Newspaper Page Text
DY AOAM'8 t i'!LDER.
SUGAR PLAH1 flTiJCflliuh
03T SATURDAY. : : : OGIOBEK ICti.
AT W CdOCX OOJ,
Tttfl 4 &If (A I'nttoaiqnl. at their Auet'um
THE SAL & AXlAXSS
IT WllUKr, ISLilD OF 311 CI,
YUh tf th IjvU, Ln rf Lautls. BZtlUyi,
Slul. Mifhitt-ery. InpUmiLi. I'urU. Gtt
JIttrs". Jt boUtmujituj to th
The Estimate for Next Crop
frvaa tO I at 3tKl Ta ! Ry far
Ciia. Caaa la Jmmmm ry.
f rir Ruth? wtlrslw. apply w Maaara, a4LA ADAMS.
VatlukiK ttar. U. IIACKrtU C',Ha hH,wl
ADA.VJ WILD. AmiIomw.
SPECIAL AUCTIOIi liOTICE!
ID11W a WILD Fit WILL SOX
03 MONDAY. : : : : : OCT. 18th.
AT 10 O'CLOCK A. M., AT MLU ROOM.
LIWmI Vrlt. ky laekagess4 la
Lat te ifa TrU.
DEINC LATE IMPORTATIONS
ffj Hrr. 31. S. Crlsbssss 4 fsv,
CVEBtL INVOICES Of
X ii 1 i - 1 1 Staples,
Jn't. Intm.1, Ll-an 'Juttrm of sujtrrUir quality,
t'oiMwryi. firmer I'tAUtm.
Drrn.1 G'mxL. rr.
Invoices of French Goods !
Cw pel ! -
.WJr IV erf RJAons. Slllc UwlirtlUt and Parasol,
rWI Wool .Mrta.
Wtutaaad FtMf Waal Shirts.
Ladtee' Cams la Wool asU 8 J.
A Fall Line of nothing.
niTS H LUCCISSOBTSEXT, BOOTS J SD SDOES
A tarx TarfcHV W
Waal Blaaketa, la all eatara. Ate.
Tf AVVJ 5 J .47.
3?" X 2NT XZ
AT AirCTlOX I
02T TUESDAY, - - - - OCTOBER 19,
COHXESCISO) AT 10 O'CLOCK A. '
it the Rrdaeae f Mr. tee. LtaSArd, IbIsb St.,
W. wilt iWU (no aecmiut ef dvpartara pov StrarJ
Tnc Ctrl ac
CI.KOAXT AMD Wtl.UKtlT rCRJTI-
ti'rc or the house:
)jw .Ivrtnt BlaeR WalaoS IUr Casta Tmtnr tit, ptocaa,
bw roll .Mr arwHwIa C'arp- yarrfa.
ln atotfaat fcUck Htlwl CkwaUr Sot m-mylrt,
Um ! ot MMMy Chamber Suit eaaapfcrar,
Oae Handsome EUck Walnut Wardrobe,
On haal!4o MAny W-lro. tVatk Watuat tw
S.at Ch.r. tw tkiM' Siarft Wt(rf Cri. eaa
fc .! Mahany Cvb. o liM lUMk
M itKiiia, LUi Mlrr. t etc.
MA RULE TOP TABLES ASD STA&DS,
HBCELCK A WILSON S F iniLTSCWIXC MICDIL
Stirrer. EirrmlaT. Bar,
Lithograph of lalaad tcBrr
Curtaioa, Tal Riwks Vrnwla Crp.t, tacraii Carpat,
U UtaM. bmimm CbaJra,
Poroolnln Tollot 8ot
rina tilwmwMw. I'riMtkvry, St te eta.
KltkB Firaltir, Slate, Xr, la Berfeet trtler.
AbH5 A WILDER. Aactkwwm.
rREnll !M)KCIIl'M 9CCO I'UR MA LR IX
I StoantUMr (a MM, by I. BAATLtri'.
tft a Faany Otetj aaa tcn Blur.
rCRXmiED ROOMB, AT XO.S.GAR.
OKX LA5C eS la
Tor Sale or I,eae.
A GOOD STONK HO I'M E. FIT-
SirS TFl arf4ou tit ftcat c-fOcaeVj
" tosrtba with M acraaaf Uuo4 Latxl. ft mil i
Inc Iha appae flofmiMiil Baal. at Kallua. North Koaa,
11 TLUa, Bnyal Pateal. for irraa apply
THE PARX71ERIIIP HERETOFORE
oiHlna; brtaa A. KOD.'rr u B. BKKNAKD.
aiidar th bmm of 1. ROOJXET CO ia tlua daydk.
Itw ay aacaal enaara. Ib lmtaa ilD kemftft a ear.
rml on by th anfrrnin4. aw mUk aoiktct aU danta and pa
alltiaMHtiM. B. BBBMABD.
Hoexriuia. October 1. 1S4X
I9T-. AND 1-3 IBE9T 3 P1YT
BL' BBBK IX JO A MATi. at
637 la W. K. LADD-8.
Shin CArMnters Anfrnr.
11 L1KOJI 3.8 TO XO'lO.
I Broad Axea.
thio CaruaaLara' Tub LaaM. at
T. X. LA DO'S.
AFIE ASHORTM EXT OP P IST.WDITI.
, Tarnhib. bn. tM. hcrab aad Ccstnlaral. at
aw; La W. N. UAVVA.
?MERT ClTII. MAM.PAPKR AND
Maa;U Door Mmt. nt (St I la) W. N. LADI"ii.
I Horse Sh
1 RAP, at
Horse Shoe and Nails,
(697 la) W. V. LADD'S.
f Jlcnmirinsr Tapes,
I V TAUC "Ia.lfcatae.a
M lm W. 31. LADtrS.
Shoemaker' i Finding!.
A"iORTJ,:i MIOCH.IKERM THREAD,
, Tbrwal. Wh, AlaMir. op .too, at
Ax Hitchetj, SMnglin Hatcheta, and
i?ral?DJln fMTIBSlT OP CCT-
f tmltZ i . wafanaoM ta- Slaaanrtary aA
Safat. K4alaaaM (V7 la) BX. M. tADDTL
P-0 WAK. BWT QPUITT. AT
la W. H. LADDTA
I . a a a m m araT
aaa4 aapn U t.awLW
I Ur' Drr, I HT ABat Datbcu,
aaW a Uavaa ik! M.i "
Kl.. 7- -CA!f.
