Newspaper Page Text
: MAY 23d.
1 , ii k? iTHl.li: AL:tion
.... mLIV K Of
TUS BL.V :
I ! aV.a k A. M. rcvm-lf.
Corn, Cornat Auction !
idr Mare f laaae
or xv.w nms.
'tlui Sitarday Evening May 23d,
. ..... . r -f. '.mmh.
fancy Japancso Articles i
oik ble:ajt Fir.irixnn vahe.
11 a tarwty . ry Artkl-a.
f...fBptn tisiaie aLiiuciion
LEAjO w ww - :
CaXOSDAT, itlAi zzin.
At lia'ctck Bona.
H tltt pr.tklr-, Caraer af Hotel sad Miaaakca St.
Al fmnt -aeutl S Mr. ft UrVrlm,
WILL M StD At 'cuc At'CTIoS.
mr I.ELSE OK SUD PUKMISHS !
-ia It anauina T uy RuiUliiH.. me Ihtw rma
IMa liw, St Kum, a44 ttrt buiUIiip.
12 k a v au s a ii i: !
CJ WED5ES35AT, : : : : MAY 27th.
At 19 lycUn-k. A. M- at t tU Rooat,
avabiett op merchandise,
furniture at auction
AT AY, :::::: JUNE 8th,
At 10 m'eUwk A. M ,
it nc Kuiotic or nc. toui; nurix st.,
mm 5M :
He Eatlre rarnitarc of the Premises
, . . coxaisTiyo or '
fi&. t.lmna an.1 Ki(rha Kortkoi. via TM-. Loancn.
IW. Sk.mt. rfc .Ulinf, 2 C-i Surs, ami a yarirty uf
mImt UWawtwUJ Aniclsa.
The Lease of the Premises,
JVt arrs rrn i a h'tlf nn'Sjtlrril nt a htm rrnt.
OSE MARKET, KING STREET.
G. RISELY !
11 t oiE Til K A UOVEMi K
2(1.1 r th awl of
T'f)71Tr A1TO SAUSAGE.
M Saaagf, fomrd Trb tad Cref, Sp!fe4 Eecf,
IK.A. O. fcUly hta ai.l ib lrt ttti Saoage ever aU
l.i.tuL. anl a aill do It axaia.
Banafal tor Ura. lie 01 aint kafy t npty all
A tti way tutor kua kb eail 1
The Vublic to Know !
Eu Received Ex Stmr. Idaho, ,
. ritO.M HAS FR.INCIHO.
Ladies'. Slivsse.V and ChiM nil's
boo rr & 9
mnI TIIK CF.I.KRR TFI i:VTIl-
Will be Sold at Moderate Prices.
rci: lati: akkivals
WHITE .f vn-SKILLKH IX II I SPKCAUS
LINEN PILLOW CASINO,
IBW AND I'OTTO.N Slli:CI!.CS!
X Ok AM :j TARl)i WIDR.
kayLnnxTtlO OtIU ml T ipk M. fW Tin Shirt
twa i U.tt. V, M Mr." likwlon H.m I Ltt '"-"
Cl..l.u-.-, a.- Lc AaU (FtU r ur4; tki.trt
ladles xai G:ntlexaen' "White KiJ Gloves,
i:ie?nnt SXAthin ToivcU,
Ftarl B.iUnna, aaartU ".
hsh clTts stwnc sin asst. colo&s
a t,B,w pwit ,, 4TVl!.itMr. C Drill.
""I ts. . I ni-l li-imwk TM Cloth U re-, rU-jiUi
ai fcr U j'a t:i4ig.
A Handsome Asst. of Boys' Suits, I
nmi lutn tr.I Suit. B..y' tr. Iom Ca(. Boy
r w'ijW an.1 nik.rrl !fnri. K-'l futk Ja-
a-4a ami (imiar. b- ' U4f Hot.
- Tie LarsM aa4 Bet Artf d Stak af
HTS.' FURNISH1HG GOODS!
0. TIIK ISbAMH.
Jmf'nnt Sila Vn-iT'hif i Wins l'nt. an.1 Cotton
"jjt LttWr-altirta i -uO.' rlr.rl Liarn Iraairr. fclracb"!
; U!iu." n.U Uua I u.w-liru ail iTaarra.
A ri Jaarlarn( f Orallrnra't Satki,
Lfn, ii.1B, IUay, bta CuttA and WoO.
fcEsrrsk liolk tjiki:ax socks.
& Jones Cot While Shirts !
JirtJV! Pri, , W.trrMl'd a Vtrftrl r.L
iii . B"',, "nr. . Papy Colfara. a ol Arwrt-lk-
'"".. XrrlitU-,a lira arvl arir.l a.iiiKtil t
n..Si aT"T. lit M b Si. a llantlarrbl-l!. !' rMcar
,-rmt ft " ft , uwm rroiiri.
!TTa!J-! O-". Ol..- B-.w. W
al- jV,, B..V. Lara 'aJ IU-irrB. I
'TTZl.'Z 'u. " "L!- r'."' Carmine Ink.
. mm! an. a"1 i .. . -K. a . t .
. . V -- r . I., . a tftflfln. 1 t
'-L j t a. '7 axl bucihta. r m by
",n' '" Stiurh.4
.mia.' aiibtw. Bowa.
lUwikrrchirra, tieota. Bilk I
aiutney Bow a, I
eau. Pe, n0.oin 'fiat Stud,
3T. SILK UMBRELLAS),
A r!rj Aaanrtmrnt Uara.' f
ClMiere, Straw and Pine Panama Hats. !
Th Larvrat aal Ut SriMte.1 Scnck af j
eatf Bo7 and Youths' Boots !
,r,',t rnt cur boots, ciitehs md shoes j
SW.''1 "1,rr rW-' .nt lmrh-r CiaUrra an.
tMutara, fienta.' Aaorte4 S-ln-r.
timtera, fienta.' Anrte4 lippr. I
CRT's nxK calf vhess doots: (
ALWATS 0l H AM P.
ly tZZ i ' P''t Krorea. art aiany atary artieiea 1
"-o-app.Mnttl I or nutting
iHW 5n, at Trice t Salt the Tlnrs. W
of F.t ami Meretuvnt I
tf. l.t. W4
ll mntwlg. Mtrrl, ;.
Aoi i fa:.
I" V t HIISI V I.- II. I Ti C lit k it ...
- 1 I
I-" I ". u4 tU UtiMcUwu
c. r. i-ru ntR.
.1 ., tl w ..,l h,!, r,yj , (o
I I I . . . ...
11UV.K.M.K I K.rrill.R.
CA5rLB COoK. lm.
NOTICE TO DEPOSITORS!
In the SivinH IlanL.
arr-twnt. Bmu. a rati tA lntrm t. .
AKtKitUKMU f li(rrl on inmilrMlkin
Thrr llorMtrl lH.IUra. rrtinip n tpwtt in
lUnk mi lb. r.rt d .y U Sr,xmtr nrt, will
llxonlBlo. May . 14.
II. M. WIItTXtT.
SALMON BELLIES IN KITS
i . "vtaimng om.v the
x W I ao.1 cIiowfM
- iHtna t.1 iW fi-li.
