliinrnt from ire on the
l.'.lh of AugiMt. At Ihut Ooiiit lie determined tu return. III.
aaaiMriate, lr. Ririiardaon, proceeded tu the eastward with
anotlier lrtv a. far aa the Coppermine Kiver, without any
ilifhi'ulty. Franklin Kiy. that the native. u.fTiiied him that,
from the top of the hill, at Uie mouth of the Makenzie River,
m ice u 0. be aeea fr two moath. of the year, I e. in Aujrust
and ttitember, showing the werful influence thetve river.
Umhi the ice. It was the current from this river aud its ther
mal influence which enabled McClure la reach Banks' Laud,
aud had there been other large rivers to the eastward, with no
land to obstruct their discharge northward, would have enabled
him to make the uuutae between one ocean and the other.
The mouth of August and September are, I think, the best
months for exploratiuu. aloug the shores of the Arctic Ocean.
Amerirau whalers have paatud to the eastward of Poiut Barrow,
ami taken whales as late as th. lath of September, seeing no ice
to the northward except iu the immediate vicinity of l'oiu! Bar
row. YY hales have also ueeu taken a. lute aa the liiih of Octo
ber in latitude 71 N. ...
lKaihnew, it h. certain, iu 1648, vaik-d from the mouth of the
Kolyma alone the coast of A tin, aid pastil through Hheriug'a
Strait lo the Anad r River. The account of this voyage, though
vague and uncertaiu in regard to its details, yet established
the fart of the aearatiou'of tlie coulincnu of Asia And America.
ShuUurow, liillings, aud others attempted exploration along
this coast, but were unsuccessful, and some of them perished
in their attempts. When we ronnider the scanty facilities and
rude structure of their vessels, we can uot wuuder at their
With our modern Improvements in the structure of vesssls
and appliance, for prelliiie Ihetu, what to the navigators of
i 200 yeais ago apieared xaible, should to ua appear aud be of
1 hat a vissd pro;ierly fitted fi r the purpose can winter in
s.ifety at filimwt any Kiut along the shore, is proved by the exe
riei.ee of Capt Cllinson. in the tlntrrprixe, who twice win
tered eastward of I'oiut Harrow, ot;re at Camden Bay, v. here
there is no protection from the north, except the Ice which
may he grounded seaward from the vessel.
That the passage f rom the t'acitic lo the AtlanUc Ocean will
lie accompliithed by one of the routt. which I have indicated, I
have as much faith in as 1 have iu any uncertain event in tlie
future, and much more than 1 had tiltoen year ago, iu
'' probable.) it w.mld be of great bcueut iu developing the
"fN Tuos. Lo.o.
II.ui.lulu, January 15, 186a.
Saprrme C'oart Chief Justice Alicia pre. id
I a if Jasaarr irrui, ISUS,
.I'.lornty-Ctntntl Phillips for the Crown.
R-z vs. Pupai. Malicious burning. Nolle prose
Rex vs. Jlpa. Assault with a dangerous weapon.
Nolle prosequi entered.
Rex vs. Ainua Furious riding. Verdict of guilty.
Fined $150 and co .ts. Messrs Kanihina and Kenwe
hunahala. Rex xs. ,1k in. Burglary. Verdict by Jury of
Guiltv. Motion in Arrest of Judgment. Not rewiaU
i i. ,,,.,., -i
" C3 I
th:lt 6uicje ;9 Ilot iurder. l)emur.-er susUincl and
harged. II. Thompson , Esq., Counsel
Jnsinh Splitting vs. Cariwrtght and Harris, as
signees vf J. C. Spalding. Judgment that the As
signees pay the plaintiff his dividend. Mr Phillips
for plaintiff. Mr. Stanley fur defendants.
P. JP. Hutchison, .Minister of the Interior vs.
James Dawson and John Ritson. action to recover
SHKM). Penalty of a Hood under a License to sell
L. JVcCully vs. R. 11. Stanley, .1. S. Cleghorn
and R. R. JWville. Judgment nonsuit. Mr.
Lawrence for plaintiff. Messrs Stanley and Jones for
.1. S. Grinbium !f Co. vs. P. Itenburg, and
George J. Emmet vs. IP. Clawle Jones. These
cases have not yet been reached on the Calendar.
Statistical. Just at this time, frequent reference
is made, both here and abroad, to the area and popu-
Population Census 1S68.
Sq. Miles. in feet.
Hawaii.... I.OOO 13.654
Maui 6.M 10.2O0
Mo-okai 1 2,K00
l.anai 110 1.600
Oihu- i.W 3.SOO
Kauai 5ou 4.MW
Mihau 90 SOU
Tlie total foreign population is...
