Newspaper Page Text
3Y AAJW SJcJV I U DER BY C , JS
1V,9. a conditional
'"ft ii l- in Honnlalo. at 10 o'clock in It f.-rtwa
.j .U. .athnclxln CHARLES R- IbBW
I i K Al A, iJor.l..n of te iron 1 estate of
.: J WILLIAM C. LI AUU, soi
- Rvl Ml , , uulrnizord will srll OO th
. '"JSta'lJa.WU.-LC. bund of Uiha.
? AT 12 (CLOCK SOUS.
Saturday, the 29th day of January, 1870
f BT ADAJ13 WILDKK, Arcrtoses,
I . w-t bi lr f c-h, mil ttv riirht, till and in''"'
h!Vu- C. Laaaiilo in J to It fcllowiiiff dcscnbcU
of U!. Wit ,... M KINO STRKET.
V" .... I.B.I Com. A"1 Jfn.
li.,M mt twptM PurekHMrrt.
CTIARLKS R. BISHOP,
. .iMtMndl. K. 11. Win. C I-onatilo.
IMiViM . ADAMS A; WILDER, AOCtlGIXCTS.
j REGULAR SALE.
-V THURSDAY. : : : FEBRUARY 3,
i AT 10 O'CLOCK A. M-, AT SALKi ROOM,
' jttons, Prints, Denims,
" 1 Clothing. Pancy Goods,
i Crockeryware, Groceries,
.Downers Uenuinc Kerosene Oil!
Calif-Oauaod Bran. Chicken F1. Bron Sugar,
j-LsO, EXPECTED PER IDAHO:
i LDbfj-i JIuhM'H PiJifor.
I 5 kfjn Chn'n t Eistern Butter.
5 P EC I A L SALE!
oicc Prints, Fine Goods !
M.K r KOCERIES !
iittiT TTinMA5 WATEKUUUSii. U. i
J jjll " ' i
HUM!) A. WILDKR, Aelra.
T H K C'R X KK ! rl ri I . an r.
kh. KLim t. .fawrly rcopiol by lluh Melntyre,
C. BREWER CO.
a niR m.: rksiubxck. situ-
ktV.lt an Ihe Vall- Kiod. II ailr fmoa Uonoiolu.
i f . J"J' " MB. U iDFUEV RUOD.
tl .1 l!t..- Il'nln.
iew .iimaufii iicuj urtici,
I Tf 4 PIM A: VI) a CARTS.- FOR .LE BT
I 1 MbfhKV RllOUfc.
1 : It la. A"at-
THE ULD JACKET AXE!
Kg Jl NT Till: liTIC'LK. AND ITS WORLD
I A HliK ffMi-a ha ben Jurtly w.. ith it an aMe
'JbwlM ma can cut b-ilf a r.l nl wkkI twice a day than with
' af athtr . In tbe Rint'i. r4 ! "e
t PTtee. f i i4 r-t!l. an.1 iti ft Amn. For ! by
JJjj3 111 A. N- rPENCER t CO.
To Coasters and Shipmasters!
CHAS. H. SPENCER & GO.
TO CALL VOI R
Ship Chandlery and Stores,
Which aril! be offered at
n.sTs.,TTm: mils ,T,.r. xmrs.
f, I We have oa Land the following:
fleap f orda:i. 2 to 5 inch,
PATENT AND BISIIKD BLOCKS,
i9. Single aul DouMe.
Hooks and Thimbles,
BEST ASH OARS,
PUls. Tar, Rosin, and Pitch,
"ii! Needles and Twine. Palms.
fL ll TACKS,
i ULttK P1IXT.
CII RUM E GKEEV,
tin!.. fVI J m
ami. KJiit ana xurpentine,
Our Ships' Stores
nn the Frehest in the 2Xarket,
Aod kit of tbe Bel Q iality, aaeb a
V'MT AND MEDIUM BREAD!
Cases of Boast Beef,
Soup and BooIIi,
J lLF 1XD qriRTER B0XK? SARDLXES,
p-88 and Preserves of all kinds!
0 wrythiog tending to foroiah
iT TUE C ASO FAMILY TABLE.
CIIS. jf, SfENCER & CO.
On Tuesday, the 1st of February,
AT 10 O'CLOCK A. JL, AT SALES ROOM,
83 Cases Oilmen's Stores,
FOB Acioivr or WHOM it miv ioxcer.y.
Also, iu Good Order,
ME, POUTER, CHAMPAGNE,
XT Trrwt at Snlr,
C. S. BARTOW. Auctioneer.
Off FRIDAY NEXT, : : : FEBRUARY 4,
AT 10 O'CLOCK A. M..
Tl wu?nigntl will fell at Public A action, on
The Premie of tbe International Hotel
A Quantity of Furniture !
Table, Chairs, Loonfter, S-ttr-,
lioisteaili, btrons Kitohen I :tnsils,
f iatea, DistiM. Lm8, Crockery,
fictore, etc., etc., etc.
ALSO, Tiro BILL1JRD TABLES.
Abo, at 3ie time (10 o'clock A. M) will be put up
One year's It ae of tbe International Hotel Pre raises,
At the rry low uiet j.nce ct ao per Alonlb, payaoie
monthly in adraxxe.