. -yytMt taa
CHELSEA I Allmnv
lAdie. OentsT and Ship, WaaW Dme.
C7 Watna) to attaadaaaa.
M a .
14 L,RagJ?J!?Vnglt FROM BOB.
. T w awa a CvJ.
"a, ma uwy k,,
.",','""U B-aW to tAa raitad
3a) . C.B.ACO. -
fgat M mar2a.
3Y C. S. D A RTOW.
AT SALES ROOM.
LV TT:rTT3DAY, : : : : OCT. 20th,
.?- VCXOCK A. J, WILL B I BOLD f
An Assortment of Blerchandisc !
A Vaxuty of Dry Goods. Clothing', &c
BOSTON EOABD OF XrgDEBWBITERS.
flMIE I'XDERXIflNKD. ACEVTS OP THE
B. Bxtea Boawa aff CotWrvrttrra, aottfy Slaatara of Tawala
aJ Mbm taai ail AUU tW Brpaira aa Taaa. and all bill
ar Qnnt Awwt fmrmn aaat b appravad by tk Ipiil
a la Boato) Cadrwmra. aba aaat aUa ta rvracaiad a
aU aarraya, ar aoeaj bUla 0i ao h mliaml.
C. BREWER A CO-. Aftlltt.
Wagon and Carriage Builder,
X t6 Klaf Btrax-t. lalala.
rcmjcmrrjiKtya lo.c with cjtcr-mju
Farticalar auaatlia giraa b -
BlarViTTyithing and Horte-thoein?.
XT Ordrr fimam th atArr Iuvd praaaptly eaaaaiS.
Carts and WagoiiN
HEAVT IIORSC CARTS.
Mrdiaaa lb Carta.
Vfttl CarU. fit bori ar a. f tmof Aa, anAaUr
fcr bmra ar ylaautiao aark.
1J(U Coaaav4 Wafuaa,
Liffct llaad Card.
Ilaary Hand Carta.
CdnaJ Barrara, .
AU c th aboaa ar W ta
CM 3 BEWKRj- CO.
Oak, AIi, Hickory.
PI.AN'K OF ASSORTED SIZES. lStPORTE
CARRIAGE MAKERS USE.
Foraalaby (CM 3a) C. BREWER ACO.
IX VARICTTOX rOKES.
A ad otbrr Agrtealtsral lapteaMota, fur aaSa by
(MSa C. BRKWEU A CO.
IRAMLESS BURLAP BAOl. FOR SLK BY
(M3a C. BRBWKR A CO.
Gnlrmiizecl Iron Pipe,
I7HR HA 1.2 Br
C. BREWER CO.
ITICRMTCRE VARXIA1I. '
far ! hy C. BREWER A CO.,
Oft a W Qoara atraX.
F M.L SIZES. PUR SAI.K HI'
a 3ca C. BRKWER at CO.
Kaolin, Fire fland,
1PE CLAlVPOR MALE Ul"
6a ate C. BREWFR CO.
Boston Card Matches.
BTIOR "ALC RT
C. BREWER 4- CO.
X II ATHKTS.IIOVi:iS. CROW BARS
For ai by
V. BRLM fcR a CO.
OP ALLNIZKWOR 1.AI.E Ml
Buck Am V. bKKV
V. BRKW ER A CO.
Anchors and Chains.
4 niotii ruoM aoo 10 boo lush asd
C. BREWER A CO.
Coal, Coal !
KT II R A C1T E CO A l PO R KTO V ES- fOR
C. BKkWAU A CO.
THE CORNER STORK I.N THE MA
KER I! LOCK, ircrotiy aeeapird by Hark Mclstjra.
TnaaccactiaC laatadiata anatnil a ria Apply ta
9 3n C. BRKWKR A CO.
OP ALL SIZES-WEICIIISO PROM TOO
TO 3.IHJO aaH.
ALSO, COUNTER SCALES.
for aaJa by
C. BREWER A CO..
FAMILY GROCERY & FEED STORE,
Cdd Fellows Hall llalldiofr.
Xer T?tea.ixiei- Jdalio,"
On Wednesday, October 13th,
GOLDEV GATE KAMII.T FLOUR,
freak Urahaia floor,
raak Ik uveal. 10 Tt baca.
krcab Bya MnO, 10 B bar.
Saall H'MDiny, 10 tb lUira,
Laxjf lionioyjin 10 By bag.
Best Cala. Hams, New Streak Bacon,
Olfew Smoked Reef,
New Pacific Cod flak.
Hatch's Best California Cream Cheese,
KBa Na. 1 Maekarrt.
Caaea Graan Pcaa.
Uall bUa. ranlly Park.
Caata lrukcald Cad flab.
Tins Crackers, Assorted Kinds I
Ca.tr and Qr. Gluts Saloon Brtad,
Base New CaBforai Ooioaa.
5a Cakfcnua Batauva.
firm Cakforala Taraipa.
I raak Mcdbarracaaa TUc.
Basra Wbita Mamaraat.
Kaa- Bnattak Walaata,
dSES JCXXIES IX CLASS, QrASTS A3TD PINTS,
Car Aaaortad Tab, fraita, -
Caara VI eM array's frrafc Oyvtera,
Caaaa MeMarr.y'i Imca) Oyatrra.
Baxaa fraak Apjata.
OM SJLK AT LOWKST HATKS BT
Mia I. BARTLETT
Extra Fine Commercial Note Paper,
IPX OWE DOLLAR PACK AGES. CO !
ORAAa ad atkrr Wkta Lattrr Pa par.
Raa4 trrartand Papar. la S 1 packacra,
Laa-yarV Braat Papr. Caaaraaa Cap,
Braad aad Barrow BiO Papar.
Par aaJaetwrap try (CV la) B. SL WHirXXT.
Gold Pens and Holders,
HE2TBY H. WHIT KEYS BOOKSTORE
Br TUB IDAHO WAS RK
CAITXD a arw aad cbekea aaaortaaat at
Catu PertfcA resell CAtes sad Pea DoUers,
Of a aaar patarm. Partiaa to
af a Saparioc Paa, at Ua
aaat rata at waleb tary caa fca
a lata etty, ana aa a
la taair adraataca ta
OF TARIOCS BtZE.. FROM SO Cta TO
1 AO rack. Vrry aoarrnicM Aw a Starr. Otb ar
Workaoppv ?) R M. W II ITS XT.