'..,Wby 1. Br.TL:TT.
- At tb ro,i;y Grur-rjr ant r.l rioca.
XtMr.ll l. M AUY A CM 1 1.
1't aa t-ti aw
9 w ttm cawe, itvrto I fcwbi.1 au
?Z 71?' "xwu-
XKW LOT or TIIOSK SKI.CCTKD
Bf rl r M-t. lUm dtj, May fkh.
ni:sT iiU3ii:oMT roTATons,
K--ci l t Unnv-y IDA llX
fnr aahr at Ih" lr.( nla ai
Jt las llll. rAMILV OHoCIRT AND ri:tDfTOUE.
TirnixtJ ir iikxck from this
H.J KinpiuaB.Uf. A.r.JL"lUaiUcti.
u uoiWr a !'.'rr
j of AMnritry.
I Ibifioiula, May . WA.
To hp Let 011 Ijene,
A Ifl Alil.K HMIDE.XrP, OX
lh c-rnrr nt llwl ai.l AUkra rrtv bavit. I0-Iy
,rn vat in tlmrnmrb nri-ai.-. au-t I -nwrly occuuiol by
Mr. J. O. Sa.IU.f. A i:y la
1 Ira J. T. WATKBIIoCSK.
tST OPKVEP. X SVVAW STRKKT,
Ofpaite Gro. HclmnV, a ti--rrrl Aortinrnl nf
Ladies' and Children's Boots and Shoes,
ii it v :onx. ci.otiiinc, dec,
full SALK I.V
CIS Cm JUS. PAVI3 CO.
A T THK STORE OF THK t XDKRSIC.V-
Good English Floor Oil Cloth,
3 Icrl. 6 Fnt, 9 Frl, ami 1 i Fcvt WiJr.
John tiii'?. WATKunorsi:.
fanstAntl; a Hand aa! Far Sale la Lut to Salt.
rVIIK l!M)l:Ral(.M:i INFORMS T II K
M. public Itiat b w prrpuml l (ur. il
Choice t id Well liried Koua CoCee!
IIarit.y thm asrncy of the fullnii. rtira in Kfiiat
W.n. Nitii o At tRBrrr, K-wpoka.
II. 3. l.niwrLI.. .lli r.una.
V. olosTuaaaT, Kailoa.
tiZ ly A. S. CLF.OriORX.
lt 3Iedfrate Prlcf. bj j:
1THEOD. C. HCUCrC,::
coum:r of : :
Fort nuiI Jlercbunt Streets. ::
O.'l J4XUJRY. ISii. 3m ;
nice! Rice! Ilice!
! 'O. t IIOMK 1'OI.MIF.O KICK. AXO
11 . i l'i'U U1CU.
AIO.MI 4r ACllfCK.
rPVII K rMIKRtlU Kl I XTKXIW TO tFAVK
B ir.. Ktn.-B. ami dur.mc kia -.-im- Mr. CIIAKL&S
' C'lCKi n, w
sain. Nui, vol act a t rri.t.
For Snlc C lien p.
K At:CO.lll.M I'UTFORM FPALK,
I.W C3Mtfiiy. losair.nf i. BAKTLI.TT,
a.-i In r.miljr lirt; al r4
TIIKKCOlt l.flT li:-I.OV KM.
(-VnIVIA lllK. -a A4u. L.nr. I l.rr. ara three ;
-1.4a,ml l uttaic' o the sruun.1. Trn i iy- I '---J
t,rt.i.nrur aay tm Uitfl al '. V. W I LLI V ViS, I alMi.rt Maarr
IV TIIK IATTKK"o"r TMK K-iTATR OF
ll'r U K"jal li.tfhnna V"trira K. Kliufuaoo. ilrcraar.
i. hrrbr utra b thr an l'ri:iil, o uimtni.
I.mlmr rJ iho .h.,W. MOM Vlal. I U lT.IH By in "
mat a any of th rai pr(-ty to -ta-f. I-y
Ira or Vn 'w. al ifi.lt'l I'rr. t-. ur aay hrrrafu-r
arClHTMr i.-ul' lo l.li rW(MII .r nb li.l.-elri-.
trt.l all payiwnt. roa-t U- ! lb awlnwanl.abult
i wlwriml ami run.. rl to freive an.1 cll th
oJ rroopt XhrtrU. All pra-oa are frt.i.M-n in any
wniurr lo lrr.r. aj.r ia any In rS-r- .th. or e-
any elrj ' BitaK'Birut t ol r.wr. or any part we
fnt Alminitratr 4 ttatecf T. K. Kaahoifana.
tloonlalii. Mr. h !-
EX m:i ItOHIiRT K)VA,
Pq u ics or tiiom:
f ROM VICTORI A.
And no more at any Price Call Quick.
FOC SILK BY
CJIAI.I. SMOKKO IMM" A M UACO.V.
s. kl fociara. Cream ( !.
Mararfl, T"rru. ai-I Soi i.
CV ar Uke CL--,
Vo rniicflli. 'laccaroni Taste, .
- . . mmr ar r aT
nxK. ovvri:u imc-xu; -
ytuln an.1 Wi.-T Crackrra.
Jenny LinJ Cakrt.
ft. SAf I1KIC
Tor aat hf
AU:i, CORX. flltCKF.Il cou.v.
jTOTICR is HKKHin ti I V V. V.T II T A I.I.
on orpn.it fa ir-a Id r?,f,i,,i H-nk. crm.
9VkaV Itita ar- -t a a. a. l . -a a. m - ....
' rn.fi I'll ir jl Mi mil
SATt'KH.l T. .V.4 Y '21.
SAN FRANCISCO OURESPONDEKCH
rum. "iiuct uiiii.ii."
Sajj Fmam wo, May ftth. 1m-s.
j The trial if Andrew ..-umii oii.ii.cn. ' ou the
I 'r M-: : . iu : f. .atier dis-
, t.tiguirhing L'lUl.-..l: u mn H..- I a'.ag SJ -.V..
liiC U-9titliHlir Wan a la ' a, 1 tl.Xt iMt'i :' l.i-l
Leutwell. of tlx-
, - v. ' a a . ft . 4.
fH.t'cli, Bustniutug the articles of iiiiiucluuriit, .n
t the lT.il, an.l the arpimcnts luive contiouol fr.uj Jay
to U.ij until the present time. A fir Mr. lioutwvll,
Ju-le XeLion nl Mr. 5rooihec (the latter only
. actively fiigatnp ir: die coutect upon the il!m-s mi l
I cousojucki retireuieut of Mr. StanLery,) follow el in
i Uhalf of the lWfknL Aftrr which Mr. ThaJ.
I Steven.' atttrllltittl to mionV nail t.i mI a.l Mf
! ... i - ....
j liauis Tor the tuanagerii, a-Mresseil the S'nate at
U-ngth, reviewing the I'resi.lent' entire career, in
I p-J glowing eneouiiunisofl'freilliy Messrs Nelson
. atil Groesbeek. Mr. Kvartn, of the defence, followed.