C. S. BARTOW, Auctioneer.
V By order of th Boar.l of Mucnum, ine oiilr- f$y
1 signed villsli at Publii? Auction, at the Court
liousc tiuor in iiuuoiuiu,
ON MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14th, 1870.
AT 1J O'CLOCK NOON,
Alaa Lrt lrice f 11,500,
The well-known Premises at Mukiki,
With all Out liuildinys thereon.
For leveral yean occuifl by Midi Ogtlen a a luarJin;-M;bcol.
TERMS One-third Ca.h, anI the P-niainJi r in two equal
. nU J. for ooe anl twn yearn, witn int-rrst at irn r cent, per
! annum, payallesemi-annuilly. Notes to be srcureU by n.ort
i fare on the place. Title perf-ct.
.- W J SMITH Qw.,,..- f
tbe Board, or C. S. B A RTU V . A uctioneer.
dak, AhIi, Hickory.
C39J PLANK OF ASSORTED MZF.S,
mported expreMty lor
For sale by (712 Sm)
C. llREWER ti CO.
THEO. H. DAVIES
OiTcrs lor Sstlc,
Just Arrived from Liverpool,
J. X'vxlX Assortmout
Black and Colored 31 o ire Antiques,
MTJSLIUS, Tamboured and Plan.,
Silk I'sMbrrlln. Frnlhrra,
Blankets, White &Blue Flannel,
CARPETS AND VELVET RUCS,
Itlae, IUack nnd Greeu
Lastings, Black Unions, Bagging-,
SHEATHING, ROOFING FELT,
Oilmen's Stores and Cheese,
Soaps niitl 2osualcs,
Danville' 3 Irish "Whiskey,
Ind, Coope & Co.'s Ale.
White Lead and Zinc, Oil
HOOP IKON, BAR IKON,
itoxiiii Coal, 4Saro, Arc.
Coal, Co.il !
ANTHRACITE COA L FOR STOVES-
g.ua or c vj
JU 3m C. r.RKWEU ft CO.
Anchors and Chains.
fS- ANCHORS FROM SOOIOdOOLBS.
".?V AJIU CilAI.Nd I toi. for sale br
C. KKEWEA A CO.
14 FIRE EXTINRCISIIERSFROM
BOSTON, via an Fraoctaeo for sale by
C. BREWER A CO.
N. B. These Uachiiie. so deaerredU popular in tbe Cnited
states, where they hara saved millions of property, will be sold
for coat and charges. (712 3m) C. B. A CO.
ET Y. OX YOKES
And other Agricultural Iaopleaieiita, for sale by
711 m C. BREWER A CO.
CARTS AND WAGONS.
HEAVY HORSE CARTS.
Medium Horse Carts,
Light Carts, for bones or mules, of strong
make, la liable for to wo or plantation work.
light Coo cord Wsrons,
Uklt Hand Cart,
Heavy Hand Carts.
Canal Barrows, Ac
AH of the above are for sale low.
713 3m C. BREWER 4r CO.
BARRELS AND HALF BAR.
REL3 Best Ked SALMON. Kor sale by
C. BREWER A CO.
t II BBLS. CALIFORNIA
For aale by
ill 41 in.
ADAMS Ic WILDER.
California Oats and ISraii,
fTX IDAHO. FOR SALE Bf
111 4t ins
O Xm. BBLS.
m 3 B ile by
CALIFORNIA BEEPi FOR J
Ull 4t in?) At AM k. WILDER.
SMALL INVOICK OF A.LLSK X. CCS
Pears, Apricots, Blackberries, Raspberries,
Fie Frdita, i-e.
foraaleby (7H in") ADAMd WILDER.
MADE TO ORDER
For O.OO per- pair I
AT H. McDOHNA'S,
ALL SIZES WK1GIIING FROM TOO
TO 3.000 pounds.
ALSO, COUNTER SCALES.
For sale by
BREWER & CO.,
American Dry Goods!
C. BREWER & CO.
HAVE FOR SALE,
Sheetings, Drillings, and Denims,
ALES STARK MILLS A SHEETING.
Italet Stark Mills B Sheeting,
Bulfi Stark Mills A Drilling.
Cases Fowhattan Denims,
Cases Merrimac Ix-nims,
Cases Union Denims.
Ginghams and Cottons,
Cases Glasgow MiiU Qinghanis,
Cases Bleached Baltic Cottons,
Cases Bleached Forest Dell Cottnns,
Caw-s Bleached Truckec River Cottons,
Caes Bleached t'cljcurtown Biovn Cottons,
Cases blea. Rockingham Brown Cottons
Cases - Albion " PrlnU Green and Red.
Cases Oriental" Prints Buff and Purple,
Caws Americaun Prints Browns,
Cases " Cacheco " Prints Browns,
Cases floe " Cbints " Prints White.
For Sale Low to Close Consignments,
tit 3m C. BREWER St CO,
G. BREWER & GO.
OFFER FOR SALE!
Doors. Sash and Blinds!
40O Kegs Cut Nails, iu good Assortment.
Blue and White Thread,
Cases White and Blue Cotton Thread.
Glassieare, consisting of Dishes, Tumblers, tfce.
Wo odcinva re,
Brass Wire Sieves.
Bales Best English 40 inch Burlaps.
liny xs jx s ,
BALES BEST (iUXNV BAGS.
CASKS BLACKSMITHS' COAL.