HAWAHAH SOAP WOBKS,
C. W. CRAY dc CO., LELEO,
(Office. Xo. 30 Fori Strtt, llonoluhi.)
XAiifAetirers sad lteAlers la sH klads ( Soab.
XT Baaf, Mottoa aod 0t Tallow araotod . 60S
10 Ik ImpttUl Fi
ALL Bt'SIXES IX HIS LINE AS
rTBIXJkr SLRGLO.'T. prcaoptty atteodrd
raruealar aurauoa paid to ail dlaeaaca af
Caw aad Saw Carefally Bpayed.
ry AO ardrra left wuk Mr. BERTUAXD. BarbrrJ
Ba. AO Uotcl atrcat. ar at Mr.
Part atraat, wU ta alUrodrd ta
Per Steamer "Idaho,"
DUE WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 131k.
OXE WHITE MACCARO.M AMITOU
Cases Cutting & Co- s Table Fruits,
la S Tina,
(TlkCf I id? SV.
Caaea Cattins dt Co.'t Preserved 31 eat a,
la S lb. Tiaa,
Soap bad &aJlir,
. CsnipjA C.'s Creea Pes Ytraottk Sweet Cora
DESSICATED CODFISH, IX TIXS.
Caaea Pacific Cadfiaa,
Caara California Hum,
Caara CaUbroia Baeoo,
Caara Caltftarnla Faaoked Bef.
Caara California Crran Cbreae,
Caaea Caia. Lard, 10b tin, a
Caara of Cala. Toraipa,
CJLSFS CAU. I(S BAGS CALA. POTATOES.
Caltfnrnia OoUleo 0l Paiuily Floor, qr. aackf,
California Golden Uata Bakera Xx. floar, qr. sack.
CALIFORNIA OATS AND RRAN !
FOR SALE CHEAP AT
II. E. MrlXTTRE A. BRO'S.
699 St Corner Fort and Kiog WwU.
A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF REDWOOD
LUMBER, jutt reerired aod for aala low, oompriaiog ,
Roach Doards aad Scantling,
Dresed Boards and Plnnk.
Tongned find Grooved Hoards,
Clapboards, 4 and 5 ft. Pickets,
1-2 in. x 3 Rattens, 1 in. x 3 Battens,
Shaved and Sawed Shingles.
A SbiaII laroiee of Blsek Wtlaat Boards aad Plank.
Boors, Windows, Blinds, and Kails,
Aad Full aod Cuaoptete Anortmeot of
WITH A STOCK OP
Faint 3, Oils, Wall Paper, Brushes,
CLASS ASD CM L0 EES' DABDWABC
FOR SALE BT
094 34 LEW ERS k DICKSON.
C. L. RICHARDS &Co
I1AVI2 OX IIAI Ip
And Expect to Arrive I
A Full and Complete Assortment of
For the Wlialin? Fleet
coirsisTirra ty part of
Abb. and Haw. Beef, best brands.
Am. Extrn Prime Pork, In csks dc bblo.
New Bedford dc California Bread
. EASTERN BUTTER,
Bomb Lances and Guns, all Sizes
Fresh California Flour,
Hemp and Manila Cordage!
Hemp and Cotton Canvas !
ALL SIZES OP
Anchors and Chains !
With proper Cert&ratFo.
New Bedford Tow Line.
NEW BEDFORD WHALE BOATS 1
PAINTS, OILS, TAR,
Ac, A , ' A-
ts fact, evzhythujo necessary
FITTING OUT SHIPS!
Which will he
Sold nt "Bed Hock Prices!
Cash Advanced to Whale Ships
Asr . ,
Exchange Taken npon the most
C. L. RICHARDS Ar CO.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 1G.
Concluded from the Brat paf a.
Moxdat, October 11.
The meeting convened pursuant to adjoarniueut,
At 10, A. M.
Tbo Chairman moJo a few introluctory remkrks.
And intited all present to take a part ia the diacuaion
of the questions brought before the nievtiog.
The Secretary read a letter which had been re
ceived from Mr. Godfrey Rhodes, one of the pioneers
in the introduction of coolies into these island. He
i spoke of the pressing necessity which exists for a
I fresh supply of labor for oar plantations, and after
reviewing at length the qualities And availability of
different nationalities as immigrants, stated it as his
opinion that An abundance of cheap labor, of a better
quality than found elsewhere, could be procured from
the superabundant population of the British islands.
But to provide for present necessities, which were
urgent, ae must look to China.
The seventh resolution, approving of the assign,
ment of labor contracts, was then taken up.
Mr. C. C. BtnHtll, editor of BtnnttC Own, then
read a lengthy address to the meeting, in which he
argued forcibly against the further bringing here of
Chinese coolies to demoralize the Hawaiian people.
(Ilia remarks will be printed in full in the next num.
bur of bis own journal.)
C. C. Harrit read a copy of the contract made be
tween the Board of Immigration and the Manahikl
people. They were entirely under the control and
guardianship of the Board, by whom alone the con
tracts oould be a tugued or cancelled, according to
IF. C. Jottet moved that the resolutions be referred
to a select committee to consider on and report to the
meeting at 1 o'clock.
. JIartlttt seconded the motion. Had beard the
expression of a good deal of opinion outside on the
objects of these meetings. The impression appeared
to be pretty general that it was intended to mould the
meeting by the resolutions, and to obtain, as it were,
an endorsement of the principles and views enunciated
in them, and let it go forth as the public opinion.
Was this a fair and honest attempt to get an expres
sion of public opinion, and was there any guarantee
cflcred that the recommendations of the meeting
would be carried out ? He repeated the expressions
of the abhorrence wi tit which he viewed the assign
ment of contract system. It was immoral and unsafe.
.9. G. Wilder Was himself the originator of the
movement for calling these meetings, and wrote the
resolutions. If it was thought best to amend them,
here was the time and place, but did not think it was
necessary to take up time by referring to a committee.
& .V. Castle denied that there was any attempt or
desire to pack, to mould, or to dictate the expression
of public opinion in this matter.