; ' long and studied eHort, cousuuiing two days iu
j delivery. Mr. Stanbery, although weak and ex
i hautel I-y ilineM, close. 1 the arguments for the Pres
ident ami there the matter rests. Hither Mr. P.ing-
ham or Mr. Wilson, or both, will close for the prose-
cution. and prolably by the 7th or bth, the result of
the trial will he
' " AUUMU, l.ilf-3 1 1IC l'UniUlB U..lifS
f UfMn devotintr Ivu or Ihrva il:iv tn m.niilt.f u.n TIia
Ir ...1. . .1 ..-.. .1... l
unfortunate aceideut to the telegraph prevents com
inuiiicition, and the auspeuse is joinful. Speculation
uj-on the result is rife, the majority believing comic
tun probable, though it is by no means certain.
Tbe Deniaeratle Mate fantratloo.
The dilcg-iti-s chosen at recent elections throughout
the Stte, met iu this city on the ?.'th of April, and
organized the IeiiKcratic State C'omtutiou. Hon.
W'm. Ilolden, Lieutenant Governor of California, was
icfuen President victory for the chivalry wing of
the party, as Mr. Holdi-n is a simon-pure secessionist
lelcgatcs to the National Convention, Presidential
electors, candidates for the House of llepresentatives,
ami a Sia'e Committee, were appointed, and, geuer-
ally speaking, outspoken sceesioiiisls or well-known
copperhejwls selected, llie Union wing of the party
was decidedly in the minority, and ccnicllcd to take
back seats ; for only one honest war-democrat was
favored with a positioii, while not less than fifteen
seccsaiobirt were called upon to represeut the party
before the people, ami the other appointments were
filled by persons without any test record whatever.
The usual anti-Chinese and negro restitutions were
j adoptcL (Vutrary to gvne
j vent ion did not recomnicui
I pitionon tlie Presidential I
cral expectation the Con-
d tiovcrnor Haight for a
' pit.u on tlie Presidential ticket, but favored Oeorge
j II. Pendleton, for whom the vote of the California
delegation will, in all probability, be cast. Governor
Ilaight'a record speaks too well concerning his integ
rity to the Union, and possibly his attendance at the
" Chinese It.tiiiUet " injured his prosjiects. The
proceedings at the Convention were characterized by
disorder and confusion, so much so that the party
cannot hope to increise in strength, for the impres
sion created was anything but favorable, and the
" conservative mosses who acted with the Demo
crats at the Up t election, will repudiate the propriety
of entrusting elements so discordant with the reins of
A teantrr for White 3Ien.
Verily the Democratic leaders, who audaciously
aspire to positions of honor and of trust, have reason
to be proud of their constituency ! A communication
appears in the Morning Cull of the ?2d of April, in
which Governor Haigbtand Mayor McCoppiu, Demo
crats, are solemnly warned, if they value their repu
tations and prospects not to participate with leading
citizens in tendering a banquet to the Hon. Anson
Carlintrame and the Chinese Embassy for ' the
! rwwtr.la an tlinrit ti vel rpsIstPil t bite elections the
ilea of harmonizing in any j-ossible way with China
meu, and successfully demonstrated that this is a
white man's country ! We might look upon the
matter as a good joke, if these ideas were promul
gated by a Republicans newspaper, but as they appear
in the columns of the most widely circulated and
ablest Democratic Journal on this side of the Rocky
Mountains, they must certainly be regarded as the
sentiments ci the democratic mosses, wbo are too
ignorant to know that the subjects of thes-J venomous
remarks represent one of the powerful nations of the
enrtb. and will be therefore graciously received at
every Court in Europe. Upon such absurd issues,
and with outrageous sophistries are Democratic cam
paigns conducted, and through prejudice and igno
rance arc victories accomplished.
Tiie .Vitisnal Urpuilican (oatentleo.
This orgmuation, composed of delegates chosen in
every State, the number iu proportion to the popu
lation thereof, will meet at Chicago on the '2Kh of
May. A National Platform, or statement of princi
ples, will be formed, aud candidates for the Presi
dency and Vice Presidency nominatch That Gen.
Graut will be the uuanimous choice of the Convention
for the first j-ositiou at the hands of the cople, is
beyond the pcradventure of a doubt, and his uomiua-
tioa by acclamation is anticipated. The candidates
j for the Vice Presidency arc numerous nearly every
utc presenting a favorite statesman. From the
fact that Gen. Grant represents the Great West, the
selection of an Eastern man for the second pition is
t.robaUe in which cine the claims o?Gov. Feu ton of
New York, cx-Gov. Curtin of Pennsylvania, and
lion. II lumbal Hamlin of Maine, will Le urge. I. llie
elevatiou of isi-nalor Wade to tlie Presidency will
vastly improve his chances, because the Executive
control of public oQk-ers aud Government agents is
The (IdBfse EiaoAvty.
The Hon. Anson Rurlinganic and associate Ambas
sadors were the recipients of the honor of au elegant
ban.piet at the Lick House, upon the evening of the
"th of ApriL -Gov. Haight, notwithstanding the
indignant protestations of his constituents, consented
to preside, and filled the .usiiiou with dignity and
gTsce. Some three hundred gentlemen subscribed
and atteuded, a large proportion of them leading
citizens of this place. The affair was highly credit
able, and must have been duly appreciate! by the
J Embassy. Mr. lturlingame was loudly applauded
' upon rising, and his speech caused great satisfaction.
The Chinamen watched every phase of the proceed
ings with interest, partaking freely of the viands.
All were dressed with marked elegance. By the
steamer of April .'JOth the Embassy departed for New
York and Washington.
Tlie theatres are very attractive. At the MetroT
politnn Mrs. D. P. Rowers, an unusually fine actress,
comparing favorably with Ristori in many roU$, is
j-crforming. At Mguire's the Webb sisters succeed
Mr. Harrctt. The new theatre, the Alhambra, will
open iu a few diys with a niiiistrcl company. A fine
! circus is now in town. Module. Pai-epa-Ib. (for
whom preparations are iKring mane, lor nouimg is
ub-roa,y will ,-rrivc in June and give a series of
concerts. It U reported that the Rirch Minstrels will
alo sjK?n 1 the summer here.
Gen. McCook and Mr. C. 1- Hitchcock (Hawaiian
Consul) were guests at the Chiuesc banmiet on the
Ry the f7rar Darling, Mr. C. A Castle returns
The nxt steamer fr Japan and China will sail on
The widening of Kearucy street is nearly con-
. i l.l 1. ? u dwn fr...i.l av.mii
. . rr i . ..i. i i i:
Stocks have suffered a tu-irke-1 decline, an'l are
rpiiet even at low prices. ;
It U now reported that the Pennco'a will not visit j
Honolulu. The Hulirtin states that Rear Admiral j
Thitcher will be rclic-.cl uii the fir-1 .f .ugi-t, j
l.'VHMri" nw kti-I th--itit t-uilliiij; ill I'ttiifinui
ttm t i fnipln-l. It -lj!i t!n in Mnvli .i.t."
llxvh iup' X.n.l Iin, uii t i. a Uf.i" t!i
ii j ilUr -t.li.r.