DE3C o 3DOL j DUCK!
NOS. O TO .
HEMP SAIL TWINE.
Stoves stiil Cabooses,
Boston Beauty Stnrra,
Chela, a Ranges,
A New Article for Coasters,
lMister Stoves, fitted irWi mils, dc, VJce Ships'
Caaes Men's Tenorswe ?a4lles.
Case American SUIe Sadillea,
BriJles, Ac, &r
Nests Brass Bound Shipping Trunks.
4 IN A NEST.
Extra o. 1 Soap.
Palm Oil Soap,
-ALSO- T0t fami,y U9e-
WHITE SALT WATER SOAP.
CASES BEST LOAF SUGAR.
Ith Wool Borders. Plain Battaa Mats.
Sizes 2G to 33 inches.
SATURDAY, JANUARY 2J.
-AIV I3r 1C UT.V NT TjaciTOT0T.
3raiicltiinuH Cnfi-Tle ltltjiitw of
Two notable axses of Hiaiulaiuuri have recently
occurred in tLc Supreme Court, in the matter of
. . ,. . . i. . i w--
think the principle involved and the points of
argument enunciated arc of such importance a.s
require tliat they ebould be put on record.
lhe farst case was that ol Mr. lienry Ihomp
son, who, having paid Ins taxes on the 31st of
December last, the lnei-cctora of Election for tliid
.... ' 1 . , ,. -
atfitrict refused to put Ins name on the list or
registered voters, they taking the ground that
the SOth of November was the limit which the
i i , . -
law assigned them for uiakiug up their list of
voters. Mr. Thompson, taking a different view
oF the law from that of the Inspectors, arnlied
to Justice Ilartwell of the Supreme Court, lor a
rule nisi, for the Inspectors, Messrs. Jno. Mont
gomery, G. II. Luce, and W. 11. Custle, to show
cause, why they should not be compelled by n
writ of mandamuB, to place his name on the list
of legally-qualified voters. On the 22d inst.
Judge Ilartwell, in a very concisely aud ably
rworded decision, which is copied below from the
Gazette, ordered the writ as prayed fur to isBue,
and Mr. Thompson obtained his right to vote.
After bis case had been decided, other parties ap
plied to the Inspectors, to have their qualifica
On Monday morning last, the Inspectors held a
session, as they bad notified the public by posters
they would do, and among other applicants to
secure the privilege of voting at the coming
election was R. CJ. Davis, a well-known practi
tioner at the bar of the Supreme Court, but who
had not paid hia taxes until the 11th of January.
He was refused the necessary certificate. Mr. D.
immediately applied for a writ of mandamus, as
in the case of Thompson, which was issued and
peuu, li it iocu.u uiivi
Tuesday morning, when on
oy General an adjournment
made returnable for
request of the Attorney
took place until 2 o'clock the snme day, and a j
luttlr djoummt.n, unt.l WcJne.dny fuming ,!
at which time much preliminary argument was ;
had as to the r'tylU to take out the writ. Messrs. j
Thompson and A. F. Judd as counsel for Mr.!
Davis, and His Excellency the Attorney General j
for the Inspectors of Election. The petitioner j
. i.. ,. 1,; , , i:.:,, a
was made to prove Ins qualifications as required ,
1 . . .... 1
by law such as citizenship, age, ability to read j
and write, and even sex, and then the Attorney
General proceeded to argue against the motion.
After a long exposition as to the nature of the
writ, the jiowcr, duty and discretion of the Court
to issue it, he took occasion to remind the Court
that tbe privilege of such writs bad been much
abused in New York, and that different jurisdic
tions often clashed one against the other iu these
cases. This tended to bring the administration
of justice into disgrace. He did not wish to see
such a state of tilings initiated here, and be did
not wish to see the Court mix in political excite
ments. It was, he paid, ieculiarly hard to drag
the Inspectors into Court, to be thus exposed to
idle cuiiosity. This case differed from that of;
Mr. Thompson, inasmuch as the taxes were not '
paid until the 11th of January, after the Tax
Collector's list was closed on December 31st.
When the Attorney General had closed. His
j Honor not requiring argument by petitioner', j
counsel remarked that argument from that side i
was unnecessary as he had not changed his mind !
since he decided Mr. Thompson's case and pro
ceeded to give his decision. It was to the effect
that the Constitution and laws had not fixed any
particular date to bar the right of a voter to
qualify, but that the law evidently intended that
a final opportunity should be given to tax payers
to qualify themselves, up to the last eehsion of
the Board of Inspectors otherwise what was the
object of their sessions, as prescribed in the law ?
No one, however, could be so unreasonable as to
fcuppoee that on the day of election, amidst the
hurry and noise incident to the occasion, persons
could then qualify. The writ was granted.
His Honor's decisions on the points submitted
were exceedingly lucid, and proved that his head,
as the saying is, was " round " on that subject.
In the order granting the prajcr for mandamus,
the Court said that the Inspectors could, if they
thought necessary, themselves take testimony as
to the qualifications of Mr. Davis under the law.
This had not been required in Mr. Thompson's
case, as they were admitted, lint in the present
case, the petitioner was put to the fullest proof j
of all the qualifications, by the Inspectors, and
all the little technicalities of law were observed
in regard to evidence. This was the more singu
lar, as everybody but they thought that the pre
vious decision of the Court had covered all the
questions that could be raised in the matter.