6. C. llarri agreed with a good deal that had
been said by Mr. Birtlett, but neither himself nor
bis colleague, the Minister of the Interior, could
pledge the Government to carrying out the recom
mendations of this meeting, whatever they might be.
But he would say, however, that the action of this
meeting would undoubtedly have a great influence
in guiding the Government in any measures to be
taken on the labor question.
S. J". Castle Mitny appeared to suppose that this
was only a meeting of the planter)!, but it was claimed
to bo intended as a citizens meeting. All were in
vited And particularly requested to give their views
i freely, and he was glad to hear to-day the opponents
1 . .a
oi tue cooue system speaking tnetr tuino.
V. V. Harris Government, in all measures of
publio importance, desired the expression of public
Dr. J mid It wai not reasonable to ask Govern
ment to stand pledged to any line of action in this
matter, but he did not doubt they would be itirlu
eneed by the recommendations of this nutting.
Col. Joues motion to commit wns lost.
On motion of A. F. Judd, it was voted to recon
sider the sixth resolution.
Jt. F. Judd Expected to live and die here, and
desired that his record should ptand fair in the future.
Repeated Lis utter opposition to the principle of as
signable contracts. It is suggested that Chinese im
migrants be brought here free, that is, their pas
sages paid and here make their own contracts. The
eost at the outset would be large, but the money
would all be repaid by the immigrants.
R. F. Bickerton (of Koolau), deprecated Mr.
Judd's plan. It would fill the country with Chinese
C. it. Judd Did not believe the coolies were as
signed without their own consent
IV. Goodale moved that the sixth resolution be
adopted as the sense of the meeting.
S. G. Wilder Had confidence ia the Board doing
what is right and just in the matter of assigning con
Dr. Jwld The principles advocated by the oppo
nents of the resolution were sound in the abstract.
He himself was an anti-slavery man, dyed in the
wool. But our necessities for labor are pressing, and
there was no injustice to the laborer in the assign
Sanford B. Doll, Esq Mr. Chairman : Gentle
men This question of contract assignments is closely
conuected with the main question of this meeting, the
contract system : and I hope I may be pardoned if I
refer to and discuss the latter hi rgely in these re
marks. I agree with you who si pport this system
in insisting ou the assignment principle as necessary
to the contract system ; you are right. The system
is not safe or practical without that principle ; and
this is the reason why we oppose it, because it de
pends for its support upon principles that are wrong.
I hesitate to speak again on this subject, for I feel
that we do not stand on common ground. I oppose
the system from principle, because I think it is
wrong ; you professedly support it as a matter of
necessity and individual interest, and thus looking
from different stand points we are apt to misunder
stand each other. I cannot help feeling that the
chief end of this meeting, its heart and soul, is plan
tation profits ; and the prosperity of the country, the
demands of society, the future of the Hawaiian race
only come in secondarily if at all, on the part of the
supporters of this system. Is not this so? The
burden of your cry is labor; we must kav labor,
and the plan which promises that cheap, and imme
diate, you favor without asking many questions
I hope I may not be misunderstood standing where
I do. My sympathies are naturally with the plant
ers ; my friends are among them and I go with them
np to that point from which their action deviates from
the line of the principle of the greatest good of the
greatest number ; " and because I believe that the
influence of their action here is against that princi
ple, I cannot support them ; I must protest.
Your worthy Chairman in opening the Saturday's
meeting, remarked that there is no contest between
capital and labor. Farther investigation would
have shown him that, this being so, a blow against
wage is a violation of this principle. And a system
of supply supported by objectionable laws is a direct
interference with the natural laws of supply and
demand which would regulate wages, aa they do all
other prices, at that rate which would be the moat
practical and profitable to both employer and laborer.
This ia a question of principle, true, in practice,
the contract laborers are said to be generally well
treated, some in particular are badly treated, and
from all wrong done to principle springs up a crop
which is hard to reap and often seems like the devil's
Tried in the balance of the " free and equal
rights principle, the contract system is found
wanting. The discussions ia this meeting thus far
have exposed its imperfections to an extent thai I
bad not looked for. We have no objections to a
system that does not need the support of bad laws
and bad principles. Does this stand the test? A
Penal law ia the Civil Code which gives to the eon
tract, which is a civil arrangement, a criminal char
acter, is the main support of the system. Then this
resolution which is before the house In favor of
making the contracts assignable: a principle con
trary to oar bill of rights and in direct opposition to
the ideas and instincts of the age, must be adopted
to render the contracts safe and practical for the
employers, and be ratified by the introduction, at the
next Legislature, of a new and unconstitutional law
into our statute book. A gentleman has cited the prac
tice of the British, West India and Guiana colonies
in rapport of our present system, which surprised
me greatly, for the system there is so fall of injus
tice and abuses that the citation is strongly against
his own conclusions : and if ha does not know that
English sentiment is growing strongly against the
i-ractice in those colonies, the subject will be worth
There is another objection to the contract system
as you propose it. We wish soon to take legislative
action for the encouragement of free immigration
I do not regard the importation of contracted, as
signable Chinamen as free immigration. Our de
serted bills and valleys must be re-peopled with a
good race, and the influence of your plan will be to
wholly discourage and negative such an enterprise.
For these reasons we differ from you. If an inter
ference with the natural laws of wages is right : if a
Penal law in our Civil Code, which gives a criminal
character to a civil contract is right : if the princi
ple of contract assignments is right, then the con
tract system is right : we believe the former to be
wrong : if they are wrong, the system which rests
upon them for support is wrong and nothing that
can be said and no necessity can make it right.
fr. II. Davies characterized the ideas advanced by
if rKa r.T r m.nrm Tha rav-t avorom na TTtrTl fall Tt
UV vaLKTal 9 VI lA4S WUU aV fc cj .aa,. ava vyi - -
them propose some tangible plan in its place.
C. J. Lyons I regard these resolutions No. 4, 5,
6 and 7, as aU destined to stand or fall together.
The supporters of assignable contracts are sound, if
you once grant the principle of a man's signing
away his personal liberty. I see no real difference
in principle between the transfer of a note for $50,
value received, and the transfer of a promise for 50
days labor in the cane-field for value received in the
way of advance if the contract should read that way.
The coolie contract must be transferred in some
way to prevent loss, if you once admit the validity of
the contract. Practical men like our secretary see
this, and certainly he deserves credit for consistency.