Tlr 'ii.iiti .f tJ.f I.K k 1 1. -u im it j-tir!. 1 I.v
mn alv rt'wtiM'iit t-f thr tl-. n .j.ril "(!. i.
tirc furniture, Vo., t.f t!u h iu. Thf hu.i !
Ueiv uiii!jI- to c uij.r. in;' a -.t .f rrtt with
the jiruj.rirtur, Mr. I.irk. .ftr t-f
eiihe the matter wm wttletl, au I the j rwnt Iv.xuv
r-Min in the hotel.
''ce t'hurvh vii ciiifcrate-I with imposing r-n
lii n: -s ujoii the 4th f M:ir, Ut IU-v. Win. Injrrx
L:uu Kip ofiicUtin. The itiriety is now iut uf J:ht.
The iMti'r without a hel. that was eihibltea
I here for Kme wet-kf, a rvjort-l deJ. It
chopping off the heiic just eiiOii;;)i bruin was left to
keep the animal alive, and food was administered
uu a puou ai However, uic oir.i g ive up me
ghtt It is :.d the hcaJkss Liid would oct:iaioii-
ally crow! Doubtful
It is currently reiw.rti-I that a why.i..1 stumor win
be placed ujion the Honolulu route nhortly. The in
tervals letween the departure of the steamers will le
only 1) days. Mr. llolladay, who has visitcil the
Islands for information upon the subject, is under
stood to have reported favorably.
The bark t'omtt is just in 21 days' passage,
bringing us the startling news of another grand
eruption on Hawaii. In the absence of our usual
j telegraphic summary, the advices from your Islands
I foriu Hie chief topic of conversation.
S Irn ui I'amiuuniralloat
IIoNou Lt , May '22, lSt!.
Mr. Kditor : .n the Legislative AssrnJiIr has
eonsidereil the subject of tiie proposetl steamer
sulisidy (the preiloiuinant topic for weeks ast in j and producers ou theso Islands,
all our c ircles) of sufiVient iuit-rUuwc not to re- ! lJ hc frwiuoiuy of regular arrivals
. . , , r i i i "d deimrture of steamerss eretites liveliness of
ji-et it upon ti e re.rt of its committee, but has , tR(lc fJr the luerc!tantt,f anJ lulTeiia lar?er amount
ordend tlie diseurfMuii of the fjuestion for Tuesday j ,f prolit in their hands, is not the inevitable eon-ni-xt,
I wish to make a few remarks on tl.-c nrgu- j scuuence that imiiortations will be furnished
ments smeii in tlie ii.mmittee nixirt as reasons
why.the sultsidy should not le paid.
iVfore rnteiiug, however, upn the report, I
notice that not all the arguments urged um
, llllIlliltpe i faVur ,,f the subsidy have reieive.
mention in tln-ir rejiort ; still they were consid
ered of great iiiijx.rtniicc by tln-c who advanced
them, w ho were inerelutnts well verscl in thohiws
.f commerce, and intimately allied with the inter
ests of tltcse Islanihi. It Lh desirable that such
neglected nnruments should le ag-.nn drawn b the
light and m-eive a fair etuisideration.
lt lias cen argued before the committee that
tins interests of the w haling fleet, recruiting here,
must Ikj WncGtrd byn regular and frei'ntcnt stetnu
communication with the great umney and provision
market of San Fianeiseo, and with the terminus
of the overland telegraph. Famine prices for flour,
bread and other kind 4 of provisions, which we
liuvo seen here maintained for short peri'ids almost
every y ear once or twice, can then no longer ex
ist, and exorbitant rates for money will never bo
iid again by the whalers. These senn ities of
certain kind. of provisions: will always recur here,
till we are brought in closer communication with
a largo market. It is impossible to avoid them,
as the extent of the demand for provisions, ns well
as for money, can be calculated but very vaguely
before the demand comcri actually into our mar
ket, requiring it supplies within forty days. It
is highly detrimental to the reputation of our Isl
ands, as ports of supplies for the whaleships, if
ever they liavc to in gold $14 for flour, 8
cents jicr Hjund for bread, y cents per gallon for
oil casks, 4 cents jicr jMiund for jiotatoes, and 5 to
10 per cent, premium for money. Instances of the
existence of such high prices should never happen,
and can hardly ever recur when we are closer eoii
neeted w ith San Francisco. Then again, owners
of w lialcshij must prefer to have their vcshcIh re
cruit in a rt where the captains arc within
44 hailing distance." Sail Francisco ban ofTered a
great advantage in that resject over our port,
which will be much smaller when through a reg
ular steamer line aud tho overlaud telegraph,
the captain can liavc bis owner's advices thirty
days from the time he reports from here his sea
son's luck and further plans.
To w hat 44 undesirable complications: " a con
tract of this (lovcrnment with a Steamship Coui
wny ulready under contract to a foreign govern
ment can liossibly lead, is not easily compre
hended ; but the advantages to which such a con
tract of our own must lead have been presented
to the committee in the following manner, though
they were imt mentioned in their report : If this
t Jovei nni-nt grants a subsidy to the Steamship
Company, and makes a contract, they can bind
them to run regularly and at rates not exi-eotling
stipulation" for two years to omc. Tlie public
would then lc ipiite secured against any extor
tions on the sirt of the Com piny, or neglects of
tlicir requirements and conveniences. This was
so much dreaded and considered an unsurmoun ta
ble oltstaele WJoro it was suggested by the Steam
ship Coiupiny's Agent, that a limitation of
freight and pissage money could be made by tho
Far from creating undi'sirable complications,
the grant ofa m derate subsidy on our j art would
!c regarded bv the I'nited States as an honorable
endeavor to meet, in an appreciative spirit, their
friendly intentions, and prove our desire to obtain
more p-rfi-ctly the object of their subsidized
steamer line, l. e., the further development of the
resources of these I .-land-', f r the benefit of Cali
fornia as well as of our ow n.
It lias Imi-ii shown by the Minister of Finance
that the piymeiit of this subsidy of 0,000 for
two years need not weigh heavily on the tax imy
crs. (loveniment !oiids to that amount could be
readily negotiated, interest at the rate of fj
ier cent., and sl,KM) per annum towards a sink
ing fund would amount to only about 5,000
p-r annum, which would be easily realized out of
the increased revenue from increased trade. Is
then the additional accommodation and advantage
offered by two steamers over one, not worth this
small contribution on our pirt?
The United States (lovcrnment has offered us
the advantages of ten stnnier trips a year for ten
years to come, nt n cost to themselves of .7"0,OmO
in currency. It h;us ben universally said here
that one steamer offered very little if any advan
tage over our firmer sail communication with San
Franei-iciv. It lies in our )iower now to sve-ure the
completion of this steamer line by paying $50,000,
thereby insuring not only ccrtiiii and regular
steam "communication with San Francisco every
three weeks for two years, but most probably for
all the future.