Mr. W. K. Castle, one of the Inspectors, it
should be mentioned in justice to him, differed
in opinion from his colleagues, and thought that
the qualification should be conceded. He also
declined to sign the answer to the petition, as
prepared by the Attorney (.Jeneral, for reasons
which he stated to the Court in very fitting terms.
It is to be regretted that many voters are yet
shut out, and will be deprived of the franchise,
there being no time between the judgment of the
Court in the case under review and the closing of
the sessions of the Inspectors for them to learn
the fact and meaning of the decision. Many
applied on Monday and on Wednesday, to qualify,
and were refused by the majority of the Inspectors.
This decision will have a tendency to re
store public confidence in the Supreme Court.
That the principle on which the decision rests, is
just, no one will doubt; for the Cabinet them-
bcIvch admitted the 6ame when they decided in
I8C8 to allow all to vote who had paid their taxes
prior to the election.
But the point of interest in this case is, that we
have at least one Judge on the Supreme Bench
who dares to give his judgment on the 6ide of
right and law, and against what was apparently
the determination of the administration, who
undoubtedly instructed the Inspectors as to their
duty in the matter.
Had this nation possessed Buch a judge during
the crisis of 18G4, when his decision would have
preserved the Constitution from being overturned,
it would have been far better for ns all. And
every true patriot cannot but rejoice that there is
now some prospect of a restoration of tie confi
dence formerly reposed by the people in this great
safeguard of individual and national liberty.
The following is Justice Hartwell's decision
in the ease of Thompson r. the Inspectors of
The plaintiff took out a rule nisi for tbe defendants
to show cause why they should not be compelled by
writ of mandamus to insert hit: name on the list of
persons qualified to vote, and to give him a tax re
ceipt with the words " qualified to vote " written
The plaintiff's petition avers that he has all tbe le
gal qualifications of a voter, especially that he paid
his taxes Dec 31, 1869, and asked the said Lace as
tax collector to give him a receipt with the words
" qualified to vote " thereon written, and asked the
said Montgomery, Luce and Castle, as Inspectors of
Election, to insert his name on tbe voter's list which
they decline to do on the ground that he had not paid
his taxes before the end of November.
The answer, neither admitting nor denying the
facts, claims that the plaintiff's petition is insufficient
in law to entitle him to the writ prajed for, on the
ground that it sets forth no neglect by the defendants
of any duties imposed upon them by law, and does
; show their full and faithful performance of the same,
and that they should not be compelled to answer
t further. The defendant's counsel claimed that tbe
answer was in the nature of a demurrer ou which, i.
i over-ruled, juJgnieut would be given to answer oer.
and that he had the t ight to open ana close, lie was
allowed to opeu and close, the Court looking upon
the answer rather as a motion to dismiss.
Pta Cvkiam : A Question of pleading arose which
j must be referred
I bur. but attacks 1
to. A demurrer is not a plea iu
- . . l .1 1 .'II' ' . 1 i i! . a 1.
groutid that he presents a case lusumoieut iu law,
auj jt j3 deeinetl to admit facts well pleaded ; if
i over-ruled, judgment ou the whole record is given,
j A plea in abatement ggt- defects in form or
substance, nut app:i.rer.t in the record, as that the
summon3 j3 sigUtKl by one not authorized to sign it,
J of which the plea offers verification, and prays that
no further answer be required ; on such a plea, if
! over-ruled, judgment is given to answer over. A
j motion maje t0 dismiss 1S for defects apparent on the
! record, as that the summons is not signed at all.
The answer dlines to admit the facts, and claims,
1 that no further answer be required, but it presents
j the questiou 0f the insufficiency in law of the
i plaintiff's case, and is to be treated as a demurrer.
lhe Constitution provides that every male subject
shall be entitled to vote, who, among other qualifica
tions, "shall have paid his taxes," and ' shall have
caused his name to be entered ou the list of voters of
his District as may be provided by law."
An argument was made that any law requiring
payment of taxes in November to entitle one to vote,
makes a new quilificatioii not required by the Con
stitution, and is therefore unconstitutional. If it
were necessary to decide that point, I should not
hesitate to say, that it is only the right, but the duty
of the legislature to provide a reasonable and conven
ient mode of ascertaining who possess the constitu
tional qualifications of voters.
The statutes require assessors, by September first,
to return to the Governor a list of tax payers, which
list the Governor is to deliver to the tax collector ;
" and said collector shall proceed immediately to col
lect according to the same ; provided however, that
it shall be his duty to add to said list any person not
included thereon liable to assessment ;" if after
notice by the collector to pay his taxes, any person
shall neglect so until the last day of November the
collector shall levy execution for the taxes. By the
last day of December the collector is to pay over all
sums collected by hiin. Civil Code 500, et se.q
By the act of lbC8, assessors register the names of
all voters qualified according to the provisions oj the
Co it si it utio ii, aud the collector, using the list prepared
by the assessor, and adding names " of all who shall
have paid in to him their taxes within the time pre-
j scriucu o' 4-1 w n uo iu;iy posiscsa me requisite quuuxi-
CAti?ns Totc; but wIw ""V have bee omitted to be
, registered by the assessor, prepares and turnishes,
j ou or fore the last day of December, a full list to
j scribed by law who may possess the requisite qualifi-
the Inspectors of Election. 44 For the purposes of
S.K S u'b:
which shall bear conspicuously upon it, in printed
letters, the words ' Qualified to vote ; and it shall
bethe d every tax collector, upon receiving the
payment of the taxes due from any person in other
respects entitled to the franchise under the provisions
of Section 2 of this Act, to fill out and deliver to
every such person one of the tax receipts so impress-
. r ,c. ,. y . t . ,.