The total native population is....
Vfrt choice Tea. Of all the excellent teas from
China and Japan, the Japanese Jar Tea is undoubt
edly the finesL It has a peculiar mild fragrance and
taste, which leads those who use it to prefer it to all
others. See alvertisement of Mr. Bartlett, who im
ports it from Japan.
More Fi'rxitcbe. Mr. Williams gives us notice to
day that he has not sold out all bis large stock of fur
niture, but is desirous of doing so to make room for
invoices ou the way out. Now is a good chance for
Ilium-keepers to furnihh their rooms with long-needed
articles of comfort.
jy The Postmaster General requests us to say
that the mails by the ATilauea will close at 12.J o'clock
on Mon lay, owing to the closing of mails by the
Hatio. After that hour, stamped letters can be lea
at the office of the agents or. taken on board the
Coscf.kt. On Thursday evening of next week the
choip of the Kaum.ikapili Church will give a concert,
M P"r T"'? her column. The sinking
of this excellent native choir gave so much satisfac
tion at tht-ir first Concert that we doubt net all who
- tt - ,u'1 1,43 cl1 repaid.
Diaries. Those wishing to obtain these invalua-
,i ronir-ml.rinr.- f.ir r.an find an assortment
meeting of Hawaiian Lodge, No. 21,
F. and A. M., will be held on Saturday evening at 74
Mabixk Di9a.ti-:ks. The arriral of two vessels' The Herald's special aaya It U estioiated thai
from the Guano Islands the past vieek, furnishes us!3000000 "f whites and blacka in the Southern
withthepartkuUwoftheloof - "
,. . . , . , , , , , Air. Stanton is in Washington, preparing butue-
slups-one upon each island-Uowlands'. Baker's j UasQ VrintthTi ,. -
and McKean'a. The full reports as furnished by
Capts. Stone and Tcngstroui, are given in our marine
columns.' It would appear from" these statements
that the ship Lizzie Oakor J, Capt. Koeo, ran on to i
Ilowl.ind's Island on the night of SepL'JCth, while ly.
mg off and on in a southerly gale. It is thought that
she was carried ashore by the si rong tide setting in
an opposite direction from the wiud. The ships The Russian Government has contracted with
brvke up in two days and became a total loss. A few i the tdt Manufacturing Company for 30,000 Iierdai
I storo?. mnl nritviiiniix wi-a mva! .1 n,innt;t
, . . , A
of Lcr "TP" composition. The latter were
orougnt to tins port ana sold at auction, ana a tortuat
sale was made of the vrreck for $6. She had 1300
tons of gu.-uio on boanl when hist.
The khip If 'athington, Capt. Berry, went on
Mo K can's Island, in a pile on tlie night of December
4th, which came up suddenly from the West, allowing
no opportunity for the vessel to put to sea. She had
on board some 850 tons of guauo, which as well as
the vessel became a total loss.
The third wreck is that of the ship Minnehaha,
Bui-aley, whoso arrival here from Japan three months
ago will be remembered. She was lost at Baker's
Island in the same gale as the If 'axAiag-foa. Capt.
Johnson the worthy superintendent of that island,
has sent us the full particulars, which we insert in
bis own words. ,
Bakkr's Island, Dec. 7, 1SC7.
Ei lit i tr Pacific CotiMMrcial Advertiser ;
Sia : As many different accounts will reach you
concerning the loss of the American ship .VianeAaAa.
I dec:a it not out of place to state the following, trust
ing you will give it a place in your columns :
This ship arrived here November 20th, and waa
brought to the moorings by Mr. Lake in the finest
ttyle. During the night it fell calm, and continued
so until the 30th, when a heavy squall came up from
the westward. By the untiring energy of Capt. Burs
Icy and Mr. Lake, together with the officers and crew
ot the ship, in putting out anchors, running lines,
ic., &c, she was saved for a future occasion. After
this squall the weather fell calm agaiu, and continued
so until December 3d. In the early part of this day
squall clouds were to be seen in all directions, and
finally came up from the westward, breaking with
unusual violence. The ship was made well fast to
moorings fore and aft, and her own anchors out, but
the squall came with such force as to carry away her
head mooring, and her bow swung on the reef. The
stern mooring gradually hauled in, so that 'she soon
lay broadside on. There was little time for saving
anything, though all hands worked with a wilL Soon
she commenced rolling so bad that the spars were in
danger of coming about our heads, and we had to
leave her for the time being. The wind and storm
increased, and in less than twenty-four hours uot a
stick forty foet long was to be seen. The gale, ac
companied by very heavy falls of rain, continued for
sixty hours. Never probably iu the history of this
island has there been so strong a wind from any direc
tion. Tlie bark Gar slang rode it out She bad an extra
bow anchor down, Ix-sides being fast to ber moorings.