The staple produce of our Islands, it is true, can
not le sufficiently 1ctiet;.ted by steam conveyance
to fear great additional charge in the way of
freight ; but there will he no rise in the rates of
freight, if the contemplated limitations are placed
in the contract to lie made w ith the Steamer Com
pmy. Whatever lienetit steamer conveyance may
bring to jilantcrs, it brings iinincundH-rcd. That
liMu-ht lies not only in saving of interest and
insurance premiums, but more in the fact that
consumer or dealers in our pr-alm-e will le
brought to our very dvirs to purcliase here what
so fir we were obliged to carry to their market in
search of purchasers.
lv a cl-K-4-r examination ot tacts it would have
Ikvh f mnd that out of five luinlx-r vessels coming !
l llll' fcJI 1, U'l ilJi'llr IU. ill 'U-- iitia f.'iiiiii-.-v i& i
a-l .. .a ! I- k 1 1 I k til .ttlu'l ft tl I ! llHVITI'T IS- '.
a al!. - .-.A. . a ... . .. ...n-i.-k I . . . . .1 .a
. aa - w m-rm a mie a.-.. a ax i-a,.. a a - a i
tiime.1 either in Uilhist to the mills, or t .k i-argi ,
for Portland or Victoria. Consiuently the prk-.-s
riii mi .i .ii "'.i .
of lumVr here will not Ik afleetol by the nitro-
diiett.ui of steamers instead of sailing pttekets.
... , . . .. , i
e are n.it pretiaretl to believi and to tu knowl
tj ,jiat ajj t(ie a,jVantages of thi steamer line
would lK. on the A
m.-rh-an side, and that their
therefore to hear the whole
burden f tlie subsidy. Wc feel coufdenee in our ,
u r .-i. ! i.i i i r I ! ' i i
v ".-.. v V, ,. 1 J v : t i"..f , x
in .. ii mi. . i.ft niif tinit. prlii'i mm
J -"iiiiiirr.h-r", uii i a-Iiiiirt j l.v tli . who f.-.ir
, in ro i'lMmatt .i.iiinmi'Hti -ii n.i ! in : . .n iili
c.i r li-; j'tUir mi t !' '"lit ir ill . ' . uu i , ; ireu '
i yum ih- tii rti'-r'' f lit- lirtnn.
I r.u ir -..il in. l.i--. t. nrr arii. '.i- -.irrn-i
' fi'i'iii ir.! n uliii !. Whv? 1.iiij t:i v
.ii. ii.'t nil v l . li.r tl.f ln-iii fit ! -'l iini mr
, ii;igi'. Hut ti.i 11 t i y rt liiw mu!i uU.ut.i- if,
t. ii. !i r 4-viliur i in i.iii-i.iiii i'i-, thi-y wrf i!ti-i
v itli nit iin ri-.iM-vl ii.t ? i:l..ir, unl
lu.iy it'l I, f.ru.i.ato liM-uiu-t.uio. ari -ut if liw
, t'li'ii-t 1 y tl.f ('iniiiy of tin Mil-iiy, vl.i-ii,
! il.-l i-r tin- -.irryin ";jii ity nf .i h hiiuiut
i r ilit.rii trijv, will iiiin in it to J !l.irs j r
! t ii, in i-a.M- ll.iwnii.m ( inVi-nunt iit a.1-1- u
Mii:tll rulily t' tin' I;iri;- mu.i.uit j.ii.l ly tlio
I'ltiiol Siati-s. In ;nlvlitii4i t p-ttin Mijr.ir ;nJ
in. !ai-i-t -jirriJ ly tlalli nt us low u jfii-o as
Killing jcu ki-ts uhtniiuil 1m"H t-x of them were
n this route, we would enj.iy many other hene
tits. for which tulMly r-h ull he jsiul.
i How " with the best rare on this isirt of the
tney i-IiouM ollvr only eijiial lacilities
, f..r the fruit trude, when the .nerae of neamor
I tnj irt thirtoeii tuiys, that of tsalin vesx-Ls
: twenty-two days, I cannot conceive. If fruit ex-
jrtatiins have fallen oil' materially for the liu-t
lew yean-, there is iu reason why they should not
rapidly increase, and tlieir value 8iKn lie over
jj.10.odO pxr annum to the producer. Kvery land
holder, bt his jiostiossion ever so tniall, can. raise
oranges, I ananas, jine apples, limes, &c.,and the
jir.oluction must increase when regular steamers
curry fruit ijuii kly anl carefully to San Francisco.
No demand for tJiis steamer subsidy t!ioi:ld bo
made if it could not heKitislied w ithout in.wvlinj
tlie iiiueli untied improvement of roads on the Isl-
j ii ii. Is; lint when it is in the jiower of this CJovern
luent to lm-ot Inith thefrc netvet.itiea, neither should
AVe w ish this additional inducement of a regular
toamcr line to attract travel to these Islands.
They w ill lieeome better known ; visitorson plca
ure and recreation trijm will spend money here.
aiul ilunn their stay will increase the number ot
i consumers-, a benelit to importers, manufacturers
. e11c-.4K.-r i.i im commuiuij - ui mrge ; lusnoncu-
tioiis g-.iiu at all. If a merchant retains now sav
five d.iilars fnun every hundnnl that liasses through
his hands, and lcreaftcr when tmdo bcumies more
lively, two liuislred dollars tis8 through bis hands,
I leaving bim ten dollars, will not eomiietitiiin find
Its way to that lucrative business and force him
to reduce his percentage, may le to two and a
half, Ireiicfiting thereby the consumer? In short,
the IkmicIU of enlivened trade and regular commu
nication with San Francisco must Imj and w ill be :
reduced cost of importations to the consumers,
and enhanced value of cxprtations to the pro
duivrs benefits to be enioved bv the community
We are aware that there are many interests
which, in self-defence, naturally oppose the
change exjiected from a closer communication of
our Islands with the rapidly growing city of San
Francisco. Hut we do not think that there is
goxl ground to fear that merchants here will be
come so dependent upm their San Francisco cor
respuideiits as t.) lose the consciousness of inde
endcnt reciprocity, upm which all commercial
relations should be babed. At all events, the
merchant's interests should always bo considered
secondary lo that of tlie producing and consum
ing classes, for w hom he is only the intermedia
tor. They w ill be benefitted and better served if
tho propiscd contract is made by this (lovcrn
ment, and for that reason do wc advocate the
grant of this moderate subsidy. D.
Hoxolclc, May 22d, 1SGS. "
To the EiJUor of the Pacific Commercial AJcertls-r:
Fir : I have carefully read the Report of the Com
mittee on Commerce on the Inter-island and Ocean
Subsidy questions, and although I am sure that the
names of tlie gentlemen composing it are a sufficient
guarantee that it is a conscientious and carefully
drawu up document, and we know they have with
great patience listened to an immenseuantity of con
tradictory views that were freely tendered to them,
yet there arc one or two points in it couoected with
the proposed ooeau steamer subsidy, which I think
that on reconsideration they might be induced to
I regret that they did not sec fit to give the Leg
islature some idea of the nature of the 44 undesirable
complications" to which they seemed to think the
proposed contract with the steam company might
I have in another place endeavored to show why
sugar and molasses arc not carried by steam from the
West ladies and the Mauritius, and that circumstan
ces enable us to get our 44 slow freight" carried aa
44 fast freight" at 44 slow freight" rates. I would
only here remark that what the Committee call 44 the
ordinary laws of ocean transportation" as to what
kind tf freight is to be 4 naturally" carried by sail
rather than by steam, seem to be very mutable and
rapidly changing laws. Do we not see all over the
world that the kinds of freight ordinarily carried by
sail one year come to bo commonly carried by steam
the next? Flour is now being regularly carried by
steam from San Francisco to New York via the Isth
mus of Panama, a thing unheard of until the Inst
year or two. Screw steamers have lately been subsi
dized to run with freight and passengers between
Liverpool, Chile and Peru via the Straits of Magellan,
a distance of 10,000 miles ! In fine, steam is so rap
'dly stretching its capabilities that it tin catens within
this generation to abolish sailing vessels in toto !