ed." (bee. 10, Act lbC8.) lhe Inspectors shall
hold two sessions, the last not less than ten days before
j election, " for the purpose of receiving evidence of
the qualifications of persons who may not have been
previously registered by the assessor or collector and
who may claim a right to vote," as well as to correct,
by erasing names improperly on said lists.
If the Inspectors find any names to have been
omitted from the collector's or assessor's lists of per
sons having the legal and requisite qualifications of
voters, they are to require the collectors to deliver to
such persons a tax receipt endorsed with the words
"qualified to vote,'" and are to insert such names,
with those upon the previous list, upon the Inspectors
list of voters.
Such iu substance are the statute provisions. It
will be seen that the duties of the assessor and col
lector are ministerial only, and those of the Inspectors
are, to some extent, judicial in their nature, and not
merely mechanical, or ministerial. The collector
thinks he could not give the petitioner the receipt de-
sired, because his bixes were not paid by the end of
November. But the law does not require this condi
tiou. Certainly, the Inspectors, in examining the
evidence of claimant of the sulTr&ge, are bouud by
no such restriction ; they have a wider held of in
quiry, no less and no more than the laws and Con-
tl tce on
their list of voters only those who have paid their
taxes voluntarily, by the end of November they will
1. a Y .
uoi ussumu eucii p;iy uit-iii 10 uu is pre-rcquisiie to
voting- No such requirement upon them appears iu
the laws. The plaintiff appears to have paid his
taxes December 31, before any levy was made there
for, and I am of opinion that his delay has not
caused hiin to lose the right to vote.
Let a writ issue as prajed for.
A. F. J udd for plaintiff.
S. II. Phillips for defendant.
The defendant's counsel stated that although the
facts where probably as charged, yet he desired to
argue that he was entitled to judgment to answer
over," and that he should have so argued earlier,
had he not understood from the Court that his an
swer would be treated as a motion to Oismiss.
The Court stated that the question would be open
for argument whenever it should arise hereafter.
Exceptions and also an appeal were claimed, but
the Court ruled that no exceptions were allowed by
statute, and that appeals from the issuing of a pro
cess or writ were expressly prohibited by statute, but
that the question could be brought to the full Court
on writ of error at any time.
Cotton ; rowing.
Although the cultivation of Sea Island cotton
has been carried on here rather unsystftinatically
by natives for several ycar6, the fact that no for
eigners have engaged in it, has rendered it impos
sible to know how much can be produced to the
acre, or the profit attending its cultivation. Re
cently, however, we have learned some facts which
can be made public.
Mr. George N. Wilcox of Li hue, Kauai, has
commenced the cultivation of cotton, and has sent
up eight hates weighing 1380 pounds net, raised,
as he informs us, on one and a quarter acres of
ground. This cotton he has sold in the seed at 7
cents a pound, and he has received therefor the
sum of 117.10, free of freight and other charges,
as the income from one and a quarter acres. The
staple ia very good, though not equal to some
raided at Wailuku on Maui, at Moloaa on Kauai,
and other places, which was of extraordinary
fineness and quality.
These facts show what can be done when this
business is taken in hand by intelligent foreigners.
The ground is broken up in the same manner as
for cane, aud at no greater expense, and in six
months from the date of planting lhe seeds, the
crop is sold, and the pay received therefor. At an
average outlay of not exceeding 20 to 25 per
acre for cultivation, an income is received of
93.68 per acre, with no capital or machinery of
any kind, for the article is sold in the seed, just
as it is gathered from the trees. This is the
product of six months labor.
As compared with sugar cane culture, cotton is
vastly more profitable. With the same cost for
cultivation, cane takes about eighteen months to
mature, when, if ground on shares, the grower
gets one-half as his portion, for which he will be
offered at tbe mill 3 to 4 cents a pound for the
sugar. If he ships it away for sale on bis own
account he may get returns in six months, and
receive, at end of two years, at the rate of 00
per acre. Two crops of cotton would have
brought him in for tbe same period of two years
187.36 ; or if three crops were obtained (which
can be done if rain is abundant,) it will yield him
280 per acre !
Rice cultivators average from 40 to 50 per
acre for their crops, but they often have to wait
after harvesting for several months till it is sent
to San Francisco and sold, before they receive
their pay, the receipts being often nearly consumed
in commissions, freight, interest, duties and other
Tbe great advantage in cotton cultivation is
that women and children can do tbe gathering of
the crop as well or better than men, whose service
is required 6imply to prepare the ground, and cul
tivate ft. We hope to see more attention paid to
it, ns there is no finer cotton raised in the world
than that grown here.
Gt The annual parade of the Honolulu Fire De
partment takes place on Thursday next.