It is tho most damaging testimony against the penal
contract system, and shows that that is where the
Mr. J. O. Carter Wished it understood that
what he hod to say at the meeting was not to be
interpreted as the views of a newspaper with which
he was connected, but simply as bis personal opinion
for which he was responsible. Much has been said
about the failure on the part of those who oppose the
coolie system of this Kingdom, to bring forward a
plan to take its place. Understood and appreciated
the want of labor and was in full sympathy with
the planters, but was heartily opposed to the labor
system now in vogue. nd formerly doubted the
value of South Sea Islanders as laborers but was
satisfied from information which had been given him
that they were the best material which had been
brought to these islands. Had heard a plan proposed
for the purpose of bringing Chinese coolies into this
country, which be believed would work equally well
with other laborers. Was not prepared to give the
exact figures of the calculations made, but would use
round numbers to outline the plan. The sum of
$50,000 appropriated by the Government would
bring into these inlands 8y 1,000 Chinamen Said
men, because some of the planters had said distinctly
that they wanted no more women. These men would
pay to the Government in taxes $5,000 a year ; the
wants of the laborers would necessitate the importa
tion of at least $40,000 worth of supplies upon
which 10 per cent, in duties is levied, making
$4,000 more, or a total of $9,000 a jcar for the out
l iy of $50,000, or 18 per cent, on the investment.
This wus not all the benefit to be derived, for au in
telligent planter had calculated that each laborer in
troduced would add a ton of sugar to our exports. If
Chinese were to be brought into the country it was
for the interest of all parties here that agriculturists
should be secured and not the river population and
scum of the sen ports of China A gentleman had re
marked in defence of the coolie system that the
coolies were glad to get here, the speaker believed
that they were, but for the same reason that a de
faulter or criminal was glad to run away from the
scene of his exploits.
To remedy this, proposed that one of our responsi
ble Chinese merchants should be sent upon the mis
sion, who could, by going into the interior and being
conversant with the language, secure for our wants
men accustomed to till the soil. It had beeu urged
that these men would set up for themselves when
they arrived here, undoubtedly some would, and
would it nt be of the same advantage to the country
whether a producer on his owu account or in behalf
of a planter ? Urged that under this plan the labor
ers should be brought into the couutry clear of any
con tract, that by this plan the planters were relieved
from the sum usually demanded fur the introduction
of laborers being cost of passage &&, and the expense
equally distributed among taxpayers. Was in favor
of their being under the supervision of some responsi
ble Board, lue advantages of such supervision
were many, if for no other reason he preferred some
responsible Board to criticise or peg away at. In
cotiverxation with a Chinese merchant learned that
many Chinese agriculturalists were desirous of com
ing here but lacked the means to pay their passage.
A planter says that the Chinese would not be slow to
learn that coming here with passage paid and engag
ing a steerage passage by our steamer or packets
would be the cheapest way of reaching California.
This might be so but this objection would not hold
good with South Sea Islanders, whom he believed
better adapted to the wants of the country, as they
would come in families and in a short time be avail
able labor. The natives from the South Seas have
much in common with our natives, in person, lan
guage and religion while the Chinese have a civiliza
tion and religion peculiarly their own and an almost
unsurmountable difficulty against their becoming
evangelized exists in their language. Invited criti
cism in regard to the plan he proposed as he was de
sirous of finding its weak points. During these re-niav-ks
Mr. Pfiuger of the bouse of Hackfeld & Co.,
remarked that if the government supplied the money
European laborers could be secured.
. Bartlelt The great objection to the contract
ystem was the provision for assignment. The Board
of Immigration should be remodeled, so as to give it
enlarged powers, and the immigrants to be under its
guardianship. When a servant's time was out, if
his master had allowed him to get into debt, then let
it be considered as canceled.! To cover these views
be proposed an amendment to the sixth resolution,
which was read. There should be the fullest freedom
to bring suitable immigrants from wherever they can
be got, and if possible, families should be brought in
A. F. Judd Bartlett'8 plan is totally impractica
ble. It would entail upon the Board the trouble
and expense of keeping agents all over the islands.
Dr. Judd The licensing the ale of opium was
one of the greatest curses in the country.
Mr. Bartlett's amendment was put and lost, and
the original resolution carried.
J. C. Pfiuger add that if immigrant's were
r ught from the northern countries of Europe, as
ad been suggested, it would be simply helping them
to get to California, where they would be sure to go.
The seventh resolution was then put and carried
20 to 6.
J. O. Curler moved that the ayes and noes be
recorded, in order that it may be known what names
were for and what against this system. After con
siderable debate, in which several members spoke
tor and against the motion, it was withdrawn, the
mover remarking that he did it because gentlemen
appeared to be somewhat sensitive on that point.
. Bartlelt Had a set of resolutions entirely
different from those before the meeting, but he saw
it was useless to present them.
The Minister of the Interior said that the Mas
ter and Servant's Act,' which was the penal law in
regard to laborers so often spoken of, was passed by
a legislature elected by free suffrage, and become a
law before any coolies were b rough here.
On motion of Mr. Schaefer, the meeting recon
sidered the amendment to the sixth resolution pro
posed by Mr. Bartlett, and after considerable debate,
it was again lost, 20 to 11, and the original resolu
tion once more adopted.
Jj. II. Wood suggested the employment of a good
responsible Chinaman, who could speak the English
and native languages as well as his own,- to travel
about and visit the different plantations and enquire
into and report to the Board on the condition of the
laborers, and make explanation between them and
C. R. Bishop offered the following resolution,
which was adopted without debate :
Xraafvra?. Thai whenever aa employer deairea to part witA
hia contiaet wltk a laborer, the laborer akaU have the riaht to
bay the remaiuder of kia time, provided ha para to the em
ployer a proper proportion of the anm advanced far him ; the
amount to be returned to be to the aame proportion to the
whole advance, aa the remainder of the time bear to the
After a short discussion on the last of the original
set of the resolutions, (recommending the bringing
of families) it was adopted,' whereupon Dr. Judda
of this meeting, the granting of an tpium license
was productive of great evil, and should be forbid
den by law. The resolution wax adopted without
The meeting then adjourned, sine die.
The True Citizens Meeting."