Although so small and light, she carried away her
bawse-pipe, and would have soon cut herself down.r.
. It may be asked why these ships did not go to sea.
There was not a momeut after the first day of their
arrival when this could be accomplished.
The loss of this ship was unavoidable. Everything
was done foi her within human power, but to no pur
pose : there can be no blame attached to any one. If
- - . ... . . . a . . .
anything could bave savea her, sue would not nave
been lost. l ours in baste,
Vr L. K. Johnson, SupC
All the officers and crew of the three vessels were
brought to this port by the brig Kamehumeha P"and
schooner Sua Diego. And as far as we can learn
there has been no loss of life in connection with these
unfortunate disasters. It is not certain what insur
ance there was on these vessels, but it is thought that
two of these were uninsured.
- IIoxoijtx-, Jan. 16, J8C8.
Blitor Commercial AdcertLterSir : I see by the
last week's issue of the Gazette, that the President
of the Royal Hawaiian Agricultural Soc.ety.is
desirous of raising further subscriptions for the
purpose of beautifying Emma Square, the funds
placed in his bunds being insufficient to meet all
expenses. . I am a great admirer of public improve
ment ; but before giving my mite towards such a
worthy object, I w ould like to ascertain whether in
after years the good people of Honolulu will be al
lowed to visit the Square for the purpose of
enjoying the beautiful flowers and trees that may be
found there, or will it be placed under lock and
key, the flowers used for adorning the President's
parlor, and the fruits sold for individual benefits.
, - Yours. Lnqureb.
ARRIVAL OFTHE MAILS.
The steamship Idaho, Capt. F. Conner, was sig
nalled at 12 o'clock on Tuesday, January 14th, 10
days and 20 hours from San Francisco. She
reached her wharf at 2 i. m. " - - -
By her we hare San Francisco dates to January
3d. for which we are indebted to Purser McClellan
Our regular files of exchanges and other papers
did not come to hand by the Idaho.
We glean the following summary of news from
the Gazette and other sources : -
The Reciprocity Treaty.
The Ch Tiber of Commerce held an adjourned
meeting o . the night of the 12th. to receive the re
port ol the Commit U-e on the Reciprocity Treaty
with the Ilawaiiau Inland. The proceedings show
that two reports were made one by the majority
of the Committee, Messrs. George Gordon. Ira 1.
Itankiu, James Otis aud Charles Walcott Brooks ;
and the other by the minority, Mr. J. C. King.
Judge Bates, a resident on the Islands for many
years, was invited to give his views upon the sub
ject. He addressed the Chamber at length, indors
ing the majority report, lie gave the extent and
natural recourses of the Islands, and the relative
position of American influence in comparison with
that of England and France. The majority report
w as in error in reference to the tri-party treaty
the United States was invited to join Eugland and
France, but refused. He thought the report had
over-estimated the quantity of sugar land ; the re
mainder of the report was, in his estimation, cor
rect, aud he favored the ratification of the treaty.
After hearing the reports there was some dis
cussion, and the Chamber enacted the annexed pro
ceedings; ' '
The following resolution, offered by Mr. Poulter
er, was adopted
itis in the opinion of this Chamber the interests
r ,i... l.,;t; i....q ami r f'ulifV.rnin nn.l Kan
Francisco particularly, would be materially ad
vanced by the ratification of the proposed treaty
with the Hawaiian Islands by the Senate of the
Ol IU' A ..V. 1 11 V i.l.ivat w .. , "
MEMORI IL TO CONGRESS.
Mr. Poulterer offered the following memorial :
To the Honorable Senate of the Ur.iteI States;
The Chamber of Commerce of San Francisco
respectfully represent : That, in their opinion, the
. . . . V . . . -11
i commercial interests 01 me t acne coast win oe
' largely pmmoted by the ratification of the Recip
i rocitv'Treaty negotiated between the United States
, and the Hawaiian Islands, and that public consid
! eration having reference to the future expansion
i and security of our national commerce on the Pac
i itic Oceau demands its ratification no less impera
On motion of Mr. Rankin, the Secretary was au-
thorized to transmit the memorial to our Senators
! iu Washington, by telegraph.
i The Tribune's special of Dec. 15th. says, the Se
! nate Committee on Foreign Affairs has considered
! and will soon report the treaties with Japan, Sand
j wich Islands, Venezuela and Madagascar,
j Eastern American News,
j Havana, Doc. 22. A special despatch says the
1 Dominican authorities have sent an Envoy to
! Washington probably in relation to the sale or
' lea-e ot Samana.
j It is reported that the capital of Ilayti has snr-
rendered to Geu. Cabral.