It seems that the arbitration of the famous
Alabama question is to be taken up again soon,
and that the British Government bus consented
to the commission sitting at Washington. Un
the 22d of December President Grant sent the
correspondence on the subject to the Senate, and
the telegraph gives the following report of it :
Mr. Fish (Secretary of State) under date of
September 125. 18G9, writes to Mr. Motley (American
Minister to Eugland) informing that gentleman
that, at the time of his departure from the United
States the claims were not in a condition the most
hopeful for negotiation and the subsidence of the
negotiations for a short time might allay excitement.
To this. Lord Clarendon had expressed agreement,
but that the President of the United States now con
siders it appropriate to resume negotiations. Mr.
Fish says to Mr. Motley that the President hopes
Her Majesty's Government will conduct further nego
tiations at Washington, where any proposition will
be received and carefully considered by the Presideut.
Lord Clarendon's letter to Minister Thornton,
dated November 6, lSC'J, refers to the despatch of
Secretary Fish on the causes of the dissatisfaction
which the United States considers itsrlf entitled to
! have with the British Government during the late
war. Lord Clarendon says Secretary Fish's despatch
makes no proposition us to the manner in which
such dissatisfaction may be remedied, but he in
structs Mr. Thornton to inform Mr. Fish that the
British Government will be ready to co-operate in
any houorable manner to eflect a satisfactory adjust
ment of the difticulties between tbe two countries iu
regard to the Alabama claims.
The Indon Times of December 27 has a
leader on the alx)vc correspondence, and charges
the American Secretary of State with arguing
that England should apply different principles to
America than any other nation. That Great
Britain should have let the Union had arms aud
denied them to the rebels ; should have legislated,
if necessary, against the latter. If the Union
army were unable to repress the rebels at home,
England was much less ablo to check them here.
War is always a heavy burden on neutrals. The
civil war in America was a particularly grievous
calamity to Eugland.
The New York World of Dcccm1cr 2U says
that the Duke of Argyle will be the Ambassador
of England, clothed with authority to act upon
such terms as may be agreed on. It is likewise
said that the apology which Senator Sumner in
sisted England shall make for her course during
the war, will not be acceded to on the part of
the Government ; but in lieu of this the British
Government propose to transfer to the United
States all that territory lying west of Lake Supe.
rior, including British Columbia nnd all her pos
sessions on the Pacific coast, in consideration of
a large buiu of money therefor.
From this it would appear that there is some
thought of settling these claims by a cession of
territory, and none appears so likely to change
hands as that referred to above. The total claims
as recorded are between ten and twelve millions
of dollars, but it is probable that a portion of
these will be materially reduced, by the commis
sion, as they arc estimated in depreciated green
back currency, when gold was at a very high
NOTES OF THE WEEK.
A Meeting of Lawyers. We recollect tnat the
legal fraternity has been compared to a pair of shears,
that cuts every thing but itself, and we have inci
dentally learned that, on Monday evening last, there
was a very agreeable reunion of the foreign members
of the bar of the Supreme Court, at the residence of II is
Excellency the Attorney General known as Eden
House. The record of their reunion goes to prove
the truth of the aphorism with which we started in
on this item. The gentlemen of the bar were called
together by their host to consider and exchange
thoughts upon some proposed action during the com
iug Legislature, with a view to remedy deficiencies
or defects in proceedings in law, more particularly in
criminal and probate matters, so that the administra
tion of law may be facilitated. After a free and cor
dial expression of opinion on the part of all present,
His Excellency invited the guests to partake of a
bountiful supper, where, after the more solid things
were discussed, wit, repartee and anecdote, for which
the bar is famous in every country, ruled the hour.
It is gratifying to know that perfect harmony can
prevail among the members of such a profession as
the legal one. They may appear to get very angry
with one another, during the progress of a cause in
which they are engaged on opposite sides, but ten to
one, they will be seen five minutes afterwards, aria
iu arm, laughing over the folly of their respective
" The Varieties Ttoupe" of minstrels, male and
female, which arrived yesterday, per the clipper ship
Charger, from San Francisco, en route for China
and Japan, gave an entertainment last evening at
the Hawaiian Theatre. Our space will only permit
us to say that the very full audience were much
pleased with the jokes, singing aud the performances
generally. They announce a matinee performance
at 2 P. M. to-day, and another this evening, for pa.--
ticulars of which see programmes.
Ovkelaxd Railroad Fares. Another material
reduction took place on the 1st of January, and the
through rates as now established are as follows, in
greenbacks : First class fare to Chicago and St.
Louis, $118 ; to New York, $140 ; to New Orleans,
$150 ; to Phihulelphia, $188 25 ; and to Boston,
S'143. The fares by second class cars are : To
Chicago and St. Louis, $03; to Baltimore, $101) ;
and to New York, $110 payable in greenbacks.
The second class cars go through with the first class
train in seven days from San k rancisco to -New lork.
A Launch. At 1 1 A. M. on Wednesday bust, ft
fine new schooner was launched from the shipyard of
Mr. Geo. J. Einmes. She is called the Maggie, and
measures about 3C1 tons, two tons less than the
measurement of the Moi Keiki, which old fast-sailing
and favorite coaster she much resembles in her bow
and stern, thoagh her carrying capacity is more.
She is for sale, and being strongly built, as well as a
fast sailer, is a very desirable vessel.