The meeting of mechanics, working men and
others, to discuss the action of the late Planters
Convention, was held en Thursday evening last, at
the hall of Mechanic .Engine Co. No. '2, and was
very numerously attended by all classes of our citi
zens. The room is capable of seating something
over a hundred, but the crowd was so great that
many stood, while many more went away, unable to
find even standing room. The interest was evidently
deep. The speakers, especially those who spoke
earnestly for the interests of the laboring man And
against the importation of coolies, were frequently
and enthusiastically applauded. We give the more
important points of the addresses made, as our limits
will not allow of a more extended report.
The meeting was organized by the appointment of
Col. W. C. Jones as Chairman, and C. J. Lyons,
Secretary. The Chairman read a scries of resolu
tions, which he offered for consideration, condemn
atory of the coolie system, and recommending radical
changes in government policy regarding immigra
tion. . M. IVhitney said the meeting was called to
consider the proceedings of the late Planters' Meet
ing, miscalled by the Gazette, the Citizens Meet
ing.' Bead the resolutions adopted by that meeting
and commented on them. There were now about
600 Chinrw laborer employed in thia country arhaee tertna of
service will expire a year hence. Theae men will mostly ail
find their way to Honolulu for they dou't re-enjcaite. Do we
want any more of this clasa ? Thought we had quite raoagh,
and aaa oppoeed to the importation of any more to coagrejrate
in thia city. -
if. Gill Hand Every man who had an idea on
this important subject ought to make it known. His
plan for aolving the Chinese problem waa, when a couiie'a time
waa out, to aend him back to the country from whence he
Henry Thompson being loudly called for, made a
short but eloquent speech. He had thought much
on this coolie subject and be was oppoeed to the
system on principle. The palpable and direct result
of it . waa to keep down the laboring classes. Objected to the
penal law which appliea to labor contract. Illustrated the
way in which the landed property of the islands waa rapidly
getting into tlie hanua of a few. The result waa coing to be
disastrous to the poor man while it enriched the planter, and
dwelt npon the dismal future in afore for the country.
1 C. C. Bennett was strongly in favor of free labor,
and spoke energetically in the same etrain with the
last speaker, against the coolie system and against
the coolies as coming here at all. It is useless to say
that white men cannot labor in the tropics ; we see
the contrary right in our midst. Was in favor of
encouraging European immigration.
JJ. G. Davies said he came here as a matter of
duty, for the question which called them together
was one of vital importance. Read and discussed at
length the third resolution of the Planters Meeting,
wnicn endorses tnc coolies, lie was decidedly of
the opinion that it was not desirable to import any
more coolies. they are a pagan and an inferior
race, and we have got quite as many here as we can
take care of. The Board of Immigration have failed
to bring here the right kind of laborers to assimilate
with our people. It ia hard, with all the machinery of law to
assist, to keep the coolies to their contracts, and when their
term huve expired what becomes of them I It ia unconstitu
tional to have penal enactment to enfoice ivB contracts ; be
sides, the Chinese do not know under whit laws they are con
tracting. Of course, the wealth of th country must come
from the soil ; but Is sugar of such panuntKuit importance that
we must set aside all other constderatkma ? T.t Chiaaae are
pagans ; they won't be christianized j tiioy won't re-engage to
labor, hut are turned loom- on the duntrr, with all their vices.
Our own people are dying off. (Shall we imr- rt ; h' T ele
ment of destruction to hsxten their extinction T 1 re .s in
natural sympathy or feelings i a common between the i. .:ve
and the coolie, and the Planter,' Meeting appen. -J to have no
sympathy with the aatives. The pt.r.t i ttxr ait hm.
more labor, and the cool lea are the ' ; i t frw ,t. W-'l,
suppose l hey aend for a thousand ori.v i : ' -t mr -viiixable
cooliea. They will go on making auga. f't 1imM 'enveara,
and then retire with their fortunes ma'K t .- i , in Kurope,
or to enjoy their sugar-made wealth in . - beneath the
lovely skies ot Italy on the banks of the Inkt of Como, leaviug
their agents to manage their plontationa here, and we the peo
ple to manage the dwrhargeA cooliea aa best we may. We
have as many cooliea here now as the courts can ike catc of.
Ia order to resuscitate thia nation, and bring prospe. ty to all,
let ua have a new infuaion of good blood.
C. J. Lyons Made quite a lengthy speech, in
which he repeated most of the arguments against tic
coolie system made use of by him at the Planter's
Meeting, and printed elsewhere.
H. M. Whitney said the last Legislature voted
the suruof $30,000 for the purpose of bringing
South Sea Islanders here. That measure was intro
duced by Mr. S. G. Wilder, and was a good move in
the direction of a permanent increase of our popula
tion, and that is just what we want. If e waa not particular
as to wnenre we get tne audition to onr population, ao long aa
it was of the right sort, men with their families. It was right
and proper that the plantations lie sustained ; but we must alao
iook 10 tne tuture oi our country, ana at Jie aame time that we
introduce laborers, seea an increase or population, by introduce
ing the best elements to amalgamate with our natives, lie
believed that obtaining South Sea Islanders waa the most avail
able plan yet devised.
S. G Wilder explained the origin and the result
so far of the project for bringing the bouth Sea Isl
anders here. Some had been brought, and the R,
W. Wood has gone for more, three or four hundred,
hut the supply will not be equal to the demand and they are
costly. 'Where shall we get the needed labor 7 The natives
will not work, for they are not obliged to. The Chinese cannot
be expected to re-eneaxe as soon as their times are out. Ad'
vocated the resolutions of the Planter's Meeting, one and all,
and pointed out their reaaomtbleneaa. including the contract
system and the assignments when made with the consent of
the Board of Immigration. The stability and permanence of
tue ragar nusioesa was or great importance to mechanics and
to all classes of the community. Spoke of the employers of
tne Honolulu iron worts coming out from home under con
tracts, the same way that Chinamen came here.
J. O. Carter protested against comparing an
intelligent Englishman to an ignorant coolie. Had
heard a planter say that his coolies had told him
that tbey had never signed or even seen their con
tracts in China. (Judge Widemann " Who is the
planter tn Mr. Carter, "J. H. Wood, 8ir. Mr. Wood
" I Awe Chinamen who have told me that they never aimed
their contracts nor aaw them until they were on board the ship.")
nir. carter resumea i mat is sumctent. i ne women im
ported are not married, and many never aaw their reputed
husbands until they got on board. When here, they were
worthless. He advocated the introduction of more South Sea
Islanders. It is said that they are expensive. Then let the
legislature appropriate money to bring hither men and their
families without coat to the planter ; it win soon be paid back.