J What a melancholy prospect for us poor Hawaiians,
whose prosperty, according to some of our friends on
the beach, is so very dependent upon them.
The Committee refers to an anticipated loss 44 some-
t-here" by the steamers taking the back sugar freights
from the lumber vessels, or losing it themselves.
This shows a careful attention to details ; but as it
seems very like one of those cases where the loss
would be divided between them, to our advantage,
and the only bad result to be expected being that the
steam company might at the end of two years ask for
more subsidy, which we arc not obliged to grant, I
think that under the circumstances we might just
risk it, and let the loss fall where it may.
I am inclined to agree with the Committee that the
value of the expected fruit trade has been overesti
mated, although it is very difficult to say to what ex
tent steam might improve it, but I confess I am stag
gered when they say, 44 In point of fact sailing ves
sels aud steamers present about equal facilities for
carrying any kind of fruit, even with the best care
on the part of the steamers." What! with a cer
tainty of 13 days by the steam against an average of
22 days by sail and a chance of 30 days, are the fa
cilities equal for carrying any kind of fruit "even
with the best care on the part of the steamers .'" Sure
ly there is some serious mistake as to the bearing of
the evidence here, or misstatements or overstatements
from some of the witnesses, or. do the Committee
merely mean that the facilities are equal assuming
equal times of passage ? if so, this must be granteiL
The arguments showing that the profits of the Hono
lulu merchants really depend upon increasing and
stimulating the products of the soil, are quite con
vincing, and indeed unanswerable. I only regret that
all our merchants do not show a more lively faith in
If. as the Committee say, any one in favor of the
subsidy iirged upon them that as the merchants paid
most of the taxes, meaning the duties on imports, that
the cost of the suppirt of steam would therefore
mainly fall upon them, I must admit that these rea
soners were merely 44 trying on " one of those clap
trap arguments to gain the native votes, with which
those opposed to the subsidy have so far been tolera
bly successful. It is satisfactory to find that the Com
mittee have discovered that the consumer almost in
variably really pays the import duty, and it is to be
hoped that our Legislature will always bear this in
mind in future discussions on these matters.
The Committee are on firm ground when they point
to the many improvements that are required in m-
- . , . .
... Vm......c..v.o, .
Prfcce of prov.d.ng them; but they are merely
44 creating a diversion" when they bring them np as
........ ..vc;.i.. T uf vl ? iu.
J .H 1 1 C t BUUPlU.i A. ........ 1- wa ..v " .u.uva ......
to attempt anything adequate to the rccjuirements of
the various islands from Ilawait to Kauai would re
quire nearer SV,0O than $o0,0.. It is fr the
Legislature to consider then whether the S 30,000
spent in giving the whole group a complete steam
coiiimunication with San Francisco, would I not return
.". "l I f
V t'. 11- :l!!
ti. Ill 1 V
I a . , ; .ft.v e. ... . .. u . t . ,w,.f...
.(.niiiltu: Kill on Uaaai. and tl.e remainder on
Mo'tLai. l. umi, t.c The amount w.'ul I not i.tuUe a
, ei y j. t.-.-l fhoar on ii.tcttial iiuTiroveiu.-nts over lL
li' i- i-.m. Ii. There is i'j:,l at once (half the
! H ii. 'ii t ol' llii sutwidv) now .i.kl for a little bstan.tr
I oi' I.M-..I i..nn Ibe 1'ah on Otl.u alone, und hi.-h
! aotiM in!'ii!v U-i.etit the pvpV of Kooltu. And 1-e
j it Iciiu-uil-crv 1 that cu.li improvement f tli'a naturi'
his m H'v ti!v a local effect These iuu rovemeiiis
' are all iciy g. l in their way. and it may U-ciiir a M,.anvsM now: plying between Houolulu and Sat
oiiodcii win liicr it would net be pi! p.bcy t.r litis yr1Kll ." x
cuntrv to borrow $ooO,oo, or whatever sum ni.iv j r"'-l"t,-
i U considered necessary for internal impn-vementi ! Ia oVI em- to onr inMi-uetiows, we have cousidercI
' No eoimtry ever had to regtct liorri'vilng 1iK.1-.e3- judi- j the testimony laid dowu lefcirc ns fr;ii all aide, ami
cioiisly spent iu iutcriud iuipix vcnieiits ; it is debts ' leave to iTport as follows :
for war and other uurnHluctive expeuditurn that are ! , A ,0 uacr.isllUia stC:uu n!4TitioflwefM..I tUf
so riiinou'. I venture to think, therefore, K.r all the . . . ,
, aN-ve re is. -ii?, that the necessity for these improve- i 'ii rc " ln existence the I.itcr-isUad Mtw vavig:
i ments need m t, and ought not to interfere w ith tlie i lion Company, who own and run the eteafijer k'llaaea.
j questioii of establishing at once steam communication , This Com nan v has been in existence about 8- rears'
:.l. . . l- . ? v 1. . . . . 1 : -
"ai.ci.-s-o. nat luwrnai ...proveiiicius
n iu 11 preveui : .oi one. vu tue contrary, any outs
who really wants internal improvements cannot do
belter than vote fc.r the subsidy, for a frequent, rapid
and regular steam communication with S.ui Frauciseo
will be just the very thing of all others that will
almost force them upon the people and on the Gov
ernment When the drivers f this vehicle get their
new team hitched on, they hate pot to go the -nice
there can lie no stop or hold on them.
I have sufficient confidence in tlie meniliers of the
Committee of Commerce to believe that if on any of
the more important pints of the report they may con
sider that any facts may have been misapprehended,
or that a niflerent view of the bearing of those facts
may be the right one, that they may perhaps nsk
leave so to amend their report as to leave au opening
for further inquiry. A. Z.
P. S I would take this opportunity of calling
attention to the reasoning of those g.-nt'emeti who.
with an appearane- ff precision la their figures.
- .. .. . . . .... .
It is pieten.le.1 that wita the f learner every
the steamer succHding ; for tho average passage
being 22 days, they could not expect to arrive be
fore her. Now I find that ot S2 sailinir departures
in 167, six pair sailed either on the same day or
within two days of eneh other. Thus you have to
deduct 10 3.5. or say one-third, of the departures,
then take one-filth of the balance, to reduce the 24
departures to efficient departures. One-third from
24 leaves 16. and one-fifth from IB we will say
leaves 13 efficient departures of sailing vessels in a
year. That is to say we have 13 departures that
will take 22 days to rrake the passage on the aver
age, atrainst eight departures of the steamer that
will take 13 days the sailing vessel departures
having no pretension to regularity, and not enabling
any one to calculate or to connect What kind of
a substitute is this? I assert therefore that the de.
parturc of 24 sailing vessels a rear is no substitute
whatever for a steamer every 21 days instead of 3T
days, and that a steamer, every ten days -would en
tirely nullify the advantage of any number of in
termediate sailing vessels. In other words, no
number of sailing departures are any substitute
whatever for steamers at the proper interval.