1 The finances of Jamaica are mn';h depressed,
j nnd a deficiency ot 550,000 must be made up by
Lorsundi. the new Captain-General of Cuba has
arrived, and w.v received with the most cordial
demonstrations of welcome.
Washington. 1Xc 24. The news from the West
Indies is regarded in diplomatic circles as indi
cating a readiness throughout all the islands for
immediate annexation to the United States.
Judge S. J. Field is canvassed as the Democratic
candidate for President, on account of his war
record and anti-test oath decision. Hancock,
however, has btlll the inside track.
The JleruUri Washington apecial'denie tha Oie
poor prospect of any appropriation being made for
the purchase of St. Thomas has bad a dubious effect
on the Danish (A m iu iiiioii e r. Ouo of thenv has
returued to Su Thomas, and one ia about goingi to
The chances for the purchase of St. Thonias are-
very slim in the Senate.
t The Prussian Government has ordered a hniv-
; dlva , canrions of lie Me hrm.
j Thv Tr,IHe 8,)t.;al say8 Jt is nnderstood that 1
the new l.riik-h Minister cm.-s with full a.ilhority
to reopen tho question ol the Aiul'tuet claims, wi
a view to effecting aa amicable adjustment. f
The T-i7.nc'.v St. Thomas letter says then bare
been 500 shocks of earthquake felt there.
The Post' special says that prominent Senator
believe that the Senate will refuse to ratify the pur-,
chase ot St. Thomas by a large majority.
. Great alarm exists iu several of the eoontles of
North Caroli-ia on account of the assaults of iwmetl
blacks ii pou unoffending whites. Prompt measH rvs
are necessary to restore quiet. - - -"
WAsnixuTOS,; Dec 28. General Grant baa isaueuV
orders to-day. by direction of the President, remov
ing General Onl,' who U directed to. lotw' eVeY bin
command to General Gallear, and proceed to San
Francisco to take command of tho District of
California. Gen. McDowell is ordered to aaentmr
Gen. Ord's command cs soon as relieved.
Gen. Poe is relieved and ordered to report at
Head-quarters of the Army. General Meade is ap
pointed Pope's successor. ' " '
" Gen. Swayne of the' Freedmen's' Bureau b or
dered to rejoin his regiment.
J A Time special says Sheridan Is' unreserved in
his expressions of sympathy wilb the Fenian. Ho
has a policy of bis own for carrying out their views .
It. is reported from a high sourt-o that. United
States Consul Savage has received a telegram from
tlie American Consul in Santiago de Cuba, which be
telegraphed to Mr. Seward, advising bim to defer
further proceedings In reference to the purchase of
St. Thomas. A later telegram states that well-iu-lormed
peraous at Santiago doubt the report.
A Rio letter, dated the 24 th of Nov., says news
from Moutevideo reports that the English steamer
Saturn was lost in a terrible gale otf that place a
week ago. She bad 400 persons on board, including
the English Minister, who was going home on a
short visit. Only 14 persons were saved.
Ttiad Stevens is preparing a speech in favor of
the Alaska appropriation. . J ' ' ' ' "
Statistics collected by the '"Ways -and Means
Committee show that the GovernuicibL collected 18
cents per gallon of whisky tax since June' last,
from which time the receipts constantly decreased.
It is probable that a full aud detailed statement will
show that ouly nine cents per gallon has been
collected. v .'':.-
Nkw York, Dec. 31. Judge Clark, in the Supremo
Court, decided yesterday that gold and silver are
not the lawful money ot the couutry, but merchant
able commodities: notes made payable. In gold
must be paid in gold, or in currency at same valu
New Oklkans. Dee. 30. The State Convention of
the Union League, now in session, unanimously
nominated Chief Justice Chase for the. Presidency.
, , . .Mexican. News. .
- IUvA.vvDec. 23. We have dates from . the City
of Mexico to the 17th instant, ...... . -.- . :.'".
Juarez was inaugurated on the previous Sunday.
The Mexican Congress will remain . ia session
three months. . . ' ,
Enropeau. . .
London-, Dec. 24. At the banquet of the Royal
Polytechnic Society, on Saturday last, the Duke of
Wellington sent a congratulatory address to Presi
dent Johnson, recognizing indebtedness of Great
Britain for discoveries in science producing" rapid
intercourse between the two countries. ' The de
spatch was nine minutes and a half in transmission
from London to Washington. The President re
turned a felicitous reply, regarding rapid commu
nication between the two uatious as an important
agent in preserving peace throughout the world,
and in advancing all international civilization.