We are all interested in this question, and the government
nmat respect public opinion. The planter aay that they are
pmicia, let na neip tnein it possible, but let us take care that
while trying to aave drowning men we dont get out of our own
depths. Let na look to the homogenoua race of South Sea Isl
anders as a means of re-populating thia country. Let aa have
as many aa possible. The present coolie system ia rotten and
corrupt, and should be done away with.
Judge Widemann would only say that he endorsed
every word that bad fallen from Air. Whitney.
S.'B. Dole made a few remarks, principally
repeating the arguments brought forward by him at
the Planter's Meeting, againBt the resolutions then
On motion it was voted that a committee of five
be appointed by the Chair, three from the laboring
class, and two from the planters, to draft resolutions
to be submitted to an adjourned meeting. Carried,
and the following were appointed : Messrs. C. E.
Williams, W. Bennett, C. J. Lyons, Judge Widemann,
and J. P. Cooke.
Adjourned to Thursday evening next.
Arrival of the
AIL STEAMER IDAHO.
The steamer IJaIu arrived early on Wednesday
morning, bringing the mails and between fifty and
sixty passengers. By her we have dates from San
Francisco to October 2d, and from New York and
Europe to October 1st. -
Ex-Governor Low of California has been ap
pointed American Minister to China, vice J. Ross
Ex-Secretary Seward left in the Panama steamer
on the 30th of September, on his visit to Mexico.
He will land at JIanzanillo, and thence proceed to
the capital under a government escort. He con
templates returning to San Francisco after visiting
- Ex -Minister Bigelow has resigned the editorship
of the New York Times, the circulation of which
paper having fallen off rapidly since bis appoint
ment Frederick Hudson, formerly editor of the
Herald, has been invited to succeed hio.: ; s
A line of submarine cable from Ireland to Nova
See tia is projected. '
The Cuban Qaestioa.
Washington", Sept. 19. Strung hopes are enter
tained by the Government that Spain will event
ually accept some proposition which will secure
the independence of Cuba. No fears are appre
hended of a collision with Spain. No cause of
offense has been or will be offered. Minister
Sickles' note, which causes so much comment, is
simply a reminder that as Spain bad formerly
accepted Ihe United States as mediator between
that country and Cuba, our Government was ready
to open negotiations. Tbe Cubans are determined
sooner than submit to Spanish rule, to render tbe
island untenable for the Spaniards. Tbey will
destroy all tbe crops rather than have them seized
by their enemies and nsed as a means to carry on
the war against them.
Tbe Administration will follow the policy based
on the public opinion f tbe country,-with pru
dence and consideration ; should that coarse lead
to tbe recognition of the Cubans, no suggestion
from Europe could hare any effect., J ;
Washington, Sept. 22. Contrary to European
telegrams, there is no reason for. supposing that
the Spanish Government took offeuse at tbe Pro
posed mediation of the United States in tbe Cfban
matter, or has sought to involve the Government
in its action. The Spanish Government, after ma
ture deliberation, has thanked the Xnited I State.
Government for its friendly disposiuoo, but m not.
willing to accept the terms proposed. 1 he gist or
the matter simply is, the medUtion dnL
A teleirram from Sickles announced that the
Spanish Regency peremptorily declined thecffeT
of mediation by the United States, for tbewfttu
ment of the revolution in Cuba, by selling the
island to tbe insurgents. .
The President instructed the Secretary to reply
that tbe United States accepted this Jn o f
its offices as mediator, and withdrew fully and
finally all propositions looking to any further at
tempt to secure peace in Cuba. - . ,
The Tones says this is from an official source,
and also, that tb Administration will not recog
nize the belligerent rights of Cuba, but will con
tinue to enlcrce neutrality, and await the action or
Nkw York, Sept. 28. It is stated that tbe Cuban
private r Hornet, which sailed from Philadelphia,
is on the way to Cuba, if not already arrived
there. It is the intention of her commander to
keep a sharp lookout for the Spanish transports
carrying troops to the island ; also for regular
steamers plying between Havana and Spain,
ing the Spanish flag. Tbe Hornet is a fast sailing
vessel aud can probably get away from any fcpaniab
man-of-war she cannot fight. ; '
It is thought by the Cubans bore that the Hornet
can engage most vessels in the Spanish navy, with
two or three exceptions. She will take her prizes
into Mexican ports, that country having acknowl
edged the belligerent rights of the Cubans.
Koopmanschap bad an interview with Secretary
Bnutwell to-day. The latter stated that the de
partment bad no intention to interfering with the
scheme of Chinese immigration unless the law was
violated. Koopmanschap left this evening for
Memphis and New Orleans, thence to attend the
Louisville Commercial Convention.
Koopmanschap, now in New York, has con
tracted with the Texas Land Company for the in
troduction of 5,000 Chinese.
Dr. Albert T. Summers, who. it is alleged, was
unjustly incarcerated ia Caba and had his estates
and other property confiscated, has applied tor au
attachment agaiust the Spanish gunboats, but he
was directed to app'y to tbe State Department.
It is rumored that 600 men left last night for
Cuba, but it is not traced to an autbentie.source.
The monthly report of the Department of Agri
culture for August says of com: "Unless the
close of the season is very favorable there must be
a hundred and fifty millions bushels less than a
full crop. Cotton will be reduced in tbe yield
from tbe Carolina to Alabama, and there will be
a material increase from Missouri to Texas. Tbe
probabilities at present favor a yield of two and
three-quarter millions of bales."
Washington, Sept. 26. The Secretary of the
Treasury has authorized the Assistant Treasurer of
New York to sell a million of jrold each Tuesday
and Friday, till November 1st, also to pnrchase
two million in bonds each Wednesday till Novem
ber 1st. Tbee salt's and purchases are iu addition
to those on account of tbe Sinking Fund, which
will be continued without change.
Specials from New York say a meetine of the
gold clique was held last Thursday, at which Fisk,
Gould, Woodward and others were present. Wood
ward advised that the " shorts " be squeezed at
145, as it would ruin the street to go higher ; bnt
Fisk insistt-d on carrying tbe price to 160, which
was accordingly done.