The Famocs " Charcoal Case." We publish in
full ou our List page. Judge Hoffman's decision on
this case, as we find it in the Bulletin, as probably
every planter and merchant will be interested to J
know how this shameful attempt to swindle the
United States Government, by a system of fraud
which no honorable man would ever engage in or
countenance, is viewed by a Judge of the Supreme
Court of the United States.
S" The bark D. C. Murray spoke the U. 8. ship
Mohican, when two days out from San Francisco,
and supplied her with fresh vegetables. She was
then under sail, but expected to get up steam the
same day. The papers of the 10th and 11th (the
only dailies we have by the Charger,") do not refer to
her arrival. It is possible she may have arrived
over on the 7th or 8th of January. She sailed Lence
on the 15th of December.
Tub Volcano. A correspondent writes us from
Hawaii that several very severe shocks of earthquake
have been felt lately, reminding residents there that
the fires are only slumbering. The summit of Mauna.
Ioa has been very smoky, which gives rise to the
supposition that the fires in the summit crater are
The steamer Idaho is due early on Wednesday
morning next, with tbe foreign mails and dates from
San Francisco to January 22L She will eail again,
on her return trip, on Tuesday, February 8th. at
4 P. M.
E7" We are indebted to Captain Bennett of the
D. C. Murray, for courtesies and attentions in the
news line, which a good shipmaster never forgets to
prepare fur the press, on bis arrival in port.
Orr fob Chisa. Mr. S. G. Wilder takes passage
in the Charger, which sails to-day for Hongkong, to
obtain another instalment of coolies 500 or COO, if
Two small parcels of real estate on King and
Queen streets will be sold to-day at 12 M.
The Chinese New Year, which changes its date
every year, occurs this year on Monday next
By the arrival of the bark l C. Murray on Hun
day, Jan. 2'J. we received our regular foreign mails
and dates from San Francisco to Jan. .
From our files we clean the following ftrm :
Commodore McUoujrall is ordered to Ifcw com
mand of the South Pacillc Squadron.
Nkw Yohk. Dec. W. The liigate Alhinif arrlrrrt
vesterday from St. Domingo, having on board
Commiss'ioners Porter, English and Sackett. Tbew
three gentlemen succeeded, in the iinme of the
United States, in leacing from the St. Dominican
authorities the Bay and Peninsula of Samamt for a
period of 50 years, at the rate of S 150,000 in gold
per annum. The first payment bas been made.
The first annual ball of the Fat Men's Associa
tion was given to night in New York. The mem
hern under 185 pounds weight aggregate 2(1 tons.
With such an amount of fat there was a corre
sponding display of good humor and jollity. The
airuir was conducted most respectably, and a largtt
number of ladies were present. The drette9 were
very rich and lishionabSe.
New Yokk, Dec. 19. Eighteen of the Spanish
gunboats sailed to-day under convoy of the Spanish
war vessel 1'izurro. A few spectators wiliiesm-d
their departure, nnd there was no deuionxtratioii
whatever. Twelve tiuGnishwd gutibouls ituiaiu at
the Delaiueter works.
Thurlow Weed publishes a lefbT vindicating the
course of George Peabody during the r-belllni.
He gives ait account of an interview with .Mr. P.
the lirst year of tbe war. Mr. IVabody said hu
had been led to regard the extremists of both sec
tions as enemies of the Union, but added that hi
devotion to the rights of our Government nnd
Union, whs so Ftrong, that painful as was the
thought of war witli brethren, he should stand by
the Government wild do whatever he could do then
and there for the Union cause. The letter further
says that in the attempts ol Conledeiute sympa
thizers iu Parliament to induct- recognition of tho
rebel Government. Mr. Pen body in a hi Tented his de
votion to the Nortk. He never directly or In
directly gave aid, comfort or eucourugement to
the representative or individual rebels.
Nkw Yohk. Jam .1. The storm width com
menced Saturday night was very severe in Brook
lyn, and caused much damage to property. Six
teen buildings were blown1 Hown, lre s uprooted,
chimneys scattered to lb wiinlt. The building.',
with one exception, were frame ai d mostly un
finished. Several buildings in Jersey City snd
Hudson City were detuolir-hed, and nmeh dum.ig"
of a similar nature was done to other towns in the
vicinity. The Presbyterian church at TrxMoti Ul
its steeple : the larj-e frame hotel in conrrn of
erection at Jtotkaway, to cost $30,000, w an levelled
to the ground.
Loi tsviM.K, Dec. 2'.l George D. Prentice con
tinues critically ill with rheuiuatlistii of the heart.
Ex-Secretary of War Stautou died in Washing
ton lec. J.
The Union Lcagu will raise 100,000 for iMn.
The internal revenue receipts for the Qscul year
General Grunt haR been chosen umpire between
Great Britain and Portugal each of which claiini
an island ou the coast of Alrica.