The reply occupied 29 minutes in transmission.
London, Dec. 25. Despatches from China state .
that owing to a formidable demonstration by for
eign powers on Formosa, ' they bave promised .to
treat shipwrecked Bailors with humanity hereafter.
The Chinese Government guarantees the promise
shall be kept. T
" London-, Dec 23. There appears to be a wide
spread and increasing feeling favorable to an ame
lioration of the condition of the Irish people as the
roost effective means of suppressing Feuianism.
The -Times strongly favors this idea, and . believes
the next sessiou of Parliament will be occupied
with Irish affairs.
It is announced that a commission is going to
Washington to conclude arrangements for tho trans
fer of the Bay of Samana to the United States.
. Coikntiaqcn, Dec 23. The questied of the tramt"
for of the Danish West Indies will be submitted to
a popular vote of the inhabitants of those islands
Paris, Dec 23. The Governments of France and
Italy have commenced negotiations for a conven
tion, with the understanding that any agreement
they may arrive at shall be submitted to the ap
proval of the other Powers of Europe. - -
.. The Italian Parliament, by a recent vote, refused
to pay the Interest on the debts of the provinces
formerly belonging to the States ot the Church,
whioh debt was assumed by Italy when those pro
vinces were annexed. The French Government
has sent a despatch to Florence protesting against
Florence, Dec 23. The National Parliament
will, at an early date, vote to reaffirm in a solemn
manner its declaration that the city of Rome be
longs to Italy as the capital of the nation.
Iu consequence of an adverse vote, at the con
clusion of a debate in the Hone of Deputies last
week, the members of the Cabinet tendered their
' London, Dec. 22. The Observer says the British
Government is taking extraordinary precaution
against Fenians, acting with full knowledge of their
secret plans. The alarm caused by the Fenians Is
Florence. Dec. 22. A long and angry debate
iu the Chamber, of Deputies on the policy ot the
Government on the Roman question, terminated
yesterday in the defeat of the ministry.
Pari. Dec. 23. It is rumored that Rattazzi will
resume the Premiership of Italy, and will form a
new Cabinet, hosdle to France ; and that tlie French
Government is seriously considerinir the question
of ordering the French troops at Civita Vecchia to
London. Dec. 24. The Fenians are still active.
An effort was made last night to burn the Glasgow
gasworks, and one was made the nigLi previous tot
burn the gasworks at Shanngton ; bota were un
successful. Despatches report everything quiet to- '
day. . , - - - r
Despatches from Naples mention that the erup-
lVoa OI uaa wcnraawi in power
TUor. - J t .
Edward Thornton, the New Minister to Washing
ton, will sail in a few days to enter upon the duties
Ot his mission.
The expected Fenian rising on Christmas day.
did not occur. The day passed in tranquility and
good feeling. The extraordinary precautions of
the Government were apparently unneccessary. -
Paris. Dec. 26. The reports that the French ex
peditionary army corps remaining in Italy will bo
reinforced is confirmed by the Palrie, which states
that the French Government has ordered 20,000 ad
ditional troops to sail for Civita Vecchia. ,
E. Gould Buffupi, an old American journalist,
committed suicide with opium to-day. " - ' -
London. Dec 27. Another of those fiendish out-,
rages which characterized the operations of the
Fenians has just been perpetrated in Dublin. An
uuustially large number of letters bave been re
ceived through the Postoffice, directed to prominent
officials, containing explosive materials designed
to kill the persons to whom they are addressed. '
Several exploded before their real nature was as
certained. No person has yet been killed, but a
policeman who received one of the letters was hor- '
The Times states that at least 3,000 special eon
stables have been sworn in in London. It calls atten
tion to the grave public danger, and advises the.
provincial cities to imitate the example.
The Fenians seem unusually active all over tho
country. Despatches are hourly received relating"
to contemplated movements by the Brotherhood.
Telegrams from Cork report that about midnight
a large body of men with blackened faces stormed,
the Martello Tower near Cork, and overcame th
scattered guard. The victors hastily collected n
quantity of arms and ammunition and escaped.
The late Fenian operations have caused great '
public excitement. Many improbable rumors are
afloat, including one that a Fenian cruiser has been
seen off the coast-
Another Fenian outrage was perpetrated in
Dublin. An effort was made to barn the General
Post-office by means of Greek fire. The attempt1
was frustrated, and only a few letters vere destroyed
t - -