Tbe Times says the application for an injunction
against the Gold Room selling Smith, Gould, Mar
tin & Co. out under tbe rules, makes tbe extraor
dinary confession that forty millions in gold was
Sought and sold on account of plaintiHa, Smith.
Gould, Martin & Co.. in a single day. The Times
says Judge Cordoza, in granting this injunction re
straining tbe Gold Exchange from enforcing its
own rules, only furnished another illustration of
tbe wicked purposes to which our judicial system
may be perverted.
Inpianuolis, Oct. 1. A terrible accident oc-c-.rr.-d
at tho State Fair Grounds at six o'clock
this alter noon. The steam boiler exploded, and
did a great deal of damage ; there being an 1ns
r.ense crowd on the ground at the time, it is diffi
cult to get tbe particulars. It is known that twelve
Eersons were instantly killed, and probably one
undred wounded. .
Further particulars of the accident at the Fair
Grounds show that nineteen persons were killed
and about one hundred wounded. The engine
was attached to tbe saw-mill, and had been tired
up for a test with another machine.' Governor
Baker waa nearly killed by a fragment, wbicb
passed over his head and dangerously wounded
his coachman. Several corpses were defaced be
yond recognition. There is great excitement and
feeling in the city over the event.
New Yonx. Oct. 1. The steamer Euterpe was
seized yesterday by the United States Marshal,
having on board SO large Parrot guns, 3,000 solid
shot and several tons of shells, believed to be in
tended for the Spanish gunboats now being finished
here. Tbe Eulerne was to sail thin mnrnincr anrl
awn it at fua. the aailiner nf tho minhnnta ufima niirht
this week. The ironclad Dictator and the steam
frigate Severn, at the Navy Yard, are coaled and
ready for departure for the Cuban coast,' where
they have been ordered. -'ivi"T'
Chicago, Oct. 1. Washington specials say the
case of the Hornet has received the attention of
the authorities. If she is found on the high seas,
under the Cuban flag, ebe will be regarded as a
pirate. The Treasury Department has given or
ders to refuse her supplies. The Spaniards claim
that she is out as an American pirate, but while at
Philadelphia, the Spanish Consul furnished no
evidence to justify her detention, and she was
allowed to sail for Halifax, with regular clearance
papers. There she was thoroughly examined by
tbe British authorities, and allowed to sail with
New York, Oct. 1. Wall street is more quiet.
Half of Friday's business has been settled, and all
will probably be settled to-morrow.
Fisk's Opera House and buildings have been at
tached by tbe Sheriff, on the suit of Osborne &.
Bostwick, to recover $114,000 claimed to be due
on a gold contract.
Washington, Oct 1. The Board of Police have
dismissed a white 'private because be refused to
serve with colored colleagues on the force.
Washington speciasl say that advices from Cuba
are discouraging to the revolutionists. They say
two Cuban Generals have been assassinated, which
compelled Cespedes to take command of the army.
Serious trouble is apprehended with tbe Ameri
can element in Cuba. Tbe assassination of Gener
al Marino it is said, was caused by want of con
fidence by the Cubans.
It is reported that General Jordan has written a
letter to the Captain General proposing to surren
der with bis whole command on being paid certain
money, and that De Roda refused.
It is stated that Gen. Cespedes, President of the
Cuban republic, has taken tbe field in person.
Gen. Herman is Chief of Staff.
A Havana letter of tbe 1 7 tb Sept. says: Under
news from Spain yesterday, tbe people were dis
cussing a probable war with tbe United States. It
was almost worth his life for an American to go
into tbe streets alone. It is reported that Plumb.
ia consequence of a long cipher dispatch received
day before yesterday, has directed the archives of
tbe Consul Generalship to be compactly packed,
and will call a meeting of all citizens of the United
States to-morrow. American houses not only re
fuse to take orders for croods, but will not sell
exchange as freely as usual. In consequence.
many are purchasing exchange and drawing all
their ready funde from tbe custody of the banks
here. . .
Newtfraai Repalae Bay Sir Jabs, Frmatklla).
New Bedford. Sept. 26-Dr. C. F. HalL with the
Ebiernburg and Loo Koolita. two Esquimaux and
three daughters, arrived yesterday in tbe ship
Ansel GSbbs from Repulse Bav. August 23d. Dr.
Hall brings, as tbe result of bis five years residence
in tbe Arctic zone, interesting intelligence regard
ing tbe death of Sir John Franklin and company,
and proof that none of them ever reached Montreal
Island. He saw a native who was tbe last to look
on Crozler and Perl.; i s $ ' t, .
The Doctor also brines tbe remain of a vounsr
man who was in tbe expedition. : Hall DroDose to
start again next spring aod push bis journey to the
North Pole. His experSeacu lor the last too years
is invaluable to him in .preparations and aid here
after. Wherever be ftaad Sir John Franklin's,
companions bad died he er-cuvl a monument, fire?
salutes, and erected tbe ' Star Spansrled banner "
over them, in memory of their fciscoveriva of the
Hall's detaii..d repps t of fata Arc-tic expedition is
published. "It appear tin r Is vo longer eTen a
shadow of hope that ar y cue survives from tbe
Franklin company. It id thought none reached
even as far a Moutial I Uad. Their bone lie
scatv red along the coast of Iking William's Island t
some in isolated grave, oilers in places where tbey
in nixxariii.l - Tlu,i . n.l.it.lifil 1l.,sv-
a crowning terror ia tbo knowledge that tbey died
by starvation, thr on gn the. base behavior of the
On learning their fate, Captain Hall was reduced
to the awful necessity of takiog tbe life of one of
his mutinous men. Hall states that tbe Ertbus and
Terror were abandoned.
fln hin of Sir J. Franklin7 expedition waa
in eomnlete order : four boats were hanfinr hiffh
np at tbe ship's sides and one on the quarter deckj
Tbe vessel was in Winter housing of. sail cloth.
Thia vessel was found by tbe natives near U Keilly
ti j i-iiij oa ir vt i..un4. aaa a xsr
early in tbe Spring of 1S49. being frozen in the
midst of a smooth, unbroken flow pf fee of only on
inter s formation. - - ;