Washington special says the Government ban in
stituted measures to bring about a treaty between
all the maritime nations on the subject of ocean
cables. Instructions on the subject huve been sent
to our Ministers in England, France, Germany,
Spain and other countries. The Government akrt
that no exclusive concessions shall befciven to any
party ; that no Government shall have the right to
examine tbe telegrams; that cables shall haveall the
rights of neutrality; that their destruction In time
of war shall be treated as an act of piracy, nnd Unit
persons engaged in the work of destruction shall
be tried in the Courts of any country capturing
A bill was introduced in Congress to abolish the
franking privilege. It provides stamps for the pay
men t of pos tage onofQcialco rreeponden ce a n d ot he r
Mr. Williams moved to refer the bill to rejrnlat
the immigration of tho Chinese into the United
Stales, to the Committee of Commerce. He ex
plained that the object of the bill was to prevent,
as far as practicable, the importation of coolies and
dissolute Chinese women by voiding all contracti
for their Importation, and prohibiting iigreetnenls
by owners of vessels to transport persons from
China except with persons theinwelven to be trans
ported. It was the intention to protect laborers in
this country, so far as practicable, from the pres
ence of that class of degenerate Chinem; who ncciiH
tomedte subjection to another class, and compelled
to work for wages upon which a freeman would
Mr. Axtell of California, gave reasons for bis op
position to the bill--one being. tho provision re
quiring legislative ratification of tlin Fifteenth
Amendment. He protested against it hi behalf of
his own State. It was unjust that the vote of Cali
fornia, if it should bo against the amendment,
should be effected by the vote cf Georgia to bo
wrung from her under the pjmalty of cxcIiimIoii ;
because if it be adopted 'the Fifteenth Amendment
it would force a Chinese or negro uuHrage upon
The mail steamer from Vera Cruz brings dates
from the City of Mexico to the 10th. The ovations
to Mr. Seward are continued. On the "d, Romero
gave a grand dinner in bis honor, at which speechen
were made by Romero, Seward. Frederick Seward
and others, (in the fcls, a grand ball, attended by
4,000 citizens, was. given in the theatre. Tho
neighboring streets were decorated and illuminated.
Annexation of' San Domingo.
Washington, Jan. 9. Tho treaty of annexation
of San Domingo was negotiated by Prenident Baez
, an1 our Commercial Agent. Mr. Perry, at the city
. ryan Domingo. This trealy with a secret message
ol resident Grant, will be sent to tho Senate oil
Monu r. Of the truth of this statement there in no
doub' Several Senator who are cognizant of the
par' hilars of the negotiation privately assert that
San i.i "iiigo is of us much importance to tho
United Su U'S as the island of Cuba, and the acqui
sition is one that will more easily lead to the pos
session of the other. Although the text of tho
treaty cannot be publicly made known, there Is no
doubt that it contains the following propositions:
First, The United Suites stipulates to pay $1,
500,000. Second, This money nhall be devoted to tho liqui
dation of all obligations of San Domingo, including
tbe redemption of its currency, w bleb is represented
to be a comparatively small amount.
Third, In case lhe obligations onMimed by
the United States exceed the beforemenlloned mm,
the public lauds of San Domingo are pledged as se
curity for the excess.
Fourth, The liquidation of the obligations shall
be entrusted to Commissioner appointed by each
of tho eon trading parties.
Filth, Iu consideration of the discharge of thew
obligations, Sau Domingo cedes all her iort.duck,
custom houses, and all other public Lulldings, ar
senals, etc., and complete jurisdiction over the ter
ritory. Sixth, San Domingo, shall be annexed or acquired
na a territory, not as-a.StaLe, subject to the legisla
tion of Congress, in the same manner as territories.
Seventh. The treaty shall be valid to all Intents
and purposes when ratified by the Sen at of the
United States and confirmed by a vote of the ma
jority of the citizens of San Domingo.
La Marseilles, the new journal of Henri Roche
fort bas already attained a circulation of 100,000.
Minister Burlingane has received oflicial notice
that the Chinese Government is fully satisfied with
the action of tbe Enbaasy of which Burliugame Is
the bead. This ceuQims previous reports to that
Tbe sessions of the (Ecumenical Council are to
be resumed on tbe 5th of Jan. Tbe French Bishops
Lave protested against the Pope's interference
with tbe Protestants. The Spanish Bishop's home
and colonial, sustain the Pope.
Lcckrxk, lec. 29. Victor Bully, of the Province
of Vaud, President elect of Switzerland, died yes
terday. Paris, Dee. 29. M. Rouber bas been appointed
President of tbe Senate.
Maimud. 1oc. 20. Senor Sorsilla, Minister of
Justice, made a speech yesterday, wherein be de
clared that if tbi Got irnment cannot Gnd a King
they will throw themselves into tbe arms of the
Bkri.iv, Dec. 27. A letter published to-day from
Rome emphatically denies currentreports liberally
circulated ia America, that the Biahops at tko
(Ecumenical Council follow blindly the Papal lead.
Maimm, Jan. 4. A decided negative hat been
received from Italy in the matter ol the candidature
of the Duke of Genea. As a consequence. General
Prim and all the rest of the Ministers ristigoed,
Tbo resignation of tbe Spanlub Cabinet, In conse
quence of Italy's refusal to permit lb candidature
ol tbe Duke of Genoa, is annonuood. It is reported)
that Admiral Topete will return to the Ministry.
Maiirid, Jan. 5. It is rumored that Regont Ser
rano will be invested with sovereign power, but
tbe constituent Cortt-s hesitates to take so extreme
a measure. The partisans of Duke Moutpenijicr are
London. Jan. 5 The limes to-day bas an article
on tbe crisis in Spain. The writer deplores tbe
downfall of Gen. Prim, and attributes it to an un
reasonable prolongation of the Provisional regime