Reply to -A.Z. In tbe Gazelle of May 20ih.
Mb. Euitob : It is hardly ever necessary or wise
to pay for the 44 natural and inevitable." To pre
pare for it, and be ready is wise, but not always to
hattcn its consummation. That the natural and in
evitable commercial and political dependency of these
Islands upon the United States docs not alarm A. Z.
or myself, is perhaps because to some extent we
should be favored by such a consummation, . and if
our interests alone were to be eonsidereil, we would
regard it with but little concern. It was not aK
luded to in my communication of lost week as a sub
ject of alarm to us, but as something to be seriously
considered by those who were to regard other inter
ests as well as the commercial interests of the Islands.
It was alluded to as inevitable, but not to be rashly
hastened. When our trade is entirely with San
Francisco, and not direct with the great markets of
the world, it is evident that to San Francisco will ac
crue handsome profits, commissions, charges, &c,
which we shall pay. Of course to those in trade this
is of but little moment, as they expect to adapt them
selves to circumstances ; but to tlie national welfare
it is an important consideration.
On the question of what will make up to the
steamers the loss of subsidy when the time expires.
A. Z. seems to have based his figures upon the whole
eighteen trips, while it must be remembered that this
subsidy is only to provide for eight And if the cal
culation is right that they can reasonably look for
such an increase of trade, it is certainly unreasona
ble to demand a subsidy in addition.
Docs A. Z. suppose for an instant that planters
could get a fraction of a cent per hundred pounds
more on new contracts with two steamers than with
one ? When the last contracts were made we based
our figures upon five dollars per ton freight. Ry
steam it would be six or eight dollars.
If, as A. Z. says, there would be no advantage in
shipping by an intermediate vessel, he proves how
likely we should be to have an opiosition vessel put
on at any time.
Who presumes that the United States Government
had iu view the cheapening of our rates of freight in
establishing this line? The objects of thc United
States Government are plain, and we have no need
to supplement the provision which it has made for its
purposes. by snouu we not reap tue ucnent ot it
without any payment whatever?
Mr. A Z. lays down as a principle that steam pre
vents scarcity and high prices, and thus reduces the
cost to the consumer. And yet he expects steam to
operate exactly the reverse La our favor by creating
high prices and increasing the cost of our products
to the consumer. 44 To buy in the cheapest and sell
in the dearest market" is the first principle of the
44 wealth of nations." Thus we are asked to expend
all our efforts in confining ourselves to do both in a
How steam is going to bring labor from a place
offering such attractions as A Z., with Ruskinian
power and enthusiasm, paints, we cannot divine. If
it be true that California presents such attractions
for immigration, the Hawaii conch shell, even with
the Idaho'' t steam whistle as an accompaniment, will
be blown in vain. Thc worst of it is for those in fa
vor of steam subsidy that it is true.
We have capital erfough in the country now for our
wants, if we could only find its holders confidence.
Our cose differs from the financial crisis in England
in that, in England, it was largely produced by a
lack of confidence in the honesty in many of the
schemes for investment oSered to the public. Here,
it arises from the fact that failures have been occa
sioned by overstocked markets, and capitalists can
easily see that a small increase in our production
would lead to the same result again.
We have capital enough to carry on all the pro
duction that is now safe and profitable. Our ma
chinery, though not yet brought to the perfection it
might be, is fully equal if not better than that of
Manila, Central America and Peru. Our drawbacks
arc the cost of labor (none of the imported is cheaper
than the native,) and the higher cost of maintaining
laborers here than in those countries.
If it is not too soon to prepare for the wave of emi
gration which A. Z. expects to reach our shores,
surely in what better way could it be done than in a
system of public impi-ovemeuts, by which our lands
would be available ?
In this discussion many reason as though upon
this subsidy hinged thc whole question of steam com
munication with San Francisco. We must remember
that it is not so that the Unite! States Government
have initiated this matter, and will see that it is
carried out If the addition of attuther vessel will
pro-luce the results well predicted by A. Z., it is
plaiuly for the interest of the Company to put on
such a vessel, and there is no doubt it will be done
I only regret that circumstances prevent as careful !
a reply as the article cf A Z deserves. If his enthu-j
siasnilcads him to color highly the picture he draws, i
it is nevertheless as elaborate and thoughtful an ex- j
p.sition as we could have of that side of the question,
which must be based entirely upon imaginary re
If. A. P. C.
urge llie "jrequencj ol I :i. trips 01 sailing v esseis j sull;iklv lu addition to prevk-us Umnties. Your Com
between the U5-lay Uips of tne steamer as taeibtat- niitlcc docs nol tii to see some justice in the claimsof
ing communication with San rraucisco as much or ! ,hesc ctliistors but is however couvinced that tha
even more than by a steamer every twenty-one U.IllH)Uers COIltiue to prosper as well as hereto
days instead of every thirty-nve days. I , if the gte.UIK,r reotives the rronied subsidy.
uavs. c r,.o... ..... ...o.c- .u.o. ..... ....... 1 a coiiveuicnec to the King's Government an t to the
partnrea per month or 24 per an.mm. Lut we , M,c m, aihl thcref Uki ng into aoeouat
have lirst to reduce these to ePacient departure-, h f ic, u t ownoJ in thc couatr? and j Cam
for it is m gam to have two of them s-ulmg on km ftnd that lhe blltiU
the same day or within a .lay of each other We thfeountry has airea.ly for yeai-s been carried
must further deduct all those sailing depnrtnres ; J fa rf d
which micht come within ten days of the sailing of , , . . , f. . -;',, .,
I.a.-M .1.1 n -.k ni- V i- r i a 1 1 ' 1 n rr V 1
I.i i.il if tiie t ' ii in l-i 1 1 1 1 e oh lew in free.
, To jj.. " .- M. KtkHOwi, trrmtt nt ef W
' Sis, Yeii, ."otuiitie were iustrttefed by the As-"
foiiiUy, on t; -(?li of May, to give braring to all
-vrtS-s inlet cMsi. 1 to rejoi t as to the evpediency
t-f Mting eiihsidie to any compiny foi iued for th
purpose i ,anter-slil navigation, ana also as 10 mo
like npii. MicV if rrantinz a sulsi.Iv to a lio ftf
A0( has Wu 8ucce3sful Itdl)e8 not tcbftTe
carried with it any degree of improvement, or to have
enriched the country, even at those points where the?
steamer has regularly made its voyages. . Instead of
such increase in the productions aud business of the
country and a corresponding increase in the receipts
of the steamer for freight and passage, .we find such A
decrease in the receipts of the steamer, that the Com-'
I niiy cannot longer exist, nr the steamer run without
government assistance, although it has always enjoyed
exemption from payment of license, .wharfage and
water, &c In opposition to the interests of the'
Kilauea and the Company, arc the coasting schooners,
whic't represeift a capital of more than 100.000,
aud which nay for license, water, wharftgrs ic, be-
. . . : . 1 . :i . ..r ... . : 1
I (.UIVO V. J ... ... .13 V. V. V. r. ....... . .
whose owners contend that it will 1 uetnroectal to
their iutercst, and contrary to the even-handod pro-
I tx;tion with which the government should regard the
. iiiturAwl ..r .ill r..tltiw l.innnnv to T"...M va a. rMrltf
: . . v . . . v. . -v.. r j -- - - - -
Th r.,lull.itt,-. cons;.-ier .be runninir of tho A'iiauea
bly thc approur
Company of the sunt of 8,000 yearly, to be granted
on strict fulfillment of certain spec? tic conditions by
which the public shall bo best accommodated. Among
those we would specify the guarantee on the part of
the Company of eleven trips per quarter, with unfail
ing regularity, as published per time-table, under
penalty of $Sbo dollars for each trip omitted. Thc
Cointuittcc are of opinion that it would be advisable to
discontinue the trips to Kauai.
2. As to tho hue of ocean steamers now plying
between this ort and Sau Francisco, Your Committee
find that the Company called the California, Oregon
and Mexico Steamship Company are under contract
with the Uuited States Government to perform ten
I. a 1 1 o J - a ij as-L -.viv-bU iiv wiu -. j, -v oj w a ve, aa aiaa
service they are to receive f?7o,000 in United States
currency p-r year, for tlie period of ten years, and
there seems to be no doubt whatever, but that this con
tract will lie fulfilled,. This, Company now propose to
run an additional steamer and make eight more trips
ier year, making eighteen in all, cr one every three
weeks, provided this government will grant tltcm the
sum of 25,000 per year for two years . They also
promise not to raise their charges for freight above tho
amount of G per ton, ou Hawaiian staple products,
nor the price of passage above the limit of 73 per
Your Committee would question the propriety f a
contract of this nature with a Company already un
der contract to a foreign government, as it might at
some future time lead to undesirable complications.
Without, however, enlarging on this subject, the Com
mittee would go on to consider the expected advanta
ges to accrue to thc country from these additional
trips of the steamers.
With respect to the carryinir of sugar and molasses,
which products make up the bulk of the exports of
tliTta ..ii nt-w Yfinr Vtomitrm icro r.F miininn ffJiar.
steam conveyance is to that degree more expensive
than that by sail, that it is less economical in the long
run, and that a part of the additional expense will
come upon the planters in this country. The saving
of interest on the value of the cargoes, in consequence
of the shorter passages, and the saving in insurance
by steam conveyance, would, in the opinion of tho
Committee, but partially counterbalance the addition
al expense; whereas, with valuable and assorted car
goes these two items would have great preponderance.
Moreover, the lumber brought to this market comes by
sail vessels, which would be compelled, if all the su
gar went by steam, to go back in ballast, thus in vol v-'
ing a loss somewhere on the score of economy. Either
the price of lumber would be increased, or the freight
would be taken away from the steamers; so that at
tho cud of two years the steam line would still need a
subsidy from this government as much as at preseut,
inasmuch ns the only condition of success to the
steamers, as shown by the statements of their agents,
is that they carry full freight, or. in other words the
bulk of our exported produce.
It would see i a to the Committee that sugars and
molasses belonging to that class of freight which nat
urally, by the ordinary laws of ocean transportation,
is to be carried by sail. rather than steam. It has
been proved to the Committee that this is the case
with respect to most sugar-growing countries. Tho
Committee do not however call in question the perfect
adaptedness of the steamer to carry these articles
without damage to the shipper.
It has been thought by many that thc regular and
quick trips of thc steamers would very much encour
age an extensive fruit trade aud the culture of fruit
lur tue oan r raucisco market, iue committee con
sider the importance of this point to have been some
what overstated. In the first place the market in
San Francisco for bananas is not large, and the
whole amount of thc said fruit, which would be taken
over by the steamer in a year, would not exceed in
value at our wharves the "sum of $2,-500 to $3,000.
In point of fact, sailing vessels and steamers present
about equal facilities for ca raying any kind of fruit, -even
with the best care on the part of steamers. With
respect to oranges, the Committee are of thc opinion
that it has not beeu for the, lack of steamers that the
trade has not been more flourishing. Sailing vessels
have for a long time carried abundant supplies, both
from the ports of the Kingdom and from Tahiti to
It is urged that more passengers would be carried -between
the two ports, and more persons induced to
conic to the country, and, settling iu the country, thus
develop its resources. It is a fact that a great many
do already come to the country with the iuteution of
locating, and go away, not because there is not suffi
cient frequency of steam communication with San
Fr inc'sco, but because internal facilities for commu
nication are so iily provided for. It would seem,,
therefore, that the present call is more especially for
improvement iu roads on thc islands themselves, and
for opening the channels of trude between thc out
lying districts and Honolulu, whence tlicre is already
sufficient provision made for carrying the produce of
the Islands to other parts of the world.
The interests of merchants in Honolulu would cer
tiinly be furthered by the increased frequency of
regular arrivals and departures of steamers. But it
must be remembered that the real wealth of the coun
try comes from the cultivation of tlie soiL As this
we lib passes through the hands cf the mercantile
cl its on its way to be exchanged for the products of
other countries, a certain percentage falls to them
as profits. Increased frequency and Iivtlinei.', of
trade leaves a larger amount ot' profits to the mer
chant:?, but unless the soil brings forth more to its
cult.vitors it would be a fictitious gain to the commu
nity at large. Unless, therefore, in some way tho
produce of thc plantations is enlarged, tlie property
of the coutry is not really increased.
It is urged that the mercantile class pay most of
the taxes, and that the support of steam therefore
would full on them. Rut it would seem that tho
consumers of the goods, t. r. the people in general,
really make up the principal revenue of the Kingdom
by their paying fur these goods and the imposed
duties at the same time.
In estimating the comparative need of steam con
veyance between this port and San Francisco, it
should be taken into account that probably on no
other route of equal length is there more uniformity
in tlie passages of sail vessels, and less chance of dis
aster, so that there would not seem to be the same
overwhelming preponderance on the side of 8tea.ni,
that there would be on many other routes.
There must always be a due proportion between,
the amount of slow freight and its means of convey-
r.nce, and fast freight and its means of conveyance,
Thc Lakes and Erie Canal, in the United States, aa
place 1 alongside of the railroads, which run from the
West to the East, may be cited as an example. Thia
proportion, seems to the Committee, to be at present
maintained between these Islands and Sau Francisco
by the combination of one steamer with the existing;
number of sail vessels, which creates a healthy com
pttetion between both.
From these considerations, and as all means at the
disposal ot the Assembly, aud all that the nation
can liorrow, seem to lie called for, for internal improve
ments, your tommtttec recommend the indefinite
p stponemcnt of the item in the Appropriation Bill
providing for a subsidy to the above mentioned line
f steamers. Respectfully submitted,
Ccrtis J. Lyons,
i 11. Boyd,
J. W. Makalexa.
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